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Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522248/adverse-effects-in-kidney-function-antioxidant-systems-and-histopathology-in-rats-receiving-monosodium-glutamate-diet
#1
María Del Carmen Contini, Ana Fabro, Néstor Millen, Adriana Benmelej, Stella Mahieu
We investigated the effects of adding of monosodium glutamate (MSG) to a standard diet on oxidative stress in kidney, nitric oxide excretion, renal ions handling and blood pressure. We examined the association of these changes with the effects on renal histology. The study was performed on male Wistar rats (5 weeks old) divided into 3 groups: 1) MSG group were fed a diet supplemented with 3g of MSG/kg b.w./day, five days a week, and spontaneous ingestion of a 1% MSG solution during 16 weeks; 2) NaCl group were fed a diet with NaCl (1g/kg b...
May 15, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502747/chicken-egg-fetal-liver-dna-and-histopathologic-effects-of-structurally-diverse-carcinogens-and-non-carcinogens
#2
M J Iatropoulos, T Kobets, J-D Duan, K D Brunnemann, E Vock, U Deschl, G M Williams
Chicken egg fetal livers were evaluated for histopathological changes produced by four genotoxic hepatocarcinogens: 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), diethylnitrosamine (DEN); four structurally related non- or weakly- carcinogenic comparators: fluorene (FLU), aflatoxin B2 (AFB2), benzo[e]pyrene (BeP), N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDELA); two epigenetic hepatocarcinogens: clofibric acid (CFA), phenobarbital (PB); and the non-carcinogen, D-mannitol (MAN). CFA, PB and MAN were also assessed for formation of DNA adducts using the (32)P nucleotide postlabeling (NPL) assay and for DNA breaks using the comet assay...
May 11, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501488/laminaria-japonica-polysaccharides-effectively-inhibited-the-growth-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#3
Manli Zeng, Xingyu Wu, Fen Li, Wensheng She, Lin Zhou, Benyuan Pi, Zhiwen Xu, Xiaolin Huang
AIMS: Laminaria Japonica Polysaccharides (LJP) is a kind of plant polysaccharide isolated from Laminaria Japonica Aresch. LJP has a variety of biological activity, including anti-tumor, improving immune function, anti-radiation and others. This study observed the biological activity of LJP in vitro and in vivo on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC), and the possible anticancer mechanism was explored. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma cell lines CNE2 and HONE1 were used for the study...
May 10, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495475/ameliorative-effects-of-achillea-millefolium-inflorescences-alcoholic-extract-against-nicotine-induced-reproductive-failure-in-rat
#4
M Hallaj Salahipour, Sh Hasanzadeh, H Malekinejad
BACKGROUND: Nicotine (Nic) is a major risk factor in the development of functional disorders of male reproductive system. Achillea millefolium; is highly regarded for medicinal activities, due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study was carried out to evaluate whether Achillea millefolium (Achm) inflorescences alcoholic extract could serve as a protective agent in male reproductive male failures during Nic exposure in a rat model. METHODS: Twenty-five adult male Wistar rats were categorized into the five groups...
May 8, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495474/late-effect-of-developmental-exposure-to-glycidol-on-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-mice-loss-of-parvalbumin-expressing-interneurons
#5
Masashi Kawashima, Yousuke Watanabe, Kota Nakajima, Hirotada Murayama, Rei Nagahara, Meilan Jin, Toshinori Yoshida, Makoto Shibutani
Developmental exposure to glycidol of rats causes axonal injury targeting axon terminals in dams and transient disruption of late-stage differentiation of hippocampal neurogenesis, accompanying sustained increase in the number of reelin-producing or calretinin-expressing interneurons in offspring. The molecular mechanism of disruptive neurogenesis probably targets the newly generating nerve terminals. We previously found differences between mice and rats in the effects on hippocampal neurogenesis after developmental exposure to the same neurotoxic substances...
May 8, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487049/liver-cirrhosis-reversion-is-improved-in-hamsters-with-a-neurointermediate-pituitary-lobectomy
#6
A Quintanar-Stephano, J Ventura-Juárez, E Sánchez-Alemán, L R Aldaba-Muruato, D Cervantes-García, D Gonzalez-Blas, M H Muñoz-Ortega
Regulating mechanisms of fibrosis is an important goal in the treatment of fibrosis and liver cirrhosis. The role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in promoting fibrosis in several organs has been well documented. However, the result of an AVP deficiency during liver fibrosis has not been reported. We herein study the effects of an AVP deficiency, which was induced by neurointermediate pituitary lobectomy (NIL), on liver cirrhosis and liver cirrhosis reversion. Hamsters were intact (control) or underwent CCl4-induced cirrhosis, the latter animals divided into four groups: Cirrhotic, NIL-cirrhotic, Cirrhotic-reversion (R) and NIL-cirrhotic-R...
May 7, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483348/buffalo-casein-derived-peptide-can-alleviates-h2o2-induced-cellular-damage-and-necrosis-in-fibroblast-cells
#7
Savita Devi, Naveen Kumar, Suman Kapila, Sanusi Bello Mada, Srinu Reddi, Rishika Vij, Rajeev Kapila
Oxidative stress is one of a critical pathogenic factor in the progression of aging and chronic diseases such as cancer, myocardial inflammation and diabetes. In the present scenario, peptides with short half life and more biological specificities are gaining much attention as prodrugs. Thus, the present investigation carried out to screen potential antioxidative peptide, VLPVPQK to cope with the cellular oxidative damage. Our results showed that treatment of rat fibroblast cells with 0.2mM H2O2 for 6h significantly declined different oxidative stress biomarkers such as SOD, CAT, GSH, and promoted LDH activity...
May 5, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483347/the-potentiality-of-two-dimensional-preantral-follicle-culture-as-an-in-vitro-model-in-predicting-premature-ovarian-failure
#8
Ting Zhang, Ying Chen, Yang Yang, Zhonghui Wang, Qi Pan, Sichong Xu, Zuyue Sun
The purpose of this study is to identify the potential of a two-dimensional preantral follicle culture as an in vitro model of predicting premature ovarian failure. The two-dimensional preantral follicles culture method was established by cultivating preantral follicles collected from ICR F1 hybrids (aged 12-14days) for 12days. The preantral follicles were incubated with 0.54mg/ml cyclophosphamide, 0.5mg/ml busulfan, 0.12mg/ml cisplatin, 3.12mg/ml 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide, 5mg/ml D (+) galactose, and 0...
May 5, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478952/antioxidant-cytotoxic-and-antineoplastic-effects-of-carissa-carandas-linn-leaves
#9
Marina Khatun, M Rowshanul Habib, M Ahasanur Rabbi, Ruhul Amin, M Farhadul Islam, M Nurujjaman, M Rezaul Karim, M Habibur Rahman
For scientific clarification of some traditional uses, this study was designed to explore the antioxidant, cytotoxic and antineoplastic properties of leaf extract of Carissa carandas Linn., a traditional medicinal plant of Bangladesh. The methanol extract of Carissa carandas leaves (MELC) was applied on DPPH and ABTS experiments to determine its antioxidant activity. In vitro the cytotoxic effect of MELC was evaluated against colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines (SW-480 and SW-48) whereas in vivo its antineoplastic property was tested against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC)...
May 3, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473188/reproductive-toxicity-of-roundup-herbicide-exposure-in-male-albino-rat
#10
Folarin O Owagboriaye, Gabriel A Dedeke, Kehinde O Ademolu, Olarenwaju O Olujimi, Joseph S Ashidi, Aladesida A Adeyinka
The incidence of infertility in human is on the increase and the use of Roundup herbicide and presence of its residues in foodstuff is a major concern. This study therefore aim to assess the effect of Roundup on the reproductive capacity of 32 adult male albino rats randomized into 4 groups of 8 rats per group orally exposed to Roundup at 3.6mg/kg body weight(bw), 50.4mg/kgbw and 248.4mg/kgbw of glyphosate concentrations for 12 weeks while the control group was given distilled water. Serum level of reproductive hormone (testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin), oxidative stress indices in the testicular tissue, epididymal sperm morphology assessment and testicular histopathology of the rats were used as a diagnostic marker of reproductive dysfunction...
May 1, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434818/expression-of-a-kinase-anchor-protein-13-and-rho-associated-coiled-coil-containing-protein-kinase-in-restituted-and-regenerated-mucosal-epithelial-cells-following-mucosal-injury-and-colorectal-cancer-cells-in-mouse-models
#11
Yumi Kangawa, Toshinori Yoshida, Takeshi Tanaka, Akira Kataoka, Naomi Koyama, Tomoka Ohsumi, Shim-Mo Hayashi, Makoto Shibutani
We demonstrate the expression patterns of A-kinase anchor protein 13 (AKAP13), a scaffold protein that acts upstream of Rho signaling, and Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) 1/2 in mouse colorectal cancer and during the healing stage of mouse colitis. BALB/c mice received an intraperitoneal injection of azoxymethane at 10mg/kg, followed by two 7-day cycles of 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) administered through their drinking water to induce colon cancer, or a 7-day administration of 4% DSS to induce colitis...
April 20, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434817/the-protective-effect-of-hyperoside-on-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-chronic-liver-fibrosis-in-mice-via-upregulation-of-nrf2
#12
Liyi Zou, Shaoru Chen, Li Li, Tie Wu
CONTEXT: Hyperoside was used to treat cardiovascular disease for many years in China. It was shown great effect on regulation of lipid metabolism. But there is lack of reports about the effects of hyperoside on liver diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the potentially protective effects of hyperoside and the role of transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2(NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling in the regulation on Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced chronic liver fibrosis in mice...
April 20, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431810/in-vivo-ameliorative-effect-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-isoproterenol-induced-cardiac-toxicity
#13
Shereen S El Shaer, Taher A Salaheldin, Nashwa M Saied, Sally M Abdelazim
BACKGROUND: Cerium oxide nanoparticles have gained much more attention especially in the field of nanomedicine. This work represents cerium oxide nanoparticles as a new prophylactic model for heart failure progression. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles on Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac toxicity in rats. METHODS: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (5±1nm) were synthesized by reverse micelle method and characterized using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and particle size analyzer...
April 18, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416145/the-ginkgo-biloba-extract-gbe-protects-the-kidney-from-damage-produced-by-a-single-and-low-dose-of-carbon-tetrachloride-in-adult-male-rats
#14
R M Chávez-Morales, F Jaramillo-Juárez, M L Rodríguez-Vázquez, M C Martínez-Saldaña, F A Posadas Del Río, J A Garfias-López
Gingko biloba leaves have been used as herbal medicine in China for 5000 years, and the standardized leaf extract (GB-STE) has some beneficial effects in the treatment of age-related, cardiovascular, and neurological diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the renoprotective effects of the Gingko biloba extract (GbE) against the toxicity of a single and relatively low dose of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). In male adult Wistar rats, we determined the urine flux, the concentration of total proteins in urine, the concentration of glucose in urine, and the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in renal cortex as well as two markers of renal function (clearance of inulin and p-aminohippurate); we also compared the histological lesions caused by CCl4...
April 13, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410883/aminoglutethimide-induced-lysosomal-changes-in-adrenal-gland-in-mice
#15
Mayu Mutsuga, Yoshiji Asaoka, Naoko Imura, Tomoya Miyoshi, Yuko Togashi
Aminoglutethimide is a steroidogenesis inhibitor and inhibits a cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) that converts cholesterol to pregnenolone in mitochondria. We investigated histopathological changes induced by 5-day administration of AG in mice. Cytoplasmic vacuoles of various sizes and single cell necrosis were found in zona fasciculata cells in AG-treated mice. Some vacuoles were positive for adipophilin, whereas others were positive for lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 on immunohistochemical staining, indicating they were enlarged lipid droplets and lysosomes, respectively...
April 11, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390812/characterization-of-pancreatic-islet-cell-tumors-and-renal-tumors-induced-by-a-combined-treatment-of-streptozotocin-and-nicotinamide-in-male-sd-rats
#16
Yuki Kato, Koichi Masuno, Kae Fujisawa, Noriko Tsuchiya, Mikinori Torii, Atsuko Hishikawa, Takeshi Izawa, Mitsuru Kuwamura, Jyoji Yamate
We herein investigated the histopathological features, including proliferative activity and immunoexpression, of pancreatic islet cell tumors (ICTs) in male SD rats induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and nicotinamide (NA), and discussed their relevance to biological behaviors and prognoses. A total of 70 and 43% of rats developed ICTs 37-45 weeks after the treatment with STZ (50 or 75mg/kg, i.v.) and NA (350mg/kg, twice, p.o.), respectively. Among the islet tumors observed in the STZ/NA-treated groups, 75% were adenomas, while 25% were carcinomas...
April 5, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385482/nicotine-promotes-cervical-carcinoma-cell-line-hela-migration-and-invasion-by-activating-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-vitro
#17
Chengze Wang, Weiting Gu, Yunpeng Zhang, Yawen Ji, Yong Wen, Xin Xu
Cigarette smoking is one of highly risk factors of cervical cancer. Recently nicotine has been reported to increase proliferation and invasion in some smoking related cancers, like non-small cell lung cancer and esophageal squamous cell cancer. However, the effects and mechanisms of nicotine stimulation on cervical cancer cells are not clear. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of nicotine stimulation on HeLa cells in vitro. In our study, we found that nicotine could accelerate HeLa cells migration and invasion, activate PI3K/Akt and NF-κB pathways and increase the expression of Vimentin in vitro...
April 3, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372928/phenotypical-changes-in-a-differentiating-immortalized-bronchial-epithelial-cell-line-after-exposure-to-mainstream-cigarette-smoke-and-e-cigarette-vapor
#18
Michaela Aufderheide, Makito Emura
3D constructs composed of differentiated immortalized primary normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells (CL-1548) were repeatedly exposed at the air-liquid interface to non-lethal concentrations of mainstream cigarette smoke (4 cigarettes a day, 5days/week, 8 repetitions in total) and e-cigarette vapor (50 puffs a day, 5 days/week, 8 repetitions in total) to build up a permanent burden on the cells. Samples were taken after 4, 6 and 8 times of repeated smoke exposure and the cultures were investigated using histopathological methods Compared to the clean air-exposed cultures (process control) and incubator control, the aerosol-exposed cultures showed a reduction of ciliated, mucus-producing and club cells...
April 1, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359838/graphene-oxide-nanosheets-induced-genotoxicity-and-pulmonary-injury-in-mice
#19
Nabil A El-Yamany, Faten F Mohamed, Taher A Salaheldin, Amany A Tohamy, Walaa N Abd El-Mohsen, Adel S Amin
Graphene and graphene-related materials have broadly applied in biomedical purposes due to their unique properties, thus safety evaluation of them is crucial. This study was performed to explore the genotoxic and pulmonary toxic potential of different doses of graphene oxide nanosheets' (GOs) in mice.A total of 90 male mature mice were randomly divided into six groups of fifteen mice per each, five groups were intraperitoneally injected by GO at doses of 10, 50, 100, 250 and 500μg/kg b.w once weekly in addition to the control group that was injected intraperitoneally with 0...
March 27, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336174/the-exposure-to-formaldehyde-causes-renal-dysfunction-inflammation-and-redox-imbalance-in-rats
#20
Camila de Oliveira Ramos, Clarissa Rodrigues Nardeli, Keila Karine Duarte Campos, Karina Braga Pena, Dafne Fernandes Machado, Ana Carla Balthar Bandeira, Guilherme de Paula Costa, André Talvani, Frank Silva Bezerra
Twenty-eight Fischer male rats were divided into four groups: control group (CG), exposed to the ambient air, and groups exposed to formaldehyde (FA) at concentrations of 1% (FA1%), 5% (FA5%) and 10% (FA10%). Kidney function was assessed by dosage of uric acid, creatinine and urea. Morphometry was performed on the thickness of the lumen of Bowman's capsule and diameter of the lumen of the renal tubules. We evaluated the redox imbalance through the catalase and superoxide dismutase activity as well as oxidative damage by lipid peroxidation...
March 20, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
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