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Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890200/esculetin-modulates-cytotoxicity-induced-by-oxidants-in-nb4-human-leukemia-cells
#1
Virginia Rubio, Ana Isabel García-Pérez, Angel Herráez, M Cristina Tejedor, José C Diez
Esculetin is a polyphenolic compound with cytoprotective properties. We previously demonstrated the induction of apoptosis by esculetin in NB4 human leukemia cells, as a model, by a mechanism not well understood. To analyse the antioxidant activity of esculetin on apoptosis, we have studied the influence of co-treatments of esculetin at a concentration of 100μM with exogenous ROS donors, namely tert-butyl-hydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide, on NB4 cells. Esculetin (100μM) exerts a protective effect on cell viability and death necrosis or late apoptosis caused by the oxidant t-BHP whereas it potentiates decrease of cell viability and cell death caused by H2O2...
September 7, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774728/lactobacillus-plantarum-culture-supernatants-improve-intestinal-tissue-exposed-to-deoxynivalenol
#2
L G Maidana, J Gerez, F Pinho, S Garcia, A P F L Bracarense
In the present study, histological, morphometrical and ultrastructural analysis were performed to investigate intestinal mucosa changes in piglets exposed to deoxynivalenol alone or associated with two strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and the respective culture supernatants. Jejunal explants were incubated for 4h in culture medium with a) only culture medium (DMEM, control group), b) deoxynivalenol (DON, 10μM), c) heat-inactivated Lactobacillus plantarum strain1 - LP1 (1.1×10(8) CFU/ml) plus DON, d) heat-inactivated Lactobacillus plantarum strain2-LP2 (2...
July 31, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739395/sterigmatocystin-induced-apoptosis-in-human-pulmonary-cells-in-vitro
#3
Jinfeng Cui, Juan Wang, Shujuan Huang, Xiujuan Jiang, Yuehong Li, Wenxin Wu, Xianghong Zhang
Sterigmatocystin (ST) is generally recognized as a potential carcinogen, mutagen and teratogen. Studies showed that ST could induce adenocarcinoma of lung in mice in vivo and DNA damage, cell cycle arrest in a human immortalized bronchial epithelial cell line (BEAS-2B cells) and a human lung cancer cell line (A549 cells) in vitro. Besides, ST could induce G2 arrest (cell cycle arrest in G2 phase) in several other cells. Cell cycle arrest may be one of the common toxic effects of ST. As cells may undergo apoptosis or death due to cell cycle arrest, we wondered whether apoptosis is another common effect of ST in different cells in vitro...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739394/ameliorative-effect-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-on-polychlorinated-biphenyl-pcbs-induced-testicular-sertoli-cell-dysfunction-in-f1-prepuberal-rats
#4
Sugantha Priya Elayapillai, Dhanaraj Teekaraman, Raja Singh Paulraj, Arunakaran Jagadeesan
The study was conducted to investigate the protective role of α-tocopherol against polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) induced effect in Sertoli cell function of F1 prepuberal rats. Dams were grouped into six; each group consists of six animals. Group 1-control treated with corn oil as vehicle, group II- 0.5mgPCBs/kg bw/day, group III- 0.5mgPCBs/kg bw/day with α-tocopherol (50mg α-tocopherol/kg bw/day), group IV- 1mgPCBs/kg bwt/day, group V- 1mgPCBs/kg bw/day with α-tocopherol (50mg α-tocopherol/kg bw/day) and group VI - α-tocopherol alone treated orally from postpartum day1-20...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684087/anti-arthritic-potential-of-marine-macroalgae-turbinaria-ornata-in-complete-freund-s-adjuvant-induced-rats
#5
S Ananthi, V Gayathri, R Malarvizhi, Meenakshi Bhardwaj, Hannah R Vasanthi
T. ornata a macroalgae rich in bioactive molecules possess various biological activities. Herein, the aim of the study is to evaluate the aqueous extract and the sulphated polysaccharide isolated from T. ornata for its anti-arthritic potential in Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) induced arthritis in rats. Anti-arthritic potential of aqueous T. ornata (ATO) and T. ornata sulphated polysaccharide (TSP) was evidenced by the significant reduction in paw volume and arthritic score. Inflammatory and antioxidant markers were found to be restored in the drug treated groups which was found to be in line with dexamethasone a standard anti-inflammatory drug...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655429/a-study-of-the-correlation-between-ultrafine-particle-emissions-in-motorcycle-smoke-and-mice-erythrocyte-damages
#6
Arinto Y P Wardoyo, Unggul P Juswono, Johan A E Noor
Sharply increasing of motor vehicles every year contributes to amounts of ultrafine particles (UFPs) in the air. Besides, the existence of UFPs in the blood may cause erythrocyte damages that subject to shape deformation. This study was aimed to investigate the influence of UFPs in the motorcycle smoke exposed to mice in different concentrations to the erythrocyte damages. The experiments were conducted by injecting the motorcycle smoke with the varied amounts in an experimental chamber (dimension of 30×20×20cm(3)) where the mice were put in advance for exposuring twice a day (100s)...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648614/the-effects-of-retinoic-acid-on-mmp-2-production-proliferation-and-ultrastructural-morphology-in-rat-uterus
#7
Tuğba Kotil, Şengül Şentürk, Türkan Sarioğlu, Leyla Tapul
AIMS: Retinoic acid (RA) has a vital importance in order to ensure continuity and morphology in many tissues. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have significant roles in proliferation, the formation of cancers, and metastasis. In this study the effects of RA on MMP-2 production in cells of rat uterus were investigated. METHODS: Twenty-four adult Spraque Dawley rats were divided into two groups, the experimental group was treated with 40mg/kg/day 13-cis RA for 5days by gavage...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645882/cardiopreventive-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-of-date-palm-pollen-against-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-infarction-in-rats-through-the-inhibition-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme
#8
Amal Daoud, Fedia Ben Mefteh, Kais Mnafgui, Mouna Turki, Salwa Jmal, Rawdha Ben Amar, Fatma Ayadi, Abdelfattah ElFeki, Leila Abid, Mostafa E Rateb, Lassaad Belbahri, Adel Kadri, Neji Gharsallah
The present study aimed to examine the putative preventive effect of the ethanolic extract Date Palm Pollen (DPP, Phoenix dactylifera L., family Arecaceae) on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Twenty four rats were randomly divided into four groups including control. They were treated with DPP extract (400mg/kg) and clopidogrel (0.2mg/kg) for 7days followed by myocardial injury induction using subcutaneous isoproterenol (100mg/kg) with an interval of 24h for two days (6th and 7th day)...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619518/in-vitro-cytotoxic-potential-of-friedelin-in-human-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cell-regulate-early-expression-of-cdkn2a-and-prb1-neutralize-mdm2-p53-amalgamation-and-functional-stabilization-of-p53
#9
Pandurangan Subash-Babu, David K Li, Ali A Alshatwi
We aimed to explore the cytotoxic and apoptotic effect of friedelin on breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Cytotoxic effect of friedelin on MCF-7 cells was analyzed using MTT, cell and nuclear morphology. The apoptosis mechanism of friedelin on MCF-7 cells was analyzed using real-time PCR. Friedelin potentially inhibit 78% of MCF-7 cell's growth, the IC50 value was 1.8μM in 24h and 1.2μM in 48h. Friedelin increased ROS significantly and DNA damage was confirmed by tunel assay. We found characteristically 52% apoptotic cells and 6% necrotic cells in PI, AO/ErBr staining after 48h treatment with 1...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602391/validating-the-use-of-napsin-a-as-a-marker-for-identifying-tumorigenic-potential-of-lung-bronchiolo-alveolar-hyperplasia-in-rodents
#10
Masanao Yokohira, Yuko Nakano-Narusawa, Keiko Yamakawa, Nozomi Hashimoto, Shota Yoshida, Shohei Kanie, Katsumi Imaida
There are two types of bronchiolo-alveolar hyperplasia (hyperplasia) in rodent lungs. The first is "inflammatory hyperplasia" that retains its ability to revert to normal epithelia upon removal of the stimulating insult. The second is "latent tumorigenic hyperplasia", which is irreversible and causes independent preneoplastic lesions that can progress to bronchiolo-alveolar adenocarcinoma. Previously, lung samples with hyperplastic lesions were obtained from rats exposed to N-bis (2-hydroxypropyl) nitrosamine (DHPN) and fine particles (e...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602390/a-study-on-role-of-triiodothyronine-t3-hormone-on-the-improvement-of-articular-cartilage-surface-architecture
#11
Pei-Tong Jia, Xing-Lin Zhang, Hai-Ning Zuo, Xing Lu, Peng-Zhou Gai
The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on the improvement of articular cartilage surface architecture at in vitro level. The T3 hormone was applied to neo-tissues in the range of 50, 100, 150 and 200ng/ml for 5 weeks. At the end of the treatment, biochemical and histological evaluation was carried out in the neo-tissues. T3 hormone application significantly increased the collagen production in neo-cartilage tissues. The properties of tensile and compressive were significantly increased compared to the controls...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599809/hepatoprotective-effect-of-chitosan-caffeic-acid-conjugate-against-ethanol-treated-mice
#12
Soo Yeon Park, Ginnae Ahn, Ju Hyung Um, Eui Jeong Han, Chang-Bum Ahn, Na Young Yoon, Jae-Young Je
The chitosan-caffeic acid (CCA) conjugate shows a hepatoprotective effect against oxidative stress-induced hepatic damage in cultured hepatocytes. The objective of this study is the verification of the hepatoprotective effect of the CCA in vivo against ethanol-induced liver injury in mice. The administration of ethanol resulted in the increase of the serum-aminotransferase activities (AST and ALT), triglycerides, total cholesterol, and lipid peroxidation. The CCA co-administration, however, significantly (p<0...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587827/combined-effects-of-deoxynivalenol-and-zearalenone-on-oxidative-injury-and-apoptosis-in-porcine-splenic-lymphocytes-in-vitro
#13
Zhihua Ren, Huidan Deng, Youtian Deng, Zhen Liang, Junliang Deng, Zhicai Zuo, Yanchun Hu, Liuhong Shen, Shumin Yu, Suizhong Cao
Deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) are the two most common mycotoxins in animal feed. In this study, we examined oxidative injury and apoptosis of porcine splenic lymphocytes induced by DON or ZEA and their combination in vitro. Based on IC50 values, porcine splenic lymphocytes were treated with 0.06, 0.3, 1.5, and 7.5μg/mL DON, 0.08, 0.4, 2, and 10μg/mL ZEA, or both DON and ZEA at 0.06 and 0.08μg/mL, 0.3 and 0.4μg/mL, and 1.5 and 2μg/mL, respectively. After 48h of DON and/or ZEA exposure, the cells were analyzed for antioxidant functions, apoptosis, and mRNA and protein expression of apoptosis-related genes p53, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-8 to determine their apoptosis and oxidative damage effects and mechanisms...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583699/stem-cell-therapy-with-skeletal-myoblasts-accelerates-neointima-formation-in-a-mouse-model-of-vein-graft-disease
#14
Christina Maria Steger, Johannes Bonatti, Ralf Joachim Rieker, Nikolaos Bonaros, Thomas Schachner
Although still a matter of controversial discussion, skeletal myoblasts are one of the options for stem cell transplantation improving cardiac function after myocardial infarction, exhibiting several advantages including the availability, the ability of self-renewal and differentiation, and the lack of ethical and immunological problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of stem cell therapy with skeletal myoblasts on experimental venous bypass grafts in a mouse model of vein graft disease...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559049/attenuation-of-thioacetamide-induced-hepatocellular-injury-by-short-term-repeated-injections-associated-with-down-regulation-of-metabolic-enzymes-and-relationship-with-mhc-class-ii-presenting-cells
#15
Mizuki Kuramochi, Takeshi Izawa, Munmun Pervin, Alexandra Bondoc, Mitsuru Kuwamura, Jonathan LaMarre, Jyoji Yamate
The liver is the primary organ participating in the metabolism of xenobiotics and is therefore an important target in the safety assessment of drugs, chemicals and environmental toxins. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has recently become widely recognized in human medicine as an adverse event. The progression of DILI often involves "damage-associated molecular patterns" (DAMPs) of gene and protein expression such as high-mobility group boxes (HMGBs), S100 proteins and heat shock proteins (Hsp). DAMPs are released from injured or necrotic cells and are bound to Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and modulate inflammatory reactions...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554820/argininic-acid-alters-markers-of-cellular-oxidative-damage-in-vitro-protective-role-of-antioxidants
#16
Daniela Delwing-de Lima, Simone Sasso, Leticia Dalmedico, Débora Delwing-Dal Magro, Eduardo Manoel Pereira, Angela T S Wyse
We, herein, investigated the in vitro effects of argininic acid on thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBA-RS), total sulfhydryl content and on the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the blood, kidney and liver of 60-day-old rats. We also verified the influence of the antioxidants (each at 1.0mM) trolox and ascorbic acid, as well as of N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) at 1.0mM, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, on the effects elicited by argininic acid on the parameters tested...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552630/protective-effects-of-melatonin-on-long-term-administration-of-fluoxetine-in-rats
#17
Majid Khaksar, Ahmad Oryan, Mansour Sayyari, Aysa Rezabakhsh, Reza Rahbarghazi
The degree and consequence of tissue injury are highly regarded during long-term exposure to selective antidepressant fluoxetine. Melatonin has been shown to palliate different lesions by scavenging free radicals, but its role in the reduction of the fluoxetine-induced injuries has been little known. Thirty-six mature male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into control and experimental groups. The experimental rats were included as following; 24mg/kg/bw fluoxetine for 4 weeks; 1mg/kg/bw melatonin for 4 weeks; fluoxetine+1-week melatonin, fluoxetine+2-week melatonin and fluoxetine+4-week melatonin...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552629/clinical-and-pathological-analysis-of-19-cases-of-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-without-an-increase-in-calcitonin
#18
Qiufeng Zhou, Shuanglei Yue, Ye Cheng, Ju Jin, Haimiao Xu
BACKGROUND: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), defined as a malignant tumour with C-cell differentiation, is of neuroendocrine origin and is characterized by the synthesis and secretion of calcitonin (CT). MTC without CT secretion has been reported on rare occasions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular pathologic features as well as the clinical significance of non-secretory MTC (NCR-MTC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with NCR-MTC was performed...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551406/protective-effect-of-hesperidin-and-tiger-nut-against-acrylamide-toxicity-in-female-rats
#19
Soha M Hamdy, Amany M Shabaan, Abdel Karim M Abdel Latif, Ayman M Abdel-Aziz, Alshimaa M Amin
Phytochemicals that have antioxidant effect play important role in protection against several diseases in humans. This study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of hesperidin and tiger nut against the early changes that may be related to the toxicity of acrylamide in female rats. 72 Sprague Dawley female rats were divided into six groups (12 rat/group): control group (I); hesperidin (HES) treated group (II); tiger nut (TN) treated group (III); Acrylamide (ACR) treated group (IV); HES-ACR treated group (V); and TN-ACR treated group (VI)...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535907/suppression-of-epithelial-restitution-using-an-inhibitor-against-rho-associated-coiled-coil-containing-protein-kinase-aggravates-colitis-through-reduced-epithelial-expression-of-a-kinase-anchor-protein-13
#20
Yumi Kangawa, Toshinori Yoshida, Yutaka Yonezawa, Kiyoshi Maruyama, Shim-Mo Hayashi, Makoto Shibutani
In the gastrointestinal tract, the immediate healing response to mucosal damage is critical to sustain mucosal homeostasis. The migration of surrounding epithelial cells to cover the denuded area without proliferation is termed restitution, followed by early reparation of the damage. In this study, we determined the role of A-kinase anchor protein 13 (AKAP13) in mice with dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis upon mucosal injury and restitution, and investigated whether inhibition of Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK), downstream effector of AKAP13, affects these mucosal responses...
October 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
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