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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143483/the-impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-adherence-to-buprenorphine-a-claims-based-analysis
#1
Megan Litz, Douglas Leslie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has been inconclusive about whether opioid-dependent patients with psychiatric comorbidities have shorter treatment retention and higher relapse rates. This study aims to evaluate the impact of mental health comorbidities on adherence to buprenorphine using a large, national health insurance claims data base. METHODS: We used MarketScan® data from 2012 to 2014 to perform this analysis. Inclusion criteria included all patients with an opioid use disorder-related ICD-9 code who had been prescribed buprenorphine (n = 2947)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143401/assessment-of-risk-behaviors-in-patients-with-opioid-prescriptions-a-study-of-indiana-s-inspect-data
#2
Marion S Greene, Robert Andrew Chambers, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Eric R Wright, Gregory K Steele, Terrell W Zollinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) can serve as screening tools and support the clinical decision-making process in patients receiving opioids. The objective of the study was to utilize 2014 INSPECT (Indiana's PDMP) data to identify factors that increase patients' likelihood to engage in opioid-related risk behaviors. METHODS: Based on a literature review, four risk behaviors were identified: Receiving >90 morphine milligram equivalents (MME), having >4 opioid prescribers, obtaining opioids from >4 pharmacies, and concurrent use of opioids and benzodiazepines...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143399/buprenorphine-naloxone-treatment-responses-differ-between-young-adults-with-heroin-and-prescription-opioid-use-disorders
#3
Mauricio Romero-Gonzalez, Abtin Shahanaghi, Gregory J DiGirolamo, Gerardo Gonzalez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder among young adults is rising sharply with an increase in morbidity and mortality. This study examined differences in treatment response to a fixed dose of buprenorphine-naloxone between heroin (HU) and prescriptions opioids (POU) users. METHODS: Eighty opioid dependent young adults (M = 22 years) were treated with buprenorphine-naloxone 16-4 mg/day for 8 weeks. Differences between HU (N = 17) and POU (N = 63) on changes in weekly opioid use, opioid craving, withdrawal, and depression symptoms were analyzed with mixed-effects regression models...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143398/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-health-of-children-prenatally-exposed-to-methadone-buprenorphine-or-naltrexone-compared-with-non-exposed-control-children
#4
Erin Kelty, Gary Hulse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the health of children exposed to opioid pharmacotherapies in utero. This study aims to examine the health of children from birth to 5 years of age, who were exposed to methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone with non-exposed children. METHODS: Children were identified by linking the treatment records of women treated with one of the three opioid pharmacotherapies with midwife notifications. Live-born children exposed to methadone (n = 198), buprenorphine (n = 122), naltrexone (n = 67) in utero, and neonates not prenatally exposed to opioids (n = 387) born between 2001 and 2011 in Western Australia were included in the study...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105968/reports-of-adverse-health-effects-related-to-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-in-new-york-state
#5
Eleni A Papadopoulos, Karen R Cummings, Jeanna M Marraffa, Kenneth M Aldous, Lingyun Li, Nina Ahmad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We assessed synthetic cannabinoid (SC) outbreaks from 2011-2012 and 2015. METHODS: The National Poison Data System was utilized to collect reports of SC adverse effects in New York State from 2011-2012 and 2015 (N = 713). RESULTS: Cases from 2015 were more likely to be admitted to intensive care units and had different symptoms than those in 2011-2012. We identified two new SC structural classes from 2015 samples...
November 6, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921780/factors-associated-with-attrition-in-substance-using-patients-enrolled-in-an-intensive-outpatient-program
#6
James Mckowen, Nicholas Carrellas, Courtney Zulauf, Emin Nalan Ward, Ronna Fried, Timothy Wilens
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data suggest individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of attrition from treatment and exhibit impairments on measures of executive functioning (EF). The primary aim of this pilot study was to investigate if EF is associated with attrition from a 1 month intensive outpatient program (IOP) for SUD, and examine the feasibility of implementing the project. METHODS: Baseline neurocognitive functioning was assessed by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and the self-reported Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF-A) questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165884/issue-information-editorial-board
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165883/issue-information-toc
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160606/the-relationship-between-hazardous-alcohol-use-and-violence-among-street-involved-youth
#9
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Sabina Dobrer, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora Debeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a major contributor to premature disability and death among youth, often due to physical trauma, violence, and suicide. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the association between hazardous alcohol use and experiences of violence among a cohort of street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit substances in Vancouver, Canada...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160596/chronic-pain-and-opioid-abuse-factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Jermaine D Jones, Jonathan S Vogelman, Rachel Luba, Mudassir Mumtaz, Sandra D Comer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While research on the separate relationships between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and chronic pain, and HRQOL and opioid abuse has been sparse, even less work has investigated the factors associated with HRQOL in individuals who have both chronic pain and meet criteria for opioid use disorder. The data presented in this analysis should allow a better understanding the factors important to quality of life among this dual-diagnosed population. METHODS: Individuals with dual diagnoses of chronic pain and opioid use disorder were recruited for clinical research studies at Columbia University Medical Center...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134789/either-at-left-or-right-both-high-and-low-frequency-rtms-of-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-decreases-cue-induced-craving-for-methamphetamine
#11
Qingming Liu, Ying Shen, Xinyu Cao, Yongqiang Li, Yijiang Chen, Wei Yang, Ti-Fei Yuan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study is to investigate if left or right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is important in modulating the craving to drug related cues. METHODS: The present investigation examined different combinations between left/right and high/low frequency rTMS on cue induced craving to methamphetamine, with active sham rTMS on P3 region on a total of 50 subjects. RESULTS: The results showed that either at left or right side, both high and low frequency rTMS are effective in decreasing the cue induced craving to methamphetamine...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#12
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115703/moderators-of-response-to-sertraline-versus-placebo-among-recently-abstinent-cocaine-dependent-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-two-clinical-trials
#13
Maryam Bashiri, Michael J Mancino, Virginia A Stanick, Jeff Thostenson, Thomas R Kosten, Alison H Oliveto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Moderators of treatment response to serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline (SRT) for cocaine dependence were assessed in two randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. METHODS: Generalized estimating equation modeling was performed on data from cocaine-dependent volunteers randomized to receive SRT or placebo (N = 126) who completed >2-week drug-free residential portions of the 12-week trials, in which subsequent outpatient treatment (weeks 3-12) included weekly cognitive behavioral therapy and thrice-weekly supervised urine toxicology...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064160/marijuana-commercialization-and-adolescent-substance-treatment-outcomes-in-colorado
#14
Sean R LeNoue, Stacy Salomonsen-Sautel, Sung-Joon Min, Christian Thurstone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Colorado, marijuana was legalized for medical use in 2000, commercialized in 2009, and approved for recreational purposes in 2012. Little is known about the association between recent policy changes and adolescent substance treatment outcomes measured by urine drug screens (UDS). This study addressed this research gap. METHODS: Participants were youth (N = 523) aged 11-19 years who were enrolled in an outpatient motivational interviewing (MI)/cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus contingency management (CM) in Denver, Colorado from October 2007 to June 2014...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921814/nabilone-pharmacotherapy-for-cannabis-dependence-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#15
Kevin P Hill, Matthew D Palastro, Staci A Gruber, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Shelly F Greenfield, Scott E Lukas, Roger D Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We assessed the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of nabilone, a cannabinoid agonist, to treat cannabis dependence. METHODS: Eighteen adults with DSM-IV cannabis dependence were randomized to receive either 2 mg/day of nabilone (n = 10) or placebo (n = 8) for 10 weeks in addition to medication management. Twelve participants, six in each group, completed treatment. The safety and tolerability of nabilone was assessed at each visit...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898485/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-dorsal-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-inhibits-medial-orbitofrontal-activity-in-smokers
#16
Xingbao Li, Gregory L Sahlem, Bashar W Badran, Lisa M McTeague, Colleen A Hanlon, Karen J Hartwell, Scott Henderson, Mark S George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), can reduce cue-elicited craving in smokers. Currently, the mechanism of this effect is unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore the effect of a single treatment of rTMS on cortical and sub-cortical neural activity in non-treatment seeking nicotine-dependent participants. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover trial in which participants attended two experimental visits separated by at least 1 week...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940679/issue-information-toc
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940678/issue-information-editorial-board
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898494/n-acetylcysteine-in-the-treatment-of-craving-in-substance-use-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Michel Silvio Duailibi, Quirino Cordeiro, Elisa Brietzke, Marcelo Ribeiro, Steve LaRowe, Michael Berk, Alisson Paulino Trevizol
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent neurobiological evidences along with clinical observations justify the use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) as a medication for craving. The objective of our study was to assess the evidence of efficacy of NAC for craving in substance use disorders in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). METHODS: Systematic review of the RCTs literature (PROSPERO number 56698) until February, 2017, using MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov. We included seven RCTs (n = 245); most with small-to-moderate sample sizes...
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836712/religious-coping-in-patients-with-severe-substance-use-disorders-receiving-acute-inpatient-detoxification
#20
Morgan M Medlock, David H Rosmarin, Hilary S Connery, Margaret L Griffin, Roger D Weiss, Sterling L Karakula, R Kathryn McHugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Religious coping, one of the most widely studied components of spirituality among psychiatric populations, has rarely been addressed in patients with severe substance use disorders (SUD). The aim of our study was to elucidate whether religious coping is related to symptom expression and mutual-help participation. METHODS: Self-reported religious coping was assessed in individuals sequentially admitted to a private psychiatric hospital for inpatient detoxification...
October 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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