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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#1
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569403/generalizability-of-the-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-substance-use-disorder-intervention
#2
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is growing concern regarding the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs). This study used a selection model approach to assess and improve the generalizability of an evaluation for a web-based SUD intervention by making the trial sample resemble the target population. METHODS: The sample of the web-based SUD intervention (Therapeutic Education System vs...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569392/factors-affecting-the-dose-of-methadone-among-patients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-therapy-in-taiwan
#3
Dian-Jeng Li, Kuan-Shang Chung, Hung-Chi Wu, Chih-Yao Hsu, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been shown to be an effective therapeutic strategy for opioid users. This study aimed to investigate the predictive effect of clinically predominant sleep disturbance (CPSD) on the dose of methadone among opiate users receiving MMT during a follow-up period of 6 years in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1,290 individuals with opioid dependence who visited our MMT clinic for the first time. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the effect of CPSD on the daily dose of methadone by controlling for the effects of demographic and MMT characteristics...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569361/providing-technical-assistance-for-the-state-targeted-response-for-opioid-use-disorders-time-is-of-the-essence
#4
Frances R Levin, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569336/nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-users-experience-subjective-but-not-objective-impairments-in-attention-and-impulsivity
#5
Alison Looby, Sarah Sant'Ana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical prescription stimulant use is frequently reported by college students to improve academic performance, yet it is unknown whether users truly experience cognitive impairments that may drive use. This research compared students with at least one report of nonmedical prescription stimulant use and nonusers on both self-report and objective measures of inattention and impulsivity. METHODS: Two studies examined inattention (N = 155) and impulsivity (N = 115) among college students...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569328/a-randomized-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-contingency-management-for-treatment-of-waterpipe-tobacco-addiction
#6
Kawkab Shishani, Tamara Odom-Maryon, John M Roll
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Unlike cigarette smoking cessation, waterpipe tobacco smoking cessation is relatively understudied. The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to examine the efficacy of contingency management (CM) for promoting initial waterpipe smoking abstinence. METHODS: The study used a two-group, repeated measures design. Participants attended 10 visits (two visits per week, on Mondays and Thursdays) across 5 weeks. Thirty-nine adult waterpipe tobacco users who did not smoke cigarettes and were not planning on quitting waterpipe tobacco smoking were randomly assigned to either the contingent (n = 19) or non-contingent (n = 20) groups...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569312/substance-use-initiation-moderates-the-effect-of-stress-on-white-matter-microstructure-in-adolescents
#7
Zu Wei Zhai, Sarah W Yip, Kristen P Morie, Rajita Sinha, Linda C Mayes, Marc N Potenza
BACKGROUND: While childhood stress may contribute risk to substance-use initiation and differences in brain white-matter development, understanding of the potential impact of substance-use initiation on the relationship between experienced stress and white-matter microstructure remains limited. OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether substance-use initiation moderated the effect of perceived stress on white-matter differences using measures of primary white-matter fiber anisotropy...
March 23, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457674/a-review-of-brain-stimulation-methods-to-treat-substance-use-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Alexandria S Coles, Karolina Kozak, Tony P George
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a leading cause of disability worldwide. While several pharmacological and behavioral treatments for SUDs are available, these may not be effective for all patients. Recent studies using non-invasive neuromodulation techniques including Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) have shown promise for SUD treatment. OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies were evaluated investigating the therapeutic potential of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques in treatment of SUDs...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457672/gambling-related-cognitive-distortions-predict-level-of-function-among-us-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-gambling-disorders
#9
Steven D Shirk, Megan M Kelly, Shane W Kraus, Marc N Potenza, Kendra Pugh, Christopher Waltrous, Edward Federman, Christopher Krebs, Charles E Drebing
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gambling Disorder (GD) is characterized by recurrent gambling behavior that is associated with significant impairment and distress, high psychiatric comorbidities, and high functional disability. The military veteran population appears particularly susceptible to developing the disorder, but relatively little has been studied among this population. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the clinical psychopathologies and comorbidities of veterans seeking treatment for problem gambling and how problem gambling may impact functioning...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457671/abstinence-and-reduced-frequency-of-use-are-associated-with-improvements-in-quality-of-life-among-treatment-seekers-with-cannabis-use-disorder
#10
Christina A Brezing, C Jean Choi, Martina Pavlicova, Daniel Brooks, Amy L Mahony, John J Mariani, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients with cannabis use disorder (CUD) do not achieve or do not have abstinence as a goal of treatment, rather they reduce their use. Assessing outcome measures as they relate to functioning and reductions in cannabis use is an important area of study. Quality of life (QoL) shows promise as one such measure. Past studies have demonstrated gender differences in QoL and CUD. We aim to assess (1) the relationship between cannabis use and QoL and (2) gender effects in an outpatient medication treatment study for CUD...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457668/the-relationships-between-depression-neuroticism-and-attitudes-nda-model-in-heroin-abusers-in-taiwan
#11
Kun-Hua Lee, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Heroin use is a severe problem worldwide. To develop more effective treatments for heroin abusers, a comprehensive psychosocial model of heroin use should be established and examined. We created and assessed a neuroticism, depression, attitudes, and heroin addiction (NDA) model. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 234 patients undergoing methadone replacement treatment were recruited from psychiatric clinics. We used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to assess all for neuroticism, depression, and a positive outcome expectancy (POE) (attitudes)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596729/issue-information-toc
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596728/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-substance-use-and-emerging-adult-development-using-the-idea-scale
#13
REVIEW
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Daniel A Briley, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much debate exists surrounding Arnett's theory of emerging adulthood in terms of its breadth and application. Researchers have attempted to capture dimensions of emerging adulthood (eg, experimentation, negativity/instability, other-focus, self-focus, and feeling in-between) through self report assessment, using variations of the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood or IDEA. Results from studies investigating this relationship have been mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis on the association between substance use and the IDEA...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596727/issue-information-editorial-board
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596726/case-series-salvia-divinorum-as-a-potential-addictive-hallucinogen
#15
Joseph El-Khoury, Evelyne Baroud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recreational use of salvia divinorum (salvia), a potent, naturally occurring hallucinogen, is on the rise internationally. Despite the paucity of information about its long-term health effects, salvia is readily available and generally portrayed as a safe non-addictive substance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with an enduring and pervasive pattern of salvia use. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating patients for salvia use during clinical assessment is strongly encouraged, especially among young polysubstance users...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596725/antagonists-in-the-medical-management-of-opioid-use-disorders-historical-and-existing-treatment-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Adam Bisaga, Paolo Mannelli, Maria A Sullivan, Suzanne K Vosburg, Peggy Compton, George E Woody, Thomas R Kosten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic condition with potentially severe health and social consequences. Many who develop moderate to severe OUD will repeatedly seek treatment or interact with medical care via emergency department visits or hospitalizations. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop feasible and effective approaches to help persons with OUD achieve and maintain abstinence from opioids. Treatment that includes one of the three FDA-approved medications is an evidence-based strategy to manage OUD...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596724/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-gender-focused-addiction-model-versus-12-step-facilitation-for-women-veterans
#17
Lisa M Najavits, Justin Enggasser, Deborah Brief, Edward Federman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) has increased among women, including military veterans, yet SUD treatment was historically designed for males. This randomized controlled trial compared 12 individual sessions of a gender-focused SUD recovery model, A Woman's Path to Recovery (WPR) to an evidence-based, non-gender-focused SUD model, 12-Step Facilitation (TSF) for 66 women veterans with current severe SUD. METHODS: The primary outcome was substance use; secondary outcomes were associated problems (e...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596723/commentary
#18
Thomas Kosten, Coreen Domingo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596722/commentary-elders-others-and-addiction-do-they-care-and-want-to-understand
#19
Edward J Khantzian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596721/substance-use-comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-qualitative-review-of-treatment-strategies-and-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra K Gold, Michael W Otto, Thilo Deckersbach, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg, Gustavo Kinrys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are present in up to 70% of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and contribute to high rates of disability, morbidity, and treatment non-adherence. Despite this prevalence, few trials have investigated targeted psychosocial interventions for comorbid BD and SUDs. METHODS: Using PubMed and PsycINFO, we conducted a search of the literature up to January 2018 for psychosocial interventions targeted to patients with comorbid BD and SUDs...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
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