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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328148/long-term-follow-up-study-of-community-based-patients-receiving-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorders
#1
Arthur Robin Williams, Vincent Barbieri, Kaitlyn Mishlen, Frances R Levin, Edward V Nunes, John J Mariani, Adam Bisaga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) is FDA-approved to prevent relapse in patients with Opioid Use Disorder. However little is known about long-term use among community-based outpatients. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and long-term follow-up survey among individuals (N = 168) who entered an outpatient XR-NTX trial between 2011 and 2015, during which participants were offered three monthly injections of XR-NTX at no cost. The survey consisted of 35 questions covering a total of four domains: (1) substance use; (2) treatment continuation; (3) barriers; and (4) attitudes...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328110/comorbidity-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-focus-on-clinical-characteristics-and-gaming-patterns
#2
Euihyeon Na, Hyeseon Lee, Inyoung Choi, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD), which has been considered as a behavioral addiction in DSM-5, shares core features with alcohol use disorder (AUD), there has been minimal research on the clinical implications of the comorbidity between IGD and AUD. The purpose of this study is to investigate clinical psychopathologies and Internet game usage patterns of IGD, AUD, and their comorbid status. METHODS: Participants (n = 1819) completed a cross-sectional web-based survey...
March 22, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324627/hospitalized-opioid-dependent-patients-exploring-predictors-of-buprenorphine-treatment-entry-and-retention-after-discharge
#3
Christina S Lee, Jane M Liebschutz, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have explored predictors of entry into and retention in buprenorphine treatment following linkage from an acute medical hospitalization. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a completed clinical trial focuses on medically hospitalized, opioid-dependent patients (n = 72) who were randomized to an intervention including buprenorphine induction and dose stabilization during hospitalization followed by post-discharge transition to office-based buprenorphine treatment (OBOT)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314070/long-lasting-effects-of-chronic-heavy-cannabis-abuse
#4
Joannis N Nestoros, Elena Vakonaki, Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Athanasios Alegakis, Markos D Skondras, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of short-term memory impairment and schizophrenia-like symptoms in heavy and systematic cannabis users and the association between the severity of abuse and the longevity of its persistent symptoms after refraining from such use. METHODS: A complete psychiatric examination and a psychometric evaluation were performed in 48 solely cannabis users. Additionally, head hair samples were analyzed and the detected cannabinoids levels were correlated with the psychometric findings...
March 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295843/anxiety-sensitivity-and-cannabis-use-related-problems-the-impact-of-race
#5
Kimberlye E Dean, Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance among young adults. Anxiety sensitivity (AS; ie, fear of anxiety-related symptoms) is positively related to coping motives for cannabis use (which are robustly positively linked to cannabis-related problems). However, AS is unrelated to cannabis use-related problems. Yet, extant studies have been conducted on primarily White samples. It may be that among Black students, AS-physical concerns (ie, fear of physical anxiety-related sensations) are related to cannabis problems given that Black individuals are more likely than White individuals to report experiencing greater and more intense somatic symptoms when experiencing anxiety...
March 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248441/electrocardiographic-characteristics-in-individuals-with-cocaine-use-disorder
#6
James J Mahoney, Colin N Haile, Richard De La Garza, Harsh Thakkar, Thomas F Newton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic cocaine use has been linked to several abnormalities in cardiac functioning. The objective of this study was to further characterize baseline heart rate and electrocardiograph (ECG) profiles of individuals with cocaine use disorder (CUD) by evaluating demographic and drug use variables that may impact cardiovascular profiles. METHODS: Participants with CUD (n = 335, primarily African-American males) provided demographic and drug use data and ECG profiles (eg, heart rate, PR Interval, QRS, and QTc) were obtained via 12-lead ECG...
March 1, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240821/-invited-review-genetic-research-on-alcohol-use-outcomes-in-african-american-populations-a-review-of-the-literature-associated-challenges-and-implications
#7
REVIEW
Danielle M Dick, Peter Barr, Mignonne Guy, Aashir Nasim, Denise Scott
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been remarkable advances in understanding genetic influences on complex traits; however, individuals of African descent have been underrepresented in genetic research. METHODS: We review the limitations of existing genetic research on alcohol phenotypes in African Americans (AA) including both twin and gene identification studies, possible reasons for underrepresentation of AAs in genetic research, the implications of the lack of racially diverse samples, and special considerations regarding conducting genetic research in AA populations...
February 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240800/patients-with-non-substance-related-disorders-report-a-similar-profile-of-childhood-trauma-experiences-compared-to-heroin-dependent-patients
#8
Philipp V Schwaninger, Sandra E Mueller, Rebecca Dittmann, Renanto Poespodihardjo, Marc Vogel, Gerhard A Wiesbeck, Marc Walter, Sylvie A Petitjean
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exposure to traumatic events is common among patients with substance use disorders (SUD). In patients with non-substance-related disorders, especially with gambling disorders (GD) and internet addiction (IA), traumatic childhood experiences have not been investigated extensively. The objective of this study was to compare trauma histories in patients with GD and IA to patients with heroin dependence. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys including the childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ) and clinical data among 107 participants; 59 patients with non-substance-related disorders (GD [n = 39]; IA [n = 20]) were compared to 28 patients prescribed injectable heroin for opioid dependence in heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) and to a healthy control group (HC) (n = 20)...
February 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211964/relationship-between-pathological-gambling-alexithymia-and-gambling-type
#9
Céline Bonnaire, Servane Barrault, Ania Aïte, Mathieu Cassotti, Sylvain Moutier, Isabelle Varescon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to see if: (i) alexithymia is associated with PG and with the severity of gambling behavior; (ii) alexithymia is associated with strategic and non-strategic gambling. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-six gamblers were recruited in different gambling locations. First, pathological gamblers (PGs) (n = 106) were compared to non-pathological gamblers (NPGs) (n = 120). Second, strategic gamblers (n = 92) were compared to non-strategic gamblers (n = 96)...
February 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191914/relative-contribution-of-genetic-individual-and-self-efficacy-factors-to-smoking-cessation-in-a-chinese-rural-population
#10
Qiang Wang, Suyun Li, Huijie Li, Xiaorong Yang, Fan Jiang, Nan Zhang, Mingkui Han, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nicotine dependence is influenced by genetic, individual, and psychological factors. We aimed to examine whether nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes (CHRN) were associated with smoking cessation (SC) using genetic risk score and compare the relative contribution of genetic, individual and self-efficacy factors to SC. METHODS: Eight hundred and nineteen male smokers (mean age: 59.62) were recruited from 17 villages of three counties in Shandong province, China...
February 13, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152247/electronic-cigarettes-and-mental-illness-reviewing-the-evidence-for-help-and-harm-among-those-with-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#11
Kathryn Hefner, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable population is lacking...
February 2, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118514/concurrent-treatment-of-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-via-telehealth-in-a-female-iraq-veteran
#12
Maryanne Jaconis, Elizabeth J Santa Ana, Therese K Killeen, Christal L Badour, Sudie E Back
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing literature provides evidence for the use of integrated treatments (e.g., Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure; COPE); however, no known studies have applied COPE via telehealth. METHOD: COPE was delivered via telehealth to treat one black female veteran with combat trauma and alcohol use disorder. RESULTS: The patient demonstrated significant reductions in alcohol consumption and PTSD and depressive symptoms...
January 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117924/environmental-influences-on-alcohol-use-informing-research-on-the-joint-effects-of-genes-and-the-environment-in-diverse-u-s-populations
#13
Karen G Chartier, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Cory R Cummings, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to inform the current state of alcohol research on the joint effects of genes and the environment conducted in U.S. racial/ethnic minority populations, focusing on African Americans, Latinos/Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians. METHODS: A key-word and author-based search was conducted and supplemented with direct contact to researchers in this area to ensure a comprehensive inclusion of published, peer-reviewed studies...
January 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106937/naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-comorbid-tobacco-and-pornography-addiction
#14
Noah A Capurso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring addictive disorders are common, however treatment strategies for this population have not been extensively studied. This is especially the case for behavioral addictions. METHODS: We present a patient (N = 1) with tobacco use disorder and problematic pornography use treated with naltrexone. RESULTS: Naltrexone treatment resulted in a decrease in pornography viewing and cigarette smoking, however had the adverse effect of anhedonia...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098394/use-of-asian-samples-in-genetic-research-of-alcohol-use-disorders-genetic-variation-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-the-effects-of-acetaldehyde
#15
Sachio Matsushita, Susumu Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies consistently find that Asian populations report lower rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) compared with other racial groups. These differences result from a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental influences, some of which are related to the metabolism of alcohol. We will review several studies of these metabolic factors, including several alcohol clamping studies conducted in our laboratory, that provide further insight into the role of the alcohol metabolizing genes and drinking behavior among Japanese drinkers...
January 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230334/issue-information-editorial-board
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230333/issue-information-toc
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230332/knowledge-past-use-and-willingness-to-start-medication-assisted-treatment-among-persons-undergoing-alcohol-detoxification
#18
Michael D Stein, Jessica N Flori, Claire E Blevins, Micah T Conti, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The current study examined knowledge of previous use, and willingness to take alcohol-related medication among individuals in medically supervised detoxification. METHODS: Participants (n = 302) provided health and demographic information, substance use and detoxification history, PCP visits, and AA attendance. RESULTS: Most patients had knowledge of alcohol medications, one-third had past prescription, and over 80% reported willingness to take medication...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211960/becoming-tobacco-free-changes-in-staff-and-patient-attitudes-and-incident-reports-in-a-large-academic-mental-health-and-addictions-hospital
#19
Lilian Riad-Allen, Sarah Siodmok Dermody, Yarissa Herman, Kim Bellissimo, Peter Selby, Tony Peter George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Complete tobacco bans in mental health facilities are thought to have the potential for adverse consequences. We evaluated staff and patient attitudes and adverse events associated with implementing Canada's largest, multi-site academic psychiatric hospital tobacco ban. METHODS: A total of 1,173 staff and 422 patients completed an anonymous attitudes survey at prior to implementation (baseline), and 4-6 months and 10-12 months post-implementation...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191917/newborn-birth-weight-of-pregnant-women-on-methadone-or-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment-a-national-contingency-management-approach-trial
#20
Einat Peles, Anat Sason, Shaul Schreiber, Miriam Adelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is the gold standard for pregnant women with opioid use disorders. Still, low birth-weights were reported, in particular of mothers who became pregnant before admission to MMT. We studied whether an escalating incentive contingency-management approach may contribute to better newborn birth-weights. METHODS: A nationwide controlled randomized trial among all Israeli methadone/buprenorphine maintenance treatment (MBMT), newly or already in treatment pregnant women was performed...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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