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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654734/can-a-rapid-measure-of-self-exposure-to-drugs-of-abuse-provide-dimensional-information-on-depression-comorbidity
#1
Eduardo Roque Butelman, Silvia Bacciardi, Angelo Giovanni Icro Maremmani, Maya Darst-Campbell, Joel Correa da Rosa, Mary Jeanne Kreek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Addictions to heroin or to cocaine are associated with substantial psychiatric comorbidity, including depression. Poly-drug self-exposure (eg, to heroin, cocaine, cannabis, or alcohol) is also common, and may further affect depression comorbidity. METHODS: This case-control study examined the relationship of exposure to the above drugs and depression comorbidity. Participants were recruited from methadone maintenance clinics, and from the community...
June 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654720/comparing-triggers-to-visual-disturbances-among-individuals-with-positive-vs-negative-experiences-of-hallucinogen-persisting-perception-disorder-hppd-following-lsd-use
#2
Shaul Lev-Ran, Daniel Feingold, Craig Goodman, Arturo G Lerner
BACKGROUND AND OJECTIVE: Exploring differences in visual disturbances and triggers between Hallucinogen-Persisting-Perceptual-Disorder (HPPD) Type I ("positive/benign") and II ("negative/distressing"). METHODS: Forty individuals with HPPD and prior LSD use completed clinical questionnaires. RESULTS: The most common type of visual disturbances among individuals with HPPD I and II was slow movement of still objects and trailing phenomena, respectively...
June 27, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594448/emotion-dysregulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-anxiety-and-hazardous-drinking-among-latinos-in-primary-care
#3
Daniel J Paulus, Matthew W Gallagher, Andrew H Rogers, Andres G Viana, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jafar Bakhshaie, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that Latinos experience significantly more mental health and alcohol use problems than non-Latino whites. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying alcohol use in this population. One factor associated with excessive alcohol use in Latinos is anxiety. A potential explanatory mechanism for this relationship is emotion dysregulation, as emotion dysregulation in the context of anxiety may lead to alcohol use problems/disorders...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594439/genetic-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-alcohol-use-trajectories-among-disaster-exposed-adolescents
#4
Kaitlin Bountress, Carla Kmett Danielson, Vernell Williamson, Vladimir Vladmirov, Joel Gelernter, Kenneth Ruggiero, Ananda Amstadter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adolescent alcohol misuse is associated with numerous long-term adverse outcomes, so we examined predictors of alcohol use among disaster-exposed adolescents, a group at-risk for alcohol misuse. METHODS: The current study (n = 332) examined severity of tornado-related exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, emotional support, and a genetic risk sum score (GRSS) as predictors of alcohol use trajectories. RESULTS: Severity of exposure interacted with the GRSS to predict both intercept (12-month follow up quantity of alcohol use) and growth rate...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570773/integrated-care-pathway-for-co-occurring-major-depressive-and-alcohol-use-disorders-outcomes-of-the-first-two-years
#5
Andriy V Samokhvalov, Saima Awan, Tony P George, Julie Irving, Bernard Le Foll, Steve Perrotta, Charlotte Probst, Peter Voore, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) are highly prevalent, comorbid, and have significant impact on morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic burden in Canada. Combined psycho- and pharmacotherapies for both conditions promise better outcomes than treatment as usual (TAU). At the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada, we developed and implemented an Integrated Care Pathway (ICP) specifically for treatment of concurrent MDD and AUD...
June 1, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570753/screening-for-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-high-dose-benzodiazepine-dependent-patients
#6
Stefano Tamburin, Angela Federico, Laura Morbioli, Marco Faccini, Rebecca Casari, Lorenzo Zamboni, Giuseppe Briguglio, Fabio Lugoboni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequent in patients with substance use disorders (SUD), but information on its prevalence in high-dose benzodiazepine (BZD) dependence is lacking. We estimated the prevalence of adult ADHD in a group of treatment-seeking high-dose BZD dependent patients according to a valid screening tool, and explored the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients that screened positive for ADHD (ADHD+) in comparison to those that screened negative (ADHD-)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558131/an-association-between-genetic-variation-in-the-glutamatergic-system-and-suicide-attempts-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#7
Sylwia Fudalej, Anna Klimkiewicz, Anna Mach, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Fudalej, Krystyna Wasilewska, Anna Podgórska, Paweł Krajewski, Rafał Płoski, Marcin Wojnar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pathological alterations of glutamatergic systems were observed in neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. There is some evidence that this system may be involved in the genetic vulnerability to suicide. The aim of the present study was to analyze possible relationship between the GRIN2B polymorphism and suicidal behavior. We hypothesized that this genetic factor may be associated with suicide attempts in alcohol-dependent patients and with death by suicide...
May 30, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472543/three-year-retention-in-buprenorphine-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-nationally-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#8
Ajay Manhapra, Ismene Petrakis, Robert Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine has become the major treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) but data on long treatment term retention and its correlates are sparse. METHODS: All veterans with OUD treated in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities nationally in fiscal year (FY) 2012, and who began treatment with buprenorphine as indicated by a first prescription after the first 60 days of the year were identified with the date of and their last prescription from FY 2012-2015...
May 4, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376266/learning-from-latino-voices-focus-groups-insights-on-participation-in-genetic-research
#9
Priscilla Martinez, Cory Cummings, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Karen G Chartier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of genetics research examining alcohol use among Latinos. The purpose of this study is to examine Latino perceptions of participation in alcohol studies that collect biological samples, an important precursor to increasing their participation in genetics research. METHODS: A synthesis of the literature addressing participation of racial/ethnic minorities in alcohol genetics research was undertaken. We developed a framework of themes related to barriers and facilitators for participation, which we then used to analyze two focus groups held with 18 Latino participants...
April 4, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494134/issue-information-editorial-board
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494133/interaction-between-adh1b-3-and-alcohol-facilitating-social-environments-in-alcohol-behaviors-among-college-students-of-african-descent
#11
Jessica M Desalu, Michelle J Zaso, Jueun Kim, John M Belote, Aesoon Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although alcohol-facilitating social environmental factors, such as alcohol offers and high perceived peer drinking norms, have been extensively studied as determinants of college drinking, their role among college students of African descent remains understudied. Furthermore, gene-environment interaction research suggests that the effects of alcohol-facilitating environments may differ as a function of genetic factors. Specifically, the alcohol dehydrogenase gene's ADH1B*3 allele, found almost exclusively in persons of African descent, may modulate the association of risky social environments with alcohol behaviors...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494132/issue-information-toc
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494131/neuropsychological-functioning-in-college-students-who-misuse-prescription-stimulants
#13
Timothy E Wilens, Nicholas W Carrellas, MaryKate Martelon, Amy M Yule, Ronna Fried, Rayce Anselmo, Sean Esteban McCabe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about the neuropsychological profiles of college students who misuse prescription stimulant medications. METHODS: Data presented are from college students aged 18-28 years who misused prescription stimulants prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls (no prescription stimulant misuse). Students were assessed neuropsychologically using the self-report Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF-A), the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test and Battery (CANTAB), and other tests of cognitive functioning...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456010/substance-use-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-young-colombian-adults-an-exploration-of-psychosocial-factors
#14
Angela J Pereira-Morales, Ana Adan, Andrés Camargo, Diego A Forero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults might engage in many risk behaviors, including alcohol and drug use, which could lead to mental health problems, such as suicide. The aim of this study was to examine specific psychosocial and clinical factors that could influence the possible relationship between polysubstance use (PSU) and suicide risk in a sample of young Colombian participants. METHODS: A sample of 274 young participants (mean age = 21.3 years) was evaluated with two substance use screening tests (ASSIST and AUDIT) and five scales for clinical and psychosocial factors and suicide risk: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety scale, Family APGAR, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Plutchik Suicide Risk scale...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453912/perceived-need-for-depression-treatment-among-persons-entering-inpatient-opioid-detoxification
#15
Michael D Stein, Olga J Santiago Rivera, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Depression is common among persons with opioid use disorder. We examined the perceived need for depression treatment (PNDT) among opioid-dependent patients and the relationship of PNDT to depression screening result. METHODS: Between May and December 2015, we surveyed consecutive persons (n = 440) seeking inpatient opioid detoxification. We used the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) to screen for depression. To assess perceived need for depression services, participants were asked, "Do you believe you should be treated for depression?" Response options were recorded into four categories: "Not Depressed (ND)," "Perceive Need for Depression Treatment (PNDT)," "Depressed/Don't Want Treatment," and "Currently Treated...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426146/the-influence-of-substance-use-on-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adult-black-men-the-sensitizing-effect-of-early-adversity
#16
Steven M Kogan, Junhan Cho, Assaf Oshri, James MacKillop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms have been identified as an important consequence of substance use. Both heavy drinking and marijuana use have acute and short-term effects on systems that regulate emotion, increasing the potential for substance use to induce problems with negative affect and irritability. We investigated the effects of alcohol and marijuana use on depressive symptoms among a sample of young Black men. We also tested the stress sensitization hypothesis that exposure to adverse childhood experiences would amplify the influence of substance use on men's depressive symptoms...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394437/access-to-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorders-medical-student-preparation
#17
Elinore F McCance-Katz, Paul George, Nicole Alexander Scott, Richard Dollase, Allan R Tunkel, James McDonald
The current opioid epidemic requires new approaches to increasing access to treatment for patients with opioid use disorders and to improve availability of medication assisted treatment. We propose a model where medical students complete the necessary training to be eligible for the waiver to prescribe opioid medications to treat these disorders by the time of medical school graduation. This plan would increase the number of Drug Abuse Treatment Act of 2000 (DATA 2000) waivered physicians who could gain additional experience in treating substance use disorders during residency and provide the access to clinical care needed for individuals suffering with opioid use disorder...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376287/recovery-from-alcohol-dependence-do-smoking-indicators-predict-abstinence
#18
Anna Hufnagel, Ulrich Frick, Monika Ridinger, Norbert Wodarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is inconsistent evidence about the potential influence of smoking on recovery from alcohol dependence. Our study aimed at assessing the impact of smoking-behavior on relapse during a 12 months follow-up period following a detoxification in patients with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). METHODS: Three hundred Patients with AUD (74.9% smoking) were recruited from two inpatient detoxification units in psychiatric hospitals in Germany and their alcohol consumption was prospectively followed for 1 year...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370717/e-cigarette-use-of-young-adults-motivations-and-associations-with-combustible-cigarette-alcohol-marijuana-and-other-illicit-drugs
#19
Jeff R Temple, Ryan C Shorey, Yu Lu, Elizabeth Torres, Gregory L Stuart, Vi D Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e-cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e-cigarette use. To address this gap in knowledge, the current study examined associations between e-cigarette use and other substances and identified motives for e-cigarette use among young adults...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370701/prevalence-of-substance-misuse-among-us-veterans-in-the-general-population
#20
Katherine J Hoggatt, Keren Lehavot, Marketa Krenek, Catherine Amanda Schweizer, Tracy Simpson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic data on substance misuse prevalence among US Veterans are crucial to plan for Veterans' future healthcare needs. We estimated US Veterans' age-specific, overall, and age-adjusted prevalence of substance misuse, assessed whether prevalence differed between Veterans and civilians, and examined temporal trends in prevalence. METHODS: Substance-related measures were obtained from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2012 (N = 24,210 Veterans; 338,556 civilians)...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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