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American Journal on Addictions

Suzanne E Decker, Kristen P Morie, Bo Malin-Mayo, Charla Nich, Kathleen M Carroll
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for substance use disorder is empirically supported, and may be associated with change in affect over time. OBJECTIVES: Understanding the role of affect in cocaine use disorder could help to improve CBT outcomes. METHODS: This secondary analysis included 140 adults with cocaine use disorder, 57.9% female, drawn from two randomized controlled studies of web-based cognitive-behavior therapy who completed the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) before and during treatment...
June 20, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Jumi Hayaki, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Unprotected sex has been linked independently to alcohol and marijuana use, but few studies have examined associations with dual use or gender differences in these associations. METHODS: This study examined day-level associations between unprotected sex, defined as condomless vaginal sex with an opposite-sex partner, and use of alcohol, marijuana, neither, or both substances among 290 young adults (18-25 years, 52.3% female) who reported either alcohol or marijuana use...
June 20, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Cory A Crane, Nicole Umehira, Cassandra Berbary, Caroline J Easton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cyber aggression has emerged as a modern form of intimate partner violence which has yet to undergo sufficient research necessary to identify risk factors that may increase the likelihood or severity of cyber aggressive behavior toward a relationship partner. Prior research offers contradictory findings pertaining to the relationship between problematic alcohol use and cyber aggression. METHODS: We recruited 100 (40 female) adult participants through online crowdsourcing to complete a series of questionnaires assessing traditional partner violence, cyber aggression, and problematic alcohol use...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Inga Curry, Ryan S Trim, Sandra A Brown, Christian J Hopfer, Michael C Stallings, Tamara L Wall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The acquired preparedness model (APM) integrates personality trait research and psychosocial learning, which are theorized to ultimately increase risk for problematic substance use outcomes. METHODS: The present study uses the APM to examine the potential mediational role of positive and negative expectancies on the relationship between impulsivity and two marijuana outcomes (ie, frequency of use and marijuana use disorder [MUD] symptom count) among an at-risk sample of young adults with history of antisocial behavior and substance use in adolescence and their siblings (n = 312)...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Elias Wagner, Florian Raabe, Gabriele Martin, Catja Winter, Diana Plörer, Daniela L Krause, Kristina Adorjan, Gabriele Koller, Oliver Pogarell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Numbers of drug-related deaths have been growing in Europe and the USA, especially those attributable to mixed drug consumption. Overdose deaths account for about one third up to one half of all illicit drug deaths worldwide. In most cases opioids are involved. Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is a well-established therapy option among people with opioid dependence. The aim of this study was to assess concomitant substance abuse in opioid-dependent patients under OMT in two centers in Munich, Germany...
May 24, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Barbara Stead
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) requires reporting of specific tobacco treatment (TT) measures. We examined compliance to these measures before and after initiation of a specialized TT service in a state-psychiatric hospital. METHODS: Using a retrospective analysis, patient records (N = 3669) were examined, using one-way ANOVAs, for changes in rates of tobacco use screening and treatment between September-December 2015 (pre-implementation of CMS requirements), and January-April, May-August, and September-December 2016 (post-implementation of the CMS requirements)...
May 9, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Thomas R Kosten, Coreen Domingo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: American Journal on Addictions
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Daniel A Briley, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Much debate exists surrounding Arnett's theory of emerging adulthood in terms of its breadth and application. Researchers have attempted to capture dimensions of emerging adulthood (eg, experimentation, negativity/instability, other-focus, self-focus, and feeling in-between) through self report assessment, using variations of the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood or IDEA. Results from studies investigating this relationship have been mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis on the association between substance use and the IDEA...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Joseph El-Khoury, Evelyne Baroud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recreational use of salvia divinorum (salvia), a potent, naturally occurring hallucinogen, is on the rise internationally. Despite the paucity of information about its long-term health effects, salvia is readily available and generally portrayed as a safe non-addictive substance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report on two patients who presented with an enduring and pervasive pattern of salvia use. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating patients for salvia use during clinical assessment is strongly encouraged, especially among young polysubstance users...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Adam Bisaga, Paolo Mannelli, Maria A Sullivan, Suzanne K Vosburg, Peggy Compton, George E Woody, Thomas R Kosten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic condition with potentially severe health and social consequences. Many who develop moderate to severe OUD will repeatedly seek treatment or interact with medical care via emergency department visits or hospitalizations. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop feasible and effective approaches to help persons with OUD achieve and maintain abstinence from opioids. Treatment that includes one of the three FDA-approved medications is an evidence-based strategy to manage OUD...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Lisa M Najavits, Justin Enggasser, Deborah Brief, Edward Federman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) has increased among women, including military veterans, yet SUD treatment was historically designed for males. This randomized controlled trial compared 12 individual sessions of a gender-focused SUD recovery model, A Woman's Path to Recovery (WPR) to an evidence-based, non-gender-focused SUD model, 12-Step Facilitation (TSF) for 66 women veterans with current severe SUD. METHODS: The primary outcome was substance use; secondary outcomes were associated problems (e...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Thomas Kosten, Coreen Domingo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Edward J Khantzian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Alexandra K Gold, Michael W Otto, Thilo Deckersbach, Louisa G Sylvia, Andrew A Nierenberg, Gustavo Kinrys
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are present in up to 70% of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and contribute to high rates of disability, morbidity, and treatment non-adherence. Despite this prevalence, few trials have investigated targeted psychosocial interventions for comorbid BD and SUDs. METHODS: Using PubMed and PsycINFO, we conducted a search of the literature up to January 2018 for psychosocial interventions targeted to patients with comorbid BD and SUDs...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is growing concern regarding the generalizability of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs). This study used a selection model approach to assess and improve the generalizability of an evaluation for a web-based SUD intervention by making the trial sample resemble the target population. METHODS: The sample of the web-based SUD intervention (Therapeutic Education System vs...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Dian-Jeng Li, Kuan-Shang Chung, Hung-Chi Wu, Chih-Yao Hsu, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been shown to be an effective therapeutic strategy for opioid users. This study aimed to investigate the predictive effect of clinically predominant sleep disturbance (CPSD) on the dose of methadone among opiate users receiving MMT during a follow-up period of 6 years in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective study included 1,290 individuals with opioid dependence who visited our MMT clinic for the first time. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the effect of CPSD on the daily dose of methadone by controlling for the effects of demographic and MMT characteristics...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
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