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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098394/use-of-asian-samples-in-genetic-research-of-alcohol-use-disorders-genetic-variation-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-the-effects-of-acetaldehyde
#1
Sachio Matsushita, Susumu Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies consistently find that Asian populations report lower rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) compared with other racial groups. These differences result from a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental influences, some of which are related to the metabolism of alcohol. We will review several studies of these metabolic factors, including several alcohol clamping studies conducted in our laboratory, that provide further insight into the role of the alcohol metabolizing genes and drinking behavior among Japanese drinkers...
January 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004866/motivational-changes-of-cannabis-use-prior-to-and-during-the-course-of-schizophrenia
#2
Thomas Schnell, Rajac Gliese, Romy Schröter, Erich Kasten, Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated subjective reasons/motivation for cannabis use in patients with schizophrenia (n = 51) compared to otherwise healthy cannabis users (n = 109). Moreover, we explored possible changes in the motivational patterns of both groups over time. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with six dimensions of motivations to use cannabis: affect regulation, relaxation, habit, structuring everyday life, creativity, and sociability...
December 22, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005316/changing-attitudes-in-graduate-medical-education-a-commentary-on-attitudes-towards-substance-use-and-schizophrenia-by-avery-et-al
#3
LETTER
Noah A Capurso, Daryl I Shorter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005315/methadone-callbacks-within-a-veterans-affairs-opioid-treatment-program-detecting-methadone-misuse
#4
Ann J Cotton, Leandra J Shipley, Lisa H Glynn, Josie Tracy, Andrew J Saxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A "callback" requires patients to bring in take-home methadone doses for inspection. An opioid treatment program (OTP) quality-improvement project examined random versus "for-cause" callbacks. METHOD: Eighty-two random callbacks and 60 for-cause callbacks were conducted among patients enrolled in an OTP (N = 183). RESULTS: Among patients with more take home doses, 6% of random callbacks versus 44% of for-cause callbacks were failed...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005314/special-section-on-stigma-substance-use-diorders
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000984/molding-young-minds-the-importance-of-residency-training-in-shaping-residents-attitudes-toward-substance-use-disorders
#6
LETTER
Dustin Patil, Tiffany Andry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000973/quality-of-life-and-recreational-cannabis-use
#7
REVIEW
Matthew Goldenberg, Waguih William IsHak, Itai Danovitch
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis is now the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and use is increasing. Frequent cannabis use has been associated with adverse social and health effects. We sought to evaluate the relationship between recreational cannabis use and Quality of Life (QoL), a person-centered measure that characterizes the overall sense of health and wellbeing. We hypothesized that QoL would be unchanged or increased among recreational cannabis users, who did not meet criteria for a Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and that QoL would be lower among those who met criteria for a CUD...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997065/depression-and-severity-of-substance-dependence-among-heroin-dependent-patients-with-adhd-symptoms
#8
Yin-To Liao, Chi-Yen Chen, Mei-Hing Ng, Kuo-You Huang, Wen-Chuan Shao, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Michael Gossop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are highly prevalent among heroin-dependent patients. We aim to investigate differences in dependence severity, depression, and quality of life between heroin-dependent patients with and without ADHD-screened positive. METHODS: Heroin-dependent participants (n = 447) entering methadone maintenance treatment were divided into ADHD-screened positive (ADHD-P) and ADHD-screened negative (ADHD-N) groups according to scores of Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS)...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983768/association-of-maternal-and-infant-variants-in-pnoc-and-comt-genes-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-severity
#9
Elisha M Wachman, Marie J Hayes, Richard Sherva, Mark S Brown, Hira Shrestha, Beth A Logan, Nicole A Heller, David A Nielsen, Lindsay A Farrer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is significant variability in severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) due to in utero opioid exposure. Our previous study identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the prepronociceptin (PNOC) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genes that were associated with differences in NAS outcomes. This study looks at the same SNPs in PNOC and COMT in an independent cohort in an attempt to replicate previous findings. METHODS: For the replication cohort, full-term opioid-exposed newborns and their mothers (n = 113 pairs) were studied...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973746/maintenance-of-certification-how-performance-in-practice-changes-improve-tobacco-cessation-in-addiction-psychiatrists-practice
#10
James H Ford, Karen A Oliver, Miriam Giles, Kathryn Cates-Wessel, Dean Krahn, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2000, the American Board of Medical Specialties implemented the Maintenance of Certification (MOC), a structured process to help physicians identify and implement a quality improvement project to improve patient care. This study reports on findings from an MOC Performance in Practice (PIP) module designed and evaluated by addiction psychiatrists who are members of the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP). METHOD: A 3-phase process was utilized to recruit AAAP members to participate in the study...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973696/agreement-between-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criteria-for-alcohol-use-disorder-among-outpatients-suffering-from-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Francesco Bartoli, Giuseppe Carrà, Enrico Biagi, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Francesco Di Carlo, Francesca Parma, Anna Paola Perin, Ester Di Giacomo, Luigi Zappa, Fabio Madeddu, Fabrizia Colmegna, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since significant differences have been reported, we estimated agreement between DSM-5 and DSM-IV criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: We assessed 327 outpatients (mean age: 45.2 ± 13.4) with depressive or anxiety disorders. RESULTS: Absolute differences in prevalence rates between DSM-5 and DSM-IV AUD ranged from -1.1% (subjects with anxiety disorders) to +1.8% (tobacco smokers). The agreement was excellent (k = 0...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875626/developing-a-research-agenda-for-reducing-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-ii-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#12
Patrick W Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779803/developing-a-research-agenda-for-understanding-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-i-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#13
Patrick Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A review of key studies from the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749984/changes-in-psychiatry-residents-attitudes-towards-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-over-the-course-of-residency-training
#14
Jonathan Avery, Bernadine H Han, Erin Zerbo, Guojiao Wu, Elizabeth Mauer, Joseph Avery, Stephen Ross, Julie B Penzner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychiatry residents provide care for individuals diagnosed with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders (SUDs). Small studies have shown that clinicians in general possess negative attitudes towards these dually diagnosed individuals. This is a serious concern, as clinicians' stigmatizing attitudes towards individuals with mental illnesses may have a particularly potent adverse impact on treatment. The goal of this study was to examine the attitudes of psychiatry residents towards individuals with diagnoses of schizophrenia, multiple SUDs, co-occurring schizophrenia and SUDs, and major depressive disorder...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051842/the-use-of-auricular-acupuncture-in-opioid-use-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Tanya E Baker, Grace Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic disease with significant personal, societal, and public health consequences. Even for the minority who receive the most effective evidence-based treatments, morbidity, and mortality remain significant. These facts, along with the recovery movement calling for individualized, holistic, culturally sensitive care, have led to the exploration of adjunctive interventions including acupuncture. Despite hundreds of international trials, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding its efficacy in OUD due in large part to methodological issues of trials to date...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#16
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051840/development-and-feasibility-of-the-misuse-abuse-and-diversion-drug-event-reporting-system-madders%C3%A2
#17
Roi Treister, Jeremiah J Trudeau, Richard Van Inwegen, Judith K Jones, Nathaniel P Katz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inappropriate use of analgesic drugs has become increasingly pervasive over the past decade. Currently, drug abuse potential is primarily assessed post-marketing; no validated tools are available to assess this potential in phase II and III clinical trials. This paper describes the development and feasibility testing of a Misuse, Abuse, and Diversion Drug Event Reporting System (MADDERS), which aims to identify potentially abuse-related events and classify them according to a recently developed classification scheme, allowing the quantification of these events in clinical trials...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051839/social-context-and-perspectives-of-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-young-adults-in-rhode-island-a-qualitative-study
#18
Jesse L Yedinak, Elizabeth N Kinnard, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Melissa A Clark, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined the context of nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use and related risk behaviors among young adults in Rhode Island, a New England region with markedly high prevalence of NMPO use and overdose mortality. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews (n = 13) with young adults (18-29 year-olds) who reported current or recent NMPO use. We also conducted focus groups (two groups, n = 14 total) with professional service providers recruited from service organizations...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051838/mixed-amphetamine-salts-increase-abstinence-from-marijuana-in-patients-with-co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-cocaine-dependence
#19
Daniel P Notzon, John J Mariani, Martina Pavlicova, Andrew Glass, Amy L Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, John Grabowski, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of ADHD is greater in substance use disorders than the general population, and ADHD and substance use disorders share neurobiological features such as dysregulation of reward circuitry. We tested the hypothesis that stimulants would decrease marijuana use in a randomized controlled trial of extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) for treatment of co-occurring ADHD and cocaine use disorders. METHODS: Marijuana users were defined as participants reporting use in the 30 days before study initiation, collected with timeline follow-back...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759947/grit-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#20
Margaret L Griffin, Katherine A McDermott, R Kathryn McHugh, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Roger D Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Grit is an emerging concept in positive psychology, defined as the ability to be persistent and focused in pursuit of long-term goals. This concept has received a great deal of interest recently because of its robust ability to predict success and well-being across a wide variety of domains. The study aim was to examine the clinical relevance of the construct of grit among patients with substance use disorders. METHODS: Inpatients on a detoxification unit were enrolled from September 2013 to August 2015 (N = 673)...
October 19, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
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