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American Journal on Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211964/relationship-between-pathological-gambling-alexithymia-and-gambling-type
#1
Céline Bonnaire, Servane Barrault, Ania Aïte, Mathieu Cassotti, Sylvain Moutier, Isabelle Varescon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to see if: (i) alexithymia is associated with PG and with the severity of gambling behavior; (ii) alexithymia is associated with strategic and non-strategic gambling. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-six gamblers were recruited in different gambling locations. First, pathological gamblers (PGs) (n = 106) were compared to non-pathological gamblers (NPGs) (n = 120). Second, strategic gamblers (n = 92) were compared to non-strategic gamblers (n = 96)...
February 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211960/becoming-tobacco-free-changes-in-staff-and-patient-attitudes-and-incident-reports-in-a-large-academic-mental-health-and-addictions-hospital
#2
Lilian Riad-Allen, Sarah Siodmok Dermody, Yarissa Herman, Kim Bellissimo, Peter Selby, Tony Peter George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Complete tobacco bans in mental health facilities are thought to have the potential for adverse consequences. We evaluated staff and patient attitudes and adverse events associated with implementing Canada's largest, multi-site academic psychiatric hospital tobacco ban. METHODS: A total of 1,173 staff and 422 patients completed an anonymous attitudes survey at prior to implementation (baseline), and 4-6 months and 10-12 months post-implementation...
February 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191917/newborn-birth-weight-of-pregnant-women-on-methadone-or-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment-a-national-contingency-management-approach-trial
#3
Einat Peles, Anat Sason, Shaul Schreiber, Miriam Adelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is the gold standard for pregnant women with opioid use disorders. Still, low birth-weights were reported, in particular of mothers who became pregnant before admission to MMT. We studied whether an escalating incentive contingency-management approach may contribute to better newborn birth-weights. METHODS: A nationwide controlled randomized trial among all Israeli methadone/buprenorphine maintenance treatment (MBMT), newly or already in treatment pregnant women was performed...
February 13, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191916/differential-prevalence-of-established-risk-factors-for-poor-cessation-outcomes-among-smokers-by-level-of-social-anxiety
#4
Noreen L Watson, Jaimee L Heffner, Jennifer B McClure, Kristen E Mull, Jonathan B Bricker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite clear associations between social anxiety (SA), high prevalence of smoking, and cessation failure, little is known about factors contributing to these relationships. Moreover, the extent to which smokers with moderate SA represent an at-risk group of smokers is also unknown. This study examined the extent to which established risk factors for poor cessation (eg, sociodemographic, smoking history, mental health comorbidity) are prevalent among smokers with low, moderate, and high levels of SA...
February 13, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191914/relative-contribution-of-genetic-individual-and-self-efficacy-factors-to-smoking-cessation-in-a-chinese-rural-population
#5
Qiang Wang, Suyun Li, Huijie Li, Xiaorong Yang, Fan Jiang, Nan Zhang, Mingkui Han, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nicotine dependence is influenced by genetic, individual, and psychological factors. We aimed to examine whether nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes (CHRN) were associated with smoking cessation (SC) using genetic risk score and compare the relative contribution of genetic, individual and self-efficacy factors to SC. METHODS: Eight hundred and nineteen male smokers (mean age: 59.62) were recruited from 17 villages of three counties in Shandong province, China...
February 13, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177556/pattern-and-related-factors-of-cognitive-impairment-among-chronic-methamphetamine-users
#6
Tong-Yu Wang, Teng-Teng Fan, Yan-Ping Bao, Xiao-Dong Li, Chun-Mei Liang, Ru-Jia Wang, Jun Ma, Ying Han, Shi-Qiu Meng, Ping Wu, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methamphetamine (MA) use is increasingly prevalent in East and Southeast Asia and commonly associated with cognitive impairment. The present study estimated the characteristics of cognitive impairment and explored the associated potential factors among chronic MA users. METHODS: The data were from the baseline visit of a longitudinal study among synthetic drug users. The baseline survey was conducted in detoxification and rehabilitation centers in Guangdong province, China, from September to December in 2013...
February 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152247/electronic-cigarettes-and-mental-illness-reviewing-the-evidence-for-help-and-harm-among-those-with-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#7
Kathryn Hefner, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable population is lacking...
February 2, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152236/gender-differences-among-treatment-seeking-adults-with-cannabis-use-disorder-clinical-profiles-of-women-and-men-enrolled-in-the-achieving-cannabis-cessation-evaluating-n-acetylcysteine-treatment-accent-study
#8
Brian J Sherman, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Nathaniel L Baker, Susan C Sonne, Therese K Killeen, Kasie Cloud, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence suggests that women may fare worse than men in cannabis trials with pharmacologic interventions. Identifying baseline clinical profiles of treatment-seeking cannabis-dependent adults could inform gender-specific treatment planning and development. METHODS: The current study compared baseline demographic, cannabis use, and psychiatric factors between women (n = 86) and men (n = 216) entering the Achieving Cannabis Cessation-Evaluating N-acetylcysteine Treatment (ACCENT) study, a multi-site, randomized controlled trial conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network...
February 2, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118514/concurrent-treatment-of-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-via-telehealth-in-a-female-iraq-veteran
#9
Maryanne Jaconis, Elizabeth J Santa Ana, Therese K Killeen, Christal L Badour, Sudie E Back
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A growing literature provides evidence for the use of integrated treatments (e.g., Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure; COPE); however, no known studies have applied COPE via telehealth. METHOD: COPE was delivered via telehealth to treat one black female veteran with combat trauma and alcohol use disorder. RESULTS: The patient demonstrated significant reductions in alcohol consumption and PTSD and depressive symptoms...
January 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117924/environmental-influences-on-alcohol-use-informing-research-on-the-joint-effects-of-genes-and-the-environment-in-diverse-u-s-populations
#10
Karen G Chartier, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Cory R Cummings, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to inform the current state of alcohol research on the joint effects of genes and the environment conducted in U.S. racial/ethnic minority populations, focusing on African Americans, Latinos/Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians. METHODS: A key-word and author-based search was conducted and supplemented with direct contact to researchers in this area to ensure a comprehensive inclusion of published, peer-reviewed studies...
January 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106943/a-pilot-investigation-of-the-impact-of-smoking-cessation-on-biological-age
#11
Man-Kit Lei, Steven R H Beach, Meeshanthini V Dogan, Robert A Philibert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Smoking is known to increase biological age. However, whether this process is reversible through smoking cessation is not known. In this pilot study, we attempt to determine whether smoking cessation reduces biological age. METHODS: We conducted regression analyses of methylation data from 22 subjects, as they entered and exited inpatient substance use treatment, to determine change in biological age, as indicated by the deviation of their methylomic age from chronological age across two time points...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106937/naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-comorbid-tobacco-and-pornography-addiction
#12
Noah A Capurso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring addictive disorders are common, however treatment strategies for this population have not been extensively studied. This is especially the case for behavioral addictions. METHODS: We present a patient (N = 1) with tobacco use disorder and problematic pornography use treated with naltrexone. RESULTS: Naltrexone treatment resulted in a decrease in pornography viewing and cigarette smoking, however had the adverse effect of anhedonia...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106934/neuroimaging-the-neural-correlates-of-increased-risk-for-substance-use-disorders-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#13
Vitria Adisetiyo, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are nearly three times more likely to develop substance use disorders (SUD) than their typically developing peers. Our objective was to review the existing neuroimaging research on high-risk ADHD (ie, ADHD with disruptive behavior disorders, familial SUD and/or early substance use), focusing on impulsivity as one possible mechanism underlying SUD risk. METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted using combinations of the keywords "ADHD," "substance use," "substance use disorder," "SUD," "addiction," "dependence," "abuse," "risk," "brain" "MRI," "imaging" and "neuroimaging...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098394/use-of-asian-samples-in-genetic-research-of-alcohol-use-disorders-genetic-variation-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-the-effects-of-acetaldehyde
#14
Sachio Matsushita, Susumu Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies consistently find that Asian populations report lower rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) compared with other racial groups. These differences result from a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental influences, some of which are related to the metabolism of alcohol. We will review several studies of these metabolic factors, including several alcohol clamping studies conducted in our laboratory, that provide further insight into the role of the alcohol metabolizing genes and drinking behavior among Japanese drinkers...
January 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004866/motivational-changes-of-cannabis-use-prior-to-and-during-the-course-of-schizophrenia
#15
Thomas Schnell, Rajac Gliese, Romy Schröter, Erich Kasten, Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated subjective reasons/motivation for cannabis use in patients with schizophrenia (n = 51) compared to otherwise healthy cannabis users (n = 109). Moreover, we explored possible changes in the motivational patterns of both groups over time. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with six dimensions of motivations to use cannabis: affect regulation, relaxation, habit, structuring everyday life, creativity, and sociability...
December 22, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005316/changing-attitudes-in-graduate-medical-education-a-commentary-on-attitudes-towards-substance-use-and-schizophrenia-by-avery-et-al
#16
LETTER
Noah A Capurso, Daryl I Shorter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005315/methadone-callbacks-within-a-veterans-affairs-opioid-treatment-program-detecting-methadone-misuse
#17
Ann J Cotton, Leandra J Shipley, Lisa H Glynn, Josie Tracy, Andrew J Saxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A "callback" requires patients to bring in take-home methadone doses for inspection. An opioid treatment program (OTP) quality-improvement project examined random versus "for-cause" callbacks. METHOD: Eighty-two random callbacks and 60 for-cause callbacks were conducted among patients enrolled in an OTP (N = 183). RESULTS: Among patients with more take home doses, 6% of random callbacks versus 44% of for-cause callbacks were failed...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005314/special-section-on-stigma-substance-use-diorders
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000984/molding-young-minds-the-importance-of-residency-training-in-shaping-residents-attitudes-toward-substance-use-disorders
#19
LETTER
Dustin Patil, Tiffany Andry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000973/quality-of-life-and-recreational-cannabis-use
#20
REVIEW
Matthew Goldenberg, Waguih William IsHak, Itai Danovitch
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis is now the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and use is increasing. Frequent cannabis use has been associated with adverse social and health effects. We sought to evaluate the relationship between recreational cannabis use and Quality of Life (QoL), a person-centered measure that characterizes the overall sense of health and wellbeing. We hypothesized that QoL would be unchanged or increased among recreational cannabis users, who did not meet criteria for a Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) and that QoL would be lower among those who met criteria for a CUD...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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