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Clinical Nursing Research

Harleah G Buck, Judith Hupcey, Alexa Watach
It is imperative that dyadic heart failure (HF) self-care be carefully examined so we can develop interventions which improve patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine how patient/informal caregiver dyads mutually engage in managing the patient's HF at home. Twenty-seven dyads were interviewed using a theoretically derived interview guide. All interviews were digitally recorded and professionally transcribed, and iterative thematic analysis was conducted. Three descriptive themes emerged-Mutual engagement in self-care involves maintaining established patterns of engagement across the life course of the relationship, changing patterns according to whether it is day-to-day care or symptom management, and mobilizing the help of a third party as consultant...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Mei-Ling Yeh, Yu-Chu Chung, Lun-Chia Hsu, Shuo-Hui Hung
Hemorrhoidectomy is the current best treatment for severe hemorrhoids, but it causes significant postoperative pain and anxiety, which is associated with heart rate variability (HRV). Transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) was assumed to alleviate pain and anxiety, and modify the autonomic nervous system. This study aimed to examine the effects of TAES intervention on postoperative pain, anxiety, and HRV in patients who received a hemorrhoidectomy. A randomized-controlled trial with five repeated measures was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Demet Aktas, Meliha Burcu Kumas, Betül Sultan Odabasıoglu, Ayten Kaya
Many women feel anxiety about gynecological examination. The purpose of this semi-experimental study was to investigate the effect of a special examination gown and nature-based sounds on anxiety in women undergoing a gynecological examination. This study was conducted with three experimental groups and one control group. The randomized sampling method was used. The sample size was determined as 30 women for each group. Data were collected over 4 months from February 2015 to May 2015. Anxiety levels were assessed using the Status Anxiety Inventory Form (STAI, A-State)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Lena Näsström, Jan Mårtensson, Ewa Idvall, Anna Strömberg
The purpose of this qualitative study was to observe care encounters during home visits in Heart failure (HF) home-care to identify and describe participation in care. Seventeen patients diagnosed with HF, and 10 registered nurses participated. Data from 19 video-recorded home visits were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Two themes were identified: (a) Participation in the care encounter is made possible by interaction, including exchanging care-related information, care-related reasoning, collaboration; and (b) participation in the care encounter is made possible by an enabling approach, including the patients expressing their own wishes, showing an active interest, while the nurse is committed and invites to having a dialogue...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Anne Tanneberger, Cristina Ciupitu-Plath
Given the pervasive stigma faced by obese individuals in family, work, and health care settings, the present study aimed to explore whether nurses' weight controllability beliefs influence their perception of how care is provided to obese patients. To this end, 73 nurses from an acute care hospital completed the Weight Control/Blame Subscale of the Antifat Attitudes Test and reported on their perception of discrimination in, and available resources for, the provision of care to obese patients. Nurses endorsing stronger beliefs that weight lies under individual control were more likely to report discrimination of obese patients in clinical practice...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Justine S Sefcik, Darina Petrovsky, Megan Streur, Mark Toles, Melissa O'Connor, Connie M Ulrich, Sherry Marcantonio, Ken Coburn, Mary D Naylor, Helene Moriarty
The purpose of this study was to explore participants' experience in the Health Quality Partners (HQP) Care Coordination Program that contributed to their continued engagement. Older adults with multiple chronic conditions often have limited engagement in health care services and face fragmented health care delivery. This can lead to increased risk for disability, mortality, poor quality of life, and increased health care utilization. A qualitative descriptive design with two focus groups was conducted with a total of 20 older adults enrolled in HQP's Care Coordination Program...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Hui-Chen Kuo, Hsiao-Hsien Pan, Debra K Creedy, Ying Tsao
Little is known about the effects of distraction techniques when undertaking medical procedures with hospitalized pediatric patients in Asian countries. This study examined the effects of distraction interventions on behavioral distress related to venipuncture procedures in Taiwanese children aged 3 to 7 years. Using concealed randomization, eligible children were allocated to receive a picture book ( n = 92), or animated cartoon ( n = 92) compared with routine oral instructions ( n = 92), when being injected with an intravenous cannula...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Gul Pinar, Filiz Avsar, Filiz Aslantekin
This study aims to examine the impact of childbirth education in Turkey on the adaptation to pregnancy process, concerns about birth, rate of vaginal birth, and adaptation to maternity. This quasi-experimental study with control group was conducted from December 2013 to December 2014. The sample size was 132 primiparous pregnant women ( nexperimental = 66, ncontrol = 66). The average age of the pregnant women in the experimental and control groups was 24.41 ± 3.92 and 23.68 ± 4.19, respectively. The study showed that experimental group participants had lower concerns about birth, higher levels of knowledge, and faster adaptation to pregnancy and postpartum process; they could also give positive feedback about labor pain and action and could start breastfeeding at an earlier stage when compared with those in the control group ( p < ...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Muhammad W Darawad, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Amani A Khalil, Diana Arabiat, Osama A Samarkandi, Mahmoud Alhussami
This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Exercise Self-Efficacy scale (ESE-A) among Jordanian outpatients with a variety of chronic diseases using descriptive cross-sectional design. Participants' scores of ESE-A significantly correlated with their reported weekly exercise frequency ( r = .23, p< .001), duration ( r = .31, p< .001), and evaluation of their physical exercise ( r = .39, p< .001). The construct validity was tested using exploratory factor analysis, which retained all items, and the scree plot showed one meaningful factor with an eigenvalue of 10...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Jun-Ah Song, Myonghwa Park, Jaewon Park, Hong Jin Cheon, Mihyun Lee
The purpose of this study was to identify family caregivers' experiences in managing the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) with particular focus on their interpersonal interactions with patient with dementia. Data were collected through focus-group interviews with 15 family caregivers from three local dementia-support centers located in Seoul. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Three main themes were identified through data analysis: triggers of BPSD, family caregiver's actions in response to BPSD and patient's reactions, and the effect of BPSD on family caregivers...
November 17, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Fatemeh Eskandari, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Li Ping Wong
Incidence rate and patterns of physical restraint use were examined based on a cross-sectional study in 22 wards of a large teaching hospital in Malaysia. Results indicated that the highest rate of physical restraint (19.7%) was reported from neurology-neurosurgery wards. "Un-cooperative for electroconvulsive therapy" and "trying to pull out catheters" were the most commonly reported reasons to use restraint in psychiatric and non-psychiatric wards, respectively. There were some relationships between patterns of physical restraint in this study...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Liisa Karhe, Marja Kaunonen, Anna-Maija Koivisto
This study investigated patients' experiences of loneliness in professional caring relationships and their associations with perceived recovery, health, psychological distress, and general loneliness in life. The sample consisted of 406 patients who had undergone breast cancer or heart surgery 6 months earlier. The data were collected in May 2014-March 2015 using a postal survey including the Caring Loneliness Scale (CARLOS), questions concerning perceived health and recovery, 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and a question concerning perceived general loneliness in life...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Summer Paolone
Despite advances in mechanical ventilation, severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates ranging from 26% to 58%. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a modified cardiopulmonary bypass circuit that serves as an artificial membrane lung and blood pump to provide gas exchange and systemic perfusion for patients when their own heart and lungs are unable to function adequately. ECMO is a complex network that provides oxygenation and ventilation and allows the lungs to rest and recover from respiratory failure while minimizing iatrogenic ventilator-induced lung injury...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
J Margo Brooks Carthon, Jessica Rearden, Darcy Pancir, Kerry Gamble, Helyn Rothwell
Older Black patients are at increased risk for experiencing a hospital readmission. This disparity may be related to a variety of factors, including care received during hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to elicit the perceptions of older Black patients at high risk for readmission, and explore their nursing care needs and preferences during and following hospitalization. A qualitative descriptive design was used, including individual interviews with 19 Black members of a Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly facility located in a northeastern urban setting...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
Pamela Z Cacchione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Elizabeth A Richards, Niwako Ogata, Ching-Wei Cheng
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of two concurrent randomized controlled interventions based on social cognitive theory to increase walking. A second purpose was to compare the efficacy of the intervention between two distinct groups: dog owners and non-dog owners. Adult dog owners ( n = 40) and non-dog owners ( n = 65) were randomized into control or intervention groups. Intervention groups received bi-weekly emails for first 4 weeks and then weekly email for the next 8 weeks targeting self-efficacy, social support, goal setting, and benefits/barriers to walking...
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Sun Hee Yun, Eui Geum Oh, Yang Sook Yoo, So Sun Kim, Yeon Soo Jang
The purpose of this study was to develop a transition nursing program for patients and family caregivers in neurological intensive care units (ICUs) and to evaluate the effects of the program. A literature review, focus group interviews, analysis of medical records, confirmation of validity, and clinical applicability were used to develop the program, which was tested using a pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design. Participants were recruited in 2011. The experimental group (46 patients and their family caregivers) received the developed program before transferring from the neurological ICU to a ward, whereas the control group (48 patients and their family caregivers) received routine care...
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Sylvie Lafrenière, Nathalie Folch, Sylvie Dubois, Lucie Bédard, Francine Ducharme
Almost one third of older patients hospitalized for acute care suffer functional decline. Few studies have investigated the point of view of older patients on prevention of this decline. Within the framework of a descriptive qualitative study, the perceptions of 30 hospitalized older adults were collected regarding their personal prevention strategies, the barriers to implementing these, and nursing staff interventions deemed useful. Results show that participants are sensitive to the risk of functional decline and utilize various preventive strategies particularly to maintain their physical abilities, maintain good spirits, keep a clear mind, and foster nutrition and sleep...
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Shu-Fen Wu, Hong-Yi Tong, Yuen-Yee Kan, Sheng-Hui Su, Meng-Chi Lee, Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
The purpose of this study was to explore quality of life (QoL) and the factors influencing QoL in gynecological cancer patients. One hundred sixty-seven patients with gynecologic cancers were recruited from a district hospital in Southern Taiwan. The instruments used included the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 Version 3.0 in Chinese (EORTC QLQ-C30), the Symptom Distress Scale, and demographic characteristics and disease-related variables. The results showed that the mean score for the QLQ-C30 was 61...
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Kylie Davies, Max K Bulsara, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Leanne Monterosso
We report outcomes of a clinical audit examining criteria used in clinical practice to rationalize endotracheal tube (ETT) suction, and the extent these matched criteria in the Endotracheal Suction Assessment Tool(ESAT)©. A retrospective audit of patient notes ( N = 292) and analyses of criteria documented by pediatric intensive care nurses to rationalize ETT suction were undertaken. The median number of documented respiratory and ventilation status criteria per ETT suction event that matched the ESAT© criteria was 2 [Interquartile Range (IQR) 1-6]...
February 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
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