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Clinical Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627936/the-microorganisms-on-nurses-and-health-care-workers-uniforms-in-the-intensive-care-units
#1
Maha Abu Radwan, Muayyad Ahmad
The objective of this study was to identify the types of microorganisms present on uniforms of nurses, physicians, respiratory therapist, students, and housekeepers in intensive care units (ICUs). A convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants ( N = 115) who work at military hospital in Jordan. Environmental cultures ( N = 305) were taken from the participants who were nurses, physicians, students, respiratory therapists, and housekeepers. The number of participating nurses was 58 (50.43%). There were 24 types of microorganisms found on the participants' uniforms...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627236/estrogen-receptor-1-esr1-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity-phenotypes-in-a-population-of-young-adults
#2
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina
Obesity is considered an increasingly serious health problem determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors. Estrogens have been found to play a major role in body weight and adiposity regulation through estrogen receptor 1 ( ESR1). The aim of this study was to determine whether genotype and haplotype frequencies of ESR1 polymorphisms are associated with body composition measures in a population of 572 young adults. A lack of significant association between genotypes of ESR1 gene polymorphisms and obesity phenotypes was seen after adjustment for confounding factors...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627232/development-and-validation-of-the-self-awareness-of-falls-in-elderly-scale-among-elderly-inpatients
#3
Meei-Ling Shyu, Hui-Chuan Huang, Mei-Jung Wu, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The objectives of this study were to develop the Self-Awareness of Falls in Elderly (SAFE) scale and test its reliability and validity among elderly inpatients. A cross-sectional study design and convenience sampling were used to test the validity and reliability of the SAFE scale. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis yielded an acceptable goodness of model fit, confirming the 21 items in the SAFE scale that were distributed among four factors: awareness of activity safety and environment, awareness of physical functions, awareness of medication, and awareness of cognitive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621150/caregiving-burden-and-life-satisfaction-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#4
Esra Danacı, Zeliha Koç
This descriptive and cross-sectional study aimed to determine caregiving burden and life satisfaction among caregivers of cancer patients admitted to the emergency department. The study included 272 caregivers. Data were collected using an information form, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the patients, 19.1% were diagnosed with lung cancer; 44.1% were in the fourth stage of their disease; and 52% had metastasis. The mean ZBI total score was 41.2 ± 9.7, while the mean SWLS total score of caregivers was 17...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618835/effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-eating-behaviors-and-bmi-among-african-american-women
#5
Stephanie Pickett, Thomas P McCoy
Psychosocial stress and negative emotions have been associated with the consumption of highly palatable foods and excess weight. Few studies have examined these variable relationships among young African American women. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship of perceived stress, depressive symptoms, eating behaviors, and body mass index (BMI) among 191 African American women who were 18 to 40 years old. Multivariate analysis indicated that depressive symptoms had a greater impact on highly palatable eating behaviors compared with perceived stress...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614953/forced-air-warming-for-rewarming-and-comfort-following-laparoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#6
Hsiao-Chi Nieh, Shu-Fen Su
We investigated the efficacy of a forced-air warming (FAW) system on postoperative rewarming and comfort in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. In this randomized controlled trial, a total of 127 participants were randomly divided into the FAW group ( n = 64) and control group ( n = 63). The esophageal temperature was measured every 30 min during surgery, and the tympanic temperature and comfort levels were measured preoperatively and in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Data analysis used the generalized estimating equation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612622/pediatric-nurses-perception-of-support-for-families-with-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#7
Elisabeth Bruce, Karin Sundin
The purpose of this study was to illuminate pediatric nurses' (PNs) perceptions of support for families with a child with a congenital heart defect. The study used a qualitative design with narrative interviews with eight PNs in Northern Sweden, and the interview data were analyzed with content analysis. The analysis revealed that the nurses perceive that letting the parents be involved in their child's care is of great importance in supporting the families. Although they have a paternalistic attitude to the families, they also stated that nurses should inform the parents about the care of the child, create a good relationship with the family, and build trust among all parties involved...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608713/a-case-study-seclusion-and-restraint-in-psychiatric-care
#8
Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue
A wide breadth of research has recognized that seclusion and restraint affects patients, staff, and organizations alike. Therefore, it is essential to understand the viewpoints of all stakeholders to improve practices. The study aimed to understand the context in which seclusion and restraint practices are employed based on the perceptions of staff and inpatients in a psychiatric ward. A case study was performed using a participatory approach. Methods included a 56-hr immersion in the practice setting and individual interviews with staff and patients ( n = 17)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606003/patient-satisfaction-is-linked-to-nursing-workload-in-a-singapore-hospital
#9
Mien Li Goh, Emily N K Ang, Yiong-Huak Chan, Hong-Gu He, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
No studies have examined the association between patient satisfaction and the allocation of nursing care hours using a workload management system. The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between inpatients' perceived satisfaction with nursing care and nursing workload management in a Singapore hospital. A secondary data analysis was performed based on the results of 270 patients' perceived satisfaction measured by the Revised Humane Caring Scale and nursing workload management data extracted from the TrendCare Patient Acuity System...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592137/defining-research-the-effect-of-linguistic-choices-on-the-intentions-to-participate-in-clinical-research
#10
Yulia A Strekalova
Significant barriers to participant recruitment for clinical research (CR) are related to effective communication, and nurse coordinators are entrusted with being knowledge brokers between investigators and prospective participants. This prospective cohort study sought to identify linguistic choices that could inform and facilitate recruitment efforts. Healthy adults ( N = 204) were invited to join an online survey to assess the likelihood of participation in CR based on short and extended definitions of CR...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511546/the-relationship-between-work-commitment-dynamic-and-medication-error
#11
Abdoolkarim Rezaiamin, Marzieh Pazokian, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Malihe Nasiri
Incidence of medication errors in intensive care unit (ICU) can cause irreparable damage for ICU patients. Therefore, it seems necessary to find the causes of medication errors in this section. Work commitment and dynamic might affect the incidence of medication errors in ICU. To assess the mentioned hypothesis, we performed a descriptive-analytical study which was carried out on 117 nurses working in ICU of educational hospitals in Tehran. Minick et al., Salyer et al., and Wakefield et al. scales were used for data gathering on work commitment, dynamic, and medication errors, respectively...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447852/pressure-ulcers-prevalence-in-the-acute-care-setting-a-systematic-review-2000-2015
#12
Ahmad Tubaishat, Panos Papanikolaou, Denis Anthony, Laila Habiballah
Little is known about the prevalence of pressure ulcer (PrU) in acute care settings. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence rate of PrU in acute care settings and to assess the methodological quality of the reviewed publications. The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, British Nursing Index, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched using the keywords pressure ulcer or decubitus ulcer or bed sore or pressure sore or pressure injury, with prevalence and acute care, for studies published between January 2000 and December 2015...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446035/falls-suffered-by-elderly-people-from-the-perspective-of-health-care-personnel-a-qualitative-study
#13
Pablo J López-Soto, A García-Arcos, F Fabbian, R Manfredini, M A Rodríguez-Borrego
An exploratory interpretative study was carried out to recognize the factors regarded by health care professionals as potential obstacles to the evaluation, prevention, and documentation of falls in persons above 65 years of age. Focus groups and questionnaires were carried out. Audio recordings were made, and these were subsequently transcribed and analyzed in accordance with the Bardin's thematic content analysis. Four focus groups of four persons were set up, and 16 questionnaires were returned. Four thematic categories were obtained...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412843/continuous-ecg-monitoring-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-or-heart-failure-easi-versus-gold-standard
#14
Loreto Lancia, Andrea Toccaceli, Cristina Petrucci, Silvio Romano, Maria Penco
The purpose of the study was to compare the EASI system with the standard 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG) for the accuracy in detecting the main electrocardiographic parameters (J point, PR, QT, and QRS) commonly monitored in patients with acute coronary syndromes or heart failure. In this observational comparative study, 253 patients who were consecutively admitted to the coronary care unit with acute coronary syndrome or heart failure were evaluated. In all patients, two complete 12-lead ECGs were acquired simultaneously...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412839/awareness-and-knowledge-of-ovarian-cancer-symptoms-and-risk-factors-a-survey-of-jordanian-women
#15
Mazen Freij, Mohammad Al Qadire, Maysa Khadra, Mohammed ALBashtawy, Wael Tuqan, Mohammad Al Faqih, Ayoub Innabi, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Fadwa Alhalaiqa, Aida Abd El-Razek
Ovarian cancer accounts for 3% of all female cancers and has a high mortality rate among gynecological malignancies. Early diagnosis carries a high survival rate of 93%. So, this study was carried out to assess the knowledge and awareness of Jordanian women about ovarian cancer symptoms and risk factors. A cross-sectional survey design was used; 896 women completed the survey. The mean of total symptoms recognized was low at level of 3.2 ( SD = 2.7) out of 10. The three highest known symptoms among women were as follows: extreme fatigue (43...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388860/chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-incidence-and-management-in-jordan
#16
Mohammad Al Qadire
Cancer patients experience a considerable number of symptoms during the course of their disease. Of these symptoms, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most reported and it increases the cancer burden on patients. This study aims to assess the current status of CINV among Jordanian cancer patients, with regard to its incidence and management. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used. The study sample was 185 cancer patients. The mean age of participants was 46.6 years ( SD = 15...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503970/significance-test-confidence-interval-both-or-neither
#17
Thomas R Knapp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920106/nursing-research-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-2006-to-2015
#18
Ju Young Shin, Barbara Habermann
Most people with Parkinson's disease (PD) reside in their homes with their family members. Nurses are in a good position to partner with people with PD and their family members for better self-management of the disease and improved quality of life. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the state of the science of nursing research related to PD during the 10-year period, 2006 to 2015. A total of 27 studies were included in this review. Family caregiving was the most studied topic, followed by symptom management/medication adherence, quality of life, end-of-life/palliative care, and functional status/improving function...
April 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749209/effect-of-precede-proceed-model-on-preventive-behaviors-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-high-risk-individuals
#19
Mahdi Moshki, Atefeh Dehnoalian, Ali Alami
This study sought to assess the effect of precede-proceed model on preventive behaviors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in high-risk individuals. In this semi-experimental study, 164 high-risk individuals for type 2 DM were selected and were randomly divided into two groups of intervention and control ( n = 85). Educational intervention was performed as a single session face-to-face instruction for 1.5 hr for the intervention group participants. Data were collected before (baseline) and immediately and 1 month after the intervention in the two groups...
April 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26749208/incorporating-health-literacy-screening-into-patients-health-assessment
#20
Kari Sand-Jecklin, Christine S Daniels, Noelle Lucke-Wold
Low health literacy (HL) has been associated with several negative health outcomes, yet routine HL screening is not commonplace. This study's purpose was to determine the feasibility of incorporating HL screening into the electronic health record (EHR) of patients admitted to a large Mid-Atlantic teaching hospital. After Registered Nurse (RN) training, the HL screening was implemented for all adult patients upon admission. After implementation, RNs were surveyed about the feasibility of HL screening, and patient EHRs were reviewed for HL status...
April 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
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