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Clinical Nursing Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712307/deaf-a-concept-analysis-from-a-cultural-perspective-using-the-wilson-method-of-concept-analysis-development
#1
Kathy M Pendergrass, Susan D Newman, Elaine Jones, Carolyn H Jenkins
The purpose of this article is to provide an analysis of the concept Deaf to increase health care provider (HCP) understanding from a cultural perspective. Deaf signers, people with hearing loss who communicate primarily in American Sign Language (ASL), generally define the term Deaf as a cultural heritage. In the health care setting, the term deaf is most often defined as a pathological condition requiring medical intervention. When HCPs are unaware that there are both cultural and pathological views of hearing loss, significant barriers may exist between the HCP and the Deaf individual...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691509/content-of-orthopedic-patient-education-provided-by-nurses-in-seven-european-countries
#2
Andreas Charalambous, E Papastavrou, K Valkeapää, A Zabalegui, B Ingadóttir, C Lemonidou, N Fatkulina, K Jouko, H Leino-Kilpi
Patients' and their significant others' education during the perioperative phase is an important and challenging aspect of care. This study explored the content of education provided by nurses to arthroplasty patients and their significant others. Data were collected with the Education of Patients-NURSE content (EPNURSE-Content), Received Knowledge of Hospital Patient (RKhp), and Received Knowledge of Significant Other (RKso) scales. The results showed that the content of education emphasized biophysiological and functional needs, differed between countries, and was related to how physically demanding nurses found their job to be and the amount of education provided...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679284/comparison-of-glucose-values-of-blood-samples-taken-in-three-different-ways
#3
Tulay Sagkal Midilli, Eda Ergın, Ebru Baysal, Zeki Arı
The purpose of the study was to determine differences and correlations between the blood glucose values of venous blood and the first and second drops of capillary blood samples taken in three different ways. Blood samples were (a) venous blood, (b) the first and second drops of capillary blood from the middle finger of the right hand (only washed with soap and water), and (c) the first and second drops of capillary blood from the middle finger of the left hand (washed with soap and water and cleaned with alcohol)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658969/resilience-and-coping-strategies-influencing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-brain-tumor
#4
Chiu-Ju Pan, Hui-Chun Liu, Shu-Yuan Liang, Chieh-Yu Liu, Wei-Wen Wu, Su-Fen Cheng
The study purpose was to evaluate how much of the variance in quality of life (QOL) among Taiwanese patients with brain tumor could be accounted for by resilience and coping strategy. This cross-sectional study included 95 patients who had undergone a treatment of operations or chemotherapy or radiotherapy relevant to brain tumor after at least 1 month and completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QOL Questionnaire-Brain Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-BN20), Resilience Scale (RS), and Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised (WCC-R)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658962/scoping-review-of-nursing-case-management-in-the-united-states
#5
Jee Young Joo, Diane L Huber
The purpose of this study is to identify issues of case management (CM) interventions in the United States in recent studies and to identify implications for future research into CM. This study was guided by the following framework for a scoping review. Multiple electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and 2016 in the United States and related to nursing CM. Five weaknesses were identified: no clear and consistent definition of CM, lack of theoretical frameworks, lack of standard guidelines in CM practice, lack of precise CM dosage and of process measures, and limited reports of explicit role of nurse case managers and role confusion by nurses...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627936/the-microorganisms-on-nurses-and-health-care-workers-uniforms-in-the-intensive-care-units
#7
Maha Abu Radwan, Muayyad Ahmad
The objective of this study was to identify the types of microorganisms present on uniforms of nurses, physicians, respiratory therapist, students, and housekeepers in intensive care units (ICUs). A convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants ( N = 115) who work at military hospital in Jordan. Environmental cultures ( N = 305) were taken from the participants who were nurses, physicians, students, respiratory therapists, and housekeepers. The number of participating nurses was 58 (50.43%). There were 24 types of microorganisms found on the participants' uniforms...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627236/estrogen-receptor-1-esr1-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity-phenotypes-in-a-population-of-young-adults
#8
María Correa-Rodríguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez, Blanca Rueda-Medina
Obesity is considered an increasingly serious health problem determined by multiple genetic and environmental factors. Estrogens have been found to play a major role in body weight and adiposity regulation through estrogen receptor 1 ( ESR1). The aim of this study was to determine whether genotype and haplotype frequencies of ESR1 polymorphisms are associated with body composition measures in a population of 572 young adults. A lack of significant association between genotypes of ESR1 gene polymorphisms and obesity phenotypes was seen after adjustment for confounding factors...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627232/development-and-validation-of-the-self-awareness-of-falls-in-elderly-scale-among-elderly-inpatients
#9
Meei-Ling Shyu, Hui-Chuan Huang, Mei-Jung Wu, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The objectives of this study were to develop the Self-Awareness of Falls in Elderly (SAFE) scale and test its reliability and validity among elderly inpatients. A cross-sectional study design and convenience sampling were used to test the validity and reliability of the SAFE scale. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis yielded an acceptable goodness of model fit, confirming the 21 items in the SAFE scale that were distributed among four factors: awareness of activity safety and environment, awareness of physical functions, awareness of medication, and awareness of cognitive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621150/caregiving-burden-and-life-satisfaction-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#10
Esra Danacı, Zeliha Koç
This descriptive and cross-sectional study aimed to determine caregiving burden and life satisfaction among caregivers of cancer patients admitted to the emergency department. The study included 272 caregivers. Data were collected using an information form, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the patients, 19.1% were diagnosed with lung cancer; 44.1% were in the fourth stage of their disease; and 52% had metastasis. The mean ZBI total score was 41.2 ± 9.7, while the mean SWLS total score of caregivers was 17...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618835/effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-eating-behaviors-and-bmi-among-african-american-women
#11
Stephanie Pickett, Thomas P McCoy
Psychosocial stress and negative emotions have been associated with the consumption of highly palatable foods and excess weight. Few studies have examined these variable relationships among young African American women. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship of perceived stress, depressive symptoms, eating behaviors, and body mass index (BMI) among 191 African American women who were 18 to 40 years old. Multivariate analysis indicated that depressive symptoms had a greater impact on highly palatable eating behaviors compared with perceived stress...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614953/forced-air-warming-for-rewarming-and-comfort-following-laparoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#12
Hsiao-Chi Nieh, Shu-Fen Su
We investigated the efficacy of a forced-air warming (FAW) system on postoperative rewarming and comfort in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. In this randomized controlled trial, a total of 127 participants were randomly divided into the FAW group ( n = 64) and control group ( n = 63). The esophageal temperature was measured every 30 min during surgery, and the tympanic temperature and comfort levels were measured preoperatively and in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Data analysis used the generalized estimating equation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612622/pediatric-nurses-perception-of-support-for-families-with-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#13
Elisabeth Bruce, Karin Sundin
The purpose of this study was to illuminate pediatric nurses' (PNs) perceptions of support for families with a child with a congenital heart defect. The study used a qualitative design with narrative interviews with eight PNs in Northern Sweden, and the interview data were analyzed with content analysis. The analysis revealed that the nurses perceive that letting the parents be involved in their child's care is of great importance in supporting the families. Although they have a paternalistic attitude to the families, they also stated that nurses should inform the parents about the care of the child, create a good relationship with the family, and build trust among all parties involved...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608713/a-case-study-seclusion-and-restraint-in-psychiatric-care
#14
Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue
A wide breadth of research has recognized that seclusion and restraint affects patients, staff, and organizations alike. Therefore, it is essential to understand the viewpoints of all stakeholders to improve practices. The study aimed to understand the context in which seclusion and restraint practices are employed based on the perceptions of staff and inpatients in a psychiatric ward. A case study was performed using a participatory approach. Methods included a 56-hr immersion in the practice setting and individual interviews with staff and patients ( n = 17)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606003/patient-satisfaction-is-linked-to-nursing-workload-in-a-singapore-hospital
#15
Mien Li Goh, Emily N K Ang, Yiong-Huak Chan, Hong-Gu He, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
No studies have examined the association between patient satisfaction and the allocation of nursing care hours using a workload management system. The aim of this study is to examine the correlation between inpatients' perceived satisfaction with nursing care and nursing workload management in a Singapore hospital. A secondary data analysis was performed based on the results of 270 patients' perceived satisfaction measured by the Revised Humane Caring Scale and nursing workload management data extracted from the TrendCare Patient Acuity System...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592137/defining-research-the-effect-of-linguistic-choices-on-the-intentions-to-participate-in-clinical-research
#16
Yulia A Strekalova
Significant barriers to participant recruitment for clinical research (CR) are related to effective communication, and nurse coordinators are entrusted with being knowledge brokers between investigators and prospective participants. This prospective cohort study sought to identify linguistic choices that could inform and facilitate recruitment efforts. Healthy adults ( N = 204) were invited to join an online survey to assess the likelihood of participation in CR based on short and extended definitions of CR...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511546/the-relationship-between-work-commitment-dynamic-and-medication-error
#17
Abdoolkarim Rezaiamin, Marzieh Pazokian, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Malihe Nasiri
Incidence of medication errors in intensive care unit (ICU) can cause irreparable damage for ICU patients. Therefore, it seems necessary to find the causes of medication errors in this section. Work commitment and dynamic might affect the incidence of medication errors in ICU. To assess the mentioned hypothesis, we performed a descriptive-analytical study which was carried out on 117 nurses working in ICU of educational hospitals in Tehran. Minick et al., Salyer et al., and Wakefield et al. scales were used for data gathering on work commitment, dynamic, and medication errors, respectively...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707552/success-stories-overcoming-barriers-to-research-in-southern-and-eastern-african-countries
#18
Carolyn Sun, Priscilla S Dlamini, Margaret C Maimbolwa, Cynthia Changala Lukwesa Mukonka, Rudo Nyamakura, Grace Omoni, Naomi Seboni, Elaine Larson
There is an ever-growing need for clinically focused, culturally relevant research on which nurses can base their practice. However, there may not be a concurrent rise in efforts to strengthen infrastructure needed to promote research in developing and low-income countries. In such cases, nurse researchers must find innovative ways to address and overcome barriers to research. This article presents five exemplars of nurses conducting high-quality nursing research in resource-poor settings in southern and eastern Africa...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149880/eating-habits-and-associated-factors-among-adolescent-students-in-jordan
#19
Heyam F Dalky, Maysa H Al Momani, Taghreed Kh Al-Drabaah, Samiha Jarrah
The study aimed to assess adolescent patterns of eating habits, determine factors influencing these patterns, and identify male and female differences related to eating habits. Using a cross-sectional study approach, a sample of adolescents ( N = 423) in randomly selected clusters chosen from government and private schools in the south of Jordan completed self-administered questionnaires relating to socio-demographic data and personal eating habits. Results showed that parents, peers, and mass media are contributing factors, with peer pressure likely outweighing parental guidance...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964805/meal-supervision-during-medical-hospitalization-for-eating-disorders
#20
Meredith Kells, Pamela Schubert-Bob, Katharine Nagle, Louise Hitchko, Kathleen O'Neil, Peter Forbes, Margaret McCabe
The focus of medical hospitalization for restrictive eating disorders is weight gain; however, no guidelines exist on how to achieve successful and safe weight gain. Meal supervision may be a supportive intervention to aid in meal completion and weight gain. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of standardized meal supervision on weight gain, length of stay, vital signs, electrolytes, and use of liquid caloric supplementation in hospitalized adolescents and young adults with restrictive eating disorders...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
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