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Clinical Nursing Research

Kathy L Rush, Linda Hatt, Nicole Gorman, Louann Janicki, Petr Polasek, Matt Shay
Older adults with atrial fibrillation (AF) in rural communities have less access to cardiac specialty care. Telehealth offers a viable approach to provide cardiac care, yet little is known about patients' and providers' views on telehealth's potential to support rural patients with AF. This qualitative descriptive study examines patient and health providers' perspectives, an important first step in planning a telehealth initiative. Eight patients with AF, along with one partner from rural communities, were recruited through an urban-based AF clinic...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Jila Mirlashari, Sousan Valizadeh, Elham Navab, Jenene W Craig, Fatemeh Ghorbani
Nurses in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have an important role in implementing family-centered care (FCC). The aim of the study was to explore the lived experiences of NICU nurses on implementing FCC. An interpretative phenomenological study was conducted and 11 employed nurses were interviewed from April 2015 to February 2016. The data were analyzed through the Diekelmann, Allen, and Tanner approach. Four main themes of "strain to achieve stability," "bewildered by taking multiple roles," "accepting the family," and "reaching bright horizon" were extracted...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Michelle L Yakimicki, Nancy E Edwards, Elizabeth Richards, Alan M Beck
This review discusses the relationship between animal-assisted interventions (AAI) and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). A systematic search was conducted within CINAHL, Web of Science CAB Abstracts, PubMed, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO for primary research articles. A total of 32 studies were included in the final review. Variation was noted in study designs and in study setting. Twenty-seven of 32 studies used dogs as the intervention. Agitation/aggression showed a significant decrease in nine of 15 studies...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Lucinda J Graven, Melinda K Higgins, Carolyn M Reilly, Sandra B Dunbar
Heart failure (HF) symptoms are known to influence depressive symptoms, yet a symptom profile has not been identified. HF symptoms relative to symptom experience (frequency, severity, interference with physical activity and enjoyment of life) associated with depressive symptoms were examined. Data from three HF studies ( N = 308) which used the Heart Failure Symptom Survey were included in this cross-sectional secondary analysis. Supervised classification for and identification of symptoms most associated with depressive symptoms were accomplished using random forest algorithms via conditional inference trees...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Mohammad Al Qadire, Murad Alkhalaileh, Mohammed ALBashtawy
This study aims to explore the association between fruit and vegetable intake, high fat, body mass index (BMI) score, physical activity, and the occurrence of prostate cancer among Jordanian men. A case-control study was conducted in three large referral hospitals. The sample included 165 prostate cancer patients in the case group and 177 healthy participants in the control group. The results showed that smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 0.32; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.18, 0.57]), a history of prostate infection (OR = 0...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Dohun Kim, Sun Ju Chang, Hyun Ok Lee, Seung Hee Lee
This study aimed to develop a culturally tailored, patient-centered psychosocial intervention program and to investigate the effects of the program on health-related quality of life, sleep disturbance, and depression in cancer survivors. This was a one-group pretest and posttest design. A total of 19 cancer survivors participated in the program. The program was designed to have an 8-week duration with one class per week. Every class was composed of a 90-min education session and a 90-min exercise. Among the health-related quality of life subscales, the scores of global health status/quality of life, physical functioning, and emotional functioning at posttest were statistically increased than those at pretest...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Barbara Watson, Alan Salmoni, Aleksandra Zecevic
Falls are a constant risk for patients in acute-care hospitals, which can lead to serious consequences. The purpose of this study was to examine hospital fall case studies and to learn the contributing factors for patient falls. This was achieved by conducting a secondary analysis of 11 fall case studies obtained from two previous studies. The fall cases used the Senior Falls Investigative Methodology (SFIM) approach, which provided detailed analysis of the circumstances surrounding the falls. A total of 549 contributing factors were identified in the 11 case studies, where major categories were classified according to the four different layers of defenses using Reason's Swiss Cheese Model of Accident Causation (organizational factors, supervision, preconditions, and unsafe acts)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Chia-Chen Lu, Yu-Chuan Hsiao, Hui-Wen Huang, Jhen-Yi Lin, Chih-Ling Huang
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a stage-matched intervention performed at outpatient clinics. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) or usual care group (UCG). The trial was targeted on smoking patients with coronary heart disease or diabetes. After completing the 3-month intervention, both groups received a telephone follow-up at 6 months. This analysis showed that the outcomes of the IG for the 7-day point prevalence (PP) of abstinence (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Maria das Graças Mariano Nunes de Paiva, Jéssica Dantas de Sá Tinôco, Maria Isabel da Conceição Dias Fernandes, Juliane Rangel Dantas, Isadora Lorenna Alves Nogueira, Ana Beatriz de Almeida Medeiros, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lira
This study analyzed the accuracy of clinical indicators of ineffective health management in hemodialysis patients. A diagnostic accuracy study was performed in 200 chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis during the first half of 2015. Measures of sensitivity and specificity were calculated using latent class analysis. Ineffective health management was present in 66.28% of patients. Accurate clinical indicators included expressed nonadherence to treatment, daily life choices ineffective to achieve health goals, expression of difficulty with prescribed regimens, inappropriate use of medicines, lack of expression of willingness to control the disease, irregular attendance of dialysis sessions, and infection...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Stephanie Lynch, Conni DeBlieck, Linda C Summers, Anita Reinhardt, Wanda Borges
High school students experience a variety of stressors. Mental health issues are critical to their health. The "Adolescent Stress Treatment (AST) Study: A Cluster Randomized Trial" compared the efficacy of two stress reduction devices, the EnergyPod™ and the SleepWing™. The EnergyPod™ is a device that provides a semiprivate acoustical and visual environment for rest, stress reduction, and sleep. The SleepWing™ is a smaller device offering similar benefits. High school students were offered the opportunity to participate in the AST study when they exhibited signs of agitation...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Haidar Nadrian, Nategh Abbagolizadeh, Towhid Babazadeh, Mehran Aghemiri, Asaad Fathipour
Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to investigate mental health-ill health differences in disease severity and its sociodemographic biobehavioral predictors among patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Applying convenient sampling, 180 patients with knee OA in Tabriz, Iran, were recruited to participate in completing a three-section questionnaire (SF-12, Lequesne Algofunctional Index and Self-Management Behaviors Scale). Separate hierarchical multiple linear regressions were performed with OA severity as dependent variable: one for OA patients with positive mental health and other for OA patients with mental disorders symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Shu-Hung Chang, Nai-Hui Chien, Ching-Yi Yu
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a long-term community-based lifestyle intervention on the biochemical indicators and prevalence of metabolic syndrome among elderly adults. This was a randomized controlled trial in northern Taiwan from August 2013 to February 2015. Sixty-nine elderly adults participated in this study. There were three measurements. The experimental group participated in exercise and diet interventions. The control group participated in the exercise intervention. Repeated measurement and ANCOVA were performed to evaluate the effectiveness...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Ahmed Mohammad Al-Smadi, Yazeed Mohammad Gougazeh
This study examined the coping strategies used by Syrian refugees in Jordan in relation to their demographics. A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with a convenient sample of 550 Syrian refugees. Out of all the study participants, 88% reported seeking social support, 64.5% reported using avoidance, and 39.5% reported using problem solving. Participants who were male, single, and younger, and who had a higher education and a higher total income were satisfied with their income, were employed and free of chronic illnesses, and had higher problem-solving scores...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Sharon Kaasalainen, Tamara Sussman, Pamela Durepos, Lynn McCleary, Jenny Ploeg, Genevieve Thompson
The goal of this study was to examine current rates of resident deaths, Emergency Department (ED) use within the last year of life, and hospital deaths for long-term care (LTC) residents. Using a mixed-methods approach, we compared these rates across four LTC homes in Ontario, Canada, and explored potential explanations of variations across homes to stimulate staff reflections and improve performance based on a quality improvement approach. Chart audits revealed that 59% of residents across sites visited EDs during the last month of life and 26% of resident deaths occurred in hospital...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
HyunSoo Oh, KangIm Lee, SeonYoung Shin, WhaSook Seo
This study was conducted to document temporal patterns of blood glucose level changes during the first 10-day critical period and to identify factors that influence stress-induced hyperglycemia development in brain injury patients. The medical records of 190 brain injury patients were retrospectively reviewed. Blood glucose levels in the poor recovery group were significantly higher than in the good recovery group, particularly during the first 72 hr (158-172 mg/dl). The poor recovery group showed persistent, fluctuating hyperglycemia, whereas the good recovery group exhibited hyperglycemic peaks during the first 3 days that subsequently reduced linearly to normal...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Chih-Chung Hsu, Su-Ru Chen, Pi-Hsia Lee, Pi-Chu Lin
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects that listening and not listening to music had on pain relief, heart rate variability (HRV), and knee range of motion in total knee replacement (TKR) patients who underwent continuous passive motion (CPM) rehabilitation. We adopted a single-group quasi-experimental design. A sample of 49 TKR patients listened to music for 25 min during one session of CPM and no music during another session of CPM the same day for a total of 2 days. Results indicated that during CPM, patients exhibited a significant decrease in the pain level ( p < ...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Kara Misto
Family involvement during hospitalizations of older adults with chronic illnesses may benefit both patients and family. However, there is a limited amount of research focused on families of older adults managing chronic illness. This study describes family member perceptions of the relationship between family and nurses when an older adult with diabetes is hospitalized in a Magnet institution. The Calgary Family Intervention Model guided the study. A family member of 60 older adult patients completed the Family Function, Family Health, and Social Support Instrument...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Semra Tuncay, Sena Kaplan, Ozlem Moraloglu Tekin
This study was conducted to assess the effect on labor process and parenting behavior of hydrotherapy applied during the active phase of labor. This quasi-experimental study was conducted by using an equivalent comparison group ( n = 40). The participants in the experimental group whose cervical dilation was 5 cm were taken to the hydrotherapy tub. This application continued until cervical dilation reached 10 cm. The Participants Questionnaire, The Birth Follow-up Questionnaire, The Postpartum ]collection tools...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Heyam F Dalky, Huda Gharaibeh, Reem Faleh
Epilepsy requires long-term treatment that interferes with individuals' social relationships. Because the effects of psychosocial burden and stigma perception on patients with epilepsy in Jordan have not been explored, the study assessed the relationship among psychosocial burden, stigma of epilepsy, and demographic variables. Subjects were adult patients with epilepsy ( N = 200) registered at hospital clinics. Two published instruments were used to measure outcomes. The participants in the study perceived the burden and stigma of epilepsy as moderate...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
José Granero-Molina, Tamara María Matarín Jiménez, Carmen Ramos Rodríguez, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Cayetano Fernández-Sola
The aim of this study is to describe and understand experiences related to social support for women with fibromyalgia who suffer from sexual dysfunction. An interpretive qualitative research methodology based on Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics was used. Data collection included a focus group and in-depth interviews with 13 women who averaged 44.8 years of age and 14.3 years since being diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Data were analyzed using Fleming's method and two themes were identified: "searching for understanding in socio-family support" and "lack of formal support regarding fibromyalgia patient's sexuality...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
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