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Clinical Nursing Research

Masomeh Norozi Firoz, Vida Shafipour, Hedayat Jafari, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
This descriptive correlational study was aimed at determining the relationship of hemodialysis shift with sleep quality and depression in 310 hemodialysis patients. Demographic and Clinical Questionnaires, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index, and Beck's Depression Inventory were used to ascertain the aforementioned relationship. Among the patients, 59.6% reported poor sleep quality and 44.8% reported experiencing depression. Results show that these conditions were significantly related to many factors. Although dialysis shift was not significantly related to sleep quality and depression, sleep quality was found significantly associated with age, female gender, illiteracy, unemployment, residence in rural areas, diabetes, addiction to sedatives, and phosphorus levels...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Nazan Çakirer Çalbayram, Sebahat Altundağ, Bahise Aydin
Hospitalized children can have various fantasies about hospital, health staff, and related tools and equipment. They need to develop new coping strategies for compliance with hospitalization.This study aimed to investigate the perception of nurses by children with acute and chronic illness through their drawings. The study was carried out using a descriptive research model. "Nurses through the eyes of sick children data collection form" was used in data collection procedure. The instruction "draw a picture of a nurse, please" was used to get the children to draw a picture...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Justine S Sefcik, Michelle J Johnson, Mark Yim, Tessa Lau, Nicholas Vivio, Caio Mucchiani, Pamela Z Cacchione
Creative solutions are needed to support community-dwelling older adults residing in a variety of settings including their house, apartment, or Supportive Apartment Living (SAL) to promote independence and reduce the risk of nursing home replacement. The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of older adults' needs for physical, mental, and social activities to support the design and functionality of a low-cost mobile assistive robot. A qualitative descriptive study was designed which included three stakeholder focus groups (caregivers, clinicians, and older adults)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Semra Atasayar, Sevil Guler Demir
This descriptive, cross-sectional study investigated problems experienced by patients after undergoing a thyroidectomy. The study included 60 first-time, post-thyroidectomy patients diagnosed with benign thyroid disease from a university hospital's general surgery clinic in Ankara, Turkey. The data were collected in two stages: interviews with patients on the first day following surgery and postoperative follow-up telephone interviews in each of the first 4 weeks following surgery. The follow-ups revealed that patients principally experienced varying degrees of pain and difficulties in connection with work and recreation, communication, body image, and movement, for up to 4 weeks after surgery...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Jumin Park, Debra K Moser, Kathleen Griffith, Jeffrey R Harring, Meg Johantgen
Patients with heart failure (HF) experience multiple symptoms or symptom clusters. The purposes of this study were to (a) determine if distinct latent classes of HF symptoms could be identified, and (b) explore whether sociodemographic and clinical characteristics influenced symptom cluster membership. A total of 4,011 HF patients recruited from outpatient setting completed the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ), including five physical symptoms (edema, shortness of breath, fatigue-increased need to rest, fatigue-low energy, and sleep difficulties) and three psychological symptoms (worrying, feeling depressed, and cognitive problems)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, Carla Gober-Park, Kathy Schoonover-Shoffner, Iris Mamier, Chintan K Somaiya, Khaled Bahjri
This study measured the frequency of nurse-provided spiritual care and how it is associated with various facets of nurse religiosity. Data were collected using an online survey accessed from the home page of the Journal of Christian Nursing. The survey included the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale, six scales quantifying facets of religiosity, and demographic and work-related items. Respondents ( N = 358) indicated high religiosity yet reported neutral responses to items about sharing personal beliefs and tentativeness of belief...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Jiyoung Kim, Oksoo Kim
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among functional status, hostility, social support, illness perceptions, and health behaviors in patients with coronary artery disease using structural equation modeling. Participants comprised 215 patients with coronary artery disease who had received percutaneous coronary artery intervention or a coronary artery bypass graft in two general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Using structured interviews with questionnaires, data accrued from July to August, 2015...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Mohamed El Hussein, Sandra Hirst, Joseph Osuji
Delirium is an acute disorder of attention and cognition. It affects half of older adults in acute care settings and is a cause of increasing mortality and costs. Registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) frequently fail to recognize delirium. The goals of this research were to identify the reasoning processes that RNs and LPNs use to recognize delirium, to compare their reasoning processes, and to generate a theory that explains their clinical reasoning processes. Theoretical sampling was employed to elicit data from 28 participants using grounded theory methodology...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Hsiang-Yun Lan, Ti Yin, Jyu-Lin Chen, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
This prospective repeated-measures study explored potential factors (postmenstrual age, body weight, gender, chronological age, illness severity, and circadian rhythm) related to preterm infants' circadian sleep/wake patterns. Circadian sleep/wake patterns were measured using an Actiwatch for 3 continuous days in preterm infants (gestational age of 28-36.4 weeks) in a neonatal intensive care unit and hospital nursery. Potential factors associated with circadian sleep/wake patterns were analyzed using the generalized estimating equation...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Azlina Daud, Siti Zuhaidah Shahadan
Cardiometabolic risk (CMR) is a cluster of risk factors that may predict the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. This study investigated the association between CMR with body mass index (BMI) among obese adults. The CMRs, including waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose, total cholesterol, low-density and high-density lipoprotein, triglyceride, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level, were quantified in 82 obese adults. The findings indicate the highest correlation coefficient value ( r) was ...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Pamela Z Cacchione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
J Margo Brooks Carthon, Jessica Rearden, Darcy Pancir, Kerry Gamble, Helyn Rothwell
Older Black patients are at increased risk for experiencing a hospital readmission. This disparity may be related to a variety of factors, including care received during hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to elicit the perceptions of older Black patients at high risk for readmission, and explore their nursing care needs and preferences during and following hospitalization. A qualitative descriptive design was used, including individual interviews with 19 Black members of a Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly facility located in a northeastern urban setting...
October 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Wen Chang, Hsueh-Erh Liu, Suzanne Goopy, Li-Chin Chen, Hsiao-Jung Chen, Chin-Yen Han
Triage classifies and prioritizes patients' care based on the acuity of the illness in emergency departments (EDs). In Taiwan, the five-level Taiwan Triage and Acuity Scale (TTAS) computerized system was implemented nationally in 2010. The purpose of this study was to understand which factors affect decision-making practices of triage nurses in the light of the implementation of the new TTAS tool and computerized system. The qualitative data were collected by in-depth interviews. Data saturation was reached with 16 participants...
October 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Carolyn Sun, Priscilla S Dlamini, Margaret C Maimbolwa, Cynthia Changala Lukwesa Mukonka, Rudo Nyamakura, Grace Omoni, Naomi Seboni, Elaine Larson
There is an ever-growing need for clinically focused, culturally relevant research on which nurses can base their practice. However, there may not be a concurrent rise in efforts to strengthen infrastructure needed to promote research in developing and low-income countries. In such cases, nurse researchers must find innovative ways to address and overcome barriers to research. This article presents five exemplars of nurses conducting high-quality nursing research in resource-poor settings in southern and eastern Africa...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Heyam F Dalky, Maysa H Al Momani, Taghreed Kh Al-Drabaah, Samiha Jarrah
The study aimed to assess adolescent patterns of eating habits, determine factors influencing these patterns, and identify male and female differences related to eating habits. Using a cross-sectional study approach, a sample of adolescents ( N = 423) in randomly selected clusters chosen from government and private schools in the south of Jordan completed self-administered questionnaires relating to socio-demographic data and personal eating habits. Results showed that parents, peers, and mass media are contributing factors, with peer pressure likely outweighing parental guidance...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Meredith Kells, Pamela Schubert-Bob, Katharine Nagle, Louise Hitchko, Kathleen O'Neil, Peter Forbes, Margaret McCabe
The focus of medical hospitalization for restrictive eating disorders is weight gain; however, no guidelines exist on how to achieve successful and safe weight gain. Meal supervision may be a supportive intervention to aid in meal completion and weight gain. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of standardized meal supervision on weight gain, length of stay, vital signs, electrolytes, and use of liquid caloric supplementation in hospitalized adolescents and young adults with restrictive eating disorders...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Irene Yang, Lynne A Hall
This integrative review provides an overview of nicotine dependence measures used with perinatal women and an evaluation of their psychometric properties. Fifty-five articles that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified from five different databases. Most of the studies used the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Other approaches included diagnostic tests, the Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM), the Tobacco Dependence Screener, and single-item measures. This review indicated that the FTND may not be the best option for measuring nicotine dependence in this population...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Rahshida L Atkins
Despite suggestions in the literature that depression has serious consequences, few studies have examined specific health and psychosocial outcomes of depression in Black single mothers. The purpose of this study was to estimate paths in a just-identified theoretical model of outcomes of depression for Black single mothers based on theoretical propositions and empirical findings. The model included the variables, depressive cognitions, depressive symptomatology, perceived social support, and positive health practices...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Elem Kocaçal Güler, İsmet Eşer, Imad Hussein Deeb Fashafsheh
Eye care is an important area of critical care. However, lack of eye care studies is a common issue across the globe. The aim of this study is to determine the views and practices of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses on eye care in Turkey and Palestine. This descriptive study was conducted using a self-administrated questionnaire. The data were collected from 111 nurses in nine kinds of ICUs in two education hospital. Normal saline (75.9%) was the most commonly reported solution for eye hygiene among the Palestinian nurses, and gauze soaked in normal saline or sterile water (64...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
Rachel Walker, Leisa Huxley, Melanie Juttner, Elizabeth Burmeister, Justin Scott, Leanne M Aitken
This pilot randomized controlled trial examined the effect of prophylactic dressings to minimize sacral pressure injuries (PIs) in high-risk hospitalized patients and assessed feasibility criteria to inform a larger study. Eighty patients were recruited at admission points (the emergency department and surgical care unit) or directly from participating wards in the general medical-surgical setting following the assessment of high risk of sacral PI. Participants were randomized into either the routine care or routine care and silicone foam border dressing group...
August 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
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