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Clinical Nursing Research

Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Jennifer Duffecy, Cynthia Fritschi, Laurie Quinn
Little is known regarding how hypoglycemia and associated fears influence day-to-day life among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who use contemporary diabetes management strategies. To address this gap, we performed an exploratory qualitative study with five focus groups of 30 people aged 20 to 57 years with T1DM. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed, and then analyzed. Eight themes emerged: (a) hypoglycemic worry, (b) unpredictability and loss of control, (c) contending with life stress, (d) exercise benefits and challenges, (e) a changed relationship with food, (f) sleep fears, (g) a love/hate relationship with technology, and (h) coping strategies to make it better...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Maya N Clark-Cutaia, Mary Ann Sevick, Jennifer Thurheimer-Cacciotti, Leslie A Hoffman, Linda Snetselaar, Lora E Burke, Susan L Zickmund
Barriers to following dietary recommendations have been described; however, they remain poorly understood. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore perceived barriers to adherence to dietary recommendations in a diverse hemodialysis patient population. Participants were eligible to participate in a semi-structured qualitative telephone interview prior to randomization for an ongoing clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention designed to reduce dietary sodium intake. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded using an iterative qualitative process...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Jee Young Joo, Megan F Liu
Cancer survivors need accountable, patient-centered and lifelong care. Case management has been shown effective at providing quality care and at reducing both hospital access and health care costs. However, how effective case management in cancer care is to date unclear. This systematic review examines recent evidence of the effectiveness of nurse-led case management in adults with cancer. The Cochrane processes and PRISMA statements guided this systematic review. The methodological risk of bias was assessed...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Sheng-Pyng Chen, Chi-Rong Li, Huan-Cheng Chang, Yu-Ling Li, Hsiang-Chu Pai
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the metabolic syndrome severity Z-score and kidney function by gender. We also examined the estimated glomerular filtration rate in relation to other known risk factors. The study used was a population-based prospective longitudinal research design. A total of 4,838 participants (2,683 females and 2,155 males) included individuals aged >30 years who were undergoing a health examination from 2006 to 2014 in Pingzhen City, Taiwan. In the initial generalized estimated equation model analysis, which included the covariates of age of first visit, period between the first and current visit, and metabolic syndrome severity Z-score, the results indicated that the interaction between age and metabolic syndrome severity Z-score is significantly related to the estimated glomerular filtration rate for males ( p = ...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Sheng-Miauh Huang, Ling-Ming Tseng, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Yi-Fang Tsai, Pei-Ju Lien, Ping-Ho Chen
This study describes the fertility intention and explores factors related to fertility intention in reproductive-age women with breast cancer in Taiwan. In this cross-sectional study, women of childbearing age who had been diagnosed with breast cancer completed a face-to-face survey that included demographic, disease, and symptom-related data, and social support and fertility intention information. The mean fertility intention score among the 223 participants was "medium" ( M ± SD = 41.18 ± 12.62)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Helen Shaji John Cecily
Osteoporosis is difficult to treat and is still incurable, and thus prevention is critically important. The aim of this study was to find out the high-risk women for osteoporosis and to correlate their bone mineral density (BMD) with their investigated risk factors. Cross-sectional design was used and it was conducted among 200 pre- and postmenopausal Saudi women. The study documented that postmenopausal females had high prevalence of osteopenia and majority of them had low serum calcium. Significant correlation was found between low BMD and family history of osteoporosis; increased BMD was seen in women, who consumed calcium-rich foods, exposure to sun light, and longer fertility period...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Li Ling Seow, Nana Jiao, Wenru Wang, Eleanor Holroyd, Gim Gee Teng, Hong-Gu He
Gout is a chronic disease that is on a rising trend and greatly affects one's physical and psychosocial well-being. The aim of this study was to explore patients' perceptions of living with gout. A descriptive qualitative study was conducted and 15 adults with gout were interviewed face-to-face between December 2014 and January 2015. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the transcribed data. The experiences of patients with gout were found to revolve around four themes: emotional experiences with gout, disruptions in daily lives, interactions with doctor, and coping with gout using internal and external resources...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Chich-Hsiu Hung, Ching-Yun Yu, Mei-Chuan Huang
This study was to compare biopsychosocial consequences among three groups of women with gestational hyperglycemia. We conducted a repeated-measures study at five time points among 132 women with gestational hyperglycemia. Women's physiological indicators and their psychosocial indicators were measured. There were 22.7% of participants had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), 11.4% had gestational impaired glucose tolerance (G-IGT), and 65.9% had mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH). Women with GDM had higher fasting blood glucose and systolic/diastolic blood pressure than women with MGH...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Fei Wan Ngai, Pui Sze Chan
The purpose of this study was to explore postpartum women's perceptions of a telephone-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (T-CBT). Using an exploratory qualitative design, a purposeful sample of 39 first-time Chinese mothers who had participated in the T-CBT was interviewed at 6 weeks postpartum. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and analyzed by content analysis. The findings revealed that Chinese women perceived T-CBT to be helpful in increasing their confidence in the maternal role, enhancing their emotional control, and increasing their sense of support...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Salizar M Ludin, Nor'ain A Rashid, Mohamed S Awang, Mohd B M Nor
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors show physical and functional improvements but continue to have cognitive and psychosocial problems throughout recovery. However, the functional outcome of severe TBI in Malaysia is unknown. The objective of this study is to measure the functional outcomes of severe TBI within 6 months post-injury. A cohort study was done on 33 severe TBI survivors. The Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE) was used in this study. The mean age of the participants was 31.79 years (range: 16-73 years)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Hsiao-Ting Tung, Chi-Chieh Lai, Kuei-Min Chen, Han-Ya Tsai
This study was aimed to test the effects of a meridian cuffing exercise, the Healthy Beat Acupunch (HBA) regimen, on the functional fitness and cardiopulmonary functioning of community older adults. A single-blind, cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted. We randomly allocated eight community care centers to the intervention or control group and recruited 228 participants who completed the study (intervention: four centers, n = 111; control: four centers, n = 117). The intervention group underwent a 40-min session of HBA regimen 3 times per week for 6 months...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
L J Delaney, R Bellomo, F van Haren
To describe the baseline hemodynamic variables and response time of hemodynamic changes associated with the Valsalva maneuver using noninvasive continuous cardiac output monitoring (Nexfin). Hemodynamic monitoring provides an integral component of advanced clinical care and the ability to monitor response to treatment interventions. The emergence of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring provides clinicians with an opportunity to monitor and assess patients rapidly with ease of implementation. However, the responsiveness of this method in tracking dynamic changes that occur has not been fully elucidated...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Pamela Z Cacchione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Thomas R Knapp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
José Granero-Molina, Tamara María Matarín Jiménez, Carmen Ramos Rodríguez, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Cayetano Fernández-Sola
The aim of this study is to describe and understand experiences related to social support for women with fibromyalgia who suffer from sexual dysfunction. An interpretive qualitative research methodology based on Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics was used. Data collection included a focus group and in-depth interviews with 13 women who averaged 44.8 years of age and 14.3 years since being diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Data were analyzed using Fleming's method and two themes were identified: "searching for understanding in socio-family support" and "lack of formal support regarding fibromyalgia patient's sexuality...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Kai-Wei K Wang, I-Hung Chen, Marcelo Chen
This study reports the association between parental uncertainty and characteristics of 123 parent-child dyads prior to the child's herniorrhaphy. A cross-sectional study design and Mishel's Parents' Perception of Uncertainty Scale (PPUS) were used. Parent participants were married (98%), had a university degree (45%), identified with a religion (77%), and worked (69%). More boys (76%) than girls (23%) underwent herniorrhaphy (average age = 2.26 years); 60% were the first-born child and 25% were premature. More children presented with unilateral (63...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Pamela Z Cacchione
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Justine S Sefcik, Darina Petrovsky, Megan Streur, Mark Toles, Melissa O'Connor, Connie M Ulrich, Sherry Marcantonio, Ken Coburn, Mary D Naylor, Helene Moriarty
The purpose of this study was to explore participants' experience in the Health Quality Partners (HQP) Care Coordination Program that contributed to their continued engagement. Older adults with multiple chronic conditions often have limited engagement in health care services and face fragmented health care delivery. This can lead to increased risk for disability, mortality, poor quality of life, and increased health care utilization. A qualitative descriptive design with two focus groups was conducted with a total of 20 older adults enrolled in HQP's Care Coordination Program...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Gul Pinar, Filiz Avsar, Filiz Aslantekin
This study aims to examine the impact of childbirth education in Turkey on the adaptation to pregnancy process, concerns about birth, rate of vaginal birth, and adaptation to maternity. This quasi-experimental study with control group was conducted from December 2013 to December 2014. The sample size was 132 primiparous pregnant women ( nexperimental = 66, ncontrol = 66). The average age of the pregnant women in the experimental and control groups was 24.41 ± 3.92 and 23.68 ± 4.19, respectively. The study showed that experimental group participants had lower concerns about birth, higher levels of knowledge, and faster adaptation to pregnancy and postpartum process; they could also give positive feedback about labor pain and action and could start breastfeeding at an earlier stage when compared with those in the control group ( p < ...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Fatemeh Eskandari, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Li Ping Wong
Incidence rate and patterns of physical restraint use were examined based on a cross-sectional study in 22 wards of a large teaching hospital in Malaysia. Results indicated that the highest rate of physical restraint (19.7%) was reported from neurology-neurosurgery wards. "Un-cooperative for electroconvulsive therapy" and "trying to pull out catheters" were the most commonly reported reasons to use restraint in psychiatric and non-psychiatric wards, respectively. There were some relationships between patterns of physical restraint in this study...
March 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
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