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Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220332/increased-mercury-emissions-from-modern-dental-amalgams
#1
Ulf G Bengtsson, Lars D Hylander
All types of dental amalgams contain mercury, which partly is emitted as mercury vapor. All types of dental amalgams corrode after being placed in the oral cavity. Modern high copper amalgams exhibit two new traits of increased instability. Firstly, when subjected to wear/polishing, droplets rich in mercury are formed on the surface, showing that mercury is not being strongly bonded to the base or alloy metals. Secondly, high copper amalgams emit substantially larger amounts of mercury vapor than the low copper amalgams used before the 1970s...
February 20, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210928/bacterial-resistance-to-arsenic-protects-against-protist-killing
#2
Xiuli Hao, Xuanji Li, Chandan Pal, Jon Hobman, D G Joakim Larsson, Quaiser Saquib, Hend A Alwathnani, Barry P Rosen, Yong-Guan Zhu, Christopher Rensing
Protists kill their bacterial prey using toxic metals such as copper. Here we hypothesize that the metalloid arsenic has a similar role. To test this hypothesis, we examined intracellular survival of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in the amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum (D. discoideum). Deletion of the E. coli ars operon led to significantly lower intracellular survival compared to wild type E. coli. This suggests that protists use arsenic to poison bacterial cells in the phagosome, similar to their use of copper...
February 16, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204978/characterization-and-cytotoxic-effect-of-aqua-2-2-2-nitrilotriacetato-oxo-vanadium-salts-on-human-osteosarcoma-cells
#3
Aleksandra Tesmar, Dariusz Wyrzykowski, Rafał Kruszyński, Karolina Niska, Iwona Inkielewicz-Stępniak, Joanna Drzeżdżon, Dagmara Jacewicz, Lech Chmurzyński
The use of protonated N-heterocyclic compound, i.e. 2,2'-bipyridinium cation, [bpyH(+)], enabled to obtain the new nitrilotriacetate oxidovanadium(IV) salt of the stoichiometry [bpyH][VO(nta)(H2O)]H2O. The X-ray measurements have revealed that the compound comprises the discrete mononuclear [VO(nta)(H2O)](-) coordination ion that can be rarely found among other known compounds containing nitrilotriacetate oxidovanadium(IV) moieties. The antitumor activity of [bpyH][VO(nta)(H2O)]H2O and its phenanthroline analogue, [phenH][VO(nta)(H2O)](H2O)0...
February 15, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190193/biocompatibility-of-niti-alloys-in-the-cell-behaviour
#4
REVIEW
Jana Sevcikova, Monika Pavkova Goldbergova
Metallic biomaterial alloys composed of nickel and titanium have unique thermal shape memory, superelastic, and high damping properties, which are widely used in the medicine. The major parameter evaluated in the studies regarding the behaviour of the material in the contact with organism or cells is biocompatibility. The aim of the studies is to clarify the differences in the proliferation, growth, and morphology especially in the cell cultures. The cytotoxicity is affected among other by release of the metal ions in the presence of the metal alloy, which is further dependent on the possible treatments of the material and the corrosive properties...
February 11, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185077/phytochelatin-2-accumulates-in-roots-of-the-seagrass-enhalus-acoroides-collected-from-sediment-highly-contaminated-with-lead
#5
Xuan-Vy Nguyen, Khanh-Hy Le-Ho, Jutta Papenbrock
Phytochelatins (PCs), the heavy metal-binding peptides of plants, play a main function in heavy metal detoxification. In this study, Enhalus acoroides samples collected at six distinct seagrass beds from the coast of Khanh Hoa province, Viet Nam, were evaluated for their PCs. The contents of different PCs in each organ including leaf, rhizome, and root were determined by using HPLC analysis. Significant differences of PC2 contents among specific organs and their relation were tested by ANOVA, Tukey test, and Pearson's correlation...
February 9, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185076/prebiotic-effects-of-bovine-lactoferrin-on-specific-probiotic-bacteria
#6
Po-Wen Chen, Zhen-Shu Liu, Tai-Chen Kuo, Min-Chi Hsieh, Zhe-Wei Li
Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is a natural iron-binding protein and it has been suggested to be a prebiotic agent, but this finding remains inconclusive. This study explores the prebiotic potential of bLf in 14 probiotics. Initially, bLf (1-32 mg/mL) treatment showed occasional and slight prebiotic activity in several probiotics only during the late experimental period (48, 78 h) at 37 °C. We subsequently supposed that bLf exerts stronger prebiotic effects when probiotic growth has been temperately retarded...
February 9, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150143/iutb-participates-in-the-ferric-vulnibactin-utilization-system-in-vibrio-vulnificus-m2799
#7
Hiroaki Kawano, Katsushiro Miyamoto, Miho Negoro, Eriko Zushi, Takahiro Tsuchiya, Tomotaka Tanabe, Tatsuya Funahashi, Hiroshi Tsujibo
Vibrio vulnificus, an opportunistic pathogen that causes a serious, often fatal, infection in humans, requires iron for its growth. This bacterium utilizes iron from the environment via the vulnibactin-mediated iron uptake system. The mechanisms of vulnibactin biosynthesis, vulnibactin export, and ferric-vulnibactin uptake systems have been reported, whereas the ferric-vulnibactin reduction mechanism in the cell remains unclear. The results of our previous study showed that VuuB, a member of the flavin adenine dinucleotide-containing siderophore-interacting protein family, is a ferric-vulnibactin reductase, but there are other reductases that can complement for the defective vuuB...
February 1, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150142/genome-wide-exploration-of-metal-tolerance-protein-mtp-genes-in-common-wheat-triticum-aestivum-insights-into-metal-homeostasis-and-biofortification
#8
Recep Vatansever, Ertugrul Filiz, Seckin Eroglu
Metal transport process in plants is a determinant of quality and quantity of the harvest. Although it is among the most important of staple crops, knowledge about genes that encode for membrane-bound metal transporters is scarce in wheat. Metal tolerance proteins (MTPs) are involved in trace metal homeostasis at the sub-cellular level, usually by providing metal efflux out of the cytosol. Here, by using various bioinformatics approaches, genes that encode for MTPs in the hexaploid wheat genome (Triticum aestivum, abbreviated as Ta) were identified and characterized...
February 1, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144759/erratum-to-genome-wide-exploration-of-silicon-si-transporter-genes-lsi1-and-lsi2-in-plants-insights-into-si-accumulation-status-capacity-of-plants
#9
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz, Nermin Gozukirmizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138861/zinc-s-role-in-the-glycemic-control-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gabrielli Barbosa de Carvalho, Paula Nascimento Brandão-Lima, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Kiriaque Barra Ferreira Barbosa, Liliane Viana Pires
Past research has shown the importance of zinc in several metabolic processes, such as the glucidic metabolism. The present systematic review aims to discuss zinc's participation in the glycemic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) patients. In order to accomplish that, a systematic search was performed in the Pubmed database using the following indexed and theme-related descriptors: "zinc" AND "type 2 diabetes mellitus", AND MeSH terms related to glycemic control combined with the boolean operator OR...
January 30, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108976/phenotypic-and-biochemical-alterations-in-relation-to-mt2-gene-expression-in-plantago-ovata-forsk-under-zinc-stress
#11
Paulami Pramanick, Anindita Chakraborty, Sarmistha Sen Raychaudhuri
Plantago ovata Forsk is an annual herb with immense medicinal importance, the seed and husk of which is used in the treatment of chronic constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea since ancient times. Zinc, an essential metal, is required by plants as they form important components of zinc finger proteins and also aid in synthesis of photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll. However, in excess amount Zn causes chlorosis of leaf and shoot tissues and generate reactive oxygen species. The present study is aimed at investigating the changes in expression levels of MT2 gene in Plantago ovata under zinc stress...
January 20, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091955/genome-wide-exploration-of-silicon-si-transporter-genes-lsi1-and-lsi2-in-plants-insights-into-si-accumulation-status-capacity-of-plants
#12
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz, Nermin Gozukara
Silicon (Si) is a nonessential, beneficial micronutrient for plants. It increases the plant stress tolerance in relation to its accumulation capacity. In this work, root Si transporter genes were characterized in 17 different plants and inferred for their Si-accumulation status. A total of 62 Si transporter genes (31 Lsi1 and 31 Lsi2) were identified in studied plants. Lsi1s were 261-324 residues protein with a MIP family domain whereas Lsi2s were 472-547 residues with a citrate transporter family domain. Lsi1s possessed characteristic sequence features that can be employed as benchmark in prediction of Si-accumulation status/capacity of the plants...
January 13, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105572/proteome-wide-identification-of-iron-binding-proteins-of-xanthomonas-translucens-pv-undulosa-focus-on-secretory-virulent-proteins
#13
Ankita Sharma, Dixit Sharma, Shailender Kumar Verma
Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (Xtu) causes Bacterial Leaf Streak disease in the staple food crops such as wheat and barley. The survival strategies of pathogen and host are determined by the complex interactions occurring between the host plants and the pathogenic microbes. Iron binding proteins are important in the plant-microbe interactions as they are indulged in enzyme catalysis, virulence, metabolic and transport activities. In the presented study, we have identified that ~9.8% of Xtu proteome possess iron binding sequence motifs...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093655/antibacterial-efficacy-and-cytotoxicity-of-low-intensity-direct-current-activated-silver-titanium-implant-system-prototype
#14
Zhuo Tan, Edward A Havell, Paul E Orndorff, Rohan A Shirwaiker
Silver-based devices activated by electric current are of interest in biomedicine because of their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. This study investigates the in vitro antibacterial efficacy and cytotoxicity of a low intensity direct current (LIDC)-activated silver-titanium implant system prototype designed for localized generation and delivery of silver ions at the implantation site. First, the antibacterial efficacy of the system was assessed against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) over 48 h at current levels of 3 and 6 µA in Mueller-Hinton broth...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091954/methane-alleviates-copper-induced-seed-germination-inhibition-and-oxidative-stress-in-medicago-sativa
#15
Muhammad Kaleem Samma, Heng Zhou, Weiti Cui, Kaikai Zhu, Jing Zhang, Wenbiao Shen
Recent results discovered the protective roles of methane (CH4) against oxidative stress in animals. However, the possible physiological roles of CH4 in plants are still unknown. By using physiological, histochemical and molecular approaches, the beneficial role of CH4 in germinating alfalfa seeds upon copper (Cu) stress was evaluated. Endogenous production of CH4 was significantly increased in Cu-stressed alfalfa seeds, which was mimicked by 0.39 mM CH4. The pretreatment with CH4 significantly alleviated the inhibition of seed germination and seedling growth induced by Cu stress...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083799/flow-of-essential-elements-in-subcellular-fractions-during-oxidative-stress
#16
Larissa Lago, Emilene A Nunes, Aryane A Vigato, Vanessa C O Souza, Fernando Barbosa, João R Sato, Bruno L Batista, Giselle Cerchiaro
Essential trace elements are commonly found in altered concentrations in the brains of patients with neurodegenerative diseases. Many studies in trace metal determination and quantification are conducted in tissue, cell culture or whole brain. In the present investigation, we determined by ICP-MS Fe, Cu, Zn, Ca, Se, Co, Cr, Mg, and Mn in organelles (mitochondria, nuclei) and whole motor neuron cell cultured in vitro. We performed experiments using two ways to access oxidative stress: cell treatments with H2O2 or Aβ-42 peptide in its oligomeric form...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064420/iron-incorporation-in-biosilica-of-the-marine-diatom-stephanopyxis%C3%A2-turris-dispersed-or-clustered
#17
Janine Kaden, Stephan I Brückner, Susanne Machill, Christoph Krafft, Andreas Pöppl, Eike Brunner
Iron incorporation into diatom biosilica was investigated for the species Stephanopyxis turris. It is known that several "foreign" elements (e.g., germanium, titanium, aluminum, zinc, iron) can be incorporated into the siliceous cell walls of diatoms in addition to silicon dioxide (SiO2). In order to examine the amount and form of iron incorporation, the iron content in the growth medium was varied during cultivation. Fe:Si ratios of isolated cell walls were measured by ICP-OES. SEM studies were performed to examine of a possible influence of excess iron during diatom growth upon cell wall formation...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995355/cytotoxicity-and-cellular-response-mechanisms-of-water-soluble-platinum-ii-complexes-of-lidocaine-and-phenylcyanamide-derivatives
#18
Leila Tabrizi, Hossein Chiniforoshan
Three new platinum(II) complexes of lidocaine and phenylcyanamide derivative ligands of formula K[Pt(3,5-(NO2)2pcyd)2(LC)], 1, K[Pt(3,5-(CF3)2pcyd)2(LC)], 2, K[Pt(3,5-Cl2pcyd)2(LC)], 3 (LC: lidocaine, 3,5-(NO2)2pcyd: 3,5-dinitro phenylcyanamide, 3,5-(CF3)2pcyd: 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl) phenylcyanamide, 3,5-Cl2pcyd: 3,5-dichloro phenylcyanamide) have been synthesized and fully characterized. Cellular uptake, DNA platination and cytotoxicity against a panel of human tumor cell lines were evaluated. The complexes 1-3 revealed a significant in vitro antiproliferative activity against human ovarian carcinoma (A2780), colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT29), breast (MCF-7), liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2) and lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cancer cell lines...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990570/four-mononuclear-platinum-ii-complexes-synthesis-dna-bsa-binding-dna-cleavage-and-cytotoxicity
#19
REVIEW
Qingming Wang, Lei Yang, Jiahui Wu, Hua Wang, Jialiang Song, Xinhui Tang
Four new platinum(II) complexes: Pt(II) L1·H2O (C1, H2 L1 = C20H16N2O2), Pt(II) L2Cl2 (C2, L2 = C22H16N2O2), Pt(II) L3Cl2·H2O (C3, L3 = C20H16N2), Pt(II) L4Cl2·0.4H2O (C4, L4 = C18H14N4) have been synthesized and characterized by using various physico-chemical techniques. The binding interaction of the four platinum(II) complexes C1-C4 with calf thymus (CT)-DNA has been investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence emission spectrometry. The apparent binding constant (K app) values follow the order: C3 > C1 > C2 > C4...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988860/the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway-is-induced-by-cu-ii-antineoplastic-compounds-casiope%C3%A3-nas-%C3%A2-in-sk-n-sh-neuroblastoma-cells-after-short-exposure-times
#20
Juan Carlos García-Ramos, Anllely Grizett Gutiérrez, Adriana Vázquez-Aguirre, Yanis Toledano-Magaña, Ana Luisa Alonso-Sáenz, Virginia Gómez-Vidales, Marcos Flores-Alamo, Carmen Mejía, Lena Ruiz-Azuara
The family of Copper(II) coordination compounds Casiopeínas(®) (Cas) has shown antiproliferative activity in several tumour lines by oxidative cellular damage and mitochondrial dysfunction that lead to cell death through apoptotic pathways. The goal of this work is looking for the functional mechanism of CasIIgly, CasIIIia and CasIIIEa in neuroblastoma metastatic cell line SK-N-SH, a paediatric extra-cranial tumour which is refractory to several anti-carcinogenic agents. All Cas have shown higher antiproliferative activity than cisplatin (IC50 = 123 μM) with IC50 values of 18, 22 and 63 µM for CasIIgly, CasIIIEa and CasIIIia, respectively...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
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