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Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108976/phenotypic-and-biochemical-alterations-in-relation-to-mt2-gene-expression-in-plantago-ovata-forsk-under-zinc-stress
#1
Paulami Pramanick, Anindita Chakraborty, Sarmistha Sen Raychaudhuri
Plantago ovata Forsk is an annual herb with immense medicinal importance, the seed and husk of which is used in the treatment of chronic constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea since ancient times. Zinc, an essential metal, is required by plants as they form important components of zinc finger proteins and also aid in synthesis of photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll. However, in excess amount Zn causes chlorosis of leaf and shoot tissues and generate reactive oxygen species. The present study is aimed at investigating the changes in expression levels of MT2 gene in Plantago ovata under zinc stress...
January 20, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105572/proteome-wide-identification-of-iron-binding-proteins-of-xanthomonas-translucens-pv-undulosa-focus-on-secretory-virulent-proteins
#2
Ankita Sharma, Dixit Sharma, Shailender Kumar Verma
Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa (Xtu) causes Bacterial Leaf Streak disease in the staple food crops such as wheat and barley. The survival strategies of pathogen and host are determined by the complex interactions occurring between the host plants and the pathogenic microbes. Iron binding proteins are important in the plant-microbe interactions as they are indulged in enzyme catalysis, virulence, metabolic and transport activities. In the presented study, we have identified that ~9.8% of Xtu proteome possess iron binding sequence motifs...
January 19, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093655/antibacterial-efficacy-and-cytotoxicity-of-low-intensity-direct-current-activated-silver-titanium-implant-system-prototype
#3
Zhuo Tan, Edward A Havell, Paul E Orndorff, Rohan A Shirwaiker
Silver-based devices activated by electric current are of interest in biomedicine because of their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. This study investigates the in vitro antibacterial efficacy and cytotoxicity of a low intensity direct current (LIDC)-activated silver-titanium implant system prototype designed for localized generation and delivery of silver ions at the implantation site. First, the antibacterial efficacy of the system was assessed against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) over 48 h at current levels of 3 and 6 µA in Mueller-Hinton broth...
January 16, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091955/genome-wide-exploration-of-silicon-si-transporter-genes-lsi1-and-lsi2-in-plants-insights-into-si-accumulation-status-capacity-of-plants
#4
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz, Nermin Gozukara
Silicon (Si) is a nonessential, beneficial micronutrient for plants. It increases the plant stress tolerance in relation to its accumulation capacity. In this work, root Si transporter genes were characterized in 17 different plants and inferred for their Si-accumulation status. A total of 62 Si transporter genes (31 Lsi1 and 31 Lsi2) were identified in studied plants. Lsi1s were 261-324 residues protein with a MIP family domain whereas Lsi2s were 472-547 residues with a citrate transporter family domain. Lsi1s possessed characteristic sequence features that can be employed as benchmark in prediction of Si-accumulation status/capacity of the plants...
January 13, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091954/methane-alleviates-copper-induced-seed-germination-inhibition-and-oxidative-stress-in-medicago-sativa
#5
Muhammad Kaleem Samma, Heng Zhou, Weiti Cui, Kaikai Zhu, Jing Zhang, Wenbiao Shen
Recent results discovered the protective roles of methane (CH4) against oxidative stress in animals. However, the possible physiological roles of CH4 in plants are still unknown. By using physiological, histochemical and molecular approaches, the beneficial role of CH4 in germinating alfalfa seeds upon copper (Cu) stress was evaluated. Endogenous production of CH4 was significantly increased in Cu-stressed alfalfa seeds, which was mimicked by 0.39 mM CH4. The pretreatment with CH4 significantly alleviated the inhibition of seed germination and seedling growth induced by Cu stress...
January 13, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083799/flow-of-essential-elements-in-subcellular-fractions-during-oxidative-stress
#6
Larissa Lago, Emilene A Nunes, Aryane A Vigato, Vanessa C O Souza, Fernando Barbosa, João R Sato, Bruno L Batista, Giselle Cerchiaro
Essential trace elements are commonly found in altered concentrations in the brains of patients with neurodegenerative diseases. Many studies in trace metal determination and quantification are conducted in tissue, cell culture or whole brain. In the present investigation, we determined by ICP-MS Fe, Cu, Zn, Ca, Se, Co, Cr, Mg, and Mn in organelles (mitochondria, nuclei) and whole motor neuron cell cultured in vitro. We performed experiments using two ways to access oxidative stress: cell treatments with H2O2 or Aβ-42 peptide in its oligomeric form...
January 12, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064420/iron-incorporation-in-biosilica-of-the-marine-diatom-stephanopyxis%C3%A2-turris-dispersed-or-clustered
#7
Janine Kaden, Stephan I Brückner, Susanne Machill, Christoph Krafft, Andreas Pöppl, Eike Brunner
Iron incorporation into diatom biosilica was investigated for the species Stephanopyxis turris. It is known that several "foreign" elements (e.g., germanium, titanium, aluminum, zinc, iron) can be incorporated into the siliceous cell walls of diatoms in addition to silicon dioxide (SiO2). In order to examine the amount and form of iron incorporation, the iron content in the growth medium was varied during cultivation. Fe:Si ratios of isolated cell walls were measured by ICP-OES. SEM studies were performed to examine of a possible influence of excess iron during diatom growth upon cell wall formation...
January 7, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995355/cytotoxicity-and-cellular-response-mechanisms-of-water-soluble-platinum-ii-complexes-of-lidocaine-and-phenylcyanamide-derivatives
#8
Leila Tabrizi, Hossein Chiniforoshan
Three new platinum(II) complexes of lidocaine and phenylcyanamide derivative ligands of formula K[Pt(3,5-(NO2)2pcyd)2(LC)], 1, K[Pt(3,5-(CF3)2pcyd)2(LC)], 2, K[Pt(3,5-Cl2pcyd)2(LC)], 3 (LC: lidocaine, 3,5-(NO2)2pcyd: 3,5-dinitro phenylcyanamide, 3,5-(CF3)2pcyd: 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl) phenylcyanamide, 3,5-Cl2pcyd: 3,5-dichloro phenylcyanamide) have been synthesized and fully characterized. Cellular uptake, DNA platination and cytotoxicity against a panel of human tumor cell lines were evaluated. The complexes 1-3 revealed a significant in vitro antiproliferative activity against human ovarian carcinoma (A2780), colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT29), breast (MCF-7), liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG-2) and lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cancer cell lines...
December 19, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990570/four-mononuclear-platinum-ii-complexes-synthesis-dna-bsa-binding-dna-cleavage-and-cytotoxicity
#9
REVIEW
Qingming Wang, Lei Yang, Jiahui Wu, Hua Wang, Jialiang Song, Xinhui Tang
Four new platinum(II) complexes: Pt(II) L1·H2O (C1, H2 L1 = C20H16N2O2), Pt(II) L2Cl2 (C2, L2 = C22H16N2O2), Pt(II) L3Cl2·H2O (C3, L3 = C20H16N2), Pt(II) L4Cl2·0.4H2O (C4, L4 = C18H14N4) have been synthesized and characterized by using various physico-chemical techniques. The binding interaction of the four platinum(II) complexes C1-C4 with calf thymus (CT)-DNA has been investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence emission spectrometry. The apparent binding constant (K app) values follow the order: C3 > C1 > C2 > C4...
December 18, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988860/the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway-is-induced-by-cu-ii-antineoplastic-compounds-casiope%C3%A3-nas-%C3%A2-in-sk-n-sh-neuroblastoma-cells-after-short-exposure-times
#10
Juan Carlos García-Ramos, Anllely Grizett Gutiérrez, Adriana Vázquez-Aguirre, Yanis Toledano-Magaña, Ana Luisa Alonso-Sáenz, Virginia Gómez-Vidales, Marcos Flores-Alamo, Carmen Mejía, Lena Ruiz-Azuara
The family of Copper(II) coordination compounds Casiopeínas(®) (Cas) has shown antiproliferative activity in several tumour lines by oxidative cellular damage and mitochondrial dysfunction that lead to cell death through apoptotic pathways. The goal of this work is looking for the functional mechanism of CasIIgly, CasIIIia and CasIIIEa in neuroblastoma metastatic cell line SK-N-SH, a paediatric extra-cranial tumour which is refractory to several anti-carcinogenic agents. All Cas have shown higher antiproliferative activity than cisplatin (IC50 = 123 μM) with IC50 values of 18, 22 and 63 µM for CasIIgly, CasIIIEa and CasIIIia, respectively...
December 17, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943024/photoactive-platinum-diimine-complexes-showing-induced-cancer-cell-death-by-apoptosis
#11
Zhigang Zhang, Ruihui Dai
Photoinduced cytotoxicity mediated by a triphenylenamine-modified platinum diimine complex in human breast adenocarcinoma cells has been studied by cell viability assay. The triphenylenamine-modified platinum diimine complex showed more potent cytotoxicity in light than its carboxylate-modified analogue. To gain insights into the mechanism of photodynamic activity of this class of platinum diimine complexes, flow cytometric analyses were performed. The results suggest that upon irradiation the two platinum diimine complexes studied could induce cell cycle arrest in G2/M or S phase, and both of them could induce cancer cell death by apoptosis...
December 10, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885436/effects-of-aluminum-trichloride-on-the-cartilage-stimulatory-growth-factors-in-rats
#12
Fan Zhang, Xudong Sun, Hongyan Yu, Xu Yang, Miao Song, Yanfei Han, Yanfei Li, Yanzhu Zhu
Aluminum (Al) is considered to be a potentially toxic metal and inhibits cartilage formation. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) are cartilage stimulatory growth factors, which play important roles in regulating the cartilage formation. To investigate the effects of aluminum trichloride (AlCl3) on the regulation of cartilage formation. Eighty Wistar rats were orally exposed to 0 (control group), 0.4 g/L (low-dose group), 0.8 g/L (mid-dose group) and 1.6 g/L (high-dose group) AlCl3 for 120 days, respectively...
November 24, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853903/does-any-drug-to-treat-cancer-target-mtor-and-iron-hemostasis-in-neurodegenerative-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Mohammad Jodeiri Farshbaf, Kamran Ghaedi
The prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease are increased by age. Alleviation of their symptoms and protection of normal neurons against degeneration are the main aspects of the research to establish novel therapeutic strategies. Iron as the one of most important cation not only play important role in the structure of electron transport chain proteins but also has pivotal duties in cellular activities. But disruption in iron hemostasis can make it toxin to neurons which causes lipid peroxidation, DNA damage and etc...
November 16, 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848043/a-broad-mercury-resistant-strain-of-pseudomonas-putida-secretes-pyoverdine-under-limited-iron-conditions-and-high-mercury-concentrations
#14
Franco Baldi, Michele Gallo, Dario Battistel, Elena Barbaro, Andrea Gambaro, Salvatore Daniele
The Pseudomonas putida FB1, known as a broad-spectrum mercury resistant strain, becomes yellow-green due to the secretion of pyoverdine (PVDs) under limited iron conditions and high mercury concentrations. Different modified Nelson's media were obtained by adding mercury, iron, and the complexing agent nitrilotriacetic acid to demonstrate that the strain produces only the highest concentrations of PVDs due to the induction with 25 µM Hg(2+). An amount of 250 mg PVDs was purified from the supernatant of 1 litre culture...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815738/a-universal-assay-for-the-detection-of-siderophore-activity-in-natural-waters
#15
Megan Y Andrews, Owen Duckworth
Siderophores, a family of biogenic metal chelating agents, play critical roles in the biogeochemical cycling of Fe and other metals by facilitating their solubilization and uptake in circumneutral to alkaline oxic environments. However, because of their small concentrations (ca. nM) and large number of molecular structures, siderophore detection and quantification in environmental samples requires specialized equipment and expertise, and often requires pre-concentration of samples, which may introduce significant bias...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812766/hypoxia-selective-inhibition-of-angiogenesis-development-by-nami-a-analogues
#16
Maria Oszajca, Guillaume Collet, Grażyna Stochel, Claudine Kieda, Małgorzata Brindell
The antimetastatic ruthenium(III) complex (H2Im)[trans-RuCl4(HIm)(DMSO)] (NAMI-A) as well as its two analogues (H2Ind)[trans-RuCl4(HInd)(DMSO)] (Ru-Ind) and (HIsq)[trans-RuCl4(Isq)(DMSO)] (Ru-Isq) (HIm-imidazole, HInd-indazole, Isq-isoquinoline, DMSO-dimethyl sulfoxide) were tested for their effect on endothelial cell functions in vitro on human skin microvascular endothelial cells (HSkMEC) and human endothelial progenitor cells (HPEC-CB.2) under normoxic (21 % O2) and hypoxic (1 % O2) conditions. All studied complexes showed very low cytotoxicity profiles towards both mature microvascular and precursor endothelial cells (ECs), independently of oxygen concentration...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787693/intracellular-uptake-of-an-antitumor-active-azole-bridged-dinuclear-platinum-ii-complex-in-cisplatin-resistant-tumor-cells
#17
Shuichi Kishimoto, Megumi Yasuda, Ryosuke Suzuki, Shoji Fukushima
A cationic azolato-bridged dinuclear platinum(II) complex, [{cis-Pt(NH3)2}2(μ-OH)(μ-methyl-pyrazolate)](2+) (4M-PzPt), was developed to overcome resistance to cisplatin (CDDP). This study aimed to assess the cytotoxicity of 4M-PzPt against a CDDP-resistant cell line, H4-II-E/CDDP, and compare the intracellular accumulation of CDDP and 4M-PzPt. H4-II-E and H4-II-E/CDDP displayed similar sensitivity to 4M-PzPt; however, the sensitivity of H4-II-E/CDDP to CDDP was approximately 19-fold lower than that of H4-II-E...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785728/melatonin-restricts-pb-induced-pcd-by-enhancing-bi-1-expression-in-tobacco-suspension-cells
#18
A Kobylińska, Małgorzata M Posmyk
Melatonin is a conserved substance, which was discovered in the evolutionary distant organisms like bacteria, plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. Recent studies have shown that melatonin despite its possible role in photoperiod processes, has been found to be a direct free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant. In this report the impact of exogenous melatonin on the Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) expression level in Nicotiana tabacum L. line Bright Yellow 2 (BY-2) suspension cells exposed to lead was examined...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757565/the-impact-of-lactoferrin-with-different-levels-of-metal-saturation-on-the-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-function-and-mucosal-inflammation
#19
Grzegorz Majka, Grażyna Więcek, Małgorzata Śróttek, Klaudyna Śpiewak, Małgorzata Brindell, Joanna Koziel, Janusz Marcinkiewicz, Magdalena Strus
Translocation of bacteria, primarily Gram-negative pathogenic flora, from the intestinal lumen into the circulatory system leads to sepsis. In newborns, and especially very low birth weight infants, sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The results of recently conducted clinical trials suggest that lactoferrin, an iron-binding protein that is abundant in mammalian colostrum and milk, may be an effective agent in preventing sepsis in newborns. However, despite numerous basic studies on lactoferrin, very little is known about how metal saturation of this protein affects a host's health...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743149/role-of-four-conserved-aspartic-acid-residues-of-ef-loops-in-the-metal-ion-binding-and-in-the-self-assembly-of-ciliate-euplotes-octocarinatus-centrin
#20
Wen Liu, Lian Duan, Tijian Sun, Binsheng Yang
Ciliate Euplotes octocarinatus centrin (EoCen) is an EF-hand calcium-binding protein closely related to the prototypical calcium sensor protein calmodulin. Four mutants (D37K, D73K, D110K and D146K) were created firstly to elucidate the importance of the first aspartic acid residues (Asp37, Asp73, Asp110 and Asp146) in the beginning of the four EF-loops of EoCen. Aromatic-sensitized Tb(3+) fluorescence indicates that the aspartic acid residues are very important for the metal-binding of EoCen, except for Asp73 (in EF-loop II)...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
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