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Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087629/-pathophysiology-of-the-cardiorenal-syndrome
#1
I Balint, J Vučak, N Bašić-Marković, D Klarić, V Amerl Šakić
Cardiorenal syndrome, a complex pathophysiological disorder of both the heart and kidneys, is a condition in which acute or chronic damage to one organ can lead to acute or chronic dysfunction of the other organ. Depending on primary organ dysfunction and disease duration, there are five different types of cardiorenal syndrome. Type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (acute cardiorenal syndrome) is defined as acute kidney injury caused by sudden decrease in heart function. Type 2 cardiorenal syndrome (chronic cardiorenal syndrome) refers to chronic kidney disease linked to chronic heart failure...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087628/-kidney-disease-in-diabetic-patients-%C3%A2-the-role-of-family-medicine-physician
#2
V Bralić Lang, Maja Baretić, E Pavić
The alarming rates of diabetes mellitus incidence and progression continue despite deployment of all current treatments. Kidney disease can be a particularly devastating complication, as it is associated with significant reductions in both length and quality of life. A variety of forms of kidney disease can be seen in people with diabetes, including diabetic nephropathy, ischemic damage related to vascular disease and hypertension, as well as other renal diseases that are unrelated to diabetes. Following an extensive PubMed search, this review provides a brief view on the screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in people with diabetes, how to treat them to slow down the progression of CKD and when to refer them to specialist care...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087170/-adrenocortical-carcinoma
#3
K Kranjčević
Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare entity. However, it is the most common type of cancerous adrenal gland tumor with poor prognosis. Approximately 4 to 12 per 1 million people develop this type of tumor, which begins in the adrenal cortex. Adrenocortical carcinoma can occur at any age. Women tend to be diagnosed slightly more often than men. In most cases, the cause of cancerous adrenal gland tumor remains unknown. However, people with certain hereditary conditions have a higher risk. Adrenocortical carcinoma can be a functional or nonfunctional tumor...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087164/-nephrotoxic-drugs
#4
B Popović, I Šutić, N Bašić Marković
Renal tissue is sensitive to the effect of potentially nephrotoxic drugs and other substances that are available over-the-counter or can be purchased at healthy food stores or elsewhere, and harmful substances from the environment. The harmful effects of these substances lead to the development of recognizable clinical syndromes, including acute or chronic renal failure, tubulopathy, and proteinuria. Risk factors that influence the development of kidney disease induced by drugs are divided into those related to patient characteristics, drug characteristics, and renal function...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087163/-use-of-statins-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#5
T Zavidić, B Lodeta, Đ Lovrinić
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the leading public health issues due to frequent and serious complications. Once the function of kidneys is disrupted, regardless of etiology, there are numerous factors that can speed up decrease of glomerular filtration rate, including hypertension, proteinuria and dyslipidemia. Statins are widely used in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in general population. Clinical advantages of statins in CKD patients are not as clear. The aim of this paper is to present lipid status in CKD patients and indications for statin therapy with the aim to reduce cardiovascular risk in this group of patients...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087162/-renal-cysts-in-adults
#6
Đ Lovrinić, B Lodeta, T Zavidić
Cystic kidney diseases is a heterogeneous group of developmental, hereditary and acquired disorders that result in the occurrence of one or more cysts on one or both kidneys, and are relatively common. Cystic kidneys can also occur as one of various syndromes of malformations. Kidney cysts can have several classifications, depending on the properties taken in consideration. Some patients remain symptom free for life, whereas others develop serious clinical symptoms that may sometimes be life threatening. It is important to keep in mind the existing classifications, differentiate their succession, clinical course, treatment and prognosis, as well as potential complications...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087161/-diagnostic-approach-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
J Vučak, E VučK, I Balint
According to consensus definition, chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes urinary excretion of albumin >30 mg/day and/ or reduction in kidney function defined as a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for a period longer than three months, in the presence of kidney tissue damage verified by imaging or histologic methods. In developed world, the first cause of CKD is diabetes, followed by arterial hypertension, and the less frequent causes are inflammatory disease (glomerulonephritis, interstitial nephritis) and congenital condition (polycystic kidney disease)...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087160/-resistant-arterial-hypertension-%C3%A2-approach-to-patient-in-family-medicine
#8
I Diminić-Lisica, L Bukmir, I Lisica
Increasing the proportion of patients with controlled hypertension implies understanding and systematic approach to patients with resistant hypertension. In the past decades, an increase in the prevalence of resistant arterial hypertension (RAH) has been observed and the incidence of this problem is becoming greater in the practice of family physicians. Patients with RAH have a higher prevalence of target organ damage as compared with patients having achieved target blood pressure values, and their risk of an adverse cardiovascular event is tripled...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087159/-diet-characteristics-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
N Bašić-Marković, I Šutić, B Popović, R Marković, J Vučak
Because of the increasing number of patients, chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a significant public health problem. As kidney function decreases, it is necessary to introduce certain dietary modifications. The aim was to investigate what is the appropriate approach to diet of CKD patients, which could contribute to slowing down progression of the disease. Dietary recommendations are individual for each patient, but also vary in the same patient depending on the stage of disease progression because special attention must be paid to appropriate intake of macronutrients (protein, carbohydrates and fats), micronutrients (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, various vitamins), and water...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087153/-glycemic-control-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-%C3%A2-how-to-choose-hypoglycemic-agent
#10
M Baretić, V Bralić Lang
The management of hyperglycemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is complex, and the goals and methods regarding glycemic control are not clearly defined. Although aggressive glycemic control seems to be advantageous in early diabetic nephropathy, outcome data supporting tight glycemic control in patients with advanced CKD are lacking. Challenges in the management of such patients include monitoring difficulties and the complexity of available treatments. In this article, we review the current treatment options for patients with diabetes and CKD discussing all hypoglycemic agents that currently are available, as well as insulin, along with their indications and contraindications...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087142/-peculiarities-of-care-for-patients-with-transplanted-solid-organ-in-family-medicine
#11
I Katić Milošević
Transplantation is sometimes the only therapeutic option to treat acute or chronic organ failure. In the care of transplant patients, there are numerous complications that are caused by powerful immunosuppressive drugs, cardiovascular, metabolic, and neoplastic diseases. These diseases are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients after transplantation, which will become an important part for supporting the transplant patient care. In the first year after transplantation, patients have regular contact with transplant center, and family doctor acts as a contact connecting patients with specialized centers, while also detecting and managing health problems and issues that are not related only to transplantation...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087141/-cochrane-systematic-reviews-on-prostate-cancer
#12
D Vrdoljak
Prostate cancer is a common malignant tumor of the elderly, which accounts for a significant proportion of total morbidity but very low of mortality. In Croatia, it is the second most common cancer in men. Currently, there are many doubts concerning screening, early detection and treatment of prostate cancer. Therefore, this article brings results of Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) on the topic of prostate cancer published in the last eight years. In June 2016, Cochrane database of systematic reviews was searched using the following keywords: Systematic Reviews, and Prostate Cancer (Malignancy, Neoplasm)...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087140/-complicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-elderly
#13
I Ćosić, V Ćosić
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections involving lower (cystitis, prostatitis) or upper (pyelonephritis, renal abscess, perinephric abscess) urinary tract. Differentiation of complicated and uncomplicated UTI is usually based on the presence of structural or functional urinary tract abnormalities, which can increase the risk of treatment failure and development of serious complications. Factors that increase the risk are foreign bodies, stones, obstruction, neurogenic bladder, kidney transplantation, immunosuppression, and pregnancy...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087139/-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-treatment-and-management-of-comorbidity
#14
D Klarić
Chronic kidney disease is clearly defined as a state of damaged kidney function lasting for more than three months. Changes manifest in serum and urine pathological findings with frequent morphological changes in the kidneys and reduction in glomerular filtration. The aim is to show the possibilities of renal replacement therapy and waste related disease during dialysis treatment. The methods are based on strong evidence and guidelines. Glomerular filtration is the basis in evaluating the stage of chronic kidney disease...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087102/-urate-as-a-potential-risk-factor-of-cardiovascular-and-renal-diseases
#15
M Butković
Although asymptomatic hyperuricemia is rather often in laboratory reports, it cannot be considered a disease. Despite the high prevalence of hyperuricemia in patients with arterial hypertension (AH), chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular disease (CVD) or metabolic syndrome, hyperuricemia is not confirmed as a causative factor of these disorders. The aim is to point to the latest studies of the importance of urate as a possible cardiorenal risk factor. The literature published in 2015 and 2016 was searched for the possible impact of urate level on the development of cardiorenal diseases...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087101/-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients
#16
N Mrduljaš-Dujić
Measuring the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) is part of the general concept of quality of life. According to the survey, quality of life in dialysis patients is significantly lower as compared to general population. The aim is to show the importance and impact of the quality of life in dialysis patients on treatment outcomes. In October 2016, the MEDLINE and EBSCO databases were searched for the 2005-2016 period. Kidney transplantation offers better HRQOL as compared to dialysis, since there is no significant difference in HRQOL between patients on hemodialysis and those on peritoneal dialysis...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087100/-anemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
L Bukmir, M Fišić, I Diminić-Lisica, A Ljubotina
Renal anemia develops secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its incidence increases with the progression of CKD. The aim is to inform family physicians about the latest developments and ways of approaching the issue, in accordance with national guidelines. The PubMed and Cochrane systematic reviews databases were searched for the 1996-2015 period using the following key words: anemia, chronic renal failure, erythropoietin, and primary health care. In addition, all relevant articles and textbooks available were manually searched to suggest the following conclusions...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087099/-cardiorenal-syndrome-clinical-features-early-diagnosis-and-treatment-at-family-medicine
#18
B Bergman Marković
The interdependent damage to the heart and kidney organ systems is defined as cardiorenal syndrome, a complex pathophysiological disorder of the heart and kidney in which acute or chronic dysfunction of one organ can lead to acute or chronic damage to the other. Identification and early diagnosis of some subtypes of cardiorenal syndrome very often begin at family physician office, however, the use of simple and reliable diagnostic procedures such as MICE score using ECG and biomarkers has not been implemented yet...
December 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064213/-letter
#19
LETTER
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September 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064212/-letter
#20
LETTER
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
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