Read by QxMD icon Read

Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology

Xiong Liao, Xiao Guo, Qi Wang, Yantao Wang, Di Zhao, Liping Yao, Shuang Wang, Guojie Liu, Tianhong Li
Dehydration-responsive element binding factors (DREBs) play important roles in plant growth, development, and stress signaling pathways in model plants. However, little is known about the function of DREBs in apple (Malus × domestica), a widely cultivated crop that is frequently threatened by drought. We isolated a DREB gene from Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) Roem., MsDREB6.2, and investigated its functions using overexpression analysis and chimeric repressor gene-silencing technology (CRES-T). We identified possible target genes of the protein encoded by MsDREB6...
October 18, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Todd P Michael, Douglas Bryant, Ryan Gutierrez, Nikolai Borisjuk, Philomena Chu, Hanzhong Zhang, Jing Xia, Junfei Zhou, Hai Peng, Moaine El Baidouri, Boudewijn Ten Hallers, Alex R Hastie, Tiffany Liang, Kenneth Acosta, Sarah Gilbert, Connor McEntee, Scott A Jackson, Todd C Mockler, Weixiong Zhang, Eric Lam
Spirodela polyrhiza is a fast-growing aquatic monocot with highly reduced morphology, genome size and number of protein-coding genes. Considering these biological features of Spirodela and its basal position in the monocot lineage, understanding its genome architecture could shed light on plant adaptation and genome evolution. Like many draft genomes, however, the 158 Mbp Spirodela genome sequence has not been resolved to chromosomes and important genome characteristics have not been defined. Here we deployed rapid genome-wide physical maps combined with high-coverage short-read sequencing to resolve the 20 chromosomes of Spirodela and to empirically delineate its genome features...
October 18, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Bastian Minkenberg, Kabin Xie, Yinong Yang
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 nuclease (Cas9) system depends on a guide RNA (gRNA) to specify its target. By efficiently co-expressing multiple gRNAs that target different genomic sites, the polycistronic tRNA-gRNA gene (PTG) strategy enables multiplex gene editing in the family of closely related rice mitogen-activated protein kinase (MPK) genes. In this study, we identified MPK1 and MPK6 (Arabidopsis AtMPK6 and AtMPK4 orthologues, respectively) as essential genes for rice development by finding the preservation of MPK functional alleles and normal phenotypes in CRISPR-edited mutants...
October 16, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Zhe Meng, Cristina Ruberti, Zhizhong Gong, Federica Brandizzi
Completion of a plant's life cycle depends on successful prioritization of signaling favoring either growth or defense. Although hormones are pivotal regulators of growth-defense tradeoffs, the underlying signaling mechanisms remain obscure. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is essential for physiological growth as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress management in unfavorable growth conditions. The plant UPR transducers are the kinase and ribonuclease IRE1 and the transcription factors bZIP28 and bZIP60...
October 16, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Jordi Gamir, Rabih Darwiche, Pieter Van't Hof, Vineet Choudhary, Michael Stumpe, Roger Schneiter, Felix Mauch
Pathogenesis-related proteins played a pioneering role fifty years ago in the discovery of plant innate immunity as a set of proteins that accumulated upon pathogen challenge. The most abundant of these proteins, PATHOGENESIS-RELATED 1 (PR-1) encodes a small antimicrobial protein that has become, as a marker of plant immune signaling, one of the most referred to plant proteins. However, the biochemical activity and mode of action of PR-1 proteins has remained elusive. Here, we provide genetic and biochemical evidence for the capacity of PR-1 proteins to bind sterols and demonstrate that the inhibitory effect on pathogen growth is caused by sterol sequestration from pathogens...
October 16, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Jingchao Chen, Hongjuan Huang, Shouhui Wei, Zhaofeng Huang, Xu Wang, Chaoxian Zhang
Glyphosate is an important non-selective herbicide that is commonly used worldwide. However, evolved glyphosate-resistant (GR) weeds significantly affect crop yields. Unfortunately, the mechanisms underlying resistance in GR weeds, such as goosegrass (Eleusine indica L.), an annual weed found worldwide, have not been fully elucidated. In this study, transcriptome analysis was conducted to further assess the potential mechanisms of glyphosate resistance in goosegrass. The RNA-seq libraries generated 24,597,462 clean reads...
October 15, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Tao Shi, Kun Wang, Pingfang Yang
microRNAs (miRNAs) are important noncoding small RNAs that regulate mRNAs in eukaryotes. However, under which circumstances different miRNAs/miRNA families exhibit different evolutionary trajectories in plants remains unclear. In this study, we sequenced the small RNAs and degradome from a basal eudicot, sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera or lotus), to identify miRNAs and their targets. Combining with public miRNAs, we predicted 57 pre-eudicot miRNA families from different evolutionary stages. We found that miRNA families featuring older age, higher copy and target number tend to show lower propensity for miRNA family loss (PGL) and stronger signature of purifying selection during divergence of temperate and tropical lotus...
October 15, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Marlene Teubner, Janina Fuß, Kristina Kühn, Kirsten Krause, Christian Schmitz-Linneweber
Chloroplast RNA metabolism depends on a multitude of nuclear-encoded RNA binding proteins (RBPs). Most known chloroplast RBPs address specific RNA targets and RNA-processing functions. However, members of the small chloroplast ribonucleoprotein family (cpRNPs) play a global role in processing and stabilizing chloroplast RNAs. Here, we show that the cpRNP, CP33A, localizes to a distinct sub-chloroplastic domain and is essential for chloroplast development. The loss of CP33A yields albino seedlings that exhibit aberrant leaf development and can only survive in the presence of an external carbon source...
October 15, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Max E Kraner, Katrin Link, Michael Melzer, Arif B Ekici, Steffen Uebe, Pablo Tarazona, Ivo Feussner, Jörg Hofmann, Uwe Sonnewald
Plasmodesmata (PD) are microscopic pores connecting plant cells and enable cell-to-cell transport. Currently, little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating PD formation and development. To uncover components of PD development we made use of the 17 kDa movement protein (MP17) encoded by the Potato leafroll virus (PLRV). The protein is required for cell-to-cell movement of the virus and localises to complex PD. Forward genetic screening for Arabidopsis mutants with altered PD-binding of MP17 revealed several mutant lines, while molecular genetics, biochemical and microscopic studies allowed further characterisation...
October 15, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Elizabeth A Ainsworth
Concentrations of ground-level ozone ([O3 ]) over much of the Earth's land surface have more than doubled since pre-industrial times. The air pollutant is highly variable over time and space, which makes it difficult to assess the average agronomic and economic impacts of the pollutant as well as to breed crops for O3 tolerance. Recent modeling efforts have improved quantitative understanding of the effects of current and future [O3 ] on global crop productivity, and experimental advances have improved understanding of the cellular O3 sensing, signaling and response mechanisms...
October 14, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Lei Li, Clark Nelson, Ricarda Fenske, Josua Trösch, Adriana Pružinská, A Harvey Millar, Shaobai Huang
Mitochondrial Lon1 loss impairs oxidative phosphorylation and TCA enzyme complexes and causes accumulation of specific mitochondrial proteins. Analysis of over 400 mitochondrial protein degradation rates using (15) N labelling showed that 205 were significantly different between WT and lon1-1. Those proteins included ribosomal proteins, electron transport chain subunits and TCA enzymes. For respiratory Complex I and V, decreased protein abundance correlated with higher degradation rate of subunits in total mitochondrial extracts...
October 11, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Moses M Muraya, Jianting Chu, Yusheng Zhao, Astrid Junker, Christian Klukas, Jochen C Reif, Thomas Altmann
Hitherto, most quantitative trait loci (QTL) of maize growth and biomass yield have been identified for a single time point, usually the final harvest stage. Through this approach cumulative effects are detected, without considering genetic factors causing phase-specific differences in growth rates. To assess the genetics of growth dynamics, we employed automated non-invasive phenotyping to monitor the plant sizes of 252 diverse maize inbred lines at eleven different developmental time points. 50 k SNP array genotype data were used for genome wide association mapping and genomic selection...
October 6, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Xiaozhen Huang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Zhizhong Gong, Shuhua Yang, Yiting Shi
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays a crucial role in regulating seed germination and post-germination growth. ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE4 (ABI4), an APETALA2 (AP2)-type transcription factor, is required for the ABA-mediated inhibition of seed germination. Cytokinins promote seed germination and seedling growth by antagonizing ABA signaling. However, the interaction between ABA and cytokinin signaling during seed germination remains unclear. Here, we report that ABA signaling downregulates Arabidopsis response regulators (ARRs), a class of cytokinin-inducible genes, during seed germination and cotyledon greening...
October 6, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Satoshi Fukunaga, Miho Sogame, Masaki Hata, Suthitar Singkaravanit-Ogawa, Mariola Piślewska-Bednarek, Mariko Onozawa-Komori, Takumi Nishiuchi, Kei Hiruma, Hiromasa Saitoh, Ryohei Terauchi, Saeko Kitakura, Yoshihiro Inoue, Paweł Bednarek, Paul Schulze-Lefert, Yoshitaka Takano
Plant immune responses triggered upon recognition of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) typically restrict pathogen growth without a host cell death response. We isolated two Arabidopsis mutants, derived from accession Col-0, that activate cell death upon inoculation with nonadapted fungal pathogens. Notably, the mutants trigger cell death also when treated with bacterial MAMPs such as flg22. Positional cloning identified NSL1 (Necrotic Spotted Lesion 1) as a responsible gene for the phenotype of the two mutants, whereas nsl1 mutations of the accession No-0 result in necrotic lesion formation without pathogen inoculation...
October 6, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Alice Tadiello, Sara Longhi, Marco Moretto, Alberto Ferrarini, Paola Tononi, Brian Farneti, Nicola Busatto, Urska Vrhovsek, Alessandra Dal Molin, Carla Avanzato, Franco Biasioli, Luca Cappellin, Matthias Scholz, Riccardo Velasco, Livio Trainotti, Massimo Delledonne, Fabrizio Costa
Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) is a model species for studying the metabolic changes that occur at the onset of ripening in fruit crops, and the physiological mechanisms that are governed by the hormone ethylene. In this study, to dissect the climacteric interplay in apple, a multidisciplinary approach was employed. To this end, a comprehensive analysis of gene expression together with the investigation of several physiological entities (texture, volatilome and content of polyphenolic compounds) was performed throughout fruit development and ripening...
October 5, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Glykeria Mermigka, Jutta Maria Helm, Ioannis Vlatakis, Heiko Tobias Schumacher, Evgenia Vamvaka, Kriton Kalantidis
Proteins belonging to the enhancer of RNA interference-1 subfamily of 3'-5' exoribonucleases participate in divergent RNA pathways. They degrade small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), thus suppressing RNA interference, and are involved in the maturation of ribosomal RNAs and the degradation of histone messenger RNAs (mRNAs). Here, we report evidence for the role of the plant homologue of these proteins, which we termed ENHANCED RNA INTERFERENCE-1-LIKE-1 (ERIL1), in chloroplast function. In vitro assays with AtERIL1 proved that the conserved 3'-5' exonuclease activity is shared among all homologues studied...
October 5, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Sisi Geng, Biswapriya B Misra, Evaldo de Armas, David V Huhman, Hans T Alborn, Lloyd W Sumner, Sixue Chen
Foliar stomatal movements are critical for regulating plant water loss and gas exchange. Elevated carbon dioxide (CO2 ) levels are known to induce stomatal closure. However, the current knowledge on CO2 signal transduction in stomatal guard cells is limited. Here we report metabolomic responses of Brassica napus guard cells to elevated CO2 using three hyphenated metabolomics platforms: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS); liquid chromatography (LC)-multiple reaction monitoring-MS; and ultra-high-performance LC-quadrupole time-of-flight-MS...
October 5, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Chao Yang, Wen Li, Jidong Cao, Fanwei Meng, Yongqi Yu, Junkai Huang, Lan Jiang, Muxing Liu, Zhengguang Zhang, Xuewei Chen, Koji Miyamoto, Hisakazu Yamane, Jinsong Zhang, Shouyi Chen, Jun Liu
Ethylene plays diverse roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. However, the roles of ethylene signaling in immune responses remain largely unknown. In this study, we showed that the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae infection activated ethylene biosynthesis in rice. Resistant rice cultivars accumulated higher levels of ethylene than susceptible ones. Ethylene signaling components OsEIN2 and the downstream transcription factor OsEIL1 positively regulated disease resistance. Mutation of OsEIN2 led to enhanced disease susceptibility...
October 4, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Yang-Hsin Hsu, Takayoshi Tagami, Kana Matsunaga, Masayuki Okuyama, Takashi Suzuki, Naonobu Noda, Masahiko Suzuki, Hanako Shimura
Because structural modifications of flavonoids are closely related to their properties such as stability, solubility, flavor and coloration, characterizing the enzymes that catalyze the modification reactions can be useful for engineering agriculturally beneficial traits of flavonoids. In this work, we examined the enzymes involved in the modification pathway of highly glycosylated and acylated anthocyanins that accumulate in Lobelia erinus. Cultivar Aqua Blue (AB) of L. erinus is blue-flowered and accumulates delphinidin 3-O-p-coumaroylrutinoside-5-O-malonylglucoside-3'5'-O-dihydroxycinnamoylglucoside (lobelinins) in its petals...
October 3, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Feng Wu, Xiaowei Shi, Xuelei Lin, Yuan Liu, Kang Chong, Günter Theißen, Zheng Meng
The well-known ABC model describes the combinatorial interaction of homeotic genes in specifying floral organ identities. While the B- and C-functions are highly conserved throughout flowering plants and even in gymnosperms, the A-function, which specifies the identity of perianth organs (sepals and petals in eudicots), remains controversial. One reason for this is that in most plants that have been investigated thus far, with Arabidopsis being a remarkable exception, one does not find recessive mutants in which the identity of both types of perianth organs is affected...
September 30, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"