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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952699/influence-of-foam-rolling-velocity-on-knee-range-of-motion-and-tissue-stiffness-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#1
Jan Wilke, Philipp Niemeyer, Daniel Niederer, Robert Schleip, Winfried Banzer
CONTEXT: Foam Rolling (FR) increases joint range of motion (RoM), but the optimal training parameters are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FR velocity on RoM and tissue stiffness. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled crossover trial. SETTING: University. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen healthy, physically active adults (25±2 years, 10 females). INTERVENTIONS: 1) 4x45s high-velocity FR of the anterior thigh (FAST-FR), 2) 4x45s slow-velocity FR of the anterior thigh (SLOW-FR), 3) inactive control (CON) Outcome measures: Maximal knee flexion RoM (ultrasonic movement analysis) and anterior thigh tissue stiffness (semi-electronic tissue compliance meter), assessed assessed pre, immediately post (T0), as well as five (T5), and ten (T10) minutes post-intervention...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952698/hop-stabilization-training-improves-neuromuscular-control-in-collegiate-basketball-players-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Hooman Minoonejad, Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani, Reza Rajabi, Erik A Wikstrom, Ali Sharifnezhad
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular control deficit has been reported in people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and hopping exercises have been recommended as a functional training tool to prevent lower limb injury, but its effects on lower extremity neuromuscular control in those with CAI are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hop stabilization training on neuromuscular control and self-reported function in collegiate basketball players with CAI. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952697/efficacy-of-rebound-diathermy-as-a-thermal-heating-agent-a-critically-appraised-topic
#3
Alissa C Rhode
Clinical Scenario: ReBound (ReGear Life Sciences, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA) is a portable shortwave diathermy unit (SWD) used to heat tissues using the same principle as induction drum SWD. It is unclear if ReBound can vigorously (4°C) heat intramuscular tissue as efficiently as other thermal agents. CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults (P), is ReBound diathermy (I) compared to other thermal agents (C) effective at increasing intramuscular tissue temperature by 4°C (O)? Summary of Key Findings: Three studies were included for review, all randomized crossover studies...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952696/real-time-biofeedback-is-more-effective-than-sham-feedback-for-modifying-high-risk-biomechanics
#4
Scott Bonnette, Christopher A DiCesare, Adam W Kiefer, Michael A Riley, Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Jed A Diekfuss, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: Existing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs have failed to reverse the high rate of ACL injuries in adolescent female athletes. OBJECTIVE: This investigation attempts to overcome factors that limit efficacy with existing injury prevention programs through the use of a novel, objective, and real-time interactive visual feedback system designed to reduce the biomechanical risk factors associated with ACL injuries. DESIGN: Crossover study...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952695/a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-feasibility-and-adherence-to-an-aerobic-training-program-in-healthy-individuals
#5
Stephen W Marshall, L Gregory Appelbaum, Claudio L Battaglini, Kevin A Carneiro, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Jason P Mihalik, Elizabeth F Teel
CONTEXT: Concussion management is moving from passive rest strategies to active interventions, including aerobic exercise therapy. Little information is available regarding the feasibility and adherence of these programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether an aerobic exercise training program, intended for rehabilitation in persons with concussion, is feasible. Healthy non-concussed subjects were studied in this Phase I trial. DESIGN: Phase 1 parallel-group randomized controlled trial in a sample of healthy (non-concussed), recreationally active university students...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952693/photobiomodulation-therapy-is-more-effective-than-cryotherapy-for-skeletal-muscle-recovery-a-critically-appraised-topic
#6
Stephen R Fisher, Justin H Rigby, Joni A Mettler, Kevin W McCurdy
Clinical Scenario: Cryotherapy is one of the most commonly used modalities for post-exercise muscle recovery despite inconsistencies in the literature validating its effectiveness. With the need to find a more effective modality, photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has gained popularity because of recent research demonstrating its ability to accelerate the muscle recovery process. Focused Clinical Question: Is PBMT more effective than cryotherapy at reducing recovery time and decreasing delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) after strenuous exercise? Summary of Key Findings: Three moderate- to high quality double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trials and two low- to moderate quality translational studies performed on rats were included in this CAT...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952683/exercise-in-motor-development-positions-what-happens-with-the-activity-of-antagonist-muscle-pairs-pilot-study
#7
Esther Casas, Arturo Justes, Carlos Calvo
CONTEXT: Exercises in motor development positions are employed in order to activate correct muscular patterns but the effects on the activity of antagonist muscle pairs remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of using exercises in motor development positions on the activity of antagonist muscle pairs. Another aim was to analyze if introducing some facilitators modifies the muscle activity in the different studied positions. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study using a single-group repeated measures design...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140167/intratester-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-a-hip-abductor-eccentric-strength-test
#8
Richard A Brindle, David Ebaugh, Clare E Milner
CONTEXT: Side-lying hip abductor strength tests are commonly used to evaluate muscle strength. In a "break" test, the tester applies sufficient force to lower the limb to the table while the patient resists. The peak force is postulated to occur while the leg is lowering, thus representing the participant's eccentric muscle strength. However, it is unclear whether peak force occurs before or after the leg begins to lower. OBJECTIVES: To determine intrarater reliability and construct validity of a hip abductor eccentric strength test...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253058/the-comparison-of-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-self-stretch-measures-to-increase-shoulder-range-of-motion-in-overhead-athletes-a-critically-appraised-topic
#9
Matthew J Hussey, Alex E Boron-Magulick, Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Cailee E Welch Bacon
Clinical Scenario: Shoulder range of motion (ROM) in throwing athletes relies on a balance of mobility and stability to maintain proper function and health that, if disrupted, can lead to shoulder injury. There have been several studies that address the relationship between ROM deficits and overhead injuries; however, it may be unclear to clinicians which interventions are most effective for increasing ROM in the glenohumeral joints of overhead athletes. CLINICAL QUESTION: In overhead athletes who have deficient shoulder ROM, is instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) more effective at acutely increasing ROM over the course of a patient's treatment when compared with self-stretching? Summary of Key Findings: A thorough literature review yielded 3 studies relevant to the clinical question, and all 3 studies were included...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809104/ankle-sprain-has-higher-occurrence-during-the-later-parts-of-matches-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Marcos de Noronha, Eleisha K Lay, Madelyn R McPhee, George Mnatzaganian, Guilherme S Nunes
CONTEXT: Ankle sprains are common injuries in sports, however it is unclear whether they are more likely to occur in a specific period of a sporting game. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature investigating when in a match ankle sprains most likely occurred. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The databases CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and SPORTDiscus were searched up to August 2016, with no restriction of date or language. The search targeted studies that presented data on the time of occurrence of ankle sprains during sports matches...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809102/reliability-of-five-novel-reaction-time-and-cognitive-load-protocols
#11
Kelsey Picha, Carolina Quintana, Amanda Glueck, Matt Hoch, Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt
CONTEXT: Reaction time (RT) is crucial to athletic performance. Therefore, when returning athletes to play following injury, it is important to evaluate RT characteristics ensuring a safe return. The Dynavision D2® system may be utilized as an assessment and rehabilitation aid in the determination of RT under various levels of cognitive load. Previous research has demonstrated good reliability of simple protocols when assessed following a 24-48 hour test-retest window. Expanding reliable test-retest intervals may further refine novel RT protocols for use as a diagnostic and rehabilitation tool...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809099/acromiohumeral-distance-change-relates-to-middle-trapezius-muscle-activation-during-shoulder-elevation-with-scapular-retraction
#12
Hande Guney-Deniz, Gulcan Harput, Ugur Toprak, Irem Duzgun
CONTEXT: The scapular retraction exercises are widely used among clinicians to balance the activity of the scapular muscles as well as the rotator cuff muscles in different shoulder abduction positions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between scapular (middle and upper trapezius) and shoulder muscles (middle deltoid and infraspinatus) activation level differences and acromiohumeral distance changes during shoulder abduction with scapular retraction...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809089/does-gender-affect-rectal-temperature-cooling-rates-a-critically-appraised-topic
#13
Kayla E Boehm, Kevin C Miller
Clinical Scenario: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a medical emergency characterized by body core temperatures >40.5°C and central nervous system dysfunction.1 An EHS diagnosis should be immediately followed by cold-water immersion (CWI). Ideally, EHS victims cool at a rate >0.15°C/min until temperature reaches 38.9°C.1 While generally accepted, these EHS treatment recommendations often stem from research which only examined males. Since gender differences exist in anthropomorphics (e.g., body surface area, lean body mass)2 and anthropomorophics impact CWI cooling rates,3 it is possible CWI cooling rates may differ between genders...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809088/kinesio%C3%A2-tape-barrier-does-not-inhibit-intramuscular-cooling-during-cryotherapy
#14
Katie J Lyman, Michael McCrone, Thomas A Hanson, Christopher D Mellinger, Kara Gange
CONTEXT: Allied health care professionals commonly apply cryotherapy as treatment for acute musculoskeletal trauma and the associated symptoms. Understanding the impact of a tape barrier on intramuscular temperature can assist in determining treatment duration for effective cryotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Kinesio® Tape acts as a barrier that affects intramuscular temperature during cryotherapy application. DESIGN: A repeated-measures, counterbalanced design in which the independent variable was tape application and the dependent variable was muscle temperature as measured by thermocouples placed 1 cm beneath the adipose layer...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809086/assessment-of-knee-kinetic-symmetry-using-force-plate-technology
#15
Aaron Nelson, Nathan Koslakiewicz, Thomas Gus Almonroeder
CONTEXT: Athletes that have undergone an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction often demonstrate more pronounced inter-limb knee joint kinetic asymmetry in comparison to uninured athletes, even after they have completed rehabilitation. Part of the reason for the persistent asymmetry may be that sports medicine professionals are typically not able to assess knee joint kinetics within the clinic setting. Developing measures to assess knee joint kinetic symmetry could help to augment current rehabilitation practices...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809085/reliability-of-clinical-assessment-methods-to-measure-scapular-upward-rotation-a-critically-appraised-topic
#16
Oliver Silverson, Nicole Cascia, Carolyn M Hettrich, Matt Hoch, Tim Uhl
Clinical Scenario: Assessing movement of the scapula is an important component in the evaluation and treatment of the shoulder complex. Currently, gold-standard methods to quantify scapular movement include invasive technique, radiation, and 3-Dimensional motion systems. This critically appraised topic (CAT) focuses on several clinical assessment methods of quantifying scapular upward rotation with respect to their reliability and clinical utility. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is there evidence for non-invasive methods that reliably assess clinical measures of scapular upward rotation in subjects with or without shoulder pathologies? Summary of Key Findings: Four studies were selected to be critically appraised...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290757/hip-musculoskeletal-conditions-and-associated-factors-that-influence-squat-performance-a-systematic-review
#17
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Montel
CONTEXT: The squat is a fundamental movement for weightlifting and sports performance. Both unilateral and bilateral squats are also used to assess transitional and dynamic lower-extremity control. Common lower-extremity conditions can have an influence on squat performance. Of interest are the effects of hip musculoskeletal conditions and associated factors, such as hip muscle pain, fatigue, and tightness, on squat performance. Currently, there has been no appraisal of the evidence regarding the association of these conditions and associated factors on squat performance...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513326/the-effects-of-blood-flow-restricted-electrostimulation-on-strength-and-hypertrophy
#18
Joshua T Slysz, Jamie F Burr
CONTEXT: The combined effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle mass and strength has not been thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of combined and independent BFR and a low-intensity NMES on skeletal muscle adaptation. DESIGN: Exploratory study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty recreationally active subjects...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253059/are-injuries-more-common-with-crossfit-training-than-other-forms-of-exercise
#19
Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J Brook, Chris Durall
Clinical Scenario: CrossFit is a form of exercise that incorporates rapid and successive high-intensity ballistic movements. As CrossFit is an increasingly popular fitness option, it is important to determine how rates of injury compare to more traditional forms of exercise. This review was conducted to ascertain the incidence of injury with CrossFit relative to other forms of exercise. Focused Clinical Question: Are injuries more common with CrossFit training than other forms of exercise? Summary of Key Findings: (1) The literature was searched for studies that compared injury rates among individuals who participated in CrossFit fitness programs to participants in other exercise programs...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182516/the-effectiveness-of-pnf-versus-static-stretching-on-increasing-hip-flexion-range-of-motion
#20
Landon Lempke, Rebecca Wilkinson, Caitlin Murray, Justin Stanek
Clinical Scenario: Stretching is applied for the purposes of injury prevention, increasing joint range of motion (ROM), and increasing muscle extensibility. Many researchers have investigated various methods and techniques to determine the most effective way to increase joint ROM and muscle extensibility. Despite the numerous studies conducted, controversy still remains within clinical practice and the literature regarding the best methods and techniques for stretching. Focused Clinical Question: Is proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching more effective than static stretching for increasing hamstring muscle extensibility through increased hip ROM or increased knee extension angle (KEA) in a physically active population? Summary of Key Findings: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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