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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The trends in the use of RM among allied health professionals are nonexistent. The surveillance of such responses has not been documented. PURPOSE: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application, and use of RM devices among allied health professionals in the United States...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Erik A Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Nicole B Cordero, Kyeongtak Song
Clinical Scenario: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a complex musculoskeletal condition that results in sensorimotor and mechanical alterations. Manual therapies, such as ankle joint mobilizations, are known to improve clinician-oriented outcomes like dorsiflexion range of motion, but their impact on patient-reported outcomes remains less clear. Focused Clinical Question: Do anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilizations improve patient-reported outcomes in patients with chronic ankle instability? Summary of Key Findings: Three studies (2 randomized controlled trials and 1 prospective cohort) quantified the effect of at least 2 weeks of anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilizations on improving patient-reported outcomes immediately after the intervention and at a follow-up assessment...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Monika Grygorowicz, Martyna Michałowska, Paulina Jurga, Tomasz Piontek, Honorata Jakubowska, Tomasz Kotwicki
CONTEXT: Female football is becoming an increasingly popular women's team sports discipline around the world. The Women's Football Committee in the Polish Football Association has developed a long-term strategic plan to popularize the discipline across the country and enhance girls' participation. On one hand, it is postulated to increase the number of female footballers, and on the other hand, it is crucial to decrease the number of girls quitting football prematurely. OBJECTIVE: To find the reasons for sports career termination among female football players...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jessica R Fairbairn, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
Clinical Scenario: Until recently, injury epidemiology data on elite Paralympic athletes were limited. Current data suggest high rates of shoulder injury in wheelchair athletes. Differences in shoulder injury rates between sports have not been reported in this population. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is the incidence of shoulder injury in elite wheelchair athletes different between sports? Summary of Key Findings: Shoulder injury rates are high in elite wheelchair athletes, particularly in sports such as field events and fencing that require a stable base (eg, trunk, core control) from which to perform...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Brittany Mann, Allison H Gruber, Shane P Murphy, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The lateral ankle sprain is one of the most common lower extremity injuries in sports. Previous research has found that some prophylactic ankle supports reduce the risk of recurrent ankle sprains and provide extra support to the joint. However, there is a continued concern that these supports may negatively influence performance. OBJECTIVE: To determine if wearing an ankle brace influences athlete performance and ankle kinematics during functional performance tests (FPTs)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Brenda Benson Deaver, Tyrel Nelson, Catherine Turner
CONTEXT: Popularity of using handheld devices in clinical settings has increased, especially the use of motion analysis applications (MAA). Video-based measurement tools have been found reliable in measuring knee valgus in subjects without anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, there is a need for validation of using a MAA to measure knee valgus in an injured population given that they may exhibit higher degrees of knee valgus. OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and validity of using a MAA to measure knee valgus during functional activities used to assess return-to-sport after ACL reconstruction (ACLR)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Zakariya Nawasreh, David Logerstedt, Adam Marmon, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
CONTEXT: Manual perturbation training improves knee functional performance and mitigates abnormal gait in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. However, manual perturbation training is time-and labor-intensive for therapists. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perturbation training administered using a mechanical device can provide effects similar to manual training on clinical measures and knee biomechanics after ACL rupture...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Camila Ximenes Santos, Natália Barros Beltrão, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, João Luiz Quagliotti Durigan, David Behm, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
CONTEXT: Although stretching exercises are commonly used in clinical and athletic practice, there is a lack of evidence regarding the methodological variables that guide the prescription of stretching programs, such as intensity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of different stretching intensities on the range of movement (ROM), passive torque and muscle architecture. DESIGN: Two-group pretest-posttest design...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Osamu Yanagisawa, Kenta Wakamatsu, Hidenori Taniguchi
CONTEXT: Compared to shoulder and elbow functions, the hip functional characteristics of baseball pitchers have not been fully investigated. Therefore, little is known about the relationship between hip function and pitching performance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of hip flexibility and strength focusing on their influences on the ball velocity in baseball pitchers. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Hannah Horris, Barton E Anderson, R Curtis Bay, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
CONTEXT: Altered diaphragm function is linked to decreased core stabilization, postural changes, and decreased function. Two clinical tests used to assess breathing are the hi-lo and lateral rib expansion (LRE) tests. It is currently unknown how breathing classification based on these tests differ, and how their results are affected by varying test positions. OBJECTIVE: To compare results of breathing tests when conducted in varying test positions. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Nili Steinberg, Roger Adams, Moshe Ayalon, Nadav Dotan, Shiri Bretter, Gordon Waddington
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effects of ankle injury and sport participation level on ankle proprioceptive sensitivity using a joint position reproduction (JPR) test and an inversion movement extent discrimination test. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Biomechanics lab. PARTICIPANTS: 45 student athletes aged 21 to 30 years (M 24.8 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were tested for ankle inversion sensitivity using two devices; movement reproduction error was obtained from JPR in non-weight-bearing (N-WB) at 10 and 15 degrees of inversion, and an ankle proprioceptive sensitivity score was obtained from the active movement extent discrimination apparatus (AMEDA), representing ability to differentiate five inversion movement extents between 10...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Roberta Gaspar, Natalia Padula, Tatiana Beline Freitas, João Pedro Jungers de Oliveira, Camila Torriani-Pasin
INTRODUCTION: Considering the reduction of physical activity performed daily in people with spinal cord injury, it is necessary to analyze the interventions based on physical exercises in order to provide recommendations based on evidence. OBJECTIVES: To review and evaluate the literature on physical exercise interventions for individuals with SCI, based on the ICF, as well as physiological parameters for exercise prescription. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature produced from August 2016 to February 2017 within the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE databases...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi, Abbey Thomas
CONTEXT: Hamstring and quadriceps activity adaptations are well known in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency (ACLD) and reconstructed (ACLR) to potentially compensate for knee joint instability. However, few studies have explored hip muscles activity patterns after ACL injury. OBJECTIVE: to examine the activation characteristics of gluteus medius (GMED) and adductor longus (AL) in ACLR and ACLD subjects compared to controls. DESIGN: case-control study...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Lauren Anne Lipker, Caitlyn Rae Persinger, Bradley Steven Michalko, Christopher J Durall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Hayley M Ericksen, Caitlin Lefevre, Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Abbey C Thomas, Phillip A Gribble, Brian Pietrosimone
CONTEXT: High vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) when initiating ground contact during jump-landing is one biomechanical factor that may increase risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury. Intervention programs have been developed to decrease vGRF to reduce injury risk, yet generating high forces is still critical for performing dynamic activities such as a vertical jump task. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if a jump-landing feedback intervention, cueing a decrease in vGRF, would impair vertical jump performance in a separate task (Vertmax )...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Brittany M Ingram, Melissa C Kay, Christina B Vander Vegt, Johna K Register-Mihalik
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Current studies have identified body checking as the most common cause of sports-related concussion in ice hockey across all divisions and levels. As a result, many hockey organizations, particularly in youth sports, have implemented rules making body checking to the head, face, and/or neck, illegal. Such a rule, in Canada, makes age 13 the first age in which individuals can engage in body-checking. Despite these changes, effectiveness of their implementation on the incidence of concussion in Canadian male youth ice hockey players remains unclear...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Charlie Bowen, Kristian Weaver, Nicola Relph, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Training exposure has been associated with injury epidemiology in elite youth soccer, where lower limb musculoskeletal screening is commonly used to highlight injury risk. However, there has been little consideration of the relationship between lower limb screening and the loading response to soccer activities. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the efficacy of using screening tests to predict the loading elicited in soccer-specific activities, and to develop a hierarchical ordering of musculoskeletal screening tests to identify test redundancy and inform practice...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kelly A Brock, Lindsey E Eberman, Richard H Laird, David J Elmer, Kenneth E Games
Several interventions are available to reduce the intensity and duration of the unwanted effects (e.g. muscle soreness) associated with physical activity such as massage, compression garments, and sequential pulse compression (SPC). Such interventions aim to increase blood flow to alleviate symptoms. However, there is a lack of evidence to support the use of SPC to alter total hemoglobin concentration (THb) in active individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of a single session of SPC on hemoglobin concentration compared to a control condition...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient applies pressure to the muscle and fascia using various tools, such as balls, rods, foam rolls, and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of 2 SMR protocols (short term and long term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández
CONTEXT: Prevalence studies have been widely carried out on elite volleyball players. However, the extent to which specific prevention strategies are used or the influence of the sport equipment on the occurrence of injuries have been sparsely investigated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of injuries sustained during one season in elite Spanish volleyball leagues, and to investigate the association of injuries with multiple factors such as player court position, injury mechanism, type of shoes used when playing or participation in prevention activities...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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