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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787236/step-down-test-assessment-of-postural-stability-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#1
Doris Bolt, René Giger, Stefan Wirth, Jaap Swanenburg
CONTEXT: The underlying mechanism in 27% of ankle sprains is a fall while navigating stairs. Therefore, the step-down test (SDT) may be useful to investigate dynamic postural stability deficits in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the test-retest reliability and validity of the forward and lateral SDT protocol between individuals with CAI and uninjured controls. DESIGN: Test-retest Study Setting: University Hospital Participants: A total of 46, 23 individuals with CAI and 23 uninjured controls Main Outcome Measures: Time-to-stabilization (TTS) of the forward and lateral SDT Results: The absolute reliability (SEM = 0...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787233/comparison-of-a-vibrating-foam-roller-and-a-non-vibrating-foam-roller-intervention-on-knee-range-of-motion-and-pressure-pain-threshold-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Morey J Kolber
BACKGROUND: The use of foam rollers to provide soft-tissue massage has become a common intervention among health and fitness professionals. Recently, manufacturers have merged the science of vibration therapy and foam rolling with the development of vibrating foam rollers. To date, no peer reviewed investigations have been published on this technology. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a vibrating roller and non-vibrating roller intervention on prone knee flexion passive range of motion (ROM) and pressure pain thresholds (PPT) of the quadriceps musculature...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787229/the-long-term-impact-of-osteoarthritis-following-knee-surgery-in-former-collegiate-athletes
#3
Janet E Simon, Dustin R Grooms, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: Individuals who sustain a knee surgery have been shown to have an increased likelihood to develop osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE: Identify the consequences of knee surgery in a cohort of former collegiate athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A group of 100 former Division I collegiate athletes aged 40-65 (60 Males, 40 Females) participated in the study...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787223/effect-of-physical-therapy-visits-on-clinical-outcomes-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-and-without-concurrent-meniscal-repair
#4
Jesse C Christensen, Caitlin J Miller, Ryan R Burns, Hugh S West
BACKGROUND: Healthcare payment reform has increased employers and health insurance companies' incentive to take measures to control rising costs of medical care in the United States. To date, limited research has investigated the influence outpatient physical therapy (PT) visits have on clinical outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with and without a concurrent meniscal repair. HYPOTHESIS: To examine the relationship between the number of PT visits and patient-reported outcome scores following ACLR outpatient rehabilitation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714838/lower-extremity-muscle-activity-kinematics-and-dynamic-postural-control-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain
#5
Shiho Goto, Naoko Aminaka, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: Altered lower extremity muscle activity has been suggested to be associated with lower extremity kinematics in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP). However, few studies examined these relationships and the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To compare the lower extremity muscle activity, kinematics, pain level, and reach distance during the anterior reach of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) between participants with PFP and healthy individuals (CON)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714837/validating-center-of-pressure-balance-measurements-using-the-matscan%C3%A2-pressure-mat
#6
John Goetschius, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Measurements of center of pressure (COP) excursions during balance are common practice in clinical and research settings to evaluate adaptations in postural control due to pathological or environmental conditions. Traditionally measured using laboratory force-plates, pressure-mat devices may be a suitable option for clinicians and scientist to measure COP excursions. OBJECTIVE: Compare COP measures and changes during balance between MatScan® pressure-mat and force-plate...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714826/effects-of-peroneal-muscles-fatigue-on-dynamic-stability-following-lateral-hop-landing-time-to-stabilization-vs-dynamic-postural-stability-index
#7
Kazem Malmir, Gholam Reza Olyaei, Saeed Talebian, Ali Ashraf Jamshidi, Majid Ashraf Ganguie
CONTEXT: Dynamic stability is a necessary requirement in many sports competitions. Muscle fatigue, which can impair stability, may be occurred in many sports competitions in which lateral movements and landing repeated frequently. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of peroneal muscles fatigue on dynamic stability following lateral hop landing through measuring time to stabilization (TTS) and dynamic postural stability index (DPSI). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714825/quadriceps-and-patient-reported-function-in-acl-reconstructed-patients-a-principal-component-analysis
#8
Grant E Norte, Jay N Hertel, Susan A Saliba, David R Diduch, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Assessment of physical function for individuals after ACL reconstruction (ACL-R) is complex and warrants the use of diverse evaluation strategies. To maximize the efficiency of assessment, there is a need to identify tests that provide the most meaningful information about this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate underlying constructs of quadriceps muscle function that uniquely describe aspects of performance in patients after ACL-R, and establish clinical thresholds for measures able to classify patients with and without ACL-R...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714791/influence-of-body-composition-on-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-scores-in-collegiate-football-players
#9
Constantine P Nicolozakes, Daniel K Schneider, Ben Rower, James Borchers, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is used to identify movement asymmetries and deficiencies. While obesity has been reported to impede movement, the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), and FMS™ in athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between BMI, BF%, and FMS™ scores in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714790/the-relationship-between-hip-strength-and-the-y-balance-test
#10
Benjamin R Wilson, Kaley E Robertson, Jeremy M Burnham, Michael C Yonz, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Brian Noehren
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test was developed as a test of dynamic postural control and has been shown to be predictive of lower extremity injury. However, the relationship between hip strength and performance on the Y-Balance Test has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify the relationship between components of isometric hip strength and the Y-Balance Test, to provide clinicians better guidance as to specific areas of muscle performance to address in the event of poor performance on the Y-Balance Test...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714788/acute-effects-and-perceptions-of-deep-oscillation-therapy-for-improving-hamstring-flexibility
#11
Zachary K Winkelmann, Ethan J Roberts, Kenneth E Games
CONTEXT: Hamstring inflexibility is typically treated using therapeutic massage, stretching, and soft tissue mobilization. An alternative intervention is deep oscillation therapy (DOT). Currently, there is a lack of evidence to support DOT's effectiveness to improve flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of DOT to improve hamstring flexibility. DESIGN: Randomized single-cohort. SETTING: Research laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714786/effects-of-a-prophylactic-knee-sleeve-on-anterior-cruciate-ligament-loading-during-sport-specific-movements
#12
Jonathan Sinclair, Paul John Taylor
CONTEXT: Prophylactic knee bracing is extensively utilized in athletic populations, to reduce the high risk from knee injuries, but their role in the attenuation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) pathologies is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current investigation was to investigate the effects of a prophylactic knee sleeve on ACL loading parameters linked to the aetiology of injury in recreational athletes. SETTING: Laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714783/performance-outcomes-after-hook-of-hamate-fractures-in-major-league-baseball-players
#13
Michael S Guss, John P Begly, Austin J Ramme, David P Taormina, Michael E Rettig, John T Capo
CONTEXT: Major League Baseball (MLB) players are at risk of hook of hamate fractures. There is a paucity of data assessing the effect of a hook of hamate fracture on MLB players' future athletic performance. OBJECTIVE: To determine if MLB players who sustain hook of hamate fractures demonstrate decreased performance upon return to competition when compared with their performance before injury and that of their control-matched peers. DESIGN: Retrospective Case-Control Design...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714771/acute-effect-of-static-stretching-on-lower-limb-movement-performance-by-using-stabl-virtual-reality-system
#14
Mariam A Ameer, Qassim I Muaidi
CONTEXT: The effect of acute static stretch (ASS) on the lower limb RT has been recently questioned to decrease the risk of falling and injuries in situations requiring a rapid reaction, as in the cases of balance disturbance. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to detect the effect of ASS on the lower limb RT by using virtual reality device. DESIGN: Two Group Control Group design. SETTING: Research laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714770/on-the-nature-of-clinical-evaluations-with-low-sensitivity-for-concussion-related-balance-deficits
#15
Harsimran S Baweja, Daniel J Goble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714764/abdominal-hollowing-reduces-lateral-trunk-displacement-during-single-leg-squats-in-healthy-females-but-does-not-affect-peak-hip-abduction-angle-or-knee-abductio-angle-moment
#16
Lukas D Linde, Jessica Archibald, Eve C Lampert, John Z Srbely
CONTEXT: Females suffer 4-6 times more non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than males due to neuromuscular control deficits of the hip musculature leading to increases in hip adduction angle, knee abduction angle, and knee abduction moment during dynamic tasks such as single-leg squats. Lateral trunk displacement has been further related to ACL injury risk in females, leading to the incorporation of core strength/stability exercises in ACL preventative training programs...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714763/effects-of-trial-duration-on-intrasession-reliability-of-single-leg-balance-testing-on-stable-and-unstable-surfaces
#17
Bryan I Riemann, Kelsey Piersol, George J Davies
CONTEXT: Single leg balance testing is a commonly used tool in sports medicine; however, there has been no consensus on trial duration needed to obtain reliable measures. OBJECTIVE: This investigation sought to determine the minimum trial duration required to obtain the highest intrasession single and average trial reliability for single leg balance testing on stable and unstable surfaces using dominant and nondominant limbs. DESIGN: Intrasession reliability...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714762/effectiveness-of-prp-injection-in-reducing-recovery-time-of-acute-hamstring-injury-a-critically-appraised-topic
#18
Mary Lynn Manduca, Stephen J Straub
Clinical Scenario Hamstring strains are common athletic injuries, with a high recurrence rate (34%).(2) Recently, platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) injections have gained popularity as a potential treatment option to accelerate healing of hamstring injury.(3) Focused Clinical Question Does the combination of PRP injection and rehabilitation decrease recovery time of acute hamstring injury as compared to rehabilitation alone in collegiate athletes? Summary of Key Findings A literature search resulted in three randomized controlled trials (RCT)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714759/effects-of-rigid-and-kinesio-taping-on-shoulder-rotation-motions-posterior-shoulder-tightness-and-posture-in-asymptomatic-overhead-athletes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Damla Gulpinar, Sibel Tekeli Ozer, Sevgi S Yesilyaprak
CONTEXT: Alterations in posture and motion patterns are thought to play a role in developing shoulder injuries in overhead athletes. Taping is widely used in the sporting population, but there are limited empirical data regarding its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the effects of rigid and kinesio taping on shoulder rotation motions, posterior shoulder tightness (PST) and posture in overhead athletes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714757/comparative-effects-of-four-single-leg-squat-exercises-in-subjects-with-gluteus-medius-weakness
#20
Hae-Rim Han, Chung-Hwi Yi, Sung-Hyun You, Heon-Seock Cynn, One-Bin Lim, Jae-Ik Son
CONTEXT: Of the weight bearing exercises, single leg squat (SLS) represents one of the most commonly used hip strengthening exercises that require more gluteus medius (GMED) activity. To date, no studies have investigated how the four SLS exercises affects muscle imbalance of GMED, tensor fasciae latae (TFL), and adductor longus (AL), and kinematics of hip. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hip muscle activities, onset time, and kinematics during four different SLS exercises (unilateral squat, unilateral wall-squat, lateral step-down, and front step-down) in subjects with GMED weakness...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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