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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252113/short-term-effects-of-the-kinesio-taping%C3%A2-on-early-postoperative-hip-muscle-weakness-in-male-patients-with-hamstring-autograft-or-allograft-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#1
Selvin Balki, Hanim Eda Göktaş
OBJECTIVE: Kinesio Taping® (KT) is a widely used treatment method in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. Little is known about the KT treatment and hip strength in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the KT treatment on hip muscle weakness in early rehabilitation of ACLR and the possible determinants of the ACLR-hip strength deficit (HSD). DESIGN: Double-blind sham controlled study...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252096/hamstring-stiffness-returns-more-rapidly-after-static-stretching-than-range-of-motion-stretch-tolerance-and-isometric-peak-torque
#2
Genki Hatano, Shigeyuki Suzuki, Shingo Matsuo, Satoshi Kataura, Kazuaki Yokoi, Taizan Fukaya, Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Yuji Asai, Masahiro Iwata
CONTEXT: Hamstring injuries are common, and lack of hamstring flexibility may predispose to injury. Static stretching increases range of motion (ROM) but also results in reduced muscle strength after stretching. The effects of stretching on the hamstring muscles and the duration of these effects remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of static stretching on the hamstrings and the duration of these effects. DESIGN: Randomized crossover study...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252092/validity-and-reliability-of-a-virtual-reality-game-in-evaluating-the-projected-frontal-plane-knee-angle-when-landing-from-a-drop-vertical-jump
#3
Kathryn Mills, Aula Idris, Thu-An Pham, John Porte, Mark Wiggins, Manolya Kavakli
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity and reliability of the peak frontal plane knee angle evaluated by a virtual reality (VR) netball game when landing from a drop vertical jump (DVJ). STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory Methods: Forty participants performed 3 DVJs evaluated by 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis and 3 DVJs evaluated by the VR game. Limits of agreement for the peak projected frontal plane knee angle and peak knee abduction were determined. Participants were given a consensus category of "Above threshold" or "Below threshold" based on a pre-specified threshold angle of 9˚ during landing...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252090/validity-and-reliability-of-a-digital-inclinometer-to-assess-knee-joint-position-sense-in-an-open-kinetic-chain
#4
Natalia Romero-Franco, Juan Antonio Montaño-Munuera, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes
CONTEXT: New methods are being validated to easily evaluate the knee joint position sense (JPS) due to its role in sports movement and the risk of injury. However, no studies to date have considered the open kinetic chain (OKC) technique, despite the biomechanical differences compared to closed kinetic chain movements. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the validity and reliability of a digital inclinometer to measure the knee JPS in the OKC movement. DESIGN: The validity, inter-tester and intra-tester reliability of a digital inclinometer for measuring knee JPS were evaluated...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252089/effects-of-hip-abduction-fatigue-on-trunk-and-shoulder-kinematics-during-throwing-and-passive-hip-rotational-range-of-motion
#5
Gretchen D Oliver, Jessica Washington, Sarah Gascon, Hillary Plummer, Rafael Escamilla, James Andrews
CONTEXT: Hip abductor musculature contributes to the stability of the pelvis, which is needed for efficient energy transfer from the lower extremity to the upper extremity during overhead throwing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a hip abduction fatigue protocol on overhead throwing kinematics and hip passive range of motion. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory setting...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252077/field-based-simplified-approach-of-evaluating-knee-extensor-muscle-strength-and-size-in-university-freshmen-women
#6
Tomohiro Yasuda
CONTEXT: Periodic assessment of knee extensor muscle strength and size is important for all ages to evaluate the functional status of individuals and to identify and treat those at risk for mobility problems and frailty; however, it is not fully understood whether these field-based simplified approaches correspond to evaluation in knee extensor muscle strength or size. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between field-based simplified evaluation approaches and knee extensor muscle strength or size in young women...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140194/validity-of-a-smartphone-application-for-measuring-ankle-plantar-flexion
#7
Robert W Cox, Rodrigo E Martinez, Russell T Baker, Lindsay W Larkins
CONTEXT: Range of motion (ROM) is a component of a physical exam used in the diagnostic and rehabilitative process. Following ankle injury and/or during research, it is common to measure plantarflexion with a universal goniometer. The ease and availability of digital inclinometers created as applications for smartphones, has led to an increase in using this method of ROM assessment. Smartphone applications have been validated as alternatives to inclinometer measurements in the knee; however, this application has not been validated for plantarflexion in the ankle...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#8
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140186/acute-effect-of-two-self-myofascial-release-protocols-on-hip-and-ankle-range-of-motion
#9
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140183/full-title-examining-the-presence-of-back-pain-in-competitive-athletes-a-focus-on-stress-and-recovery
#10
Jahan Heidari, Johanna Belz, Monika Hasenbring, Jens Kleinert, Claudia Levenig, Michael Kellmann
Context - Explanatory approaches for back pain (BP) in athletes focus on biomechanical factors while neglecting psychological perspectives. Psychological factors have gained importance in the prediction of injuries in athletes and BP in the general population, with stress and recovery emerging as central risk factors. However, scarce evidence exists regarding the role of these aspects for the prevalent burden of back pain (BP). Objective - To investigate the association between stress and recovery parameters and the presence of BP...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140180/the-role-of-lumbopelvic-hip-complex-stability-in-softball-throwing-mechanics
#11
Gabrielle G Gilmer, Jessica K Washington, Jeffrey Dugas, James Andrews, Gretchen D Oliver
CONTEXT: Studies have found that a 20% reduction in energy generation from the lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC) during overhead throws leads to a 34% increase in load on the shoulder. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of LPHC stability, via the single leg squat (SLS) assessment, on throwing mechanics of softball athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty softball athletes (164...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140178/infraspinatus-cross-sectional-area-and-shoulder-range-of-motion-change-following-live-game-baseball-pitching
#12
Brett S Pexa, Eric D Ryan, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Elizabeth Teel, Terri Jo Rucinski, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT: Following a baseball pitching bout, changes can occur to glenohumeral range of motion that could be linked to injury. These effects are in part due to the posterior shoulder's eccentric muscle activity, which can disrupt muscle contractile elements and lead to changes in muscle cross sectional area (CSA), as measured by ultrasound. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in muscle CSA, and range of motion immediately before and after pitching, and days 1-5 following pitching...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140170/clinical-diagnostic-tests-versus-mri-diagnosis-of-acl-tears
#13
Megan P Brady, Windee Weiss
CLINICAL SCENARIO: A common injury among elite, recreational, and youth athletes is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.(1) Approximately 200,000 ACL injuries occur every year.(2) The gold standard in ACL injury evaluation is diagnostic arthroscopy,(3,4) however the diagnostic accuracy of clinical diagnostic tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is debatable.(1,3-6) Due to the frequency of knee injury,(3) MRI is a common diagnostic tool used for imaging and diagnosis(5). ACL tears are also diagnosed using clinical diagnostic tests...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140169/relationship-between-physical-therapy-characteristics-surgical-procedure-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-after-acl-reconstruction
#14
Ian J Dempsey, Grant E Norte, Matthew Hall, John Goetschius, Lindsay V Slater, Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner, David R Diduch, Joseph M Hart
CONTEXT: Post-operative rehabilitation is critical to optimize outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, the relationship between physical therapy (PT) and clinical outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe PT characteristics following ACLR, and assess the relationships between PT characteristics, surgical procedure, and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140167/intra-tester-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-a-hip-abductor-eccentric-strength-test
#15
Richard A Brindle, D David Ebaugh, Clare E Milner
CONTEXT: Side-lying hip abductor strength tests are commonly used to evaluate muscle strength. In a 'break' test the tester applies sufficient force to lower the limb to the table while the patient resists. The peak force is postulated to occur while the leg is lowering, thus representing the participant's eccentric muscle strength. However, it is unclear whether peak force occurs before or after the leg begins to lower. OBJECTIVES: To determine intra-rater reliability and construct validity of a hip abductor eccentric strength test...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#16
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140161/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-clinical-outcomes-after-acl-reconstruction
#17
Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee, David Bell
CONTEXT: Reductions in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) have been reported among individuals with ACLR. Self-reported measures of physical activity are commonly utilized to assess participation in physical activity after ACLR despite the lack of evidence to support the validity of such measures within this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to determine the relationships between objectively measured MVPA, self-reported physical activity, and knee function among individuals with ACLR...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140160/clinical-measures-and-their-contribution-to-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-patellar-tendinopathy
#18
Hyunjae Jeon, Melanie L McGrath, Neal Grandgenett, Adam B Rosen
CONTEXT: Patellar tendinopathy is prevalent in physically active populations and it affects their quality of living, performance of activity, and may contribute to the early cessation of their athletic careers. A number of previous studies have identified contributing factors for patellar tendinopathy however their contributions to self-reported dysfunction remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if strength, flexibility, and various lower extremity static alignments contributed to self-reported function and influence the severity of patellar tendinopathy...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140159/athletes-rated-as-poor-single-leg-squat-performers-display-measureable-differences-in-single-leg-squat-biomechanics-compared-to-good-performers
#19
Lachlan E Garrick, Bryce C Alexander, Anthony G Schache, Marcus G Pandy, Kay M Crossley, Natalie J Collins
CONTEXT: It is important to validate single-leg squat visual rating criteria used in clinical practice and research. Foot orthoses may improve single-leg squat performance in those who demonstrate biomechanics associated with increased risk of lower-limb injury. OBJECTIVE: Validate visual rating criteria proposed by Crossley et al, by determining whether athletes rated as poor single-leg squat performers display different single-leg squat biomechanics than good performers; and evaluate immediate effects of foot orthoses on single-leg squat biomechanics in poor performers...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091519/a-pilot-rct-investigating-the-effects-of-targeted-compression-on-athletes-with-pelvic-groin-pain
#20
Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman, Jonathan Marsden
CONTEXT: Athletic pelvic/groin pain is a common yet often challenging problem to both diagnose and manage. A new tool has been developed based on the clinical effects of applied force on the pelvis. Early findings indicate that this customised compression orthosis may have a positive effect upon pelvic/groin pain and performance measures. OBJECTIVES: To: Inform the design and test the practicality of procedures for a future definitively powered randomized controlled trial; Provide an estimate of the effect size of this orthosis on selected clinical and performance measures...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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