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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Benjamin S Killen, Krista L Zelizney, Xin Ye
CONTEXT: Static stretching (SS) and self-administered foam rolling (SAFR) are both effective techniques often used in rehabilitation settings to improve one's range-of-motion (ROM). However, their effects on non-intervened contralateral limb's performance remain equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of unilateral hamstrings SS and SAFR on the contralateral hip flexion passive ROM and the strength performance. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Chris Brogden, Kelly Marrin, Richard Page, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Clinical and functional assessments are performed regularly in sporting environments to screen for performance deficits and injury risk. Circadian rhythms have been demonstrated to affect human performance, however the influence of time of day on a battery of multiple ankle injury risk factors has yet to be established within athletic populations. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of circadian variation on a battery of tests, used to screen for ankle aetiological risk factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alexandra DeJong, L Colby Mangum, Jacob Resch, Susan A Saliba
CONTEXT: Medial knee displacement (MKD) is a common risk factor for lower extremity injury and is related to altered gluteal muscle activity. Ultrasound imaging (USI) is a reliable means to explore mechanical muscle activity, however no information exists regarding USI of the gluteals during gait in a MKD population. OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in USI gluteal muscle activity during gait in individuals with and without MKD. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
John H Hollman, Tyler A Berling, Ellen O Crum, Kelsie M Miller, Brent T Simmons, James W Youdas
CONTEXT: Hip extension with hamstring-dominant rather than gluteus maximus-dominant recruitment may increase anterior femoracetabular forces and contribute to conditions that cause hip pain. Cueing methods during hip extension exercises may facilitate greater gluteus maximus recruitment. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether specific verbal and tactile cues facilitate gluteus maximus recruitment while inhibiting hamstring recruitment during a bridging exercise. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Anna Lina Rahlf, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Astrid Zech
CONTEXT: Although increasingly used for therapeutic treatment only limited evidence exists regarding the effects of kinesio taping on patients with knee osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of kinesio taping on pain, function, gait and neuromuscular control concerning patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Randomized sham-controlled trial. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 141 Patients (65...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Timothy M Wohlfert, Kevin C Miller
Clinical Scenario: Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a potentially deadly heat illness and poses a significant health risk to athletes; EHS survival rates are near 100% if properly recognized and treated.1 Whole body cold water immersion (CWI) is the most effective method of lowering body core temperature.2 Precooling (PC) with CWI before exercise may prevent severe hyperthermia and/or EHS by increasing the body's overall heat-storage capacity.3 However, PC may also alter athletes' perception of how hot they feel or how hard they are exercising...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Hio Teng Leong, Siu Ngor Fu
CONTEXT: Reduction of the subacromial space (SAS) during arm elevation may contribute to rotator cuff tendinopathy. The effects of scapular taping on the SAS in athletes with and without RC tendinopathy is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of scapular taping on the SAS in athletes with and without RC tendinopathy. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled with repeated measures. SETTING: University laboratory...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Erica S Albertin, Emilie N Miley, James May, Russell T Baker, Don Reordan
Clinical Scenario: Hip osteoarthritis currently affects up to 28% percent of the population, and the number of affected Americans is expected to rise as the American population increases and ages.1,2 Limited hip range of motion (ROM) has been identified as a predisposing factor to hip osteoarthritis and limited patient function.3,4 Clinicians often apply therapy techniques, such as stretching and strengthening exercises, to improve hip ROM.5 Although traditional therapy has been recommended to improve hip ROM, the efficiency of the treatments within the literature are questionable due to lack of high quality studies...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dai Sugimoto, Benton E Heyworth, Jeffery J Brodeur, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: Recent epidemiology studies indicated a steady increase of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in young athletes. ACL reconstruction (ACLR) is currently a standard of the care, but effect of ACLR graft including bone patellar tendon bone (BTB), hamstring tendon (HT), or iliotibial band (ITB) on balance and hop performance is understudied. OBJECTIVE: To compare balance and hop deficits between uninvolved and reconstructed limbs in each autograft type (aim 1) and among the three autograft groups (aim 2)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Marcin Grześkowiak, Zbigniew Krawiecki, Wojciech Łabędź, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Jacek Lewandowski, Dawid Łochyński
CONTEXT: Kinesio taping® (KT) is a therapeutic modality frequently used in the clinical practice for the treatment of various musculoskeletal disorders. It is often applied in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) to decrease pain and improve functional capacity. However, it is not known, whether thoracolumbar fascia Kinesio Taping® (KT) technique can decrease back pain, restore normal activity of paraspinal muscles and improve functional capacity in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jessica R Fairbairn, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
Clinical Scenario: Until recently, injury epidemiology data on elite Paralympic athletes was limited. Current data suggests high rates of shoulder injury in wheelchair athletes. Differences in shoulder injury rates between sports have not been reported in this population. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is the incidence of shoulder injury in elite wheelchair athletes different between sports? Summary of Key Findings: Shoulder injury rates are high in elite wheelchair athletes, particularly in sports such as field events and fencing that require a stable base (eg, trunk, core control) from which to perform...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Morteza Sadeghi, Gholamali Ghasemi, Mohammadtaghi Karimi
BACKGROUND: In order to resolve the impairments associated with SCI such as decreased balance, patients have been recommended to undergo various therapeutic strategies, including the use of different physical exercise methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of using rebound therapy (exercise on a trampoline) on SCI individuals' static stability. METHODS: Sixteen SCI people (ASIA classification: A=6, B=6, C=2, D=2) were randomly assigned to an experimental (rebound exercise) group or a control group...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jennifer Ostrowski
BACKGROUND: ThermoStim Probe (TSP) has recently joined the market as a superficial heating modality. While there is limited research into the intramuscular heating capability of superficial heating modalities in general (moist hot pack, paraffin, warm whirlpool), no previous research has examined intramuscular heating capability of TSP. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate rate and magnitude of intramuscular heating via TSP as compared to hydrocollator moist hot pack (MHP); determine if TSP can increase tissue temperature 3-4°C (vigorous heating range)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Neil Maguire, Paul Chesterton, Cormac Ryan
CONTEXT: Pain education is a fundamental part of a holistic approach to athlete injury management. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) on Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (STR) students: 1) knowledge of persistent pain; 2) attitudes towards athletes with persistent pain; 3) clinical recommendations for athletes with persistent pain. DESIGN: Parallel groups, single-blind randomised control trial. SETTING: A UK University...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Mark A Feger, Luke Donovan, C Collin Herb, Geoffrey G Handsfield, Silvia S Blemker, Joseph M Hart, Susan A Saliba, Mark F Abel, Joseph S Park, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients have demonstrated atrophy of foot and ankle musculature and deficits in ankle strength. The effect of rehabilitation on muscle morphology and ankle strength has not previously been investigated in CAI patients. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to analyze the effect of impairment-based rehabilitation on intrinsic and extrinsic foot and ankle muscle volumes and strength in CAI patients. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Christie Powell, Jody Jensen, Samantha Johnson
As sport participation increases globally, so will the injury-related risks. The process used to determine return-to-sport, following injury, is vital to future sport participation and injury prevention. Early specialization along with poor management of sport participation causes an increase in injury risk and potential long-term health consequences for youth athletes. Previous injury is a common intrinsic risk factor for new injuries. Identifying functional performance deficits, defined by return-to-sport criteria, minimizes these risk factors and provides athletes guidelines to return safely to sport...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Rachel E Brinkman-Majewski, Windee M Weiss
CONTEXT: The motivational climate created by the athletic trainer in rehabilitation may be critical in influencing athletes' intrinsic motivation and other psychosocial outcomes in the rehabilitation and the recovery process. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine intercollegiate athletes' perceptions of the motivational climate in the rehabilitation setting. Specifically, examining if perceptions of the motivational climate can predict athletes' levels of intrinsic motivation with rehabilitation as well as the relationship between perceptions of the motivational climate and athlete demographics (gender, starter status, athletic trainer gender, etc)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Flávia Cavalcante Monteiro Melo, Kátia Kamila Félix de Lima, Ana Paula Knackfuss Freitas Silveira, Kesley Pablo Morais de Azevedo, Isis Kelly Dos Santos, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Leitão, Maria Irany Knackfuss
CONTEXT: Physical training improves the strength of upper limbs, contributing directly to the performance of activities of daily life (ADL), confirming one more time that the strengthened muscle is imperative for a rapid rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: investigate the scientific implications of the impact of physical training on the strength of the upper limbs of people with paraplegias. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: the search strategy with truncations and Boolean operator was defined as: (spinal cord inju* OR traumatic myelopat* OR paraplegi*) AND (physical exercise OR strength training OR resisted training) AND (upper limb* OR arm OR armrest), for all of the databases...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel, Joe M Hart
CONTEXT: Strength, functional performance and limb symmetry are common objective clinical assessments used by clinicians to guide safe return to physical activity following injury. Population-specific unilateral limb outcomes or estimates of limb symmetry of these assessments should be established. OBJECTIVE: To compare lower extremity strength, functional performance and limb symmetry in healthy participants based on sex and level of activity. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study Setting: Laboratory Participants: 117 healthy participants (72 males/45 females, mass=73...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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