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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández
CONTEXT: Prevalence studies have been widely carried out on elite volleyball players. However, the extent to which specific prevention strategies are used or the influence of the sport equipment on the occurrence of injuries have been sparsely investigated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of injuries sustained during one season in elite Spanish volleyball leagues, and to investigate the association of injuries with multiple factors such as player court position, injury mechanism, type of shoes used when playing or participation in prevention activities...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Francesco Campa, Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi, Stefania Toselli
CONTEXT: Sports practice leads athletes to develop a specific body composition, coordination patterns and basic motor skills based on the different tactical and physical needs. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to present and compare a wide range of functional movement patterns and body composition (BC) parameters of high-level male athletes playing different sports, and to determine if there was a relationship between the parameters examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Victoria Fauntroy, Marcie Fyock, Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Esther Nolton, Jatin P Ambegaonkar
Clinical Scenario: Dancers participate in a functionally demanding activity. Athletic participation typically requires the completion of a pre-participation examination (PPE), which involves a functional movement screen offering insight into potential injury recognition. The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) was created to measure the status of movement-pattern-related pain and dysfunction using regionally interdependent movement to aggravate symptoms and exhibit limitations and dysfunctions. Still, a functional assessment has not been identified to recognize potential dysfunctions or limitations in this population...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jessica Ferreira, André Bebiano, Daniel Raro, João Martins, Anabela G Silva
Context Sliding and tensioning neural mobilization are used to restore normal function of the nervous system, but impose different stresses to it. Particularly, sliding induces greater nerve excursion than tensioning. Conceivably, they might impact nervous system function differently. Objective To compare the effects of tensioning neural mobilization versus sliding neural mobilization of the dominant lower limb on static postural control and hop testing. Design Randomized, parallel and double blinded trial...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Francesco Campa, Federico Spiga, Stefania Toselli
CONTEXT: Poor functional movement patterns negatively affect the ability to perform fundamental movements with precision and efficiency, increasing injury risk in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of a 20-week corrective exercise programme during the competitive season on functional movement patterns in youth elite male soccer players. DESIGN: Cohort Study. SETTING: Team facilities. PARTICIPANTS: 65 youth elite male soccer players (age 15...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Matt Greig, Hannah Emmerson, John McCreadie
CONTEXT: Contemporary developments in GPS technology present a means of quantifying mechanical loading in a clinical environment with high ecological validity. However, applications to date have typically focussed on performance rather than rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of GPS micro-technology in quantifying the progression of loading during functional rehabilitation from ankle sprain injury, given the prevalence of re-injury and need for quantifiable monitoring...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Andrea Biscarini, Samuele Contemori, Giuditta Grolla
CONTEXT: Previous studies highlighted that exercises executed on unstable surfaces can yield important benefits to the function of the core musculature in rehabilitation and general conditioning settings, and also in athletic training, when properly introduced within a periodized training schedule. No previous study has analyzed core-stability exercises executed in lying, quadruped, plank, and bridge positions on a whole-body wobble board (WWB) specifically designed to accommodate the exerciser's entire body and promote whole-body instability...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ali Jalalvand, Mehrdad Anbarian
CONTEXT: The link between landing parameters and lower limb muscle fatigue in association with chronic low back pain (CLBP) is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of fatigue on the ground reaction force (GRF) components during landing in people with non-specific CLBP. DESIGN: Quasi- Experimental study. SETTING: Clinical Biomechanics Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four subjects were equally divided into a healthy group and a group with CLBP...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alireza Derakhshani, Amir Letafatkar, Zohre Khosrokiani
CONTEXT: Scapular downward rotation syndrome (SDRS) is an impaired alignment that causes shoulder and neck pain. Interventions may lead to the reduction of pain intensity and joint position error (JPE) and improve range of motion (ROM). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 6-week Scapular Upward Rotation and Elevation Exercises (SUREE) with and without visual feedback on pain, ROM and JPE in people with SDRS. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized Control Trial...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Corey P Ochs, Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik
Clinical Scenario: Collision sports are often at higher risk of concussion due to the physical nature and style of play. Typically, initial clinical recovery occurs within 7-10 days; however, even this timeframe may result in significant time lost play. Little has been done in previous research to analyze how individual game performance may be affected upon return to play post-concussion. Focused Clinical Question: Upon return-to-play clearance, how does sport-related concussion affect game performance of professional athletes in collision sports? Summary of Key Findings: All 3 studies included found no significant change in individual performance of professional collision-sport athletes upon returning to play from concussive injury...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dong-Sung Choi, Hwang-Jae Lee, Yong-Il Shin, Ahee Lee, Hee-Goo Kim, Yun-Hee Kim
CONTEXT: Whole-body vibration (WBV) has shown many positive effects on the human body in rehabilitation and clinical settings in which vibration has been used to elicit muscle contractions in spastic and paretic muscles. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether WBV exercise (WBVe) differently modulates the cortical activity associated with motor and prefrontal function based on its frequency. METHODS: Eighteen healthy male adults (mean age: 25...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dana M Otzel, Chris J Hass, Erik A Wikstrom, Mark D Bishop, Paul A Borsa, Mark D Tillman
CONTEXT: Following a lateral ankle sprain, approximately 40% of individuals develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), characterized by recurrent injury and sensations of giving way. Deafferentation due to mechanoreceptor damage post-injury is suggested to contribute to arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI). Whole-body vibration (WBV) has the potential to address the neurophysiologic deficits accompanied by CAI and therefore possibly prevent re-injury. OBJECTIVE: To determine if an acute bout of WBV can improve AMI and proprioception in individuals with CAI...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C Berry, Joshua J Ode
CONTEXT: Dynamic balance (DB) is a measure of core stability. Deficits in the DB have been related to injuries in the athletic populations. The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is suggested to measure and improve DB when used as a rehabilitative tool. OBJECTIVE: To determine the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the hip and the trunk muscles during the SEBT. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: University campus. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy adults (11 males and 11 females) (23...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Ariadna Benet, Sergi Mirada, Alicia M Montalvo, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: Understanding how neuromuscular and biomechanical deficits that are associated with knee injuries change as youth mature may improve injury prevention strategies in this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sex and maturation differences in jump-landing technique performance in youths using a practical clinical tool. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: High Performance Center Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 165 youth athletes were included in this study...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Bethany Wisthoff, Shannon Matheny, Aaron Struminger, Geoffrey Gustavsen, Joseph Glutting, Charles Swanik, Thomas W Kaminski
OBJECTIVES: Lateral ankle sprains commonly occur in an athletic population and can lead to chronic ankle instability (CAI). The objective of this study was to compare ankle strength measurements in athletes who have mechanical laxity and report functional instability after a history of unilateral ankle sprains. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Athletic Training Research Lab. PARTICIPANTS: 165 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I athletes, 97 males and 68 females, with history of unilateral ankle sprains participated...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jan Wilke, Kristin Kalo, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
CONTEXT: Recent research has underpinned the occurrence of non-local exercise effects. For instance, self-myofascial release (SMR) of the plantar fascia increases hamstring extensibility. A possible mechanism consists in a mechanical force transmission across myofascial chains. However, as the degree of structural continuity in these chains decreases with age, the magni-tude of the above described remote effects might also be reduced throughout lifespan. OBJECTIVE: To examine the age-dependency of non-local exercise effects following plantar fascia SMR...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jian Chen, Bruce Oddson, Heather C Gilbert
CONTEXT: Symptom checklist in Sport concussion assessment tool has been widely used in preseason assessment and in concussion diagnosis, but the impact of prior concussions on the graded symptoms after a new concussion has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine reported symptoms associated with recurrent concussions using data of a comprehensive survey among athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective survey and cross-sectional study...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Haroldo Gualter Santana, Humberto Miranda, Vicente Lima, John D Willson
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. CONTEXT: Altered frontal plane knee mechanics during dynamic tasks have been often associated with lower-extremity injuries. Strategies to decrease these risk factors and improve knee joint stability are often applied in rehabilitation and training environments. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare knee joint frontal plane projection angles (FPPA) via 2-dimensional video analysis during drop vertical jump (DVJ) and step-down test (SDT) tasks in the preferred and nonpreferred limbs of young male and female volleyball players...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Julie A Fuller, Heidi L Hammil, Kelly J Pronschinske, Chris J Durall
Clinical Scenario: Acute patellar dislocations during adolescence often lead to future patellar instability. Two common treatment options include nonoperative treatment or operative repair of injured structures. Focused Clinical Question: In adolescents with acute patellar dislocation, how does operative stabilization compare with nonoperative treatment for reducing dislocation recurrence? Summary of Key Findings: Three studies were included: 2 randomized controlled trials and 1 nonrandomized study. All studies compared operative and nonoperative treatment outcomes in adolescents who experienced an acute patellar dislocation...
August 5, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jonathan Sinclair, Paul J Taylor
CONTEXT: Prophylactic knee bracing is extensively utilized in athletic populations to reduce the high risk from knee injuries, but its role in the attenuation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) pathologies is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to explore the effects of a prophylactic knee sleeve on ACL loading parameters linked to the etiology of injury in recreational athletes. SETTING: Laboratory. DESIGN: Repeated measures...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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