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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Ashley N Marshall, Alison R Snyder Valier, Aubrey Yand, Kenneth C Lam
CONTEXT: There has been an increased interest in understanding how ankle injuries impact patient outcomes, however, it is unknown how the severity of a previous ankle injury influences health-related quality of life (HRQOL). OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a previous ankle injury on current HRQOL in collegiate athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective review of electronic medical records. SETTING: Athletic training clinics...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Rumit Singh Kakar, Hilary B Greenberger, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Anterior knee pain also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a frequently encountered musculoskeletal disorder that worsens with activity. The multifactorial etiology of PFPS alters lower extremity mechanics, increasing patellofemoral joint stresses during weight-bearing tasks. Kinesio (KT) and McConnell (MC) tapings are often incorporated into the treatment, but their efficacy is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of KT, MC and sham taping (ST) in improving knee mechanics and reducing pain during activity...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Ruth Verrelst, Cedric De Blaiser, Philip Roosen
CONTEXT: Although taping has been proven effective in reducing ankle sprain events in individuals with chronic ankle insability (CAI), insight in the precise working mechanism remains limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of taping changes ankle joint kinematics during a sagittal and frontal plane landing task in subjects with CAI. DESIGN: Repeated measure design. SETTING: Laboratory setting...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Parisa Alaei, Soofia Naghdi, Zahra Fakhari, Shiva Komesh, Jan Dommerholt
CONTEXT: There are numerous studies on the benefits of dry needling (DN) for pain relief. No studies exist examining the effects of DN on hamstring flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To determine the immediate effects of dry needling (DN) on hamstring flexibility in healthy subjects with shortened hamstrings. DESIGN: A single blinded, pre-test post-test clinical pilot study. SETTING: A University Physiotherapy Clinic. SUBJECTS: 15 healthy subjects (female=11; age 23...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Anis Rostami, Amir Letafatkar, Alli Gokeler, Mehdi Khaleghi
CONTEXT: Female volleyball players are more predisposed to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in comparison with their male counterparts. Recent researches on ACL injury prevention strategies have shown the positive results of adopting the external focus (EF) of attention in sports. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of six-week EF instruction exercises on performance and kinetic factors associated with lower extremity injury in landing after the volleyball blocks of female athletes...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Matt Hausmann, Jacob Ober, Adam S Lepley
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Ankle sprains are the most prevalent athletic related musculoskeletal injury treated by athletic trainers, often affecting activities of daily living and delaying return to play.1 Most of these cases present with pain and swelling in the ankle, resulting in decreased range of motion and strength deficits.1 Due to these impairments, proper treatment is necessary to avoid additional loss of play and prevent future injuries. Recently, there has been an increased use of deep oscillation therapy by clinicians to manage pain and swelling following a variety of injuries, including ankle sprains...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Masha Jafari, Vahid Zolaktaf, Gholamali Ghasemi
PURPOSE: Firefighters require a high level of functional fitness to operate safely, effectively, and efficiently. We studied the distribution of FMS scores in firefighters and examined whether an 8-week corrective exercise program based on National Academy of Sport Medicine (NASM) guidelines could improve them. METHODS: All 524 active firefighters of a city completed the baseline FMS testing. Those who obtained a score of 14 or less, a sign of movement dysfunction, and volunteered to continue their participation were randomly assigned to either an experimental (n: 51) or a control (n: 45) group...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Billy Chun-Lung So, Calvin Hong-Nin Yuen, Ken Long-Hin Tung, Sheena Lam, Sammy Lan Cheng, Zina Wing-Lam Hung, Rainy Wai-Kwan Leung, Grace Pui-Yuk Szeto
CONTEXT: Deep water running (DWR) is an aquatic aerobic exercise which involves running in water without the feet touching the bottom of the pool, and it may involve different activation of trunk muscles compared to running or walking on land. This form of exercise is gradually being adopted as a form of therapeutic exercise for people with low back pain. It is proposed that different types of running or walking in water may be a more comfortable form of training for the trunk and abdominal muscles compared to exercising on dry land...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Matthew Rivera, Lindsey Eberman, Kenneth Games, Cameron J Powden
CONTEXT: The pectoralis minor (PM) is an important postural muscle that may benefit from myofascial techniques such as Graston® Technique (GT) and self-myofascial release (SMR). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of GT and SMR on PM length, glenohumeral total arc of motion (TAM), and skin temperature. DESIGN: Cohort. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six healthy participants (19 females, 7 males, 20...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Josep C Benítez-Martínez, Pablo Martínez-Ramírez, Fermín Valera-Garrido, Jose Casaña-Granell, Francesc Medina-Mirapeix
CONTEXT: The prevalence and negative consequences of the symptoms surrounding patellar tendinopathy constitute an important problem for sports medicine professionals. The identification of potential pain mediators is therefore of major interest in order to improve both the prevention and management of this injury. OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain experienced by elite male adult basketball players and patterns of patellar tendon abnormalities. Also, to identify whether structural and vascular sonographic abnormalities (focal area of hypoechogenicity [FAH], thickening [Thk], and neovascularization [NV]) are equal in determining pain perceptions...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull
CONTEXT: Roller massage (RM) is a popular myofascial intervention. To date, no research has investigated the effects of RM on experienced and non-experienced individuals and if there are difference between a prescribed RM program and a self-preferred program. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to measure the effects of a prescribed RM program with a foam roller on knee passive range of motion (PROM) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) among experienced and non-experienced individuals...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue, Toru Fukubayashi
CONTEXT: Deficits in knee position sense following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can delay an athlete's return to sport participation and increase the risk of re-injury. Deficits in position sense post-reconstruction have been evaluated using either a position-reproducing or position-matching task. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to combine both to determine which assessment would be more effective to identify deficits in knee position sense...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Lim Yoon
CONTEXT: Kinesiology tape (KT), multidirectional resistance exercise, and interventions for decreased ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) are gaining popularity in the treatment of patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of combined interventions in CAI patients. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of KT alone, KT with resistance exercise (KT + resistance), and KT + resistance + heel raise-lower exercise (KT + resistance + heel) on the results of the dynamic balance test (star excursion balance test [SEBT]), functional performance (lateral step-down test), and ankle muscle activation in CAI patients...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kelly M Meiners, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Various methods are available for assessment of static and dynamic postural stability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic postural stability as measured by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and static postural sway assessment as measured by the Technobody™ Prokin in female soccer players. A secondary purpose was to determine side-to-side symmetry in this cohort. METHODS: 18 female soccer players completed testing on the SEBT and TechnobodyTM Prokin balance device...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Aaron Sciascia, Jacob Waldecker, Cale Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most common patient-reported symptom but the perception of pain is complex, differs between individuals and not directly proportional to the extent of injury. The relationship between aberrant pain coping strategies such as pain catastrophizing and the presence of pain in competitive athletes should be further established to employ the most optimal treatment. HYPOTHESIS: The hypotheses were that numeric pain rating and pain catastrophizing scores (PCS) would have a moderate to strong relationship in collegiate athletes, and athletes with either a current injury or previous injury, or playing with pain would have significantly higher pain catastrophizing scores compared to non-injured/non-painful athletes...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Dae-Hyun Kim, Jin-Hee Lee, Seul-Min Yu, Chang-Man An
CONTEXT: It is very important to empirically determine the optimal ankle position for the quadriceps femoris (QF) strengthening during isometric exercises. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of different ankle positions on torque and electromyography (EMG) activity of QF during maximal isometric contraction. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subject, repeated measures. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six healthy volunteers (15 males and 21 females)...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yi-Ju Tsai, Chieh-Chie Chia, Pei-Yun Lee, Li-Chuan Lin, Yi-Liang Kuo
CONTEXT: Core control and strength are important for reducing the risk of lower extremity injury. Current evidence on the effect of core training in male adolescent athletes is limited, and other investigations into the effects of core training often emphasized core strength only. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether core training emphasizing both control and strength of the trunk and hip would improve joint kinematics during landing, sports performance, and lower extremity muscle strength in adolescent male volleyball athletes...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Timothy J Gibbons, Marie-Louise Bird
BACKGROUND: The training of abdominal muscles has a positive impact on the functional capacity of healthy adults, being applied practically in fields of athletics and fitness through to rehabilitation for lower back pain. OBJECTIVE: The study compares abdominal muscle activity while performing graded isometric exercises on stable and unstable surfaces. We also examined perceived stability and comfort for the different surfaces. METHODS: Thirty young, healthy adults performed three graded, isometric exercises on a Pilates table, foam roller and Oov (a newly developed tool)...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jin-Young Park, Junhyun Kim, Beom Ho Seo, Ho Dong Yu, Ju Hyun Sim, Jae Hyung Lee, Kyung Soo Oh, Seok Won Chung
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of 3-dimensional (3D) scapular kinematics is essential for understanding the pathological lesions of shoulder and elbow in throwing athletes. Many studies about alterations of resting scapular position, dynamic scapular motion, or scapular dyskinesis(SD) have been conducted, yet none of them have identified a consistent pattern of altered scapular kinematics in throwing athletes. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To analyze the 3D scapular kinematics of dominant and non-dominant arms in baseball players with a pathological condition of shoulder or elbow...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Nathan Millikan, Dustin R Grooms, Brett Hoffman, Janet E Simon
CONTEXT: Functional tests are limited primarily by measuring only physical performance. However, athletes often multitask, and deal with complex visual-spatial processing while being engaged in physical activity. OBJECTIVE: Present the development and reliability of four new neurocognitive single-leg hop tests that provide more ecological validity to test sport activity demands than previous functional return to sport testing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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