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Implant Dentistry

Rachel Mei Ling Chye, Vittoria Perrotti, Adriano Piattelli, Flavia Iaculli, Alessandro Quaranta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to review the effectiveness, side effects, and patient acceptance of different concentrations and formulation of chlorhexidine-based mouthwashes used after periodontal and implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PRISMA guideline was adopted in the search strategy using electronic databases PubMed and MEDLINE to identify randomized and case-control prospective studies on humans written in English language and published up to September 2017...
January 14, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Ausra Ramanauskaite, Karina Obreja, Robert Sader, Fouad Khoury, Georgios Romanos, Ki Tae Koo, Philip Leander Keeve, Anton Sculean, Frank Schwarz
OBJECTIVES: To address the focused question: "In patients with osseointegrated implants diagnosed with periimplantitis, what are the clinical and radiographic outcomes of augmentative surgical interventions compared with nonaugmentative surgical measures"? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature screening was performed in MEDLINE through the PubMed database, for articles published until January 1, 2018. Human studies reporting on the clinical (ie, bleeding on probing [BOP] and probing depth [PD] changes) and/or radiographic (ie, periimplant defect reduction and/or fill) treatment outcomes after surgical augmentative periimplantitis therapy, and/or comparing augmentative and nonaugmentative surgical approaches were searched...
January 14, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Yun-Ho Park, Ui-Won Jung, Chang-Sung Kim, Seong-Ho Choi, Kyoo-Sung Cho, Jung-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVES: To use resonance frequency analysis to evaluate tapered implants placed at maxillary posterior sites after lateral sinus augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had missing teeth in the maxillary posterior area and required lateral sinus augmentation before implant placement were enrolled in this study. After a 6-month healing period, a tapered implant (Osstem TSIV) was placed. Implant success rate, survival rate, and marginal bone loss of the implants were measured...
January 10, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Luca Lepidi, Carmela Suriano, Muhammad H A Saleh, Andrea Ravidà, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: To introduce a user-friendly protocol for implant-retained prosthetic rehabilitation of fully edentulous patients based on facial profile and the cephalometric intermaxillary relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patients with implants based on facial profile assessment protocol commences with a clinical and cephalometric analysis, followed by a preliminary projection to obtain a harmonious interarch relationship, eventually stabilized by the preplanned prosthesis...
January 10, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Diego Antonio Sigcho López, Iván García, Gustavo Da Silva Salomao, Dalva Cruz Laganá
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review potential deviation factors in stereolithographic surgical guides for dental implantology, warnings, and limitations of the system. METHODS: An electronic search in databases EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and PubMed were conducted by 3 researchers to collect information on the accuracy of static computer-guided implant placement to summarize and analyze the overall accuracy. The latter included a search for correlations between factors such as support (teeth/mucosa/bone), number of templates, use of fixation pins, jaw, template production, guiding system, and guided implant placement in articles related to guided surgery with stereolithographic static systems...
January 10, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Alice Engel Naves Freire, Thaisa Macedo Iunes Carrera, Larissa Santana Rodriguez, Marina Lara de Carli, Aires Pereira Filho, João Adolfo Costa Hanemann, Noé Vital Ribeiro Júnior, Suzane Cristina Pigossi
The aim of this case report was to describe the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lateralization technique using the piezoelectric device for the posterior rehabilitation of an atrophic mandible with implants. The patient presented the absence of elements 35 and 36 associated with a vertical defect impairing the adequate dental implant placement without IAN damage. A full-thickness mucoperiosteal flap was raised, and a bone window was made with a piezoelectric device centralized on the IAN canal position. After dissection, the IAN was moved buccally with a sterile elastic strip...
January 7, 2019: Implant Dentistry
Anastasia Kelekis-Cholakis, Janet Rothney
PURPOSE: Patient-administered and professionally administered periimplant maintenance have been recommended to ensure long-term periimplant tissue health. In this narrative review, the effectiveness of patient and professionally administered interventions and the current level of evidence that periimplant maintenance therapy is effective in preventing the occurrence of periimplant disease were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, for evidence-based articles in support of the above topics...
December 28, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Morton L Perel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Kang-Mi Pang, Jeong-Keun Lee, Seong-Ho Choi, Young-Kyun Kim, Bong-Ju Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, histological and radiographic outcomes of the calcium phosphate double-coated anorganic bovine bone (InduCera; Oscotec Inc., Seongnam, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea) compared with that of anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss; Geistlich Biomaterials, Wolhusen, Switzerland) in maxillary sinus augmentation, prospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight sinuses in 25 patients (3 bilateral) with vertical alveolar bone height from 2 to 5 mm were included in this study...
December 18, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Ning Song, Da-Qing Liao, Fei Liu, Yan-Yan Zhang, Jiu Lin, Hang Wang, Jie-Fei Shen
PURPOSE: Titanium (Ti) is the key material used in dental implants because of its excellent biocompatibility. But wear and corrosion Ti particles had been widely reported to induce inflammation and promote bone absorption. However, little information is known about the damage of Ti particles on neurons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trigeminal root ganglion (TRG) neurons were exposed to Ti particles (<5 μm). The electrophysiological properties of 2 main subtypes of voltage-gated potassium channels (VGPCs) (KA and KV) were examined by whole-cell patch-clamp techniques...
November 30, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Akihiro Takayama, Akinori Moroi, Yuki Saito, Kunio Yoshizawa, Taro Nishida, Koichiro Ueki
PURPOSE: We investigated whether it was possible to perform a sinus lift maintaining absorbable screw material with biological activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty rabbits were used. The screws used in this study were unsintered hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactic acid (uHA/PLLA) (uHA/PLLA group) and titanium alloy (Ti group). Some uHA/PLLA screws were treated with ultraviolet light (UV-uHA/PLLA group). Each group consisted of 10 rabbits, and 2 screws were implanted for 1 rabbit...
November 30, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Karen Juel Nissen, Thomas Starch-Jensen
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to assess patient satisfaction and esthetic implant outcome 10 years after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with autogenous bone graft from the mandibular ramus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation with autogenous bone graft from the mandibular ramus was conducted in 48 consecutive patients from 2002 to 2006. Records and radiographs were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four patients including 34 sinus augmentation procedures and 37 implants were evaluated after 10 years...
November 20, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Philip L Keeve, Ki Tae Koo, Ausra Ramanauskaite, Georgios Romanos, Frank Schwarz, Anton Sculean, Fouad Khoury
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to systematically screen the literature on surgical non-regenerative treatments of periimplantitis, especially for radiologic and clinical outcomes, and to determine predictable therapeutic options for the clinical management of periimplantitis lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The potentially relevant literature was assessed independently by 2 reviewers to identify clinical studies, trials, and case series in humans describing the surgical non-regenerative treatment outcomes of periimplantitis with a follow-up of at least 6 months...
November 20, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Jimmy Vellis, Ahmad Kutkut, Mohanad Al-Sabbagh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of collagen matrix (CM) grafts as an alternative to free gingival grafts (FGGs) in increasing the zone of keratinized tissue (KT) around dental implants. METHODS: Thirty subjects with 2 contralateral implants were recruited. The test group (n = 30) received CM grafts. The control group (n = 30) received FGGs. Clinical variables were plaque index, gingival index, probing depths, bleeding on probing (BOP), and mucosal recession (MR)...
November 19, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Wenjuan Zhou, Stefan Tangl, Karoline Maria Reich, Franziska Kirchweger, Zhonghao Liu, Werner Zechner, Christian Ulm, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a systemic disease that also compromises the bone healing capacity. In healthy individuals, surface modifications of dental implants are proven to increase bone response and implant success. The aim of this study was to clarify if the surface modifications also improve osseointegration in a setting with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: T2DM was induced in 7 rats by a high-fat diet/low-dose streptozotocin injection. All animals received a hydroxyapatite (HA) implant, a sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) implant, and a standard machined titanium implant for control in the tibia...
November 19, 2018: Implant Dentistry
Fabienne Jordana, Léa Susbielles, Jacques Colat-Parros
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether implant roughness is associated with periimplantitis in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of 3 databases (MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until October 2017 and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) give a clear definition of periimplantitis and (2) contain outcome data (clinical and radiological data) considering the periimplantitis rate...
December 2018: Implant Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Implant Dentistry
Liao Juan, Li Peng, Wu Mengjun, Mu Yandong
PURPOSE: The impact of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on the healing of bone tissues around implants was studied using an animal model. METHODS: A total of 32 beagle dogs were selected and randomly divided into the HBO group and the blank group. The dogs in the HBO group were subjected to 90 minutes of HBO therapy. X-ray, cone-beam computerized tomography imaging, implant stability quotient (ISQ) values, histological observation, quantitative analysis of bone histomorphometry, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson staining were evaluated...
December 2018: Implant Dentistry
Danielle Ayumi Nishimura, Eduardo Massaharu Aoki, Reinaldo Abdala Júnior, Emiko Saito Arita, Otavio Henrique Pinhata-Baptista, Ricardo Yudi Tateno, Luciana Correa, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes
PURPOSE: Pixel values from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) are proportional to bone density. This study aimed to correlate and compare pixel values of healed maxillary sinus grafts and adjacent native bone (NB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted on CBCT scan patients referred for maxillary sinus floor augmentation with biphasic calcium phosphate (n = 31). Graft height and width measurements were performed. In addition, mean pixel values were calculated in 3 different regions: NB, sinus graft close to NB (CNB), and sinus graft far from NB (FNB)...
December 2018: Implant Dentistry
Morton L Perel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Implant Dentistry
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