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Journal of Vascular Research

Gábor Fazekas, László Benkő, Gábor Kasza, Endre Arató, László Sínay, Szaniszló Jávor, Tibor Nagy, Péter Hardi, Lajos Kollár, Gábor Jancsó, Gábor Menyhei
AIMS: Prosthetic graft infection frequently requires graft replacement. Among other options, a biological graft could serve as an alternative choice. Decellularization reduces tissue immunogenicity. Our aim was to determine an efficient decellularization method and to evaluate the decellularized porcine biografts' adaptability. METHODS: Four different protocols were implemented to decellularize porcine aortic segments (n = 4). Cell removal effectiveness and matrix structure preservation were histologically examined...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Sera Gonelevue, Abhirup Bandyopadhyay, Saumya Bhagat, Md Iqbal Alam, Gausal A Khan
High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), a sterile inflammatory molecule and damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) released from various cells during stress has been implicated in inflammation. Several reports show that there is a direct relationship between inflammation and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) such as thrombosis, hypertension, insulin resistance, preeclampsia, etc. Here, we intend to summarize the concept of the emerging link between HMGB1 and CVDs. Furthermore, we will discuss the possible therapeutic strategies that target HMGB1 for the treatment of different CVDs...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Anastasia Logothetidou, Ward De Spiegelaere, Tim Vandecasteele, Waltraud Tschulenk, Ingrid Walter, Wim Van den Broeck, Pieter Cornillie
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intussusceptive angiogenesis (IA) is a dynamic process which contributes to vascular expansion and remodeling. Intraluminal pillars have long been the distinctive structural indicator of IA. However, the mechanism of their formation has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Using light and electron microscopy, we studied intussusceptive vascular growth in the developing porcine metanephric kidney. RESULTS: We observed intraluminal pillars formed by endothelial cells in the vasculature of developing glomeruli...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Souleiman Ghanem, Bence Tanczos, Adam Deak, Laszlo Bidiga, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistulae impair the distal circulation, but their effects at the microcirculatory level are not well understood. This study presents the carotid-jugular fistula (CJF) as a model to evaluate fistula-related microcirculatory and systemic changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female Wistar rats were anesthetized and divided into a fistula group (FG, n = 10) and a sham group (SG, n = 6). End-to-end anastomosis was performed between the right carotid artery and the jugular vein in the FG...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
David A Prim, Vinal Menon, Shahd Hasanian, Laurel Carter, Tarek Shazly, Jay D Potts, John F Eberth
Adaptive remodeling processes are essential to the maintenance and viability of coronary artery bypass grafts where clinical outcomes depend strongly on the tissue source. In this investigation, we utilized an ex vivo perfusion bioreactor to culture porcine analogs of common human bypass grafts: the internal thoracic artery (ITA), the radial artery (RA), and the great saphenous vein (GSV), and then evaluated samples acutely (6 h) and chronically (7 days) under in situ or coronary-like perfusion conditions. Although morphologically similar, primary cells harvested from the ITA illustrated lower intimal and medial, but not adventitial, cell proliferation rates than those from the RA or GSV...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Chang-Chih Shih, Jen-Chun Wang, Shih-Hung Tsai, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Sy-Jou Chen, Wen-I Liao, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) have an increased risk of aortic aneurysm (AA). METHODS: The data for the nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study described here were obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). We selected adult patients who had been newly diagnosed as having OSA and were followed up between 2000 and 2010. We excluded patients who had been diagnosed as having AA before the date of the new OSA diagnosis...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Samia Neggazi, Laurence Canaple, Nadjiba Hamlat, Karine Gauthier, Jacques Samarut, Giampiero Bricca, Souhila Aouichat-Bouguerra, Michel Beylot
Thyroid hormone (TH) regulates gene transcription by binding to TH receptors (TRs). TRs regulate the genes of lipid metabolism and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). We examined the effect of TRα deletion in ApoE-/- mice (DKO mice) on the following: (i) the expression of genes controlling cholesterol metabolism and tissue (t)RAS in the liver and aorta and (ii) the expression of these genes and the regulation of cholesterol content in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). TRα deletion in ApoE-/- mice led to the repression of genes involved in the synthesis and influx of cholesterol in the liver...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Mingyi Wang, Robert E Monticone, Kimberly R McGraw
Age-associated structural and functional remodeling of the arterial wall produces a productive environment for the initiation and progression of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Chronic aging stress induces low-grade proinflammatory signaling and causes cellular proinflammation in arterial walls, which triggers the structural phenotypic shifts characterized by endothelial dysfunction, diffuse intimal-medial thickening, and arterial stiffening. Microscopically, aged arteries exhibit an increase in arterial cell senescence, proliferation, invasion, matrix deposition, elastin fragmentation, calcification, and amyloidosis...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Raquel Carvalho Castiglione, Carlos M M R Barros, Beatriz C S Boa, Maria das Graças C De Souza, Eliete Bouskela
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fructose intake is directly related to vascular dysfunction and it is a risk factor for the development of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Selenium, a component of antioxidant enzymes, improves hyperglycemia and vascular function in diabetic animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary selenium supplementation on microcirculatory and metabolic parameters of fructose-fed hamsters. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) had their drinking water substituted or not by 10% fructose solution for 60 days, during which their microcirculatory function was evaluated in the cheek pouch preparation...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Oliver Baretella, Aimin Xu, Paul M Vanhoutte
BACKGROUND: Aging, obesity, and diabetes favor vascular dysfunction. Endothelial activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has protective effects in diabetes. METHODS: Mice with constitutive endothelial activation of AMPK (CA-AMPK) were given a high fat diet to induce obesity or kept on standard chow as lean controls for up to 2 years. A subset of obese animals was changed to standard chow after 30 weeks of high fat feeding. En-dothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses were examined by isometric tension recording...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Lexiao Jin, Alexandra Lipinski, Daniel J Conklin
Vascular contractile function changes in proliferative vascular diseases, e.g. atherosclerosis, and is documented using isolated blood vessels; yet, many laboratories differ in their approach to quantification. Some use raw values (e.g., mg, mN); others use a "percentage of control agonist" approach; and others normalize by blood vessel characteristic, e.g. length, mass, etc. A lack of uniformity limits direct comparison of contractility outcomes. To address this limitation, we developed a simple 2-step normalization method: (1) measure blood vessel segment length (mm), area (mm2) and calculate volume (mm3); then, (2) normalize isometric contraction (mN) by segment length and volume...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Xiang-Ping Lin, Han-Jin Cui, A-Li Yang, Jie-Kun Luo, Tao Tang
Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains a major public health burden. Endothelial-dependent coronary artery vasoreactivity is a significant indicator of vascular function. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and predicts late cardiovascular events. Astragaloside IV (AGIV) is the main active component of the herb Astragalus membranaceus. Although it shows a significant protective effect against vascular endothelial dysfunction, the mechanisms of AGIV promoting the vascular dilation have not been elucidated...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Carlos E Escarcega González, Abimael González Hernández, Carlos M Villalón, Martin G Rodríguez, Bruno A Marichal Cancino
Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are frequent (4-5% of the childhood population) benign vascular tumors that involve accumulation, proliferation, and differentiation of aberrant vascular cells. Typically, IH are innocuous and spontaneously disappear, but they represent a potential risk for harmful effects in the body (e.g., permanent disfigurement) and health (e.g., ulcerations) in some patients. From a serendipitous discovery, the nonselective β-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol (which blocks β1-adrenoceptors, β2-adrenoceptors, and β3-adrenoceptors) emerged as an alternative therapy to treat this pathology and it quickly became a first-line treatment for IH...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
George Lindesay, Yvonnick Bézie, Christophe Ragonnet, Véronique Duchatelle, Chandima Dharmasena, Nicole Villeneuve, Christine Vayssettes-Courchay
Central artery stiffening is recognized as a cardiovascular risk. The effects of hypertension and aging have been shown in human and animal models but the effect of salt is still controversial. We studied the effect of a high-salt diet on aortic stiffness in salt-sensitive spontaneously hypersensitive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP). Distensibility, distension, and β-stiffness were measured at thoracic and abdominal aortic sites in the same rats, using echotracking recording of the aortic diameter coupled with blood pressure (BP), in SHRSP-salt (5% salted diet, 5 weeks), SHRSP, and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Ariana D Suarez-Martinez, Susanne Bierschenk, Katie Huang, Dana Kaplan, Carolyn L Bayer, Stryder M Meadows, Markus Sperandio, Walter L Murfee
BACKGROUND: The development of models that incorporate intact microvascular networks enables the investigation of multicellular dynamics during angiogenesis. Our laboratory introduced the rat mesentery culture model as such a tool, which would be enhanced with mouse tissue. Since mouse mesentery is avascular, an alternative is mouse mesometrium, the connective tissue of uterine horns. The study's objective was to demonstrate that mouse mesometrium contains microvascular networks that can be cultured to investigate multicellular dynamics during angiogenesis...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Zühre Uz, Arnoud W Kastelein, Dan M J Milstein, Dan Liu, Fadi Rassam, Denise P Veelo, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Can Ince, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study describes the peritoneal microcirculation, compares quantitative parameters and angioarchitecture to the standard of sublingual microcirculatory assessment, and determines the practical feasibility of this method. METHODS: Incident dark field imaging was performed of the peritoneum and sublingually to determine angioarchitecture, total and perfused vessel density (TVD and PVD), the proportion of perfused vessels (PPV), the microvascular flow index (MFI) and image acquisition time...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Colin Davenport, Emma Harper, Keith D Rochfort, Hannah Forde, Diarmuid Smith, Philip M Cummins
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) promotes vascular calcification, while osteoprotegerin (OPG) opposes it by blocking RANKL activity. It remains unclear which vascular cell populations produce and secrete OPG/RANKL. This study characterizes the production of OPG/RANKL from human aortic endothelial and smooth muscle cells (HAECs and HASMCs) under various conditions. HAECs and HASMCs were exposed to inflammatory stimuli (tumor necrosis factor-α or hyperglycemia) or physiological levels of hemodynamic (cyclic) strain...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Aimee E Vozenilek, Matthew Vetkoetter, Jonette M Green, Xinggui Shen, James G Traylor, Ronald L Klein, A Wayne Orr, Matthew D Woolard, David M Krzywanski
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to inflammation and vascular remodeling during atherosclerotic plaque formation. C57BL/6N (6N) and C57BL/6J (6J) mice display distinct mitochondrial redox balance due to the absence of nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (NNT) in 6J mice. We hypothesize that differential NNT expression between these animals alters plaque development. METHODS: 6N and 6J mice were treated with AAV8-PCSK9 (adeno-associated virus serotype 8/proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) virus leading to hypercholesterolemia, increased low-density lipoprotein, and atherosclerosis in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD)...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Mária Szekeres, György L Nádasy, Gabriella Dörnyei, Annamária Szénási, Akos Koller
PURPOSE: Exercise elicits early adaptation of coronary vessels enabling the coronary circulation to respond adequately to higher flow demands. We hypothesized that short-term daily exercise induces biomechanical and functional remodeling of the coronary resistance arteries related to pressure. METHODS: Male rats were subjected to a progressively increasing 4-week treadmill exercise program (over 60 min/day, 1 mph in the final step). In vitro pressure-diameter measurements were performed on coronary segments (119 ± 5 μm in diameter at 50 mm Hg) with microarteriography...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
Min Young Ahn, Sun Ah Ham, Taesik Yoo, Won Jin Lee, Jung Seok Hwang, Kyung Shin Paek, Dae-Seog Lim, Sung Gu Han, Chi-Ho Lee, Han Geuk Seo
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is implicated in vascular diseases associated with oxidative stress, such as abdominal aortic aneurysms, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and atherosclerosis. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying TSP-1 expression are not fully elucidated. In this study, we found that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) inhibited oxidative stress-induced TSP-1 expression and migration in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Activation of PPARδ by GW501516, a specific ligand for PPARδ, significantly attenuated hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced expression of TSP-1 in VSMCs...
2018: Journal of Vascular Research
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