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Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR

M S Sotoodeh, H Taheri-Torbati, M Sohrabi, M Ghoshuni
BACKGROUND: There have been some controversies over the ability of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to perceive biological motion. In this study, we used electroencephalography and behavioural measures (recognition test) to examine whether or not children with ASD can correctly identify biological motion. METHOD: Twenty participants with ASD (mean = 11.3, SD = 2.1 years) and 20 typically developed (TD) participants (mean = 11.4, SD = 2.8 years) participated in the study...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
E G Neimeijer, J J Roest, G H P van der Helm, R Didden
BACKGROUND: This study examined the psychometric properties of the Group Climate Instrument (GCI) in a sample of N = 189 adults (79% men) with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning who were residents of a treatment facility in the Netherlands. METHOD: Construct validity of the GCI was examined by means of confirmatory factor analysis. Also, reliability and convergent validity of the GCI were examined. We also examined the variability in perception of the living group climate between and within living groups by computing intraclass correlation coefficients...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
L Harris, C Hankey, N Jones, H Murray, C Pert, J Tobin, S Boyle, R Shearer, C A Melville
BACKGROUND: Providing effective weight management to adults with intellectual disabilities is necessary to challenge the high rates of obesity. The aim of this process evaluation was to explore the feasibility of conducting a full-scale clinical trial of the TAKE 5 multi-component weight management programme. METHODS: The study was a 12-month pilot cluster-randomised controlled trial. Adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity were randomised to either TAKE 5, which included an energy deficit diet (EDD) or Waist Winners Too, based on health education principles...
November 11, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Axmon, G Ahlström, M Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Falls are common among older people with intellectual disability (ID) and are also a major contributor to injuries in this population. Yet, fall characteristics have only been sparsely studied, and the results are inconsistent. The aim of the present study was to investigate type of falls, places where they occurred and activities that caused them, as well as health outcomes and health utilisation patterns after falls, among older people with ID in comparison with their age peers in the general population...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
G Li, K Rossbach, W Jiang, L Zhao, K Zhang, Y Du
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported changes within grey matter (GM) volume in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, little is known about GM volume changes and the relation with symptom severity in Chinese boys with low functioning autism spectrum disorder (LFASD). METHOD: GM volume was analysed using SPM 8 and compared between 16 boys with LFASD as well as 16 typically developing (TD) boys (using REST 1.8). Additionally, the correlation between GM volume and clinical symptoms was analysed, using subscales within the Autism Behaviour Checklist (ABC)...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
N M Hassan, K B Landorf, N Shields, S E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) often do not meet recommended guidelines for physical activity. The aim of this study was to systematically review available evidence that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity in individuals with ID. METHOD: Five electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched from inception of the database to July 2017 to identify randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among people with ID...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
K E Biesmans, L van Aken, E M J Frunt, P A M Wingbermühle, J I M Egger
BACKGROUND: Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline intellectual disability and normal/high intelligence). This study therefore examines the relation between three EFs (inhibition, shifting and updating) and intelligence in a heterogeneous psychiatric sample...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Y Lunsky, C De Oliveira, A Wilton, W Wodchis
OBJECTIVE: While it is generally accepted that adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) use health services to a greater extent than the general population, there is remarkably little research that focuses on the costs associated with their health care. Using population-based data from adults with IDD in Ontario, this study aimed to estimate overall health care costs, classify individuals into high and non-high cost categories and describe differences in the demographics, clinical profiles and health care use patterns between these groups...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
M Pau, C Condoluci, M Zago, M Galli
BACKGROUND: Gait phenotypes are well documented in people with Down syndrome (pwDS), but sex-related differences are still unexplored. This study investigated the existence of possible differences in spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait between men and women with DS using quantitative three-dimensional gait analysis. METHODS: Gait patterns of 117 pwDS (53 F, 64 M) who underwent a computerised gait analysis from 2002 to 2017 were retrospectively analysed to obtain spatio-temporal gait parameters and kinematics in the sagittal plane at hip, knee and ankle joints, as well as foot progression...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Makkar, K R Indushekar, B G Saraf, D Sardana, N Sheoran
BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual disabilities (ID) have usually been reported to have poorer levels of oral hygiene and higher prevalence of dental caries than their compeers. The present study was conducted to assess the status of dental caries and oral hygiene in different categories of institutionalised children with ID (syndromic and non-syndromic) registered in various special schools of Delhi (National Capital Region, India). METHODS: The present cross sectional study was conducted on 269 children [52 with cerebral palsy (CP), 35 with Down syndrome (DS), 30 with autism and 152 with non-syndromic intellectual disability] attending nine special schools who were examined for dental caries [Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth index for permanent teeth (DMFT); decayed, missing/indicated for extraction, filled index for primary teeth (dmft) and prevalence of caries] and oral hygiene status [Oral Hygiene Index-simplified (OHI-S)]...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
M D Gil-Llario, V Morell-Mengual, I Díaz-Rodríguez, R Ballester-Arnal
BACKGROUND: Sexual victimisation is an important problem that affects millions of people around the world, especially those with some kind of disability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-reported and documented sexual abuse in people with mild or moderate intellectual disability and to analyse the sequelae that such experiences can have on their psychosocial health. METHODS: The sample consisted of 360 adults (50% men and 50% women) between 18 and 55 years of age (M = 39...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
J S van Ool, F M Snoeijen-Schouwenaars, I Y Tan, H J Schelhaas, A P Aldenkamp, J G M Hendriksen
BACKGROUND: In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth edition (DSM-5), the diagnostic criteria of intellectual disability (ID) include three domains of adaptive deficits: the conceptual, social and practical. Substantial intra-individual differences between domains can be considered an ID domain discrepancy. METHOD: We explored the associations between ID domains, discrepancies and epilepsy in 189 adults (mean age = 47.9; SD = 15.6)...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
F Bertapelli, J S Curtis, B Carlson, M Johnson, B Abadie, S Agiovlasitis
BACKGROUND: Accelerometers and pedometers have been used to monitor the number of steps. However, the evidence on the step-counting accuracy of these devices - especially accelerometers - is limited in persons with Down syndrome (DS). This study therefore examined the accuracy of accelerometers placed on the hip or wrist and of a pedometer with a uni-axial accelerometer mechanism in measuring steps in persons with DS and whether device error is associated with walking speed, height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, leg length, age or sex...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A L Barrowcliff, S C Oathamshaw, C Evans
BACKGROUND: There is paucity in availability of valid and reliable measures of psychopathology that can be routinely applied with an intellectual disability (ID) population in clinical practice. The psychometric properties of the Clinical Outcome Routine Evaluation-Learning Disabilities 30-Item version (CORE-LD30) are examined. METHOD: The CORE-LD30 was administered to 271 sequential referrals to three National Health Service (NHS) ID services providing psychological support...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
M Swanepoel, T Haw
BACKGROUND: Parenting a child who has an intellectual disability has been shown to increase the risk for developing depression. The purpose of this study was to screen for depression and to determine if there is an association between depressive symptoms and certain sociodemographic factors in mothers with a child diagnosed with Down syndrome in state health care facilities in Johannesburg. METHODS: The study included 30 biological mothers of children between 6 months and 3 years diagnosed with Down syndrome postnatally...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
D Dagnan, I Jackson, L Eastlake
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders have high prevalence in people with intellectual disabilities. In populations without intellectual disabilities, cognitive behavioural therapy is a first line psychological therapy for these presentations. There is no existing review of the range of methods and outcomes from intervention studies in this area. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out following guidance in the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
G Glover, R Williams, G Tompkins, J Oyinlola
INTRODUCTION: Providing safe, high-quality admitted-patient care for people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) requires consideration for their special needs particularly in relation to communication and consent. To make allowance for these special requirements, it would be helpful for hospitals to know how often they are likely to arise. This study set out to identify the amount and patterns of use of acute, non-psychiatric hospital admitted-patient care in England by people with ID...
September 16, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
S M Mensch, M A Echteld, R Lemmens, A Oppewal, H M Evenhuis, E A A Rameckers
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the relationship between motor abilities and quality of life in children with severe multiple disabilities. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, motor abilities of 29 children (mean age 9.8 years; 45% girls) with severe multiple disabilities [IQ < 25; Gross Motor Function Motor Classification System level V] were measured with the MOtor eVAluation in Kids with Intellectual and Complex disabilities (Movakic) questionnaire (completed by the child's physical therapist)...
September 2, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
D-L Lamptey
BACKGROUND: This paper explored the health beliefs and behaviours of families towards the health needs of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in Accra, Ghana. The aim was to inform health promotion strategies for the children and their families. METHOD: Twenty-two parents of children with IDD participated in this study. Semi-structured interviews were the primary means of data collection. The interviews were analysed using constant comparison...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
C Richards, F Symons
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December 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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