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Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349839/inflammatory-biomarkers-and-intellectual-disability-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#1
S Manti, M C Cutrupi, C Cuppari, E Ferro, V Dipasquale, G Di Rosa, R Chimenz, M A La Rosa, A Valenti, V Salpietro
BACKGROUND: Intellectual disability (ID) is part of the Down syndrome (DS) phenotypic spectrum, but the exact molecular pathophysiology of ID in individuals with DS is not yet fully understood, with many research hypotheses still unproven. Basing on previous studies (which suggested a possible role of altered inflammatory response in DS-related ID), we assessed the serum levels of a number of inflammatory biomarkers [serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (C-RP), high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1)] in a cohort of individuals with DS and healthy controls...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349826/low-performance-on-mathematical-tasks-in-preschoolers-the-importance-of-domain-general-and-domain-specific-abilities
#2
H M Costa, B Nicholson, C Donlan, J Van Herwegen
BACKGROUND: Different domain-specific and domain-general cognitive precursors play a key role in the development of mathematical abilities. The contribution of these domains to mathematical ability changes during development. Primary school-aged children who show mathematical difficulties form a heterogeneous group, but it is not clear whether this also holds for preschool low achievers (LAs) and how domain-specific and domain-general abilities contribute to mathematical difficulties at a young age...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315939/the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#3
B L Ncube, A Perry, J A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. METHOD: Parents of 246 children with SDD (aged 4 to 19 years) and 210 TD children (aged 4 to 18 years) responded to an online survey. QoL was measured using a composite variable composed of the child's happiness, achievement of potential and friendship quality...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314463/prevalence-and-patterns-of-anti-epileptic-medication-prescribing-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-in-older-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#4
M O'Dwyer, J Peklar, N Mulryan, P McCallion, M McCarron, M C Henman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of epilepsy is higher in people with intellectual disability (ID) and increases with the degree of ID. Although life expectancy for people with ID is increasing, people with ID coexisting with epilepsy have a higher mortality rate, particularly those who had recent seizures. There have been few observational studies of the prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing among older people with ID and epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing in the treatment of epilepsy in a representative population of older people with ID and epilepsy...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314419/convergent-validity-of-actigraphy-with-polysomnography-and-parent-reports-when-measuring-sleep-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#5
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman, E Stansberry, R Shaffer
BACKGROUND: There is a need for rigorous measures of sleep in children with Down syndrome as sleep is a substantial problem in this population and there are barriers to obtaining the gold standard polysomnography (PSG). PSG is cost-prohibitive when measuring treatment effects in some clinical trials, and children with Down syndrome may not cooperate with undergoing a PSG. Minimal information is available on the validity of alternative methods of assessing sleep in children with Down syndrome, such as actigraphy and parent ratings...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282827/links-between-sleep-and-daytime-behaviour-problems-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#6
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman, D W Beebe, K C Byars, J Epstein
BACKGROUND: In the general population, sleep problems have an impact on daytime performance. Despite sleep problems being common among children with Down syndrome, the impact of sleep problems on daytime behaviours in school-age children with Down syndrome is an understudied topic. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and actigraphy-measured sleep duration and sleep quality with parent and teacher reports of daytime behaviour problems among school-age children with Down syndrome...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282783/the-spanish-version-of-the-self-determination-inventory-student-report-application-of-item-response-theory-to-self-determination-measurement
#7
C Mumbardó-Adam, J Guàrdia-Olmos, C Giné, S K Raley, K A Shogren
BACKGROUND: A new measure of self-determination, the Self-Determination Inventory: Student Report (Spanish version), has recently been adapted and empirically validated in Spanish language. As it is the first instrument intended to measure self-determination in youth with and without disabilities, there is a need to further explore and strengthen its psychometric analysis based on item response patterns. METHOD: Through item response theory approach, this study examined item observed distributions across the essential characteristics of self-determination...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280230/high-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-hypertension-and-obesity-among-persons-with-a-recorded-diagnosis-of-intellectual-disability-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
E Flygare Wallén, G Ljunggren, A C Carlsson, D Pettersson, P Wändell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and lack of physical activity are frequently reported in persons with intellectual disability (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesised a higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in this population. METHOD: We used administrative data for all primary and specialist outpatient and inpatient healthcare consultations for people with at least one recorded diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, hypertension or obesity from 1998 to 2015...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277930/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
A M McGarty, S J Downs, C A Melville, L Harris
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity (PA) through intervention can promote physical and mental health benefits in children and adolescents. However, children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) have consistently been shown to engage in low levels of PA, which are insufficient for long-term health. Despite this, little is known about the effectiveness of interventions to increase PA in children and adolescents with ID. The aims of this study were therefore to systematically review how effective interventions are at increasing PA levels in children and adolescents with ID and to further examine what components have been used in these interventions...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266505/7q11-23-microduplication-syndrome-neurophysiological-and-neuroradiological-insights-into-a-rare-chromosomal-disorder
#10
L Castiglia, R A Husain, I Marquardt, C Fink, T Liehr, D Serino, M Elia, E G Coci
BACKGROUND: The phenotypical consequence of the heterozygous chromosome 7q11.23 interstitial microdeletion is the Williams-Beuren syndrome, a very well-known genetic multi-systemic disorder. Much less is known about the reverse condition, the heterozygous interstitial microduplication of 7q11.23 region. The first molecular cytogenetic description was published in 2005, and only after several years were the reported patients numerous enough to attempt a description of a common phenotype...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250853/participation-in-school-related-activities-that-require-hand-use-for-children-with-and-without-developmental-disabilities
#11
M Cho, S Rodger, J Copley, C-W Chien
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental disabilities (DD) may experience limited participation in school activities. Little is known about whether school participation of children with DD who attend special schools is impacted. This study specifically focused on physical engagement in school-related activities that require hand use for the comparison between this group of children with DD and typically developing children. METHODS: The sample consisted of 97 children with DD who attended special schools (mean age 8...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205624/fundamental-movement-skills-and-balance-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#12
C M Capio, T C T Mak, M A Tse, R S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS proficiency and balance ability in children with DS, with the aim of contributing evidence to programmes that address FMS delay. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 children with DS (7...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205605/coaching-parents-to-assess-and-treat-self-injurious-behaviour-via-telehealth
#13
S S Benson, A F Dimian, M Elmquist, J Simacek, J J McComas, F J Symons
The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193472/intellectual-disability-is-a-risk-factor-for-delayed-emergence-from-total-intravenous-anaesthesia
#14
H Higuchi, S Maeda, M Ishii-Maruhama, Y Honda-Wakasugi, A Yabuki-Kawase, T Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that ID influences the depth of general anaesthesia (GA) and delays emergence from GA. In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated whether ID affects the time taken to emerge from GA. METHODS: We selected dental patients who underwent GA at the Department of Dental Anaesthesiology, Okayama University Hospital, using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, before dividing the selected participants into ID and non-ID (control) groups...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193399/quality-improvement-of-physical-health-monitoring-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-an-integrative-review
#15
J Edwards, F Mold, D Knivett, P Boulter, M Firn, N Carey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178565/adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-china-comorbid-psychiatric-disorder-and-its-association-with-health-service-utilisation
#16
P He, G Chen, Z Wang, C Guo, N Li, C Yun, X Zheng
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) often have multiple comorbidities. Psychiatric disorders in this population have been poorly studied in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with ID and whether comorbid psychiatric disorders were associated with health service utilisation. METHODS: We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability, conducted in 31 provinces of China and selected a subsample of 13 631 adults aged 18 years and above with ID...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159888/salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-as-a-marker-of-stress-reduction-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-and-autism-in-response-to-occupational-and-music-therapy
#17
J Poquérusse, A Azhari, P Setoh, S Cainelli, C Ripoli, P Venuti, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of a range of disability-centric therapies have been well studied, little remains known about how they work, let alone how to monitor these benefits in a precise and reliable way. METHODS: Here, in two independent studies, we examine how sessions consisting of occupational or music therapy, both widely recognised for their effectiveness, modulate levels of salivary α-amylase (sAA), a now time- and cost-efficient marker of stress, in individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159891/the-experience-of-sexuality-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#18
M D Gil-Llario, V Morell-Mengual, R Ballester-Arnal, I Díaz-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability have the same sexual needs as those without any disability, yet their sexuality is often restricted by reluctant attitudes and/or fears based on irrational beliefs. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse different areas of sexuality in adults with mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHOD: The sample consisted of 180 men and 180 women attending occupational centres. All the participants were administered a questionnaire about sexuality adapted to their characteristics...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154439/verbal-short-term-memory-shows-a-specific-association-with-receptive-but-not-productive-vocabulary-measures-in-down-syndrome
#19
S Majerus, K Barisnikov
BACKGROUND: Verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity has been considered to support vocabulary learning in typical children and adults, but evidence for this link is inconsistent for studies in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The aim of this study was explore the role of processing demands on the association between verbal STM and vocabulary measures in DS, by comparing receptive vocabulary measures with high STM processing demands to productive vocabulary measures with low STM processing demands...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124810/environment-learning-from-virtual-exploration-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-the-role-of-perspective-and-sketch-maps
#20
E Toffalini, C Meneghetti, B Carretti, S Lanfranchi
BACKGROUND: Spatial knowledge about an environment is an important determinant of ability to move effectively within it and of personal autonomy. Individuals with Down's syndrome (DS) have difficulty managing configural visuospatial information. METHOD: Twenty-nine individuals with DS and 29 typically developing (TD) children, matched for mental age, learned about environments through virtual exploration using a route or survey view. A sketch map of the environment was or was not presented before exploration...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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