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Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900816/sensorimotor-and-visual-perceptual-functioning-in-school-aged-children-with-williams-syndrome
#1
Y-P Wuang, H-Y Tsai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to describe sensorimotor profile and visual perceptual performance in school-aged (6-12 years) children with Williams syndrome (WS). The impacts of sensorimotor and visual perception on participation in WS were examined as well to guide research and evidence-based practices. METHODS: A total of 38 children with WS aged 6 to 12 years were evaluated with measures of motor performance (Bruininks-Oseretsky of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition), sensory processing (Sensory Profile), visual perceptual abilities (Test of Visual Perception Skills-Third Edition) and activity participation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, School Function Assessment)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868264/profiles-of-children-with-down-syndrome-who-meet-screening-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-comparison-with-children-diagnosed-with-asd-attending-specialist-schools
#2
G Warner, P Howlin, E Salomone, J Moss, T Charman
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that around 16% to 18% of children with Down syndrome (DS) also meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are indications that profiles of autism symptoms in this group may vary from those typically described in children with ASD. METHOD: Rates of autism symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems among children with DS who screened positive for ASD on the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) (n = 183) were compared with a group of children with clinical diagnoses of ASD (n = 189) attending specialist schools in the UK...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862519/accuracy-of-the-prediction-equation-for-the-determination-of-maximum-heart-rate-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#3
Pieter-Henk Boer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to determine if the regression formula developed for the prediction of maximum heart rate (HR) is valid for adults with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: Thirty-six adults with DS (31.7 ± 6.8 years; 20 men, 16 women) completed a maximal aerobic test. Maximum HR and VO2 peak were measured directly on a motorised treadmill with a metabolic analyser. Predicted HR was estimated with the regression equation developed for individuals with DS (Fernhall et al...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862512/age-and-gender-related-differences-in-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-and-autistic-features-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-survey-based-study-of-674-individuals
#4
T Naerland, K A Bakke, S Storvik, G Warner, P Howlin
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated an increased risk of autism, behavioural and emotional problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in individuals with Down syndrome. METHOD: In a large-scale survey-based study, we examined the rates of these problems and their relationship to age and gender, in a sample of 674 individuals (4-18 years) with Down syndrome. The relationship with IQ level was also explored in a subsample (n = 175). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Social Communication Questionnaire were used to assess behavioural and emotional problems and autism traits...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862509/psychometric-properties-of-the-air-self-determination-scale-the-chinese-version-air-sds-c-for-chinese-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#5
P K S Wong, D F K Wong, X Y Zhuang, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: The construct of self-determination has received considerable attention in the international field of intellectual disabilities (ID). Recently, there has been a rapid development of this construct in Chinese societies including Hong Kong. However, there is no locally validated instrument to measure self-determination in people with ID. This article explains the validation process of the AIR Self-Determination Scale - Chinese version (AIR SDS-C) adapted from the 24-item AIR Self-Determination Scale, developed by Wolman and his colleagues, which is used in school setting...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862508/a-matter-of-life-and-death-knowledge-about-the-body-and-concept-of-death-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
J McEvoy, B Treacy, J Quigley
BACKGROUND: An increased awareness of how people with intellectual disabilities (ID) understand death and dying is necessary in supporting life-long learning, post-bereavement support and planning end-of-life care. Previous research suggests that adults with ID have a limited or 'patchy' understanding of the basic biological components of death. However, the relationship between biological understanding of how the body works and conceptualisation of death remains unexplored in this population...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730729/development-and-validation-of-the-learning-disabilities-needs-assessment-tool-ldnat-a-honos-based-needs-assessment-tool-for-use-with-people-with-intellectual-disability
#7
J Painter, L Trevithick, R P Hastings, B Ingham, A Roy
BACKGROUND: In meeting the needs of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) who access health services, a brief, holistic assessment of need is useful. This study outlines the development and testing of the Learning Disabilities Needs Assessment Tool (LDNAT), a tool intended for this purpose. METHOD: An existing mental health (MH) tool was extended by a multidisciplinary group of ID practitioners. Additional scales were drafted to capture needs across six ID treatment domains that the group identified...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730719/health-care-utilisation-among-older-persons-with-intellectual-disability-and-dementia-a-registry-study
#8
A Axmon, B Karlsson, G Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Both persons with intellectual disability (ID) and persons with dementia have high disease burdens, and consequently also high health care needs. As life expectancy increases for persons with ID, the group of persons with the dual diagnosis of ID and dementia will become larger. METHOD: Through national registries, we identified 7936 persons who had received support directed to persons with ID during 2012, and an age- and gender-matched sample from the general population...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730710/problem-behaviour-in-adolescent-boys-with-fragile-x-syndrome-relative-prevalence-frequency-and-severity
#9
S S Hall, R P Barnett, K M Hustyi
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common known inherited form of intellectual disability (ID), exhibit problem behaviours (e.g. aggression, self-injury, property destruction and stereotypy) that can negatively impact the health and safety of others as well as the individual concerned. However, data are limited concerning the relative prevalence, frequency and severity of problem behaviours exhibited by boys with FXS compared with those by boys with mixed-aetiology ID who also exhibit problem behaviours...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723165/children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-teaching-conversation-involving-feelings-about-events
#10
K Conallen, P Reed
BACKGROUND: Two procedures were developed to teach individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders labels (tacts) for various private events (emotions): Study 1 attempted to distinguish them from pure tacts and mands (requests); and Study 2 attempted to train initiating a conversation with grammatically correct subject-verb-comment construction. METHODS: A multiple treatment reversal design was used in both studies, followed by a probe to see if the tacts were used across novel settings...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624823/breast-cancer-and-screening-in-persons-with-an-intellectual-disability-living-in-institutions-in-france
#11
B Trétarre, S Bourgarel, A Stoebner-Delbarre, W Jacot, F Bessaoud, D Satge
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe, among a population of women with intellectual disabilities (ID) living in institutions in France, the characteristics in whom breast cancer (BC) was diagnosed and of those who participated in BC screening. METHODS: Study was performed in 2009 among a random, representative sample of women with ID living in institutions in France. Participants answered a questionnaire either directly by themselves, or with the help of an intermediary...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624677/unsupportive-parenting-and-internalising-behaviour-problems-in-children-with-or-without-intellectual-disability
#12
N V Rodas, S M Zeedyk, B L Baker
BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual disability (ID) are at heightened risk for developing other psychological disorders, including internalising disorders. Anxiety and depression have been shown to be familial, and parenting is a contributing factor to the development of these disorders. To extend this research, we examined the extent to which mother and father depression and negative, unsupportive parenting related to child internalising behaviour problems, in children with ID or with typical development (TD)...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859939/jidr-60%C3%A2-years-of-diversity
#13
EDITORIAL
C Oliver, J Waite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444252/overweight-and-obesity-among-children-at-risk-of-intellectual-disability-in-20-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
A Savage, E Emerson
BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual disability (ID) in high income countries are at significantly greater risk of obesity than their non-disabled peers. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3 to 4-year-old children who are/are not at risk of ID in low and middle income countries. METHOD: Secondary analysis of Round 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 20 low and middle income countries that included a total of 83 597 3 to 4-year-old children...
November 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634746/route-learning-strategies-in-typical-and-atypical-development-eye-tracking-reveals-atypical-landmark-selection-in-williams-syndrome
#15
E K Farran, S Formby, F Daniyal, T Holmes, J Van Herwegen
BACKGROUND: Successful navigation is crucial to everyday life. Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) have impaired spatial abilities. This includes a deficit in spatial navigation abilities such as learning the route from A to B. To-date, to determine whether participants attend to landmarks when learning a route, landmark recall tasks have been employed after the route learning experience. Here, we combined virtual reality and eye tracking technologies, for the first time, to measure landmark use in typically developing (TD) children and participants with WS during route-learning...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634745/editorial-special-edition-on-williams-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
Deborah M Riby, Melanie A Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546029/developmental-trajectories-of-structural-and-pragmatic-language-skills-in-school-aged-children-with-williams-syndrome
#17
E Van Den Heuvel, E Manders, A Swillen, I Zink
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare developmental courses of structural and pragmatic language skills in school-aged children with Williams syndrome (WS) and children with idiopathic intellectual disability (IID). Comparison of these language trajectories could highlight syndrome-specific developmental features. METHOD: Twelve monolingual Dutch-speaking children with WS aged 5.10 to 13.3 years were assessed by means of standardised structural language tests measuring receptive and expressive vocabulary and sentence comprehension and production...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545961/visual-motor-integration-visual-perception-and-motor-coordination-in-a-population-with-williams-syndrome-and-in-typically-developing-children
#18
J Heiz, K Barisnikov
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is characterised by severe deficits in visual-spatial abilities in contrast to relatively well-developed language abilities. There is very limited knowledge about visual-motor integration (VMI) in people with WS. METHOD: Twenty-six participants with WS aged 6 to 41 years were assessed with all three tests of the Beery-VMI test, namely the VMI test, the visual perception test (VP) and the motor coordination test (MC). Their results were compared with those of 154 typically developing children (TD) aged 4 to 12...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545817/predictors-of-specific-phobia-in-children-with-williams-syndrome
#19
C H Pitts, B P Klein-Tasman, J W Osborne, C B Mervis
BACKGROUND: Specific phobia (SP) is the most common anxiety disorder among children with Williams syndrome (WS); prevalence rates derived from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-based diagnostic interviews range from 37% to 56%. We evaluated the effects of gender, age, intellectual abilities and/or behaviour regulation difficulties on the likelihood that a child with WS would be diagnosed with SP. METHODS: A total of 194 6-17 year-olds with WS were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503702/learning-from-facial-expressions-in-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#20
K J Goldman, J A Burack, C Shulman
BACKGROUND: Despite high levels of social engagement, the social competence of individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) is frequently compromised. This descriptive study explores the ability of young people with WS to learn from facial expressions when provided as a source of feedback for their actions. METHOD: Using a novel task, the ability to interpret facial expressions and adapt behaviour after receiving feedback in the form of happy or angry faces was assessed in 12 participants with WS aged between 10 and 28 years and with a mean nonverbal mental age of 6...
October 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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