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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240907/primary-care-for-refugees-and-newly-arrived-migrants-in-europe-a-qualitative-study-on-health-needs-barriers-and-wishes
#1
Tessa van Loenen, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Marrigje Hofmeester, Christopher Dowrick, Nadja van Ginneken, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dean Ajdukovic, Helena Bakic, Danica Rotar Pavlic, Erika Zelko, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elena Jirovsky, Elisabeth Sophie Mayrhuber, Michel Dückers, Trudy Mooren, Juul Gouweloos-Trines, László Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Christos Lionis
Background: In order to provide effective primary care for refugees and to develop interventions tailored to them, we must know their needs. Little is known of the health needs and experiences of recently arrived refugees and other migrants throughout their journey through Europe. We aimed to gain insight into their health needs, barriers in access and wishes regarding primary health care. Methods: In the spring of 2016, we conducted a qualitative, comparative case study in seven EU countries in a centre of first arrival, two transit centres, two intermediate-stay centres and two longer-stay centres using a Participatory Learning and Action research methodology...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240887/associations-between-unemployment-and-heavy-episodic-drinking-from-adolescence-to-midlife-in-sweden-and-finland
#2
Noora Berg, Olli Kiviruusu, Taina Huurre, Tomi Lintonen, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Background: Unemployment and alcohol use have often been found to correlate and to act as risk factors for each other. However, only few studies have examined these associations at longitudinal settings extending over several life phases. Moreover, previous studies have mostly used total consumption or medical diagnoses as the indicator, whereas subclinical measures of harmful alcohol use, such as heavy episodic drinking (HED), have been used rarely. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between HED and unemployment from adolescence to midlife in two Nordic countries...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237007/a-nationwide-serosurvey-of-hepatitis-e-virus-antibodies-in-the-general-population-of-portugal
#3
Maria S J Nascimento, Sara S Pereira, Joana Teixeira, Joana Abreu-Silva, Ricardo M S Oliveira, Mette Myrmel, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Joakim Øverbø, Guilherme Gonçalves, João R Mesquita
Background: Evidence has shown that Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is autochthonous in industrialized countries due to zoonotic transmission through direct contact or consumption of raw or undercooked meat from domestic swine or wild boar. As there is lack of data on seroprevalence of HEV in the general Portuguese population, a wide survey was conducted as part of the HEPeCONTROL project (60DT2), under EEA grants funding. Methods: Sera from a representative sample of the Portuguese population (n = 1656) at different geographic locations (30 territorial units), and age (0-99 years) were collected between July 2015 and February 2016...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236973/the-role-of-financial-strain-and-self-control-in-explaining-health-behaviours-the-globe-study
#4
Mariëlle A Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger, Frank J van Lenthe, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
Background: Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive 'bandwidth' and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i) whether a low income increases the likelihood of experiencing financial strain and of unhealthy behaviours, (ii) to what extent more financial strain is associated with less self-control and, subsequently, (iii) whether less self-control is related to more unhealthy behaviour...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228155/corrigendum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206997/healthcare-use-among-immigrants-and-natives-in-sweden-on-disability-pension-before-and-after-changes-of-regulations
#7
D Di Thiene, S Rahman, M Helgesson, M Wang, K Alexanderson, J Tiihonen, G La Torre, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
Background: There is limited knowledge regarding psychiatric healthcare utilization around the time of granting disability pension (DP) due to common mental disorders (CMD) among immigrants and if this is related to social insurance regulations. The aim was to evaluate patterns of psychiatric healthcare utilization before and after DP due to CMD among immigrants and natives. A second aim was to evaluate if such patterns differed before and after changes in social insurance regulations in Sweden in 2008...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206945/exploring-practices-and-perceptions-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-in-england-and-sweden-through-a-cross-cultural-lens
#8
Lisa Schölin, Karen Hughes, Mark A Bellis, Charli Eriksson, Lorna Porcellato
Background: Qualitative studies have aimed to understand why some women continue to drink during pregnancy; however, there is a lack of comparative cross-cultural research. We aimed to explore perceptions and practices of alcohol use during pregnancy in England and Sweden. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 parents in Merseyside, England and 22 parents in Örebro County, Sweden. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206920/evaluation-of-hospital-readmissions-for-surgical-site-infections-in-italy
#9
Francesco Napolitano, Davide Tomassoni, Diana Cascone, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
Background: The objectives of this investigation are to assess the prevalence of hospital readmissions for surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients aged ≥18 in Italy and to describe the clinical characteristics of these patients and evaluate the possible association with readmission for SSIs. Methods: A retrospective epidemiological study was conducted between January and May 2015 considering a sample of patients aged ≥18 years admitted to the surgical wards of two hospitals in Naples and undergoing surgery in the year 2014...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182742/lack-of-hiv-testing-and-dissatisfaction-with-hiv-testing-and-counselling-among-men-having-sex-with-men-in-hungary
#10
Alan G Nyitray, Ferenc Bagyinszky, Michael W Ross, Axel J Schmidt
Background: Using data from a large internet-based survey of European men having sex with men (MSM), we assessed factors associated with HIV testing and reasons for dissatisfaction with HIV testing and counselling among Hungarian MSM. Methods: A total of 2052 Hungarian MSM provided evaluable data for the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS) in 2010. χ2 tests and Poisson regression with a robust variance estimator were used to assess factors associated with HIV testing and dissatisfaction with HIV testing and counselling...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177445/do-sleeping-habits-mediate-the-association-between-time-spent-on-digital-devices-and-school-problems-in-adolescence
#11
Daniela Husarova, Lukas Blinka, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jan Sirucek, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Background: This study examined the associations of Internet and computer screen time with school difficulties and the role of sleep quality and soft and energy drinks consumption. Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study collected in 2014 among Slovak adolescents (aged 11.0-15.9 years, N = 7595, 48.1% boys). We examined the inter-relations between time spent with on digital devices (time spent playing digital games or Internet use), sleeping quality (sleeping shortage, sleeping difficulties), soft/energy drinks consumption and school problems (low academic achievement, disliking school, being pressured by schoolwork and truancy), using structural equation modeling...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165586/extent-of-physician-pharmaceutical-industry-interactions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Racha Fadlallah, Lina Alkhaled, Hneine Brax, Mayse Nasser, Mhd Hashem Rajabbik, Hala Nass, Lara A Kahale, Elie A Akl
Background: Pharmaceutical companies spend large amounts of money promoting their products to physicians. There is evidence that physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies negatively affect their prescribing patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically review the extent of the relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: Studies assessing the extent of any type of interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161403/school-practices-important-for-students-sexual-health-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#13
Honor Young, Sara Jayne Long, Britt Hallingberg, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham F Moore
Background: This study investigates how the sexual health outcomes of a representative sample of students aged 15-16 in Wales vary according to the person delivering Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) in schools, students' access to on-site sexual health services and access to free condoms. Methods: Cross-sectional, self-report survey data were collected from students who participated in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network questionnaire in Wales. Data were analyzed from 59 schools, totalling 3781 students aged 15-16 (M = 15...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161380/anaemia-and-associated-factors-in-homeless-children-in-the-paris-region-the-enfams-survey
#14
Amandine Arnaud, Sandrine Lioret, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Yann Le Strat
Background: Food insecurity is a major concern in homeless population, however nutritional consequences remain poorly documented, especially for children. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the relation between both food insecurity and dietary intake to moderate-to-severe anaemia (MSA) in homeless sheltered children. Methods: In 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 801 sheltered homeless families in the Paris region...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161378/health-behaviours-as-a-predictor-of-quitting-hazardous-alcohol-use-in-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#15
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria R Galanti
Background: Adopting healthy behaviours may facilitate the transition from hazardous to non-hazardous use of alcohol, yet, longitudinal studies of health behaviours in relation to the cessation of hazardous alcohol use are rare. We addressed this question using data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Sweden (Stockholm Public Health Cohort). Methods: Participants from two sub-cohorts (inception in 2002 and 2010), with follow-up until the year 2014 were included...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149276/urban-renewal-gentrification-and-health-equity-a-realist-perspective
#16
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Giulia Marra, Giulia Melis, Elena Gelormino
Background: Up to now, research has focused on the effects of urban renewal programs and their impacts on health. While some of this research points to potential negative health effects due to gentrification, evidence that addresses the complexity associated with this relation is much needed. This paper seeks to better understand when, why and how health inequities arise from urban renewal interventions resulting in gentrification. Methods: A realist review, a qualitative systematic review method, aimed to better explain the relation between context, mechanism and outcomes, was used...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140450/smoking-cessation-delivery-by-general-practitioners-in-crete-greece
#17
Charis Girvalaki, Sophia Papadakis, Constantine Vardavas, Eleni Petridou, Andrew Pipe, Christos Lionis
Background: Tobacco dependence treatment in clinical settings is of prime public health importance, especially in Greece, a country experiencing one of the highest rates of tobacco use in Europe. Methods: Our study aimed to examine the characteristics of tobacco users and document rates of tobacco treatment delivery in general practice settings in Crete, Greece. A cross-sectional sample of patients (n = 2, 261) was screened for current tobacco use in 25 general practices in Crete, Greece in 2015/16...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140417/fasting-plasma-glucose-in-young-adults-free-of-diabetes-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-in-midlife
#18
Irit Cohen-Manheim, Ronit Sinnreich, Glen M Doniger, Ely S Simon, Ronit Pinchas-Mizrachi, Jeremy D Kark
Background: Evidence for an association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) with cognitive function in adults free of diabetes is scarce and based on middle-aged and older adults. We examined the association of FPG, measured at age 30, and of change in FPG from age 30 to 43, with cognitive function at age 50. Methods: 505 nondiabetic participants of the population-based Jerusalem Lipid Research Clinic (LRC) cohort study had baseline FPG, 2-h post-oral challenge plasma glucose (OGTT) and insulin determined at ages 28-32, and FPG and OGTT again at ages 41-46...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140412/alcohol-consumption-and-lung-cancer-risk-in-never-smokers-a-pooled-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#19
José A García Lavandeira, Alberto Ruano-Ravina, Karl T Kelsey, María Torres-Durán, Isaura Parente-Lamelas, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Maruxa Zapata, José Abal-Arca, Iria Vidal-García, Carmen Montero-Martínez, Margarita Amenedo, Olalla Castro-Añón, Antonio Golpe-Gómez, Rosirys Guzmán-Taveras, Cristina Martínez, Mariano Provencio, María J Mejuto-Martí, Silvia García-García, Alberto Fernández-Villar, María Piñeiro, Juan M Barros-Dios
Background: Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in developed countries but the etiology of lung cancer risk in never smokers (LCRINS) is largely unknown. We aim to assess the effects of alcohol consumption, in its different forms, on LCRINS. Methods: We pooled six multi-center case-control studies developed in the northwest of Spain. Cases and controls groups were composed of never smokers. We selected incident cases with anatomopathologically confirmed lung cancer diagnoses...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136141/vaccination-policies-of-immigrants-in-the-eu-eea-member-states-the-measles-immunization-example
#20
Mihai A Bica, Ralf Clemens
Background: In 2015-16, the European Union/European Economic Area Member States (EU/EEA MSs) experienced an unprecedented volume and rate of migration, posing serious challenges to existing national immunization systems and strategies and raising the questions of where, when and who to vaccinate. We assessed existing strategies for vaccinating immigrant populations in the EU/EEA using measles as an example of the most important vaccine-preventable diseases. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, conducted from March to May 2016, an electronic questionnaire was sent to the Heads of National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) or equivalent policy-making bodies in each of the 31 EU/EEA Member States...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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