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European Journal of Public Health

Soren Neermark, Charlotte Holst, Thue Bisgaard, Morten Bay-Nielsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
Background: Body mass index (BMI) derived from self-reported information is widely used and the validity is therefore crucial. We aim at testing the validity of self-reported height and weight, and to test if the accuracy of self-reported information can be improved by calibration by testing if calibration improved the ability to predict diabetes. Methods: Data from Danish Health Examination Survey (DANHES) was used. 15 692 participants who had both filled out questionnaire and participated in health examination, and 54 725 participants with questionnaire alone, were included...
September 18, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
W Samuel Holmes, S Anne Moorhead, Vivien E Coates, Raymond R Bond, Huiru Zheng
Background: Research into the use of digital technology for weight loss maintenance (intentionally losing at least 10% of initial body weight and actively maintaining it) is limited. The aim of this article was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting on the use of digital technologies for communicating on weight loss maintenance to determine its' effectiveness, and identify gaps and areas for further research. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted by searching electronic databases to locate publications dated between 2006 and February 2018...
September 18, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Karianne Svendsen, David R Jacobs, Ida Tonning Røyseth, Kjersti Wilhelmsen Garstad, Marte Gjeitung Byfuglien, Linda Granlund, Lisa T Mørch-Reiersen, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: Moderately elevated blood total cholesterol (TC), blood glucose (BG) and blood pressure (BP) are rarely symptomatic and as such many individuals remain untreated. We studied the yield of an in-pharmacy screening for identifying undetected high TC and strategies to reach those with absence of prior measurement of TC, BG and BP. Methods: A cross-sectional TC screening study with complementary TC measurements and self-administered questionnaire was conducted for 1 week in each of 2012 and 2014 in 148 and 149 BootsTM Norge AS community pharmacies nationwide in Norway...
September 18, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Colin Angus, Jinshuo Li, Esperanza Romero-Rodriguez, Peter Anderson, Steve Parrott, Alan Brennan
Background: Screening and brief interventions (SBIs) for heavy drinking are an effective and cost-effective approach to reducing alcohol-related harm, yet delivery rates remain low. This study uses trial data to estimate the cost-effectiveness of alternative strategies to increase SBI delivery. Methods: Data from a large cluster-randomized trial were combined with the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model, a policy appraisal tool, to estimate the cost-effectiveness of eight strategies to increase SBI delivery in primary care in England, Poland and the Netherlands: care as usual (control), training and support (TS), financial reimbursement (FR), referral of patients to an online brief intervention (eBI) and all combinations of TS, FR and eBI...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
L Bailly, F d'Arripe-Longueville, R Fabre, M Emile, J Valbousquet, N Ferré, S Colson, C Pradier
Background: Physical activity can slow the ageing process and preserve autonomy in the elderly. The aim of this study was to assess the combined impact of an organized urban walking circuit and individual coaching on women senior citizens' physical well-being and quality of life. Methods: Insufficiently physically active women >65 years were included in a quasi-experimental trial. Active arm: District with improved urban environment (IUE). Control arm: District without improved urban environment (WIUE)...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sarah King, Daniel Tancredi, Irene Lenoir-Wijnkoop, Kelsie Gould, Hailey Vann, Grant Connors, Mary Ellen Sanders, Jeffrey A Linder, Andi L Shane, Dan Merenstein
Background: Overall reduction of antibiotic use is a widely adopted public health goal. Given evidence that consuming probiotics reduce the incidence, duration and/or severity of certain types of common acute infections, we hypothesized that probiotics are associated with reduced antibiotic use. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessed the impact of probiotic supplementation (any strain, dose or duration), compared to placebo, on antibiotic utilization for common, acute infections in otherwise healthy people of all ages...
September 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Marieke C Paul, Jan-Willem H Dik, Trynke Hoekstra, Christel E van Dijk
Background: Hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) may be prevented by effective ambulatory management and treatment. ACSC admissions is used as indicator for primary care quality and accessibility. However, debate continues to which extent these admissions are truly preventable. The aim of this study was to provide more objective insight into the preventability of ACSC admissions. Methods: Observational study using 2012-15 health insurer claim data of 13 182 602 Dutch insured inhabitants...
September 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Veronica Toffolutti, Martin McKee, Alessia Melegaro, Walter Ricciardi, David Stuckler
Background: Italy has experienced a resurgence in measles since 2015. Although much emphasis has been placed on the role of individuals opting out of vaccination, here we test the hypothesis that large budget reductions in public health spending were also a contributing factor. Methods: Multi-variate statistical models were used to assess the relationship between measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) coverage and real public health expenditure per-capita across Italy's 20 regions covering the period 2000-14...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Mirjam J Jager, Rob van der Sande, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh
Background: Diabetes type 2 is more prevalent in people from ethnic minorities in the Netherlands, and outcomes of care are worse compared with other Dutch people. Dieticians experience difficulties in managing these groups in self-management and adherence to dietary advice. The aim of this study was to explore the views regarding a healthy diet and dietetic care among ethnic minority type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were held with 12 migrants with diabetes from Turkey, Morocco, Iraq and Curacao, who visited a dietician...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sara Pinillos-Franco, Noelia Somarriba
Background: Family policies have been shown to affect men's and women's health throughout the European Union, though particularly in the case of women. This paper seeks to analyze this effect by creating two Synthetic Health Indicators (SHIs) differentiated by gender applying the P2 distance method. We also aim to compare the results obtained by means of our SHI and the Self-rated health (SRH) indicator, as it is the most common indicator used to approach individuals' health. Methods: The 2012 European Quality of Life Survey was used to construct the SHI...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Jan Saarela, Mikael Rostila
Background: Most research on parental bereavement and health have analysed health consequences of parental loss in childhood, while collateral health in adulthood has been less studied. Methods: Using register-based population data from Finland, we analyse adult offspring aged 18-50 years with discrete-time hazard models that adjust for offspring and parental socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. In focus are adult children whose parents were alive and lived together at the beginning of the observation period...
September 10, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Rafael B Goldszmidt, André R Buttendorf, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Jose M Souza, Marco A Bianchini
Background: Although generic drugs are pharmacologically equivalent to their brand-name counterparts, prejudices against them remain strong. We assess the extent to which generic (versus brand-name) labels affect patients' consumption of and adherence to medication. Methods: One hundred one patients who received dental implants agreed to participate in a study. In a pre-surgery survey, most patients reported a positive view about generic drugs. After dental surgery, the patients were prescribed a once-daily analgesic regimen (50 mg tramadol hydrochloride) for up to 7 days...
September 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Eira T Roos, Jouni M Lahti, Ossi Rahkonen
Background: Unhealthy behaviours increase cancer risk. However, lifestyle habits co-occur and their joint association with cancer is not known. Methods: A survey among midlife employees included data on lifestyle habits and covariates (N = 8960, response rate 67%, 80% women). The joint variables of lifestyle habits were prospectively linked with register data on cancer diagnosis (mean follow-up time 12.1 years). Cox proportional hazard model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HR), and their 95% confidence intervals...
September 7, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sandra Chyderiotis, Francois Beck, Raphael Andler, Sara C Hitchman, Tarik Benmarhnia
Background: Smoke-free laws aim at protecting against second-hand smoke and at contributing to change smoking behaviors. Impact evaluation studies can help understand to what extent they reach their goals. Simple before and after designs are often used but cannot isolate the effect of the policy of interest. Methods: The short-term impact of the French smoking ban (2007-08) on smoking behavior outcomes was evaluated among smokers with data from the ITC project. We first conducted a before and after design on the French sample...
September 6, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Jaana L Minkkinen, Jaana M Kinnunen, Sakari Karvonen, Risto H Hotulainen, Pirjo L Lindfors, Arja H Rimpelä
Background: Low academic achievement has been associated with smoking but factors behind this association are poorly known. Such factors could include schoolwork disengagement and schoolwork difficulties. To assess the extent to which they contribute to the explanation of how health inequalities emerge, we study in a longitudinal design whether these have an independent effect on smoking or whether their effect is mediated through academic achievement. Methods: Longitudinal data were collected in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Finland in 2011 and 2014...
September 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Susan P Phillips, Nathan King, Valerie Michaelson, William Pickett
Background: Risk-taking behaviour among adolescents, particularly those experiencing childhood adversities, can predispose to injury, unwanted pregnancy, long-term morbidity and death. Resilience, i.e. adapting to threats and thriving, has rarely been examined as a protective factor for adolescent risk-taking. We studied whether the malleable traits of empathy, confidence, self-control and optimism, all markers of resilience, align with decreased risk-taking despite adversity, among 11-15 year olds...
September 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Maria Ramiro-Gonzalez, Darja Dobermann, Dmytro Metilka, Emogene Aldridge, Yongjie Yon, Dinesh Sethi
Background: Child maltreatment is a major public health concern, which worsens inequalities and perpetuates social injustice through its far-reaching impacts on the health and development of children affected. The aim of this article was to provide a content analysis of the national policies presently used to address child maltreatment and provide an overview of prevention practices being employed in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. This analysis will aid in identifying, which policy areas still require further work to prevent child maltreatment...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
Background: This study aims to identify the relationships between health behaviours, self-management abilities, physical health, depressive symptoms and well-being among Turkish older immigrants. Methods: A total of 2350 older Turkish migrants aged > 65 years residing in Rotterdam, the Netherlands were identified using the municipal register of which 680 respondents completed the questionnaires (response rate of 32%). Results: Average age of the respondents was 72...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Naim Jerliu, Genc Burazeri, Ervin Toçi, Ian Philp, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Naser Ramadani, Helmut Brand
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the health needs and priorities of older people in Kosovo, the newest state in Europe striving for a functional democracy after the breakdown of former Yugoslavia and the following war in the region. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kosovo in 2011 including a nationwide representative sample of 1890 individuals aged ≥65 years (949 men, mean age: 73 ± 6 years; 941 women, mean age: 74 ± 7 years; overall response rate: 84%)...
August 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Rosa de Groot, Jeroen Lakerveld, Katrien De Cocker, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sofie Compernolle
Background: There are considerable socioeconomic inequalities in television-related sitting time, but there is little evidence for the explanatory mechanisms. We used a cohort of Belgian adults (25-60 years) and older adults (≥65 years) to examine the social cognitive, home environmental and health-related factors contributing to socioeconomic differences in television-related sitting. Methods: We included 301 adults and 258 older adults (total n = 559). Linear regression analyses were used to examine the associations of education and occupational status with television-related sitting time, adjusted for age and gender...
August 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
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