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European Journal of Public Health

Charlotte Lynderup Lübker, Elsebeth Lynge
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the stronger responders behind the fluctuating coverage with the HPV-vaccine in Denmark in order to facilitate information campaigns targeted at specific subgroups. Methods: Newspaper articles published from 2006 to 2009 with information about coverage with the HPV-vaccine in Denmark were identified from the database Vaccination coverage of recent years was retrieved from the publically accessible statistics from the State's Serum Institute...
November 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Olli Paakkari, Minna Torppa, Zuzana Boberova, Raili Välimaa, Gunter Maier, Joanna Mazur, Lasse Kannas, Leena Paakkari
Background: Health literacy (HL) is an important determinant of health and health behaviours, and there is a need to monitor HL levels among all population groups. It is therefore essential to develop instruments to assess HL during childhood and adolescence. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-national measurement invariance of the instrument Health Literacy for School-aged Children (HLSAC) in four European countries. Methods: The data were collected via standardized self-administered anonymous questionnaires within classrooms in Finland, Poland, Slovakia, and Belgium...
November 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
David Ingleby, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Thomas Huddleston, Elena Sanchez
Background: Within health systems, equity between migrants and native-born citizens is still a long way from being achieved. Benchmarking the equitability of policies on migrant health is essential for monitoring progress and identifying positive and negative aspects of national policies. For this purpose, the 2015 round of the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) was expanded to include a strand on health, in a collaborative project carried out between 2013 and 2017 in 38 countries...
November 6, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
M Khlat, S Legleye, D Bricard
Background: Migrants make up a growing share of European populations, and very little is known about the impact of migration on their smoking patterns. We develop a longitudinal analysis of smoking prevalence among native-born and immigrants in France based on retrospective data collected in the 2010 national Baromètre santé health survey. Methods: Analyses concerned 19 578 individuals aged 18-70 years and born in metropolitan France, in the Maghreb or in sub-Saharan Africa...
November 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
A Fasseeh, B Németh, A Molnár, F-U Fricke, M Horváth, K Kóczián, Á Götze, Z Kaló
Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic disease associated with significant and long-lasting effects on health, and it is also a social and financial burden, not only for patients but also for families, other caregivers, and the wider society. It is essential to conduct the assessment of indirect costs, to understand all the effects of the disease on society. Our aim is to gain a better understanding of the indirect costs of schizophrenia in Europe. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive systematic literature review covering EMBASE, Medline, and PsycINFO as well as reviewing Health Technology Assessment databases from different countries...
November 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Irina Kislaya, Hanna Tolonen, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Marta Barreto, Ana Paula Gil, Vânia Gaio, Sónia Namorado, Ana João Santos, Carlos Matias Dias, Baltazar Nunes
Background: This study aimed to compare self-reported and examination-based prevalence of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia in Portugal in 2015 and to identify factors associated with the measurement error in self-reports. Methods: We used data from the Portuguese National Health Examination Survey (n = 4911), that combines personal interview, blood collection and, physical examination. Sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension and hypercholesterolemia were calculated...
October 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Laetitia Zeeman, Nigel Sherriff, Kath Browne, Nick McGlynn, Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Ruth Davis, Juliette Sanchez-Lambert, Sophie Aujean, Nuno Pinto, Francesco Farinella, Valeria Donisi, Marta Niedzwiedzka-Stadnik, Magdalena Rosinska, Anne Pierson, Francesco Amaddeo
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people experience significant health inequalities. Located within a European Commission funded pilot project, this paper presents a review of the health inequalities faced by LGBTI people and the barriers health professionals encounter when providing care. Methods: A narrative synthesis of 57 papers including systematic reviews, narrative reviews, meta-analyses and primary research. Literature was searched in Cochrane, Campbell Collaboration, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsychINFO and Medline...
October 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Vincent Wekker, Emilia Huvinen, Lotte van Dammen, Kristiina Rono, Rebecca C Painter, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Cornelieke van de Beek, Taisto Sarkola, Ben Willem J Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek, Saila B Koivusalo, Tessa J Roseboom, Johan G Eriksson
Background: The global prevalence of obesity in women keeps increasing. The preconception period may be a window of opportunity to improve lifestyle, reduce obesity and improve cardiometabolic health. This study assessed the effect of a preconception lifestyle intervention on long-term cardiometabolic health in two randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: Participants of the LIFEstyle and RADIEL preconception lifestyle intervention studies with a baseline body mass index (BMI) ≥29 kg/m2 were eligible for this follow-up study...
October 30, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Charles Marley, Beatus Mauki
Background: Increasing numbers of children have been forced to flee and seek asylum in high-income countries. Current research indicates that focussing on resilience and protective factors is an important long-term goal for positive mental health and psychological functioning of refugee children. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative literature regarding psychological and contextual factors that contribute to resilience in refugee children residing in high-income countries...
October 30, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Bjørn E Holstein, Sanne Ellegaard Jørgensen, Pernille Due, Mogens Trab Damsgaard, Mette Rasmussen
The aim was to examine trends in social inequality in poor self-rated health (SRH) among adolescents in Denmark 1991-2014. The analysis included 18 996 11-15-year-old school children from the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children studies in 1991, 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. Across the five surveys, the prevalence of poor SRH was 14.2%, remaining almost unchanged from 1991 to 2014. The proportion with poor SRH was 12.2% in high, 14.3% in middle and 17.6% in low occupational social class. This social inequality in poor SRH was persistent during the entire study period, both in terms of absolute and relative social inequality...
October 25, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Jaana I Halonen, Marianna Virtanen, Leena Ala-Mursula, Jouko Miettunen, Eeva Vaaramo, Jaro Karppinen, Anne Kouvonen, Tea Lallukka
Background: Most studies on prolonging working careers have explored later career, while less is known about social and particularly health-related determinants of entry into labour market. We examined social and health-related factors from childhood and adolescence as predictors of age at entry into paid employment and early occupational class, and whether own education moderates these associations. Methods: The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 was followed from birth until the end of 2015...
October 22, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Feleke Doyore Agide, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Roya Sadeghi, Elham Shakibazadeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Zewdie Birhanu Koricha, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: Cervical cancer screening reduced cancer morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Health education interventions are expected to enhance screening and early detection. Thus, this review is aimed to see the effectiveness of the interventions in cervical cancer screening uptake. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for all published eligible research articles in the past 12 years (as of January 2005-2017)...
October 20, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Idil Hussein, Jussi Sane, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Outi Lyytikäinen
Background: In Finland, the epidemiology of tuberculosis is changing: incidence declined from 13/100 000 in 1995 to 4 in 2016 and the proportion of foreign-borns among all TB cases increased from 5% to 50%. The most common country of origin among foreign-born TB patients was Somalia. Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) studies are used to collect information for planning and tailoring health care services. KAP studies in Finland have been used for other diseases but not to study Somalis in regards to TB...
October 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Aida Dias, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber
Background: Child maltreatment (CM) is associated with long-lasting poor health outcomes, as well as increased levels of disability and health-services consumption across the life-span. However, less is known about how CM consequences can be reduced during adulthood. We investigated professional opinions on how to mitigate long-term consequences of CM in a public health (PH) perspective. Methods: Using the Delphi method in three rounds, we inquired 91 professionals, mostly European researchers and clinicians about potential PH actions to mitigate CM consequences during adulthood...
October 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Jenny Head, Holendro Singh Chungkham, Martin Hyde, Paola Zaninotto, Kristina Alexanderson, Sari Stenholm, Paula Salo, Mika Kivimäki, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Jussi Vahtera, Hugo Westerlund
Background: There are striking socioeconomic differences in life expectancy, but less is known about inequalities in healthy life expectancy and disease-free life expectancy. We estimated socioeconomic differences in health expectancies in four studies in England, Finland, France and Sweden. Methods: We estimated socioeconomic differences in health expectancies using data drawn from repeated waves of the four cohorts for two indicators: (i) self-rated health and (ii) chronic diseases (cardiovascular, cancer, respiratory and diabetes)...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Raffaella Uccelli, Marina Mastrantonio, Pierluigi Altavista, Francesca Pacchierotti, Antonio Piersanti, Luisella Ciancarella
Background: In 2014, the European Environment Agency estimated 59 630 premature deaths in Italy attributable to long-term exposure to PM2.5, 17 290 to NO2 and 2900 to O3. The aim of this study was to test an approach for assessing health impact of the above pollutants analyzing possible associations between annual municipal concentrations, estimated by the national dispersion model developed by ENEA, and mortality rates for trachea, bronchus and lung (TBL) cancer, total respiratory diseases (RD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sofie Larsson, Magdalena Prioux, Tobias Fasth, Anders Ternhag, Johan Struwe, Ulrica Dohnhammar, Lisa Brouwers
Background: Previous studies have shown that increasing antibacterial resistance (ABR) globally will cause extensive morbidity, deaths and escalated health care costs. Methods: To project economic consequences of resistance to antibacterial drugs for the Swedish health care sector, we used an individual-based microsimulation model, SESIM. Health care consumption was represented as increased numbers of hospital days, outpatient visits and contact tracing for individuals getting clinical infections or becoming asymptomatic carriers...
October 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Robert J Noonan, Stuart J Fairclough
Background: This study assessed gender-specific associations between body mass index (BMI) and social-emotional wellbeing (SEW) among differentially active seven-year-old children. Methods: Data are from wave four of the UK Millennium Cohort Study, collected in 2007-08. Children wore an ActiGraph accelerometer for seven consecutive days and measures of stature and body mass were taken. BMI was calculated from stature and body mass (kg/m2). Parents/carers completed the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Marc Tanghe, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Lara Pivodic, Luc Deliens, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Katarzyna Szczerbinska, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Danni Collingridge-Moore, Giovanni Gambassi, Lieve Van den Block, Ruth Piers
Background: Opioids, antipsychotics and hypnotics are recommended for comfort care in dying. We studied their prescription during the last 3 days in residents deceased in the long-term care facility (LTCF). Methods: In a retrospective, cross-sectional survey in Belgium, England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland, LTCFs, selected by proportional stratified random sampling, reported all deaths over the previous 3 months. The nurse most involved in the residents' care reviewed the chart for opioid, antipsychotic and hypnotic prescription, cause of death and comorbidities...
October 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Anna Czekajlo, Dorota Rózanska, Katarzyna Zatonska, Andrzej Szuba, Bozena Regulska-Ilow
Background: Dietary pattern (DP) analysis is a statistical method used to evaluate the comprehensive effect of the diet on health. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between DPs derived in selected population of Lower Silesia and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components. Methods: Study group consisted of 1634 individuals enrolled in the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological Study Poland. Dietary intake was estimated using the data from the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
October 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
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