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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633449/night-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-future-disability-pension-due-to-musculoskeletal-diagnoses-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-swedish-twins
#1
Sanna Kärkkäinen, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Lisa Mather, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Karri Silventoinen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Pia Svedberg
Background: This study investigated the associations between night work, sleep and disability pension (DP) due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), while controlling for several confounding factors including both genetic factors and shared family background. Methods: The study sample consisted of 27 165 Swedish twin individuals born in 1935-58 with comprehensive survey data on sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. Night work was assessed as years of working hours at night at least every now and then, and categorized into 'not at all, 1-10 years and over 10 years'...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633350/accuracy-of-on-line-self-reported-weights-and-heights-by-young-adults
#2
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
e-epidemiology, a convenient and low-cost research method, is becoming increasingly popular. This study seeks to validate on-line self-reported heights and weights against objectively measured data in young adults. Young adults self-reported heights and weights in an on-line lifestyle survey. These were validated using two methods: (i) measurements by staff at the primary-care clinic and (ii) measurements by a researcher within two weeks of distribution of the survey. Analyses were conducted to determine differences between the self-reported and measured heights and weights and to identify characteristics associated with under- or over-reporting of these...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633419/is-a-health-interview-survey-an-appropriate-tool-to-assess-domestic-violence
#3
Sabine Drieskens, Stefaan Demarest, Nicola D'Hoker, Barbara Ortiz, Jean Tafforeau
The aim of this study is to assess if a Health Interview Survey (HIS) targeting the general population is an appropriate tool to collect valid data on domestic violence. Studying item non-response on the question on domestic violence and its association with socio-demographic and health characteristics compared with victims of domestic violence can contribute to this. Cross-sectional data from the Belgian HIS 2013 were analysed. A question whether the perpetrator of a violent event was a member of the respondents' household was embedded in a general topic on violence in the self-administered questionnaire...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633364/restricted-health-care-entitlements-for-child-migrants-in-europe-and-australia
#4
Liv Stubbe Østergaard, Marie Norredam, Claire Mock-Munoz de Luna, Mitch Blair, Sharon Goldfeld, Anders Hjern
More than 300 000 asylum seeking children were registered in Europe alone during 2015. In this study, we examined entitlements for health care for these and other migrant children in Europe and Australia in a framework based on United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Survey to child health professionals, NGO's and European Ombudspersons for Children in 30 EU/EEA countries and Australia, supplemented by desktop research of official documents. Migrant children were categorised as asylum seekers and irregular/undocumented migrants...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633302/mumps-clinical-diagnostic-uncertainty
#5
Fabio Magurano, Melissa Baggieri, Antonella Marchi, Paola Bucci, Giovanni Rezza, Loredana Nicoletti
During recent years, various mumps outbreaks have occurred among populations vaccinated for mumps worldwide. In Italy, improving routine coverage with two doses of measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is one of the key strategies to eliminate measles and rubella. To monitor the effect of the vaccination programme on the population, the surveillance of these vaccine-preventable diseases has been implemented. This provided the opportunity to evaluate the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of those diseases, including mumps...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549123/working-conditions-in-the-explanation-of-occupational-inequalities-in-sickness-absence-in-the-french-sumer-study
#6
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sarah Memmi, Jean-François Chastang
: Explanations of social inequalities in sickness absence are lacking in the literature. Our objectives were to evaluate the contribution of various occupational exposures in explaining these inequalities in a national representative sample of employees. : The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the SUMER 2010 survey that included 46 962 employees, 26 883 men and 20 079 women. Both sickness absence spells and days within the last 12 months, as health indicators, were studied. Occupation was used as a marker of social position...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549101/loneliness-and-objectively-measured-physical-capability-in-middle-aged-adults
#7
Rikke Lund, Jelena Laban, Gitte L Petersen, Agnete Dissing, Åse Marie Hansen, Naja H Rod
Loneliness is associated with poor functional ability in older people. Little is known about this association in the middle-aged. The aim is to investigate if perceived loneliness is associated with lower physical capability among middle-aged men and women and if the associations of loneliness with physical capability interact with socioeconomic position and cohabitation status. 5224 participants from Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) aged 49-62 years (mean age 54) were included. Handgrip strength (measured by a dynamometer) and maximal number of chair rises in 30 s was recorded...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549099/impact-of-resident-and-fellow-changeovers-on-patient-outcomes-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jean-David Zeitoun, Jeanne Reboul-Marty, Jérémie H Lefèvre
Findings regarding the association of cohort changeovers with patient outcomes are mixed. We sought to examine the association of resident and fellow changeovers with a comprehensive set of indicators. We performed a cross-sectional comparative study including all French teaching and non-teaching hospitals. All-cause mortality and length of stay were assessed. Focused analysis for three medical conditions (myocardial infarction, intestinal hemorrhage, stroke) and three surgical procedures (colorectal, vascular and spine surgery) was performed regarding other quality and efficiency indicators (readmissions, intensive care unit admission, transfers)...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541558/drinking-water-contamination-from-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-an-ecological-mortality-study-in-the-veneto-region-italy
#9
Marina Mastrantonio, Edoardo Bai, Raffaella Uccelli, Vincenzo Cordiano, Augusto Screpanti, Paolo Crosignani
: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), a heterogeneous group of highly stable man-made chemicals, have been widely used since 1960s and can be detected almost ubiquitously in all environmental matrices. In Italy, on January 2014, drinking water contamination in an area of the Veneto Region was detected mainly due to the drain of fluorinated chemicals by a manufacturing company operating since 1964. : The present ecological mortality study was aimed at comparing mortality for some causes of death selected on the basis of previous reported associations, during the period 1980-2013, in municipalities with PFAS contaminated and uncontaminated drinking water on the basis of the levels indicated by the Italian National Health Institute (ISS)...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510694/exploring-the-interrelationship-between-sport-health-and-social-outcomes-in-the-uk-implications-for-health-policy
#10
Paul Downward, Kirstin Hallmann, Simona Rasciute
Policy agencies are now re-visiting early aspirations that sport, as a form of physical activity, can be an instrument to foster general health and also subjective well-being (SWB). Both of these concepts capture physical and mental health states. SWB also encompasses broader psychological and life satisfaction as well as mood and affect. Past and current policies also identify a link between sport, social capital and SWB. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is undertaken on data from the UK's Taking Part survey to investigate the interrelationships between sport, general health, social capital and SWB...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510652/international-migrants-use-of-emergency-departments-in-europe-compared-with-non-migrants-use-a-systematic-review
#11
Sarah H Credé, Elizabeth Such, Suzanne Mason
International migration across Europe is increasing. High rates of net migration may be expected to increase pressure on healthcare services, including emergency services. However, the extent to which immigration creates additional pressure on emergency departments (EDs) is widely debated. This review synthesizes the evidence relating to international migrants' use of EDs in European Economic Area (EEA) countries as compared with that of non-migrants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and The Web of Science were searched for the years 2000-16...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#12
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy. Follow-up started at the end of pregnancy and lasted until 6th June 2013...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486676/associations-between-self-rated-health-mental-health-problems-and-physical-inactivity-among-urban-adolescents
#14
Marketa Lachytova, Zuzana Katreniakova, Pavol Mikula, Marian Jendrichovsky, Iveta Nagyova
Self-rated health is a valid and reliable subjective indicator of general health. We aimed to assess the associations between self-rated health, mental health problems, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and BMI among Slovak urban adolescents. Data were collected within the EU-FP7: EURO-URHIS 2 (The European Health Indicator System Part 2) project in two largest Slovak cities: Bratislava and Kosice. Sample included 1111 adolescents (response rate 73.7%, mean age 14.32 ± 0.48 years, 52.8% boys). Self-rated health was measured with the first item from the Short Form Health Survey 36 questionnaire, mental health problems were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and for physical activity and sedentary behaviour questions from the WHO HBSC questionnaire were used...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482066/do-hospital-characteristics-influence-cesarean-delivery-analysis-of-national-health-insurance-claim-data
#15
Kyu-Tae Han, Seung Ju Kim, Yeong Jun Ju, Jong Won Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
The rates of Cesarean delivery in South Korea are high among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. We analyzed the relationship between hospital characteristics, in particular hospital volume and market competition and Cesarean delivery. We used data from National Health Insurance claims ( n = 53 591) at 51 hospitals to analyze the relationship between hospital characteristics and Cesarean delivery between 2010 and 2013. We performed logistic regression analysis using generalized estimating equations models that included both inpatient and hospital variables to examine factors associated with Cesarean delivery Among 53 591 hospitalization cases, 14 425 (26...
May 7, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481981/socioeconomic-position-and-mortality-risk-of-smoking-evidence-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#16
Dan Lewer, Martin McKee, Antonio Gasparrini, Aaron Reeves, Cesar de Oliveira
: It is not clear whether the harm associated with smoking differs by socioeconomic status. This study tests the hypothesis that smoking confers a greater mortality risk for individuals in low socioeconomic groups, using a cohort of 18 479 adults drawn from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Additive hazards models were used to estimate the absolute smoking-related risk of death due to lung cancer or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Smoking was measured using a continuous index that incorporated the duration of smoking, intensity of smoking and the time since cessation...
May 7, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481985/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a-large-italian-case-control-study
#17
Nitin Shivappa, Alessandra Tavani, James R Hébert, Valentina Rosato, Carlo La Vecchia
Diet and inflammation have been implicated to play a role in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this Italian case-control study conducted between 1995 and 2003, we explored the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII TM ) and AMI. Cases were 760 patients, below age 79 years, with a first episode of nonfatal AMI and controls were 682 patients admitted to hospital for acute conditions unrelated to diet. The DII was computed based on dietary intake assessed using a reproducible and validated 78-item food frequency questionnaire...
May 6, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472442/association-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-monica-kora-augsburg-cohort-study
#18
Nitin Shivappa, Andrea Schneider, James R Hébert, Wolfgang Koenig, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand
Chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are well-established causes of disability and premature death. Dietary components have been implicated in the etiology of these chronic diseases. We examined the ability of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII TM ) to predict all-cause, coronary heart disease (CHD), CVD and cancer mortality and incident CHD in the MONICA-KORA Cohort Studies. DII scores were computed from baseline 7-day dietary records in this cohort of 1297 men, who were aged 45-64 years when enrolled...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459975/alcohol-and-cancer-risk-perception-and-risk-denial-beliefs-among-the-french-general-population
#19
Aurélie Bocquier, Lisa Fressard, Pierre Verger, Stéphane Legleye, Patrick Peretti-Watel
Worldwide, millions of deaths each year are attributed to alcohol. We sought to examine French people's beliefs about the risks of alcohol, their correlates, and their associations with alcohol use. Data came from the 2010 Baromètre Cancer survey, a random cross-sectional telephone survey of the French general population ( n = 3359 individuals aged 15-75 years). Using principal component analysis of seven beliefs about alcohol risks, we built two scores (one assessing risk denial based on self-confidence and the other risk relativization)...
April 28, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472296/changes-in-alcohol-consumption-in-the-50-to-64-year-old-european-economically-active-population-during-an-economic-crisis
#20
Marina Bosque-Prous, Anton E Kunst, M Teresa Brugal, Albert Espelt
The aim was to compare alcohol drinking patterns in economically active people aged 50-64 years before the last economic crisis (2006) and during the crisis (2013). Cross-sectional study with data from 25 479 economically active people aged 50-64 years resident in 11 European countries who participated in wave 2 or wave 5 of the SHARE project (2006 and 2013). The outcome variables were hazardous drinking, abstention in previous 3 months and the weekly average number of drinks per drinker. The prevalence ratios of hazardous drinking and abstention, comparing the prevalence in 2013 vs...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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