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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#1
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048472/trajectories-of-long-term-care-in-28-eu-countries-evidence-from-a-time-series-analysis
#2
Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Martorana, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
Background: This study aims to confirm whether an increase in the number of elderly people and a worsening in the auto-evaluation of the general health state and in the limitation of daily activities result in increases in the offered services (beds in residential LTC facilities), in the social and healthcare expenditure and, consequently, in the percentage of LTC users. Methods: This study used a pooled, cross-sectional, time series design focusing on 28 European countries from 2004 to 2015...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048469/resilience-to-stress-and-risk-of-gastrointestinal-infections
#3
Carren Melinder, Ayako Hiyoshi, Teresa Kasiga, Jonas Halfvarson, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
Background: Exposure to psychological stress can elicit a physiological response that may influence characteristics of the gastrointestinal mucosa, including increased intestinal permeability, in turn possibly increasing susceptibility to gastrointestinal infections. We investigated whether low stress resilience in adolescence is associated with an 'increased' risk of gastrointestinal infections in subsequent adulthood. Methods: Data were provided by Swedish registers for a cohort of 237 577 men who underwent military conscription assessment in late adolescence (1969-76)...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048468/policy-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#4
Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
Background: Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040440/trends-in-lifestyle-among-three-cohorts-of-adults-aged-55-64-years-in-1992-1993-2002-2003-and-2012-2013
#5
Ilse Reinders, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Visser
Background: Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality risk, even in older age. We investigated trends in lifestyle among three cohorts of adults aged 55-64 years from the Netherlands. Methods: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used. This study consisted of three randomly selected samples of men and women. Lifestyle data were collected in 1992/1993 (cohort 1, n = 988), in 2002/2003 (cohort 2, n = 1002) and in 2012/2013 (cohort 3, n = 1023)...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040495/applying-sequence-clustering-techniques-to-explore-practice-based-ambulatory-care-pathways-in-insurance-claims-data
#6
Verena Vogt, Stefan M Scholz, Leonie Sundmacher
Background: Care pathways are a widely used mean to ensure well-coordinated and high quality care by defining the optimal timing and interval of health services for a specific indication. However, evidence on common sequences of services actually followed by patients has rarely been quantified. This study aims to explore whether sequence clustering techniques can be used to empirically identify typical treatment sequences in ambulatory care for heart failure (HF) patients and compare their effectiveness...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040478/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#8
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036540/tackling-anti-microbial-resistance-ethical-framework-for-rational-antibiotic-use
#9
Jasper Littmann, Annette Rid, Alena Buyx
Background: To reduce the effect of antimicrobial resistance and to preserve antibiotic effectiveness, clinical guidelines and health policy documents call for the rational use of antibiotics, which aims to reduce unnecessary or minimally effective antibiotic use. Methods: Through ethical analysis, we show that rational use programmes can lead to ethical conflicts, because they sometimes place patients at risk of harm-for example, a delayed switch to second-line antibiotics for community-acquired pneumonia can lead to substantial increases in mortality...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036439/do-brief-alcohol-interventions-among-unemployed-at-risk-drinkers-increase-re-employment-after-15-month
#10
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Gallus Bischof, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
Background: At-risk alcohol use is associated bi-directionally to unemployment, and decreases chances of re-employment. Brief alcohol interventions (BAI) can reduce at-risk alcohol use. This study aimed to investigate 15-month effects of BAI on unemployment among persons with at-risk alcohol use. Methods: As part of the randomized controlled 'Trial on proactive alcohol interventions among job-seekers, TOPAS', 1243 18- to 64-year-old job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies in Germany (2008/09), and randomized to (i) a stage tailored intervention based on the trans-theoretical model of intentional behavior change (ST), (ii) a non-stage tailored intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (NST) and (iii) assessment only (AO)...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036600/brain-cancer-cluster-investigation-around-a-factory-emitting-dichloromethane
#11
Konstantinos C Makris, Michael Voniatis
Background: The health risks associated with dichloromethane (DCM) for the general population living near industrial activities have not yet been quantified, primarily due to lack of epidemiological datasets. In the absence of such human data, we undertook a cancer cluster investigation in Cyprus around a historically using DCM plant producing shoe soles that were globally exported. We designed the methodology to investigate the possible existence of a cancer cluster in the area around the factory (point zero) and within a radius of 500 meters...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036618/unsuccessful-treatment-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-factors-and-a-consequent-predictive-model
#12
Ana Costa-Veiga, Teodoro Briz, Carla Nunes
Background: Cure is particularly valuable in pulmonary cases (PTB), as unsuccessful treatment fuels incidence and resistance to antibiotics. This study aims to identify individual factors of PTB unsuccessful treatment in Portugal and to develop a consequent predictive model. Methods: Using the Portuguese TB surveillance database (SVIG-TB), PTB cases older than 15 years notified from 2000 to 2012 in Continental Portugal were analyzed. Unsuccessful treatment included the WHO categories (failure, default, death and transferred out)...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036414/monthly-variation-in-mammographic-screening-attendance-in-norway
#13
Kaitlyn M Tsuruda, Sameer Bhargava, Gunhild Mangerud, Silje Sagstad, Solveig S H Hofvind
Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM) increases screening attendance in the USA. However, this effect has not been investigated in Europe, where organized screening is widespread. We examined monthly attendance within the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Programme, 2005-15. Relative to October, the odds of attending screening in January, February, March, August, September or December were slightly decreased (ORadj 0.93-0.98, P ≤ 0.003 for all). BCAM may marginally increase attendance in October but seasonal factors such as weather may also explain this observed variation...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036286/participation-rates-by-educational-levels-have-diverged-during-25-years-in-finnish-health-examination-surveys
#14
Jaakko Reinikainen, Hanna Tolonen, Katja Borodulin, Tommi Härkänen, Pekka Jousilahti, Juha Karvanen, Seppo Koskinen, Kari Kuulasmaa, Satu Männistö, Harri Rissanen, Erkki Vartiainen
Background: Declining participation rates in health examination surveys may impair the representativeness of surveys and introduce bias into the comparison of results between population groups if participation rates differ between them. Changes in the characteristics of non-participants over time may also limit comparability with earlier surveys. Methods: We studied the association of socio-economic position with participation, and its changes over the past 25 years...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036678/country-of-residence-gender-equality-and-victim-blaming-attitudes-about-partner-violence-a-multilevel-analysis-in-eu
#15
Anna-Karin Ivert, Juan Merlo, Enrique Gracia
Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. We investigate both the general contextual effect of the country and the specific association between country level of gender equality and individual victim-blaming attitudes, as well as to what extend a possible general contextual effect was explained by county level gender equality...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036436/prevalence-of-adult-overweight-and-obesity-in-20-european-countries-2014
#16
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, Ana Naia, Nuno Loureiro, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background: Monitoring obesity and overweight prevalence is important for assessing interventions aimed at preventing or reducing the burden of obesity. This study aimed to provide current data regarding the prevalence of overweight and obesity of adults, from 20 European countries. Methods: Participants were 34 814 (16 482 men) adults with mean age 50.8 ± 17.7. Data from European Social Survey round 7, 2014, were analysed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from self-reported height and weight...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036335/period-effects-in-the-risk-of-subsequent-labour-market-marginalisation-in-young-suicide-attempters
#17
T Niederkrotenthaler, M Helgesson, S Rahman, M Wang, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
Background: Suicide attempt in young age is associated with subsequent labour market marginalisation, but little is known about how marginalisation is affected by changes in suicide attempt rates and social insurance legislation and by age differences. Methods: Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of > 2.4 million Swedish residents per birth cohort, aged 19-40 years in 1999; 2004 and 2009, respectively, and followed up for 4 years. Suicide attempters treated in inpatient care in the three years preceding study entry (n > 7000 per cohort) were compared with the general population of the same age without attempt (1987 to end of follow-up)...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036311/do-work-and-family-care-histories-predict-health-in-older-women
#18
Rebecca Benson, Karen Glaser, Laurie M Corna, Loretta G Platts, Giorgio Di Gessa, Diana Worts, Debora Price, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker
Background: Social and policy changes in the last several decades have increased women's options for combining paid work with family care. We explored whether specific combinations of work and family care over the lifecourse are associated with variations in women's later life health. Methods: We used sequence analysis to group women in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing according to their work histories and fertility. Using logistic regression, we tested for group differences in later life disability, depressive symptomology and mortality, while controlling for childhood health and socioeconomic position and a range of adult socio-economic circumstances and health behaviours...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020299/lifestyle-in-population-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-over-2-year-follow-up
#19
Sanni Helander, Sirpa Heinävaara, Tytti Sarkeala, Nea Malila
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening may cause changes in health-related lifestyle. In 2010, Finnish Mass Screening Registry began a study on psychosocial effects of CRC screening. This article examines whether there are differential developments in self-reported lifestyle at ages 59-61 years among CRC screening invitees and non-contacted controls. Methods: A population-based random sample of 10 648 Finnish adults born in 1951 and living in the municipalities voluntary involved in the CRC screening programme were sent a lifestyle questionnaire in 2010...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020302/cerebrovascular-diseases-in-poland-inconsistent-seasonal-patterns-of-hospitalisation-and-mortality
#20
Anna Poznanska, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Kamil Chwojnicki, Katarzyna Lewtak, Barbara Rubikowska, Wojciech Seroka
Background: A seasonal variation in the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases still remains inconsistently evidenced. Herein, we analyse the monthly patterns of two health phenomena: hospital admissions and deaths due to these diseases. Methods: We identified 69 511 cases of hospital admissions and 14 956 deaths due to cerebrovascular diseases (ICD10: I60-I69 and G45) among the inhabitants of five Polish voivodeship capitals in 2004-13. The method of time series analysis (exponential smoothing with linear trend and monthly additive seasonality) was applied to calculate the monthly specific seasonal indices...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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