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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655176/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-nudging-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-choice
#1
Valérie J V Broers, Céline De Breucker, Stephan Van den Broucke, Olivier Luminet
Background: Nudging refers to interventions that organize the choice architecture in order to alter people's behaviour in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives. As a strategy to encourage healthy behaviour, nudging can serve as a complement to health education. However, the empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of nudging as a way to influence food choice remains contradictory. To address this issue, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to test the effects of nudging to encourage people to select more fruit and vegetables...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637220/temporal-changes-in-health-within-5-years-before-and-after-disability-pension-the-hunt-study
#2
Gunnhild Åberge Vie, Kristine Pape, Steinar Krokstad, Roar Johnsen, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard
Background: Health status has been reported to change before, during and after disability pension receipt. These associations might be subject to temporal changes according to changes in policy, incidence of disability pensions and other contextual factors. We compared the perceived health around time of disability retirement among persons receiving disability pension in the 1990 s and 2000 s in Norway. Methods: We linked data from two consecutive cross-sectional population based Norwegian health surveys, HUNT2 (1995-97) and HUNT3 (2006-08), to national registries, identifying those who received disability pension within 5 years before or after participation in the survey (HUNT2: n = 5362, HUNT3: n = 4649)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633449/night-work-as-a-risk-factor-of-future-disability-pension-due-to-musculoskeletal-diagnoses-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-swedish-twins
#3
Sanna Kärkkäinen, Annina Ropponen, Jurgita Narusyte, Lisa Mather, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Karri Silventoinen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Pia Svedberg
Background: This study investigated the associations between night work, sleep and disability pension (DP) due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), while controlling for several confounding factors including both genetic factors and shared family background. Methods: The study sample consisted of 27 165 Swedish twin individuals born in 1935-58 with comprehensive survey data on sociodemographic, health and lifestyle factors. Night work was assessed as years of working hours at night at least every now and then, and categorized into 'not at all, 1-10 years and over 10 years'...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633350/accuracy-of-on-line-self-reported-weights-and-heights-by-young-adults
#4
Charoula Konstantia Nikolaou, Catherine Ruth Hankey, Michael Ernest John Lean
e-epidemiology, a convenient and low-cost research method, is becoming increasingly popular. This study seeks to validate on-line self-reported heights and weights against objectively measured data in young adults. Young adults self-reported heights and weights in an on-line lifestyle survey. These were validated using two methods: (i) measurements by staff at the primary-care clinic and (ii) measurements by a researcher within two weeks of distribution of the survey. Analyses were conducted to determine differences between the self-reported and measured heights and weights and to identify characteristics associated with under- or over-reporting of these...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637234/a-baseline-assessment-by-healthcare-professionals-of-dutch-pharmacotherapeutic-care-for-the-elderly-with-polypharmacy
#5
Lutien Bakker, Peter F Kemper, Cordula Wagner, Gepke O Delwel, Martine C de Bruijne
Polypharmacy is common in the elderly population and is associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events. To diminish this risk, the guideline 'Polypharmacy in the Elderly' has been developed in 2012. This study examines, to what extent Dutch pharmacotherapeutic practice amongst elderly with polypharmacy mirrors the best practice described in this guideline and which barriers threaten it. An observational study was conducted in 2013/14 using a questionnaire distributed amongst Dutch healthcare professionals and elderly patients with polypharmacy...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633419/is-a-health-interview-survey-an-appropriate-tool-to-assess-domestic-violence
#6
Sabine Drieskens, Stefaan Demarest, Nicola D'Hoker, Barbara Ortiz, Jean Tafforeau
The aim of this study is to assess if a Health Interview Survey (HIS) targeting the general population is an appropriate tool to collect valid data on domestic violence. Studying item non-response on the question on domestic violence and its association with socio-demographic and health characteristics compared with victims of domestic violence can contribute to this. Cross-sectional data from the Belgian HIS 2013 were analysed. A question whether the perpetrator of a violent event was a member of the respondents' household was embedded in a general topic on violence in the self-administered questionnaire...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633364/restricted-health-care-entitlements-for-child-migrants-in-europe-and-australia
#7
Liv Stubbe Østergaard, Marie Norredam, Claire Mock-Munoz de Luna, Mitch Blair, Sharon Goldfeld, Anders Hjern
More than 300 000 asylum seeking children were registered in Europe alone during 2015. In this study, we examined entitlements for health care for these and other migrant children in Europe and Australia in a framework based on United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Survey to child health professionals, NGO's and European Ombudspersons for Children in 30 EU/EEA countries and Australia, supplemented by desktop research of official documents. Migrant children were categorised as asylum seekers and irregular/undocumented migrants...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633302/mumps-clinical-diagnostic-uncertainty
#8
Fabio Magurano, Melissa Baggieri, Antonella Marchi, Paola Bucci, Giovanni Rezza, Loredana Nicoletti
During recent years, various mumps outbreaks have occurred among populations vaccinated for mumps worldwide. In Italy, improving routine coverage with two doses of measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is one of the key strategies to eliminate measles and rubella. To monitor the effect of the vaccination programme on the population, the surveillance of these vaccine-preventable diseases has been implemented. This provided the opportunity to evaluate the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of those diseases, including mumps...
June 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549140/the-relationships-between-income-inequality-welfare-regimes-and-aggregate-health-a-systematic-review
#9
Ki-Tae Kim
: When analysing the relationships between income inequality, welfare regimes and aggregate health at the cross-national level, previous primary articles and systematic reviews reach inconsistent conclusions. Contrary to theoretical expectations, equal societies or the Social Democratic welfare regime do not always have the best aggregate health when compared with those of other relatively unequal societies or other welfare regimes. This article will shed light on the controversial subjects with a new decomposition systematic review method...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549139/response-to-behbod-b-et-al-environmental-and-public-health-tracking-to-advance-knowledge-for-planetary-health
#10
Patrick J Saunders, John D Middleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549138/precautionary-bias
#11
Vasiliy V Vlassov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549137/response-to-compliance-assessment-issues-in-evaluating-age-verification-tools-a-commentary-on-van-hoof-2016
#12
Joris J Van Hoof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549136/compliance-assessment-issues-in-evaluating-age-verification-tools-a-commentary-on-van-hoof-2016
#13
Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Ruud T J Roodbeen, Paul H H M Lemmens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486653/examination-of-the-double-burden-hypothesis-a-systematic-review-of-work-family-conflict-and-sickness-absence
#14
Wendy Nilsen, Anni Skipstein, Kristian A Østby, Arnstein Mykletun
Women consistently have higher sickness absence than men. The double-burden hypothesis suggests this is due to higher work-family burden in women than men. The current study aimed to systematically review prospective studies of work-family conflict and subsequent sickness absence. A systematic search was conducted in the electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase with subject heading terms and keywords with no language or time restrictions. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and read full-texts with pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472394/assessing-trauma-and-mental-health-in-refugee-children-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-validated-screening-and-measurement-tools
#15
A K Gadeberg, E Montgomery, H W Frederiksen, M Norredam
: It is estimated that children below 18 years constitute 50% of the refugee population worldwide, which is the highest figure in a decade. Due to conflicts like the Syrian crises, children are continuously exposed to traumatic events. Trauma exposure can cause mental health problems that may in turn increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. Tools such as questionnaires and interview guides are being used extensively, despite the fact that only a few have been tested and their validity confirmed in refugee children and youth...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472277/malnutrition-and-birth-related-determinants-among-children-in-qazvin-iran
#16
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mostafa Noroozi, Roza Zavoshy, Amir Afkhamrezaei, Shabnam Jalilolghadr, Neda Esmailzadehha
Little is known about the effect of birth weight, birth order and number of siblings on the nutritional status in children in Iran, especially in Qazvin province. The aim of this study was to provide the current data on malnutrition and birth related determinants among children in Qazvin, Iran. This study was conducted in six cities of Qazvin province (Iran), during December 2009-December 2010. Data on age, weight and height were taken and birth weight, number of children in family, birth order, parental career and educational state and family caretaker were collected by a questionnaire that a trained team filled in...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444236/the-cost-of-lyme-borreliosis
#17
Cees C van den Wijngaard, Agnetha Hofhuis, Albert Wong, Margriet G Harms, G Ardine de Wit, Anna K Lugnér, Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Marie-Josée J Mangen, Wilfrid van Pelt
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most frequently reported tick-borne infection in Europe and North America. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-of-illness of LB in the Netherlands. We used available incidence estimates from 2010 for tick bite consultations and three symptomatic LB outcomes: erythema migrans (EM), disseminated LB and Lyme-related persisting symptoms. The cost was estimated using these incidences and the average cost per patient as derived from a patient questionnaire. We estimated the cost from a societal perspective, including healthcare cost, patient cost and production loss, using the friction cost method and a 4% annual discount rate...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430967/associations-of-unhappiness-with-sociodemographic-factors-and-unhealthy-behaviours-in-chinese-adolescents
#18
Jianjiu Chen, Sai Yin Ho, Lok Tung Leung, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
Evidence on the effects of lack of physical exercise, alcohol drinking and smoking on happiness is limited and inconsistent. We examined the associations of unhappiness with sociodemographic factors and these unhealthy behaviours in Chinese adolescents. In a school-based survey in 2012-13 in Hong Kong, 45 857 secondary school students (mean age 14.8 years, 54.0% boys) reported their happiness level (not happy at all/not very happy/happy/very happy), frequency of physical exercise, alcohol drinking status, smoking status and sociodemographic factors...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407058/access-to-healthcare-for-undocumented-migrants-analysis-of-avoidable-hospital-admissions-in-sicily-from-2003-to-2013
#19
Daniele Mipatrini, Sebastiano Pollina Addario, Roberto Bertollini, Mario Palermo, Alice Mannocci, Giuseppe La Torre, Kate Langley, Matteo Dembech, Sara Barragan Montes, Santino Severoni
Access to healthcare services for undocumented migrants is one of the main public health issues currently being debated among European countries. Exclusion from primary healthcare services may lead to serious consequences for migrants' health. We analyzed the risk among undocumented migrants, in comparison with regular migrants, of being hospitalized for preventable conditions in the Region of Sicily (Italy). We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of the foreign population hospitalized in the Sicily region between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379432/increase-in-vaccination-coverage-between-subsequent-generations-of-orthodox-protestants-in-the-netherlands
#20
D Henri Spaan, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs, Jeannine L A Hautvast, Alma Tostmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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