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European Journal of Public Health

Eugenia Di Meco, Anteo Di Napoli, Loredana Maria Amato, Antonio Fortino, Gianfranco Costanzo, Alessandra Rossi, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
Background: Since 2008 Italy has been the destination of the 'central Mediterranean route', used by migrants to reach Europe. The aim of this study is to describe demographic characteristics and health problems of migrants at the time of arrival on the Italian coasts, focussing on dermatological and infectious diseases. Methods: Cross-sectional study of data routinely collected (n = 6, 188) by the National Institute for Health Migration and Poverty (INMP) in the centres for migrants of Lampedusa and Trapani-Milo (2015-16)...
July 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Giuseppe Gorini, Silvano Gallus, Giulia Carreras, Barbara Cortini, Virginia Vannacci, Lorena Charrier, Franco Cavallo, Sabrina Molinaro, Daniela Galeone, Lorenzo Spizzichino, Barbara De Mei, Roberta Pacifici, Fabrizio Faggiano
Background: Main aim was to describe youth smoking prevalence in Italy over the last two decades, and to provide recent trends in knowledge, attitudes towards smoking, awareness of anti-tobacco mass media campaigns, second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure and access to cigarettes. Methods: Figures from three surveillance systems, with 12 representative cross-sectional surveys (about 43 000 participants): European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs, 15-16-year-old students, 1995-2015; Health Behaviour in School-aged Children, 11-, 13-, 15-year-old students, 2002-14 and Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 13-15-year-old students, 2010, 2014...
July 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sanne A A de Laat, Anja C Huizink, Michel H Hof, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
Background: Socioeconomically disadvantaged children often have psychosocial problems. This study examined the mediating role of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy, infancy and early childhood in the association between maternal education, as indicator of socioeconomic status (SES), and child's psychosocial problems. Methods: Included were 3410 children from the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development (ABCD) study. To assess the child's psychosocial problems at age 5-6 years, mothers and teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
July 10, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Alicja Domagala, Malgorzata M Bala, Juan Nicolás Peña-Sánchez, Dawid Storman, Mateusz J Swierz, Mateusz Kaczmarczyk, Monika Storman
Background: Despite the wide range of studies concerning physician satisfaction in different European countries, there is a lack of literature reviews synthesizing and analyzing current evidence evaluating satisfaction of physicians working in European hospitals. The goal of our research was to provide a general overview of the studies in this area and their results. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from January 2000 to January 2017 including both MESH/Emtree terms and free text words related to the subject with no language restrictions...
July 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Roberto Martinez-Lacoba, Isabel Pardo-Garcia, Elisa Amo-Saus, Francisco Escribano-Sotos
Background: The Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is considered a healthy dietary pattern, and greater adherence to this diet may improve health status. It also may reduce the social and economic costs of diet-related illnesses. This meta-review aims to summarize, synthesize and organize the effects of MeDi pattern on different health outcomes. Methods: This meta-review was performed following the PRISMA guidelines. A systematic search was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus...
July 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Viktoria A Kovacs, Eszter Sarkadi-Nagy, Petru Sandu, Vesselka Duleva, Angela Spinelli, Csilla Kaposvari, Maria Hassapidou, Dilani Janssen, Elzbieta Grochowska-Niedworok, Sven Messing, Eva Martos
Background: In accordance with the policy actions that address childhood overweight and obesity at European level and as a contribution to the EU Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-20, a Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity (JANPA) was established. As part of JANPA work package 6, an evaluation framework to identify good practices, targeting childhood obesity prevention in kindergartens and schools, was developed. This article describes the WP 6 JANPA framework of good practice criteria and its development, compares it to other frameworks and discusses its potential for future use...
July 6, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A Mosquera, Per E Gustafsson
Background: Three main explanations of the relationship between income and population health have been identified: the absolute, the contextual and the relative income hypotheses. The evidence about their relevance particularly in egalitarian societies is, however, inconsistent. This study aimed to test the three hypotheses in relation to psychological distress in northern Sweden. Methods: Data come from the 2014 cross-sectional survey from the four northern-most counties in Sweden, and included people aged 25-84 years (n = 21 004)...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Michiyo Iwami, Raheelah Ahmad, Rifat Atun, Alison H Holmes
Background: National action plans determine country responses to anti-microbial resistance (AMR). These plans include interventions aimed at citizens. As the language used in documents could persuade certain behaviours, we sought to assess the positioning and implied responsibilities of citizens in current European AMR plans. This understanding could lead to improved policies and interventions. Methods: Review and comparison of national action plans for AMR (NAP-AMR) obtained from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (plans from 28 European Union and four European Economic Area/European Free Trade Association countries), supplemented by European experts (June-September 2016)...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Kolja N J van Beek, Mirte A G Kuipers, Onno Lignac, Anton E Kunst
Background: Most European countries established laws against smoking in public places. We aimed to describe the prevalence of smoking in bars in 2010 and 2016 in eight European countries and to characterise those bars in which smoking still occurred in 2016. Methods: Smoking in bars was studied in 16 cities in 8 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, France, Germany and the Netherlands). In 2010, 96 bars were visited. In 2016, 51 bars were revisited and 45 new bars were visited...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Mitja Vrdelja, Alenka Kraigher, Dejan Vercic, Samo Kropivnik
Background: Vaccination coverage is dropping in several countries, including Slovenia. More and more people hesitate or even reject vaccinations. As the influence of the internet grows, the question becomes how to communicate about vaccination to parents in order to prevent this drop in vaccination coverage among children. Methods: For the first time in Europe, the Situational Theory of Publics (STOP) has been used in the field of vaccination to segment mothers to subpublics, and to prescribe a clearly defined form of communication for each of the segmented groups...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
M Karanikolos, J P Mackenbach, E Nolte, D Stuckler, M McKee
Background: Did the global financial crisis and its aftermath impact upon the performance of health systems in Europe? We investigated trends in amenable and other mortality in the EU since 2000 across 28 EU countries. Methods: We use WHO detailed mortality files from 28 EU countries to calculate age-standardized deaths rates from amenable and other causes. We then use joinpoint regression to analyse trends in mortality before and after the onset of the economic crisis in Europe in 2008...
July 3, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Nicolas Vignier, Rosemary Dray Spira, Julie Pannetier, Andrainolo Ravalihasy, Anne Gosselin, France Lert, Nathalie Lydie, Olivier Bouchaud, Annabel Desgrees Du Lou, Pierre Chauvin
Background: In this study, we aim to measure and compare the frequency of reported denial of care in sub-Saharan African migrants living in the Paris area, according to their HIV and HBV status and social and migration characteristics. Methods: The ANRS-PARCOURS study is a life-event survey conducted in 2012-13 in healthcare facilities in the Paris area, among three groups of sub-Saharan migrants recruited in primary care centres (N = 760; reference group), in dedicated centres for HIV care (N = 922; HIV group) and in centres for chronic hepatitis B care (N = 777; CHB group)...
July 2, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Elyse Williams, Genevieve A Dingle, Stephen Clift
Background: A growing body of research has found that participating in choir singing can increase positive emotions, reduce anxiety and enhance social bonding. Consequently, group singing has been proposed as a social intervention for people diagnosed with mental health problems. However, it is unclear if group singing is a suitable and effective adjunct to mental health treatment. The current paper systematically reviews the burgeoning empirical research on the efficacy of group singing as a mental health intervention...
July 2, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Xianguo Chen, Liuji Zhang, Qi Zhang, Renqing Zhao
Background: Sedentary behavior is recognized as an independent risk factor for mortality, but it remains unclear whether cigarette smoking will aggravate the detrimental effects of prolonged sitting on mortality. This study examined the impact of cigarette smoking on the relationship between sitting time and all-cause mortality in adults. Methods: Electronic database searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, and the EMBASE up to 1 June 2017. Prospective studies that reported sitting time, percent of current smokers, and all-cause mortality were included...
July 2, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Isabel Portillo, Eunate Arana-Arri, Iñaki Gutiérrez-Ibarluzea, Isabel Bilbao, Jose Luis Hurtado, Cristina Sarasqueta, Isabel Idigoras, Luis Bujanda
Background: The overall aim of this study was to describe trends in participation rates and detection of lesions in a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme, during three rounds, using faecal immunochemical test (FIT). Methods: National registers were used to collect data on invitations for CRC screening in the Basque Country (Spain) from 2009 to 2014. Information about participation, age, gender and lesions in each round were collected. Results: A total of 961...
June 29, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Laura Otero-García, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Carmen Vives-Cases, Marta García-Quinto, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Isabel Goicolea
Background: The objective of this study was to explore how health professionals perceived the effect of the economic crisis and associated austerity measures on the detection of and cares for intimate partner violence (IPV) in primary care in Spain. Methods: Qualitative study designed using semi-structured interviews carried out with 145 health professionals in 16 primary health care centres in different regions of Spain. An inductive thematic analysis was made of the transcriptions...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Renata T C Yokota, Willma J Nusselder, Jean-Marie Robine, Jean Tafforeau, Françoise Renard, Patrick Deboosere, Herman Van Oyen
Background: We aimed to investigate the contribution of chronic conditions to gender differences in disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and life expectancy with disability (LED) in Belgium in 2001, 2004 and 2008. Methods: Data on disability and chronic conditions from participants of the 2001, 2004 and 2008 Health Interview Surveys in Belgium were used to estimate disability prevalence by cause using the attribution method. Disability prevalence was applied to life tables to estimate DFLE and LED using the Sullivan method...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Renata T C Yokota, Willma J Nusselder, Jean-Marie Robine, Jean Tafforeau, Rana Charafeddine, Lydia Gisle, Patrick Deboosere, Herman Van Oyen
Background: Smoking is the leading cause of premature mortality and morbidity. This study aimed at assessing the impact of smoking on life expectancy (LE) and LE with (LED) and without disability (DFLE). We further estimated the contribution of disability and mortality and their causes to differences in LED and DFLE by smoking. Methods: Data on disability, chronic conditions, and smoking from 17 148 participants of the 1997, 2001, 2004 Belgian Health Interview Surveys were used to estimate causes of disability using the attribution method...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Luisa M Moreno, Jesús Vergara, Raquel Alarcón
Background: The prevalence and mortality related to diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) have increased consistently for decades. Identifying adults at high risk of diabetes incidence is important for the execution of intervention. Methods: The participants in the PRODI2 study (n=273), who come from the southeast of Spain and did not have diabetes at the start of the study, were followed for 15 years (1999-2014), and their risk parameters were measured, from which a predictive model was obtained which indicates the level of influence of each factor in the development of DM2...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
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