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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073813/association-between-the-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-nutrient-and-energy-densities-of-german-households-food-purchases
#1
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
BACKGROUND: The USDA Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is used widely to measure diet quality because it allows a number of different applications. Although several evaluations of the HEI-2010 have already been carried out, there is lack of those which focus on associations between the HEI and nutrient intakes. This study updates and expands upon previous findings on these associations. METHODS: Using German consumption data, where ∼12 million purchases from 13 131 households are recorded, HEI-2010 total and individual scores, as well as several energy and nutrient densities were calculated...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064241/associations-between-racial-discrimination-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-low-birthweight-among-roma
#2
Teresa Janevic, Theresa Osypuk, Kristefer Stojanovski, Janko Jankovic, Daniel Gundersen, Maggie Rogers
BACKGROUND: Racial discrimination may increase the risk of low birthweight (LBW), but has not been studied among Roma, the largest minority population in Europe. Moreover, few studies test both institutional and interpersonal forms of racial discrimination on health. Our objective was to examine associations between institutional and interpersonal racial discrimination with LBW, and to test potential mediation by smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: In 2012-2013, Romani women interviewers surveyed 410 Romani women in Serbia and Macedonia...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057694/nutrition-modification-aimed-at-enhancing-dietary-iron-and-folic-acid-intake-an-application-of-health-belief-model-in-practice
#3
Marzieh Araban, Khadije Baharzadeh, Mahmood Karimy
BACKGROUND: The amount of calories and nutrients required for woman increase during pregnancy and Intake adequate amounts of nutrients is essential for the health of mother and foetal. This study was designed to investigate the effect of nutrition education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on calories, iron and folic acid intake for pregnant women. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 76 pregnant women referring to four urban health centres of Khuzestan at 2015...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040737/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-screening-programmes-for-cardiometabolic-diseases
#4
Mickael Hiligsmann, Caroline E Wyers, Susanne Mayer, Silvia M Evers, Dirk Ruwaard
BACKGROUND: The early detection and adequate management of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) is becoming a priority to prevent future health problems and related healthcare costs. AIM: This study systematically reviewed the economic evaluations of screening programmes for the early detection of persons at risk for CMD. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, Web of Science, NHSEED and the CEA registry to identify relevant articles published between 1 January 2005 and 1 May 2015...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040736/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-disability-pension-in-early-midlife-results-from-a-swedish-national-cohort-study
#5
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Bo Vinnerljung
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and disability pension (DP). The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between different ACEs, cumulative ACEs, and DP, and the mediating role of school performance. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 522 880 individuals born between 1973 and 1978. ACEs included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, household public assistance, parental DP and child welfare intervention...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040735/high-prevalence-of-poor-fitness-among-danish-adults-especially-among-those-with-high-cardiovascular-mortality-risk
#6
Kirsten Høj, Mette Vinther Skriver, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Bo Christensen, Annelli Sandbæk
BACKGROUND: Poor cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Yet, our knowledge about the prevalence of poor CRF is limited. We investigated the prevalence of poor CRF among middle-aged Danish adults from a community-based health promotion program, including identification of a subgroup with high cardiovascular mortality risk. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 2,253 middle-aged adults, who completed a preventive health check including CRF testing...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040734/social-inequality-in-adolescents-healthy-food-intake-the-interplay-between-economic-social-and-cultural-capital
#7
Bart De Clercq, Thomas Abel, Irene Moor, Frank J Elgar, John Lievens, Isabelle Sioen, Lutgart Braeckman, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Current explanations of health inequalities in adolescents focus on behavourial and economic determinants and rarely include more meaningful forms of economic, cultural, and social capital. The aim of the study was to investigate how the interplay between capitals constitutes social inequalities in adolescent healthy food intake. METHODS: Data were collected in the 2013/14 Flemish Health Behavior among School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, which is part of the international WHO HBSC survey...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013246/adherence-to-cancer-treatment-guidelines-influence-of-general-and-cancer-specific-guideline-characteristics
#8
Marianne J Heins, Judith D de Jong, Inge Spronk, Vincent K Y Ho, Mirian Brink, Joke C Korevaar
BACKGROUND: Guideline adherence remains a challenge in clinical practice, despite guidelines' ascribed potential to improve patient outcomes. We studied the level of adherence to recommendations from Dutch national cancer treatment guidelines, and the influence of general and cancer-specific guideline characteristics on adherence. METHODS: Based on data from a national cancer registry, adherence was evaluated for 15 treatment recommendations for breast, colorectal, prostate and lung cancer, and melanoma...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013245/european-studies-on-prevalence-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-according-to-immigrant-status-a-review
#9
Rafał Kawa, Evald Saemundsen, Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Annika Hellendoorn, Sanne Lemcke, Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Patricia García-Primo, Irma Moilanen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), once considered to be rare, are now reaching prevalence estimates of 1% and higher. Studies conducted in North America indicate large racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis of ASDs. Others show, that immigrant children have similar prevalence rates of ASDs as native children, although they are diagnosed later compared with native children. In relation to a EU funded network action, Enhancing the Scientific Study of Early Autism, it was considered important to review the literature on this subject...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013243/predicting-risk-of-substantial-weight-gain-in-german-adults-a-multi-center-cohort-approach
#10
Ursula Bachlechner, Heiner Boeing, Marjolein Haftenberger, Anja Schienkiewitz, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Susanne Vogt, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Sabine Schipf, Till Ittermann, Henry Völzke, Ute Nöthlings, Jasmine Neamat-Allah, Karin-Halina Greiser, Rudolf Kaaks, Annika Steffen
BACKGROUND: A risk-targeted prevention strategy may efficiently utilize limited resources available for prevention of overweight and obesity. Likewise, more efficient intervention trials could be designed if selection of subjects was based on risk. The aim of the study was to develop a risk score predicting substantial weight gain among German adults. METHODS: We developed the risk score using information on 15 socio-demographic, dietary and lifestyle factors from 32 204 participants of five population-based German cohort studies...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864357/global-region-of-birth-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-type-2-diabetes-in-stockholm-sweden
#11
Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Shawn Hakimi, Anton Lager, Emma Patterson
BACKGROUND: In Stockholm, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a public health concern and much more prevalent in areas with a high proportion of foreign-born individuals. One in five individuals in Stockholm County are born outside of Sweden, and we therefore investigated if global region of birth was associated with diabetes risk, adjusting for established risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the population-based Stockholm Public Health Survey 2010 (N = 69 115) was combined with registry-based information on country of birth grouped into eight global geographical regions...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864356/the-social-gradient-of-sleep-in-adolescence-results-from-the-youth-hordaland-survey
#12
Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Tormod Bøe, Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen
BACKGROUND: A social gradient of sleep problems has been demonstrated in both children and adults, but our knowledge about possible social determinants of adolescent sleep problems remains limited. METHODS: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16-19 years in 2012. Multiple socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and assessment of sleep, including DSM-5 insomnia, sleep duration, weekend-weekdays differences, as well as sleep deficit and delayed sleep phase were included...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864355/disability-pension-due-to-common-mental-disorders-and-healthcare-use-before-and-after-policy-changes-a-nationwide-study
#13
S Rahman, E Mittendorfer-Rutz, K Alexanderson, J Jokinen, P Tinghög
BACKGROUND: Despite common mental disorders (CMDs) being a main reason for preterm exit from the labour market, there is limited knowledge regarding healthcare use around the time of being granted disability pension (DP) due to CMD. The aim was to study specialized healthcare use before and after being granted DP due to CMD and whether these trajectories differed before and after changes in DP granting criteria in Sweden in 2008. METHODS: Included individuals lived in Sweden, aged 19-64 years with incident DP due to CMD before (wave 1, 2005-06, n = 24 298) or after (wave 2, 2009-10, n = 4056) the changes in 2008...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864354/nutritional-evaluation-of-undocumented-children-a-neglected-health-issue-affecting-the-most-fragile-people
#14
Ornella Comandini, Stefano Cabras, Elisabetta Marini
The precise knowledge of age is necessary for assessing a child's nutritional status. We show the magnitude and the effects of age error in real and hypothetical situations, and discuss possible compensative strategies. Using data collected in different years, we found that 79.8% of 1056 Ugandan children had some age knowledge, but there was a mean shift of 7.5 (±8.8) months between ages obtained from different sources. Using a free software for calculating the effect of bias and random error, we showed the variation in malnutrition prevalence in hypothetical cases...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836971/female-lung-cancer-mortality-and-long-term-exposure-to-particulate-matter-in-italy
#15
Raffaella Uccelli, Marina Mastrantonio, Pierluigi Altavista, Emanuela Caiaffa, Giorgio Cattani, Stefano Belli, Pietro Comba
BACKGROUND: Outdoor air pollution and particulate matter (PM) have recently been classified in Group 1 by IARC. In Italy there is no epidemiological study on the association between female lung cancer and PM as measured by the official monitoring stations. METHODS: We estimated the dose-response relationship between female lung cancer mortality and available long-term outdoor PM10 and/or PM2.5 concentrations for all the Italian province capital city municipalities (respectively, 64 and 32 municipalities)...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836970/adolescent-immigrants-the-impact-of-gender-on-health-status
#16
Cheryl Zlotnick, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Hadass Goldblatt, Yael Dishon, Omer Taychaw, Efrat Shadmi
BACKGROUND: Although studies have described the 'healthy immigrant effect' in adults, far fewer have examined the 'healthy immigrant effect' for adolescents living in immigrant families. Those few studies that did, noted conflicting results, and also differed on whether gender confounds the results. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was informed by the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in which researchers obtained the expertise and guidance on instrument design and study implementation...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836969/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-the-paediatric-age-group-a-multicenter-survey-in-italy
#17
Fabrizio Bert, Maria R Gualano, Renata Gili, Giacomo Scaioli, Emanuela Lovato, Italo F Angelillo, Silvio Brusaferro, Elisabetta De Vito, Giuseppe La Torre, Lamberto Manzoli, Francesco Vitale, Walter Ricciardi, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: The misuse of antibiotics is one of the leading causes of antibiotic resistance. Paediatric patients are highly involved in this issue, as they are those who receive the largest amount of prescriptions of these drugs. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the general knowledge regarding the use of antibiotics, as well as the attitudes related to the administration of these drugs to children, amongst parents of children in the paediatric age-group. METHODS: In 2014, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted amongst parents of children aged 0-14...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836968/four-year-outcomes-of-an-educational-intervention-in-healthy-habits-in-schoolchildren-the-avall-3-trial
#18
Esteve Llargués, Ma Assumpta Recasens, Josep-Maria Manresa, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Rosa Franco, Anna Nadal, Maria Vila, Isabel Recasens, M José Pérez, Conxa Castell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among children is increasing, but treating obesity is difficult and has poor outcomes. We assessed the 4-year impact of a school-based educational intervention on physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of overweight and obesity. METHODS: A 6-year cluster-randomised study was used to evaluate an intervention programme for children in primary school in 2006-08. The intervention promoted healthy eating habits and physical activity in the school setting through the investigation, vision, action and change educational methodology that involves children as active participants in healthy change...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836967/the-economic-burden-of-a-salmonella-thompson-outbreak-caused-by-smoked-salmon-in-the-netherlands-2012-2013
#19
Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Martijn Bouwknegt, Marie-Josee J Mangen, G Ardine de Wit, Wilfrid van Pelt, Paul Bijkerk, Ingrid H M Friesema
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Netherlands experienced the most extensive food-related outbreak of Salmonella ever recorded. It was caused by smoked salmon contaminated with Salmonella Thompson during processing. In total, 1149 cases of salmonellosis were laboratory confirmed and reported to RIVM. Twenty percent of cases was hospitalised and four cases were reported to be fatal. The purpose of this study was to estimate total costs of the Salmonella Thompson outbreak. METHODS: Data from a case-control study were used to estimate the cost-of-illness of reported cases (i...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818372/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-flourishing-mental-health-and-incident-mood-anxiety-and-substance-use-disorders
#20
Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra, Margreet Ten Have, Sanne M A Lamers, Ron de Graaf, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: High levels of mental well-being might protect against the onset of mental disorders but longitudinal evidence is scarce. This study examines whether flourishing mental health predicts first-incidence and recurrent mental disorders 3 years later. METHODS: Data were used from 4482 representative adults participating in the second (2010-12) and third wave (2013-15) of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2). Mental well-being was assessed with the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) at the second wave...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
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