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European Journal of Public Health

Diane M Crone, Rachel C Sumner, Colin M Baker, Elizabeth A Loughren, Samantha Hughes, David V B James
Background: Arts for health interventions are an accepted option for medical management of mental wellbeing in health care. Updated findings are presented from a prospective longitudinal follow-up (observational) design study of an arts on referral programme in UK general practice, over a 7-year period (2009-2016). Methods: Primary care process and mental wellbeing outcomes were investigated, including progress through the intervention, changes in mental wellbeing, and factors associated with those outcomes...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Laura Paalanen, Päivikki Koponen, Tiina Laatikainen, Hanna Tolonen
Background: Three data sources are generally used in monitoring health on the population level. Health interview surveys (HISs) are based on participants' self-report. Health examination surveys (HESs) yield more objective data, and also persons who are unaware of their elevated risks can be detected. Medical records (MRs) and other administrative registers also provide objective data, but their availability, coverage and quality vary between countries. We summarized studies comparing self-reported data with (i) measured data from HESs or (ii) MRs...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Klára Dimitrovová, Julian Perelman
Background: The strengthening of primary care (PC) has been encouraged as a strategy to achieve more efficient and equitable health systems. However, the Great Recession may have reduced access to PC. This paper analyses the change in access to PC and its patterning in 28 European countries between 2007 and 2012. Methods: We used data from the 2007 and 2012 waves of the EU-SILC questionnaire (n = 687 170). The dependent variable was the self-reported access to PC ('easy' vs...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Ana I Cobo-Cuenca, María-Aurora Rodríguez-Borrego, Pedro Hidalgo-Lópezosa, Pedro M Rodríguez-Muñoz, Manuela Martins, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: Cervical cancer has decreased in developed countries thanks to cytology screening programmes. The aims of this study were To analyse the frequency and evolution of performing cytology tests and to determine the variables that influence their use. Methods: Cross-sectional study of non-institutionalized women who participated in the national health survey (2006, 2011/12) and the European Health Survey in Spain (2009, 2014). Study variables: cytology-testing, time since last cytology-test, reason for performing the test, age, nationality, marital status, social status, education level and place of residence...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Anthony A Laverty, Hayley Thompson, Andreea Cetateanu, Filippos T Filippidis
Data from the representative 2013 Eurobarometer survey were combined with macro-environmental data to assess relationships with different domains of physical activity (PA) in 28 European Union countries. Higher mean annual temperatures were the only macro-environmental factor found to be associated with levels of physical activity; an increase in the mean annual temperature by 1°C was associated with-0.94 fewer minutes of vigorous-intensity activity per week (95% CI: -1.66 to -0.23). This highlights the importance of modifiable influences (e...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Laia Palència, Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Marc Marí-dell'Olmo, Mercè Gotsens, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Bartoll, Glòria Pérez
The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in small-for-gestational age covering the period before and after the Spanish economic crisis, taking into account mother's age, nationality and the autonomous community where she resides. We performed a trend study including children born to fertile women in Spain between 2002 and 2013. Poisson mixed models showed that the prevalence of small-for-gestational age increased following the onset of the crisis, and that a previous downward trend was interrupted.
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Minna Mänty, Anne Kouvonen, Tea Lallukka, Jouni Lahti, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
Background: Changes in health functioning over different retirement transitions are poorly understood. This study aimed to examine associations between transition into statutory, disability and part-time retirement, and changes in health functioning. Methods: Survey data were collected among ageing employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three phases: (i) (2000-02), (ii) (2007) and (iii) (2012). Physical and mental health functioning were measured using the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each phase...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Marcel T Slockers, Wilma J Nusselder, Judith Rietjens, Ed F van Beeck
Background: We aimed to assess the contribution of specific causes-of-death to excess mortality of homeless persons and to identify differences in cause-specific mortality rates after vs. before implementing social policy measures. Methods: We conducted a register based 10-year follow-up study of homeless adults in Rotterdam and calculated the proportion of deaths by cause-of-death in this cohort in the period 2001-2010. We estimated cause-specific mortality among the homeless compared to the general population with Standardized Mortality Ratios...
February 4, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sonja Milovanovic, Andrea Silenzi, Flavia Kheiraoui, Giuseppe Ventriglia, Stefania Boccia, Andrea Poscia
Background: This cross-sectional study has been developed within the framework of the Italian project 'We love your heart' ('Ci sta a cuore il tuo cuore') and reports the results of the initial type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk assessment carried out in a big network of community pharmacies in Italy and Spain. Methods: In total 4002 pharmacists from 854pharmacies were specifically trained to collect data and perform the evaluation of the probability of developing T2DM among pharmacy customers...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Sophie Newitt, Sibyl Anthierens, Samuel Coenen, Danilo Lo Fo Wong, Cristiana Salvi, Richard Puleston, Diane Ashiru-Oredope
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major public health threat. The UK Antibiotic Guardian (AG) behavioural change campaign developed to tackle AMR was expanded across Europe through translation into Russian, Dutch and French. Demographics and knowledge of AGs were analyzed between 01 November 2016 and 31 December 2016. A total of 367 pledges were received with the majority from the public and health care professionals. The pilot has significantly increased the proportion of pledges from Europe (excluding UK) (χ2 = 108...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Yolanda Rando-Matos, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Joana Ripoll, Joan Llobera, Julio Morán, Josep Lluís Ballvé-Moreno, Concepció Violán, Bonaventura Bolíbar
Background: To examine the impact of comprehensive smoke-free legislation (SFL) (Law 42/2010) on the incidence and prevalence of adult asthma and coronary disease in primary health care (PHC) patients from three Spanish regions, overall and stratified by sex. Methods: Longitudinal observational study conducted between 2007 and 2013 in the population over 15 years of age assigned to 66 PHC teams in Catalonia, Navarre and the Balearic Islands. Crude rates and age-standardized (truncated: asthma ≥ 16 years and coronary disease ≥ 35 years) incidence and prevalence rates using the direct method based on the European Standard Population were estimated based on data from PHC electronic health records...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Carla F J Nooijen, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Gisela Nyberg, Taren Sanders, Maria R Galanti, Yvonne Forsell
Background: Physically active occupations with high-energy expenditure may lead to lower motivation to exercise during leisure time, while the reverse can be hypothesized for sedentary occupations. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of changing occupational activity level on exercise behavior. Methods: Data on occupational physical activity and leisure time exercise were taken from a population-based cohort, with surveys completed in 2010 and 2014...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Olga Tingstedt, Frank Lindblad, Roman Koposov, Marek Blatný, Michal Hrdlicka, Andrew Stickley, Vladislav Ruchkin
Background: Although the association between somatic complaints and internalizing problems (anxiety, somatic anxiety and depression) is well established, it remains unclear whether the pattern of this relationship differs by gender and in different cultures. The aim of this study was to examine cross-cultural and gender-specific differences in the association between somatic complaints and internalizing problems in youth from the Czech Republic and Russia. Methods: The Social and Health Assessment, a self-report survey, was completed by representative community samples of adolescents, age 12-17 years, from the Czech Republic (N = 4770) and Russia (N = 2728)...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Anna-Mari Aalto, Tarja Heponiemi, Kim Josefsson, Martti Arffman, Marko Elovainio
Background: Increasing wellbeing problems among physicians may lead to serious consequences in health care and means to prevent such development are called for. This study examined longitudinal associations between workload and changes in distress, sleep quality and workability in physicians and whether positive social relations at work would protect from such problems. Methods: A baseline survey was conducted in 2006 for a random sample of 5000 physicians (n = 2841, response rate 57%)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Emilie Renahy, Christiane Mitchell, Agnes Molnar, Carles Muntaner, Edwin Ng, Farihah Ali, Patricia O'Campo
Background: Since the global economic crisis in 2007, unemployment rates have escalated in most European and North American countries. Unemployment protection policies, particularly the unemployment insurance (UI) system, have become a weighty issue for many modern welfare states. Decades of research have established concrete findings on the adverse impacts of unemployment on poverty- and health-related outcomes. This provided a foundation for further exploration into the potential protective effects of UI in offsetting these adverse outcomes...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Pedro A Latorre-Román, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M Soto-Hermoso, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze physical activity (PA), functional limitations, weight status, self-perceived health status and disease or chronic health problems in older people aged 65 and over using the European Health Survey in Spain (EHSS) conducted one in 2009 and one in 2014. Methods: This study included 12,546 older people, 6026 [2330 men and 3696 women; age (Mean, SD) =75.61 ± 7.11 years old] in 2009 and 6520 [2624 men and 3896 women; age (Mean, SD) =75...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Feleke Doyore Agide, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival. Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and to develop effective interventions targeting women. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, Ovid/MEDILINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published between January 2005 and January 2017...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
G N Noel, A R Roch, P M Michelet, L B Boiron, S G Gentile, G V Viudes
In Marseille, the 2016 EURO football cup days were independently associated with a 43% increase in alcohol-related visits in the Emergency Department (ED). Patients admitted for alcohol consumption were younger (41 vs. 46.6;P < 0.001), more often male (82.8% vs. 60.1%; P < 0.001) and more often admitted as inpatients (24.0% vs. 16.5%; P = 0.03) than those admitted for injury. Unlike reported in previous studies, injury-related visits did not increase. This could be explained by coding practice variability between EDs (alcohol or injury)...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
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