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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864357/global-region-of-birth-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-type-2-diabetes-in-stockholm-sweden
#1
Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Shawn Hakimi, Anton Lager, Emma Patterson
BACKGROUND: In Stockholm, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a public health concern and much more prevalent in areas with a high proportion of foreign-born individuals. One in five individuals in Stockholm County are born outside of Sweden, and we therefore investigated if global region of birth was associated with diabetes risk, adjusting for established risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the population-based Stockholm Public Health Survey 2010 (N = 69 115) was combined with registry-based information on country of birth grouped into eight global geographical regions...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864356/the-social-gradient-of-sleep-in-adolescence-results-from-the-youth-hordaland-survey
#2
Mari Hysing, Keith J Petrie, Tormod Bøe, Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen
BACKGROUND: A social gradient of sleep problems has been demonstrated in both children and adults, but our knowledge about possible social determinants of adolescent sleep problems remains limited. METHODS: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16-19 years in 2012. Multiple socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and assessment of sleep, including DSM-5 insomnia, sleep duration, weekend-weekdays differences, as well as sleep deficit and delayed sleep phase were included...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864355/disability-pension-due-to-common-mental-disorders-and-healthcare-use-before-and-after-policy-changes-a-nationwide-study
#3
S Rahman, E Mittendorfer-Rutz, K Alexanderson, J Jokinen, P Tinghög
BACKGROUND: Despite common mental disorders (CMDs) being a main reason for preterm exit from the labour market, there is limited knowledge regarding healthcare use around the time of being granted disability pension (DP) due to CMD. The aim was to study specialized healthcare use before and after being granted DP due to CMD and whether these trajectories differed before and after changes in DP granting criteria in Sweden in 2008. METHODS: Included individuals lived in Sweden, aged 19-64 years with incident DP due to CMD before (wave 1, 2005-06, n = 24 298) or after (wave 2, 2009-10, n = 4056) the changes in 2008...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864354/nutritional-evaluation-of-undocumented-children-a-neglected-health-issue-affecting-the-most-fragile-people
#4
Ornella Comandini, Stefano Cabras, Elisabetta Marini
The precise knowledge of age is necessary for assessing a child's nutritional status. We show the magnitude and the effects of age error in real and hypothetical situations, and discuss possible compensative strategies. Using data collected in different years, we found that 79.8% of 1056 Ugandan children had some age knowledge, but there was a mean shift of 7.5 (±8.8) months between ages obtained from different sources. Using a free software for calculating the effect of bias and random error, we showed the variation in malnutrition prevalence in hypothetical cases...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836971/female-lung-cancer-mortality-and-long-term-exposure-to-particulate-matter-in-italy
#5
Raffaella Uccelli, Marina Mastrantonio, Pierluigi Altavista, Emanuela Caiaffa, Giorgio Cattani, Stefano Belli, Pietro Comba
BACKGROUND: Outdoor air pollution and particulate matter (PM) have recently been classified in Group 1 by IARC. In Italy there is no epidemiological study on the association between female lung cancer and PM as measured by the official monitoring stations. METHODS: We estimated the dose-response relationship between female lung cancer mortality and available long-term outdoor PM10 and/or PM2.5 concentrations for all the Italian province capital city municipalities (respectively, 64 and 32 municipalities)...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836970/adolescent-immigrants-the-impact-of-gender-on-health-status
#6
Cheryl Zlotnick, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Hadass Goldblatt, Yael Dishon, Omer Taychaw, Efrat Shadmi
BACKGROUND: Although studies have described the 'healthy immigrant effect' in adults, far fewer have examined the 'healthy immigrant effect' for adolescents living in immigrant families. Those few studies that did, noted conflicting results, and also differed on whether gender confounds the results. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was informed by the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in which researchers obtained the expertise and guidance on instrument design and study implementation...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836969/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-the-paediatric-age-group-a-multicenter-survey-in-italy
#7
Fabrizio Bert, Maria R Gualano, Renata Gili, Giacomo Scaioli, Emanuela Lovato, Italo F Angelillo, Silvio Brusaferro, Elisabetta De Vito, Giuseppe La Torre, Lamberto Manzoli, Francesco Vitale, Walter Ricciardi, Roberta Siliquini
BACKGROUND: The misuse of antibiotics is one of the leading causes of antibiotic resistance. Paediatric patients are highly involved in this issue, as they are those who receive the largest amount of prescriptions of these drugs. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the general knowledge regarding the use of antibiotics, as well as the attitudes related to the administration of these drugs to children, amongst parents of children in the paediatric age-group. METHODS: In 2014, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted amongst parents of children aged 0-14...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836968/four-year-outcomes-of-an-educational-intervention-in-healthy-habits-in-schoolchildren-the-avall-3-trial
#8
Esteve Llargués, Ma Assumpta Recasens, Josep-Maria Manresa, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Rosa Franco, Anna Nadal, Maria Vila, Isabel Recasens, M José Pérez, Conxa Castell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among children is increasing, but treating obesity is difficult and has poor outcomes. We assessed the 4-year impact of a school-based educational intervention on physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of overweight and obesity. METHODS: A 6-year cluster-randomised study was used to evaluate an intervention programme for children in primary school in 2006-08. The intervention promoted healthy eating habits and physical activity in the school setting through the investigation, vision, action and change educational methodology that involves children as active participants in healthy change...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836967/the-economic-burden-of-a-salmonella-thompson-outbreak-caused-by-smoked-salmon-in-the-netherlands-2012-2013
#9
Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Martijn Bouwknegt, Marie-Josee J Mangen, G Ardine de Wit, Wilfrid van Pelt, Paul Bijkerk, Ingrid H M Friesema
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Netherlands experienced the most extensive food-related outbreak of Salmonella ever recorded. It was caused by smoked salmon contaminated with Salmonella Thompson during processing. In total, 1149 cases of salmonellosis were laboratory confirmed and reported to RIVM. Twenty percent of cases was hospitalised and four cases were reported to be fatal. The purpose of this study was to estimate total costs of the Salmonella Thompson outbreak. METHODS: Data from a case-control study were used to estimate the cost-of-illness of reported cases (i...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818372/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-flourishing-mental-health-and-incident-mood-anxiety-and-substance-use-disorders
#10
Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra, Margreet Ten Have, Sanne M A Lamers, Ron de Graaf, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: High levels of mental well-being might protect against the onset of mental disorders but longitudinal evidence is scarce. This study examines whether flourishing mental health predicts first-incidence and recurrent mental disorders 3 years later. METHODS: Data were used from 4482 representative adults participating in the second (2010-12) and third wave (2013-15) of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2). Mental well-being was assessed with the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) at the second wave...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815286/is-risk-taking-behaviour-more-prevalent-among-adolescents-with-learning-disabilities
#11
Michaela Palfiova, Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska, Daniela Bobakova, Jana Holubcikova, Ivo Cermak, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Reports from schools indicate that adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) frequently show risk-taking behaviour (RTB), but evidence is lacking. The aim of the study was to assess the associations between LD status and RTBs among Slovak adolescents and to explore whether family affluence and family composition have a moderating or mediating role in these associations. METHODS: Data from the Slovak national HBSC study 2014 were analyzed. The sample comprised 1549 15-year-old adolescents (mean age: 15...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815285/written-informed-consent-in-health-research-is-outdated
#12
R Broekstra, E L M Maeckelberghe, R P Stolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777243/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-long-term-care-facility-and-general-practice-urine-samples-in-patients-65-years-and-older-an-observational-study
#13
Aoife Fleming, Louise Barry, Stephen Byrne, Michael Prentice
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) poses a risk to elderly residents. The aim of this observational study was to investigate recent patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in urine samples submitted to the Microbiology Laboratory at Cork University Hospital (CUH) from LTCFs in the greater Cork region. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of LTCF and General Practitioner (GP) urine samples sent to CUH, for patients aged over 65 years of age, were compared...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744349/associations-between-lifestyle-factors-and-an-unhealthy-diet
#14
Heidi P Fransen, Jolanda M A Boer, Joline W J Beulens, G Ardine de Wit, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Jeljer Hoekstra, Anne M May, Petra H M Peeters
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy dietary patterns have been associated with other unhealthy lifestyle factors such as smoking and physical inactivity. Whether these associations are similar in high- and low-educated individuals is currently unknown. METHODS: We used information of the EPIC-NL cohort, a prospective cohort of 39 393 men and women, aged 20-70 years at recruitment. A lifestyle questionnaire and a validated food frequency questionnaire were administered at recruitment (1993-97)...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744348/impact-of-chronic-care-model-on-diabetes-care-in-tuscany-a-controlled-before-after-study
#15
Valentina Barletta, Francesco Profili, Rosa Gini, Leonardo Grilli, Carla Rampichini, Daniela Matarrese, Paolo Francesconi
BACKGROUND: In 2010, Tuscany (Italy) implemented the Chronic Care Model (CCM), to improve general practitioner (GP) management of chronic diseases. AIM: assessing how the introduction of CCM affected GPs' compliance with standards of care for diabetes patients. METHODS: A controlled before-after study was performed. Two exposed groups of GPs, one entering the study in 2010 and one in 2011, were considered. Patients with diabetes assisted by GPs of the groups were identified through the healthcare administrative data of the Regional Healthcare System and followed up from 2009 to 2012...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744347/environmental-and-public-health-tracking-to-advance-knowledge-for-planetary-health
#16
Behrooz Behbod, Paolo Lauriola, Giovanni Leonardi, Helen Crabbe, Rebecca Close, Brigit Staatsen, Lisbeth E Knudsen, Kees de Hoogh, Sylvia Medina, Jan C Semenza, Tony Fletcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744346/the-influence-of-parental-modelling-on-children-s-physical-activity-and-screen-time-does-it-differ-by-gender
#17
Stephanie Schoeppe, Corneel Vandelanotte, Elling Bere, Nanna Lien, Maïté Verloigne, Éva Kovács, Yannis Manios, Mona Bjelland, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in modelling healthy behaviours to their children. This study investigated associations between parent and child physical activity and screen time behaviours across specific domains, including moderating effects by parent and child gender. METHOD: The sample comprised 3300 school children and 2933 parents participating in the UP4FUN project (mean ages: child 11.2 ± 0.8 years, mother 40.0 ± 4.9 years, father 43.4 ± 5...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744345/are-health-inequalities-rooted-in-the-past-income-inequalities-in-metabolic-syndrome-decomposed-by-childhood-conditions
#18
Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastian, Anneli Ivarsson, Lars Weinehall, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Early life is thought of as a foundation for health inequalities in adulthood. However, research directly examining the contribution of childhood circumstances to the integrated phenomenon of adult social inequalities in health is absent. The present study aimed to examine whether, and to what degree, social conditions during childhood explain income inequalities in metabolic syndrome in mid-adulthood. METHODS: The sample (N = 12 481) comprised all 40- and 50-year-old participants in the Västerbotten Intervention Program in Northern Sweden 2008, 2009 and 2010...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744344/the-vienna-declaration-on-public-health
#19
Martin McKee, David Stuckler, Dineke Zeegers Paget, Thomas Dorner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742717/lonely-and-bored-stiff-challenging-phase-for-ethnic-minority-and-migrant-health-in-europe
#20
Charles Agyemang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
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