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European Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444236/the-cost-of-lyme-borreliosis
#1
Cees C van den Wijngaard, Agnetha Hofhuis, Albert Wong, Margriet G Harms, G Ardine de Wit, Anna K Lugnér, Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Marie-Josée J Mangen, Wilfrid van Pelt
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most frequently reported tick-borne infection in Europe and North America. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-of-illness of LB in the Netherlands. We used available incidence estimates from 2010 for tick bite consultations and three symptomatic LB outcomes: erythema migrans (EM), disseminated LB and Lyme-related persisting symptoms. The cost was estimated using these incidences and the average cost per patient as derived from a patient questionnaire. We estimated the cost from a societal perspective, including healthcare cost, patient cost and production loss, using the friction cost method and a 4% annual discount rate...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#2
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431085/health-status-in-europe-comparison-of-24-urban-areas-to-the-corresponding-10-countries-euro-urhis-2
#3
E M Koster, R de Gelder, F Di Nardo, G Williams, A Harrison, L P van Buren, H Lyshol, L Patterson, C A Birt, J Higgerson, P W Achterberg, A Verma, E J C van Ameijden
: In Europe, over 70% of the population live in urban areas (UAs). Most international comparative health research is done using national level data, as reliable and comparable urban data are often unavailable or difficult to access. This study aims to investigate whether population health is different in UAs compared with their corresponding countries. : Routinely available health-related data were collected by the EURO-URHIS 2 project, for 10 European countries and for 24 UAs within those countries. National and UA level data for 11 health indicators were compared through the calculation of relative difference, and geographical patterns within Europe were investigated using the Mann Whitney U test...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430967/associations-of-unhappiness-with-sociodemographic-factors-and-unhealthy-behaviours-in-chinese-adolescents
#4
Jianjiu Chen, Sai Yin Ho, Lok Tung Leung, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
Evidence on the effects of lack of physical exercise, alcohol drinking and smoking on happiness is limited and inconsistent. We examined the associations of unhappiness with sociodemographic factors and these unhealthy behaviours in Chinese adolescents. In a school-based survey in 2012-13 in Hong Kong, 45 857 secondary school students (mean age 14.8 years, 54.0% boys) reported their happiness level (not happy at all/not very happy/happy/very happy), frequency of physical exercise, alcohol drinking status, smoking status and sociodemographic factors...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430961/whether-people-believe-that-overweight-is-unhealthy-depends-on-their-bmi
#5
Simone Dohle, Tamara Bucher
An online experiment with 536 participants was conducted to investigate how people who differ in body weight perceive scientific information on body weight and mortality. The results showed that individuals who were aware that they are overweight were more inclined to trust a study that showed that overweight reduces mortality (P < 0.001). This finding is relevant as the BMI-mortality association remains a matter of scientific and public debate and people's risk perceptions influences their willingness to change behaviour...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430945/effects-of-a-counselling-intervention-to-improve-contraception-in-deprived-neighbourhoods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Elia Díez, Maria J López, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo, Laia Nebot, Gloria Pérez, Joan R Villalbi, Ramon Carreras
This study aims to evaluate the effects of a community-based counselling intervention to improve contraception use among immigrant and native residents in deprived neighbourhoods. : Randomized controlled trial. Women aged 14-49 years and men aged 14-39 years from two low-income neighbourhoods with high proportion of immigration in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) who had not undergone irreversible contraception and were not planning a pregnancy were recruited (2011-13). A culturally developed and theoretically based brief counselling intervention was delivered in community settings...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407111/road-injuries-health-burden-but-not-fatalities-make-12-to-17-year-olds-a-high-risk-group-in-the-netherlands
#7
Divera A M Twisk, Niels M Bos, Wendy A M Weijermars
To explore the impact of road injuries for different age groups, this study compares the health burden of road injuries in young adolescents-12 to 17 years of age-to those for older age groups. Young adolescents are underrepresented in road fatalities. However, their inexperience, developmental stage and use of bicycles may expose them to high levels of road risk, but their physical resilience may help them survive injuries which in older age groups would be fatal. To assess the impact of injuries compared with death, this study assessed by age group the health burden expressed in disability adjusted life years; years of life lost plus years lived with disability...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407063/trends-in-the-sexual-behaviour-of-15-year-olds-in-scotland-2002-14
#8
Fergus G Neville, Juliet McEachran, Aixa Aleman-Diaz, Ross Whitehead, Alina Cosma, Dorothy Currie, Candace Currie
Early sexual initiation and inadequate contraceptive use can place adolescents at increased risk of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. These behaviours are patterned by gender and may be linked to social inequalities. This paper examines trends in sexual initiation and contraceptive use by gender and family affluence for Scottish adolescents. Cross-sectional data from four nationally representative survey cycles (2002, 2004, 2010, 2014) (n = 8895) (mean age = 15.57) were analysed. Logistic regressions examined the impact of survey year on sexual initiation, condom use and birth control pill (BCP) use at last sex; as well as any changes over time in association between family affluence and the three sexual behaviours...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407061/lifetime-abuse-and-perceived-social-support-among-the-elderly-a-study-from-seven-european-countries
#9
Bahareh Eslami, Mirko Di Rosa, Henrique Barros, Mindaugas Stankunas, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Maria Gabriella Melchiorre
Being a victim of abuse during one's life course may affect social relations in later life. The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the association between lifetime abuse and perceived social support and (ii) identify correlates of perceived social support among older persons living in seven European countries. A sample of 4467 women and men aged 60-84 years living in Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain and Sweden was collected through a cross-sectional population-based study. Abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed through interviews or interviews/self-response questionnaire based on the Conflict Tactics Scale-2 and the UK study on elder abuse...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407058/access-to-healthcare-for-undocumented-migrants-analysis-of-avoidable-hospital-admissions-in-sicily-from-2003-to-2013
#10
Daniele Mipatrini, Sebastiano Pollina Addario, Roberto Bertollini, Mario Palermo, Alice Mannocci, Giuseppe La Torre, Kate Langley, Matteo Dembech, Sara Barragan Montes, Santino Severoni
Access to healthcare services for undocumented migrants is one of the main public health issues currently being debated among European countries. Exclusion from primary healthcare services may lead to serious consequences for migrants' health. We analyzed the risk among undocumented migrants, in comparison with regular migrants, of being hospitalized for preventable conditions in the Region of Sicily (Italy). We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of the foreign population hospitalized in the Sicily region between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407055/inequalities-in-obesity-in-portugal-regional-and-gender-differences
#11
Luís Alves, Silvia Stringhini, Henrique Barros, Ana Azevedo, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Obesity levels vary considerably according to geographical region and socio-economic status. We evaluated the prevalence of obesity by education and occupational position across seven Portuguese regions. Relative and absolute inequalities in obesity were also assessed. Data was drawn from the Portuguese Health Survey 2005/6 (26 674 adults, 46.6% women). Education was categorized as ≤4, 5-11 and ≥12 complete years of education. Occupational position was grouped as upper white collar, lower white collar and blue collar...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402549/the-link-between-perceived-characteristics-of-neighbourhood-green-spaces-and-adults-physical-activity-in-uk-cities-analysis-of-the-euro-urhis-2-study
#12
Omer Ali, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Arpana Verma
Urban dwellers represent half the world's population and are increasing worldwide. Their health and behaviours are affected by the built environment and green areas may play a major role in promoting physical activity, thus decreasing the burden of chronic diseases, overweight and inactivity. However, the availability of green areas may not guarantee healthy levels of physical activity among the urban dwellers. It is therefore necessary to study how the perceived characteristics of green areas affect physical activity...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402410/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-self-rated-health-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-euro-urhis-2-survey
#13
Emily Granger, Greg Williams, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Arpana Verma
Engaging in regular physical activity has a beneficial impact on both physical health and on subjective health indicators. The aims of this study were (i) to assess the association between physical activity levels and self-reported health status in European adolescents and (ii) to identify any differences in the distribution of adolescents reporting good health between active and inactive subjects across urban areas. The study sample comprised 13 783 15-year olds from 21 urban areas across Europe who participated in the European Urban Health Indicators System Part 2 youth survey in 2010/11...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379432/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379485/burden-of-smoking-in-lithuania-attributable-mortality-and-years-of-potential-life-lost
#15
Vaida Liutkute, Aurelijus Veryga, Mindaugas Štelemekas, Nijole Goštautaite Midttun
High mortality rates from smoking related diseases are a significant public health issue in Lithuania. Study aims to estimate the number of smoking attributable deaths (SADs) and years of potential life lost in Lithuania in 2013. Gender, age and disease specific mortality was calculated by applying the smoking attributable fractions (SAFs) to prevalence estimates of current and former smokers among Lithuanian adults aged ≥35 years that are based on the 2005 Lithuanian Health Interview Survey. Mortality data were obtained from the Institute of Hygiene Health Information Centre...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379396/trends-in-occupational-disparities-for-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-chemicals-in-france-2003-10
#16
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
To explore trends in social and occupational inequalities in terms of exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational hazards (SUMER) that was conducted in 2003 and 2010. We included all of the 27 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union regulations as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans. Trends in prevalence and degree of exposure were examined using multilevel logistic regression analysis...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371850/interactive-effects-of-sleep-duration-and-morning-evening-preference-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#17
Freda Patterson, Susan Kohl Malone, Michael A Grandner, Alicia Lozano, Mackenzie Perkett, Alexandra Hanlon
: Sleep duration and morningness/eveningness (circadian preference) have separately been associated with cardiovascular risk factors (i.e. tobacco use, physical inactivity). Interactive effects are plausible, resulting from combinations of sleep homeostatic and circadian influences. These have not been examined in a population sample. : Multivariable regression models were used to test the associations between combinations of sleep duration (short [≤6 h], adequate [7-8 h], long [≥9 h]) and morning/evening preference (morning, somewhat morning, somewhat evening, evening) with the cardiovascular risk factors of tobacco use, physical inactivity, high sedentary behaviour, obesity/overweight and eating fewer than 5 daily servings of fruit and vegetables, in a cross-sectional sample of 439 933 adults enrolled in the United Kingdom Biobank project...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371813/economic-evaluation-of-health-promotion-and-primary-prevention-actions-for-older-people-a-systematic-review
#18
Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk, Ewa Kocot, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Kai Huter, Heinz Rothgang
Healthy ageing and health promotion (HP) actions for older people have become an important health sector priority. At the same time, the application of economic evaluation methods in the field of health interventions in order to support allocative decision processes is of growing importance. The aims of the review were to analyze what the existing evidence is on cost-effectiveness of HP and/or primary prevention (PP) programmes for older people whilst providing deeper insight into methodological aspects of such studies, their overall quality and issues related to practical implementation of results...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371935/self-rated-health-literacy-is-associated-with-exercise-frequency-among-adults-aged-50-in-ireland
#19
S Gibney, G Doyle
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-rated health literacy and self-reported exercise frequency among people aged 50+ in Ireland. Data were from the European Health Literacy Survey (2011) a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of adults aged 15+ from eight countries. Health literacy was measured using composite indices (0-50, low to high) in three domains: healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion. Participants reported how often they exercised for 30 min or longer in the month prior to survey...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371929/inventory-of-surveillance-systems-assessing-dietary-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#20
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Inge Huybrechts, Barbara F Thumann, Antje Hebestreit, Peter M Abuja, Stefaan de Henauw, Carine Dubuisson, Thorsten Heuer, Celine M Murrin, Giacomo Lazzeri, Caroline van Rossum, Lene F Andersen, Robert Szeklicki, Jesús Vioque, Rachel Berry, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Wolfgang Ahrens, Nadia Slimani
There is a need for harmonized public health surveillance systems to monitor regional variations and temporal trends of health behaviours and health outcomes and to align policies, action plans and recommendations in terms of healthy diet and physical (in)activity within Europe. We provide an inventory of currently existing surveillance systems assessing diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Europe as a tool to assist in the identification of gaps and needs and to contribute to the roadmap for an integrated pan-European surveillance system...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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