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Journal of Diabetes and its Complications

Kristi Reynolds, Sharon H Saydah, Scott Isom, Jasmin Divers, Jean M Lawrence, Dana Dabelea, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Giuseppina Imperatore, Ronny A Bell, Richard F Hamman
AIMS: To estimate short-term mortality rates for individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before age 20 years from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. METHODS: We included 8358 individuals newly-diagnosed with type 1 (n = 6840) or type 2 (n = 1518) diabetes from 1/1/2002-12/31/2008. We searched the National Death Index through 12/31/2010. We calculated standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) based on age, sex, and race for the comparable US population in the geographic areas of the SEARCH study...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Mayara Karla Dos Santos Nunes, Alexandre Sérgio Silva, Isabella Wanderley de Queiroga Evangelista, João Modesto Filho, Cecília Neta Alves Pegado Gomes, Rayner Anderson Ferreira do Nascimento, Rafaella Cristhine Pordeus Luna, Maria José de Carvalho Costa, Naila Francis Paulo de Oliveira, Darlene Camati Persuhn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Milton Packer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Abdus Samad Ansari, Simon de Lusignan, William Hinton, Neil Munro, Simon Taylor, Andrew McGovern
AIM: To characterize the risk uveitis, scleritis or episcleritis in relation to diabetes, glycaemic control, and co-existence of retinopathy. METHODS: Using the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre database, we established the prevalence of acute uveitis and scleritis or episcleritis over a six-year period among populations without(n = 889,856) and with diabetes(n = 48,584). We evaluated the impact of glycaemic control on disease risk...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Tina Costacou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Mariana Murea, Leon Lenchik, Thomas C Register, Gregory B Russell, Jianzhao Xu, S Carrie Smith, Donald W Bowden, Jasmin Divers, Barry I Freedman
AIM: Recent studies revealed a correlation between skeletal muscle mass index and density with longevity; these studies largely evaluated appendicular skeletal muscles in older Caucasians. This retrospective cohort study assessed the association between axial skeletal muscles size and density with survival in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Psoas and paraspinous muscle mass index (cross sectional area/height2 ) and radiographic density (in Hounsfield Units) were measured using computed tomography in African American-Diabetes Heart Study participants, 314 women and 256 men, with median (25th, 75th quartile) age 55...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Nobuo Tomizawa, Yusuke Fujino, Masaru Kamitani, Shengpu Chou, Kodai Yamamoto, Shinichi Inoh, Takeshi Nojo, Sunao Nakamura
AIMS: To investigate the relationship of type 2 diabetes duration and myocardial blood flow (MBF) assessed by myocardial CT perfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 140 patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent dynamic myocardial CT perfusion exam. MBF of the remote myocardium was calculated using the deconvolution technique and the Voronoi method. The relationships of MBF and diabetic duration, diabetic complications, conventional risk factors, coronary calcium, and coronary stenosis were assessed by logistic regression analysis...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Mohsen Mazidi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between dietary acid load, potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a national representative sample of American adults. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (for 1999-2002) was used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to examine adjusted mean of different dietary acid load by PAD status; multivariable logistic regression was used to relate dietary acid load with prevalent PAD...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Priya Reddy, Joseph Leong, Ishwarlal Jialal
AIMS: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardio-metabolic risk factors characterized by low-grade inflammation which confers an increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Prior studies have linked elevated branched chain amino acids (BCAA) and aromatic amino acids (AAA) with T2DM and CVD. Due to the paucity of data in MetS, the aim of this study was to investigate the status of amino acids as early biomarkers of nascent MetS patients without T2DM and CVD or smoking...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Lasse Bjerg, Adam Hulman, Morten Charles, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Daniel Rinse Witte
AIMS: To describe to what extent microvascular complications exhibit clustering in persons with Type 1 diabetes, and to assess whether the presence of one complication modified the strength of the association between the other two. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the electronic medical records of 2276 persons with Type 1 diabetes treated in a specialized care hospital in Denmark in 2013. We used log-linear analysis to describe associations between diabetic kidney disease, neuropathy and retinopathy and logistic regression models to quantify the magnitude of associations adjusting for potential confounders...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Dagfinn Aune, Tingting Feng, Sabrina Schlesinger, Imre Janszky, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and elevated blood glucose have been associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation in a number of epidemiological studies, however, the findings have not been entirely consistent. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for studies of diabetes and blood glucose and atrial fibrillation up to July 18th 2017. Cohort studies were included if they reported relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of atrial fibrillation associated with a diabetes diagnosis, prediabetes or blood glucose...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Shuang Han, Daolin Cheng, Nianjiao Liu, Hongyu Kuang
The relationship between salt and hypertension is the focus of a large amount of research, there are few reviews of the relationship between salt and diabetes, despite the increasing incidence of diabetes. By searching PubMed and the Cochrane Library, we summarized the relationships between diabetic risk factors, diabetic complications and salt intake. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the effects of salt on diabetes risk factors and diabetic complications are also discussed. Our findings should assist experts and scholars to understand the current research of salt intake and to pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of related diseases caused by excessive salt intake; guide treatment for patients with diabetes mellitus; and provide a reference for government departments to formulate a reasonable salt restriction policy...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
S Pilemann-Lyberg, M Lindhardt, Frederik Persson, S Andersen, P Rossing
AIMS: Uric acid (UA) is a risk factor for CKD. We evaluated UA in relation to change in GFR in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a trial of losartan in diabetic nephropathy, mean follow-up 3 years (IQR 1.5-3.5). UA was measured at baseline. Primary end-point was change in measured GFR. UA was tested in a linear regression model adjusted for known progression factors (gender, HbA1c , systolic blood pressure, cholesterol, baseline GFR and baseline urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER))...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Jose Kuzhively, Bettina Tahsin, Peter Hart, Leon Fogelfeld
AIM: Evaluate legacy effect on renal outcomes after the end of a multifactorial-multidisciplinary intervention in patients with advanced diabetic nephropathy (ADN trial) CKD 3-4. METHODS: A retrospective electronic review was conducted of 72 patients who completed the ADN trial ESRD-free with subsequent follow-up of two years or until ESRD development. RESULTS: At baseline, reflecting ADN trial end, 38 post-intervention and 34 post-control patients were similar except for lower HbA1c, SBP and age in the post-intervention group...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Sanchari Basu Mallik, B S Jayashree, Rekha R Shenoy
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that poses a global burden to healthcare. Increasing incidence of diabetes-related complications in the affected population includes a delay in wound healing that often results in non-traumatic limb amputations. Owing to the intricacies of the healing process and crosstalk between the multitude of participating cells, the identification of hyperglycaemia-induced changes at both cellular and molecular levels poses a challenge. Macrophages are one of the key participants in wound healing and continue to exert functional changes at the wound site since the time of injury...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Chin-Lin Tseng, Orysya Soroka, Leonard M Pogach
AIM: To expand the existing United States Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) Diabetes composite (AHRQ-DC) to include additional preventable hospitalizations specific or relevant to diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 834,696 veteran patients with diabetes aged ≥65 years in 2012. An Expanded Diabetes Composite (Expanded-DC) was developed utilizing: (1) the diabetes-specific category: the AHRQ-DC (short-term and long-term complications, uncontrolled diabetes, lower extremity amputations) and two proposed conditions: hypoglycemia and lower extremity ulcers/inflammation/infections (LEU) and (2) the diabetes-relevant category: the AHRQ-Acute Composite (dehydration, pneumonia, urinary tract infections) and one proposed condition, acute kidney injury (AKI)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Manjiri Pawaskar, Kristy Iglay, Edward A Witt, Samuel S Engel, Swapnil Rajpathak
AIMS: To explore the association between hypoglycemia severity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), productivity, health care resource utilization (HCRU), and costs among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Data were from the 2013 US National Health and Wellness Survey. This analysis included adults with treated T2DM. Participants were categorized based upon their self-reported experience in the previous 3 months: no hypoglycemia, non-severe hypoglycemia, or severe hypoglycemia...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Qian Chen, Ellen Francis, Gang Hu, Liwei Chen
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reflects an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) after pregnancy in women. Offspring born to mothers with GDM are at an elevated risk of obesity and T2D at a young age. Currently, there are lack of ways for identifying women in early pregnancy who are at risk of developing GDM. As a result, both mothers and fetus are not treated until late in the second trimester when GDM is diagnosed. The recent advance in metabolomics, a new approach of systematic investigation of the metabolites, provides an opportunity for early detection of GDM, and classifying the risk of subsequent chronic diseases among women and their offspring...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
W H Polonsky, L Fisher, D Hessler
AIMS: To determine the impact of frequency of non-severe hypoglycemic events (NSHE) and the perceived burden of NSHE on quality of life (QOL) over time. METHODS: T2D adults (n = 424) were re-contacted two years after initial QOL assessment. Responding subjects (n = 290) reported the frequency and burden of NSHE over time and completed six generic and diabetes-specific QOL measures. RESULTS: Most subjects (86%) reported ≥ one NSHE over time...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Sridharan Raghavan, Wenhui G Liu, P Michael Ho, Mary E Plomondon, Anna E Barón, Liron Caplan, Karen E Joynt Maddox, David Magid, David R Saxon, Corrine I Voils, Steven M Bradley, Thomas M Maddox
AIMS: This study examined whether the association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and short-term clinical outcomes is moderated by CAD severity. METHODS: We studied 17,394 US Veterans with type 2 diabetes who underwent elective cardiac catheterization between 2005 and 2013. CAD severity was categorized as obstructive, non-obstructive, or no CAD. Using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression, we assessed associations between time-varying HbA1c and two-year all-cause mortality and non-fatal MI, with an interaction term between HbA1c and CAD severity...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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