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Journal of Diabetes and its Complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222941/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-stroke-and-subtypes-in-an-urban-middle-aged-population
#1
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
AIMS: Lifetime risk (LTR) is defined as the cumulative probability of developing a disease in one's remaining lifetime from a given index age. The impact of diabetes on the LTR of stroke events in Asians, where stroke incidence is higher than for Westerners, has not been estimated yet. These estimates can be useful for diabetes knowledge translation activities. METHODS: All participants who were stroke-free at baseline in the Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases in Japan, were included in the study sample...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214067/nationwide-diabetes-related-lower-extremity-amputation-rates-in-secondary-care-treated-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-netherlands-dude-7
#2
Leonie Nijenhuis-Rosien, Steven Hans Hendriks, Nanne Kleefstra, Hendricus Jozef Gerardus Bilo, Gijs Wilhelmus Diederik Landman
AIMS: To estimate the annual amputation rate in all secondary care treated patients with diabetes in the Netherlands and specifically in patients known with diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: A nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study was performed including the years 2007-2011. Data of patients were retrieved from reimbursement registries for hospital care from a nationwide insurance database including codes for diabetes, retinopathy and amputation. Traumatic amputations were excluded...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189588/mortality-in-indigenous-populations-of-australia-an-ounce-of-action-trounces-a-pound-of-theory
#3
EDITORIAL
Mukesh M Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190681/differential-effects-of-metformin-on-age-related-comorbidities-in-older-men-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Chen-Pin Wang, Carlos Lorenzo, Samy L Habib, Booil Jo, Sara E Espinoza
AIMS: To identify distinct temporal likelihoods of age-related comorbidity (ARC) diagnoses: cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer, depression, dementia, and frailty-related diseases (FRD) in older men with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but ARC naïve initially, and assess the heterogeneous effects of metformin on ARCs and mortality. METHODS: We identified a clinical cohort of male veterans in the United States who were ≥65years old with T2D and free from ARCs during 2002-2003...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169131/association-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-with-risk-of-metastases-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-breast-prostate-or-digestive-system-cancer
#5
Wolfgang Rathmann, Karel Kostev
AIMS: Experimental and animal studies have supported the hypothesis that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) may accelerate tumor metastasis. The aim was to analyze the relationships between DPP-4i therapy with risk of metastases in type 2 diabetes patients with breast, prostate and digestive organ cancers. METHODS: Type 2 diabetes patients with first diagnoses of breast, prostate or digestive organ cancer were selected in general and internal medicine practices (Disease Analyzer Germany: 01/2008-12/2014)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161385/data-collection-on-retinopathy-as-a-public-health-tool-the-hubble-telescope-equivalent-of-looking-back-in-time
#6
Maria I Constantino, Lynda Molyneaux, Ted Wu, Stephen M Twigg, Jencia Wong, Dennis K Yue
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the rate of diabetic retinopathy development in a population calculated from the prevalence of retinopathy and duration of diabetes can be used to assess their prior glycemic control. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 9281 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were grouped by duration of diabetes and plotted against the % of retinopathy in each band. The slope was used to calculate retinopathy development/year (RD/y). We correlated the RD/y with updated HbA1c within groups of different ethnicity, age of diabetes onset, year of the eye examination, socio-economic status and fluency in English...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159476/treatment-induced-neuropathy-of-diabetes-long-term-implications-in-type-1-diabetes
#7
Christopher H Gibbons
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Aggressive glucose control can result in treatment induced neuropathy of diabetes (TIND) if glycemic control is achieved too quickly. The aim of the present study is to describe the 8-year follow-up data on a cohort of individuals with type 1 diabetes who developed TIND. METHODS: Twenty-six individuals with type 1 diabetes and TIND were followed longitudinally for 8years with regular quantitative measurement of pain, neurological examinations and evaluation of microvascular complications...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153676/a-model-to-estimate-cost-savings-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-prevention-efforts
#8
Neal R Barshes, Samira Saedi, James Wrobel, Panos Kougias, O Erhun Kundakcioglu, David G Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Sustained efforts at preventing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and subsequent leg amputations are sporadic in most health care systems despite the high costs associated with such complications. We sought to estimate effectiveness targets at which cost-savings (i.e. improved health outcomes at decreased total costs) might occur. METHODS: A Markov model with probabilistic sensitivity analyses was used to simulate the five-year survival, incidence of foot complications, and total health care costs in a hypothetical population of 100,000 people with diabetes...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143735/pharmacological-efficacy-of-fgf21-analogue-liraglutide-and-insulin-glargine-in-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#9
Xianlong Ye, Jianying Qi, Dan Yu, Yunzhou Wu, Shenglong Zhu, Shujie Li, Qiang Wu, Guiping Ren, Deshan Li
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a promising regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism with multiple beneficial effects including hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering. Previous studies have reported that FGF21 is expected to become a new drug for treatment of diabetes. Liraglutide and insulin glargine are the two representative anti-diabetic biological drugs. In the current study, we aim to compare the long-term pharmacological efficacy of mFGF21 (an FGF21 analogue), liraglutide and insulin glargine in type 2 diabetic db/db mice...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139344/long-term-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-on-bone-density-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
LETTER
Megan R Crawford, James F Bena, Philip R Schauer, Sangeeta R Kashyap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185712/the-effect-of-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-on-type-2-diabetes-onset-in-women-basic-and-clinical-insights
#11
REVIEW
Beibei Xu, Dragana Lovre, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are a class of compounds that interact with estrogen receptors (ERs) and exert agonist or antagonist effects on ERs in a tissue-specific manner. Tamoxifen, a first generation SERM, is used for treatment of ER positive breast cancer. Raloxifene, a second generation SERM, was used to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis. The third-generation SERM bazedoxifene (BZA) effectively prevents osteoporosis while preventing estrogenic stimulation of breast and uterus. Notably, BZA combined with conjugated estrogens (CE) is a new menopausal treatment...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173983/predictive-models-for-conversion-of-prediabetes-to-diabetes
#12
N Yokota, T Miyakoshi, Y Sato, Y Nakasone, K Yamashita, T Imai, K Hirabayashi, H Koike, K Yamauchi, T Aizawa
AIM: To clarify the natural course of prediabetes and develop predictive models for conversion to diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study of 2105 adults with prediabetes was carried out with a mean observation period of 4.7years. Models were developed using multivariate logistic regression analysis and verified by 10-fold cross-validation. The relationship between [final BMI minus baseline BMI] (δBMI) and incident diabetes was analyzed post hoc by comparing the diabetes conversion rate for low (< -0...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161386/podocyturia-parallels-proximal-tubule-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-independently-of-albuminuria-and-renal-function-decline-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ligia Petrica, Mihaela Vlad, Adrian Vlad, Gheorghe Gluhovschi, Florica Gadalean, Victor Dumitrascu, Roxana Popescu, Cristina Gluhovschi, Petru Matusz, Silvia Velciov, Flaviu Bob, Sorin Ursoniu, Daliborca Vlad
AIMS: Detection of podocytes in the urine of patients with type 2 diabetes may indicate severe injury to the podocytes. In the course of type 2 diabetes the proximal tubule is involved in urinary albumin processing. We studied the significance of podocyturia in relation with proximal tubule dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 86 patients with type 2 diabetes (34-normoalbuminuria; 30-microalbuminuria; 22-macroalbuminuria) and 28 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study and assessed concerning urinary podocytes, podocyte-associated molecules, and biomarkers of proximal tubule dysfunction...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161384/hospitalization-costs-and-clinical-outcomes-in-cabg-patients-treated-with-intensive-insulin-therapy
#14
Saumeth Cardona, Francisco J Pasquel, Maya Fayfman, Limin Peng, Sol Jacobs, Priyathama Vellanki, Jeff Weaver, Michael Halkos, Robert A Guyton, Vinod H Thourani, Guillermo E Umpierrez
BACKGROUND: The financial impact of intensive (blood glucose [BG] 100-140mg/dl [5.5-7.8mM] vs. conservative (141-180mg/dl (7.9-10.0mM) glucose control in the ICU in patients, with and without diabetes, undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is not known. METHODS: This post-hoc cost analysis determined differences in hospitalization costs, resource utilization and perioperative complications in 288 CABG patients with diabetes (n=143) and without diabetes (n=145), randomized to intensive (n=143) and conservative (n=145) glucose control...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161383/association-of-depressive-symptomology-and-psychological-trauma-with-diabetes-control-among-older-american-indian-women-does-social-support-matter
#15
R Turner Goins, Carolyn Noonan, Kelly Gonzales, Blythe Winchester, Vickie L Bradley
AIMS: Among older American Indian women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we examined the association between mental health and T2DM control and if social support modifies the association. METHODS: Survey data were linked to T2DM medical record information. Mental health measures were the Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression Scale and the National Anxiety Disorders Screening Day instrument. T2DM control was all HbA1c values taken post mental health measures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161382/association-of-serum-pancreatic-derived-factor-pander-with-beta-cell-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Miral M Shehata, Mohamed M Kamal, Mohamed H El-Hefnawy, Hala O El-Mesallamy
AIM: Beta-cell dysfunction is the critical determinant for type 2 diabetes. The novel PANcreatic DERived factor (PANDER) has been identified as interesting islet-secreted cytokine that might be involved in beta-cell dysfunction, a role that has n"ot been clinically elucidated yet. Therefore, this study was designed to study the potential clinical association of this cytokine with beta-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters, routine biochemical markers and serum levels of PANDER were measured in 63 diabetic subjects including; recently diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients with duration of diabetes ≤6months and long-standing type 2 diabetic patients with duration of diabetes ≥5years then compared to 16 healthy control volunteers...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153675/finerenone-in-diabetic-kidney-disease-so-far-so-good
#17
EDITORIAL
Richard E Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143734/inadequate-screening-for-retinopathy-among-recent-immigrants-with-type-2-diabetes-despite-universal-health-care-a-population-based-study
#18
Julie A Lovshin, Baiju R Shah
AIMS: To examine retinopathy screening and treatment rates for recent immigrants compared to non-immigrants in a universal health care system. METHODS: Linked health care and immigration databases were used to identify all 771,564 adults diagnosed with diabetes between 1996 and 2007, in Ontario, Canada. The cohort was stratified by their immigration status and followed until 2013 for retinopathy screening and treatment visits. RESULTS: Retinopathy screening rates were low, and recent immigrants were considerably less likely to receive screening than long-term residents (≥1 examination within 1year: 37...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143733/fear-of-hypoglycemia-influence-on-glycemic-variability-and-self-management-behavior-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Laurie Quinn, Sue Penckofer, Chang Park, Vanessa Hofer, Larisa Burke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how fear of hypoglycemia (FOH) is associated with glycemic variability (GV) and self-management behavior in young adults (aged 18-35) with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). PROCEDURES: Using a prospective repeated-measures design, in 35 young adults, within- and between-person and temporal associations of FOH, specific self-management behaviors, and GV were measured. The data were collected using questionnaires and real-time measures using daily diaries, insulin pump downloads, actigraphy, and continuous glucose monitoring...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139345/effect-of-different-methods-of-accounting-for-antihypertensive-treatment-when-assessing-the-relationship-between-diabetes-or-obesity-and-systolic-blood-pressure
#20
Stephanie K Tanamas, Robert L Hanson, Robert G Nelson, William C Knowler
BACKGROUND: Underlying blood pressure is that observed in the absence of antihypertensive treatment or, among those treated, the estimate of that which would be observed without treatment. This study aims to examine the relationships between diabetes or obesity and underlying systolic blood pressure adjusted for antihypertensive treatment by several methods. METHODS: Data from two population studies were analyzed-an American Indian community in Arizona and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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