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Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814323/from-the-editor
#1
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October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814322/the-experiences-of-occupational-therapists-regarding-the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy
#2
Mogammad Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the views of occupational therapists about the vocational rehabilitation models of practice related to individuals with brain injury are limited. The views of occupational therapists regarding the use of vocational rehabilitation are important in the development of successful vocational rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the experiences of occupational therapists regarding the use of the model of occupational self-efficacy...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814321/comparison-of-noise-reduction-of-earplugs-between-fit-test-and-coal-mine-work-and-observed-variability-of-real-time-noise-reduction-in-coal-mine-work
#3
Mingyu Wu, Steve E Guffey, Brandon C Takacs
BACKGROUND: The coal mining industry relies heavily on a hearing protector (HP) for noise protection. Researchers suggested that individual HP fit tests be conducted to estimate the noise attenuation. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether individual fit tests accurately predicted workers' ear plug noise protection while working and whether the real-time noise reduction (NR) remained constant in mining work while an ear plug was worn. METHODS: A total of 11 subjects from 3 coal mines each was fit tested using the microphone-in-real-ear (MIRE) technique on their E-A-Rtrademark earplugs in a typical mine office...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814320/work-life-balance-does-age-matter
#4
Anita Richert-Kaźmierska, Katarzyna Stankiewicz
BACKGROUND: Work-life balance is a priority of EU policies but at the same time demographic change affects the labour market. Employers have to deal with the ageing of their employees and adjust human resource management to maintain their competitiveness. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the article is to answer research questions: whether the age of workers determines their assessment of the work-life balance, and whether there is a relationship between the worker's age and their assessment of the activities undertaken by their employer to provide them with work-life balance...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814319/effect-of-prolonged-sitting-on-body-seat-contact-pressures-among-quay-crane-operators-a-pilot-study
#5
Massimiliano Pau, Bruno Leban, Paolo Fadda, Gianfranco Fancello, Maury A Nussbaum
BACKGROUND: Quay crane operators are specialized in moving containers to and from vessels while adopting constrained sitting postures for prolonged periods (4-6 consecutive hours) in a very challenging environment. Thus, they are exposed to discomfort or pain that may result in deterioration of their performance with consequent reduction of operational safety levels. Such discomfort can be indirectly and partially assessed by measuring contact pressure at the body-seat interface. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility, usefulness, and effectiveness of monitoring the variations in seat-body interface pressure during a regular work shift of 4 hours performed in a simulated environment...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814318/why-the-long-hours-job-demands-and-social-exchange-dynamics
#6
Emilie Genin, Victor Y Haines, David Pelletier, Vincent Rousseau, Alain Marchand
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the determinants of long working hours from the perspectives of the demand-control model [Karasek, 1979] and social exchange theory [Blau, 1964; Goulder, 1960]. OBJECTIVE: These two theoretical perspectives are tested to understand why individuals work longer (or shorter) hours. METHODS: The hypotheses are tested with a representative sample of 1,604 employed Canadians. RESULTS: In line with Karasek's model, the results support that high job demands are positively associated with longer work hours...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814317/the-response-of-the-body-when-carrying-a%C3%A2-handbag
#7
C Phonpichit, W Chansirinukor, C Akamanon
BACKGROUND: Carrying a load in hand is commonly seen in daily life. There were many studies investigating the optimal weight when carrying a backpack, however, only a few studies investigated optimal weight when carrying a bag in different ways. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal weight for carrying a handbag. METHODS: This study involved 13 healthy females, randomized into four carrying weight patterns [no load, bag weight of 5% body weight (BW), 7% BW, and 10% BW] who were walking barefoot on the platform at preferable speed...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792036/association-between-shift-work-and-being-overweight-or-obese-among-health-care-workers-in-a-clinical-setting-in-medellin-colombia
#8
Myrna Gomez-Parra, Lydis Arrieta-Romero, Elsa Maria Vasquez-Trespalacios, Veronica Palacio-Jaramillo, Andrea Valencia-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Shift work is common in health care settings and has been hypothesized as a risk factor for being overweight or obese. We examined the relation between shift work and being overweight or obese, adjusting for stress and lifestyle habits in Colombian health care workers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between shift work and being overweight/obese in employees of a health care setting in Medellin, Colombia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 workers in a health care setting...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792035/implementing-a-collaborative-return-to-work-program-lessons-from-a-qualitative-study-in-a-large-canadian-healthcare-organization
#9
Kathryn Skivington, Marni Lifshen, Cameron Mustard
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive workplace return-to-work policies, applied with consistency, can reduce length of time out of work and the risk of long-term disability. This paper reports on the findings from a qualitative study exploring managers' and return-to-work-coordinators' views on the implementation of their organization's new return-to-work program. OBJECTIVES: To provide practical guidance to organizations in designing and implementing return-to-work programs for their employees...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792034/determinants-of-outcome-of-vocational-rehabilitation
#10
Kristín Siggeirsdottir, Ragnheidur Dora Brynjolfsdottir, Saemundur Oskar Haraldsson, Sigurdur Vidar, Emanuel Geir Gudmundsson, Jon Hjalti Brynjolfsson, Helgi Jonsson, Omar Hjaltason, Vilmundur Gudnason
BACKGROUND: Information regarding the determinants of successful vocational rehabilitation (VR) is scarce. OBJECTIVE: Investigate whether sex, duration, quality of life and financial circumstances influence the success of VR. METHODS: The study group consisted of 519 participants, (293 women, 56%) who finished VR in the period 2000-2014. The group was divided into the following subgroups: dropouts, unsuccessful and successful VR. Data were collected by questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792033/assessment-of-dust-exposure-in-a-steel-plant-in-the-eastern-coast-of-peninsular-malaysia
#11
A H Nurul, B M T Shamsul, I Noor Hassim
BACKGROUND: Steel manufacturing produces dust, fumes, and pollutant gases that may give adverse health effects to the respiratory function of workers. Improper occupational hygiene practice in the workplace will affect both workers wellbeing and productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of particulate matter [(PM2.5, PM10, and Total Particulate Matter (TPM)], and trace metal dust concentrations in different sections of a steel plant and compare with the occupational exposure values...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792032/self-reported-medical-leave-by-brazilian-labor-law-magistrates
#12
Ada Ávila Assunção, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Sick leave can be envisaged as an important public health indicator. Health problems and trouble at work are predictors of absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: Within the context of reforming the judicial system, the aim of this study was to examine whether individual characteristics and working conditions influenced reports of sick leave amongst a population of Brazilian magistrates. METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted in 2011 in such a way as to reach the entire population of Brazilian Labor-law magistrates across the country...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792031/a-process-evaluation-of-a%C3%A2-return-to-work-intervention-to-improve-cooperation-between-sick-listed-employees-and-their-supervisors-coss
#13
Nicole Hoefsmit, Nicolle Boumans, Inge Houkes, Frans Nijhuis
BACKGROUND: This is a process evaluation of an intervention to improve Cooperation regarding return-to-work (RTW) between sick-listed employees and their supervisors (COSS, which consists of a conversation roadmap, monitoring of cooperation using questionnaires and, if necessary, extra support by an occupational physician (OP). OBJECTIVE: Objectives were to study (1) the adoption of COSS by a banking organization and (2) its implementation among individual employees, supervisors and OPs...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792030/brief-biopsychosocially-informed-education-can-improve-insurance-workers-back-pain-beliefs-implications-for-improving-claims-management-behaviours
#14
Darren Beales, Tim Mitchell, Naomi Pole, James Weir
BACKGROUND: Biopsychosocially informed education is associated with improved back pain beliefs and positive changes in health care practitioners' practice behaviours. OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of this type of education for insurance workers who are important non-clinical stakeholders in the rehabilitation of injured workers. METHODS: Insurance workers operating in the Western Australian workers' compensation system underwent two, 1.5 hour sessions of biopsychosocially informed education focusing on understanding and identifying barriers to recovery of injured workers with musculoskeletal conditions...
October 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792029/qualitative-job-stress-and-ego-aptitude-in%C3%A2-male-scientific-researchers
#15
Yu Sakagami
BACKGROUND: Job environments have been fundamentally changed by globalization and modern technological innovation. Qualitative workload is expected to increase more than quantitative workload through this rapid technological innovation. Especially, in developed countries, qualitative workload is expected to become a primary job-related stress factor in the near future. Therefore, it is essential to clarify the characteristics of qualitative workload and to determine how to cope with it effectively...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792028/cost-and-culture-factors-influencing-worksite-physical-activity-across-three-universities
#16
Anna I Rinaldi-Miles, Bhibha M Das
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Worksites provide an ideal environment for physical activity (PA) interventions. Colleges and universities are a unique work venue, with institutions of higher education of varying scope within every state of the United States and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To explore the institutional influences on worksite PA across multiple universities. PARTICIPANTS: Employees from two large, universities (Midwestern and Southern) and a mid-size, university (Midwestern) participated in exploratory research in March/April 2010 and 2013...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792027/ergonomics-in-the-arctic-a-study-and-checklist-for-heavy-machinery-in-open-pit-mining
#17
Arto Reiman, Erja Sormunen, Drew Morris
BACKGROUND: Heavy mining vehicle operators at arctic mines have a high risk of discomfort, musculoskeletal disorders and occupational accidents. There is a need for tailored approaches and safety management tools that take into account the specific characteristics of arctic work environments. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a holistic evaluation tool for heavy mining vehicles and operator well-being in arctic mine environments. METHODS: Data collection was based on design science principles and included literature review, expert observations and participatory ergonomic sessions...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792025/disabling-accommodation-barriers-a-study-exploring-how-to-better-accommodate-government-employees-with-anxiety-disorders
#18
Damian Mellifont, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Justin Newton Scanlan
BACKGROUND: Accommodating mental health in the workplace is challenging. Despite policy efforts to encourage the availability of mental health accommodations in the workplace, employees experiencing mental illness are missing out on accommodations that they need. OBJECTIVE: To inform vocational rehabilitation professionals and managers in the public service of best practice accommodations for government employees with anxiety disorders. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to data collected from the online Accommodating Government Employees with Anxiety Disorders Survey undertaken by 71 Australian public service employees diagnosed with at least one anxiety disorder...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792023/effect-of-variable-backpack-load%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-strap%C3%A2-option-on-the-pulmonary-function-of-children-a-simulation-using-treadmill-walking
#19
U O Abaraogu, E B Kizito, U A C Okafor, G C Okoye
BACKGROUND: The restrictive effect of backpack loads on chest expansion has been widely reported but little is known whether pulmonary function in children is affected by the placement of the straps of the backpack. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of strap configuration and backpack loads on pulmonary function among school age children. METHODS: Eighteen children (mean age of 12±1.68 years) participated in this study. Pulmonary functionwas assessed using spirometryat baseline and during five test conditions...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768004/office-noise-can-headphones-and-masking-sound-attenuate-distraction-by-background-speech
#20
Helena Jahncke, Patrik Björkeholm, John E Marsh, Johan Odelius, Patrik Sörqvist
BACKGROUND: Background speech is one of the most disturbing noise sources at shared workplaces in terms of both annoyance and performance-related disruption. Therefore, it is important to identify techniques that can efficiently protect performance against distraction. It is also important that the techniques are perceived as satisfactory and are subjectively evaluated as effective in their capacity to reduce distraction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to compare three methods of attenuating distraction from background speech: masking a background voice with nature sound through headphones, masking a background voice with other voices through headphones and merely wearing headphones (without masking) as a way to attenuate the background sound...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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