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Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282846/the-effect-of-a-wearable-device-prompting-high-school-students-aged-17-18-years-to-break-up-periods-of-prolonged-sitting-in-class
#1
Hanna A Frank, Karen Jacobs, Hugh McLoone
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, evidence shows that prolonged sedentary behavior factors into the health equation on its own, unrelated to weight and periods of intense exercise. In schools, students are required to sit for long periods of time. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether reminders (via a wearable device) to change posture, change students' behavior and impacts their subjective wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: Ten students of ages 17 to 18 years at a public high school in Bellevue, Washington, USA...
March 4, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269811/from-the-editor
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269809/occupational-safety-and-health-professionals-work-ability-concept-perception-and-comprehension-of-regulations
#3
Abdulqadir Mohamad Suleiman
BACKGROUND: Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) professionals are key players in workplace regulation compliance and promotion of health. OBJECTIVES: To assess OSH professionals' perceptions of the concept of work ability in an attempt to explain the varied, and in some cases failure of, implementation of regulations and policies. METHOD: An electronic questionnaire sent to approved Occupational Health Services (OHS) in Norway asked several questions, including one on the concept of work ability...
February 28, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269808/development-of-a-framework-for-resilience-measurement-suggestion-of-fuzzy-resilience-grade-rg-and-fuzzy-resilience-early-warning-grade-rewg
#4
Mohsen Omidvar, Adel Mazlomi, Fam Iraj Mohammad, Fereshteh Nirumand
BACKGROUND: Resilience engineering (RE) can be an alternative technique to the traditional risk assessment and management techniques, to predict and manage safety conditions of modern socio-technical organizations. While traditional risk management approaches are retrospective and highlight error calculation and computation of malfunction possibilities, resilience engineering seeks ways to improve capacity at all levels of organizations in order to build strong yet flexible processes...
February 28, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269810/comparison-of-trunk-electromyographic-muscle-activity-depends-on-sitting-postures
#5
DongGeon Lee, SeoJeong Yu, SunHae Song, Se-Han Lee, SeungHeon An, Hwi-Young Cho, Ki-Hun Cho, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Different postural positions can be characterized by the activation and relative contributions of different postural muscles, and may variously contribute to the recovery from or worsening of chronic lower back pain. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigates trunk muscle activities in four types of seated postures: cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped. METHODS: Eight healthy adults participated in the study. Trunk muscle activities of the external oblique (EO), rectus abdominis (RA), latissimus dorsi (LD), and erector spinae (ES) muscles in each of the sitting postures including cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped were collected utilizing surface electromyography (sEMG)...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269807/human-factors-and-ergonomics-assessment-of-food-pantry-work-a-case-study
#6
Nicholas A Higgins, Andrew B Talone, Nicholas W Fraulini, Janan A Smither
BACKGROUND: Research assessing work processes in food pantries has been limited to the client's experience and aspects of food donations [3-5]. Research on food pantries has yet to focus on understanding and evaluating worker-environment interaction. OBJECTIVE: The present case study examined the interaction between workers and their work environment while performing common tasks in a food pantry. METHODS: Data were collected through naturalistic observations and structured interviews...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269806/it-can-work-open-employment-for-people-with-experience-of-mental-illness
#7
Debbie Peterson, Sarah Gordon, Jenny Neale
BACKGROUND: Previous research has tended to focus on the barriers to employment for people with mental illness and the extra support they may need. This research contributes to the knowledge base pertaining to this population by looking at successful employment relationships in New Zealand. OBJECTIVE: To describe factors enabling and/or sustaining the open employment of people with experience of mental illness. METHOD: Fifteen pairs of employers and employees were interviewed individually but consecutively (using a semi-structured interview schedule) about their perceptions of the critical factors that enabled and sustained the employee's employment...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269805/experiences-of-employed-women-with-attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder-a-phenomenological-study
#8
N Schreuer, R Dorot
BACKGROUND: Employees with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face various risks in the workplace. Little is known of the specific challenges women with ADHD experience. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of working women with ADHD and learn the strategies and accommodations that facilitate their maintaining employment. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological approach was used to echo women's subjective perceptions and experiences representing their daily interactions in their workplace...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269804/the-application-of-a-feasible-exercise-training-program-in-the-office-setting
#9
Ardalan Shariat, Eddie T C Lam, Mehdi Kargarfard, Shamsul B M Tamrin, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Previous research support the claim that people who work in offices and sit for a long time are particularly prone to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to introduce an exercise training program designed to decrease muscle stiffness and pain that can be performed in the office setting. METHODS: Forty healthy office workers (age: 28±5.3 years old; body mass: 87.2±10.2 kg; height: 1.79±0...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269803/an-experimental-analysis-to-monitor-and-manage-stress-among-engineering-students-using-galvanic-skin-response-meter
#10
Anurag Joshi, Ravi Kiran, Ash Narayan Sah
BACKGROUND: This paper studies the impact of musical religious songs (hymns) for managing stress of Indian Engineering students through Galvanic Skin Response (GSR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to find out, whether listening to hymns is able to reduce the value of GSR. METHODS: Sample students were selected through initial screening and the students who reported high mental stress during the interview were selected for the main drills...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269802/musculoskeletal-disorders-caused-by-gas-cylinder-handling-tasks-a-case-study-report
#11
Yi-Lang Chen, Chiao-Ying Yu, Da-Yung Lin
This case study used the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to explore work that involves handling gas cylinders and to determine risk factors that may cause related injuries. The NMQ survey was distributed to 100 gas cylinder handlers in Taiwan, and their handling tasks were analyzed. The results showed that the overall prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 91% within 1 year. More than half of the respondents (62%) experienced shoulder discomfort, followed by lower back/waist (57%) and neck (47%) discomfort...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269801/managing-formaldehyde-indoor-pollution-in-anatomy-pathology-departments
#12
Gabriele d'Ettorre, Mario Criscuolo, Mauro Mazzotta
BACKGROUND: Nearly eleven years have passed since the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified Formaldehyde (FA) as a known human carcinogen (group 1), yet the safety of anatomy pathology workers who are currently exposed to FA is still a matter of concern. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature to discover which topics have been focused on and what the latest developments are in managing FA indoor pollution in anatomy pathology departments...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269800/leader-member-exchange-and-safety-citizenship-behavior-the-mediating-role-of-coworker-trust
#13
Li Jiang, Feng Li, YongJuan Li, Rui Li
BACKGROUND: To achieve high safety levels, mere compliance with safety regulations is not sufficient; employees must be proactive and demonstrate safety citizenship behaviors. Trust is considered as a mechanism for facilitating the effects of a leader on employee citizenship behaviors. Increasingly research has focused on the role of trust in a safety context; however, the role of coworker trust has been overlooked. OBJECTIVES: The mediating role of coworker trust in the relationship between the leader-member exchange and safety citizenship behavior is the focus of this field study...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269799/an-analysis-of-health-promotion-materials-for-dutch-truck-drivers-off-target-and-too-complex
#14
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders
BACKGROUND: Despite various health promotion initiatives, unfavorable figures regarding Dutch truck drivers' eating behaviors, exercise behaviors, and absenteeism have not improved. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to obtain a better understanding of the low level of effectiveness of current health interventions for Dutch truck drivers by examining to what extent these are tailored to the target group's particular mindset (focus of content) and health literacy skills (presentation of content)...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269798/deconstructing-hierarchies-service-users-as-co-teachers-in-occupational-therapy-education
#15
Shira Yalon-Chamovitz, Yoav Kraiem, Carolyn Gutman
BACKGROUND: While occupational therapy currently tends to view itself as operating based on a client-centered, collaborative approach, studies often reflect a gap between rhetoric and practice. OBJECTIVE: This work presents a new pedagogic standard which moves away from the medical model and toward a collaborative, client-centred approach. It functions to support a practice which embraces the respect for, and partnership with, people receiving services and replaces historic patterns which may strengthen the legitimacy of the professional and sustain clients' dependence...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269797/a-sociotechnical-approach-to-occupational-safety
#16
Marvin J Dainoff
We present an integrated conceptual framework for improving occupational safety. This framework is based on sociotechnical principles and is based on the premise that occupational safety should not be an isolated function but rather seen as directly related to an organizational mission which combines performance and well-being. As such, a fundamental goal is to achieve joint optimization between social and technical components of the system. This framework consists of four basic questions: (1) How can we determine the overall level of safety in the system? (2) How can we determine what kinds of interventions would improve safety? (3) How can we determine if the organization is ready to implement safety interventions? (4) How can we determine the best pathway for implementing safety interventions? A sociotechnical approach implies that safety must be considered from a complexity perspective as an emergent property...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234267/from-the-editor
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234266/is-ownership-the-decisive-factor-in-collaborations-between-occupational-health-services-and-client-companies
#18
Lisa Schmidt, John Sjöström, Ann-Beth Antonsson
BACKGROUND: Swedish employers are required to use external resources such as Occupational Health Services (OHS providers) if their own knowledge of occupational health and safety is insufficient. Some large employers have their own in-house OHS units but it is more common to engage the services of an external provider. However, no studies have been carried out from a critical perspective regarding how ownership of the OHS provider is related to a successful collaboration with client companies...
February 20, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234265/the-effects-of-nordic-walking-training-on-selected-upper-body-muscle-groups-in-female-office-workers-a-randomized-trial
#19
Piotr Kocur, Barbara Pospieszna, Daniel Choszczewski, Lukasz Michalowski, Marzena Wiernicka, Jacek Lewandowski
BACKGROUND: Regular Nordic Walking training could improve fitness and reduce tenderness in selected muscle groups in office workers. OBJECTIVE: An assessment of the effects of a 12-week Nordic Walking training program on the perceived pain threshold (PPT) and the flexibility of selected upper-body muscle groups in postmenopausal female office workers. METHODS: 39 office workers were selected at random for the treatment group (NWg, n = 20) and the control group (Cg, n = 19)...
February 20, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234264/a-survey-on-the-current-status-of-rehabilitation-services-and-burnout-of-rehabilitation-professionals-in-shanghai
#20
Wenliang Lu, Ping Zhou, Sheng Wang, Songbai Zheng, Di Xue
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have discussed burnout in clinical physicians, the evidence literature about physical rehabilitation professionals is still limited in China. OBJECTIVE: To understand the current status of rehabilitation services and burnout of rehabilitation professionals in Shanghai. METHOD: Twenty-four hospitals located in three districts of Shanghai were selected for this study. The questionnaire surveys of 24 hospitals and their 221 rehabilitation professionals and 235 other medical professionals were conducted...
February 20, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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