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Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

Faten Noor Suhaida Shawal, Ng Yee Guan, Dayana Hazwani Mohd Suadi Nata, Vivien How, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
BACKGROUND: People who work with the steam boilers in palm oil mills are vulnerable to accidents, notably to explosions, whenever failures of any kind occur during their operation. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was conducted in palm oil mills to determine the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) concerning the risk management of steam boilers among workers in palm oil mills. METHODS: A total of 50 workers who were working with steam boilers and/or involved in managing the operation of steam boilers with at least three years of working experience in the palm oil industry were purposively sampled...
May 3, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Adolfo Vicente Araújo, Gemima Santos Arcanjo, Haroldo Fernandes, Georgia Santos Arcanjo
BACKGROUND: The collective transportation system is essential to reduce the number of automobiles in the roads. Concerns exist related to quality, comfort and safety of bus driver's workstations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to improve the driver's workstation in the private collective transportation sector by analyzing ergonomic practices using the Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA). The EWA was chosen because it seeks to evaluate the labor condition as it relates to the psychophysiological conditions of workers, it complies with regulatory standard 17 (NR17)...
May 3, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
E-L Petersson, C Wikberg, J Westman, N Ariai, S Nejati, C Björkelund
BACKGROUND: Depression reduces individuals' function and work ability and is associated with both frequent and long-term sickness absence. OBJECTIVE: Investigate if monitoring of depression course using a self-assessment instrument in recurrent general practitioner (GP) consultations leads to improved work ability, decreased job strain, and quality of life among primary care patients. METHODS: Primary care patients n = 183, who worked...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tamara D Street, Sarah J Lacey
BACKGROUND: Workplace smoking cessation programs can effectively assist employees to quit smoking. However, little is known about employees' attitudes towards engagement in workplace smoking cessation programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address the limited understanding of the interaction between employee characteristics and their health beliefs toward engaging in a workplace smoking cessation program. METHODS: Self-report data was collected from 897 employees of a mining company operating in two remote towns in Australia...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Mouna Knani, Pierre-Sébastien Fournier, Caroline Biron
BACKGROUND: Despite a rich literature on association between psychosocial factors, the demand-control-support (DCS) model and burnout, there are few integrated frameworks encompassing the DCS model, burnout and intention to quit, particularly in a technological context. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript examines the relationships between psychosocial risks, the demand-control-support (DCS) model, burnout syndrome and intention to quit following the introduction of new software at work...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
N Girish, Iqbal Rauf, Khanzode Vivek
BACKGROUND: Recommended weight limit for manual materials handlers has to be decided based on the individual characteristics of the person and age is one of the major variable affecting maximal lifting capacity. But there is limited information on pattern of change in lifting capacity with age. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of age on the maximum acceptable weight of lift among manual materials handlers. METHODS: Two hundred and seventeen male construction workers were grouped into four age quotas- 19-28, 29-38, 39-48 and 49-58 years...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Géraldine De Blasi, Evelyne Bouteyre, Laetitia Rollin
BACKGROUND: Enabling cancer survivors to resume employment has become a public health issue in France, but not all survivors wish to or would benefit from doing so. OBJECTIVE: This French exploratory qualitative study was designed to identify the psychological factors that influence the decision of some cancer survivors not to return to work, despite their doctor's permission. METHODS: We conducted semi structured interviews with two women and one man...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Noor Afifah Ya'acob, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Irniza Rasdi, Anita Abd Rahman, Suriani Ismail
BACKGROUND: Work tasks in pineapple plantations in Malaysia are characterised by non-ergonomic work postures, repetitive tasks, awkward posture and manual handling of work tools that contribute to the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). There have been very limited studies performed among pineapple plantation workers focusing on ergonomic intervention programs to specifically reduce MSS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of work improvement module using a Kiken Yochi participatory approach intervention in reducing MSS among male migrant pineapple farm plantation workers in Pontian, Johor...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
L Lorefice, G Fenu, J Frau, G C Coghe, M G Marrosu, E Cocco
BACKGROUND: Frequently diagnosed in young adulthood, multiple sclerosis (MS) and several MS-related factors can influence patients' unemployment status and negatively affect work productivity and daily functioning. OBJECTIVE: We examined MS patients' employment status and evaluated clinical features influencing it. Furthermore, we investigated patients' burdens due to visible and invisible MS symptoms through their worsening daily functioning. METHODS: The study included outpatients affected by MS according to the 2010 McDonald criteria...
January 31, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Marlies Lefever, Saskia Decuman, François Perl, Lutgart Braeckman, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Disability management (DM) is a systematic method to ensure job-retention and job-reintegration in competitive employment for individuals with a disability. There is evidence that 'returning to work' has a positive impact on the individual, the company and on the society. However, a clear overview of the efficacy and efficiency of the DM programs is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy and efficiency of the disability management programs...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Anne Grönlund, Ida Öun
BACKGROUND: Despite their disadvantaged labour market position, women consistently report higher levels of job satisfaction than men. Researchers have attributed women's higher job satisfaction to their lower expectations, arguing that gender differences will fade away as women's labour market prospects improve. Others, however, argue that women are more contented than men because their jobs satisfy a need for family adaptions. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we put the hypotheses of transitions and trade-offs to a strong test, by comparing men and women with comparable human capital investments living in a country where women's employment is strongly supported by policies, practices and social norms...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tinatsei Gabriella Chigumete, Nick Townsend, Sunitha Chandrasekhar Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Workplace health promotion programs, when well designed and implemented are beneficial to both employees and their employers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors that affect workplace health promotion initiatives intended for support staff at Rhodes University. To explore ways in which future initiatives that aim to reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in the workplace may be improved. METHODS: A qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with key stakeholders and support staff...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Ahmed Essdai, Vesna K Spasojević Brkić, Tamara Golubović, Aleksandar Brkić, Vladimir Popović
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that today's crane cabins fail to meet the needs of a large proportion of operators. Performance and financial losses and effects on safety should not be overlooked as well. OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this survey is to model the crane cabin interior space using up-to-date crane operator anthropometric data and to compare the multivariate and univariate method anthropometric models. The second aim of the paper is to define the crane cabin interior space dimensions that enable anthropometric convenience...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Thomas Johansen, Thomas Lund, Chris Jensen, Anne-Mette Hedeager Momsen, Monica Eftedal, Irene Øyeflaten, Tore N Braathen, Christina M Stapelfeldt, Ben Amick, Merete Labriola
BACKGROUND: A healthy and productive working life has attracted attention owing to future employment and demographic challenges. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to translate and adapt the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (WRFQ) 2.0 to Norwegian and Danish. METHODS: The WRFQ is a self-administered tool developed to identify health-related work limitations. Standardised cross-cultural adaptation procedures were followed in both countries' translation processes...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Carolyn T Bramante, Maggie M King, Mary Story, Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Daheia J Barr-Anderson
BACKGROUND: Worksites offer a unique opportunity to increase physical activity in persons with both active and sedentary lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine employee and supervisor perspectives on feasibility and acceptability of 10-minute Instant Recess ® physical activity videos in the worksite. METHODS: Convenience sample of public and private worksites in Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN. Employees (n = 187) at 13 worksites were recruited by a one-time email invitation to participate in a group Instant Recess break and complete a 15-question survey...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sandra Lorena Beltran, Rodolfo Andrade de Gouveia Vilela, Ildeberto Muniz de Almeida
BACKGROUND: In many companies, investigations of accidents still blame the victims without exploring deeper causes. Those investigations are reactive and have no learning potential. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to debate the historical organizational aspects of a company whose policy was incubating an accident. METHODS: The empirical data are analyzed as part of a qualitative study of an accident that occurred in an oil refinery in Brazil in 2014...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jade Curtin, Danielle Hitch
BACKGROUND: Some people who have a mental illness may require vocational rehabilitation and support to assist their participation in activity and employment. The WORKS is a vocational rehabilitation group intervention program, co-facilitated by Peer-Support Workers and Occupational Therapists. These facilitators provide support and guidance to people with a mental illness through practical activities and goal development. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lived experiences and perceptions of facilitators of The WORKS...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Inger Jansson, A Birgitta Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are common in working life and can be hard to respond to for employers. Therefore, knowledge of employers' perceptions of employees with MHP is important to support coping efforts of persons and their work environments. OBJECTIVE: Identify and characterise employers' perceptions of the impact of MHP on work ability. METHODS: Twelve employers with experience of employees with MHP were interviewed. Data were analysed with a phenomenographic method...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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