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Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223420/young-vulnerable-and-uncertain-young-workers-perceptions-of-work-health-and-safety
#1
L Clarkson, V Blewett, S Rainbird, J L Paterson, H Etherton
BACKGROUND: Young workers are at an increased risk of work place injury, and are less likely to report hazards or injuries, or apply for workers' compensation even though they are over-represented in workers' compensation statistics in comparison with their older peers. OBJECTIVE: To identify young workers' perceptions of work health and safety (WHS), why and how they report (or do not report) hazards and injuries, and examine where they source WHS information. This paper reports on the first stage of a larger, mixed methods study on WHS and young workers in South Australia...
September 11, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223419/development-and-experimental-verification-of-an-ergonomic-shopping-bag-handle
#2
Mohammed S Alkahtani, Mohamed Z Ramadan, Khaled A Alshaikh, Abdullah A Aljaweeni, Ahmad S Altuwaijri
BACKGROUND: Plastic shopping bags are used world over. However, users may suffer pain in or injury to their fingers because of the relatively thin plastic handles of those bags. Due to such drawbacks of the available bag handles, new designs are needed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a handle that can be used to carry many bags simultaneously. This handle was ergonomically designed and manufactured with soft grip. Then, an experiment was performed to test the usefulness of the developed handle...
September 11, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223418/a-tentative-efficiency-index-for-pointing-device-use-in-computer-aided-design-a-pilot-study
#3
Denis A Coelho, Miguel L Lourenço
BACKGROUND: Focusing on the efficiency aspect of computer pointing devices' usability, this paper reports on a novel and tentative empirically derived efficiency index for 3D CAD. OBJECTIVE: Three commercially available computer pointing devices were compared: a standard horizontal computer mouse, a vertical device (supporting neutral pronation of the forearm) and a slanted device. METHODS: Pilot structured observations of 10 subjects' activity were carried out to estimate the proportion of each unique computer mouse operation during CAD modelling with a 3D parametric software...
September 11, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223417/bullying-experiences-of-dental-interns-working-at-four-dental-institutions-of-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Rizwan Ullah, Muhammad Faraz Siddiqui, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Kefi Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Bullying is an aggressive and violent behavior marked by repetitive harassment of a weaker victim, which may also occur in the workplace including healthcare settings. Although extensively studied in the west, bullying of workers in the healthcare setting is largely underexplored in the South Asian context. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to explore the phenomena of workplace bullying among dental interns in selected dental institutes of Karachi, Pakistan...
September 10, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223416/variation-companionship-and-manageability-important-for-recovery-during-working-hours-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#5
Lina Ejlertsson, Bodil Heijbel, Margareta Troein, Annika Brorsson
BACKGROUND: Lack of recovery from everyday strains and demands is connected to increased levels of stress-related problems and development of ill-health. There is much research on how to handle and prevent fatigue and stress in leisure time, but research on working time is more scarce. A recent study found that employees' experience of recovery during working hours was related to high self-rated health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the concept of recovery during working hours among primary health care workers...
September 10, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223415/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-ergonomic-intervention-and-exercise-conditioning-kinesiology-program-for-subsequent-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-prevention
#6
Lisa Marshall, Joanne Villeneuve, Sylvain Grenier
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are known to be at high risk for occupational musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Many different intervention strategies have been implemented in order to reduce the risk of injury to health care workers, however not many have been proven to be effective. A continuing care establishment in Ottawa, Canada, implemented a multidimensional kinesiology intervention program for injured employees. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the kinesiology intervention program on reducing subsequent rates for the nursing personnel and analyze the impact of age, position (RN, RPN, PCA) and sex had on subsequent injuries...
September 10, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223412/methodological-quality-of-service-learning-studies-in-rehabilitation-professions-a-systematic-review
#7
Christopher A Eidson, Hon K Yuen, Laura K Vogtle, Valley O McCurry
BACKGROUND: Service-learning (SL) has been widely implemented and grown as a pedagogy in the rehabilitation professions. However, assessment on the quality of evidence for the effectiveness of SL related to student learning outcomes and the scope of SL activities related to the occupation of work in the rehabilitation professions is not available. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was to evaluate the rigor of the methodological quality of SL studies and the scope of SL activities related to the occupation of work in the rehabilitation professions...
September 10, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223411/awareness-and-perceptions-of-ergonomic-programs-between-workers-and-managers-surveyed-in-the-construction-industry
#8
Timothy N Sneller, Sang D Choi, Kwangseog Ahn
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders (WMSDs) are among the most frequently reported causes of lost or restricted work time in the construction industry. Ergonomics is still a relatively new theme for the construction industry. Understanding of the workers' and managers' knowledge and perception of ergonomic issues in construction can play a critical role to develop and implement effective ergonomic programs and policies. OBJECTIVE: To study the similarities and differences of the workers' and managers' knowledge and perceptions of ergonomics matters in the construction industry...
September 10, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223414/safety-culture-maturity-assessment-for-mining-activities-in-south-america
#9
M Bascompta, L Sanmiquel, C Vintró, J M Rossell, M Costa
BACKGROUNDHealth and safety is a crucial issue in the mining industry due to the implication of accidents in the sector.OBJECTIVEThis study determines the safety culture characteristics in several mining activities from South America.METHODSA survey of the safety culture maturity has been done by means of 24 questions regarding the type of activity, number of employees and safety culture characteristics of the activity: information of accidents and incidents, organizational structure to deal with information, involvement of the company in health and safety issues, the way it communicates accidents and incidents and commitment of the company towards health and safety...
September 8, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223409/concordance-of-assessments-of-clients-mental-and-behavioral-health-with-in-vivo-assessment-of-work-performance
#10
E Sally Rogers, Uma Chandrika Millner, Diane Brandt, Leighton Chan, Alan Jette, Elizabeth Marfeo, Pengsheng Ni, Elizabeth Rasch
BackgroundAssessing functioning and disability among individuals with mental and behavioral health disorders has historically relied on deriving accurate psychiatric diagnoses and assessing symptoms. However, growing empirical evidence suggests that this approach is inadequate to determine real world performance, particularly with respect to work.ObjectiveWe examined a performance-based approach to the assessment of work functioning and its relationship to mental and behavioral health status.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted at two mental health programs...
September 8, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223410/dynamics-of-an-orthopaedic-team-insights-to-improve-teamwork-through-a-design-thinking-approach
#11
E Caprari, J T Porsius, P D'Olivo, R M Bloem, S B W Vehmeijer, N Stolk, M Melles
BACKGROUNDSupporting teamwork in healthcare is a way to foster both the quality and safety of care, and better working conditions for all the team members. Although increasing attention is paid to this topic on a general level, there is less knowledge about its unfolding in orthopaedic units and its translation to interventions.OBJECTIVETo identify concrete opportunities for teamwork intervention through a design thinking approach by analysing the teamwork dynamics of an orthopaedic team.METHODSAn adaptation of the learning history method, comprising shadowing, observations and interviews involving 26 orthopaedic team members at a top clinical teaching hospital in the Netherlands, was applied...
September 7, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223408/raising-awareness-of-hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-havs-using-posters
#12
Diandra Budd, D Linn Holness
BACKGROUNDHand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is caused by prolonged occupational exposure to hand-transmitted vibration. Although HAVS is preventable, disease awareness and prevention knowledge are lacking in high-risk workplaces; this may contribute to under-diagnosis, delays in seeking care, and poor health outcomes. Posters may be used to increase awareness in the workplace.OBJECTIVETo conduct a pilot survey in workers with HAVS about poster use in their workplaces, their recommendations for poster campaigns and training programs, and their evaluation of HAVS awareness and prevention posters...
September 7, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223413/if-it-isn-t-finished-at-five-then-i-ll-continue-until-it-is-a-qualitative-study-of-work-pressure-among-employees-in-vocational-education
#13
Nicole Hoefsmit, Karin Cleef
BACKGROUNDProlonged work pressure can contribute to burnout. The Job-Demands Resources model (the health impairment process and the roles of job and personal resources in it) provides a framework for studying work pressure.OBJECTIVEThe study aims were to understand the experiences of employees in the career services and a teaching department of a school for vocational education regarding the following: A) work pressure; B) its negative consequences; and C) how job resources and D) personal resources play a role in te employees' experience of work pressure or in helping to cope with it...
September 6, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149489/from-the-editor
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149488/evidence-based-intraoperative-microbreak-activities-for-reducing-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-operating-room
#15
Krista A Coleman Wood, Bethany R Lowndes, Ryan J Buus, M Susan Hallbeck
BACKGROUND: Neuromusculoskeletal pain and fatigue have been self-reported by over 70% surgeons who perform minimally invasive surgery (MIS). These problems can become impairments impacting surgical performance, patient outcomes, and career longevity. Human factors engineering has identified microbreaks coupled with activities as a viable strategy to counteract known physical, cognitive, and environmental stressors as well as mitigate neuromusculoskeletal (NMS) problems for workers in office and manufacturing domains...
August 20, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149487/lag-times-in-the-work-disability-process-differences-across-diagnoses-in-the-length-of-disability-following-work-related-injury
#16
Elyssa Besen, Amanda Young, Brittany Gaines, Glenn Pransky
BACKGROUND: The amount of time between key points in the work disability and workers' compensation process, referred to as lag times, have been shown to relate to work disability outcomes but little research has examined how this finding may differ based on the diagnosis associated with the cause of work disability. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether relationships between lag times in the work disability process and disability duration vary by diagnosis in a sample of workers' compensation claims...
August 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149486/comparative-study-of-resilience-engineering-in-solid-waste-treatment-plants-a-case-study-in-two-european-cities
#17
Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero, Sebastian Molinillo, Antonio López-Arquillos, Fuensanta Galindo Reyes
BACKGROUND: Municipal solid waste treatment plants are industrial facilities with important occupational health and safety issues. Hence, a risk assessment system would be very useful to help workers to cope successfully with complexity when they are under pressure situations, such as loss of control or failures of the system safety. In recent years, Resilience Engineering has come up as a new proactive approach to improve and keep safety the complex systems. To evaluate Resilience Engineering the methods at our disposal are mostly qualitative, which are complex and difficult to compare due to their external validity...
August 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124462/occupational-accidents-and-human-errors-in-apartment-custodians-work
#18
Jun Sik Kim, Byung Yong Jeong
BACKGROUND: According to a survey of the economically active elderly population in South Korea, most of them are employed in the service sector, with many men working as custodians. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the characteristics of injuries affecting apartment custodians, one of the representative jobs for older male workers, as well as the characteristics of accident causes based on human errors. METHODS: The study used information processing as a framework to identify the cause of accidents that affected 831 male apartment custodians...
August 16, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124463/work-related-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-united-states-2006-2009-and-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#19
Claudia C Ma, Ja Kook Gu, Luenda E Charles, Michael E Andrew, Ren G Dong, Cecil M Burchfiel
BACKGROUND: The annual incidence rate of work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (WUEMSDs) is increasing in US workers according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). However, the prevalence of WUEMSDs among US total workers has not been estimated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of WUEMSDs among US total workers and among each of major occupations and industries. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health Interview Survey Arthritis supplements (2006, 2009, and 2014) among 50,218 current workers (age ≥18 years) to estimate the 30-day prevalence of WUEMSDs and of WUEMSDs affecting work using the SAS-callable SUDAAN software...
August 13, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124461/life-changing-or-trivial-electricians-views-about-electrical-accidents
#20
Sara Thomée, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: It is well known that electrical accidents can cause physical injury. Less well known is that long-term consequences may include emotional and cognitive problems. OBJECTIVE: To explore electricians' experiences and perceptions of work-related electrical accidents, with focus on psychological short- and long-term consequences, including how contacts with health care services and the workplace were perceived. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 23 Swedish male electricians, aged 25- 68, who had experienced at least one electrical accident and reported residual sensory, musculoskeletal, cognitive or emotional symptoms...
August 13, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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