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Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715795/recycling-and-social-technologies-for-sustainability-the-brazilian-experience-of%C3%A2-wastepickers-inclusion-in-selective-collection-programs
#1
Francisco de Paula Antunes Lima, Fabiana Goulart de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Alternatives are being developed for waste treatment all over the world. Solidary selective collection is a recognized social technology for taking millions of people out of absolute poverty. However, this technology raises crucial questions regarding its nature and development perspective. What can be said of the legitimacy of a social technology that is born from misery and maintains wastepickers in precarious work conditions? OBJECTIVE: This article approaches issues based on the analysis of the wastepickers' work process, highlighting the difficulties and interpersonal conflicts, the strong social bonds and creativity that reveal the potential of efficiency and solidarity of this social technology...
July 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621698/from-the-past-to-the-future-integrating-work-experience-into-the-design-process
#2
João Marcos Bittencourt, Francisco Duarte, Pascal Béguin
BACKGROUND: Integrating work activity issues into design process is a broadly discussed theme in ergonomics. Participation is presented as the main means for such integration. However, a late participation can limit the development of both project solutions and future work activity. OBJECTIVE: This article presents the concept of construction of experience aiming at the articulated development of future activities and project solutions. It is a non-teleological approach where the initial concepts will be transformed by the experience built up throughout the design process...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621697/innovation-systemic-appropriation-and-prevention-in-the-granite-mining-sector-the-case-of-humidification
#3
R W B Mendes, V Pueyo, P Béguin, F J C M Duarte
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted in the Brazilian granite mining sector. After epidemiological studies, it was established that professional pneumoconiosis is related to the inhalation of dust. Therefore, the Brazilian mining health and safety regulatory standard made it compulsory to provide humidification throughout the extraction and mineral treatment processes. OBJECTIVE: To develop the concept of systemic appropriation of the technological innovations that aim to protect the worker's health...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621696/professional-transitions-towards-sustainable-farming-systems-the-development-of-farmers-professional-worlds
#4
Xavier Coquil, Benoît Dedieu, Pascal Béguin
BACKGROUND: While farming in France and generally in Europe is continuing to intensify, at the expense of its environmental sustainability, promising alternatives are emerging. OBJECTIVE: The processes whereby farmers change and transform their own work, to shift from an intensive mode of production to a self-sufficient and autonomous one, need to be formalized if we are to further our understanding of why and how these forms of sustainable farming activity emerge...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621695/learning-challenges-and-sustainable-development-a-methodological-perspective
#5
Laura Seppänen
BACKGROUND: Sustainable development requires learning, but the contents of learning are often complex and ambiguous. This requires new integrated approaches from research. It is argued that investigation of people's learning challenges in every-day work is beneficial for research on sustainable development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to describe a research method for examining learning challenges in promoting sustainable development. This method is illustrated with a case example from organic vegetable farming in Finland...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621694/ergonomics-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-sustainability-of-the-workforce
#6
Felipe Meyer, Gabriel Eweje, David Tappin
BACKGROUND: The sustainability of the workforce is threatened due to working conditions. One of the reasons for this is an imbalance between the working conditions and the capacity of the workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper, based on a literature review, is to explore the relationship between two main concepts, beginning with sustainability, and finished with ergonomics. Based on that relationship, determine if ergonomics could be helpful to improve the sustainability of the workforce...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582953/from-the-editor
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582952/improving-work-conditions-through-strike-examination-of-nurses-attitudes-through-perceptions-of-two-physician-strikes-in-israel
#8
Liat Gafni-Lachter, Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon, Jesse Lachter
BACKGROUND: Strikes are means to influence policies related to working conditions, yet raise ethical dilemmas for healthcare workers. Nurse strikes have become more prominent around the world. OBJECTIVE: To assess the change in Israeli nurses' attitudes towards strikes in light of two physician strikes that have preceded a nursing strike. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered once in 2000 (N = 106) and again in 2011 (n = 175) following 110 days of a physician strike, to assess nurses' attitudes towards the strike and resulting ethical issues...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582951/the-effects-of-physical-and-psychosocial-factors-and-ergonomic-conditions-on-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-malaysia
#9
Mohd Firdaus Mohd Taib, Sangwoo Bahn, Myung Hwan Yun, Mohd Syukri Mohd Taib
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) have been recognized as one of the main occupational health problems for dentists. Many studies have suggested that dentists experience work-related pain or discomfort in the neck, shoulder, and back, as well as in other parts of the body. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between specific physical and psychosocial factors and/or ergonomic conditions on MSD symptoms among dentists in Malaysia. METHODS: A group of 85 dentists was asked to complete a questionnaire to determine whether their complaints were related to physical and psychosocial factors and/or ergonomic conditions in their practices...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582950/the-prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers
#10
Tamader Y Al-Rammah, Areej S Aloufi, Saffana K Algaeed, Noura S Alogail
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) have a significant effect on the psychological and physical function of the sonographer. OBJECTIVE: This study is concerned about finding the prevalence of WRMSDs among sonographers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and assessing how to improve future practices and develop guidelines for safe, pain-free ultrasound departments. METHODS: A survey was distributed to sonographers working in major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (n = 100, 83% response rate)...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582949/exploring-service-delivery-in-occupational-therapy-the-use-of-convergent-interviewing
#11
Hester van Biljon, Sanetta H J du Toit, July Masango, Daleen Casteleijn
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapy clinicians working in South Africa's public healthcare had views on what patients thought about their vocational rehabilitation services that were based on anecdotal evidence. However evidence-based practice requires more than that. Reliable information is important in patient-centred practice and in the assessment of service quality. OBJECTIVE: Clinical occupational therapists used the convergent interviewing technique to explore patients' views of the vocational rehabilitation services on offer in public hospitals...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582948/the-big-sell-managing-stigma-and-workplace-discrimination-following-moderate-to-severe-brain-injury
#12
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Alisa Grigorovich, Thecla Damianakis, Guylaine Le Dorze, Christine David, Carolyn Lemsky, Debbie Hebert
BACKGROUND: Misperceptions regarding persons with brain injuries (PWBI) can lead to stigmatization, workplace discrimination and, in turn, influence PWBIs full vocational integration. OBJECTIVE: In this study we explored how stigma may influence return-to-work processes, experiences of stigma and discrimination at the workplace for persons with (moderate to severe) brain injuries, and strategies that can be employed to manage disclosure. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative study; used in-depth interviews and an inductive thematic analytical approach in data analysis...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582947/age-related-associations-between-work-over-commitment-and-zest-for-work-among-swedish-employees-from-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-perspective
#13
Roma Runeson-Broberg, Jean-Baptist du Prel, Peter Westerholm, Maria Nordin, Anders Knutsson, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Richard Peter
BACKGROUND: In aging societies, zest for work may be pivotal when deciding to stay occupationally active longer. Psychosocial work stress is a prevalent public health problem and may have an impact on zest for work. Work over-commitment (WOC) is a personal coping strategy for work stress with excessive striving and a health risk. However, the long-term effect of WOC on zest for work is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the age-related associations of work over-commitment with zest for work...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582946/suicide-among-emergency-and-protective-service-workers-a-retrospective-mortality-study-in-australia-2001-to-2012
#14
A Milner, K Witt, H Maheen, A D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Emergency and protective services personnel (e.g., police, ambulance, fire-fighters, defence, prison and security officers) report elevated levels of job stress and health problems. While population-level research is lacking, there has been some research suggesting suicide rates may be elevated in emergency and protective services. OBJECTIVES: This paper compares suicide rates between emergency and protective services occupational groups over a 12-year period (2001-2012) in Australia...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582945/stress-monitoring-through-non-invasive-instrumental-analysis-of-skin-conductivity
#15
Anurag Joshi, Ravi Kiran, Ash Narayan Sah
BACKGROUND: This paper envelops the notion of yogic breathing and its applications as one of the techniques for stress management through regulation of skin conductivity among Indian engineering students. Stress perturbs the normal physiological or psychological functioning of an individual. Thus, it is extremely vital to manage stress. OBJECTIVE: To explore the consequence of yogic breathing on skin conductivity using galvanic skin response sensor meter (GSRSM) on engineering students, of different universities...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582944/good-job-bad-job-the-employment-experiences-of-women-in-recovery-from%C3%A2-substance-abuse
#16
Joyce K Sinakhone, Bronwyn A Hunter, Leonard A Jason
BACKGROUND: Women in metropolitan areas have lower employment participation and employment rates than men. Although women face multiple challenges in the labor market, those who have a history of substance use and are abstinent may have a greater disadvantage in obtaining viable employment opportunities due to factors associated with substance use. No research to date has examined employment experiences among women in recovery from substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study examined employment characteristics and experiences of women who had a history of substance use and lived in sober-living environments in urban areas...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582943/-i-ve-never-been-able-to-stay-in-a-job-a-qualitative-study-of-veterans-experiences-of-maintaining-employment
#17
Molly Harrod, Erin M Miller, Jennifer Henry, Kara Zivin
BACKGROUND: Ensuring Veteran employment needs are met is a top priority for the Department of Veteran Affairs and the United States government. However, Veterans, especially those with mental health disorders, continue to encounter difficulties when employed. While many employment related programs offer numerous services aimed at helping Veterans gain employment, their ability to maintain long-term employment remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand factors that affect the ability of Veterans with mental health disorders to maintain long-term employment...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582942/applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-occupational-health-easier-said-than-done
#18
IJmert Kant, Ludovic G P M van Amelsvoort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582941/fostering-functioning-of-workers-a-new-challenge-for-prevention-in-occupational-health
#19
Ludovic G P M van Amelsvoort, Carin P M de Brouwer, Yvonne F Heerkens, Guy A M Widdershoven, IJmert Kant
Given large changes in working conditions and society, occupational health care has to prioritize its efforts towards fostering health and functioning of workers and as such promote work participation. This requires that more emphasis is given on the application of biopsychological models in the care of workers. Although a biopsychological approach is often mentioned as essential part of occupational health care, it's application is often hampered in practice, by practical barriers and lack of practical knowledge...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582940/experiences-of-occupational-physicians-with-the-implementation-of-indicated-prevention-for-long-term-sickness-absence
#20
C P M de Brouwer, P Verdonk, L G P M van Amelsvoort, N W H Jansen, I J Kant, G A M Widdershoven
BACKGROUND: Functioning including work participation, is an emerging challenge in occupational health. The prevention of long term sickness absence (LTSA) through a strategy involving screening and structured early consultation (preventive strategy) was proven effective and can address participation issues. Implementation of this strategy has proven difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of occupational physicians (OPs) delivering a structured early consultation to office workers, in order to enhance implementation of the strategy...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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