journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery Today

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439715/carcinoembryonic-antigen-testing-after-curative-liver-resection-for-synchronous-liver-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer-a-japanese-multicenter-analysis
#1
Satoshi Okazaki, Hironobu Baba, Noriko Iwata, Shinichi Yamauchi, Kenichi Sugihara
PURPOSE: To identify the possible roles of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing after liver resection for synchronous colorectal liver metastasis (CLM). METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were patients who underwent complete resection of primary tumors and synchronous CLM between 1997 and 2007 at 20 institutions in Japan. We studied the associations between perioperative CEA levels and the characteristics of recurrence. RESULTS: Recurrence was detected during the median follow-up time of 52 months in 445 (73...
April 24, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439714/arterial-and-biliary-complications-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Shigehito Miyagi, Yuta Kakizaki, Kenji Shimizu, Koji Miyazawa, Wataru Nakanishi, Yasuyuki Hara, Kazuaki Tokodai, Chikashi Nakanishi, Takashi Kamei, Noriaki Ohuchi, Susumu Satomi
AIM: The mortality of patients on the waiting list for deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) is high, especially in countries where donation rates are low. Thus, living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is an attractive option. However, compared with DDLT, LDLT is associated with increased rates of arterial and biliary complications. We examined the rates of complications and risk factors following LDLT. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated and compared the rates of complications of DDLT and LDLT in our institute...
April 24, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#3
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434082/senior-general-surgery-residents-can-be-trained-to-perform-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-patients-accurately
#4
Sheng-Der Hsu, Cheng-Jueng Chen, De-Chuan Chan, Jyh-Cherng Yu
PURPOSES: Researchers studying trauma have found that physicians are able to perform a focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) with minimal training and achieve ideal accuracy. However, there are currently no consensus or standard guidelines regarding the performance of this assessment. The aim of our study was to clarify the value of FAST performed by well-qualified senior general surgery residents in cases of suspected blunt abdominal trauma, which presents an important diagnostic problem in emergency departments...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434081/the-outcomes-of-pediatric-liver-retransplantation-from-a-living-donor-a-17-year-single-center-experience
#5
Kohei Miura, Seisuke Sakamoto, Keita Shimata, Masaki Honda, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshifumi Wakai, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Yukihiro Inomata
PURPOSE: Liver retransplantation is the only therapeutic option for patients with graft failure after liver transplantation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric retransplantation from living donor at a single center. METHODS: Between December 1998 to August 2015, retransplantation from a living donor was performed for 14 children (<18 years of age) at Kumamoto University Hospital. The characteristics of the retransplantation recipient and the clinicopathological factors between primary transplantation and retransplantation were analyzed to detect the prognostic factors...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434080/predictive-risk-factors-for-peritoneal-recurrence-after-pancreatic-cancer-resection-and-strategies-for-its-prevention
#6
Kyohei Ariake, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Hideo Ohtsuka, Koji Fukase, Kunihiro Masuda, Masamichi Mizuma, Hiroki Hayashi, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Shimpei Maeda, Tatsuyuki Takadate, Takeshi Naitoh, Shinichi Egawa, Michiaki Unno
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors for peritoneal recurrence (PR) of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and to discuss the appropriate management strategies. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 236 patients who underwent pancreatectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We then compared the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with vs. those without PR. The independent risk factors for PR were defined using the Cox proportional hazards regression model...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421351/characteristics-and-prognosis-of-rectal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-an-analysis-of-registry-data
#7
Masayoshi Yasui, Toshimasa Tsujinaka, Masaki Mori, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yasuo Nakashima, Toshirou Nishida
PURPOSE: Rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare. Accordingly, their clinical features are not well-documented and optimal treatment has not been established. The objective of this study is to clarify the rates and patterns of recurrence after surgical resection of rectal GISTs, with a focus on outcomes and therapeutic modalities. METHODS: The registry was designed to collect data on rectal GISTs recorded between January, 2003 and December, 2007 at 40 participating institutions of the Kinki GIST Study Group...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421350/preoperative-imaging-evaluation-of-pancreatic-pathologies-for-the-objective-prediction-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#8
REVIEW
Yoshitsugu Tajima, Yasunari Kawabata, Noriyuki Hirahara
In performing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or when conducting clinical trials involving PD procedure, a universal platform for predicting the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is indispensable. In this article, the most significant imaging studies that focused on the objective preoperative assessment of pancreatic pathologies in association with the occurrence of POPF after PD were reviewed. Several recently developed imaging modalities can objectively predict the occurrence of POPF after PD by assessing the elasticity, fibrosis, and fatty infiltration of the pancreas...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421349/predictive-detection-areas-for-identifying-additional-mri-detected-breast-lesions-on-second-look-ultrasonography
#9
Akie Tanaka, Atsushi Yamada, Tomoko Umeda, Chiaki Kaneko, Tomoharu Shimizu, Shigeyuki Naka, Tohru Tani, Masaji Tani
PURPOSE: Identifying an additional MRI-detected breast lesion on second-look ultrasonography (US) is technically challenging because of lesion displacement with the patient's position change. The aim of this study is to help identify MRI-detected lesions on second-look US by developing a probing area, called "the predictive detection area" (PDA), and by assessing the PDA. METHODS: We measured the nipple-to-lesion distances (NLDs) for 16 breast lesions on prone- and supine-position MRI sets and calculated the difference and angle between the two NLD vectors, representing the lesion displacement...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421348/the-basal-nutritional-state-of-pdac-patients-is-the-dominant-factor-for-completing-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#10
Daisaku Yamada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hideo Tomihara, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
PURPOSE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is highly lethal, and several clinical trials have shown that adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection can improve the prognosis of these patients. However, the adjuvant chemotherapy completion rate is less than satisfactory. If this rate could be increased then the overall prognosis of PDAC might be improved; however, reports addressing this problem are insufficient. To elucidate the factors, we retrospectively investigated PDAC patients...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421347/tu-100-exerts-a-protective-effect-against-bacterial-translocation-by-maintaining-the-tight-junction
#11
Chie Takasu, Wubetu Gizachew Yismaw, Nobuhiro Kurita, Kozo Yoshikawa, Hideya Kashihara, Toru Kono, Mitsuo Shimada
PURPOSE: We previously reported that TU-100 suppresses irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11)-induced inflammatory cytokines and apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying this effect has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to further clarify the mechanism of CPT-11-induced bacterial translocation (BT) and the effect of TU-100 on BT. METHODS: Cell cytotoxicity was assessed in vitro by a WST-8 assay. For the in vivo experiments, rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the control group, the CPT-11 group (250 mg/kg i...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389694/utility-of-the-ginza-forceps-for-superficial-phlebectomy-during-endovenous-laser-ablation-of-the-great-saphenous-vein
#12
Takeshi Baba, Takao Ohki, Yuji Kanaoka, Koji Maeda, Kenjirou Kaneko, Masayuki Hara, Kota Shukuzawa, Soichiro Fukushima
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficiency of using the Ginza forceps (DVx, Tokyo, Japan), which have a long shaft and strong grip, for superficial phlebectomy with the stab avulsion technique, during simultaneous endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV). METHODS: The subjects were patients treated with EVLA performed by a single operator at one institution. All patients had a GSV diameter of 4-10 mm and an EVLA length of the GSV of >20 cm...
April 7, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386749/safety-and-feasibility-of-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#13
Yushi Fujiwara, Shigeru Lee, Satoru Kishida, Ryoya Hashiba, Ken Gyobu, Masashi Takemura, Harushi Osugi
PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with cisplatin and fluorouracil is the recommended standard treatment for resectable locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) in Japan. We investigated the effects of NAC on the safety and feasibility of thoracoscopic esophagectomy with total mediastinal lymphadenectomy for EC. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data from 225 consecutive patients who underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy with lymph node dissection between April 2007 and December 2015...
April 6, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386748/open-and-endovascular-elective-treatment-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-a-real-world-experience
#14
Daniela Mazzaccaro, Giovanni Nano, Alberto M Settembrini, Michele Carmo, Raffaello Dallatana, Simone Salvati, Giovanni Malacrida, Piergiorgio G Settembrini
PURPOSE: To present a real-world experience of the elective treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) using both open repair (OR) and endovascular repair (EVAR). METHODS: Data from patients treated consecutively between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2014 were collected retrospectively and reviewed. The primary outcomes were 30-day mortality and complication rates, freedom from reintervention, and survival in the long-term. RESULTS: We analyzed data on 1112 patients (660 EVAR, 452 OR)...
April 6, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386747/hospital-cost-savings-and-other-advantages-of-sutureless-vs-stented-aortic-valves-for-intermediate-risk-elderly-patients
#15
Tomoyuki Minami, Sarah Sainte, Herbert De Praetere, Filip Rega, Willem Flameng, Peter Verbrugghe, Bart Meuris
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the clinical outcomes and hospital costs of using sutureless aortic valves vs conventional stented aortic valves. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, 52 elderly patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis in our center had a sutureless valve inserted. From among 180 patients who had a stented valve inserted during the same period, 52 patients were matched to the sutureless group, based on age, gender, and operation type...
April 6, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382500/impact-of-esophageal-flexion-level-on-the-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-sigmoid-esophageal-achalasia
#16
Kazuto Tsuboi, Nobuo Omura, Fumiaki Yano, Masato Hoshino, Se-Ryung Yamamoto, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
PURPOSE: Esophageal achalasia can be roughly divided into non-sigmoid and sigmoid types. Laparoscopic surgery has been reported to be less than optimally effective for sigmoid type. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the esophageal flexion level on the clinical condition and surgical outcomes of patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia. METHODS: The subjects were 36 patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia who had been observed for >1 year after surgery...
April 5, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378062/three-dimensional-computed-tomographic-volumetry-precisely-predicts-the-postoperative-pulmonary-function
#17
Keisuke Kobayashi, Yusuke Saeki, Shinsuke Kitazawa, Naohiro Kobayashi, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Mitsuaki Sakai, Yukio Sato
PURPOSE: It is important to accurately predict the patient's postoperative pulmonary function. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of predictions of the postoperative residual pulmonary function obtained with three-dimensional computed tomographic (3D-CT) volumetry with that of predictions obtained with the conventional segment-counting method. METHODS: Fifty-three patients scheduled to undergo lung cancer resection, pulmonary function tests, and computed tomography were enrolled in this study...
April 4, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374265/both-high-and-low-plasma-glutamine-levels-predict-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
Takae Tsujimoto, Kentaro Shimizu, Nobuaki Hata, Tatsuya Takagi, Etsuko Uejima, Hiroshi Ogura, Masafumi Wasa, Takeshi Shimazu
PURPOSE: Plasma amino acids are important indicators for understanding human kinetics and amino acid dynamics. We aimed to investigate the association between the plasma glutamine levels and the mortality rates and determine whether plasma glutamine can predict the prognosis of critically ill patients. METHODS: The clinical records of adult patients who were admitted to an ICU were retrospectively evaluated to investigate the plasma levels of amino acids, including glutamine...
April 3, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365893/amylase-concentration-in-drainage-fluid-as-a-predictive-factor-for-severe-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#19
Yoshiki Taniguchi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Jota Mikami, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
PURPOSE: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (PPF) sometimes occurs after gastrectomy. We examined the risk factors for severe PPF and evaluated the predictive value of amylase concentration in drainage fluid. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 591 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify the risk factors for severe PPF. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to identify the appropriate amylase cut-off value to predict severe PPF...
April 1, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365892/conversion-surgery-after-combination-chemotherapy-of-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-s-1-dcs-for-far-advanced-gastric-cancer
#20
Hiroaki Mieno, Keishi Yamashita, Kei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Moriya, Katsuhiko Higuchi, Mizutomo Azuma, Shouko Komori, Tsutomu Yoshida, Satoshi Tanabe, Wasaburo Koizumi, Natsuya Katada, Masahiko Watanabe
PURPOSE: A triplet regimen of docetaxel, cisplatin, and S-1(DCS) is highly effective against metastatic gastric cancer. We performed this study to clarify the safety and efficacy of surgical resection in patients with initially unresectable gastric cancer, after down-staging or disease control was achieved by DCS chemotherapy. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 31 consecutive patients with initially unresectable gastric cancer, who underwent surgical resection between October, 2006 and December, 2012, after down-staging or disease control was achieved by DCS chemotherapy...
April 1, 2017: Surgery Today
journal
journal
30974
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"