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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Reem Kayyali, Nicola Harrap, Aiden Albayaty, Vilius Savickas, James Hammell, Francina Hyatt, Karen Elliott, Sally Richardson
OBJECTIVE: Increased demands from healthcare services have led to new roles for healthcare professionals (HCPs). Simulation based learning (SBL) can offer multidisciplinary HCPs and students a format to train for such emerging roles. The aim of this work was to adapt existing nursing SBL to involve pharmacy students and evaluate perceptions and effectiveness of SBL when used for interprofessional education (IPE). METHODS: Settings were a simulated hospital ward and a general practitioner (GP) practice...
January 16, 2019: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kelsey L Japs, Cathi Dennehy, Sylvia Stoffella, Jonathan Faldasz, Joshua Bress
OBJECTIVE: Identify drug information (DI) resources used in neonatal practice guidelines in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Individuals with knowledge of national neonatal guideline development completed a descriptive, cross-sectional survey. KEY FINDINGS: Eighty-five per cent (33/39) of respondents fully completed the survey. Physicians from university hospitals in Africa were primary respondents. Forty-five per cent (15/33) used a single national neonatal guideline...
January 2, 2019: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Deanne M G Johnston, Ilse Truter, Yoland L Irwin, Panjasaram Naidoo, Barbara C Coetzee, Willem D Basson
OBJECTIVES: The Transnet-Phelophepa Health Care Trains provide primary healthcare services to patients in under-resourced rural communities across South Africa. Selected final-year pharmacy students work on the trains for 1 week. The aim of the study was to determine the experiences and document the work-based activities of pharmacy students engaged in. METHODS: A hyperlink to an online questionnaire was sent to 106 pharmacy students from five Pharmacy Schools (70...
December 28, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Iben L Altman, Phil J Mandy, Paul R Gard
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore experienced community and hospital pharmacists' perceptions of how their pharmacy practice and status in health care are affected by others' views of them. METHODS: A qualitative collective case study was conducted. The primary data were 20 in-depth semistructured interviews of community and hospital pharmacists in England that were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed thematically. KEY FINDINGS: Thematic analysis of the data identified four themes: (1) ambiguities about being professionals, (2) internal divisions, (3) medicines experts and (4) shopkeepers as healthcare providers...
December 28, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Hamde Nazar, Usmaan Omer, Zachariah Nazar, Andy Husband
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation and assess the effect of a blended learning approach to teach pharmacy law. METHODS: Twenty didactic pharmacy law lectures were redeveloped to 9 h of flipped classroom sessions. Presession online videos delivered factual content created in-house. In-class activities explored the application and nuances of law through simulated cases. Stage 2 Pharmacy undergraduate students (n = 69) were administered the Community of Inquiry Survey, measuring the social, teaching and cognitive presence of online learning experiences across 34 items on a Likert scale 1-5 (1 = 'strongly agree', to 5 = 'strongly disagree')...
December 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Christel Roland, Aurélie Guérin, Pascal Vaconsin, Jean-François Bussières
OBJECTIVES: To describe practice and perceptions of hospital pharmacy technicians (HPTs) in France and in Quebec, Canada. The secondary objective was to compare both work settings to identify differences. METHODS: Cross-sectional online survey in December 2016 and February 2017. The survey was comprised of four sections: demographic, factors contributing to career choice and satisfaction, perceptions regarding training, skills and recognition and interest in new opportunities...
December 11, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
David E Zimmerman, Jordan R Covvey, Branden D Nemecek, Anthony J Guarascio, Laura Wilson, Henry R Freedy, Mohamed H Yassin
OBJECTIVE: To compare pharmacist-led prescribing changes and associated 30-day revisit rates across different regimens for patients discharged from an emergency department (ED) with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: An observational, retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of patients who were discharged from an ED over a 4-year period with a diagnosis of CAP. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, antibiotic selection and comorbidity and condition severity scores were collected for two cohorts: 2012-13 (before protocol change) and 2014-15 (post-protocol change)...
December 11, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Alice P McCloskey, Joanne Brown, Sharon Haughey, Roisin O'Hare
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of authentic clinical tasks on student confidence in interprofessional communication and assess the perceptions of pharmacists and pharmacy undergraduate students on how their degree prepares them to communicate and integrate with other healthcare professionals. METHODS: Pharmacists completed a questionnaire regarding how their degree prepared them to communicate with other healthcare professionals. Third- and fourth-year pharmacy undergraduate students completed a modified questionnaire with questions relating to interprofessional learning and their experiences of reflective interprofessional communication tasks whilst on hospital placement...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Hala El Mikati, Christopher A Maroun, Alexandre Armache, Amer Toutonji, Mayssam El Najjar, Farouk M El-Khatib, Hala Ghattas
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to assess the ability of community pharmacists practicing in Beirut to identify red flag respiratory symptoms, and therefore to adequately refer clients to a general physician when warranted. Secondary objectives included determining whether demographic factors affect the odds of referral, and to qualify degree of agreement of community pharmacists with a panel of expert physicians. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, pharmacies were randomly selected and invited to complete a self-administered survey, each containing 10 clinical vignettes that combined different characteristics (age group, gender, presenting symptom, duration of symptoms)...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Gary Mortimer, Louise Grimmer, Syed M Fazal-E-Hasan
OBJECTIVE: As supermarkets continue to expand their healthcare categories, consumers now have more choice and access to non-prescription medicines. The aim of this current research is to empirically examine the drivers and barriers of consumer purchase intentions, namely trust and perceived risk, of non-prescription medicines in both supermarkets and community pharmacy settings. METHOD: Data were collected using an in-store intercept survey of 402 supermarket shoppers and 310 community pharmacy shoppers...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kimberly Jamie, Emily J Oliver, Alistair Paterson, Cate Whittlesea
OBJECTIVES: Although pharmacist-led medicines use reviews (MURs) are effective for medicines management, little is understood about patients' experiences of alcohol-related advice delivered therein. Sampling a population at high risk for misuse (within an area of socio-economic deprivation), we explored patient experiences of alcohol-related MURs. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with patients who had discussed alcohol in an MUR in the preceding 3 months (n = 9)...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Ramesh Lahiru Walpola, Carl Richard Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Martine Kruijtbosch, Wilma Göttgens-Jansen, Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Evert van Leeuwen, Marcel L Bouvy
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to recognise the professional core values in the moral dilemmas of pharmacists in community pharmacy and to customise the descriptions of these values for community pharmacy practice. METHODS: The narratives of 128 moral dilemmas, collected from Dutch PharmD students and early career pharmacists who experienced these dilemmas in practice, were qualitatively analysed. An expert panel deductively coded relevant portions of these narratives with the core values as formulated by the Royal Dutch Pharmacists Association...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Claire Easthall, Natalie Taylor, Debi Bhattacharya
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to medication adherence in patients prescribed medicines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and map these to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), to produce a conceptual framework for developing a questionnaire-based medication adherence tool. METHODS: A scoping review of barriers to medication adherence in long-term conditions was conducted to generate an initial pool of barriers. After preliminary mapping to the TDF, these barriers were presented to two focus groups of patients prescribed medicines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (n = 14) to stimulate discussion...
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mona Mostaghim, Thomas Snelling, Beata Bajorek
OBJECTIVES: Assess restricted antimicrobials acquired after standard working hours for adherence to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and identify factors associated with increased likelihood of adherence at the time of acquisition, and the next standard working day. METHODS: All documented antimicrobials acquired from a paediatric hospital after-hours drug room from 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015 were reconciled with records of AMS approval, and documented AMS review in the medical record...
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Johnson George, Dennis Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Aleksandra Milosavljevic, Trudi Aspden, Jeff Harrison
INTRODUCTION: Medication adherence can be defined as the extent to which one's medication-taking behaviour follows that mutually agreed upon by the prescribing physician. Optimal medication adherence is often deemed crucial for the success of a patient's treatment, as suboptimal adherence may lead to treatment failure and unnecessary medical expenditure. Increasing evidence has highlighted the positive contribution community pharmacist-led interventions can have on improving patients' adherence and health outcomes...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kirsty Killick, Leah Macaden, Annetta Smith, Thilo Kroll, Kathleen Stoddart, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review collated evidence of the pharmaceutical care needs of people with sensory loss (SL). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with no limit on year of publication: Medline (1946); Embase; Cinahl (1979); and Web of Science (1985). Search terms included the following: pharmacy; sight/hearing/dual impairment. Studies were included if they involved people with SL requiring pharmaceutical care and/or pharmacists/pharmacy support staff providing pharmaceutical care for people with SL...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nikola Nikolić
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the accuracy of medicines-related information (MRI) held by healthcare service providers in a hostel for homeless men with a mental illness. METHODS: Fifteen residents' records were screened for MRI on medical history, allergy status and treatment, using all available sources. KEY FINDINGS: There was a significant difference in the number of prescribed psychotropics amongst different services. Twenty-three discrepancies (n = 90) were due to different doses, and 63 discrepancies were omissions...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Natalia Shcherbakova
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of 'Pharmaceutical Industry in a Global Context' elective in a 4-year US pharmacy programme. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire regarding student experiences with the course content and intention to pursue pharmaceutical industry summer internships and/or postgraduation fellowships was distributed to students at the end of the course. KEY FINDINGS: Fifty per cent of the students (n = 13) reported intention to apply for a pharmaceutical industry summer internships and/or industry fellowship postgraduation...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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