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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925071/assessment-of-counselling-for-acute-diarrhoea-in-german-pharmacies-a-simulated-patient-study
#1
Bernhard Langer, Elisa Bull, Tina Burgsthaler, Julia Glawe, Monique Schwobeda, Karen Simon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of counselling provided for acute diarrhoea and to evaluate the role of the patient's approach and different user groups in determining the outcome of counselling. METHODS: The simulated patient methodology was used in all 21 community pharmacies in a north-eastern German city. Four different scenarios related to self-medication of acute diarrhoea were developed and used in all the pharmacies (a total of 84 visits)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925056/elevated-blood-pressure-in-the-developing-world-a-role-for-clinical-pharmacists
#2
Michael T Smith, Megan P Monahan, Paige Nelson, Matthew Moruzzi, Alexander J DeLucenay, Christine R Birnie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and patient knowledge of elevated blood pressure amongst a cross-section of patients in underserved communities in three selected low-income countries worldwide: El Salvador, India and Kenya. METHODS: Mobile medical clinics were established as part of medical mission trips in El Salvador, India and Kenya. Willing male and female patients, at least 25 years of age, who presented at each clinic were screened for elevated blood pressure, including 332 patients in El Salvador, 847 patients in India and 160 patients in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875530/the-revised-basel-statements-on-the-future-of-hospital-pharmacy-what-do-they-mean-for-saudi-arabia
#3
Hanadi Al Sabban, Ahmed Al-Jedai, Dalia Bajis, Jonathan Penm
OBJECTIVES: To describe the current hospital pharmacy practice in Saudi Arabia according to the revised Basel statements. METHODS: A review of the available data based on published literature in the subject area was carried out. KEY FINDINGS: The original Basel Statements were developed at the 2008 Global Conference on the Future of Hospital Pharmacy in Basel, Switzerland. Representatives from 98 countries, including Saudi Arabia, attended this conference...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833852/pharmacist-awareness-and-views-towards-counterfeit-medicine-in-lebanon
#4
Lydia Sholy, Paul Gard, Sian Williams, Angela MacAdam
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists, as healthcare professionals, have patients' well-being and safety as their primary concern. However, the safety and efficacy of treatments may be compromised by the availability of counterfeit medicine (CFM) which could have serious consequences for public health. OBJECTIVES: To assess pharmacist awareness and views towards CFM in Lebanon. METHODS: The study used convenience sampling and selected pharmacists based on their willingness to participate and used a questionnaire as a tool to determine their experiences and views towards CFM...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833759/can-rapid-negative-exclusion-of-blood-cultures-by-a-molecular-method-enzyme-template-generation-and-amplification-technique-cognitor-%C3%A2-minus-aid-antimicrobial-stewardship
#5
Matthew Dryden, Agnes Sitjar, Zoe Gunning, Sophie Lewis, Richard Healey, Praneeth Satchithananthan, Natalie Parker, Taryn Keyser, Kordo Saeed, Helen V Bennett
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial review is an important part of antimicrobial stewardship. A novel enzyme template generation and amplification technique (ETGA), the Cognitor(®) Minus (Momentum Bioscience, Long Hanborough, UK) test, has a 99.5% negative predictive value for bacteraemia and fungaemia. This observational study asked two questions: (1) Does a negative ETGA, indicating no bacteraemia or fungaemia, aid antimicrobial review within 48 h of admission; (2) In this real-life clinical setting, does a negative ETGA mean no bacteraemia or fungaemia? METHODS: Consecutive blood cultures in patients with clinical infection were tested by ETGA...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833719/integrating-medication-samples-into-the-traditional-community-pharmacy-supply-chain-a-feasibility-study
#6
Lisa M McCarthy, Thomas E R Brown, Natalie Crown, Neil Jobanputra, Michelle Lui, Leigha Laporte, Valerie H Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a medication sampling program involving community pharmacists. METHODS: A community pharmacy dispensed samples after receiving a voucher given to patients by prescribers. Surveys explored prescribers' and patients' views about sampling and patients' experiences with the program. KEY FINDINGS: Half of prescribers reported providing samples, yet 15 patients redeemed 18 vouchers over 1 year. Patients expressed favourable views towards sampling and pharmacist involvement, despite more than half (n = 8/15, 53%) feeling that visiting the pharmacy was less convenient...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833710/factors-associated-with-self-medication-in-spain-a-cross-sectional-study-in-different-age-groups
#7
Gracia Niclós, Teresa Olivar, Vicent Rodilla
OBJECTIVE: The identification of factors which may influence a patient's decision to self-medicate. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study of the adult population (at least 16 years old), using data from the 2009 European Health Interview Survey in Spain, which included 22 188 subjects. Logistic regression models enabled us to estimate the effect of each analysed variable on self-medication. KEY FINDINGS: In total, 14 863 (67%) individuals reported using medication (prescribed and non-prescribed) and 3274 (22...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795462/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-prevalence-and-detection-of-predictors-of-polypharmacy-amongst-adult-in-spain
#8
Gracia Niclós, Teresa Olivar, Vicent Rodilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between polypharmacy and sociodemographic factors as well as health status, determinants of health and healthcare use, illness and use of prescribed medicines amongst adults in Spain. METHODS: Data from the 2009 European Health Interview Survey in Spain which included 22 188 subjects were used. Polypharmacy was defined as the use of five or more prescribed medicines. The association between polypharmacy and several variables was assessed by means of bivariate analysis and logistic regression analysis (adjusted by age and gender)...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795461/impact-of-test-anxiety-on-pharmacy-students-performance-in-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Muhammad A Hadi, Majid Ali, Abdul Haseeb, Mahmoud M A Mohamed, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Ejaz Cheema
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between test-related anxiety and pharmacy students' performance in the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Year-5 Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students enrolled at a public university in Saudi Arabia. Students completed Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), a 20-item validated questionnaire used to assess test-related anxiety, prior to the commencement of a summative OSCE...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795451/development-and-validation-of-a-logic-model-for-comprehensive-medication-management-services
#10
Samuel R A E Sousa, Sarah Joyce Shoemaker, Mariana M G do Nascimento, Marianne S Costa, Djenane Ramalho de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a theoretical logic model for comprehensive medication management (CMM) services. METHODS: The components of a logic model were constructed after a literature review and interviews with 4 CMM professionals. To validate the logic model, a panel of 17 CMM experts participated in three online Delphi method rounds to achieve consensus on the model. The consensus between the experts on each component of the logic model was evaluated using the Content Validity Index and Inter-rater Agreement in each of the rounds...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795519/outcomes-costs-and-stakeholders-perspectives-associated-with-the-incorporation-of-community-pharmacy-services-into-the-national-health-insurance-system-in-thailand-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Narong Asayut, Phayom Sookaneknun, Surasak Chaiyasong, Kritsanee Saramunee
OBJECTIVES: Identify costs, outcomes and stakeholders' perspectives associated with incorporation of community pharmacy services into the Thai National Health Insurance System and their values to all stakeholders. METHODS: Using a combination of search terms, a comprehensive literature search was performed using the Thai Journal Citation Index Centre, Health System Research Institute database, PubMed and references from recent reviews. Identified studies were published between January 2000 and December 2014...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795460/how-do-people-conceptualise-the-reuse-of-medicines-an-interview-study
#12
Hamza Alhamad, Nilesh Patel, Parastou Donyai
OBJECTIVES: To capture people's beliefs about medicines reuse and to map the determinants of intentions to reuse medicines in the future. METHODS: Participants were recruited through an advert placed in the university's community newsletter reaching 15 000 households. Adults wishing to participate were interviewed using convenience sampling, with recruitment continuing until data saturation. Participants were interviewed face-to-face by two researchers using a semi-structured interview schedule based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB)...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737242/customers-perceptions-of-and-satisfaction-with-medicine-retail-outlet-services-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Dawit T Gebregeorgise, Tofik A Mohammed, Zebiba S Redi, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess customers' perceptions of and satisfaction with MRO services in Addis Ababa and to explore factors associated with their satisfaction and reasons for visits. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among customers selected from 28 MROs in Addis Ababa, using multi-stage sampling techniques. Simple descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression at 95% confidence interval were used for the analysis...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737220/current-state-of-pharmacovigilance-in-the-arab-and-eastern-mediterranean-region-results-of-a-2015-survey
#14
Danya M Qato
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the current state of pharmacovigilance systems in Arab and Eastern Mediterranean countries. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between May and September 2015. Data were gathered from a standardized online survey sent to pharmacovigilance leadership identified as the official national contact for the WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring. In countries with no specified pharmacovigilance programme or leadership, Ministry of Health officers responsible for drug safety policies were invited to participate in the survey...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665037/prevalence-of-potentially-serious-drug-drug-interactions-among-south-african-elderly-private-health-sector-patients-using-the-mimica-matanovi%C3%A4-vlahovi%C3%A4-pal%C3%A4-evski-protocol
#15
Julandi A van Heerden, Johanita R Burger, Jan J Gerber, Vera Vlahović-Palčevski
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of potentially serious drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and their relationship with gender and age, among elderly in South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using pharmaceutical claims data for 2013, for a total of 103 420 medical scheme beneficiaries' ≥65 years. All medications dispensed within one calendar month where the days' supply of medication dispensed overlapped, were grouped as one prescription...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665002/what-do-employers-think-their-role-is-in-ensuring-language-proficiency-of-internationally-trained-pharmacists
#16
Zainab Ziaei, Karen Hassell, Ellen I Schafheutle
OBJECTIVES: Until 2016, internationally trained pharmacists (ITPs) from the European Economic Area (EEA) did not need to prove sufficient language proficiency to the pharmacy regulator upon registration. Pharmacists themselves have a professional responsibility to ensure they can communicate and work effectively, but some responsibility also rests with employers, yet very little research has explored this. The aim of this study was to explore employer views of the communicative proficiency of ITPs whose first language was not English, their role as employers and potential implications for patient safety...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664997/differentiating-predatory-scholarship-best-practices-in-scholarly-publication
#17
Jimmy Gonzalez, Mary Barna Bridgeman, Evelyn R Hermes-DeSantis
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this article is to define predatory publishing, identify the risks and costs associated with publishing scholarship with these types of organizations and to provide recommendations for best practices how a potential author can protect themselves against predatory organizations. METHODS: A thorough review of the literature concerning predatory publishing was conducted and gleaned for best practices along with the authors' experiences. KEY FINDINGS: Pharmacy scholars and researchers worldwide recognize the virtues of the open access (OA) publication system, which is intended to freely disseminate research electronically, stimulate innovation and improve access to scholarship...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895252/new-psychoactive-substances-a-public-health-issue
#18
EDITORIAL
Amira Guirguis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675546/core-outcome-sets-reaching-consensus-on-what-to-measure-in-research
#19
EDITORIAL
Anna Millar, Mairead McGrattan, Maureen O'Sullivan, Audrey Rankin, Carmel M Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677423/it-s-not-what-you-do-it-s-the-way-that-it-s-measured-quality-assessment-of-minor-ailment-management-in-community-pharmacies
#20
Jackie Inch, Terry Porteous, Vivienne Maskrey, Annie Blyth, Jackie Burr, Jennifer Cleland, David J Wright, Richard Holland, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
BACKGROUND: Effective management of minor ailments in community pharmacies could reduce the burden on alternative high-cost services (general practices, Emergency Departments). Evidence is needed regarding the appropriateness of management of these conditions in community pharmacies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the appropriateness of minor ailment management in community pharmacies. SETTING: Prospective, observational study of simulated patient (SP) visits to community pharmacies in Grampian (Scotland) and East Anglia (England)...
August 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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