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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Julie Dare, Celia Wilkinson, Michael Garlepp, Johnny Lo, Steve Allsop
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored the barriers and enablers influencing Western Australian (WA) community pharmacists' knowledge, confidence, willingness and practice in engaging older clients (>60 years) in alcohol-related health discussions. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with a total of 14 community pharmacists who had previously completed a formative quantitative survey (n = 63), and indicated willingness to participate in a follow-up focus group...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nicola Rudall, Catherine McKenzie, June Landa, Richard S Bourne, Ian Bates, Rob Shulman
PURPOSE: Clinical pharmacist (CP) interventions from the PROTECTED-UK cohort, a multi-site critical care interventions study, were further analysed to assess effects of: time on critical care, number of interventions, CP expertise and days of week, on impact of intervention and ultimately contribution to patient care. METHODS: Intervention data were collected from 21 adult critical care units over 14 days. Interventions could be error, optimisation or consults, and were blind-coded to ensure consistency, prior to bivariate analysis...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Anas M A Salim, Bashir Elgizoli
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of community pharmacists in Khartoum State, Sudan about why they dispense antibiotics without prescription, and to understand their opinions about why they think patients self-medicate. METHODS: This was a qualitative exploratory interview study. Individual, in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 30 community pharmacists working in Khartoum State, Sudan in the period from May to June 2015...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Carla Pires, Afonso Cavaco, Marina Vigário
OBJECTIVES: Focusing on the shape of brand names of medicines in the Portuguese market, the aims of this study were: to evaluate the number of words, syllables and letters, to identify the combinations of letters that are not found in Portuguese words and to characterize the use of capital letters in these names. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted using 474 randomized brand names of medicines, approximately 25% of all over-the-counter and prescribed medicines available in Portugal...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jackie Inch, Terry Porteous, Vivienne Maskrey, Annie Blyth, Jackie Burr, Jennifer Cleland, David J Wright, Richard Holland, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
BACKGROUND: Effective management of minor ailments in community pharmacies could reduce the burden on alternative high-cost services (general practices, Emergency Departments). Evidence is needed regarding the appropriateness of management of these conditions in community pharmacies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the appropriateness of minor ailment management in community pharmacies. SETTING: Prospective, observational study of simulated patient (SP) visits to community pharmacies in Grampian (Scotland) and East Anglia (England)...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Trusha C Dhanani, Emily H Mantovani, J Rick Turner
All biologically active agents carry the potential to lead to adverse reactions in certain individuals, including serious cardiac adverse reactions. Since 2005, there has been an international regulatory landscape governing the investigation of a new drug's propensity to lead to the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia Torsades de Pointes (Torsades), a rare but potentially fatal occurrence. When a regulatory agency considers it appropriate, warning information is placed in a medicine's patient information leaflet (label) concerning drug-induced QT interval prolongation, a phenomenon associated with Torsades...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Priya Iyer, Reanna McFarland, Adam La Caze
BACKGROUND: Most sales of complementary medicines within pharmacies are conducted by pharmacy support staff. The absence of rigorous evidence for the effectiveness of many complementary medicines raises a number of ethical questions regarding the sale of complementary medicines in pharmacies. AIM: Explore (1) what consumers expect from pharmacists/pharmacies with regard to the sale of complementary medicines, and (2) how pharmacy support staff perceive their responsibilities when selling complementary medicines...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Claudia Rouse, Punam Mistry, Oli Rayner, Jess Nickless, Mandy Wan, Kevin W Southern, Hannah K Batchelor
BACKGROUND: The palatability of flucloxacillin oral liquid is poor. Parents/carers use strategies to aid the administration of poorly palatable medicines. AIM: To assess views on the palatability of flucloxacillin oral liquid and identify factors associated with successful administration. METHODS: A mixed methods study which included a structured review of online forums and a survey of parent/carers of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) to obtain parent/carer views on the administration of flucloxacillin oral liquid...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Beata V Bajorek, Kate S LeMay, Parker J Magin, Christopher Roberts, Ines Krass, Carol L Armour
OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' perspectives and experiences following a trial of a pharmacist-led service in hypertension management. METHODS: A qualitative study comprising individual interviews was conducted. Patients of a community pharmacy, where a pharmacist-led hypertension management service had been trialled in selected metropolitan regions in Sydney (Australia), were recruited to the study. Emergent themes describing patients' experiences and perspectives on the service were elicited via thematic analysis (using manual inductive coding)...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Anna Mygind, Mira El-Souri, Kirsten Pultz, Charlotte Rossing, Linda A Thomsen
OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences with engaging community pharmacists in educational programmes on quality and safety in medication handling in residential facilities for the disabled. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from two Danish intervention studies where community pharmacists were engaged in educational programmes. Data included 10 semi-structured interviews with staff, five semi-structured interviews and three open-ended questionnaires with residential facility managers, and five open-ended questionnaires to community pharmacists...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Derek Murrell, John B Bossaer, Ronald Carico, Sam Harirforoosh, David Cluck
OBJECTIVE: To review the place in therapy of isavuconazole, the active metabolite of isavuconazonium sulfate, via a review of the available literature on drug chemistry, spectrum of activity, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile and trials assessing clinical efficacy and safety. METHODS: Relevant data, original research articles and reviews, were gathered primarily through the use of a PubMed database search. The search was conducted without date restrictions in order to collect both historical and recent data regarding isavuconazole...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Erika Olsson, Helle Wallach-Kildemoes, Ban Ahmed, Pontus Ingman, Susanne Kaae, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to study the relationship between the length and content of patient-pharmacist communication in community pharmacies, and generic substitution. METHODS: The study was conducted in six community pharmacies in Sweden. Non-participant observations with audio recordings and short structured interviews were conducted. Out of 32 pharmacists 29 agreed to participate (90.6%), as did 282 out of 407 patients (69.3%). Logistic regression analysis was applied to calculate odds ratio for occurrence of generic substitution...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Rod Tucker, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with psoriasis have mild to moderate disease which can be managed in primary care with topical therapies. The supportive role of pharmacists for patients with long-term dermatological conditions is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of an educational intervention delivered by community pharmacists to improve self-management for people with psoriasis. METHOD: The study involved a pre- and post-intervention design...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Derek Jorgenson, Jonathan Penm, Neil MacKinnon, Jennifer Smith
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacists are increasingly providing specialized services. However, no process exists for specialist certification in Canada. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which Canadian community pharmacists support the development of a certification system for specialization. METHODS: This study utilized a cross-sectional online survey of licensed Canadian pharmacists identified through the member databases of national and regional pharmacy associations...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Clare L Brown, Katie Reygate, Ann Slee, Jamie J Coleman, Sarah K Pontefract, David W Bates, Andrew K Husband, Neil Watson, Sarah P Slight
OBJECTIVES: A key element of the implementation and ongoing use of an electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) system is ensuring that users are, and remain, sufficiently trained to use the system. Studies have suggested that insufficient training is associated with suboptimal use. However, it is not clear from these studies how clinicians are trained to use ePrescribing systems or the effectiveness of different approaches. We sought to describe the various approaches used to train qualified prescribers on ePrescribing systems and to identify whether users were educated about the pitfalls and challenges of using these systems...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Angela MacAdam, Ela Kaufman, Sian Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate knowledge and beliefs regarding medicines among young people in the South-East of England. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among young people aged 12-17 years in three state secondary schools which participated in the Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences Outreach Program (POP) - scientific workshops in south-east England. KEY FINDINGS: One hundred questionnaires were successfully completed giving a response rate of 75%...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Muhammad A Hadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Barry Jubraj, Nina L Barnett, Lesley Grimes, Sneha Varia, Angel Chater, Vivian Auyeung
OBJECTIVES: To critically discuss the need for pharmacists to underpin their consultations with appropriate 'clinical empathy' as part of effective medicines optimisation. METHODS: Use of literature around empathy, consultation and pharmacy practice to develop a case for greater clinical empathy in pharmacy consultations. KEY FINDINGS: Clinical empathy is defined from the literature and applied to pharmacy consultations, with a comparison to empathy in other clinical professions...
October 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Afia F A Marfo, Frances T Owusu-Daaku
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to explore the feasibility and acceptability of a pharmacist-led hypertension preventative service in the community pharmacy. METHODS: This was an exploratory uncontrolled pre-post intervention study conducted from February 2012 - March 2013 in three community pharmacies in Ghana. Clients at risk for hypertension were identified and screened by the Medicine Counter Assistant (MCA). Those whose blood pressure was above 140/90 (stage 1 and 2 hypertension) were referred to the pharmacist for further assessment and referral to the physician as necessary...
October 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Piia Siitonen, Katri Hämeen-Anttila, Sirpa Kärkkäinen, Kirsti Vainio
OBJECTIVE: Many children who take medication require it during school time, and their participation in school activities could depend on it. The aim of this study was to identify whether schools have guidelines for medication management and to explore teachers' perceptions about medication administration practices and the characteristics affecting these practices using Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory as the framework. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was conducted in Finland in 2010 covering a representative sample of comprehensive school teachers (n = 1700)...
October 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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