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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Martine Kruijtbosch, Wilma Göttgens-Jansen, Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Evert van Leeuwen, Marcel L Bouvy
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to recognise the professional core values in the moral dilemmas of pharmacists in community pharmacy and to customise the descriptions of these values for community pharmacy practice. METHODS: The narratives of 128 moral dilemmas, collected from Dutch PharmD students and early career pharmacists who experienced these dilemmas in practice, were qualitatively analysed. An expert panel deductively coded relevant portions of these narratives with the core values as formulated by the Royal Dutch Pharmacists Association...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Claire Easthall, Natalie Taylor, Debi Bhattacharya
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to medication adherence in patients prescribed medicines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and map these to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), to produce a conceptual framework for developing a questionnaire-based medication adherence tool. METHODS: A scoping review of barriers to medication adherence in long-term conditions was conducted to generate an initial pool of barriers. After preliminary mapping to the TDF, these barriers were presented to two focus groups of patients prescribed medicines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (n = 14) to stimulate discussion...
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mona Mostaghim, Thomas Snelling, Beata Bajorek
OBJECTIVES: Assess restricted antimicrobials acquired after standard working hours for adherence to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and identify factors associated with increased likelihood of adherence at the time of acquisition, and the next standard working day. METHODS: All documented antimicrobials acquired from a paediatric hospital after-hours drug room from 1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015 were reconciled with records of AMS approval, and documented AMS review in the medical record...
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Michael E Klepser, Alex J Adams
Recently, several jurisdictions have pursued legislative and regulatory changes to allow pharmacy-based influenza management models in which pharmacists can initiate appropriate antiviral therapy in community pharmacy settings. While studies have been published in Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Norway and the United States, concerns have been expressed over pharmacist training, the accuracy of rapid influenza diagnostic tests, and the potential impact on antimicrobial resistance, among others. Studies have demonstrated that pharmacists provide safe and effective influenza management, with high rates of patient satisfaction, while maintaining or improving antimicrobial stewardship...
September 28, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Patti Napier, Pauline Norris, James Green, Rhiannon Braund
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of the participants in a study introducing a Pharmacy Accuracy Checking Technician (PACT) role, and specifically their perceptions of any advantages and disadvantages. METHODS: Self-administered surveys were distributed during the introduction of a checking technician role in eight community and four hospital pharmacy sites. Surveys were conducted at three time points; at baseline, at mid-point and a final data collection...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Frances Notman, Terry Porteous, Peter Murchie, Christine M Bond
OBJECTIVES: Limited awareness of cancer symptoms results in patient delay in seeking help and contributes to delay in diagnosis. Few UK studies have investigated the potential for community pharmacists to facilitate earlier detection of cancer. This study aimed to investigate what actions patients take to manage their early cancer symptoms, to identify the extent of current community pharmacy involvement and to consider the potential role for community pharmacists to facilitate appropriate management and appraisal of potential early cancer symptoms...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Katherine Boutin, William Nevers, Sean K Gorman, Richard S Slavik, Daniel J Martinusen, Clifford Lo
OBJECTIVE: To develop a list of renal Quality Indicator Drug therapy problems (QI-DTPs) that serve to advance renal pharmacy practice to improve patient care. METHODS: Eighteen (18) renal, clinical pharmacists participated in an internet-based three-round modified Delphi survey. Each of the three rounds took approximately 2 weeks to complete. Panellists rated 30-candidate renal QI-DTPs using seven selection criteria and one overall consensus criterion on a nine-point Likert scale...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mohammed I Aladul, Raymond W Fitzpatrick, Stephen R Chapman
OBJECTIVES: To investigate knowledge and attitudes of different healthcare professionals in UK towards infliximab and insulin glargine biosimilars METHODS: UK medical consultants/registrars, nurses and pharmacists participated in anonymised, self-administered web-based survey distributed by professional associations. KEY FINDINGS: There were 234 respondents: medical consultants/registrars (150), nurses (58) and pharmacists (26). 76% of medical consultants/registrars, 84% of pharmacists and 53% of nurses understood what biosimilars were...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Tien Ngoc Thi Bui, Sharon Goldsworthy, Elizabeth Hotham
OBJECTIVE: To improve an adherence documentation tool utilised by Australian Clinical Pharmacists in hospitals. METHOD: Surveys and a focus group session were methods employed to study the perceptions of clinical pharmacists and medical officers on the 'Medication Management Plan (MedMAP)' as an adherence documentation tool and the perceived limitations, if any, of the form. KEY FINDINGS: The MedMAP had limitations which could potentially affect patient care in hospitals...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Johnson George, Dennis Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Aleksandra Milosavljevic, Trudi Aspden, Jeff Harrison
INTRODUCTION: Medication adherence can be defined as the extent to which one's medication-taking behaviour follows that mutually agreed upon by the prescribing physician. Optimal medication adherence is often deemed crucial for the success of a patient's treatment, as suboptimal adherence may lead to treatment failure and unnecessary medical expenditure. Increasing evidence has highlighted the positive contribution community pharmacist-led interventions can have on improving patients' adherence and health outcomes...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kirsty Killick, Leah Macaden, Annetta Smith, Thilo Kroll, Kathleen Stoddart, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review collated evidence of the pharmaceutical care needs of people with sensory loss (SL). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with no limit on year of publication: Medline (1946); Embase; Cinahl (1979); and Web of Science (1985). Search terms included the following: pharmacy; sight/hearing/dual impairment. Studies were included if they involved people with SL requiring pharmaceutical care and/or pharmacists/pharmacy support staff providing pharmaceutical care for people with SL...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nikola Nikolić
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the accuracy of medicines-related information (MRI) held by healthcare service providers in a hostel for homeless men with a mental illness. METHODS: Fifteen residents' records were screened for MRI on medical history, allergy status and treatment, using all available sources. KEY FINDINGS: There was a significant difference in the number of prescribed psychotropics amongst different services. Twenty-three discrepancies (n = 90) were due to different doses, and 63 discrepancies were omissions...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Natalia Shcherbakova
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of 'Pharmaceutical Industry in a Global Context' elective in a 4-year US pharmacy programme. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire regarding student experiences with the course content and intention to pursue pharmaceutical industry summer internships and/or postgraduation fellowships was distributed to students at the end of the course. KEY FINDINGS: Fifty per cent of the students (n = 13) reported intention to apply for a pharmaceutical industry summer internships and/or industry fellowship postgraduation...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Shona Fielding, Paul Slovic, Marie Johnston, Amanda J Lee, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVE: Optimisation of non-prescription medicine (NPM) supply from community pharmacies could reduce demand on other healthcare providers, including general practitioners and emergency department personnel. Outcomes can be maximised if patients disclose relevant information, for example concomitant medication, during pharmacy-based consultations. Strategies to promote information disclosure are needed. This study used the psychometric paradigm of risk to explore whether the public's risk perception of NPMs was associated with information disclosure...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Lee Verweel, Michael R Gionfriddo, Lori MacCallum, Lisa Dolovich
OBJECTIVES: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an approach where patients and clinicians share evidence and patients are supported to deliberate options resulting in preference-based informed decisions. The aim of this study was to describe community pharmacists' perceptions and awareness of SDM within their provision of general diabetes management [including Ontario's MedsCheck for Diabetes (MCD) programme], and potential challenges of implementing SDM within community pharmacy. METHODS: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews with a convenience sample of community pharmacists...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mariëtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether flourishing students use different emotion regulation strategies from moderately mentally healthy and languishing students. METHODS: Registered pharmacy students (779) at the North-West University in South Africa completed the emotion regulation profile and Mental Health Continuum - Short Form. The data were analysed using a latent class analysis in Mplus 7.31. KEY FINDINGS: Three latent classes were revealed comprising languishing (14...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Cameron Gordon, Elizabeth Unni, Jaime Montuoro, Diane B Ogborn
OBJECTIVES: Many pharmacists are actively enhancing their role in the delivery of health care by offering a variety of pharmacist-led clinical services. The delivery of these services within community pharmacies can contribute to overcoming the cost and accessibility challenges currently facing U.S. health care, especially when pharmacist-physician collaborative efforts are utilized. The study purpose was to identify general and family practice physicians' awareness of pharmacists' delivery of clinical services, uncover their perceived barriers to collaboration with community pharmacists, and collect their input on how to overcome such barriers in order to better understand how pharmacist-led clinical services can be integrated, improved and more widely utilized as a healthcare delivery mechanism...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: The study's objective was to explore hospital pharmacists' and patients' views about what constitutes effective communication exchanges between pharmacists and patients. METHODS: This was a novel theory-based qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to elicit patients' and pharmacists' perspectives. Pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services in either inpatient or outpatient settings were recruited first. Eligible patients had been admitted to a study pharmacist's practice area and were prescribed three or more medications to manage a chronic disease(s)...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Emma Barnes, Alison Bullock, Margaret Allan, Karen Hodson
OBJECTIVES: Following the 2005 contractual framework amendment, the expanding role of community pharmacy team members required a shift in entrenched views on roles and duties. This study aimed to report on community pharmacists' opinions on skill mix and explore how they can be addressed so that skill mix may be optimised. METHODS: An invitation to complete an online questionnaire was distributed via email, marked for the attention of the lead pharmacist. Following a low response, a paper-based questionnaire was sent to all community pharmacies in England (n = 11,816)...
October 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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