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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Boon Phiaw Kho, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Ching Jou Lim, Fahad Saleem
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this research were to determine extra-organisational challenges (e.g. market competition, governing policies) faced by community pharmacies in Sarawak, the coping strategies employed to deal with these challenges and explore potential legislative changes that can attenuate the intensity of these challenges. METHODS: Survey questionnaires (n = 184) were posted to all eligible community pharmacies in Sarawak, Malaysia. The questionnaire included sections on participants' demographic data, extra-organisational challenges faced, coping strategies employed and proposals to improve community pharmacy legislations...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Gemma Donovan, Lindsay Parkin, Lyn Brierley-Jones, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVES: There is widespread use of unlicensed medicines within primary and secondary care but little information is available around how these medicines are used. This analysis examines and evaluates the content and quality of relevant guidance documentation currently in use within the UK. METHODS: Guidance documents were identified through a literature search as well as email requests to pharmacy organisations throughout the UK. Unlicensed medicine documentation suitable for inclusion in the analysis underwent thematic analysis and quality assessment using the AGREE II tool...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jodie A Austin, Ian R Smith, Amina Tariq
Closed-loop electronic medication management systems (EMMS) are recognised as an effective intervention to improve medication safety, yet evidence of their effectiveness in hospitals is limited. Few studies have compared medication turnaround time for a closed-loop electronic versus paper-based medication management environment. OBJECTIVE: To compare medication turnaround times in a paper-based hospital environment with a digital hospital equipped with a closed-loop EMMS, consisting of computerised physician order entry, profiled automated dispensing cabinets packaged with unit dose medications and barcode medication administration...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Joanne Barnes, Rachael Butler
OBJECTIVES: To examine community pharmacists' perspectives on CMs regulation in New Zealand, where proposals for CMs regulations had recently been suspended and where, currently, CMs are only weakly regulated. METHODS: Qualitative, in-depth, semi-structured interviews with New Zealand practising community pharmacists are identified through purposive and convenience sampling. Data were analysed using a general inductive approach. KEY FINDINGS: Participants held mixed views regarding harmonisation of CMs regulations across Australia and NZ; some supported an NZ national regulatory framework for CMs, based on the Australian system...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Minyon L Avent, Jasmina Fejzic, Mieke L van Driel
OBJECTIVES: Various strategies have been implemented in primary care to address the inappropriate use of antibiotics, with varying degrees of success. One such intervention is delayed or 'wait and see' prescribing, where the prescriber indicates to wait a few days before dispensing the antibiotic. The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perceptions and practice experiences with delayed antibiotic prescribing. METHODS: An online survey was advertised in two professional pharmacy organisations' e-newsletters for community and internship pharmacists in Queensland, Australia, from January to April 2016...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Shona Fielding, Paul Slovic, Marie Johnston, Amanda J Lee, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVE: Optimisation of non-prescription medicine (NPM) supply from community pharmacies could reduce demand on other healthcare providers, including general practitioners and emergency department personnel. Outcomes can be maximised if patients disclose relevant information, for example concomitant medication, during pharmacy-based consultations. Strategies to promote information disclosure are needed. This study used the psychometric paradigm of risk to explore whether the public's risk perception of NPMs was associated with information disclosure...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha
OBJECTIVES: Improving pharmacy education requires continuous research to optimize education and consequently pharmacy practice. The goal of this study is to assess national and international contributions to pharmacy education research and present results in comparative bibliometric format. METHODS: Search strategy based on journal name and specific keywords pertaining to pharmacy education were used to retrieve the worldwide literature in pharmacy education using Scopus database during the period from 2000 to 2016...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Amber Salman Popattia, Sarah Winch, Adam La Caze
OBJECTIVE: The widespread sale of complementary medicines in community pharmacy raises important questions regarding the responsibilities of pharmacists when selling complementary medicines. This study reviews the academic literature that explores a pharmacist's responsibilities when selling complementary medicines. METHODS: International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Embase, PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Philosopher's index databases were searched for articles written in English and published between 1995 and 2017...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Arit Udoh, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates, Kirsten Galbraith
BACKGROUND: Previous work by the International Pharmaceutical Federation Education Initiative (FIPEd) demonstrates that even though some country-specific variations occur in pharmacy practice, there exists a set of practice-related competencies that are globally applicable. This study aimed to evaluate the transnational comparability of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society Advanced Pharmacy Framework (RPS-APF, Great Britain) and the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Framework for Australia (APPF)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Richard S Bourne, Rob Shulman, Jennifer K Jennings
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the most common type of medical errors critical care patients experience. Critical care units utilise a variety of resources to reduce medication errors; it is unknown which resources or combinations thereof are most effective in improving medication safety. OBJECTIVES: To obtain UK critical care pharmacist group consensus on the most important interventions/resources that reduce medication errors. To then classify units that participated in the PROTECTED UK study to investigate if there were significant differences in the reported pharmacist prescription intervention type, clinical impact and rates according to unit resource classification...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Joseph Bush, Christopher A Langley, Duncan Jenkins, Jaspal Johal, Clair Huckerby
OBJECTIVES: This aim of this research was to characterise the breadth and volume of activity conducted by clinical pharmacists in general practice in Dudley Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), and to provide quantitative estimates of both the savings in general practitioner (GP) time and the financial savings attributable to such activity. METHODS: This descriptive observational study retrospectively analysed quantitative data collected by Dudley CCG concerning the activity of clinical pharmacists in GP practices during 2015...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kelly Howells, Peter Bower, Karen Hassell
OBJECTIVE: In the UK, a growing number of females entering pharmacy are women from Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups (BAME). Research shows that BAME women are more likely to work in the community sector and be self-employed locums than white women, and Asian women overrepresented in part-time, lower status roles. This study aims to explore the employment choices of white and BAME women pharmacists to see whether their diverse work patterns are the product of individual choices or other organisational factors...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Lee Verweel, Michael R Gionfriddo, Lori MacCallum, Lisa Dolovich
OBJECTIVES: Shared decision-making (SDM) is an approach where patients and clinicians share evidence and patients are supported to deliberate options resulting in preference-based informed decisions. The aim of this study was to describe community pharmacists' perceptions and awareness of SDM within their provision of general diabetes management [including Ontario's MedsCheck for Diabetes (MCD) programme], and potential challenges of implementing SDM within community pharmacy. METHODS: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews with a convenience sample of community pharmacists...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Christine Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Carmel M Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Sally Jacobs, Sheena Johnson, Karen Hassell
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress in community pharmacy is increasing internationally due, in part, to pharmacists' expanding roles and escalating workloads. Whilst the business case for preventing and managing workplace stress by employers is strong, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of organisational stress management interventions in community pharmacy settings. AIM: To identify and synthesise existing evidence for the effectiveness of organisational solutions to workplace stress from the wider organisational literature which may be adaptable to community pharmacies...
February 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mariƫtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether flourishing students use different emotion regulation strategies from moderately mentally healthy and languishing students. METHODS: Registered pharmacy students (779) at the North-West University in South Africa completed the emotion regulation profile and Mental Health Continuum - Short Form. The data were analysed using a latent class analysis in Mplus 7.31. KEY FINDINGS: Three latent classes were revealed comprising languishing (14...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Cameron Gordon, Elizabeth Unni, Jaime Montuoro, Diane B Ogborn
OBJECTIVES: Many pharmacists are actively enhancing their role in the delivery of health care by offering a variety of pharmacist-led clinical services. The delivery of these services within community pharmacies can contribute to overcoming the cost and accessibility challenges currently facing U.S. health care, especially when pharmacist-physician collaborative efforts are utilized. The study purpose was to identify general and family practice physicians' awareness of pharmacists' delivery of clinical services, uncover their perceived barriers to collaboration with community pharmacists, and collect their input on how to overcome such barriers in order to better understand how pharmacist-led clinical services can be integrated, improved and more widely utilized as a healthcare delivery mechanism...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: The study's objective was to explore hospital pharmacists' and patients' views about what constitutes effective communication exchanges between pharmacists and patients. METHODS: This was a novel theory-based qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to elicit patients' and pharmacists' perspectives. Pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services in either inpatient or outpatient settings were recruited first. Eligible patients had been admitted to a study pharmacist's practice area and were prescribed three or more medications to manage a chronic disease(s)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Emma Barnes, Alison Bullock, Margaret Allan, Karen Hodson
OBJECTIVES: Following the 2005 contractual framework amendment, the expanding role of community pharmacy team members required a shift in entrenched views on roles and duties. This study aimed to report on community pharmacists' opinions on skill mix and explore how they can be addressed so that skill mix may be optimised. METHODS: An invitation to complete an online questionnaire was distributed via email, marked for the attention of the lead pharmacist. Following a low response, a paper-based questionnaire was sent to all community pharmacies in England (n = 11,816)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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