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Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511186/search-for-internal-cancers-in-mice-tattooed-with-inks-of-high-contents-of-potential-carcinogens-a-one-year-autopsy-study-of-red-and-black-tattoo-inks-banned-in-the-market
#1
Mitra Sepehri, Catharina M Lerche, Katrina Hutton Carlsen, Jørgen Serup
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tattoo ink stock products often contain potential carcinogens, which on large-scale population exposure may be clinically relevant. The aim of this autopsy study in mice was to screen major organs for clinical and subclinical cancers. METHODS: Mice were tattooed on their backs. In total, 48 mice were included and divided into 4 groups; 11 mice tattooed black, 10 tattooed red, and 5 mice serving as untreated controls. A group of 22 mice with black tattoos and exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) were also studied...
May 17, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505620/should-hidradenitis-suppurativa-be-included-in-dermatoses-showing-koebnerization-is-it-friction-or-fiction
#2
Jurr Boer
BACKGROUND: The etiology of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) involves genetic and environmental factors. Well-established associated systemic factors are obesity, smoking, inflammation, and bacteria. Whether localized environmental factors such as friction and pressure may also play a causative role is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the possible Koebner phenomenon (KP) in HS. METHODS: The case notes on 14 patients with typical HS and additional HS lesions in previously uninvolved skin areas exposed to mechanical stress, e...
May 16, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501866/clinical-factors-associated-with-readmission-among-patients-with-lower-limb-cellulitis
#3
Amit Garg, Jonathan Lavian, Gloria Lin, Cristina Sison, Michael Oppenheim, Bonnie Koo
BACKGROUND: There is substantial allocation of resources directed towards evaluation and management of lower limb cellulitis (LLC) in the acute care setting. Readmission for LLC is poorly understood, and there is little evidence with which to identify patients at risk for readmission. OBJECTIVE: To describe demographics, comorbidities, admission vital signs, and laboratory markers of infection among patients with LLC who are readmitted, and to investigate which among these factors is associated with readmission...
May 13, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494438/assessment-of-intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-three-methods-for-measuring-atopic-dermatitis-severity-easi-objective-scorad-and-iga
#4
Agnieszka Bożek, Adam Reich
BACKGROUND: Numerous different scoring systems have been proposed for assessing the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). Many of these methods did not undergo proper validation and reliability testing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the reliability and reproducibility of the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), objective Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (oSCORAD), and Investigator Global Assessment (IGA). METHODS: On the scoring day, 10 trained dermatologists evaluated 10 adult patients with AD using the EASI, oSCORAD, and IGA...
May 12, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490011/new-interleukins-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-patients-the-possible-roles-of-interleukin-33-to-interleukin-38-in-disease-activities-and-bone-erosions
#5
Jiang Li, Lei Liu, Wenlong Rui, Xiangyu Li, Dandan Xuan, Shucong Zheng, Yiyun Yu, Jiong Zhang, Ning Kong, Xiaoxia Zhu, Hejian Zou, Weiguo Wan, Yu Xue
OBJECTIVES: New interleukins (ILs), especially members of IL-1 and IL-12 families, have recently been reported to be involved in the development and regulation of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. In this study, we aimed to explore the impact of these new ILs in psoriasis (Ps) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Forty PsA patients, 20 Ps patients, and 20 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Blood samples were obtained for detecting the levels of ILs, IL-12/23p40, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)...
May 10, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486238/dermoscopy-of-malignant-skin-tumours-what-s-new
#6
Teresa Russo, Vincenzo Piccolo, Aimilios Lallas, Jason Jacomel, Elvira Moscarella, Roberto Alfano, Giuseppe Argenziano
Dermoscopy represents a new and effective tool that assists dermatologists in improving the accuracy of clinical diagnosis in onco-dermatology. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the latest and important dermoscopic progress and observations in this ever-evolving field of dermatology.
May 10, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486229/tattoo-pigments-are-observed-in-the-kupffer-cells-of-the-liver-indicating-blood-borne-distribution-of-tattoo-ink
#7
Mitra Sepehri, Tobias Sejersen, Klaus Qvortrup, Catharina M Lerche, Jørgen Serup
AIM: Tattoo pigments are deposited in the skin and known to distribute to regional lymph nodes. Tattoo pigments are small particles and may be hypothesized to reach the blood stream and become distributed to peripheral organs. This has not been studied in the past. The aim of the study was to trace tattoo pigments in internal organs in mice extensively tattooed with 2 different tattoo ink products. MATERIAL/METHODS: Three groups of mice were studied, i.e., 10 tattooed black, 10 tattooed red, and 5 untreated controls...
May 10, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482347/dermoscopy-of-subungual-exostosis-a-retrospective-study-of-10-patients
#8
Vincenzo Piccolo, Giuseppe Argenziano, Aurora M Alessandrini, Teresa Russo, Michela Starace, Bianca Maria Piraccini
INTRODUCTION: Subungual exostosis (SE), the most common nail tumor of young adults, is a benign bony proliferation of the distal phalanx occurring beneath the nail. Misdiagnosis or late diagnosis frequently occurs and no dermoscopy features of this tumor were previously outlined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To describe the dermoscopic appearance of SE, 10 patients with radiologically and histologically confirmed SE were retrospectively retrieved from our tertiary referral centers...
May 9, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482338/non-melanoma-skin-cancers-of-the-fronto-temporal-area-preferentially-localize-in-the-proximity-of-arterial-blood-vessels
#9
François Kuonen, Michel Gilliet, Patrick Perrier
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas are both induced by chronic UV exposure. However, their predilection for specific areas of the face remains unexplained. Regional factors such as arterial blood flow may explain specific tumor localization. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether in the fronto-temporal area of the face there is a preferential localization of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) at sites of arterial blood vessels. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with NMSC of the fronto-temporal area were selected for this study...
May 9, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472793/spironolactone-for-the-treatment-of-acne-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#10
Radhika Grandhi, Ali Alikhan
Prior studies have demonstrated that spironolactone is an effective second-line treatment option for postadolescent acne, but has notable side effects. Data are, however, limited. We therefore present a 4-year retrospective study evaluating 291.5 patient-years of spironolactone for the treatment of acne. Our results showed that 86% of patients improved on spironolactone therapy. Further, patients who improved showed minimal side effects, supporting recent evidence that spironolactone is a safe option for acne treatment with a low risk of short-term adverse effects such as hyperkalemia...
May 5, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463841/skin-pigmentation-genetics-for-the-clinic
#11
Stephen A Ainger, Kasturee Jagirdar, Katie J Lee, H Peter Soyer, Richard A Sturm
Human pigmentation characteristics play an important role in the effects of sun exposure, skin cancer induction and disease outcomes. Several of the genes most important for this diversity are involved in the regulation and distribution of melanin pigmentation or enzymes involved in melanogenesis itself within the melanocyte cell present in the skin, hair and eyes. The single nucleotide polymorphisms and extended haplotypes within or surrounding these genes have been identified as risk factors for skin cancer, in particular, melanoma...
May 3, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448975/validation-of-a-case-finding-algorithm-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa-using-administrative-coding-from-a-clinical-database
#12
Andrew Strunk, Margaretta Midura, Vassiliki Papagermanos, Allireza Alloo, Amit Garg
BACKGROUND: Requisite to the application of clinical databases for observational research in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is the identification of an accurate case cohort. OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of utilizing administrative codes to establish the HS cohort from a large clinical database. METHODS: In this retrospective study using chart review as the reference standard, we calculated several estimates of the diagnostic accuracy of at least 1 ICD-9 code for HS...
April 28, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441655/cutaneous-complications-related-to-tattoos-31-cases-from-finland
#13
Nicolas Kluger
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous complications related to permanent tattoos affect 2-30% of those patients who have tattooed their skin. Little is known about the cases of tattoo complications in Finland. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective review of a series of Finnish patients with cutaneous tattoo reactions. METHODS: We collected cases of tattoo reactions from the Department of Dermatology at Helsinki University Central Hospital, from members of the Finnish dermatological society and from various other sources (author's private practice, tattooists, professional internet forum)...
April 26, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441652/ultraviolet-a1-phototherapy-in-the-treatment-of-early-mycosis-fungoides
#14
Esra Adışen, Volkan Tektaş, Funda Erduran, Özlem Erdem, Mehmet Ali Gürer
BACKGROUND: Phototherapy has been the mainstay of therapies for early mycosis fungoides (MF). The beneficial role of ultraviolet (UV) light on MF is suggested by the observation that lesions occur on non-sun-exposed areas. Therapeutic light sources that are available today are broadband UVB, psoralen and UVA, narrowband UVB, and long-wave UV (UVA1). Current literature provides increasing evidence on the use of UVA1 to treat MF. AIM: To investigate the treatment responses of early MF patients treated with fixed 30 J/cm2 doses of UVA1 phototherapy...
April 26, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420002/associations-between-stat-gene-polymorphisms-and-psoriasis-in-northeastern-china
#15
Jing Zhou, Yuzhen Li, Donglin Sun
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease with genetic and environmental factors. Based on the roles of STATs (signaling transducers and activators of transcription) in autoimmune diseases, it is assumed STAT gene polymorphisms are associated with psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: To study the association between STAT gene polymorphisms and psoriasis in the northeastern Chinese population. METHODS: Eight single-nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped: rs2293152, rs3816769, rs4796793, and rs744166 in STAT3, rs7574865 and rs3024866 in STAT4, and rs324011 and rs3024974 in STAT6, using SNaPshot methods...
April 19, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343227/what-is-the-key-to-improving-renal-transplant-recipients-awareness-of-skin-cancer-risk
#16
Alessandro Borghi, Monica Corazza, Yuri Battaglia, Elisa Maietti, Sara Minghetti, Annarosa Virgili
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown poor compliance rates regarding sun protection among organ transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to assess the awareness among renal transplant recipients (RTRs) of their risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) development and their sunscreen use. The influence of several potentially relevant variables was also assessed in order to identify possible weak points on which to concentrate efforts in this respect...
March 25, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249285/risk-factors-for-skin-infections-in-mycosis-fungoides
#17
Eve Lebas, Jorge E Arrese, Arjen F Nikkels
BACKGROUND: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most frequent type of primary cutaneous natural killer and T-cell lymphoma. MF-required immunosuppressive therapies and MF-related immunosuppressive characteristics render patients with MF more prone to infections. AIM: To describe the clinical features of cutaneous infections observed in MF patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 56 MF patients were followed prospectively over 3 years and screened for cutaneous infections...
March 2, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231571/luminex-liquichip-system-for-the-evaluation-of-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-contact-dermatitis-to-potassium-dichromate
#18
Lehavit Akerman, Tirza Klein, Moshe Israeli, Abigail Fraser, Eti Sagy, Igor Snast, Daniel Mimouni, Michael David, Akiva Trattner
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is associated with increased production of cytokines. The patch test is the "gold-standard" diagnostic method, but it poses a risk of false results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a novel laboratory technique, the Luminex LiquiChip, which simultaneously measures blood levels of multiple cytokines, as a diagnostic tool in patients with chrome-induced ACD. METHODS: The study group included 20 patients with ACD and relevant patch test results for potassium dichromate and 19 patients with ACD for nickel or fragrance as control...
February 24, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226326/psoriasis-and-obesity
#19
Peter Jensen, Lone Skov
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex pathogenesis consisting of a genetic component, immune dysfunction, and environmental factors. It is associated with numerous comorbidities including psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. Evidence suggests that obesity is a risk factor for incident psoriasis, aggravates existing psoriasis, and that weight reduction may improve the severity of psoriasis in overweight individuals. Excess body weight may interfere with the medical treatment used in psoriasis and adds to the cardiovascular risk profile in these patients, which underscores the importance of effective weight control regimens...
February 23, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226320/impaired-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#20
Didem Didar Balci, Ebru Celik, Sebahat Genc, Muhammet Murat Çelik, Mehmet Ugur Inan
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There is no study on the spirometric pulmonary function testing in patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the spirometric parameters in patients with psoriasis and controls. METHODS: Ninety-six patients with psoriasis and 60 sex- and age-matched control subjects were included in this study. Spirometric pulmonary function testing, including percent forced vital capacity (FVC%), percent forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1%), forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of FVC (FEF25-75%), and FEV1/FVC ratio, was performed in all study subjects...
February 23, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
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