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Microscopy Research and Technique

Chenhui Qiu, Yuanyuan Wang, Yanen Guo, Shunren Xia
Image fusion techniques can integrate the information from different imaging modalities to get a composite image which is more suitable for human visual perception and further image processing tasks. Fusing green fluorescent protein (GFP) and phase contrast images is very important for subcellular localization, functional analysis of protein and genome expression. The fusion method of GFP and phase contrast images based on complex shearlet transform (CST) is proposed in this paper. Firstly the GFP image is converted to IHS model and its intensity component is obtained...
March 14, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Mehmet Özbek, Emel Ergün, Feyzullah Beyaz, Levent Ergün, Nuh Y Ld R M, Özge Özgenç, Füsun Erhan
The object of this study was to describe the prenatal development and histochemical properties of mucins in the sheep gastrointestinal tract. To determine changes in the mucin profile, the sections were stained with specific histochemical stains for carbohydrates. While neutral and mixed mucins were observed in the superficial epithelial cells of the abomasal pyloric region, acidic mucins were detected in the secretory ducts and corpus of the glands. Acidic mucins consisted predominantly of sialomucins. In the duodenal villi, the number of goblet cells containing neutral mucins increased toward the end of gestation, whereas Brunner's glands contained acidic mucins until the 95th day of gestation and both acidic and neutral mucins thereafter...
March 14, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Siraj Bahadur, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sehrosh Mir, Muhammad Zafar, Shazia Sultana, Shomaila Ashfaq, Muhammad Arfan
Pollen used to track structural and functional evolution in plants as well as to investigate the problems relative to plant classification. Pollen characters including ornamentation, shape, apertural pattern, pollen symmetry, colpus length, width, and margins used to detect the similarities and dissimilarities between genera and also species of the same genus. In this study pollen features of 20 monocot species belonging to 15 genera of the Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae, Iridaceae, Ixioliriaceae, Liliaceae, and Xanthorrhoeaceae were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM)...
March 14, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Sergio Allegrini, Antonio Carlos da Silva, Maristela Tsujita, Marcos Barbosa Salles, Sergio Alexandre Gerhke, Francisco José Correa Braga
Synthetic biomaterials submitted to new structural technologies have become ideal for the recovery of traumatized bone tissues and some bone substitutes such as bioactive glass, β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) are being used in areas of tissue defects. For this study, ACP was produced in the form of fibers and then submitted to cytotoxicity testing. A sample of ACP was inserted into the mandibular region of a patient with a lost implant so after removal and curettage, the remaining bone site was filled with the ACP biomaterial...
March 13, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Anam Fatima, Muhammad Zafar, Mushtaq Ahmad, Ghulam Yaseen, Shazia Sultana, Muhammad Gulfraz, Amir Muhammad Khan
Now-a-days, plant species are consumed globally for various purposes and this increasing demand leads to adulteration due to gradually exploitation in natural resources. The major causes of adulteration may be confusion in nomenclature, unawareness of authentic sources, unavailability of authentic sources, color resemblances, deficiencies in collection procedures, and misidentification. This study aims to use the microscopic techniques such as scanning electron microscopy for the authentication of the oil yielding seeds of four important and traditionally used species Prunus persica, Prunus domestica, and Eruca sativa and Argemone Mexicana from their adulterants...
March 12, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Waleska Vera, Jan Bergmann
The grape weevil, Naupactus xanthographus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a polyphagous insect native to southern South America that causes considerable damage in grape and other fruit species. In this study, the morphology and ultrastructure of the antennae and the antennal sensilla of N. xanthographus were investigated using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The antennae consist of a scape, a pedicel, a funicle, and a zone called the "club," which are all formed by a total of 12 antennomers...
March 12, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Andrezza Braga Soares da Silva, Clarisse Maria Barbosa Fonseca, Maria Michele Araújo de Sousa Cavalcante, Ingrid Macedo de Oliveira, Maíra Soares Ferraz, Felipe José Costa Viana, Rayssa Dourado Fontenele, Airton Mendes Conde Júnior
The pancreas comprises an important metabolic organ of endocrine and exocrine character that has embryonic origin of rudimentary buds that fuse to form the organ. The present work aims to describe the pancreatic histogenesis of hybrid chick embryos (Gallus gallus). The research was performed in the UFPI, previously approved by the CEUA with protocol no. 040/15. We used 120 fertilized eggs of hybrid chickens kept in an incubator with controlled temperature and humidity. Daily collections of embryos and fetuses were performed from 4 to 21 days of incubation through the anatomical dissection consecutive the euthanasia...
March 12, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Amara Noor Hussain, Muhammad Zafar, Mushtaq Ahmad, Raees Khan, Ghulam Yaseen, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Abdul Nazir, Amir Muhammad Khan, Shabnum Shaheen
Palynological features as well as comparative foliar epidermal using light and scanning electron microscope (SEM) of 17 species (10genera) of Amaranthaceae have been studied for its taxonomic significance. Different foliar and palynological micro-morphological characters were examined to explain their value in resolving the difficulty in identification. All species were amphistomatic but stomata on abaxial surface were more abundant. Taxonomically significant epidermal character including stomata type, trichomes (unicellular, multicellular, and capitate) and epidermal cells shapes (polygonal and irregular) were also observed...
February 27, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Miroslav Jiřík, Martin Bartoš, Petr Tomášek, Anna Malečková, Tomáš Kural, Jana Horáková, David Lukáš, Tomáš Suchý, Petra Kochová, Marie Hubálek Kalbáčová, Milena Králíčková, Zbyněk Tonar
Quantification of the structure and composition of biomaterials using micro-CT requires image segmentation due to the low contrast and overlapping radioopacity of biological materials. The amount of bias introduced by segmentation procedures is generally unknown. We aim to develop software that generates three-dimensional models of fibrous and porous structures with known volumes, surfaces, lengths, and object counts in fibrous materials and to provide a software tool that calibrates quantitative micro-CT assessments...
February 24, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Seung Ho Lee, Sang Hwa Lee, Jae-Ho Shin, Samjin Choi
Although the confirmation of inflammatory changes within tissues at the onset of various diseases is critical for the early detection of disease and selection of appropriate treatment, most therapies are based on complex and time-consuming diagnostic procedures. Raman spectroscopy has the ability to provide non-invasive, real-time, chemical bonding analysis through the inelastic scattering of photons. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of Raman spectroscopy as a new, easy, fast, and accurate diagnostic method to support diagnostic decisions...
February 23, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Iwona Jóźwik, Agata Strojny-Nędza, Marcin Chmielewski, Katarzyna Pietrzak, Łukasz Kurpaska, Szymon Nosewicz
The performance of the present-day scanning electron microscopy (SEM) extends far beyond delivering electronic images of the surface topography. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel is on of the most promising materials for the future nuclear fusion reactor because of its good radiation resistance, and higher operation temperature up to 750°C. The microstructure of ODS should not exceed tens of nm, therefore there is a strong need in a fast and reliable technique for their characterization. In this work, the results of low-kV SEM characterization of nanoprecipitates formed in the ODS matrix are presented...
February 21, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Muhammad Nasir, Muhammad Attique Khan, Muhammad Sharif, Ikram Ullah Lali, Tanzila Saba, Tassawar Iqbal
Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer with highest mortality rate. However, the annihilation in early stage implies a high survival rate therefore, it demands early diagnosis. The accustomed diagnosis methods are costly and cumbersome due to the involvement of experienced experts as well as the requirements for highly equipped environment. The recent advancements in computerized solutions for these diagnoses are highly promising with improved accuracy and efficiency. In this article, we proposed a method for the classification of melanoma and benign skin lesions...
February 21, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Misa Hayashida, Shinichi Ogawa, Marek Malac
We evaluate the suitability of simultaneous iterative reconstruction technique (SIRT), filtered back projection, and simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique methods for buried interface roughness measurements. We also investigate the effect of total electron dose distributed over the entire tilt series on measured roughness values. We investigate the applicability of the dose fractionation theorem by evaluating the effect of an increasing number of images, i.e., decreasing tilt increment size at fixed total electron irradiation dose on the quantitative measurement of buried interface roughness...
February 21, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Hernán Coaguila-Llerena, Virgínia Stefanini da Silva, Mario Tanomaru-Filho, Juliane Maria Guerreiro Tanomaru, Gisele Faria
The aim of this study was to assess the cleaning capacity of the octenidine hydrochloride (OCT) used as root canal irrigant by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Sixty human unirradicular extracted teeth were randomly distributed in 6 groups (n = 10) according to irrigant solutions which were used during root canal preparation: G1, 0.1% OCT; G2, 2% chlorhexidine (CHX); G3, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G4, OCT + 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); G5, 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA and G6, distilled water...
February 13, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Carolina Paes Torres, Jaciara Miranda Gomes-Silva, Maria Angélica Hueb Menezes-Oliveira, Luís Eduardo Silva Soares, Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb, Maria Cristina Borsatto
The chemical compositions (organic and inorganic contents) and mechanical behaviors of the dentin of permanent and deciduous teeth were analyzed and compared using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (µ-EDXRF) Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman) and a microhardness test (HD). Healthy fresh human primary and permanent molars (n = 10) were selected, The buccal surfaces facing upwards were stabilized in an acrylic plate, flattened, polished, and submitted to the µ-EDXRF, FT-Raman, and HD analysis...
February 12, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Xi-Luo Hao, Tie-Quan Zhu, Jin-Jin Xu, Yan-Rong Wang, Xuan-Wei Zhang
"Nanhai I" shipwreck of China Southern Song Dynasty is the oldest and the most integrally preserved shipwreck in the world. The related conservation and archeological research have caught great attention of different experts all over the world. In this study, different types of concretion covered on the surface of the ceramics in "Nanhai I" shipwreck were analyzed by X-ray diffractometer, micro-Raman spectrometer, and scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy. Based on the analyses, we found that the grey concretion was mainly composed of quartz, aragonite, and calcite while the reddish concretion was mainly composed of pyrite and quartz...
February 12, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
María de Los Angeles Moyaho-Bernal, Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes, Laura Emma Rodríguez-Vilchis, Efraín Rubio-Rosas, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Claudia Centeno-Pedraza
The morphological and chemical changes in deciduous dentin produced by different conditioning protocols were evaluated in this in vitro study. Eighty primary dentin samples were divided into eight groups (n = 10): G1, acid etching; G2, self-etching adhesive; G3, G4, Er: YAG laser irradiation at 25.5 and 38.2 J cm-2 , respectively; 10 Hz and spray irrigation. Groups 5, 6, 7, and 8 were irradiated at previous densities, and then phosphoric acid or self-etching adhesive conditioning was applied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to evaluate chemical and morphological changes...
February 7, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Shayan Jamshed, Asad Ullah, Raees Khan, Altaf Hussain
Common mulberry weed (Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai) and creeping amaranth (Amaranthus crassipes Schlecht) are reported for the first time in Pakistan's flora as these were not listed in any other literature nor identified before in Pakistan. Plants were found as a result of taxonomic studies performed in 2013 in Peshawar, Pakistan. Detail study was performed for the exact identification. Morphological results were compared with Flora of China and Flora of North America. Plant distribution along with its habitat and adjacent species was also recorded...
January 31, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
Maryam Akram Butt, Muhammad Zafar, Mushtaq Ahmad, Shazia Sultana, Fazal Ullah, Gul Jan, Ali Irfan, Syeda Andleeb Zahra Naqvi
In this study 12 species of Cyperaceae have been studied for quantitative and qualitative observation of pollen grains through Light and scanning electron microscopy. Pollens of 12 species of Cyperaceae from different wetlands of Azad Jammu and Kashmir were collected. Morphological characters of pollen grains were then investigated under the Light and Scanning electron microscope. Two pollen types have been observed apolar and heteropolar. Shape of pollens was prolate (4 spp), sub-spheroidal (7 spp), and oblate (1 spp)...
January 31, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
H M Fahad, M Usman Ghani Khan, Tanzila Saba, Amjad Rehman, Sajid Iqbal
Auscultation of heart dispenses identification of the cardiac valves. An electronic stethoscope is used for the acquisition of heart murmurs that is further classified into normal or abnormal murmurs. The process of heart sound segmentation involves discrete wavelet transform to obtain individual components of the heart signal and its separation into systole and diastole intervals. This research presents a novel scheme to develop a semi-automatic cardiac valve disorder diagnosis system. Accordingly, features are extracted using wavelet transform and spectral analysis of input signals...
January 23, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
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