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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409957/parental-awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-conscious-sedation-in-north-indian-children-population-a-questionnaire-based-study
#1
Ranu Bhandari, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan, Cheranjeevi Jayam, Teerthesh Jain
Aim: The purpose of this study is to find the opinion, attitude, beliefs, and the existing knowledge of parents of Himachal Pradesh suburban city about conscious sedation. Objective: To know the effect of education of parent and prior sedation experience of the child on opinion, attitude, and knowledge of parent about conscious sedation. Methodology: A questionnaire in Hindi/English was provided to parents who accompanied their child for the treatment in the Paedodontics Department of HPGDC College Shimla...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409956/comparison-of-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-color-change-adhesive-with-traditional-adhesive
#2
Sara Youssefinia, Omid Mortezai
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of color-change adhesive with a conventional light-cure adhesive at different debonding times. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two intact extracted human permanent premolar teeth were used in this research. The brackets were bonded with Transbond XT (Group I) and Transbond Plus color change adhesive (Group II). Each of the two adhesive groups were then further divided into three subgroups of 12 specimens each, for a total of six subgroups...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409955/rare-granular-cell-tumor-affecting-a-13-year-old-boy
#3
S M Balaji, Preetha Balaji
Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare soft-tissue neoplasm, first described in 1926. GCT often manifests as a single, painless nodule that shows a slow enlargement in the cutaneous, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues. It is commonly reported in adults in the third to sixth decade of life. This case report is of an incidental finding in a young boy, who was radiologically examined for orthodontic treatment purpose and found to have a radiolucent lesion in the mandible. The lesion was later diagnosed as GCT. Central GCT is rare, and the presentation in a child is even rare...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409954/management-of-maxillary-first-molar-with-six-canals-using-operating-microscope
#4
K V Kishan, Devika Das, Naveen Chhabra, Vishnu Pratap Singh Rathore, Vimal Remy
The purpose of this article was to highlight the importance of having a thorough knowledge about the root canal morphology. This case report highlights the unusual anatomy of a maxillary first molar with three mesiobuccal (MB) canals, two palatal canals, and one distobuccal canal which is extremely rare. The use of operating microscope was crucial, both for the detection and for the management of the additional canals. The use of surgical operating microscope and digital radiograph showed that MB root had Type 3-1 of Gulabivala classification and palatal canal showed Vertucci's Type II canal morphology This report describes and discusses the identification of variation in canal morphology of maxillary first molar and the use of latest adjuncts in successfully diagnosing and negotiating them...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409953/peripheral-giant-cell-granuloma-manifestation-in-pregnancy
#5
Chitra L Patil, Rajesh P Gaikwad, Akshaya B Banodkar, Nilofar B Attar, Gulnar D Sethna
The peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a benign oral lesion occurring on the gingiva and alveolar ridge. It is the most common oral lesion and occurs at an average age of 30 years. The upsurge in the levels of estrogen and progesterone in pregnancy leads to a plethora of changes in various parts of human body, including the oral cavity. In the oral cavity, changes are commonly seen on the gingiva. These include pyogenic granuloma, PGCG and also peripheral ossifying fibroma, etc., The etiology of PGCG in our case might be related to hormonal alterations during the gestation period...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409952/sodium-bicarbonate-a-review-and-its-uses-in-dentistry
#6
REVIEW
Sathyasree Madeswaran, Sivakumar Jayachandran
Denture stomatitis, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis are the growing problems in restorative dentistry. Chemicals play an important role as an adjuvant to mechanical cleaning of teeth, implants, surrounding tissues, and prostheses. Current mouth rinses are reported to affect the tissues and prostheses if used on a long-term basis. Sodium bicarbonate, the common baking soda, has been reported to be versatile. A search of the resources through Medline and Google Scholar was made to understand the current status of the mouth rinses and the use of sodium bicarbonate...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409951/ectopic-teeth-in-the-maxillary-sinus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
L G Lombroni, G Farronato, G Santamaria, D M Lombroni, P Gatti, Marco Capelli
Ectopic eruption of teeth is a rare phenomenon although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, and maxillary sinus. This impaction can present itself in a variety of ways such as chronic or recurrent sinusitis, sepsis, and facial numbness and can also be asymptomatic. The aim of this study was to describe, by means of research literature and by a case report, the characteristics and occurrence of ectopic eruption in the maxillary sinus. We have analyzed and compared clinical cases of ectopic teeth in the maxillary sinus with a search on PubMed utilizing keywords such as "ectopic," "teeth," "sinus," "maxillary," and Boolean operators "or" and "and" up until 2016...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409950/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-application-of-sodium-ascorbate-and-amla-indian-gooseberry-extract-on-the-bond-strength-of-brackets-bonded-to-bleached-human-enamel-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Shivani Keni, Supriya Nambiar, Pramod Philip, Siddarth Shetty
Introduction: Whitening of teeth is a popular choice among dental clinicians and patients. However, the changes in enamel structure and composition induced by the bleaching agents cause a decrease in the shear bond strength of brackets leading to premature bracket debonding. Among several methods to overcome this, the most common is delaying bonding by 2-4 weeks. This waiting period can be eliminated by applying an antioxidant (sodium ascorbate) which causes a reversal in the reduction of bond strength...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409949/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-denture-cleansers-on-the-surface-roughness-of-hard-denture-base-material-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Jinal Barochia, Sujatha Kamath
Background: Maintaining the oral hygiene of denture wearers is a challenge faced in modern dentistry. Biofilm formed on dentures has been associated with denture stomatitis, malodor, aspiration pneumonia, infectious endocarditis, gastrointestinal infection, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of denture cleansers on the surface roughness of hard denture base material. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 heat-cure acrylic resin specimens were fabricated with dimensions 30 mm × 15 mm × 3 mm in length, width, and thickness, respectively...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409948/micro-shear-bond-strength-of-composite-resin-to-glass-ionomer-cement-using-an-alternative-method-to-build-up-test-specimens
#10
Amanda Barreto Ramos, André Fábio Vasconcelos Moro, Gustavo Miranda Rocha, Cesar Dos Reis Perez
Context: Despite the relevance of the sandwich technique, there are still doubts about the best adhesive strategy and surface treatment for glass ionomer cements (GICs). Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the best surface treatment for GIC to ensure an effective and durable adhesion to resin, through micro-shear test, using an alternative method to build up test specimens. Subjects and Methods: Eighty GIC samples were divided into eight groups (n = 10) according to five surface treatments (none, etching, air drying, grinding, and grinding plus etching) and according to the adhesive system (conventional or self-etch)...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409947/effect-of-antioxidant-on-orthodontic-bracket-bond-strength-after-vital-bleaching
#11
Deepti Yadav, Vineet Golchha, Nandini Kamat, Rahul Paul, Pooja Sharma
Objectives: : The objective of this study is to compare the neutralization effect of various antioxidant agents on the bond strength of composite resins on stainless steel and ceramic brackets immediately bonded to previously bleached teeth. Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty human maxillary premolars were used for the study. Teeth were divided into four groups (n = 40): Group 1 (control), Group 2 (bleached), Group 3 (sodium ascorbate), and Group 4 (tocopherol acetate)...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409946/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-acacia-nilotica-murraya-koenigii-l-sprengel-eucalyptus-hybrid-psidium-guajava-extracts-and-their-combinations-on-fusobacterium-nucleatum-and-porphyromonas-gingivalis
#12
B R Chandra Shekar, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Richa Jain, Rupal Singh, S Suma, Rupesh Thakur
Background: The herbal extracts have been effectively tried in the treatment and prevention of many oral diseases. Aim: The aim is to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of Acacia nilotica, Murraya koenigii L. Sprengel, Eucalyptus hybrid, Psidium guajava extracts and their combinations on Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg). Materials and Methods: The extraction process was carried out by Soxhlet apparatus using ethanol as solvent...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409945/a-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-to-evaluate-stress-distribution-tooth-in-tooth-implant-supported-prosthesis-with-variations-in-non-rigid-connector-design-and-location
#13
K Sumathi Nitin, T V Padmanabhan, V Anand Kumar, N Parthasarathi, M Uma Maheswari, S Madhan Kumar
Background: The physiologically mobile natural tooth and rigidly fixed dental implant causes different distribution of stress when connected in prosthesis and nonrigid connector compensates this. Understanding of biomechanical behavior is necessary for an adequate choice and construction of this type of rehabilitation. However, there has been insufficient research focusing on different location and type of the nonrigid connector related with the prognosis of both implant and the tooth...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409944/evaluation-of-incidence-of-mental-nerve-loop-in-central-india-population-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#14
Deepshikha Rodricks, Tushar Phulambrikar, Siddharth Kumar Singh, Anjali Gupta
Context: Anatomical literature has described the anterior loop being an extension of the mental nerve which is present anterior to the mental foramen while the caudal loop has been described as the distance between the lower border of the mental foramen and the lowest point of the mandibular canal. The knowledge and identification of the anterior and caudal loop of the mental nerve are important in surgical procedures performed around the mental foramen to avoid inadvertent damage to these vital structures resulting in postoperative complications...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409943/gaps-in-oral-health-care-service-provision-systems-for-children-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-a-tertiary-health-institution
#15
Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi, Eyitope Ogunbodede, Christiana Ayomide Sowole, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan
Background: The study investigated the common dental conditions of children seen in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. The referral patterns were also determined to know how many of the patients had sought care at the lower levels of health before visiting a tertiary hospital. Methods: All the children aged 0-15 years seen at the Dental hospital, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria over a 4-year period were included in the study. Information retrieved from their case notes including patterns of referral, presenting complaints, diagnosis, and treatment were extracted from the case records of the patients...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409942/effectiveness-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-and-xylitol-chewing-gums-on-salivary-ph-buffer-capacity-and-streptococcus-mutans-levels-an-interventional-study
#16
Krishnan Padminee, Saravanan Poorni, Davidson Diana, Dasarathan Duraivel, Manali Ramakrishnan Srinivasan
Aim: The aim of the study is to compare the anticariogenic effectiveness of Casein phosphopeptide- Amorphous Calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and xylitol chewing gums based on salivary pH, buffer capacity, and Streptococcus mutans levels. Materials and Methods: A group of twenty individuals in the age group of 18-25 years were randomly divided into two Groups A and B. Test arm A received xylitol gums and test arm B received CPP-ACP gums and they were instructed to use the gums thrice daily for 2 weeks...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409941/comparison-of-efficacy-of-0-75-ropivacaine-and-2-lidocaine-with-1-200-000-adrenaline-in-pain-control-in-extraction-of-mandibular-posterior-teeth-a-double-blind-study
#17
Rishab Ranjan, S N Santhosh Kumar, Manju Singh
Background: Two percent lidocaine hydrochloride is the gold standard for dental anesthesia against which newer local anesthetic agents may be compared. 0.75% ropivacaine is a newer, long-acting amide local anesthetic agent with inherent vasoconstriction property. Aim: This study aims to compare the efficacy of 0.75% ropivacaine and 2% lidocaine hydrochloride with 1:200,000 adrenaline in pain control in extraction of mandibular posterior teeth. Settings and Design: This is a prospective, double-blind, and split-mouth study...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409940/impacted-mandibular-third-molar-comparison-of-coronectomy-with-odontectomy
#18
Kanika Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Sukumar Singh, Vijay Mishra, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Deepak Singh
Aim: Damage to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) while extracting lower third molars is often caused by the intimate relationship between the nerve and the roots of the teeth. The aim of this study was to compare the sequelae of coronectomy with odontectomy in impacted mandibular third molars. Patients and Methods: This study included thirty patients which were divided into two groups, Group-I (test group) including 15 patients undergoing coronectomy and Group-2 (control group) of 15 patients undergoing odontectomy...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409939/root-coverage-by-modified-coronally-advanced-flap-with-and-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-clinical-study
#19
Nisheet Dixit, Arundeep Kaur Lamba, Farrukh Faraz, Shruti Tandon, Kamal Aggarwal, Abdul Ahad
Background: Marginal gingival recession can cause major functional and esthetic problems. Advanced flaps are the simplest, yet unpredictable procedures for managing these conditions. The predictability of root coverage can be increased by combining coronally advanced flap (CAF) or its modified approach with other regenerative techniques. Objective: To ascertain the potential benefits of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on modified CAF for the treatment of gingival recession...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409938/reverse-rotary-instrumentation-in-the-apical-third-of-the-root-canal-system-an-scanning-electron-microscope-analysis
#20
Raksha Bhat, Mithra N Hegde
Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of reverse rotary instrumentation in disinfection of the root canal at the apical third and qualitative confirmatory analysis using the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Subjects and Methods: Sixty single-rooted mandibular premolars were instrumented up to Protaper rotary file size F2 and contaminated with a known species of Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212). The samples were then divided into three groups; Group 1: Experimental group-irrigation by agitation of 1% NaOCl with reverse rotary instrumentation; Group 2: Negative control-no irrigation; and Group 3 positive control-irrigation with 1% NaOCl using a 30-gauge needle...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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