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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966518/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-development-and-remission-of-oral-plasmablastic-lymphoma
#1
Vivian Petersen Wagner, Lisley Ortiz, Helena Pereira Rodrigues da Silva, Luise Meurer, João Julio da Cunha Filho, Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins, Manoela Domingues Martins
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) represents a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in this tumor is poorly known due to its small incidence. This study reports a case of a 33-year-old HIV-positive woman who was referred to the Stomatology Department complaining about a painful gingival growth and cervical nodule both with 20 days of evolution. The lesions appeared 7 months after the patient stopped HAART...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966517/characterization-of-an-eye-prosthesis-using-monopoly-syrup
#2
Pinki Bankoti, M K Singhal, Chandana Nair, Praveen Chandra
The eye is a vital organ and an important component of facial expression. Loss of an eye has a crippling effect on the psychology of the patient. Maxillofacial prostheses restore and replace stomatognathic and associated facial structures with artificial substitutes. The objectives of eye prosthesis is to improve the patient esthetics, restore and maintain the health of the remaining associated structures, consequently provide physical and mental well-being. The primary purpose of an ocular prosthesis is to maintain the volume of eye socket and create the illusion of a healthy eye and surrounding tissue...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966516/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-treatment-needs-among-school-going-children-of-chandigarh
#3
Jayashri Prabakar, Joseph John, D Srisakthi
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood that interferes with normal nutrition intake, speech, and daily routine activities. Dental caries is a lifetime disease, and the highest priority risk group is school children. AIM: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among school going children of Chandigarh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school going children of Chandigarh in the age group of 3-17 years...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966515/prevalence-of-idiopathic-osteosclerosis-in-an-iranian-population
#4
Asieh Zamani Naser, Najmeh Roshanzamir
AIM: Idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) is a localized radiopacity with no associated pain, bony expansion, symptom, or known etiology. The aim of this study was to assess its frequency and distribution according to its location and patient's age and gender and internal structure using panoramic radiography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 3975 panoramic radiographs (PRs) were used. Radiopaque regions which had no certain relationship to any known sources of hard tissue production were accepted as IO and characteristics such as shape, location, internal structure, and personal information were investigated...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966514/prevalence-of-impacted-permanent-mandibular-second-molars-in-south-indian-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Manali Ramakrishanan Srinivasan, Saravanan Poorni, Alagarsamy Venkatesh, Babu Vasanthi
AIMS: The aim of this study is to retrospectively determine the prevalence of impacted second molars and associated dental and radiographic findings in South Indian population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental records of 4976 patients depending on the selection criteria from various dental clinics in South India were retrospectively analyzed in this study. All selected radiographs and records were examined by the two authors...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966513/comparative-evaluation-of-sutures-coated-with-triclosan-and-chlorhexidine-for-oral-biofilm-inhibition-potential-and-antimicrobial-activity-against-periodontal-pathogens-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Kunal Sunder Sethi, Prerna Ashok Karde, Chaitanya Pradeep Joshi
BACKGROUND: Surgical site plaque accumulation is one of the challenging problems leading to unfavorable healing. The antibacterial sutures can be used to reduce or inhibit plaque formation. Presently there is no study comparing efficacy of sutures coated with triclosan and chlorhexidine in terms of oral biofilm inhibition and antimicrobial property against periodontal pathogens. AIM: The aim of present study was to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy and oral biofilm inhibition around chlorhexidine and triclosan coated polyglactin sutures in comparison to uncoated sutures...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966512/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-denture-cleansing-materials-in-removal-of-tea-and-turmeric-stains-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Priyanka P Makhija, Kamal Shigli, Vaibhav Awinashe
CONTEXT: Extrinsic staining of acrylic resin dentures could be a major esthetic problem for denture wearers. Tea, coffee, cola, turmeric, and tobacco often cause extrinsic staining of dentures. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of various denture cleansing materials in the removal of tea and turmeric stains and to compare the efficacy of those denture cleansers with each other in the removal of tea and turmeric stains. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Heat-cured acrylic resin specimens were stained using tea and turmeric solutions...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966511/comparative-evaluation-of-application-of-different-fluoride-varnishes-on-artificial-early-enamel-lesion-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Udita Majithia, Karthik Venkataraghavan, Prashant Choudhary, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: In an attempt to manage noncavitated carious lesions noninvasively through remineralization, a range of novel fluoride varnishes with additional remineralizing agents have been made available for clinical application. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the remineralization potential of three commercially available varnishes on artificial enamel lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study involves eighty intact enamel specimens prepared from premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966510/evaluation-of-frictional-resistance-and-surface-characteristics-after-immersion-of-orthodontic-brackets-and-wire-in-different-chemical-solutions-a-comparative-in-vitrostudy
#9
Kavitha Nanjundan, G Vimala
AIM: To evaluate the changes of static and kinetic frictional forces between the brackets and wires following exposure to a soft drink, acidic food ingredient, and acidulated fluoride prophylactic agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two types of Roth prescription mandibular incisor brackets were used: 3M Unitek Victory stainless steel (SS) brackets (n = 40) and Transcend 6000 polycrystalline alumina (PCA) brackets (n = 40) as well as eighty 0.019 × 0.025" dimension ortho technology SS wires of 50 mm length each...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966509/the-effect-of-oil-pulling-with-rice-bran-oil-sesame-oil-and-chlorhexidine-mouth-rinsing-on-halitosis-among-pregnant-women-a-comparative-interventional-study
#10
Faisal S Sheikh, Ramya R Iyer
CONTEXT: Rice bran oil, owing to its potential antioxidant benefits, could be an effective and novel alternative to sesame oil for oil pulling. As it is safe and a growingly popular edible oil, it may be acceptable during pregnancy, especially in the Indian context where women may be hesitant to use chemical plaque control methods for preventing halitosis. AIMS: The present study was conducted to compare the effects of oil pulling with rice bran oil, oil pulling with sesame oil, and oil pulling with chlorhexidine mouth rinsing on reducing halitosis among pregnant women...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966508/comparative-evaluation-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-autogenous-bone-graft-for-the-treatment-of-infrabony-defects-in-chronic-periodontitis-clinical-radiological-and-surgical-reentry
#11
Sneha Galav, Kabbur Thippanna Chandrashekar, Rohit Mishra, Vandana Tripathi, Richa Agarwal, Ankit Galav
CONTEXT: Both intraoral autogenous bone grafting (ABG) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) offer a useful treatment modality for periodontal regeneration of intrabony defects (IBDs). However, predictable regeneration in patients with severe attachment loss is a challenge to the practitioners. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of PRF with ABG for the treatment of IBDs in chronic periodontitis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a randomized controlled trial...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966507/the-effect-of-pre-etching-with-37-orthophosphoric-acid-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-brackets-bonded-using-self-etching-primer-adhesive-system
#12
Shaheen Hamdani, G Anita, Javed Sodawala, Sumit Gandhi, Sayyed Muhammad Ali
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of pre-etching with 37% orthophosphoric acid on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets bonded using self-etching primer (SEP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred freshly extracted human premolars were divided randomly into two groups based on pre-etching with 37% orthophosphoric acid: Group 1 (control, n = 50) without pre-etching and Group 2 (experimental, n = 150) with pre-etching. Group 2 was further divided into three sub groups 2a, 2b, and 2c with 50 teeth each and was first pre-etched with 37% orthophosphoric acid for 10, 30, and 60 s, respectively...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966506/versatility-of-nasolabial-flaps-for-the-management-of-severe-trismus-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#13
S M Balaji
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic insidious disease affecting any part of the oral cavity and sometimes the pharynx. It is a collagen-related disorder predominantly associated with tobacco/areca nut chewing habit and characterized by progressive hyalinization of the submucosa. Prevalence of OSMF is 2.01%, and malignant transformation rate of 2.3%-7.6% has been reported in the literature. Measures such as forcing the mouth open and cutting the fibrotic bands have resulted in more fibrosis and disability...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966505/effect-of-nightguard-vital-bleaching-gel-on-the-color-stability-of-provisional-restorative-materials
#14
Salwa Omar Bajunaid
PURPOSE: To assess the hypothesis that there was no difference in effect of 10% and 15% tooth bleaching agents on color stability of materials used for provisional fixed dental prosthesis. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen samples from two materials used for provisional fixed dental prosthesis: methacrylate-based and composite-based materials and 15 preformed polycarbonate crowns soaked in bleaching gel or distilled water. Spectrophotometer recorded color of specimens at baseline, after 3, 7, and 14 days...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966504/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy-in-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-patients-a-clinico-microbiological-study
#15
K Ravi Raj, Svvs Musalaiah, M Nagasri, P Aravind Kumar, P Indeevar Reddy, M Greeshma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a local noninvasive treatment modality without side effects caused by antibiotics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive use of PDT with scaling and root planing as compared with SRP alone in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty participants with chronic periodontitis having probing pocket depths (PDs) of ≥5 mm were selected for the study. Patients were randomly divided into control group and test group with ten patients in each group...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966503/clinical-efficacy-of-four-interventions-in-the-reduction-of-dentinal-hypersensitivity-a-2-month-study
#16
Priyanka Majji, K Raja Venkatesh Murthy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dentinal hypersensitivity is a relatively common problem experienced in clinical dental practice and is characterized by short, sharp pain in response to stimuli such as tactile, thermal, evaporative, osmotic, or chemical. Several agents and treatment modalities have been used in the treatment of this condition. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of four commercially available toothpastes in the reduction of dentinal hypersensitivity (DH), based on the hypothesis that calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) group had a better efficacy of the four...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966502/evaluation-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-maxillary-and-mandibular-canine-using-mesiodistal-labiolingual-dimensions-and-crown-height
#17
Neelakshi Pandey, Mang Shin Ma
CONTEXT: Gender estimation is one of the most important parameters in forensic identification. Teeth being the central component of the masticatory apparatus of the skull is a good source of material for civil and medico-legal purpose. Gender estimation using dental features is primarily based on the comparison of tooth dimensions in male and female. AIMS: To analyze the presence of sexual dimorphism in maxillary and mandibular canine using mesiodistal (MD), labiolingual (LL), and height of crown...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966501/determination-of-normal-maxillary-transverse-dimension-by-using-intercanine-width-and-interpalatal-first-molar-width
#18
Alka M Banker, Jayasankar P Pillai, Kinjal D Patel
BACKGROUND: Malocclusion in the vertical and sagittal planes is easy to observe whereas it is difficult to diagnose malocclusion in the transverse plane. There are yet no criteria defining a normal transverse occlusion. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify a ratio that defines a normal transverse occlusion. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total sample of 151 maxillary dental models (M = 55, F = 96) in the age range of 12-16 years were randomly selected, with 73 models in control group and 78 in the study group...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966500/quantitative-analysis-of-tumor-associated-tissue-eosinophilia-in-different-histological-grades-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Rashmi Bankur, Charlotte Rodrigues, D Anjaly, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Praveen Kumar Bankur
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the 8 th most common aggressive epithelial malignant neoplasm worldwide today. The eosinophil may be a "multifaceted cell" that can be associated with wound-healing processes, as well as to tissue damage which has increased the speculations around tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia in malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to detect the role and quantitative analysis of tumor-associated tissue eosinophils in different histological grades of OSCC...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966499/foramen-magnum-as-a-tool-for-sexual-dimorphism-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#20
Mayuri Jaitley, Tushar Phulambrikar, Manasi Kode, Anjali Gupta, Siddharth Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate dimensions of the foramen magnum (FM) among males and females and to establish its role in sexual dimorphism using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). (2) To evaluate sagittal diameter, transverse diameter, area, and circumference of FM among males and females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and eighty CBCT scans (140 males and 140 females; age range, 20-80 years) were selected for this study. The sagittal diameter, transverse diameter, area, and circumference of FM were measured, and data were subjected to discriminant analysis for the evaluation of sexual dimorphism...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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