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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169270/using-loop-connectors-as-an-interim-mode-of-treatment-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#1
T Aby Mathew, Ashwin Thomas Koshy, Annie Susan Thomas, Angel Mary Joseph, Nicholas Mathew
To tackle a large midline diastema and generalized spacing existing before extraction often poses a challenge to the treating prosthodontist. The situation becomes even more complicated if the patient is a teenager, with multiple missing teeth, associated deep bite and where the jaw bone growth has not yet been completed. Possible treatment options would include a removable prosthesis, a fixed partial denture or an implant supported prosthesis. Treating such cases with a simple removable prosthesis cannot be justified if a deep bite existed which would result in posterior disocclusion...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169269/a-paradoxical-presentation-of-rickets-and-secondary-osteomyelitis-of-the-jaw-in-type-ii-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis-rare-case-reports
#2
S Jayachandran, M Suresh Kumar
Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic bone disorder arising due to a defect in the differentiation or function of osteoclast which results in a generalized increase in bone mass. Osteomyelitis is one of the most common complications because of decreased bone marrow function and compromised blood supply. Radiologist plays a vital role in diagnosing osteopetrosis. Here, we present two cases of autosomal dominant osteopetrosis Type II (ADO II) with secondary osteomyelitis changes which were reported to our department...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169268/accidental-separation-and-lodgment-of-rotary-endodontic-file-into-the-dentist-s-thumb
#3
Rohit Karnik, Subraj Shetty, Rajiv S Desai, Karthick Shetty
Separation of the endodontic instrument within the root canal system and sharp injuries to the dentist is not an uncommon event in endodontic practice. Although root canal instruments can fracture at any stage of endodontic treatment, its fracture within the dentist's hand is a very rare event. An unusual case of accidental separation and lodgment of rotary endodontic file in the dentist's thumb is presented along with its management. A 33-year-old dentist reported with an accidental lodgment of rotary endodontic file into his thumb...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169267/brisement-force-in-fibrous-ankylosis-a-technique-revisited
#4
Udupikrishna M Joshi, Satishkumar G Patil, Kundan Shah, Soumya Allurkar
Fibrous ankylosis is a common complication of trauma to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in children. Proper treatment and regular follow-up is necessary for its successful management. This report highlights a case of posttraumatic fibrous ankylosis successfully managed with brisement force-gradual tractional forces applied to the TMJ under local anesthesia without any associated complications. Mouth opening increased significantly from 15 to 35 mm. The patient was advised to perform rigorous physiotherapy at home, to maintain interincisal opening of 35 mm...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169266/shade-selection-of-primary-maxillary-anterior-teeth-in-children-using-vitapan-classical-shade-guide
#5
Madhan Chenchugopal, Nilaya Reddy Venumbaka, Poornima Vijayakumar, Girija Selvaraju, Sakthivel Rajendran, Arun Elangovan
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the closest matching shade for primary maxillary anterior teeth from the most widely used Vitapan classical shade guide available for permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 children aged between 3 and 5 years were evaluated. Vitapan classical shade guide was used to determine the shade of six primary maxillary anterior teeth. Scores obtained were noted down in a scoring sheet and values were tabulated...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169265/evaluation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-and-cysteine-cathepsin-activity-in-dentin-hybrid-layer-by-gelatin-zymography
#6
Sekar Mahalaxmi, Manavalan Madhana Madhubala, Mahendran Jayaraman, Shanmugasundaram Sathyakumar
AIM: The aim of this study was to comparatively assess the gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases(MMPs) and Cysteine Cathepsins (CCs) in the adhesive interface using etch and rinse adhesive at different time intervals using zymographic technique. METHODOLOGY: Twenty freshly extracted non-carious human third molars were used in this study. Occlusal surfaces were ground flat and 1mm thick horizontal dentin slabs were obtained from each tooth using a diamond disc...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169264/in-vitro-study-of-the-effect-of-an-essential-oil-and-a-delmopinol-mouth-rinse-on-dental-plaque-bacteria
#7
Henrique Soares LuIs, Luis Soares Luis, Mário Bernardo
CONTEXT: Mouthrinses are used, by many of our patients, as a complement to daily dental hygiene routine. The use of a toothbrush and an interproximal cleaning method may not be enough to control dental plaque. Essential oils and delmopinol mouth rinses are effective for the prevention of dental caries and gingivitis. To study the effect of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on dental plaque bacteria, an in vitro study was developed. AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, and aerobic and anaerobic dental plaque nonspecific bacteria...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169263/comparison-of-soft-tissue-changes-in-simultaneous-maxillomandibular-distraction-with-mandibular-distraction-with-second-stage-maxillary-osteotomy
#8
S M Balaji, Preetha Balaji
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the frontal lip cant changes in common facial asymmetry (FA) cases after simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) and mandibular DO with maxillary orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of FA cases at tertiary craniofacial referral was performed. Patients of either gender with all medical imaging records and pre- and post-operative (1 year) facial photographs in natural head position were included in the study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169262/presence-of-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-in-saliva-and-cardiac-tissue-samples-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Elif Bozdogan, Nursen Topcuoglu, Gurkan Cetin, Ismail Haberal, Guven Kulekci, Oya Aktoren
AIM: The purpose of this study was to analyze the presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in saliva and cardiac tissue samples of children requiring cardiac surgery in Istanbul, Turkey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients (mean age: 6.24 ± 2.93) undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects (CHDs) and an age/gender-matched control group of 25 healthy children were enrolled in the study. Saliva samples were collected from all children; plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were also determined...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169261/comparative-evaluation-of-tooth-substance-loss-and-its-correlation-with-the-abrasivity-and-chemical-composition-of-different-dentifrices
#10
Ram Prakash Singh, Sidhartha Sharma, Ajay Logani, Naseem Shah, Surendra Singh
CONTEXT: In India, teeth cleaning with tooth powder is common in rural and semi-urban areas. These dentifrices may contain low-quality abrasives, which may have a deleterious effect on dental hard tissues. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the tooth substance loss caused by different dentifrices and to correlate it with chemical composition, size, and shape of abrasives used. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An indigenously made automated machine was used for brushing the specimens...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169260/evaluation-of-indirect-pulp-capping-using-three-different-materials-a-randomized-control-trial-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#11
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon, Ajay Logani, Gauri Kalra
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the most suitable material for indirect pulp treatment (IPT) clinically and to determine the thickness (in mm) and type of tissue in terms of radiodensity (in Hounsfield units [HU]) formed after pulp capping using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal interventional single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 94 children (7-12 years) with a deep carious lesion in one or more primary second molar and permanent first molar without the history of spontaneous pain indicated for indirect pulp capping (IPC) procedure...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169259/fluorescence-of-candida-in-diagnosis-of-oral-candidiasis
#12
L R Kumaraswamy Naik, Pushparaja Shetty, M S Krishna Prasad, Vimal Kumar Karnaker, Sarosh E Shroff, Lal P Madathil
BACKGROUND: Many pathogenic fungi fluoresce in hematoxylin and eosin stained sections, and Papanicolaou (PAP)-stained smears under ultraviolet illumination. In theory, this phenomenon could aid in the diagnosis of common fungal infections without the delay which is usually associated with special stains. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of fluorescence as a rapid screening technique for oral infections caused by Candida organisms in exfoliative smears of oral candidiasis...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169258/the-effect-of-indocyanine-green-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-scaling-and-root-planing-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-comparative-split-mouth-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Saurabh H Shingnapurkar, Dipika K Mitra, Mitali Suresh Kadav, Rohit A Shah, Silvia V Rodrigues, Saurabh S Prithyani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of adjunctive photodynamic therapy (PDT) (using 810 nm diode laser and Indocyanine green as photosensitizer) in chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with untreated chronic periodontitis were included. Treatment was done according to a split mouth design. All sites received periodontal treatment comprising scaling and root-planing (SRP). Test group were additionally treated with PDT. Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), Probing Pocket Depth (PPD) and Relative Attachment Level (RAL) were evaluated at baseline, 1 month and 3 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169257/estimation-of-serum-lactate-dehydrogenase-in-smokeless-tobacco-consumers
#14
Abinaya Chari, P Rajesh, S Prabhu
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Salivary and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been correlated with potentially malignant lesions. Salivary LDH levels require special testing and can be expensive. The need for a simple and cost-effective analysis tool is essential to detect the oral malignant lesions to benefit rural populations. AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the serum LDH in patients with oral lesions due to the consumption of smokeless tobacco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with lesions were selected for this study while twenty patients served as a control...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169256/stress-analysis-at-bone-implant-interface-of-single-and-two-implant-retained-mandibular-overdenture-using-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis
#15
Krishnakumar Lahoti, Anup Pathrabe, Jaykumar Gade
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to compare stress distribution on the bone between single implant-retained and two-implant-retained mandibular overdentures using three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two 3D finite element models were designed. The first model included single implant-supported mandibular overdenture placed in the midline of the mandible while the second model included two-implant-supported mandibular overdenture placed in the intra-foramen region, retained by ball attachment of the same diameter...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169255/provisioning-of-dental-health-in-public-hospitals-a-case-study-of-district-jalandhar-punjab
#16
Shaveta Menon
BACKGROUND: The Government of India is increasingly emphasizing the provisioning of dental services in public hospitals, but the rural and deprived sections are struggling to get basic dental procedures done in public hospitals. AIM: To study variations within and across public hospitals for provisioning of dental health settings in Jalandhar district of Punjab. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study area consisted of four Community Health Centers (CHCs) and District Hospital situated in Jalandhar, Punjab, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169254/influence-of-symmetric-and-asymmetric-alterations-of-maxillary-canine-gingival-margin-on-the-perception-of-smile-esthetics-among-orthodontists-dentists-and-laypersons
#17
Shashank Katiyar, Sumit Gandhi, Javed Sodawala, G Anita, Shaheen Hamdani, Suyog Jain
INTRODUCTION: Esthetics is one of the major concerns among people seeking orthodontic treatment, and its perception varies from person to person. Our objective was to determine the differences in the perception of smile esthetics among orthodontists, general dentists, and laypersons with respect to alteration in the maxillary canine gingival margin in close-up smile analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Close-up photograph of an ideal Indian female smile was selected...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169253/dental-students-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-indian-scenario
#18
Palak H Shah, Rashmi Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an upcoming imaging modality in field of dentistry with promising outcomes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the dental student's knowledge and attitude regarding CBCT in K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital as they are future practitioners. METHODOLOGY: An anonymous questionnaire consisting of 11 questions was distributed among 320 dental students which included final BDS students, interns, and postgraduate students...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169252/the-effect-of-traumatic-dental-occlusion-on-the-degradation-of-periodontal-bone-in-rats
#19
Daniela Atili Brandini, Marina Fuzette Amaral, Wilson Roberto Poi, Cláudio Aparecido Casatti, Antonius Ljj Bronckers, Vincent Everts, Igor Mariotto Beneti
CONTEXT: A better understanding of the relation between traumatic dental occlusion and periodontal changes is needed. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of osteoclastic activity in the periodontal bone in front of the traumatic dental occlusion in rat molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Traumatic dental occlusion (TO) was induced in twenty rats, which were sacrificed after periods of 2, 5, 7, and 14 days. Transversal histological sections of both jaws were stained with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and hematoxylin and eosin...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169251/levels-of-salivary-thiocyanate-and-its-relation-with-occurrence-of-micronuclei-using-exfoliative-cytology-in-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#20
Prachi Shrigopal Baldawa, Venkatesh V Kulkarni, Ajit V Koshy, Sabeer S Shaikh, Rucha Varu, Garima Srivastava
AIMS: To evaluate the levels of salivary thiocyanate and its relation with the occurrence of micronuclei (MN) using exfoliative cytology in smokers and nonsmokers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients were divided into 3 groups: nonsmoker group 1 (control), smokers group 2, and smokers group 3. Their saliva was collected and analyzed for thiocyanate levels, and exfoliative cytology was evaluated for the presence of MN. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Fisher's exact test and ANOVA test were used...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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