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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652025/chronic-periodontitis-prevalence-and-the-inflammatory-burden-in-a-sample-population-from-south-india
#1
S K Balaji, Vamsi Lavu, Suresh Rao
Context: Periodontal diseases are among the most prevalent oral diseases in the world. Apart from repercussions in the oral cavity, there is evidence that periodontitis contributes to systemic damage in chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and preterm low birth weight. Aims: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in a sample urban population (<18 years) in Tamil Nadu and to estimate the inflammatory burden posed by chronic periodontitis by calculating the periodontal inflammatory surface area...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652024/intra-alveolar-extraction-of-impacted-distoangular-mandibular-third-molars-a-novel-technique
#2
K Santhosh Kumar, A Emmanuel Dhiravia Sargunam, C Ravindran, Gvv Giri
Recent trends in maxillofacial surgery are to reduce the trauma to the adjacent soft tissue. The distoangular impaction presents a challenge to the maxillofacial surgeon and also results in more surgical morbidity. Here, we present a minimally invasive extraction technique for the distoangular mandibular third molar impaction.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652023/actinomycotic-osteomyelitis-of-palate-masquerading-periapical-pathology-a-rare-case-report
#3
Prachi Baldawa, Pallavi Shirol, Dinraj Kulkarni, Supriya Koshti, Nitu Mishra
Osteomyelitis is an infection that is challenging to manage due to the poor vascularization of bone that favors the proliferation of microorganisms. We report a case of osteomyelitis occurring in endodontically treated teeth in the maxillary palatal region. Clinically and radiographically, it was initially diagnosed as osteomyelitis and was treated accordingly with antibiotics for 1 year with no reported healing. Later, biopsy was done and the findings were consistent with that of chronic osteomyelitis in association with infection by Actinomyces organisms...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652022/permanent-mandibular-protostylid-a-rare-developmental-anomaly-and-its-overview
#4
Rajendran Appadurai, D Lingeshwar, Mary Shelloni Missier, S Valli Maila
Developmental malformations of the teeth might result in alterations of their size, shape, and structure. An accessory cusp is a developmental alteration to the shape of the teeth and is more commonly found in anterior teeth, and its occurrence in permanent molars is quite rare. Accessory cusps occurring in permanent mandibular molars are termed as protostylids. Although they do not pose any significant problem with respect to the function and occlusion, it is of tremendous importance in forensic odontology...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652021/an-unusual-presentation-of-ghost-cell-odontogenic-carcinoma-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#5
K Remya, S Sudha, Reshmi G Nair, H Jyothi
Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma (GCOC) is a malignant odontogenic epithelial tumor which is an exceedingly rare, highly aggressive, rapidly growing, and infiltrative tumor forming the malignant counterpart of long-standing benign cystic lesions coming in the spectrum of calcifying odontogenic cysts. To date, only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature. A case of unusual presentation of GCOC is presented and the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features are discussed along with a literature review...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652020/classification-systems-for-gingival-recession-and-suggestion-of-a-new-classification-system
#6
REVIEW
Nagappa Guttiganur, Shivanand Aspalli, Mukta V Sanikop, Anupama Desai, Reetika Gaddale, Archana Devanoorkar
Gingival recession is one of the most usual esthetic concerns associated with the periodontal tissues. Classification of such condition is important to diagnose, determine the prognosis, and frame the treatment plan. Various classifications have been put forward since decades to classify gingival recession. Miller's classification is the widely used classification among all classifications, but certain drawbacks have been noted in this classification. Therefore, an effort is made to review most commonly used classification systems for gingival recession, and their drawbacks further come up with a proposal of new classification system for gingival recession...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652019/efficacy-of-green-tea-based-mouthwashes-on-dental-plaque-and-gingival-inflammation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ankita Mathur, D Gopalakrishnan, Vini Mehta, S A Rizwan, Sahana Hegde Shetiya, Shreya Bagwe
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and if appropriate a meta-analysis of the efficacy of daily rinsing with green tea-based mouthwashes in terms of plaque index (PI) and/or gingival index (GI) as compared to other mouthwashes in plaque-induced gingivitis patients. Materials and Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, IndMed, Google Scholar, and major journals were searched for studies up to December 2016...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652018/restricted-mouth-opening-and-its-definitive-management-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652017/evaluation-of-kinetic-friction-between-regular-and-colored-titanium-molybdenum-alloy-archwires
#9
Lidhiya Alexander, Pradeep Babu Kommi, Nandakumar Arani, S Hanumanth, V Vijay Kumar, R Senkutvan Sabapathy
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the kinetic frictional properties of colored titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA) archwires (purple-coated TMA and honey dew-coated TMA) and the regular TMA archwires. Materials and Methods: The experiment comprised of three groups, Group I - Regular TMA archwires, Group II - Purple-coated TMA archwires, Group III - Honey dew-coated TMA wires involving 21 samples each that were evaluated for their frictional properties using Instron Universal Testing Machine...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652016/effect-of-inadequate-ferrule-segment-location-on-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth
#10
Satheesh B Haralur, Ahmed Fatis Alalyani, Mohammad Ali Almutiq, Abdulrahman Ahmed Alfaifi, Amer Abdullah Al-Shehri
Introduction: The circumferential 2 mm ferrule during the fabrication of the crown is strongly advocated for the long-term clinical success. During the routine clinical practice, the dentist encounters the endodontically treated tooth (ETT) with inadequacy of the ferrule in some segment due to caries, abrasion, and erosions. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the consequence of inadequate segmental ferrule location on fracture strength of the root canal-treated anterior and posterior teeth...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652015/a-comparative-evaluation-of-the-staining-capacity-of-microhybrid-and-nanohybrid-resin-based-composite-to-indian-spices-and-food-colorants-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Carounanidy Usha, Sathyanarayanan Rama Rao, Geena Mary George
Introduction: Resin composite restorative materials can mimic the natural color and shade of the tooth. However, exogenous colorants from food and drinks can stain them due to adsorption. The influence of Indian food colorants and spices on resin composite restorations has not been evaluated extensively. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the staining capacity of microhybrid and nanohybrid resin-based composites, to saffron extract, tandoori powder, and turmeric powder...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652014/bcl-x-expression-in-oral-cancer-comparison-between-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-verrucous-carcinoma
#12
Payal Shukla, Sudeendra Prabhu, Maji Jose, B H Sripathi Rao
Background: Verrucous carcinoma (VC) should be considered a distinct clinicopathologic entity different from the more common oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) because of its unique biological behavior. Best way to understand the behavior of these carcinomas is to study them by means of molecular methods, especially in tumor progression tests and Bcl-X is an important antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family and is one of the newest and most useful markers to determine the aggressiveness of many carcinomas...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652013/changing-trends-in-maxillofacial-trauma-a-15-years-retrospective-study-in-the-southern-part-of-haryana-india
#13
Ashish Gupta, Aby K Babu, Pankaj Bansal, Rahul Sharma, Sneha D Sharma
Objective: The aim is to analyze the pattern of maxillofacial injuries and treatment outcomes in the past 15 years (2002-2016). Materials and Methods: One thousand eight hundred and fifty patients from two tertiary referral center hospitals were studied retrospectively in which the age, sex, etiology, site of fracture, and treatment modality was recorded. Results: One thousand two hundred and twenty-eight males and 622 females were operated between 2002 and 2016...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652012/nature-and-pattern-of-primary-teeth-extractions-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-setting-in-south-india
#14
Shini Susan Samuel, Daniel Sathiya Sundaram Selvaraj, Jagadish Ebenezer, Grace Rebekah, Santosh Koshy
Background: Many studies have been carried out on the prevalence of dental diseases in children although not much information is available regarding its outcome among Indian children. Aim: The aim of the present study was to analyze the type of primary tooth extracted and the reasons for the extraction among children attending a tertiary care hospital in the Southern part of India. Materials and Methods: The dental records of pediatric patients who had visited the dental clinic of a tertiary care hospital located in Tamil Nadu, South India from December 2013 to November 2016 were reviewed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652011/quest-for-haller-cells-a-digital-orthopantomography-study
#15
Kavitaa Nedunchezhian, Nalini Aswath, A Amudhan
Aims: Haller Cells refer to the ethmoidal pneumatization and are the extensions of anterior ethmoid sinus into the floor of the orbit and superior aspect of the maxillary sinus, basically an anatomic variation. They may be associated with orofacial pain, sinusitis, nasal obstruction, impaired nasal breathing, headache, chronic cough, and mucocele. The aim of the present study was to identify, determine the prevalence and characteristics of Haller's cells on Digital orthopantomographs in patient's reporting to a dental institution in Chennai...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652010/a-survey-on-the-use-of-various-gingival-displacement-techniques-in-fixed-partial-denture-by-the-prosthodontists-in-vadodara-city
#16
Meghna Ashok Gadhavi, Narendra Nirmal, Himanshu Arora
Aims: To evaluate the use of various gingival displacement techniques prior to impression making in fixed partial dentures by the Prosthodontists in Vadodara. Settings and Design: Questionnaire based survey among prosthodontists in Vadodara city. Methods and Material: All the prosthodontists practitioners and those prosthodontists in academic institutes in Vadodara City, Gujarat, were surveyed through a questionnaire regarding their usage of gingival displacement technique and their reasons and methods of using gingival displacement technique for fixed partial denture...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652009/immunohistochemical-expression-of-polo-like-kinase-1-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#17
Kavitha Vittal, Sathasivasubramanian Sankara Pandian, Leena Dennis Joseph, Shilpa Germaine Raj
Context: Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is a critical molecule in the proliferation of several human cancers. Overexpression of PLK1 has been correlated with cancer cell proliferation and lower overall survival rates. Although PLK1 has been studied in various tumors, information regarding its expression in oral cancer and precancer is limited. Aims: This study is aimed at evaluating the expression of PLK1 in a potentially malignant and malignant disorder of the oral cavity, namely, oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), respectively, using the immunohistochemistry technique...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652008/efficacy-of-autogenous-fascia-lata-and-silicone-aurosling-in-correction-of-congenital-blepharoptosis-by-frontalis-suspension
#18
S M Balaji
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the outcomes of frontalis sling using fascia lata and silicone aurosling for congenital unilateral ptosis patients with poor levator function. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of archival cases from 22 patients from author's center. All the patients with unilateral ptosis with poor levator function were included excluding those having poor Bell's phenomenon and associated pathology like jaw winking, 3rd nerve misdirection, squint, impaired corneal sensitivity, and neoplastic lesions...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652007/objective-and-subjective-parameters-of-oral-health-in-south-indian-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
P R Geetha Priya, Sharath Asokan, D Kandaswamy
Background: Oral health of schoolchildren is a strong predictor of their overall well-being. This study was planned to assess and compare the objective and subjective parameters of oral health of South Indian school children. Methodology: Three hundred and sixty school children participated in this cross-sectional study. Their oral hygiene status, dental caries status, and treatment needs were assessed. Two questionnaires were filled by these children, to assess their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and their knowledge on oral health...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652006/comparison-of-interpupillary-distance-and-combined-mesiodistal-width-of-maxillary-central-incisor-teeth-in-two-ethnic-groups-of-northeast-india-an-in-vivo-study
#20
Jogeswar Barman, Sangma Serin
Background: Anthropometric measurements of the face can be used as a guide in selecting proper sized anterior teeth. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the interpupillary distance (IPD) and the combined mesiodistal width of maxillary central incisors (MDW of MCIs) to establish their morphometric criterion and their significance in two ethnic groups of Northeast India. Methodology: A total of 120 participants consisting of 60 indigenous students each from Assam and Meghalaya in the age group of 18-25 years were selected after taking their written consent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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