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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127209/is-screening-in-dental-office-an-effective-method-of-detecting-undiagnosed-hypertension
#1
Sadam Srinivas Rao, K V Ramana Reddy, Priyanka Nath, Sukhvinder Bindra, Gargi Jadaun
Background: Hypertension is an important worldwide public health challenge because of its high frequency and risk of cardiovascular and renal disease. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension as well as inadequately controlled hypertension among general population who sought tooth extraction at Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad. Materials and Methods: Only 1200 patients in the age group of 20-60 years who sought tooth extraction were included in the study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127208/an-orthopantomographic-study-of-prevalence-of-hypodontia-and-hyperdontia-in-permanent-dentition-in-vadodara-gujarat
#2
Harleen Kaur Soni, Manjiri Joshi, Hina Desai, Mansi Vasavada
Background: Developmental anomalies in the number of teeth can result from disturbances in the developing dental lamina of the tooth. The dental lamina may become hyperactive leading to the formation of a supernumerary tooth or may fail to proliferate leading to the congenital absence of a primary or permanent tooth. Aims: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and distribution of hypodontia and hyperdontia in permanent dentition, excluding the third molars in children in Vadodara, Gujarat...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127207/carcinoma-cuniculatum-in-the-tongue-of-a-patient-with-oral-lichen-planus-unusual-presentation
#3
Grasieli Oliveira Ramos, Gabriela de Luca Meyer, Fernanda Visioli, Martins Domingues Manoela, Marcia Gaiger Oliveira
Carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Only 27 cases have been published in English. A 50-year-old male, who presented a white nodule with erythematous areas, localized in the lateral border of the tongue with 2 months of duration. The patient presents oral lichen planus lesions on the tongue, commissure, and buccal mucosa. The microscopy evaluation of the nodular lesion of the tongue revealed a malignant epithelial neoplasia characterized by cuniculatum architecture, similar in appearance to "rabbit burrows" and the final diagnosis was of CC...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127206/bioroot-inlay-an-innovative-technique-in-teeth-with-wide-open-apex
#4
Hannah Rosaline, Mathan Rajan, Kandaswamy Deivanayagam, Shravya Y Reddy
This article reports an innovative technique in the treatment of a central incisor with a wide open apex and parallel dentinal walls. Root canal treatment was initiated, and calcium hydroxide intracanal medicament was placed in the canal for a month. The intracanal medicament was removed by instrumentation and irrigation with 3% sodium hypochlorite and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. A light body impression of the root canal space was made and replicated the three-dimensional root canal space in a putty impression...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127205/enamel-pearl-diagnosed-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-a-clinical-case-report
#5
Beatriz De Carvalho Silva Rocha, Johne Andrade, Claudia Scigliano Valerio, Flávio Ricardo Manzi
Little research has been performed on tomographic observations of the dental development anomaly known as enamel pearl. This article presents a clinical case report in which enamel pearl was detected through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). In this study, a patient was referred to undergo a CBCT of the left maxillary molar region, due to the patient's pain symptoms in this region. The CBCT showed the existence of an enamel pearl in tooth 27. A precise diagnosis made it possible for the patient to begin the preventive treatment against periodontal disease in tooth 27...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127204/oral-fibrolipoma-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#6
Rashmi Gs Phulari, Vidhi Soni, Trupti Pramod Talegaon, Gaurav Bakutra
Fibrolipoma is a benign tumor which is classified as a histological variant of conventional lipoma. It rarely occurs in oral and maxillofacial region. When present, it occurs as a soft, smooth surfaced nodular mass that can be pedunculated or sessile. Most of the lesions are less than 3 cm in size, although it may vary. Fibrolipomas mostly affect buccal mucosa and buccal vestibule and cause functional and cosmetic disabilities. Herniation of buccal pad of fat caused by trauma may also mimic lipoma. Hence, accurate histopathological examination of lipomas is important for a correct treatment plan...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127203/digital-dental-photography
#7
REVIEW
D Kalpana, Sanjana J Rao, Joel Koshy Joseph, Sampath Kumara Raju Kurapati
Photography has always been an integral part of dentistry. The journey goes back to the time when film photography was used only for documentation and referral purpose which has now evolved to digital photography. Its application in dental practice is simple, fast, and extremely useful in documenting procedures of work, education of patients, and pursuing clinical investigations, thus providing many benefits to the dentists and patients. The article describes the added benefits of digital dental photography over film photography, basic armamentarium for obtaining good photographs, and how digital dental photography is beneficial in the field of prosthodontics...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127202/-burden-of-the-triumph-burden-of-peri-implantitis-in-indian-population-a-mathematical-model
#8
Rooban Thavarajah, Rajasekaran Sudharsan, Immanuel Joseph, Joshua Elizabeth, Krishnamohan Rao Umadevi, Kannan Ranganathan
Context: India suffers from a heavy burden of oral diseases. Dental implants (DIs) are prescribed widely by the dental practitioners to replace lost natural teeth. There is no estimate, however, to determine the number of DIs or the number of people with peri-implantitis or the failure of implants after placement. In this modeling study, we attempted to estimate the prevalence of adult Indians who would choose DI in the near future and to calculate the peri-implantitis and failure of DI...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127201/remineralizing-potential-of-cpp-acp-in-white-spot-lesions-a-systematic-review
#9
K Indrapriyadharshini, P D Madan Kumar, Khushbu Sharma, Kiran Iyer
Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the long term remineralizing potential of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) only in paste form compared with fluoride varnish, and or placebo in both naturally occurring and post-orthodontic white spot lesions in vivo. Data Sources: The literature search covered the electronic databases: PubMed and Google scholar from 2005-2016. Only articles published in English were included. Randomized control trials in which CPP-ACP delivered by paste form were included...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127200/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-extended-pour-alginate-impression-materials-following-variable-storage-time-intervals-and-conditions
#10
Mohammed E Sayed, Praveen Gangadharappa
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the dimensional accuracy of the stone casts made of three extended pour alginate impressions materials (Cavex Colorchange, Kromopan, and Neocolloid) following storage under different storage conditions and pouring at different time intervals. Materials and Methods: A maxillary Frasaco (dentulous) model was selected as a standard model. Index holes of 1 mm depth and 1 mm diameter were made on the palatal cusp tips of right and left first premolars, mesiopalatal cusp tips of right and left third molars and in the midline of the palate, perpendicular to a line joining the index holes made on cusp tips of the first premolars as reference points for measurement...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127199/sex-determination-by-amplification-of-amelogenin-gene-from-dental-pulp-tissue-by-polymerase-chain-reaction
#11
Ripon Md Chowdhury, Abhishek Singhvi, Neeta Bagul, Sanya Bhatia, Gurdeep Singh, Surajit Goswami
Introduction: Forensic odontology necessarily involves the application of dentistry along with various other branches of sciences which deals with proper handling, examination, evaluation, and presentation of dental evidences, that aids to investigate a crime and deliver justice. Sex determination is a part of forensic odontology and an essential priority when traditional identification of the deceased becomes impossible. Aim: To determine Sex by analysis of the Amelogenin gene using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method on Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) isolated from dental pulp, which was exposed to various environmental conditions created artificially to mimic a forensic scenario...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127198/evaluation-of-the-fracture-resistance-of-premolars-with-extensive-and-medium-cavity-preparations-restored-with-direct-restoring-systems
#12
Larissa Fernanda Pottmaier, Ludmilla de Azevedo Linhares, Luiz Narciso Baratieri, Luiz Clovis Cardoso Vieira
Context: Studies have been conducted to measure the fracture resistance of restored teeth with the current restorative materials. However, most of those studies disregard the cavity size as an influencing variable. Aims: To evaluate the fracture resistance of prepared and restored maxillary premolars with medium and large preparations. Materials and Methods: Seventy superior and sound premolars were randomly divided: G1 (control) - sound tooth; G2, G3, and G4 received a Class II mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) preparation with an occlusal box width 1/3 of the intercuspal distance, and were restored with Filtek Z350 XT, IPS Empress Direct, and Charisma Diamond, respectively; G5, G6, and G7 received a Class II MOD preparation with an occlusal box width 2/3 of the intercuspal distance, and were restored with Filtek Z350 XT, IPS Empress Direct, and Charisma Diamond, respectively...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127197/comparison-of-two-different-matrix-band-systems-in-restoring-two-surface-cavities-in-posterior-teeth-done-by-senior-undergraduate-students-at-qassim-university-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Muhammad Z Ahmad, Rahul N Gaikwad, Bilal Arjumand
Context: Dental students commonly face the problem of overhanging proximal margins and unsatisfactory proximal contact points (PCPs) while restoring Class II cavities in posterior teeth. Various matrix band systems are used in dental clinics to avoid such problems. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of two matrix band systems, circumferential matrix system and sectional matrix system on the PCPs and contours when restoring Class II cavities in posterior teeth...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127196/surgical-management-of-chronic-temporomandibular-joint-dislocations
#14
S M Balaji, Preetha Balaji
Introduction: Temporomandibular joint dislocation is described as the movement of mandibular condyle out of the fossa beyond its anatomical and functional boundaries causing pain and discomfort. It is often managed by conservative methods, but in long-standing, chronic conditions, surgical treatment is the only option. The goal of surgical treatment is to reposition the condyle and prevent further recurrences. Materials and Methods: This retrospective analysis involving a single center and a surgeon with 19 patients and 23 joint surgeries performed over a 10-year period...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127195/the-analysis-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-periodontal-diseases
#15
Nila Kasuma, Fadil Oenzil, Eryati Darwin, Yanwirasti Sofyan
Background: Periodontal disease, also generally called periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection-induced inflammatory disease that causes tooth loss if not properly treated, and is considered as a modifying factor in systemic health. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is an inflammatory marker found in periodontal pathologic conditions. Gingivitis, a nondestructive type of periodontal disease, can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Therefore, assessing the level of MMP-8 with comfortable methods and no tissue intervention can determine the progression of the periodontal disease for a better treatment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127194/effectiveness-of-xylitol-and-polyol-chewing-gum-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Eby Aluckal, Anil V Ankola
Introduction: Dental caries is a multi-factorial, infectious disease, the prevention of which is based on multifaceted approaches. Chewing sugar-free gum has potential beneficial effects on dental health. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess and compare the effectiveness of xylitol and polyol chewing gums on salivary Streptococcus mutans in 12-15 years old schoolchildren residing in hostels in Belgaum city. The acceptability of the two chewing gums was also assessed...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127193/a-study-to-correlate-various-facial-landmarks-with-intercanine-distance
#17
Shuchi Tripathi, Raghuwar D Singh, Pooran Chand, Lakshya Kumar, Gulshan K Singh
Context: Ideal interaction of dental and facial beauty proportions highly influences a harmonious facial appearance. Racial anatomical variations have been significantly noted and using these norms during prosthodontic rehabilitation will be greatly helpful in successful treatment outcome. Aim: The present study aims to correlate various facial landmarks (interpupillary distance [IPD], intercanthal width, bizygomatic width [BZW], and interalar width) with intercanine distance (ICaD) in Indian young adults to determine the mesiodistal width of the maxillary anterior teeth in edentulous patients...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127192/a-crossover-clinical-trial-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-different-oral-hygiene-regimens-on-the-reduction-of-morning-bad-breath-in-healthy-young-adults
#18
Charu Khurana, Shourya Tandon, B R Chinmaya
Context: Bad breath causes embarrassment and affects interpersonal social communication. Morning breath odor is a commonly encountered oral problem which should be rectified with effective oral hygiene measure. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effectiveness of different oral hygiene regimens on the reduction of morning bad breath, plaque formation, and gingivitis in healthy young adults. Settings and Design: A four-step, crossover clinical trial was conducted among 40 young adults aged 18-22 years residing in one of the nongovernmental organizations in New Delhi...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127191/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-2-6-year-old-anganwadi-children-in-nellore-district-andhra-pradesh-india-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
K Vandana, S Harikrishna Raju, Reddeppa Reddy Badepalli, J Narendrababu, Chandrasekhara Reddy, K M Sudhir
Purpose/Objectives: The objective of this study is to study the prevalence and associated risk determinants of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was designed to assess the ECC prevalence and associated risk factors among preschool children in Anganwadi of Nellore district using a standardized questionnaire. Results: A total of 550 study participants of age 2-6 years are enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127190/clinical-evaluation-of-color-change-and-tooth-sensitivity-with-in-office-and-home-bleaching-treatments
#20
Athaluri Mounika, Jyothi Mandava, B Roopesh, Girish Karri
Background: Among the number of vital bleaching techniques currently available to the clinicians, home bleaching and in-office bleaching are widely used in dental practice. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this in vivo study was to compare the clinical performance, durability, and related tooth sensitivity with two vital bleaching procedures (in-office and at-home bleaching), in a split-mouth design. Patients and Methods: Thirty adult participants having teeth shade mean of A2 or darker were selected for the study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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