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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900928/cystadenocarcinoma-of-the-mandible
#1
Jinisha Madathil, Nileena R Kumar, P Shiny
Papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the salivary gland is a rare malignant tumor and occurs in major and minor salivary glands. Papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the mandible is exceptionally rare. It is usually a low-grade destructive tumor with a papillary and cystic architecture. This case describes a unique presentation, location, and radiographic appearance of this lesion.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900927/treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-and-unerupted-upper-canines-with-self-ligating-appliance
#2
Rita Catia Brás Bariani, Carlos Henrique Guimarães, Wilana Silva Moura, Cristina Lucia Feijó Ortolani, Josß Fernando Castanha Henriques, Silvio Augusto Pereira-Bellini
Treatments without tooth extractions have become more popular over the last two decades. In this context, expansion of the maxillary arch is an interesting treatment option for cases in which space is required and other factors not favoring extractions (such as the facial profile) are present. According to several authors, this posterior expansion can be obtained using a system comprising self-ligating brackets and superelastic nickel-titanium arches. The present article aims to report a case of a young patient with Class II, Division 2 malocclusion, with impacted upper canines and significant arch length-tooth discrepancy...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900926/assessment-of-oral-health-status-and-associated-lifestyle-factors-among-malaysian-fishermen-in-teluk-bahang-penang-an-analytical-cross-sectional-study
#3
Manjit Kaur Doola Singh, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Abdul Rashid
Background: Given background sparsity of country-specific literature evidence, and the pervasive unhealthy lifestyle habits such as tobacco, alcohol use, and high sugar consumption among fishermen, the aim of this study was to assess the oral health status and associated lifestyle factors among Malaysian fishermen in Teluk Bahang, Penang. Subjects and Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional design, we used simple random sampling technique to select 242 multiracial Malaysian male fishermen aged between 18 and 75 years from five fishing villages located at Gurney Drive, Tanjong Tokong, Tanjong Bungah, Batu Ferringhi, and Teluk Bahang to participate in this study...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900925/burden-of-dental-diseases-in-india-as-compared-to-south-asia-an-insight
#4
S M Balaji
Introduction: In the recent past, the level of prevalence and incidence of dental caries and periodontal diseases in India and its comparison with South-Asian neighbors have not been reported. The manuscript estimates the same using the global disease burden 2016 approach. Materials and Methods: Secondary data analysis of primary data presented by Vos et al., 2016, was used for this study. Data from the global burden of disease, data at https://vizhub.healthdata...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900924/begg-s-mechanotherapy-revisited
#5
Sumita Mishra
The Begg's light wire technique is a simple technique that is capable of producing good results with minimum efforts. It is an easy technique requiring a simplistic diagnosis and stereotype treatment. However, it lost popularity due to its projection as a "cook book" treatment and an overemphasis on extractions, based on theory of attritional occlusion. Here, a review is presented on various cases treated with Begg's mechanotherapy encompassing its advantages and disadvantages.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900923/utility-of-facebow-in-the-fabrication-of-complete-dentures-occlusal-splints-and-full-arch-fixed-dental-prostheses-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Aiman Sheikh
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the utility of facebow transfer in the fabrication of occlusal splints, complete dentures and full arch fixed dental prosthesis. Materials and Methods: A systematic review protocol was registered at PROSPERO registry, University of York, UK (CRD42016041919). Following databases were explored: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of knowledge. The PICO model included participants who received occlusal splint or complete denture or full arch fixed dental prosthesis at the centric relation position...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900922/a-systematic-analysis-on-possibility-of-water-fluoridation-causing-hypothyroidism
#7
REVIEW
Nallan C S K Chaitanya, P Karunakar, Neeharika Satya Jyothi Allam, M Hima Priya, B Alekhya, Shaguftha Nauseen
Background: Community water fluoridation is widely used worldwide and its role in preventive dental health care is well established. However, there is sufficient evidence of the ill effects of excessive fluoride content in water, causing skeletal and dental fluorosis. Alongside, there was also extraskeletal and dental manifestations of excessive fluorides reported. They include the effect on thyroid function, but the literature regarding this is sparse. Aim: The present systematic review aims to analyze the data from controlled studies about the effect of fluoride on thyroid function...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900921/effect-of-conventional-and-microwave-glazing-on-surface-roughness-of-metal-ceramics-an-atomic-force-microscopy-analysis
#8
Akanksha Sachdeva, Nayana Prabhu, B Dhanasekar, I N Aparna
Purpose: This study investigated and compared the surface roughness achieved by glazing porcelain samples in a conventional and a microwave oven. Materials and Methods: Two commercial brands of metal ceramics were used, VITA VMK MASTER and IPS CLASSIC. Sixty samples were fabricated, 30 for each type of ceramic. The samples were sintered in the conventional oven and hand-polished to remove any irregularities. Samples (n = 10) from each type of ceramic were further divided into three groups as follows: hand-polished (Group A), conventional oven glazed (Group B), and microwave glazed (Group C)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900920/effectiveness-of-nanoparticles-solutions-and-conventional-endodontic-irrigants-against-enterococcus-faecalis-biofilm
#9
Josiane de Almeida, Bruna Casagrande Cechella, Anarela Vassen Bernardi, Andrea de Lima Pimenta, Wilson Tadeu Felippe
Context: To overcome the challenge imposed by the presence of biofilm and reach significant bacterial reduction of the root canals, many irrigants have been indicated during endodontic treatment, among them nanoparticles solutions. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of experimental solutions containing silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO Np) and conventional endodontic irrigants against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm, in root canals. Methods: Seventy-six extracted human teeth were biomechanically prepared and sterilized...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900919/assessing-the-nicotine-content-of-smoked-and-smokeless-forms-of-tobacco-available-in-bhopal
#10
H V Amith, Deepali Agrawal, Abhishek Gupta, Tarani Prakash Shrivastava, Bharathi M Purohit, Garima Bhambhani
Context: Abuse of tobacco, such as drug and alcohol abuse, is a worldwide public health problem. Once a person is addicted to nicotine, quitting smoking is difficult. A measure of the addictive potential of tobacco products is the amount of nicotine available from them. The present study is an attempt to assess the nicotine content of tobacco products available in Bhopal. Aims: This study aims to assess the nicotine content of some popular brands of smoked (cigarettes and bidis) and chewed forms (pan masalas containing tobacco) of tobacco available in Bhopal...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900918/expression-of-vimentin-and-cd44-in-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-a-role-in-tumor-growth
#11
Soussan Irani, Bahar Jafari
Background: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) may participate in angiogenesis by lining the wall of tumor vessels. Aim: The current study aimed to present the role of vimentin and CD44 in inducing vasculogenic mimicry (VM) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in different grades of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). Materials and Methods: A total of 63 MEC samples were collected from the archive of Department of Pathology of Taleghani Educational Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900917/correlation-of-radiovisuographic-analysis-of-interdental-and-interradicular-bone-loss-in-furcation-involvement-of-mandibular-first-molars-a-retrospective-study
#12
Parichaya Batra, Sushma Das, Sarika Jain
Background and Objectives: The presence of furcation involvement represents a formidable problem in the treatment of periodontal disease. Advances in radiographic analysis such as radiovisuographic (RVG) aid in the early diagnosis and treatment planning, which is critical for long-term success. The present investigation aims to correlate the interdental and interradicular bone loss in chronic periodontitis patients so as to explore the potential of interdental bone loss as a rough approximate screening tool for early furcation diagnosis in mandibular first molar...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900916/trends-in-dental-caries-in-indian-children-for-the-past-25-years
#13
Abhishek Mehta
Background: The economic liberalization which was started 25 years back in India has led to a rising gross domestic product and per capita income and a decline in poverty. There has been an improvement in various health status indicators in the Indian population. As oral health is an integral part of general health, a retrospective study was designed to assess the effect of economic liberalization on dental caries experience in Indian children. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted to find studies done on dental caries prevalence in children in India from the year 1992-2016...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900915/dental-caries-and-fluorosis-among-children-in-lebanon
#14
Mounir Doumit, Bassel Doughan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess caries and enamel fluorosis in a sample of 1433 children aged 6-8, 12, and 15 years from 48 schools in 6 regions of Lebanon, selected by probability proportional to size. Methods: Children were examined according to the World Health Organization criteria. Results: Our results showed a mean of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) of 0.6 (dft of 5.15), 3.42, and 5.44 corresponding respectively to the groups of 6-8-, 12-, and 15-year-old children...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900914/abo-blood-grouping-a-potential-risk-factor-for-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
Aim: The paradigm of etiology of early childhood caries (ECC) is shifting toward genetics. Of various inherited factors, blood group of an individual is genetically determined. The aim of the study is to determine if blood group of an individual will serve as a potential risk factor in the development of ECC. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chennai. Blood samples were collected from a total of 500 children <71 months of age for determination of the blood group...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900913/a-comparative-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-lycopene-and-curcumin-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Gargi Saran, Deepak Umapathy, Neeta Misra, Shivakumar Ganiga Channaiah, Priya Singh, Saurabh Srivastava, Sahana Shivakumar
Background: : Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a most prevalent potentially malignant disorder associated with betel quid chewing frequently observed in the Indian population. The present study conducted is much of a keen interest because there is much new information, both in the press and the medical literature, about the benefits of fresh fruits and vegetables and antioxidants (such as lycopene and curcumin) for both prevention and treatment of diseases. As clinicians, we often prescribe medications with significant adverse effects, and certainly, if armed with evidence to support using such antioxidants as safer therapeutic alternatives for treatment of OSMF...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900912/evaluation-of-periodontal-response-to-nonsurgical-therapy-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-with-periodontitis
#17
Chinta Sumadhura, Jammula Surya Prasanna, Chinta Sindhura, Parupalli Karunakar
Context: : The influence of sex steroid hormones on periodontium can be lowered with good plaque control. Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate periodontal status in pre- and post-menopausal women with periodontitis following nonsurgical therapy. Settings and Design: Interventional pre-post clinical trial. Subjects and Methods: Periodontal status was measured by periodontal index (PRI), and oral hygiene status was measured by plaque index (PI)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900911/canonical-wnt-pathway-gene-expression-and-their-clinical-correlation-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Madhulaxmi Marimuthu, Manoharan Andiappan, Abdul Wahab, M R Muthusekhar, Anandan Balakrishnan, Sambandham Shanmugam
Aim: The aim of this study is to explore the prognostic significance and clinicopathological correlations of the Wnt pathway genes in a cohort of surgically treated patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients. Settings and Design: A prospective genetic study on patients with OSCC was carried out during the period from July 2014 to January 2016. Informed consent from patients and institutional ethical approval for the study was obtained and the guidelines were strictly followed for collection of samples...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900910/cephalometric-aspects-of-thalassemic-children-in-the-indian-subcontinent-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Amit Anand Samba, Praveen Haricharan Bhoopathi, Rajasekaran Meenakshi Sundaram, Anil Kumar Patil, Balaji Vishwanatham Gupta, Vishwa Tejashwar Rao
Objectives: To compare the cephalometric characteristics of thalassemic children in the Indian subcontinent with the controls, matched for sex and dental age. Methodology: A total of 31 thalassemic children were a part of the study. Cephalometric readings were recorded for the study and the control group. Results: Within the Group I stage, the anterior cranial base length was 68.40±2.93 mm, shorter when compared to the control group. In the Group II stage, the maxillary/mandibular angle was 31...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900909/effect-of-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy-on-interleukin-34-levels-in-periodontal-health-and-disease
#20
C N Guruprasad, A R Pradeep
Background: Interleukin-34 (IL-34) is a recently identified alternative ligand for colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor plays an important role in osteoclastogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the IL-34 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma in subjects with chronic periodontitis and to evaluate the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on the GCF and plasma IL-34 levels. Materials and Methods: Thirty individuals (age range: 30-56 years) were selected and divided into groups based on the gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and radiologic parameters (bone loss): Group I (15 individuals with healthy periodontium), Group II (15 individuals with chronic generalized periodontitis) while Group II patients after 8 weeks of the treatment (scaling and root planning) constituted Group III...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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