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Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

Alix Gould-Werth, Katherine Morrison, Yonatan Ben-Shalom
Introduction Timely and appropriate accommodations can help employees who experience disabilities stay at work instead of exiting the labor force. Employers can play a critical role in connecting such workers with the accommodations they need. This qualitative study seeks to inform policy makers who want to improve workforce retention outcomes by uncovering factors that affect whether employers provide accommodations to, and ultimately retain, employees with disabilities. Methods We conducted semistructured interviews with a convenience sample of human resources professionals in 14 Arkansas-based employers, yielding detailed information on 50 cases in which an employee developed or disclosed a disability...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Emelien A Kadijk, Swenneke van den Heuvel, Jan Fekke Ybema, Fenna R M Leijten
Purpose With an ageing workforce, employees are increasingly confronted with multi-morbidity. Especially physical and mental health problems often occur together. This study aims to (i) explore the effect of multi-morbidity on work ability of ageing employees, more specifically the effects of the number of health problems and the combination of physical and mental health problems, and to (ii) explore to what extent the effects of physical and mental health problems on work ability are explained by applying differing coping styles...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Riitta Kärkkäinen, Terhi Saaranen, Kimmo Räsänen
Introduction Return-to-work (RTW) coordinators facilitate RTW of workers with work disabilities. However, little is known about RTW coordinators' practices for workers with burnout. The aims of this study were to describe RTW coordinators' activities in supporting workers with burnout during the RTW process, and their experiences with factors influencing the support. Methods Interviews and essay assignments were conducted with 15 RTW coordinators employed in universities and central hospitals in Finland. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Objectives To assess changes in participants' expectations about length of sick leave during Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based occupational rehabilitation, and whether the change in expectations was associated with future work participation. Methods Cohort study with 9 months follow-up including sick listed workers who took part in one of two randomized controlled trials. The change in expectations about length of sick leave were assessed using a test of marginal homogeneity. Furthermore, linear and logistic regression evaluated associations between changes in expectations and sustainable return to work (RTW) and work participation days...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
H J Bieleman, R Stewart, M F Reneman, W M van Ittersum, C P van der Schans, K W Drossaers-Bakker, F G J Oosterveld
Purpose To evaluate the 5-year course of physical work capacity of participants with early symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and/or the knee; to identify trajectories and explore the relationship between trajectories and covariates. Methods In a prospective cohort study, physical work capacity was measured at baseline, using a test protocol (functional capacity evaluation) consisting of work-related physical activities. Participants were invited to participate in 1, 2 and 5 year follow-up measurements...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Laure Vieux, Amira A Simcox, Zakia Mediouni, Pascal Wild, Michael Koller, Regina K Studer, Brigitta Danuser
Background Return to work with or after a chronic disease is not a very well understood process, influenced by a variety of personal, professional, societal and medical factors. The aim of this study is to identify predictors for return to work 12 months after a solid organ transplant applying a bio-psycho-social model. Methods This study is based on patients included in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study, a national prospective multicentre cohort, who underwent a first solid organ transplant (kidney, liver, heart, lung)...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Fiona Nouri, Carol Coole, Melanie Narayanasamy, Paul Baker, Sayeed Khan, Avril Drummond
Introduction There is little research on return to work (RTW) from a workplace perspective following hip and knee replacement (THR/TKR) despite employers and other workplace personnel having a key role. Our aim was to explore the experiences of individuals in the workplace in managing employees undergoing THR/TKR. Methods Employers and other workplace representatives from a cross-section of employment sectors and sizes, with experience of managing employees undergoing THR/TKR in the previous 12 months, were recruited...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Dana Yagil, Nofar Eshed-Lavi, Rafi Carel, Miri Cohen
Purpose Returning to work is highly beneficial for many cancer survivors. While research has documented the significance of healthcare professionals in the process of return to work (RTW), very little is known about those professionals' views regarding their responsibility for RTW. The purpose of the present study was to identify factors that predict the extent to which healthcare professionals view involvement in the RTW of cancer survivors as part of their role. Methods In a cross-sectional design, questionnaires measuring attitudes regarding personal role responsibility for RTW, team role responsibility for RTW and benefits of RTW were administered to 157 healthcare professionals who care for working-age cancer survivors: oncologists, occupational physicians, family physicians, oncology nurses, oncology social workers, and psychologists...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Marion Freyer, Maren Formazin, Uwe Rose
Purpose The Work Ability Index (WAI) is a routinely applied instrument for the assessment of work ability. It is a single score index, based on the implicit assumption of a single factor underlying the construct of work ability. The few studies with a focus on the WAI's factor structure are mainly based on non-representative samples. The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure of the WAI within a representative sample of employees working in Germany, applying analysis procedures that consider the metric of the variables...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Sietske J Tamminga, Marije D J Wolvers, Michiel A Greidanus, AnneClaire G N M Zaman, Anna M Braspenning, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
Purpose and methods Cancer survivors have a higher risk of adverse work outcomes such as not being able to return to work (RTW). The process of returning to work is complex as a result of the diverse stakeholders and numerous factors involved related to the employee diagnosed with cancer, the work environment, health care system, and the legal system. One of the key stakeholders is the employer, as the employer is in the position to facilitate work accommodations. Therefore, the purpose of this brief review is to consider opportunities regarding the role of the employer to enhance the work participation of employees with cancer...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Marie-France Bastien, Marc Corbière
The magnitude of economic and social costs related to common mental disorders has a profound impact on the workplace. Returning to work following depression is, therefore, a major issue for all stakeholders involved (employee, employer, human resources director, union, physician, etc.). Considering their role in the organization, Human Resources Directors (HRD) and employers have a decisive impact on the return-to-work (RTW) process. Purpose This study aims to determine which RTW accommodations are implemented, following depression, by one of the central stakeholders: HRD and employers...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
M A Greidanus, S J Tamminga, A E de Rijk, M H W Frings-Dresen, A G E M de Boer
Purpose Employers are important stakeholders in the return to work (RTW) of employees with cancer. However, it is unclear what employer actions are most important to that process. The objective, therefore, was to reach consensus on what employer actions are considered most important for the RTW of employees with cancer, by employers and employees separately. Methods A two-round online Delphi study was conducted with two expert panels: one with 23 employers and one with 29 employees with cancer. The results from each panel were analysed separately...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
G Sowden, C J Main, D A van der Windt, K Burton, G Wynne-Jones
Purpose There are substantial costs associated with sickness absence and struggling at work however existing services in the UK are largely restricted to those absent from work for greater than 6 months. This paper details the development of an early Vocational Advice Intervention (VAI) for adult primary care consulters who were struggling at work or absent due to musculoskeletal pain, and the structure and content of the training and mentoring package developed to equip the Vocational Advisors (VAs) to deliver the VAI, as part of the Study of Work and Pain (SWAP) cluster randomised trial...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Magdalena Wrzesińska, Katarzyna Binder, Klaudia Tabała, Anna Lipert, Elżbieta Miller
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of burnout syndrome and quality of life (QoL) among Polish massage therapists, and determine their relationship with sociodemographic and work-related variables. Methods A group of 43 participants aged 28-63, who were blind or poor-sighted were recruited for the study. They were surveyed with sociodemographic data questionnaire and the Polish versions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and WHOQOL-BREF. Results The overall level of exhaustion was 6...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Shu-Jen Lu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Chia-Feng Yen, Feng-Hang Chang, Yen-Ling Chen, Reuben Escorpizo, David R Strauser, Ay-Woan Pan
Purpose Since the vocational outcomes of people with schizophrenia should be viewed in a holistic way, the second edition of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) might provide an evaluation regarding employment potential. To determine whether the WHODAS 2.0 scores can be used to predict employment status, we examined the probabilistic cut-off values of the scores and analyzed the relationship between work status and demographic characteristics. Methods We selected 31,793 people aged between 18 and 65 with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder from the disability evaluation database in Taiwan and separated them into two groups based on employment status (employed and unemployed)...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Jone Ansuategui Echeita, Matthias Bethge, Berry J van Holland, Douglas P Gross, Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Maurizio A Trippolini, Elizabeth Chapman, Andy S K Cheng, Robert Sellars, Megan Spavins, Marco Streibelt, Peter van der Wurff, Michiel F Reneman
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the Table 2. The data under column head "Left handgrip strength (n = 336)" was erroneously omitted during the production process. The corrected Table 2 is given below.
June 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Steffen Torp, Alain Paraponaris, Elke Van Hoof, Marja-Liisa Lindbohm, Sietske J Tamminga, Caroline Alleaume, Nick Van Campenhout, Linda Sharp, Angela G E M de Boer
Purpose To describe: (i) patterns of self-employment and social welfare provisions for self-employed and salaried workers in several European countries; (ii) work-related outcomes after cancer in self-employed people and to compare these with the work-related outcomes of salaried survivors within each sample; and (iii) work-related outcomes for self-employed cancer survivors across countries. Methods Data from 11 samples from seven European countries were included. All samples had cross-sectional survey data on work outcomes in self-employed and salaried cancer survivors who were working at time of diagnosis (n = 22-261 self-employed/101-1871 salaried)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Monika E Finger, Virginie Wicki-Roten, Bertrand Leger, Reuben Escorpizo
Purpose The Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) is a patient-reported instrument to assess work related functioning in vocational rehabilitation (VR) and work, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core set for VR. The objective of this study was to cross-culturally adapt WORQ to French and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods The cross-cultural adaptation followed a dual-panel approach. Psychometrics was examined in one VR-centre in the French speaking part of Switzerland...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Annette M Bourbonniere, David R Mann
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the article title. The text "Rhode Island's" inadvertently omitted in the original publication.
June 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Conor Rothwell, Jennifer Ashton, Roisin Breen, Oriel Corcoran, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Deirdre Desmond
Purpose To assess self-reported work impacts and associations between psychosocial risk factors and work impairment amongst workers seeking care for musculoskeletal pain while continuing to work. Methods Patients were recruited from Musculoskeletal Assessment Clinics at 5 hospitals across Ireland. Participants completed questionnaires including assessments of work impairment (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire), work ability (single item from the Work Ability Index) and work performance (Work Role Functioning Questionnaire; WRFQ)...
September 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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