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Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908523/evaluation-of-the-small-intestine
#1
EDITORIAL
Lauren B Gerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908522/small-intestine-exploring-the-last-great-frontier-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#2
EDITORIAL
Charles J Lightdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908521/neoplastic-diseases-of-the-small-bowel
#3
REVIEW
Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Diana E Yung, Surekha N Reddy, Julius Georgiou, Marco Pennazio
The incidence of small bowel tumors is increasing over time. Until recently, their diagnosis was delayed and it was often reached only at the time of surgery. New diagnostic tools, such as capsule endoscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy, and dedicated small bowel cross-sectional imaging techniques, have been introduced recently in clinical practice. The combination of these tools allows medical practitioners to detect small bowel tumors at an early stage and to reach a definite diagnosis before surgery, thus enabling minimally invasive treatments...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908520/diagnosis-and-updates-in-celiac-disease
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Shannahan, Daniel A Leffler
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder induced by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. It can result in intraintestinal and extraintestinal manifestations of disease including diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, osteoporosis, or lymphoma. Diagnosis of celiac disease is made through initial serologic testing and then confirmed by histopathologic examination of duodenal biopsies. Generally celiac disease is a benign disorder with a good prognosis in those who adhere to a gluten-free diet. However, in refractory disease, complications may develop that warrant additional testing with more advanced radiologic and endoscopic methods...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908519/inflammatory-disorders-of-the-small-bowel
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan A Leighton, Shabana F Pasha
The most common small bowel inflammatory disorders include Crohn disease, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) enteropathy, and celiac disease. Capsule endoscopy, computed tomography enterography, and magnetic resonance enterography have a complementary role in the diagnosis of Crohn disease and evaluation of patients with established Crohn disease. The higher risk of capsule retention with known Crohn disease and NSAID enteropathy can be minimized by cross-sectional imaging or the patency capsule. The main role of deep enteroscopy is tissue diagnosis, endoscopic management of small bowel lesions and strictures, and retrieval of retained capsules...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908518/gastrointestinal-angiodysplasia-diagnosis-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Christian S Jackson, Richard Strong
Gastrointestinal angiodysplasia (GIAD) are red flat arborized lesions that are found throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract. GIAD can vary in size and have a range of presentation from occult to life-threatening bleeding. The typical presentation is intermittent bleeding in the setting of iron deficiency anemia. Endoscopy is the primary means of diagnosis and endoscopic therapy is noted to be initially effective. However, rebleeding can be as high as 40% to 50% in patients with small bowel GIAD. This review describes the pathophysiology for the development of GIAD and the current roles of endoscopic, medical, and surgical therapy in its treatment...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908517/small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-normal-findings-and-normal-variants-of-the-small-bowel
#7
REVIEW
Marco Pennazio, Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) remains the gold standard for practice for the diagnosis of small bowel disorders. A rather challenging task, for those who start to use this diagnostic modality, is the recognition of the typical anatomic landmarks and the distinction of normal small bowel anatomy from abnormal findings. The reader of SBCE images may also often encounter unusual views of the normal anatomy as well as various artifacts that need to be distinguished from pathologic findings. Experience gained through standard endoscopy is invaluable to the interpretation of capsule examinations; however, formalized training and credentialing in reading competency are essential...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908516/small-bowel-bleeding-updated-algorithm-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Lauren B Gerson
Patients previously classified with "obscure gastrointestinal hemorrhage" should now be classified as "suspected small bowel bleeding" according to the 2015 American College of Gastroenterology guidelines. This article provides algorithms for how to manage patients with suspected small bowel bleeding, including utilization of second-look endoscopy and/or colonoscopy, video capsule endoscopy, computed tomographic enterography, magnetic resonance enterography, angiography, and deep enteroscopy.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908515/intraoperative-enteroscopy-is-there-still-a-role
#9
REVIEW
Thibault Voron, Gabriel Rahmi, Stephane Bonnet, Georgia Malamut, Philippe Wind, Christophe Cellier, Anne Berger, Richard Douard
Intraoperative enteroscopy (IOE) to explore obscure gastrointestinal bleeding is now rarely indicated. IOE allows complete small bowel exploration in 57% to 100% of cases, finds a bleeding source in 80% of cases, allows the recurrence-free management of gastrointestinal bleeding in 76% of cases, but carries a high morbidity and mortality. IOE only remains indicated to guide the intraoperative treatment of preoperatively identified small bowel lesions when nonoperative treatments are unavailable and/or when intraoperative localization by external examination is impossible...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908514/video-capsule-endoscopy-technology-reading-and-troubleshooting
#10
REVIEW
Jodie A Barkin, Jamie S Barkin
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has completed the endoscopic visualization of the entire luminal gastrointestinal tract. VCE can be performed in inpatients and outpatients, requires appropriate bowel preparation before the study, and can be administered via oral swallowing or endoscopic device placement into the small bowel based on outlined patient-dependent factors. Current commercially available VCE systems were reviewed and compared for individual features and attributes. This article focuses on preparation for VCE, currently available VCE technology, how to read a VCE study, and risks and contraindications to VCE...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908513/small-bowel-imaging-computed-tomography-enterography-magnetic-resonance-enterography-angiography-and-nuclear-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Jeff L Fidler, Ajit H Goenka, Chad J Fleming, James C Andrews
Radiology examinations play a major role in the diagnosis, management, and surveillance of small bowel diseases and are complementary to endoscopic techniques. Computed tomography enterography and magnetic resonance enterography are the cross-sectional imaging studies of choice for many small bowel diseases. Angiography still plays an important role for catheter-directed therapies. With the emergence of hybrid imaging techniques, radionuclide imaging has shown promise for the evaluation of small bowel bleeding and Crohn disease and may play a larger role in the future...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908512/single-balloon-enteroscopy
#12
REVIEW
Philipp Lenz, Dirk Domagk
Single-balloon enteroscopy is among 3 device-assisted enteroscopy systems on the market. Compared with double-balloon enteroscopy, no significant difference in diagnostic yield was found. Additionally, no significant difference was found in oral and anal insertion depth, adverse events, or procedure times. Some studies observed lower complete enteroscopy rates, which have evidently no diagnostic impact. With a learning curve of around 30 procedures, the single-balloon endoscope is a safe endoscopic tool, which seems equally suitable for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908511/double-balloon-enteroscopy
#13
REVIEW
Andrea May
Since the introduction of double-balloon enteroscopy 15 years ago, flexible enteroscopy has become an established method in the diagnostic and therapeutic work-up of small bowel disorders. With appropriate patient selection, diagnostic and therapeutic yields of 70% to 85% can be expected. The complication rates with diagnostic and therapeutic DBE are estimated at approximately 1% and 3% to 4%, respectively. Appropriate patient selection and device selection, as well as skill, are the key issues for successful enteroscopy...
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908510/anatomy-and-physiology-of-the-small-bowel
#14
REVIEW
Neil Volk, Brian Lacy
Comprehension of small intestine physiology and function provides a framework for the understanding of several important disease pathways of the gastrointestinal system. This article reviews the development, anatomy and histology of the small bowel in addition to physiology and digestion of key nutrients.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633602/endoscopy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
EDITORIAL
Maria T Abreu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633601/the-key-roles-of-endoscopy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
EDITORIAL
Charles J Lightdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633600/dilation-of-strictures-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-who-when-and-how
#17
REVIEW
Nayantara Coelho-Prabhu, John A Martin
Stricture formation occurs in up to 40% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients are often symptomatic, resulting in significant morbidity, hospitalizations, and loss of productivity. Strictures can be managed endoscopically in addition to traditional surgical management (sphincteroplasty or resection of the affected bowel segments). About 3% to 5% patients with IBD develop primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which results in stricture formation in the biliary tree, managed for the most part by endoscopic therapies...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633599/motility-evaluation-in-the-patient-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
REVIEW
Sherine M Abdalla, Gorav Kalra, Baha Moshiree
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) suffer frequently from functional bowel diseases (FBD) and motility disorders. Management of FBD and motility disorders in IBD combined with continued treatment of a patient's IBD symptoms will likely lead to better clinical outcomes and improve the patient's quality of life. The goals of this review were to summarize the most recent literature on motility disturbances in patients with IBD and to give a brief overview of the ranges of motility disturbances, from reflux disease to anorectal disorders, and discuss their diagnosis and specific management...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633598/endoscopic-delivery-of-fecal-biotherapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
REVIEW
David H Kerman
The intestinal microbiome plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We are able to use the microbiome as a therapeutic target with use of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for cure of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Given our ability to target the dysbiotic state with FMT, its use as therapy in IBD has tremendous potential. This overview discusses the practical considerations of FMT therapy with respect to our current understanding of safety and efficacy in IBD, screening for donors and recipients, specimen handling and storage, methods of delivery, and regulatory considerations...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633597/the-gastroenterologist-s-role-in-management-of-perianal-fistula
#20
REVIEW
Robin L Dalal, David A Schwartz
Perianal fistula occurs frequently in the Crohn disease population. Therapy for fistulas has changed through the years from primarily surgical management to multidisciplinary management among gastroenterologists, radiologists, and surgeons. Gastroenterologists play a role in assisting with diagnosis through endoscopic ultrasound and assessment of luminal disease activity, providing medical therapy including biologic therapy and antibiotics, and coordinating the multidisciplinary care with surgical and radiologic colleagues...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
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