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Qualitative Health Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310541/family-members-existential-and-moral-dilemmas-with-coercion-in-mental-healthcare
#1
Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, Hilde Lindemann
Coercion in mental healthcare does not only affect the patient, but also the patient's families. Using data from interviews with 36 family members of adult and adolescent people with mental health problems and coercion experiences, the present narrative study explores family members' existential and moral dilemmas regarding coercion and the factors influencing these dilemmas. Four major themes are identified: the ambiguity of coercion; struggling to stay connected and establishing collaboration; worries and distress regarding compulsory care; and dilemmas regarding initiating coercion...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307267/-there-is-zero-regulation-on-the-selling-of-alcohol-the-voice-of-the-youth-on-the-context-and-determinants-of-alcohol-drinking-in-lebanon
#2
Nasser Yassin, Rima Afifi, Neil Singh, Reem Saad, Lilian Ghandour
Alcohol-related research from the Arab world has rarely touched on the experiences or views of Arab adolescents. In this article, we present an in-depth analysis of youth alcohol drinking patterns and determinants derived from focus group discussions completed with more than 100 Lebanese high school/vocational students (15-19 years). The social ecology of alcohol use framework guided our research and analysis. Findings reveal that alcohol drinking is perceived as a pervasive and serious public health problem, triggered by a complex web of social relations, and facilitated by lax policies...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303049/conducting-joint-interviews-with-couples-ethical-and-methodological-challenges
#3
Dana Zarhin
Scholars have recently begun to discuss joint interviewing from a methodological perspective, generally presenting a favorable view of this mode of interviewing. In the present article, the author draws on her experiences with interviewing obstructive sleep apnea patients and their partners to shed further light on the methodological and ethical challenges of joint interviews. Specifically, it is shown that joint interviews may become a site in which one partner silences the other and enacts symbolic violence, with the interviewer as unwilling abettor, or alternatively may facilitate passivity...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303048/body-mapping-as-a-youth-sexual-health-intervention-and-data-collection-tool
#4
Candice Lys, Dionne Gesink, Carol Strike, June Larkin
In this article, we describe and evaluate body mapping as (a) an arts-based activity within Fostering Open eXpression Among Youth (FOXY), an educational intervention targeting Northwest Territories (NWT) youth, and (b) a research data collection tool. Data included individual interviews with 41 female participants (aged 13-17 years) who attended FOXY body mapping workshops in six communities in 2013, field notes taken by the researcher during the workshops and interviews, and written reflections from seven FOXY facilitators on the body mapping process (from 2013 to 2016)...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291686/african-american-women-s-perceived-influences-on-and-strategies-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior
#5
Tatiana Y Warren, Sara Wilcox, Sara M St George, Heather M Brandt
We conducted three focus groups to examine African American women's perceptions of factors influencing and proposed strategies for reducing sedentary behavior (SB). QSR NVivo 9 facilitated coding and organization of themes. Although participants ( n = 32, 53.6 ± 6.0 years, 75% obese) were unfamiliar with the term SB prior to focus groups, they described spending large amounts of time in SB at work and home. Participants viewed leisure-time SB as necessary and important but were amenable to decreasing SB at work...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291685/written-accounts-of-living-with-epilepsy-or-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-thematic-comparison
#6
Gregg H Rawlings, Ian Brown, Brendan Stone, Markus Reuber
This study examines the subjective experience of living with epilepsy or psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) by thematically comparing individuals' written accounts of their condition. Five key differences emerged. Theme 1: "Seizure onset" revealed differences in how individuals think about and ruminate over the possible causes of their condition. Theme 2: "Emotive tone" demonstrated that writings of those with epilepsy reflected stable emotions (no intense emotional reactions), whereas those of writers with PNES reflected anxiety and low mood...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290149/body-mapping-to-explore-reproductive-ethno-physiological-beliefs-and-knowledge-of-contraception-in-timor-leste
#7
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Maternal mortality remains a significant public health challenge for Timor-Leste. Although access to quality family planning measures may greatly reduce such deaths, consideration of indigenous perceptions, and how they influence reproductive health decision-making and behavior, is crucial if health services are to provide initiatives that are accepted and helpful in improving reproductive health outcomes. We aimed to demonstrate that body mapping is an effective method to traverse language and culture to gain emic insights and indigenous worldviews...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290148/who-do-we-think-we-are-disrupting-notions-of-quality-in-qualitative-research
#8
Jennifer Mitchell, Nicholas Boettcher-Sheard, Camille Duque, Bonnie Lashewicz
The purpose of this article is to illuminate our troubles with, and troubling of, the trustworthiness dimension of balancing subjectivity and reflexivity, in qualitative research. This article evolved from debriefing sessions between three novice researchers working on a qualitative research study aimed at building understandings of the relational dynamics between adults with developmental disability diagnoses (ADevD) and their caregiving families. Following data collection, coauthors discussed interview experiences they had personally found challenging...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281946/mothers-experiences-of-supporting-adolescent-children-through-long-term-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#9
Jacqueline M Smith, Andrew Estefan, Vera Caine
Substance use disorder is a complex phenomenon that affects people in many different contexts. Adolescent substance abuse within families is a particular problem that merits ongoing study. In particular, the experiences of mothers in this context are not fully explored. In this narrative inquiry study, we explored the experiences of four mothers parenting children through long-term substance abuse treatment. Participants were recruited from a family-orientated long-term adolescent treatment center in Alberta, Canada...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281945/maternal-knowing-and-social-networks-understanding-first-time-mothers-search-for-information-and-support-through-online-and-offline-social-networks
#10
Sheri Lynn Price, Megan Aston, Joelle Monaghan, Meaghan Sim, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Josephine Etowa, Michelle Pickles, Andrea Hunter, Victoria Little
The postpartum period is an exciting yet stressful time for first-time mothers, and although the experience may vary, all mothers need support during this crucial period. In Canada, there has been a shift for universal postpartum services to be offered predominantly online. However, due to a paucity of literature, it is difficult to determine the degree to which mothers' needs are being effectively addressed. The aim of this study was to examine and understand how first-time mothers accessed support and information (online and offline) during the first 6 months of their postpartum period...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281944/unveiling-the-maelstrom-of-the-early-breast-cancer-trajectory
#11
Mary Godfrey, Sarah Price, Andrew Long
Length and complexity of illness and treatment in early breast cancer mean that the acute phase may extend over months. Employing concepts of "trajectory" and "work" from chronic illness, we explored the temporality of the illness experience for women as it unfolded from diagnosis through acute treatment. We performed multiple, qualitative interviews with 14 women at critical points in their first year postdiagnosis. We differentiated between subphases of the acute breast cancer trajectory: becoming a person with breast cancer: a turning point; first steps in treatment: struggling to protect self-concept; being and feeling ill: "cure" as suffering; and conditional "recovering": an uncertain future...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254450/a-community-based-evaluation-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-for-the-black-community
#12
Helena D Green
Limited research evaluates substance use prevention and intervention strategies for cultural sensitivity, appropriateness of content, patient/provider interactions, and implementation for racial and ethnic minority populations. This study uses the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to examine a community-based evaluation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for implementation among the Black community in a small, urban setting. Data were gathered through four separate focus groups, one for service providers ( n = 7), one for community youth leaders ( n = 8), and two for community members ( n = 10)...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251552/unraveling-the-mobilization-of-memory-in-research-with-refugees
#13
Ruth Kevers, Peter Rober, Lucia De Haene
In this article, we explore how narrative accounts of trauma are co-constructed through the interaction between researcher and participant. Using a narrative multiple-case study with Kurdish refugee families, we address how this process takes place, investigating how researcher and participants were engaged in relational, moral, collective, and sociopolitical dimensions of remembering, and how this led to the emergence of particular ethical questions. Case examples indicate that acknowledging the multilayered co-construction of remembering in the research relationship profoundly complicates existing deontological guidelines that predominantly emphasize the researcher's responsibility in sensitively dealing with participants' alleged autobiographical trauma narratives...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239272/mental-models-of-cause-and-inheritance-for-type-2-diabetes-among-unaffected-individuals-who-have-a-positive-family-history
#14
Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Lisa L Shah, Alyssa D Cady
Using the familial risk perception (FRP) model as a framework, we elicited causal and inheritance explanations for type 2 diabetes (T2D) from people who do not have T2D but have a family history for it. We identified four composite mental models for cause of T2D: (a) purely genetic; (b) purely behavioral/environmental; (c) direct multifactorial, in which risk factors interact and over time directly lead to T2D; and (d) indirect multifactorial, in which risk factors interact and over time cause a precursor health condition (such as obesity or metabolic syndrome) that leads to T2D...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239271/how-can-we-keep-immigrant-travelers-healthy-health-challenges-experienced-by-canadian-south-asian-travelers-visiting-friends-and-relatives
#15
Rachel D Savage, Laura C Rosella, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jasleen Arneja, Eileen de Villa, Maureen Horn, Kamran Khan, Monali Varia
Immigrant travelers who visit friends and relatives (VFR travelers) experience substantially higher rates of travel-related infections than other travelers, in part due to low uptake of pretravel health advice. While barriers to accessing advice have been identified, better characterization is needed to inform targeted interventions. We sought to understand how South Asian VFR travelers perceived and responded to travel-related health risks by conducting group interviews with 32 adult travelers from an ethnoculturally diverse Canadian region...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231129/-i-think-it-s-pretty-much-the-same-as-it-should-be-perspectives-of-inpatient-care-among-women-veterans
#16
Andrea M Shamaskin-Garroway, M Tish Knobf, Lynette J Adams, Sally G Haskell
The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the inpatient hospitalization experience for women veterans through in-depth interviews. Women veterans who were admitted for inpatient care on medical units within a university-affiliated VA hospital were invited to participate in a semistructured interview that inquired about their hospital experience, interactions with medical providers, and how being a woman veteran might affect this experience. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using constant comparative method until thematic saturation was achieved ( n = 25)...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231128/exploring-the-experiences-of-persons-who-frequently-visit-the-emergency-department-for-mental-health-related-reasons
#17
Amanda Digel Vandyk, Lisa Young, Colleen MacPhee, Katharine Gillis
In this qualitative study, the experiences of persons who frequently visit the emergency department (ED) for mental health-related reasons were explored. Interpretive Description guided the design, and data were collected through interviews with 10 adults who made 12+ ED visits within a 1-year time frame (2015). Thematic analysis was used to analyze data inductively. The participants' experiences were described with the help of three themes emerging from the data: The Experience, The Providers, and Protective Factors...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231127/view-from-the-penthouse-epistemological-bumps-and-emergent-metaphors-as-method-for-team-reflexivity
#18
Melissa Park, Hiba Zafran
Research in health care occurs within interdisciplinary teams that include clinician-researchers who have multiple epistemological orientations. Rigor in collaborative projects requires reflexive attention to how the paradigmatic questions raised by diverse epistemological orientations, and the ethical stances of each researcher, shape findings. This methodological article draws on three events during an ethnography of stigma in psychiatry to define and illustrate how we used double hermeneutics in data analysis...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224510/researcher-self-care-in-emotionally-demanding-research-a-proposed-conceptual-framework
#19
Smita Kumar, Liz Cavallaro
Researchers are emotionally and psychologically affected by emotionally demanding research that demands a tremendous amount of mental, emotional, or physical energy and potentially affects or depletes the researcher's well-being. Little attention has been given to preparing doctoral students and novice researchers engaged in such studies. Four possible types of emotionally demanding research experiences are presented: sensitive issues, personal trauma previously experienced, experience of traumatic life events during research, and unexpected events that arise during research in what was previously not identified as a sensitive issue...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224414/using-photovoice-to-explore-quality-of-life-factors-of-adults-with-crouzon-syndrome
#20
Kelly J Wheeler, Jody O Early
In the United States, one in 60,000 adults live with Crouzon Syndrome (CS) and facial malformations. Phenomenological studies about their lived experiences and quality of life are lacking. The purpose of this participatory action research study was to gain a richer understanding of the perceived biopsychosocial and socioecological factors that impact quality of life for adults living with CS using Photovoice. Another aim was to develop a conceptual framework of quality of life for those experiencing CS to enhance tailored health education and services...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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