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Qualitative Health Research

Kyleigh E Schraeder, Graham J Reid, Judith Belle Brown
Children's mental health (CMH) problems can be long-lasting. Even among children and youth who receive specialized CMH treatment, recurrence of problems is common. It is unknown whether youth and their parents view the possibility of future mental health problems. This has important implications for how CMH services should be delivered. This grounded theory study gained perspectives from youth (aged 12-15 years) who received CMH treatment ( n = 10) and their parents ( n = 10) about the expected course of CMH problems...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Débora Castiglione, Gina S Lovasi, Marilia S Carvalho
Since 1988, Brazil has reorganized and expanded its public health care system, defining access to health care as a right of every citizen. In parallel, the private health care sector grew rapidly to become one of the largest in the world. We explore the use of public and private health care by a low-income population living in a favela, Rio das Pedras, in Rio de Janeiro. At the time of data collection, only part of the community was covered by the primary health care program. We conducted semistructured interviews with 14 adults, both with and without access to the public primary care program...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Chrystal Jaye, Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Martyn Williamson
This New Zealand study used focused ethnography to explore the activities of communities of clinical practice (CoCP) in a community-based long-term conditions management program within a large primary health care clinic. CoCP are the informal vehicles by which patient care was delivered within the program. Here, we describe the CoCP as a micro-level moral economy within which values such as trust, respect, authenticity, reciprocity, and obligation circulate as a kind of moral capital. As taxpayers, citizens who become patients are credited with moral capital because the public health system is funded by taxes...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Zoé M Hendrickson, Jane Kim, Wietse A Tol, Abina Shrestha, Hari Maya Kafle, Nagendra P Luitel, Lily Thapa, Pamela J Surkan
Responses to the death of a spouse vary; although some are at increased risk of poorer physical and mental health outcomes, others have more resilient responses. In light of the limited scope of research on widows' experiences in Nepal, a setting where widows are often marginalized, we explore themes of resilience in Nepali widows' lives. Drawing from a larger qualitative study of grief and widowhood, a thematic narrative analysis was performed on narratives from four widows that reflected resilient outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Devin G Atallah, Ahmadreza Djalali, Karla Fredricks, Lauren Arlington, Milagros Bussio, Brett D Nelson
Health systems are frequently among the casualties of conflict. Within these settings, increased knowledge is needed on how to rebuild and strengthen health infrastructure resilience, such as primary health care (PHC) systems, in context-specific ways that promote health equity. Therefore, this study aimed to explore perspectives of experts with experience working on frontlines of social crises to contribute to understandings of pathways toward equitable PHC in conflict-affected settings. Semistructured qualitative interviews with 18 expert participants were completed...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Fumika Horinuki, Maiko Noguchi-Watanabe, Yukari Takai, Reiko Yamahana, Nobuhiro Ohno, Sadamu Okada, Shin-Ichiro Mori, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
This study aimed to elucidate the experiences of Japanese persons with hematological malignancy (PHMs) in communicating with health care professionals (HCPs), from diagnosis to the end of life, as recalled by their families. We interviewed 14 bereaved families and analyzed the data using the basic techniques of grounded theory. We found that PHMs lived to the fullest possible when they experienced ownership of their illness process despite their disease. The ownership was made possible by active communication from HCPs: first, acknowledging the PHM's way of life, including reaching out from the HCPs and appreciating sincerely PHMs' hopes and will; and second, paving the way ahead, including giving prospects and offering choices...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Michael K Corman
In this article, I take readers inside of an ambulance and explore how paramedics work in and on their "apparatus unit" to make it a workable fit. This taken-for-granted work is important because much is at stake in the back of the ambulance, particularly in relation to quality of care and safety. I draw on data from an institutional ethnography into the socially organized work and work settings of paramedics, which included more than 200 hr of observations and more than 100 interviews with paramedics. The findings shed light on the situated work processes of paramedics as they orient and respond to their "apparatus unit" and enact quality and safety in practice...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Alison Chapple, Sue Ziebland
Social science and health services research have much to gain from cross-national qualitative research, yet the logistics involved in setting up such studies, especially where different languages and health systems are involved, can seem daunting. In this article, we highlight issues to consider and suggest some solutions, drawing both on the literature and examples from our own cross-national research. We highlight the issues involved with synchronizing staffing and funding, ensuring comparable methods, project management, and communication between research groups, the consequences of the different criteria for ethical approval for recruitment, the challenge of working with multiple languages, teams involving different disciplines and skill sets, and coordinating and timing data collection and analysis...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Marci D Cottingham, Austin H Johnson, Rebecca J Erickson
In this article, we examine how race and gender shape nurses' emotion practice. Based on audio diaries collected from 48 nurses within two Midwestern hospital systems in the United States, we illustrate the disproportionate emotional labor that emerges among women nurses of color in the white institutional space of American health care. In this environment, women of color experience an emotional double shift as a result of negotiating patient, coworker, and supervisor interactions. In confronting racist encounters, nurses of color in our sample experience additional job-related stress, must perform disproportionate amounts of emotional labor, and experience depleted emotional resources that negatively influence patient care...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Ruth Lowndes, Tamara Daly, Pat Armstrong
Mealtimes are among the busiest times in nursing homes. Austerity measures resulting in insufficient staff with heavy workloads limit the amount of time available to assist residents with eating. Within a feminist political economy framework, rapid team-based ethnography was used for an international study involving six countries exploring promising practices and also for a study conducted in one Canadian province in which interrelationships between formal and informal care were investigated. Data collection methods included interviews and observations...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Einav Segev, Miriam Levinger, Yael Hochman
This qualitative research focused on the relationships between family members of patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). The aim was to explore the dynamics between caregivers of the family member with a brain injury during rehabilitation hospitalization, and the relationships between them and the rest of the extended family. Twenty semistructured interviews were conducted with family members. In each family, the spouse of the patient and another family member involved in caregiving were interviewed. The importance of the relationships between family members during rehabilitation hospitalization justifies the examination undertaken in this research...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Laura Mattys, Ilse Noens, Kris Evers, Dieter Baeyens
Although research shows that young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) struggle with higher rates of depression, anxiety, and other co-occurring psychiatric disorders, their psychological development through emerging adulthood remains understudied. To explore relevant developmental themes for young adults with ASD while subscribing to a social-constructionist epistemology, we interviewed young adults with ASD and their mental health care professionals individually, and organized focus groups with their parents in a multiperspective design...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Gary Witham, Carol Haigh, Duncan Mitchell, Anna Beddow
In this article, we examine the challenges of informal carers supporting someone with dementia and cancer within the United Kingdom. Interviews were conducted with seven informal carers using a narrative approach to examine the construction of their experiences. Our findings demonstrate how informal carers navigate a path through complex cancer treatments and support their relative. A cancer diagnosis often requires multiple treatment visits to an oncology center, and this can be challenging for carers. They find that they need to coordinate and manage both health professionals and their relative in terms of getting access to appropriate services and support...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Birgit Vanderhaeghen, Inge Bossuyt, Sybille Opdebeeck, Johan Menten, Peter Rober
In Belgium, Advance Care Planning (ACP) is not well implemented in hospital practice. One of the premises for successful implementation is involving the adopters in the implementation process. In hospital, important adopters of ACP are physicians, nurses, social workers, and psychologists. First, this study wants to understand what the characteristics are of ACP in hospital, according to professionals. Second, this study aims to give an insight in the experienced value of ACP. Third, the experienced barriers to have ACP conversations are explored...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Ane U Albaek, Liv G Kinn, Anne M Milde
Understanding the challenges of professionals in addressing child adversity is key to improving the detection, protection, and care of exposed children. We aimed to synthesize findings from qualitative studies of professionals' lived experience of addressing child adversity. Through a systematic search, we identified eight qualitative studies and synthesized them using metaethnography. We generated three themes, "feeling inadequate," "fear of making it worse," and "facing evil," and one overarching metaphor, "walking children through a minefield...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Hege Hansen, Signe Hjelen Stige, Larry Davidson, Christian Moltu, Marius Veseth
We conducted a study to explore how people diagnosed with first-episode psychosis experienced their contact with early intervention services for psychosis and the way these experiences relate to their recovery processes. Our aim was to integrate and describe the service users' experiences in a rigorous and comprehensive way. A broad literature search was performed in June and July 2016. After screening, 17 qualitative studies were included. We analyzed the findings in two main steps: (a) translating studies into one another and (b) synthesizing the findings from the studies...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Susan A LaValley
Caregivers of those with life-limiting illness face many complicated tasks, including providing direct patient care, communicating with professionals, and managing the logistical demands of daily activities. To assist with caregiving responsibilities, caregivers require social support from social network members at all points in the illness process. This study analyzes themes from interviews with 61 caregivers of patients enrolled in hospice services to identify the types of support caregivers mobilize from new social network members for social support during the end-of-life care process...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Dulcie Cormack, Fergal W Jones, Michael Maltby
There is growing interest in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in the management of multiple physical and mental health issues. Although MBIs utilize a group format, research on how this format impacts teaching and learning mindfulness is lacking. This study aimed to develop a detailed theory of MBI group processes utilizing a grounded theory methodology. This article presents our subsequent model, developed from semistructured interviews conducted with MBI students, teachers, and trainers ( N = 12). A core category, the group as a vessel on a shared journey, and three higher-order categories emerged from the data...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Sara F Hawkins, Nancy A Nickman, Janice M Morse
The reduction of medication errors is largely dependent upon the structure of the medication management system and the role of the pharmacist in the acute care setting. The significance of this claim became evident in an ethnographic study of nurses' work in which data were generated from extensive observations, formal interviews, and document reviews. Each step of medication management-from ordering to administering-was microanalyzed, and spaces and places for error emerged. Results revealed medication errors defined by proximity to the patient...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Stuart W Grande, Elizabeth S O'Neill, Ariel E Sherman, Megan Coylewright
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that increases patients' risk of stroke, and determining an optimal prevention therapy is a preference-sensitive decision appropriate for shared decision making (SDM). Utilizing community-based focus groups, we explored beliefs and values around options for stroke prevention. Interview transcripts from five independent focus groups were qualitatively assessed and organized into themes. Most participants were taking a blood thinner (93%) and more than half of participants (64%) reported having AF...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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