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Qualitative Health Research

Marian Krawczyk, Richard Sawatzky, Kara Schick-Makaroff, Kelli Stajduhar, Joakim Öhlen, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Esther Mercedes Laforest, Robin Cohen
This article applies a micro-meso-macro analytical framework to understand clinicians' experiences and perspectives of using patient-reported outcome and experience measures (PROMs and PREMs) in routine hospital-based palliative care. We structure our discussion through qualitative analysis of a design and implementation project for using an electronic tablet-based tool among hospital-based palliative clinicians to assess patients' and their family caregivers' quality of life concerns and experiences of care...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Tanya van de Water, Jaco Rossouw, Alberta S J van der Watt, Elna Yadin, Soraya Seedat
This qualitative investigation, nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT), describes the experiences of adolescent participants accessing psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a school-based setting. Supervised nurses provided the psychotherapeutic interventions. Twelve participants who took part in the RCT were invited, and 10 agreed to share their experiences through recorded face-to-face, semistructured, in-depth interviews and treatment-specific focus groups. Basic thematic analysis was applied using Atlas...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Liana J Petruzzi, Samuel J Pullen, Brittany C L Lange, Lindsey Parnarouskis, Silvia Dominguez, Benjamin Harris, Nicole Quiterio, Gondah Lekpeh, Burgess Manobah, David C Henderson, Christina P C Borba
Substance use is prevalent among youth in postconflict African countries and is associated with a number of public health problems such as poverty, child homelessness, and school truancy. This qualitative study explores the risk factors associated with substance use among Liberian youth from the perspective of public-school students. Nine focus groups were conducted with 72 Liberian public-school students (35 female, 37 male). Multiple risk factors for substance use among Liberian youth were identified through qualitative analysis, including emotional instability, gender, fear of academic failure, accessibility to substances within the school and community, poverty, and unintentional drug use...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Adam C Lipus, Juan S Leon, Susana C Calle, Karen L Andes
The objective of this article was to characterize how urbanization and indigenous identity shape nutrition attitudes and practices in El Alto, a rapidly urbanizing and predominantly indigenous (Aymara) community on Bolivia's Andean plateau. We took a qualitative ethnographic approach, interviewing health care providers ( n = 11) and conducting focus groups with mothers of young children ( n = 4 focus groups with 25 mothers total [age = 18-43 years, 60% Aymara]). Participants generally described their urban environment as being problematic for nutrition, a place where unhealthy "junk foods" and "chemicals" have supplanted healthy, "natural," "indigenous" foods from the countryside...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Marjorie Montreuil, Franco A Carnevale
When conducting ethics research with children in health care settings, studying children's experiences is essential, but so is the context in which these experiences happen and their meaning. Using Charles Taylor's hermeneutic philosophy, we developed a methodological framework for health ethics research with children that bridges key aspects of ethnography, participatory research, and hermeneutics. This qualitative framework has the potential to offer rich data and discussions related to children as well as family members and health care workers' moral experiences in specific health care settings, while examining the institutional norms, structures, and practices and how they interrelate with experiences...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Maija Peltola, Pekka Isotalus, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
The aim of our study is to determine the relational communication characteristics of professional-patient communication situations that have either facilitated or impeded patients' self-management. Conducted from the perspective of Finnish patients in the context of type 2 diabetes care, we used as our research methods an open e-survey and semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis. The critical incident technique was utilized throughout in all these methods. The results show that both positive and negative experiences described by patients were connected to four multidimensional relational communication characteristics: (a) building trust in the other party in the professional-patient relationship, (b) willingness to communicate, (c) emotional presence, and (d) appropriateness...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Stephanie Gee, Morten Skovdal
This article explores the homecoming experiences of international health care workers who responded to the 2014 to 2016 West African Ebola outbreak. Interviews with 11 frontline international medical staff were undertaken and data thematically analyzed. It was found that international health care workers faced an unforeseen risk of stigmatization upon their return home, related to others' fears of their infectious status. Media representations of the disease appear to have played a significant role in heightening societal perceptions of the risks associated with the returning health care workers, resulting in public hostility toward them...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Grace Kyoon-Achan, Josée Lavoie, Kathi Avery Kinew, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Naser Ibrahim, Stephanie Sinclair, Alan Katz
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) provides the opportunity to engage communities for sustainable change. We share a journey to transformation in our work with eight Manitoba First Nations seeking to improve the health of their communities and discuss lessons learned. The study used community-based participatory research approach for the conceptualization of the study, data collection, analysis, and knowledge translation. It was accomplished through a variety of methods, including qualitative interviews, administrative health data analyses, surveys, and case studies...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Katherine Carroll, Jessica Mesman
Hospital-based video-reflexive ethnography (VRE) is a collaborative visual methodology used by researchers and/or health professionals to understand, interpret, and optimize health professionals' work practices and patients' experiences. For more than a decade, the VRE methodology has spread throughout (research) institutions and hospitals internationally, and VRE has evolved and broadened. Different ways of doing VRE have implications for the role of the researcher. A thorough examination of the consequences for the researcher's position is the central focus of this article...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Katherine G Quinn, Sarah J Reed, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Jeffrey A Kelly
Syndemic theory seeks to understand the interactions and clustering of disease and social conditions and explain racial disparities in HIV. Traditionally applied to HIV risk, this study characterizes the syndemic challenges of engagement in care among Black men living with HIV and provides insight into potential HIV treatment interventions to retain vulnerable individuals in care. Interviews were conducted with 23 HIV-positive men who were either out-of-care or nonadherent to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using MAXQDA qualitative software...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Ann Dadich, Aileen Collier, Michael Hodgins, Gregory Crawford
Following increased interest in and use of new public management (NPM), greater regulation has been introduced into many Western health systems. Yet, the effects have revealed the negative aspects of NPM. Positive organizational scholars have argued that adversity can give rise to positive deviance. Yet as a form of noncompliance, positive deviance can be difficult to examine. This methodological article demonstrates how the combined methodologies of positive organizational scholarship in healthcare (POSH) and video reflexive ethnography (VRE) can help examine positive deviance...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Hossein Ebrahimi, Naeimeh Seyedfatemi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Graham Thornicroft, Bill Whitehead, Farnaz Rahmani
The broad spectrum of problems caused by caring for a patient with mental illness imposes a high burden on family caregivers. This can affect how they cope with their mentally ill family members. Identifying caregivers' experiences of barriers to coping is necessary to develop a program to help them overcome these challenges. This qualitative content analysis study explored barriers impeding family caregivers' ability to cope with their relatives diagnosed with severe mental illness (defined here as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, and bipolar affective disorders)...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Amanda M Emerson
Jail admissions in the United States number nearly 1 million women annually. Many have limited access to public support and must seek assistance from family, friends, and strangers to maintain health and safety after release. This study sought to learn more about how women with a history of interpersonal trauma and criminal justice involvement perceive and manage social relationships. In-depth, story-eliciting interviews were conducted over 12 months with 10 participants who were selected from the convenience sample of an ongoing parent study in a Midwestern urban jail...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Tara-Leigh F McHugh, Colin J Deal, Clara-Jane Blye, Ariel J Dimler, Elizabeth A Halpenny, Allison Sivak, Nicholas L Holt
Participation in sport and recreation may contribute to various holistic benefits among Indigenous youth in Canada. However, there is a need for a consolidated evidence base to support the development of sport and recreation opportunities that could facilitate such holistic benefits. The purpose of this research was to produce a meta-study of qualitative research examining sport and recreation experiences of Indigenous youth in Canada. Following record identification and screening, 20 articles were retained for analysis and synthesis...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Sherphard Chidarikire, Merylin Cross, Isabelle Skinner, Michelle Cleary
For people living with schizophrenia, their experience is personal and culturally bound. Focused ethnography enables researchers to understand people's experiences in-context, a prerequisite to providing person-centered care. Data are gathered through observational fieldwork and in-depth interviews with cultural informants. Regardless of the culture, ethnographic research involves resolving issues of language, communication, and meaning. This article discusses the challenges faced by a bilingual, primary mental health nurse researcher when investigating the experiences of people living with schizophrenia in Zimbabwe...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Dolores Langford, Nicola Edwards, Samantha M Gray, Lena Fleig, Maureen C Ashe
Older adults face many challenges in the first few months after hip fracture. Rehabilitation holds promise to assist the recovery process. Therefore, we used semistructured interviews to explore older adults' and allied health professionals' acceptance of a rehabilitation intervention for hip fracture, and we described perceptions of the early recovery period (<4 months). Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim; three authors independently read the transcripts multiple times and together developed themes guided by Interpretive Description...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Sofía Gómez, Heide Castañeda
The "DACAmented Voices in Healthcare" project examined the intersection of restrictive immigration policies and health care via photovoice, a participatory action research approach, with immigrant youth living in Arizona, who were recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. These "DACAmented" youth took part in nine photovoice sessions exploring their health care experiences and accessibility to care using documentary photography and narratives. They poignantly illustrated their experiences through images identifying their main health concerns and strengths, facilitating the development of health policy recommendations...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Eerika Finell, Tuija Seppälä, Eero Suoninen
Suffering from a contested illness poses a serious threat to one's identity. We analyzed the rhetorical identity management strategies respondents used when depicting their health problems and lives in the context of observed or suspected indoor air (IA) problems in the workplace. The data consisted of essays collected by the Finnish Literature Society. We used discourse-oriented methods to interpret a variety of language uses in the construction of identity strategies. Six strategies were identified: respondents described themselves as normal and good citizens with strong characters, and as IA sufferers who received acknowledge from others, offered positive meanings to their in-group, and demanded recognition...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Ariela Popper-Giveon, Yael Keshet
Patients' refusal of treatment based on the practitioner's ethnic identity reveals a clash of values: neutrality in medicine versus patient-centered care. Taking the Israeli-Palestinian conflict into account, this article aims at examining Israeli health care professionals' points of view concerning patients' refusal of treatment because of a practitioner's ethnic identity. Fifty in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 managers and 40 health care professionals, Jewish and Arab, employed at 11 public hospitals...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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