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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Michael Cassel, Tilman Enge, Juliane Mueller, Frank Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trunk peak torque and muscle activation pattern during isokinetic and sudden trunk loading (STL) between adolescent athletes with/without back pain. METHODS: Nine adolescent athletes with back pain (BP) (m/f 2/7; 15.6 ± 1.2 y; 177 ± 9 cm; 67 ± 13 kg; 22.5 ± 9.8 h/week) and nine matched controls (m/f 2/7; 15.7 ± 1.4 y; 177 ± 12 cm; 65 ± 9 kg; 16.5 ± 8.0 h/week training) were included. Trunk strength in rotation and flexion/extension was assessed...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Du-Jin Park, Se-Yeon Park
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence and incidence of neck and shoulder pain are common problems that require more attention from health service providers and researchers. Recent findings have indicated that the neck stretching is the one of the most effective physical therapy interventions. Although the recovery of the pain through the stretching exercise has been described in a previous study, functional advantages and changes of the neuromuscular control has not been suggested. Additionally, there was a lack of studies that considered methods of stretching...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Min-Hee Kim, Won-Gyu Yoo
BACKGROUND: In clinics, training of the lower trapezius muscle for the rehabilitation of the shoulder is often applied. The narrow-base push-up exercise is considered suitable training of the proximal shoulder complex, but the effect on the lower trapezius muscle has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of push-up, push-up plus, and support surfaces on the lower trapezius muscle during the narrow-base push-up exercise...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bahar Dernek, Fatma Nur Kesiktas
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease most often occurring in knee joints, leading to pain of varying severity and deterioration in daily living activities. OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy of platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) versus PRP in combination with ozone gas injection in patients with early stage knee OA. METHODS: Retrospective data of patients who received PRP alone (n= 45) or combined treatment (PRP + ozone, n= 35) injection was analyzed...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ibrahim Engin Simsek, Ata Elvan, Metin Selmani, Mehmet Alphan Cakiroglu, Muge Kirmizi, Salih Angin, Burçin Akçay Bayraktar
BACKGROUND: In the relevant literature generalized hypermobility syndrome (GHS) has been shown to alter the kinetic and kinematic patterns of the human movement system. Although GHS affects the general body biomechanics of individuals, the body of knowledge in plantar pressure distribution in GHS is far from sufficient. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with joint hypermobility syndrome have abnormal plantar pressure distribution during normal gait compared to healthy individuals...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Florian Giesche, Frieder Krause, Daniel Niederer, Jan Wilke, Tobias Engeroff, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Low back pain patients have been suggested to exhibit dysfunctional spinal movement patterns. However, there is a lack of clinically applicable but valid and reliable assessment tools, helping to discriminate normal and pathologically altered movement. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether kinematic parameters determined with an ultrasound-based motion analysis and thereof derived chromokinegraphical angle-time matrices (CATMAs) are able to discriminate between non-symptomatic and symptomatic movement behaviour in individuals with non-specific chronic (CLBP), specific low back pain (SLBP), and controls...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Zhi-Fa Huang, Bing-Quan Lin, Tahsin Tarik Torsha, Sabil Dilshad, De-Sheng Yang, Jun Xiao
BACKGROUND: Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an entrapment of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle, or myofascial pain from the piriformis muscle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" regime in the management of PS. METHODS: Twenty two patients were included in this study and received 250 ml of mannitol 20% intravenous infusion for 5 days + Vitamins B (vitamin B1 10 mg + vitamin B2 10 mg + vitamin B12 50 μg PO) for 6 weeks...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Małgorzata Cisowska-Adamiak, Magdalena Mackiewicz-Milewska, Iwona Szymkuć-Bukowska, Wojciech Hagner, Wojciech Beuth
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) affects most people at least once in their lives. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound therapy (UD) in patients with LBP receiving two different treatment dosages. METHODS: The study design was a randomized prospective study. Patients were subjected to UD for two weeks. All persons in the study were evaluated at the Outpatient Rehabilitation Clinic at the Antoni Jurasz University Hospital in Bydgoszcz, Poland...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Neslihan Hezer Coksevim, Dilek Durmus, Omer Kuru
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combination therapy with global postural reeducation exercise (GPR) and anti-TNF treatments on clinical parameters in patients with active Ankylosing spondylitis (AS). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Sixty patients with active AS were distributed into three groups. Group 1 was given anti-TNF therapy plus GPR program. Group 2 was given anti-TNF and conventional exercise therapy. Group 3 was accepted as the control group...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Paul Chesterton, Stephen Payton, Shaun McLaren
BACKGROUND: Lumbar mobilizations are used to clinically treat the lumbar and hamstring region. However, evidence is limited regarding the effectiveness of specific mobilization methods. OBJECTIVE: To compare central and unilateral posterior - anterior mobilizations (CPA, UPA) of the lumbar spine on lumbar and hamstring range of motion (ROM), and muscle activity (sEMG). METHODS: Twenty participants received CPA, UPA, or no mobilization (CON) on separate occasions (crossover design)...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jelena Zvekic-Svorcan, Jelena Aleksic, Tanja Jankovic, Karmela Filipovic, Milan Cvetkovic, Miljanka Vuksanovic, Predrag Filipov
OBJECTIVE: Vertebral fractures are the most common osteoporotic fractures occurring due to low bone mineral density, as well as other risk factors. The aim of the paper is to investigate risk factors for vertebral osteoporotic fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data pertaining to 651 postmenopausal women obtained from the National Osteoporosis Registry of Serbia was conducted. Further analyses were performed on 217 osteoporotic women identified from those records, whereby those in the experimental group (n= 110) had a vertebral fracture, while those assigned to the control group (n= 107) did not...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Wentao Wang, Kun Duan, Minjie Ma, Yong Jiang, Tuanjiang Liu, Jijun Liu, Dingjun Hao
AIM: To compare outcomes of unipedicular versus bipedicular approach for percutaneous vertebroplasty for the treatment of thoracolumbar acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (AOVCF). METHOD: From November 2014 to September 2015, 382 patients with AOVCF were randomly assigned to the unipedicular and bipedicular groups. Clinical outcomes and complications were compared. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable with respect to bone cement leakage and adjacent vertebral fractures (P> 0...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ulrike H Mitchell, Jennifer Hurrell
BACKGROUND: Between 2005 and 2015 significant changes in the clinical decision making paradigm for the treatment of spinal instability occurred. This was largely motivated by a clinical prediction rule (CPR) derivation study that was developed to specifically identify patients with low back pain who are more likely to respond positively to lumbar stabilization exercises. OBJECTIVE: This is a narrative literature review on the recent advances physiotherapy has made in the treatment of clinical spinal instability...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Raikan Büyükavcı, Semra Aktürk, Sinem Sağ
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare platelet distribution width (PDW) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values in mild-to-moderate and severe knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with knee OA according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grading system. Of 465 patients, 231 were excluded (62 due to not meeting the inclusion criteria and 169 due to the lack of simultaneous haemogram and radiographic evaluations)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
M Toprak, M Erden
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal shoulder pain could play an essential role in frozen shoulder (FS) and can lead to disturbed sleep, anxiety, depression and reduced quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine anxiety, depression, sleep quality and quality of life in patients with FS and compare these to healthy controls. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 148 participants (76 FS patients and 72 healthy controls). We obtained Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain score, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale short form (WHOQoL-BREF)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Serda Em, Mehmet Karakoc, Mustafa Akif Sariyildiz, Mehtap Bozkurt, Abdulkadir Aydin, Remzi Cevik, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Diseases causing disabilities lead to sexual dysfunction. However, studies that evaluate sexual functions in patients with traumatic lower limb amputations (LLA) are limited and controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate sexual functions in male patients with LLA and to identify factors that might contribute to sexual dysfunction. The hypothesis is that male patients with LLA would experience worse sexual and emotional functioning and consequently emotional impairment that consequently influenced the sexual function...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Seon-Chil Kim, Byoung-Kwon Lee, Chang-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: The Republic of Korea has become the most rapidly aging society and is anticipated to enter the post-aged society in 2026. As the population ages, demand for senior-friendly products has gradually increased. Under the demands for these circumstances, usability evaluation aimed to make these products more competitive in terms of quality has been perceived as a critical means. In particular, ergonomically wrong-designed products could prove fatal to elderly people. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to develop qualitative usability evaluation criteria of communication service robot, one of the senior-friendly products, for elderly people...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
So Hyun Park, Yun-Seob Lee, Song Hee Cheon, Min-Sik Yong, Daehwan Lee, Eun-Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Many practitioners recommend step-up and step-down exercises to increase muscle strength in the lower extremities. However, decreased stability of the hip joint and imbalanced muscle activities can alter limb biomechanics during these movements. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated muscle imbalance between the medial and lateral muscle components and between the proximal and distal muscle components by expressing the proportions of muscle activation in the step-up and step-down positions...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Marwa Shafiek Mustafa Saleh, Afaf Mohamed Mahmoud Botla, Noran Ahmed Mohammed Elbehary
BACKGROUND: Core stability exercises have been widely advocated for management of patients with different musculoskeletal conditions, even though its effect on postpartum lumbopelvic pain (LPP) has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of core stability exercises on postpartum LPP. METHODS: Thirty four women suffering from postpartum LPP were randomly assigned to the study or control group...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Arzu Erden, Murat Topbaş
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a key point in evaluating the quality of physiotherapy services. OBJECIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the Turkish language validity and reliability of the Patient Satisfaction Scale in Physiotherapy (PSSP). METHODS: The study included 168 participants, aged 18-74 years, with musculoskeletal pain. The PSSP, which comprises 14 items in the four sub-dimensions of treatment, admission, logistics and general satisfaction, was applied to all participants...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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