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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Abdulkadir Aydın, Ramazan Atiç
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare clinical and demographic characteristics, functional status and quality of life among patients who underwent amputation for the most common reason in our region. METHODS: Demographic data, level of and reasons for undergoing amputation and clinical data on the use of prostheses in 126 patients were recorded. The amputees were divided into three groups: vascular, trauma and landmine. Variables related to clinical and demographic characteristics, daily life activities and quality of life were investigated...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Zeqin Xu, Yongquan Gu, Jianxin Li, Chunmei Wang, Rong Wang, Ying Huang, Jian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is the most common neurological disease that is associated with deglutition disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia risk factors in post-stroke elderly inpatients. METHOD: We consecutively enrolled 212 stroke patients over sixty years of age from July 2014 to June 2015. Seventeen patients were eliminated. Stroke patients' demographics, clinical symptoms and biochemistry data were collected. Modified water swallowing test was used for the assessment of deglutition difficulty...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Necdet Çatalbaş, Nuray Akkaya, Nilgun Simsir Atalay, Fusun Sahin
BACKGROUND: Clinical and electrophysiological effects of therapeutic ultrasound (US) were researched in many studies on patients with CTS with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of continuous and pulsed US treatments by ultrasonographic imaging in addition to clinical and electrophysilogical parameters in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHOD: Fifty-four patients with idiopathic CTS were randomly divided into three groups...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hilal Keklicek, Elif Kırdı, Ali Yalcin, Deniz Yuce, Semra Topuz
BACKGROUND: Repeated exposure to a given perturbation of the postural control system has been shown to cause learning of more efficient postural strategies for maintaining balance both within a session and over time. It is important to show whether outcomes from treatment strategies are related to the effectiveness of training or are the result of the learning of the test process. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the learning effect of the dynamic postural stability evaluation system...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Salwa Elmorsy Abd Elghany, Doaa S Al Ashkar, Amal M El-Barbary, Radwa M El Khouly, Marwa A Aboelhawa, Doaa W Nada, Nivine F Darwish, Manal S Hussein, El Sayed Rageh, Mohamed H Abo-Zaid, Islam F Eldesoky, Samah Afifi
AIM: This study compared the effectiveness of regenerative injection therapy (RIT), i.e. prolotherapy, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This study included 120 female, age-matched fibromyalgia patients. All patients underwent a clinical examination, pain assessment by VAS, assessment of tender points, psychiatric and functional assessment using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire Revised (RFIQ), and measurement of cortical auditory evoked potentials CAEPs elicited at 1000 Hz...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Crystal A Rosser, T David Punt, Cormac G Ryan
PURPOSE: Working body schema (WBS) of the limbs may be indirectly assessed using left/right limb judgement (LRLJ) task performance. This study aimed to investigate if: 1) Total Knee Replacement (TKR) patients perform LRLJ tasks with reference to their WBS; 2) patients have a disrupted WBS following a TKR for the replaced knee compared to the contralateral knee; and 3) lower limb-based LRLJ task performance changes following post-surgical rehabilitation using change in upper limb-based LRLJ task performance as a control...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Müberra Tanrıverdi, Zeynep Hoşbay, Z Candan Algun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of study was learned relationship of the pain in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome on Quality of Life (QoL) and upper limb functionality. METHODS: Demographical and physical measurements were performed by a physiotherapist. Pain levels were measured by Visuel Analog Scale at rest, on motion and in fatique, and the patients' results were recorded. Functionality levels were evaluated by 'Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire' and QoL by 'Short Form 12' (SF-12)...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Einly Lim, Renly Lim, Anwar Suhaimi, Bee Ting Chan, Ahmad Khairi Abdul Wahab
BACKGROUND: Low frequency sound wave stimulation therapy has become increasingly popular in the rehabilitation fields, due to its ease, less fatiguing and time efficient application. OBJECTIVE: This 12-week pilot study examines the efficacy of applying low frequency sound wave stimulation (between 16-160 Hz) through both hands and feet on relieving pain and improving functional ability in patients with chronic back pain. METHODS: Twenty-three participants with chronic shoulder (eleven participants) or low back pain (twelve participants) underwent a 12-week vibration therapy program of three sessions per week...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Aynur Demirel, Muzeyyen Oz, Ozlem Ulger
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the major musculoskeletal problems seen in elderly, and it's the fifth common cause for hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study has determined whether minimal invasive techniques or physiotherapy methods are effective for decreasing pain and improving functions in the geriatric population. METHODS: A retrospective design was used in this study. Sixty-one patients aged ⩾ 65, who were referred to physiotherapy enrolled in the study...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
N Ekin Akalan, Shavkat Kuchimov, Adnan Apti, Yener Temelli, Merve Ören, Anand Nene
Muscle strength is usually measured using isometric hand-held dynamometers (HHDs) in the clinic. However, during functional activities, the muscle acts more dynamically. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between clinically measured plantar flexor (PF) muscle strength (PFMS) and laboratory measurements of peak ankle plantar flexion power generation (APFPG), peak ankle moment (PAM), peak plantar flexion velocity (PFV) and mean gait velocity in healthy participants. METHODS: The maximum PFMS on non-dominant sides in 18 able-bodied persons 23...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Zati Alessandro, Cavazzuti Lorenzo, Colori Biagio Carmine Maria, Benedetti Maria Grazia
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) is a condition difficult to treat due to multiple etiopathogenesis and there is wide consensus on the multidisciplinary approach. Among physiotherapy the Medium Frequencies (MF) diathermy has recently been introduced but without enough evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of a deep heating therapy (DHT) produced by a MF diathermy for the treatment of CLBP compared with a superficial heating therapy (SHT)...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Samah Attia El Shemy
BACKGROUND: Weakness of trunk muscles is a common disorder in children with cerebral palsy (CP). They encounter decreased levels of endurance that can lead to diminished capacity of movement. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of core stability training on the endurance of trunk muscles and gait parameters in children with hemiplegic CP. METHODS: Thirty children with hemiplegic CP aged 10 to 12 years were randomly assigned to two groups of equal number; control group (A) and study group (B)...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Mehmet Çetin Başkaya, Cem Erçalık, Özlem Karataş Kır, Tülay Erçalık, Tiraje Tuncer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mirror therapy (MT) in conjunction with a standard physical therapy program on shoulder range of motion (ROM), pain and quality of life in patients with adhesive capsulitis (AC). METHOD: This prospective, randomized, controlled, single blind study included 30 patients with AC who were scheduled to undergo 10 sessions of standard physical therapy. The participants were divided into two identical groups, namely, The MT group and the control group...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Mohammad Rahbar, Yaqhoub Salekzamani, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Fariba Eslamian, Alireza Niroumand, Neda Dolatkhah
BACKGROUND: Hippotherapy is a form of therapeutic exercise for conservative treatment of lumbar spine segmental instability and/or hypomobility in subjects with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluates the effects of a hippotherapy simulator on pain, disability, and range of motion (ROM) of the spinal column in subjects with mechanical LBP. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 80 subjects were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention groups...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Megan M Sperry, Andrew T M Phillips, Alison H McGregor
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that inherent differences in movement strategies exist between control subjects and those with a history of lower back pain (LBP). Previous motion analysis studies focus primarily on tracking spinal movements, neglecting the connection between the lower limbs and spinal function. Lack of knowledge surrounding the functional implications of LBP may explain the diversity in success from general treatments currently offered to LBP patients. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the response of healthy controls and individuals with a history of LBP (hLBP) to a postural disturbance...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Vanessa González-Rueda, Carlos López-de-Celis, Ana García-Barrull, Miriam Cid-Quintas, Aurore Bonnet, Andoni Carrasco-Uribarren, Martín Eusebio Barra-López
BACKGROUND: Hypomobility on a cervical segment is a frequent finding which is sometimes asymptomatic. The effects of inhibitory suboccipital techniques on cervical mobility have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on cervical mobility, of pressure maintained suboccipital inhibition manual technique versus a self-treatment using an Occipivot cushion, in asymptomatic subjects with limited mobility assessed by the flexion-rotation test. METHODS: Before-after randomized uncontrolled trial...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Eun-Kyung Kim, Seong-Gil Kim
BACKGROUND: Oscillatory stimulation provides strong sensory stimulation, which can activate muscle spindles, strengthening proprioceptive sense and, therefore, helping to strengthen the muscles involved in posture stability. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the difference in average distribution of plantar pressure resulting from changes in the forward head position (FHP) angle caused by controlling muscle activity in the neck and shoulders through Bodyblade...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Do Hyun Kim, Jae Jin Lee, Joshua Sung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: Hamstring shortness is the most common musculoskeletal condition in sports athletes, which often contributes to hamstring strain injury. To effectively mitigate the hamstring shortness, contemporary HR, SCS, and IASTM soft tissue techniques have been used. The best practical evidence about the therapeutic effects and the biomechanical mechanisms underpinning these manual techniques remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of HR, SCS, and IASTM techniques on improving hamstring and quadriceps muscle strength, related ratio, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Tugce Onal Balci, Ayla Cagliyan Turk, Fusun Sahin, Nurdan Kotevoglu, Banu Kuran
BACKGROUND: In treatment of adhesive capsulitis, deep heating agents have been shown to have positive effects on pain and function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if addition of ultrasound used in treatment of adhesive capsulitis will provide additional benefits. METHODS: Thirty patients with adhesive capsulitis were included in a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Hotpack, TENS (Transcutaneus Electrical Nerve Stimulation), exercise and active ultrasound therapies were applied to the first group (n= 15), whereas sham ultrasound was applied to the second group (n= 15) in addition to hotpack, TENS and exercise...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Carlos Eduardo Amaral Gonçalves, Priscila Oliveira Silva, Mauricio Santos Soares, Priscila Santos Bunn, Carla Martins Araujo Lima, Agnaldo José Lopes
BACKGROUND: It is known that episodes of microvascular obstruction and oxidative stress in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) can damage muscle tissue. As a consequence, deterioration in muscle function may potentially contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in subjects with SCA, particularly those who do not use long-term treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate muscle function in adults with SCA, to study the correlations between muscle function and HRQoL and to analyse the impact of hydroxyurea treatment...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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