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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Ji-Yeon Lee, Dong-Yeop Lee
BACKGROUND: Lateral abdominal muscles control the lumbar region and this manages the stability of the trunk through co-contraction. Abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) is the basis method for spine stabilization to restore proper neuromuscular control. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of therapeutic abdominal drawing-in maneuver on abdominal muscle thickness and balance. METHODS: Twenty healthy adults were divided into 2 groups. The experimental group performed a bridging exercise with ADIM whereas the control group performed a bridging exercise without ADIM...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sevgi Özdinç, Serap Ünsar, Melahat Akgün Kostak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Footwear preferences and habits may be related to musculoskeletal system problems. This study was designed to determine the relationship between the selection of footwear, musculoskeletal problems and the affecting factors among university students from that different division. METHODS: Four hundred and sixty-six university students in the divisions of Physiotherapy Rehabilitation, Nursing and Business Administration participated in this study...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Mukesh Kumar, Sanjay Srivastava, V Soami Das
BACKGROUND: Overhead work-activities and repetitive use of arm in occupational tasks are known risk factors to cause shoulder injury that often develops to functional disability. Rehabilitation exercises (REs) are capable of slowing this development. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present work is to experiment with common REs and to identify those which produce significant integrated electromyography (iEMG) activation of selected shoulder muscles namely, posterior deltoid, infraspinatus, teres minor, upper trapezius, middle trapezius and lower trapezius...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sun-Shil Shin, Ji-Su Yu, Ji-Yeon Yoon, Mi-Ra Lee, Duk-Hyun An, Won-Gyu Yoo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal disorder that causes patients to assume a forward-trunk posture. Spinal alignment affects gait, muscle activity, and trunk-pelvis-limb coordination because the lumbar spine and muscles interact to allow load transfer between the lower back and pelvis during sagittal trunk movement. Therefore, we investigated the relationships among trunk and pelvic movement, swing toe clearance, and muscle coordination (isolated contraction ratios) of the stance limb during obstacle-crossing by patients with LSS...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sema Özandaç Polat, Ahmet Hilmi Yücel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The study determined the effects of females wearing high-heeled shoes on the lower extremity musculoskeletal system and somatometry. METHODS: The study was carried out with 136 females between 18 and 45 years old. The first group consisted of 66 females wearing 5 cm or higher high-heeled shoes, at least 5 hours a day, three days a week, and at least one year. The second group consisted of 70 females wearing shoes with heel height less than 5 cm for at least one year...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Rungthip Puntumetakul, Manida Swangnetr Neubert, Usa Karukunchit, Orawan Buranruk, Rose Boucaut
BACKGROUND: Rice farming is done using manual methods and involves strenuous labour, which can lead to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with knee musculoskeletal impairments and related pain among rice farmers complaining of knee pain. METHODS: The study employed a community-based, cross-sectional design. Full-time rice farmers (n= 201) were surveyed. A questionnaire was used to record demographics and details of farm work; followed by a physical examination of knee structures impairments...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hüseyin Nazlıkul, Fatma Gülçin Ural, Gökhan Tuna Öztürk, Aycel Derya Tanay Öztürk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of neural therapy on pain and functionality in patients with low back pain due to piriformis syndrome. It also aimed to find out any possible links between the clinical changes and demographic features. METHOD: One hundred and two patients were randomly divided into two groups (neural therapy and control). All patients were given stretching exercises for the piriformis muscle. The patients in the neural therapy group additionally received 6 sessions of neural therapy...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bumchul Yoon, Hyoyoung Pyeon, Yushin Kim, Youngki Hong, Sangheon Lee
BACKGROUND: The core stability theory has emphasized symmetric co-contraction of both anterolateral abdominal muscles (AAM), but there is a lack of research on whether the symmetric co-contraction of AAM is related to the postural stability of the trunk. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the symmetric co-contraction of bilateral AAM and trunk angular displacement during sudden trunk perturbation. METHODS: Eighteen subjects were asked to maintain half-seated posture against backward trunk perturbation...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Julien Lebleu, Philippe Mahaudens, Laurent Pitance, Aurélien Roclat, Jean-Baptiste Briffaut, Christine Detrembleur, Benjamin Hidalgo
BACKGROUND: Altered lower limb movement patterns (LLMP) during the forward step down (FSD) test have been studied in people suffering from knee instability. However, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ADROM) seems to be related to LLMP but no causal inference has been defined between those variables. OBJECTIVE: Our goals were to evaluate (1) psychometric quality of the FSD test in healthy people and (2) the influence of experimental restricted ADROM on LLMP. METHODS: Kinematics were measured by a motion capture system...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Alexander G Kulikov, Darya D Voronina, Aleksey E Morozov, Tatyana N Zajceva, Ksenia I Ustinova
OBJECTIVE: Magnetic field therapy involves the application of low-intensity magnetic fields (1-3.5 mT) to a patient's whole body. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of whole-body magnetic field (WBMF) therapy in the early rehabilitation of patients after lumbar discectomy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 73 patients who underwent lumbar discectomy within 1 month previously participated in the study. All patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups and received either a course of conventional rehabilitation (control group) or conventional rehabilitation together with 10 sessions of WBMF therapy (WBMF group)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
M A Minetto, G Gamerro, G Gays, S Vigo, C Caresio, N E Gorji, G Massazza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disorders should be routinely evaluated and treated in low back pain (LBP) patients because they represent an important contributor to pain. However, no study thus far has investigated the potential benefit to LBP management of a device improving the sleep quality. Therefore, aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an innovative mattress overlay as add-on treatment to LBP rehabilitation. METHODS: Thirty eight LBP patients were randomized to standard rehabilitation plus mattress overlay use (cases) or standard rehabilitation only (controls)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Ali H Alassiri, Ben Attia Habib, Rakan Almuhanna, Mohamed Firoze Ahamed
Dysferlinopathies encompass a group of neuromuscular diseases characterized by the absence of dysferlin in skeletal muscle. It is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the dysferlin gene (DYSF) with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. In this article, we report a case of Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B with a rare homozygous duplication c.164dupA, p.(Ile57Hisfs*8) (rs863225020) in DYSF in a Saudi patient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case from Saudi Arabia with complete clinical data, pathology findings, radiology findings, and genetic analysis...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Farzin Farahbakhsh, Mohsen Rostami, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Ali Mehraki Zade, Bahar Hasanmirzaei, Morteza Faghih Jouibari, Ramin Kordi, David J Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in athletes across a variety of time frames and sports is not known. OBJECTIVES: To systematically collate and appraise studies on the prevalence of LBP in athletes and stratify by point, one year and life-time prevalence. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in February 2016. The following sources were individually searched: PubMed (1950 to present), Ovid SP Medline (1950 to present), ISI (1982 to present) and Google Scholar; Surveys were included if they aimed to report the prevalence of LBP amongst the athletes...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Eileen M Wanke, Lars Gabrys, Jeremy Leslie-Spinks, Daniela Ohlendorf, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite the high popularity of Latin American dance and the specific movement patterns characteristic of this dance discipline, studies on the physical effects of these dance style specific movement patterns are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to analyze strength level differences and shortening of relevant muscle groups resulting from formation dance, taking performance standard and gender into consideration. Furthermore, the correlation between the findings of muscle function tests (MFT) and the occurrence of lumbar spine complaints is evaluated...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Mehmet Okcu, Pelin Oktayoglu, Nuriye Mete, Mehtap Bozkurt, Mehmet Caglayan, Abdullah Zubeyir Dagli, Kemal Nas
AIM: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease of unknown etiology. Various cellular and molecular immunological factors are involved in the pathophysiology of RA. Recent studies suggest that neutrophils and alpha-defensins released from the neutrophils assume significant roles in the pathogenesis of RA. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential association between serum alpha-defensin levels and disease activity, functional status, radiological damage and several laboratory parameters in patients with RA...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Derya Zengin Metli, Sibel Özbudak Demir, İrem Eraktaş, Vildan Binay Safer, Timur Ekiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of robotic rehabilitation on upper extremity functions, cognitive development, and activities of daily living in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: This study was set as prospective and controlled. Subjects with subacute stroke were allocated into two groups as the robotic and control groups. All subjects received a conventional rehabilitation program five times a week for 3 weeks. In addition, robotic group received robotic rehabilitation five times a week for 3 weeks (30 minutes per session)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Mohammad Fazle Rabbi, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Izzeldin I Mohd, Mahdi Alqahtani, Omar Altwijri, Nizam Uddin Ahamed
This study aimed to investigate the electrical activity of two muscles located at the dorsal surface during Islamic prayer (Salat). Specifically, the electromyography (EMG) activity of the erector spinae and trapezius muscles during four positions observed while performing Salat, namely standing, bowing, sitting and prostration, were investigated. Seven adult subjects with an average age of 28.1 (± 3.8) years were included in the study. EMG data were obtained from their trapezius and erector spinae muscles while the subjects maintained the specific positions of Salat...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hyung Seok Nam, Manyong Han, Hyung Yun Choi, Kyuman Song, Seonggyu Kang, Sung Min Ahn, Shi-Uk Lee
BACKGROUND: Optimal seatback angles for automobile drivers' seats have been investigated based on comfort and back muscle activities; however, radiology supported evidences are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate optimal range of the seatback reclining regarding torso angles for an automobile driver's seat to preserve lumbar lordosis. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy volunteers were recruited among five body type categories...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jan Wilke, Lutz Vogt, Tatjana Pfarr, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Most methods assessing soft tissue stiffness are associated with high costs and considerable technical effort. A previous study demonstrated that the tissue compliance meter represents an affordable alternative with straightforward handling. However, little data exists describing its measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to elucidate the reliability and validity of a semi-electronic tissue compliance meter (STCM). METHODS: Tissue stiffness at the lateral calf was examined in 34 healthy participants (24 ± 5 yrs, 21 men)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jan Henrik Terheyden, Mark Wetterkamp, Georg Gosheger, Tobias Lange, Albert Schulze Bövingloh, Tobias L Schulte
BACKGROUND: Shoulder imbalance is a problem for scoliosis patients. Rasterstereography uses radiation-free surface topography to follow up these patients. Its use for assessing shoulder level has not been investigated earlier. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the accuracy of shoulder assessment using rasterstereography (versus radiography) and to analyze its relationship with patients' self-image. METHODS: In a cross-sectional setting, the reliability and validity of five rasterstereographic shoulder variables were measured in comparison with six radiographic shoulder parameters, using correlation analysis...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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