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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

D Collado-Mateo, P R Olivares, J C Adsuar, N Gusi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual problems is very high among women with fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of sexual problems in women with FM and the potential association among physical activity, quality of life and sexual function. We aimed to contribute in the understanding of the relationships between sexual function and the symptoms of FM. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study was comprised by 113 women with FM and 116 age-matched women without FM...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jung-Ha Kim, Bart W Koes, Wendy T M Enthoven, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Pim A J Luijsterburg
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether bone quality associates with severity and prognosis of back pain. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between bone quality and back pain severity at baseline, and whether low bone quality is a prognostic factor for persistent back pain in patients aged over 55 years at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study persistent back pain was defined as a decrease in the back pain severity score of less than 30% at 1-year follow-up compared with baseline score or as a back pain severity score greater than 1 (0-10: 0 = no pain) Low bone quality was categorized as a T-score, calculated using a stiffness index by quantitative ultrasound of the heel, of 2...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ozkan Isik, Irfan Yildirim, Yasin Ersoz, Halit Bugra Koca, Ilkay Dogan, Elmas Ulutas
BACKGROUND: Weight loss practice before competitions is a common method in weight sports. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to monitor Plasma Osmolarity (POsm), skeletal muscle damage and inflammation levels induced by pre-competition dehydration among elite wrestlers. METHODS: Twenty-four male elite wrestlers participated in the study. A survey information form that assessed pre-competition weight loss practices were administered to the wrestlers...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Shenghui Tuan, Ihsiu Liou, Hungtzu Su, Yunjeng Tsai, Guanbo Chen, Shufen Sun
BACKGROUND: Most studies used hyaluronic acid (HA) requiring 3-5 intra-articular injections (IAJ) for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of a single IAJ of a novel HA by measuring the thickness of quadriceps and femoral intercondylar cartilage (FIC) under ultrasonography (US) in addition to subjective self-reported measures. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with KOA (Kellgren-Lawrence grades 2-3) received unilateral IAJ of HYAJOINT-Plus to the worse knee and were assessed at baseline and 1, 3 and 6-months after IAJ...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Tae June Park, Ho Jun Lee, Jae Seong Kim, Kiyeun Nam
BACKGROUND: Posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment is infrequent because of anatomical barriers, and it is difficult to diagnose posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment because of its rare incidence and the ambiguity of radiologic evaluations. And it is difficult to differentiate it from other diseases such as spinal tumors. OBJECTIVE: Differential diagnosis of posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment is clinically important because its diagnosis can affect treatment and prognosis...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Won-Jun Meng, Soo-Young Jo, Sang-Heon Lee, Nack-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Cold pack therapy is not used frequently in clinics in spite of its effectiveness in clinical reports. Low compliance due to cold intolerance may be a disturbance factor that hinders patients from using the modality. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the improved compliance and clinical efficacy as new devised cold modality with a different composition is applied to target different therapeutic temperature range in tension-type headache (TTH) patients. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, comparative trial involving 53 patients with tension-type headache was conducted...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Billy Senington, Raymond Y Lee, Jonathan Mark Williams
BACKGROUND: Fast bowlers display a high risk of lower back injury and pain. Studies report factors that may increase this risk, however exact mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To provide a contemporary analysis of literature, up to April 2016, regarding fast bowling, spinal kinematics, ground reaction force (GRF), lower back pain (LBP) and pathology. METHOD: Key terms including biomechanics, bowling, spine and injury were searched within MEDLINE, Google Scholar, SPORTDiscuss, Science Citation Index, OAIster, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Science Direct and Scopus...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nack Hwan Kim, Sang-Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nerve injury due to a movable cystic mass during knee motion is a rare neuropathy, which can be diagnosed precisely using a dynamic ultrasonogram. OBJECTIVE: To present a case with foot drop and common peroneal neuropathy that involved a movable cystic mass during knee flexion adjacent to the proximal tibiofibular joint. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 47-year-old female was referred to our institute for a right foot drop...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nikola Vučinić, Mirela Erić, Snežana Tomašević-Todorovič, Bojana Milekić
BACKGROUND: Algometry, as a highly sensitive method, provides an objective insight into the degree of pain, while the use of questionnaires can estimate the patient's psychological status in a simple way. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted in order to measure the pressure pain threshold in patients with cervical and lumbar radiculopathy and to find a possible association of pain with the anxiety and depression. METHODS: The study examined 60 hospitalized patients with cervical radiculopathy and 60 patients with lumbar radiculopathy before starting and after finishing kinesitherapy...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Katrine Tranaas Vannebo, Vegard Moe Iversen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Paul Jarle Mork
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of test-retest reliability studies of measurements of cervical muscle strength, taking into account gender and possible learning effects. OBJECTIVE: To investigate test-retest reliability of measurement of maximal isometric cervical muscle strength by handheld dynamometry. METHODS: Thirty women (age 20-58 years) and 28 men (age 20-60 years) participated in the study. Maximal isometric strength (neck flexion, neck extension, and right/left lateral flexion) was measured on three separate days at least five days apart by one evaluator...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jonas Verbrugghe, Anouk Agten, Bert O Eijnde, Enzo Olivieri, Xavier Huybrechts, Henk Seelen, Frank Vandenabeele, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Although low to moderate intensity exercise therapy is a predominant part of rehabilitation in nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP), effect sizes are small and optimal exercise modalities/intensities are unclear. Conversely, effects of high intensity training have not yet been investigated in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of high intensity training (HIT) and to explore the magnitude of the effects of a HIT program may have on exercise capacity and disease related outcome measures compared to conventional therapy for persons with NSCLBP...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ji-Hyun Lee, Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn, Tae-Woo Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Normal dorsiflexion (DF) required for normal gait is achieved through balance of the tibialis anterior (TA) and extensor hallucis longus (EHL). Imbalance may induce ankle and foot deformities and exacerbate pathology. EHL dominance is associated with progressive TA weakness, attributable to muscle non-use. When the EHL dominantly dorsiflexes the ankle, the big toe extends at the metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) and pure ankle DF is absent. The effects of active MTPJ flexion on TA and EHL muscles, TA/EHL ratio, and the force applied during active DF in EHL-dominant (EHL-D) and EHL-non-dominant (EHL-ND) subjects were compared...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Anna Lubkowska, Aleksandra Radecka, Iwona Bryczkowska, Iwona Rotter, Maria Laszczyńska, Beata Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effects of visible light and infrared is especially often used in physiotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exposure to radiation on the motor units activity. METHODS: The study included 29 volunteers whom was evaluated the spontaneous and voluntary bioelectric activity of the trapezius muscle using surface electromyography (value of average amplitude and frequency), before and immediately after a 15-minute irradiation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Vicente Pinheiro Lima, Rodolfo de Alkmim Moreira Nunes, Jurandir Baptista da Silva, Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marco Jesus, Juliana Brandão Pinto de Castro, Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas, Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 10-week core and mobility training program on pain perception and low back disability score in professors, students and employees of a university. METHODS: Twenty-four individuals of a university who previously reported pain and low back disability were randomly assigned to an experimental group (EG; n= 8) that received 2 weekly sessions of 50 minutes of core and mobility training for 10 weeks; or to a control group (CG; n= 16)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jaewook Shin, Hyunok Lee, Wonsik Bae, Jwajun Kim
BACKGROUND: Identifying the functional status of patients after total knee arthroplasty is important. This study aimed to examine the differences in sit-to-stand and static standing ability balance between patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty and healthy participants. METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age 70.05 years) who underwent total knee arthroplasty and 20 healthy participants (mean age 69.20 years) participated in this study. To assess the participants' sit-to-stand, the Good Balance System (Metitur Ltd, Finland) was used to measure each participant's mediolateral center of pressure (COP) displacement and time required to complete the sit-to-stand movement...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sinem Sağ, Kemal Nas, Mustafa Serdar Sağ, İbrahim Tekeoğlu, Ayhan Kamanlı
OBJECTIVES: In this study, our objective was to determine the work productivity and work disability of the patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to investigate the relation of these parameters with disease activity, anxiety, depression and quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with the diagnosis of AS and 30 healthy control were included in the study. In patients with AS, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) was used to evaluate the disease activity; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) was used to evaluate the spinal mobility and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) was used to determine the functional status...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Emine Aslan Telci, Feride Yarar, Uğur Cavlak, Orcin Telli Atalay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the musculoskeletal pain distribution, quality of life, and the hopelessness level in mothers with disabled children in different ambulation levels. METHODS: This study included a total of 177 mothers (mean age: 36.1 ± 6.5 years) of children with disabilities. The mothers were divided into 3 different groups according to the ambulation level of their disabled children: Ambulatory children (Group 1), partially ambulatory children (Group 2) and non-ambulatory children (Group 3)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jariya Boonhong, Phitsanu Suntornpiyapan
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound combined with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (UltraTENS) and phonophoresis of piroxicam (PhP) are combined modality therapy that frequently used in musculoskeletal pain including knee osteoarthritis (OA). But it is lack of a good clinical trial to prove and compare their effects. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of UltraTENS with PhP on mild to moderate degree of symptomatic knee OA. METHODS: Sixty-one patients (55 women), mean age of 63...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Canghai Shen, Haiwei Xu, Baoshan Xu, Xiaoguang Zhang, Xiaofeng Li, Qiang Yang, Xinlong Ma
BACKGROUND: In addition to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been investigated as a potential diagnostic and prognostic tool for patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of cMRI and DTI parameters in prediction of surgical outcome in DCM patients. METHODS: One hundred and forty-two patients with DCM who underwent presurgical cMRI and DTI of the cervical spine were included...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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