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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035912/effectiveness-of-therapeutic-ultrasound-with-or-without-thumb-spica-splint-in-the-management-of-de-quervain-s-disease
#1
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Naveed Babur, Tahir Masood
BACKGROUND: The management of De Quervain's disease is determined more by Intuition than scientific data. The choice of first line conservative option for the management of De Quervain's disease is still a topic of debate. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic ultrasound with or without spica splint in the management of De Quervain's disease (DQD). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Outpatient department of Al-Nafees Medical College Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035911/low-back-pain-during-pregnancy-and-kinesio-tape-application
#2
Aycan Çakmak Reyhan, Elif Elçin Dereli, Tuğba Kuru Çolak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a common problem during pregnancy. Although the pain usually occurs in the third trimester, it might be seen in the first trimester, too. There are various types of applications for the treatment of low back pain during pregnancy. However, there is a lack of evidence for the effectiveness of each method. If there is not an obvious deficit, bed rest, exercise, conventional physiotherapy, using protective principles for the lumbar area are recommended, since the main and the only complaint is low back pain...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035910/immediate-effects-of-cervical-unilateral-anterior-posterior-mobilisation-on-shoulder-pain-and-impairment-in-post-operative-arthroscopy-patients
#3
Jürg Hauswirth, Markus J Ernst, Marianne Lanz Preusser, André Meichtry, Jan Kool, Rebecca J Crawford
BACKGROUND: Lateral gliding cervical spine mobilisation is shown to improve shoulder pain, disability and function. However, despite common clinical-use, no study reports the effect of unilateral anterior-posterior (A-P) cervical mobilisation on shoulder pain and function, and particularly in patients after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. OBJECTIVE: Examine the immediate effect of single-level Grade III cervical unilateral A-P mobilisation on shoulder pain, flexion and abduction range of motion (ROM) and external rotator strength compared to placebo cervical unilateral A-P light touch pressure...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035909/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-lidocaine-and-betamethasone-dipropionate-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-injection
#4
Bahar Dernek, Tugba Aydin, Pinar Kursuz Koseoglu, Fatma Nur Kesiktas, Tugba Yesilyurt, Demirhan Diracoglu, Cihan Aksoy
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a commonly seen peripheral nerve mononeuropathy. Corticosteroid injection within the carpal tunnel is among the conservative treatment options. The exact mechanism of action of steroids is not fully clear; decreased inflammation surrounding nerves or tendons is thought to be the main effect. Lidocaine has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects on certain cells (monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils etc.). The aim of this study is to evaulate the efficacy of lidocaine treatment as a alternative to corticosteroid treatment in carpal tunnel syndrome...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035908/plantar-pressures-increase-with-raising-body-weight-a-standardised-approach-with-paired-sample-using-neutral-shoes
#5
T Hotfiel, H D Carl, F Wendler, A Jendrissek, R Heiß, B Swoboda
BACKGROUND: Plantar pressure leads to stress on plantar tissue and can be seen as risk factor for metatarsal stress fractures or plantar ulcers and is associated with prolonged and complicated recurrence of existing tissue damages. A clear demarcation of a systematic raise of body load regarding its effect on plantar pressure has not been described. OBJECTIVE: Assessing plantar pressure in different conditions of body weight, comparing data to initial body weight...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035907/comparison-of-radiofrequency-kyphoplasty-and-balloon-kyphoplasty-in-combination-with-posterior-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures
#6
R Bornemann, T R Jansen, L A Otten, K Sander, D C Wirtz, R Pflugmacher
BACKGROUND: In case of complex vertebral fractures, posterior fixation is often required for correction of deformity and instability. Fixation is commonly supported by balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) anterior. A development of BKP is radiofrequency-targeted vertebral augmentation (RF-TVA), which leads to comparable results for augmentation and pain relief. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study evaluates the outcome of posterior fixation combined with RF-TVA or BKP, respectively...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911285/the-relation-between-chondromalacia-patella-and-meniscal-tear-and-the-sulcus-angle-trochlear-depth-ratio-as-a-powerful-predictor
#7
Hatice Resorlu, Coskun Zateri, Gurdal Nusran, Ferdi Goksel, Nilufer Aylanc
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between chondromalacia patella and the sulcus angle/trochlear depth ratio as a marker of trochlear morphology. In addition, we also planned to show the relationship between meniscus damage, subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness as a marker of obesity, patellar tilt angle and chondromalacia patella. METHODS: Patients with trauma, rheumatologic disease, a history of knee surgery and patellar variations such as patella alba and patella baja were excluded...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911284/different-types-of-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-aerobic-exercise-or-pilates-a-single-blind-clinical-study
#8
Bilge Kara, Fadime Küçük, Esra Coşkuner Poyraz, Melda Soysal Tomruk, Egemen İdıman
BACKROUND: The aim of our study is to examine effects of aerobic and Pilates exercises on disability, cognition, physical performance, balance, depression and fatigue in relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients as compared to healthy controls. METHODS: The subjects were divided as aerobic exercise (n = 26), Pilates (n = 9), and the healthy control group (n = 21). We used MSFC, physical performance, Berg balance scale, Beck depression scale, fatique impact scale...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911283/association-between-physical-activity-and-pain-processing-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-compared-to-pain-free-controls
#9
Lindsay C Orr, Steven Z George, Corey B Simon
BACKGROUND: Pain sensitivity has been negatively associated with physical activity levels. Few studies have examined associations between experimentally induced pain sensitivity and physical activity in adults with chronic low back pain and pain-free controls. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations between physical activity levels and how an individual processes pain using experimentally induced pain stimuli. METHODS: Seventy subjects (CLBP = 49; mean age = 46...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911282/role-of-rehabilitation-in-hurler-s-syndrome
#10
Sudhir Ramkishore Mishra, Mona Shastri, Jaishree Ramesh
Hurler syndrome is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder of lysosomal accumulation of un-degraded glucosaminoglycan secondary to deficiency of a-L-Iduronidase enzyme. It is most severe form of Mucopolysaccharidosis with incidence of 1:100 000. It has multisystemic involvement leading to multiple deformity, disability and death within 10th years of life. A 2 year old boy presented with umbilical hernia, gross developmental delay and a progressive spinal deformity. On detailed clinical, radiological and laboratory investigation he was diagnosed as Hurler's syndrome...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911281/polymorphisms-in-promoter-regions-of-mmp-3-and-il-6-genes-are-not-associated-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais-gender-bias
#11
Wenyuan Sui, Junlin Yang, Zifang Huang, Qifei Wang, Hengwei Fan, Yaolong Deng
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study in Chinese Han people. PURPOSE: To explore whether promoter polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3) (rs3025058) and interleukin-6(IL-6) (rs1800795) genes are associated to AIS gender bias. METHODS: A total of 200 patients (100 boys and 100 girls) with AIS and 200 healthy age-matched adolescents were recruited from July 2008 to August 2013 in our scoliosis center. All AIS patients had Cobb angles larger than 20°, average 43 ± 3...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858696/quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-spinal-deformity-surgery
#12
Greg M McKean, Athanasios I Tsirikos
BACKGROUND: Quality of life measurements evaluate surgical results from patients' reported outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of spinal deformity treatment using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire. METHODS: SRS-22 data was collected in 545 consecutive patients (425 females-120 males) pre-operatively, 6-, 12- and 24-months post-operatively. Variables included type and age of surgery (mean: 15.14 ± 2.07 years), gender, diagnosis and year of surgery...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858686/inter-rater-reliability-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-sacroiliac-joint-disc-and-facet-joint-pain
#13
Cornelis W J van Tilburg, Johannes G Groeneweg, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several diagnostic criteria sets are described in the literature to identify low back pain subtypes, but very little is known about the inter-rater reliability of these criteria. We conducted a study to determine the reliability of diagnostic tests that point towards SI joint-, disc- or facet joint pain. METHODS: Inter-rater reliability study alongside three randomized clinical trials. Multidisciplinary pain center of general hospital. Patients aged 18 or more with medical history and physical examination suggestive of sacroiliac joint-, disc- and facet joint pain on lumbar level...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858679/entire-syringomyelia-associated-with-chiari-ii-malformation-and-severe-scoliosis-and-hydrocephalus
#14
Jie Liang, Weifei Wu, Neng Ru, Jianfeng Chen
BACKGROUND: The syrinx can occur in any region of the spinal cord and is common in cervical and/or thoracic region, and distributing along spinal cord is unusual, especially association with Chiari II malformation and scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To report a first case of entire syringomyelia associated with Chiari II malformation and severe scoliosis and hydrocephalus. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient began to experience symptoms of bilateral hand weakness in adulthood...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858700/three-months-of-resistance-training-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-improves-reactive-balance-control-under-unstable-conditions
#15
Erika Zemková, Ol'a Kyselovičová, Michal Jeleň, Zuzana Kováčiková, Gábor Ollé, Gabriela Řtefániková, Tomáš Vilman, Miroslav Baláž, Timea Kurdiová, Jozef Ukropec, Barbara Ukropcová
BACKGROUND: Contrary to static and dynamic balance, there is a lack of scientific evidence on the training induced changes in reactive balance control in response to unexpected perturbations in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effect of 3 months of resistance and aerobic training programs on postural responses to unexpected perturbations under stable and unstable conditions in the overweight and obese. METHODS: A group of 17 overweight and obese subjects, divided into two groups, underwent either resistance or aerobic training for a period of 3 months (3 sessions per week)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858699/adolescent-lumbar-disc-herniation-impact-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
Mustafa Karademir, Olcay Eser, Ergün Karavelioglu
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LDH) is rare in children and adolescents. To date, the treatments available for child and adolescent LDH, and the effect of each treatment, have not been fully reviewed. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the etiology, familial history, presenting symptoms, level of herniation, duration of symptoms, radiological findings, as well as treatment methods and outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all patients with inclusion criteria of being younger than 20 years...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858698/low-back-pain-prevalence-in-healthcare-professionals-and-identification-of-factors-affecting-low-back-pain
#17
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858697/health-related-quality-of-life-and-perception-of-deformity-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, Turgut Akgül, İlker Çolak, Elif Elçin Dereli, Mehmet Chodza, Fatih Dikici
BACKGROUND: Quality of life and cosmethic appearance have gained importance as outcomes in AIS treatment. Improving aesthetic appearance and quality of life are defined as the primary aims of scoliosis treatment by health professionals. Studies that assess and compare the different treatment results in the field of quality of life and cosmethics are some what limited. OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was designed to compare quality of life and deformity perception in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) received conservative (exercise or exercise + brace) or surgical treatment...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858695/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-investigating-the-sensitivity-of-initial-diagnosis-with-electro-diagnostic-tests-in-600-cases-and-associated-risk-factors-especially-manual-milking
#19
Abdulkadir Tunç, Belma Doğan Güngen
BACKGROUND: Electro-diagnostic studies are the most reliable methods in diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Although there are many risk factors associated with CTS, there are a limited number of studies in the literature indicating that manual milking, which is frequently seen in Turkey, is a risk factor for CTS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate demographic findings of cases referred due to initial diagnosis of CTS as well as aetiological data especially manual milking and to investigate the sensitivity of initial diagnosis of CTS...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858694/goniometric-evaluation-of-the-spinal-sagittal-curves-in-children-and-adolescents-a-reliability-study
#20
Aristide Gravina, Claudio Ferraro, Patrizia Poli, Michele Barazzuol, Alessandra Del Felice, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: Gold standard for spine deformities assessment is X rays, but the procedure bears a risk of exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of a pocket compass needle goniometer (IncliMed®, University of Padua) to non-invasively evaluate spine curves in children and adolescents. METHODS: Prospective reliability study in a paediatric population (mean age 12.5 years ± 2.5). Children with spine deformities (Scheuermann's or postural kyphosis, idiopathic scoliosis) and healthy controls were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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