Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Tibor Szikszay, Toby Hall, Harry von Piekartz
BACKROUND: The mechanical behavior of the peripheral nervous system under elongation and tension has not been adequately established in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to investigate the mechanical behavior of the peripheral nervous system in vivo. METHODS: In vivo studies which evaluated the effects of limb movement and neurodynamic tests on peripheral nerve biomechanics were systematically searched in PubMed (Medline), the Cochrane Database, CINAHL, PEDro, Embase and Web of Science...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jiancheng Ji, Shuai Guo, Tao Song, Fengfeng Jeff Xi
BACKGROUND: Most stroke survivors are suffering from physical motor impairments and confronting with the risk of falls, and well trunk stability is essential for balance during daily functional activities. OBJECTIVES: Current fall prevention devices have various limits to the efficient recovery of balance function of the trunk. To provide hemiplegic patients after stroke with the retraining of trunk position sense and a safety environment, a novel fall prevention device is proposed...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bülent Elbasan, Kamile Uzun Akkaya, Mufit Akyüz, Deran Oskay
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), and Kinesio Taping (KT) applications are separately used to improve postural control and sitting balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the combined effect of NDT, NMES and KT applications on postural control and sitting balance in children with CP. METHODS: Forty five children, in 3 groups, between the ages 5-12 years were included in the study...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ulf K Hofmann, Alena N Fischer, Maurice Jordan, Martina M Feierabend, Sina Wittmann, Ina-Christine Rondak, Ingmar Ipach, Falk Mittag
BACKGROUND: Spinal surgeries have strongly increased in number over the past decade. The question of when it is safe to resume driving is thereby one the most frequently asked questions that patients ask of their treating physician. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess braking performance before and after spine surgery. METHODS: Reaction time, foot transfer time (together brake response time [BRT]), and brake force (BF) were evaluated in a drive simulator...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
David J Kohns, Andrew J Haig, Brad Uren, Katrina Diaz, Sierra Loar, David Share, Kerby Shedden, Mary Catherine Spires
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common complaint in emergency departments (ED), where deviations from standard of care have been noted. OBJECTIVE: To relate the ordering of advanced imaging and opioid prescriptions with the presentation of low back pain in ED. METHODS: Six hundred adults with low back pain from three centers were prospectively analyzed for history, examination, diagnosis, and the ordering of tests and treatments. RESULTS: Of 559 cases the onset of pain was less than one week in 79...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Dong Gyu Lee, Min Cheol Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We report the case of a patient who presented with right dorsal scapular neuropathy after a trigger point injection into the right rhomboid major muscle. Through a nerve conduction study and electromyography, we demonstrated dorsal scapular nerve injury in this patient. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old man complained that his right shoulder functioned less optimally during push-up exercises after a trigger point injection 4 weeks prior. Physical examination revealed mildly reduced right shoulder retractor muscle strength compared with the left side...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Lianghua Chen, Dandan Liu, Liping Zou, Ju Huang, Junqi Chen, Yucong Zou, Jienuan Lai, Jingjie Chen, Haihong Li, Gang Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) in patients with lumbar disc protrusion (LDP). METHODS: This study included 63 patients suffering from protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc; they were divided into Groups 1 (n= 32) and 2 (n= 31). Group 1 was treated with HILT and spinal decompression system (SDS). Patients in Group 2 received SDS alone. Evaluations were conducted on Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), lumbosacral portion pain, and lower limb radiation pain with visual analogue scale (VAS) of two patient groups before treatment, two weeks after treatment, and 1 month after follow-up visit...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Fazel Rezaei Motlagh, Mohammad Kamali, Taher Babaee
BACKGROUND: The Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities (QLPSD) is the first specific questionnaire to evaluate health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in adolescents with spinal deformities. Measuring HRQoL is important because spinal deformities and their management may negatively affect quality of life (QoL), thereby importantly affecting treatment effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of a Persian version of the QLPSD through patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and Scheuermann's kyphosis...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
J Mason DePasse, Sara Park, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Treatment options for spinal cord injuries are currently limited, but multiple clinical trials are underway for a variety of interventions, drugs, and devices. The Food and Drug Administration website catalogues these trials and includes information on the status of the trial, date of initiation and completion, source of funding, and region. This investigation assesses the factors associated with publication and the publication rate of spinal cord injury trials...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Lars L Andersen, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: While both manipulative treatment and physical exercises are used to treat cervical pain, it remains unclear which is most effective. OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term effects of high-velocity, low-amplitude manipulation techniques (MT) with those of home-exercise (HE) with stretching and low-intensity (10% of max) isometric contractions on pain and function. METHODS: Single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed. A total of 27 asymptomatic subjects were randomly assigned to 2 groups: manipulation techniques (MT, n= 13) and home exercise (HE, n= 14)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Dong-Ki Kim, Chang-Yong Kim, Byoung-Kwon Lee, Dongkwon Seo
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown asymmetric behavior of the surface and deep layers of spine muscles in scoliosis patients, compared to normal individuals. However, there is a lack of research on the transversus abdominal (TA) muscle, which plays an important role in trunk stabilization. OBJECTIVE: To assess symmetry in subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) by measuring the thickness of abdominal muscles, and to investigate characteristic features through a comparative analysis of the data with healthy aged-matched group...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
André Augusto M T Mendes, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira de Freitas, César F Amorin, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of one workday on pain and perceived exertion, muscular strength, and electromyographic activity of the erector spinae muscles in welders with and without low back pain. This is an observational cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two welders, metallurgical shipbuilding, were equally divided into 2 groups: low back pain and no low back pain. Pain and perceived exertion. Muscular strength by maximal voluntary contractions and electromyographic activity of right and left erector spinae muscles during maximal voluntary contractions and in the 3 welding positions for 2 periods of the workday (in the morning and at the end of the workday)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sejun Oh, Minhee Kim, Minyoung Lee, Taeyeong Kim, Dongshin Lee, Bumchul Yoon
BACKGROUND: Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are related to low back pain and back muscle stiffening, and secondarily to movement impairment. MTrP therapy with an inflatable ball would improve clinical outcomes for chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) after 6 weeks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of MTrPs with an inflatable ball for the elderly with CNSLBP. METHODS: Fifteen elderly patients with chronic non-specific low back pain were evaluated for pain, pressure sensitivity, and physical function at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 weeks of therapy...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Juan M Cortell-Tormo, Pablo Tercedor Sánchez, Ivan Chulvi-Medrano, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, Carmen Manchado-López, Salvador Llana-Belloch, Pedro Pérez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Exercise is important as adjuvant in the chronic low back pain (CLBP) treatment. Functional training could involve benefits for low back pain (LBP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 12-week period of functional resistance training on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, body pain, and physical fitness in CLBP females. METHODS: Nineteen females CLBP were recruited according to Paris Task Force on Back Pain criteria...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Rainer Schneider
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic back pain poses major challenges for all health care systems and patients worldwide. Myofascial trigger therapy (MT), although a very popular standard non-pharmaceutical form of treatment, only shows small to medium effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To test a new vibrotreatment (Cellconnect Impulse)® transmitting low-frequency, vertical shock waves in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Eligible patients were adults seeking physiotherapeutic treatment...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nai-Jen Chang, Willy Chou, Pei-Chi Hsiao, Wen-Dien Chang, Yi-Ming Lo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disc degeneration experience associated pain and disability. Considering its safety and affordability, Kinesio tape (KT) may be a viable treatment. However, most KT studies have demonstrated its effects in healthy adults and patients with nonspecific low back pain. The efficacy of KT in patients with disc degeneration is yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the acute effects of KT on patients with lumbar disc degeneration confirmed through magnetic resonance imaging...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Khalid A Alahmari, Ravi Shankar Reddy, Paul Silvia, Irshad Ahmad, Venkat Nagaraj, Mohammad Mahtab
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of cervical joint position sense in subjects with chronic neck pain has gained importance in recent times. Different authors have established increased joint position error (JPE) in subjects with acute neck pain. However, there is a paucity of studies to establish the influence of chronic neck pain on cervical JPE. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand the influence of chronic neck pain on cervical JPE, and to examine the differences in cervical JPE between young and elderly subjects with chronic neck pain...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Cristian Rodolfo Raya, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Patricia Martín-Casas, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are prevalent multifactorial pathologies in which the actual role of the cervical region position is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the position of the upper cervical rachis and the symptoms of TMD. METHODS: Sixty women were recruited to this study. All of them completed a questionnaire and were subjected to a temporomadibular exploration to create two different groups: a TMD Group (n= 30) - women who suffered TMD symptoms according to the evaluation; and a control group (n= 30) - women who were free from TMD symptoms...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Benjamin Hidalgo, Toby Hall, Jean Bossert, Axel Dugeny, Barbara Cagnie, Laurent Pitance
OBJECTIVE: To review and update the evidence for different forms of manual therapy (MT) and exercise for patients with different stages of non-specific neck pain (NP). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane-Register-of-Controlled-Trials, PEDro, EMBASE. METHOD: A qualitative systematic review covering a period from January 2000 to December 2015 was conducted according to updated-guidelines. Specific inclusion criteria only on RCTs were used; including differentiation according to stages of NP (acute - subacute [ASNP] or chronic [CNP]), as well as sub-classification based on type of MT interventions: MT1 (HVLA manipulation); MT2 (mobilization and/or soft-tissue-techniques); MT3 (MT1 + MT2); and MT4 (Mobilization-with-Movement)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Qassim I Muaidi
BACKGROUND: Knee proprioception is an integral component of neuromuscular control system that stabilizes the joints, reducing incidence of injury. Knee injuries' incidences differ between genders. Knee rotation is a component of different knee injury mechanisms. Gender differences in knee proprioception in internal (IR) and external (ER) rotations are not sufficiently studied. OBJECTIVE: To check whether proprioceptive acuity in IR and ER directions of knee rotation is inherently lower in women compared to men...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"