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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#1
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332032/value-of-conventional-mri-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-parameters-in-predicting-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#2
Canghai Shen, Haiwei Xu, Baoshan Xu, Xiaoguang Zhang, Xiaofeng Li, Qiang Yang, Xinlong Ma
BACKGROUND: In addition to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been investigated as a potential diagnostic and prognostic tool for patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of cMRI and DTI parameters in prediction of surgical outcome in DCM patients. METHODS: One hundred and forty-two patients with DCM who underwent presurgical cMRI and DTI of the cervical spine were included...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332031/difference-of-the-thickness-and-activation-of-trunk-muscles-during-static-stoop-lift-at-different-loads-between-subjects-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#3
Hoe-Song Yang
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) have been reported to alter muscle contraction strategies. OBJECTIVE: To compare activity and thickness of the trunk muscles (external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrA), and lumbar multifidus (LM)) during static stoop lift at different lifting loads between the subjects with and without LBP. METHODS: Twenty eight subjects with LBP and twenty healthy subjects were recruited...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332030/what-is-a-more-effective-method-of-cranio-cervical-flexion-exercises
#4
Junhyung Park, Do-Heung Ko, Jingang Her, Jihea Woo
BACKGROUND: Cranio-cervical flexion exercise (CCFE) is a representative exercise that activates the deep muscles of neck pain patients. However, there are a lack of studies that propose specific exercise methods to examine the more effective activity level of the deep cervical flexor. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose a more effective exercise method through effect comparison based on an optimal degree of mouth-opening, a mouth-open versus mouth-closed position, eye gaze, and body position change during CCFE...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332029/biomechanical-effects-of-uss-fixation-with-different-screw-insertion-depths-on-the-vertebrae-stiffness-and-screw-stress-for-the-treatment-of-the-l1-fracture
#5
Jifeng Liu, Sheng Yang, Jianmin Lu, Dapeng Fu, Xipeng Liu, Depeng Shang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biomechanical effects of internal fixation with different screw insertion depths on vertebrae stiffness and screw stress for L1 fracture. METHODS: The established L1 fracture was fixed with 10 different depths of screw insertion: 10-100% screw-path length (SPL). Loading on the T12 endplate was simulated. RESULTS: Screws inserted to 60-100% depths has a higher axial displacement of screw against injured vertebrae and maximum stress of screws compared to those of screws inserted to 30-50% depths and 10-20% (P< 0...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309040/the-immediate-effects-of-two-manual-therapy-techniques-on-ankle-musculoarticular-stiffness-and-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-in-people-with-chronic-ankle-rigidity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Benjamin Hidalgo, Toby Hall, Mathilde Berwart, Elinor Biernaux, Christine Detrembleur
OBJECTIVE: Ankle rigidity is a common musculoskeletal disorder affecting the talocrural joint, which can impair weight-bearing ankle dorsiflexion (WBADF) and daily-life in people with or without history of ankle injuries. Our objective was to compare the immediate effects of efficacy of Mulligan Mobilization with Movement (MWM) and Osteopathic Mobilization (OM) for improving ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) and musculoarticular stiffness (MAS) in people with chronic ankle dorsiflexion rigidity...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278872/long-term-effects-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-flying-related-lbp
#7
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flying related transient Low Back Pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is considered an occupational distress. OBJECTIVE: To examine if exercise programs can alleviate transient LBP. METHODS: Sixty-five helicopter pilots (92% males), all reporting flying related LBP, responded to an epidemiological survey and a long-term follow-up, 44.8 months later, comprising questions regarding transient LBP and number of sick leaves. Data from 37 pilots participating in two exercise programs, A; general for LBP, B; focused for lumbar trunk (LT), included information from clinical examinations and muscular endurance tests of the LT before and after intervention...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278871/the-effect-of-surface-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-patients-with-post-stroke-dysphagia
#8
Pingping Meng, Shuchao Zhang, Qiang Wang, Peipei Wang, Chao Han, Jinghui Gao, Shouwei Yue
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the clinical efficacy of a therapeutic protocol using surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (sNMES) on patients with post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) is superior to that without sNMES, and whether swallowing functional outcome is different with regards to different electrode placement on patients' skin of neck. METHODS: Thirty patients with PSD were randomly allocated into treatment group A (TGA), treatment group B (TGB) and control group according to a random number table...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278870/the-effect-of-stabilization-exercises-on-diaphragm-muscle-thickness-and-movement-in-women-with-low-back-pain
#9
Esra Dülger, Sevil Bilgin, Elif Bulut, Deniz İnal İnce, Nezire Köse, Ceyhun Türkmen, Hatice Çetin, Jale Karakaya
BACKGROUND: Diaphragm is an important component of spinal stability. In presence of low back pain, there may be some alterations in this muscle like other muscles that are responsible for lumbal stabilization. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effects of stabilization exercises on diaphragm muscle thickness and motion along with lumbopelvic stability. METHODS: Twenty-one women with low back pain participated in the study. Stabilization exercises including motor control training were performed on treatment group (n= 11)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278869/effect-of-glenohumeral-stabilization-exercises-combined-with-scapular-stabilization-on-shoulder-function-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-controlled-experimenter-blinded-study
#10
Na-Young Jeon, Seung-Chul Chon
BACKGROUND: Shoulder stabilization exercises consisted of a glenohumeral stabilization and scapular stabilization. No studies have been assessed the superiority of shoulder stabilization until now. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of a glenohumeral stabilization exercise (GSE) combined with a scapular stabilization exercise (SSE) on changes in shoulder function in patients with shoulder painMETHODS: Shoulder stability, scapular alignment, pain, muscle power, and range of motion (ROM) were measured before and after the intervention in both groups...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171982/morphofunctional-muscle-changes-influence-on-foot-stability-in-multiple-sclerosis-during-gait-prediction-the-rehabilitation-potential1
#11
Marius Cristian Neamtu, Oana Maria Neamtu, Mihnea Ion Marin, Ligia Rusu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis patients may suffer muscle changes that involve gait disorders of the kinetic and kinematic parameters also their gait may be clinically symmetrical or asymmetrical. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze how the muscle change, could affect the biomechanical parameters of foot stability during the gait, by disturb the motor control. METHODS: The study group consisted of 13 patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, presenting clinically detectable abnormal gait...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171981/a-comparison-of-occupational-groups-using-different-working-postures-in-terms-of-their-low-back-and-neck-health-status
#12
Hatice Çetin, Sevil Bilgin, Jale Karakaya, Nezire Köse
OBJECTIVE: To compare how disability, fear of movement, psychosocial status and quality of life are affected in terms of low back-neck health status in three occupational groups using different work postures. METHOD: Three hundred thirty-nine individuals participated in this study from the following three different occupational groups: group A, where the individuals worked in a prolonged sitting position (secretaries), group B, where the individuals performed dynamic activities in a standing position (cleaning workers) and group C, where the individuals worked in a prolonged standing position (private security officers)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171980/effectiveness-of-neuro-developmental-treatment-bobath-concept-on-postural-control-and-balance-in-cerebral-palsied-children
#13
Fatih Tekin, Erdogan Kavlak, Ugur Cavlak, Filiz Altug
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show the effects of an 8-week Neurodevelopmental Treatment based posture and balance training on postural control and balance in diparetic and hemiparetic Cerebral Palsied children (CPC). METHODS: Fifteen CPC (aged 5-15 yrs) were recruited from Denizli Yağmur Çocukları Rehabilitation Centre. Gross Motor Function Classification System, Gross Motor Function Measure, 1-Min Walking Test, Modified Timed Up and Go Test, Paediatric Balance Scale, Functional Independence Measure for Children and Seated Postural Control Measure were used for assessment before and after treatment...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171979/influence-of-a-dynamic-seating-habit-on-lumbar-motor-control-in-schoolchildren
#14
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Adequate motor control is considered important for spinal stability and the prevention of low back pain in adulthood and in childhood. OBJECTIVE: Given that the sitting position can affect proprioception, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of using at school a triangular and dynamic cushion on schoolchildren's trunk motor control. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old schoolchildren were randomized into a control group (n= 15) and a "cushion group" (n= 15), in which the children used the cushion for one year and a half...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171978/comparison-between-zero-profile-spacer-and-plate-with-cage-in-the-treatment-of-single-level-cervical-spondylosis
#15
Tao Lan, Jian-Ze Lin, Shi-Yu Hu, Xin-Jian Yang, Yang Chen
BACKGROUND: Retrospective study of 68 patients of symptomatic cervical spondylosis who were treated by anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients with single level cervical spondylosis using either zero-profile spacer (group A) or anterior cervical plate and cage (group B). METHODS: Clinical and radiological data of 68 patients undergoing ACDF from C3-C7 were collected retrospectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171977/ultrasonographic-measurements-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-and-talar-cartilage-thicknesses-a-reliability-study-in-healthy-subjects
#16
Şule Şahin Onat, Ayşe Merve Ata, Simão Serrano, Shaw-Gang Shyu, João Constantino, Süha Yalçın, Cengiz Açıkel, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the joint cartilage using ultrasound (US) imaging is important. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the reliabilities of ultrasonographic measurements for talus dome (TCT) and metacarpal cartilage thicknesses (MCT). METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were recruited in the study. Every day, five physiatrists measured eight joint cartilage thicknesses. They repeated all the measurements in five consecutive days. RESULTS: Intra-observer intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values were "excellent" for all MCTs, except for the 3rd left MCT on the 1st day, 4th left MCT on the 1st day and 4th right MCT on the 3rd day which were "good"...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171976/right-versus-left-side-bridge-static-endurance-ability-among-healthy-collegiate-students-at-taibah-university
#17
Tarek M El-Gohary, Samiha M Abd Elkader, Hatem A Emara, Mahmoud I Ibrahim, Osama A Khaled, Mostafa S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscles endurance is fundamental for providing adequate trunk stability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the side bridge static endurance ability of the right versus left side. METHODS: Forty right hand dominant students, aged between 18 and 25 years, were recruited from Taibah University. Every participant had to lie down on his side and bear trunk weight on the arm with shoulder abducted to 90∘ and elbow flexed to 90∘...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171975/an-unusual-coexistence-of-lymphedema-with-myotonic-dystropy-the-effect-of-complex-decongestive-therapy
#18
Pinar Borman, Ayşegül Yaman, Emel Calp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#19
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154263/the-effectiveness-of-proprioceptive-and-neuromuscular-training-compared-to-bracing-in-reducing-the-recurrence-rate-of-ankle-sprains-in-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
M Burger, D Dreyer, R L Fisher, D Foot, D H O'connor, M Galante, S Zalgaonkir
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are common musculoskeletal injuries in which the ligaments of the ankle partially or completely tear due to sudden stretching. OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise, evaluate and establish the best available evidence to determine the effectiveness of proprioceptive and neuromuscular training (PNT) compared to bracing in reducing the recurrence rate of ankle sprains in athletes. METHODOLOGY: The following seven databases were searched in June 2017: PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, ScienceDirect, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, EBSCO Host: CINAHL...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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