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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Yalkin Camurcu, Hakan Sofu, Hanifi Ucpunar, Nizamettin Kockara, Adem Cobden, Serda Duman
BACKGROUND: The synergistic and protective effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) added to methlyprednisolone (MP) has been demonstrated via in-vitro studies. However, there is no report in the literature about this issue. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of intra-articular (IA) MP injection prior to PRP injection in comparison with single-dose MP and PRP injections alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: The treatment groups were "PRP group" (n= 37) who underwent single-dose IA PRP injection, "PRP + MP group" (n= 40) who underwent MP injection one week prior to single-dose PRP injection, and "MP group" (n= 38) who underwent single-dose MP injection...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nebojsa Cokorilo, Milena Mikalacki, Goran Satara, Milan Cvetkovic, Dragan Marinkovic, Jelena Zvekic-Svorcan, Borislav Obradovic
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercises to music can have a positive effect on functional and motor skills of an exerciser, their health, as well as an aesthetic and socio-psychological component. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of reactive exercising in a group on functional capabilities in physically active and physically inactive women. METHODS: A prospective study included 64 healthy women aged 40-60 years. The sample was divided into the experimental group (n= 36), i...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Arijit Chatterjee, Subhashis Sahu
BACKGROUND: A huge number of labourers engaged in construction industry in India both in organized and unorganized sectors. The construction labourers most often work for an extended period of time and they are compelled to uphold altered static and dynamic operational stance in awkward positions during the complete period of work which raises the demand on the musculoskeletal system and may lead to work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). OBJECTIVE: This study is intended to explore the operational stance and occupation related musculoskeletal manifestations amongst the construction labourers...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Murat Alemdar
BACKGROUND: Comparison of sensory conduction of median nerve (MN) with the one of ulnar nerve (UN) over writs-to-ring finger (RF) segment is useful in electrodiagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, there is not any consensus regarding the usage of this technique in grading of CTS. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the hands of CTS with elicitable MN sensory responses on index finger, but not on RF (non-respondings) compose a more severe electrophysiologic grade than the hands with elicitable responses on both fingers (respondings)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
M Duray, N Yagci, N Ok
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy that is associated with various pain-related disabilities such as chronic low back pain (LBP), should be questioned besides physical assessments. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the physical factors associated with self-efficacy in patients with chronic mechanic LBP. METHODS: One hundred nine patients diagnosed as chronic mechanic LBP (65 females, 44 males) between 20-50 years old were included to this study. The intensity of LBP was assessed by using a 10-cm Visual Analogue Scale...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Yong Qi, Hongtao Sun, Yueguang Fan, Feimeng Li, Yunting Wang, Chana Ge
OBJECTIVE: To explore the biomechanical influence of posterior tibial angle on the anterior cruciate ligament and knee joint forward stability. METHODS: The left knee joint of a healthy volunteer was scanned by CT and MRI. The data were imported into Mimics software to obtain 3D models of bone, cartilage, meniscus and ligament structures, and then Geomagic software was used to modify of the image. The relative displacement between tibia and femur and the stress of ACL were recorded...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Gozde Yagci, Cigdem Ayhan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: In scoliosis, curve progresses due to muscle imbalance and poor posture. Basic body awareness therapy (BBAT) aims to improve posture, coordination, and balance by increasing body awareness, which may help decrease deformities. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate effects of Basic body awareness therapy (BBAT) on curve magnitude, trunk asymmetry, cosmetic deformity, and quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: Twenty female AIS patients were randomly assigned to BBAT and traditional exercises (TEs) groups...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Sepehr Moalej, Shahrbanoo Kazemi, Mahsa Asadabadi, Leila Khedmat, Rezvan Hashemi, Reza Tavacolizadeh, Zahra Vahabi, Ghazal Shariatpanahi
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is abnormal sideways curve of spine .Screening for scoliosis is controversial, and there has been significant heterogeneity between studies. In Iran, there is still no suitable device to screen sideways curves in spine. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the simple scolioscreen software for screening the students of elementary schools for detecting schoolchildren scoliosis. This students has been examined by trained medical student and data entered in scolioscreen application of Iphone...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bogdan Constantin Raţ, Marinela Raţă, Bogdan Antohe
BACKGROUND: Most lesions of the soft tissues, especially those at the muscle level, are due to the lack of elasticity of the connective tissue and fascia. Stretching is one of the most commonly used methods of treatment for such musculoskeletal issues. OBJECTIVE: This study tracks the effects of stretching on the electromyographic activity of muscle chains, applied to a 24-year-old athlete diagnosed with the Haglund's disease. METHOD: For the evaluation, we used visual examination and surface electromyography (maximum volumetric isometric contraction)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Edyta Wysocka, Małgorzata Starzec, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski
OBJECTIVES: Lumbar spinal stenosis may lead to urinary inconsistence and negatively impact quality of life. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of urinary incontinence and quality of life in female patients with spinal canal stenosis comparing to control group. METHODS: The study population consisted of 50 women diagnosed with severe lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Their mean age was 55.32 ± 12.97 years. The clinical control group consisted of 30 women who did not suffer from any spine disorders...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
BACKGROUND: Neck pain has an episodic course with varying time for recovery and identification of individuals likely to recover is important. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was twofold: 1a) to explore the duration of recovery from nonspecific neck pain, and 1b) to investigate the relation between recovery duration and age, and 2) to evaluate whether the NHBOW can predict duration of recovery from non-specific neck pain. METHODS: One hundred and three from 342 office workers reported non-specific neck pain, with information collected on pain intensity and disability every month for 12 months...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
S Sağ, M S Sağ, I Tekeoğlu, A Kamanlı, K Nas, B A Acar
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of NLR (Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio), MPV(mean platelet volume), PDW(distribution width) rates in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with IL-17 and IL-1 beta which are within the cytokines playing an important role in etiopathogenesis and activity of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven RA patients diagnosed according to RA classification criteria of ACR/EULAR 2010 and 37 controls were included into the study...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hakan Nur, Ayca Aytekin, Erdal Gilgil
BACKGROUND: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) bursitis has been described as a distended and inflamed bursa between the superficial and deep portions of the MCL. It is a rare but important cause of medial knee pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 65-year-old woman with knee osteoarthritis (OA) presented with severe pain and swelling in her left knee. She didn't have a traumatic injury. After a clinical examination, a slight decrease in the range of motion of the left knee, and a painful swelling and tenderness over the medial side of the knee and proximal tibia were detected...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jun Zhang
This study aimed to further clarify the underlying pathomechanism of non-union skeletal fractures.Gene expression profile dataset GSE494 obtained from six non-union skeletal fracture and six normal samples was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Overlapping genes in at least two platforms were analyzed, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between normal and disease groups were screened. Transcriptional regulatory relationships and differentially regulated modules of various transcription factors (TFs) were determined...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
W L Ding, Y Z Zheng, Y P Su, X L Li
OBJECTIVE: To help patients with disabilities of the arm and shoulder recover the accuracy and stability of movements, a novel and simple virtual rehabilitation and evaluation system called the Kine-VRES system was developed using Microsoft Kinect. METHODS: First, several movements and virtual tasks were designed to increase the coordination, control and speed of the arm movements. The movements of the patients were then captured using the Kinect sensor, and kinematics-based interaction and real-time feedback were integrated into the system to enhance the motivation and self-confidence of the patient...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
D Collado-Mateo, P R Olivares, J C Adsuar, N Gusi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual problems is very high among women with fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of sexual problems in women with FM and the potential association among physical activity, quality of life and sexual function. We aimed to contribute in the understanding of the relationships between sexual function and the symptoms of FM. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study was comprised by 113 women with FM and 116 age-matched women without FM...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jung-Ha Kim, Bart W Koes, Wendy T M Enthoven, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Pim A J Luijsterburg
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether bone quality associates with severity and prognosis of back pain. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between bone quality and back pain severity at baseline, and whether low bone quality is a prognostic factor for persistent back pain in patients aged over 55 years at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study persistent back pain was defined as a decrease in the back pain severity score of less than 30% at 1-year follow-up compared with baseline score or as a back pain severity score greater than 1 (0-10: 0 = no pain) Low bone quality was categorized as a T-score, calculated using a stiffness index by quantitative ultrasound of the heel, of 2...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Ozkan Isik, Irfan Yildirim, Yasin Ersoz, Halit Bugra Koca, Ilkay Dogan, Elmas Ulutas
BACKGROUND: Weight loss practice before competitions is a common method in weight sports. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to monitor Plasma Osmolarity (POsm), skeletal muscle damage and inflammation levels induced by pre-competition dehydration among elite wrestlers. METHODS: Twenty-four male elite wrestlers participated in the study. A survey information form that assessed pre-competition weight loss practices were administered to the wrestlers...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Shenghui Tuan, Ihsiu Liou, Hungtzu Su, Yunjeng Tsai, Guanbo Chen, Shufen Sun
BACKGROUND: Most studies used hyaluronic acid (HA) requiring 3-5 intra-articular injections (IAJ) for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of a single IAJ of a novel HA by measuring the thickness of quadriceps and femoral intercondylar cartilage (FIC) under ultrasonography (US) in addition to subjective self-reported measures. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with KOA (Kellgren-Lawrence grades 2-3) received unilateral IAJ of HYAJOINT-Plus to the worse knee and were assessed at baseline and 1, 3 and 6-months after IAJ...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Tae June Park, Ho Jun Lee, Jae Seong Kim, Kiyeun Nam
BACKGROUND: Posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment is infrequent because of anatomical barriers, and it is difficult to diagnose posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment because of its rare incidence and the ambiguity of radiologic evaluations. And it is difficult to differentiate it from other diseases such as spinal tumors. OBJECTIVE: Differential diagnosis of posterior epidural lumbar disc fragment is clinically important because its diagnosis can affect treatment and prognosis...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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