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American Journal of Audiology

Rebecca J Bennett, Carly J Meyer, Robert H Eikelboom, Marcus D Atlas
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify hearing aid owners' and clinicians' opinions of the knowledge, skills, and tasks required for hearing aid management and the importance of each of these to overall success with hearing aids. Method: Concept mapping techniques were used to identify key themes, wherein participants generated, sorted, and rated the importance of statements in response to the question "What must hearing aid owners do in order to use, handle, manage, maintain, and care for their hearing aids?" Twenty-four hearing aid owners (56 to 91 years of age; 54...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Kostas Kokkinakis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bilateral cochlear implant (CI) listeners who are fitted with clinical processors are able to benefit from binaural advantages under reverberant conditions. Another aim of this contribution was to determine whether the magnitude of each binaural advantage observed inside a highly reverberant environment differs significantly from the magnitude measured in a near-anechoic environment. Method: Ten adults with postlingual deafness who are bilateral CI users fitted with either Nucleus 5 or Nucleus 6 clinical sound processors (Cochlear Corporation) participated in this study...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Xuehu He, Xiuzhong Li, Yaqi Guo, Yue Zhao, Hui Dong, Jie Dong, Li Zhong, Zhiyun Shi, Yuying Zhang, Mario Soliman, Chunhua Song, Zhijun Zhao
Purpose: This study screens for deafness gene mutations in newborns in the Northwest China population. Method: The 9 sites of 4 common deafness genes (GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and mt 12S rRNA) were detected by bloodspot-based gene chip array in 2,500 newborns. Results: We detected mutations of the 4 genes in 101 (4.04%) newborns; particularly, 0.20% detected the double mutations. In the Hui population, 4.58% of the newborns tested positive for mutations, whereas 4...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Alexandra McMullan, Rebecca J Kelly-Campbell, Kim Wise
Purpose: This pilot study aimed to investigate whether revising a hearing aid user guide (HAUG) is associated with improved hearing aid self-efficacy and utility performance. Method: In Part 1, an HAUG was evaluated using the Suitability Assessment of Material (SAM) and readability formulas (Flesch Reading Ease [Flesch, 1943], Flesch-Kincaid Readability Formula [Kincaid, Fishburne, Rogers, & Chissom, 1957], and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook [McLaughlin, 1969])...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Min Zhang, Sheila R Pratt, Patrick J Doyle, Malcolm R McNeil, John D Durrant, Jillyn Roxberg, Amanda Ortmann
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of persons with aphasia, with and without hearing loss, to complete a commonly used open-set word recognition test that requires a verbal response. Furthermore, phonotactic probabilities and neighborhood densities of word recognition errors were assessed to explore potential underlying linguistic complexities that might differentially influence performance among groups. Method: Four groups of adult participants were tested: participants with no brain injury with normal hearing, participants with no brain injury with hearing loss, participants with brain injury with aphasia and normal hearing, and participants with brain injury with aphasia and hearing loss...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Deborah Moncrieff, Lauren Dubyne
Purpose: This study investigated the influence of voice onset time (VOT) on the perception of consonant-vowel (CV) signals during a dichotic listening (DL) task. Method: Sixty-two young adults with normal hearing were tested with the English language version of the Hugdahl Dichotic CV (DCV) Test. They were asked to identify 1 CV syllable during 3 DL conditions: free recall (report the syllable heard most clearly), forced right (report the syllable in the right ear), and forced left (report the syllable in the left ear)...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess factors associated with depression for patients with tinnitus and hyperacusis. Method: Data were gathered from the records of 620 consecutive patients who sought help concerning their tinnitus or hyperacusis from an audiology clinic in the United Kingdom. Results: One third of the patients had borderline abnormal or abnormal scores on the Depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D)...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Jennifer Watermeyer, Amisha Kanji, Safiyyah Sarvan
Purpose: This preliminary study aimed to explore communication processes and information exchange in pediatric hearing aid orientation (HAO) sessions. Effective information exchange in such sessions is crucial to support appropriate hearing aid use. Method: Using a qualitative sociolinguistic framework, we recorded and analyzed 5 HAO sessions between 2 audiologists and 5 caregivers of children who had just been fitted with hearing aids. We also conducted semistructured interviews with the audiologists and caregivers and analyzed these using content analysis...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Danielle Glista, Marianne Hawkins, Andrea Bohnert, Julia Rehmann, Jace Wolfe, Susan Scollie
Purpose: This study implemented a fitting method, developed for use with frequency lowering hearing aids, across multiple testing sites, participants, and hearing aid conditions to evaluate speech perception with a novel type of frequency lowering. Method: A total of 8 participants, including children and young adults, participated in real-world hearing aid trials. A blinded crossover design, including posttrial withdrawal testing, was used to assess aided phoneme perception...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Sarah M Theodoroff, Garnett P McMillan, Tara L Zaugg, Megan Cheslock, Chan Roberts, James A Henry
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine if a customized stimulus from the Otoharmonics Levo System reduces tinnitus perceptions and reactions for people with bothersome tinnitus. Method: Sixty participants were randomized to 1 of 3 groups that used sound therapy devices during sleep that differed in their acoustic stimulus: (a) tinnitus-matched (TM), (b) noise stimulus (NS), and (c) bedside sound generator (BSG). Outcome measures were the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI), numeric rating scale of tinnitus loudness, and tinnitus loudness match...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Jerald James, Rachel Chappell, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Purpose: To enhance audiology and physician assistant (PA) student appreciation for collaboration/team-based care through an interprofessional educational activity focused on hearing assessments. Method: A total of 18 students from Louisiana State University Health-New Orleans's audiology and PA programs participated in an optional interprofessional education learning opportunity, which included a demonstration of hearing assessments. To assess student perspectives regarding interprofessional learning, the students completed pre- and post-surveys...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Yunfang Zheng, Janet Koehnke, Joan Besing
Purpose: This study examined the individual and combined effects of noise and reverberation on the ability of listeners with normal hearing (NH) and with bilateral cochlear implants (BCIs) to localize speech. Method: Six adults with BCIs and 10 with NH participated. All subjects completed a virtual localization test in quiet and at 0-, -4-, and -8-dB signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) in simulated anechoic and reverberant (0.2-, 0.6-, and 0.9-s RT60) environments. BCI users were also tested at +8- and +4-dB SNR...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Ferdinando Grandori, Deborah Hayes
We present an overview of the conceptualization and development of the Newborn Hearing Screening and Hearing Across the Lifespan (Lake Como) conferences from 2000 to 2016.
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Jing Shen, Pamela E Souza
Purpose: Dynamic pitch, the variation in the fundamental frequency of speech, aids older listeners' speech perception in noise. It is unclear, however, whether some older listeners with hearing loss benefit from strengthened dynamic pitch cues for recognizing speech in certain noise scenarios and how this relative benefit may be associated with individual factors. We first examined older individuals' relative benefit between natural and strong dynamic pitches for better speech recognition in noise...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Nikolai Bisgaard, Stefan Ruf
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze data from the EuroTrak surveys performed from 2009 to 2015 in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom to identify factors that could account for the growth in hearing aid sales over that period. Method: Data of 132,028 people-approximately 15,000 for each of the 3 countries at 3-year intervals-were collected using a questionnaire. The sample in each country was weighted using the respective country age-gender populations to get balanced results...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Stig Arlinger, Peter Nordqvist, Marie Öberg
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze a database of completed International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA) questionnaires obtained from over 100,000 clients fitted with new hearing aids in Sweden during the period of 2012-2016. Mean IOI-HA total scores were correlated with degree of hearing loss, unilateral versus bilateral fitting, first-time versus return clients, gender, and variation among dispensing clinics. The correlations with expectations, service quality, and technical functioning of the hearing aids were also analyzed...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
Purpose: This research assessed the feasibility and construct validity of ecological momentary assessment in capturing the hearing experiences of adults with mild hearing impairment in natural environments. Method: Twenty-nine adults between the ages of 55 and 79 years (M = 69 years) answered multiple surveys on a smartphone app over a 2-week trial. Participants also wore 1 environmental classifier and a streamer allowing bidirectional communication between smartphone and classifier...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Arthur Boothroyd, Carol Mackersie
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate user reactions to custom software designed for self-adjustment of amplification. Method: "Goldilocks" software was developed to allow user exploration and selection of preferred levels of overall output, low-frequency cut, and high-frequency boost while listening to preprocessed speech. Thirteen hearing-aid users and 13 nonusers self-adjusted before and after taking a speech perception test incorporated into the software...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Alessia Paglialonga, Francesco Pinciroli, Gabriella Tognola
Purpose: The aim of the study was to analyze, by using the ALFA4Hearing model (At-a-Glance Labeling for Features of Apps for Hearing Health Care), a sample of apps over a wide range of services in the hearing health care (HHC) domain in order to take a first picture of the current scenario of apps for HHC. Method: We tested 120 apps, and we characterized them by using the ALFA4Hearing model, which includes 29 features in 5 components (Promoters, Services, Implementation, Users, and Descriptive Information)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Benjamin W Y Hornsby, Samantha J Gustafson, Hope Lancaster, Sun-Joo Cho, Stephen Camarata, Fred H Bess
Purpose: The primary purposes of this study were to examine the effects of hearing loss and respondent type (self- vs. parent-proxy report) on subjective fatigue in children. We also examined associations between child-specific factors and fatigue ratings. Method: Subjective fatigue was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (PedsQL-MFS; Varni, Burwinkle, Katz, Meeske, & Dickinson, 2002). We compared self- and parent-proxy ratings from 60 children with hearing loss (CHL) and 43 children with normal hearing (CNH)...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
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