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American Journal of Audiology

Rebecca J Bennett, Carly J Meyer, Robert H Eikelboom, Marcus D Atlas
Purpose: Although hearing health care clinicians provide training on hearing aid handling and management as part of the rehabilitation program, clinical studies suggest that the level of management skill demonstrated by hearing aid owners is low. In the absence of a comprehensive clinical survey to identify these shortfalls in clinical training, the objective of this study was to develop and report the psychometric properties of the Hearing Aid Skills and Knowledge Inventory (HASKI: a self-administered version and a clinician-administered version)...
September 11, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
James E Peck
Purpose: The author of this letter to the editor expresses concern about the use of the word "nonorganic" as a source of confusion in terminology. Specifically, this is in response to the December 2017 American Journal of Audiology article, "Estimating Nonorganic Hearing Thresholds Using Binaural Auditory Stimuli" (Norrix, Rubiano, & Mueller, 2017). "Nonorganic" is a source of confusion in terminology, because it can be used in two different ways. One way can mean to say there is no hearing loss...
August 29, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Linda W Norrix, Thomas Muller
Purpose: The purpose of this letter is to respond to Dr. Peck's (2018) letter to the editor regarding the use of the term "nonorganic" to describe hearing loss, demonstrated by the pure tone audiogram that cannot be explained or is greater than what can be explained by a physiological auditory disorder. Conclusions: We prefer the term "nonorganic" rather than the term "false and exaggerated hearing loss." "Nonorganic," in our view, is a nonjudgmental term and, as stated by Austen and Lynch (2004), implies "as little as possible about its cause" (p...
August 29, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Richard S Tyler, Rachael L Owen, Julie Bridges, Phillip E Gander, Ann Perreau, Patricia C Mancini
Purpose: The use of acoustic stimuli to reduce the prominence of tinnitus has been used for decades. Counseling and tinnitus sound therapy options are not currently widespread for cochlear implant (CI) users. The goal of this study was to determine whether tinnitus therapy sounds created for individuals with acoustic hearing may also benefit CI users. Method: Sixteen sounds from the ReSound Relief app (Version 3.0) were selected for the study. Sixteen participants were asked to rate the overall acceptability of each sound and to write the description of the sound they perceived...
August 13, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Johnnie K Bass, Jie Huang, Chia-Ho Hua, Shaum P Bhagat, Lisa Lucks Mendel, Arzu Onar-Thomas, Daniel J Indelicato, Thomas E Merchant
Purpose: Compared to photon-based radiotherapy, protons deliver less radiation to healthy tissue resulting in the potential reduction of late complications such as sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). We report early auditory outcomes in children treated with proton radiotherapy (PRT) for craniopharyngioma. Method: Conventional frequency (CF = 0.25-8.0 kHz) audiometry, extended high-frequency (EHF = 9.0-16.0 kHz) audiometry, distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) testing, and speech-in-noise (SIN) assessments were prospectively and longitudinally conducted on 74 children with a median of 2 post-PRT evaluations (range, 1-5) per patient...
August 1, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain, Siti Aisyah Abdullah, Muhammad Amar Mohd Ruzai, Siti Hajra Mu'minah Noor Ibrahim, Nur Farah Aida Anuar, 'Afaf Ezzaty Abdul Rahim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of 2 different electrode montages (ipsilateral and vertical) on the auditory brainstem response (ABR) findings elicited from narrow band (NB) level-specific (LS) CE-Chirp and tone-burst in subjects with normal hearing at several intensity levels and frequency combinations. Method: Quasi-experimental and repeated-measures study designs were used in this study. Twenty-six adults with normal hearing (17 females, 9 males) participated...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Vickie Thomson, Christine Yoshinaga-Itano
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of audiology involvement and other factors associated with failure to follow through from the initial hearing screening to the second outpatient screen. Method: Linear regression, logistical regression, and descriptive analyses were used across demographic and hospital variables associated with infants who did not receive a follow-up outpatient screen. Results: The results included birthing hospital outpatient rescreen rates from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2005...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Yap Quin Jean, Rafidah Mazlan, Mahadir Ahmad, Nashrah Maamor
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a substantive theory that explains parenting stress among mothers of deaf or hard-of-hearing (D/HH) children. Method: Fifteen hearing mothers of children with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss were interviewed. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and a grounded theory approach was used to inductively analyze parental stress in mothers of D/HH children. Theory generation was achieved through triangulation of data sources and systematic organization of data into codes...
July 13, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Andrew Stuart
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a method for the assessment of audiology author impact as a function of institution and compare these results to a recent college ranking of audiology graduate programs. Method: Scopus author impact metrics (i.e., number of documents, number of citations, and h index) from a previous study (Stuart, Faucette, & Thomas, 2017) were generated for 79 accredited graduate programs in audiology in the United States and Canada...
July 3, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Patricia L Michelson, Devin L McCaslin, Gary P Jacobson, Michelle Petrak, Lauren English, Kelsey Hatton
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the variability and test-retest reliability of a commercially available subjective visual vertical (SVV) system known as Virtual SVV (Interacoustics). In addition, the study aimed to compare the reliability of the Virtual system with a previously established bucket test of SVV. Study Design: Fifteen participants with normal hearing, normal middle ear function, and normal utricular function were included in the study...
June 25, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Andrew Stuart, Alyssa N Kerls
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine contralateral inhibition of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in young adults with normal hearing as a function of ear and sex. Method: Young female (n = 50) and male (n = 50) adults with normal hearing participated. TEOAEs were measured bilaterally with 80 dB peSPL nonlinear clicks and 60 dB peSPL linear clicks with and without a contralateral broadband noise elicitor at 65 dB SPL. Absolute TEOAE inhibition and normalized TEOAE inhibition (i...
June 25, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Skm Azizul Islam, Jin Wook Chung, Young-Sil Lee, HoChan Cho, Seong-Su Moon
Purpose: Hearing impairment is one of the most common chronic diseases causing deterioration of the quality of life in elderly individuals. Several viral infections have been suggested to cause hearing impairment. We investigated association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with hearing impairment using a representative sample of the Korean population. Method: Participants included 6,583 men and 8,702 women, who were ≥ 20 years of age from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys of the Korean population (2010-2012)...
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
K Jonas Brännström, Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén
Purpose: This study examines how voice quality and multitalker babble noise affect immediate passage comprehension and the efficiency of information encoding into long-term memory in children with normal hearing. Method: Eighteen children (mean age = 9 years) with normal hearing participated. Immediate passage comprehension performance and delayed performance (after 5 to 8 days) were assessed for 4 listening conditions: a typical voice in quiet, a typical voice in noise, a dysphonic voice in quiet, and a dysphonic voice in noise...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Tina M Stoody, Chelsea E Cottrell
Purpose: The pediatric and adult versions of the SCAN-3 test (Keith, 2009a, 2009b) are widely used to screen and diagnose auditory processing disorders. According to the instruction manual, the test administration is flexible in that it may be administered through an audiometer at 50 dB HL or a portable CD player at the patient or administrator's most comfortable listening level (MCL). Because MCL may vary across individuals, even in those with normal hearing sensitivity, this study explored whether the presentation level affected scores on the SCAN-3 for both pediatric and adult populations...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Asha Yathiraj, Chitnahalli Shankaranarayan Vanaja
Purpose: The study aimed to determine a criterion to diagnose the presence of auditory processing disorder (APD) in children. Method: Using a standard comparison design, 280 children "not at risk" for APD and 100 children "at risk" for APD were evaluated on 4 different tests: Speech-in-Noise Test in Indian English (Yathiraj, Vanaja, & Muthuselvi, 2010), Dichotic Consonant-Vowel (Yathiraj, 1999), Duration Pattern Test (Musiek, Baran, & Pinheiro, 1990), and the Revised Auditory Memory and Sequencing Test in Indian English (Yathiraj, Vanaja, & Muthuselvi, 2010)...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Alana Douglas, Rebecca J Kelly-Campbell
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the readability of published patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) designed for use in adult audiologic rehabilitation. The readability results were compared with the readability levels recommended for health information by health literacy experts. Method: Reading grade levels were calculated using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Formula (Flesch, 1948), Gunning Fog Index (Gunning, 1952), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (McLaughlin, 1969), and FORCAST (Caylor, Sticht, Fox, & Ford, 1973) readability formulas for 10 published PROMs...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Samantha Tai, Robyn Woodward-Kron, Caitlin Barr
Purpose: Effective clinical communication is pivotal to the provision of quality hearing health care. To date, audiology students reportedly felt ill-prepared when counseling patients about their hearing impairment, yet there is a paucity of studies exploring how clinical communication is taught and learned in audiology programs. Thus, the aims of the study were (a) to explore final year audiology students' perspectives of their own clinical communication skills during an in-house university clinical placement and (b) to explore students' perceptions of their clinical communication education...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Verena Müller, Heinz Klünter, Dirk Fürstenberg, Hartmut Meister, Martin Walger, Ruth Lang-Roth
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether adults with cochlear implants benefit from a change of fine structure (FS) coding strategies regarding the discrimination of prosodic speech cues, timbre cues, and the identification of natural instruments. The FS processing (FSP) coding strategy was compared to 2 settings of the FS4 strategy. Method: A longitudinal crossover, double-blinded study was conducted. This study consisted of 2 parts, with 14 participants in the first part and 12 participants in the second part...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Jasper V Smit, Bart J Pielkenrood, Remo A G J Arts, Miranda L Janssen, Yasin Temel, Robert J Stokroos
Purpose: The field of neuromodulation is currently seeking to treat a wide range of disorders with various types of invasive devices. In recent years, several preclinical trials and case reports in humans have been published on their potential for chronic tinnitus. However, studies to obtain insight into patients' willingness to undergo these treatments are scarce. The aim of this survey study was to find out whether tinnitus patients are willing to undergo invasive neuromodulation when taking its risks, costs, and potential benefits into account...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Rachel Garrette, Alisha L Jones, Martha W Wilson
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether acoustic reflex threshold testing before administration of distortion product otoacoustic emissions can affect the results of the distortion product otoacoustic emissions testing using an automated protocol. Method: Fifteen young adults with normal hearing ranging in age from 19 to 25 years participated in the study. All participants had clear external ear canals and normal Jerger Type A tympanograms and had passed a hearing screening...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
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