Read by QxMD icon Read

American Journal of Audiology

Claudia Coelho, Richard Tyler, Haihong Ji, Eveling Rojas-Roncancio, Shelley Witt, Pan Tao, Hyung-Jin Jun, Tang Chuan Wang, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz
PURPOSE: We surveyed the benefit of dietary supplements to treat tinnitus and reported adverse effects. METHOD: A website was created for people with tinnitus to complete a variety of questions. RESULTS: The 1,788 subjects who responded to questionnaires came from 53 different countries; 413 (23.1%) reported taking supplements. No effect on tinnitus was reported in 70.7%, improvement in 19.0%, and worsening in 10.3%. Adverse effects were reported in 6% (n = 36), including bleeding, diarrhea, headache, and others...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Samantha J Kleindienst, Sumitrajit Dhar, Donald W Nielsen, James W Griffith, Larry B Lundy, Colin Driscoll, Brian Neff, Charles Beatty, David Barrs, David A Zapala
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research note is to identify and prioritize diseases important for detection in adult hearing health care delivery systems. METHOD: Through literature review and expert consultation, the authors identified 195 diseases likely to occur in adults complaining of hearing loss. Five neurotologists rated the importance of disease on 3 dimensions related to the necessity of detection prior to adult hearing aid fitting. RESULTS: Ratings of adverse health consequences, diagnostic difficulty, and presence of nonotologic symptoms associated with these diseases resulted in the identification of 104 diseases potentially important for detection prior to adult hearing aid fitting...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Naomi B H Croghan, Anne M Swanberg, Melinda C Anderson, Kathryn H Arehart
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe chosen listening levels (CLLs) for recorded music for listeners with hearing loss in aided and unaided conditions. METHOD: The study used a within-subject, repeated-measures design with 13 adult hearing-aid users. The music included rock and classical samples with different amounts of audio-industry compression limiting. CLL measurements were taken at ear level (i.e., at input to the hearing aid) and at the tympanic membrane...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Mary K Easterday, Patrick N Plyler, Steven M Doettl
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of mental tasking on measures of the caloric vestibulo-ocular reflex utilizing videonystagmography as the measurement technique. METHOD: A within-subjects repeated-measures design was utilized. Sixteen healthy adults were evaluated (13 women, 3 men; ages 19-31 years). Each participant underwent bithermal caloric irrigation at 2 separate counterbalanced visits. At 1 visit mental tasking was utilized, whereas the other visit did not utilize mental tasking...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Ahmad A Alanazi, Nannette Nicholson, Samuel R Atcherson, Clifford Franklin, Michael Anders, Naveen Nagaraj, Jennifer Franklin, Patricia Highley
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to test the effect of the combined use of trained standardized parents and a baby simulator on students' hearing screening and parental counseling knowledge and skills. METHOD: A one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study design was used to assess self-ratings of confidence in knowledge and skills and satisfaction of the educational experience with standardized parents and a baby simulator. The mean age of the 14 audiology students participating in this study was 24...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Joanne Guerlain, Antoine Paul, Isabelle Rouillon, Marine Parodi, Erea Noel Garabedian, Natalie Loundon
PURPOSE: Outpatient pediatric audiometry brainstem response (ABR) uses various techniques (no drug, hydroxyzine, pentobarbital, melatonin). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of melatonin as compared to pentobarbital in children with associated disorders. METHOD: This was a retrospective study that took place in a tertiary care center. Eighty-three children (34 girls and 49 boys) had performed ABR under pentobarbital (GPent) or melatonin (GMel) between 2013 and 2014 and were included...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Johanna Tan, Richard Dowell, Adam Vogel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review article is to synthesize evidence from the fields of developmental linguistics and cochlear implant technology relevant to the production and perception of Mandarin lexical tone in cochlear implant users with prelingual deafness. The aim of this review was to identify potential factors that determine outcomes for tonal-language speaking cochlear implant users and possible directions for further research. METHOD: A computerized database search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Academic Search Premier, Web of Science, and Google Scholar was undertaken in June and July 2014...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Lu-Feng Shi, Laura L Koenig
PURPOSE: Nonnative listeners have difficulty recognizing English words due to underdeveloped acoustic-phonetic and/or lexical skills. The present study used Boothroyd and Nittrouer's (1988)j factor to tease apart these two components of word recognition. METHOD: Participants included 15 native English and 29 native Russian listeners. Fourteen and 15 of the Russian listeners reported English (ED) and Russian (RD) to be their dominant language, respectively. Listeners were presented 119 consonant-vowel-consonant real and nonsense words in speech-spectrum noise at +6 dB SNR...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Allison M Winiger, Joshua M Alexander, Allan O Diefendorf
PURPOSE: A representative sample of the literature on minimal hearing loss (MHL) was reviewed to provide evidence of challenges faced by children with MHL and to establish the need for evidence-based options for early intervention. METHOD: Research articles published from 1950 to 2013 were searched in the Medline database using the keywords minimal hearing loss, unilateral hearing loss, and mild hearing loss. References cited in retrieved articles were also reviewed...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
James A Henry, Susan Griest, Don Austin, Wendy Helt, Jane Gordon, Emily Thielman, Sarah M Theodoroff, M Samantha Lewis, Cody Blankenship, Tara L Zaugg, Kathleen Carlson
PURPOSE: In the Noise Outcomes in Servicemembers Epidemiology Study, Veterans recently separated from the military undergo comprehensive assessments to initiate long-term monitoring of their auditory function. We developed the Tinnitus Screener, a four-item algorithmic instrument that determines whether tinnitus is present and, if so, whether it is constant or intermittent, or whether only temporary tinnitus has been experienced. Predictive validity data are presented for the first 100 Noise Outcomes in Servicemembers Epidemiology Study participants...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Linda Gottermeier, Carol De Filippo, Catherine Clark
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practicability of binaural hearing by adding a contralateral hearing aid (HA) after long-term cochlear implant (CI) use in prelingually deaf adults. METHOD: Five individuals with 1 CI volunteered for a 3-week bimodal (CI + HA) trial. HA gain was set low until sound was tolerable, then increased as listeners acclimated. Participants logged their daily listening experiences and were closely monitored by the audiologist...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Iris H-Y Ng, Kathy Y S Lee, Joffee H S Lam, C Andrew van Hasselt, Michael C F Tong
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe an attempt to apply item-response theory (IRT) and the Rasch model to construction of speech-recognition tests. A set of word-recognition test items applicable to children as young as 3 years old-with any level of hearing sensitivity, with or without using hearing devices-was developed. METHOD: Test items were constructed through expert consultation and by reference to some established language corpora, validated with 121 participants with various degrees of hearing loss and 255 with typical hearing...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Rebecca J Henderson, Andrew M Johnson, Sheila T Moodie
BACKGROUND: A scoping review of the literature was conducted, resulting in the development of a conceptual framework of parent-to-parent support for parents with children who are Deaf or hard of hearing. This is the 2nd stage of a dual-stage scoping review. PURPOSE: This study sought stakeholder opinion and feedback with an aim to achieve consensus on the constructs, components, and design of the initial conceptual framework. RESEARCH DESIGN: A modified electronic Delphi study was completed with 21 handpicked experts from 7 countries who have experience in provision, research, or experience in the area of parent-to-parent support...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Jamie L Desjardins
PURPOSE: The present study examined the effect of hearing aid use on cognitive test performance using a single-subject treatment design. METHOD: Six participants 54 to 64 years old with sensorineural hearing loss were fitted with hearing aids. Participants used the hearing aids for approximately 8 hr each day for the duration of the study. A battery of cognitive tests was administered to participants during baseline (pre-hearing aid fitting), treatment (hearing aid use), and withdrawal (post-hearing aid use) study phases over a period of 6 months of hearing aid use...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Frank Iglehart
PURPOSE: This study measured speech perception ability in children with cochlear implants and children with typical hearing when listening across ranges of reverberation times (RTs) and speech-to-noise ratios. METHOD: Participants listened in classroom RTs of 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 s combined with a 21-dB range of speech-to-noise ratios. Subsets also listened in a low-reverberant audiological sound booth. Performance measures using the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Speech-in-Noise Test (Etymotic Research, Inc...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Barbara E Weinstein, Lynn W Sirow, Sarah Moser
PURPOSE: Hearing loss is a risk factor for social isolation and loneliness. We investigated the buffering effects of hearing aid use on perceived social and emotional loneliness. METHOD: Forty older adults participated. Prior to and following the hearing aid fitting, participants completed the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (De Jong Gierveld & Kamphuis, 1985); a change in feelings of loneliness following hearing aid use was the outcome indicator. RESULTS: There was a significant decline in perceptions of loneliness following 4 to 6 weeks of hearing aid use...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Abreena I Tlumak, John D Durrant, Rafael E Delgado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure magnitude changes of auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) and respective transient middle- and long-latency responses as a function of stimulus intensity and carrier frequency. The literature lacks clear consensus, including relationship to loudness. METHOD: A cohort of 48 adults with normal hearing was examined from a companion study (Tlumak, Durrant, & Delgado, 2015) on effects of aging. ASSRs were elicited by repeated tone-burst stimuli presented at rates of 40 and 0...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Wafaa A Kaf, Enass S Mohamed, Hamza Elshafiey
PURPOSE: Accurate estimation of mild, low-frequency hearing loss is difficult in young children. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of 40-Hz sinusoidal auditory steady-state response (sASSR) compared with tone burst auditory brainstem response (TB-ABR) to detect mild, low-frequency hearing loss in children with otitis media with effusion and to measure postoperative thresholds. METHODS: Thresholds at 500 and 4000 Hz were measured behaviorally and electrophysiologically using TB-ABR and 40-Hz sASSR with a Kalman filter in 26 children with otitis media with effusion...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Curtis J Billings, Tina M Penman, Emily M Ellis, Lucas S Baltzell, Garnett P McMillan
PURPOSE: Understanding speech in background noise is difficult for many individuals; however, time constraints have limited its inclusion in the clinical audiology assessment battery. Phoneme scoring of words has been suggested as a method of reducing test time and variability. The purposes of this study were to establish a phoneme scoring rubric and use it in testing phoneme and word perception in noise in older individuals and individuals with hearing impairment. METHOD: Words were presented to 3 participant groups at 80 dB in speech-shaped noise at 7 signal-to-noise ratios (-10 to 35 dB)...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Lauren Calandruccio, Lori J Leibold, Emily Buss
PURPOSE: This study assessed if 6- to 8-year-old children benefit from a language mismatch between target and masker speech for sentence recognition in a 2-talker masker. METHOD: English sentence recognition was evaluated for English monolingual children (ages 6-8 years, n = 15) and adults (n = 15) in an English 2-talker and a Spanish 2-talker masker. A regression analysis with subject as a random variable was used to test the fixed effect of listener group and masker language and the interaction of these two effects...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"