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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637054/modeling-alphabet-skills-as-instructive-feedback-within-a-phonological-awareness-intervention
#1
Arnold Olszewski, Xigrid Soto, Howard Goldstein
Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of an instructive feedback strategy for modeling letter names and sounds during presentation of positive feedback within a small-group phonological awareness intervention for preschoolers. Method: Two experiments were conducted using multiple-baseline designs across children and behaviors. Letter name and sound identification and performance on a phonological awareness fluency measure served as the primary outcome variables...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637055/a-pilot-study-on-professional-documentation-do-we-write-from-a-strengths-perspective
#2
Matthew J Braun, Winnie Dunn, Scott D Tomchek
Purpose: There is growing evidence supporting the use of strengths-based practices when serving families. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of strengths-based approaches in the context of written professional documentation. We specifically explored whether or not interdisciplinary clinicians in one university-based medical center clinic write from a strengths perspective (e.g., writing focuses on abilities rather than on deficits) when documenting child behavior in autism diagnostic clinics...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637051/teaching-transnasal-endoscopy-to-graduate-students-without-a-hospital-or-simulation-laboratory-pool-noodles-and-cadavers
#3
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz
Purpose: This study reports on a training opportunity in endoscopy in which speech-language pathology graduate students use inanimate objects and cadavers. Best practices for transnasal endoscopy in vivo require a physician to be nearby, but many graduate programs do not have this access. Method: Endoscopy was offered as a graduate elective. Students (13 women) initially learned to manipulate the endoscope through the lumen of a swimming pool noodle that was embedded with trinkets...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632881/clinically-available-assessment-measures-for-lingual-and-labial-somatosensation-in-healthy-adults-normative-data-and-test-reliability
#4
Nicole M Etter, Olivia M Miller, Kirrie J Ballard
Purpose: High-quality orofacial somatosensory inputs are essential for achieving rapid and accurate motor outputs. Little somatosensory testing is currently being completed in clinical settings. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and test-retest reliability of clinical assessment tools for orofacial somatosensory testing in healthy young adults. Method: A total of 45 healthy young adults (ages 20-41 years) was recruited. Participants reported basic health information, completed pure-tone hearing thresholds, and were assessed using two-point discrimination discs and Von Frey hair detection and discrimination thresholds for bilateral lip and tongue...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609542/effect-of-single-use-laser-cut-slow-flow-nipples-on-respiration-and-milk-ingestion-in-preterm-infants
#5
Katlyn E McGrattan, David H McFarland, Jesse C Dean, Elizabeth Hill, David R White, Bonnie Martin-Harris
Purpose: Single-use, laser-cut, slow-flow nipples were evaluated for their effect on respiration and milk ingestion in 13 healthy preterm infants (32.7-37.1 weeks postmenstrual age) under nonlaboratory, clinical conditions. Method: The primary outcomes of minute ventilation and overall milk transfer were measured by using integrated nasal airflow and volume-calibrated bottles during suck bursts and suck burst breaks during slow-flow and standard-flow nipple bottle feedings...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595263/assessing-the-believability-of-standardized-patients-trained-to-portray-communication-disorders
#6
Carolyn Baylor, Michael I Burns, Jennie Struijk, Lindsay Herron, Helen Mach, Kathryn Yorkston
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the believability of standardized patients portraying individuals with communication disorders as part of a larger study in which standardized patients help train medical and allied health students about communication disorders. Method: Two women portrayed persons with aphasia, and 2 men depicted persons with dysarthria associated with Parkinson's disease. Two stakeholder groups rated believability. Speech-language pathologists rated believability of videos online...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586828/the-effects-of-enhanced-milieu-teaching-with-phonological-emphasis-on-the-speech-and-language-skills-of-young-children-with-cleft-palate-a-pilot-study
#7
Ann P Kaiser, Nancy J Scherer, Jennifer R Frey, Megan Y Roberts
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the extent to which a naturalistic communication intervention, enhanced milieu teaching with phonological emphasis (EMT+ PE), improved the language and speech outcomes of toddlers with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). Method: Nineteen children between 15 and 36 months (M = 25 months) with nonsyndromic CL/P and typical cognitive development were randomly assigned to a treatment (EMT+PE) or nontreatment, business-as-usual (BAU), experimental condition...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586825/typical-toddlers-participation-in-just-in-time-programming-of-vocabulary-for-visual-scene-display-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-apps-on-mobile-technology-a-descriptive-study
#8
Christine Holyfield, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light, Jessica Gosnell Caron
Purpose: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) promotes communicative participation and language development for young children with complex communication needs. However, the motor, linguistic, and cognitive demands of many AAC technologies restrict young children's operational use of and influence over these technologies. The purpose of the current study is to better understand young children's participation in programming vocabulary "just in time" on an AAC application with minimized demands...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586829/the-changing-view-of-input-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-grammatical-deficits
#9
Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present 3 approaches that emphasize the role that input plays in the treatment of grammatical deficits in children with language impairments. Method: These approaches-input informativeness, competing sources of input, and high variability-were selected because they go beyond issues of token frequency and emphasize instead type frequency, relative frequency, and frequency at an abstract as well as a concrete level of grammar...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538961/validation-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-for-jamaican-creole-speaking-preschoolers
#10
Karla N Washington, Megan M McDonald, Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Hubert Devonish
Purpose: To describe validation of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS; McLeod, Harrison, & McCormack, 2012a) and ICS-Jamaican Creole (ICS-JC; McLeod, Harrison, & McCormack, 2012b) in a sample of typically developing 3- to 6-year-old Jamaicans. Method: One-hundred and forty-five preschooler-parent dyads participated in the study. Parents completed the 7-item ICS (n = 145) and ICS-JC (n = 98) to rate children's speech intelligibility (5-point scale) across communication partners (parents, immediate family, extended family, friends, acquaintances, strangers)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#11
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505222/discourse-characteristics-in-aphasia-beyond-the-western-aphasia-battery-cutoff
#12
Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Audrey Holland, Sarah Grace Dalton, Jessica Richardson, Brian MacWhinney
Purpose: This study examined discourse characteristics of individuals with aphasia who scored at or above the 93.8 cutoff on the Aphasia Quotient subtests of the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007). They were compared with participants without aphasia and those with anomic aphasia. Method: Participants were from the AphasiaBank database and included 28 participants who were not aphasic by WAB-R score (NABW), 92 participants with anomic aphasia, and 177 controls...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#13
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#14
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514474/comprehensive-literacy-instruction-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-and-students-with-severe-disabilities
#15
Karen A Erickson
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article is to briefly describe comprehensive emergent and conventional literacy instruction for students with severe disabilities. Specific attention is given to interprofessional collaborative practice and the roles of team members in planning and delivering instruction. Method: A rationale for the delivery of comprehensive instruction that balances skill and meaning emphases is provided with reference to new college and career readiness standards, the literature on literacy acquisition for students without disabilities, and, when possible, the literature on literacy acquisition for students with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514473/effective-team-practices-interprofessional-contributions-to-communication-issues-with-a-parent-s-perspective
#16
Karena Cooper-Duffy, Kerri Eaker
Purpose: This clinical focus article contains a detailed description of how to build effective teams that use interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) with special-education professionals, speech-language pathologists, and families of children with severe disabilities. Method: This clinical focus article provides information on using the essential elements of team building and IPCP to provide quality care to families who have children with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514472/the-trifocus-framework-and-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-in-severe-disabilities
#17
Susan M Bruce, Susan M Bashinski
Purpose: Individuals with severe disabilities are a diverse group of learners with complex communication needs. This article presents a synthesis of the literature addressing the five strategies of the trifocus framework, with its triadic structure of learner with disability, communication partner, and environment. The application of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) to the implementation of trifocus framework communication strategies is emphasized. Method: A literature search was conducted using Google Scholar and EBSCO to identify literature and research studies on IPCP and communication intervention for learners with severe disabilities, published 1994-2015, and then organized within the trifocus framework...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514471/addressing-the-communication-and-other-needs-of-persons-with-severe-disabilities-through-engaged-interprofessional-teams-introduction-to-a-clinical-forum
#18
Billy T Ogletree
Purpose: Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is introduced as a viable and preferred clinical methodology for speech-language pathologists and others serving persons with severe disabilities. Contributions to this clinical forum dedicated to IPCP and severe disabilities are described. Method: This clinical focus article introduces IPCP and reviews literature specific to its origins and effectiveness, defines severe disabilities, and proposes IPCP as a vital tenet in effective communication-related and other service delivery for this population...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492935/employer-reactions-to-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia-exploring-the-influence-of-symptom-severity-and-disclosure-of-diagnosis-during-a-simulated-telephone-interview
#19
Derek D Isetti, Carolyn R Baylor, Michael I Burns, Tanya L Eadie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of symptom severity and disclosure of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) on the perceptions of human resource personnel members (HRPs) during a simulated phone interview. Method: One female speaker with ADSD was recorded reading an interview script at two time points: (a) pre-BOTOX injection (severe), and (b) post-BOTOX injection (mild). Thirty-two HRPs evaluated the recording in one of the two conditions via a qualitative structured interview...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492911/how-much-information-do-people-with-aphasia-convey-via-gesture
#20
Carola de Beer, Marcella Carragher, Karin van Nispen, Katharina Hogrefe, Jan P de Ruiter, Miranda L Rose
Purpose: People with aphasia (PWA) face significant challenges in verbally expressing their communicative intentions. Different types of gestures are produced spontaneously by PWA, and a potentially compensatory function of these gestures has been discussed. The current study aimed to investigate how much information PWA communicate through 3 types of gesture and the communicative effectiveness of such gestures. Method: Listeners without language impairment rated the information content of short video clips taken from PWA in conversation...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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