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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Sarita L Eisenberg, Ling-Yu Guo, Emily Mucchetti
Purpose: This study investigated whether language samples elicited during play and description of pictured events would yield the same results for developmental sentence scoring (DSS). Method: Two language samples were elicited from 58 three-year-olds. One sample was elicited during play with a parent, and the other sample was elicited by an examiner asking children to talk about pictured events in response to elicitation questions. Results: DSS scores were not significantly different between the play and event description samples...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Michelle C S Therrien, Janice C Light
Purpose: This study investigates the impact of a multicomponent intervention on the social communication and engagement of preschool children with complex communication needs (CCN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and peers without disabilities. Method: Five dyads of children participated in this research. A multiple probe design across dyads was used to evaluate the effects of intervention on the frequency of communicative turns expressed by children with CCN and ASD in interactions with peers...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Deirdre Muldoon, Joanna Cosbey
Purpose: This research note outlines the usefulness of Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP), a train-the-trainer, family-centered feeding intervention, for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This report is a follow-up on a pilot study (n = 4) of the EAT-UP intervention previously completed by the same authors. Method: Participants were 3 families of children with ASD receiving services from an outpatient department of a larger rehabilitation hospital in the northeastern United States...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Nancy C Brady, Kandace Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine, Alison Holbrook, Kristen Muller, Connie Kasari
Purpose: The Communication Complexity Scale (CCS; Brady et al., 2012) was created to fill a void in measures of expressive communication skills in individuals who communicate primarily with presymbolic or early symbolic means. CCS scores reflect expressive communication observed during interactive communication contexts. Method: Two studies were completed to examine the reliability and validity of the revised CCS scores. Participants in both studies had minimal verbal skills (i...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Aaron Lieberman
Purpose: Counseling is an important fundamental professional activity and an established component of the speech-language pathology/audiology scope of practice as documented by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2004a, 2016a). Appropriate incorporation of counseling into practice can optimize service provision, help address comorbid behavioral and emotional reactions to communication disorders, and enhance prognosis. Practitioner insecurity in incorporating counseling into practice has been documented by Phillips and Mendel (2008), as well as Atkins (2007)...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of a daily mindfulness practice and 2 types of journaling on participants' development of self-compassion. Method: This was a between-groups design. All participants in a graduate counseling course engaged in a short daily mindfulness practice at the beginning of every class. Participants were randomly assigned to a counseling journal or a gratitude journal group. Participants were to write in their journals 2 to 5 times a week for the duration of the class...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Gemma Moya-Galé, Alireza Goudarzi, Àngels Bayés, Megan McAuliffe, Bram Bulté, Erika S Levy
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intensive speech treatment on the conversational intelligibility of Castilian Spanish speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD), as well as on the speakers' self-perceptions of disability. Method: Fifteen speakers with a medical diagnosis of PD participated in this study. Speech recordings were completed twice before treatment, immediately posttreatment, and at a 1-month follow-up session. Conversational intelligibility was assessed in 2 ways-transcription accuracy scores and intelligibility ratings on a 9-point Likert scale...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
Purpose: Name writing is one aspect of emergent writing that has been used to understand emergent literacy development. Name-writing skills and the relationship of name writing to other emergent literacy skills have not been studied extensively in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children with SLI consistently demonstrate delays in phonological awareness (PA), alphabet knowledge (AK), print awareness, and emergent writing. The purpose of this study was to examine the contributions of PA, AK, and letter writing to name writing in children with SLI and typically developing (TD) children...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jonathan S Brumberg, Kevin M Pitt, Alana Mantie-Kozlowski, Jeremy D Burnison
Purpose: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have the potential to improve communication for people who require but are unable to use traditional augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. As BCIs move toward clinical practice, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) will need to consider their appropriateness for AAC intervention. Method: This tutorial provides a background on BCI approaches to provide AAC specialists foundational knowledge necessary for clinical application of BCI...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kaitlin L Lansford, Stephani Luhrsen, Erin M Ingvalson, Stephanie A Borrie
Purpose: Familiarization tasks offer a promising platform for listener-targeted remediation of intelligibility disorders associated with dysarthria. To date, the body of work demonstrating improved understanding of dysarthric speech following a familiarization experience has been carried out on younger adults. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the intelligibility effects of familiarization in older adults. Method: Nineteen older adults, with and without hearing loss, completed a familiarization protocol consisting of three phases: pretest, familiarization, and posttest...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ana Rivera, Jonathan Hirst, Lisa A Edmonds
Purpose: A conceptual framework of bilingual aphasia assessment requires an understanding of the variables that influence discourse in bilingual speakers. This study aimed to determine predictors of main concept (MC) production, a measure of discourse completeness, as well as the effect of language dominance on MCs. Method: The Nicholas and Brookshire (1993) picture stimuli were used to elicit English and Spanish discourse in 83 young bilinguals. Participant-reported variables (e...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Avinash Mishra, Justine J Sheppard, Cagla Kantarcigil, Andrew M Gordon, Georgia A Malandraki
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine (a) the reliability of newly developed measures of mealtime duration and (b) their relationship to clinical feeding/swallowing performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Method: Seventeen self-feeding children (9 boys, 8 girls) with SCP (age range = 5;1 [years;months] to 17;6, Gross Motor Function Classification System range = I-IV) were assessed during mealtimes using the Dysphagia Disorder Survey (DDS; Sheppard, Hochman, & Baer, 2014)...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jane Mertz Garcia, Edgar Chambers, Kelsey Cook
Purpose: Accurate texture modifications to thin liquids are a critical aspect of patients' nutritional health and well-being. This study explored the use of 3 tools (2 distance- and 1 time-measuring devices) to characterize texture-modified liquids. The objectives were to use the tools to measure modified liquids, to determine if measurements differentiated nectar and honey levels of modification, and to compare measurements with other published reports. Method: We measured the flow distance of 33 prethickened water samples in centimeters (cm) using a line spread apparatus and a Bostwick Consistometer (Christison Particle Technologies)...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Tatiana Nogueira Peredo, Maria Isabel Zelaya, Ann P Kaiser
Purpose: This study examined the effectiveness of teaching low-income Spanish-speaking caregivers of young children with language impairment a naturalistic language intervention, EMT en Español. Method: A single-case, multiple-baseline, across-behaviors design replicated across 3 caregiver-child dyads was used to examine the effects of teaching core EMT en Español strategies. The training program utilized the Teach-Model-Coach-Review instructional approach to teach strategies to support children's language development in Spanish...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rinat Gold, Azgad Gold
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes, feelings, and practice characteristics of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Israel regarding the subject of delivering bad news. Method: One hundred and seventy-three Israeli SLPs answered an online survey. Respondents represented SLPs in Israel in all stages of vocational experience, with varying academic degrees, from a variety of employment settings. The survey addressed emotions involved in the process of delivering bad news, training on this subject, and background information of the respondents...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anita van der Merwe, Mollie Steyn
Purpose: The aim of the study was to propose the speech motor learning approach (Van der Merwe, 2011) as a treatment for childhood apraxia of speech and to determine if it will effect positive change in the ability of a 33-month-old child to produce untreated nonwords and words containing treated age-appropriate consonants (Set 1 sounds), untreated age-appropriate consonants (Set 2), and untreated age-inappropriate consonants (Set 3) and also to determine the nature and number of segmental speech errors before and after treatment...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marie Moore Channell, Susan J Loveall, Frances A Conners, Danielle J Harvey, Leonard Abbeduto
Purpose: This study examined cross-sectional age-related trajectories of expressive language variables (syntactic complexity, lexical diversity, unintelligibility, dysfluency, and talkativeness) derived from a narrative language sampling procedure. Method: Narrative samples were analyzed from 103 typically developing individuals, ages 4-21 years. Results: Results showed that this procedure was effective for the entire age range, with participants producing an utterance on virtually every page of the wordless picture books used to prompt the narrative...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Jiali Liang
Purpose: This article introduces and provides initial data supporting "The Early Development of Emotional Competence (EDEC): A tool for children with complex communication needs (CCNs)." The EDEC was developed to raise awareness about the relation of language and emotional competence and to maximize the likelihood that intervention includes language to discuss emotions in ways that are consistent with the values and goals of the family. Method: First, the theoretical and clinical foundations of the EDEC development were discussed...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jimin Lee, Michael Bell, Zachary Simmons
Purpose: The current study investigated whether articulatory kinematic patterns can be extrapolated across the spectrum of dysarthria severity in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: Temporal and spatial articulatory kinematic data were collected using electromagnetic articulography from 14 individuals with dysarthria secondary to ALS and 6 typically aging speakers. Speech intelligibility and speaking rate were used as indices of severity...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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