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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Ming-Yeh Hsieh, Georgina Lynch, Charles Madison
Purpose: This study examined intervention techniques used with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States and Taiwan working in clinic/hospital settings. The research questions addressed intervention techniques used with children with ASD, intervention techniques used with different age groups (under and above 8 years old), and training received before using the intervention techniques. Method: The survey was distributed through the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association to selected SLPs across the United States...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Melissa M Howard, Paul M Nissenson, Lauren Meeks, Emily R Rosario
Purpose: The goals of this article are to explore the use of textured thin liquids for dysphagic patients who require thickened liquids and to illustrate their impact on hydration and patient satisfaction. Method: A retrospective evaluation of textured thin liquids was completed using patient data looking at laboratory values relevant to the detection of dehydration (blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium) and patient satisfaction (using a clinician-generated questionnaire) on different modified liquid textures...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Catherine Torrington Eaton, Rochelle S Newman
Purpose: The goal of this research was to institute an evidence base behind commonly used elicitation materials known as binomials (e.g., "day and night") that are commonly used for persons with aphasia (PWAs). The study explored a number of linguistic variables that could influence successful binomial completion in nonaphasic adults and PWAs. Method: Thirty nonaphasic adults and 11 PWAs were asked to verbally complete 128 binomials; responses were scored by accuracy and reaction time...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rebecca S Bartlett, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The call for data-driven health care has been bolstered by the digitization of medical records, quality initiatives, and payment reform. Administrative databases and clinical registries are increasingly being used to study oropharyngeal dysphagia and to facilitate data-driven decision making. The objective of this work was to summarize key findings, etiologies studied, data sources used, study objectives, and quality of evidence of all original research articles that have investigated oropharyngeal dysphagia or aspiration pneumonia using administrative or clinical registry data to date...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Steven E Hanna, Peter Rosenbaum, Nancy Thomas-Stonell, Bruce Oddson
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of communicative participation outcomes for a large cohort of preschoolers with speech and language impairments. Method: A secondary analysis of longitudinal program evaluation data from Ontario, Canada's Preschool Speech and Language Program was done. Data available for 46,872 children 18-67 months of age (M = 41.76 months, SD = 11.92; 68% boys, 32% girls) were previously used to predict children's communicative participation skill development in 5 levels of function...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kelly Knollman-Porter, Jessica Brown, Madelaine Flynn
Purpose: Concussions affect various populations, including collegiate athletes and non-athletes. The purpose of this study was to compare collegiate varsity athletes, recreational athletes, and non-athletes' knowledge of concussion definition, symptoms, and support services available following injury. Preferred method of concussion education delivery was also examined. Method: We surveyed 306 current college students using an online survey system. The survey included free recall and forced-choice question formats...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Katrina Fulcher-Rood, Anny P Castilla-Earls, Jeff Higginbotham
Purpose: This study used a structured open interview approach to elicit information from school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their assessment practices for children with suspected language impairment. Method: Phone interviews were conducted with 39 school-based SLPs who were employed across the United States. The interviews explored assessment topics related to assessment tool selection and rationale and the integration of assessment data to determine treatment eligibility...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jongmin Jung, David J Ertmer
Purpose: This study sought to expand understanding of the impact of cochlear implantation on grammatical acquisition by comparing young children who have vocabularies of comparable size. Two research questions were investigated: (a) Do young cochlear implant (CI) recipients have grammatical skills comparable to those of children with normal hearing (NH) matched by spoken vocabulary size? (b) Do these groups show associations between vocabulary size and grammatical measures? Method: The participants included 13 CI recipients at 24 months postactivation (chronological ages = 33-60 months; M = 44...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Verónica Vidal, Scott Robertson, Laura DeThorne
Purpose: The present clinical focus article describes and illustrates 3 key elements of a supports-based approach to enhancing friendship with autistic students. Method: In comparison to the predominant skills-based approach, we highlight 3 key elements of a supports-based approach to social interaction for autistic children and youth. We then offer descriptive details of the activity-based music program as an illustrative example of a program that integrated all 3 elements of a supports-based approach...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kenneth O St Louis, Timothy W Flynn
Purpose: This study sought to determine the extent to which experimentally induced positive attitudes in high school students in a previous investigation were maintained 7 years later. Method: Authors and assistants recruited 36 adults in their early 20s (Follow-up group) who, in high school, had witnessed either a live oral talk by a person who stutters or a professionally made video on stuttering designed for teens followed by a short talk by the same speaker...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Erinn H Finke, Benjamin D Hickerson, Jennifer M D Kremkow
Purpose: Leisure activities are underutilized as a context for intervention in the field of speech-language pathology despite the fact that leisure can be an important context for skill development. The current study investigated the perceptions of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who play videogames as their primary leisure activity regarding the role of videogames in their lives and their motivations for playing videogames. Method: Qualitative interview methodology was used to investigate the experiences of 10 18-24-year-olds with ASD...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Charles R Greenwood, Alana G Schnitz, Dwight Irvin, Shu Fe Tsai, Judith J Carta
Purpose: The Language Environment Analysis (LENA®) represents a breakthrough in automatic speech detection because it makes one's language environment, what adults and children actually hear and say, efficiently measurable. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) current dimensions of LENA research, (b) LENA's sensitivity to differences in populations and language environments, and (c) what has been achieved in closing the Word Gap. Method: From electronic and human searches, 83 peer-reviewed articles using LENA were identified, and 53 met inclusionary criteria and were included in a systematic literature review...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jolene Hyppa-Martin, Joe Reichle
Purpose: This study compared college students' attitudes toward a peer who used a nonelectronic augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system with and without a partner reauditorization strategy and also examined the effect of reauditorization on reported (a) ease of understanding the peer who used AAC, (b) willingness to engage in interactions with the peer who used AAC, and (c) preferences regarding AAC systems. Method: Sixty-four participants completed surveys after viewing each of 2 counterbalanced conditions involving a video of a peer who communicated using AAC...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Haiying Yuan, Christine Dollaghan
Purpose: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition introduced a new neurodevelopmental disorder, social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD), that is characterized by deficits in 4 areas of communication. Although descriptions of these areas are provided, no assessment tools for SPCD are recommended. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which items from measurement tools commonly used in assessing pragmatic language impairment and related disorders might be useful in assessing the characteristics of social communication that define SPCD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Emily Lund
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of short-term parent training on maternal use of language stimulation strategies and vocabulary scores in children with hearing loss. Method: Six mother-child dyads participated in the multiple-baseline study. During baseline and maintenance, children engaged in a business-as-usual model of clinician-only therapy. During intervention, mothers and children participated in parent training focused on transparent labeling and linguistic mapping strategies...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jessica Simacek, Joe Reichle, Breanne J Byiers, Quannah Parker-McGowan, Adele F Dimian, Marianne Elmquist
Purpose: Conditional use of communication skills refers to the ability of a learner to appropriately generalize and discriminate when, where, and how to communicate based on constant variation and shifts in environmental cues. Method: We describe discrimination and generalization challenges encountered by learners with complex communication needs and ways in which these challenges are fostered through traditional communication intervention programming. We address arrangements in instruction that maximize the probability of learners acquiring the conditional use of new vocabulary and the modest instructional technology implemented when planning for generalization...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Rose A Sevcik, MaryAnn Romski
Purpose: A number of intrinsic factors, including expressive speech skills, have been suggested to place children with developmental disabilities at risk for limited development of reading skills. This study examines the relationship between these factors, speech ability, and children's phonological awareness skills. Method: A nonexperimental study design was used to examine the relationship between intrinsic skills of speech, language, print, and letter-sound knowledge to phonological awareness in 42 children with developmental disabilities between the ages of 48 and 69 months...
March 22, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Alejandra Auza Benavides, Maria Kapantzoglou, Chiharu Murata
Purpose: This study assessed concurrent validity evidence for 2 grammatical tasks of a new screener, the Tamiz de Problemas de Lenguaje, for identifying monolingual Spanish-speaking children at risk for specific language impairment with grammatical deficits. Method: A total of 770 4- to 6-year-old monolingual, Spanish-speaking children with and without language impairment were sampled from 3 different states in Mexico. Multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted to assess the predictive utility of the model and the classification accuracy of the tasks...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Katina Swan, Marie Hopper, Rachel Wenke, Claire Jackson, Tracy Till, Erin Conway
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence for direct and indirect interventions for communication in people with moderate-severe dementia. Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysed guidelines, across 8 electronic databases. Studies were included if they included direct or indirect interventions, which could be administered by a speech-language pathologist to people with moderate-severe dementia (defined as having Mini-Mental State Examination of ≤ 15; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975)...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jonathan L Preston, Gabriela Holliman-Lopez, Megan C Leece
Purpose: Ultrasound visual feedback of the tongue is increasingly used as a component of speech therapy in clinical research and practice. The purpose is to offer a preliminary summary of the nature of participant-reported undesired effects related to ultrasound visual feedback. Method: Sixty-two participants across 3 sites (mean age = 11.9 years) and 38 parents responded to a 2-item verbal questionnaire following 14-16 hr of treatment regarding any aspects of the treatment they did not like...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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