Read by QxMD icon Read

American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Erinn H Finke
Purpose: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social deficits that affect making and maintaining friends. Many empirically tested methods to address these social deficits are available, yet difficulties related to the establishment and maintenance of authentic friendships persist. Method: This viewpoint article (a) briefly reviews the current state of the science relative to social and friendship skills training for individuals with ASD, (b) considers the potential links (or lack thereof) between current social and friendship skill interventions for individuals with ASD and outcomes related to making and maintaining friends, (c) examines how friendship-related outcomes might be maximized, and (d) proposes a framework for intervention planning that may promote these valued outcomes...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maria E Powell, Dimitar D Deliyski, Robert E Hillman, Steven M Zeitels, James A Burns, Daryush D Mehta
Purpose: Videostroboscopy (VS) uses an indirect physiological signal to predict the phase of the vocal fold vibratory cycle for sampling. Simulated stroboscopy (SS) extracts the phase of the glottal cycle directly from the changing glottal area in the high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV) image sequence. The purpose of this study is to determine the reliability of SS relative to VS for clinical assessment of vocal fold vibratory function in patients with mass lesions. Methods: VS and SS recordings were obtained from 28 patients with vocal fold mass lesions before and after phonomicrosurgery and 17 controls who were vocally healthy...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sophie E Ambrose
Purpose: This study examined the gesture use of 14-month-old toddlers with hearing loss (HL) and mothers' responses to children's early gesture use. Comparisons were made to symbolic language and to dyads in which the toddler had normal hearing (NH). Method: Participants were 25 mother-toddler dyads in which the child had HL and a socioeconomic-status matched group of 23 mother-toddler dyads in which the child had NH. Thirty-minute mother-child interactions were video-recorded, transcribed for spoken language, sign, and gesture use, and coded for maternal responses to children's gestures...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lady Catherine Cantor Cutiva, Alex Burdorf
Purpose: We determined the natural course of voice complaints among school workers and established the risk factors associated with incidence and chronic voice complaints. Method: We conducted a longitudinal study with an 11-month follow-up among 682 school workers. Participants filled out a questionnaire on individual and work-related conditions and the nature and severity of voice complaints. All participants who provided baseline data were contacted in the 11-month follow-up, if they were still working in the school...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Angela Hein Ciccia, Jennifer P Lundine, Alyssa Coreno
Purpose: Access to speech-language pathology (SLP) services is a critical variable in the rehabilitation of pediatric brain injury. In this study, we examined patterns of SLP referral and factors affecting referral during the acute period following brain injury in 2 large pediatric specialty hospitals. Method: In a retrospective, cohort chart review study, data collection focused on referrals made during the acute period using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for primary diagnoses of brain injury between 2007 and 2014 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014)...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anna F Rumbach, Rebecca Cremer, Astra Chatwood, Sari Fink, Sadaf Haider, Michelle Yee
Purpose: Dysphagia is common sequelae of chemical ingestion injury, resulting from damage to critical swallowing structures. From a speech-language pathology perspective, this study outlines the physiological deficits in 2 individuals with severe injury (1 woman, acid; 1 man, alkali) and the pattern of dysphagia rehabilitation and recovery. Method: A retrospective chart review of clinical and instrumental assessments was conducted to examine swallow characteristics and speech-language pathology management (compensatory and rehabilitation strategies) at multiple time points...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Cathy Binger, Jamie Ragsdale, Aimee Bustos
Purpose: The purposes of this investigation were to determine if measures such as mean length of utterance (MLU) and percentage of comprehensible words can be derived reliably from language samples of children with severe speech impairments and if such measures correlate with tools that measure constructs assumed to be related. Method: Language samples of 15 preschoolers with severe speech impairments (but receptive language within normal limits) were transcribed independently by 2 transcribers...
August 23, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jia-Shiou Liao
Purpose: This study investigated the acoustic properties of 6 Taiwan Southern Min vowels produced by 10 laryngeal speakers (LA), 10 speakers with a pneumatic artificial larynx (PA), and 8 esophageal speakers (ES). Method: Each of the 6 monophthongs of Taiwan Southern Min (/i, e, a, ɔ, u, ə/) was represented by a Taiwan Southern Min character and appeared randomly on a list 3 times (6 Taiwan Southern Min characters × 3 repetitions = 18 tokens). Each Taiwan Southern Min character in this study has the same syllable structure, /V/, and all were read with tone 1 (high and level)...
August 17, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jeanette E Benigas, Michelle Bourgeois
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine whether spaced retrieval (SR), when paired with an external memory aid, is an effective technique to teach persons with dementia to use compensatory swallowing strategies. A secondary purpose was to learn whether speech-language pathologists naive to the study aims would judge posttraining sessions as improved, or safer, in comparison to baseline sessions, thereby validating the changes in behavior due to SR training to use external aids during meals...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Meredith Karny, Sarah Blackstone, Cynthia Stifter
PURPOSE: Emotional competence refers to the ability to identify, respond to, and manage one's own and others' emotions. Emotional competence is critical to many functional outcomes, including making and maintaining friends, academic success, and community integration. There appears to be a link between the development of language and the development of emotional competence in children who use speech. Little information is available about these issues in children who rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jennifer P Lundine, Rebecca J McCauley
PURPOSE: With the adoption of the Common Core State Standards, expository texts gain prominence at all grade levels and for all disciplines. Although the linguistic and cognitive complexities of exposition pose challenges for all children, they may create additional challenges for children and adolescents with language difficulties. Therefore, this tutorial provides background information for clinicians regarding the structure, development, and specific difficulties associated with exposition across the 4 modalities of listening, speaking, reading, and writing...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Monique T Mills, Monica Fox
PURPOSE: The intent of this study was to explore the relation between language variation and theory of mind (ToM) in African American child narrators. METHOD: Fifty children produced a narrative on the basis of the wordless book, Frog, Where Are You? ToM was assessed by children's internal-state words and false-belief mentioning in the book's narratives as well as their performance on the Reading the Eyes in the Mind Test (Baron-Cohen, Joliffe, Mortimore, & Robertson, 1997)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Brea Chouinard, Carol Boliek, Jacqueline Cummine
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), an influential experimental approach, provides valuable information about clinical disorders that can be used to select and/or refine speech and language interventions. Functional MRI (fMRI) in particular is becoming a widespread methodological tool for investigating speech and language. However, because MRI is relatively new and complex, potential consumers need to be able to critically assess the methods used in order to appraise results and conclusions...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Courtney T Byrd, Zoi Gkalitsiou, Joe Donaher, Erin Stergiou
PURPOSE: Voluntary stuttering is a strategy that has been suggested for use in the clinical literature but has minimal empirical data regarding treatment outcomes. The purpose of the present study is to explore client perspectives regarding the impact of the use of this strategy on the affective, behavioral, and cognitive components of stuttering. METHOD: The present study used an original survey designed to explore the intended purpose. A total of 206 adults who stutter were included in the final data corpus...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Irina Castellanos, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Jessica Beer
PURPOSE: The objective of the present article was to document the extent to which early expressive language skills (measured using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories [CDI; Fenson et al., 2006]) predict long-term neurocognitive outcomes in a sample of early-implanted prelingually deaf cochlear implant (CI) users. METHOD: The CDI was used to index the early expressive language skills of 32 pediatric CI users after an average of 1.03 years (SD = 0...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Miguel Galeote, Elena Checa, Concepción Sánchez-Palacios, Eugenia Sebastián, Pilar Soto
PURPOSE: The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories are widely used to study early language and communicative development. We recently developed a Spanish version for children with Down syndrome (the CDI-Down) adapted to their particular profile of linguistic and communicative development. The principal aims of this study are to assess the concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of the vocabulary section of this adaptation. METHOD: Validation for productive vocabulary (Study 1) was achieved by correlating CDI-Down scores on expressive vocabulary and measures on the basis of spontaneous speech samples (n = 29)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Tanya L Eadie, Devon Sawin Otero, Susan Bolt, Mara Kapsner-Smith, Jessica R Sullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how sentence intelligibility relates to self-reported communication in tracheoesophageal speakers when speech intelligibility is measured in quiet and noise. METHOD: Twenty-four tracheoesophageal speakers who were at least 1 year postlaryngectomy provided audio recordings of 5 sentences from the Sentence Intelligibility Test. Speakers also completed self-reported measures of communication-the Voice Handicap Index-10 and the Communicative Participation Item Bank short form...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lisa A Vinney, Les Howles, Glen Leverson, Nadine P Connor
PURPOSE: This study examined whether undergraduate college students' immediate recall and longer-term retention of introductory voice disorder concepts improved by using mini quiz games (MQGs; interactive knowledge tests in game format) compared with (a) traditional study alone, (b) MQGs and traditional study together, or (c) a no-study control condition. METHOD: Ninety-three college students participated in proctored sessions in which they were given a pretest, viewed an online lecture on introductory voice disorder concepts, and then engaged in either no intervention or interventions including traditional study, MQG play, or both MQG play and traditional study, followed by an immediate recall posttest and longer-term retention follow-up test...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Barbara A Braddock, Christina Gabany, Meera Shah, Eric S Armbrecht, Kimberly A Twyman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of spontaneous gesture use in a sample of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Thirty-five adolescents with ASD ages 11 to 16 years participated (mean age = 13.51 years; 29 boys, 6 girls). Participants' spontaneous speech and gestures produced during a narrative task were later coded from videotape. Parents were also asked to complete questionnaires to quantify adolescents' general communication ability and autism severity...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Janaki M Torrence, Carolyn R Baylor, Kathryn M Yorkston, Kristie A Spencer
PURPOSE: In speech-language pathology, there is increasing attention on participation-focused interventions to optimize participation in valued life roles. The purpose of this study was to investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States address life participation in therapy programs, as well as their opinions regarding barriers and facilitators to participation-focused intervention. METHOD: An online questionnaire presented case scenarios for aphasia, dysarthria, and laryngectomy to 66 SLPs who have worked with adults...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"