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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Yina M Quique, William S Evans, Michael Walsh Dickey
Purpose: This meta-analysis synthesizes results from published studies that used semantic feature analysis (SFA) treatment to improve naming for people with aphasia. It examines how both person- and treatment-related variables affected the likelihood of correct naming responses in individual probe sessions for both acquisition (treated) and generalization (untreated) stimuli. Method: The meta-analysis compiled data from 12 studies analyzing a total of 35 participants with aphasia...
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
William S Evans, William D Hula, Jeffrey J Starns
Purpose: After stroke, how well do people with aphasia (PWA) adapt to the altered functioning of their language system? When completing a language-dependent task, how well do PWA balance speed and accuracy when the goal is to respond both as quickly and accurately as possible? The current work investigates adaptation theory (Kolk & Heeschen, 1990) in the context of speed-accuracy trade-offs in a lexical decision task. PWA were predicted to set less beneficial speed-accuracy trade-offs than matched controls, and at least some PWA were predicted to present with adaptation deficits, with impaired accuracy or response times attributable to speed-accuracy trade-offs...
September 12, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Priya Kucheria, McKay Moore Sohlberg, HyeonJin Yoon, Stephen Fickas, Jason Prideaux
Purpose: There is a lack of quick, reliable, and valid standardized reading comprehension assessments appropriate for postsecondary readers. We attempted to address this gap by designing Read, Understand, Learn, & Excel (RULE), a reading comprehension measure that employs sentence verification and recall tasks to assess reading comprehension. This article describes the exploratory study undertaken to construct RULE and then examines the preliminary concurrent validity and alternate form reliability of this measure...
September 11, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jamie H Azios, Jack S Damico, Nancye Roussel
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of persons with aphasia to access interaction and be included in social encounters in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Method: Four persons with aphasia were the focus of this investigation. A qualitative research approach using ethnographic methods was used to conduct participant observation, semistructured interviews, and artifact analysis. Expanded field notes from observations, transcribed interviews, and artifacts were then coded to identify patterns in the data...
September 10, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kelsey B Guyton, Mary J Sandage, Dallin Bailey, Nancy Haak, Lawrence Molt, Allison Plumb
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical assessment recommendations for acquired velopharyngeal dysfunction (AVPD) and, through a literature review and online survey, summarize current practice patterns for evaluation and treatment pathway determination for this target population. Method: An online survey to query current assessment procedures and treatment pathway recommendations for AVPD was developed. Following survey results, a literature review was completed to determine evidence-based recommendations for assessment procedures and intervention recommendations based on assessment findings...
September 7, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe
Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide a cross-linguistic review of acquisition of consonant phonemes to inform speech-language pathologists' expectations of children's developmental capacity by (a) identifying characteristics of studies of consonant acquisition, (b) describing general principles of consonant acquisition, and (c) providing case studies for English, Japanese, Korean, and Spanish. Method: A cross-linguistic review was undertaken of 60 articles describing 64 studies of consonant acquisition by 26,007 children from 31 countries in 27 languages: Afrikaans, Arabic, Cantonese, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Jamaican Creole, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Maltese, Mandarin (Putonghua), Portuguese, Setswana (Tswana), Slovenian, Spanish, Swahili, Turkish, and Xhosa...
August 29, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anumitha Venkatraman, M Preeti Sivasankar
Purpose: Vocal fry is prevalent in everyday speech. However, whether the use of vocal fry is detrimental to voice production is unclear. This preliminary study assessed the effects of using continuous vocal fry on voice production measures and listener ratings. Method: Ten healthy individuals (equal male and female, mean age = 22.4 years) completed 2 counterbalanced sessions. In each session, participants read in continuous vocal fry or habitual voice quality for 30 min at a comfortable intensity...
August 28, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Dianne Slavin, Renee Fabus
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy. of increasing spontaneous expressive language using a modified melodic intonation therapy (MIT) approach with a male participant diagnosed with acquired aphasia and apraxia who was 10 years post onset. Method: A therapeutic protocol consisting of vocal and linguistic tasks was administered. The participant attended two 50-min individual sessions and a 4-hr/week socialization program for three 12-week semesters...
August 14, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maia N Braden, Eva van Leer, Katherine McConville, Sarah D M Blakeslee
Purpose: Voice therapy is heavily reliant on patient adherence for success, and patient perceptions are an important piece of understanding adherence. Patient perceptions of voice therapy have not been studied in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to examine patient, parent, and speech-language pathologists' experiences and perceptions of voice therapy and how they reflect barriers to and facilitators of adherence to therapy. Method: Participants took part in semistructured interviews, which were transcribed, and content analysis was completed using established qualitative methods of content analysis to identify themes and subthemes related to voice therapy adherence...
August 7, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Selen Serel Arslan, Alba Azola, Kirstyn Sunday, Alicia Vose, Emily Plowman, Lauren Tabor, Michele Singer, Raele Robison, Ianessa A Humbert
Purpose: Hyoid bone and laryngeal approximation aid airway protection (laryngeal vestibule closure) while moving toward their peak superior and anterior positions during swallowing. Submental surface electrical stimulation (SES) is a therapeutic technique that targets the muscles that move the hyoid bone during swallowing. It is unknown whether submental SES only increases peak hyoid bone swallowing positions but not peak laryngeal swallowing positions, which could require faster or greater laryngeal movement to achieve adequate laryngeal vestibule closure...
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jessica A Brown, Sarah E Wallace, Kelly Knollman-Porter, Karen Hux
Purpose: Every adult with aphasia displays a unique constellation of language comprehension skills and varies in the benefit derived from different content presentation formats. For many, multiple modality presentation enhances comprehension. This study's purpose was to determine the comprehension benefits for people with mild, moderate, and severe aphasia when hearing, reading, or simultaneously hearing and reading single sentences. Method: Twenty-seven adults with aphasia performed a repeated-measures experiment across 3 conditions...
July 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
André Lindsey, Erin Hurley, Jennifer Mozeiko, Carl Coelho
Purpose: The Story Goodness Index (SGI) is a hybrid analysis of narrative discourse combining 2 macrostructural measures: story grammar and story completeness. Initially proposed by Lê and colleagues (Lê, Coelho, Mozeiko, & Grafman, 2011), the SGI is intended to characterize the discourse performance of individuals with cognitive-communication disorders. In this study, the SGI was utilized to examine the discourse of 2 groups, one with closed head injuries and another with non-brain injured (NBI) peers...
July 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lisa D Bunker, Christina Nessler, Julie L Wambaugh
Purpose: With a number of single-case experimental design studies reporting the effects of treatment for response (and modified response) elaboration training (RET/M-RET), it is important to consolidate data over multiple participants to allow comparison within/between individuals and across similar treatments. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of single-case experimental design studies of RET/M-RET and to determine effect size (ES) benchmarks to allow comparison to "group" data...
July 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lynda Feenaughty, Kris Tjaden, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Ralph H B Benedict
Purpose: Dysarthria is a consequence of multiple sclerosis (MS) that can co-occur with cognitive impairment. Clinical management thus requires understanding the separate and combined effects of dysarthria and cognitive impairment on functional communication in MS. This study compared perceptual measures of intelligibility and speech severity that capture functional communication deficits for 4 operationally defined groups with MS. The relationship between communication participation and perceptual measures was also examined...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Hailey C Small, Tara McAllister, Maria I Grigos
Purpose: Clinically, a task of alternating tongue lateralization has been used to evaluate the ability to independently control the tongue and jaw, with jaw movement interpreted as a sign of poor tongue-jaw differentiation. However, there is a lack of normative data regarding jaw movement during this task and whether this changes over the course of development. This study quantified relative tongue and jaw movement during alternating tongue lateralization for typical speakers across age ranges and examined whether degree of jaw movement varies as a function of age...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Emily Lorang, Audra Sterling, Bianca Schroeder
Purpose: This study compared gesture use in young children with Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD) as well as how mothers respond to child gestures based on child age and diagnosis. Method: Twenty-two mother-child dyads with DS and 22 mother-child dyads with TD participated. The child participants were between 22 and 63 months and were matched on chronological age. We coded child gesture use and whether mothers recoded child gestures (i.e., provided a verbal translation) during naturalistic interactions...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Cindy Gevarter, Claudia Zamora
Purpose: This article presents a systematic review that aimed to synthesize single-subject-design studies that have examined naturalistic interventions for teaching the expressive use of speech-generating devices (SGDs) to children with complex communication needs. Specifically, this review describes what intervention strategies are most commonly applied in studies with positive effects and minimal methodological flaws and examines the populations and outcomes for which these strategies have been effective...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rita R Patel, Shaheen N Awan, Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer, Mark Courey, Dimitar Deliyski, Tanya Eadie, Diane Paul, Jan G Švec, Robert Hillman
Purpose: The aim of this study was to recommend protocols for instrumental assessment of voice production in the areas of laryngeal endoscopic imaging, acoustic analyses, and aerodynamic procedures, which will (a) improve the evidence for voice assessment measures, (b) enable valid comparisons of assessment results within and across clients and facilities, and (c) facilitate the evaluation of treatment efficacy. Method: Existing evidence was combined with expert consensus in areas with a lack of evidence...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Robin A Samlan, Melda Kunduk, Takeshi Ikuma, Mindy Black, Christianne Lane
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the extent to which 7 measures of glottal area timing and regularity differ between older adults with and without age-related dysphonia (ARD). Method: Laryngeal high-speed videoendoscopy was completed at 4,000 frames per second for 42 adults aged 70 years and older (ARD: 9 female, 5 male; control group: 15 female, 13 male). Relative glottal gap, open quotient, speed index, maximum area declination rate, harmonics-to-noise ratio, harmonic richness factor, and standard deviation of fundamental frequency were measured from a 0...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Shelley L Bredin-Oja, Heather Fielding, Kandace K Fleming, Steven F Warren
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of an automated language analysis system, the Language Environment Analysis (LENA), compared with a human transcriber to determine the rate of child vocalizations during recording sessions that were significantly shorter than recommended for the automated device. Method: Participants were 6 nonverbal male children between the ages of 28 and 46 months. Two children had autism diagnoses, 2 had Down syndrome, 1 had a chromosomal deletion, and 1 had developmental delay...
August 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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