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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#1
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505222/discourse-characteristics-in-aphasia-beyond-the-western-aphasia-battery-cutoff
#2
Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Audrey Holland, Sarah Grace Dalton, Jessica Richardson, Brian MacWhinney
Purpose: This study examined discourse characteristics of individuals with aphasia who scored at or above the 93.8 cutoff on the Aphasia Quotient subtests of the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007). They were compared with participants without aphasia and those with anomic aphasia. Method: Participants were from the AphasiaBank database and included 28 participants who were not aphasic by WAB-R score (NABW), 92 participants with anomic aphasia, and 177 controls...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#3
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#4
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514474/comprehensive-literacy-instruction-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-and-students-with-severe-disabilities
#5
Karen A Erickson
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article is to briefly describe comprehensive emergent and conventional literacy instruction for students with severe disabilities. Specific attention is given to interprofessional collaborative practice and the roles of team members in planning and delivering instruction. Method: A rationale for the delivery of comprehensive instruction that balances skill and meaning emphases is provided with reference to new college and career readiness standards, the literature on literacy acquisition for students without disabilities, and, when possible, the literature on literacy acquisition for students with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514473/effective-team-practices-interprofessional-contributions-to-communication-issues-with-a-parent-s-perspective
#6
Karena Cooper-Duffy, Kerri Eaker
Purpose: This clinical focus article contains a detailed description of how to build effective teams that use interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) with special-education professionals, speech-language pathologists, and families of children with severe disabilities. Method: This clinical focus article provides information on using the essential elements of team building and IPCP to provide quality care to families who have children with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514472/the-trifocus-framework-and-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-in-severe-disabilities
#7
Susan M Bruce, Susan M Bashinski
Purpose: Individuals with severe disabilities are a diverse group of learners with complex communication needs. This article presents a synthesis of the literature addressing the five strategies of the trifocus framework, with its triadic structure of learner with disability, communication partner, and environment. The application of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) to the implementation of trifocus framework communication strategies is emphasized. Method: A literature search was conducted using Google Scholar and EBSCO to identify literature and research studies on IPCP and communication intervention for learners with severe disabilities, published 1994-2015, and then organized within the trifocus framework...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514471/addressing-the-communication-and-other-needs-of-persons-with-severe-disabilities-through-engaged-interprofessional-teams-introduction-to-a-clinical-forum
#8
Billy T Ogletree
Purpose: Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is introduced as a viable and preferred clinical methodology for speech-language pathologists and others serving persons with severe disabilities. Contributions to this clinical forum dedicated to IPCP and severe disabilities are described. Method: This clinical focus article introduces IPCP and reviews literature specific to its origins and effectiveness, defines severe disabilities, and proposes IPCP as a vital tenet in effective communication-related and other service delivery for this population...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492935/employer-reactions-to-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia-exploring-the-influence-of-symptom-severity-and-disclosure-of-diagnosis-during-a-simulated-telephone-interview
#9
Derek D Isetti, Carolyn R Baylor, Michael I Burns, Tanya L Eadie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of symptom severity and disclosure of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) on the perceptions of human resource personnel members (HRPs) during a simulated phone interview. Method: One female speaker with ADSD was recorded reading an interview script at two time points: (a) pre-BOTOX injection (severe), and (b) post-BOTOX injection (mild). Thirty-two HRPs evaluated the recording in one of the two conditions via a qualitative structured interview...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492911/how-much-information-do-people-with-aphasia-convey-via-gesture
#10
Carola de Beer, Marcella Carragher, Karin van Nispen, Katharina Hogrefe, Jan P de Ruiter, Miranda L Rose
Purpose: People with aphasia (PWA) face significant challenges in verbally expressing their communicative intentions. Different types of gestures are produced spontaneously by PWA, and a potentially compensatory function of these gestures has been discussed. The current study aimed to investigate how much information PWA communicate through 3 types of gesture and the communicative effectiveness of such gestures. Method: Listeners without language impairment rated the information content of short video clips taken from PWA in conversation...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475801/investigating-the-adequacy-of-intervention-descriptions-in-recent-speech-language-pathology-literature-is-evidence-from-randomized-trials-useable
#11
Arabella Ludemann, Emma Power, Tammy C Hoffmann
Purpose: To evaluate the completeness of intervention descriptions in recent randomized controlled trials of speech-language pathology treatments. Method: A consecutive sample of entries on the speechBITE database yielded 129 articles and 162 interventions. Interventions were rated using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist. Rating occurred at 3 stages: interventions as published in the primary article, secondary locations referred to by the article (e...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475661/effect-of-message-type-on-the-visual-attention-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Amber Thiessen, Jessica Brown, David Beukelman, Karen Hux, Angela Myers
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to measure the effect of message type (i.e., action, naming) on the visual attention patterns of individuals with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI) when viewing grids composed of 3 types of images (i.e., icons, decontextualized photographs, and contextualized photographs). Method: Fourteen adults with TBI and 14 without TBI-assigned either to an action or naming message condition-viewed grids composed of 3 different image types...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475659/fear-of-negative-evaluation-trait-anxiety-and-judgment-bias-in-adults-who-stutter
#13
Shelley B Brundage, Katherine L Winters, Janet M Beilby
Purpose: Persons who stutter (PWS) and those with social anxiety disorder may exhibit fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and anxiety in social situations. However, the information processing biases that perpetuate these characteristics have had limited investigation. This study investigated judgment bias in social situations. Method: Participants included 50 adults who stutter and 45 age- and gender-matched fluent persons who do not stutter (PWNS), who made up the control group...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475658/a-comparison-of-the-metalinguistic-performance-and-spelling-development-of-children-with-inconsistent-speech-sound-disorder-and-their-age-matched-and-reading-matched-peers
#14
Brigid C McNeill, Julie Wolter, Gail T Gillon
Purpose: This study explored the specific nature of a spelling impairment in children with speech sound disorder (SSD) in relation to metalinguistic predictors of spelling development. Method: The metalinguistic (phoneme, morphological, and orthographic awareness) and spelling development of 28 children ages 6-8 years with a history of inconsistent SSD were compared to those of their age-matched (n = 28) and reading-matched (n = 28) peers. Analysis of the literacy outcomes of children within the cohort with persistent (n = 18) versus resolved (n = 10) SSD was also conducted...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474087/developing-the-alphabetic-principle-to-aid-text-based-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-use-by-adults-with-low-speech-intelligibility-and-intellectual-disabilities
#15
Anna C Schmidt-Naylor, Kathryn J Saunders, Nancy C Brady
Purpose: We explored alphabet supplementation as an augmentative and alternative communication strategy for adults with minimal literacy. Study 1's goal was to teach onset-letter selection with spoken words and assess generalization to untaught words, demonstrating the alphabetic principle. Study 2 incorporated alphabet supplementation within a naming task and then assessed effects on speech intelligibility. Method: Three men with intellectual disabilities (ID) and low speech intelligibility participated...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474085/consonant-acquisition-in-young-cochlear-implant-recipients-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#16
Suneeti Nathani Iyer, Jongmin Jung, David J Ertmer
Purpose: Consonant acquisition was examined in 13 young cochlear implant (CI) recipients and 11 typically developing (TD) children. Method: A longitudinal research design was implemented to determine the rate and nature of consonant acquisition during the first 2 years of robust hearing experience. Twenty-minute adult-child (typically a parent) interactions were video and audio recorded at 3-month intervals following implantation until 24 months of robust hearing experience was achieved...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418456/mapping-the-early-language-environment-using-all-day-recordings-and-automated-analysis
#17
Jill Gilkerson, Jeffrey A Richards, Steven F Warren, Judith K Montgomery, Charles R Greenwood, D Kimbrough Oller, John H L Hansen, Terrance D Paul
Purpose: This research provided a first-generation standardization of automated language environment estimates, validated these estimates against standard language assessments, and extended on previous research reporting language behavior differences across socioeconomic groups. Method: Typically developing children between 2 to 48 months of age completed monthly, daylong recordings in their natural language environments over a span of approximately 6-38 months...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399578/novel-morpheme-learning-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#18
Margarita Kaushanskaya, Megan Gross, Enanna Sheena, Rachel Roman
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the utility of a novel morpheme learning task for indexing typical language abilities in children characterized by diverse language backgrounds. Method: Three groups of 5- to 6-year-old children were tested: monolingual speakers of English, native speakers of Spanish who also spoke English (Spanish-L1 bilinguals), and native speakers of English who also spoke Spanish (English-L1 bilinguals). All children were taught a new derivational morpheme /ku/ marking part-whole distinction in conjunction with English nouns...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395297/observed-and-parent-report-measures-of-social-communication-in-toddlers-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-race-ethnicity
#19
Sheri T Stronach, Amy M Wetherby
Purpose: This study investigated whether measures of early social communication vary among young children of diverse racial/ethnic status with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: Participants were 364 toddlers between ages 18 and 36 months with a diagnosis of ASD confirmed (n = 195) or ruled out (n = 169), from 3 racial/ethnic categories: non-Hispanic White (n = 226), non-Hispanic Black (n = 74), and Hispanic (n = 64). Group differences in social communication were examined using an observational measure-the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Behavior Sample (CSBS-BS; Wetherby & Prizant, 2002)-and a parent-report measure, the Early Screening for Autism and Communication Disorders (Wetherby, Woods, & Lord, 2007)...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389676/longitudinal-impacts-of-print-focused-read-alouds-for-children-with-language-impairment
#20
Laura M Justice, Jessica Logan, Joan N Kaderavek
Purpose: Preschoolers with language impairment (LI) are prime candidates for early-literacy interventions, given their susceptibility for future reading difficulties. To date, most studies of early-literacy interventions for this population has assessed short-term impacts, with limited attention to whether initial effects are sustained over time. This study was designed to evaluate longitudinal impacts of print-focused read-alouds implemented by early childhood special education teachers for a clinic sample of children with LI...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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