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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049498/a-review-of-phonological-development-of-mandarin-speaking-children
#1
Xin Xin Li, Carol K S To
Purpose: Research into the phonological development of Chinese children is in its infancy compared with the relatively extensive data available on the English-speaking population. This article provided a comprehensive review of empirical studies on the acquisition of Mandarin phonology. Method: Studies over the past 45 years that describe phonological development in Mandarin-speaking children were located through electronic databases, citation searches, keyword searches through online search engines, and manual searches of libraries...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973121/predicting-the-future-a-case-study-in-prognostication
#2
Peter Flipsen
Purpose: Clinicians are regularly asked to make long-term prognoses. The aim of the current report was to present one systematic approach to doing so. A case example from a malpractice case involving a child fitted with a cochlear implant was presented. Implantation occurred at age 17 months (activation 1 month later), but due to a procedural error, the implant was not functional for 19 months. The problem was ultimately rectified, but the legal case hinged largely on whether the child would be able to make up for the lost time...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880977/speech-situation-checklist-revised-investigation-with-adults-who-do-not-stutter-and-treatment-seeking-adults-who-stutter
#3
Martine Vanryckeghem, Michael Matthews, Peixin Xu
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Speech Situation Checklist for adults who stutter (SSC) in differentiating people who stutter (PWS) from speakers with no stutter based on self-reports of anxiety and speech disruption in communicative settings. The SSC's psychometric properties were examined, norms were established, and suggestions for treatment were formulated. Method: The SSC was administered to 88 PWS seeking treatment and 209 speakers with no stutter between the ages of 18 and 62...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841724/intrajudge-and-interjudge-reliability-of-the-stuttering-severity-instrument-fourth-edition
#4
Jason H Davidow, Kathleen A Scott
Purpose: The Stuttering Severity Instrument (SSI) is a tool used to measure the severity of stuttering. Previous versions of the instrument have known limitations (e.g., Lewis, 1995). The present study examined the intra- and interjudge reliability of the newest version, the Stuttering Severity Instrument-Fourth Edition (SSI-4) (Riley, 2009). Method: Twelve judges who were trained on the SSI-4 protocol participated. Judges collected SSI-4 data while viewing 4 videos of adults who stutter at Time 1 and 4 weeks later at Time 2...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834534/efficacy-of-electropalatography-for-treating-misarticulation-of-r
#5
Elaine R Hitchcock, Tara McAllister Byun, Michelle Swartz, Roberta Lazarus
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to document the efficacy of electropalatography (EPG) for the treatment of rhotic errors in school-age children. Despite a growing body of literature using EPG for the treatment of speech sound errors, there is little systematic evidence about the relative efficacy of EPG for rhotic errors. Method: Participants were 5 English-speaking children aged 6;10 to 9;10, who produced /r/ at the word level with < 30% accuracy but otherwise showed typical speech, language, and hearing abilities...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832881/influence-of-linguistic-and-nonlinguistic-variables-on-generalization-and-maintenance-following-phonomotor-treatment-for-aphasia
#6
Rebecca Hunting Pompon, Lauren Bislick, Kristen Elliott, Elizabeth Brookshire Madden, Irene Minkina, Megan Oelke, Diane Kendall
Purpose: Although phonomotor treatment shows promise as an effective intervention for anomia in people with aphasia, responses to this treatment are not consistent across individuals. To better understand this variability, we examined the influence of 5 participant characteristics-age, time postonset, aphasia severity, naming impairment, and error profile-on generalization and maintenance of confrontation naming and discourse abilities following phonomotor treatment. Method: Using retrospective data from 26 participants with aphasia who completed a 6-week phonomotor treatment program, we examined the relationships between participant characteristics of interest and change scores on confrontation naming and discourse tasks, measured pretreatment, immediately following treatment, and 3 months following treatment...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800373/dysphagia-and-speech-language-pathology-involvement-following-chemical-ingestion-injury-a-review-of-44-cases-admitted-to-a-quaternary-australian-hospital-2008-2012
#7
Anna F Rumbach, Rebecca Cremer
Purpose: This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics of an adult chemical ingestion population and examine the course of return to oral intake post injury and speech-language pathologist (SLP) involvement during the initial acute-care admission. Method: A retrospective chart review of adults admitted to a quaternary hospital for the treatment of an acute chemical ingestion injury between 2008 and 2012 was conducted. Results: Forty-four adults (23 men, 21 women) were identified as receiving treatment for ingestion injury, of whom 18 (40...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796861/quantity-matters-children-with-dyslexia-are-impaired-in-a-small-but-not-large-number-of-exposures-during-implicit-repeated-sequence-learning
#8
Xinjie He, Shelley Xiuli Tong
Purpose: The present study investigated the onset of statistical learning and examined whether the number of exposures to a repeated sequence influences the learning performance of children with dyslexia on a serial reaction time task. Method: Three groups of children (29 with dyslexia, 29 age-matched controls, and 30 reading level-matched controls) were administered a serial reaction time task, and their statistical learning performances after a small and a large number of exposures (40 vs...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793171/reporting-of-socioeconomic-status-in-pediatric-language-research
#9
Ella Inglebret, Shana Bailey, Jeanne Amie Clothiaux, Amy Skinder-Meredith, Kayla Monson, Lesli Cleveland
Purpose: This study examined language-focused research articles published in 3 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association journals to: (a) determine the proportion that reported the socioeconomic status (SES) of pediatric participants and (b) identify the indicators used to represent SES in these articles. Method: Researchers reviewed articles published from 2000-2015 in Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, and the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (language section) that involved pediatric participants and focused on language development, as well as on assessment and intervention for language disorders...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793160/language-samples-from-children-who-use-speech-generating-devices-making-sense-of-small-samples-and-utterance-length
#10
Thomas Kovacs, Katya Hill
Purpose: Mean length of utterance in morphemes (MLUm) is underreported in people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). MLUm is difficult to measure in people who use AAC because of 2 challenges described in literature: the challenge of small language samples (difficulty collecting representative samples) and the challenge of transcribing short utterances (difficulty transcribing 1-morpheme utterances). We tested solutions to both challenges in a corpus of language samples from children who use speech-generating devices...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#11
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785764/personal-perceptions-and-perceived-public-opinion-about-stuttering-in-the-united-states-implications-for-anti-stigma-campaigns
#12
Michael P Boyle
Purpose: This exploratory study was the first to obtain quantitative and qualitative data on both personal perceptions and perceived public opinion about stuttering in order to identify topics to include in anti-stigma programs for stuttering. Method: Three-hundred ten adults in the United States completed a web survey that assessed knowledge about stuttering and attitudes toward people who stutter (PWS) with questions addressing personal perceptions (direct questions) and perceived public opinion (indirect questions)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#13
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772303/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-voice
#14
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Georges Ziade, Doja Sarieddine, Dollen Tabri, Fatima Allaw, Rachel Btaiche, Sami Azar
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to investigate the relationship between low level of vitamin D, phonatory symptoms, and acoustic findings. Method: A total of 38 subjects presenting to the endocrinology clinic were enrolled in 2 groups: 19 with vitamin D deficiency who were not on treatment, and 19 with normal vitamin D level who were on treatment. Demographic data included age, gender, and history of smoking. All patients were asked about the presence or absence of dysphonia, degree of phonatory effort, and vocal fatigue...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772293/speech-language-pathologists-use-of-intelligibility-measures-in-adults-with-dysarthria
#15
Naomi Gurevich, Sydney L Scamihorn
Purpose: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who work with adults with dysarthria were surveyed to investigate trends of clinical practice for assessing speech intelligibility. Method: Two hundred ninety-six SLPs responded to an online survey October 22-November 30, 2015. Results: Findings showed that 35% of SLPs lacked access to any standardized assessments of intelligibility, with 66% of these implicating cost as the main reason. Work settings played a role, as all SLPs working in Veterans Affairs hospitals and 97% of SLPs working in university or research clinics reported access to at least one formal assessment...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772287/a-systematic-review-of-speech-assessments-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-recommendations-for-best-practice
#16
Kate Broome, Patricia McCabe, Kimberley Docking, Maree Doble
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to provide a summary and evaluation of speech assessments used with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A subsequent narrative review was completed to ascertain the core components of an evidence-based pediatric speech assessment, which, together with the results of the systematic review, provide clinical and research guidelines for best practice. Method: A systematic search of eight databases was used to find peer-reviewed research articles published between 1990 and 2014 assessing the speech of children with ASD...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763804/neurogenic-orofacial-weakness-and-speech-in-adults-with-dysarthria
#17
Nancy Pearl Solomon, Matthew J Makashay, Leah B Helou, Heather M Clark
Purpose: This study compared orofacial strength between adults with dysarthria and neurologically normal (NN) matched controls. In addition, orofacial muscle weakness was examined for potential relationships to speech impairments in adults with dysarthria. Method: Matched groups of 55 adults with dysarthria and 55 NN adults generated maximum pressure (Pmax) against an air-filled bulb during lingual elevation, protrusion and lateralization, and buccodental and labial compressions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738136/key-word-signing-usage-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-influence-of-communication-partners-sign-usage-and-responsivity
#18
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
Purpose: In services for adults with intellectual disabilities, various staff members may have different key word signing (KWS) skills and conversational style. Little is known about how these clients use KWS with different staff members. Therefore, we observed staff-client conversations and examined how clients' KWS usage was shaped by staff members' KWS usage and conversational style. Method: Three 10-min dyadic conversations between an adult with moderate or severe intellectual disabilities (N = 15) and three familiar staff members were filmed and transcribed...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732098/variability-of-the-pressure-measurements-exerted-by-the-tip-of-laryngoscope-during-laryngeal-sensory-testing-a-clinical-demonstration
#19
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Gintas P Krisciunas, Takaharu Nito, Michael P LaValley, Cara E Stepp, Susan E Langmore
Purpose: Clinicians often test laryngeal sensation by touching the laryngeal mucosa with the tip of a flexible laryngoscope. However, the pressure applied to the larynx by using this touch method is unknown, and the expected responses elicited by this method are uncertain. The variability in pressure delivered by clinicians using the touch method was investigated, and the subject responses to the touches were also reported. Methods: A fiberoptic pressure sensor passed through the working channel of a laryngoscope, with its tip positioned at the distal port of the channel...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715847/language-sampling-with-adolescents-building-a-normative-database-with-fables
#20
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar, Jeannene M Ward-Lonergan
Purpose: The goal of the study was to create a language sampling task appropriate for adolescents and to contribute normative data from speakers with typical language development. Method: Thirty adolescents (mean age = 14 years, 1 month) participated in an interview that involved the retelling and interpretation of 4 Greek fables. Each speaker's performance on the task was audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and entered into the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts computer program (Miller & Iglesias, 2015)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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