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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418456/mapping-the-early-language-environment-using-all-day-recordings-and-automated-analysis
#1
Jill Gilkerson, Jeffrey A Richards, Steven F Warren, Judith K Montgomery, Charles R Greenwood, D Kimbrough Oller, John H L Hansen, Terrance D Paul
Purpose: This research provided a first-generation standardization of automated language environment estimates, validated these estimates against standard language assessments, and extended on previous research reporting language behavior differences across socioeconomic groups. Method: Typically developing children between 2 to 48 months of age completed monthly, daylong recordings in their natural language environments over a span of approximately 6-38 months...
April 16, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399578/novel-morpheme-learning-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#2
Margarita Kaushanskaya, Megan Gross, Enanna Sheena, Rachel Roman
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the utility of a novel morpheme learning task for indexing typical language abilities in children characterized by diverse language backgrounds. Method: Three groups of 5- to 6-year-old children were tested: monolingual speakers of English, native speakers of Spanish who also spoke English (Spanish-L1 bilinguals), and native speakers of English who also spoke Spanish (English-L1 bilinguals). All children were taught a new derivational morpheme /ku/ marking part-whole distinction in conjunction with English nouns...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395297/observed-and-parent-report-measures-of-social-communication-in-toddlers-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-race-ethnicity
#3
Sheri T Stronach, Amy M Wetherby
Purpose: This study investigated whether measures of early social communication vary among young children of diverse racial/ethnic status with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: Participants were 364 toddlers between ages 18 and 36 months with a diagnosis of ASD confirmed (n = 195) or ruled out (n = 169), from 3 racial/ethnic categories: non-Hispanic White (n = 226), non-Hispanic Black (n = 74), and Hispanic (n = 64). Group differences in social communication were examined using an observational measure-the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Behavior Sample (CSBS-BS; Wetherby & Prizant, 2002)-and a parent-report measure, the Early Screening for Autism and Communication Disorders (Wetherby, Woods, & Lord, 2007)...
April 9, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389676/longitudinal-impacts-of-print-focused-read-alouds-for-children-with-language-impairment
#4
Laura M Justice, Jessica Logan, Joan N Kaderavek
Purpose: Preschoolers with language impairment (LI) are prime candidates for early-literacy interventions, given their susceptibility for future reading difficulties. To date, most studies of early-literacy interventions for this population has assessed short-term impacts, with limited attention to whether initial effects are sustained over time. This study was designed to evaluate longitudinal impacts of print-focused read-alouds implemented by early childhood special education teachers for a clinic sample of children with LI...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384804/exploring-expressive-communication-skills-in-a-cross-sectional-sample-of-children-and-young-adults-with-angelman-syndrome
#5
Emily D Quinn, Charity Rowland
Purpose: This study explores data on expressive communication skills of 300 individuals aged 0.0-21.11 years with Angelman syndrome (AS). These data provide a composite portrait of communication skills in a large sample of children and young adults with this rare disorder, specifying new detailed information about expressive communication. Method: The database associated with the Communication Matrix assessment (Rowland, 2004, 2011; Rowland & Fried-Oken, 2010) was mined for data regarding individuals with AS...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359083/patient-perception-of-speech-outcomes-the-relationship-between-clinical-measures-and-self-perception-of-speech-function-following-surgical-treatment-for-oral-cancer
#6
Gabriela Constantinescu, Jana Rieger, Marcy Winget, Catherine Paulsen, Hadi Seikaly
Purpose: Treatment for oral cancer can result in speech impairments that can have varying impacts on patient quality of life. This study explored the relationship between clinical measures of speech impairment and the perception that patients had of this change in the early stage of recovery. Method: This was a quasi-experimental 1-group pre-post study design carried out on 10 patients with surgical intervention for oral cancer. Two clinical measures (word intelligibility and consonant phoneme error) and 2 patient-perception measures (Speech Handicap Index total score and Speech Handicap Index patient criteria score) were collected at preoperative and 1-month postoperative appointments...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350894/assessing-the-amount-of-spontaneous-real-world-spoken-language-in-aphasia-validation-of-two-methods
#7
Michelle M Haddad, Edward Taub, Gitendra Uswatte, Margaret L Johnson, Victor W Mark, Ameen Barghi, Ezekiel Byrom, Xiaohua Zhou, Christina M Rodriguez
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study evaluating the psychometric properties of 2 new measures that exclusively assess the amount of real-world spoken language in patients with aphasia. Method: Forty individuals with aphasia were evaluated on several measures of spoken language in real-world settings. The Verbal Activity Log (VAL; Johnson et al., 2014) has participants, aided by caregivers, indicate current amount and quality of real-world spoken language compared with before stroke...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334398/maintenance-of-social-anxiety-in-stuttering-a-cognitive-behavioral-model
#8
Lisa Iverach, Ronald M Rapee, Quincy J J Wong, Robyn Lowe
Purpose: Stuttering is a speech disorder frequently accompanied by anxiety in social-evaluative situations. A growing body of research has confirmed a significant rate of social anxiety disorder among adults who stutter. Social anxiety disorder is a chronic and disabling anxiety disorder associated with substantial life impairment. Several influential models have described cognitive-behavioral factors that contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety in nonstuttering populations. The purpose of the present article is to apply these leading models to the experience of social anxiety for people who stutter...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329403/language-development-in-children-with-cleft-palate-with-or-without-cleft-lip-adopted-from-non-english-speaking-countries
#9
Amy R Morgan, Claudia Crilly Bellucci, Jody Coppersmith, Sebastian B Linde, Arthur Curtis, Meredith Albert, Mary M O'Gara, Kathleen Kapp-Simon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether language skills differed between children with cleft palate or cleft lip and palate (CP±CL) who were adopted into an English-speaking home from a non-English-speaking country (late English exposure [LE]) and children with CP±CL raised from birth in an English-speaking home (early English exposure [EE]). Method: Children (51 LE, 67 EE), ages 3;0 (years;months) to 9;0, completed the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF), Preschool Second Edition or Fourth Edition...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329176/does-rare-vocabulary-use-distinguish-giftedness-from-typical-development-a-study-of-school-age-african-american-narrators
#10
Monique T Mills, Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Sara C Steele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine rare vocabulary produced in the spoken narratives of school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children from general and gifted classrooms produced 2 narratives: a personal story and a fictional story that was based on the wordless book Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). The Wordlist for Expressive Rare Vocabulary Evaluation (Mahurin-Smith, DeThorne, & Petrill, 2015) was used to tally number and type of uncommon words produced in these narratives...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#11
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282484/a-systematic-review-of-isometric-lingual-strength-training-programs-in-adults-with-and-without-dysphagia
#12
Victoria S McKenna, Bin Zhang, Morgan B Haines, Lisa N Kelchner
Purpose: This systematic review summarizes the effects of isometric lingual strength training on lingual strength and swallow function in adult populations. Furthermore, it evaluates the designs of the reviewed studies and identifies areas of future research in isometric lingual strength training for dysphagia remediation. Method: A comprehensive literature search of 3 databases and additional backward citation search identified 10 studies for inclusion in the review...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257530/comparing-the-effects-of-speech-generating-device-display-organization-on-symbol-comprehension-and-use-by-three-children-with-developmental-delays
#13
Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Jane Wegner, Nancy C Brady, Betty H Bunce, Rose A Sevcik
Purpose: Three children ages 3;6 to 5;3 with developmental and language delays were provided experience with a traditional grid-based display and a contextually organized visual scene display on a speech-generating device to illustrate considerations for practice and future research in augmentative and alternative communication assessment and intervention. Method: Twelve symbols were taught in a grid display and visual scene display using aided input during dramatic play routines...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249075/the-effect-of-information-and-severity-on-perception-of-speakers-with-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#14
Tanya L Eadie, Reyhaneh Rajabzadeh, Derek D Isetti, Martin T Nevdahl, Carolyn R Baylor
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of severity of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) and information about it on unfamiliar listeners' attitudes about speakers' personal characteristics, perceived vocal effort, and listener comfort on the basis of ratings of speech recordings. Method: Fifteen women with ADSD and 5 controls provided speech samples. Forty-five unfamiliar listeners were randomized into 3 groups. Listeners in Group 1 received no information, listeners in Group 2 were told that some speakers had voice disorders or had no voice concerns, and listeners in Group 3 were provided diagnostic labels for each speaker and information about ADSD...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196373/does-naming-therapy-make-ordering-in-a-restaurant-easier-dynamics-of-co-occurring-change-in-cognitive-linguistic-and-functional-communication-skills-in-aphasia
#15
Erin L Meier, Jeffrey P Johnson, Sarah Villard, Swathi Kiran
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the static and dynamic relationships between impairment-level cognitive-linguistic abilities and activity-level functional communication skills in persons with aphasia (PWA). Method: In Experiment 1, a battery of standardized assessments was administered to a group of PWA (N = 72) to examine associations between cognitive-linguistic ability and functional communication at a single time point. In Experiment 2, impairment-based treatment was administered to a subset of PWA from Experiment 1 (n = 39) in order to examine associations between change in cognitive-linguistic ability and change in function and associations at a single time point...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208171/update-on-didactic-and-clinical-education-in-fluency-disorders-2013-2014
#16
J Scott Yaruss, Jieun Lee, Kaya B Kikani, Paula Leslie, Caryn Herring, Sujini Ramachandar, Seth Tichenor, Robert W Quesal, Malcolm R McNeil
Purpose: This study surveyed didactic and clinical education in fluency disorders at undergraduate and graduate institutions in the United States that provide education in speech-language pathology to determine whether a previously observed reduction in requirements has continued since prior surveys (Yaruss, 1999; Yaruss & Quesal, 2002). Method: The study involved a detailed questionnaire that was sent to 282 communication science and disorders departments. Questions examined didactic and clinical education, as well as faculty knowledge about fluency disorders...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166549/prior-history-of-feeding-swallowing-difficulties-in-children-with-language-impairment
#17
Kathy Malas, Natacha Trudeau, Marie-Claude Giroux, Lisanne Gauthier, Simone Poulin, David H McFarland
Purpose: This study updated and extended our previous investigation (Malas et al., 2015) of feeding-swallowing difficulties and concerns (FSCs) in children with language impairments (LI) by using more stringent inclusion criteria and targeting children earlier in the care delivery pathway. Method: Retrospective analyses were performed on the clinical files of 29 children (average age: 60 months, SD = 9.0) diagnosed as having LI using standardized testing, nonstandardized testing and final speech-language pathologist judgment...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166547/the-use-of-technology-for-phone-and-face-to-face-communication-after-total-laryngectomy
#18
Jana M Childes, Andrew D Palmer, Melanie Fried-Oken, Donna J Graville
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to describe the characteristics and experiences of individuals who use technology to support telephone or face-to-face communication after total laryngectomy. Method: An online questionnaire was used to identify potential participants. Seventeen individuals met inclusion criteria and participated in an in-depth survey. They were compared with a reference group matched for age, gender, and time postsurgery who did not use these technologies...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147381/speech-language-pathologists-use-of-hearing-screening-for-clients-with-aphasia-challenges-potential-solutions-and-future-directions
#19
JoAnn P Silkes, Kaitlin Winterstein
Purpose: The co-occurrence of aphasia and hearing loss can lead to compounded receptive communication impairment that is significantly worse than in either disorder alone. Therefore, identifying potential hearing loss is a critical part of communication assessment for clients with neurogenic communication disorders, many of whom have aphasia. This clinical focus article explores speech language pathologists' (SLPs') hearing-screening practices with this population, identifies patterns of concern, and presents potential solutions and future research needs...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124070/integration-of-motor-learning-principles-into-real-time-ambulatory-voice-biofeedback-and-example-implementation-via-a-clinical-case-study-with-vocal-fold-nodules
#20
Jarrad H Van Stan, Daryush D Mehta, Robert J Petit, Dagmar Sternad, Jason Muise, James A Burns, Robert E Hillman
Purpose: Ambulatory voice biofeedback (AVB) has the potential to significantly improve voice therapy effectiveness by targeting one of the most challenging aspects of rehabilitation: carryover of desired behaviors outside of the therapy session. Although initial evidence indicates that AVB can alter vocal behavior in daily life, retention of the new behavior after biofeedback has not been demonstrated. Motor learning studies repeatedly have shown retention-related benefits when reducing feedback frequency or providing summary statistics...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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