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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Anita van der Merwe, Mollie Steyn
Purpose: The aim of the study was to propose the speech motor learning approach (Van der Merwe, 2011) as a treatment for childhood apraxia of speech and to determine if it will effect positive change in the ability of a 33-month-old child to produce untreated nonwords and words containing treated age-appropriate consonants (Set 1 sounds), untreated age-appropriate consonants (Set 2), and untreated age-inappropriate consonants (Set 3) and also to determine the nature and number of segmental speech errors before and after treatment...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marie Moore Channell, Susan J Loveall, Frances A Conners, Danielle J Harvey, Leonard Abbeduto
Purpose: This study examined cross-sectional age-related trajectories of expressive language variables (syntactic complexity, lexical diversity, unintelligibility, dysfluency, and talkativeness) derived from a narrative language sampling procedure. Method: Narrative samples were analyzed from 103 typically developing individuals, ages 4-21 years. Results: Results showed that this procedure was effective for the entire age range, with participants producing an utterance on virtually every page of the wordless picture books used to prompt the narrative...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Jiali Liang
Purpose: This article introduces and provides initial data supporting "The Early Development of Emotional Competence (EDEC): A tool for children with complex communication needs (CCNs)." The EDEC was developed to raise awareness about the relation of language and emotional competence and to maximize the likelihood that intervention includes language to discuss emotions in ways that are consistent with the values and goals of the family. Method: First, the theoretical and clinical foundations of the EDEC development were discussed...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jimin Lee, Michael Bell, Zachary Simmons
Purpose: The current study investigated whether articulatory kinematic patterns can be extrapolated across the spectrum of dysarthria severity in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: Temporal and spatial articulatory kinematic data were collected using electromagnetic articulography from 14 individuals with dysarthria secondary to ALS and 6 typically aging speakers. Speech intelligibility and speaking rate were used as indices of severity...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kathy Coufal, Douglas Parham, Melissa Jakubowitz, Cassandra Howell, Jared Reyes
Purpose: Using American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS) Functional Communication Measure (FCM) as a common metric, this investigation compared traditional service delivery and telepractice service delivery for children receiving therapy for the NOMS diagnostic category of "speech sound production." Method: De-identified cases were secured from ASHA's NOMS database and a proprietary database from a private e-learning provider...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jennifer P Lundine, Stacy M Harnish, Rebecca J McCauley, Alexandra B Zezinka, Deena Schwen Blackett, Robert A Fox
Purpose: Annually, nearly 700,000 U.S. children and adolescents experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Many of them struggle academically, despite failing to qualify for special education services because their cognitive communication impairments are subtle. Method: In this exploratory study, five adolescents with TBI provided verbal summaries of two expository lectures (compare-contrast, cause-effect) and participated in cognitive and expressive syntax testing...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Carol C Dudding, Elizabeth E Nottingham
Purpose: This study provides a framework for understanding the range and diversity of simulation use, along with the benefits and challenges to the growth of simulation in university programs in communication sciences and disorders (CSD) across the United States. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed and deployed to educators in undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology programs in the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association EdFind database (N = 309)...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Emily Zimmerman, Jaclene Forlano, Andrew Gouldstone
Purpose: Many pacifier companies advertise that their product is the "best choice" to support proper sucking, feeding, and dental development; however, very little evidence exists to support these claims. As the primary differences across pacifiers are structural and mechanical, the goals of this study were to measure such properties of commercially available pacifiers and to examine how these properties alter suck patterning in healthy, full-term infants. Method: Seven commonly utilized pacifiers were mechanically tested for pull and compression stiffness levels and categorized into nipple shape types based on their aspect ratio...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece
Purpose: The study explored changes in accuracy of American English rhotics as a result of an intensive 1-week therapy program for adolescents and young adults with residual speech sound errors that had not resolved with previous therapy. Method: Four case reports are presented of individuals aged 13, 17, 21, and 22 years with residual /ɹ/ distortions. Each participant attended a 1-week intensive program consisting of pretreatment assessments, 14 hr of therapy, and posttreatment assessment...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Meghan Darling-White, Jessica E Huber
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of expiratory muscle strength training on speech breathing and functional speech outcomes in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: Twelve individuals with PD were seen once a week for 8 weeks: 4 pretraining (baseline) sessions followed by a 4-week training period. Posttraining data were collected at the end of the 4th week of training. Maximum expiratory pressure, an indicator of expiratory muscle strength, and lung volume at speech initiation were the primary outcome measures...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Veena Kallambettu, Angela N Burda, Nicole Wakeman
Purpose: This study compared the performance of South Asian and White adults on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES; MacDonald, 2005), tests that can be used by speech-language pathologists to assess executive function (EF). Method: Twenty South Asian and 20 White participants were administered the BADS and FAVRES...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Heather Leavy Rusiewicz, Jessica Lynch Rivera
Purpose: Despite the widespread use of hand movements as visual and kinesthetic cues to facilitate accurate speech produced by individuals with speech sound disorders (SSDs), no experimental investigation of gestural cues that mimic that spatiotemporal parameters of speech sounds (e.g., holding fingers and thumb together and "popping" them to cue /p/) currently exists. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of manual mimicry cues within a multisensory intervention of persisting childhood apraxia of speech (CAS)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Gabriela Constantinescu, Jana Rieger, Kerry Mummery, William Hodgetts
Purpose: Delivery of swallowing therapy is faced with challenges regarding access to in-clinic services and adherence to prescribed home programs. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies are being developed at a rapid pace to address these difficulties. Whereas some benefits to using these modern tools for therapy are obvious (e.g., electronic reminders), other advantages are not as well understood. One example is the potential for mHealth devices and apps to enhance adherence to treatment regimens...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sherine R Tambyraja, Mary Beth Schmitt, Laura M Justice
Purpose: The present study investigates the extent to which school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) communicate with the caregivers of children with language impairment and the factors that are significantly associated with frequent communication. In addition, this study investigates the extent to which frequent SLP-caregiver communication is associated with change in language and literacy abilities of children. Method: To address the study aims, weekly communication logs from 73 SLPs, serving 3-5 children with language impairment in grades K-2, were collected for a complete academic year...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jarrad H Van Stan, Marc Maffei, Maria Lúcia Vaz Masson, Daryush D Mehta, James A Burns, Robert E Hillman
Purpose: The aim of this study was to establish reliability and validity for self-ratings of vocal status obtained during the daily activities of patients with vocal hyperfunction (VH) and matched controls. Method: Eight-four patients with VH and 74 participants with normal voices answered 3 vocal status questions-difficulty producing soft, high-pitched phonation (D-SHP); discomfort; and fatigue-on an ambulatory voice monitor at the beginning, 5-hr intervals, and the end of each day (7 total days)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jennifer A Brown
Purpose: Conducting culturally responsive and family-centered diagnostic interviews is an important part of speech and language services. However, there is limited information on the effective ways to teach speech-language pathology graduate students to acquire these skills. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of performance feedback on graduate students' use of ethnographic principles, open-ended questions, and restating and summarizing comments in caregiver interviews...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kristen Izaryk, Elizabeth Skarakis-Doyle
Purpose: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in expanding the research approaches that speech-language pathologists utilize, particularly for addressing complex questions. Consensus-building techniques can be useful for addressing such questions. The Delphi technique is a consensus-building process involving structured communication among members of an expert panel via independent responses to iterative rounds of questionnaires. The purpose of this research note is to describe and demonstrate the Delphi technique using an application to a complex problem in speech-language pathology, that is, the bases of social communication and pragmatics...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ashwini M Namasivayam-MacDonald, Lynsey Burnett, Ahmed Nagy, Ashley A Waito, Catriona M Steele
Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an 8-week tongue-strengthening intervention protocol for seniors with mild to moderately severe cognitive impairment in the long-term care setting. Outcome measures of interest included tongue strength, mealtime duration, and food intake. Method: In this pre-post group study of treatment outcomes, data were collected from 7 adults (aged 84-99 years). Participants were observed across a series of mealtimes to determine mealtime duration and intake before and after 16 treatment sessions...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Larah van der Meer, Tamyra Matthews, Emily Ogilvie, Alice Berry, Hannah Waddington, Susan Balandin, Mark F O'Reilly, Giulio Lancioni, Jeff Sigafoos
Purpose: The aim of this review was to summarize and evaluate studies on training direct-care staff to provide communication intervention to adults with intellectual disability. Method: Systematic searches identified 22 studies. These were summarized and evaluated in terms of (a) participants; (b) settings; (c) training aims and procedures; (d) research designs; (e) reliability, integrity, and social validity; (f) outcomes; (g) generalization and follow-up; and (h) certainty of evidence...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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