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American Journal of Speech-language Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800373/dysphagia-and-speech-language-pathology-involvement-following-chemical-ingestion-injury-a-review-of-44-cases-admitted-to-a-quaternary-australian-hospital-2008-2012
#1
Anna F Rumbach, Rebecca Cremer
Purpose: This study aimed to explore the clinical characteristics of an adult chemical ingestion population and examine the course of return to oral intake post injury and speech-language pathologist (SLP) involvement during the initial acute-care admission. Method: A retrospective chart review of adults admitted to a quaternary hospital for the treatment of an acute chemical ingestion injury between 2008 and 2012 was conducted. Results: Forty-four adults (23 men, 21 women) were identified as receiving treatment for ingestion injury, of whom 18 (40...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796861/quantity-matters-children-with-dyslexia-are-impaired-in-a-small-but-not-large-number-of-exposures-during-implicit-repeated-sequence-learning
#2
Xinjie He, Shelley Xiuli Tong
Purpose: The present study investigated the onset of statistical learning and examined whether the number of exposures to a repeated sequence influences the learning performance of children with dyslexia on a serial reaction time task. Method: Three groups of children (29 with dyslexia, 29 age-matched controls, and 30 reading level-matched controls) were administered a serial reaction time task, and their statistical learning performances after a small and a large number of exposures (40 vs...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810269/masthead
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793171/reporting-of-socioeconomic-status-in-pediatric-language-research
#4
Ella Inglebret, Shana Bailey, Jeanne Amie Clothiaux, Amy Skinder-Meredith, Kayla Monson, Lesli Cleveland
Purpose: This study examined language-focused research articles published in 3 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association journals to: (a) determine the proportion that reported the socioeconomic status (SES) of pediatric participants and (b) identify the indicators used to represent SES in these articles. Method: Researchers reviewed articles published from 2000-2015 in Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, and the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (language section) that involved pediatric participants and focused on language development, as well as on assessment and intervention for language disorders...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793160/language-samples-from-children-who-use-speech-generating-devices-making-sense-of-small-samples-and-utterance-length
#5
Thomas Kovacs, Katya Hill
Purpose: Mean length of utterance in morphemes (MLUm) is underreported in people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). MLUm is difficult to measure in people who use AAC because of 2 challenges described in literature: the challenge of small language samples (difficulty collecting representative samples) and the challenge of transcribing short utterances (difficulty transcribing 1-morpheme utterances). We tested solutions to both challenges in a corpus of language samples from children who use speech-generating devices...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#6
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785764/personal-perceptions-and-perceived-public-opinion-about-stuttering-in-the-united-states-implications-for-anti-stigma-campaigns
#7
Michael P Boyle
Purpose: This exploratory study was the first to obtain quantitative and qualitative data on both personal perceptions and perceived public opinion about stuttering in order to identify topics to include in anti-stigma programs for stuttering. Method: Three-hundred ten adults in the United States completed a web survey that assessed knowledge about stuttering and attitudes toward people who stutter (PWS) with questions addressing personal perceptions (direct questions) and perceived public opinion (indirect questions)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#8
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772303/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-voice
#9
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Georges Ziade, Doja Sarieddine, Dollen Tabri, Fatima Allaw, Rachel Btaiche, Sami Azar
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to investigate the relationship between low level of vitamin D, phonatory symptoms, and acoustic findings. Method: A total of 38 subjects presenting to the endocrinology clinic were enrolled in 2 groups: 19 with vitamin D deficiency who were not on treatment, and 19 with normal vitamin D level who were on treatment. Demographic data included age, gender, and history of smoking. All patients were asked about the presence or absence of dysphonia, degree of phonatory effort, and vocal fatigue...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772293/speech-language-pathologists-use-of-intelligibility-measures-in-adults-with-dysarthria
#10
Naomi Gurevich, Sydney L Scamihorn
Purpose: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who work with adults with dysarthria were surveyed to investigate trends of clinical practice for assessing speech intelligibility. Method: Two hundred ninety-six SLPs responded to an online survey October 22-November 30, 2015. Results: Findings showed that 35% of SLPs lacked access to any standardized assessments of intelligibility, with 66% of these implicating cost as the main reason. Work settings played a role, as all SLPs working in Veterans Affairs hospitals and 97% of SLPs working in university or research clinics reported access to at least one formal assessment...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772287/a-systematic-review-of-speech-assessments-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-recommendations-for-best-practice
#11
Kate Broome, Patricia McCabe, Kimberley Docking, Maree Doble
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to provide a summary and evaluation of speech assessments used with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A subsequent narrative review was completed to ascertain the core components of an evidence-based pediatric speech assessment, which, together with the results of the systematic review, provide clinical and research guidelines for best practice. Method: A systematic search of eight databases was used to find peer-reviewed research articles published between 1990 and 2014 assessing the speech of children with ASD...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763804/neurogenic-orofacial-weakness-and-speech-in-adults-with-dysarthria
#12
Nancy Pearl Solomon, Matthew J Makashay, Leah B Helou, Heather M Clark
Purpose: This study compared orofacial strength between adults with dysarthria and neurologically normal (NN) matched controls. In addition, orofacial muscle weakness was examined for potential relationships to speech impairments in adults with dysarthria. Method: Matched groups of 55 adults with dysarthria and 55 NN adults generated maximum pressure (Pmax) against an air-filled bulb during lingual elevation, protrusion and lateralization, and buccodental and labial compressions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738136/key-word-signing-usage-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-influence-of-communication-partners-sign-usage-and-responsivity
#13
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
Purpose: In services for adults with intellectual disabilities, various staff members may have different key word signing (KWS) skills and conversational style. Little is known about how these clients use KWS with different staff members. Therefore, we observed staff-client conversations and examined how clients' KWS usage was shaped by staff members' KWS usage and conversational style. Method: Three 10-min dyadic conversations between an adult with moderate or severe intellectual disabilities (N = 15) and three familiar staff members were filmed and transcribed...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732098/variability-of-the-pressure-measurements-exerted-by-the-tip-of-laryngoscope-during-laryngeal-sensory-testing-a-clinical-demonstration
#14
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Gintas P Krisciunas, Takaharu Nito, Michael P LaValley, Cara E Stepp, Susan E Langmore
Purpose: Clinicians often test laryngeal sensation by touching the laryngeal mucosa with the tip of a flexible laryngoscope. However, the pressure applied to the larynx by using this touch method is unknown, and the expected responses elicited by this method are uncertain. The variability in pressure delivered by clinicians using the touch method was investigated, and the subject responses to the touches were also reported. Methods: A fiberoptic pressure sensor passed through the working channel of a laryngoscope, with its tip positioned at the distal port of the channel...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715847/language-sampling-with-adolescents-building-a-normative-database-with-fables
#15
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar, Jeannene M Ward-Lonergan
Purpose: The goal of the study was to create a language sampling task appropriate for adolescents and to contribute normative data from speakers with typical language development. Method: Thirty adolescents (mean age = 14 years, 1 month) participated in an interview that involved the retelling and interpretation of 4 Greek fables. Each speaker's performance on the task was audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and entered into the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts computer program (Miller & Iglesias, 2015)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715554/variable-practice-to-enhance-speech-learning-in-ultrasound-biofeedback-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-a-single-case-experimental-study
#16
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece, Kerry McNamara, Edwin Maas
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of practice variability, through prosodic variation during speech sound training, in biofeedback treatment for children with childhood apraxia of speech. It was hypothesized that variable practice would facilitate speech sound learning. Method: Six children ages 8-16 years with persisting speech sound errors due to childhood apraxia of speech participated in a single-subject experimental design. For each participant, 2 speech sound targets were treated with ultrasound visual feedback training: one with prosodic variation (i...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687826/measuring-explicit-word-learning-of-preschool-children-a-development-study
#17
Elizabeth Spencer Kelley
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present preliminary results related to the development of a new measure of explicit word learning. The measure incorporated elements of explicit vocabulary instruction and dynamic assessment and was designed to be sensitive to differences in word learning skill and to be feasible for use in clinical settings. Method: The explicit word learning measure included brief teaching trials and repeated fine-grained measurement of semantic knowledge and production of 3 novel words (2 verbs and 1 adjective)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672377/case-history-risk-factors-for-specific-language-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Johanna M Rudolph
Purpose: Research suggests that the best approach to early identification of children with specific language impairment (SLI) should include assessment of risk factors. However, previous attempts to develop a list for this purpose have been unsuccessful. In this study, systematic review and meta-analytic procedures were used to determine whether any case history factors can be used to identify toddlers at risk of developing SLI. Method: Epidemiological studies that examined the association between risk factors and SLI were identified...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672375/ecologically-valid-assessment-of-prospective-memory-for-task-planning-and-execution-by-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#19
Jessica Brown, Karen Hux
Purpose: Individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) often struggle due to inadequate planning and execution skills for completing nonroutine tasks. This study's purpose was to pilot ecologically valid procedures to assess planning for and execution of prospective daily activities. Method: Participants included 9 adults with histories of severe ABI and 9 controls. Data collection included both prospective task planning and execution. First, participants created a plan for later execution of daily tasks in accordance with preestablished rules...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637055/a-pilot-study-on-professional-documentation-do-we-write-from-a-strengths-perspective
#20
Matthew J Braun, Winnie Dunn, Scott D Tomchek
Purpose: There is growing evidence supporting the use of strengths-based practices when serving families. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of strengths-based approaches in the context of written professional documentation. We specifically explored whether or not interdisciplinary clinicians in one university-based medical center clinic write from a strengths perspective (e.g., writing focuses on abilities rather than on deficits) when documenting child behavior in autism diagnostic clinics...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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