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Journal of the American Academy of Audiology

Pamela Souza, Eric Hoover, Michael Blackburn, Frederick Gallun
BACKGROUND: Severe hearing loss impairs communication in a wide range of listening environments. However, we lack data as to the specific objective and subjective abilities of listeners with severe hearing loss. Insight into those abilities may inform treatment choices. PURPOSE: The primary goal was to describe the audiometric profiles, spectral resolution ability, and objective and subjective speech perception of a sample of adult listeners with severe hearing loss, and to consider the relationships among those measures...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Yvonne S Sininger, Carmen G Condon, Howard J Hoffman, Amy J Elliott, Hein J Odendaal, Larry L Burd, Michael M Myers, William P Fifer
BACKGROUND: The Prenatal Alcohol and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Stillbirth Network, known as the "Safe Passage Study," enrolled approximately 12,000 pregnant women from the United States and South Africa and followed the development of their babies through pregnancy and the infant's first year of life to investigate the role of prenatal alcohol exposure in the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as stillbirth and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
K Jonas Brännström, Elisabeth Karlsson, Sebastian Waechter, Tobias Kastberg
BACKGROUND: Listening effort seems to depend on input-related listening demands and several factors internal to the individual listener. Input-related demands may be listening in noise compared with listening in quiet, and internal factors may be cognitive functions. PURPOSE: The purpose was to apply measures of listening effort and perceived listening effort in participants with normal hearing, to determine if there are any presentation order effects, and to explore the relationship between listening effort measured as accuracy, response times, efficiency of information encoding into long-term memory, perceived listening effort, and core executive functions...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Carly Hemmingson, Jessica J Messersmith
BACKGROUND: Many factors affect an individual's outcomes with a cochlear implant (CI); however, quality of device programming and consistency of follow-up appointments have been shown to be crucial contributors. As audiologists' CI caseloads increase, time constraints on appointments also increase, thus fueling the need for efficient and effective programming strategies. Currently, there are no standardized guidelines describing what methods should be used during programming, nor are there standardized schedules that delineate what procedures should be performed at specific appointment intervals...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Michael Valente, Kristi Oeding, Alison Brockmeyer, Steven Smith, Dorina Kallogjeri
BACKGROUND: The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) and American Academy of Audiology (AAA) have created Best Practice Guidelines for fitting hearing aids to adult patients. These guidelines recommend using real-ear measures (REM) to verify that measured output/gain of hearing aid(s) match a validated prescriptive target. Unfortunately, approximately 70-80% of audiologists do not routinely use REM when fitting hearing aids, instead relying on a manufacturer default "first-fit" setting...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Jorunn Solheim, Caryl Gay, Anners Lerdal, Louise Hickson, Kari J Kvaerner
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI) has been used in consultation settings to motivate hearing aid users to increase hearing aid usage. However, the effect of MI on those who use their hearing aids only rarely or not at all has not been explored. PURPOSE: The aims of this pilot study were to evaluate the effect of MI counseling with elderly hearing aid recipients found to have low hearing aid use at a six-month follow-up appointment and to describe clients' subjective assessments of their perceived need for hearing aids three months after MI counseling...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Ishara Ramkissoon, Mihika Batavia
BACKGROUND: Population health is impacted by environmental secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Although the negative health effects of SHS exposure include respiratory problems in children (nonsmokers) as seen in cigarette smokers, other health impacts such as sensory function are not assumed to be the same for both passive nonsmokers and smokers. However, hearing loss was recently reported in adolescents and aging adults with SHS exposure, suggesting that SHS might impact auditory function similarly to cigarette smoking...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Mariah Nicole Cheyney, Deborah W Moncrieff
BACKGROUND: Dichotic listening (DL), or how the two ears work together as a team, is often used in the assessment of auditory processing disorders in both children and adults. Currently, the battery of dichotic tests includes stimuli containing words, digits, and nonsense consonant-vowel syllables. Single-syllable nonsense words are of particular use in assessing processing abilities because they can evaluate auditory processing without a listener's dependence on linguistic knowledge...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Gary P Jacobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Suzanne C Purdy, Mridula Sharma, Amanda Morgan
BACKGROUND: Classrooms can be noisy and are challenging listening environments for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). This research was undertaken to determine if the Listening Inventory for Education-UK version (LIFE-UK) can differentiate children with listening difficulties and APD from their typically developing peers. PURPOSE: To investigate reliability and validity of the student and teacher versions LIFE-UK questionnaire for assessing classroom listening difficulties...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Gabrielle H Saunders, Ian Odgear, Anna Cosgrove, Melissa T Frederick
BACKGROUND: There have been numerous recent reports on the association between hearing impairment and cognitive function, such that the cognition of adults with hearing loss is poorer relative to the cognition of adults with normal hearing (NH), even when amplification is used. However, it is not clear the extent to which this is testing artifact due to the individual with hearing loss being unable to accurately hear the test stimuli. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether use of amplification during cognitive screening with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) improves performance on the MoCA...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Andrew J Vermiglio, Stephanie Griffin, Courtney Post, Xiangming Fang
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a pure-tone threshold average (PTA) ≤25 dB HL for the better ear represents "no impairment." This implies that patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) would have "no or very slight hearing problems." According to the American Medical Association (AMA), a patient with SSD would receive a binaural hearing impairment rating of 16.7%. The premise of the WHO and AMA methods is that PTA is related to the ability to perceive speech in everyday environments...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
PURPOSE: The purpose was to assess the proportion of patients seeking help for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis who have severe hyperacusis and to examine factors associated with severe hyperacusis. RESEARCH DESIGN: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study based on 362 consecutive patients who attended a National Health Service audiology clinic for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis rehabilitation and for whom uncomfortable loudness levels (ULLs) had been measured. The criterion for severe hyperacusis was taken as a ULL of 30 dB HL or less for at least one of the measured frequencies for at least one ear...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Navshika Chandra, Kevin Chang, Arier Lee, Giriraj S Shekhawat, Grant D Searchfield
BACKGROUND: The effects of treatments on tinnitus have been difficult to quantify. The Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) has been proposed as a standard questionnaire for measurement of tinnitus treatment outcomes. For a questionnaire to achieve wide acceptance, its psychometric properties need to be confirmed in different populations. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the TFI is a reliable and valid measure of tinnitus, and if its psychometric properties are suitable for use as an outcome measure...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Shelby Tiffin, Susan Gordon-Hickey
BACKGROUND: Older adults often struggle with accurate perception of rate-altered speech and have difficulty understanding speech in noise. The acceptable noise level (ANL) quantifies a listener's willingness to listen to speech in background noise and has been found to accurately predict hearing aid success. Based on the difficulty older adults experience with rapid speech, we were interested in how older adults may change the amount of background noise they willingly accept in a variety of speech rate conditions...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Kathleen M McNerney, Mary Lou Coad, Robert Burkard
BACKGROUND: When patients are given instructions before vestibular function testing, they are often asked to refrain from ingesting caffeine 24 h before testing. However, research regarding the effects of caffeine on the outcome of vestibular function testing is limited. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the results from rotational chair tests are influenced by caffeine. RESEARCH DESIGN: Participants were tested after consuming a caffeinated beverage (i...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Jennifer L Smart, Suzanne C Purdy, Andrea S Kelly
BACKGROUND: Personal frequency modulation (FM) systems are often recommended for children diagnosed with auditory processing disorder (APD) to improve their listening environment in the classroom. Further evidence is required to support the continuation of this recommendation. PURPOSE: To determine whether personal FM systems enhance auditory processing abilities and classroom listening in school-aged children with APD. RESEARCH DESIGN: Two baseline assessments separated by eight weeks were undertaken before a 20-week trial of bilateral personal FM in the classroom...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Devin L McCaslin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Vinaya Manchaiah, Barbara Michiels Hernandez, Douglas L Beck
BACKGROUND: Health Behavior Change (HBC) refers to facilitating changes to habits and/or behaviors related to health. There are a number of models/theories of HBC, which provide a structured framework to better understand the HBCs of individuals. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM, aka "the Stages of Change" model) is an integrative model used to conceptualize the process of intentional behavior change and is applied to a variety of behaviors, populations, and settings. In the last few years, use of TTM by the profession of audiology has been increasing...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Mithila Durai, Mary G O'Keeffe, Grant D Searchfield
BACKGROUND: The precise mechanisms underlying tinnitus perception and distress are still not fully understood. A recent proposition is that auditory prediction errors and related memory representations may play a role in driving tinnitus perception. It is of interest to further explore this. PURPOSE: To obtain a comprehensive narrative synthesis of current research in relation to auditory prediction and its potential role in tinnitus perception and severity. RESEARCH DESIGN: A narrative review methodological framework was followed...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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