journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition Research Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294088/an-update-on-diet-and-nutritional-factors-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-management
#1
Marina Aparicio-Soto, Marina Sánchez-Hidalgo, Catalina Alarcón-de-la-Lastra
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease characterised by multiple organ involvement and a large number of complications. SLE management remains complicated owing to the biological heterogeneity between patients and the lack of safe and specific targeted therapies. There is evidence that dietary factors can contribute to the geoepidemiology of autoimmune diseases such as SLE. Thus, diet therapy could be a promising approach in SLE owing to both its potential prophylactic effects, without the side effects of classical pharmacology, and its contribution to reducing co-morbidities and improving quality of life in patients with SLE...
March 15, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294082/genetics-of-fat-intake-in-the-determination-of-body-mass
#2
Agata Chmurzynska, Monika A Mlodzik
Body mass and fat intake are multifactorial traits that have genetic and environmental components. The gene with the greatest effect on body mass is FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated), but several studies have shown that the effect of FTO (and of other genes) on body mass can be modified by the intake of nutrients. The so-called gene-environment interactions may also be important for the effectiveness of weight-loss strategies. Food choices, and thus fat intake, depend to some extent on individual preferences...
March 15, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222828/metabolic-consequences-of-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-diagnostic-and-methodological-challenges
#3
Yvonne M Jeanes, Sue Reeves
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a considerable risk of metabolic dysfunction. This review aims to present contemporary knowledge on obesity, insulin resistance and PCOS with emphasis on the diagnostic and methodological challenges encountered in research and clinical practice. Variable diagnostic criteria for PCOS and associated phenotypes are frequently published. Targeted searches were conducted to identify all available data concerning the association of obesity and insulin resistance with PCOS up to September 2016...
February 22, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222814/milk-kefir-nutritional-microbiological-and-health-benefits
#4
Damiana D Rosa, Manoela M S Dias, Łukasz M Grześkowiak, Sandra A Reis, Lisiane L Conceição, Maria do Carmo G Peluzio
Kefir is fermented milk produced from grains that comprise a specific and complex mixture of bacteria and yeasts that live in a symbiotic association. The nutritional composition of kefir varies according to the milk composition, the microbiological composition of the grains used, the time/temperature of fermentation and storage conditions. Kefir originates from the Caucasus and Tibet. Recently, kefir has raised interest in the scientific community due to its numerous beneficial effects on health. Currently, several scientific studies have supported the health benefits of kefir, as reported historically as a probiotic drink with great potential in health promotion, as well as being a safe and inexpensive food, easily produced at home...
February 22, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202104/improving-selection-of-markers-in-nutrition-research-evaluation-of-the-criteria-proposed-by-the-ilsi-europe-marker-validation-initiative
#5
Philip C Calder, Alan Boobis, Deborah Braun, Claire L Champ, Louise Dye, Suzanne Einöther, Arno Greyling, Christophe Matthys, Peter Putz, Suzan Wopereis, Jayne V Woodside, Jean-Michel Antoine
The conduct of high-quality nutrition research requires the selection of appropriate markers as outcomes, for example as indicators of food or nutrient intake, nutritional status, health status or disease risk. Such selection requires detailed knowledge of the markers, and consideration of the factors that may influence their measurement, other than the effects of nutritional change. A framework to guide selection of markers within nutrition research studies would be a valuable tool for researchers. A multidisciplinary Expert Group set out to test criteria designed to aid the evaluation of candidate markers for their usefulness in nutrition research and subsequently to develop a scoring system for markers...
February 16, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115036/traditional-low-alcoholic-and-non-alcoholic-fermented-beverages-consumed-in-european-countries-a-neglected-food-group
#6
Aristea Baschali, Effie Tsakalidou, Adamantini Kyriacou, Nena Karavasiloglou, Antonia-Leda Matalas
Fermented beverages hold a long tradition and contribution to the nutrition of many societies and cultures worldwide. Traditional fermentation has been empirically developed in ancient times as a process of raw food preservation and at the same time production of new foods with different sensorial characteristics, such as texture, flavour and aroma, as well as nutritional value. Low-alcoholic fermented beverages (LAFB) and non-alcoholic fermented beverages (NAFB) represent a subgroup of fermented beverages that have received rather little attention by consumers and scientists alike, especially with regard to their types and traditional uses in European societies...
January 24, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112064/nutrition-infection-and-stunting-the-roles-of-deficiencies-of-individual-nutrients-and-foods-and-of-inflammation-as-determinants-of-reduced-linear-growth-of-children
#7
D Joe Millward
The regulation of linear growth by nutritional and inflammatory influences is examined in terms of growth-plate endochondral ossification, in order to better understand stunted growth in children. Linear growth is controlled by complex genetic, physiological, and nutrient-sensitive endocrine/paracrine/autocrine mediated molecular signalling mechanisms, possibly including sleep adequacy through its influence on growth hormone secretion. Inflammation, which accompanies most infections and environmental enteric dysfunction, inhibits endochondral ossification through the action of mediators including proinflammatory cytokines, the activin A-follistatin system, glucocorticoids and fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21)...
January 23, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995830/mechanisms-responsible-for-the-hypocholesterolaemic-effect-of-regular-consumption-of-probiotics
#8
S A Reis, L L Conceição, D D Rosa, N P Siqueira, M C G Peluzio
CVD affect a large proportion of the world's population, with dyslipidaemia as the major risk factor. The regular consumption of both probiotic bacteria and yeast has been associated with improvement in the serum lipid profile. Thus, the present review aims to describe and discuss the potential mechanisms responsible for the hypocholesterolaemic effect of regular consumption of probiotic bacteria and yeast. Regarding the hypocholesterolaemic effect of probiotic bacteria, the potential mechanisms responsible include: deconjugation of bile salts; modulation of lipid metabolism; and decreased absorption of intestinal cholesterol through co-precipitation of intestinal cholesterol with the deconjugated bile salts, incorporation and assimilation of cholesterol in the cell membrane of the probiotics, intestinal conversion of cholesterol in coprostanol, and inhibition of the expression of the intestinal cholesterol transporter Niemann-Pick C1 like 1 (NPC1L1) in the enterocytes...
December 20, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976606/the-progression-of-coeliac-disease-its-neurological-and-psychiatric-implications
#9
Giovanna Campagna, Mirko Pesce, Raffaella Tatangelo, Alessia Rizzuto, Irene La Fratta, Alfredo Grilli
The aim of the paper is to show the various neurological and psychiatric symptoms in coeliac disease (CD). CD is a T cell-mediated, tissue-specific autoimmune disease which affects genetically susceptible individuals after dietary exposure to proline- and glutamine-rich proteins contained in certain cereal grains. Genetics, environmental factors and different immune systems, together with the presence of auto-antigens, are taken into account when identifying the pathogenesis of CD. CD pathogenesis is related to immune dysregulation, which involves the gastrointestinal system, and the extra-intestinal systems such as the nervous system, whose neurological symptoms are evidenced in CD patients...
December 15, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955721/a-review-of-the-design-and-validation-of-web-and-computer-based-24-h-dietary-recall-tools
#10
Claire M Timon, Rinske van den Barg, Richard J Blain, Laura Kehoe, Katie Evans, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Eileen R Gibney
Technology-based dietary assessment offers solutions to many of the limitations of traditional dietary assessment methodologies including cost, participation rates and the accuracy of data collected. The 24-h dietary recall (24HDR) method is currently the most utilised method for the collection of dietary intake data at a national level. Recently there have been many developments using web-based platforms to collect food intake data using the principles of the 24HDR method. This review identifies web- and computer-based 24HDR tools that have been developed for both children and adult population groups, and examines common design features and the methods used to investigate the performance and validity of these tools...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955720/current-evidence-on-the-association-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-dietary-patterns-in-a-global-perspective
#11
Zeinab Hosseini, Susan J Whiting, Hassan Vatanparast
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a key indicator of two main causes of death worldwide: CVD and diabetes. The present paper aimed to perform a review of the population-based research on the association of dietary patterns and the MetS in terms of methodology and findings. For the purpose of the present study, a scoping literature review was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and hand searching in Google Scholar. Thirty-nine population-based studies were selected. Most of these studies used the factor analysis method and the a priori dietary approach, which had been initially extracted via a posteriori methods such as using the Mediterranean dietary pattern...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866493/dietary-dha-and-health-cognitive-function-ageing
#12
Carlos Cardoso, Cláudia Afonso, Narcisa M Bandarra
DHA is a key nutritional n-3 PUFA and needs to be supplied by the human diet. DHA is found in significant amounts in the retinal and neuronal cell membranes due to its high fluidity. Indeed, DHA is selectively concentrated in the synaptic and retinal membranes. DHA is deemed to display anti-inflammatory properties and to reduce the risk of CVD. Consumption of larger amounts of DHA appears to reduce the risk of depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and mood disorders. Conversely, it has been shown that loss of DHA from the nerve cell membrane leads to dysfunction of the central nervous system in the form of anxiety, irritability, susceptibility to stress, dyslexia, impaired memory and cognitive functions, and extended reaction times...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841104/effects-of-flavonoids-on-intestinal-inflammation-barrier-integrity-and-changes-in-gut-microbiota-during-diet-induced-obesity
#13
Katherine Gil-Cardoso, Iris Ginés, Montserrat Pinent, Anna Ardévol, Mayte Blay, Ximena Terra
Diet-induced obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, which, in most cases, leads to the development of metabolic disorders, primarily insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Although prior studies have implicated the adipose tissue as being primarily responsible for obesity-associated inflammation, the latest discoveries have correlated impairments in intestinal immune homeostasis and the mucosal barrier with increased activation of the inflammatory pathways and the development of insulin resistance...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821191/nutritional-management-of-hyperapob
#14
Valérie Lamantia, Allan Sniderman, May Faraj
Plasma apoB is a more accurate marker of the risk of CVD and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than LDL-cholesterol; however, nutritional reviews targeting apoB are scarce. Here we reviewed eighty-seven nutritional studies and present conclusions in order of strength of evidence. Plasma apoB was reduced in all studies that induced weight loss of 6-12 % using hypoenergetic diets (seven studies; 5440-7110 kJ/d; 1300-1700 kcal/d; 34-50 % carbohydrates; 27-39 % fat; 18-24 % protein). When macronutrients were compared in isoenergetic diets (eleven studies including eight randomised controlled trials (RCT); n 1189), the diets that reduced plasma apoB were composed of 26-51 % carbohydrates, 26-46 % fat, 11-32 % protein, 10-27 % MUFA, 5-14 % PUFA and 7-13 % SFA...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666526/dairy-food-products-good-or-bad-for-cardiometabolic-disease
#15
Julie A Lovegrove, D Ian Givens
Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is rapidly increasingly and is a key risk for CVD development, now recognised as the leading cause of death globally. Dietary strategies to reduce CVD development include reduction of saturated fat intake. Milk and dairy products are the largest contributors to dietary saturated fats in the UK and reduced consumption is often recommended as a strategy for risk reduction. However, overall evidence from prospective cohort studies does not confirm a detrimental association between dairy product consumption and CVD risk...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514726/association-between-obesity-and-asthma-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-clinical-profile
#16
Magdalena Muc, Anabela Mota-Pinto, Cristina Padez
Obesity is a risk factor for asthma, and obese asthmatics have lower disease control and increased symptom severity. Several putative links have been proposed, including genetics, mechanical restriction of the chest and the intake of corticosteroids. The most consistent evidence, however, comes from studies of cytokines produced by the adipose tissue called adipokines. Adipokine imbalance is associated with both proinflammatory status and asthma. Although reverse causation has been proposed, it is now acknowledged that obesity precedes asthma symptoms...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364352/when-to-eat-the-influence-of-circadian-rhythms-on-metabolic-health-are-animal-studies-providing-the-evidence
#17
Sofía Moran-Ramos, Adrian Baez-Ruiz, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
As obesity and metabolic diseases rise, there is need to investigate physiological and behavioural aspects associated with their development. Circadian rhythms have a profound influence on metabolic processes, as they prepare the body to optimise energy use and storage. Moreover, food-related signals confer temporal order to organs involved in metabolic regulation. Therefore food intake should be synchronised with the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) to elaborate efficient responses to environmental challenges...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364160/modulating-adult-neurogenesis-through-dietary-interventions
#18
Christine Heberden
Three areas in the brain continuously generate new neurons throughout life: the subventricular zone lining the lateral ventricles, the dentate gyrus in the hippocampus and the median eminence in the hypothalamus. These areas harbour neural stem cells, which contribute to neural repair by generating daughter cells that then become functional neurons or glia. Impaired neurogenesis leads to detrimental consequences, such as depression, decline of cognitive abilities and obesity. Adult neurogenesis is a versatile process that can be modulated either positively or negatively by many effectors, external or endogenous...
December 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350652/ihd-from-copper-deficiency-a-unified-theory
#19
Leslie M Klevay
The theory, in brief outline here, implicating deficiency of Cu in the aetiology and pathophysiology of IHD explains more attributes of the disease than any other theory. This theory satisfies several of Hill's criteria of a half-century ago for deducing association between an environmental feature and presence of an illness. Most important is the temporal association between the rise of IHD and the decrease in dietary Cu since the 1930s along with a parallel increase in the supplementation of pregnant women with Fe, a Cu antagonist...
June 28, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350560/nutrition-and-the-homeless-the-underestimated-challenge
#20
J V Seale, R Fallaize, J A Lovegrove
Homelessness is present in most societies and represents a situation in which the basic needs for survival including food are often limited. It is logical to surmise that the homeless person's diet is likely to be nutritionally deficient and yet there is a relative paucity in research regarding this issue with studies varying in both their methodology and homeless population. Despite these differences, diets of the homeless are frequently characterised as high in saturated fat and deficient in fibre and certain micronutrients, all of which can have negative implications for the homeless individual's health and/or mental state...
June 28, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
journal
journal
30864
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"