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NeuroRehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814309/osteopathic-manipulation-as%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-complementary-approach-to%C3%A2-parkinson-s%C3%A2-disease-a%C3%A2-controlled-pilot%C3%A2-study
#1
Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue, Theresa Apoznanski, Kristen de Vries, Min-Kyung Jung, Jayme Mancini, Sheldon Yao
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (OMM) is a therapy of manual forces that is directed to improve function and homeostasis. It has been shown to improve balance in individuals with dizziness, and improve gait in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study was designed to determine if our pre-defined OMM protocol would improve motor function and balance in individuals with PD. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial to test OMM on balance and motor function in PD measured by the Mini-BESTest, Sensory Organization Test (SOT), and MDS-UPDRS...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814308/dance-therapy-improves-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Edoardo Rosario de Natale, Kai Stephan Paulus, Elena Aiello, Battistina Sanna, Andrea Manca, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814307/effect-of-shock-wave-therapy-on-ankle-planter-flexors-spasticity-in-stroke-patients
#3
Salah Sawan, Foad Abd-Allah, Montasser M Hegazy, Mohammad A Farrag, Nancy Hosney Sharf El-Den
BACKGROUND: Large number of patients with first-ever stroke developed spasticity. Spasticity can reduce the range of motion, hinder voluntary movements, provoke pain, and result in impairment of functional activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the effect of shock wave therapy on ankle planter flexors spasticity in stroke patients. METHODS: We included forty ischemic stroke patients divided into 2 groups; group I were subjected to the selected physical therapy program and shock wave therapy whereas group II received the selected physical therapy program as well as placebo shock wave for six weeks...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814306/treadmill-training-with-thera-band-improves-motor-function-gait-and-balance-in-stroke-patients
#4
Taesung In, Youngmi Jin, Kyoungsim Jung, Hwiyoung Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of treadmill training with Thera-Band on motor function, gait and balance abilities in patients with stroke. METHODS: 30 participants with hemiparetic stroke were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 15). Participants in both groups received conventional physical therapy for 30 minutes before the intervention. Additionally, subject in the experimental group performed treadmill training with Thera-Band for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, while the control group conducted treadmill training only for the same amount of time...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814305/gait-training-with-hybrid-assistive-limb-enhances-the-gait-functions-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-pilot-study
#5
Kenichi Yoshikawa, Masafumi Mizukami, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Ayumu Sano, Kazunori Koseki, Kumiko Sano, Yasutsugu Asakawa, Yutaka Kohno, Kei Nakai, Masahiko Gosho, Hideo Tsurushima
BACKGROUND: The robotic Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) provides motion according to the wearer's voluntary activity. HAL training effects on walking speed and capacity have not been clarified in subacute stroke. OBJECTIVES: To determine improvement in walking ability by HAL and the most effective improvement measure for use in future large-scale trials. METHODS: Sixteen first-ever hemiplegic stroke patients completed at least 20 sessions over 5 weeks...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814304/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of%C3%A2-physical%C3%A2-exercise-on-cognition-in%C3%A2-stroke%C3%A2-and-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#6
Ines Vanderbeken, Eric Kerckhofs
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether physical exercise enhances cognition following TBI or stroke. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified through searches of PubMed, ScienceDirect and the reference lists of papers that were included for full-text evaluation. Medical subject headings from three concepts, i.e. brain injury, physical exercise and cognition, were used to incorporate related search terms. STUDY SELECTION: Included were all trials published in English that assessed cognition before and after an exercise intervention in human adults with TBI or stroke...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814303/prevalence-of-persistent-vegetative-state-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-and-its-trend-during-the-past-four-decades-a-meta-analysis
#7
Qilin Tang, Jin Lei, Guoyi Gao, Junfeng Feng, Qing Mao, Jiyao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Estimating the prevalence of persistent vegetative state (PVS) following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) and its change over time is important for the study of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of PVS at six months after sTBI and its trend over the past four decades, and to explore the effect of demographic data, such as age and sex, on the prevalence of PVS. METHOD: Observational studies presenting the prevalence of PVS or the number of patients with PVS at six months after sTBI were included in the analysis...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814302/a-series-of-n-of-1-trials-of-stimulants-in%C3%A2-brain-injured-children
#8
Jane Nikles, Geoffrey Mitchell, Lynne McKinlay, Mary-Clare Waugh, Adrienne Epps, Sue-Ann Carmont, Philip J Schluter, Owen Lloyd, M Hugh Senior
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about whether central nervous system stimulant (CNS) medication is an effective method of treating acquired attention deficits in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the effectiveness of stimulants on attention, concentration and executive function in children with ABI. METHODS: Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centre n-of-1 trials of stimulants assessing effect on attention, concentration and executive function in 53 children and adolescents with ABI who were outpatients of three tertiary hospitals in Australia...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792020/effects-of-a-sitting-boxing-program-on-upper-limb-function-balance-gait-and-quality-of%C3%A2-life-in-stroke-patients
#9
Junhyuck Park, Jihwan Gong, Jongeun Yim
BACKGROUND: Boxing training including traditional stretching, muscular strength training, and duration training would be considered to be effective for improved functional stretching, dynamic balance, walking speed, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate upper limb function, balance, gait, and quality of life in stroke patients before and after a sitting boxing program. METHODS: Twenty-six participants were randomly allocated to a boxing group (n = 13) and control group (n = 13) after the upper limb function, balance, gait, and quality of Life were recorded...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792019/the-effects-of-electromyography-triggered-electrical-stimulation-on-shoulder-subluxation-muscle-activation-pain-and-function-in-stroke-patients-pilot-study
#10
So-Myung Jeon, Young Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Yi-Jung Chung
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of task-oriented electromyography-triggered stimulation for shoulder subluxation, muscle activation, pain and upper extremity function in hemiparetic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty participants with subacute hemiparetic stroke were recruited for this study and were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Subjects in the experimental group participated in task-oriented electromyography triggered stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, whereas the control group received cyclic functional electrical stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792018/trunk-kinematics-related-to-generation-and%C3%A2-transfer-of-the-trunk-flexor-momentum-are-associated-with-sit-to-stand-performance-in-chronic-stroke-survivors
#11
Paula Fernanda de Sousa Silva, Ludimylla Ferreira Quintino, Juliane Franco, Fátima Rodrigues-de-Paula, Priscila Albuquerque de Araújo, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
BACKGROUND: Stroke subjects show poorer sit-to-stand (STS) performance when compared to matched-healthy subjects, but it is still unclear the trunk role in this poorer performance. OBJECTIVES: To compare the trunk kinematics related to the generation/transfer of the flexor momentum during the STS task between stroke and matched-healthy subjects, and to investigate if there were relationships between these variables and STS performance. METHODS: Eighteen chronic stroke survivors and 18 matched-healthy subjects were assessed...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792017/oral-dietary-intake-level-in-thrombolysed-and-non-thrombolysed-patients-after-ischemic-stroke
#12
Marcella Rachadel Avelino, Cristiane Gonçalves Montibeller, Karen Fontes Luchesi, Cláudia Tiemi Mituuti, Priscila Watson Ribeiro, Diego Antonio Fagundes, Ana Maria Furkim
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia can be a stroke sequelae and may impact patient prognosis. Thrombolytic therapy has been used as a treatment of choice which aims to reduce sequelae. OBJECTIVE: Assess the ability of dietary intake orally in subjects undergoing thrombolytic therapy and compare it with non-thrombolytic subjects post-ischemic stroke. METHODS: Documentary cross-sectional study with 87 post-ischemic stroke patients. Subjects were divided as to the type of neurological intervention: group 1 consisted of subjects undergoing brain reperfusion therapy or thrombolysis and group 2 for those undergoing no such therapy or non-thrombolysed...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689611/a-fine-balance-and-a-shared-learning-journey-exploring-healthcare-engagement-through-the-experiences-of-youth-with-neuromuscular-disorders
#13
Vivienne Travlos, Caroline Bulsara, Shane Patman, Jenny Downs
BACKGROUND: Youth with Neuromuscular Disorders (NMD) who are wheelchair users can now survive well into adulthood if their multisystem comorbidities are prudently managed. Uptake of health behaviors may optimize their health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore youths' perceptions of health, health behaviors and healthcare engagement. METHODS: This qualitative study purposefully recruited 11 youth with NMD from a concurrent, population-based study for variability of age, gender, type of NMD and their ratings of motivation and engagement...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689610/what-influences-acceptability-and%C3%A2-engagement-with-a-high-intensity-exercise-programme-for-people-with-stroke-a%C3%A2-qualitative-descriptive-study
#14
Nada Signal, Kathryn McPherson, Gwyn Lewis, Nicola Kayes, Nicola Saywell, Suzie Mudge, Denise Taylor
BACKGROUND: Intensity refers to the amount of effort or rate of work undertaken during exercise. People receiving rehabilitation after stroke frequently do not reach the moderate to high intensity exercise recommended to maximise gains. OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors that influence the acceptability of, and engagement with, a high intensity group-based exercise programme for people with stroke. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study included 14 people with stroke who had completed a 12-week, high intensity group-based exercise rehabilitation programme...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689609/engagement-in-social-media-environments-for-individuals-with-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#15
Jessica Caron
BACKGROUND: Communicative interactions, despite the mode (e.g., face-to-face, online) rely on the communication skills of each individual participating. Some individuals have significant speech and language impairments and require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) (i.e., signs, speech generating devices) to maximize their communication participation across a variety of on and offline contexts. Use of social media has brought about changes to communication environments, contributing new contexts for engagement...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689608/enhanced-medical-rehabilitation-effectiveness-of-a-clinical-training-model
#16
Marghuretta D Bland, Rebecca L Birkenmeier, Peggy Barco, Emily Lenard, Catherine E Lang, Eric J Lenze
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in medical rehabilitation can be greatly influenced by their provider during therapy sessions. We developed Enhanced Medical Rehabilitation (EMR), a set of provider skills grounded in theories of behavior change. EMR utilizes 18 motivational techniques focused on providing frequent feedback to patients on their effort and progress and linking these to patient goals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a clinical training protocol for clinicians to do EMR, as measured by clinician adherence...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689607/building-bridges-between-healthcare-professionals-patients-and-families-a%C3%A2-coproduced-and-integrated-approach-to%C3%A2-self-management-support-in-stroke
#17
Fiona Jones, Heide Pöstges, Lucinda Brimicombe
BACKGROUND: Programmes providing self-management support for patients and families are gaining attention and have shown promising outcomes with regards to reducing long-term unmet needs post stroke. However, notions of what good self-management support looks like can differ depending on professional opinion, individual preferences, skills and experiences of patients and their families as well as on how care and rehabilitation is organised in a particular healthcare setting. This resonates with the perspective of patient-centred care, according to which the meaning of good care is not universal, but rather jointly shaped between healthcare professionals and patients in everyday interactions...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689606/patient-centered-care-a-path-to-better-health-outcomes-through-engagement-and-activation
#18
Kenneth L Miller
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation and Health confidence are constructs to assess patient engagement and are utilized to encourage patient engagement. A health care provider may increase patient engagement further by utilizing behavior change theories and models such as the trans-theoretical model of change (TTM), self-determination theory (SDT) and motivational interviewing (MI) to realize effective and lasting health behavior change by placing accountability increasingly on the patient/caregiver to choose to make changes in their health behavior on their terms...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774959/keyword-index-volume-39-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774958/author-index-volume-39-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
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