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NeuroRehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991147/brain-network-topology-influences-response-to-intensive-comprehensive-aphasia-treatment
#1
Marwan N Baliki, Edna M Babbitt, Leora R Cherney
BACKGROUND: Recent imaging studies indicate that aphasia is associated with large-scale reorganization of brain networks. Today, neuroimaging studies show that various brain connectivity properties, as measured by resting state fMRI, can partially explain different behavioral symptoms in and across various patient groups. Despite these observations, the neural networks underlying the progress and recovery of aphasia following intensive treatment remains relatively obscure. OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of brain network properties in determining recovery of aphasia following intensive therapy in stroke patients...
July 4, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991146/been-there-done-that-so-what-s-next-for-arm-and-hand-rehabilitation-in-stroke
#2
Carolee Winstein, Rini Varghese
BACKGROUND: The extraordinary advances in technology such as body-worn sensors, health information technologies, technological advances in neuroimaging, and computational approaches to predictive modelling using biomarkers offers considerable promise to literally transform our thinking, our approach to the problem, and the design of future clinical trials about arm and hand rehabilitation after stroke. OBJECTIVE: To provide a focused review that considers the past, present and future of arm and hand rehabilitation in stroke...
July 4, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660970/inflammation-and-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-patients-with-nontraumatic-intracranial-haemorrhage
#3
Mirella Boselli, Roberto Aquilani, Roberto Maestri, Maria Pia Achilli, Nadia Arrigoni, Evasio Pasini, Anna Maria Condino, Federica Boschi, Maurizia Dossena, Daniela Buonocore, Manuela Verri
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and its impact on rehabilitation for patients with non-traumatic haemorrhagic injury (HBI) sequelae has not yet been adequately documented. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We therefore considered 31 patients with HBI, to determine the serum levels of inflammatory markers (C-Reactive Protein, CRP and or interleukine-6, IL-6) to establish their impact on functional status (Functional Independence Measure, FIM: 18 indicating the worst performance and 126, a normal score)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660960/are-functional-mobility-tests-responsive-to-group-physical-therapy-intervention-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Gessyca Spagnuolo, Christina D C M Faria, Bruna Adriana da Silva, Angélica Cristiane Ovando, Joyce Gomes-Osman, Alessandra Swarowsky
BACKGROUND: The Timed up and go test (TUG), the Five times sit-to-stand test (FTSTS) and the Bed Mobility test (BMT) are widely used in clinical practice for Parkinson Disease (PD). However, no reported studies have evaluated the responsiveness to group physical therapy intervention (GPTI). OBJECTIVE: To verify if TUG, FTSTS and BMT were responsive to GPTI. METHODS: Thirty individuals with PD were assessed prior to and after an 8-week evidence-based GPTI...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660959/application-of-clean-intermittent-catheterization-for-neurogenic-bladder-in-infants-less-than-1-year-old
#5
Yanwei Li, Yibo Wen, Xiangfei He, Yunlong Li, Junwei Wu, Jinjin Feng, Qingwei Wang, Jianguo Wen
BACKGROUND: Neurogenic bladder (NB) is a common pediatric urological disease caused by a variety of neurological pathologies. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been the preferred method to empty bladder. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of CIC on preserving bladder and upper urinary tract function in infants less than 1 year old with NB. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 76 infants with NB. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment initiation: the early CIC group (ECG) (<1 year old) and the late CIC group (LCG) (>3 years old)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660958/immersive-virtual-reality-in-traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-a-literature-review
#6
Jared Aida, Brian Chau, Justin Dunn
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States with its sequelae often affecting individuals long after the initial injury. Innovations in virtual reality (VR) technology may offer potential therapy options in the recovery from such injuries. However, there is currently no consensus regarding the efficacy of VR in the setting of TBI rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to evaluate and summarize the current literature regarding immersive VR in the rehabilitation of those with TBI...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660956/effect-of-virtual-reality-training-on-walking-distance-and-physical-fitness-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Gileno Edu Lameira de Melo, Ana Francisca Rozin Kleiner, Jamile Benite Palma Lopes, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Manuela Galli, Claudia Santos Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of gait training with virtual reality (VR) on walking distance and physical fitness in individuals with Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: Thirty-seven individuals with PD participated in this prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. They were randomly allocated to a control group submitted to conventional training (n = 12), a treadmill group submitted to gait training on a treadmill (n = 13) and a VR group submitted to gait training using the XboxTM (n = 12)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660955/change-in-mobility-function-and-its-causes-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-by-gross-motor-function-classification-system-level-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#8
Nobuaki Himuro, Reiko Mishima, Takashi Seshimo, Toshibumi Morishima, Keisuke Kosaki, Shigeharu Ibe, Yoshimi Asagai, Koji Minematsu, Kazuhiro Kurita, Tsutomu Okayasu, Tsukasa Shimura, Kotaro Hoshino, Toshiro Suzuki, Taiichiro Yanagizono
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for mobility function by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level is vital as a guide to rehabilitation for people with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate change in mobility function and its causes in adults with cerebral palsy by GMFCS level. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study. RESULTS: A total of 386 participants (26 y 8 m, SD 5 y 10 m) with cerebral palsy were analyzed...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660954/usability-of-the-thera-band%C3%A2-to-improve-foot-drop-in-stroke-survivors
#9
SunHae Song, JungHee Park, GyuDong Song, SeulGi Lee, YoHan Jo, MinKyung Jin, DongGeon Lee, SunHye Jung, SoungKyun Hong, SeungHoo Lee, SeungHyeon Pyo, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors show "foot drop", dragging their toes on the ground in the swing phase of gait. Ineffective ankle dorsiflexion may result in an abnormal gait pattern. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ankle Thera-Band® use on gait patterns in stroke survivors. METHODS: Gait data were collected in eight subjects who had had strokes using gait analysis system, both with and without the Thera-Band®...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660953/whole-body-vibration-improves-ankle-spasticity-balance-and-walking-ability-in-individuals-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Taesung In, Kyoungsim Jung, Mingoo Lee, Hwi-Young Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on ankle spasticity, balance, and walking ability in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) at cervical level. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with cervical iSCI were randomly assigned to WBV (n = 14) or control group (n = 14). WBV group received WBV training, while control group was treated with placebo-treatment. All interventions were given for 20-min, twice a day, 5-days a week for 8-weeks...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660952/objective-motor-assessment-for-personalized-rehabilitation-of-upper-extremity-in-brain-injury-patients
#11
Mailin Adriana Villán-Villán, Rodrigo Pérez-Rodríguez, Cristina Martín, Patricia Sánchez-González, Ignasi Soriano, Eloy Opisso, Dra M Elena Hernando, José María Tormos, Josep Medina, Enrique J Gómez
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of patients with acquired brain injury and the current subjectivity of the conventional upper extremity (UE) assessment tests require new objective assessment techniques. OBJECTIVE: This research proposes a novel objective motor assessment (OMA) methodology based on the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA). The goals are to automatically calculate the objective scores (OSs) of FMA-UE movements (as well as a global OS) and to interpret the estimated OSs...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660951/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-dysphagia-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Ji-Su Park, Dong-Hwan Oh, Na-Kyoung Hwang, Jung-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation has been used to improve swallowing function in neurologic patients with dysphagia, but its effect on patients with dysphagia and Parkinson's disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the effect of effortful swallowing combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a novel treatment approach in dysphagic patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an experimental group (n = 9) or a placebo group (n = 9)...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660950/impact-of-balance-on-functional-independence-after-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-at-rehabilitation-settings-in-nigeria
#13
Grace Vincent-Onabajo, Emmanuel Joseph, Hadiza Yakubu Musa
BACKGROUND: Functional independence is often compromised after stroke and restoring it is one of the goals of stroke rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of balance on functional independence after stroke. METHODS: Ninety-five stroke patients undergoing physical rehabilitation at two health institutions in Nigeria participated in the study. Balance and functional independence were respectively assessed with the Berg Balance Scale and the Barthel Index...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660949/concussion-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-an-introduction-to-the-field-and-the-results-of-a-systematic-review
#14
Jon L Pertab, Tricia L Merkley, Alex J Cramond, Kelly Cramond, Holly Paxton, Trevor Wu
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that autonomic nervous dysfunction may be one of many potential factors contributing to persisting post-concussion symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This is the first systematic review to explore the impact of concussion on multiple aspects of autonomic nervous system functioning. METHODS: The methods employed are in compliance with the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and PRISMA standards. Embase, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Science Citation Index literature searches were performed using relevant indexing terms for articles published prior to the end of December 2016...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660948/the-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-system-response-to-different-daily-demands-among-patients-at-the-sub-acute-phase-post-ischemic-stroke-and-healthy-controls
#15
Noa Raphaely Beer, Nachum Soroker, Nathan M Bornstein, Michal Katz Leurer
BACKGROUND: Autonomic disturbances are a common phenomenon in patients' post-stroke, characterized by hypo function of the para-sympathetic and/or overactive sympathetic system. The impact of autonomic disturbances on physical therapy tasks during the rehabilitation period has not yet been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the response of the cardiac autonomic nervous system during different tasks, among patients and age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: 19 patients in the subacute phase post first-ever ischemic stroke, and 16 controls...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660947/effects-of-walkbot-gait-training-on-kinematics-kinetics-and-clinical-gait-function-in-paraplegia-and-quadriplegia
#16
Jongseok Hwang, Yongil Shin, Ji-Ho Park, Young Joo Cha, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: The robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) system has gained recognition as an innovative, effective paradigm to improve functional ambulation and activities of daily living in spinal cord injury and stroke. However, the effects of the Walkbot robotic-assisted gait training system with a specialized hip-knee-ankle actuator have never been examined in the paraplegia and quadriplegia population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of Walkbot training on clinical for hips and knee stiffness in individuals with paraplegia or quadriplegia...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966209/inflammation-and-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-patients-with-nontraumatic-intracranial-haemorrhage
#17
Mirella Boselli, Roberto Aquilani, Roberto Maestri, Maria Pia Achilli, Nadia Arrigoni, Evasio Pasini, Anna Maria Condino, Federica Boschi, Maurizia Dossena, Daniela Buonocore, Manuela Verri
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and its impact on rehabilitation for patients with non-traumatic haemorrhagic injury (HBI) sequelae has not yet been adequately documented. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We therefore considered 31 patients with HBI, to determine the serum levels of inflammatory markers (C-Reactive Protein, CRP and or interleukine-6, IL-6) to establish their impact on functional status (Functional Independence Measure, FIM: 18 indicating the worst performance and 126, a normal score)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710739/have-we-made-progress-with-educational-services-for-students-with-tbi
#18
Roberta DePompei, Ann Glang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660969/self-regulation-strategies-used-by-students-with-brain-injury-while-transitioning-to-college
#19
Katy H O'Brien, Sarah K Schellinger, Mary R T Kennedy
PURPOSE: Students with TBI enter college with strategies that they have used prior to being injured yet often without knowing which ones will be effective in helping them to be successful. The purpose here is to describe how semi-structured interviews were used to identify self-regulated learning strategies, to demonstrate the utility and reliability of coding self-regulated learning strategies, and to provide examples of student-centered goals derived from survey and interview responses...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660968/rehabilitation-and-school-services-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-young-children
#20
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Jennifer P Lundine, Roberta DePompei, Tricia Z King
BACKGROUND: Preschool children have the highest incidence of emergency department visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) with the majority discharged home without a single point of entry into follow-up services. This paper describes families' experience with service access following TBI. OBJECTIVES: To describe parent reported service utilization following preschool TBI and examine predictors of service access. METHODS: Participants (N = 80) were drawn from the first visit of a longitudinal study examining elementary school outcomes following TBI...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
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