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NeuroRehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211828/self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-after-low-intensity-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-a-pre-post-intervention-study
#1
Ingrid Brands, Maud Custers, Caroline van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Being highly self-efficacious is a key factor in successful chronic disease self-management. It is unknown whether neuropsychological rehabilitation improves self-efficacy in managing the consequences of brain injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether levels of general and brain injury specific self-efficacy and quality of life (QoL) increased after neuropsychological rehabilitation and whether cognitive performance was associated with self-efficacy...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211824/impact-of-the-brain-injury-family-intervention-bifi-training-on-rehabilitation-providers-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Cara Meixner, Cynthia R O'Donoghue, Vesna Hart
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of TBI is vast, leading to adverse effects on survivors and their caregivers. Unhealthy family functioning may be mitigated by therapeutic strategies, particularly interdisciplinary family systems approaches like the well-documented Brain Injury Family Intervention (BIFI). Little is known about the experience of providers who offer such interventions. OBJECTIVE: This mixed method study aims to demonstrate that a structured three-day training on the BIFI protocol improves providers' knowledge and confidence in working with survivors and families, and that this outcome is sustainable...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211823/symptom-severity-and-life-satisfaction-in-brain-injury-the-mediating-role-of-disability-acceptance-and-social-self-efficacy
#3
Nicole Ditchman, Connie Sung, Amanda B Easton, Kristina S Johnson, Elisabeth Batchos
BACKGROUND: Although the negative impact of symptom severity on subjective well-being outcomes has been established among individuals with brain injury, the mediating and protective role that positive human traits might have on this relationship has not been adequately explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social self-efficacy and disability acceptance on the relationship between symptom severity and life satisfaction among individuals with brain injury...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211822/robot-assisted-end-effector-based-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a%C3%A2-multicentric-uncontrolled-observational-retrospective-clinical-study
#4
Stefano Mazzoleni, Antonella Focacci, Marco Franceschini, Andreas Waldner, Chiara Spagnuolo, Elena Battini, Donatella Bonaiuti
BACKGROUND: Until now studies report inconclusive results as regards the effectiveness of exclusive use of robot-assisted training and clinical indications in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the only robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training can be feasible in chronic stroke subjects in terms of gait recovery. METHODS: Five rehabilitation centers participated and one hundred chronic post-stroke patients were recruited. Patients underwent a robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training as only rehabilitation treatment...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211821/progressive-intervention-strategy-for-the-gait-of-sub-acute-stroke-patient-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-tool
#5
Tae-Woo Kang, Heon-Seok Cynn
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) provides models for functions and disabilities. The ICF is presented as a frame that enables organizing physical therapists' clinical practice for application. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to describe processes through which stroke patients are assessed and treated based on the ICF model. METHODS: The patient was a 65-year-old female diagnosed with right cerebral artery infarction with left hemiparesis...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211820/effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-eccentric-and-task-oriented-strength-training-in-individuals-with-stroke
#6
Mireille A Folkerts, Juha M Hijmans, Anne L Elsinghorst, Yvon Mulderij, Alessio Murgia, Rienk Dekker
BACKGROUND: Strength training can increase function in individuals with stroke. However it is unclear which type of strength training is most effective and feasible. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect and feasibility of an intervention combining eccentric and task-oriented strength training in individuals with chronic stroke. METHODS: Eleven participants were randomly assigned to a group first receiving four weeks of eccentric strength training and then four weeks of task-oriented strength training (EST-TOST) or vice versa (TOST-EST)...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211819/improved-functions-and-reduced-length-of-stay-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-programs-in-older-adults-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Emad Moftah
BACKGROUND: to examine the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on function and length of stay in older adults with strokeMETHODS: A total of five electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on functional recovery, as measured by the functional independence measure and length of stay, which was measured in days. We included full-text articles written in English, and no time limit. The methodological quality and risk of bias were assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale and the Cochrane collaboration tools respectively...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211818/comparison-of-the-effects-of-bilateral-and-unilateral-training-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yejin Lee, Moon Young Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park, Hae Yean Park
BACKGROUND: The differential effects of bilateral and unilateral training on upper extremity (UE) function remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of bilateral and unilateral training on UE function and activities of daily living (ADL) after stroke. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for inclusion by two reviewers after searching the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and KoreaMed...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211817/post-stroke-acquired-amusia-a-comparison-between-right-and-left-brain-hemispheric-damages
#9
Zahra Jafari, Mahdiye Esmaili, Ahmad Delbari, Masoud Mehrpour, Majid H Mohajerani
BACKGROUND: Although extensive research has been published about the emotional consequences of stroke, most studies have focused on emotional words, speech prosody, voices, or facial expressions. The emotional processing of musical excerpts following stroke has been relatively unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of chronic stroke on the recognition of basic emotions in music. METHODS: Seventy persons, including 25 normal controls (NC), 25 persons with right brain damage (RBD) from stroke, and 20 persons with left brain damage (LBD) from stroke between the ages of 31-71 years were studied...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211829/virtual-and-augmented-reality-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-phantom-limb-pain-a%C3%A2-literature-review
#10
Justin Dunn, Elizabeth Yeo, Parisah Moghaddampour, Brian Chau, Sarah Humbert
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain (PLP), the perception of discomfort in a limb no longer present, commonly occurs following amputation. A variety of interventions have been employed for PLP, including mirror therapy. Virtual Reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) mirror therapy treatments have also been utilized, and have the potential to provide an even greater immersive experience for the amputee. However, there is not currently a consensus on the efficacy of VR and AR therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to evaluate and summarize the current research on the effect of immersive VR and AR in the treatment of PLP...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211827/association-between-gait-variability-falls-and-mobility-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-specific-observation-on-the-edss-4-0-4-5-level
#11
Alon Kalron
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that gait variability increases throughout the disease process in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). While gait variability tends to remain steady in the lower levels of disability, a significant increase occurs once patients reach the moderate neurological level. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between variability of major spatio-temporal parameters of gait and falls, in PwMS with an expanded disability status scale score of 4...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211826/axial-rigidity-is-related-to-the-risk-of-falls-in%C3%A2-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Lydia Vela-Desojo, Juan Carlos Miangolarra-Page, Yolanda Macías-Maías
BACKGROUND: Rigidity is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) and is often clinically assessed by passively flexing and extending a patient's limb. Objective measurements had been employed to examine rigidity in PD subjects, including wrist, elbow or knee. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between an objective measurement of trunk rigidity and risk of falls in patients with mild to moderate PD. METHODS: An isokinetic dynamometer Biodex System 3 was employed to assess trunk rigidity in 36 patients with mild to moderate PD at a University Department in a cross-sectional study...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211825/multiple-mediation-path-model-of-pain-s-cascading-influence-on-physical-disability-in%C3%A2-individuals-with-sci-from-colombia-south-america
#13
Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Silvia Leonor Olivera, Juan Esteban Lozano, Wendy Tatiana Leal, Usman F Ahmad, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
BACKGROUND: Research has begun to document the bivariate connections between pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and various aspects of health related quality of life (HRQOL), such as fatigue, social functioning, mental health, and physical functioning. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a theoretical path model illuminating the stage-wise and sequential (cascading) HRQOL pathways through which pain increases physical disability in individuals with SCI in a sample from Colombia, South America...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#14
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222569/comparison-of-online-awareness-and-error-behaviour-during-occupational-performance-by-two-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-matched-controls
#15
Emmah Doig, Jenny Fleming, Bonnie Lin
BACKGROUND: Online awareness and error behaviour has largely been studied using computer-based tests or prescribed functional tasks in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare online awareness and error behaviour of two participants with TBI with two matched controls during tasks of meaning and importance to the participants with TBI, using an occupation-based online awareness assessment. METHODS: Participants were two males with TBI (aged 22 and 23) and two controls (aged 23 and 27)...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222568/severe-disorders-of-consciousness-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-single-centre-long-term-follow-up-study
#16
Alex Lopez-Rolon
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term clinical outcome, functional independence and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in acquired brain injury (ABI) patients with a disorder of consciousness at admission to inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: We selected patients from a cohort of ABI patients from a single centre. In addition to mortality, we measured level of consciousness with the Coma Remission Scale, functional independence with the Barthel Index, as well as generic and condition-specific HRQOL with the EQ5D and the "Quality of Life after Brain Injury" (QOLIBRI) respectively...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222567/immune-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Ashley B Petrone, Valerie Gionis, Richard Giersch, Taura L Barr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, there were approximately 2.2 million emergency room visits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), with 80 percent diagnosed as mild TBI or concussion. In addition, there are a large number of TBIs, especially mild TBIs, which go either unreported by patients or initially undiagnosed by clinicians. Our team has previously identified a panel of immune-related genes that can diagnose ischemic stroke at triage, and due to shared pathophysiological mechanisms of TBI and stroke, we hypothesized that this panel of genes may also be utilized for the diagnosis of TBI...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222565/carbon-modular-orthosis-ca-m-o-an%C3%A2-innovative-hybrid-modular-ankle-foot-orthosis-to-tune-the-variable-rehabilitation-needs-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#18
E Tavernese, M Petrarca, G Rosellini, E Di Stanislao, A Pisano, G Di Rosa, E Castelli
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic Celebral Palsy (CP) children commonly use AFO orthoses as walking aids. It is known that AFOs may have a detrimental effect on gait. To enhance mechanical properties of AFOs we developed an innovative, custom-made, carbon, ankle-foot orthosis (Ca.M.O) which offers the opportunity to tune its response to the patient's gait characteristics and/or functional maturity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Ca.M.O. in improving gait in a group of hemiplegic CP children and to compare its performances with those of commonly prescribed AFO...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222564/neurological-and-functional-recovery-in%C3%A2-tuberculosis-patients-with-spinal-cord%C3%A2-injury-in-the-netherlands
#19
Eva M N Wouda, Ymkje Stienstra, Tjip S van der Werf, Huib Kerstjens, Wiel C M de Lange, Maarten Coppes, Jos Kuijlen, Marga Tepper, Onno W Akkerman
BACKGROUND: Spinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for approximately 1% to 3% of all TB cases and it can cause a wide range of neurological symptoms, from none to a complete spinal cord injury (SCI), resulting in complete paraplegia or tetraplegia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the functional and neurological outcome of SCI caused by TB. METHODS: Retrospective data on the admission period was combined with prospectively collected data on long-term follow-up...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222563/afferent-electrical-stimulation-during-cycling-improves-spinal-processing-of-sensorimotor-function-after-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Stefano Piazza, Diego Serrano-Muñoz, Julio Gómez-Soriano, Diego Torricelli, Antonio Segura-Fragosa, José Luis Pons, Julian Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Appropriate afferent feedback delivery during the execution of motor tasks is important for rehabilitation after incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). However, during leg-cycling therapy, the plantar afferent feedback is minimal. We hypothesize that the augmentation of sensory input by combining cycling with a locomotor-like stimulation of plantar cutaneous innervations (ES-cycling), might help to restore proper spinal processing of sensorimotor function. METHODS: 13 non-injured subjects and 10 subjects with iSCI performed 10 minutes of cycling and, on another session, of ES-cycling...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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