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Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448258/altered-long-noncoding-rna-and-messenger-rna-expression-in-experimental-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-preliminary-study
#1
Cui Hanjin, Liu Tao, Li Pengfei, Yang Ali, Zhou Huajun, Luo Jiekun, Wang Yang, Tang Tao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Functional recovery in the chronic phase is a difficult problem in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) treatment. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are demonstrated to be involved in central nervous system (CNS) disorders. However, the roles of lncRNAs in post-ICH injury and repair are poorly understood, especially those that may be attributed to long-term neurological deficit. The present study depicted the lncRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) profile by microarray at late stage after an experimental ICH...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448254/microarray-expression-profile-of-circular-rnas-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-active-tuberculosis-patients
#2
Zi-Kun Huang, Fang-Yi Yao, Jian-Qing Xu, Zhen Deng, Ri-Gu Su, Yi-Ping Peng, Qing Luo, Jun-Ming Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysregulated expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) was demonstrated to be implicated in many diseases. Here, we aimed to determine circRNA profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from active tuberculosis (TB) patients to identify novel biomarkers for TB. METHODS: Expression profile of circRNAs in PBMCs from 3 active pulmonary TB patients and 3 healthy controls were analyzed by microarray assay. Six circRNAs were selected for validation using real time-quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in 40 TB patients and 40 control subjects...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448253/lycorine-suppresses-endplate-chondrocyte-degeneration-and-prevents-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-by-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling-pathway
#3
Gangliang Wang, Kangmao Huang, Yangxin Dong, Shuai Chen, Jianfeng Zhang, Jiying Wang, Ziang Xie, Xianfeng Lin, Xiangqiang Fang, Shunwu Fan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cartilaginous endplate (CEP) degeneration is an important cause for intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration that leads to low-back pain. The identification of compounds that may prevent CEP degeneration is of interest for the prevention of IVD degeneration. METHODS: Catabolic protease expression in the CEP of disc degeneration patients was first assessed. The toxicity, function and underlying mechanism of lycorine (LY) on CEP-derived chondrocytes degeneration were assessed in vitro by flow cytometry analysis and western blotting...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448252/functions-and-roles-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-human-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#4
JingJing Wu, Swei Sunny Hann
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common cancers originating in the nasopharynx and occurring at high frequency in South-eastern Asia and North Africa. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of non-protein-coding RNA molecules and key regulators of developmental, physiological, and pathological processes in humans. Emerging studies have shown that lncRNAs play critical roles in tumorgenicity and cancer prognosis. With the development of deep sequencing analyses, an extensive amount of functional lncRNAs have been discovered in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and cell lines...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448250/overexpression-of-lymphocyte-antigen-6-complex-locus-e-in-gastric-cancer-promotes-cancer-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#5
Yan Lv, Yu Song, Chen Ni, Shaokai Wang, Zhipeng Chen, Xiaojing Shi, Qin Jiang, Cong Cao, Yun Zuo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lymphocyte antigen 6 complex, locus E (LY6E) is a member of the lymphostromal cell membrane Ly6 superfamily protein. The present study investigated the clinical significance and potential biological function of LY6E in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: LY6E mRNA and protein expressions in human GC tissues and GC cells were tested. Relationship between LY6E expression and the GC patients' clinicopathologic characteristics was analyzed. LY6E was silenced by siRNA in the cultured GC cells...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448248/lncrna-gas5-overexpression-reverses-lps-induced-inflammatory-injury-and-apoptosis-through-up-regulating-klf2-expression-in-atdc5-chondrocytes
#6
Feng Li, Jianguang Sun, Shilei Huang, Gao Su, Guofu Pi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequently occurring joint disease and characterized by degeneration of cartilage. As the unique cell type in cartilage, chondrocytes play a crucial role during OA. Our study explored the influence of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced injury in ATDC5 cells. METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis and expression of inflammatory cytokines were all assessed to evaluate LPS-induce inflammatory injury...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448247/knockdown-of-magea6-activates-amp-activated-protein-kinase-ampk-signaling-to-inhibit-human-renal-cell-carcinoma-cells
#7
Xueting Ye, Jing Xie, Hang Huang, Zhexian Deng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Melanoma antigen A6 (MAGEA6) is a cancer-specific ubiquitin ligase of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The current study tested MAGEA6 expression and potential function in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: MAGEA6 and AMPK expression in human RCC tissues and RCC cells were tested by Western blotting assay and qRT-PCR assay. shRNA method was applied to knockdown MAGEA6 in human RCC cells. Cell survival and proliferation were tested by MTT assay and BrdU ELISA assay, respectively...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448246/effect-of-mst1-on-endometriosis-apoptosis-and-migration-role-of-drp1-related-mitochondrial-fission-and-parkin-required-mitophagy
#8
Qingdong Zhao, Mingxia Ye, Wen Yang, Min Wang, Mingxia Li, Chenglei Gu, Luyang Zhao, Zhe Zhang, Weidong Han, Wensheng Fan, Yuanguang Meng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mitochondrial homeostasis is implicated in the development and progression of endometriosis through poorly defined mechanisms. Mst1 is the major growth suppressor related to cancer migration, apoptosis and proliferation. However, whether Mst1 is involved in endometriosis apoptosis and migration via regulating the mitochondrial function remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Expression of Mst1 in endometriosis was examined via western blots. Cellular apoptosis was detected via MTT and TUNEL assay...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448242/the-lncrna-epel-promotes-lung-cancer-cell-proliferation-through-e2f-target-activation
#9
Seong-Min Park, Eun-Young Choi, Dong-Hyuck Bae, Hyun Ahm Sohn, Seon-Young Kim, Youn-Jae Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have revealed that many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play oncogenic or tumor-suppressive roles in various cancers. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and many lung cancer patients frequently relapse after surgery, even those in the early stages. However, the oncogenic or tumor-suppressive roles and clinical implications of lncRNAs in lung cancer have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: The association between an E2F-mediated cell proliferation enhancing lncRNA (EPEL) expression and lung cancer patient survival was accessed using public microarray data with clinical information...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448249/the-placental-secretome-identifying-potential-cross-talk-between-placenta-and-islet-%C3%AE-cells
#10
Robert Drynda, Shanta J Persaud, James E Bowe, Peter M Jones
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Insulin-secreting islet β-cells adapt to the insulin resistance associated with pregnancy by increasing functional β-cell mass, but the placental signals involved in this process are not well defined. In the current study, we analysed expression of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) mRNAs in mouse islets and islet GPCR ligand mRNAs in placenta during pregnancy to generate an atlas of potential interactions between the placenta and β-cells to inform future functional studies of islet adaptive responses to pregnancy...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444517/acetyl-coa-synthetase-2-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-upregulating-lysosomal-associated-membrane-protein-1-expression
#11
Lv Yao, Xiaoqiang Guo, Yaoting Gui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reprogramming energy metabolism is an emerging hallmark of many cancers, and this alteration is especially evident in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). However, few studies have been conducted on lipid metabolism. This study investigated the function and mechanism of lipid metabolism-related acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2) in RCC development, cell migration and invasion. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of ACSS2 in cancer tissue and adjacent tissue...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444507/high-uric-acid-inhibits-cardiomyocyte-viability-through-the-erk-p38-pathway-via-oxidative-stress
#12
Zhi Li, Yang Shen, Yingqun Chen, Guokai Zhang, Jidong Cheng, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical studies have shown that hyperuricaemia is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms of high uric acid (HUA) associated with cardiovascular disease remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of HUA on cardiomyocytes. METHODS: We exposed H9c2 cardiomyocytes to HUA, then cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and reactive oxygen species' (ROS) production was detected by a fluorescence assay...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444504/the-snp-rs915014-in-mthfr-regulated-by-mirna-associates-with-atherosclerosis
#13
Xinye Liu, Lingxu Wang, Hao Chi, Jin Wang, Qian Zheng, Jingye Li, Yong Li, Dongwei Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The association between the genetic polymorphisms located in either the exon or untranslated region of MTHFR and the risk of human atherosclerosis has been well-documented. This study analyzed MTHFR polymorphisms at the 3'-untranslated region for association with risk and outcome of atherosclerosis in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: The hospital based case-control study was conducted with 500 patients and 600 healthy volunteers as control enrolled...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439261/metabolomics-reveals-protection-of-resveratrol-in-diet-induced-metabolic-risk-factors-in-abdominal-muscle
#14
Guoyou Chen, Guozhu Ye, Xinbo Zhang, Xiaoxiao Liu, Yingfeng Tu, Zengjie Ye, Jincheng Liu, Qi Guo, Zhiguo Wang, Lin Wang, Sijun Dong, Yuhua Fan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abdominal obesity is recognized as the main reason of metabolic syndrome, which is closely related to disordered skeletal and/or abdominal muscle metabolic functions. Metabolomics is a comprehensive assessment system in biological metabolites. The aim of our present study is to investigate the diet-induced metabolic risk factors by metabolic in the abdominal muscles and clarify the relationship between atheroprotective effects of Resveratrol (Rev) and abdominal muscles metabolic components during the development of atherosclerosis...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439259/downregulation-of-prame-suppresses-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-the-activation-of-p53-mediated-pathway
#15
Hanzhang Zhu, Jingrui Wang, Junjie Yin, Bei Lu, Qijun Yang, Yafeng Wan, Changku Jia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The expression of PRAME and its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the functional role of PRAME in HCC development and exploring the molecular mechanism. METHODS: We first detected PRAME expression in 96 human HCC tissue samples and correlated with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients. We then established stable HCC cell lines with PRAME overexpression and knockdown followed by functional analysis in vitro...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439258/bone-marrow-cell-therapy-on-1-2-dimethylhydrazine-dmh-induced-colon-cancer-in-rats
#16
Manal F El-Khadragy, Heba M Nabil, Basmaa N Hassan, Amany A Tohamy, Hanaa F Waaer, Hany M Yehia, Afra M Alharbi, Ahmed Esmat Abdel Moneim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Stem cell based therapies are being under focus due to their possible role in treatment of various tumors. Bone marrow stem cells believed to have anticancer potential and are preferred for their activities by stimulating the immune system, migration to the site of tumor and ability for inducting apoptosis in cancer cells. The current study was aimed to investigate the tumor suppressive effects of bone marrow cells (BMCs) in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon cancer in rats...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439255/co-upregulation-of-14-3-3%C3%AE-and-p-akt-is-associated-with-oncogenesis-and-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Yufu Tang, Ruoyu Wang, Yibing Zhang, Shenhui Lin, Na Qiao, Zhongyi Sun, Shuqun Cheng, Wenping Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 14-3-3ζ is involved in the regulation of PI3K/Akt pathway which is closely associated with carcinogenesis. However, the clinical significance of combined detection of 14-3-3ζ and p-Akt in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. METHODS: Two-hundred pairs of HCC and adjacent liver specimens were subjected to tissue microarray. The association of 14-3-3ζ and p-Akt levels with the postoperative survival and recurrence in HCC patients was analyzed with univariate and multivariate methods...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439254/inhibition-of-suicidal-erythrocyte-death-by-indirubin-3-monoxime
#18
Chunqiu Liu, Peipei Jiang, Yuanhong Xu, Meijuan Zheng, Jinpin Qiao, Xueyong Zhou, Dake Huang, Maohong Bian
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Qing Dai is a prized traditional Chinese medicine whose major component, indirubin, and its derivative, indirubin-3'-monoxime (IDM), have inhibitory effects on the growth of many human tumor cells and pronounced anti-leukemic activities. However, the effects of IDM on mature human erythrocytes are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the potential impact of IDM on erythrocytes and the mechanisms underlying that impact. METHODS: Utilizing flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy, phosphatidylserine exposure at the cell surface was estimated by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439250/hoxa5-promotes-adipose-differentiation-via-increasing-dna-methylation-level-and-inhibiting-pka-hsl-signal-pathway-in-mice
#19
Weina Cao, Yatao Xu, Dan Luo, Muhammad Saeed, Chao Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Impaired adipogenesis may be the underlying cause in the development of obesity and type II diabetes. Mechanistically, the family of Homeobox transcription factors is implicated in the regulation of adipocyte fate. Hoxa5 is highly expressed in adipocytes, and its mRNA expression is decreased during differentiation. However, the function of Hoxa5 in adipose tissue has been poorly understood. The aim of this study is to unveil the role of Hoxa5 on adipocyte differentiation and its underlying mechanisms...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439249/transgenic-overexpression-of-il-37-protects-against-atherosclerosis-and-strengthens-plaque-stability
#20
Jing Liu, Jibin Lin, Shaolin He, Chun Wu, Boyuan Wang, Jie Liu, Yanping Duan, Tianxiao Liu, Shengshuai Shan, Keping Yang, Nianguo Dong, Qingwei Ji, Kai Huang, Dazhu Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, studies have shown that interleukin-37 (IL-37) is involved in atherosclerosis-related diseases. However, the regulatory mechanisms of IL-37 in atherosclerosis remain unknown. This study aims to determine the role of IL-37 in atherosclerosis and to investigate the underlying mechanisms involved. METHODS: IL-37 expression in human atherosclerotic plaques was detected by immunohistochemical staining and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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