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Journal of Renal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215493/comparison-of-nutritional-risk-scores-for-predicting-mortality-in-japanese-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Hiroshi Takahashi, Keiko Inoue, Kazue Shimizu, Keiko Hiraga, Erika Takahashi, Kaori Otaki, Taeko Yoshikawa, Kumiko Furuta, Chika Tokunaga, Tomoyo Sakakibara, Yasuhiko Ito
OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting (PEW) is consistently associated with poor prognosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We compared the predictability of PEW as diagnosed by The International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism criteria (PEWISRNM) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) for all-cause mortality in Japanese HD patients. As cut-off values for body mass index (BMI) for PEW have not been established in PEWISRNM for Asian populations, these were also investigated. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The nutritional status from 409 HD patients was evaluated according to ISRNM and GNRI criteria...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215492/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-body-composition-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Consuelo Pontón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and consecutive study that included 55 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease who were undergoing replacement therapy (22 PD patients and 33 HD patients). Two 24-hour dietary recall surveys were conducted for each patient...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126404/bioimpedance-analysis-and-acute-kidney-injury
#3
LETTER
Maria P Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117137/reducing-the-dietary-acid-load-how-a-more-alkaline-diet-benefits-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Caroline Passey
It has been proposed that a low-protein diet will slow progression of chronic kidney disease although studies have not always supported this belief. The accepted practice is that 60% to 70% of protein comes from high biological value (HBV) protein, but this limits patient choice and patients struggle to follow the diet. When a diet with only 30% HBV protein was trialed, there was a significant increase in serum bicarbonate, and patients preferred the diet. The dietary advice given in predialysis clinics was changed...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110812/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-serum-lipid-profile-and-oxidative-stress-in-pediatric-patients-on-regular-hemodialysis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Areej Mohamed Ateya, Nagwa Ali Sabri, Ihab El Hakim, Sara M Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on serum lipid profile and oxidative stress markers in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis (HD). DESIGN: This study was a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted on 49 pediatric patients on regular HD for at least 6 months. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly divided into either omega-3 group (n = 25) who received 1-g oral omega-3 capsule once daily for 16 weeks or placebo group (n = 24) who received 1-g matching oral placebo capsule once daily for 16 weeks...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065493/dietary-protein-sources-and-risk-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#6
Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M Steffen, Casey M Rebholz
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein restriction is recommended for patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. Long-term data on the relationship between dietary protein sources and risk for incident kidney disease in individuals with normal kidney function are largely missing. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants from 4 US communities...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939593/dietary-patterns-and-clinical-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease-the-ckd-qld-nutrition-study
#7
Shu Ning Wai, Jaimon T Kelly, David W Johnson, Katrina L Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that dietary patterns are associated with survival in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study evaluated the relationship between dietary habits and renal-related clinical outcomes in an established CKD cohort. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Three outpatient nephrology clinics in Queensland, Australia. SUBJECTS: A total of 145 adult patients with Stage 3 or 4 CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate 15-59 mL/minute/1...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215360/medical-nutrition-therapy-for-pediatric-kidney-stone-prevention-part-two
#8
Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215359/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#9
EDITORIAL
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease, and also for nephrolithiasis and for kidney cancer. This year the World Kidney Day promotes education on the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that make preventive behaviors an affordable option.
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215358/thank-you
#10
Judy Kirk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065454/the-prevalence-association-and-clinical-outcomes-of-frailty-in-maintenance-dialysis-patients
#11
So-Young Lee, Dong Ho Yang, Eunah Hwang, Seock Hui Kang, Sun-Hee Park, Tae Woo Kim, Duk Hyun Lee, Kisoo Park, Jun Chul Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical implications of frailty in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis and chronic peritoneal dialysis. DESIGN: In this prospective study, all of the participants completed the Short Form of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life questionnaire, Korean version, to determine their frailty phenotype. We also obtained blood chemistry and demographic data at enrollment. Data regarding the history of hospitalization and death were collected during the follow-up period...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065453/protective-effects-of-l-carnitine-against-delayed-graft-function-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-pilot-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Atefeh Jafari, Mohammad-Reza Khatami, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Alireza Abdollahi, Azadeh Moghaddas
OBJECTIVE: Delayed graft function (DGF) is an early complication after deceased donor kidney transplantation with significant adverse effects on graft outcomes. Ischemia-reperfusion injury during transplantation is a major cause of DGF. Tissue concentrations of carnitine, an antioxidant and regulator of cellular energy supply, decrease in the kidney following ischemia-reperfusion insult. Based on promising animal data, this study evaluated the possible protective effect of L-carnitine against DGF...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923526/the-effect-of-intradialytic-intralipid-therapy-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Orly Haskin, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
OBJECTIVE: Growth of children on maintenance hemodialysis is poor. Oral nutritional supplements are the preferred way to augment nutrition; however, many children have difficulties adhering to prescribed oral supplements. In our unit, we have been utilizing intralipid (IL) therapy as nutritional supplement during hemodialysis sessions. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and benefits of intradialytic IL therapy. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876469/sarcopenic-obesity-definitions-by-body-composition-and-mortality-in-the-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Rakesh Malhotra, Serpil M Deger, Huzaifah Salat, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Cindy Booker, Andrew Vincz, Brianna Pouliot, T Alp Ikizler
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenic obesity (SO), a combination of low muscle mass and high fat mass, is considered as risk factor for mortality in general population. It is unclear if SO affects mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. In this study, we aimed to determine whether body composition as assessed by currently available SO definitions is related to all-cause mortality in MHD subjects. We also examined the impact of applying different definitions on the prevalence of SO in our MHD database...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838194/effects-of-a-novel-nutritional-formula-enriched-with-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-specially-developed-for-tube-fed-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Shinga Esaki, Motokazu-Tohru Iwahori, Yuri Takagi, Toshikazu Wada, Shunsuke Morita, Hirofumi Sonoki, Toshiyuki Nakao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a nutritional formula enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in tube-fed bedridden hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, single-arm study. SETTING: Koyukai Memorial Hospital, Orimoto Hospital, and Chofu Hospital, Japan. SUBJECTS: Eleven tube-fed bedridden hemodialysis patients. INTERVENTION: Patients were fed a nutritional formula enriched with EPA and DHA for 12 weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814946/phosphate-containing-prescription-medications-contribute-to-the-daily-phosphate-intake-in-a-third-of-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Seana M L Nelson, Samantha R S Sarabia, Erin Christilaw, Emilie C Ward, Stephanie K Lynch, Michael A Adams, Rachel M Holden
OBJECTIVES: Hyperphosphatemia is associated with all-cause mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients and is managed by restricting dietary phosphate. Many patients are unable to adhere to the recommended dietary phosphate limit. We sought to quantify the additional phosphate burden from prescription medication in a hemodialysis population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Adult patients on hemodialysis at a single center. SETTING: The Health Canada Drug Product Database was used to identify formulations of medications prescribed in an HD program that contain phosphate salts...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810171/examining-the-proportion-of-dietary-phosphorus-from-plants-animals-and-food-additives-excreted-in-urine
#17
REVIEW
David E St-Jules, Ram Jagannathan, Lisa Gutekunst, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Mary Ann Sevick
Phosphorus bioavailability is an emerging topic of interest in the field of renal nutrition that has important research and clinical implications. Estimates of phosphorus bioavailability, based on digestibility, indicate that bioavailability of phosphorus increases from plants to animals to food additives. In this commentary, we examined the proportion of dietary phosphorus from plants, animals, and food additives excreted in urine from four controlled-feeding studies conducted in healthy adults and patients with chronic kidney disease...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751628/replacing-phosphorus-containing-food-additives-with-foods-without-additives-reduces-phosphatemia-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Margareth Lage Leite de Fornasari, Yvoty Alves Dos Santos Sens
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to verify the effects of replacing phosphorus-containing food additives with foods without additives on phosphatemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Adult patients on hemodialysis for ≥6 months at a single center. SUBJECTS: A total of 134 patients with phosphorus levels of >5.5 mg/dL were included and were randomized into an intervention group (n = 67) and a control group (n = 67)...
March 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979327/medical-nutrition-therapy-for-pediatric-kidney-stone-prevention-part-one
#19
Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979326/happy-new-year
#20
Judy Kirk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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