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Journal of Renal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146142/visceral-adiposity-index-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-relatively-healthy-population-in-taiwan
#1
Yi-Chuan Chen, Shih-Han Lai, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Visceral adiposity index (VAI), a simple formula representing visceral adipose dysfunction, has already been proven to have a strong correlation with various cardiometabolic disorders. Limited studies are available regarding the relationship between VAI and renal function decline. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between VAI and renal function and to estimate the risk of chronic kidney disease in a relatively healthy adult population in Taiwan...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146141/the-myth-of-water-and-salt-from-aquaretics-to-tenapanor
#2
REVIEW
Luca Visconti, Valeria Cernaro, Sebastiano Calimeri, Antonio Lacquaniti, Francesca De Gregorio, Carlo Alberto Ricciardi, Viviana Lacava, Domenico Santoro, Michele Buemi
The impact of water intake has been studied in several renal diseases. For example, increasing water intake is useful to prevent primary and secondary nephrolithiasis. In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, arginine vasopressin (AVP) is involved in the progression of the disease, and water intake could play a therapeutic role by inhibiting the synthesis of AVP, but its efficacy is still controversial. Conversely, the use of aquaretics, which are antagonists of AVP V2 receptors, results in the reduction of the increase rate of total kidney volume with a slower decline of glomerular filtration rate...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146140/patient-experiences-of-dietary-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#3
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Tammy Hoffmann, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) contend with complex dietary recommendations. The challenge in practice is for clinicians to provide individualized support with the frequency and consistency required to sustain dietary changes. This study aimed to describe the experiences of patients with managing dietary recommendations, including their perspectives on the potential to use telehealth to support dietary management in CKD. DESIGN: Focus group study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146139/how-to-prevent-renal-cachexia-a-clinical-randomized-pilot-study-testing-oral-supplemental-nutrition-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#4
Michael Zilles, Christoph Betz, Oliver Jung, Stefan Gauer, Renate Hammerstingl, Astrid Wächtershäuser, Thomas J Vogl, Helmut Geiger, Aida Asbe-Vollkopf, Rainer U Pliquett
OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease associates with catabolism and sarcopenia. Hypothetically, peroral supplemental nutrition over 6 months prevents catabolism in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Prospective randomized pilot study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00687050). SUBJECTS: Twenty-three hemodialysis patients (15 males and 7 females) with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of 2 ambulatory hemodialysis centers...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146138/development-of-kidney-transplant-fibrosis-is-inversely-associated-with-plasma-marine-fatty-acid-level
#5
Ivar A Eide, Christina Dörje, My Svensson, Trond Jenssen, Clara Hammarstrøm, Helge Scott, Kristian S Bjerve, Jeppe H Christensen, Erik B Schmidt, Anders Hartmann, Anders Åsberg, Anna V Reisæter, Finn P Reinholt
OBJECTIVE(S): We assessed associations between plasma levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and degree of inflammation and interstitial fibrosis in transplanted kidneys. DESIGN: The design of the study was single center cohort study. SUBJECTS: A study population of 156 patients who received a kidney transplant at Oslo University Hospital during 2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Kidney transplant biopsies were obtained at 2 months and 1 year after transplantation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146137/the-impact-of-additives-on-the-phosphorus-potassium-and-sodium-content-of-commonly-consumed-meat-poultry-and-fish-products-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Arti Sharma Parpia, Mary L'Abbé, Marc Goldstein, Joanne Arcand, Bernadene Magnuson, Pauline Darling
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are advised to limit their dietary intake of phosphorus and potassium as hyperphosphatemia and hyperkalemia are both associated with an increased risk of mortality. There is uncertainty concerning the actual content of these minerals in the Canadian food supply, as phosphorus and potassium are increasingly being used as food additives. This study aimed to determine the impact of food additives on the chemically analyzed content of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and protein in commonly consumed meat, poultry, and fish products (MPFs)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089280/the-associations-of-endotoxemia-with-systemic-inflammation-endothelial-activation-and-cardiovascular-outcome-in-kidney-transplantation
#7
Winnie Chan, Jos A Bosch, Anna C Phillips, Shui Hao Chin, Adaikala Antonysunil, Nicholas Inston, Sue Moore, Okdeep Kaur, Philip G McTernan, Richard Borrows
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), yet incompletely accountable by traditional risk factors. Inflammation is an unconventional cardiovascular risk factor, with gut-derived endotoxemia potentially driving inflammation and endothelial disease. Comparable data are lacking in kidney transplantation. This study investigated the associations of endotoxemia with inflammation, endothelial activation, and 5-year cardiovascular events in KTRs...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089279/altered-serum-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-profile-and-risks-of-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-a-cohort-of-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Yukinobu Kuwamura, Tetsuo Shoji, Yujiro Okute, Yuko Yamazaki, Koka Motoyama, Tomoaki Morioka, Katsuhito Mori, Shinya Fukumoto, Yoshihiro Tsujimoto, Atsushi Shioi, Masanori Emoto, Masaaki Inaba
OBJECTIVE: Alterations in the balance between serum n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is predictive of cardiovascular events among hemodialysis patients, although little is known about the serum ratio of n-6 arachidonic acid (AA) to n-6 dihomo-γ-linoleic acid (DGLA) in renal failure. We hypothesized that AA/DGLA ratio is altered in hemodialysis patients resulting in poor clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a single center cohort study in an urban area in Japan with cross-sectional analyses...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089278/probiotic-soy-milk-a-call-to-action
#9
LETTER
Leonardo Spatola, Salvatore Badalamenti, Marco Dauriz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964639/early-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-improves-nutrition-delivery-in-neonates-during-extracorporeal-life-support
#10
Heidi J Murphy, John B Cahill, Katherine E Twombley, James R Kiger
OBJECTIVE: Optimizing nutrition in neonatal patients as soon as possible after extracorporeal life support (ECLS) initiation is imperative as malnutrition can worsen both short- and long-term outcomes. Fluid restriction, used to manage the fluid overload that commonly complicates neonatal ECLS, severely impairs nutrition delivery. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) can be used to help manage fluid overload. We hypothesize that early CRRT utilization ameliorates the need for fluid restriction and allows providers to prescribe higher parenteral nutrition (PN) volumes leading to better nutrition delivery...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893466/physical-activity-dose-for-hemodialysis-patients-where-to-begin-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Ryota Matsuzawa, Baback Roshanravan, Takahiro Shimoda, Noritaka Mamorita, Kei Yoneki, Manae Harada, Takaaki Watanabe, Atsushi Yoshida, Yasuo Takeuchi, Atsuhiko Matsunaga
OBJECTIVE: Greater physical activity is associated with lower risk of mortality in persons with kidney disease; however, little is known about the appropriate dose of physical activity among hemodialysis patients. Here detected the minimum level of habitual physical activity to help inform interventions aimed at improving outcomes in the dialysis population. DESIGN: The design was prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Clinically stable outpatients in a hemodialysis unit from October 2002 to March 2014 were assessed for their eligibility to be included in this 7-year prospective cohort study...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888762/probiotic-supplementation-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Natália A Borges, Flávia L Carmo, Milena B Stockler-Pinto, Jessyca S de Brito, Carla J Dolenga, Dennis C Ferreira, Lia S Nakao, Alexandre Rosado, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation on the gut microbiota profile and inflammatory markers in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Forty-six HD patients were assigned to receive 1 of 2 treatments: probiotic (n = 23; Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus e Bifidobacterialongum, 90 billion colony-forming units per day) or placebo (n = 23) daily for 3 months...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866091/variation-in-sodium-intake-and-intra-individual-change-in-blood-pressure-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Chetna M Pathak, Joachim H Ix, Cheryl A M Anderson, Tyler B Woodell, Gerard Smits, Martha S Persky, Geoffrey A Block, Dena E Rifkin
OBJECTIVE: In the kidney disease clinic setting, higher-than-usual blood pressure is often ascribed to recent dietary sodium indiscretion. While clinical trials demonstrate a clear relationship between salt intake and blood pressure on the population level, it is uncertain whether real-world variation in sodium intake within individual chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is associated with fluctuations in blood pressure. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Phosphorus Normalization Trial, in which participants with CKD eating their usual diets completed at least three 24-hour urine collections over 9 months, from which we measured sodium...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056173/kidney-friendly-protein-choices
#14
Paige Oehlhof, Stacey Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056172/erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056171/happy-holidays
#16
Laura Holden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056170/sister-earth-our-common-home-toward-a-sustainable-planet-friendly-approach-to-dialysis-a-paradigm-of-high-technology-medicine
#17
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, David Mery
In our high-technology, highly polluted world, medicine plays an important role balancing saving lives with the expenses of growing amounts of waste products, not only biologically dangerous (the potentially "contaminated" or "hazardous" waste) but also potentially harmful for the planet (nonrecyclable, plastic waste). Dialysis, the prototype of high-technology medicine, is central to these problems, as the present treatment of about 2 million patients produces an enormous quantity of waste (considering hazardous waste only about 2 kg per session, with 160 sessions per year, that is 320 kg per patient, or about 640,000 tons of hazardous waste per year for 2 million patients, roughly corresponding to 6 nuclear aircraft carriers)...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056169/unacylated-ghrelin-a-novel-regulator-of-muscle-intermediate-metabolism-with-potential-beneficial-effects-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Michela Zanetti, Pierandrea Vinci, Gianfranco Guarnieri, Rocco Barazzoni
In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), malnutrition with loss of skeletal muscle mass has a negative impact on morbidity and mortality. Emerging evidence indicates that a cluster of oxidative stress, inflammation, and insulin resistance directly contributes to skeletal muscle catabolism by favoring protein breakdown over synthesis. Ghrelin is a gastric hormone discovered and initially studied in its acylated orexigenic form. More recently, a role of unacylated ghrelin (UnAG) has been described to reduce skeletal muscle mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation, inflammation, and insulin resistance both in experimental models and in clinical studies...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056168/cystic-fibrosis-a-risk-condition-for-renal-disease
#19
Domenico Santoro, Adele Postorino, Cristina Lucanto, Stefano Costa, Simona Cristadoro, Salvatore Pellegrino, Giovanni Conti, Michele Buemi, Giuseppe Magazzù, Guido Bellinghieri
OBJECTIVE: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disease affecting the Caucasian population, with a birth incidence ranging between 1:2,500 and 1:1,800. It is caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane regulator gene which is localized on 7 chromosomes. Renal disease is reported as a relatively rare complication in adult patient with CF. We evaluated proteinuria and chronic renal failure (CRF) in a population of patients with CF. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in a referral center for CF at University of Messina in Italy...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056167/skin-blood-flow-and-vascular-endothelium-function-in-uremia
#20
Miroslaw J Smogorzewski
Prevalence of dermatological disorder in patients with end-stage kidney disease is estimated as 50% to 100% in various studies. Some of the skin lesions are specific for the diseases causing chronic kidney disease (CKD), some are associated with CKD, and still others are the dermatological manifestation of uremia. Microangiopathy was also found in both arterioles and venule in the skin biopsy of "normal looking" skin in patients with end-stage kidney disease. In a cross-sectional study in patients on dialysis, we measured skin blood flow (SBF) using laser Doppler device in a standardized way at various areas of lower extremities at 2 different local skin temperatures: 35°C and 44°C...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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