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Journal of Renal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983232/diagnostic-usefulness-of-the-protein-energy-wasting-score-in-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Gloria Antón-Pérez, Ángelo Santana-Del-Pino, Fernando Henríquez-Palop, Tania Monzón, Ana Y Sánchez, Francisco Valga, Adelaida Morales-Umpierrez, Cesar García-Cantón, Jose C Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan J Carrero
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the score proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism to define the protein energy wasting (PEW) syndrome has diagnostic validity in patients undergoing dialysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 468 prevalent hemodialysis patients from Canary Islands, Spain. Individual PEW syndrome criteria and the number of PEW syndrome categories were related to other objective markers of PEW using linear and logistic regression analyses: subjective global assessment, handgrip strength, bioimpedance-assessed body composition, and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859743/utilization-of-mobile-nutrition-applications-by-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Jillian Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807683/owner-s-manual-nutrition-care-for-your-kidney-transplant
#3
Nava Billet Teger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804641/anthropometry-based-equations-to-estimate-body-composition-a-suitable-alternative-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-with-nondialysis-dependent-kidney-disease
#4
Thomas J Wilkinson, Danielle Richler-Potts, Daniel G D Nixon, Jill Neale, Alice C Smith
OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are characterized by aberrant body composition such as muscle wasting and obesity. It is still unknown which is the most accurate method to estimate body composition in CKD. We investigated the validity of the Hume equation and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) as an estimate of body composition against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a cohort of nondialysis dependent (NDD)-CKD and RTRs...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759796/factors-associated-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-hemodialysis-and-after-kidney-transplant
#5
Julieta García De Alba Verduzco, Erika Fabiola Hurtado López, Consuelo Pontón Vázquez, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Enrique Romero Velarde, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to demonstrate that there are differences in the factors associated with anthropometric indicators of nutritional status, with particular emphasis on arm indicators, in children with end-stage kidney disease undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD), and after kidney transplant (KT). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study of consecutive cases included 130 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease undergoing substitutive treatment: 49 patients who underwent KT, 33 undergoing PD, and 47 undergoing HD...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751995/dietary-intervention-in-phosphatemia-control-nutritional-traffic-light-labeling
#6
Marcela T Watanabe, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C T Caramori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729825/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intensive-nutrition-intervention-versus-standard-nutrition-care-to-avoid-excess-weight-gain-after-kidney-transplantation-the-intent-trial
#7
Cordula K Henggeler, Lindsay D Plank, Kristin J Ryan, Emily L Gilchrist, Jessie M Casas, Lyn E Lloyd, Laura E Mash, Sandra L McLellan, Jennifer M Robb, Michael G Collins
OBJECTIVE: Excessive weight gain is common after kidney transplantation and increases cardiovascular risk. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intensive nutrition and exercise intervention delivered alongside routine post-transplant care would reduce post-transplant weight gain. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Adult kidney transplant recipients at a regional transplant center were recruited during routine outpatient clinic visits in the first month after transplant...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709365/protein-losses-and-urea-nitrogen-underestimate-total-nitrogen-losses-in-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Clara Salame, Simon Eaton, George Grimble, Andrew Davenport
OBJECTIVE: Muscle wasting is associated with increased mortality and is commonly reported in dialysis patients. Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatments lead to protein losses in effluent dialysate. We wished to determine whether changes in current dialysis practice had increased therapy-associated nitrogen losses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: Measurement of total protein, urea and total nitrogen in effluent dialysate from 24-hour collections from PD patients, and during haemodiafiltration (HDF) and haemodialysis (HD) sessions...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706262/the-importance-of-sodium-restrictions-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Megan Cobb, Dominique Pacitti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703633/oral-versus-intravenous-iron-supplementation-for-the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-effect-on-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-metabolism
#10
Wataru Fukao, Yukiko Hasuike, Tomo Yamakawa, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Makoto Aichi, Satoko Masachika, Mari Kantou, Shoko Ikeda Takahishi, Takahide Iwasaki, Mana Yahiro, Masatoshi Nanami, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Takahiro Kuragano, Takeshi Nakanishi
OBJECTIVE: Iron administration affects serum levels of intact (I-) fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and its cleavage product C-terminal (C-) FGF23 in iron-deficient patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The objective of this study was to compare the effect of oral or intravenous iron administration on serum levels of I-FGF23 and C-FGF23 in iron-deficient patients on MHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective randomized study. SUBJECTS: Participants on MHD with severe iron deficiency (n = 61)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703632/plasma-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-levels-and-survival-in-renal-transplantation
#11
Helga Skaare, My Svensson, Trond Jenssen, Anders Åsberg, Erik Berg Schmidt, Anupam Chandra, Thor Ueland, Tom Eirik Mollnes, Anders Hartmann, Ivar Anders Eide
OBJECTIVE: The major n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) play a role in inflammation and glucose metabolism, which could affect patient and renal transplant survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this single center cohort study of 1988 Norwegian renal transplant recipients, we assessed associations between plasma levels of LA and AA at baseline, measured by gas chromatography, and patient and graft survival, as well as inflammation and cardiovascular risk markers...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935606/primary-versus-secondary-prevention-of-chronic-kidney-disease-the-case-of-dietary-protein
#12
EDITORIAL
Jaimon T Kelly, Katrina L Campbell, Juan J Carrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751994/dietary-potential-renal-acid-load-and-risk-of-albuminuria-and-reduced-kidney-function-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
Tanushree Banerjee, Katherine Tucker, Michael Griswold, Sharon B Wyatt, Jane Harman, Bessie Young, Herman Taylor, Neil R Powe
OBJECTIVE: Diets high in sulfur-rich protein and low in fruit and vegetables affect human acid-base balance adversely and may have a harmful effect on progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about the relationship of participant characteristics, dietary acid load (DAL), and kidney injury in African-Americans with high risk of CKD progression. DESIGN AND METHODS: We examined the association of DAL with CKD in 3,257 African-Americans aged >20 years in Jackson Heart Study...
July 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731236/attention-to-food-phosphate-and-nutrition-labeling
#14
Marcela T Watanabe, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline C T Caramori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731235/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-hand-grip-strength-tool
#15
Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni
OBJECTIVE: Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this Observational cross sectional study we enrolled 73 CKD children; 45 had end stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and 28 had CKD but not on dialysis yet...
July 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673503/nutritional-considerations-for-dialysis-vegetarian-patients-part-two
#16
Brittany Sparks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673502/crn-message-from-the-chair
#17
Christine Benedetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673501/association-of-sarcopenia-with-nutritional-parameters-quality-of-life-hospitalization-and-mortality-rates-of-elderly-patients-on-hemodialysis
#18
Juliana Giglio, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Fernando Lamarca, Juliana Rodrigues, Fernanda Santin, Carla Maria Avesani
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether diminished muscle mass, diminished muscle strength, or both conditions (sarcopenia) are associated with worse nutritional status, poor quality of life (QoL), and hard outcomes, such as hospitalization and mortality, in elderly patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: This is a multicenter observational longitudinal study that included 170 patients on MHD (age 70 ± 7 years, 65% male) from 6 dialysis centers...
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459026/prevalence-and-risk-of-protein-energy-wasting-assessed-by-subjective-global-assessment-in-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#19
Karin Windahl, Gerd Faxén Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager, Marie Evans
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65 years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: The EQUAL study, a European Quality Study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease, is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study in six European countries...
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439931/does-low-protein-diet-influence-the-uremic-toxin-serum-levels-from-the-gut-microbiota-in-nondialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#20
Ana Paula Black, Juliana S Anjos, Ludmila Cardozo, Flávia L Carmo, Carla J Dolenga, Lia S Nakao, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of low-protein diet (LPD) on uremic toxins and the gut microbiota profile in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Longitudinal study with 30 nondialysis CKD patients (stage 3-4) undergoing LPD for 6 months. Adherence to the diet was evaluated based on the calculation of protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance from the 24-hour urine analysis. Good adherence to LPD was considered when protein intake was from 90% to 110% of the prescribed amount (0...
May 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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