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Journal of Renal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434761/improvement-in-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-4-by-a-nutrition-education-program-with-no-impact-on-renal-function-and-determined-by-male-sex
#1
Almudena Pérez-Torres, Elena González Garcia, Helena Garcia-Llana, Gloria Del Peso, Ana María López-Sobaler, Rafael Selgas
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a rapid deterioration of kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is little information regarding the effect of nutrition intervention. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a nutrition education program (NEP) in patients with nondialysis dependent CKD (NDD-CKD), based on the diagnostic criteria for PEW proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434760/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-is-associated-with-oxidative-stress-and-dyslipidemia-but-does-not-contribute-to-better-lipid-and-oxidative-status-on-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Andresa Marques de Mattos, José Abrão Cardeal da Costa, Alceu Afonso Jordão Júnior, Paula Garcia Chiarello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementation in physiological doses on oxidative stress (OS) and dyslipidemia in patients on hemodialysis (HD). DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, controlled, experimental trial. A total of 88 HD patients ≥18 years old and on HD for at least 6 months. A total of 43 patients received 1.28 g/day of n-3 PUFA, and 45 other patients received soybean oil for 12 weeks...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431808/a-practical-standardized-composite-nutrition-score-based-on-lean-tissue-index-application-in-nutrition-screening-and-prediction-of-outcome-in-hemodialysis-population
#3
Huan-Sheng Chen, Chun-Ting Cheng, Chun-Cheng Hou, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Cheng-Tsung Chang, Chun-Ju Lin, Tsai-Kun Wu, Chang-Hsu Chen, Paik-Seong Lim
OBJECTIVE: Rapid screening and monitoring of nutritional status is mandatory in hemodialysis population because of the increasingly encountered nutritional problems. Considering the limitations of previous composite nutrition scores applied in this population, we tried to develop a standardized composite nutrition score (SCNS) using low lean tissue index as a marker of protein wasting to facilitate clinical screening and monitoring and to predict outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort used 2 databases of dialysis populations from Taiwan between 2011 and 2014...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389059/renal-response-to-a-protein-load-in-healthy-young-adults-as-determined-by-iohexol-infusion-clearance-cimetidine-inhibited-creatinine-clearance-and-cystatin-c-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate
#4
Kyle E Rodenbach, Dana Y Fuhrman, Paula S Maier, George J Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Renal reserve (RR) measures the increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in response to a protein load; lack of RR could indicate subclinical kidney disease but such a test is not routinely used in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to compare a meat versus liquid protein load in a cystatin C-based (Cys-C) RR test using cimetidine-inhibited creatinine clearance (Cr Cl) and iohexol infusion clearance (Io Cl) for validation. The design was cross-sectional analysis and the setting was a Clinical Research Center...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366446/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-leptin-hyperproduction-are-associated-with-hypogonadism-in-men-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Gabriela Cobo, Antonio C Cordeiro, Fernanda Cassulo Amparo, Celso Amodeo, Bengt Lindholm, Juan Jesús Carrero
OBJECTIVE: Hypogonadism is a common endocrine disorder in men with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but its pathophysiology is poorly understood. We here explore the plausible contribution of abdominal adiposity and leptin hyperproduction to testosterone deficiency in this patient population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with all men included the Malnutrition, Inflammation and Vascular Calcification cohort, which enrolled consecutive nondialyzed patients with CKD stages 3-5...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366445/the-association-between-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-metabolic-syndrome-score-and-urine-microalbumin-urine-creatinine-ratio-and-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-korean-adults-with-obesity
#6
Hyun Yoon, Ae Eun Moon, Yu Jeong Kim, Min Cheol Kim, Eun Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and metabolic syndrome score (MSS) and the levels of urine microalbumin-urine creatinine ratio (uACR) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Korean adults with obesity. METHODS: Analyses of data obtained during the 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were restricted to that obtained from 1,612 adults aged ≥20 years with obesity. RESULTS: After adjusting for relevant variables (excluding age), uACR levels were positively associated with MetS (P < ...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366444/tryptophan-and-kynurenine-levels-and-its-association-with-sleep-nonphysical-fatigue-and-depression-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Rakesh Malhotra, Vanja Persic, Weifang Zhang, Jill Brown, Xia Tao, Laura Rosales, Stephan Thijssen, Fredric O Finkelstein, Mark L Unruh, Alp Ikizler, Pranav S Garimella, Joachim H Ix, Jeroen Kooman, Nathan W Levin, Garry J Handelman, Peter Kotanko
OBJECTIVE: Sleep and mood disorders are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the pathophysiology is still unclear. Tryptophan (TRP) and its metabolites may play a prominent role in neural pathways related to sleep, fatigue, and depression. Here, we sought to compare the levels of TRP and its metabolites between HD patients and healthy subjects and examine their association with sleep, fatigue, and depression in HD patients. The design was cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: Ninety-nine adult patients on stable thrice weekly HD schedule between September 2011 and March 2014 and 10 healthy controls...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347570/nonpharmacologic-strategies-to-modulate-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-pathway-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Marta Esgalhado, Peter Stenvinkel, Denise Mafra
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor with a high sensitivity to oxidative stress, which regulates the expression of detoxifying enzymes, besides that, can also control antioxidant and anti-inflammatory cellular responses. Therefore, the modulation of this transcription factor can be a new therapeutic approach to reduce complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, like oxidative stress and inflammation, which leads to increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, the major cause of death in these patients...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325686/errors-in-computing-the-normalized-protein-catabolic-rate-due-to-use-of-single-pool-urea-kinetic-modeling-or-to-omission-of-the-residual-kidney-urea-clearance
#9
John T Daugirdas
OBJECTIVES: The protein catabolic rate normalized to body size (PCRn) often is computed in dialysis units to obtain information about protein ingestion. However, errors can manifest when inappropriate modeling methods are used. METHODS: We used a variable volume 2-pool urea kinetic model to examine the percent errors in PCRn due to use of a 1-pool urea kinetic model or after omission of residual urea clearance (Kru). RESULTS: When a single-pool model was used, 2 sources of errors were identified...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411956/medical-nutrition-therapy-for-pediatric-kidney-stone-prevention-part-3-cystinuria
#10
Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411955/message-from-the-chairperson
#11
Laura Holden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411954/n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-the-management-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
EDITORIAL
My Svensson, Juan Jesús Carrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325687/erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320575/body-composition-and-mortality-in-coronary-artery-disease-with-mild-renal-insufficiency-in-chinese-patients
#14
Yong Peng, Fei Chen, Fang-Yang Huang, Tian-Li Xia, Bao-Tao Huang, Hua Chai, Peng-Ju Wang, Zhi-Liang Zuo, Wei Liu, Chen Zhang, Yi-Yue Gui, Mao Chen, De-Jia Huang
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a risk factor for both coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic renal insufficiency (RI); patients with CAD are prone to obesity and RI. In this study, we try to analyze the effect of body composition on death in CAD patients with mild RI. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1,591 consecutive CAD patients confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled and met the mild RI criteria by estimated glomerular filtration rate: 60-90 mL/min...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320574/standardized-method-to-measure-muscle-force-at-the-bedside-in-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Jean-Sébastien Souweine, Agathe Boudet, Leila Chenine, Helene Leray, Annie Rodriguez, Georges Mourad, Jacques Mercier, Jean-Paul Cristol, Maurice Hayot, Fares Gouzi
OBJECTIVES: In hemodialysis, diminution of muscle strength constitutes a major prognostic factor of mortality. Currently, measurement of quadriceps isometric maximal voluntary force (MVF) represents the reference method to investigate muscle strength. However, reduction of MVF is rarely detected in these patients due to the absence of portative bedside tools in clinical practice. The purposes of this study were therefore to assess the agreement of a belt-stabilized handheld dynamometer (HHD) with the dynamometer chair (reference method) and to determine intratester and intertester reliability of the quadriceps MVF measurements using belt-stabilized HHD in healthy subjects and in hemodialysis patients...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283254/comparison-of-the-availability-and-cost-of-foods-compatible-with-a-renal-diet-versus-an-unrestricted-diet-using-the-nutrition-environment-measures-survey
#16
Catherine M Sullivan, Julie A Pencak, Darcy A Freedman, Anne M Huml, Janeen B León, Jeanette Nemcek, Jacqueline Theurer, Ashwini R Sehgal
OBJECTIVE: Hemodialysis patients' ability to access food that is both compatible with a renal diet and affordable is affected by the local food environment. Comparisons of the availability and cost of food items suitable for the renal diet versus a typical unrestricted diet were completed using the standard Nutrition Environment Measures Survey and a renal diet-modified Nutrition Environment Measures Survey. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Twelve grocery stores in Northeast Ohio...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215493/comparison-of-nutritional-risk-scores-for-predicting-mortality-in-japanese-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Hiroshi Takahashi, Keiko Inoue, Kazue Shimizu, Keiko Hiraga, Erika Takahashi, Kaori Otaki, Taeko Yoshikawa, Kumiko Furuta, Chika Tokunaga, Tomoyo Sakakibara, Yasuhiko Ito
OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting (PEW) is consistently associated with poor prognosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We compared the predictability of PEW as diagnosed by The International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism criteria (PEWISRNM) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) for all-cause mortality in Japanese HD patients. As cut-off values for body mass index (BMI) for PEW have not been established in PEWISRNM for Asian populations, these were also investigated. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The nutritional status from 409 HD patients was evaluated according to ISRNM and GNRI criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215492/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-body-composition-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
Consuelo Pontón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and consecutive study that included 55 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease who were undergoing replacement therapy (22 PD patients and 33 HD patients). Two 24-hour dietary recall surveys were conducted for each patient...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126404/bioimpedance-analysis-and-acute-kidney-injury
#19
LETTER
Maria P Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117137/reducing-the-dietary-acid-load-how-a-more-alkaline-diet-benefits-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Caroline Passey
It has been proposed that a low-protein diet will slow progression of chronic kidney disease although studies have not always supported this belief. The accepted practice is that 60% to 70% of protein comes from high biological value (HBV) protein, but this limits patient choice and patients struggle to follow the diet. When a diet with only 30% HBV protein was trialed, there was a significant increase in serum bicarbonate, and patients preferred the diet. The dietary advice given in predialysis clinics was changed...
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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