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Journal of Renal Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688921/plasma-retinol-concentration-is-mainly-driven-by-transthyretin-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Stanislas Bataille, Jean-François Landrier, Julien Astier, Sylvie Cado, Jérôme Sallette, Marianne Serveaux, Stéphane Burtey, Julien Cohen, Charlène Tournier, Franck Tourniaire, Patrice Darmon
OBJECTIVE: Micronutrients deficiencies in hemodialysis patients are due to low dietary intakes and intradialytic losses for hydrophilic micronutrients. Conversely, lipophilic nondialyzable compounds might accumulate because of a lack of elimination through renal metabolism or dialysis. Other compounds have complex metabolism: their concentration is not explained by these phenomenons. The aim of this study was to report plasma concentrations of lipophilic micronutrients in hemodialysis patients and to analyze if these concentrations were predictive of mortality...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668284/is-there-a-role-for-diaphoresis-therapy-for-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#2
REVIEW
Norio Hanafusa, Bereket Tessema Lodebo, Anuja Shah, Joel D Kopple
Diaphoresis therapy to remove water and solutes for the treatment of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic dialysis patients is an inadequately characterized treatment that was first reported over 50 years ago. Intensive diaphoresis, induced by heat treatment with saunas (dry heat) or hot baths (wet heat), can substantially increase cutaneous losses of water, urea, sodium, potassium, chloride, lactate, and possibly other solutes. How effectively diaphoresis therapy might remove many uremic toxins is not known...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668283/association-of-hypertriglyceridemia-with-the-incidence-and-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-modification-of-the-association-by-daily-alcohol-consumption
#3
Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Hisako Yoshida, Masaharu Nagata, Takanari Kitazono, Kunitoshi Iseki, Chiho Iseki, Shouichi Fujimoto, Tsuneo Konta, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Ichiei Narita, Kenjiro Kimura, Masahide Kondo, Koichi Asahi, Yasuo Ohashi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: The association of serum triglycerides (TGs) and alcohol consumption with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of serum TG and daily alcohol consumption with CKD in the general population. DESIGN: The design of the study was longitudinal cohort study. SUBJECTS: Male (n = 47,737) and female (n = 69,542) participants were grouped into quartiles based on serum TG levels...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634051/revisiting-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-mortality-association-with-serum-albumin-interactions-the-japanese-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-pattern-study
#4
Noriaki Kurita, Yasuaki Hayashino, Shin Yamazaki, Tadao Akizawa, Takashi Akiba, Akira Saito, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: The dialysis practice guideline in Japan sets a limit on the allowed interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) <6%. However, the effects of relative gain of fluid volume to body weight may differ in presence of morbid conditions. Here, we examined whether or not the associations between IDWG and mortality differ by serum albumin (sAlb), a nutritional and illness marker. DESIGN: The study type used was prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Patients who participated in the Japan Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study (phase 1-4 [1999-2011]) and received thrice-weekly hemodialysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606422/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Tarcisio Santana Gomes, Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Fabiana G Graciolli, Rosa M A Moyses, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on markers of bone metabolism in overweight and obese nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This is a post-hoc study with 39 sedentary patients (55.5 ± 8.3 years, body mass index 31.2 ± 4.4 kg/m(2), estimated glomerular filtration rate 26.9 ± 11.7 mL/minute) who were randomly assigned to the aerobic exercise group (n = 24) or the control group (n = 15)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602464/importance-of-differentiation-between-phosphorous-and-phosphate
#6
LETTER
Ditte Hansen, Peter Marckmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602463/air-displacement-plethysmography-versus-bioelectrical-impedance-to-determine-body-composition-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Molly Wong Vega, Poyyapakkam R Srivaths
OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting is difficult to assess in pediatric hemodialysis (HD) populations because of fluid shifts. Body composition (BC) analysis aids in monitoring nutrition therapy's effects on fat and lean mass. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a "practical" gold standard for fat mass (FM) measurements. We aim to compare BC measures in a pediatric HD population via anthropometry, ADP, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA). DESIGN: The study was prospective cohort study and the setting was 1 pediatric HD unit in Houston, Texas...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600134/comparison-of-subjective-global-assessment-and-protein-energy-wasting-score-to-nutrition-evaluations-conducted-by-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-identifying-protein-energy-wasting-risk-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Simon Siu-Man Sum, Andrea F Marcus, Debra Blair, Laura A Olejnik, Joyce Cao, J Scott Parrott, Emily N Peters, Rosa K Hand, Laura D Byham-Gray
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 7-point subjective global assessment (SGA) and the protein energy wasting (PEW) score with nutrition evaluations conducted by registered dietitian nutritionists in identifying PEW risk in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study entitled "Development and Validation of a Predictive energy Equation in Hemodialysis". PEW risk identified by the 7-point SGA and the PEW score was compared against the nutrition evaluations conducted by registered dietitian nutritionists through data examination from the original study (reference standard)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579314/spot-urine-guided-salt-reduction-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#9
Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Akane Yanai, Yoshitaka Ishibashi
OBJECTIVE: Dietary salt restriction is important in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to reduce hypertension, cardiovascular events, progression of CKD, and mortality. However, recommending salt reduction for patients is difficult without knowing their actual sodium intake. This study evaluated the effectiveness of spot urine-guided salt reduction in CKD outpatients. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was used. SUBJECTS: This study included a total of 127 adult outpatients (aged 60 ± 18 years, 80 males) with CKD...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579313/the-impact-of-probiotic-soy-milk-consumption-on-oxidative-stress-among-type-2-diabetic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Maryam Miraghajani, Nafiseh Zaghian, Maryam Mirlohi, Awat Feizi, Reza Ghiasvand
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one the most important complications of diabetes leading to end-stage renal disease. This study aimed to determine the effects of probiotic soy milk consumption on oxidative stress biomarkers in type 2 DKD patients. METHODS: Forty-eight patients were randomly assigned to consume a diet containing 200 mL/day probiotic soy milk in the intervention group or soy milk in the control condition. As determinants of oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α, oxidized glutathione, total antioxidant capacity, reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase were measured after 8 weeks of intervention according to the standard protocol...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550969/long-term-assessment-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-pa21-sucroferric-oxyhydroxide-in-japanese-hemodialysis-patients-with-hyperphosphatemia-an-open-label-multicenter-phase-iii-study
#11
Fumihiko Koiwa, Keitaro Yokoyama, Masafumi Fukagawa, Tadao Akizawa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to assess the safety and efficacy of long-term administration of PA21. DESIGN AND METHODS: Phase III, open-label, long-term study in 15 sites in Japan. SUBJECTS: Japanese hemodialysis patients (N = 161) with hyperphosphatemia aged ≥20 years undergoing stable maintenance hemodialysis 3 times weekly, for ≥12 weeks. INTERVENTION: After a 2-week observation period with their previous hyperphosphatemia therapy, patients began the 52-week treatment with PA21, which was administered orally at an initial dose of 250 mg, 3 times daily, immediately before every meal (dosing range between 750 and 3,000 mg/day)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549571/dietary-sources-of-protein-and-chronic-kidney-disease-progression-the-proof-may-be-in-the-pattern
#12
EDITORIAL
Jaimon T Kelly, Juan Jesús Carrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528793/comparison-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-bioimpedance-in-assessing-body-composition-and-nutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Velena Popovic, Bo Zerahn, James Goya Heaf
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are characterized by protein malnutrition and muscle wasting. Reliable, easy, and cheap methods for evaluating nutrition are desirable. Three methods are commonly available: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioimpedance (BI), and subjective global assessment (SGA).The objective of the study was to compare the previously mentioned methods for assessment of body composition and nutritional status in PD patients. DESIGN: The study is cross-sectional and consisted of 72 PD patients from a single center PD ambulatorium...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625528/dietary-reduction-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-an-opportunity-for-improved-nutrition-care
#15
Joanne Cooke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625527/summertime-thoughts
#16
Laura Holden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625526/body-mass-index-and-all-cause-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#17
REVIEW
Mehran Rahimlu, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Kurosh Djafarian
This article provides a dose-response meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and disease-specific mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) by pooling together early stage, hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis patients. We evaluated eligible studies that published between 1966 and December 2014 by searching in PubMed, Object View and Interaction Design (OVID), and the Scopus databases. We used random-effects generalized least squares spline models for trend estimation to derive pooled dose-response estimates...
July 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065493/dietary-protein-sources-and-risk-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#18
Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M Steffen, Casey M Rebholz
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein restriction is recommended for patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. Long-term data on the relationship between dietary protein sources and risk for incident kidney disease in individuals with normal kidney function are largely missing. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants from 4 US communities...
July 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411956/medical-nutrition-therapy-for-pediatric-kidney-stone-prevention-part-3-cystinuria
#19
Jennifer Carvalho-Salemi, Lorrie Moreno, Mini Michael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411955/message-from-the-chairperson
#20
Laura Holden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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