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Journal of Renal Nutrition

Orly Haskin, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
OBJECTIVE: Growth of children on maintenance hemodialysis is poor. Oral nutritional supplements are the preferred way to augment nutrition; however, many children have difficulties adhering to prescribed oral supplements. In our unit, we have been utilizing intralipid (IL) therapy as nutritional supplement during hemodialysis sessions. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and benefits of intradialytic IL therapy. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Rakesh Malhotra, Serpil M Deger, Huzaifah Salat, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Cindy Booker, Andrew Vincz, Brianna Pouliot, T Alp Ikizler
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenic obesity (SO), a combination of low muscle mass and high fat mass, is considered as risk factor for mortality in general population. It is unclear if SO affects mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. In this study, we aimed to determine whether body composition as assessed by currently available SO definitions is related to all-cause mortality in MHD subjects. We also examined the impact of applying different definitions on the prevalence of SO in our MHD database...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Shinga Esaki, Motokazu-Tohru Iwahori, Yuri Takagi, Toshikazu Wada, Shunsuke Morita, Hirofumi Sonoki, Toshiyuki Nakao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a nutritional formula enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in tube-fed bedridden hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, single-arm study. SETTING: Koyukai Memorial Hospital, Orimoto Hospital, and Chofu Hospital, Japan. SUBJECTS: Eleven tube-fed bedridden hemodialysis patients. INTERVENTION: Patients were fed a nutritional formula enriched with EPA and DHA for 12 weeks...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Ivar A Eide, Anders Åsberg, My Svensson, Thor Ueland, Tom E Mollnes, Anders Hartmann, Kristian S Bjerve, Annika Michelsen, Pål Aukrust, Jeppe H Christensen, Erik B Schmidt, Trond Jenssen
OBJECTIVE: Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) exert potential anti-inflammatory effects and might improve long-term outcomes after renal transplantation. We assessed associations between plasma phospholipid levels of marine n-3 PUFAs and plasma inflammatory biomarkers 10 weeks after renal transplantation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional single-center study. SUBJECTS: A study population of 861 renal transplant recipients transplanted at Oslo University Hospital between 2007 and 2011...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Ursula G Kyle, Ayse Akcan-Arikan, Jaime C Silva, Michelle Goldsworthy, Lara S Shekerdemian, Jorge A Coss-Bu
OBJECTIVE: Critically ill children with acute kidney injury (AKI) are at high risk of underfeeding. Newer guidelines for nutrition support recommend higher protein intake. Therefore, the study evaluated the effects of protein feeding on the resolution of AKI and compared energy and protein intake in patients with and without AKI after implementation of Nutrition Support guidelines. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Five hundred twenty critically ill children from October 2012 to June 2013 and October to December 2013...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Seana M L Nelson, Samantha R S Sarabia, Erin Christilaw, Emilie C Ward, Stephanie K Lynch, Michael A Adams, Rachel M Holden
OBJECTIVES: Hyperphosphatemia is associated with all-cause mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients and is managed by restricting dietary phosphate. Many patients are unable to adhere to the recommended dietary phosphate limit. We sought to quantify the additional phosphate burden from prescription medication in a hemodialysis population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Adult patients on hemodialysis at a single center. SETTING: The Health Canada Drug Product Database was used to identify formulations of medications prescribed in an HD program that contain phosphate salts...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
David E St-Jules, Ram Jagannathan, Lisa Gutekunst, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Mary Ann Sevick
Phosphorus bioavailability is an emerging topic of interest in the field of renal nutrition that has important research and clinical implications. Estimates of phosphorus bioavailability, based on digestibility, indicate that bioavailability of phosphorus increases from plants to animals to food additives. In this commentary, we examined the proportion of dietary phosphorus from plants, animals, and food additives excreted in urine from four controlled-feeding studies conducted in healthy adults and patients with chronic kidney disease...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Marina Nogueira Berbel Bufarah, Cassiana Regina de Góes, Mariana Cassani de Oliveira, Daniela Ponce, André Luis Balbi
Hypercatabolism has been described as the main nutritional change in acute kidney injury. Catabolism may be defined as the excessive release of amino acids from skeletal muscle. Conditions such as fasting, inadequate nutritional support, renal replacement therapy, metabolic acidosis, and secretion of catabolic hormones are the main factors that affect protein catabolism. Given the imprecision of the methods conventionally used to assess and monitor the nutritional status of hospitalized patients, the parameters of protein catabolism, such as nitrogen balance, urea nitrogen appearance, and protein catabolic rate appear to be the main measures in this population...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Marcelo Barreto Lopes, Luciana Ferreira Silva, Gildete Barreto Lopes, Maria Auxiliadora Penalva, Cacia Mendes Matos, Bruce M Robinson, Antonio Alberto Lopes
OBJECTIVE: The malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS) combines ten components to assess nutritional status. Higher MIS has been associated with higher mortality and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. It is interesting to investigate associations of each component with mortality and patient-reported outcomes (PROs), that is, HRQOL and depression symptoms, and if MIS associations are generalizable for diverse populations. This study assessed associations of MIS and its components with mortality and PROs in an African descent MHD population...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Yang Liu, Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, Edgar R Miller, M Berenice Nava, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans, Neil R Powe, Deidra C Crews
OBJECTIVE: Explore the association between following a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-accordant diet and kidney end points among urban adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1,534 urban dwelling participants of the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/minute/1...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Margareth Lage Leite de Fornasari, Yvoty Alves Dos Santos Sens
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to verify the effects of replacing phosphorus-containing food additives with foods without additives on phosphatemia in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Adult patients on hemodialysis for ≥6 months at a single center. SUBJECTS: A total of 134 patients with phosphorus levels of >5.5 mg/dL were included and were randomized into an intervention group (n = 67) and a control group (n = 67)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Miklos Z Molnar, Kristof Nagy, Adam Remport, Abduzhappar Gaipov, Tibor Fülöp, Maria E Czira, Csaba P Kovesdy, Istvan Mucsi, Zoltan Mathe
OBJECTIVE: Leptin is a hormone made by adipocytes and associated with hypertension, inflammation, and coronary artery disease. Low serum leptin level was associated with higher risk of death in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Little is known about the association of serum leptin with outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. DESIGN: Prospective prevalent cohort. SETTING AND SUBJECT: We collected sociodemographic and clinical parameters, medical and transplant history, and laboratory data of 979 prevalent kidney transplant recipients...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Paik Seong Lim, Chang Hsu Chen, Fansan Zhu, Peter Kotanko, Yachung Jeng, Chun Yu Hu, Li Shu Chiu, Hui-Chen Chang
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is becoming increasingly common in hemodialysis (HD) patients and is associated with inflammation and increased mortality. The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy and variability of the bioimpedance device in measuring body fat in Taiwanese dialysis patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: One hundred twenty-two adult patients receiving HD in a single hospital in Taiwan. SETTING: We compared the results of fat mass (FM) measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy device (Body composition monitor, BCM)...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Ashley Sigmund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Judy Kirk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Natália A Borges, Amanda F Barros, Lia S Nakao, Carla J Dolenga, Denis Fouque, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVE: Protein-bound uremic toxins from gut microbiota tend to accumulate in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and are poorly removed by current dialysis techniques. These toxins induce inflammation and are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to report the relationship between uremic toxins and inflammatory and cardiovascular markers in CKD patients. DESIGN: This was a cross sectional study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one nondialysis patients were included (43% men, 63...
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Alison Steiber, Juan Jesús Carrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Turgay Arinsoy, Serpil Muge Deger, Kenan Ates, Bulent Altun, Tevfik Ecder, Taner Camsari, Kamil Serdengecti, Gultekin Suleymanlar
BACKGROUND: Obesity confers an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is increased further by accompanying metabolic abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of the risk of CKD with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) in adults by means of post hoc analysis of data from the Chronic Renal Disease in Turkey (CREDIT) study. METHODS: The anthropometric measurements of a total of 9,100 adult participants in the CREDIT study were included in the analyses...
November 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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