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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Chantal Roddy, Nikki Rickard, Jeanette Tamplin, Young-Eun C Lee, Felicity Anne Baker
Acquired brain injury (ABI) presents a significant threat to sense of self and necessitates a complex process of psychosocial adjustment. Self-concept changes remain understudied in the early stages of inpatient rehabilitation. The aim of the current study was to examine changes in self-concept, distress, wellbeing and functional skills for five inpatients undertaking a music therapy intervention within a subacute rehabilitation centre in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed a six-week, 12-session therapeutic songwriting programme to produce past-, current- and future-self-focused songs...
March 21, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Kelly M Goedert, Peii Chen, Anne L Foundas, A M Barrett
Spatial neglect commonly follows right hemisphere stroke. It is defined as impaired contralesional stimulus detection, response, or action, causing functional disability. While prism adaptation treatment is highly promising to promote functional recovery of spatial neglect, not all individuals respond. Consistent with a primary effect of prism adaptation on spatial movements, we previously demonstrated that functional improvement after prism adaptation treatment is linked to frontal lobe lesions. However, that study was a treatment-only study with no randomised control group...
March 20, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Rachel A Goodwin, Nadina B Lincoln, Roshan das Nair, Andrew Bateman
Memory problems are reported in 40%-60% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). These problems affect independence and may limit the ability to benefit from rehabilitation. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of NeuroPage for people with MS living in the community. A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled crossover trial was conducted. The intervention comprised the NeuroPage service, which sends reminder messages to mobile phones at pre-arranged times. In the control condition participants received "non-memory texts", that is, messages not aimed at providing a reminder; for example, supplying news headlines or sport updates...
March 20, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Nathalie Bier, Juliette Sablier, Catherine Briand, Stéphanie Pinard, Vincent Rialle, Sylvain Giroux, Hélène Pigot, Lisa Quillion Dupré, Jeremy Bauchet, Emmanuel Monfort, Esther Bosshardt, Laetitia Courbet
In this editorial, we wish to highlight and reflect on research advances presented in the articles comprising this special issue on technology and neuropsychological rehabilitation, which happens to be published more than a decade after the first special issue on the subject. In 2004, the journal recognised the great potential of information technology for increasing the support provided to people with cognitive deficits, and published emerging state-of-the art practices in the field. Since that time, research and technology have made tremendous progress, and the influence of information technology on research methods has transformed the field of neurorehabilitation...
March 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Vessela Stamenova, Brian Levine
Our objective was to review the literature and quantitatively summarise the effectiveness of Goal Management Training® (GMT) (alone or in combination with other training approaches) in improving executive functions in adult populations. Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global were searched for articles citing "goal management training". Any group trials (n > 3) in adults that used multiple-session GMT programmes were included in the analyses. Outcome variables were extracted and classified into one of nine cognitive measures domains: executive functioning tasks, everyday executive functioning tasks, subjective executive tasks rated by the patient, subjective executive tasks rated by proxy, working memory, speed of processing, long-term memory, instrumental activities of daily living and general mental health status questionnaires...
March 14, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Peter Bright, Ian van der Linde
To evaluate impact of neurological injury on cognitive performance it is typically necessary to derive a baseline (or "premorbid") estimate of a patient's general cognitive ability prior to the onset of impairment. In this paper, we consider a range of common methods for producing this estimate, including those based on current best performance, embedded "hold/no-hold" tests, demographic information, and word reading ability. Ninety-two neurologically healthy adult participants were assessed on the full Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV; Wechsler, D...
March 12, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Jessica Trevena-Peters, Adam McKay, Jennie Ponsford
It is uncertain whether therapy delivered during posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) following traumatic brain injury can be effective due to risk of agitation and poor learning capacity. This study used goal attainment scaling (GAS) to assess gains in activities of daily living (ADL) retraining during PTA. Occupational therapists' perspectives on goal setting and therapy delivery were also explored qualitatively. Forty-nine rehabilitation inpatients were provided with manualised ADL retraining following errorless and procedural learning principles during PTA...
March 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Mariëlle W A van Rijsbergen, Ruth E Mark, Willem J Kop, Paul L M de Kort, Margriet M Sitskoorn
Subjective Cognitive Complaints (SCC) are common after stroke and adversely affect quality of life. In the present study, we determined the associations of depression, anxiety, perceived stress and fatigue with post-stroke SCC, and whether these associations were independent of objective cognitive functioning, stroke characteristics and individual differences in personality traits and coping styles. Using a cross-sectional design, SCC and psychological measures were obtained in 208 patients (mean 3.3 ± 0...
March 4, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Roshan dasNair, Holly Griffiths, Sara Clarke, Abigail Methley, Ian Kneebone, Gogem Topcu
Everyday memory is one of the most affected cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Assessing everyday memory problems is crucial for monitoring the impact of memory deficits on individuals' day-to-day lives and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions that aim to improve cognitive functions. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the research literature on everyday memory measures used with people with MS, describe the types of measures used, and summarise their psychometric properties...
March 2, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Megan Fresson, Benoit Dardenne, Thierry Meulemans
Illness cognitions - cognitive representations of illness - have been found to influence health outcomes in chronic diseases: more adaptive illness cognitions generally lead to better outcomes. Concomitantly, diagnosis threat (DT) is a phenomenon whereby participants with acquired brain injury (ABI) underperform on neuropsychological tasks due to stereotype activation. This randomised study examined the impact of illness cognitions and DT on cognitive performance. People with ABI completed the Illness Cognitions Questionnaire and were then exposed to either a DT condition or a reduced DT condition (in which stereotype cues were reduced)...
February 27, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Alice Theadom, Sandy Rutherford, Bruce Kent, Kathryn McPherson
Understanding how people adjust following stroke is essential to optimise recovery and ensure services are responsive to people's needs. This study aimed to explore people's experiences over the first three years post-stroke and identify what helped or hindered recovery. As part of a longitudinal, qualitative descriptive study, 55 people and 27 significant others purposefully selected from a population-based stroke incidence study were interviewed 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-stroke. Interviews were audio taped and transcribed verbatim...
February 25, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Gianfranco Dalla Barba, Barbara Guerin, Marta Brazzarola, Sara Marangoni, Claudia Barbera, Valentina La Corte
Confabulation is an unusual sign in neurological and in neuropsychological pathologies. In this article we present an objective neuropsychological instrument, the Confabulation Battery (CB), which allows the quantifying and qualifying of different types of confabulations. The CB was administered to French and Italian normal participants. Data from the present study will allow clinicians and researchers, using the CB, to know how much and in which memory domains their confabulating patients confabulate compared to normal participants...
February 21, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Mariachiara Buonocore, Francesca Bosinelli, Margherita Bechi, Marco Spangaro, Marco Piantanida, Federica Cocchi, Laura Bianchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Antonella Rita Mastromatteo, Roberto Cavallaro, Marta Bosia
Premorbid adjustment has been associated with several outcomes in schizophrenia and has been proposed as an index of cognitive reserve. This study aims to comprehensively analyse the relation between premorbid adjustment and clinical, neurocognitive, socio-cognitive and functional assessments, as well as to investigate the effect of premorbid adjustment on cognitive improvements after a cognitive remediation therapy protocol. Seventy-nine clinically stabilised outpatients with schizophrenia underwent a combined intervention consisting of cognitive remediation therapy added to standard rehabilitation therapy...
February 19, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Nathalie Bier, Juliette Sablier, Catherine Briand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Daan P J Verberne, Peggy J J Spauwen, Caroline M van Heugten
Anxiety, aggression/agitation, apathy and disinhibition are common neuropsychiatric consequences of acquired brain injury (ABI); these consequences can cause functional impairment and lead to reduced social integration. This systematic review aims to provide an examination of the current evidence on psychological interventions for treating these consequences. Two reviewers selected potential relevant articles, retrieved from five literature databases; methodological quality was assessed and appraised. A total of 5207 studies were found, of which 43 were included: 21 studies for anxiety, 18 for aggression, two studies for apathy, and six for disinhibition...
February 13, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Katherine A Herdman, Susan Vandermorris, Sylvia Davidson, April Au, Angela K Troyer
Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) is widely used as a measure of client-centered outcomes in clinical interventions. There are few well-controlled studies using GAS, however, and this limits the conclusions that can be drawn about the determinants of goal attainment post-intervention. In collaboration with researchers, 67- community-dwelling older adults used GAS to establish individualised goals for lifestyle change and memory strategy use in a randomised controlled trial of a multidimensional memory program (ClinicalTrials...
February 12, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Suzanne Perea Burns, Noralyn Davel Pickens, Deirdre R Dawson, Jaimee D Perea, Asha K Vas, Carlos Marquez de la Plata, Marsha Neville
Adults with stroke frequently experience executive dysfunction. Despite the range of assessments that examine the effects of executive dysfunction on daily tasks, there remains a paucity of literature that examines the influence of the environment on performance in the community. The MET-Home is an ecologically valid assessment for examining post-stroke executive dysfunction in the home environment. This qualitative study explores the relationship between the environment and MET-Home performance among home-dwelling adults with stroke and matched controls...
February 6, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Aaron M Meyer, Donna C Tippett, R Scott Turner, Rhonda B Friedman
This study examined the maintenance of anomia treatment effects in primary progressive aphasia (PPA). Following baseline testing, a phonological treatment and an orthographic treatment were administered over the course of six months. The treatment stimuli consisted of nouns that were consistently named correctly at baseline (Prophylaxis items) and/or nouns that were consistently named incorrectly at baseline (Remediation items). Naming accuracy was measured at baseline, and it was measured at 1 month, 8 months, and 15 months post-treatment...
January 30, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Joost Heutink, Dana L Indorf, Christina Cordes
Visual agnosia and Balint's syndrome are complex neurological disorders of the higher visual system that can have a remarkable impact on individuals' lives. Rehabilitation of these individuals is important to enable participation in everyday activities despite the impairment. However, the literature about the rehabilitation of these disorders is virtually silent. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to give an overview of available literature describing treatment approaches and their effectiveness with regard to these disorders...
January 24, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Marina Zettin, Marzia Leopizzi, Valentina Galetto
The main aim of our study was to investigate the role of imitation in improving word-finding difficulties in a group of aphasic subjects. For this purpose, we designed software based on the computerised program described by Lee et al. (2010). Seven subjects with aphasia resulting from a brain injury were enrolled in the study. A battery of tests was administered to participants one month before the treatment (T0) and immediately before its beginning (T1) with the aim of detecting their language difficulties...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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