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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920528/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#1
Abhishek Jaywant, Joan Toglia, Faith M Gunning, Michael W O'Dell
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a commonly used screening measure for cognitive impairment; however, the diagnostic accuracy and optimal cutoff points in inpatients with mild stroke severity is unknown. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the MoCA in an acute inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit (N = 95). The criterion neuropsychological assessment was the 30-minute National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network battery, modified to include the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test and Trail Making Test A & B...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920523/the-social-consequences-of-stigma-related-self-concealment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Barbara F Hagger, Gerard A Riley
Social relationships often decline after brain injury. Although much of this is due to psychosocial impairments caused by the injury, the reactions to the injury of others in the person's wider social network, along with the response of the person with the injury to those reactions, also need to be considered. Anxiety about stigmatising reactions from others may lead some to conceal information about their brain injury. This study investigated some of the social consequences of such concealment. Sixty-five participants with acquired brain injury completed the Anticipated Stigma and Concealment Questionnaire, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Social Integration subscale of the Community Integration Questionnaire, and the Enacted Social Support Questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920522/constraint-and-multimodal-approaches-to-therapy-for-chronic-aphasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
John E Pierce, Maya Menahemi-Falkov, Robyn O'Halloran, Leanne Togher, Miranda L Rose
Aphasia is a significant cause of disability and reduced quality of life. Two speech pathology treatment approaches appear efficacious: multimodal and constraint-induced aphasia therapies. In constraint-induced therapies, non-verbal actions (e.g., gesture, drawing) are believed to interfere with treatment and patients are therefore constrained to speech. In contrast, multimodal therapies employ non-verbal modalities to cue word retrieval. Given the clinical and theoretical implications, a comparison of these two divergent treatments was pursued...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920511/a-feasibility-study-of-working-memory-training-for-individuals-with-paediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Christine Till, Bravina Kuni, Elisea De Somma, E Ann Yeh, Brenda Banwell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and experiences of paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) patients completing a working memory training programme. METHODS: Nine paediatric-onset MS patients (mean age 19.3 ± 4.1 years) identified as having attention and/or working memory difficulties underwent a five-week (five days/week) internet-based working memory training programme (Cogmed™); weekly coaching was provided. Measures of adherence and tolerance were used to establish the feasibility of implementing computerised cognitive training...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895796/prevalence-and-severity-of-fatigue-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-nationwide-study
#5
Anne Norup, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Karoline Doser, Trine Okkerstrøm Ryttersgaard, Nicole Frandsen, Louise Gade, Hysse Birgitte Forchhammer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and severity of fatigue in adolescents and young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) compared with healthy controls (HCs) and to examine associations between fatigue and gender, age and level of education. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15-30 year old patients with ABI and a convenience sample of 15-30 year old HCs. All participants completed the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20). Pathological fatigue was defined as "General Fatigue" ≥12...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880732/numerical-activities-of-daily-living-financial-nadl-f-a-tool-for-the-assessment-of-financial-capacities
#6
Giorgio Arcara, Francesca Burgio, Silvia Benavides-Varela, Roberta Toffano, Patrizia Gindri, Elisabetta Tonini, Francesca Meneghello, Carlo Semenza
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been developed...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880126/detecting-allocentric-and-egocentric-navigation-deficits-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-using-virtual-reality
#7
Alireza Mohammadi, Ehsan Hesami, Mahmoud Kargar, Jamal Shams
Present evidence suggests that the use of virtual reality has great advantages in evaluating visuospatial navigation and memory for the diagnosis of psychiatric or other neurological disorders. There are a few virtual reality studies on allocentric and egocentric memories in schizophrenia, but studies on both memories in bipolar disorder are lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of allocentric and egocentric memories in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. For this resolve, an advanced virtual reality navigation task (VRNT) was presented to distinguish the navigational performances of these patients...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832248/pre-injury-assessment-of-everyday-executive-function-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Tessa Hart, Amanda R Rabinowitz, John Whyte, Junghoon Kim
Executive dysfunction is frequently observed in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is commonly assessed with objective measures or subjective rating scales. Given the variability in executive function in the normal population, a reliable measure of pre-injury executive function would be of considerable value. In this study we examined pre-injury self and collateral (relative or friend) ratings on the Frontal Systems Behavior Rating Scale (FrSBe). Fifty-one persons with moderate to severe TBI and their collaterals provided before- and after-TBI ratings at 3 months post injury...
August 23, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829229/recovery-and-adaptation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-new-zealand-longitudinal-qualitative-findings-over-the-first-two-years
#9
Joanna K Fadyl, Alice Theadom, Alexis Channon, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about the impacts of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and aspects that influence recovery and adaptation are key to understanding how best to provide appropriate services. Whilst injury experiences have been documented, factors that help or hinder recovery and adaptation over time and across injury severities remain unclear. We present overarching findings addressing these matters in a large longitudinal qualitative study of recovery and adaptation following TBI. People experiencing TBI (n = 52) and their significant others (n = 37) were interviewed at 6-, 12- and 24-months post-injury...
August 22, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797212/effect-of-conceptual-and-lexical-errorless-versus-trial-and-error-learning-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#10
Brandy L Callahan, Nicole D Anderson
Errorless learning (EL), involving presenting the target information during encoding, is generally considered effective for teaching information to memory-impaired populations. However, evidence suggests that trial-and-error learning (TEL) can benefit healthy older adults' memory when guesses are conceptually related to the target. To determine whether TEL can benefit persons with mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), 24 participants with aMCI were given cues associated with nine target words. Half the sample received Conceptual cues (e...
August 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789595/personal-narrative-approaches-in-rehabilitation-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#11
Kate D'Cruz, Jacinta Douglas, Tanya Serry
Although narrative storytelling has been found to assist identity construction, there is little direct research regarding its application in rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this review was to identify published evidence on the use of personal narrative approaches in rehabilitation following TBI and to synthesise the findings across this literature. A systematic search of four databases was conducted in December 2016. No limit was set on the start date of the search. Personal narrative approaches were defined as direct client participation in sharing personal stories using written, spoken or visual methods...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762872/the-role-of-the-smart-and-whim-in-behavioural-assessment-of-disorders-of-consciousness-clinical-utility-and-scope-for-a-symbiotic-relationship
#12
Ann-Marie Morrissey, Helen Gill-Thwaites, Barbara Wilson, Rachel Leonard, Lindsay McLellan, Amy Pundole, Agnes Shiel
As the prevalence and incidence of disorders of consciousness (DoC) increase, researchers and clinicians are tasked with developing best practice assessment techniques. Neurobehavioural assessment remains the most clinically available method of measuring consciousness. Neuroimaging and other physiological measurements are demonstrating promise in supporting this assessment but many of these techniques require further research and are not widely available in sub-acute and long-term care settings. No study to date has explored in-depth complementary use of multiple neurobehavioural assessments in aiding beside assessment of consciousness...
August 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728461/rehabilitation-of-emergent-awareness-of-errors-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-intervention
#13
Mary C C FitzGerald, Fiadhnait O'Keeffe, Simone Carton, Robert F Coen, Simon Kelly, Paul Dockree
Impaired awareness of errors is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can be a barrier to successful rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a computer-based intervention programme aimed at improving error awareness in individuals with TBI. A further aim was to explore its effects on metacognitive awareness and variability of performance. Participants were 11 individuals with TBI and impaired error awareness who performed a sustained attention task twice-weekly for four weeks...
July 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720024/the-wayfinding-questionnaire-a-clinically-useful-self-report-instrument-to-identify-navigation-complaints-in-stroke-patients
#14
N K de Rooij, M H G Claessen, I J M van der Ham, M W M Post, J M A Visser-Meily
Post-stroke navigation complaints are frequent (about 30%) and intervention is possible, but there is no assessment instrument to identify patients with navigation complaints. We therefore studied the clinical validity of the Wayfinding Questionnaire (WQ) in a cross-sectional study with 158 chronic stroke patients and 131 healthy controls. Patients with low (more navigation complaints) versus normal WQ scores were compared for demographics, stroke characteristics, emotional and cognitive complaints, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
July 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697674/training-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-how-to-help-seek-when-wayfinding-an-understudied-critical-life-skill
#15
Young Susan Cho, McKay Moore Sohlberg, Richard Albin, Leonard Diller, Robert Horner, Joseph Rath, Michael Bullis
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a group treatment protocol called NICE (Noticing you have a problem, Identifying the information you need for help, Compensatory strategies, Evaluating progress) to train help-seeking when wayfinding for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). Seven participants completed the NICE group treatment in an outpatient rehabilitation department at a university medical centre. A single subject multiple baseline design was employed to evaluate the efficacy of the NICE group treatment...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679313/geriatric-rehabilitation-from-bedside-to-curbside
#16
John Gladman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678658/description-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-programme-for-fatigue-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-pilot-study
#17
Jan Stubberud, Espen Edvardsen, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Anners Lerdal, Anita Kjeverud, Andreas Schillinger, Marianne Løvstad
The purpose of this pilot study was to describe and explore a group-based multifaceted intervention for patients with fatigue after acquired brain injury (ABI). We hypothesised that post-intervention changes would result in reduced fatigue, in addition to improved emotional health, sleep and attentional control. Eight subjects with traumatic brain injury (n = 3) and cerebrovascular insults (n = 5) were included. Inclusion was based upon the presence of fatigue complaints. The participants received 36 hours of intervention...
July 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671050/outcome-instruments-in-moderate-to-severe-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-recommendations-for-use-in-psychosocial-research
#18
Cynthia A Honan, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Vicki Anderson, Angela Morgan, Cathy Catroppa, Jacinta Douglas, Heather Francis, Travis Wearne, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Jennie Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can reduce psychosocial functioning, causing relationship, family, and employment difficulties. The present study by Moving Ahead: Centre for Research Excellence (CRE) in Brain Recovery aimed to identify a set of adult outcome instruments for moderate-to-severe TBI psychosocial research. PROCEDURE: A review of 115 instruments (identified through nomination, literature search, and international expert opinion) was conducted over a 15-month period...
July 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664763/brief-compassion-focused-imagery-for-treatment-of-severe-head-injury
#19
Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD: Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures were Motivation for Intervention and Fears of Compassion Scales, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and PANAS...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662598/comparing-the-effects-of-clinician-and-caregiver-administered-lexical-retrieval-training-for-progressive-anomia
#20
Stephanie M Grasso, Kaleigh M Shuster, Maya L Henry
There is a growing body of literature indicating that lexical retrieval training can result in improved naming ability in individuals with neurodegenerative disease. Traditionally, treatment is administered by a speech-language pathologist, with little involvement of caregivers or carry-over of practice into the home. This study examined the effects of a lexical retrieval training programme that was implemented first by a clinician and, subsequently, by a trained caregiver. Two dyads, each consisting of one individual with anomia caused by neurodegenerative disease (one with mild cognitive impairment and one with logopenic primary progressive aphasia) and their caregiver, participated in the study...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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