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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316273/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-brief-cognitive-remediation-targeting-metacognition-in-acute-inpatients-with-psychosis-a-case-series
#1
Dimosthenis Tsapekos, Rumina Taylor, Matteo Cella
Cognitive remediation (CR) is an intensive intervention targeting cognitive impairment with the aim of improving functioning in people with psychotic disorders. Shorter forms of CR based on metacognition and targeting awareness of cognitive problems may be more appropriate for acute inpatient settings where time is limited. The objective of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a new brief course of CR targeting cognitive and metacognitive difficulties within an acute inpatient psychiatric setting...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316271/visuospatial-declarative-learning-despite-profound-verbal-declarative-amnesia-in-korsakoff-s-syndrome
#2
Erik Oudman, Albert Postma, Tanja C W Nijboer, Jan W Wijnia, Stefan Van der Stigchel
Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterised by severe amnesia. Although the presence of impairments in memory has long been acknowledged, there is a lack of knowledge about the precise characteristics of declarative memory capacities in order to implement memory rehabilitation. In this study, we investigated the extent to which patients diagnosed with KS have preserved declarative memory capacities in working memory, long-term memory encoding or long-term memory recall operations, and whether these capacities are most preserved for verbal or visuospatial content...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316264/neuroscience-for-the-mental-health-clinician
#3
Simon Fleminger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285571/prospective-memory-intervention-using-visual-imagery-in-individuals-with-brain-injury
#4
Sarah A Raskin, Michael P Smith, Ginger Mills, Consuelo Pedro, Marta Zamroziewicz
Prospective memory deficits are common after brain injury and can create impediments to independent living. Most approaches to management of such deficits are compensatory, such as the use of notebooks or electronic devices. While these can be effective, a restorative approach, in theory, could lead to greater generalisation of treatment. In the current study a metacognitive technique, using visual imagery, was employed under conditions of rote repetition and spaced retrieval. Treatment was provided in an AB-BA crossover design with A as the active treatment and B as a no-treatment attention control to 20 individuals with brain injury...
March 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274180/a-qualitative-investigation-of-sense-of-self-and-continuity-in-younger-adults-with-stroke
#5
Lauren Hutton, Tamara Ownsworth
Younger adults are more likely to survive after stroke and their life trajectory is often disrupted. This qualitative study aimed to explore the experience of sense of self and continuity in younger adults after stroke. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults (3 male, 7 female) with stroke onset between 18 and 55 years of age. Their interview transcripts were analysed using a phenomenological approach that involved idiographic and nomothetic stages of analysis. Two major themes emerged: (1) centrality of stroke; and (2) impacts of stroke on self...
March 8, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278588/optimising-activity-and-participation-outcomes-for-people-with-self-awareness-impairments-related-to-acquired-brain-injury-an-interventions-systematic-review
#6
Lisa Engel, Adora Chui, Yael Goverover, Deirdre R Dawson
Impaired self-awareness related to acquired brain injury (ABI-ISA) can result in limitations in daily living activities and community participation. We hypothesise that with the appropriate interventions, outcomes for adults with ABI-ISA can be enhanced. The objectives of the study were to describe and examine critically the non-pharmacological intervention literature and to identify intervention elements that optimise everyday living outcomes in adults with ABI-ISA. Two reviewers selected articles and extracted data using five databases, a review protocol, and systematic review standards (i...
March 3, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278589/assessment-and-treatment-of-mental-fatigue-after-a-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Birgitta Johansson, Lars Rönnbäck
Mental fatigue is a frequently occurring symptom after mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Such mental fatigue may become a long-lasting problem, irrespective of severity and even after recovery from other neurological or psychiatric symptoms. Two characteristics of this mental fatigue are that patients easily become exhausted and there is generally a long recovery time. There is a need to increase knowledge and awareness of mental fatigue as it interferes considerably with work, studies, and social activities...
March 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278590/evidence-of-altered-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-persons-with-disorders-of-consciousness-as-measured-by-the-nociception-coma-scale-italian-version
#8
Davide Sattin, Caroline Schnakers, Marco Pagani, Francesca Arenare, Guya Devalle, Fabrizio Giunco, GianBattista Guizzetti, Maurizio Lanfranchi, Ambra M Giovannetti, Venusia Covelli, Anna Bersano, Anna Nigri, Ludovico Minati, Davide Rossi Sebastiano, Eugenio Parati, MariaGrazia Bruzzone, Silvana Franceschetti, Matilde Leonardi
Pain assessment in patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC) is a controversial issue for clinicians, who require tools and standardised procedures for testing nociception in non-communicative patients. The aims of the present study were, first, to analyse the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Nociception Coma Scale and, second, to evaluate pressure pain thresholds in a group of patients with DoC. The authors conducted a multi-centre study on 40 healthy participants and 60 DoC patients enrolled from six hospitals in Italy...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278591/life-after-encephalitis-a-narrative-approach
#9
Bonnie-Kate Dewar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150524/akinetic-mutism-and-the-story-of-david
#10
Rebecca Sinden, Barbara A Wilson, Anita Rose, Nimisha Mistry
Following a description about the characteristics of akinetic mutism (AM) and how it differs from locked-in syndrome (LIS) and a disorder of consciousness (DOC), we present the case of David, a 71-year-old man with AM. David sustained a stroke following a middle cerebral artery (MCA) thrombus. A CT scan at the time detected old ischaemic infarcts affecting the right frontal lobe, the left occipital lobe and the left parietal lobe so David had bilateral brain damage. Initially thought to have a DOC, further neuropsychological assessments administered when David had improved a little, resulted in the diagnosis of AM...
February 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116988/efficacy-of-home-based-visuomotor-feedback-training-in-stroke-patients-with-chronic-hemispatial-neglect
#11
Stéphanie Rossit, Christopher S Y Benwell, Larissa Szymanek, Gemma Learmonth, Laura McKernan-Ward, Elaine Corrigan, Keith Muir, Ian Reeves, George Duncan, Philip Birschel, Margaret Roberts, Katrina Livingstone, Hazel Jackson, Pauline Castle, Monika Harvey
Hemispatial neglect is a severe cognitive condition frequently observed after a stroke, associated with unawareness of one side of space, disability and poor long-term outcome. Visuomotor feedback training (VFT) is a neglect rehabilitation technique that involves a simple, inexpensive and feasible training of grasping-to-lift rods at the centre. We compared the immediate and long-term effects of VFT vs. a control training when delivered in a home-based setting. Twenty participants were randomly allocated to an intervention (who received VFT) or a control group (n = 10 each)...
January 24, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075219/how-do-assessments-of-activities-of-daily-living-address-executive-functions-a-scoping-review
#12
Frédérique Poncet, Bonnie Swaine, Elisabeth Dutil, Mathilde Chevignard, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
Executive functions (EF) allow persons to adapt to situations arising in daily life and can be affected following acquired brain injury (ABI). Measuring the impact of EF impairments on the accomplishment of activities of daily living (ADL) requires specific assessment tools, but choosing the right tool may be difficult. PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review on how assessments of ADL address EF and EF impairments in persons with ABI. METHOD: A scoping review of literature (peer-reviewed and grey literature) published until August 2014 was conducted...
January 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075218/the-relationship-between-stroke-survivors-perceived-identity-and-mood-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life
#13
Irina Lapadatu, Reg Morris
OBJECTIVES: To examine change in identity after stroke and to elucidate its relationship with mood and quality of life. To test Higgins' theory of the impact of identity (self-discrepancy) on anxiety and depression. To examine the role of self-esteem in mediating the relationship between identity and outcomes. METHOD: Sixty-five community-living first-time stroke survivors, mean age 61.58 and time since stroke 5.60 years, were recruited from stroke charities. A cross-sectional study used the Head Injury Semantic Differential Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (adapted) and the Barthel Index...
January 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051902/the-clinical-utility-reliability-and-validity-of-the-rivermead-behavioural-memory-test-third-edition-rbmt-3-in-hong-kong-older-adults-with-or-without-cognitive-impairments
#14
K N K Fong, K K L Lee, Z P Y Tsang, J Y H Wan, Y Y Zhang, A F C Lau
This study examined the use of the Hong Kong version of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test-Third Edition (RBMT-3) for older adults, and by presenting the optimal cut-off scores for patients with cognitive impairments, and for a group of peers who have functional everyday cognition. Hundred older adults residing in community dwellings were recruited from three non-government organisations and completed the RBMT-3: 29 patients with mild to moderate dementia, 34 persons at risk for MCI, and 37 matched older adults with everyday functional cognition for a healthy control group (NC)...
January 4, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043199/association-between-cognitive-impairments-and-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-presentations-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Michelle Rydon-Grange, Rudi Coetzer
This study examined the association between self-reported obsessive-compulsive spectrum symptomatology and cognitive performance in a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Twenty-four adults with a moderate-severe TBI accessing a community brain injury rehabilitation service were recruited. Age ranged between 19 and 69 years. Participants completed a battery of neuropsychological tasks assessing memory, executive functioning, and speed of information processing. Self-report questionnaires assessing obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) traits were also completed...
January 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033738/the-production-effect-in-adults-with-dysarthria-improving-long-term-verbal-memory-by-vocal-production
#16
Michal Icht, Orly Bergerzon-Biton, Yaniv Mama
People show better memory for words read aloud relative to words read silently, the Production Effect (PE). Vocalisation at study makes the produced (aloud) words more distinct than the non-produced (silent) words, hence more memorable. Such encoding distinctiveness is related to the additional processing of aloud words that is later used during retrieval. This study investigated the PE in dysarthric adults, characterised by speech production difficulties. Their memory performance (recognition) was compared to a group of healthy adults...
December 29, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030989/measuring-emotion-perception-following-traumatic-brain-injury-the-complex-audio-visual-emotion-assessment-task-caveat
#17
Hannah Rosenberg, Skye McDonald, Jacob Rosenberg, Reginald Frederick Westbrook
INTRODUCTION: While emotion recognition difficulties in moderate-severe TBI are well established, the standard measures of emotion recognition significantly limit the conclusions which can be drawn regarding real-life deficits. Two studies report on the development of CAVEAT, a new measure of emotion recognition that attempts to overcome these limitations. METHOD: These studies were designed to establish CAVEAT's psychometric properties by examining performance of a TBI group and matched controls in order to provide estimates of its reliability and validity (study 1), and to compare performance of the TBI and control groups on a subgroup of emotions from the CAVEAT that represented the six basic emotions used in conventional emotion research (study 2)...
December 28, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26480946/age-trajectories-of-everyday-cognition-in-african-american-and-white-older-adults-under-prompted-and-unprompted-conditions
#18
Kelsey R Thomas, Michael Marsiske
We investigated how race and verbal prompting interacted with age to predict age trajectories on a performance-based measure of everyday cognition. African American (n = 727) and White (n = 2052) older adults from the ACTIVE clinical trial were given the Observed Tasks of Daily Living (OTDL; a performance-based measure of medication management/finances/telephone use) at baseline and 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year follow-ups. When participants said "I don't know" or did not respond, they received a standardised verbal prompt, which served only as a cue to initiate the first step...
June 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620135/virtual-reality-treatment-and-assessments-for-post-stroke-unilateral-spatial-neglect-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Tatiana Ogourtsova, Wagner Souza Silva, Philippe S Archambault, Anouk Lamontagne
Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is a highly prevalent post-stroke deficit. Currently, there is no gold standard USN assessment which encompasses the heterogeneity of this disorder and that is sensitive to detect mild deficits. Similarly, there is a limited number of high quality studies suggesting that conventional USN treatments are effective in improving functional outcomes and reducing disability. Virtual reality (VR) provides enhanced methods for USN assessment and treatment. To establish best-practice recommendations with respect to its use, it is necessary to appraise the existing evidence...
April 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26421958/a-preliminary-investigation-into-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-dublin-extrapersonal-neglect-assessment-dena-a-novel-screening-tool-for-extrapersonal-neglect
#20
Libby J Cunningham, Killian O'Rourke, Ciara Finlay, MaryBeth Gallagher
Extrapersonal neglect is one clinical manifestation that can occur following stroke. Existing neglect assessment procedures have been criticised for lengthy administration and do not assess how extrapersonal space is affected. This study investigated the psychometric properties of a new, time-efficient screening tool for extrapersonal neglect. Full ethical approval was granted and consent obtained from 50 participants with first-time stroke. Participants were screened for extrapersonal neglect on two consecutive days by two raters using the Dublin Extrapersonal Neglect Assessment (DENA) to test inter-rater reliability...
April 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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