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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130385/developing-awareness-of-confabulation-through-psychological-formulation-a-case-report-and-first-person-perspective
#1
Jessica Fish, Joseph Forrester
Confabulation, or the unintentional production of false, distorted or displaced memories, is commonly seen in people who have brain injury. However, it is most common in the acute phase, with persistent confabulation being comparatively rare. In this paper, we describe the case of Joe, a 24-year-old man who showed confabulation in the chronic phase of his rehabilitation, three years after traumatic brain injury. We describe our approach to therapy for this confabulation, and in particular how collaborative formulation enabled Joe to understand his confabulation, and then to manage it effectively, using a diary and "detective" procedure to identify whether or not evidence existed to support potentially confabulated memories...
November 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#2
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108479/time-perception-impairment-following-thalamic-stroke-a-case-study
#3
Joe Mole, Jill Winegardner, Donna Malley, Jessica Fish
Impaired time perception is considered to be a relatively unusual and poorly understood consequence of brain injury. This paper presents a case study of altered time perception in JB, a 50-year-old woman who in 2011 had a small thalamic stroke affecting the right anteromedian region. We report on her subjective experience and present results from studies of retrospective timing (i.e., estimating how much time has passed and the clock time) and prospective timing (i.e., producing and reproducing intervals). The results showed that relative to neurologically healthy and brain-injured controls, JB had impaired retrospective timing and impaired prospective time reproduction...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108478/evaluation-of-a-computer-based-prompting-intervention-to-improve-essay-writing-in-undergraduates-with-cognitive-impairment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Alexander K Ledbetter, McKay Moore Sohlberg, Stephen F Fickas, Mark A Horney, Kent McIntosh
This study evaluated a computer-based prompting intervention for improving expository essay writing after acquired brain injury (ABI). Four undergraduate participants aged 18-21 with mild-moderate ABI and impaired fluid cognition at least 6 months post-injury reported difficulty with the writing process after injury. The study employed a non-concurrent multiple probe across participants, in a single-case design. Outcome measures included essay quality scores and number of revisions to writing counted then coded by type using a revision taxonomy...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108463/td-the-case-of-diogenes-syndrome-deficit-or-denial
#5
Fiona Ashworth, Anita Rose, Barbara A Wilson
Diogenes Syndrome (DS) is characterised by extreme self-neglect, domestic squalor, hoarding, social withdrawal, and lack of concern and shame for the individual's residential situation. This paper describes TD who was unable to identify emotional expressions of disgust and was borderline-impaired for facial recognition associated with perceptual difficulties. Problems interpreting expressions of disgust were interesting as TD was living in squalor, neglecting himself, and lacked concern for his circumstances...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070000/we-are-not-the-same-people-we-used-to-be-an-exploration-of-family-biographical-narratives-and-identity-change-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Charlotte Jane Whiffin, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Christopher Bailey, Nikki Jarrett, Peter J Hutchinson
Subjective changes are increasingly recognised as important in recovery and rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury. Accumulation of subjective changes over time has led many to examine the question of "continuity of self" post-injury. Vacillation between feeling the same and different is common and often at odds with the medical narrative preparing families for permanent change. This position of ambiguity was examined in a qualitative narrative study. The aim of this paper is to describe the narrative structures used by uninjured members of a family to understand change...
October 26, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967298/errorless-re-learning-of-everyday-activities-in-patients-with-korsakoff-s-syndrome-a-feasibility-study
#7
Yvonne C M Rensen, Jos I M Egger, Josette Westhoff, Serge J W Walvoort, Roy P C Kessels
Errorless learning has proven to be an effective method for (re)learning tasks in several patient groups with amnesia. However, so far only a handful of studies have examined the effects of errorless learning in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome. The aims of this feasibility study were to (a) examine the effects of errorless learning training on (re)learning tasks in a patient with Korsakoff's syndrome, (b) examine the effects of the nature of the training on the execution of the tasks, and (c) examine characteristics that may mediate learning outcome...
October 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967293/psychometric-properties-of-the-french-version-of-the-rating-scale-of-attentional-behaviour
#8
Claire Vallat-Azouvi, Clémence Dana-Gordon, Jean-Michel Mazaux, Jennie Ponsford, Philippe Azouvi
The Rating Scale of Attentional Behaviour (RSAB) was devised by Ponsford and Kinsella to assess the impact of attentional impairments on everyday behaviour. The scale includes 14 items. The objective of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of a French translation of the RSAB. A sample of 196 healthy participants and 27 patients with chronic acquired brain injury was included. For healthy participants, both self and a relative's ratings were independently recorded. For the patients, a therapist's rating was obtained in addition...
October 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949281/effect-of-activity-based-mirror-therapy-on-lower-limb-motor-recovery-and-gait-in-stroke-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kamal Narayan Arya, Shanta Pandian, Vikas Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of activity-based mirror therapy (MT) on motor recovery and gait in chronic poststroke hemiparetic subjects. DESIGN: A randomised, controlled, assessor-blinded trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation institute. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six chronic poststroke (15.89 ± 9.01 months) hemiparetic subjects (age: 46.44 ± 7.89 years, 30 men and functional ambulation classification of median level 3)...
September 26, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920528/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#10
Abhishek Jaywant, Joan Toglia, Faith M Gunning, Michael W O'Dell
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a commonly used screening measure for cognitive impairment; however, the diagnostic accuracy and optimal cutoff points in inpatients with mild stroke severity is unknown. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the MoCA in an acute inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit (N = 95). The criterion neuropsychological assessment was the 30-minute National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network battery, modified to include the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test and Trail Making Test A & B...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920523/the-social-consequences-of-stigma-related-self-concealment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#11
Barbara F Hagger, Gerard A Riley
Social relationships often decline after brain injury. Although much of this is due to psychosocial impairments caused by the injury, the reactions to the injury of others in the person's wider social network, along with the response of the person with the injury to those reactions, also need to be considered. Anxiety about stigmatising reactions from others may lead some to conceal information about their brain injury. This study investigated some of the social consequences of such concealment. Sixty-five participants with acquired brain injury completed the Anticipated Stigma and Concealment Questionnaire, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Social Integration subscale of the Community Integration Questionnaire, and the Enacted Social Support Questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920522/constraint-and-multimodal-approaches-to-therapy-for-chronic-aphasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
John E Pierce, Maya Menahemi-Falkov, Robyn O'Halloran, Leanne Togher, Miranda L Rose
Aphasia is a significant cause of disability and reduced quality of life. Two speech pathology treatment approaches appear efficacious: multimodal and constraint-induced aphasia therapies. In constraint-induced therapies, non-verbal actions (e.g., gesture, drawing) are believed to interfere with treatment and patients are therefore constrained to speech. In contrast, multimodal therapies employ non-verbal modalities to cue word retrieval. Given the clinical and theoretical implications, a comparison of these two divergent treatments was pursued...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920511/a-feasibility-study-of-working-memory-training-for-individuals-with-paediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Christine Till, Bravina Kuni, Elisea De Somma, E Ann Yeh, Brenda Banwell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and experiences of paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) patients completing a working memory training programme. METHODS: Nine paediatric-onset MS patients (mean age 19.3 ± 4.1 years) identified as having attention and/or working memory difficulties underwent a five-week (five days/week) internet-based working memory training programme (Cogmed™); weekly coaching was provided. Measures of adherence and tolerance were used to establish the feasibility of implementing computerised cognitive training...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895796/prevalence-and-severity-of-fatigue-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-nationwide-study
#14
Anne Norup, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Karoline Doser, Trine Okkerstrøm Ryttersgaard, Nicole Frandsen, Louise Gade, Hysse Birgitte Forchhammer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and severity of fatigue in adolescents and young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) compared with healthy controls (HCs) and to examine associations between fatigue and gender, age and level of education. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15-30 year old patients with ABI and a convenience sample of 15-30 year old HCs. All participants completed the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20). Pathological fatigue was defined as "General Fatigue" ≥12...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880732/numerical-activities-of-daily-living-financial-nadl-f-a-tool-for-the-assessment-of-financial-capacities
#15
Giorgio Arcara, Francesca Burgio, Silvia Benavides-Varela, Roberta Toffano, Patrizia Gindri, Elisabetta Tonini, Francesca Meneghello, Carlo Semenza
Financial capacity is the ability to manage one's own finances according to self-interests. Failure in financial decisions and lack of independence when dealing with money can affect people's quality of life and are associated with neuropsychological deficits or clinical conditions such as mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease. Despite the importance of evaluating financial capacity in the assessment of patients with neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders, only a few tools have been developed...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880126/detecting-allocentric-and-egocentric-navigation-deficits-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-using-virtual-reality
#16
Alireza Mohammadi, Ehsan Hesami, Mahmoud Kargar, Jamal Shams
Present evidence suggests that the use of virtual reality has great advantages in evaluating visuospatial navigation and memory for the diagnosis of psychiatric or other neurological disorders. There are a few virtual reality studies on allocentric and egocentric memories in schizophrenia, but studies on both memories in bipolar disorder are lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of allocentric and egocentric memories in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. For this resolve, an advanced virtual reality navigation task (VRNT) was presented to distinguish the navigational performances of these patients...
September 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832248/pre-injury-assessment-of-everyday-executive-function-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Tessa Hart, Amanda R Rabinowitz, John Whyte, Junghoon Kim
Executive dysfunction is frequently observed in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is commonly assessed with objective measures or subjective rating scales. Given the variability in executive function in the normal population, a reliable measure of pre-injury executive function would be of considerable value. In this study we examined pre-injury self and collateral (relative or friend) ratings on the Frontal Systems Behavior Rating Scale (FrSBe). Fifty-one persons with moderate to severe TBI and their collaterals provided before- and after-TBI ratings at 3 months post injury...
August 23, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784858/the-dysexecutive-questionnaire-revised-dex-r-an-extended-measure-of-everyday-dysexecutive-problems-after-acquired-brain-injury
#18
Sara Katherine Simblett, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) is a tool for measuring everyday problems experienced with the dysexecutive syndrome. This study investigated the psychometric properties of a revised version of the measure (DEX-R), a comprehensive tool, grounded in current theoretical conceptualisations of frontal lobe function and dysexecutive problems. The aim was to improve measurement of dysexecutive problems following acquired brain injury (ABI). Responses to the DEX-R were collected from 136 men and women who had experienced an ABI (the majority of whom had experienced a stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage) and where possible, one of their carers or family members (n = 71), who acted as an informant...
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26712264/qualitative-research-from-start-to-finish-2nd-edn
#19
Jessica Barnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26690580/visualisation-of-future-task-performance-improves-naturalistic-prospective-memory-for-some-younger-adults-living-with-hiv-disease
#20
Marika P Faytell, Katie L Doyle, Sylvie Naar-King, Angulique Y Outlaw, Sharon L Nichols, Kaitlin B Casaletto, Steven Paul Woods
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is commonly associated with deficits in prospective memory (PM), which increase the risk of suboptimal health behaviours, like medication non-adherence. This study examined the potential benefits of a brief future visualisation exercise during the encoding stage of a naturalistic PM task in 60 young adults (aged 19-24 years) with HIV disease. Participants were administered a brief clinical neuropsychological assessment, which included a standardised performance-based measure of time- and event-based PM...
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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