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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Grahame K Simpson, Philippa McRae, Lisa Hallab, Maysaa Daher, Barbara Strettles
There is limited literature comparing the clinical and employment characteristics of clients accessing new employment with those resuming previous employment. To address this gap, a multi-centre observational study was conducted of all active clients with severe TBI from the 11 community rehabilitation services (n = 588) of the New South Wales Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program. Demographic, injury, clinical and vocational data were collected by treating clinicians employing a purpose-designed protocol...
November 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Shokoufeh Mousavi, Hossein Zare, Masoud Etemadifar
The aim was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation for everyday memory function in patients with multiple sclerosis. A total of 60 multiple sclerosis patients with cognitive impairment were randomly assigned to three groups, experimental, placebo and control. The groups were well matched in baseline characteristics. Everyday memory was assessed at baseline immediately post-intervention (8 weeks) and five weeks post-intervention. The experimental group received cognitive rehabilitation programme in 1-hour sessions on a weekly basis for 8 weeks...
October 24, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Muhammad O Al-Heizan, Gordon Muir Giles, Timothy J Wolf, Dorothy Farrar Edwards
This study evaluated the construct validity of the Menu Task (MT): a new performance-based screening measure of functional cognition. We enrolled 114 community dwelling adults (55 years or older) in the study: all participants completed the MT and four other neuropsychological screening measures. Construct validity was evaluated using a three-step hierarchical regression model with the MT as the dependent variable. Demographic control variables were entered at step 1, followed by the Brief Interview of Mental Status (BIMS), and the Trail Making Test A (TMT A) at step 2, and finally TMT B and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at step 3...
October 12, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Travis Wearne, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa, Angela Morgan, Jennie Ponsford, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Jacinta Douglas, Kimberley Docking, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Heather Francis, Cynthia Honan, Skye McDonald
Psychosocial functioning is compromised following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with the past few decades witnessing a proliferation of research examining the effect of childhood brain insult on a range of psychosocial outcomes. This paper describes the systematic recommendation of outcome instruments to address psychosocial functioning following pediatric TBI. A total of 65 instruments across 11 psychosocial areas (i.e., Global Outcome, Communication, Social Cognition, Behavioural and Executive Function, Other Neuropsychological Functioning, Psychological Status, TBI-related Symptoms, Activities and Participation, Support and Relationships, Sense of Self, and Health-Related Quality of Life) were reviewed using various assessment methods, including working groups, literature searches, comparisons with selection guidelines, and international expert opinion...
October 9, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Anna Emmanouel, Ellisavet Kontrafouri, Psarras Nikolaos, Roy P C Kessels, Luciano Fasotti
Goal Management Training (GMT) is an effective method for improving disorganised behaviour in multistep real-life tasks after brain damage. In the present study we incorporated Working Memory Training (WMT) in GMT to explore their combined efficacy in facilitating the serial-order maintenance of the steps that had to be learned. GMT+WMT was compared to a control WMT designed for other purposes. For this purpose 18 brain-injured patients (aged 20-54), who were at least 4 months post-onset, were randomly assigned to either the GMT+WMT or the WMT treatment...
October 1, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Sara da Silva Ramos, James Liddement, Charlotte Addicott, Deborah Fortescue, Michael Oddy
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties and screening accuracy of the Brain Injury Screening Index (BISI), a self-report questionnaire designed to identify a history of acquired brain injury. The study was conducted in a closed male prison in the UK. The purposive sample comprised 55 male prisoners who arrived at the establishment during the study. A repeated measures design was used, where the Brain Injury Screening Index (BISI) was administered on three occasions. Inter-rater reliability was poor to moderate, but test retest reliability was moderate to good...
October 1, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Shruti Niraj, Sue Wright, Theresa Powell
Recently, there has been increased interest in using mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in brain injury rehabilitation. However, no previous qualitative research has explored the experiences of individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) receiving these interventions. The present study, therefore, aimed to explore how individuals with ABI make sense of their experiences of learning mindfulness skills. Six focus group interviews were conducted with 14 participants with ABI after they had completed an eight-week mindfulness group...
September 19, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Trudy Krajenbrink, Karen Croot, Cathleen Taylor-Rubin, Lyndsey Nickels
This study investigated whether a treatment programme for spoken word retrieval, supplemented with written naming, was beneficial for an individual with right-hemisphere dominant semantic variant of PPA (svPPA). Assessment and treatment were delivered remotely through Skype. Treatment consisted of two phases of lexical retrieval therapy (Repetition and Reading in the Presence of a Picture: RRIPP), with and without written responses (Phases 1 and 2 respectively), and a third treatment phase based on the procedures of Conceptual Enrichment (COEN) therapy...
September 10, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Frederik L Dornonville de la Cour, Birgitte H Forchhammer, Jesper Mogensen, Anne Norup
Complaints of fatigue following acquired brain injury (ABI) are often associated with depression. However, the nature of this relationship is unclear; furthermore, research among young people with ABI is limited. The objective of this cross-sectional study was (1) to investigate levels of depression in young outpatients with ABI (15-30 years old) and (2) to determine how different dimensions of fatigue relate to depression. Five dimensions of fatigue were assessed with the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), and depression was assessed with the Major Depression Inventory (MDI)...
September 5, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Naomie Castor, Farid El Massioui
The aim of this study is to examine resilience in patients with traumatic brain injury and patients who suffered from stroke. As traumatic brain injury and stroke both have a recovery potential, we investigate cognitive recovery in this context. Given the involvement of resilience in physiological recovery and positive emotions in enhancing cognitive capacities, we hypothesised that resilience could be related to cognitive abilities and recovery following traumatic brain injury and stroke. Our results show the same degree of resilience and cognitive capacities in our participants in two separate assessments...
August 23, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
K N K Fong, K K L Lee, Z P Y Tsang, J Y H Wan, Y Y Zhang, A F C Lau
This study examined the use of the Hong Kong version of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test-Third Edition (RBMT-3) for older adults, and by presenting the optimal cut-off scores for patients with cognitive impairments, and for a group of peers who have functional everyday cognition. Hundred older adults residing in community dwellings were recruited from three non-government organisations and completed the RBMT-3: 29 patients with mild to moderate dementia, 34 persons at risk for MCI, and 37 matched older adults with everyday functional cognition for a healthy control group (NC)...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Michal Icht, Orly Bergerzon-Biton, Yaniv Mama
People show better memory for words read aloud relative to words read silently, the Production Effect (PE). Vocalisation at study makes the produced (aloud) words more distinct than the non-produced (silent) words, hence more memorable. Such encoding distinctiveness is related to the additional processing of aloud words that is later used during retrieval. This study investigated the PE in dysarthric adults, characterised by speech production difficulties. Their memory performance (recognition) was compared to a group of healthy adults...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Lucien Rochat, Rumen Manolov, Tatiana Aboulafia-Brakha, Christina Berner-Burkard, Martial Van der Linden
Anger outbursts constitute a frequent behavioural issue after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and have a strong negative impact on the social outcomes resulting from the TBI. However, few studies have examined the efficacy of specific intervention strategies to reduce the frequency and intensity of anger outbursts. We therefore performed a single-case study on this topic by administering two successive and complementary psychological interventions with an AB design with maintenance (first intervention) and an AC design with maintenance plus a one-month follow-up (second intervention) to a patient with a severe TBI...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Satu Baylan, Jonathan Evans
Cognitive rehabilitation interventions such as Goal Management Training (GMT) and the Implementation Intentions strategy have been developed with the aim of improving prospective memory (PM) in everyday life. The aim of this study was to provide "proof of concept" for an experimental paradigm that could be used to evaluate the effects of Goal Management Implementation Intentions training (GMTii) derived from the principles of GMT and Implementation Intentions. Thirty adults were randomised to either GMTii or a control training condition...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Barbara A Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Jacinta M Douglas, Lucy Knox, Carren De Maio, Helen Bridge, Melanie Drummond, Joanne Whiteoak
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) describe everyday interactions as a long-term challenge frequently associated with ongoing stress. Communication-specific Coping Intervention (CommCope-I) is a new treatment developed to target coping in the context of communication breakdown. The intervention incorporates principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, self-coaching and context-sensitive social communication therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CommCope-I in a group of adults with severe TBI and ongoing functional communication difficulties...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Anneli Cassel, Skye McDonald, Michelle Kelly, Leanne Togher
Social cognition is widely regarded as an essential skill with which to understand the social world. Despite this, the role that social cognition plays in outcome, and whether deficits are remediable after traumatic brain injury (TBI), are not yet well known. The current review examines the construct of social cognition and presents a conceptual biopsychosocial model with which to understand the social cognitive process. This is related to the literature on social cognitive deficits in TBI and we discuss relevant treatment developments to date within this population...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
James R Gooden, Jennie L Ponsford, Judith L Charlton, Pamela Ross, Shawn Marshall, Sylvain Gagnon, Michel Bédard, Renerus J Stolwyk
The aim of this study was to explore self-reported driving habits and the factors associated with these within the first three months of return to driving following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants included 24 individuals with moderate to severe TBI (post-traumatic amnesia duration M = 33.26, SD = 29.69 days) and 28 healthy age, education, and gender-matched controls who completed an on-road assessment. Driving frequency and avoidance questionnaires were administered to assess premorbid driving, anticipated driving upon resuming, and driving at three months post-assessment...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Thomas M McMillan
Due to diverse cognitive, emotional and interpersonal changes that can follow brain injury, psychological therapies often need to be adapted to suit the complex needs of this population. The aims of the study were to synthesise published recommendations for therapy modifications following brain injury from non-progressive traumatic, vascular, or metabolic causes and to determine how often such modifications have been applied to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-injury emotional adjustment problems...
January 2019: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, Afsane Riazi
Disorders of consciousness (DoC) disrupt close relationships. This study investigated the experience of a DoC in the family. Four main themes were identified from semi-structured interviews with nine females and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA): (1) Loss without a name, (2) Relationship without a title, (3) Symbiotic relating and (4) Frozen futures. Participants' accounts showed complex losses and relationship transformations that were challenging to cope with. Participants embodied the person and experienced reductions in rehabilitation and social visits as personally abandoning and led to strong advocacy with professionals...
December 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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