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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322866/how-does-language-change-after-an-intensive-treatment-on-imitation
#1
Marina Zettin, Marzia Leopizzi, Valentina Galetto
The main aim of our study was to investigate the role of imitation in improving word-finding difficulties in a group of aphasic subjects. For this purpose, we designed software based on the computerised program described by Lee et al. (2010). Seven subjects with aphasia resulting from a brain injury were enrolled in the study. A battery of tests was administered to participants one month before the treatment (T0) and immediately before its beginning (T1) with the aim of detecting their language difficulties...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299953/general-self-efficacy-as-a-driving-factor-of-post-stroke-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Matthias Volz, Manuel C Voelkle, Katja Werheid
Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common psychiatric condition after stroke, affecting one third of survivors. Despite identification of meaningful predictors, knowledge about the interplay between these factors remains fragmentary. General self-efficacy (GSE) is closely linked to PSD, yet direction and magnitude of this relationship remains unclear. The authors assessed the relationship between GSE and depression during the first two years post-stroke while controlling for stable inter-individual differences using continuous time (CT) structural equation modelling (SEM)...
January 4, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298550/maximising-recovery-from-aphasia-with-central-and-peripheral-agraphia-the-benefit-of-sequential-treatments
#3
Pélagie M Beeson, Chelsea Bayley, Christine Shultz, Kindle Rising
Maximal recovery from acquired language impairment may require progression from one behavioural treatment protocol to the next in order to build upon residual and relearned cognitive-linguistic and sensory-motor processes. We present a five-stage treatment sequence that was initiated at one year post stroke in a woman with acquired impairments of spoken and written language. As is typical of individuals with left perisylvian damage, she demonstrated marked impairment of phonological retrieval and sublexical phonology, but she also faced additional challenges due to impaired letter shape knowledge and visual attention...
January 3, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283024/assessment-of-executive-functions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-using-a-novel-complex-multi-tasking-computerised-task-the-jansari-assessment-of-executive-functions-for-children-jef-c%C3%A2
#4
Yafit Gilboa, Ashok Jansari, Bernadette Kerrouche, Emel Uçak, Anne Tiberghien, Ouarda Benkhaled, Delphine Aligon, Aude Mariller, Valentine Verdier, Amaia Mintegui, Geneviève Abada, Céline Canizares, Andrew Goldstein, Mathilde Chevignard
OBJECTIVES: The Jansari assessment of Executive Functions for Children (JEF-C©) is a new non-immersive computerised assessment of executive functions. The objectives of the study were to test the feasibility and validity of JEF-C© in children and adolescents with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with ABI aged 10-18 years and 30 age-and gender-matched controls were tested. Participants performed JEF-C©, Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) and the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome for Children (BADS-C), while parents completed the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) questionnaire...
December 28, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254438/the-contribution-of-social-cognition-in-predicting-social-participation-following-moderate-and-severe-tbi-in-youth
#5
K Sirois, B Tousignant, N Boucher, A M Achim, M H Beauchamp, G Bedell, E Massicotte, E Vera-Estay, P L Jackson
Youth with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at risk for reduced social participation after the injury, and the contribution of social cognition to these changes in functioning has been little studied. This study aimed to examine social participation and to measure the contribution of social and non-social cognitive functions to social participation impairment in youth (ages 12-21) who sustained moderate or severe TBI. Youth with TBI (n = 23) were compared to typically developing (TD) controls on self- and parent-rated social participation questionnaires...
December 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214905/the-jungle-book-of-neuropsychology-disentangling-the-influence-of-feral-childhood-from-adult-brain-injury-in-order-to-provide-effective-rehabilitation
#6
C J McIntosh, A I W James
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This article considers the complexities of neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation in brain injury when the client is illiterate, is from a foreign culture with English as a second language, and reports highly atypical childhood feral experiences prior to injury. METHOD: MC was a 63-year-old woman referred for neuropsychological rehabilitation with a diagnosis of suspected St Louis encephalitis and global cognitive impairment. In formulating her clinical presentation, consideration was given to a reported history of feral childhood living with monkeys in the Colombian jungle and subsequent physical and emotional abuse...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212415/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-on-cognitive-and-social-functions-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#7
Akihiko Katsumi, Hiroshi Hoshino, Satoshi Fujimoto, Hirooki Yabe, Emi Ikebuchi, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Shin-Ichi Niwa
Individuals with schizophrenia exhibit cognitive impairments, which are related to impairments in social functions. This study investigated the effects of cognitive remediation on cognitive, social, and daily living impairment. Participants were individuals with schizophrenia between 20 and 60 years old (N = 44). Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: a cognitive remediation intervention group and a non-intervention control group. The control group was provided with conventional drug therapy and either day care or occupational therapy...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206082/developmental-prosopagnosia-with-concurrent-topographical-difficulties-a-case-report-and-virtual-reality-training-programme
#8
Sarah Bate, Amanda Adams, Rachel Bennetts, Hannah Line
Several neuropsychological case studies report brain-damaged individuals with concurrent impairments in face recognition (i.e., prosopagnosia) and topographical orientation. Recently, individuals with a developmental form of topographical disorientation have also been described, and several case reports of individuals with developmental prosopagnosia provide anecdotal evidence of concurrent navigational difficulties. Clearly, the co-occurrence of these difficulties can exacerbate the negative psychosocial consequences associated with each condition...
December 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161998/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Tara Rezapour, Javad Hatami, Ali Farhoudian, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Alireza Noroozi, Reza Daneshmand, Ahmadreza Samiei, Hamed Ekhtiari
AIM: To examine the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation treatment (CRT) for people with opioid use disorder who were recruited into a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) programme. METHOD: 120 male subjects were randomly assigned to (1) MMT plus CRT in two months or (2) MMT plus a control intervention. Subjects were assessed at the beginning, mid-point and post-intervention as well as at 1-, 3- and 6-month follow-up time points. RESULTS: Analysis with repeated measure ANOVA showed that the CRT group performed significantly better in tests of learning, switching, processing speed, working memory and memory span...
November 21, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130385/developing-awareness-of-confabulation-through-psychological-formulation-a-case-report-and-first-person-perspective
#10
Jessica Fish, Joseph Forrester
Confabulation, or the unintentional production of false, distorted or displaced memories, is commonly seen in people who have brain injury. However, it is most common in the acute phase, with persistent confabulation being comparatively rare. In this paper, we describe the case of Joe, a 24-year-old man who showed confabulation in the chronic phase of his rehabilitation, three years after traumatic brain injury. We describe our approach to therapy for this confabulation, and in particular how collaborative formulation enabled Joe to understand his confabulation, and then to manage it effectively, using a diary and "detective" procedure to identify whether or not evidence existed to support potentially confabulated memories...
November 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#11
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108479/time-perception-impairment-following-thalamic-stroke-a-case-study
#12
Joe Mole, Jill Winegardner, Donna Malley, Jessica Fish
Impaired time perception is considered to be a relatively unusual and poorly understood consequence of brain injury. This paper presents a case study of altered time perception in JB, a 50-year-old woman who in 2011 had a small thalamic stroke affecting the right anteromedian region. We report on her subjective experience and present results from studies of retrospective timing (i.e., estimating how much time has passed and the clock time) and prospective timing (i.e., producing and reproducing intervals). The results showed that relative to neurologically healthy and brain-injured controls, JB had impaired retrospective timing and impaired prospective time reproduction...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108478/evaluation-of-a-computer-based-prompting-intervention-to-improve-essay-writing-in-undergraduates-with-cognitive-impairment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Alexander K Ledbetter, McKay Moore Sohlberg, Stephen F Fickas, Mark A Horney, Kent McIntosh
This study evaluated a computer-based prompting intervention for improving expository essay writing after acquired brain injury (ABI). Four undergraduate participants aged 18-21 with mild-moderate ABI and impaired fluid cognition at least 6 months post-injury reported difficulty with the writing process after injury. The study employed a non-concurrent multiple probe across participants, in a single-case design. Outcome measures included essay quality scores and number of revisions to writing counted then coded by type using a revision taxonomy...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108463/td-the-case-of-diogenes-syndrome-deficit-or-denial
#14
Fiona Ashworth, Anita Rose, Barbara A Wilson
Diogenes Syndrome (DS) is characterised by extreme self-neglect, domestic squalor, hoarding, social withdrawal, and lack of concern and shame for the individual's residential situation. This paper describes TD who was unable to identify emotional expressions of disgust and was borderline-impaired for facial recognition associated with perceptual difficulties. Problems interpreting expressions of disgust were interesting as TD was living in squalor, neglecting himself, and lacked concern for his circumstances...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070000/we-are-not-the-same-people-we-used-to-be-an-exploration-of-family-biographical-narratives-and-identity-change-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Charlotte Jane Whiffin, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Christopher Bailey, Nikki Jarrett, Peter J Hutchinson
Subjective changes are increasingly recognised as important in recovery and rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury. Accumulation of subjective changes over time has led many to examine the question of "continuity of self" post-injury. Vacillation between feeling the same and different is common and often at odds with the medical narrative preparing families for permanent change. This position of ambiguity was examined in a qualitative narrative study. The aim of this paper is to describe the narrative structures used by uninjured members of a family to understand change...
October 26, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226774/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-rare-and-unusual-syndromes
#16
Michael Perdices, Barbara A Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784858/the-dysexecutive-questionnaire-revised-dex-r-an-extended-measure-of-everyday-dysexecutive-problems-after-acquired-brain-injury
#17
Sara Katherine Simblett, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) is a tool for measuring everyday problems experienced with the dysexecutive syndrome. This study investigated the psychometric properties of a revised version of the measure (DEX-R), a comprehensive tool, grounded in current theoretical conceptualisations of frontal lobe function and dysexecutive problems. The aim was to improve measurement of dysexecutive problems following acquired brain injury (ABI). Responses to the DEX-R were collected from 136 men and women who had experienced an ABI (the majority of whom had experienced a stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage) and where possible, one of their carers or family members (n = 71), who acted as an informant...
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26712264/qualitative-research-from-start-to-finish-2nd-edn
#18
Jessica Barnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26690580/visualisation-of-future-task-performance-improves-naturalistic-prospective-memory-for-some-younger-adults-living-with-hiv-disease
#19
Marika P Faytell, Katie L Doyle, Sylvie Naar-King, Angulique Y Outlaw, Sharon L Nichols, Kaitlin B Casaletto, Steven Paul Woods
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease is commonly associated with deficits in prospective memory (PM), which increase the risk of suboptimal health behaviours, like medication non-adherence. This study examined the potential benefits of a brief future visualisation exercise during the encoding stage of a naturalistic PM task in 60 young adults (aged 19-24 years) with HIV disease. Participants were administered a brief clinical neuropsychological assessment, which included a standardised performance-based measure of time- and event-based PM...
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609919/external-memory-aids-for-memory-problems-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#20
Rachel Goodwin, Nadina Lincoln, Roshan das Nair, Andrew Bateman
Approximately 40-60% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have memory problems, which adversely impact on their everyday functioning. Evidence supports the use of external memory aids in people with stroke and brain injury, and suggests they may reduce everyday memory problems in people with MS. Previous reviews of people with MS have only evaluated randomised trials; therefore this review included other methodologies. The aim was to assess the efficacy of external memory aids for people with MS for improving memory functioning, mood, quality of life, and coping strategies...
December 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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