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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Trudy Krajenbrink, Karen Croot, Cathleen Taylor-Rubin, Lyndsey Nickels
This study investigated whether a treatment programme for spoken word retrieval, supplemented with written naming, was beneficial for an individual with right-hemisphere dominant semantic variant of PPA (svPPA). Assessment and treatment were delivered remotely through Skype. Treatment consisted of two phases of lexical retrieval therapy (Repetition and Reading in the Presence of a Picture: RRIPP), with and without written responses (Phases 1 and 2 respectively), and a third treatment phase based on the procedures of Conceptual Enrichment (COEN) therapy...
September 10, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Frederik L Dornonville de la Cour, Birgitte H Forchhammer, Jesper Mogensen, Anne Norup
Complaints of fatigue following acquired brain injury (ABI) are often associated with depression. However, the nature of this relationship is unclear; furthermore, research among young people with ABI is limited. The objective of this cross-sectional study was (1) to investigate levels of depression in young outpatients with ABI (15-30 years old) and (2) to determine how different dimensions of fatigue relate to depression. Five dimensions of fatigue were assessed with the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), and depression was assessed with the Major Depression Inventory (MDI)...
September 5, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Naomie Castor, Farid El Massioui
The aim of this study is to examine resilience in patients with traumatic brain injury and patients who suffered from stroke. As traumatic brain injury and stroke both have a recovery potential, we investigate cognitive recovery in this context. Given the involvement of resilience in physiological recovery and positive emotions in enhancing cognitive capacities, we hypothesised that resilience could be related to cognitive abilities and recovery following traumatic brain injury and stroke. Our results show the same degree of resilience and cognitive capacities in our participants in two separate assessments...
August 23, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Simon Prangnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
D L McLellan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Toni D Withiel, Dana Wong, Jennie L Ponsford, Dominique A Cadilhac, Renerus J Stolwyk
Computerised cognitive training (CCT) approaches to memory rehabilitation represent an attractive alternative to traditional approaches; however, there is limited empirical evidence to support their use. An AB with follow up single case design was repeated across five participants to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of CCT on subjective memory in patients with stroke. Target behaviour was subjective everyday and prospective memory failures which were assessed weekly. Following baseline (three weeks), participants completed six weeks of LumosityTM training in their homes...
July 30, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Roberto Gammeri, Francesco Turri, Raffaella Ricci, Radek Ptak
Prism adaptation (PA) has been applied with mixed success as a rehabilitation method of spatial neglect. Results from many single-case and multiple case studies as well as randomised controlled trials do not produce a clear picture of the efficacy of PA. We here tested a new method of PA, by inducing adaptation effects in the virtual reality. Healthy participants were attributed to one of four groups: no deviation, 10-, 20-, or 30-degrees rightward deviation. In contrast to classical wedge prisms, we induced the visual shift progressively...
July 24, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Caterina Pistarini, Giorgio Maggioni
In order to ensure the best possible rehabilitation plan and best outcome for patients with Disorders of Consciousness (DOC), optimal management of the early phase of rehabilitation is fundamental. This includes a correct diagnosis, accurate assessment of the patient's state of alertness and the main comorbidities, appropriate neurophysiological and neuroradiology examinations, and education of the caregiver and family so that they can provide the best assistance. Thirty years ago, specialists first began applying a systematic approach to the rehabilitation of patients with DOC, but still today many problems remain unsolved: the rate of misdiagnosis is still high, and recommendations about the most appropriate mode of rehabilitation are lacking, both as regards the timing of interventions and what the best techniques to use are...
July 23, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Natalie Gilmore, Erin L Meier, Jeffrey P Johnson, Swathi Kiran
This study investigated the effects of typicality-based semantic feature analysis (SFA) treatment on generalisation across three levels: untrained related items, semantic/phonological processing tasks, and measures of global language function. Using a single-subject design with group-level analyses, 27 persons with aphasia (PWA) received typicality-based SFA to improve their naming of atypical and/or typical exemplars. Progress on trained, untrained, and monitored items was measured weekly. Pre- and post-treatment assessments were administered to evaluate semantic/phonological processing and overall language ability...
July 20, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Wendy L Magee
Using music with people with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) has progressed considerably in recent years. Using both imaging and behavioural measures has revealed music's potential for enhancing arousal and awareness, boosting cognition and improving behavioural outcomes when compared to non-music conditions. Furthermore, music may have prognostic potential with this population. Explanations for these effects draw on music's potential to simultaneously excite the networks implicated in internal self-referential awareness and external awareness...
July 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Nooshin Looeiyan, Faranak Kianfar, Leila Ghasisin
Mirror neurons that have properties of audio/visual-acuity play a key role in imitation of movement performance. Since speech is a collection of coordinated movements in the producing organs, observing and imitation of speech movements can stimulate these neurons. In addition, observing hand movements trigger some actions related to the verbal cortex in the network of mirror neurons. According to the hypothesis of mirror neurons, new therapeutic approaches, including IMITATE, have been proposed for patients with aphasia...
July 13, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Robyn L Tate, Donna Wakim, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Wendy Longley
Severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often results in significant morbidity, with fewer than 50% returning to work and only a minority resuming leisure and social activity. Yet few effective interventions are available for non-vocational activity. The aim of the study was to develop a new goal-directed intervention, the Programme for Engagement, Participation and Activities (PEPA), and evaluate its effect. The research design was a multiple-baseline design across behaviours, with direct inter-subject and systematic replications...
July 9, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Elizabeth S Gromisch, Joanna M Fiszdon, Matthew M Kurtz
Cognitive impairment affects more than half of persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and it is associated with difficulties in multiple aspects of daily functioning. There is a growing body of literature that has explored the use of cognitive-focused interventions in PwMS, which aim to improve cognition-related function through drill and practice exercises, training in compensatory strategies, or a combination of the two. The current study aimed to expand upon previously published meta-analyses in this area, exploring the effects of cognitive-focused interventions on objective and subjective functioning in PwMS, as well as determining demographic and treatment-related factors that may influence intervention efficacy...
July 5, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Daniel Fellman, Juha Salmi, Liisa Ritakallio, Ulla Ellfolk, Juha O Rinne, Matti Laine
Frontostriatal dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) increases the risk for working memory (WM) impairment and depression, calling for counteractive measures. Computerised cognitive rehabilitation is a promising option, but targeted training protocols are lacking and lab-based training can be demanding due to the repeated visits. This study tested the feasibility and efficacy of home-based computerised training targeting mainly WM updating in PD. Fifty-two cognitively well-preserved PD patients were randomised to a WM training group and an active control group for five weeks of training (three 30-min sessions per week)...
July 3, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Anne-Claire M C Schrijnemaekers, Ieke Winkens, Sascha M C Rasquin, Annette Verhaeg, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Caroline M van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of a Socratic feedback programme to improve awareness of deficits in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. PARTICIPANTS: Four patients with ABI with awareness problems. DESIGN: A series of single-case experimental design studies with random intervention starting points (A-B + maintenance design). MAIN MEASURES: Rate of trainer-feedback and self-control behaviour on everyday tasks, patient competency rating scale (PCRS), self-regulating skills interview (SRSI), hospital anxiety and depression scale...
June 29, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Sarah Gunn, Katie Schouwenaars, Derar Badwan
The misdiagnosis rate of prolonged disorders of consciousness remains at approximately 40%, owing to overlap between diagnostic criteria and inconsistencies in patient responses. Improved accuracy is essential for the appropriate provision of treatment and rehabilitation. Neuroimaging may provide additional diagnostic information to standard neurobehavioural assessment, enabling identification of higher levels of awareness. In this study, the Sensory Tool to Assess Responsiveness (STAR) neurobehavioural assessment was used to assess the level of awareness of 19 patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness...
June 27, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Gabriela Markovic, Aniko Bartfai, Jan Ekholm, Charlotte Nilsson, Marie-Louise Schult, Monika Löfgren
The evaluation of intensive cognitive training is usually based on neuropsychological tests and questionnaires. A study of the subjective experience of cognitive training would provide another type of valuable information concerning the effects of rehabilitation. We used grounded theory methods to explore the experience and management of attention dysfunction in daily life two-four years after brain injury. Data were collected by in-depth interviews of 14 adults with moderate-to-mild attention dysfunction after stroke or traumatic brain injury, and working part time or full time at the time of the interviews...
June 27, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Marie Holland, Christine Norman
This research explored staff perceptions of risk assessment and management of inappropriate sexual behaviour (ISB) displayed in patients following a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The primary focus was to determine differences in perceptions between qualified (N = 40) and direct care staff (N = 47). Vignettes depicting ISB displayed by a male following a TBI were rated. The vignettes varied in behaviour (intimate versus non-contact) and age of the victim (child versus adult). Ratings for causal explanations (poor management, attention seeking, negative emotion and education), attributions (need for action and increase awareness) and emotions were analysed alongside risk assessment and management variables...
June 25, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Victorine Zermatten, Lucien Rochat, Rumen Manolov, Martial Van der Linden
Goal-directed behaviour (GDB), the capacity that allows us to control our environment according to our desires and needs, requires different stages from initial intention to goal achievement. Although GDB is frequently disrupted after acquired brain injury, few studies have addressed the remediation of reduced GDB in patients with severe brain injury. The present study aimed to raise this question in RZ, a patient with severe brain injury who presented a serious reduction in GDB related to difficulties in creating an intention from internal determinants and in selecting an action plan, as well as to memory and attentional impairments...
October 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
David W K Man, Balasankar Ganesan, Calvin C K Yip, Christina O P Lee, Sarah Y L Tsang, Pan W P Yu, Janice G E Young, David H K Shum
This study was performed to examine the psychometric properties of a Virtual-Reality Prospective Memory Test (Hong Kong Chinese version; VRPMT-CV). The VRPMT was administered to 44 individuals with first-episode schizophrenia. The test was administered again 2 weeks later to establish test-retest reliability. The concurrent validity of the VRPMT was evaluated by examining the correlations between the VRPMT score and the score on the Chinese version of the Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT-CV). The performance of individuals with schizophrenia on the VRPMT was also compared with that of 42 healthy control subjects to examine the test's sensitivity and specificity...
October 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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