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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728461/rehabilitation-of-emergent-awareness-of-errors-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-intervention
#1
Mary C C FitzGerald, Fiadhnait O'Keeffe, Simone Carton, Robert F Coen, Simon Kelly, Paul Dockree
Impaired awareness of errors is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can be a barrier to successful rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a computer-based intervention programme aimed at improving error awareness in individuals with TBI. A further aim was to explore its effects on metacognitive awareness and variability of performance. Participants were 11 individuals with TBI and impaired error awareness who performed a sustained attention task twice-weekly for four weeks...
July 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720024/the-wayfinding-questionnaire-a-clinically-useful-self-report-instrument-to-identify-navigation-complaints-in-stroke-patients
#2
N K de Rooij, M H G Claessen, I J M van der Ham, M W M Post, J M A Visser-Meily
Post-stroke navigation complaints are frequent (about 30%) and intervention is possible, but there is no assessment instrument to identify patients with navigation complaints. We therefore studied the clinical validity of the Wayfinding Questionnaire (WQ) in a cross-sectional study with 158 chronic stroke patients and 131 healthy controls. Patients with low (more navigation complaints) versus normal WQ scores were compared for demographics, stroke characteristics, emotional and cognitive complaints, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL)...
July 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697674/training-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-how-to-help-seek-when-wayfinding-an-understudied-critical-life-skill
#3
Young Susan Cho, McKay Moore Sohlberg, Richard Albin, Leonard Diller, Robert Horner, Joseph Rath, Michael Bullis
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a group treatment protocol called NICE (Noticing you have a problem, Identifying the information you need for help, Compensatory strategies, Evaluating progress) to train help-seeking when wayfinding for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). Seven participants completed the NICE group treatment in an outpatient rehabilitation department at a university medical centre. A single subject multiple baseline design was employed to evaluate the efficacy of the NICE group treatment...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679313/geriatric-rehabilitation-from-bedside-to-curbside
#4
John Gladman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678658/description-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-programme-for-fatigue-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-pilot-study
#5
Jan Stubberud, Espen Edvardsen, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Anners Lerdal, Anita Kjeverud, Andreas Schillinger, Marianne Løvstad
The purpose of this pilot study was to describe and explore a group-based multifaceted intervention for patients with fatigue after acquired brain injury (ABI). We hypothesised that post-intervention changes would result in reduced fatigue, in addition to improved emotional health, sleep and attentional control. Eight subjects with traumatic brain injury (n = 3) and cerebrovascular insults (n = 5) were included. Inclusion was based upon the presence of fatigue complaints. The participants received 36 hours of intervention...
July 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671050/outcome-instruments-in-moderate-to-severe-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-recommendations-for-use-in-psychosocial-research
#6
Cynthia A Honan, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Vicki Anderson, Angela Morgan, Cathy Catroppa, Jacinta Douglas, Heather Francis, Travis Wearne, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Jennie Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can reduce psychosocial functioning, causing relationship, family, and employment difficulties. The present study by Moving Ahead: Centre for Research Excellence (CRE) in Brain Recovery aimed to identify a set of adult outcome instruments for moderate-to-severe TBI psychosocial research. PROCEDURE: A review of 115 instruments (identified through nomination, literature search, and international expert opinion) was conducted over a 15-month period...
July 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664763/brief-compassion-focused-imagery-for-treatment-of-severe-head-injury
#7
Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD: Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures were Motivation for Intervention and Fears of Compassion Scales, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and PANAS...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662598/comparing-the-effects-of-clinician-and-caregiver-administered-lexical-retrieval-training-for-progressive-anomia
#8
Stephanie M Grasso, Kaleigh M Shuster, Maya L Henry
There is a growing body of literature indicating that lexical retrieval training can result in improved naming ability in individuals with neurodegenerative disease. Traditionally, treatment is administered by a speech-language pathologist, with little involvement of caregivers or carry-over of practice into the home. This study examined the effects of a lexical retrieval training programme that was implemented first by a clinician and, subsequently, by a trained caregiver. Two dyads, each consisting of one individual with anomia caused by neurodegenerative disease (one with mild cognitive impairment and one with logopenic primary progressive aphasia) and their caregiver, participated in the study...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651477/moderators-mediators-and-nonspecific-predictors-of-outcome-after-cognitive-rehabilitation-of-executive-functions-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sveinung Tornås, Jan Stubberud, Anne-Kristin Solbakk, Jonathan Evans, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Marianne Løvstad
Moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of treatment after cognitive rehabilitation of executive functions in a randomised controlled trial Objective: To explore moderators, mediators and nonspecific predictors of executive functioning after cognitive rehabilitation in a randomised controlled trial, comparing Goal Management Training (GMT) with an active psycho-educative control-intervention, in patients with chronic acquired brain injury. METHODS: Seventy patients with executive dysfunction were randomly allocated to GMT (n = 33) or control (n = 37)...
June 27, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617099/characterising-omission-errors-in-everyday-task-completion-and-cognitive-correlates-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#10
Jenna Beaver, Kaci B Wilson, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
OBJECTIVE: Functional ability declines with age and cognitive impairment. This study investigated errors of omission made by community-dwelling older adults completing everyday tasks in a naturalistic setting. METHOD: Sixty-five cognitively healthy older adults (HOA), 19 individuals with single domain mild cognitive impairment (sdMCI), 33 individuals with multi-domain MCI (mdMCI), and 13 individuals with dementia completed measures of memory, processing speed, working memory, and executive functioning, as well as eight different activities of daily living in a naturalistic environment...
June 14, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594270/detection-of-text-based-social-cues-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Lyn Siobhan Turkstra, Melissa Collins Duff, Adam Michael Politis, Bilge Mutlu
OBJECTIVES: Written text contains verbal immediacy cues-word form or grammatical cues that indicate positive attitude or liking towards an object, action, or person. We asked if adults with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) would respond to these cues, given evidence of TBI-related social communication impairments. METHODS: Sixty-nine adults with TBI and 74 healthy comparison (HC) peers read pairs of sentences containing different types of immediacy cues (e...
June 8, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592160/using-virtual-reality-to-investigate-multitasking-ability-in-individuals-with-frontal-lobe-lesions
#12
Tanya Denmark, Jessica Fish, Ashok Jansari, Jignesh Tailor, Keyoumars Ashkan, Robin Morris
Individuals with lesions in the prefrontal cortex often show impairments with the organisation of their behaviour in everyday life. These difficulties can be hard to detect using structured formal tests. The objective of this study was to use Virtual Reality (VR) to explore the multitasking performance of individuals with focal frontal lobe lesions, specifically using the Jansari assessment of Executive Functions (JEF(©)). Nineteen individuals with frontal lobe lesions were compared with 19 matched controls on the test and a group of commonly used clinical measures of neuropsychological functioning, as well as questionnaire measures of everyday activity, anxiety and depression...
June 8, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562164/exploring-the-feasibility-and-usability-of-the-experience-sampling-method-to-examine-the-daily-lives-of-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Bert Lenaert, Max Colombi, Caroline van Heugten, Sascha Rasquin, Zuzana Kasanova, Rudolf Ponds
The experience sampling method (ESM) is a structured diary method with high ecological validity, in that it accurately captures the everyday context of individuals through repeated measurements in naturalistic environments. Our main objective was to investigate the feasibility of using ESM in individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). A second goal was to explore the usability of ESM data on a clinical level, by illustrating the interactions between person, environment, and affect. The PsyMate device provided ABI patients (N = 17) with ten signals (beeps) per day during six consecutive days...
May 31, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552019/an-initial-investigation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-compensatory-cognitive-strategies-scale
#14
Heather Becker, Alexa K Stuifbergen, Ashley Henneghan, Janet Morrison, Eun Jin Seo, Wenhui Zhang
Although many cognitive performance tests and self-reported cognitive concerns scales have been used to evaluate cognitive functioning, fewer measures assess the use of compensatory cognitive strategies for daily activities among those experiencing mild levels of cognitive impairment. The Compensatory Cognitive Strategies Scale was developed to measure frequency of self-reported cognitive strategies to decrease distractions, organise and sequence activities, and to utilise newly available computer aids to assist memory among those with multiple sclerosis (MS)...
May 29, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534716/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532322/the-overt-behaviour-scale-self-report-obs-sr-for-acquired-brain-injury-exploratory-analysis-of-reliability-and-validity
#16
Glenn Kelly, Grahame K Simpson, Suzanne Brown, Peter Kremer, Lauren Gillett
The objectives were to test the properties, via a psychometric study, of the Overt Behaviour Scale-Self-Report (OBS-SR), a version of the OBS-Adult Scale developed to provide a client perspective on challenging behaviours after acquired brain injury. Study sample 1 consisted of 37 patients with primary brain tumour (PBT) and a family-member informant. Sample 2 consisted of 34 clients with other acquired brain injury (mixed brain injury, MBI) and a service-provider informant. Participants completed the OBS-SR (at two time points), and the Awareness Questionnaire (AQ) and Mayo Portland Adaptability Inventory-III (MPAI-III) once; informants completed the OBS-Adult and AQ once only...
May 23, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521579/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-stroke-fatigue-and-sleep-disturbance-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-with-blind-assessment
#17
Sylvia Nguyen, Dana Wong, Adam McKay, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie L Ponsford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-stroke fatigue and sleep disturbance compared to treatment as usual (TAU). In a parallel two-group pilot randomised controlled trial of 15 participants, nine were allocated to eight weekly sessions of adapted CBT and six continued usual care rehabilitation. The primary outcome was the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS-7) at two and four months from baseline. Secondary outcomes included measures of sleep, mood and quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486839/brugada-syndrome-and-the-story-of-dave
#18
Samira Kashinath Dhamapurkar, Barbara A Wilson, Anita Rose, Gerhard Florschutz
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a little known genetic condition that causes severe disturbances in cardiac rhythm and may result in sudden unexpected cardiac death in an apparently healthy person. The heart structure is typically normal but there are problems with electrical activity. The syndrome is named after Spanish brothers who are cardiologists, Pedro and Josep Brugada. BrS is the major cause of sudden unexplained death syndrome (SUDS), also known as sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS). Following a description of the syndrome, including its prevalence and incidence, how it is diagnosed and how it can be treated, we consider those who survive a cardiac arrest and what problems they may face...
May 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457198/effectiveness-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-meta-synthesis-of-patient-perspectives
#19
Olga A Klein, Avril Drummond, Jacqueline R Mhizha-Murira, Laura Mansford, Roshan dasNair
While previous randomised controlled trials and meta-analyses offer only limited evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation, qualitative studies examining patient perspectives report more positive outcomes. This meta-synthesis of qualitative studies examined patient perspectives of cognitive rehabilitation for memory, attention, and executive function problems in people with multiple sclerosis. Using set eligibility criteria, we screened electronic databases, reference lists, and academic networks for relevant papers...
May 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457193/strengthening-health-systems-to-provide-rehabilitation-services
#20
Etienne Krug, Alarcos Cieza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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