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Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915588/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome
#1
Michael Perdices, Geoffrey Herkes
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a relatively rare, non-progressive angiopathy frequently heralded by severe thunderclap headache. It is characterised by vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries which usually resolves within three months of onset. Transient focal neurological signs may occur, and persistent deficits associated with haemorrhagic comorbidities have been reported in a small percentage of individuals. In this paper we report the case of RH, a 36-year-old woman who presented at a university teaching hospital in Sydney with a clinical history and radiological evidence consistent with RCVS...
December 5, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911168/effectiveness-of-communication-specific-coping-intervention-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-preliminary-results
#2
Jacinta M Douglas, Lucy Knox, Carren De Maio, Helen Bridge, Melanie Drummond, Joanne Whiteoak
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) describe everyday interactions as a long-term challenge frequently associated with ongoing stress. Communication-specific Coping Intervention (CommCope-I) is a new treatment developed to target coping in the context of communication breakdown. The intervention incorporates principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, self-coaching and context-sensitive social communication therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CommCope-I in a group of adults with severe TBI and ongoing functional communication difficulties...
December 2, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899036/learning-from-the-minds-of-others-a-review-of-social-cognition-treatments-and-their-relevance-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Anneli Cassel, Skye McDonald, Michelle Kelly, Leanne Togher
Social cognition is widely regarded as an essential skill with which to understand the social world. Despite this, the role that social cognition plays in outcome, and whether deficits are remediable after traumatic brain injury (TBI), are not yet well known. The current review examines the construct of social cognition and presents a conceptual biopsychosocial model with which to understand the social cognitive process. This is related to the literature on social cognitive deficits in TBI and we discuss relevant treatment developments to date within this population...
November 30, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892821/self-regulation-upon-return-to-driving-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
James R Gooden, Jennie L Ponsford, Judith L Charlton, Pamela Ross, Shawn Marshall, Sylvain Gagnon, Michel Bédard, Renerus J Stolwyk
The aim of this study was to explore self-reported driving habits and the factors associated with these within the first three months of return to driving following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants included 24 individuals with moderate to severe TBI (post-traumatic amnesia duration M = 33.26, SD = 29.69 days) and 28 healthy age, education, and gender-matched controls who completed an on-road assessment. Driving frequency and avoidance questionnaires were administered to assess premorbid driving, anticipated driving upon resuming, and driving at three months post-assessment...
November 28, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873549/a-systematic-review-of-recommended-modifications-of-cbt-for-people-with-cognitive-impairments-following-brain-injury
#5
Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Thomas M McMillan
Due to diverse cognitive, emotional and interpersonal changes that can follow brain injury, psychological therapies often need to be adapted to suit the complex needs of this population. The aims of the study were to synthesise published recommendations for therapy modifications following brain injury from non-progressive traumatic, vascular, or metabolic causes and to determine how often such modifications have been applied to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-injury emotional adjustment problems...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873539/can-an-external-device-create-and-trigger-intention-in-a-patient-with-a-severe-brain-injury
#6
Victorine Zermatten, Lucien Rochat, Rumen Manolov, Martial Van der Linden
Goal-directed behaviour (GDB), the capacity that allows us to control our environment according to our desires and needs, requires different stages from initial intention to goal achievement. Although GDB is frequently disrupted after acquired brain injury, few studies have addressed the remediation of reduced GDB in patients with severe brain injury. The present study aimed to raise this question in RZ, a patient with severe brain injury who presented a serious reduction in GDB related to difficulties in creating an intention from internal determinants and in selecting an action plan, as well as to memory and attentional impairments...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854159/sheehan-s-syndrome-and-sickle-cell-disease-the-story-of-natasha
#7
Barbara A Wilson, Anita Rose, Gerhard Florschutz
Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is one of the pituitary disorders caused by severe blood loss during childbirth leading to necrosis of the pituitary gland. Diagnosis is made following severe haemorrhage, failure to produce milk and failure to menstruate. Rare in countries with good obstetric care, SS is still frequent in those countries with poor healthcare services. The majority of papers published on SS do not mention psychological or neuropsychological sequelae. Of those that do, mood disorders are sometimes reported and occasionally cognitive problems are noted, typically attention, memory or executive deficits...
November 17, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841092/validation-of-the-virtual-reality-prospective-memory-test-hong-kong-chinese-version-for-individuals-with-first-episode-schizophrenia
#8
David W K Man, Balasankar Ganesan, Calvin C K Yip, Christina O P Lee, Sarah Y L Tsang, Pan W P Yu, Janice G E Young, David H K Shum
This study was performed to examine the psychometric properties of a Virtual-Reality Prospective Memory Test (Hong Kong Chinese version; VRPMT-CV). The VRPMT was administered to 44 individuals with first-episode schizophrenia. The test was administered again 2 weeks later to establish test-retest reliability. The concurrent validity of the VRPMT was evaluated by examining the correlations between the VRPMT score and the score on the Chinese version of the Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT-CV). The performance of individuals with schizophrenia on the VRPMT was also compared with that of 42 healthy control subjects to examine the test's sensitivity and specificity...
November 13, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820972/effects-of-repetitive-galvanic-vestibular-stimulation-on-spatial-neglect-and-verticality-perception-a-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#9
Katharina Volkening, Georg Kerkhoff, Ingo Keller
Recent evidence shows that bipolar galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) with the cathode on the left (CL) or right (CR) mastoid ameliorates spatial neglect, extinction and verticality perception transiently and partly permanently. However, no randomised controlled trial evaluated the long-term effects of repetitive GVS in comparison to sham-GVS on exploration and verticality perception. To compare the effects of CL-GVS, CR-GVS and Sham-GVS on spatial exploration and verticality perception in right-hemispheric stroke patients with left neglect we conducted a randomised controlled trial with minimisation...
November 7, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802787/-relating-through-sameness-a-qualitative-study-of-friendship-and-social-isolation-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Christian E Salas, Martin Casassus, Leanne Rowlands, Steve Pimm, Desmond A J Flanagan
Social isolation has been described as a common problem among traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors during the chronic phase. Due to physical, cognitive and behavioural changes, survivors become less socially active and experience a marked decrease in the number of friends. The goal of this investigation is to explore TBI survivors' subjective account of the challenges encountered in sustaining friendships, as well as gaining insight into their particular understanding of such difficulties. Using a thematic analysis approach, 11 survivors of TBI were interviewed in relation to their experience of social isolation and friendship during the chronic stage...
November 1, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796176/implementation-of-resource-facilitation-to-assess-referral-needs-and-promote-access-to-state-vocational-rehabilitation-services-in-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Lynne C Davis, Angelle M Sander, Jay A Bogaards, Monique R Pappadis
Resource facilitation (RF) has shown promise for improving return to work (RTW) after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but little is known about the RF needs of people recruited from acute trauma settings. In this descriptive study, we sought to track referral needs, describe problems in accessing state vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, and highlight the role of RF in overcoming these difficulties in 45 adults with complicated mild to severe TBI seeking RTW who were recruited from acute trauma care. Participants received a referral to the state VR agency, along with RF services for up to one year...
October 31, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788632/can-behavioural-observations-made-during-the-smart-assessment-detect-the-potential-for-later-emergence-from-vegetative-state
#12
Liliana da Conceição Teixeira, Helen Gill-Thwaites, Frances Reynolds, Sophie Duport
The management of prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) such as vegetative state (VS) is a major clinical challenge. Presently there are no validated prognostic markers for emergence from VS apart from age, aetiology and time spent in VS. This study explores whether or not the behavioural observation component of the SMART assessment can detect the potential for later emergence from VS. For this retrospective study 14 patients were selected who were originally assessed by the SMART as being in VS. Clinical records showed that seven of these patients have since emerged from VS (Group 1) and the other half have remained in VS (Group 2)...
October 27, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788615/the-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-the-occupational-life-of-family-members
#13
Karen Elliott, Andrew McVicar
The impact of vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious states (MCSs) on an individual is devastating. VS and MCSs may be transitional towards recovery, but may become permanent. Although devastating for the individual the nature of these conditions also has a profound effect on the family. This study examined the impact on the family member and the changes in the individuals' occupation. Six participants (spouses, partners or parents) were recruited to the study. Mixed methods were adopted to meet the requirements of the research and participants...
October 27, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756192/neuropsychological-assessment-without-upper-limb-involvement-a-systematic-review-of-oral-versions-of-the-trail-making-test-and-symbol-digit-modalities-test
#14
Abhishek Jaywant, Jennifer Barredo, David C Ahern, Linda Resnik
The Trail Making Test (TMT) and written version of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) assess attention, processing speed, and executive functions but their utility is limited in populations with upper limb dysfunction. Oral versions of the TMT and SDMT exist, but a systematic review of their psychometric properties and clinical utility has not been conducted, which was the goal of this study. Searches were conducted in PubMed and PsycINFO, test manuals, and the reference lists of included articles. Four measures were identified: the SDMT-oral, oral TMT-A, oral TMT-B, and the Mental Alternation Test (MAT)...
October 18, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733079/a-randomised-control-trial-of-walking-to-ameliorate-brain-injury-fatigue-a-nidrr-tbi-model-system-centre-based-study
#15
Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner, Kimberly Bellon, Ketra Toda, Tamara Bushnik, Jerry Wright, Linda Isaac, Jeffrey Englander
Fatigue is one of the most commonly reported sequelae after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study evaluated the impact of a graduated physical activity programme on fatigue after TBI. Using a prospective randomised single-blind crossover design, 123 individuals with TBI, over the age of 18, were enrolled. Interventions included a home-based walking programme utilising a pedometer to track daily number of steps at increasing increments accompanied by tapered coaching calls over a 12-week period. Nutritional counselling with the same schedule of coaching calls served as the control condition...
October 13, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718890/benefits-from-an-autobiographical-memory-facilitation-programme-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-clinical-and-neuroimaging-study
#16
Alexandra Ernst, Marion Sourty, Daniel Roquet, Vincent Noblet, Daniel Gounot, Frédéric Blanc, Jérôme de Seze, Liliann Manning
While the efficacy of mental visual imagery (MVI) to alleviate autobiographical memory (AM) impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has been documented, nothing is known about the brain changes sustaining that improvement. To explore this issue, 20 relapsing-remitting MS patients showing AM impairment were randomly assigned to two groups, experimental (n = 10), who underwent the MVI programme, and control (n = 10), who followed a sham verbal programme. Besides the stringent AM assessment, the patients underwent structural and functional MRI sessions, consisting in retrieving personal memories, within a pre-/post-facilitation study design...
October 9, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712400/visual-and-audio-emotion-processing-training-for-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-an-integrated-multisensory-approach
#17
Margherita Bechi, Marta Bosia, Marco Spangaro, Alessandro Pigoni, Mariachiara Buonocore, Diego Scrofani, Federica Cocchi, Laura Bianchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Enrico Smeraldi, Roberto Cavallaro
Deficits in emotion processing (EP) represent a target of rehabilitation in schizophrenia, as they have been related to poor personal and social functioning. To date neither the relationship between these deficits and the generalised cognitive impairment, nor the involvement of specific mechanisms of perception (visual or auditory) are fully comprehended. We developed two treatments targeting EP, through visual or auditory channels, with the aim of disentangling possible differences and/or interactions between the two modalities in schizophrenia-related impairments, also taking into account the role of cognition and social functioning...
October 6, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687290/calendaring-and-alarms-can-improve-naturalistic-time-based-prospective-memory-for-youth-infected-with-hiv
#18
Marika Pers Faytell, Katie Doyle, Sylvie Naar-King, Angulique Outlaw, Sharon Nichols, Elizabeth Twamley, Steven Paul Woods
Individuals with HIV disease often evidence deficits in prospective memory (PM), which interfere with daily functioning and increase the risk of suboptimal health behaviours. This study examined the benefits of simple encoding and cueing supports on naturalistic time-based PM in 47 HIV-positive young adults. All participants completed a naturalistic time-based PM task in which they were instructed to text the examiner once per day for seven days at a specified time. Participants were randomised into (1) a Calendaring condition in which they created a calendar event in their mobile telephone for the specified texting time; (2) an Alarm condition in which they programmed an alarm into their mobile telephone for the specified texting time; (3) a Combined calendaring and alarm condition; and (4) a Control condition...
September 30, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677345/sexuality-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-partners
#19
Marina Downing, Jennie Ponsford
Whilst previous research has detailed the impact of TBI on an individual's sexuality, few studies have investigated couples' sexuality where one partner has sustained a TBI. The study assessed sexual function in individuals with TBI and their partners. Fifty five individuals who had sustained TBI and their partners completed the Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function-Self Report (DISF-SR). All participants scored below the 50th percentile in relation to norms. Whilst participants with TBI obtained lower T-scores than partners on all subscales (except for sexual behaviour/experiences where scores were equivalent), as well as the total score, none of these differences was significant...
September 28, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677318/successful-short-term-re-learning-and-generalisation-of-concepts-in-semantic-dementia
#20
Aida Suárez-González, Sharon A Savage, Diana Caine
Patients with semantic dementia (SD) can rapidly and successfully re-learn word labels during cognitive intervention. This new learning, however, usually remains rigid and context-dependent. Conceptual enrichment (COEN) training is a therapy approach aimed to produce more flexible and generalisable learning in SD. In this study we compare generalisation and maintenance of learning after COEN with performance achieved using a classical naming therapy (NT). The study recruited a 62-year-old woman with SD. An AB1ACAB2 experimental design was implemented, with naming performance assessed at baseline, post- intervention, 3 and 6 weeks after the end of each treatment phase...
September 28, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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