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Kuriakose Jayesh, Raj Karishma, A Vysakh, Prasad Gopika, M S Latha
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Family: Combretaceae), known as Bhibhitaki in Sanskrit and locally known as Behera in India, has been used for centuries in Ayurveda, a universal system of medicine in India. The dried fruit of T. bellirica is used for the treatment of several disorders. The present study aims to explore the anti-inflammatory effects of aqueous acetone extracts isolated from T. bellirica (AATB) in RAW 264.7 cell lines. The AATB was prepared from the fruits of T. bellirica. Different concentrations of AATB (6...
July 12, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Seyed Mostafa Monzavi, Aida Alirezaei, Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Banafsheh Dormanesh, Faezeh Jahandoost, Ali Reza Khoshdel, Ali Etemad Rezaie
BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a widely prescribed medication to patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with potential anti-inflammatory effects. This study was performed to investigate the efficacy of HCQ therapy by serial assessment of disease activity and serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines in SLE patients. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 41 newly diagnosed SLE patients receiving 400 mg HCQ per day were included. Patients requiring statins and immunosuppressive drugs except prednisolone at doses lower than 10 mg/day were excluded...
July 10, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Mohammad Modarresi, Mohammad-Reza Farahpour, Behzad Baradaran
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the prepared ointments from Mentha piperita essential oil (M. piperita) on wound healing in the infected mice models. Each circular full-thickness wound was inoculated with 25 × 107 units of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria strains. The tissue bacterial count, histological analyses and expression levels of IL-10, TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β, CCL2, CXCL1, VEGF and FGF-2 were assessed to identify the different doses of M. piperita on wound healing...
July 6, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Kejun Qian, Li Zhang, Keqin Shi
Triptolide has been widely reported to exhibit potential therapeutic value in multiple inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and psoriasis. Although its safety and efficacy as an anti-inflammatory agent have been verified by many studies, the effect of triptolide on osteoarthritis (OA) was not clearly understood. In this study, we found that triptolide prevented OA development in a surgical destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) mouse model. In addition, triptolide inhibited both DMM-induced and LPS-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the human monocytic cell line THP-1...
July 5, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Kelly S Petersen, Jeanine L Marnewick, Carine Smith
Oxidative stress and inflammation are intricately interlinked as aetiological factors in the context of ageing and chronic disease-related accelerated ageing. Previous research by our group has highlighted the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of grape-derived polyphenols in the context of acute inflammation and oxidative stress. The aim here was to add to this by assessing efficacy of the treatment (acutely) to address ageing-associated cumulative pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory changes in an in vitro model...
June 27, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Jingyu Chen, Min Si, Ying Wang, Lihua Liu, Yunfang Zhang, Aiwu Zhou, Wei Wei
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of the ginsenoside metabolite compound K (CK) and its mechanisms. METHODS: Mice model of xylene-induced ear swelling and rat model of carrageenan-induced paw swelling were used to evaluate the effect of CK on acute inflammation. The analgesic effect of CK was evaluated on heat-, acetic acid-, and carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia. The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), and COX-2 in carrageenan-induced rat paw swelling and gastric mucosa were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
June 26, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Peng Zou, Hong-Ming Ji, Jian-Wei Zhao, Xin-Min Ding, Zi-Gang Zhen, Xuan Zhang, Xiao-Qi Nie, Li-Xiong Xue
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to scrutinize the outcome of isoliquiritigenin (ISL) against cerebral injury in septic mice. METHODS: The sepsis was introduced using cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) method in experimental mice. The effect of ISL was quantified using the content of brain water and blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability. The effect on the levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) in brain homogenates was also determined...
June 26, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Mrinmoy Gautam, Muthiah Ramanathan
The study comprises exploring the effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris (TT) in attenuating the neuropathic pain caused by vincristine (100 μg/ml i.p.) for 10 days (in two 5 day cycles with 2 days pause). Mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia were assessed by Randall-Sellitto and electronic von Frey tests, respectively. Chemical- induced nociception was assessed by formalin test. Neurophysiological effect of the extract was evaluated by recording sciatic functional index (SFI) on the test days (7, 10, 14, and 21) and sciatic nerve conduction velocity test (SNCV) on the last day...
June 25, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Rishi Pal, Manju J Chaudhary, Prafulla Chandra Tiwari, Rajendra Nath, Kamlesh Kumar Pant
Current study was designed to evaluate protective effect of mangiferin and its interaction with low dose of nitric oxide (NO) modulators in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) inoculated rats. Male wistar rats (200-300 g, n = 8 per group) were used in the study. On day ''0'' of study arthritis was induced in rats by injecting 0.2 ml CFA in sub-planter region of right hind paw of animals. Treatment with methotrexate (5 mg/kg), mangiferin (10-30 mg/kg) alone and in combination with NO modulators was given (i...
June 22, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Maryam Akbari, Vahidreza Ostadmohammadi, Reza Tabrizi, Kamran B Lankarani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Elaheh Amirani, Russel J Reiter, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was carried out to determine the effect of melatonin supplementation on the inflammatory markers among individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and related disorders. METHODS: We searched the following databases up to March 2018: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Three reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included primary studies...
June 15, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Maria Grazia Zizzo, Gaetano Caldara, Annalisa Bellanca, Domenico Nuzzo, Marta Di Carlo, Rosa Serio
BACKGROUND: Guanosine, a guanine-based purine, is an extracellular signaling molecule exerting anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects in several in vivo and in vitro injury models. We aimed to investigate its protective effects on 2, 4-dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNBS)-induced colitis in rat. METHODS: Rats were divided into five groups and colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of DNBS (15 mg/rat). Guanosine (4 or 8 mg/kg) was administered for 6 days i...
June 15, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Marius Mbiantcha, Jabeen Almas, Albert Donatien Atsamo, Gilbert Ateufack, Simjee U Shabana, Desire Francis Bomba Tatsinkou, William Yousseu Nana, Dastagir Nida
Boswellia dalzielii is a tall tree (more than 13 m high) that produces aromatic white flowers. This plant is commonly used in indigenous medicine across Africa against diarrhea, malaria, vomiting, inflammation and arthritis. The present study focuses on the anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritis potential of methanol extract of Boswellia dalzielii (BDME). Anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in inflammatory models induced by carrageenan, arachidonic acid, histamine, serotonin, prostaglandin and bradykinin...
June 13, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Flávia Werner da Rocha Jesuíno, Jaqueline Pavesi Reis, Juliana Cristina Pereira Whitaker, Adriana Campos, Maria Verônica Dávila Pastor, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Nara Lins Meira Quintão
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the methanol extract of Synadenium grantii Hook f. stems and its main isolated compound Query3,4,12,13-tetraacetylforbol-20-phenylacetate (1) on experimental dysmenorrhea in mice. METHODS: Female Swiss mice (n = 6-15) of 6-8 weeks old were used, selected according to the period of the estrous cycle. Animals in proestrus were treated intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 3 days with estradiol. They orally received, on the 4th day, S...
June 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Annamaria Mascolo, Pasquale Maria Berrino, Pietro Gareri, Alberto Castagna, Annalisa Capuano, Ciro Manzo, Liberato Berrino
Little is known about the development of psychosis during hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) treatment, especially in elderly patients affected by rheumatic diseases, with multiple comorbidities and treatments. To summarize the available evidence on HCQ-induced psychosis in elders, we performed a literature review. Additionally, individual case safety reports sent to the European Pharmacovigilance database (EudraVigilance) with HCQ as suspected drug and related to adverse events belonging to the System Organ Class 'Psychiatric disorders' were shown...
June 9, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Sarah Benchabane, Mourad Belkhelfa, Houda Belguendouz, Sourour Zidi, Abdelhalim Boudjelida, Pierre Youinou, Chafia Touil-Boukoffa
BACKGROUND: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) represents a chronic, systemic autoimmune disorder, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands, inducing compromised secretory function and tissue destruction. Increasing evidence had revealed that inflammatory mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO) and pro-inflammatory cytokines, are critical in the development and perpetuation of pSS systemic manifestations. In our current study, we aimed to investigate the ex vivo immunomodulatory effect of interferon (IFN)-β on iNOS expression, as well as on pro-inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6) and immunoregulatory (IL-10) cytokine production...
June 4, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Sayed Adam Mousum, Sahabuddin Ahmed, Basveshwar Gawali, Mohit Kwatra, Anwaruddin Ahmed, Mangala Lahkar
Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disorder coupled with impaired glucose tolerance, diminished insulin sensitivity and hyperlipidemia. Incessant hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia led a towering risk to develop cardiovascular hitches with end-stage renal failure. Leaves of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. (NAT) (family: Oleaceae) is traditionally used by tribes of Assam for various ailments without proper scientific validation and appropriate mechanism of action for its activity. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the mechanism involved in the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of NAT leaves in high-fat diet (HFD)-streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
June 1, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
C C Veloso, M C Oliveira, V G Rodrigues, C C Oliveira, L P Duarte, M M Teixeira, A V M Ferreira, A C Perez
The Maytenus genus is a member of the Celastraceae family. Numerous medicinal uses were assigned to species of this genus, with the use of roots, bark, and leaves for the treatment of gastric ulcers, as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiallergic, antitumor, among others. Several studies have demonstrated that natural products derived from plants have an important role in the prevention and treatment of obesity. Accordingly, we evaluated the effect of Maytenus imbricata extracts in the treatment of obesity induced by diet rich in refined carbohydrate (HC)...
May 31, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Gilcy George Kallivalappil, Girija Kuttan
Most of the breast cancer deaths occur when cancer cells depart from their tumour of origin and spread systemically and colonise distant organs. The present study was to find out whether punarnavine, the quinolizidine alkaloid, with already proven antimetastatic effect on spontaneous B16F10 pulmonary metastasis has got any effect on a drastic organ-specific breast cancer spread. For the study, we selected a syngenic mouse 4T1 breast tumour model that mimics stage four of human breast cancer. The metastatic progression of 4T1 to lymph nodes, lungs, and liver was reduced by punarnavine (40 mg/kg body weight) administration in BALB/c mice...
May 17, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Thomas S W Park, Andy Kuo, Maree T Smith
Globally, low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems affecting humans. The lifetime prevalence of non-specific LBP is approximately 84%, with the chronic prevalence at about 23%. Chronic LBP in humans is defined as LBP that persists for more than 12 weeks without a significant pain improvement. Although there are numerous evidence-based guidelines on the management of acute LBP, this is not the case for chronic LBP, which is regarded as particularly difficult to treat. Research aimed at discovering new drug treatments for alleviation of chronic mechanical LBP is lacking due to the paucity of knowledge on the pathobiology of this condition, despite its high morbidity in the affected adult population...
May 12, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Kahina Touri, Houda Belguendouz, Oussama Medjeber, Zineb Djeraba, Karima Lahmar, Chafia Touil-Boukoffa
In this study, we evaluated the preventive and curative effects of ethanolic extract of Propolis (EEP) during α-Tropomyosin-induced uveitis in an experimental model using Wistar rats, through the regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) and arginase-1. In this context, rats received daily injection of EEP (100 mg/kg) for 5 days prior to immunization or for 9 days commencing 5 days post immunization with α-Tropomyosin extract, then were sacrificed at day 14. Histological examination, NOS2, arginase-1, and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression were evaluated in the retinas...
May 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
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