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Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556666/scientific-and-organizational-achievements-of-professor-of-anatomy-henryk-kadyi-rector-vigilantissimus-universitatis-leopoliensis
#1
Andrzej Wincewicz, Monika Turek-Pietrzykowska
Henryk Kadyi (1851-1912) was educated in medicine at Jagiellonian and Vienna Universities, who deepened his studies in Leipzig to obtain associate professorship in descriptive anatomy at Alma Mater Cracoviensis, in 1878. He was elected Rector of Lvov University for years 1898-1899. Kadyi organized emerging Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Faculty of Medicine in Lvov. He equipped them with excellent anatomical facilities, e.g., remarkable collections of anatomical specimens. Kadyi worked out plans and such a detailed curriculum of higher studies in veterinary medicine, that it was raised to the ranks of academic discipline...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556665/maxillary-distomolars-case-reports-differential-diagnosis-and-literature-review
#2
Constantin Dăguci, Mihai Burlibaşa, Ruxandra Mărgărit, Livia Alice Tănăsescu, Luminiţa Dăguci, Marilena Bătăiosu, Monica Scrieciu, Oana Cella Andrei
Supernumerary teeth can be found anywhere in the oral cavity, during deciduous or permanent dentition, in males and females. They are rare, owned to various genetic or environmental factors and usually impacted. This article first reports three cases of young adult patients coming to the office for other reasons than their maxillary distomolars and without any pathology caused by them. The decision of keeping or removing these teeth was made based on other associated factors. The fourth case is one of a 40-year-old partially edentulous male patient, also with a good general health and no other associated condition, having a unilateral maxillary fourth molar; it was small, only partially erupted, with a normal morphology with crown and root and an impacted perpendicular position on the distal face of the third molar...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556664/vulvar-eccrine-porocarcinoma-report-of-a-case-and-literature-review
#3
José Fernando Val-Bernal, Sandra Hermana
Adnexal carcinomas of the vulva are rare tumors. A case of an 83-year-old woman with a 3.5 cm vulvar lobulated mass that grew over an 18-month period is reported. Histopathological examination of the initial biopsy revealed a poorly differentiated infiltrating carcinoma. Treatment included radical vulvectomy with bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy. The histological examination of the vulvectomy specimen resulted in eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) diagnosis. A review of the literature disclosed eight vulvar cases previously reported...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556663/keratoacanthoma-of-the-conjunctiva-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Bianca Aurora Szabo, Alina Simona Şovrea, Dana Monica Bartoş, Adrian Bartoş, Carmen Georgiu
INTRODUCTION: Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a relatively common, benign, rapidly growing and self-limiting squamous proliferation, which appears most frequently on the sun-exposed skin. The nature of KA and its relationship to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) still represent one of the major debates in dermatopathology, as it is the truthfulness of such a diagnosis outside the skin. However, the tumor is now known to originate from the pilosebaceous units of the skin or from ectopic sebaceous glands of squamous mucous membranes, and to differentiate onto follicular isthmus÷infundibulum-like epithelium...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556662/mesenteric-panniculitis-a-rare-cause-of-acute-surgical-abdomen-in-children-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Elena Ţarcă, Mioara Florentina Trandafirescu, Elena Cojocaru, Doina Mihăilă, Bogdan Savu
Mesenteric panniculitis appears as a less known benign condition due to its infrequency and not fully elucidated etiology; currently, less than 20 cases in children have been reported. It is characterized by a fibrotic and inflammatory transformation of the mesentery fat of the small intestine and, less commonly, of the colon. The 8-year-old patient whose case we report presented in our Service complaining of acute digestive symptoms. A causality relation with the small yet frequent injuries the child suffered at the abdominal level during his sports practice may be hypothesized, although this correlation cannot be proven...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556661/solitary-langerhans-histiocytosis-of-the-orbit-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Alina Simona Şovrea, Dana Monica Bartoş, Adrian Bartoş, Eleonora Dronca, Bianca Aurora Szabo
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), previously known as "histiocytosis X", is a clinical entity characterized by abnormal proliferation of Langerhans cells, which exert a mass effect. Orbital involvement due to LCH is rare as a unifocal disease, seldom occurring outside the pediatric population. We report a case of a 21-year-old man with solitary LCH of the orbit depicted by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diagnosed by histopathological examination.
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556660/extranodal-nk%C3%A3-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-with-cutaneous-involvement-a-rare-case-associated-with-chronic-c-hepatitis-and-occupational-metal-dust-exposure
#7
Eugen Horaţiu Ştefănescu, Nicolae Constantin Balica, Ioana Delia Horhat, Flavia Baderca, Marius Octavian Pricop, Horaţiu Constantin Urechescu, Daniel Florin Lighezan, Cristian Andrei Sarău
Extranodal natural killer (NK)÷T-cell lymphomas, nasal type are rare and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs), with unknown etiology, rapid evolution and poor prognosis, due to midline tissue destruction and rapid spreading of the tumor. These lymphomas occur commonly in the nasal cavity and upper aerodigestive tract, but can also present involvement of the skin, salivary gland, and testis. We describe a case of nasal type T-cell NHL involving the nasal cavity and determining right thigh cutaneous metastases in a 47-year-old female associated with liver comorbidities and occupational dust exposure...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556659/long-term-survival-in-a-patient-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-and-metachronous-right-sided-colon-cancer
#8
Anca Sava, Delia Gabriela Ciobanu Apostol, Elena Şapte, Lidia Ionescu, Claudia Florida Costea, Manuela Ciocoiu, Gabriela Florenţa Dumitrescu, Cristinel Ionel Stan, Ana Maria Slănină, Roxana Gabriela Cobzaru, Irina Iuliana Costache
Gastrointestinal carcinomas represent the most common cancers worldwide. The coexistence of gastric cancer with metachronous colon cancer represents a rare phenomenon, and the prognosis of the patient is poor. We present here a case of an elderly patient with primary gastric intestinal type well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (pT3N0, stage IIA) who developed a metachronous right-sided colon cancer diagnosed and treated after 11 years from the first surgical intervention. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (strongly positive staining for cytokeratin 20 and CDX2), pT3N0 stage IIA...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556658/occurrence-of-invasive-cervical-resorption-after-the-completion-of-orthodontic-treatment
#9
Paula Perlea, Marina Imre, Cristina Coralia Nistor, Mihaela Georgiana Iliescu, Irina Maria Gheorghiu, Itzhak Abramovitz, Alexandru Andrei Iliescu
The invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is an irreversible and progressive loss of tooth hard tissues involving coronal and root dentine that usually affects single permanent teeth. The aim of this study was to present the pattern of ICR lesions detected in three patients with no contributory medical and dental anamnesis, at different time periods after orthodontic tooth movements. Conventional radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were obtained by X-Mind™ (Satelec), respective 3D Accuitomo (Morita)...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556657/cyclopia-and-proboscis-the-extreme-end-of-holoprosencephaly
#10
Andrei Mihai Măluţan, Marina Dudea, Răzvan Ciortea, Mihaela Mureşan, Carmen Elena Bucuri, Carina Mihu, Dan Mihu
Holoprosencephaly (HPE), a major congenital abnormality in brain development is characterized by the absence or incomplete cleavage of prosencephalon into separate hemispheres, with cyclopia as the extreme manifestation of HPE, presenting as a failure of embryonic prosencephalon to properly divide the orbits of the eye in two cavities. We report the case of a 15-year-old pregnant patient, who delivered a 34-week living fetus with alobar HPE, cyclopia and proboscis. The patient did not have any routine scans during pregnancy; her first obstetrical exam was performed at 29 weeks of gestation (WG), when a prenatal ultrasound found a fetus with alobar HPE, cyclopia, proboscis, polydactyly and single umbilical artery...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556656/subdural-hematoma-a-cause-of-death-in-the-development-of-a-prostatic-adenocarcinoma-with-dural-metastases-case-report
#11
Anton Knieling, Mădălina Maria Diac, Laura Adriana Rişcanu, Roxana Eugenia Zăvoi, Diana Bulgaru Iliescu
Non-traumatic subdural hematoma secondary to dural metastases is a rare complication. Dural metastases from a prostate adenocarcinoma occur in the advanced stages of this pathology and may sometimes be the first manifestation of a prostate carcinoma. Less than 40 cases of subdural hematoma are reported in the literature as a consequence of dural metastases from a prostate adenocarcinoma. The authors present the case of a male patient diagnosed with stage IV prostate adenocarcinoma with bone metastasis, who is admitted for left hemisphere subdural hematoma with right hemiparesis...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556655/rare-sinonasal-lesions
#12
Cristian Andrei Sarău, Mărioara Poenaru, Nicolae Constantin Balica, Flavia Baderca
Rare naso-sinonasal lesions represent a diagnostic challenge for clinicians because of the paucity of the cases and similarities with other more frequently sinonasal pathologies. The aim of the study was to present five rare sinonasal lesions in order to emphasize their symptomatology, imaging aspects, histopathological features, algorithms of diagnosis, and strategies of treatment and importance of teamwork between clinicians, pathologists and radiologists for a correct and prompt diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: The cases were represented by patients with nasal sarcoidosis, nasal primitive neuroectodermal tumors, sinonasal mucosal melanoma, sinonasal plasmacytomas and nasal-type extranodal natural killer (NK) T-cell lymphoma...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556654/acute-lithiasic-cholecystitis-pseudoneoplastic-form-a-cause-of-conversion-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
Ana Maria Predoi, Dan Gabriel Mogoş, Dan Lucian Ştefan Mogoş, Stelian Ştefăniţă Mogoantă, Mihaela Ţenovici, Marius Cristian Neamţu, Nina Ionovici, Gabriel Florin Răzvan Mogoş
Acute lithiasic cholecystitis represents one of the most frequent pathologies of the digestive tract, most often requiring emergency surgical treatment. The prevalence of this condition increases with age and it affects women the most. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the preferred surgical treatment, as it diminishes postoperatory pain, it reduces the hospitalization period and medical and social costs, and it also provides a rapid postoperatory recovery. We present the case of an elder female patient, who presented with complex symptoms and signs, suggesting both lithiasic cholecystitis and a gallbladder neoplastic condition...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556653/morphological-and-genetic-abnormalities-in-a-jacobsen-syndrome
#14
Alexandru Daniel Jurcă, Kinga Kozma, Mihai Ioana, Ioana Streaţă, Codruţa Diana Petcheşi, Marius Bembea, Maria Claudia Jurcă, Emilia Albiniţa Cuc, Cosmin Mihai Vesa, Camelia Liana Buhaş
Jacobsen syndrome (JS) is a contiguous gene syndrome caused by partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11. The syndrome is rare and there are very few observations regarding the pubertal period of the affected individuals. We report the case of a 22-year-old female, with JS, monitored since the age of three months. She presented intrauterine growth retardation, failure to thrive and feeding difficulties from the first year of the life, and she learned to walk at the age of four years. Phenotypically, the case is characterized by distinctive facial and limb abnormalities...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556652/a-histopathological-diagnosis-of-mesenteric-cystic-lymphangioma-clinically-misdiagnosed-as-simple-mesenteric-cyst-case-report
#15
Elena Hanganu, Simona Lăcrămioara Gavrilescu, Mioara Florentina Trandafirescu, Ana Maria Chiforeanu, Doina Mihăilă, Irina Daniela Florea, Dana Teodora Anton-Păduraru, Marin Burlea
Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are relatively rare congenital malformations, predominantly found in the pediatric age group. They are usually found in the head and neck of affected children. Lymphangioma of the small-bowel mesentery is rare, having been reported for less than 1% of all lymphangiomas. The gross and histopathological findings may resemble benign multicystic mesothelioma and lymphangiomyoma. The immunohistochemical study for factor VIII-related antigen, D2-40, calretinin and human melanoma black-45 (HMB-45) is essential for diagnosis...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556651/invasive-keratinizing-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-left-external-auricular-canal-and-the-middle-ear-case-report
#16
Dănuţ Dincă, Gabriela Izabela Bălţătescu, Cherana Gioga, Elena Şapte
The rather low incidence of auricular neoplasms irrespective of localization is likely to cause confusion of diagnosis with the more frequent benign ear pathology. Because of this, the elapsed time until confirmation of the diagnosis facilitates the evolution of the disease to the detriment of the patient's health. The diagnosis of an ear neoplasm can hide under the ordinary appearance of external otitis, chronic otorrhea or episodes of various types of ear pain. Evolution of such a malignant pathology is quite rapid and highly aggressive locoregional complications are the subject of discussions regarding the interpretation of the results of paraclinical tests and the medical-surgical treatment approach that must take into account the histological structure, the size of the tumor, and the invasion of neighboring tissue...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556650/diagnosis-and-management-of-a-young-woman-with-acute-isolated-lateral-sinus-thrombosis
#17
Dragoş Cătălin Jianu, Silviana Nina Jianu, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Mărioara Poenaru, Ligia Petrica, Adrian Vlad, Sorin Ursoniu, Anca Elena Gogu, Traian Flavius Dan
Isolated lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) was mentioned in the past as a complication of middle ear infection. In the recent years, it was not frequently studied. Our patient, a 23-year-old woman who was taking an oral contraceptive pill, displayed 24 hours of migraine, such as headache; her systemic examinations were normal. She underwent neuroimaging examinations in the first 36 hours of admission. Native head computed tomography (CT) revealed hyperdensities along the left tentorium, involving the left lateral sinus (LS)...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556649/a-rare-case-of-clear-cell-carcinoid-of-appendix
#18
Andreea Ilieşiu, Narcis Octavian Zărnescu, Alexandru Chirca, Eugenia Claudia Zărnescu, Irena Antonia Ungureanu, Ştefan Ilie Neagu, Radu Virgil Costea
The carcinoids are the most frequent type of tumors arising from the appendix. In the majority of cases, these tumors are asymptomatic and usually are discovered after appendectomy. Definitive diagnosis relies on pathological examination of the resected appendix, size of the tumor being critical for the further management. Clear-cell change in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) has rarely been described in the appendix. We choose to present a clear-cell carcinoid subtype of appendiceal NET to raise awareness on this potentially curable and rare condition that can be overlooked...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556648/rare-case-of-single-coronary-artery-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis
#19
Eugen Nicolae Ţieranu, Ionuţ Donoiu, Octavian Istrătoaie, Alice Elena Găman, Maria Loredana Ţieranu, Cristian George Ţieranu, Dan Ionuţ Gheonea, Tudorel Ciurea
We report here the case of a 58-year-old male presented with atypical chest pain, dyspnea and fatigue, with a medical history of liver cirrhosis and undergoing treatment with beta-blocker. The clinical exam was normal. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) showed normal heart rate, without repolarization changes. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed no wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle, moderate tricuspid regurgitation with mild pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy. The biochemical markers for myocardial infarction were negative...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556647/rare-metastasis-of-renal-carcinoma-in-the-frontoethmoid-orbital-region-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Răzvan Hainăroşie, Florin Anghelina, Irina Gabriela Ioniţă, Olimpia Iulia Zoican, Cătălina Pietroşanu, Silviu Mirel Piţuru, Viorel Zainea
A tumor located in the region of the paranasal sinuses and the orbit is not usually a metastasis, but a primary tumor. Even more, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is very rarely the cause of metastasis in the paranasal sinuses or the orbit. Up to the present moment, few cases have been reported in the literature of such an association. The aim of the authors is to highlight the rare case of a male patient presented with ptosis, frontal swelling, minor headaches and epistaxis, as the only symptoms, but in which the mass located in the left frontoethmoidal region with extension to the orbit proved to be a RCC metastasis, thus leading to the diagnosis of the primary renal tumor...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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