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Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318843/development-of-a-conceptual-etiological-model-of-treatment-regimen-fatigue-among-patients-engaged-in-hiv-care-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kasey Claborn, Mary Beth Miller, Ellen Meier, Sofia Carbone
Treatment regimen fatigue (TRF) is a decreased desire and motivation to maintain vigilance in adhering to treatment, and little is known about TRF in people living with HIV. We aimed to develop a conceptual framework of TRF. Five focus groups were conducted in 2014. Eligible participants were (a) HIV infected, (b) at least 18 years of age, (c) prescribed antiretroviral therapy, and (d) fluent in English. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Analyses revealed these themes: patient experiences of TRF; etiological factors at the systems, provider, and patient levels; strategies to manage TRF; consequences of TRF; and protective factors that prevent the occurrence of TRF...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286006/it-s-not-just-the-pills-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-hiv-antiretroviral-adherence-research
#2
Julie Barroso, Natalie M Leblanc, Dalmacio Flores
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) improves the health and longevity of people living with HIV infection (PLWH) and also prevents transmission of the virus. Yet, lack of adherence to ART regimens has been a persistent problem, even with simpler regimens. Guidelines that deal with ART adherence are based almost solely on quantitative studies; this focus ignores the context and complexity of patients' lives. Guidelines are also focused on the individual. We argue that the solution is to include the broader communities in which patients live, and to deal with systemic disparities that persist worldwide; this can be done in part through demedicalizing HIV care for healthy PLWH...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292563/hiv-task-sharing-between-nurses-and-physicians-in-nigeria-examining-the-correlates-of-nurse-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction
#3
Emilia Ngozi Iwu, William L Holzemer
A global shortfall of 12.9 million health care workers has been predicted to occur in the next two decades. Task sharing between physicians and nurses, a method used to help compensate for provider shortages, was shown to improve access to antiretroviral therapy in Africa, but led to nurses performing beyond their scopes of practice. We surveyed 508 nurses in task-shifted roles in Nigeria. Respondents (n = 399) provided information on age, years in practice, gender, registration status, employment site, and access to task-sharing training and mentoring...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279588/a-mixed-method-study-on-correlates-of-hiv-related-stigma-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-southern-united-states
#4
Rigmor C Berg, Dakota Carter, Michael W Ross
Societal prejudice against people living with HIV infection is a formidable public health challenge that can negatively impact health and well-being. We recruited a multiethnic sample of 129 gay and bisexual men living with HIV who completed a brief survey; a subset of participants completed semi-structured qualitative interviews to contextualize the data. In bivariate analyses, stigma was positively and significantly correlated with depression (r = .402, p < .001) and negatively correlated with social support (r = -...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279587/learning-to-live-with-hiv-in-the-rural-townships-a-photovoice-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#5
Joseph Daniels, Kabelo Maleke, Tim Lane, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre, Susan Kegeles, Alison Moore, Thomas Coates
There is limited understanding about the health and well-being of men who have sex with men (MSM) with HIV infection living in rural African areas. We present the results of an adapted photovoice project with 35 MSM with HIV infection who live in townships in Mpumalanga, South Africa. The project was designed to explore the social factors that influenced HIV care. Twenty-four photo essays were developed by participants in focus group discussions that were audio-recorded and transcribed for analysis. Transcripts and photo essays were coded using a constant comparison approach combining researcher observation notes and reflection on participant-identified themes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286007/hepatitis-b-hiv-and-syphilis-in-female-crack-cocaine-users-in-central-brazil
#6
Raquel S Pinheiro, Megmar A S Carneiro, Regina M B Martins, Karlla A A Caetano, Paulie M R S Carvalho, Camila C Ferreira, Marcos A Matos, Sheila A Teles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237747/hiv-testing-and-health-care-utilization-behaviors-among-men-in-the-united-states-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Derek T Dangerfield, Jaih B Craddock, Omar J Bruce, Tamika D Gilreath
Emphasis has been placed on HIV testing and health care engagement, but little is known about how testing and engagement intersect, especially for men. We used latent class analysis to explore underlying profiles of U.S. men regarding HIV testing and health care utilization using data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. Multinomial regression was used to predict class membership in four classes: (a) Low HIV Testing/No Health Care Utilization, (b) Some HIV Testing/Low Health Care Utilization, (c) No HIV Testing/Some Health Care Utilization, and (d) High HIV Testing/High Health Care Utilization...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216178/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-programs-incorporating-social-applications-can-reach-at-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-for-successful-linkage-to-care-in-missouri-usa
#8
Rupa R Patel, Laura C Harrison, Viraj V Patel, Philip A Chan, Kenneth H Mayer, Hilary E Reno, Tyrell Manning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185723/hiv-testing-preferences-among-msm-members-of-an-lgbt-community-organization-in-los-angeles
#9
Alexandra Medline, Joseph Daniels, Robert Marlin, Sean Young, Greg Wilson, Emily Huang, Jeffrey D Klausner
Lack of regular HIV testing puts African American, Asian, and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk for HIV infection. Rapid self-testing may be an effective option for these men. We explored acceptability, preferences, and usability of HIV self-test kits with MSM of color using semi-structured focus groups to discuss HIV testing history, reasons for testing, and self-testing preferences. Participants (n = 21) lived in Los Angeles, identified as MSM of color, and were 18-35 years of age. Discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using grounded theory...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236902/the-important-role-of-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse-in-successful-management-of-hiv-infection
#10
EDITORIAL
John Brion, Jeanne Kemppainen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109699/associations-among-resilience-posttraumatic-growth-anxiety-and-depression-and-their-prediction-from-stress-in-newly-diagnosed-people-living-with-hiv
#11
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012711/hiv-prevention-advice-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-cochrane-nursing-care-field-cochrane-review-summary
#12
Josie Bidwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003102/contextualizing-psychosocial-determinants-of-alcohol-use-by-age-cohorts-of-adults-living-with-hiv-ages-50-and-older
#13
Zachary L Mannes, Larry E Burrell, Eugene M Dunne, Lauren E Hearn, Nicole Ennis Whitehead
We examined the influence of age on associations between affective states, social support, and alcohol use by age cohorts. We recruited 96 older Black adults living with HIV from the southeastern United States in 2013 and 2014. Participants completed questionnaires assessing demographics, psychological function, and substance use. Hierarchical regression analyses assessed the relationship between psychosocial factors and alcohol use in a 50- to 59-year-old group, and a 60-years-and-older age group. After controlling for covariates, trait anger, state anger, and life stress were positively associated with alcohol consumption in the younger group, while social support was negatively associated with alcohol consumption in the older group...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816386/alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-persons-living-with-hiv
#14
Michael Sanchez, Deborah Finnell
Alcohol use among persons living with HIV (PLWH) is consequential. More than half of PLWH have reported having a drink of alcohol and about 8% have reported heavy drinking. Alcohol use in PLWH has been associated with a higher risk of nonadherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) and poor treatment outcomes. We provide guidance to clinicians for using an evidence-based approach to intervene and ensure follow-up for PLWH who drink alcohol. This set of clinical strategies, known as screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment, when fully disseminated may help address the 90-90-90 targets proposed by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, in particular in the receipt of sustained ART and the attainment of viral suppression...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771179/a-qualitative-description-of-hiv-infected-african-american-women-s-experiences-of-psychological-distress-and-their-coping-strategies
#15
Jill N Peltzer, Lisa Ogawa, Susan Tusher, Rose Farnan, Mary M Gerkovich
HIV-infected individuals are at risk for psychological distress, including depression, sadness, and suicidality. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine 22 HIV-infected African American women's experiences of psychological distress and use of coping strategies. Data were collected through in-person one-on-one interviews until conceptual saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Four themes were found: (a) psychoemotional suffering, (b) contextual factors negatively influence the everydayness of living with HIV infection, (c) HIV-related stigma perpetuates isolation and loneliness, and (d) creating a safe haven...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396017/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-stressful-life-events-among-rural-women-with-hiv-disease
#16
Jeanne K Kemppainen, Sally MacKain, Melissa Alexander, Paula Reid, Morgan Parks Jackson
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and stressful life events are frequent and distressing problems for women living with HIV (WLWH). Studies have independently focused on the impact of these problems, but little work has examined the relationship between PTSD and stressful life events. Our cross-sectional study examined relationships between PTSD and recent stressful life events in WLWH. A sample of 60 women recruited through HIV community agencies in southeastern North Carolina completed the Stressful Life Events Questionnaire and the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C)...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971188/alcohol-use-and-hiv-self-management
#17
Joseph Perazzo, Allison Webel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825458/implementing-hiv-testing-in-substance-use-treatment-programs-a-systematic-review
#18
Claire A Simeone, Stella M Seal, Christine Savage
People who use drugs are at increased risk for HIV acquisition, poor engagement in health care, and late screening for HIV with advanced HIV at diagnosis and increased HIV-related morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. This systematic review evaluates current evidence about the effectiveness and feasibility of implementing HIV testing in U.S. substance use treatment programs. The literature search identified 535 articles. Full text review was limited to articles that explicitly addressed strategies to implement HIV testing in substance use programs: 17 met criteria and were included in the review; nine used quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method designs to describe or quantify HIV testing rates, acceptance by clients and staff, and cost-effectiveness; eight organization surveys described barriers and facilitators to testing implementation...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763795/prevalence-of-substance-use-in-an-hiv-primary-care-safety-net-clinic-a-call-for%C3%A2-screening
#19
Carol Dawson-Rose, Jessica E Draughon, Roland Zepf, Yvette P Cuca, Emily Huang, Kellie Freeborn, Paula J Lum
Substance use complicates HIV care and prevention. Primary care clinics are an ideal setting to screen for and offer interventions for unhealthy alcohol and drug use; however, few HIV clinics routinely screen for substance use. We enrolled 208 clinic patients at an urban underserved HIV primary care clinic. We screened the patients for substance use with the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Score Test and measured urine toxicology. Of the 168 participants who completed screening, the majority reported tobacco or nonprescribed substance use in the previous 3 months...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525564/integrating-mental-health-and-hiv-services-in-zimbabwean-communities-a%C3%A2-nurse-and-community-led-approach-to%C3%A2-reach%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-most-vulnerable
#20
Malia Duffy, Melissa Sharer, Helen Cornman, Jennifer Pearson, Heather Pitorak, Andrew Fullem
Alcohol use and depression negatively impact adherence, retention in care, and HIV progression, and people living with HIV (PLWH) have disproportionately higher depression rates. In developing countries, more than 76% of people with mental health issues receive no treatment. We hypothesized that stepped-care mental health/HIV integration provided by multiple service professionals in Zimbabwe would be acceptable and feasible. A three-phase mixed-method design was used with a longitudinal cohort of 325 nurses, community health workers, and traditional medicine practitioners in nine communities...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
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