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European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525775/the-association-between-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-bipolar-disorder%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-big-data-analysis
#1
S Tiosano, Z Nir, O Gendelman, D Comaneshter, H Amital, A D Cohen, D Amital
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that has a wide variety of physical manifestations, including neuropsychiatric features. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, episodic illness, that may present as depression or as mania. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between SLE and BD using big data analysis methods. METHODS: Patients with SLE were compared with age- and sex-matched controls regarding the prevalence of BD in a cross-sectional study...
April 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391103/seasonal-patterns-in-self-reported-peripartum-depressive-symptoms
#2
H E Henriksson, S M Sylvén, T K Kallak, F C Papadopoulos, A Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: In the peripartum period, the literature on seasonality in depression is still scarce and studies present varying findings. The aims of this study were to investigate whether seasonal patterns in postpartum depressive symptoms previously identified in a Swedish study could be replicated in a larger study, as well as to assess seasonal patterns in depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study comprised of 4129 women who participated in the BASIC project and gave birth at Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden, between February 2010 and December 2015...
March 18, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391102/contributions-of-specific-causes-of-death-to-lost-life-expectancy-in-severe-mental-illness
#3
N Jayatilleke, R D Hayes, R Dutta, H Shetty, M Hotopf, C-K Chang, R Stewart
The life expectancy gap between people with severe mental illness (SMI) and the general population persists and may even be widening. This study aimed to estimate contributions of specific causes of death to the gap. Age of death and primary cause of death were used to estimate life expectancy at birth for people with SMI from a large mental healthcare case register during 2007-2012. Using data for England and Wales in 2010, death rates in the SMI cohort for each primary cause of death category were replaced with gender- and age-specific norms for that cause...
March 17, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371744/chronic-physical-illnesses-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-are-independently-associated-with-higher-rates-of-psychiatric-rehospitalization-a-cross-sectional-study-in-croatia
#4
I Filipcic, I Simunovic Filipcic, E Ivezic, K Matic, N Tunjic Vukadinovic, S Vuk Pisk, D Bodor, Z Bajic, M Jakovljevic, N Sartorius
BACKGROUND: Increased physical morbidity in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) is well documented. However, much less is known about the association between somatic comorbidities and psychosis treatment outcomes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study, nested within the larger frame of a prospective cohort study, was done in 2016 at Psychiatric Hospital Sveti Ivan, Zagreb, Croatia. Data were collected on a consecutive sample of 301 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who achieved a stable therapeutic dosage...
March 10, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388490/hospital-treated-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-and-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-nationwide-nested-case-control-study
#5
V Tapiainen, S Hartikainen, H Taipale, J Tiihonen, A-M Tolppanen
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating psychiatric disorders as Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk factors have yielded heterogeneous findings. Differences in time windows between the exposure and outcome could be one explanation. We examined whether (1) mental and behavioral disorders in general or (2) specific mental and behavioral disorder categories increase the risk of AD and (3) how the width of the time window between the exposure and outcome affects the results. METHODS: A nationwide nested case-control study of all Finnish clinically verified AD cases, alive in 2005 and their age, sex and region of residence matched controls (n of case-control pairs 27,948)...
March 9, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531561/a-meta-analysis-of-neurocognition-in-youth-with-familial-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#6
E Bora, A Özerdem
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological impairment, including deficits in social cognition is evident in subjects at genetic high-risk for psychosis. However, findings in youth at genetic risk to bipolar disorder (BP) have been suggested to be less supportive of premorbid deficits. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis of cognitive deficits in youth with familiar risk for bipolar disorder (FHR-BD). METHODS: A novel meta-analysis of FHR-BD (mean age 10-25), including 18 studies (786 offsprings/siblings of patients with BD and 794 healthy controls), was conducted...
March 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371745/homocysteine-as-a-peripheral-biomarker-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#7
E Salagre, A F Vizuete, M Leite, D J Brownstein, A McGuinness, F Jacka, S Dodd, B Stubbs, C A Köhler, E Vieta, A F Carvalho, M Berk, B S Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a psychiatric disorder with an uncertain aetiology. Recently, special attention has been given to homocysteine (Hcy), as it has been suggested that alterations in 1-carbon metabolism might be implicated in diverse psychiatric disorders. However, there is uncertainty regarding possible alterations in peripheral Hcy levels in BD. METHODS: This study comprises a meta-analysis comparing serum and plasma Hcy levels in persons with BD and healthy controls...
March 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371726/risk-assessment-tools-in-criminal-justice-and-forensic-psychiatry-the-need-for-better-data
#8
T Douglas, J Pugh, I Singh, J Savulescu, S Fazel
Violence risk assessment tools are increasingly used within criminal justice and forensic psychiatry, however there is little relevant, reliable and unbiased data regarding their predictive accuracy. We argue that such data are needed to (i) prevent excessive reliance on risk assessment scores, (ii) allow matching of different risk assessment tools to different contexts of application, (iii) protect against problematic forms of discrimination and stigmatisation, and (iv) ensure that contentious demographic variables are not prematurely removed from risk assessment tools...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371725/age-related-pharmacotherapy-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-slovenia-in-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#9
M Stuhec, I Locatelli
BACKGROUND: There are no data on age-related pharmacotherapy for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) medication in children and adolescents in the most European countries. The main aim of this paper was to obtain that data for children and adolescents in Slovenia. METHOD: The number of ADHD drug prescriptions per patient was obtained from the health claims data on prescription drugs of the Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia for the study period (2003-2015)...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364688/the-relationship-between-deinstitutionalization-and-quality-of-care-in-longer-term-psychiatric-and-social-care-facilities-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
T Taylor Salisbury, H Killaspy, M King
BACKGROUND: The process of deinstitutionalization (community-based care) has been shown to be associated with better quality of life for those with longer-term mental health problems compared to long stay hospitals. This project aimed to investigate the relationship between national progress towards deinstitutionalization and (1) quality of longer-term mental health care (2) service users' ratings of that care in nine European countries. METHODS: Quality of care was assessed in 193 longer-term hospital- and community-based facilities in Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the UK...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364687/comorbidity-family-history-and-personality-traits-in-pathological-gamblers-compared-with-healthy-controls
#11
K Mann, T Lemenager, E Zois, S Hoffmann, H Nakovics, M Beutel, M Vogelgesang, K Wölfling, F Kiefer, M Fauth-Bühler
BACKGROUND: While DSM-5 classified pathological gambling as an addictive disorder, there is debate as to whether ICD-11 should follow suit. The debate hinges on scientific evidence such as neurobiological findings, family history of psychiatric disorders, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality variables. METHODS: In the "Baden-Württemberg Study of Pathological Gambling", we compared a group of 515 male pathological gamblers receiving treatment with 269 matched healthy controls...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364686/childhood-trauma-and-psychotic-experiences-in-a-general-population-sample-a-prospective-study-on-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#12
T M Lincoln, N Marin, E S Jaya
BACKGROUND: The causal role of childhood trauma for psychosis is well established, but the mechanisms that link trauma to psychosis are largely unknown. Since childhood trauma is known to cause difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) and patients with psychosis show impaired ER, we hypothesize that impaired ER explains why people with a background of trauma are prone to psychotic experiences. METHODS: The study used a longitudinal cohort design based on a community sample (N=562) from Germany, Indonesia, and the United States...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364685/effectiveness-of-one-to-one-peer-support-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
C I Mahlke, S Priebe, K Heumann, A Daubmann, K Wegscheider, T Bock
BACKGROUND: One-to-one peer support is a resource-oriented approach for patients with severe mental illness. Existing trials provided inconsistent results and commonly have methodological shortcomings, such as poor training and role definition of peer supporters, small sample sizes, and lack of blinded outcome assessments. METHODS: This is a randomised controlled trial comparing one-to-one peer support with treatment as usual. Eligible were patients with severe mental illnesses: psychosis, major depression, bipolar disorder or borderline personality disorder of more than two years' duration...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314165/exploring-the-use-of-routine-outcome-monitoring-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-a-psychotic-disorder
#14
M Tasma, E J Liemburg, H Knegtering, P A E G Delespaul, A Boonstra, S Castelein
BACKGROUND: Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) has become part of the treatment process in mental health care. However, studies have indicated that few clinicians in psychiatry use the outcome of ROM in their daily work. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of ROM use in clinical practice as well as the explanatory factors of this use. METHODS: In the Northern Netherlands, a ROM-protocol (ROM-Phamous) for patients with a psychotic disorder has been implemented...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214716/early-career-psychiatrists-preferences-on-e-learning-viewpoint-from-the-epa-committee-on-education
#15
EDITORIAL
M Casanova Dias, D Giacco, C Hanon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212509/positive-screening-and-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression
#16
G Palumbo, F Mirabella, A Gigantesco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212508/examining-cross-cultural-differences-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-multinational-comparison-from-greece-italy-japan-poland-and-the-united-states
#17
J L Matson, M Matheis, C O Burns, G Esposito, P Venuti, E Pisula, A Misiak, E Kalyva, V Tsakiris, Y Kamio, M Ishitobi, R L Goldin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social and communication impairments as well as restricted, repetitive behavior patterns. Despite the fact that ASD is reported worldwide, very little research exists examining ASD characteristics on a multinational scale. Cross-cultural comparisons are especially important for ASD, since cultural differences may impact the perception of symptoms. Identifying behaviors that are similarly reported as problematic across cultures as well as identifying behaviors in which there is cultural variation could aid in the development and refinement of more universally effective measures...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212507/higher-severity-of-cocaine-addiction-is-associated-with-tactile-and-somatic-hallucinations
#18
C Roncero, L Grau-López, R F Palma-Álvarez, L Rodriguez-Cintas, E Ros-Cucurull, A Esojo, C Daigre
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the features of cocaine-dependent patients who have had cocaine-induced tactile/somatic hallucinations (CITSH), and to analyze the association with addiction-related variables and psychiatric comorbidity, comparing patients with CITSH, patients with cocaine psychotic symptoms (CIP) and no CITSH, and patients without any psychotic symptom. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 767 cocaine-dependent patients in an outpatient treatment center for addictions...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212506/dimensional-and-discrete-variations-on-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-dutch-crowd-sourcing-population-sample
#19
J T W Wigman, K J Wardenaar, R B K Wanders, S H Booij, B F Jeronimus, L van der Krieke, M Wichers, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Mild psychotic experiences are common in the general population. Although transient and benign in most cases, these experiences are predictive of later mental health problems for a significant minority. The goal of the present study was to perform examinations of the dimensional and discrete variations in individuals' reporting of subclinical positive and negative psychotic experiences in a unique Dutch internet-based sample from the general population. METHODS: Positive and negative subclinical psychotic experiences were measured with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences in 2870 individuals...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212505/long-term-validity-of-the-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-predicting-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mental-disorders
#20
P Fusar-Poli, G Rutigliano, D Stahl, C Davies, A De Micheli, V Ramella-Cravaro, I Bonoldi, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for the prediction of non-psychotic mental disorders is unknown. METHODS: Clinical register-based cohort study including all non-psychotic individuals assessed by the Outreach And Support in South London (OASIS) service (2002-2015). The primary outcome was risk of developing any mental disorder (psychotic or non-psychotic). Analyses included Cox proportional hazard models, Kaplan-Meier survival/failure function and C statistics...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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