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European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957371/burnout-in-mental-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-and-determinants
#1
Karen O'Connor, Deirdre Muller Neff, Steve Pitman
This study aimed to estimate the level of burnout in mental health professionals and to identify specific determinants of burnout in this population. A systematic search of MEDLINE/PubMed, PsychINFO/Ovid, Embase, CINAHL/EBSCO and Web of Science was conducted for original research published between 1997 and 2017. Sixty-two studies were identified as meeting the study criteria for the systematic review. Data on the means, standard deviations, and prevalence of the dimensions of burnout were extracted from 33 studies and included in the meta-analysis (n = 9409)...
June 26, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957370/effectiveness-of-watchful-waiting-versus-antidepressants-for-patients-diagnosed-of-mild-to-moderate-depression-in-primary-care-a-12-month-pragmatic-clinical-trial-infap-study
#2
M Iglesias-González, I Aznar-Lou, M T Peñarrubia-María, M Gil-Girbau, R Fernández-Vergel, J Alonso, A Serrano-Blanco, M Rubio-Valera
BACKGROUND: Although mild to moderate major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the main reasons for consulting a general practitioner (GP), there is still no international consensus on the most appropriate therapeutic approach. METHODS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of watchful waiting (WW) compared with the use of antidepressants (ADs) for the treatment of mild to moderate depressive symptoms in 263 primary care (PC) usual-practice patients in a 12-month pragmatic non-randomised controlled trial...
June 26, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957369/changes-in-attitude-towards-lai-antipsychotic-maintenance-treatment-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#3
Francesco Pietrini, Giulio D'Anna, Lorenzo Tatini, Gabriela Alina Talamba, Costanza Andrisano, Enrico Calderani, Mara Manetti, Paolo Rossi Prodi, Valdo Ricca, Andrea Ballerini
BACKGROUND: To present real-world evidence on the effects of switching from oral to long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotic maintenance treatment (AMT) in a sample of clinically stable patients with schizophrenia, with regard to subjective experience of treatment, attitude towards drug and quality of life. METHODS: 50 clinically stable adult schizophrenic outpatients were recruited. At the time of enrolment (T0), all patients were under a stabilized therapy with a single oral second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) and were switched to the equivalent maintenance regimen with the long-acting formulation of the same antipsychotic...
June 26, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957368/age-of-onset-and-quality-of-life-among-males-and-females-with-schizophrenia-a-national-study
#4
Anat Rotstein, David Roe, Marc Gelkopf, Stephen Z Levine
BACKGROUND: Age of onset is considered central to understanding the course of schizophrenia, yet little is known regarding its association with quality of life in general, and specifically among males and females. AIMS: To examine the association between the age of schizophrenia onset and quality of life, in general, and among males and females, using data from a national sample and competing statistical models. METHODS: Participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (N = 1624) completed the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life (MSA-QoL) and were rated on a parallel measure by their professional caregivers (N = 578)...
June 26, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929113/predicting-suicidal-behaviour-after-first-episode-of-non-affective-psychosis-the-role-of-neurocognitive-functioning
#5
M Canal-Rivero, J D López-Moríñigo, E Setién-Suero, M Ruiz-Veguilla, J L Ayuso-Mateos, R Ayesa-Arriola, B Crespo-Facorro
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been recognised as one of the major causes of premature death in psychosis. However, predicting suicidal behaviour (SB) is still challenging in the clinical setting and the association of neurocognition with SB in psychosis remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of neurocognitive performance as predictor of SB. Also, we sought to explore differences in the evolution of clinical and neurocognitive functioning between participants with/without history of suicide attempts (SA) over follow-up period...
June 18, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890366/metacognitive-training-for-depression-d-mct-reduces-false-memories-in-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Steffen Moritz, Brooke C Schneider, Judith Peth, Sönke Arlt, Lena Jelinek
Metacognitive Training for Depression (D-MCT) is a highly standardized group program targeted at depression-related ("Beckian") emotional as well as cognitive biases, including mood-congruent and false memory. While prior results are promising with respect to psychopathological outcomes (depression), it is unclear whether D-MCT also meets its goal of improving cognitive biases, such as false memories. In the framework of a randomized controlled trial (registered trial, DRKS00007907), we investigated whether D-MCT is superior to an active control condition (health training, HT) in reducing the susceptibility of depressed patients for false memories...
June 8, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879623/psychopathological-characteristics-and-adverse-childhood-events-are-differentially-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-acts-in-mood-disorders
#7
Delfina Janiri, Pietro De Rossi, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Paolo Girardi, Alexia Emilia Koukopoulos, Daniela Reginaldi, Francesco Dotto, Giovanni Manfredi, Fabrice Jollant, Philip Gorwood, Maurizio Pompili, Gabriele Sani
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important risk factor for suicide. However, other dimensions may contribute to the suicidal risk and to the transition from ideas to acts. We aimed to test the relative involvement of hopelessness, temperament, childhood trauma, and aggression in suicide risk in a large sample of patients with mood disorders. METHODS: We assessed 306 patients with major depressive and bipolar disorders for clinical characteristics including hopelessness, temperament, childhood trauma, and aggression...
June 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870894/gut-microbiome-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study-of-subjects-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-may-support-the-membrane-hypothesis
#8
Ying He, Tomasz Kosciolek, Jinsong Tang, Yao Zhou, Zongchang Li, Xiaoqian Ma, Qiyun Zhu, Ning Yuan, Liu Yuan, Chunwang Li, Ke Jin, Rob Knight, Ming T Tsuang, Xiaogang Chen
BACKGROUND: The microbiota-gut-brain axis and membrane dysfunction in the brain has attracted increasing attention in the field of psychiatric research. However, the possible interactive role of gut microbiota and brain function in the prodromal stage of schizophrenia has not been studied yet. METHODS: To explore this, we collected fecal samples and performed Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) scans in 81 high risk (HR) subjects, 19 ultra-high risk (UHR) subjects and 69 health controls (HC)...
June 2, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859379/increased-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#9
Ching-En Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Li-Fen Chen, Mei-Ju Chi
BACKGROUND: The extent to which schizophrenia is associated with the risk of all-cause dementia is controversial. This study investigated the risk of dementia by type in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Data were collected from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Database 2005 and analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models to determine the effect of schizophrenia on the dementia risk after adjusting for demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and medications...
May 30, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859378/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-psychotic-depression-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#10
Miika Nietola, Anni Heiskala, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Jyrki Korkeila, Erika Jääskeläinen
BACKGROUND: Psychotic depression (PD) is heavily understudied despite high mortality and the severe course of illness. A majority of the studies conducted so far are also largely based on selected clinical samples. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of PD in a representative prospective birth cohort sample. METHODS: The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 is a well-known prospective population-based cohort including 12 058 people followed since mid-pregnancy...
May 30, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859377/patient-centric-measures-for-a-patient-centric-era-agreement-and-convergent-between-ratings-on-the-patient-global-impression-of-improvement-pgi-i-scale-and-the-clinical-global-impressions-improvement-cgi-s-scale-in-bipolar-and-major-depressive-disorder
#11
M Mohebbi, S Dodd, O M Dean, M Berk
BACKGROUND: Concordant with an increased emphasis on consumer engagement, the Patient Global Impression Scale of Improvement (PGI-I) is commonly used as an outcome measure in studies evaluating the efficacy of treatments in medical and psychiatric conditions with subjective symptom domains. The current study evaluated the agreement between PGI-I and Clinician Global Impression Scale of Improvement (CGI-I) ratings and convergent validity of PGI-I among individuals with bipolar or major depressive disorders...
May 30, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857177/childhood-physical-maltreatment-with-physical-injuries-is-associated-with-higher-adult-psychopathology-symptoms
#12
Diogo Lamela, Bárbara Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Previous research has neglected the distinction between childhood physical maltreatment (CPM) behaviors and the physical sequelae resulting from CPM. Prior empirical work has combined CPM behaviors (e.g., beat, hit with a belt) and CPM physical sequelae (e.g., bruises, fractures) into a single conceptual category to predict adverse psychological consequences in adults. This is preventing the examination whether specific subgroups of CPM exposure may report a higher risk of psychopathology symptoms in adulthood...
May 29, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914673/psychiatry-and-psychiatrists-fourteen-core-statements
#13
EDITORIAL
Silvana Galderisi, Peter Falkai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860152/commentary-on-grey-matter-or-social-matters-causal-attributions-in-the-era-of-biological-psychiatry
#14
EDITORIAL
Anna Sedda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787962/long-term-outcomes-of-acute-and-transient-psychotic-disorders-the-missed-opportunity-of-preventive-interventions
#15
Grazia Rutigliano, Sergio Merlino, Amedeo Minichino, Rashmi Patel, Cathy Davies, Dominic Oliver, Andrea De Micheli, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
BACKGROUND: Acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPD) are characterized by an acute onset and a remitting course, and overlap with subgroups of the clinical high-risk state for psychosis. The long-term course and outcomes of ATPD are not completely clear. METHODS: Electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study, including all patients who received a first index diagnosis of ATPD (F23, ICD-10) within the South London and Maudsley (SLaM) National Health Service Trust, between 1 st April 2006 and 15th June 2017...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787961/functional-outcome-and-social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-is-there-a-connection
#16
Maria Vlad, Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Audrey Henry, Arthur Kaladjian
BACKGROUND: Interest in social cognition in bipolar disorder (BD) has increased considerably over the past decade, with studies highlighting major impairments, especially in mental state reasoning, even during euthymia. A causal relationship between social cognition deficits and social functioning has already been established in individuals with schizophrenia, but there is still little information about links between social cognition and social functioning in BD. Our aim was therefore to review the relationship between functional outcome and social cognition in patients with BD...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778833/suicide-attempts-and-clinical-correlates-in-patients-with-bipolar-i-vs-ii-disorder
#17
EDITORIAL
Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Laura Cremaschi, Lucio Oldani, Chiara Arici, Vera de Carlo, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777939/variation-of-genes-encoding-kat1-aadat-and-ido1-as-a-potential-risk-of-depression-development
#18
Paulina Wigner, Piotr Czarny, Ewelina Synowiec, Michał Bijak, Monika Talarowska, Piotr Galecki, Janusz Szemraj, Tomasz Sliwinski
Numerous data suggests that the disorders of tryptophan catabolites (TRYCATs) pathway, including a decreased level of tryptophan or evaluated concentration of harmful TRYCATs -kynurenine, quinolinic acid, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 3-hydroxytryptophan - may cause the occurrence of DD symptoms. In this work, we assessed the relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of KAT1, KAT2 and IDO1 gene encoding, and the risk of depression development. Our study was performed on the DNA isolated from peripheral blood of 281 depressed patients and 236 controls...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777938/austrian-firearm-legislation-and-its-effects-on-suicide-and-homicide-mortality-a-natural-quasi-experiment-amidst-the-global-economic-crisis
#19
Daniel König, Patrick Swoboda, Robert J Cramer, Christoph Krall, Vita Postuvan, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Restriction of access to suicide methods has been shown to effectively reduce suicide mortality rates. AIMS: To examine how the global economic crisis of 2008 and the firearm legislation reform of 1997 affected suicide and homicide mortality rate within Austria. METHODS: Official data for the years 1985-2016 for firearm certificates, suicide, homicide, unemployment rates and alcohol consumption were examined using auto regressive error and Poisson regression models...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734130/baseline-results-from-the-european-non-interventional-antipsychotic-long-acting-injection-in-schizophrenia-alto-study
#20
Pierre-Michel Llorca, Julio Bobes, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Stephan Heres, Nicholas Moore, Nawal Bent-Ennakhil, Christophe Sapin, Jean-Yves Loze, Anna-Greta Nylander, Maxine X Patel
BACKGROUND: The Antipsychotic Long-acTing injection in schizOphrenia (ALTO) study was a non-interventional study across several European countries examining prescription of long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics to identify sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients receiving and physicians prescribing LAIs. ALTO was also the first large-scale study in Europe to report on the use of both first- or second-generation antipsychotic (FGA- or SGA-) LAIs. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia receiving a FGA- or SGA-LAI were enrolled between June 2013 and July 2014 and categorized as incident or prevalent users...
August 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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