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European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193142/severe-hair-loss-associated-with-psychotropic-drugs-in-psychiatric-inpatients-data-from-an-observational-pharmacovigilance-program-in-german-speaking-countries
#1
Katrin Druschky, Stefan Bleich, Renate Grohmann, Katharina Burda, Helge Frieling, Thomas Hillemacher, Alexandra Neyazi, Susanne Stübner, Sermin Toto
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate severe hair loss related to psychotropic drugs (PDs) by using data from the drug safety programme Arzneimittelsicherheit in der Psychiatrie (AMSP). METHODS: Data on PD utilization and reports of severe PD-related hair loss were collected in 83 psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany and Switzerland during the period 1993-2013. RESULTS: Out of 432,215 patients under surveillance, 404,009 patients were treated with PDs for the main indications of depression, schizophrenic disorder, neurosis, mania, and organic psychosis...
September 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193141/other-specified-feeding-or-eating-disorders-osfed-clinical-heterogeneity-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-outcome
#2
Nadine Riesco, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, José M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
BACKGROUND: with the DSM-5 new eating disorders (EDs) diagnostic subtypes were identified within the Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders (OSFED) category, which have so far been under-researched. Objectives of this study were to examine differential features among OSFED subtypes, exploring short-term cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) response and identifying clinical predictors of therapy outcome. METHODS: the sample included 176 female patients diagnosed with OSFED [82 atypical anorexia nervosa (atypical-AN), 57 purging disorder (PD), and 37 subthreshold bulimia nervosa (sub-BN)]...
September 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193140/schizophrenia-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics
#3
Chun-Jen Huang, Hui-Min Hsieh, Hung-Pin Tu, He-Jiun Jiang, Peng-Wei Wang, Ching-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of schizophrenia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Taiwan. METHODS: National Health Insurance claims data for patients with principal diagnoses of schizophrenia and T2DM were analysed. RESULTS: Compared with patients with schizophrenia in the general population (GP), those with schizophrenia and T2DM were more likely to have higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) scores and multiple comorbidities, and were older...
September 4, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170318/response-to-the-commentary-by-buoli-et-al-eurpsy-d-18-00265
#4
EDITORIAL
Paolo Fusar-Poli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149359/commentary-on-long-term-validity-of-the-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-predicting-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mental-disorders
#5
EDITORIAL
Massimiliano Buoli, Cecilia Maria Esposito, Alice Caldiroli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130637/safety-and-efficacy-of-lithium-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-in-bipolar-illness
#6
A Amerio, P Ossola, F Scagnelli, A Odone, M Allinovi, A Cavalli, J Iacopelli, M Tonna, C Marchesi, S N Ghaemi
INTRODUCTION: Many clinicians are reluctant to use traditional mood-stabilizing agents, especially lithium, in children and adolescents. This review examined the evidence for lithium's safety and efficacy in this population. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted on the use of lithium in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD). Relevant papers published through June 30th 2018 were identified searching the electronic databases MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library...
August 18, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125784/early-childhood-aggressive-behaviour-negative-interactions-with-paternal-antisocial-behaviour-and-maternal-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-across-two-international-cohorts
#7
Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Henning Tiemeier, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent Jaddoe, Elizabeth Tindall, Haido Vlachos, Katie Aumayer, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Early childhood aggressive behaviour is a predictor of future violence. Therefore, identifying risk factors for children's aggressive behaviour is important in understanding underlying mechanisms. Maternal postpartum depression is a known risk factor. However, little research has focused on the influence of paternal behaviour on early childhood aggression and its interaction with maternal postpartum depression. METHODS: This study was performed in two cohorts: the Fathers Project, in the United Kingdom (n = 143) and the Generation R Study, in The Netherlands (n = 549)...
August 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125783/is-it-time-to-revise-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-apathy-in-brain-disorders-the-2018-international-consensus-group
#8
P Robert, K L Lanctôt, L Agüera-Ortiz, P Aalten, F Bremond, M Defrancesco, C Hanon, R David, B Dubois, K Dujardin, M Husain, A König, R Levy, V Mantua, D Meulien, D Miller, H J Moebius, J Rasmussen, G Robert, M Ruthirakuhan, F Stella, J Yesavage, R Zeghari, V Manera
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a very common behavioural and psychological symptom across brain disorders. In the last decade, there have been considerable advances in research on apathy and motivation. It is thus important to revise the apathy diagnostic criteria published in 2009. The main objectives were to: a) revise the definition of apathy; b) update the list of apathy dimensions; c) operationalise the diagnostic criteria; and d) suggest appropriate assessment tools including new technologies...
August 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121508/estimate-dynamic-changes-of-dysfunction-and-lifelong-spent-for-psychiatric-care-needs-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Chien-Chou Su, Ya Mei Bai, Ming-Hui Chou, Jung-Der Wang, Yen Kuang Yang
BACKGROUND: Disturbance of functionality is one of the core features of schizophrenia, and has deleterious effects on a patient's employment, increased healthcare costs, and a large societal burden. Thus, if a patient's disability status could be predicted, and interventions needed identified in advance, poor outcomes could be prevented. To achieve this aim, we developed a method by which to assess dynamic changes of dysfunction and estimate the lifetime duration of disability in patients with schizophrenia, as a proxy for assessing their specialized healthcare needs...
August 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121507/complete-sequence-of-the-ankk1-gene-in-mexican-mestizo-individuals-with-obesity-with-or-without-binge-eating-disorder
#10
Adriana Palacios, Patricia Canto, María Elena Tejeda, Sylvana Stephano, Hassell Luján, Eduardo García-García, David Rojano-Mejía, Juan Pablo Méndez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate if Mexican-Mestizo individuals with obesity, with or without binge eating disorder (BED), exhibited mutations or other type of genetic variants in the sequence of ANKK1. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty unrelated individuals (21-53 years of age) with obesity, of Mexican-Mestizo ethnic origin were included; 25 of them had BED and 25 presented obesity without BED. The diagnosis of BED was based on criteria proposed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)...
August 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121506/new-european-privacy-regulation-assessing-the-impact-for-digital-medicine-innovations
#11
EDITORIAL
Trix Mulder, Raj R Jagesar, Aline M Klingenberg, Jeanne P Mifsud Bonnici, Martien J Kas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121505/the-perception-of-parental-bonding-in-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#12
Mariana Bonati de Matos, Carolina Coelho Scholl, Jéssica Puchalski Trettim, Mariane Lopez Molina, Mariana Carret Soares, Fernanda Teixeira Coelho, Rochele Dias Castelli, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Karen Amaral Tavares Pinheiro, Fábio Monteiro da Cunha Coelho, Luciana de Avila Quevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: The parental bonding is influenced by two dimensions: care and control or protection over the child of both parents. The lack of care during childhood may make the individual more susceptible to the onset of psychiatric disorders when adult. These psychiatric disorders when present during pregnancy may have a negative impact on the health of pregnant women and children. The aim of this study was to assess the association between generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in pregnant adolescents and the perception of parental bonding...
August 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118918/interventions-for-involuntary-psychiatric-inpatients-a-systematic-review
#13
Domenico Giacco, Maev Conneely, Tumseela Masoud, Erin Burn, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Observational research has found that involuntary treatment provides limited benefits in terms of long-term clinical outcomes. Our aim was to review literature on existing interventions in order to identify helpful approaches to improve outcomes of involuntary treatment. METHODS: This systematic review follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement guidelines. Seven databases (AMED, PsycINFO, Embase Classic, Embase 1974-2017, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and BNI) were searched and the results were analysed in a narrative synthesis...
August 14, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118917/how-to-improve-clinical-practice-on-forced-medication-in-psychiatric-practice-suggestions-from-the-eunomia-european-multicentre-study
#14
Mario Luciano, Corrado De Rosa, Gaia Sampogna, Valeria Del Vecchio, Vincenzo Giallonardo, Michele Fabrazzo, Francesco Catapano, George Onchev, Jiri Raboch, Anastasia Mastrogianni, Zahava Solomon, Algirdas Dembinskas, Petr Nawka, Andrzej Kiejna, Francisco Torres-Gonzales, Lars Kjellin, Kallert Thomas, Fiorillo Andrea
BACKGROUND: The decision to adopt forced medication in psychiatric care is particularly relevant from a clinical and ethical viewpoint. The European Commission has funded the EUNOMIA study in order to develop European recommendations for good clinical practice on coercive measures, including forced medication. METHODS: The recommendations on forced medication have been developed in 11 countries with the involvement of national clinical leaders, key-professionals and stakeholders' representatives...
August 14, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041073/adverse-childhood-experiences-leads-to-perceived-negative-attitude-of-others-and-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-depression-in-adulthood-is-mediated-via-negative-attitude-of-others
#15
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND: The attachment theory suggests that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can have an effect on how individuals perceive other people's attitude towards them. ACEs have also been associated with adult depression. We hypothesised that ACEs associate with perceived negative attitude of others (AoO) and depressive symptoms (DEPS), and that these associations differ between the genders. METHODS: Altogether, 692 participants drawn from the general population completed the Trauma and Distress Scale, as a measurement of ACE and its domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg) and physical neglect (PhyNeg); a visual analog scale with the question: "What kind of attitude do other people take towards you?", and the self-report scale DEPS on depressive symptoms...
July 21, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30036761/serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphism-as-a-predictor-of-short-term-risk-of-suicide-reattempts
#16
Federico M Daray, Ángeles R Arena, Arnaldo R Armesto, Demián E Rodante, Soledad Puppo, Patricia Vidjen, Alicia Portela, Leandro N Grendas, Andrea E Errasti
OBJECTIVE: The serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms are associated with suicidal behavior; however, prospective studies are scarce. Herein we aim to determine if 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms predict risk of short-term suicide reattempt in a high-risk suicidal sample. We also explore possible mediators or moderators of this relationship. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study was designed to compare data obtained form 136 patients admitted to the emergency department for current suicidal ideation or a recent suicide attempt...
July 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031991/meteorological-parameters-and-air-pollen-count-in-association-with-self-reported-peripartum-depressive-symptoms
#17
Hanna E Henriksson, Richard A White, Sara M Sylvén, Fotios C Papadopoulos, Alkistis Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: Meteorological parameters and air pollen count have been associated with affective disorders and suicide. Regarding peripartum depression, the literature is restricted and inconclusive. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included women (pregnant, n = 3843; postpartum, n = 3757) who participated in the BASIC (Biology, Affect, Stress, Imaging, and Cognition) study 2010-2015 and the UPPSAT (Uppsala-Athens) study (postpartum, n = 1565) in 2006-2007...
July 19, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031990/functioning-mediates-help-seeking-for-mental-problems-in-the-general-population
#18
Chantal Michel, Nina Schnyder, Stefanie J Schmidt, Nicola Groth, Benno G Schimmelmann, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
AIMS: Absent or delayed help-seeking is considered to aggravate the immense personal and societal burden caused by mental disorders. Therefore, we cross-sectionally examined rates and clinical and sociodemographic moderators of early help-seeking for current clinician-assessed non-psychotic mental problems/disorders in the community. METHODS: Altogether, 2683 individuals of the Swiss Canton Bern (16-40 years old, response rate 63.4%) were interviewed by telephone for current axis-I problems/disorders using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, for psychosocial functioning using the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, and for help-seeking for mental problems...
July 19, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144983/corrigendum-to-disability-and-common-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative-portugal-eur-psychiatry-49-2018-56-61
#19
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Daniel Neto, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144982/early-life-experiences-and-social-cognition-in-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
Karolina I Rokita, Maria R Dauvermann, Gary Donohoe
OBJECTIVE: To present a systematic review of the literature on the associations between early social environment, early life adversity, and social cognition in major psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, major depressive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified via electronic and manual searches of the literature and included articles written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals up to May 2018...
September 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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