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European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212508/examining-cross-cultural-differences-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-multinational-comparison-from-greece-italy-japan-poland-and-the-united-states
#1
J L Matson, M Matheis, C O Burns, G Esposito, P Venuti, E Pisula, A Misiak, E Kalyva, V Tsakiris, Y Kamio, M Ishitobi, R L Goldin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social and communication impairments as well as restricted, repetitive behavior patterns. Despite the fact that ASD is reported worldwide, very little research exists examining ASD characteristics on a multinational scale. Cross-cultural comparisons are especially important for ASD, since cultural differences may impact the perception of symptoms. Identifying behaviors that are similarly reported as problematic across cultures as well as identifying behaviors in which there is cultural variation could aid in the development and refinement of more universally effective measures...
February 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199868/sexual-dysfunction-and-central-obesity-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#2
C Theleritis, S Bonaccorso, N Habib, D Stahl, F Gaughran, S Vitoratou, Z Atakan, A Kolliakou, P Gardner Sood, P Dazzan, T R Marques, P McGuire, K Greenwood, J Eberhard, J Breedvelt, S Ferracuti, M Di Forti, R M Murray, S Smith
BACKGROUND: In recent years the association between sexual dysfunction (SD) and obesity in the general population has drawn major attention. Although sexual dysfunction is common in psychosis, its relationship with weight gain and obesity remains unclear. AIMS: To investigate the association between sexual dysfunction and obesity in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis. METHOD: Sexual function was assessed in a cohort of patients with first episode psychosis using the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ)...
February 12, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277243/corrigendum-to-the-effectiveness-of-a-program-of-physical-activity-and-diet-to-modify-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-after-3-month-follow-up-capicor-randomized-clinical-trial-eur-psychiatry-30-2015-1028-1036
#3
R Masa-Font, M I Fernández-San-Martín, L M Martín López, A M Alba Muñoz, S Oller Canet, J Martín Royo, L San Emeterio Echevarría, N Olona Tabueña, M Ibarra Jato, A Barroso García, S González Tejón, C Tajada Vitales, B Díaz Mújica, L Viñas Cabrera, R Sanchís Catalán, T Salvador Barbarroja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242486/epa-guidance-on-emental-health-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#4
W Gaebel, I Großimlinghaus, D Mucic, A Maercker, J Zielasek, A Kerst
The aim of this EPA guidance was to develop recommendations on eMental health interventions in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A systematic literature search was performed and 40 articles were retrieved and assessed with regard to study characteristics, applied technologies, therapeutic approaches, diagnostic ascertainment, efficacy, sustainability of clinical effects, practicability and acceptance, attrition rates, safety, clinician-supported vs. non-supported interventions and active vs...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152434/association-between-lifetime-headache-and-history-of-suicide-attempts-in-the-elderly
#5
R Calati, P Courtet, J Norton, K Ritchie, S Artero
BACKGROUND: Pain-related conditions have been reported to play a key role among risk factors for suicide. Headache in particular has been repeatedly associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aims of this study were: 1) to assess the association between lifetime headache (both non-migrainous headache and migraine) and lifetime suicide attempts (SA); 2) to differentiate, within subjects with lifetime SA, patients with and without lifetime headache in terms of socio-demographic and clinical features...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152433/the-epa-guidance-on-suicide-treatment-and-prevention-needs-to-be-adjusted-to-fight-the-epidemics-of-suicide-at-the-north-pole-area-and-other-autochthonous-communities
#6
P Charlier, J Malaurie, D Wasserman, V Carli, M Sarchiapone, C Dagenais-Everell, C Herve
More and more, youth suicide in the Inuit community is gaining importance, with a frequency in Greenland rising from 14.4 (1960-64) to 110.4 per 100,000 person-years (2010-11). The huge cultural/educational changes during the last 20 years and the role of globalization, especially of the occidental influence on this community may be at the origin of such an "epidemics" of suicide in this cultural region. Recently, a political organization representing the Inuit community in Canada (ITK for Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami) launched a National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy (NISP) based on the specificities of this community in comparison to the occidental civilization...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142107/non-suicidal-self-injury-within-the-school-context-multilevel-analysis-of-teachers-support-and-peer-climate
#7
N Madjar, S Ben Shabat, R Elia, N Fellner, M Rehavi, S E Rubin, N Segal, G Shoval
BACKGROUND: Recent studies regarding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents have focused primarily on individual characteristics (e.g., depressive symptoms) and background factors (e.g., parental relationship), whereas less emphasis has been given to the role of school-related factors in NSSI. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to explore the relationships between teachers' support, peer climate, and NSSI within the school context. METHODS: The sample consisted of 594 high school students nested within 27 regular classes (54...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142106/on-the-interconnectedness-and-prognostic-value-of-visual-and-auditory-hallucinations-in-first-episode-psychosis
#8
M L Clark, F Waters, T M Vatskalis, A Jablensky
BACKGROUND: Visual hallucinations (VH) are common symptoms in schizophrenia and other psychoses. An understanding of their cross-sectional and longitudinal patterns of association with auditory hallucinations (AH) is essential for developing accurate models of hallucinatory phenomena. OBJECTIVE: This study presents the most comprehensive examination of the association between VH and AH, and its change over time, in 1303 individuals with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and 469 individuals with chronic schizophrenia...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135594/experiences-of-remote-mood-and-activity-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#9
K E A Saunders, A C Bilderbeck, P Panchal, L Z Atkinson, J R Geddes, G M Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology enables high frequency mood monitoring and automated passive collection of data (e.g. actigraphy) from patients more efficiently and less intrusively than has previously been possible. Such techniques are increasingly being deployed in research and clinical settings however little is known about how such approaches are experienced by patients. Here, we explored the experiences of individuals with bipolar disorder engaging in a study involving mood and activity monitoring with a range of portable and wearable technologies...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135593/maintenance-pharmacotherapy-for-recurrent-major-depressive-disorder-in-primary-care-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#10
K Riihimäki, M Vuorilehto, E Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Most practice guidelines recommend maintenance antidepressant treatment for recurrent major depressive disorder. However, the degree to which such guidance is actually followed in primary health care has remained obscure. We investigated the provision of maintenance antidepressant treatment within a representative primary care five-year cohort study. METHODS: In the Vantaa Primary Care Depression Study, a stratified random sample of 1119 adult patients was screened for depression using the Prime-MD...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135592/on-the-depressive-nature-of-the-burnout-syndrome-a-clarification
#11
EDITORIAL
R Bianchi, I S Schonfeld, P Vandel, E Laurent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135591/anxiety-disorders-and-risk-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
M Pérez-Piñar, L Ayerbe, E González, R Mathur, Q Foguet-Boreu, S Ayis
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem worldwide. However, the evidence on the association between anxiety disorders and risk of stroke is limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis presents a critical appraisal and summary of the available evidence on the association between anxiety disorders and risk of stroke. METHODS: Cohort studies reporting risk of stroke among patients with anxiety disorders were searched in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, and the Web of Science, from database inception to June 2016...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049086/structural-and-metabolic-differentiation-between-bipolar-disorder-with-psychosis-and-substance-induced-psychosis-an-integrated-mri-pet-study
#13
A C Altamura, G Delvecchio, G Marotta, L Oldani, A Pigoni, V Ciappolino, E Caletti, C Rovera, C Dobrea, C Arici, B Benatti, G Camuri, C Prunas, R A Paoli, B Dell'osso, C Cinnante, F M Triulzi, P Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) may be characterized by the presence of psychotic symptoms and comorbid substance abuse. In this context, structural and metabolic dysfunctions have been reported in both BD with psychosis and addiction, separately. In this study, we aimed at identifying neural substrates differentiating psychotic BD, with or without substance abuse, versus substance-induced psychosis (SIP) by coupling, for the first time, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET)...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049085/high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-over-the-left-dlpfc-for-major-depression-session-dependent-efficacy-a-meta-analysis
#14
S Teng, Z Guo, H Peng, G Xing, H Chen, B He, M A McClure, Q Mu
BACKGROUND: Depression is a major debilitating psychiatric disorder. Current antidepressant drugs are often associated with side effects or treatment resistance. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate therapeutic effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) in major depression (MD). METHODS: The medical data bases of PubMed, Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central Register were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting the therapeutic effects of high-frequency rTMS for depression, which were published in English between January 1990 and June 2016...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049084/a-single-session-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-prefrontal-cortex-reduces-cue-induced-craving-in-patients-with-gambling-disorder
#15
A Gay, C Boutet, T Sigaud, A Kamgoue, J Sevos, J Brunelin, C Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Gambling disorder (GD) is common and disabling addictive disorder. In patients with substance use disorders, the application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) offers promise to alleviate craving. We hypothesized that applying real compared to sham rTMS over the left DLPFC would reduce gambling craving in patients with GD. METHODS: In a randomized sham-controlled crossover design, 22 treatment-seeking patients with GD received real or sham treatment with high frequency rTMS over the left DLPFC followed a week later by the other type of treatment...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049083/recovery-assessment-scale-examining-the-factor-structure-of-the-german-version-ras-g-in-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#16
M Cavelti, M Wirtz, P Corrigan, R Vauth
BACKGROUND: The recovery framework has found its way into local and national mental health services and policies around the world, especially in English speaking countries. To promote this process, it is necessary to assess personal recovery validly and reliably. The Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS) is the most established measure in recovery research. The aim of the current study is to examine the factor structure of the German version of the RAS (RAS-G). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six German-speaking clients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder from a community mental health service completed the RAS-G plus measures of recovery attitudes, self-stigma, psychotic symptoms, depression, and functioning...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049082/catechol-o-methyltransferase-val-108-158-met-polymorphism-affects-fronto-limbic-connectivity-during-emotional-processing-in-bipolar-disorder
#17
B Vai, M Riberto, S Poletti, I Bollettini, C Lorenzi, C Colombo, F Benedetti
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inactivates catecholamines, Val/Val genotype was associated to an increased amygdala (Amy) response to negative stimuli and can influence the symptoms severity and the outcome of bipolar disorder, probably mediated by the COMT polymorphism (rs4680) interaction between cortical and subcortical dopaminergic neurotransmission. The aim of this study is to explore how rs4680 and implicit emotional processing of negative emotional stimuli could interact in affecting the Amy connectivity in bipolar depression...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049081/suicidality-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-experience-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#18
C W Slotema, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, M van der Gaag, H W Hoek, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), about 22-50% experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the impact of these hallucinations on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, crisis-service interventions, and hospital admissions is unknown. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected with the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, as well as from the medical records of a convenience sample of outpatients fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for BPD...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049080/metabolic-syndrome-or-glucose-challenge-in-first-episode-of-psychosis
#19
C Garcia-Rizo, E Fernandez-Egea, C Oliveira, A Meseguer, B Cabrera, G Mezquida, M Bioque, R Penades, E Parellada, M Bernardo, B Kirkpatrick
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit a reduced life expectancy. Although unhealthy lifestyle or suicide risk plays a role, the main causes are diverse medical conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome. Albeit pharmacological secondary side effects might also trigger previous conditions, studies in naïve patients reflect diverse anomalies at the onset. Patients with a first episode of psychosis, display a wide scope of metabolic abnormalities, ranging from normality till pathological values depending on the parameters studied...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049079/prediction-of-motivational-impairment-12-month-follow-up-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-on-extended-early-intervention-for-first-episode-psychosis
#20
W C Chang, V W Y Kwong, G H K Chan, O T T Jim, E S K Lau, C L M Hui, S K W Chan, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Amotivation is prevalent in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and is a major determinant of functional outcome. Prediction of amotivation in the early stage of psychosis, however, is under-studied. We aimed to prospectively examine predictors of amotivation in FEP patients in a randomized-controlled trial comparing a 1-year extension of early intervention (Extended EI, 3-year EI) with step-down psychiatric care (SC, 2-year EI). METHODS: One hundred sixty Chinese patents were recruited from a specialized EI program for FEP in Hong Kong after they have completed this 2-year EI service, randomly allocated to Extended EI or SC, and followed up for 12 months...
March 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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