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European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127911/healthy-minds-from-0-100-years-optimising-the-use-of-european-brain-imaging-cohorts-lifebrain
#1
K B Walhovd, A M Fjell, R Westerhausen, L Nyberg, K P Ebmeier, U Lindenberger, D Bartrés-Faz, W F C Baaré, H R Siebner, R Henson, C A Drevon, G P Knudsen, I Budin-Ljøsne, B W J H Penninx, P Ghisletta, O Rogeberg, L Tyler, L Bertram
The main objective of "Lifebrain" is to identify the determinants of brain, cognitive and mental (BCM) health at different stages of life. By integrating, harmonising and enriching major European neuroimaging studies across the life span, we will merge fine-grained BCM health measures of more than 5,000 individuals. Longitudinal brain imaging, genetic and health data are available for a major part, as well as cognitive and mental health measures for the broader cohorts, exceeding 27,000 examinations in total...
November 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102660/satisfaction-of-psychotic-patients-with-care-and-its-value-to-predict-outcomes
#2
J M Vermeulen, N F Schirmbeck, M J van Tricht, L de Haan
BACKGROUND: A key indicator of quality of treatment from the patient's perspective is expressed by satisfaction with care. Our aim was to (i) explore satisfaction and its relation to clinical outcome measures; and (ii) explore the predictive value of satisfaction for the course of outcomes over three years. METHODS: Data of 654 patients with a non-affective psychosis included in a naturalistic longitudinal cohort study were analyzed. We included 506 males and 148 females with a mean age of 30...
November 2, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102659/regulation-of-inflammatory-pathways-in-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#3
L García-Álvarez, J R Caso, M P García-Portilla, L de la Fuente-Tomás, L González-Blanco, P Sáiz Martínez, J C Leza, J Bobes
BACKGROUND: Immune-inflammatory processes have been implicated in schizophrenia (SCH), but their specificity is not clear. MAIN AIM: To identify potential differential intra-/intercellular biochemical pathways controlling immune-inflammatory response and their oxidative-nitrosative impact on SCH patients, compared with bipolar disorder (BD) patients and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Cross-sectional, naturalistic study of a cohort of SCH patients (n=123) and their controls [BD (n=102) and HC (n=80)]...
October 18, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096129/suicide-prevention-towards-integrative-innovative-and-individualized-brief-contact-interventions
#4
EDITORIAL
S Berrouiguet, P Courtet, M E Larsen, M Walter, G Vaiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096128/are-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-risk-factor-for-suicide-attempts-in-patients-with-mood-disorders-a-two-year-prospective-study
#5
L N Abreu, M A Oquendo, H Galfavy, A Burke, M F Grunebaum, L Sher, G M Sullivan, M E Sublette, J Mann, B Lafer
BACKGROUND: Comorbid anxiety disorders have been considered a risk factor for suicidal behavior in patients with mood disorders, although results are controversial. The aim of this two-year prospective study was to determine if lifetime and current comorbid anxiety disorders at baseline were risk factors for suicide attempts during the two-year follow-up. METHODS: We evaluated 667 patients with mood disorders (504 with major depression and 167 with bipolar disorder) divided in two groups: those with lifetime comorbid anxiety disorders (n=229) and those without (n=438)...
September 29, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100171/the-danger-of-being-inattentive%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adhd-symptoms-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-in-russian-adolescents
#6
J Isaksson, A Stickley, R Koposov, V Ruchkin
BACKGROUND: Prior research has indicated that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be associated with an increased likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviour (RSB). However, research on this association among adolescents has been comparatively limited and mainly confined to North America. The aim of this study was to examine if inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms were linked to RSB in a community cohort sample of Russian adolescents. METHODS: The study was based on a group of 537 adolescents from Northern Russia...
September 28, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107832/impaired-action-self-monitoring-and-cognitive-confidence-among-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-first-episode-psychosis-patients
#7
Ł Gawęda, E Li, S Lavoie, T J Whitford, S Moritz, B Nelson
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring biases and overconfidence in incorrect judgments have been suggested as playing a role in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Little is known about whether self-monitoring biases may contribute to early risk factors for psychosis. In this study, action self-monitoring (i.e., discrimination between imagined and performed actions) was investigated, along with confidence in judgments among ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis individuals and first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients...
September 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100170/validation-of-a-four-items-version-of-the-functional-remission-of-general-schizophrenia-scale-the-mini-frogs-to-capture-the-functional-benefits-of-clinical-remission
#8
J Mallet, S Lancrenon, P-M Llorca, C Lançon, F-J Baylé, P Gorwood
OBJECTIVES: We previously developed the Functional Remission Of General Schizophrenia (FROGS) scale demonstrating first, reliable assessment in a cross-sectional study and second, good time-stability. The purpose of the present analysis was to propose a shorter version (mini-FROGS), more compatible with the limited time available in a psychiatric visit, focusing on the functional domains that have higher likelihood of being improved with higher and/or longer symptomatic remission in different cultural backgrounds...
September 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096127/neural-activity-during-the-viewing-of-emotional-pictures-in-veterans-with-pathological-anger-and-aggression
#9
L Heesink, T E Gladwin, M Vink, J van Honk, R Kleber, E Geuze
Anger and aggression are common mental health problems after military deployment. Anger and aggression have been associated with abnormalities in subcortical and cortical levels of the brain and their connectivity. Here, we tested brain activation during the processing of emotional stimuli in military veterans with and without anger and aggression problems. Thirty military veterans with anger and aggression problems and 29 veterans without a psychiatric diagnosis (all males) participated in this study. During an fMRI scan 32 negative, 32 positive and 32 neutral pictures from the International Affective Picture System were presented in intermixed order...
September 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096130/impaired-self-agency-inferences-in-schizophrenia-the-role-of-cognitive-capacity-and-causal-reasoning-style
#10
M Prikken, A van der Weiden, R S Kahn, H Aarts, N E M van Haren
BACKGROUND: The sense of self-agency, i.e., experiencing oneself as the cause of one's own actions, is impaired in patients with schizophrenia. Normally, inferences of self-agency are enhanced when actual outcomes match with pre-activated outcome information, where this pre-activation can result from explicitly set goals (i.e., goal-based route) or implicitly primed outcome information (i.e., prime-based route). Previous research suggests that patients show specific impairments in the prime-based route, implicating that they do not rely on matches between implicitly available outcome information and actual action-outcomes when inferring self-agency...
September 20, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096131/winter-birth-urbanicity-and-immigrant-status-predict-psychometric-schizotypy-dimensions-in-adolescents
#11
D Mimarakis, T Roumeliotaki, P Roussos, S G Giakoumaki, P Bitsios
BACKGROUND: Urbanicity, immigration and winter-birth are stable epidemiological risk factors for schizophrenia, but their relationship to schizotypy is unknown. This is a first examination of the association of these epidemiological risk factors with positive schizotypy, in nonclinical adolescents, controlling for a range of potential and known confounders. METHODS: We collected socio-demographics, life-style, family and school circumstances, positive schizotypy dimensions and other personality traits from 445 high school pupils (192 males, 158 immigrants) from 9 municipalities in Athens and Heraklion, Greece, which covered a range of host population and migrant densities...
September 18, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017063/european-status-and-perspectives-on-early-detection-and-intervention-in-at-risk-mental-state-and-first-episode-psychosis-viewpoint-from-the-epa-section-for-prevention-of-mental-disorders
#12
EDITORIAL
N P Maric, A Raballo, M Rojnic Kuzman, S Andric Petrovic, J Klosterkötter, A Riecher-Rössler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017064/negative-social-comparisons-and-psychosis-proneness-in-a-healthy-adolescent-population
#13
F A Cotier, T Toulopoulou
There is growing evidence of an association between negative social comparisons (NSC) and both psychosis, and psychosis proneness. The majority of the work thus far, however, has focused largely on one type of NSC, namely, social rank. Whilst social rank is clearly an important factor, an individual's perception of belonging is likely also of importance; particularly, when considering individuals from collectivistic cultures such as China, where greater emphasis is placed on fitting into the group. There is also limited research investigating what factors may contribute towards the relationship between NSC and psychosis proneness, and to what extent this relationship may be due to common familial factors...
September 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992535/quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-the-impact-of-symptomatic-remission-and-resilience
#14
A Hofer, Y Mizuno, F Wartelsteiner, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, M Mimura, S Pardeller, C Sondermann, T Suzuki, A Welte, H Uchida
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is significantly affected in individuals with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder (BD-I). The current study investigated whether symptomatic remission and resilience might differently impact HRQOL in these patients. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with schizophrenia and 60 patients suffering from BD-I from outpatient mental health services as well as 77 healthy control subjects from the general community were included into a cross-sectional study...
September 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992533/neural-correlates-of-affective-and-non-affective-cognition-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-functional-imaging-studies
#15
A Rasgon, W H Lee, E Leibu, A Laird, D Glahn, W Goodman, S Frangou
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive ritualistic behaviors and has been associated with diverse functional brain abnormalities. We sought to synthesize current evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies and examine their alignment to pathogenetic models of OCD. Following systematic review, we identified 54 task-fMRI studies published in the last decade comparing adults with OCD (n=1186) to healthy adults (n=1159) using tasks of affective and non-affective cognition...
September 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992534/the-association-between-metacognitive-abilities-and-outcome-measures-among-people-with-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis
#16
N Arnon-Ribenfeld, I Hasson-Ohayon, M Lavidor, D Atzil-Slonim, P H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Deficits in metacognition are one of the major causes of the difficulties experienced by individuals with schizophrenia. Studies have linked these deficits to symptom exacerbation and deterioration in psychosocial functioning. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to examine the extensive existing literature regarding metacognitive deficits among persons with schizophrenia; a further aim was to assess the extent to which metacognitive abilities are linked to outcome measures of symptoms and psychosocial functioning...
August 30, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992532/commentary-on-neuropsychological-deficits-in-adults-age-60-and-above-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
EDITORIAL
P O Guimarães-da-Silva, D B Kappel, K L Silva, R G Karam, L A Rohde, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957793/cannabis-use-in-early-adolescence-is-associated-with-higher-negative-schizotypy-in-females
#18
L Albertella, M E Le Pelley, J Copeland
The current study examined the relationship between early onset cannabis use (before age 16) and different schizotypy dimensions, and whether gender moderates these associations. Participants were 162 cannabis users, aged 15-24 years, who completed an online assessment examining alcohol and other drug use, psychological distress, and schizotypy. Participants were divided according to whether or not they had started using cannabis before the age of 16 (early onset=47; later onset=115) and gender (males=66; females=96)...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957792/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-physical-multimorbidity-a-population-based-study
#19
A Stickley, A Koyanagi, H Takahashi, V Ruchkin, Y Inoue, Y Kamio
BACKGROUND: There has been little research on the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with co-occurring physical diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between possible ADHD and physical multimorbidity (i.e.≥2 physical diseases) among adults in the English general population. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 7274 individuals aged≥18 years that came from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. ADHD symptoms were assessed with the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957791/stress-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-and-tobacco-smoking-the-i-share-study
#20
C Galéra, J Salla, I Montagni, S Hanne-Poujade, R Salamon, O Grondin, E Guichard, M P Bouvard, C Tzourio, G Michel
BACKGROUND: The contribution of mental health to the risk of smoking is increasingly acknowledged but still insufficiently studied during the key period of student life. In particular, the simultaneous action of stress and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the risk of smoking remains poorly understood. AIMS: To assess the effects of stress and ADHD symptoms on tobacco smoking. METHOD: Multivariate modeling was conducted on the French i-Share study (n=8110, median age 20...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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