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Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216282/smoking-cessation-improves-cardiometabolic-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-treated-with-varenicline-and-dietary-counseling
#1
E Heggen, M Svendsen, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Weight gain after stopping smoking potentially counteracts improvements in cardiometabolic risks. We investigated changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and homeostasis assessment model insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in smokers given dietary counseling during their quit attempt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Smokers (≥10 cigarettes/day) with BMI 25-40 kg/m(2) were randomized to a low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet and treated with a standard course of varenicline for 12 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228332/calorically-restricted-diets-decrease-pcsk9-in-overweight-adolescents
#2
A E Levenson, C E Milliren, S B Biddinger, C B Ebbeling, H A Feldman, D S Ludwig, S D de Ferranti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is the first line approach to treatment of hyperlipidemia in childhood. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of plasma cholesterol levels and a target of novel lipid-lowering pharmacotherapies. We examined the effects of an intensive nutritional intervention on PCSK9 levels in overweight adolescents with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty seven obese and overweight adolescents with CVD risk factors were assigned to either a low fat or low glycemic load diet...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216284/new-risk-and-protective-factors-for-severe-hypoglycaemia-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
T Wohland, J D Holstein, O M Patzer, M Mende, T Tiemann, C Koch-Tessarek, P Kovacs, A Holstein
AIMS: To evaluate risk factors for severe hypoglycaemia (SH) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective observational and comparative study. All SH occurring between 2007 and 2014 in a German population (Lippe-Detmold) were captured. Characteristics of patients with T1DM and SH were compared with a control group being equivalent concerning age, diabetes duration, HbA1c, comorbidity, and β-blocker treatment. SH was defined as a symptomatic event requiring treatment with intravenous glucose or glucagon administration and being confirmed by a blood glucose measurement of <2...
December 24, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216283/life-course-path-analysis-of-total-and-central-adiposity-throughout-adolescence-on-adult-blood-pressure-and-insulin-resistance
#4
J Araújo, M Severo, S Santos, E Ramos
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We aimed to study whether the effect of adolescent adiposity on adult blood pressure and insulin resistance was mediated by adult adiposity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the EPITeen cohort at 13, 17 and 21 years was used (n = 2211). Sex- and age-specific body mass index z-scores (BMIz) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were used as indicators of total and central adiposity, respectively. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), glucose and insulin were assessed at 21 years and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) was used as a marker of insulin resistance...
December 24, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139376/risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-abdominal-obesity-phenotypes-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#5
S Doustmohamadian, S Serahati, M Barzin, S Keihani, F Azizi, F Hosseinpanah
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Long-term health risks in the so-called "healthy obesity" phenotypes remain controversial. Also it is unknown if "metabolically healthy abdominal obese" (MHAO) phenotype is at increased risk of all-cause mortality compared to their non-abdominally obese counterparts. In this study we assessed the risk of all-cause mortality in different abdominal obesity phenotypes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this large population-based cohort, 8804 participants (aged ≥ 30 years), from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) were enrolled and followed for a median of 12...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081988/exposure-to-famine-in-early-life-and-the-risk-of-obesity-in-adulthood-in-qingdao-evidence-from-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#6
L Liu, Z C Pang, J P Sun, B Xue, S J Wang, F Ning, Q Qiao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the association between famine exposure during early life and obesity and obesitymax (obese at the highest weight) in adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were from two population-based cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2006 and 2009 in Qingdao, China. A total of 8185 subjects born between 1/1/1941 and 12/31/1971 were categorized into unexposed (born between 01/01/1962 and 12/31/1971), fetal/infant exposed (born between 01/01/1959 and 12/31/1961), childhood exposed (born between 01/01/1949 and 12/31/1958) and adolescence exposed (born between 01/01/1941 and 12/31/1948) according to their age when exposed to the Chinese famine from 1959 to 1961...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089080/salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
V Vuksan, A L Jenkins, C Brissette, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Gibbs, R P Bazinet, F Au-Yeung, A Zurbau, H V T Ho, L Duvnjak, J L Sievenpiper, R G Josse, A Hanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preliminary findings indicate that consumption of Salba-chia (Salvia hispanica L.), an ancient seed, improves management of type 2 diabetes and suppresses appetite. The aim of this study was to assesse the effect of Salba-chia on body weight, visceral obesity and obesity-related risk factors in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial with two parallel groups involved 77 overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c: 6...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061945/the-30th-national-congress-of-the-societ%C3%A3-italiana-per-lo-studio-dell-arteriosclerosi
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061944/comments-on-insulin-resistance-postprandial-glp-1-and-adaptive-immunity-are-the-main-predictors-of-nafld-in-a-homogeneous-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#9
LETTER
M Sani, E Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988072/epicardial-adipose-tissue-is-related-to-cardiac-function-in-elderly-women-but-not-in-men
#10
Su-A Kim, Mi-Na Kim, Wan-Joo Shim, Seong-Mi Park
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is easily quantifiable visceral adipose tissue that is closely associated with cardiometabolic disease including heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. As body fat distribution and metabolism are different between men and women, we evaluated the sex difference in EAT thickness and its relationship to cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 152 consecutive patients (76 men) with mean age of 62 ± 9 years were enrolled...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986351/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#11
LETTER
M Afarideh, A Ghajar, S Noshad, M Saadat, E Khajeh, A Esteghamati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986350/dietary-glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-cancer-an-overview-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
S Sieri, V Krogh
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the current evidence for associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and dietary glycemic load (GL), and the risk of various types of cancer, and to summarize mechanisms proposed to explain the associations found. DATA SYNTHESIS: Medline was searched for cohort studies, case-control studies, and meta-analyses, published up to February 2016, that examined associations between dietary GI/GL and cancer. Findings from the main meta-analyses showed a weak-to-moderate association of high dietary GI/GL with increased risk of some cancers...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956025/sex-differences-in-the-impact-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#13
T Du, X Sun, G Yuan, X Zhou, H Lu, X Lin, X Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Information on sex differences in the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is scarce. We examined whether men exhibit greater differences in established CVD risk factors between NAFLD and non-NAFLD than women. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort of 10761 apparently healthy Chinese adults who underwent comprehensive health checkups including abdominal ultrasonography...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956024/joint-position-statement-on-nutraceuticals-for-the-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia-of-the-italian-society-of-diabetology-sid-and-of-the-italian-society-for-the-study-of-arteriosclerosis-sisa
#14
REVIEW
M Pirro, C Vetrani, C Bianchi, M R Mannarino, F Bernini, A A Rivellese
AIM: Evidence showed that LDL-cholesterol lowering is associated with a significant cardiovascular risk reduction. The initial therapeutic approach to hypercholesterolemia includes dietary modifications but the compliance to recommendations is often inadequate. Some dietary components with potential cholesterol-lowering activity are present in small amounts in food. Therefore, in recent years the use of "nutraceuticals" (i.e., nutrients and/or bioactive compounds with potential beneficial effects on human health) has become widespread...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956023/cardiovascular-complications-and-drug-prescriptions-in-subjects-with-and-without-diabetes-in-a-northern-region-of-italy-in-2002-and-2012
#15
M Baviera, F Avanzini, I Marzona, M Tettamanti, T Vannini, L Cortesi, I Fortino, A Bortolotti, L Merlino, R Trevisan, M C Roncaglioni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In contrast to the well-documented global prevalence of diabetes, much less is known about the epidemiology of cardiovascular (CV) complications in recent years. We describe the incidence of major CV events, deaths and drug prescribing patterns from 2002 to 2012 in subjects with (DM) or without diabetes mellitus (No DM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Subjects and outcomes were identified using linkable health administrative databases of Lombardy, a region in Northern Italy...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956022/self-initiated-changes-in-physical-activity-levels-improve-cardiometabolic-profiles-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#16
R M Ritti-Dias, G G Cucato, W L do Prado, R D O Conceição, R D Santos, M S Bittencourt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While studies have described the importance of higher physical activity levels (PAL) in weight loss, the impact of self-initiated PAL on health status warrants further study. We aimed to prospectively examine the effects of self-initiated longitudinal PAL changes on body mass index (BMI) and cardiometabolic parameters in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 4840 adults (mean age 41.6 ± 7.9 years, 79% male) undergoing routine health screening examinations...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919543/maternal-plasma-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-levels-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-lipid-and-insulin-levels
#17
A J Vidakovic, V W V Jaddoe, T Voortman, H Demmelmair, B Koletzko, R Gaillard
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Maternal polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels are associated with cord blood lipid and insulin levels. Not much is known about the influence of maternal PUFAs during pregnancy on long-term offspring lipid and insulin metabolism. We examined the associations of maternal plasma n-3 and n-6 PUFA levels during pregnancy with childhood lipid and insulin levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a population-based prospective cohort study, among 3230 mothers and their children, we measured maternal second trimester n-3 and n-6 PUFA plasma levels...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919542/total-hdl-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-in-healthy-children-associations-with-adiposity-and-dietary-intakes-of-mother-and-child
#18
H Khalil, C Murrin, M O'Reilly, K Viljoen, R Segurado, J O'Brien, R Somerville, F McGillicuddy, C C Kelleher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol efflux capacity in adults may be a measure of the atheroprotective property of HDL. Little however, is known about HDL cholesterol efflux capacity in childhood. We aimed to investigate the relationship between HDL cholesterol efflux capacity and childhood anthropometrics in a longitudinal study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-five children (mean age = 9.4 ± 0.4 years) were followed from birth until the age of 9 years...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914697/comparison-of-metabolic-changes-between-short-and-non-short-stature-obese-low-income-women-after-weight-loss
#19
LETTER
N B Bueno, T M M T Florencio, F A Cavalcante, I L Lins, A G Clemente, R C Sesso, A L Sawaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914695/reply-from-the-authors-to-comments-on-insulin-resistance-postprandial-glp-1-and-adaptive-immunity-are-the-main-predictors-of-nafld-in-a-homogeneous-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#20
LETTER
G Annuzzi, L Bozzetto, M Mancini, A A Rivellese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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