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Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753587/association-between-eating-time-interval-and-frequency-with-ideal-cardiovascular-health-results-from-a-random-sample-czech-urban-population
#1
A Maugeri, S Kunzova, J R Medina-Inojosa, A Agodi, M Barchitta, M Homolka, N Kiacova, H Bauerova, O Sochor, F Lopez-Jimenez, M Vinciguerra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The frequency and timing of meals may affect cardiovascular health (CVH) outcomes, but large-scale epidemiological studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between eating time interval and frequency, and measures of ideal CVH in the Kardiovize Brno cohort study, a random urban sample population in Central Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1659 members of the Kardiovize Brno 2030 cohort were included in a cross-sectional study (mean age = 46...
April 18, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753588/effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-supplementation-on-c-reactive-protein-level-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#2
S Saboori, E Falahi, E Eslampour, M Zeinali Khosroshahi, E Yousefi Rad
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in clinical trial studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic search was carried out on clinical trial studies published in PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases completed by manual search on reference list of eligible studies accomplished by November 4, 2017. Of a total number of 508 studies found in the first step of literature search, only 11 were included with 264 participants in supplementation groups and 287 in control groups...
April 17, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752038/transient-postnatal-over-nutrition-induces-long-term-alterations-in-cardiac-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway
#3
B Siddeek, N Li, C Mauduit, H Chehade, E Rigal, J-F Tolsa, J-B Armengaud, C Yzydorczyk, M Benahmed, C Vergely, U Simeoni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Altered early nutrition, in particular postnatal overfeeding (PNOF), is a risk factor for impaired cardiac function in adulthood. In the understanding of the initiation or progression of heart diseases, NLRP3 inflammasome and non-coding RNAs have been proposed as key players. In this context, the aim of this study was to decipher the role of NLRP3 inflammasome and its post transcriptional control by micro-RNAs in the regulation of cardiac metabolic function induced by PNOF in mice...
April 14, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665994/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-jordanians-a-case-control-study-statistical-and-methodological-issue
#4
LETTER
I Abdollahpour, Y Salimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759310/flavanols-are-potential-anti-obesity-agents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-clinical-trials
#5
M Akhlaghi, S Ghobadi, M Mohammad Hosseini, Z Gholami, F Mohammadian
BACKGROUND: The anti-obesity potential of flavonoids has been shown by animal and human studies. In this meta-analysis, we systematically reviewed controlled clinical trials and quantified the effects of flavonoids and flavonoid subclasses on obesity-related anthropometric measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest databases were searched to identify trials examining the effect of flavonoids on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage...
April 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739677/soy-isoflavones-improve-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers-in-women-during-the-early-menopause
#6
T Sathyapalan, M Aye, A S Rigby, N J Thatcher, S R Dargham, E S Kilpatrick, S L Atkin
BACKGROUND: Hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for cardiovascular disease risk (CVR) in post-menopausal women. Soy isoflavones may act as selective estrogen receptor modulators. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soy isoflavones had an effect on CVR markers. METHODS: The expected 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality were calculated as a secondary endpoint from a double blind randomised parallel study involving 200 women (mean age 55 years, Caucasian, Hull, UK, 2012) in the early menopause who were randomised to 15 g soy protein with 66 mg isoflavone (SPI) or 15 g soy protein alone (depleted of all isoflavones; SP) given as a snack bar between meals daily for 6 months...
April 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754716/sex-disparity-persists-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-women-on-statin-therapy-compared-to-that-in-men
#7
S Moreno-Arellano, J Delgado-de-Mendoza, M J Santi-Cano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess whether women differ from men with regard to lowering lipid levels, achieving target of optimal lipid levels, and analyzing evidence-based dose and intensity of statin prescription in primary care patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multicenter cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1046 patients with dyslipidemia (554 women) who were receiving statin therapy from the Primary Health Care of Andalucía (Spain)...
April 7, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753586/cost-effectiveness-of-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy-in-two-different-patient-populations-with-type-1-diabetes-in-italy
#8
A Nicolucci, M C Rossi, D D'Ostilio, A Delbaere, S de Portu, S Roze
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) combines real time continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) with Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) and provides additional benefits beyond those provided by CSII alone. SAP with automated insulin suspension provides early warning of the onset of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and has the functionality to suspend insulin delivery if sensor glucose levels are predicted to fall below a predefined threshold. Aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of SAP with automated insulin suspension versus CSII alone in type 1 diabetes...
April 5, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739678/congruent-validity-and-inter-day-reliability-of-two-breath-by-breath-metabolic-carts-to-measure-resting-metabolic-rate-in-young-adults
#9
J M A Alcantara, G Sanchez-Delgado, B Martinez-Tellez, E Merchan-Ramirez, I Labayen, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Achieving high inter-day reliability is a key factor to analyze the magnitude of change in RMR, for instance after an intervention. The aims of this study were: i) to determine the congruent validity of RMR and respiratory quotient (RQ) with two breath by breath commercially available metabolic carts [CCM Express (CCM) and Ultima CardiO2 (MGU)]; and ii) to analyze the inter-day reliability of RMR and RQ measurements. METHODS & RESULTS: Seventeen young adults participated in the study...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609865/dairy-shows-different-associations-with-abdominal-and-bmi-defined-overweight-cross-sectional-analyses-exploring-a-variety-of-dairy-products
#10
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, D Sluik, C M Singh-Povel, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have suggested weight-regulatory properties for several dairy nutrients, but population-based studies on dairy and body weight are inconclusive. We explored cross-sectional associations between dairy consumption and indicators of overweight. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 114,682 Dutch adults, aged ≥18 years. Dairy consumption was quantified by a food frequency questionnaire. Abdominal overweight was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥88 cm (women) or ≥102 cm (men) (n = 37,391), overweight as BMI ≥25-30 kg/m2 (n = 44,772) and obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (n = 15,339)...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609863/reply-to-comments-on-dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-jordanians-a-case-control-study-statistical-and-methodological-issues
#11
LETTER
R Tayyem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753585/high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-two-sample-mendelian-randomization-study
#12
R Noordam, C H Oudt, M M Bos, R A J Smit, D van Heemst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) remains unclear. We investigated the associations of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentration with T2D and glycemic traits using two-sample Mendelian Randomization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used publically available summary-statistics data from genome-wide association studies on T2D (DIAGRAM: 12 171 cases; 56 862 controls) and glycemic traits (MAGIC: 46 186 participants without diabetes mellitus)...
March 26, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699813/bmi-correlates-with-pulse-pressure-in-offspring-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-albuminuria
#13
LETTER
S Bacci, A di Lorenzo, E V Greco, M G Tinti, A Rauseo, A P Palena, G Vendemiale, S De Cosmo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699812/a-short-term-increase-in-dietary-cholesterol-and-fat-intake-affects-high-density-lipoprotein-composition-in-healthy-subjects
#14
C Morgantini, S Trifirò, D Tricò, D Meriwether, S Baldi, A Mengozzi, S T Reddy, A Natali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-cholesterol and high-fat diets alter biochemical composition and anti-oxidant properties of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in animals. Whether this occurs in humans is unknown. Therefore, we examined the effect of a short-term elevation in dietary cholesterol and fat intake on HDL composition in healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized, crossover clinical trial, 14 healthy young volunteers followed a 14-day low-cholesterol/low-fat diet (LChF) and a 14-day isocaloric high-cholesterol/high-fat diet (HChF) in a random order...
March 19, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704951/lower-c-reactive-protein-and-il-6-associated-with-vegetarian-diets-are-mediated-by-bmi
#15
K Jaceldo-Siegl, E Haddad, S Knutsen, J Fan, J Lloren, D Bellinger, G E Fraser
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanism by which vegetarian diets are associated with less inflammation is not clear. We investigated the role of BMI as a mediator in the relationship between vegetarian diet and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), and the cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from participants of the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2) Calibration (n = 893) and Biological Manifestations of Religion (n = 478) sub-studies...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699815/associations-between-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-individuals
#16
S Dusanov, J Ruzzin, H Kiviranta, T O Klemsdal, L Retterstøl, P Rantakokko, R Airaksinen, S Djurovic, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Persons with "metabolically healthy" obesity may develop cardiometabolic complications at a lower rate than equally obese persons with evident metabolic syndrome. Even morbidly obese individuals vary in risk profile. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are widespread environmental chemicals that impair metabolic homeostasis. We explored whether prevalence of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese individuals is associated with serum concentrations of POPs...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691147/maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-early-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-alters-cardiac-metabolism-in-sprague-dawley-rat-offspring
#17
K A De Jong, S Barrand, R J Wood-Bradley, D L de Almeida, J K Czeczor, G D Lopaschuk, J A Armitage, S L McGee
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Maternal high fat diets (mHFD) have been associated with an increased offspring cardiovascular risk. Recently we found that the class IIa HDAC-MEF2 pathway regulates gene programs controlling fatty acid oxidation in striated muscle. This same pathway controls hypertrophic responses in the heart. We hypothesized that mHFD is associated with activation of signal controlling class II a HDAC activity and activation of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation and cardiac hypertrophy in offspring...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724529/the-effect-of-daily-fortified-yogurt-consumption-on-weight-loss-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-10-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
M Mohammadi-Sartang, N Bellissimo, J O Totosy de Zepetnek, N R Brett, S M Mazloomi, M Fararouie, A Bedeltavana, M Famouri, Z Mazloom
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a complex and multifaceted condition. Thus, functional foods need investigation as novel adjunct treatments for obesity. The objective was to determine the effects of daily consumption of a fortified yogurt (FY) on weight loss in overweight and obese patients with metabolic syndrome on a caloric-restricted diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a randomized, double-blind, 10-week study. Participants were randomly allocated to two groups receiving either two servings (2 × 250 g)/day of FY with whey protein, calcium, vitamin D, prebiotic fibre and probiotic cultures (n = 44) or a low-fat plain yogurt (PY) (n = 43)...
March 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699814/dxa-measured-visceral-fat-mass-and-lean-body-mass-reflect-abnormal-metabolic-phenotypes-among-some-obese-and-nonobese-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#19
W Q Ding, J T Liu, Y X Shang, B Gao, X Y Zhao, H P Zhao, W J Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The exact constellation of body composition characteristics among metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) and nonobese (MUNO) children and adolescents remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the major body composition determinants of metabolically unhealthy phenotypes among Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey in 2015 that included 1983 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years...
March 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691148/angiotensin-receptor-blocker-vs-ace-inhibitor-effects-on-hdl-functionality-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#20
R Kaseda, Y Tsuchida, J L Gamboa, J Zhong, L Zhang, H Yang, A Dikalova, A Bian, S Davies, A F Fogo, M F Linton, N J Brown, T A Ikizler, V Kon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) reduce cardiovascular events in the general population. Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients are at high cardiovascular risk but few studies have directly addressed the comparative efficacy of these drugs. MHD disrupts the normally atheroprotective actions of high density lipoprotein (HDL), therefore, we compared ACEI or ARB treatment on HDL functions in MHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: HDL was isolated at the starting point (pre) and 3-6 months later (post) in 30 MHD randomly assigned to placebo, ramipril or valsartan...
March 8, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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