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Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284664/high-baseline-c-reactive-protein-levels-predict-partial-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-remission-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#1
A Bonaventura, L Liberale, F Carbone, N Scopinaro, G Camerini, F S Papadia, R Cordera, F Dallegri, G F Adami, F Montecucco
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies demonstrated that surgery can improve inflammation parameters, such as C-reactive protein (CRP). Few biomarkers have been investigated to potentially predict type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. We aimed at determining whether pre-surgery serum CRP levels could predict T2DM remission after 3 years in patients undergoing bariatric surgery, especially biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was conducted from 2007 to 2009 at the Surgical Department of the University of Genoa, Italy...
February 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274728/psychological-distress-self-efficacy-and-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#2
L Indelicato, M Dauriz, L Santi, F Bonora, C Negri, V Cacciatori, G Targher, M Trento, E Bonora
AIM: To investigate the association of glycemic control with depression, anxiety, self-efficacy and other diabetes-specific psychological measures in a cohort of adult patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) free of severe chronic diabetes-related complications. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 172 T2D outpatients consecutively recruited at the Diabetes Center of Verona City Hospital, we performed a standard medical assessment and completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ) Age, body mass index (BMI) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were (median [IQR]): 64...
January 31, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274729/food-group-consumption-in-an-italian-population-using-the-updated-food-classification-system-foodex2-results-from-the-italian-nutrition-health-survey-inhes-study
#3
G Pounis, A Bonanni, E Ruggiero, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, M Persichillo, M Bonaccio, C Cerletti, G Riccardi, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary habits evolve over time, being influenced by many factors and complex interactions. This work aimed at evaluating the updated information on food group consumption in Italy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 8944 (4768 women and 4176 men) participants aged >18 years from all over Italy recruited in 2010-13 (Italian Nutrition & HEalth Survey, INHES) was analyzed. The recruitment was performed using computer-assisted-telephone-interviewing and one-day 24-h dietary recall retrieved from all participants...
January 18, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242233/back-to-glycemic-control-an-alternative-look-at-the-results-of-cardiovascular-outcome-trials-in-type-2-diabetes
#4
LETTER
E Mannucci, M Monami, A Ceriello, C M Rotella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254269/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
P Iaccarino Idelson, L Scalfi, G Valerio
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A decreased adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may be related to a rise in chronic non-communicable diseases from childhood onward. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the available literature regarding MD adherence in children and adolescents, and focusing, more specifically, on the association of MD adherence with demographic and anthropometric variables, body composition, lifestyle, and diet adequacy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A search of scientific literature was carried out on PUBMED, SCOPUS, Clinical Trials Results, Google Scholar, and British Library Inside for studies published in the last 20 years...
January 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242234/associations-between-common-carotid-artery-diameter-framingham-risk-score-and-cardiovascular-events
#6
M Kozakova, C Morizzo, S La Carrubba, I Fabiani, D Della Latta, J Jamagidze, D Chiappino, V Di Bello, C Palombo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vascular biomarkers are associated with risk burden and are capable to predict the development of future cardiovascular (CV) events; yet, their additive predictive value over and above established risk algorithms seems to be only modest. The present study evaluated the cross-sectional associations between vascular biomarkers, 10-year Framingham risk (FR) and prevalent CV events in a population with a high prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: As many as 681 subjects (419 men, age = 60 ± 10 years, 282 diabetics, 335 hypertensives, mean FR score = 22...
January 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216282/smoking-cessation-improves-cardiometabolic-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-treated-with-varenicline-and-dietary-counseling
#7
E Heggen, M Svendsen, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Weight gain after stopping smoking potentially counteracts improvements in cardiometabolic risks. We investigated changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and homeostasis assessment model insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in smokers given dietary counseling during their quit attempt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Smokers (≥10 cigarettes/day) with BMI 25-40 kg/m(2) were randomized to a low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet and treated with a standard course of varenicline for 12 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228332/calorically-restricted-diets-decrease-pcsk9-in-overweight-adolescents
#8
A E Levenson, C E Milliren, S B Biddinger, C B Ebbeling, H A Feldman, D S Ludwig, S D de Ferranti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is the first line approach to treatment of hyperlipidemia in childhood. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of plasma cholesterol levels and a target of novel lipid-lowering pharmacotherapies. We examined the effects of an intensive nutritional intervention on PCSK9 levels in overweight adolescents with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty seven obese and overweight adolescents with CVD risk factors were assigned to either a low fat or low glycemic load diet...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274727/serum-uric-acid-is-not-independently-associated-with-plasma-renin-activity-and-plasma-aldosterone-in-hypertensive-adults
#9
G Mulè, A Castiglia, M Morreale, G Geraci, C Cusumano, L Guarino, D Altieri, M Panzica, F Vaccaro, S Cottone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In experimental investigations conducted in rats, raising serum uric acid (SUA) levels resulted in the stimulation of intrarenal renin expression. Studies in humans exploring the association of SUA with plasma renin activity (PRA) yielded conflicting results. Moreover, little is known about the relationship of SUA with plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC). The study aimed to assess the relationship between SUA levels, PRA, and PAC and the influence of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and hyperuricemia on these relationships in subjects with essential hypertension (EH)...
December 27, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139377/cpt1a-methylation-is-associated-with-plasma-adiponectin
#10
S Aslibekyan, A N Do, H Xu, S Li, M R Irvin, D Zhi, H K Tiwari, D M Absher, A R Shuldiner, T Zhang, W Chen, K Tanner, C Hong, B D Mitchell, G Berenson, D K Arnett
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adiponectin, an adipose-secreted protein that has been linked to insulin sensitivity, plasma lipids, and inflammatory patterns, is an established biomarker for metabolic health. Despite clinical relevance and high heritability, the determinants of plasma adiponectin levels remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted the first epigenome-wide cross-sectional study of adiponectin levels using methylation data on 368,051 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites in CD4+ T-cells from the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network (GOLDN, n = 991)...
March 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089080/salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
V Vuksan, A L Jenkins, C Brissette, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Gibbs, R P Bazinet, F Au-Yeung, A Zurbau, H V T Ho, L Duvnjak, J L Sievenpiper, R G Josse, A Hanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preliminary findings indicate that consumption of Salba-chia (Salvia hispanica L.), an ancient seed, improves management of type 2 diabetes and suppresses appetite. The aim of this study was to assesse the effect of Salba-chia on body weight, visceral obesity and obesity-related risk factors in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial with two parallel groups involved 77 overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c: 6...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063875/clinical-worthlessness-of-genetic-prediction-of-common-forms-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-related-chronic-complications-a-position-statement-of-the-italian-society-of-diabetology
#12
REVIEW
R Buzzetti, S Prudente, M Copetti, M Dauriz, S Zampetti, M Garofolo, G Penno, V Trischitta
AIM: We are currently facing several attempts aimed at marketing genetic data for predicting multifactorial diseases, among which diabetes mellitus is one of the more prevalent. The present document primarily aims at providing to practicing physicians a summary of available data regarding the role of genetic information in predicting diabetes and its chronic complications. DATA SYNTHESIS: Firstly, general information about characteristics and performance of risk prediction tools will be presented in order to help clinicians to get acquainted with basic methodological information related to the subject at issue...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017525/waist-circumference-and-waist-height-ratio-percentiles-using-lms-method-in-chilean-population
#13
P Lopez-Legarrea, J Garcia-Rubio, F Oviedo-Silva, D Collado-Mateo, E Merellano-Navarro, P R Olivares
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern over the weight gain problem continues to grow among both the international scientific community and public health authorities, since overweight and obesity prevalence rates continue to increase worldwide. In Chile, two out of three people are overweight, whereas 25% of the adult population is obese. Abdominal fat, has been linked to the development of a number of metabolic disorders. Waist circumference (WC) and the waist:height ratio (WHtR) have recently been evidenced as good predictors of metabolic risk for both adults and children...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773467/advances-in-the-non-invasive-assessment-of-vascular-dysfunction-in-metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes-focus-on-endothelium-carotid-mechanics-and-renal-vessels
#14
R M Bruno, K D Reesink, L Ghiadoni
AIM: The present paper is a selective review on the methodology and clinical significance of techniques to assess specifically endothelial function, carotid mechanics and renal vascular function, particularly in the light of vascular dysfunction in metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. DATA SYNTHESIS: Endothelial dysfunction appears to be earlier detectable in the microcirculation of patients with altered glucose metabolism, while it attains significance in the macrocirculation at more advanced disease stages...
February 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061945/the-30th-national-congress-of-the-societ%C3%A3-italiana-per-lo-studio-dell-arteriosclerosi
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061944/comments-on-insulin-resistance-postprandial-glp-1-and-adaptive-immunity-are-the-main-predictors-of-nafld-in-a-homogeneous-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#16
LETTER
M Sani, E Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988072/epicardial-adipose-tissue-is-related-to-cardiac-function-in-elderly-women-but-not-in-men
#17
Su-A Kim, Mi-Na Kim, Wan-Joo Shim, Seong-Mi Park
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is easily quantifiable visceral adipose tissue that is closely associated with cardiometabolic disease including heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. As body fat distribution and metabolism are different between men and women, we evaluated the sex difference in EAT thickness and its relationship to cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 152 consecutive patients (76 men) with mean age of 62 ± 9 years were enrolled...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986351/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
LETTER
M Afarideh, A Ghajar, S Noshad, M Saadat, E Khajeh, A Esteghamati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986350/dietary-glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-cancer-an-overview-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
S Sieri, V Krogh
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the current evidence for associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and dietary glycemic load (GL), and the risk of various types of cancer, and to summarize mechanisms proposed to explain the associations found. DATA SYNTHESIS: Medline was searched for cohort studies, case-control studies, and meta-analyses, published up to February 2016, that examined associations between dietary GI/GL and cancer. Findings from the main meta-analyses showed a weak-to-moderate association of high dietary GI/GL with increased risk of some cancers...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956025/sex-differences-in-the-impact-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#20
T Du, X Sun, G Yuan, X Zhou, H Lu, X Lin, X Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Information on sex differences in the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is scarce. We examined whether men exhibit greater differences in established CVD risk factors between NAFLD and non-NAFLD than women. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using a cohort of 10761 apparently healthy Chinese adults who underwent comprehensive health checkups including abdominal ultrasonography...
January 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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