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Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD

J Bueno-Antequera, M Á Oviedo-Caro, D Munguía-Izquierdo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) was defined as meeting ideal levels of 4 health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 biological factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose) and is inversely related to cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the prevalence of ideal CVH in patients with severe mental illness and the possible independent associations of sedentary behaviour and fitness with CVH score are unexplored...
June 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
I Tzoulaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Y-J Kwon, H-S Lee, J-W Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bilirubin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; serum bilirubin levels have been known to be inversely associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of different bilirubin subtypes on cardiometabolic traits are unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine whether direct bilirubin is more strongly correlated with small, dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) compared to other bilirubin subtypes. We also investigated which LDL subfractions exhibited the highest correlation with direct bilirubin...
May 29, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
T Tönnies, A Hoyer, R Brinks
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The hazard ratio (HR) is a meaningful concept for comparing the mortality of people with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D). Nevertheless, there is only one German study estimating age-specific HRs. Thus, this study aimed to provide population-wide age-specific HRs for Germany using a novel method based on aggregated population data. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used an illness-death model and published data on T2D prevalence and incidence as well as mortality in the German general population to estimate age-specific HRs in the year 2012 for the population aged 65-90 years...
May 29, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Y-H Liu, Z Huang, A Vaidya, J Li, G C Curhan, S Wu, X Gao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies suggest that olfactory receptors, which mediate smell chemosensation, are located in the kidney and involved in blood pressure regulation. Mammalian epithelial sodium channels located in taste receptor cells are also found to participate in blood pressure regulation. However, there is currently no human study that has examined the association between taste and smell function and blood pressure. We thus conducted a longitudinal study to examine whether participants with altered taste and smell perception had larger increases in blood pressure compared with those without altered perception in a community-based cohort...
May 29, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
D Greco, D Kocyigit, M P Adorni, C Marchi, N Ronda, F Bernini, K M Gurses, H Canpinar, D Guc, S H Oguz, A Gurlek, A Strazzella, S Simonelli, L Tokgozoglu, F Zimetti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low vitamin D (vitD) has been linked to increased cardiovascular (CV) risk, but the effects of vitD supplementation are not clarified. We evaluated the impact of vitD normalization on HDL cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), which inversely correlates with CV risk, the proatherogenic serum cholesterol loading capacity (CLC), adipokine profile and subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Healthy premenopausal women with vitD deficiency (n = 31) underwent supplementation...
May 12, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
K S Petersen, J B Keogh, N B Lister, P M Clifton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between dietary intake and carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes has not been well studied. We investigated the association between dietary intake and common carotid artery intima media thickness (CCA IMT) and PWV in a cohort with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A one-year randomised controlled trial was conducted to investigate the effect of improving dietary quality on CCA IMT...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
X T Tiong, A Nursara Shahirah, V C Pun, K Y Wong, A Y Y Fong, R G Sy, N T Castillo-Carandang, E E K Nang, M Woodward, R M van Dam, E S Tai, K Venkataraman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Despite a growing body of evidence from Western populations on the health benefits of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diets, their applicability in South East Asian settings is not clear. We examined cross-sectional associations between DASH diet and cardio-metabolic risk factors among 1837 Malaysian and 2898 Philippines participants in a multi-national cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood pressures, fasting lipid profile and fasting glucose were measured, and DASH score was computed based on a 22-item food frequency questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
C Mancusi, R Izzo, L A Ferrara, F Rozza, M A Losi, G Canciello, M Pepe, N de Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied prognostic impact of UA in 8833 hypertensive adults (mean age 53 ± 12 yrs, 3857 women) from the Campania Salute Network, without prevalent CV disease and more than stage 3 CKD...
May 4, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
F De Meneck, L Victorino de Souza, V Oliveira, M C do Franco
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Irisin is involved in the compensatory mechanisms for metabolic regulation and appears to be associated with glucose homeostasis and lipid profile. However, it's possible implications on obesity-associated cardiometabolic complications have not been completely elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the association between irisin level and anthropometric data, metabolic parameters, blood pressure, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) level among children with overweight/obesity...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
F V Cureau, K Sparrenberger, K V Bloch, U Ekelund, B D Schaan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, smoking and heavy drinking are four key unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (ULB) that may influence body weight and obesity development. More recently, sedentary time has been recognized as another potentially emerging ULB related to obesity. We therefore investigated the association of multiple ULB with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study involved 62,063 students (12-17 years)...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
P Strazzullo, L D'Elia, M Bonaccio, L Iacoviello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
S-Y Dong, M-L Wang, Z-B Li, Z Dong, Y-Q Liu, R-J Lu, J-M Li, R Tang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is expected that older adults with metabolic abnormalities may benefit from weight loss; however, data on this population are limited. Our study was to assess the effect of obesity and weight change on mortality risk in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3649 Chinese older adults aged 60-90 years with metabolic abnormalities were included between 2000 and 2014. Weight change between two health checkup periods was calculated...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
O Vaccaro, M Masulli, G Riccardi
TOSCA.IT is an institutional, non-industry-supported, head-to-head study comparing long term cardiovascular effects, efficacy and safety of two antidiabetes drugs (pioglitazone vs sulphonylureas) used in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study results show that in the absence of clinically evident cardiovascular disease both treatment strategies represent suitable alternatives; however, in consideration of the greater durability of the metabolic effects, the lower risk of hypoglycemia and the potential benefit on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the combination of metformin and pioglitazone may be considered as the preferential therapeutic option...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
F Visioli, M Franco, E Toledo, J Luchsinger, W C Willett, F B Hu, M A Martinez-Gonzalez
Olive oil is the foremost source of fat in the Mediterranean area and, among other features, sets the Mediterranean diet apart from other dietary regimens. In January 2018, the International Olive Council convened several worldwide experts at the Robert Mondavi Institute (Davis, CA), to discuss and summarize the available data on the effects of olive oil consumption on human health. In this paper, we critically provide a synthesis of the main reported findings, which underscore how and why consuming this oil as part of a balanced diet and healthful lifestyle improves prognosis and extends life- and health-spans...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
S Rezaei, A Gholami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
N Namazi, B Larijani, P J Surkan, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several prior studies suggested that neck circumference (NC) is a reliable diagnostic tool for risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its features. However, not all studies support this view. Therefore, we aimed to perform a meta-analysis to summarize the association between NC with MetS and its components in adult populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed/Medline, Web of Knowledge, and Scopus electronic databases were searched until May 31, 2017 to find relevant English-language papers...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
T M Sundfør, M Svendsen, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-term adherence to conventional weight-loss diets is limited while intermittent fasting has risen in popularity. We compared the effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with abdominal obesity and ≥1 additional component of metabolic syndrome. METHODS & RESULTS: In total 112 participants (men [50%] and women [50%]) aged 21-70 years with BMI 30-45 kg/m2 (mean 35...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
K Nyman, M Granér, M O Pentikäinen, J Lundbom, A Hakkarainen, R Sirén, M S Nieminen, M-R Taskinen, N Lundbom, K Lauerma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are risk factors of atrial fibrillation (AF), but limited data exist on their effect on left atrial (LA) function. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of cardiac, hepatic and intra-abdominal ectopic fat depots and cardiometabolic risk factors on LA function in non-diabetic male subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial and hepatic triglyceride contents were measured with 1.5T 1 H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and LA and left ventricular function, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), epicardial and pericardial fat by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 33 men with MetS and 40 men without MetS...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
M Akhlaghi, S Ghobadi, M Mohammad Hosseini, Z Gholami, F Mohammadian
BACKGROUND: The anti-obesity potential of flavonoids has been shown by animal and human studies. In this meta-analysis, we systematically reviewed controlled clinical trials and quantified the effects of flavonoids and flavonoid subclasses on obesity-related anthropometric measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest databases were searched to identify trials examining the effect of flavonoids on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage...
July 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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