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International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497641/adult-executive-functioning-inventory-adexi-validity-reliability-and-relations-to-adhd
#1
Ylva Holst, Lisa B Thorell
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Adult Executive Functioning Inventory (ADEXI). This new executive functioning (EF) rating instrument has the advantage of being brief (14 items) and focusing specifically on working memory and inhibitory control. Results showed that scores on the ADEXI had high internal consistency and adequate test-retest reliability, but low concurrence between self-ratings and other ratings. High and statistically significant correlations were found between ADEXI scores and scores from another EF rating instrument, whereas the correlations between ADEXI scores and neuropsychological test scores were weak and often non-significant...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497533/the-saudi-national-mental-health-survey-methodological-and-logistical-challenges-from-the-pilot-study
#2
Mona Shahab, Feda Al-Tuwaijri, Lisa Bilal, Sanaa Hyder, Abdulhameed Abdullah Al-Habeeb, Abdullah Al-Subaie, Zeina Mneimneh, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Nancy Sampson, Ronald C Kessler, Yasmin Altwaijri
Several challenges exist in carrying out nation-wide epidemiological surveys in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) due to the unique characteristics of its population. The objectives of this report are to review these challenges and the lessons learnt about best practices in meeting these challenges from the extensive piloting of the Saudi National Mental Health Survey (SNMHS), which is being carried out as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative. We focus on challenges involving sample design, instrumentation, and data collection procedures...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449279/review-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-translated-into-languages-spoken-by-children-and-adolescents-of-refugee-background
#3
Yvonne Stolk, Ida Kaplan, Josef Szwarc
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), routinely used to screen for children's and adolescents' emotional and behavioural problems, has been translated into at least 80 languages. As children of refugee background are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems resulting from their refugee experiences, this review examines whether SDQs translated into languages spoken by major refugee groups are validated and culturally equivalent to the original SDQ and sensitive to change following interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#4
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418163/psychometric-properties-of-the-apathy-evaluation-scale-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Ulrike Lueken, Ricarda Evens, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer, Simon Baudrexel, Richard Dodel, Susanne Gräber-Sultan, Rüdiger Hilker-Roggendorf, Elke Kalbe, Oliver Kaut, Brit Mollenhauer, Kathrin Reetz, Eva Schäffer, Nele Schmidt, Jörg B Schulz, Annika Spottke, Karsten Witt, Katharina Linse, Alexander Storch, Oliver Riedel
Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently entails non-motor symptoms, worsening the course of the disease. Apathy is one of the core neuropsychiatric symptoms that has been investigated in recent years; research is however hampered by the limited availability of well-evaluated apathy scales for these patients. We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) in a sample of PD patients. Psychometric properties, convergent and discriminant validity and sensitivity/specificity were evaluated in patients with (n = 582) or without dementia/depression (n = 339)...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370638/the-development-and-validation-of-static-and-adaptive-screeners-to-measure-the-severity-of-panic-disorder-social-anxiety-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Matthew Sunderland, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Natacha Carragher
A series of static and adaptive screeners for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder (SAD), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) were developed and compared using data-driven methods to facilitate the measurement of each disorder in community samples. Data comprised 3175 respondents for the development sample and 3755 respondents for the validation sample, recruited independently using Facebook advertising. Item Response Theory (IRT) was utilized to develop static continuous screeners and to simulate computerized adaptive algorithms...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370881/applications-for-self-administered-mobile-cognitive-assessments-in-clinical-research-a-systematic-review
#7
Raeanne C Moore, Joel Swendsen, Colin A Depp
Frequent, brief and repeated self-administered mobile assessments of cognitive function, conducted in everyday life settings, are a promising complementary tool to traditional assessment approaches. Mobile cognitive assessments promote patient-centered care and might enhance capacity to inform individual-level outcomes over time (i.e. detecting subtle declines in cognitive function), as well as in assessing cognition and its correlates in the naturalistic environment. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the feasibility and psychometric properties of mobile cognitive assessments...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658846/the-replicability-of-cannabis-use-prevalence-estimates-in-the-united-states
#8
Omayma Alshaarawy, James C Anthony
Recent changes in cannabis policy in the United States have prompted increased interest in cannabis use estimates, and replicability of these estimates. Here, we compare prevalence estimates from two concurrent approaches: (1) standard social survey with audio computer-assisted self-interviews at respondent's home (ACASI-H), derived from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), and (2) standard health survey with ACASI assessment in a mobile health examination vehicle (ACASI-M), derived from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2005-2012, with essentially the same standardized items in cannabis modules...
June 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356948/estimated-probability-of-becoming-a-case-of-drug-dependence-in-relation-to-duration-of-drug-taking-experience-a-functional-analysis-approach
#9
Olga A Vsevolozhskaya, James C Anthony
Measured as elapsed time from first use to dependence syndrome onset, the estimated "induction interval" for cocaine is thought to be short relative to the cannabis interval, but little is known about risk of becoming dependent during first months after onset of use. Virtually all published estimates for this facet of drug dependence epidemiology are from life histories elicited years after first use. To improve estimation, we turn to new month-wise data from nationally representative samples of newly incident drug users identified via probability sampling and confidential computer-assisted self-interviews for the United States National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2013...
June 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370786/assessment-of-alcoholic-standard-drinks-using-the-munich-composite-international-diagnostic-interview-m-cidi-an-evaluation-and-subsequent-revision
#10
Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Jürgen Rehm, Dirk W Lachenmeier, Firdeus Kadrić, Paula T Kuitunen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jakob Manthey
The quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption are crucial both in risk assessment as well as epidemiological and clinical research. Using the Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI), drinking amounts have been assessed in numerous large-scale studies. However, the accuracy of this assessment has rarely been evaluated. This study evaluates the relevance of drink categories and pouring sizes, and the factors used to convert actual drinks into standard drinks. We compare the M-CIDI to alternative drink assessment instruments and empirically validate drink categories using a general population sample (n = 3165 from Germany), primary care samples (n = 322 from Italy, n = 1189 from Germany), and a non-representative set of k = 22503 alcoholic beverages sold in Germany in 2010-2016...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322476/optimizing-exposure-based-cbt-for-anxiety-disorders-via-enhanced-extinction-design-and-methods-of-a-multicentre-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Ingmar Heinig, Andre Pittig, Jan Richter, Katrin Hummel, Isabel Alt, Kristina Dickhöver, Jennifer Gamer, Maike Hollandt, Katja Koelkebeck, Anne Maenz, Sophia Tennie, Christina Totzeck, Yunbo Yang, Volker Arolt, Jürgen Deckert, Katharina Domschke, Thomas Fydrich, Alfons Hamm, Jürgen Hoyer, Tilo Kircher, Ulrike Lueken, Jürgen Margraf, Peter Neudeck, Paul Pauli, Winfried Rief, Silvia Schneider, Benjamin Straube, Andreas Ströhle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
Exposure-based psychological interventions currently represent the empirically best established first line form of cognitive-behavioural therapy for all types of anxiety disorders. Although shown to be highly effective in both randomized clinical and other studies, there are important deficits: (1) the core mechanisms of action are still under debate, (2) it is not known whether such treatments work equally well in all forms of anxiety disorders, including comorbid diagnoses like depression, (3) it is not known whether an intensified treatment with more frequent sessions in a shorter period of time provides better outcome than distributed sessions over longer time intervals...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276176/user-profiles-of-an-electronic-mental-health-tool-for-ecological-momentary-assessment-memind
#12
María Luisa Barrigón, Sofian Berrouiguet, Juan José Carballo, Covadonga Bonal-Giménez, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Bernadette Pfang, David Delgado-Gómez, Philippe Courtet, Fuensanta Aroca, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Antonio Artés-Rodríguez, Enrique Baca-García
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is gaining importance in psychiatry. This article assesses the characteristics of patients who used a new electronic EMA tool: the MEmind Wellness Tracker. Over one year, 13811 adult outpatients in our Psychiatry Department were asked to use MEmind. We collected information about socio-demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, illness severity, stressful life events and suicidal thoughts/behavior. We compared active users (N = 2838) and non-active users (N = 10,973) of MEmind and performed a Random Forest analysis to assess which variables could predict its use...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211596/the-structure-of-adult-adhd
#13
Lenard A Adler, Stephen V Faraone, Thomas J Spencer, Patricia Berglund, Samuel Alperin, Ronald C Kessler
Although DSM-5 stipulates that symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are the same for adults as children, clinical observations suggest that adults have more diverse deficits than children in higher-level executive functioning and emotional control. Previous psychometric analyses to evaluate these observations have been limited in ways addressed in the current study, which analyzes the structure of an expanded set of adult ADHD symptoms in three pooled US samples: a national household sample, a sample of health plan members, and a sample of adults referred for evaluation at an adult ADHD clinic...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859868/preferences-of-psychiatric-practitioners-for-core-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-hidden-conjoint-analysis
#14
Matthias W Riepe, Peter Gritzmann, Andreas Brieden
According to ICD-10 and DSM-V, symptoms of depressive disorder are considered to be equally important for severity judgment. It was the goal to investigate the weight of selected symptom complexes for severity judgment. In workaday life severity judgment results from an overall impression rather than from calculating severity in different symptom complexes, separately. In fact, the drivers for overall judgment may not be known explicitly to the psychiatrist himself. A method of choice to resolve this is conjoint analysis...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730743/development-of-stimulus-material-for-research-in-alcohol-use-disorders
#15
Werner Fey, Franz Moggi, Kristina B Rohde, Chantal Michel, Andrea Seitz, Maria Stein
The availability of appropriate stimulus material is a key concern for an experimental approach to research on alcohol use disorders (AUDs). A large number of such stimuli are necessary to evoke relevant alcohol-related associations. We report the development of a large stimulus database consisting of 457 pictures of alcoholic beverages and 398 pictures of neutral objects. These stimuli were rated by 18 inpatients hospitalized due to severe AUD and 18 healthy controls along four dimensions: arousal, valence, alcohol-relatedness, and craving...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345753/validation-of-the-ptsd-screening-cartoon-test-darryl-in-a-danish-clinical-sample-of-children-and-adolescents
#16
Sille Schandorph Løkkegaard, Stine Rønholt, Sidsel Karsberg, Ask Elklit
The current study examined the reliability and validity of a Danish adaptation of "Darryl", a cartoon-based measure of DSM-IV symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Danish children and adolescents. Exposure to potentially traumatizing events, PTSD symptoms and diagnostic status were assessed in 65 children between the ages of 7 and 17 years old. Participants were recruited from a crisis centre for battered women and a school for children with emotional and behavioural problems. The study revealed that Darryl has good internal consistency for the overall scale and adequate reliability for each DSM-IV symptom cluster...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307353/the-match-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands-rationale-objectives-methods-and-baseline-characteristics-of-patients-with-long-term-common-mental-disorders
#17
Bauke Koekkoek, Willeke Manders, Indira Tendolkar, Giel Hutschemaekers, Bea Tiemens
Research in the last decades shows that common mental disorders may be long-term and severely disabling, resulting in severe mental illness (SMI). The percentage of Dutch SMI-patients with common mental disorders receiving mental health services is estimated at 65-70%. However, it is unclear which patients in fact become SMI-patients. We need to know more about the possible course of common mental disorders, understand the origins of chronicity in more detail, and have more insight in related care processes and care use of patients with common mental disorders...
March 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233360/emergency-department-and-inpatient-coding-for-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-validation-using-clinician-assessment-data
#18
Jason R Randall, Leslie L Roos, Lisa M Lix, Laurence Y Katz, James M Bolton
Administrative data have been used to determine the occurrence of suicide attempts and deliberate self-harm, but research about the accuracy of these sources is limited. This study used a clinical sample (n = 5719) containing psychiatry consultations from the emergency departments and inpatient units of the two major tertiary hospitals in Winnipeg, Canada to validate the accuracy of inpatient hospital diagnosis codes at identifying presentations for self-harm and suicide attempts. The Columbia Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment (C-CASA) was used as the gold standard...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211597/data-quality-assurance-and-control-in-cognitive-research-lessons-learned-from-the-predict-hd-study
#19
Holly James Westervelt, Rachel A Bernier, Melanie Faust, Mary Gover, H Jeremy Bockholt, Roland Zschiegner, Jeffrey D Long, Jane S Paulsen
We discuss the strategies employed in data quality control and quality assurance for the cognitive core of Neurobiological Predictors of Huntington's Disease (PREDICT-HD), a long-term observational study of over 1,000 participants with prodromal Huntington disease. In particular, we provide details regarding the training and continual evaluation of cognitive examiners, methods for error corrections, and strategies to minimize errors in the data. We present five important lessons learned to help other researchers avoid certain assumptions that could potentially lead to inaccuracies in their cognitive data...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211594/substance-dependence-among-those-without-symptoms-of-substance-abuse-in-the-world-mental-health-survey
#20
Luise Lago, Meyer D Glantz, Ronald C Kessler, Nancy A Sampson, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Silvia Florescu, Jacek Moskalewicz, Sam Murphy, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Louisa Degenhardt
The World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative uses the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The first 13 surveys only assessed substance dependence among respondents with a history of substance abuse; later surveys also assessed substance dependence without symptoms of abuse. We compared results across the two sets of surveys to assess implications of the revised logic and develop an imputation model for missing values of lifetime dependence in the earlier surveys...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
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