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International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193423/assessing-body-awareness-and-autonomic-reactivity-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-body-perception-questionnaire-short-form-bpq-sf
#1
Ana Cabrera, Jacek Kolacz, Guillem Pailhez, Andrea Bulbena-Cabre, Antonio Bulbena, Stephen W Porges
Body awareness and reactivity dysfunction are characteristic of a range of psychiatric disorders. Although the neural pathways communicating between the body and brain that contribute to these experiences involve the autonomic nervous system, few research tools for studying subjective bodily experiences have been informed by these neural circuits. This paper describes the factor structure, reliability, and convergent validity of the Body Awareness and Autonomic Reactivity subscales of the Body Perception Questionnaire-Short Form (BPQ-SF)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168266/profile-analysis-of-treatment-effect-changes-in-eating-disorder-indicators
#2
Se-Kang Kim, Rachel A Annunziato, Bunmi O Olatunji
We investigated differential treatment effects on specific eating disorder (ED) indicators to enhance conclusions about treatment efficacy. Profile Analysis via Multidimensional Scaling, which identifies core profiles in a population and interprets person profiles with core profile information, was utilized to identify core profiles from a sample of 5,177 patients who were repeatedly measured with the ED inventory-2 at admission and at discharge. To assess differential treatment effects for individual ED indicators, we compared the core profiles at admission with those at discharge...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124816/the-cannabis-abuse-screening-test-and-the-dsm-5-in-the-general-population-optimal-thresholds-and-underlying-common-structure-using-multiple-factor-analysis
#3
Stéphane Legleye
The Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) aims at screening the problematic use of cannabis. It has never been validated against the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 and its relationships with this latter have never been studied. We used a probabilistic telephone survey collected in 2014 (1351 past-year cannabis users aged 15-64) implementing the CAST and a DSM-5 adaptation of the Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessing cannabis use disorders. Data were weighted, and CAST items were considered categorical...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110352/the-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-psychiatry-proposal-for-a-polytomous-scoring-system
#4
Juana Gómez-Benito, Ángela I Berrío, Georgina Guilera, Emilio Rojo, Scot Purdon, Oscar Pino
The Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry is a simple, fast, and easy to administer scale that has been validated in clinical and community samples. The aim of this study was to propose a polytomous scoring system for the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry and to demonstrate its functioning, thus providing new and complementary information regarding the utility and precision of this screening tool. Three hundred seventy-six Spanish patients diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorder were evaluated...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105877/cognitive-functioning-in-the-general-population-factor-structure-and-association-with-mental-disorders-the-neuropsychological-test-battery-of-the-mental-health-module-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-mh
#5
Michael Wagner, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Beate Gaertner, Luca Kleineidam, Amanda K Buttery, Frank Jacobi, Wim Van der Elst, Jelle Jolles, Ulfert Hapke, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Wolfgang Maier, Markus A Busch
The objective of this study is to obtain population level data about cognitive functions and their association with mental disorders. We here report factor analytic and psychometric findings of a neuropsychological test battery and examine the association of current and past mental disorders with cognitive function in a large nationwide population-based sample of 18- to 79-year-old adults in Germany (n = 3,667) participating in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098743/the-assessment-of-nonverbal-behavior-in-schizophrenia-through-the-formal-psychological-assessment
#6
Umberto Granziol, Andrea Spoto, Giulio Vidotto
The nonverbal behavior (NVB) of people diagnosed with schizophrenia consistently interacts with their symptoms during the assessment. Previous studies frequently observed such an interaction when a prevalence of negative symptoms occurred. Nonetheless, a list of NVBs linked to negative symptoms needs to be defined. Furthermore, a list of items that can exhaustively assess such NVBs is still needed. The present study aims to introduce both lists by using the Formal Psychological Assessment. A deep analysis was performed on both the scientific literature and the DSM-5 for constructing the set of nonverbal behaviors; similarly, an initial list of 138 items investigating the behaviors was obtained from instruments used to assess schizophrenia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034525/reliability-and-validity-of-severity-dimensions-of-psychopathology-assessed-using-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-scid
#7
Stewart A Shankman, Carter J Funkhouser, Daniel N Klein, Joanne Davila, Debra Lerner, Danelle Hee
This study examined whether the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), a widely used semistructured interview designed to assess psychopathology categorically, can be adapted to identify reliable and valid severity dimensions of psychopathology. The present study also examined whether these severity dimensions have better psychometric properties (internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity) than categorical diagnoses. Participants (N = 234) were recruited from the community and clinics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034527/age-of-onset-or-age-at-assessment-that-is-the-question-estimating-newly-incident-alcohol-drinking-and-rapid-transition-to-heavy-drinking-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#8
Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
Age-specific incidence estimates are important and useful facts in psychiatric epidemiology, but incidence estimation can be challenging. Methods artifacts are possible. In the United States, where the minimum legal drinking age is 21 years, recent cross-sectional field research on 12- to 25-year-olds applied conventional "age-at-assessment" approaches (AAA) for incidence estimation based on 12-month recall. Estimates disclosed unexpected nonlinear patterns in age-specific incidence estimates for both drinking onset and for transitioning from first drink to heavy drinking...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027313/patient-experiences-with-care-across-various-types-of-mental-health-care-questionnaire-development-measurement-invariance-and-patients-reports
#9
Luk Bruyneel, Sabine Van Houdt, Ellen Coeckelberghs, Walter Sermeus, Else Tambuyzer, Peter Cosemans, Gert Peeters, Kris Van den Broeck, Ilse Weeghmans, Kris Vanhaecht
To describe the development, validation, and findings of a patient experience questionnaire across 7 types of residential and ambulatory mental health care services. Thirty-five items were hypothesized to cover information, participation, therapeutic relationship, personalized care, organization and collaboration, safety, patient rights, outcomes of care, and discharge preparation and after-care. Also included were 2 overall rating items (scoring and recommending the organization). This Dutch questionnaire was applied in 79 organizations in Belgium (N patients = 5,168)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027305/modeling-count-data-in-the-addiction-field-some-simple-recommendations
#10
Stéphanie Baggio, Katia Iglesias, Valentin Rousson
Analyzing count data is frequent in addiction studies but may be cumbersome, time-consuming, and cause misleading inference if models are not correctly specified. We compared different statistical models in a simulation study to provide simple, yet valid, recommendations when analyzing count data.We used 2 simulation studies to test the performance of 7 statistical models (classical or quasi-Poisson regression, classical or zero-inflated negative binomial regression, classical or heteroskedasticity-consistent linear regression, and Mann-Whitney test) for predicting the differences between population means for 9 different population distributions (Poisson, negative binomial, zero- and one-inflated Poisson and negative binomial, uniform, left-skewed, and bimodal)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024371/understanding-parent-teacher-agreement-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-comparison-across-seven-european-countries
#11
Sabrina Cheng, Katherine M Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Roy Otten, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Assessments of child psychopathology are often derived from parental and teacher reports, yet there is substantial disagreement. This study utilized data from 7 European countries to examine parent-teacher agreement and possible explanatory factors for parent-teacher disagreement such as child and family characteristics, parenting dimensions, and maternal distress were explored. Parent-teacher agreement of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were assessed using a cross-sectional survey of 4,894 school aged children 6-11 from the School Children Mental Health Europe Project...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990345/is-adjustment-disorder-unidimensional-or-multidimensional-implications-for-icd-11
#12
Louisa Lorenz, Philip Hyland, Axel Perkonigg, Andreas Maercker
In preparation for ICD-11, the adjustment disorder (AjD) diagnosis has undergone considerable revisions; however, the latent structure of AjD remains uncertain. It is unclear whether AjD is best represented as a unidimensional or multidimensional construct. This study performed a comprehensive assessment of the latent structure of AjD symptomatology and assessed its concurrent and discriminant validity. Individuals who experienced involuntary job loss (N = 333) completed a self-report measure of AjD symptoms...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990308/measuring-the-hierarchical-general-factor-model-of-psychopathology-in-young-adults
#13
Benjamin B Lahey, David H Zald, Scott F Perkins, Victoria Villalta-Gil, Katherine B Werts, Carol A Van Hulle, Paul J Rathouz, Brooks Applegate, Quetzal A Class, Holly E Poore, Ashley L Watts, Irwin D Waldman
There is evidence that models of psychopathology specifying a general factor and specific second-order factors fit better than competing structural models. Nonetheless, additional tests are needed to examine the generality and boundaries of the general factor model. In a selected second wave of a cohort study, first-order dimensions of psychopathology symptoms in 499 23- to 31-year-old twins were analyzed. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a bifactor model specifying a general factor and specific internalizing and externalizing factors fit better than competing models...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948667/categorical-and-dimensional-perspectives-on-depression-in-elderly-primary-care-patients-results-of-the-agemoode-study
#14
Marie Dorow, Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Lisa Miebach, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Birgitt Wiese, Lilia Moor, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
An accurate diagnosis is essential for the management of late-life depression in primary care. This study aims to (1) provide information on the agreement on depression diagnoses between general practitioners (GPs), dimensional tools (Geriatric Depression Scale [GDS], Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]) and a categorical tool (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV criteria [SCID]) and (2) identify factors associated with different diagnoses. As part of the multicenter study "Late-life depression in primary care: needs, health care utilization and costs (AgeMooDe)" a sample of 1113 primary care patients aged 75 years and older was assessed...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944523/a-new-method-for-analysing-transition-to-psychosis-joint-modelling-of-time-to-event-outcome-with-time-dependent-predictors
#15
Hok Pan Yuen, Andrew Mackinnon, Barnaby Nelson
An active area in psychosis research is the identification of predictors of transition to a psychotic state among those who are assessed as being at high risk of psychosis. Many of the potential predictors are time dependent in the sense that they may change over time and are measured at a number of assessment time points. Examples are various psychopathological measures such as negative symptoms, positive symptoms, depression, and anxiety. Most research in transition to psychosis has not made use of the dynamic nature of these measures, probably because suitable statistical methods and software have not been easily available...
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868642/assessing-risk-of-bias-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#16
Raíssa Rodrigues-Tartari, Walter Swardfager, Giovanni A Salum, Luís A Rohde, Hugo Cogo-Moreira
To test how reliable the tool recommend by Cochrane Collaboration for assessing risk of bias systematic reviews of randomized clinical trials is in the context of methylphenidate for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate a unidimensional model for the 7 indicators, applied to 184 Randomized Clinical Trial (RCTs) within a 2015 Cochrane systematic review titled "Methylphenidate for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868640/finding-hard-to-find-literature-on-hard-to-find-groups-a-novel-technique-to-search-grey-literature-on-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#17
Joanne Enticott, Kimberly Buck, Frances Shawyer
There is a lack of information on how to execute effective searches of the grey literature on refugee and asylum seeker groups for inclusion in systematic reviews. High-quality government reports and other grey literature relevant to refugees may not always be identified in conventional literature searches. During the process of conducting a recent systematic review, we developed a novel strategy for systematically searching international refugee and asylum seeker-related grey literature. The approach targets governmental health departments and statistical agencies, who have considerable access to refugee and asylum seeker populations for research purposes but typically do not publish findings in academic forums...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948700/daily-fluctuation-of-emotions-and-memories-thereof-design-and-methods-of-an-experience-sampling-study-of-major-depression-social-phobia-and-controls
#18
Andrew T Gloster, Marcel Miché, Hanna Wersebe, Thorsten Mikoteit, Jürgen Hoyer, Christian Imboden, Klaus Bader, Andrea H Meyer, Martin Hatzinger, Roselind Lieb
Symptom fluctuations and the dynamic contexts provoking these are poorly understood. This deficit is compounded by people's limited ability to accurately report about such dimensions in retrospect. Utilizing the advantages of experience sampling methodology (ESM), this study rigorously describes and tests proximal environmental, neurobiological and psychological factors associated with symptoms and mood states. Participants were assigned to three diagnostic groups: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; n = 118), Social Phobia (SP; n = 47), or a Control Group without SP or MDD (CG; n = 119)...
September 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948699/screening-for-trauma-related-symptoms-via-a-smartphone-app-the-validity-of-smart-assessment-on-your-mobile-in-referred-police-officers
#19
Christianne A I van der Meer, Anne Bakker, Bart A L Schrieken, Marthe C Hoofwijk, Miranda Olff
To facilitate easily accessible screening for trauma-related symptoms, a web-based application called Smart Assessment on your Mobile (SAM) was developed. In this study, we examined whether SAM was able to accurately identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in adults. Eighty-nine referred police officers completed SAM, containing the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 (PCL-5) and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), on their own device prior to a diagnostic interview where the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I/P) were administered...
September 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675617/developing-a-practical-suicide-risk-prediction-model-for-targeting-high-risk-patients-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#20
Ronald C Kessler, Irving Hwang, Claire A Hoffmire, John F McCarthy, Maria V Petukhova, Anthony J Rosellini, Nancy A Sampson, Alexandra L Schneider, Paul A Bradley, Ira R Katz, Caitlin Thompson, Robert M Bossarte
OBJECTIVES: The US Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has begun using predictive modeling to identify Veterans at high suicide risk to target care. Initial analyses are reported here. METHODS: A penalized logistic regression model was compared with an earlier proof-of-concept logistic model. Exploratory analyses then considered commonly-used machine learning algorithms. Analyses were based on electronic medical records for all 6,360 individuals classified in the National Death Index as having died by suicide in fiscal years 2009-2011 who used VHA services the year of their death or prior year and a 1% probability sample of time-matched VHA service users alive at the index date (n = 2,112,008)...
September 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
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