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International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research

Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Lynda-Maree Bavin, Chris Frampton, Sally Merry
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the reliability and validity of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) and Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ) for measuring depression in New Zealand help-seeking adolescents. METHOD: A sample of 183 adolescents completed the 33-item MFQ, which includes all 13 items on the SMFQ, at three time points during a trial of a computerized intervention for depression. RESULTS: Both the MFQ and SMFQ demonstrated good to excellent Cronbach's alphas, moderate to strong item-total score correlations, moderate to strong correlations with quality of life and anxiety measures, and strong correlations with the clinician-rated Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised and the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale 2 at all time points, indicating good reliability and content, convergent, and concurrent validities, respectively...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Hwanhee Hong, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: Few head-to-head comparisons of cocaine dependence medications exist, and combining data from different randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is fraught with methodological challenges including limited generalizability of the RCT findings. This study applied a novel meta-analytic approach to data of cocaine dependence medications. METHODS: Data from 4 placebo-controlled RCTs (Reserpine, Modafinil, Buspirone, and Ondansetron) were obtained from the National Institute of Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network (n = 456)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Christoph J Wagner, Charalabos Markos Dintsios, Florian G Metzger, Helmut L'Hoest, Ursula Marschall, Bjoern Stollenwerk, Stephanie Stock
OBJECTIVES: To measure persistence and nonrecurrence of depression treatment and investigate potential risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively observed a closed cohort of insurees with new-onset depression treatment in 2007 and without most psychiatric comorbidity for 16 quarters (plus one to ascertain discontinuation). We linked inpatient/outpatient/drug-data per person and quarter. Person-quarters containing specified depression services were classified as depression-treatment-person-quarters (DTPQ)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Christina C Norman, Kate McDonald, Amanda E Schneider, Igor Malinovsky, Emily Goldmann, Michael K Blauschild, Cynthia Driver
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the objectives, design, and methods of the Mental Health Needs Assessment Study (MHNAS). The objective of the MHNAS was to assess the needs of individuals transitioning to the community following psychiatric hospitalization and again 3-5 months later to inform community service planning. Needs were defined broadly to include domains like housing, employment, treatment, and social support. METHODS: The MHNAS used a 2-stage clustered sampling approach where the primary sampling units were hospitals and secondary sampling units were patients...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
I A Bordin, C S Duarte, W S Ribeiro, C S Paula, E S F Coutinho, A Sourander, J A Rønning
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a study design that could be useful in low-resource and violent urban settings and to estimate the prevalence of child violence exposure (at home, community, and school) and child mental health problems in a low-income medium-size city. METHODS: The Itaboraí Youth Study is a Norway-Brazil collaborative longitudinal study conducted in Itaboraí city (n = 1409, 6-15 year olds). A 3-stage probabilistic sampling plan (random selection of census units, eligible households, and target child) generated sampling weights that were used to obtain estimates of population prevalence rates...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Sandra J Japuntich, Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Celina M Joos, Ann M Rasmusson, Suzanne L Pineles
OBJECTIVES: Substance use may influence study results in human subjects research. This study aims to report the concordance between self-report and biochemical assessments of substance use and test the effect of methods to reduce false reports of abstinence in trauma-exposed women participating in a research study. METHODS: In this pilot study, substance use was assessed during telephone prescreening and via self-report and biochemical verification (i.e., urine toxicology and alcohol breathalyzer tests) at an in-person evaluation...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Michael S Martin, George A Wells, Anne G Crocker, Beth K Potter, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing debate about the impact of mental health screening. We illustrate the use of a decision making framework that can be applied when there is no sufficient data to support a traditional cost-benefit analysis. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of data from 459 male prisoners who were screened upon intake. We compared the potential benefit of different approaches (screening, history taking, and universal interventions) to allocating treatment resources using decision curve analysis...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
George Karystianis, Alejo J Nevado, Chi-Hun Kim, Azad Dehghan, John A Keane, Goran Nenadic
OBJECTIVES: As electronic mental health records become more widely available, several approaches have been suggested to automatically extract information from free-text narrative aiming to support epidemiological research and clinical decision-making. In this paper, we explore extraction of explicit mentions of symptom severity from initial psychiatric evaluation records. We use the data provided by the 2016 CEGS N-GRID NLP shared task Track 2, which contains 541 records manually annotated for symptom severity according to the Research Domain Criteria...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Martina Uttinger, Erich Studerus, Sarah Ittig, Ulrike Heitz, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Anita Riecher-Rössler
OBJECTIVES: Patients with schizophrenia often experience subtle disturbances in several domains of information processing-so-called basic symptoms (BS). BS are already present before onset of frank psychosis and can be assessed by interviews but also by the self-administered Frankfurt Complaint Questionnaire (FCQ). We investigated the factor structure, reliability, and predictive validity for transition to psychosis of the FCQ, comparing previously proposed factor solutions containing 1, 2, 4, and 10 factors...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Ana Cabrera, Jacek Kolacz, Guillem Pailhez, Andrea Bulbena-Cabre, Antonio Bulbena, Stephen W Porges
Body awareness and reactivity dysfunction are characteristic of a range of psychiatric disorders. Although the neural pathways communicating between the body and brain that contribute to these experiences involve the autonomic nervous system, few research tools for studying subjective bodily experiences have been informed by these neural circuits. This paper describes the factor structure, reliability, and convergent validity of the Body Awareness and Autonomic Reactivity subscales of the Body Perception Questionnaire-Short Form (BPQ-SF)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Se-Kang Kim, Rachel A Annunziato, Bunmi O Olatunji
We investigated differential treatment effects on specific eating disorder (ED) indicators to enhance conclusions about treatment efficacy. Profile Analysis via Multidimensional Scaling, which identifies core profiles in a population and interprets person profiles with core profile information, was utilized to identify core profiles from a sample of 5,177 patients who were repeatedly measured with the ED inventory-2 at admission and at discharge. To assess differential treatment effects for individual ED indicators, we compared the core profiles at admission with those at discharge...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Stéphane Legleye
The Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) aims at screening the problematic use of cannabis. It has never been validated against the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 and its relationships with this latter have never been studied. We used a probabilistic telephone survey collected in 2014 (1351 past-year cannabis users aged 15-64) implementing the CAST and a DSM-5 adaptation of the Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessing cannabis use disorders. Data were weighted, and CAST items were considered categorical...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Juana Gómez-Benito, Ángela I Berrío, Georgina Guilera, Emilio Rojo, Scot Purdon, Oscar Pino
The Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry is a simple, fast, and easy to administer scale that has been validated in clinical and community samples. The aim of this study was to propose a polytomous scoring system for the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry and to demonstrate its functioning, thus providing new and complementary information regarding the utility and precision of this screening tool. Three hundred seventy-six Spanish patients diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorder were evaluated...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Michael Wagner, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Beate Gaertner, Luca Kleineidam, Amanda K Buttery, Frank Jacobi, Wim Van der Elst, Jelle Jolles, Ulfert Hapke, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Wolfgang Maier, Markus A Busch
The objective of this study is to obtain population level data about cognitive functions and their association with mental disorders. We here report factor analytic and psychometric findings of a neuropsychological test battery and examine the association of current and past mental disorders with cognitive function in a large nationwide population-based sample of 18- to 79-year-old adults in Germany (n = 3,667) participating in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Umberto Granziol, Andrea Spoto, Giulio Vidotto
The nonverbal behavior (NVB) of people diagnosed with schizophrenia consistently interacts with their symptoms during the assessment. Previous studies frequently observed such an interaction when a prevalence of negative symptoms occurred. Nonetheless, a list of NVBs linked to negative symptoms needs to be defined. Furthermore, a list of items that can exhaustively assess such NVBs is still needed. The present study aims to introduce both lists by using the Formal Psychological Assessment. A deep analysis was performed on both the scientific literature and the DSM-5 for constructing the set of nonverbal behaviors; similarly, an initial list of 138 items investigating the behaviors was obtained from instruments used to assess schizophrenia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Stewart A Shankman, Carter J Funkhouser, Daniel N Klein, Joanne Davila, Debra Lerner, Danelle Hee
This study examined whether the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), a widely used semistructured interview designed to assess psychopathology categorically, can be adapted to identify reliable and valid severity dimensions of psychopathology. The present study also examined whether these severity dimensions have better psychometric properties (internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity) than categorical diagnoses. Participants (N = 234) were recruited from the community and clinics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
Age-specific incidence estimates are important and useful facts in psychiatric epidemiology, but incidence estimation can be challenging. Methods artifacts are possible. In the United States, where the minimum legal drinking age is 21 years, recent cross-sectional field research on 12- to 25-year-olds applied conventional "age-at-assessment" approaches (AAA) for incidence estimation based on 12-month recall. Estimates disclosed unexpected nonlinear patterns in age-specific incidence estimates for both drinking onset and for transitioning from first drink to heavy drinking...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Luk Bruyneel, Sabine Van Houdt, Ellen Coeckelberghs, Walter Sermeus, Else Tambuyzer, Peter Cosemans, Gert Peeters, Kris Van den Broeck, Ilse Weeghmans, Kris Vanhaecht
To describe the development, validation, and findings of a patient experience questionnaire across 7 types of residential and ambulatory mental health care services. Thirty-five items were hypothesized to cover information, participation, therapeutic relationship, personalized care, organization and collaboration, safety, patient rights, outcomes of care, and discharge preparation and after-care. Also included were 2 overall rating items (scoring and recommending the organization). This Dutch questionnaire was applied in 79 organizations in Belgium (N patients = 5,168)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Stéphanie Baggio, Katia Iglesias, Valentin Rousson
Analyzing count data is frequent in addiction studies but may be cumbersome, time-consuming, and cause misleading inference if models are not correctly specified. We compared different statistical models in a simulation study to provide simple, yet valid, recommendations when analyzing count data.We used 2 simulation studies to test the performance of 7 statistical models (classical or quasi-Poisson regression, classical or zero-inflated negative binomial regression, classical or heteroskedasticity-consistent linear regression, and Mann-Whitney test) for predicting the differences between population means for 9 different population distributions (Poisson, negative binomial, zero- and one-inflated Poisson and negative binomial, uniform, left-skewed, and bimodal)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Sabrina Cheng, Katherine M Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Roy Otten, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Assessments of child psychopathology are often derived from parental and teacher reports, yet there is substantial disagreement. This study utilized data from 7 European countries to examine parent-teacher agreement and possible explanatory factors for parent-teacher disagreement such as child and family characteristics, parenting dimensions, and maternal distress were explored. Parent-teacher agreement of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were assessed using a cross-sectional survey of 4,894 school aged children 6-11 from the School Children Mental Health Europe Project...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
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