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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781394/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-relaxation-vs-imagery-rescripting-on-psychophysiological-stress-responses-of-students-with-test-anxiety-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Neele Reiss, Irene Warnecke, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Theano Tolgou, Ursula Luka-Krausgrill, Sonja Rohrmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychophysiological measures were assessed in university students during a test simulation before and after group treatment for test anxiety based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), including relaxation techniques (CBT + R) or imagery rescripting (CBT + ImRs) and a moderated self-help group (SH) to understand if psychophysiological stress responses change after treatment. DESIGN: Students suffering from test anxiety were recruited (n = 180) and three different test anxiety treatments administered in 3-hr group sessions once a week over a period of five weeks...
May 21, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724135/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-therapist-experience-on-outcomes-for-clients-with-internalizing-disorders
#2
Lucia M Walsh, McKenzie K Roddy, Kelli Scott, Cara C Lewis, Amanda Jensen-Doss
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis synthesized the literature regarding the effect of therapist experience on internalizing client outcomes to evaluate the utility of lay providers in delivering treatment and to inform therapist training. METHOD: The analysis included 22 studies, contributing 208 effect sizes. Study and client characteristics were coded to examine moderators. We conducted subgroup meta-analyses examining the relationship of therapist experience across a diverse set of internalizing client outcomes...
May 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722613/a-comparison-between-the-clinical-significance-and-growth-mixture-modelling-early-change-methods-at-predicting-negative-outcomes
#3
Nicola Flood, Andrew Page, Geoff Hooke
OBJECTIVE: Routine outcome monitoring benefits treatment by identifying potential no change and deterioration. The present study compared two methods of identifying early change and their ability to predict negative outcomes on self-report symptom and wellbeing measures. METHOD: 1467 voluntary day patients participated in a 10-day group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) program and completed the symptom and wellbeing measures daily. Early change, as defined by (a) the clinical significance method and (b) longitudinal modelling, was compared on each measure...
May 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683046/a-systematic-review-exploring-therapist-competence-adherence-and-therapy-outcomes-in-individual-cbt-for-children-and-young-people
#4
Hannah A Rapley, Maria E Loades
OBJECTIVE: Whilst the evidence base for cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with children and young people is growing, the mechanisms through which these beneficial effects occur are still unclear. This systematic review seeks to appraise the relationship between therapeutic outcomes in CBT and therapist adherence and competence, within the child and adolescent literature. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out, with five studies identified as meeting the inclusion criteria...
April 22, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667870/focus-is-key-panic-focused-interpretations-are-associated-with-symptomatic-improvement-in-panic-focused-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#5
John R Keefe, Nili Solomonov, Robert J Derubeis, Alexander C Phillips, Fredric N Busch, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless, Barbara L Milrod
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether, in panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP), interpretations of conflicts that underlie anxiety (panic-focused or PF-interpretations) are specifically associated with subsequent panic disorder (PD) symptom improvement, over and above the provision of non-symptom-focused interpretations. METHOD: Technique use in Sessions 2 and 10 of a 24-session PFPP protocol was assessed for the 65 patients with complete outcome data randomized to PFPP in a two-site trial of psychotherapies for PD...
April 18, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564961/-it-was-like-having-half-of-the-patient-in-therapy-therapists-of-nonimproved-patients-looking-back-on-their-work
#6
Andrzej Werbart, Camilla von Below, Karin Engqvist, Sofia Lind
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of therapeutic process in psychoanalytic psychotherapy with nonimproved young adults. METHOD: Eight nonimproved cases were identified according to the criterion of reliable and clinically significant change in self-rated symptoms. Transcripts of therapist interviews (8 at baseline and 8 at termination) were analyzed applying grounded-theory methodology. RESULTS: A tentative conceptual process model was constructed around the core category Having Half of the Patient in Therapy...
March 22, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557306/therapeutic-agency-inventory-development-and-psychometric-validation-of-a-patient-self-report
#7
Julia Huber, Christoph Nikendei, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Henning Schauenburg, Johannes Mander, Ulrike Dinger
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic agency is defined as a patient's intentional influence over the process of psychotherapeutic change. However, there is a lack of conceptually sound self-report measures with adequate psychometric properties. The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically evaluate the patient-rated Therapeutic Agency Inventory (TAI). METHOD: Based on the literature, we developed items related to therapeutic agency and investigated their psychometric properties in a naturalistic study with a sample of 334 psychotherapy participants...
March 20, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553881/implementation-of-transdiagnostic-treatment-for-emotional-disorders-in-residential-eating-disorder-programs-a-preliminary-pre-post-evaluation
#8
Heather Thompson-Brenner, James F Boswell, Hallie Espel-Huynh, Gayle Brooks, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: Data are lacking from empirically supported therapies implemented in residential programs for eating disorders (EDs). Common elements treatments may be well-suited to address the complex implementation and treatment challenges that characterize these settings. This study assessed the preliminary effect of implementing a common elements therapy on clinician treatment delivery and patient (N = 616) symptom outcomes in two residential ED programs. METHOD: The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders was adapted to address ED and co-occurring psychopathology and implemented across sites...
March 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536819/the-association-between-patient-therapist-matrix-congruence-and-treatment-outcome
#9
Shlomo Mendlovic, Amit Saad, Uri Roll, Ariel Ben Yehuda, Rivka Tuval-Mashiah, Dana Atzil-Slonim
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the association between patient-therapist micro-level congruence/incongruence ratio and psychotherapeutic outcome. METHOD: Nine good- and nine poor-outcome psychodynamic treatments (segregated by comparing pre- and post-treatment BDI-II) were analyzed (N = 18) moment by moment using the MATRIX (total number of MATRIX codes analyzed = 11,125). MATRIX congruence was defined as similar adjacent MATRIX codes. RESULTS: the congruence/incongruence ratio tended to increase as the treatment progressed only in good-outcome treatments...
March 14, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533169/how-to-conduct-a-qualitative-meta-analysis-tailoring-methods-to-enhance-methodological-integrity
#10
Heidi M Levitt
Although qualitative research has long been of interest in the field of psychology, meta-analyses of qualitative literatures (sometimes called meta-syntheses) are still quite rare. Like quantitative meta-analyses, these methods function to aggregate findings and identify patterns across primary studies, but their aims, procedures, and methodological considerations may vary. OBJECTIVE: This paper explains the function of qualitative meta-analyses and their methodological development. Recommendations have broad relevance but are framed with an eye toward their use in psychotherapy research...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466928/mapping-patterns-of-change-in-emotion-focused-psychotherapy-implications-for-theory-research-practice-and-training
#11
Jeanne C Watson
An important objective in humanistic-experiential psychotherapies and particularly emotion-focused psychotherapy (EFT) is to map patterns of change. Effective mapping of the processes and pathways of change requires that in-session processes be linked to in-session resolutions, immediate post-session changes, intermediate outcome, final therapy outcome, and longer-term change. This is a challenging and long-term endeavour. Fine-grained descriptions of in-session processes that lead to resolution of specific interpersonal and intrapersonal issues linked with longer-term outcomes are the foundation of EFT, the process-experiential approach...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375024/considerations-of-how-to-conduct-meta-analyses-in-psychological-interventions
#12
Christoph Flückiger, A C Del Re, Jürgen Barth, William T Hoyt, Heidi Levitt, Thomas Munder, Glen I Spielmans, Joshua K Swift, Andreea Vîslă, Bruce E Wampold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313464/moderators-in-psychotherapy-meta-analysis
#13
Glen I Spielmans, Christoph Flückiger
Psychotherapy meta-analyses sometimes generate heterogeneous results, partially due to key methodological characteristics which vary between studies (e.g., psychotherapy conditions are contrasted with structurally different control conditions). Examining these potential moderator variables can help explain heterogeneous results within and between psychotherapy meta-analyses. The present manuscript provides an overview of moderators that are highly relevant to test the generalizability of effects across psychotherapy trials...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179665/effect-size-calculation-in-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-outcome-research
#14
William T Hoyt, A C Del Re
Meta-analysis of psychotherapy intervention research normally examines differences between treatment groups and some form of comparison group (e.g., wait list control; alternative treatment group). The effect of treatment is normally quantified as a standardized mean difference (SMD). We describe procedures for computing unbiased estimates of the population SMD from sample data (e.g., group Ms and SDs), and provide guidance about a number of complications that may arise related to effect size computation. These complications include (a) incomplete data in research reports; (b) use of baseline data in computing SMDs and estimating the population standard deviation (σ); (c) combining effect size data from studies using different research designs; and (d) appropriate techniques for analysis of data from studies providing multiple estimates of the effect of interest (i...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169303/inclusion-and-exclusion-strategies-for-conducting-meta-analyses
#15
Joshua K Swift, Bruce E Wampold
Some of the most important decisions that a researcher will make when conducting a meta-analysis are decisions about the search strategies and inclusion/exclusion criteria. Decisions regarding inclusion/exclusion criteria serve to define the scope of a meta-analysis and search strategy decisions can have a large impact on how well the results of a meta-analysis actually represent the existing body of literature. In this article, we provide descriptions and recommendations for performing searches and making inclusion/exclusion decisions...
May 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#16
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
March 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556394/emergence-of-psychotic-content-in-psychotherapy-an-exploratory-qualitative-analysis-of-content-process-and-therapist-variables-in-a-single-case-study
#17
Bethany L Leonhardt, Marina Kukla, Elizabeth Belanger, Kelly A Chaudoin-Patzoldt, Kelly D Buck, Kyle S Minor, Jenifer L Vohs, Jay A Hamm, Paul H Lysaker
OBJECTIVE: Emerging integrative metacognitive therapies for schizophrenia seek to promote subjective aspects of recovery. Beyond symptom remission, they are concerned with shared meaning-making and intersubjective processes. It is unclear, however, how such therapies should understand and respond to psychotic content that threatens meaning-making in therapeutic contexts. Accordingly, we sought to understand what factors precede and potentially trigger psychotic content within psychotherapy and what aids in resolution and return to meaning-making...
March 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471789/the-experience-of-forming-a-therapeutic-relationship-from-the-client-s-perspective-a-metasynthesis-%C3%A2
#18
Rosie Noyce, Jane Simpson
OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to synthesize qualitative research exploring clients' perspectives of forming a therapeutic relationship with their therapist or counsellor. METHOD: Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnographic approach was used to guide the synthesis of 13 studies meeting inclusion criteria. The quality of each study was rated using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme quality rating checklist. RESULTS: Findings demonstrated that clients create a hierarchy of desired therapist characteristics to assess how well the therapy can meet their needs (theme 1: assessing client-therapist match)...
March 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456191/immersion-and-distancing-during-assimilation-of-problematic-experiences-in-a-good-outcome-case-of-emotion-focused-therapy
#19
Eunice Barbosa, Ana Bela Couto, Isabel Basto, William B Stiles, José Pinto-Gouveia, João Salgado
OBJECTIVE: Some studies have suggested that a decrease in immersion (egocentric perspective on personal experiences) and an increase in distancing (observer perspective on personal experiences) are associated with the resolution of clinical problems and positive outcome in psychotherapy for depression. To help clarify how this change in perspectives relates to clinical change, the present study compared changes in immersion and distancing across therapy with progress in one client's assimilation of her problematic experiences...
March 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456048/intensive-inpatient-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-statistical-and-clinical-significance-of-symptom-changes
#20
Alice Diedrich, Sandra Schlegl, Martin Greetfeld, Markus Fumi, Ulrich Voderholzer
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the statistical and clinical significance of symptom changes during an intensive inpatient treatment program with a strong psychotherapeutic focus for individuals with severe bulimia nervosa. METHOD: 295 consecutively admitted bulimic patients were administered the Structured Interview for Anorexic and Bulimic Syndromes-Self-Rating (SIAB-S), the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at treatment intake and discharge...
March 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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