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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899230/research-on-the-alliance-knowledge-in-search-of-a-theory
#1
Adam O Horvath
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review paper is to summarize the challenges facing research on the alliance now and going forward. The review begins with a brief overview of the development of the concept of the alliance in historical context. METHOD: A summary of what has been accomplished both within the psychotherapy research community and in other professions is presented. Current challenges facing this line of research are identified, including the existence of a wide range of operational definitions that results in a diffusion of the identity of the alliance concept...
September 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893153/emotion-focused-perspective-on-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-clients-in-session-presentations
#2
Katie O'Brien, Nora O'Keeffe, Hannah Cullen, Aoife Durcan, Ladislav Timulak, James McElvaney
OBJECTIVE: The classification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is influenced by the tradition of conceptualizing disorders in the context of their clinical presentation and subsequent professional thinking around them. Our qualitative, descriptive-interpretative study uses a theoretical framework drawn from emotion-focused therapy (EFT) as the basis of our interpretation of GAD clients' presentation of their difficulties. METHOD: The current research consists of an investigation into the GAD presentation based on a multiple case study observational qualitative design...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891431/therapist-strategies-early-in-therapy-associated-with-good-or-poor-outcomes-among-clients-with-low-proactive-agency
#3
Anna Louise von der Lippe, Hanne Weie Oddli, Margrethe Seeger Halvorsen
OBJECTIVE: Within a mixed methods program of research the present study aimed at expanding knowledge about interactions in the initial therapeutic collaboration by combining focus on client interpersonal style and therapist contribution. METHOD: The study involves in-depth analyses of therapist-client interactions in the initial two sessions of good and poor outcome therapies. Based on interpersonal theory and previous research, the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64-C) was used to define poor outcome cases, that is, low proactive agency cases...
September 10, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838290/a-randomized-study-on-the-effect-of-modified-behavioral-activation-treatment-for-depressive-symptoms-in-rural-left-behind-elderly
#4
Jianfei Xie, Guoping He, Siqing Ding, Chen Pan, Xia Zhang, Jianda Zhou, Joanne Desanto Iennaco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified behavioral activation treatment (MBAT) intervention on reducing depressive symptoms in rural left-behind elderly. METHOD: This is a randomized study registered in Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-IOR-17011289). Eighty rural left-behind elderly people who had a Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score between 11 and 25 were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 40) and control group (n = 40)...
August 25, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832278/corrigendum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826378/improvement-in-adult-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-panic-disorder
#6
Dina Zalaznik, Michal Weiss, Jonathan D Huppert
OBJECTIVE: This study examined attachment within the framework of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) by measuring the changes in avoidant and anxious attachment in a session-by-session analysis. METHOD: Thirty-one patients with PDA were treated using CBT. Pre-session data on attachment style (ECR), avoidance behaviors (MI-alone: MI-al; MI-accompanied: MI-ac), anxiety sensitivity (ASI), emotion regulation (ERQ), and working alliance (WAI) were collected...
August 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782433/relational-schemas-as-mediators-of-innovative-moments-in-symptom-improvement-in-major-depression
#7
João Batista, Joana Silva, Sara Freitas, Daniela Alves, Anabela Machado, Inês Sousa, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Carina Magalhães, Miguel M Gonçalves
OBJECTIVES: Innovative moments (IMs) are exceptions to the maladaptive framework of meaning that typically motivates clients to seek psychotherapy, and previous studies have shown that IMs are associated with psychotherapy outcomes. While IMs are exceptions that occur at the level of the therapeutic conversation, relational schemas are more stable patterns, and their increased flexibility may facilitate change during psychotherapy. With this in mind, we tested the hypothesis that IMs contribute to outcomes by improving the flexibility of relational schemas...
August 5, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774227/therapists-perspectives-on-suicide-a-conceptual-model-of-connectedness
#8
Cian Aherne, Barry Coughlan, Paul Surgenor
BACKGROUND: A sense of disconnection for people who are suicidal seems to be a key construct of previous literature. Therapists' ways of encountering and understanding people who are suicidal have not been previously researched in depth using qualitative methodologies. AIMS: The current study aims to develop a theoretical framework for the role played by connectedness in relation to suicide based on the perspectives of psychotherapists working in the field of suicide intervention...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774224/-i-couldn-t-change-the-past-the-answer-wasn-t-there-a-case-study-on%C3%A2-the-subjective-construction-of-psychotherapeutic-change-of-a-patient-with-a-borderline-personality-disorder-diagnosis-and-her-therapist
#9
Javiera Duarte, Martina Fischersworring, Claudio Martínez, Alemka Tomicic
BACKGROUND: Qualitative research has provided knowledge about the subjective experiences of therapists and patients regarding the psychotherapy process and its results. Only few studies have attempted to integrate both perspectives, considering the influence of a patient's characteristics and diagnosis in the construction of this experience. AIM: To identify aspects of psychotherapy that contribute to therapeutic change based on the experience of a patient and her therapist, and to construct an integrated comprehension of the change process of a patient with Borderline Personality Disorder...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738737/20-20-hindsight-a-25-year-programme-at-the-anna-freud-centre-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness-research-on-child-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy
#10
Mary Target
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the evolution of methods of enquiry-through 25 years of work, with Professor Peter Fonagy and many other colleagues-of research and theorizing about child and adolescent therapy outcomes. METHOD: The work has focused on measuring psychoanalytic outcomes, but with an increasing interest in discovering therapeutic elements across treatment modalities. RESULTS: Headline findings are described, with lessons from the ups and downs of developing (a) retrospective, follow-up, and prospective outcome studies, and (b) measures of child and family functioning...
July 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714839/the-psychotherapy-outcome-problem-the-development-of-the-outcome-stability-index
#11
Jesse Owen, Joanna M Drinane, Jill L Adelson, Mark Kopta
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapy research commonly utilizes clients' last session score as an indicator of treatment outcome. We examined whether this last session score is consistent with what would be predicted based on clients' general trajectory in psychological functioning across sessions. We focused on the unstandardized residual variance at the last session, as this represents the degree to which the session score is divergent (or not) from what is predicted from the previous sessions (i...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#12
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#13
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277042/predicting-psychotherapy-outcome-based-on-therapist-interpersonal-skills-a-five-year-longitudinal-study-of-a-therapist-assessment-protocol
#14
Henning Schöttke, Christoph Flückiger, Simon B Goldberg, Julia Eversmann, Julia Lange
OBJECTIVE: In the past decade, variation in outcomes between therapists (i.e., therapist effects) have become increasingly recognized as an important factor in psychotherapy. Less is known, however, about what accounts for differences between therapists. The present study investigates the possibility that therapists' basic therapy-related interpersonal skills may impact outcomes. METHOD: To examine this, psychotherapy postgraduate trainees completed both an observer- and an expert-rated behavioral assessment: the Therapy-Related Interpersonal Behaviors (TRIB)...
November 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947257/does-the-supervisor-s-teaching-style-influence-the-supervisee-s-learning-prescribed-techniques
#15
Timothy Anderson, Maryellen J Crowley, Jeffrey L Binder, Bernadette D Heckman, Candace L Patterson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the directive and non-directive supervisors' instructional styles, supervisees' interactive communications within supervision sessions as well as the relative success of supervisees' learning to apply specific techniques within psychotherapy. METHOD: The developers of Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy (TLDP) provided the supervised training for 16 therapists as part of the "Vanderbilt II" psychotherapy project. Supervision sessions were rated for supervisors' adherence to TLDP content...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866269/the-relative-association-between-individual-difference-variables-and-general-psychotherapy-outcome-expectation-in-socially-anxious-individuals
#16
Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Erin L McVicar, Rebecca M Ametrano
OBJECTIVE: Although patients' psychotherapy outcome expectation relates to their treatment outcome, little is known about correlates of this expectation. Moreover, the limited research has largely assessed convenience variables as correlates, with little replication and few examinations of the relative strength of associations between the correlates and outcome expectation. This clinical analogue study examined the relation between socially anxious undergraduates' (N = 178) characteristics and their general psychotherapy outcome expectation...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26838559/from-painstaking-work-to-a-new-way-of-meeting-the-world-trauma-clients-experiences-with-skill-training-in-a-stabilization-group-approach
#17
Signe Hjelen Stige, Per-Einar Binder
OBJECTIVE: The study explored how former trauma clients experienced the inclusion of skill training in their treatment, their ways of relating to and using these skills, and how this changed over time. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 clients within three months of their completion of treatment, and again 11-13 months later. RESULTS: Analysis of the material resulted in three main themes: (1) Being ready to find new ways to deal with trauma-related problems as a motivational starting point at intake, (2) Finding new agency through skills and understanding, and (3) One year on-Meeting the everyday world in a new way...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26838353/immediate-therapist-self-disclosure-bolsters-the-effect-of-brief-integrative-psychotherapy-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-the-perceptions-of-therapists-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Sharon Ziv-Beiman, Giora Keinan, Elad Livneh, Patrick S Malone, Golan Shahar
OBJECTIVE: We report a first randomized clinical trial examining the effect of immediate and non-immediate therapist self-disclosure in the context of a brief integrative psychotherapy for mild to moderate distress. METHOD: A total of 86 patients with mild to moderate forms of distress were randomly divided into three 12-session integrative psychotherapy conditions based primarily on [Hill, C. E. (2009). Helping skills: Facilitating, exploration, insight, and action (3rd ed...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837957/enhancing-the-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-bridging-the-research-practice-gap
#19
Jessie M Wall, Janelle L Kwee, Monica Hu, Marvin J McDonald
Systematic case study designs are emerging as alternative paradigm strategies for psychotherapy and social science research. Through enhanced sensitivity to context, these designs examine idiographic profiles of causal processes. We specifically advocate the use of the hermeneutic single-case efficacy design (HSCED). HSCED has recently been used to investigate the efficacy of an existing therapy with a new population (Observed and Experiential Integration for athlete performance barriers) and an emerging therapy (Lifespan Integration Therapy)...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732852/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-internet-interventions-a-narrative-review-and-suggestions-for-future-research
#20
Thomas Berger
OBJECTIVES: Research on Internet interventions has grown rapidly over the recent years and evidence is growing that Internet-based treatments often result in similar outcomes as conventional face-to-face psychotherapy. Yet there are still unanswered concerns such as whether a therapeutic alliance can be established over the Internet and whether the alliance is important in this new treatment format. METHODS: A narrative review of studies formally assessing the therapeutic alliance in Internet interventions was conducted...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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