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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313464/moderators-in-psychotherapy-meta-analysis
#1
Glen I Spielmans, Christoph Flückiger
Psychotherapy meta-analyses sometimes generate heterogeneous results, partially due to key methodological characteristics which vary between studies (e.g., psychotherapy conditions are contrasted with structurally different control conditions). Examining these potential moderator variables can help explain heterogeneous results within and between psychotherapy meta-analyses. The present manuscript provides an overview of moderators that are highly relevant to test the generalizability of effects across psychotherapy trials...
January 9, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310548/the-role-of-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-the-association-between-interpersonal-behaviors-and-outcome-comparison-of-two-competing%C3%A2-models
#2
Tohar Dolev, Sigal Zilcha-Mano
OBJECTIVE: The patient-therapist relationship may be the mechanism behind the effect of pretreatment interpersonal patient behaviors on the outcome of psychotherapy for depression, or the factor determining for whom interpersonal behaviors affect outcome. We seek to establish which of these two alternatives receives empirical support. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of the findings from the Treatment for Depression Collaborative Research Program to examine two alternative models...
January 8, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303042/testing-a-mediation-model-of-psychotherapy-process-and-outcome-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-previous-client-distress-psychodynamic-techniques-dyadic-working-alliance-and-current-client-distress
#3
Dennis M Kivlighan, Clara E Hill, Katherine Ross, Kathryn Kline, Amy Furhmann, Elizabeth Sauber
To test a sequential model of psychotherapy process and outcome, we included previous client distress, therapist psychodynamic techniques, dyadic working alliance, and current client distress. For 114 sets of eight-session segments in 40 cases of psychodynamic psychotherapy, clients completed the Outcome Questionnaire-45 and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-32 after the first and final session, judges reliably coded one middle sessions on the Psychodynamic subscale of the Multitheoretical List of Therapeutic Interventions, and clients and therapists completed the Working Alliance Inventory after every session...
January 5, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298602/mentalizing-in-the-presence-of-another-measuring-reflective-functioning-and-attachment-in-the-therapy-process
#4
Alessandro Talia, Madeleine Miller-Bottome, Hannah Katznelson, Signe H Pedersen, Howard Steele, Paul Schröder, Amy Origlieri, Fredrik B Scharff, Guido Giovanardi, Mart Andersson, Vittorio Lingiardi, Jeremy D Safran, Susanne Lunn, Stig Poulsen, Svenja Taubner
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we test the reliability and validity of two novel ways of assessing mentalizing in the therapy context: the Reflective Functioning scale (RF) applied to code psychotherapy transcripts (In-session RF), and the Exploring scale of the Patient Attachment Coding System (PACS), which measures in-session autonomy and is linked with secure attachment in psychotherapy. METHOD: Before treatment, 160 patients in different types of psychotherapy and from three different countries were administered the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), which was rated with the RF scale...
January 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292664/honesty-in-psychotherapy-results-of-an-online-survey-comparing-high-vs-low-self-concealers
#5
Melanie Love, Barry A Farber
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate client dishonesty in psychotherapy through the trait of self-concealment. We hypothesized that comparing low and high self-concealers would yield clinically significant differences in the nature, motives, and perceived consequences of client dishonesty. METHOD: A total of 572 respondents, self-reported as psychotherapy clients, reported about their experience of being dishonest in therapy via a multi-part online survey...
January 2, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271303/assessing-alliance-ruptures-and-resolutions-reliability-and-validity-of-the-collaborative-interactions-scale-revised-version
#6
Antonello Colli, Daniela Gentile, Valeria Condino, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the revised version of the Collaborative Interactions Scale (CIS) [Colli, A., & Lingiardi, V. (2009). The Collaborative Interactions Scale: A new transcript-based method for the assessment of therapeutic alliance ruptures and resolutions in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 19(6), 718-734.], an observer-rated measure for the assessment of therapeutic-alliance ruptures and resolutions. Intensive use of the previous scale resulted in three criticisms: (i) excessive time required to perform evaluations, (ii) the low occurrence of some items, and (iii) the scale's low capacity to capture some patient-therapist interactions in fine detail...
December 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254460/confessions-of-a-new%C3%A2-york-rupture-researcher-an-insider-s-guide-and-critique
#7
J Christopher Muran
OBJECTIVE: The study of alliance rupture has become quite prevalent since 1990 and especially in the past 10 years where we have seen a noticeable surge in empirical publications on the subject. This honorary paper attempts to provide a critical review of this literature from the perspective of someone who has contributed to it in his collaborative work on a research program designed to investigate ruptures and to develop intervention and training models to resolve them. METHOD: This paper is organized into three topics or sections: (1) alliance rupture, (2) rupture resolution, and (3) alliance training; and it addresses definitions, findings, questions, and lessons with regard to each topic...
December 18, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251176/how-and-when-immersion-and-distancing-are-useful-in-emotion-focused-therapy-for-depression
#8
Eunice Barbosa, Sara Silva, José Pinto-Gouveia, João Salgado
OBJECTIVE: The potential benefit or harm of immersion (egocentric perspective) and distancing (observer perspective) on negative experiences are unclear and have not been empirically investigated in therapy. This is a first exploratory study aimed to analyze and compare the perspectives adopted on reflection (immersion and distancing) of negative experiences across therapy and the relationship between them and depressive symptoms in contrasting therapeutic outcomes of emotion-focused therapy (EFT)...
December 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243559/multiplicity-and-mutuality-in-the-transition-of-patient-and-therapist-s-self-states-comparison-of-good-vs-poor-outcome-groups
#9
Nehama Hacohen, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Hadar Fisher
OBJECTIVE: According to the Assimilation Model, the self is consisted of multiple internal voices which are sometimes conflicted, or even dissociated, from one another. Thus, a key therapeutic goal is to create awareness and dialogue between a patient's various internal voices, in order to facilitate positive change. A recent development of this theoretical line suggests that clinically addressing both the patients' and therapists' internal voices, and their mutual influences, contributes significantly to the treatment outcome...
December 15, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241423/reconsolidation-of-traumatic-memories-for-ptsd-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-74-male-veterans
#10
Richard Gray, Denise Budden-Potts, Frank Bourke
DESIGN: A randomized waitlist-controlled design (n = 74) examined the efficacy of Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories (RTM) among male veterans with current-month flashbacks and nightmares. Volunteers were randomly assigned to immediate treatment (three 120-minute sessions of RTM), or to a 3-week waiting condition before receiving the RTM treatment. Blinded psychometricians evaluated the symptoms at intake, 2 weeks, and 6 weeks post. Wait-listed participants were re-evaluated and then treated...
December 14, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237338/client-perfectionism-and-psychological-symptoms-throughout-psychotherapy
#11
Clarissa M E Richardson, Kenneth G Rice, Eric M Sauer, Kristin E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Given the psychological issues experienced by individuals high in perfectionistic concerns (maladaptive perfectionism), or a feeling as if one is never good enough, and discrepancies in the literature as to whether these individuals experience benefits from therapy, it is imperative that research examine whether perfectionism actually improves throughout therapy. The current study improves upon past research by examining changes in perfectionism (both perfectionistic concerns and strivings) throughout therapy, rather than simply measuring perfectionism at pre- and post-therapy...
December 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224503/cochrane-s-risk-of-bias-tool-in-the-context-of-psychotherapy-outcome-research
#12
Thomas Munder, Jürgen Barth
The Cochrane risk of bias tool (RoB) is a widely used measure for methodological quality of randomized controlled trials. This paper discusses RoB's rationale and risk of bias domains, reports on its application in current psychotherapy meta-analyses, and offers comments regarding the application of RoB in the context of psychotherapy outcome research. Our suggestions include focusing on patient's and therapist's expectations when judging the domain "blinding of personnel and participants" and paying greater attention to the domain "selective outcome reporting" and to matters of "treatment implementation...
December 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212422/growth-curves-of-clients-emotional-experience-and-their-association-with-emotion-regulation-and-symptoms
#13
Hadar Fisher, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli, Tuvia Peri
OBJECTIVE: Emotional experience during psychotherapy is considered a core mechanism of change. Yet the sheer experience itself may not necessarily be beneficial; instead, the trajectories of emotional experience need to be explored as possible predictors of treatment outcomes. This study investigated whether clients' pre-treatment levels of emotion regulation and symptoms predicted patterns of session-to-session change in emotional experience. We also explored which patterns better predict clients' improvement in emotion regulation and symptoms from pre- to post treatment...
December 6, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199522/use-of-outcome-measurements-in-clinical-practice-how-specific-should-one-be
#14
M Annet Nugter, Marleen L M Hermens, Sylvana Robbers, Gabrielle Van Son, Jan Theunissen, Fabiana Engelsbel
OBJECTIVE: Progress feedback is often measured with generic instruments that measure common symptoms and generic aspects of functioning. The current study aims to explore the relative usefulness of disorder-specific measures. We hypothesized that disorder-specific instruments reveal more improvement than generic instruments and that the addition of disorder-specific instruments results in better treatment outcomes. METHOD: We used a cohort of 3419 patients with a depression...
December 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187123/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-nature-of-informal-supervision-among-therapists-in-training
#15
Sidney Coren, Barry A Farber
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how, when, why, and with whom therapists in training utilize "informal supervision"-that is, engage individuals who are not their formally assigned supervisors in significant conversations about their clinical work. METHOD: Participants were 16 doctoral trainees in clinical and counseling psychology programs. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) method. RESULTS: Seven domains emerged from the analysis, indicating that, in general, participants believe that informal and formal supervision offer many of the same benefits, including validation, support, and reassurance; freedom and safety to discuss doubts, anxieties, strong personal reactions to patients, clinical mistakes and challenges; and alternative approaches to clinical interventions...
November 29, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179665/effect-size-calculation-in-meta-analyses-of-psychotherapy-outcome-research
#16
William T Hoyt, A C Del Re
Meta-analysis of psychotherapy intervention research normally examines differences between treatment groups and some form of comparison group (e.g., wait list control; alternative treatment group). The effect of treatment is normally quantified as a standardized mean difference (SMD). We describe procedures for computing unbiased estimates of the population SMD from sample data (e.g., group Ms and SDs), and provide guidance about a number of complications that may arise related to effect size computation. These complications include (a) incomplete data in research reports; (b) use of baseline data in computing SMDs and estimating the population standard deviation (σ); (c) combining effect size data from studies using different research designs; and (d) appropriate techniques for analysis of data from studies providing multiple estimates of the effect of interest (i...
November 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179647/efficacy-of-group-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
D Schwartze, S Barkowski, B Strauss, C Knaevelsrud, J Rosendahl
OBJECTIVE: The present meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of group psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults directly compared to no treatment or active treatments examined in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHOD: Electronic databases were searched for eligible studies. Effects on PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety were extracted. Between- and within-group effect sizes (Hedges' g) were calculated using a random-effects model...
November 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173128/cognitive-conflict-resolution-during-psychotherapy-its-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-and-psychological-distress
#18
Clara Paz, Adrián Montesano, David Winter, Guillem Feixas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the resolution of cognitive conflicts (CCs) within a randomized controlled trial testing the differential efficacy of group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus an individually tailored intervention module focused on CCs vs. group plus individual CBT, and to determine whether CC resolution was related to improvement in symptoms and psychological distress. METHODS: The data come from 104 adults meeting criteria for major depressive disorder and/or dysthymia...
November 26, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169303/inclusion-and-exclusion-strategies-for-conducting-meta-analyses
#19
Joshua K Swift, Bruce E Wampold
Some of the most important decisions that a researcher will make when conducting a meta-analysis are decisions about the search strategies and inclusion/exclusion criteria. Decisions regarding inclusion/exclusion criteria serve to define the scope of a meta-analysis and search strategy decisions can have a large impact on how well the results of a meta-analysis actually represent the existing body of literature. In this article, we provide descriptions and recommendations for performing searches and making inclusion/exclusion decisions...
November 23, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166844/the-phase-model-of-psychotherapy-outcome-domain-specific-trajectories-of-change-in-outpatient-treatment
#20
Anja Sembill, Silja Vocks, Joachim Kosfelder, Henning Schöttke
OBJECTIVE: The Phase model of psychotherapy outcome assumes a log-linear trajectory of change and allows predictions about the three outcome domains of Well-being, Symptoms, and Interpersonal functioning. Although the model has been partly validated, little is known about the types of trajectories in the specific domains and about the transferability of the model to treatments of longer duration. This study tested whether the domain-specific change trajectories followed a log-linear curve as postulated by the Phase model...
November 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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