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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782433/relational-schemas-as-mediators-of-innovative-moments-in-symptom-improvement-in-major-depression
#1
João Batista, Joana Silva, Sara Freitas, Daniela Alves, Anabela Machado, Inês Sousa, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Carina Magalhães, Miguel M Gonçalves
OBJECTIVES: Innovative moments (IMs) are exceptions to the maladaptive framework of meaning that typically motivates clients to seek psychotherapy, and previous studies have shown that IMs are associated with psychotherapy outcomes. While IMs are exceptions that occur at the level of the therapeutic conversation, relational schemas are more stable patterns, and their increased flexibility may facilitate change during psychotherapy. With this in mind, we tested the hypothesis that IMs contribute to outcomes by improving the flexibility of relational schemas...
August 5, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774227/therapists-perspectives-on-suicide-a-conceptual-model-of-connectedness
#2
Cian Aherne, Barry Coughlan, Paul Surgenor
BACKGROUND: A sense of disconnection for people who are suicidal seems to be a key construct of previous literature. Therapists' ways of encountering and understanding people who are suicidal have not been previously researched in depth using qualitative methodologies. AIMS: The current study aims to develop a theoretical framework for the role played by connectedness in relation to suicide based on the perspectives of psychotherapists working in the field of suicide intervention...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774224/-i-couldn-t-change-the-past-the-answer-wasn-t-there-a-case-study-on%C3%A2-the-subjective-construction-of-psychotherapeutic-change-of-a-patient-with-a-borderline-personality-disorder-diagnosis-and-her-therapist
#3
Javiera Duarte, Martina Fischersworring, Claudio Martínez, Alemka Tomicic
BACKGROUND: Qualitative research has provided knowledge about the subjective experiences of therapists and patients regarding the psychotherapy process and its results. Only few studies have attempted to integrate both perspectives, considering the influence of a patient's characteristics and diagnosis in the construction of this experience. AIM: To identify aspects of psychotherapy that contribute to therapeutic change based on the experience of a patient and her therapist, and to construct an integrated comprehension of the change process of a patient with Borderline Personality Disorder...
August 3, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738737/20-20-hindsight-a-25-year-programme-at-the-anna-freud-centre-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness-research-on-child-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy
#4
Mary Target
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the evolution of methods of enquiry-through 25 years of work, with Professor Peter Fonagy and many other colleagues-of research and theorizing about child and adolescent therapy outcomes. METHOD: The work has focused on measuring psychoanalytic outcomes, but with an increasing interest in discovering therapeutic elements across treatment modalities. RESULTS: Headline findings are described, with lessons from the ups and downs of developing (a) retrospective, follow-up, and prospective outcome studies, and (b) measures of child and family functioning...
July 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714839/the-psychotherapy-outcome-problem-the-development-of-the-outcome-stability-index
#5
Jesse Owen, Joanna M Drinane, Jill L Adelson, Mark Kopta
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapy research commonly utilizes clients' last session score as an indicator of treatment outcome. We examined whether this last session score is consistent with what would be predicted based on clients' general trajectory in psychological functioning across sessions. We focused on the unstandardized residual variance at the last session, as this represents the degree to which the session score is divergent (or not) from what is predicted from the previous sessions (i...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#6
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714778/how-clients-change-emotion-with-emotion-a-programme-of-research-on-emotional-processing
#7
Antonio Pascual-Leone
This paper reviews a body of research that has examined Pascual-Leone and Greenberg's sequential model of emotional processing or used its accompanying measure (the Classification of Affective Meaning States). Research from 24 studies using a plurality of methods examined process-outcome relationships from micro to macro levels of observation and builds support for emotional transformation as a possible causal mechanism of change in psychotherapy. A pooled sample of 310 clinical and 130 sub-clinical cases have been studied, reflecting the process of 7 different treatment approaches in addressing over 5 different presenting clinical problems (including depression, anxiety, relational trauma, and personality disorders)...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637385/applying-cognitive-restructuring-in-therapy-the-clinical-reality-in-spain
#8
Rebeca Pardo Cebrián, Ana Calero Elvira
Cognitive restructuring is one of the most widely used techniques among psychologists of different orientations. However, there is a lack of clarity in what concerns its precise definition, functioning, effectiveness, and components. OBJECTIVE: To obtain precise information on how psychotherapists use cognitive restructuring in their clinical practice in Spain. METHOD: A survey study was conducted following a descriptive quantitative methodology, with a cross-sectional design and a non-random sampling method...
June 21, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610475/general-and-specific-factors-of-working-alliance-in-parent-training-a%C3%A2-bifactor-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#9
Silje Hukkelberg, Terje Ogden
The Working Alliance Inventory Short form (WAI-S) comprises 12 items that measure 3 subdomains (goal, task, and bond). In the present study, we evaluated the factor structure of WAI-S in a parent management training (PMT) context, by investigating a series of different factor models, including standard confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) models and more recent alternatives, like the exploratory structural equation model (ESEM), the bifactor-CFA, and the bifactor exploratory structural equation model (B-ESEM)...
June 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580884/specific-and-common-processes-as-mediators-of-the-long-term-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-integrated-with-motivational-interviewing-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#10
Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony, Alice E Coyne
OBJECTIVE: A trial of psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) demonstrated that motivational interviewing (MI) integrated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) outperformed CBT alone on clients' worry reduction across a 12-month follow-up. In the present study, we hypothesized and tested that less client resistance and greater client-perceived therapist empathy (specific foci of MI) would account for MI's additive effect. Exploratory analyses assessed whether the common processes of homework completion and therapeutic alliance quality mediated the treatment effect...
June 5, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569097/testing-the-convergent-and-discriminant-validity-of-the-systemic-therapy-inventory-of-change-initial-scales
#11
Richard E Zinbarg, William Pinsof, Kelley Quirk, Ashley Kendall, Jacob Goldsmith, Nathan Hardy, Yaliu He, Allen Sabey, Tara Latta
OBJECTIVE: The Systemic Therapy Inventory of Change (STIC(®)) is the first multi-systemic and multi-dimensional measurement and feedback system designed for assessment in family, couple, and individual functioning. Patients fill out the STIC Initial before the first session to identify treatment targets and provide starting values for subsequent assessments of trajectories of change. This study tested the construct validity of five of the six STIC Initial scales. METHODS: We administered both the STIC Initial and a set of validity measures to a relatively large sample of patients...
June 1, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532259/ethnic-differences-in-response-to-directive-vs-non-directive-brief-intervention-for-subsyndromal-depression
#12
David Pan, Stanley J Huey, Lara H Heflin
OBJECTIVE: Analog research suggests that directive interventions might increase treatment engagement for non-symptomatic Asian American (AA) students; however, no studies have assessed whether directiveness improves therapy processes or clinical outcomes for AAs with mental health symptoms. This study tested the comparative efficacy of brief directive vs. non-directive intervention for AAs and European Americans (EAs) with subsyndromal depression. METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned directive, non-directive, or cultural values interview conditions, and assessed three times over six months...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532254/towards-the-recovery-of-a-sense-of-self-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-patients-experience-of-body-oriented-psychotherapy-for-schizophrenia
#13
Laura Galbusera, Lisa Fellin, Thomas Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of body-oriented psychotherapy (BPT) for schizophrenia. Yet, so far no research has investigated outcome in relation to therapy process: Why and how BPT is effective. In this study, we qualitatively explore participants' experience of a manualized BPT for schizophrenia to shed light on the process of therapeutic change. METHOD: We conducted in-depth interviews with 6 participants who completed a 10-week BPT group intervention...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947257/does-the-supervisor-s-teaching-style-influence-the-supervisee-s-learning-prescribed-techniques
#14
Timothy Anderson, Maryellen J Crowley, Jeffrey L Binder, Bernadette D Heckman, Candace L Patterson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the directive and non-directive supervisors' instructional styles, supervisees' interactive communications within supervision sessions as well as the relative success of supervisees' learning to apply specific techniques within psychotherapy. METHOD: The developers of Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy (TLDP) provided the supervised training for 16 therapists as part of the "Vanderbilt II" psychotherapy project. Supervision sessions were rated for supervisors' adherence to TLDP content...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866269/the-relative-association-between-individual-difference-variables-and-general-psychotherapy-outcome-expectation-in-socially-anxious-individuals
#15
Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Erin L McVicar, Rebecca M Ametrano
OBJECTIVE: Although patients' psychotherapy outcome expectation relates to their treatment outcome, little is known about correlates of this expectation. Moreover, the limited research has largely assessed convenience variables as correlates, with little replication and few examinations of the relative strength of associations between the correlates and outcome expectation. This clinical analogue study examined the relation between socially anxious undergraduates' (N = 178) characteristics and their general psychotherapy outcome expectation...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26838559/from-painstaking-work-to-a-new-way-of-meeting-the-world-trauma-clients-experiences-with-skill-training-in-a-stabilization-group-approach
#16
Signe Hjelen Stige, Per-Einar Binder
OBJECTIVE: The study explored how former trauma clients experienced the inclusion of skill training in their treatment, their ways of relating to and using these skills, and how this changed over time. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 13 clients within three months of their completion of treatment, and again 11-13 months later. RESULTS: Analysis of the material resulted in three main themes: (1) Being ready to find new ways to deal with trauma-related problems as a motivational starting point at intake, (2) Finding new agency through skills and understanding, and (3) One year on-Meeting the everyday world in a new way...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26838353/immediate-therapist-self-disclosure-bolsters-the-effect-of-brief-integrative-psychotherapy-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-the-perceptions-of-therapists-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Sharon Ziv-Beiman, Giora Keinan, Elad Livneh, Patrick S Malone, Golan Shahar
OBJECTIVE: We report a first randomized clinical trial examining the effect of immediate and non-immediate therapist self-disclosure in the context of a brief integrative psychotherapy for mild to moderate distress. METHOD: A total of 86 patients with mild to moderate forms of distress were randomly divided into three 12-session integrative psychotherapy conditions based primarily on [Hill, C. E. (2009). Helping skills: Facilitating, exploration, insight, and action (3rd ed...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837957/enhancing-the-hermeneutic-single-case-efficacy-design-bridging-the-research-practice-gap
#18
Jessie M Wall, Janelle L Kwee, Monica Hu, Marvin J McDonald
Systematic case study designs are emerging as alternative paradigm strategies for psychotherapy and social science research. Through enhanced sensitivity to context, these designs examine idiographic profiles of causal processes. We specifically advocate the use of the hermeneutic single-case efficacy design (HSCED). HSCED has recently been used to investigate the efficacy of an existing therapy with a new population (Observed and Experiential Integration for athlete performance barriers) and an emerging therapy (Lifespan Integration Therapy)...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732852/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-internet-interventions-a-narrative-review-and-suggestions-for-future-research
#19
Thomas Berger
OBJECTIVES: Research on Internet interventions has grown rapidly over the recent years and evidence is growing that Internet-based treatments often result in similar outcomes as conventional face-to-face psychotherapy. Yet there are still unanswered concerns such as whether a therapeutic alliance can be established over the Internet and whether the alliance is important in this new treatment format. METHODS: A narrative review of studies formally assessing the therapeutic alliance in Internet interventions was conducted...
September 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829714/convergence-in-patient-therapist-therapeutic-alliance-ratings-and-its-relation-to-outcome-in-chronic-depression-treatment
#20
Holly B Laws, Michael J Constantino, Aline G Sayer, Daniel N Klein, James H Kocsis, Rachel Manber, John C Markowitz, Barbara O Rothbaum, Dana Steidtmann, Michael E Thase, Bruce A Arnow
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether discrepancy between patients' and therapists' ratings of the therapeutic alliance, as well as convergence in their alliance ratings over time, predicted outcome in chronic depression treatment. METHOD: Data derived from a controlled trial of partial or non-responders to open-label pharmacotherapy subsequently randomized to 12 weeks of algorithm-driven pharmacotherapy alone or pharmacotherapy plus psychotherapy. The current study focused on the psychotherapy conditions (N = 357)...
July 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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