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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30451094/instrumental-variable-analyses-for-causal-inference-application-to-multilevel-analyses-of-the-alliance-outcome-relation
#1
Paul Crits-Christoph, Robert Gallop, Averi Gaines, Agnes Rieger, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: To introduce readers to instrumental variable analyses for causal inferences using as an example a test of the hypothesis that the quality of the therapeutic alliance has a causal role in relation to the outcome of psychotherapy. METHOD: We used data from a recent non-inferiority trial of cognitive and dynamic therapies for major depressive disorder in a community mental health setting. The data (N = 161) were analyzed using standard approaches as well as a multilevel 2-stage instrumental variables approach that allows for causal interpretations by removing the influence of unmeasured confounds...
November 18, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422103/changes-in-depressed-patients-self-statements
#2
Katherine Thompson, Debora D'iuso, Deborah Schwartzman, Keith S Dobson, Martin Drapeau
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' use of self-statements reflecting self-criticism, a sense of inadequacy, and low self-worth has been linked to the incidence, severity, and recurrence of major depressive disorder [de Graaf, L. E., Huibers, M. J. H., Cuijpers, P., & Arntz, A. (2010). Minor and major depression in the general population: Does dysfunctional thinking play a role? Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(3), 266-274. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.08.006 ; Riso, L. P., du Toit, P. L., Blandino, J...
November 13, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409079/-it-is-never-okay-to-talk-about-suicide-patients-reasons-for-concealing-suicidal-ideation-in-psychotherapy
#3
Matt Blanchard, Barry A Farber
OBJECTIVE: To identify psychotherapy clients' motives for concealing suicidal ideation from their therapist, and their perceptions of how their therapists could better elicit honest disclosure. METHOD: A sample of 66 psychotherapy clients who reported concealing suicidal ideation from their therapist provided short essay responses explaining their motives for doing so and what their therapist could do to help them be more honest. Content analysis was used to identify major motives and themes in these responses...
November 8, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394196/therapist-competence-in-case-conceptualization-and-outcome-in-cbt-for-depression
#4
Michael H Easden, Richard B Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between therapist competence in case conceptualization and outcome in psychotherapy. METHOD: Twenty-eight adults received Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depression. The Conceptualization Rating Scale (CRS) was used to systematically evaluate therapist competence in case conceptualization using ratings from 225 DVD recordings of live therapy in real time across the first ten sessions of treatment...
November 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345911/are-psychotherapies-with-more-dropouts-less-effective
#5
Catherine M Reich, Jeffrey S Berman
Psychotherapy dropout is often regarded as an indicator of treatment failure; however, evidence of a relationship between dropout and outcome has not been well established. The current research consisted of three meta-analytic studies, the results of which found (a) individuals who dropped out began treatment more distressed than those who completed therapy, (b) individuals who dropped out of therapy were more distressed at posttreatment than individuals who completed therapy, and (c) treatments with higher rates of dropout were also less effective for the treatment completers...
October 22, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345910/creating-what-is-necessary-for-optimizing-psychotherapy
#6
Merton Krause
The dimensions of mental health status (MHS), all those that may influence MHS, and the measures to represent these dimensions must come to be agreed upon and all of them included in every study of psychotherapy effectiveness in order for these studies' results to be properly comparable, decisive, and cumulative. This is essential for eventually achieving a psychotherapy effectiveness research (PER) that is adequate for informing individual case psychotherapy practice rather than only reporting average case psychotherapy practice results...
October 20, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309293/do-interpersonal-fears-mediate-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-interpersonal-skills-deficits-a-matched-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Jan Philipp Klein, Jörg Stahl, Michael Hüppe, James P McCullough, Elisabeth Schramm, Dominice Ortel, Stefan Sondermann, Johanna Schröder, Steffen Moritz, Ulrich Schweiger
OBJECTIVE: Childhood maltreatment, interpersonal fear and a specific kind of interpersonal skills deficit (preoperational thinking) have all been associated with persistent depressive disorder (PDD). We hypothesize that interpersonal fears mediate the association between childhood maltreatment and preoperational thinking. METHOD: A total of 108 matched participants have been examined cross-sectionally (31 healthy controls, 30 patients with episodic depression and 47 patients with PDD) with the following instruments: the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF), a measure of interpersonal fear (CBASP Interpersonal Questionnaire) and the Lübeck Questionnaire of Preoperational Thinking...
October 11, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257612/supervisee-perceptions-of-the-use-of-metacommunication-in-the-supervisory-relationship
#8
Fiona L Calvert, Frank P Deane, Brin F S Grenyer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the use of metacommunication in supervision from supervisees' perspectives. METHOD: A total of 129 supervisees completed the Metacommunication in Supervision Questionnaire-MSQ, a measure devised for the purpose of this study to explore the frequency and willingness to use various forms of metacommunication in clinical supervision. Measures of the nature of the supervisory relationship (also from the supervisee's perspective) were taken to explore whether a relationship exists between the nature of supervision and supervisees' perspectives on the use of metacommunication...
September 26, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213240/the-effect-of-using-the-partners-for-change-outcome-management-system-as-feedback-tool-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ole Karkov Østergård, Hilde Randa, Esben Hougaard
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to evaluate the effects of using the Partners for Change Outcome Management System (PCOMS) in psychotherapy and to explore potential moderators of the effect. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search including grey literature was conducted to identify controlled outcome studies on the PCOMS, randomized (RCTs), or non-randomized trials (N-RCT). RESULTS: The literature search identified 18 studies, 14 RCTs, and four N-RCTs, including altogether 2910 participants...
September 13, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189798/interaction-structures-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-a-naturalistic-study-of-psychodynamic-child-psychotherapy
#10
Sibel Halfon, Geoff Goodman, Pelinsu Bulut
OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this study was to identify interaction structures (IS), which refer to clusters of items characterizing the course of psychotherapy in terms of reciprocal interaction patterns between the therapist and the child, secondly to assess their trends over the course of treatment, and finally investigate which IS predict outcome in long-term psychodynamic child psychotherapy. METHOD: The sample included 52 children with externalizing and internalizing problems...
September 6, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165801/a-relational-perspective-on-the-association-between-working-alliance-and-treatment-outcome
#11
Carl-Johan Uckelstam, Rolf Holmqvist, Björn Philips, Fredrik Falkenström
OBJECTIVE: Evidence is inconclusive on whether variability in alliance ratings within or between therapists is a better predictor of treatment outcome. The objective of the present study was to explore between and within patient and therapist variability in alliance ratings, reciprocity among them, and their significance for treatment outcome. METHOD: A large primary care psychotherapy sample was used. Patient and therapist ratings of the working alliance at session three and patient ratings of psychological distress pre-post were used for analyses...
August 31, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196788/ad-hoc-reviewers-2017-2018
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355973/patient-therapist-convergence-in-alliance-ratings-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#13
Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Holly B Laws, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: Although patients and therapists aligning over time on their perceptions of alliance quality is regarded as clinically important, few studies have examined the influence of such dyadic convergence on psychotherapy outcomes. This study tested whether early treatment convergence in patient-therapist alliance ratings was associated with subsequent worry and distress reduction in psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and whether treatment type and the dyad members' initial alliance perceptions moderated these associations...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337949/efficacy-of-metacognitive-therapy-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-among-iranian-couples
#14
Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Mohammadali Besharat, Sima Noohi, Afagh Ghaemmaghami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to compare the efficacy of metacognitive therapy (MCT) against Masters-Johnson sex therapy (MJST) for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in Iranian couples. METHODS: A randomized treatment trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the family counseling clinics in Tehran and Isfahan. All were suffering from HSDD as defined by DSM-IV-R criteria. They were assigned randomly to two groups that received 10 sessions of either MCT or MJST...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337945/client-interpersonal-impacts-as-mediators-of-long-term-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-integrated-with-motivational-interviewing-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#15
Michael J Constantino, Felicia M Romano, Alice E Coyne, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: A recent trial of generalized anxiety disorder treatment (Westra, H. A., Constantino, M. J., & Antony, M. M. (2016). Integrating Motivational Interviewing With Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Severe Generalized Anxiety Disorder: An Allegiance-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84, 768-782. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000098 ) revealed that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) integrated with motivational interviewing (MI) outperformed CBT alone across a 12-month follow up...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277040/the-relationship-between-positive-affect-and-negative-affect-during-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Roni Oren-Yagoda, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Idan M Aderka
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) along the course of combined cognitive behavior therapy and pharmacological treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Participants were 165 individuals who sought treatment for MDD in a partial hospital setting. Participants' PA, NA, and depressive symptoms were measured at pre- and post-treatment and PA and NA were measured at up to 10 additional measurements along the course of treatment...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#17
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140762/clients-experiences-of-treatment-and-recovery-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#18
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang
OBJECTIVE: This review synthesized findings from qualitative studies exploring clients' experiences of their treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and their perceptions of recovery. METHOD: Fourteen studies were identified through searches in three electronic databases. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme was used to appraise the methodological quality of the studies. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize the findings. RESULTS: The meta-synthesis identified 10 themes, grouped into 3 domains...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#19
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100133/development-of-the-clinically-adaptive-multidimensional-outcome-survey
#20
Peter W Sanders, P Scott Richards, Jason A McBride
OBJECTIVE: Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has been strongly endorsed by psychotherapy researchers, but has yet to achieve widespread implementation in clinical settings. This article describes the development of the Clinically Adaptive Multidimensional Outcome Survey (CAMOS), an innovative ROM system that allows for local adaptation while providing high quality data. METHOD: Three-hundred and four clients at a university counseling center and 211 female patients at an eating disorder treatment facility were administered the CAMOS at intake, and 118 took the CAMOS at both intake and discharge...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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