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European Journal of Ophthalmology

Dilay Ozek, Mehmet Onen, Emine Esra Karaca, Ahmet Omma, Ozlem Evren Kemer, Cigdem Coskun
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to measure retinal vessel density and thickness of the macula by optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking hydroxychloroquine. METHODS: The study included 40 patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking hydroxychloroquine and 20 age-, gender-, and axial length-matched control subjects. Patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of hydroxychloroquine use. Twenty four of the patients were taking hydroxychloroquine for more than 5 years (Group 1), and the rest of 16 were taking hydroxychloroquine for less than 5 years (Group 2)...
September 19, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Tomaž Gračner
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty as initial or adjunctive treatment for primary open-angle glaucoma in a retrospective chart review. METHODS: 28 eyes of 28 patients with newly diagnosed primary open-angle glaucoma, who formed the initial selective laser trabeculoplasty group, and 31 eyes of 31 patients suffering from medical uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma, who formed the adjunctive selective laser trabeculoplasty group, were treated with 180° selective laser trabeculoplasty...
September 19, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Urszula Kulik, Anna Wiklund, Maria Kugelberg, Anna Lundvall
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcome after cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis. METHODS: The medical records of all 24 children (34 eyes) with chronic juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis who underwent cataract surgery between 1990 and 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Primary intraocular lens implantation was performed in all patients. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis of uveitis in the first eye was 5...
September 12, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Evdoxia-Maria A Karasavvidou, Georgios P Athanasopoulos, Anastasios G Konstas, Eleni A Tsirampidou, Paris G Tranos
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this report is to describe a case of Valsalva retinopathy in an intranasal cocaine user. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male presented with a history of sudden loss of vision and inferior visual field defect in his left eye. Clinical evaluation of the affected eye showed best corrected visual acuity of 20/25 and fundus examination revealed a preretinal hemorrhage superior to the disk with multiple intraretinal hemorrhages in and around the posterior pole...
September 12, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Lotta Ilveskoski, Claudia Taipale, Emil J Holmström, Raimo Tuuminen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify macular edema after cataract surgery in eyes with and without pseudoexfoliation syndrome. The study was a post-hoc analysis of a randomized, double-blind, prospective single-center study. Patients were enrolled between January 2016 and October 2016 as per the national guidelines for the management of cataract in the Department of Ophthalmology, Kymenlaakso Central Hospital, Kotka, Finland. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six eyes of 149 patients undergoing routine cataract surgery...
September 12, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Burcu Kasım, Yusuf Koçluk, Ayşe Burcu
PURPOSE: To present a case of previous laser in situ keratomileusis with interface fluid syndrome secondary to toxic anterior segment syndrome following cataract surgery. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old woman, complaining blurred vision in her right eye for 18 months after cataract surgery, was referred to our clinic. She was diagnosed with toxic anterior segment syndrome, postoperatively, which resolved in 3 days. She had a history of laser in situ keratomileusis surgery 15 years ago...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Shahenda A El Gharbawy, Essam A Darwish, Khaled G Abu Eleinen, Moataz Hamed Osman
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of addition of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops to steroidal eye drops with that of using postoperative steroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops alone in prevention of macular edema in high-risk patients. SETTING: Cairo University Hospital. DESIGN: This study was comparative prospective interventional randomized study. METHODS: This study included 100 cataractous eyes divided into five subgroups: 20 eyes of diabetic patients, 20 uveitic eyes, 20 traumatic cataracts, 20 glaucomatous eyes on topical prostaglandin analogs, and 20 eyes with posterior capsular rupture during phacoemulsification...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Muhammed M Kurt, Cetin Akpolat, Basat Fethallah
A 60-year-old patient with a history of diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease was admitted to the eye nose and throat clinic due to complaints of difficulty in breathing. The patient was decided for functional endoscopic sinus surgery with the diagnosis of right nasal polyposis and chronic sinusitis. The patient had right visual loss with the findings of retinal artery occlusion, which is a rare ocular complication seen after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Although the patient had proper urgent surgical and medical treatment, we did not observe visual improvement...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Francisco Poyales, Nuria Garzón, Daniel Pizarro, Santiago Cobreces, Adolfo Hernández
PURPOSE: To compare rotational stability, centration and visual outcomes provided by three trifocal lens models that have the same optical zone design but different material, composition, and/or toricity. METHODS: The study included 78 patients with symmetric bilateral intraocular lens implantation. The lenses under evaluation were trifocal intraocular lenses made of hydrophilic acrylic material: a spherical lens 26% hydrophilic acrylic (POD FineVision), a similar lens but having a toric design (POD Toric FineVision), and a trifocal lens 25% hydrophilic acrylic material (FineVision/MicroF)...
September 10, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Surinder Singh Pandav, Partha Chakma, Alka Khera, Neera Chugh, Parul Chawla Gupta, Faisal Thattaruthody, Natasha Gautam Seth, Srishti Raj, Sushmita Kaushik, Madhu Khullar, Jagat Ram
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is commonly associated with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. The two nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs1048661 (R141L) and rs3825942 (G153D) within exon 1 of LOXL1 gene have been found to confer risk of pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma in different geographical populations. This study aims to find association between two nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma in North Indian population...
September 6, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Amanne Esmael, Yomna M Ismail, Abdelrahman M Elhusseiny, Alaa E Fayed, Hala M Elhilali
OBJECTIVES: To investigate agreement between intraocular pressure measurements by the rebound tonometer and handheld Perkins applanation tonometer in children with and without primary congenital glaucoma and test agreement with intraocular pressure and age variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective non-interventional comparative study done on 223 eyes of 115 children, 161 normal eyes, and 62 eyes with primary congenital glaucoma. Intraocular pressure measurements were obtained in the upright position by rebound tonometer first, followed by installation of topical anesthetic eye drops (benoxinate), then measured by Perkins applanation tonometer...
September 4, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Cigdem Altan, Berkay Hasan Arman, Murat Arici, Ufuk Urdem, Banu Solmaz, Isil Pasaoglu, Berna Basarir, Funda Onmez, Muhittin Taskapili
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the variability of central retinal thickness asymmetry in healthy Caucasian adults with the posterior pole asymmetry analysis to serve as a reference. METHODS: In total, 404 eyes of 202 subjects who aged between 18 and 80 years, who had no ocular pathology, were included in this cross-sectional observational study. Retinal thickness maps with posterior pole asymmetry analysis mode were taken with the optical coherence tomography (SPECTRALIS SD-OCT; Heidelberg Engineering)...
September 4, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Shahana Mazumdar, Koushik Tripathy, Barsha Sarma, Neetu Agarwal
PURPOSE: To report a patient with fluctuating refraction following the use of oral topiramate. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old male patient was diagnosed elsewhere with sudden-onset-acquired myopia, high intraocular pressure, and bilateral angle closure glaucoma for which he underwent laser peripheral iridotomy in both eyes and was started on topical antiglaucoma medications and topical steroids following laser peripheral iridotomy. He was referred for ultrasound biomicroscopy, which showed bilateral ciliary effusion...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Edgar Javier Infantes Molina, Javier Celis Sánchez, José Maria Tenias Burilllo, David Diaz Valle, José Manuel Benítez-Del-Castillo, Diana Mesa Varona, Eva Avendaño-Cantos
PURPOSE: To compare visual, topographic and topometric outcomes in patients subjected to deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty or penetrating keratoplasty showing a high or low risk of graft rejection. SETTING: Complejo Hospitalario La Mancha Centro, Ciudad Real, Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were reviewed for consecutive patients with a corneal stroma disease undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty or penetrating keratoplasty over the period 2009-2015 at our centre by the same surgeon...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Javier Benitez-Del-Castillo, Jorge Cantu-Dibildox, Silvia M Sanz-González, Vicente Zanón-Moreno, Maria Dolores Pinazo-Duran
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the expression of cytokines/chemokines in tears from patients with non-advanced primary open-angle glaucoma and patients with non-severe dry eye disease versus healthy controls. METHODS: This prospective, observational cohort study enrolled patients with confirmed or suspected non-advanced primary open-angle glaucoma who received any prostaglandin analogue monotherapy for longer than 6 months, patients with non-severe dry eye disease, and healthy controls...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
João C Costa, Jorge Alió
INTRODUCTION: To report the case of a high hyperopic refractive shift associated with significant shortening of the ocular axial length following glaucoma filtering surgery. METHODS: Case report. Patient's records were consulted retrospectively. RESULTS: A 57-year-old woman, highly myopic, with a history of bilateral intraocular refractive surgery in 1998 (phakic lens ZB5M) and bilensectomy in 2011 (phakic intraocular lens extraction plus cataract surgery with pseudophakic intraocular lens implantation), presented with consistently high intraocular pressure...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Vinod Kumar, Devesh Kumawat, Ruchir Tewari, Pradeep Venkatesh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the ultra-wide field imaging features of pigmented para-venous retino-choroidal atrophy. DESIGN: Retrospective review at a tertiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: Eight eyes of five patients with pigmented para-venous retino-choroidal atrophy who presented to our retina clinic over last 2 years. METHODS: Retrospective review of ultra-wide field pseudo-colour and short wave autofluorescence imaging was performed...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Omer Trivizki, David Smadja, Michael Mimouni, Samuel Levinger, Eliya Levinger
PURPOSE: To analyze the visual and refractive outcome of the bioptics procedure combining multifocal intraocular lens implantation and excimer laser surgery in young patients with high hyperopic eyes not suitable for a single surgical procedure. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 10 eyes of five patients (age range 18-30 years) with high hyperopia (spherical equivalent +8.51 ± 0.85 diopters (D)). They had been treated with serial multifocal intraocular lens implantation followed 6 weeks later by laser in situ keratomileusis for residual hyperopia...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Ana Ibáñez-Muñoz, Víctor Santiago Soto-Biforcos, María Chacón-González, Oscar Rúa-Galisteo, Alexandra Arrieta-Los Santos, María Ester Lizuain-Abadía, José Luis Del Río Mayor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure-lowering effect, the safety profile, and the success rate of the XEN45 Gel Stent (Allergan, Dublin, Ireland) in patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted on patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma, with or without cataract, who underwent XEN45 implantation surgery with subconjunctival mitomycin-C and had a minimum postoperative follow-up period of 12 months. The primary outcome measure was intraocular pressure reduction at 1 year as compared to baseline...
August 27, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Kelly K Nichols, Eric D Donnenfeld, Paul M Karpecki, John A Hovanesian, Aparna Raychaudhuri, Amir Shojaei, Steven Zhang
PURPOSE: Characterize the safety and tolerability of lifitegrast ophthalmic solution 5.0% for the treatment of dry eye disease. METHODS: Pooled data from five randomized controlled trials were analyzed. Key inclusion criteria were adults with dry eye disease (Schirmer tear test score ⩾1 and ⩽10 mm, eye dryness score ⩾40 (visual analog scale 0-100), corneal staining score ⩾2.0 (0-4 scale)). Participants were randomized to lifitegrast ophthalmic solution 5...
August 16, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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