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European Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525683/multilayer-microstructure-of-idiopathic-epiretinal-macular-membranes
#1
Claudio Azzolini, Terenzio Congiu, Simone Donati, Alberto Passi, Petra Basso, Eliana Piantanida, Cesare Mariotti, Francesco Testa, Simona M Caprani, Jennifer Cattaneo, Riccardo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To identify the ultramicroscopic structure of idiopathic epiretinal macular membranes (iEMMs) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: We examined 28 iEMMs surgically removed from 28 eyes of 28 patients. All specimens, previously observed at stereomicroscope, were treated with an osmium maceration technique. Fine resolution of iEMMs' 3D architecture and their interaction with the retina were studied using a Philips SEM-FEG XL-30 microscope. RESULTS: The specimens appeared as laminar connective structures partially or completely adherent to the inner limiting membrane (ILM)...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525681/unveiling-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia-clinical-applications-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#2
Marco A Gonzalez, Diana Shechtman, Jay M Haynie, Leo Semes
PURPOSE: Idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 2 (IMT2) is a bilateral acquired maculopathy, with a spectrum of clinical presentations associated with inner retinal telangiectatic vascular anomalies. Cases often are underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Current diagnostic modalities such as spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA) are valuable to the understanding of the clinicopathology. More recently, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), as an emerging noninvasive technology, has been shown to be particularly useful in the assessment and management of IMT2...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525682/secondary-sulcus-fixed-foldable-iol-implantation-with-25-g-infusion-in-patients-with-previous-ppv-after-open-globe-injury
#3
Tiangeng He, Caiyun You, Song Chen, Xiangda Meng, Yuanyuan Liu, Hua Yan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of secondary sulcus-fixed foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion in patients with previous pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) after open-globe injury, and to analyze postoperative outcomes and prognostic factors of treatment. METHODS: Clinical data of 89 eyes of 89 patients with open-globe injury who underwent secondary sulcus-fixed foldable IOL implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion after vitrectomy in our hospital between January 2008 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497459/author-s-reply-to-comments-to-visual-and-anatomic-outcomes-after-conversion-to-aflibercept-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-12-month-results
#4
Kaveh Abri Aghdam, Carsten Framme, Amelie Pielen, Bernd Junker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497458/ocular-surface-disease-in-patients-under-topical-treatment-for-glaucoma
#5
Francisco Pérez-Bartolomé, Jose M Martínez-de-la-Casa, Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Vicente Polo, Julián García-Feijoó
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between ocular surface disease (OSD) and topical antiglaucoma therapy. METHODS: A total of 211 eyes of 211 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension on topical medication were recruited over 10 months. Controls were 51 eyes of 51 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers. In each patient, we recorded the intraocular pressure-lowering eyedrops used, the number of medications used, and daily and cumulative preservative concentrations (PC)...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478646/obituary-dr-william-tasman
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430330/long-term-visual-outcomes-in-children-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#7
Sanaa A Yassin
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term visual outcomes and risk factors for visual loss in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) who underwent angle surgery over a 21-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent trabeculotomy, trabeculectomy, or combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy for PCG. Visual acuity (VA), surgeries, and underlying cause of visual impairment were recorded and compared. Main outcome measures were final best-corrected good VA (20/20 to 20/50), moderate VA (<20/50 to 20/200), or poor VA (<20/200); age at surgery, sex, laterality, type of initial glaucoma surgery, and number of surgeries were recorded...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430321/comments-to-visual-and-anatomic-outcomes-after-conversion-to-aflibercept-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-12-month-results
#8
Dan Călugăru, Mihai Călugăru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430319/evaluation-of-a-device-for-standardized-measurements-of-reading-performance-in-a-prepresbyopic-population
#9
Tschingis Arad, Martin Baumeister, Jens Bühren, Thomas Kohnen
PURPOSE: Automated measurements of reading performance are required for clinical trials involving presbyopia-correcting surgery options. Repeatability of a testing device for reading (Salzburg Reading Desk) was evaluated in a prepresbyopic population. METHODS: Subjective reading performance of 50 subjects divided into 2 age groups (23-30 years and 38-49 years) with distance-corrected eyes was investigated with different log-scaled reading charts. At study entry, refractive parameters were measured and distance visual acuity assessed...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430333/epiretinal-membrane-negative-staining-and-double-peeling-in-a-single-block-with-brilliant-blue-g
#10
David Martins, Pedro Neves
PURPOSE: To describe a surgical technique for combined peeling of epiretinal and internal limiting membranes. METHODS: The authors present their procedure of choice for epiretinal membrane surgery: negative staining effect using Brilliant Blue G and single block removal of the epiretinal and internal limiting membranes in a single step. RESULTS: A total of 26 eyes were operated with the described technique. In all cases, the peeling was performed successfully and with no complications...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430335/reading-ability-and-quality-of-life-in-stargardt-disease
#11
Vittoria Murro, Andrea Sodi, Giovanni Giacomelli, Dario P Mucciolo, Monica Pennino, Gianni Virgili, Stanislao Rizzo
PURPOSE: To study the reading performance of patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) and the relationship between clinical vision measurements and vision-related quality of life (VRQOL). METHODS: We studied both eyes of 16 patients with STGD. Each patient was examined for best-corrected visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), reading ability (MNREAD and REX charts), contrast sensitivity (Pelli-Robson charts), fixation study (MP1 microperimeter), and VRQOL (25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire [NEI VFQ-25])...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430325/identification-of-a-disease-causing-mutation-in-a-chinese-patient-with-retinitis-pigmentosa-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#12
Jianping Xiao, Xueqin Guo, Yong Wang, Mingkun Shao, Xiaoming Wei, Lique Du, Long Li, Yan Sun, Yun Yang
PURPOSE: To identify disease-causing mutations in a Chinese patient with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). METHODS: A detailed clinical examination was performed on the proband. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) combined with bioinformatics analysis was performed on the proband to detect candidate disease-causing mutations. Sanger sequencing was performed on all subjects to confirm the candidate mutations and assess cosegregation within the family. RESULTS: Clinical examinations of the proband showed typical characteristics of RP...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430329/ahmed-valves-vs-trabeculectomy-combined-with-pans-plana-vitrectomy-for-neovascular-glaucoma-with-vitreous-hemorrhage
#13
Menghua H Wang, Qiuming M Li, Hongtao T Dong, Shuqian Q Dong, Yang Li, Chunyan Y Zheng
PURPOSE: Vitreous hemorrhage is common in advanced neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which has poor visual prognosis. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of 23-G pars planar vitrectomy (PPV) combined with either Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation or trabeculectomy after intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) treatment for NVG with vitreous hemorrhage. METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized study included 33 eyes of 33 patients with NVG with vitreous hemorrhage. After IVR treatment for 3-7 days, 18 eyes underwent PPV + AGV (AGV group) and 15 underwent PPV + trabeculectomy (trabeculectomy group)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430328/outcome-of-various-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantations-in-children-with-congenital-cataract
#14
Jaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur, Jagat Ram, Sonam Yangzes, Siddharth Madan, Jitender Jinagal
PURPOSE: To evaluate performance of different intraocular lenses (IOLs) after cataract surgery in children aged less than 2 years with regards to rates of visual axis opacification (VAO). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of children <2 years of age undergoing cataract surgery with primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL over a period of 5 years with minimum follow-up of 1 year at a tertiary care institute. Children with microphthalmos, persistent fetal vasculature, traumatic cataract, aphakia, secondary IOLs, or any other coexisting ocular disease were excluded...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430324/negative-staining-of-the-vitreous-with-the-use-of-vital-dyes
#15
Cesare Mariotti, Michele Nicolai, Simone Donati, Michele Reibaldi
PURPOSE: The vitreous cortex, epiretinal membrane (ERM), and inner limiting membrane (ILM) are transparent tissues and are thus difficult to visualize. Staining these structures can increase the efficiency of a nontraumatic removal. METHODS: The surgeon performs a partial core vitrectomy and induces a posterior vitreous detachment. The vital dye is then injected into the retrohyaloid space in balanced salt solution (BSS). The dyes used are TWIN (Alchimia srl, Padova, Italy), MembraneBlue-Dual (DORC International, Zuidland, the Netherlands), and Doubledyne (Alfa Intes, Casoria, Italy)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430336/an-italian-translation-and-validation-of-the-near-activity-visual-questionnaire-navq
#16
Fabrizio Zeri, Isabella Beltramo, Laura Boccardo, Paolo Palumbo, Vincenzo Petitti, James S Wolffsohn, Shehzad A Naroo
PURPOSE: To validate the Near Activity Vision Questionnaire (NAVQ) in Italian to allow the assessment of presbyopia corrections in Italian-speaking patients. METHODS: An Italian version of the NAVQ was arranged through several steps: an initial forward translation (from English to Italian), a backward translation (from Italian to English), and finally a consensual version to check against the original NAVQ. This prospective study enrolled native Italian-speaking presbyopic patients with corrected distance visual acuity of 0...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430331/factors-influencing-intravitreal-bevacizumab-and-triamcinolone-treatment-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#17
Tai K Kim, Hye Y Shin, Su Y Kim, Young C Lee, Mee Y Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate factors associated with response to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Ninety-one eyes of 88 patients diagnosed with DME were enrolled in this retrospective chart review. Group 1 included eyes that showed good response to IVB. Group 2 included eyes that did not respond to IVB but responded to IVTA. Group 3 included eyes that responded to neither. Clinical factors, HbA1c, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings including patterns of macular edema were compared among the 3 groups...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430323/povidone-iodine-3-minute-exposure-time-is-viable-in-preparation-for-cataract-surgery
#18
Chu Luan Nguyen, Lawrence J Oh, Eugene Wong, Ian C Francis
PURPOSE: Povidone-iodine (PI) is widely used to reduce the preoperative conjunctival bacterial load. This study aimed to evaluate the employment of PI 10% in an attempt to sterilize the ocular surface prior to cataract surgery, and to show that PI could be left in contact for 3 minutes. The viability of this exposure time in clinical practice, associated adverse events, and visual outcomes were documented. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed in 604 patients by a single surgeon...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430322/prewound-assisted-technique-for-hydrophobic-foldable-intraocular-lens-implantation
#19
Takuya Shiba, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
PURPOSE: To describe a technique for intraocular lens (IOL) implantation that lessens the degree of surgical invasiveness by implanting a tightly rolled IOL through a small incision without touching the eye with the cartridge tip. METHODS: An IOL was inserted through an incision by first allowing the leading haptic to protrude slightly from the cartridge tip. It was then injected through the incision without allowing any part of the cartridge to touch the eye during IOL implantation...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430320/remnant-extraction-by-using-an-intraocular-lens-injector-with-essential-flow
#20
Momoko Yamakawa, Mami Kusaka, Shogo Yamada, Masayuki Akimoto
PURPOSE: To describe a new technique for remnant removal in cases of posterior capsular rupture during cataract surgery and Soemmering ring extraction during intraocular lens (IOL) removal. METHODS: An IOL injector, inserted into the anterior chamber, provides a new exit for residual lens fragments. Passive fluid flow, supplied by an anterior chamber maintainer or some ocular viscoelastic device (OVD) injection, delivers the residual fragments into a lumen of the injector in assistance with a second device such as a phaco-chopper and vitreous cutter...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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