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European Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430330/long-term-visual-outcomes-in-children-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#1
Sanaa A Yassin
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term visual outcomes and risk factors for visual loss in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) who underwent angle surgery over a 21-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent trabeculotomy, trabeculectomy, or combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy for PCG. Visual acuity (VA), surgeries, and underlying cause of visual impairment were recorded and compared. Main outcome measures were final best-corrected good VA (20/20 to 20/50), moderate VA (<20/50 to 20/200), or poor VA (<20/200); age at surgery, sex, laterality, type of initial glaucoma surgery, and number of surgeries were recorded...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430321/comments-to-visual-and-anatomic-outcomes-after-conversion-to-aflibercept-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-12-month-results
#2
Dan Călugăru, Mihai Călugăru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430319/evaluation-of-a-device-for-standardized-measurements-of-reading-performance-in-a-prepresbyopic-population
#3
Tschingis Arad, Martin Baumeister, Jens Bühren, Thomas Kohnen
PURPOSE: Automated measurements of reading performance are required for clinical trials involving presbyopia-correcting surgery options. Repeatability of a testing device for reading (Salzburg Reading Desk) was evaluated in a prepresbyopic population. METHODS: Subjective reading performance of 50 subjects divided into 2 age groups (23-30 years and 38-49 years) with distance-corrected eyes was investigated with different log-scaled reading charts. At study entry, refractive parameters were measured and distance visual acuity assessed...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430333/epiretinal-membrane-negative-staining-and-double-peeling-in-a-single-block-with-brilliant-blue-g
#4
David Martins, Pedro Neves
PURPOSE: To describe a surgical technique for combined peeling of epiretinal and internal limiting membranes. METHODS: The authors present their procedure of choice for epiretinal membrane surgery: negative staining effect using Brilliant Blue G and single block removal of the epiretinal and internal limiting membranes in a single step. RESULTS: A total of 26 eyes were operated with the described technique. In all cases, the peeling was performed successfully and with no complications...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430335/reading-ability-and-quality-of-life-in-stargardt-disease
#5
Vittoria Murro, Andrea Sodi, Giovanni Giacomelli, Dario P Mucciolo, Monica Pennino, Gianni Virgili, Stanislao Rizzo
PURPOSE: To study the reading performance of patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) and the relationship between clinical vision measurements and vision-related quality of life (VRQOL). METHODS: We studied both eyes of 16 patients with STGD. Each patient was examined for best-corrected visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), reading ability (MNREAD and REX charts), contrast sensitivity (Pelli-Robson charts), fixation study (MP1 microperimeter), and VRQOL (25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire [NEI VFQ-25])...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430329/ahmed-valves-vs-trabeculectomy-combined-with-pans-plana-vitrectomy-for-neovascular-glaucoma-with-vitreous-hemorrhage
#6
Menghua H Wang, Qiuming M Li, Hongtao T Dong, Shuqian Q Dong, Yang Li, Chunyan Y Zheng
PURPOSE: Vitreous hemorrhage is common in advanced neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which has poor visual prognosis. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of 23-G pars planar vitrectomy (PPV) combined with either Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation or trabeculectomy after intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) treatment for NVG with vitreous hemorrhage. METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized study included 33 eyes of 33 patients with NVG with vitreous hemorrhage. After IVR treatment for 3-7 days, 18 eyes underwent PPV + AGV (AGV group) and 15 underwent PPV + trabeculectomy (trabeculectomy group)...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430325/identification-of-a-disease-causing-mutation-in-a-chinese-patient-with-retinitis-pigmentosa-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#7
Jianping Xiao, Xueqin Guo, Yong Wang, Mingkun Shao, Xiaoming Wei, Lique Du, Long Li, Yan Sun, Yun Yang
PURPOSE: To identify disease-causing mutations in a Chinese patient with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). METHODS: A detailed clinical examination was performed on the proband. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) combined with bioinformatics analysis was performed on the proband to detect candidate disease-causing mutations. Sanger sequencing was performed on all subjects to confirm the candidate mutations and assess cosegregation within the family. RESULTS: Clinical examinations of the proband showed typical characteristics of RP...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430328/outcome-of-various-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-implantations-in-children-with-congenital-cataract
#8
Jaspreet Sukhija, Savleen Kaur, Jagat Ram, Sonam Yangzes, Siddharth Madan, Jitender Jinagal
PURPOSE: To evaluate performance of different intraocular lenses (IOLs) after cataract surgery in children aged less than 2 years with regards to rates of visual axis opacification (VAO). METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of children <2 years of age undergoing cataract surgery with primary posterior capsulotomy, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL over a period of 5 years with minimum follow-up of 1 year at a tertiary care institute. Children with microphthalmos, persistent fetal vasculature, traumatic cataract, aphakia, secondary IOLs, or any other coexisting ocular disease were excluded...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430324/negative-staining-of-the-vitreous-with-the-use-of-vital-dyes
#9
Cesare Mariotti, Michele Nicolai, Simone Donati, Michele Reibaldi
PURPOSE: The vitreous cortex, epiretinal membrane (ERM), and inner limiting membrane (ILM) are transparent tissues and are thus difficult to visualize. Staining these structures can increase the efficiency of a nontraumatic removal. METHODS: The surgeon performs a partial core vitrectomy and induces a posterior vitreous detachment. The vital dye is then injected into the retrohyaloid space in balanced salt solution (BSS). The dyes used are TWIN (Alchimia srl, Padova, Italy), MembraneBlue-Dual (DORC International, Zuidland, the Netherlands), and Doubledyne (Alfa Intes, Casoria, Italy)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430336/an-italian-translation-and-validation-of-the-near-activity-visual-questionnaire-navq
#10
Fabrizio Zeri, Isabella Beltramo, Laura Boccardo, Paolo Palumbo, Vincenzo Petitti, James S Wolffsohn, Shehzad A Naroo
PURPOSE: To validate the Near Activity Vision Questionnaire (NAVQ) in Italian to allow the assessment of presbyopia corrections in Italian-speaking patients. METHODS: An Italian version of the NAVQ was arranged through several steps: an initial forward translation (from English to Italian), a backward translation (from Italian to English), and finally a consensual version to check against the original NAVQ. This prospective study enrolled native Italian-speaking presbyopic patients with corrected distance visual acuity of 0...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430331/factors-influencing-intravitreal-bevacizumab-and-triamcinolone-treatment-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema
#11
Tai K Kim, Hye Y Shin, Su Y Kim, Young C Lee, Mee Y Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate factors associated with response to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Ninety-one eyes of 88 patients diagnosed with DME were enrolled in this retrospective chart review. Group 1 included eyes that showed good response to IVB. Group 2 included eyes that did not respond to IVB but responded to IVTA. Group 3 included eyes that responded to neither. Clinical factors, HbA1c, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings including patterns of macular edema were compared among the 3 groups...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430323/povidone-iodine-3-minute-exposure-time-is-viable-in-preparation-for-cataract-surgery
#12
Chu Luan Nguyen, Lawrence J Oh, Eugene Wong, Ian C Francis
PURPOSE: Povidone-iodine (PI) is widely used to reduce the preoperative conjunctival bacterial load. This study aimed to evaluate the employment of PI 10% in an attempt to sterilize the ocular surface prior to cataract surgery, and to show that PI could be left in contact for 3 minutes. The viability of this exposure time in clinical practice, associated adverse events, and visual outcomes were documented. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, phacoemulsification cataract surgery was performed in 604 patients by a single surgeon...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430322/prewound-assisted-technique-for-hydrophobic-foldable-intraocular-lens-implantation
#13
Takuya Shiba, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
PURPOSE: To describe a technique for intraocular lens (IOL) implantation that lessens the degree of surgical invasiveness by implanting a tightly rolled IOL through a small incision without touching the eye with the cartridge tip. METHODS: An IOL was inserted through an incision by first allowing the leading haptic to protrude slightly from the cartridge tip. It was then injected through the incision without allowing any part of the cartridge to touch the eye during IOL implantation...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430320/remnant-extraction-by-using-an-intraocular-lens-injector-with-essential-flow
#14
Momoko Yamakawa, Mami Kusaka, Shogo Yamada, Masayuki Akimoto
PURPOSE: To describe a new technique for remnant removal in cases of posterior capsular rupture during cataract surgery and Soemmering ring extraction during intraocular lens (IOL) removal. METHODS: An IOL injector, inserted into the anterior chamber, provides a new exit for residual lens fragments. Passive fluid flow, supplied by an anterior chamber maintainer or some ocular viscoelastic device (OVD) injection, delivers the residual fragments into a lumen of the injector in assistance with a second device such as a phaco-chopper and vitreous cutter...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430334/chondro-keratoprosthesis-an-alternative-to-ookp
#15
Louis Hoffart, Laurent Guyot
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of cartilage as a potential graft material toward osteo-odontal tissue replacement in keratoprosthesis surgery. METHODS: We describe a modification of the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis surgery that involves the use of autologous auricular conchal cartilage graft (ACCG). In stage 1a, a full-thickness cheek mucosa graft was performed over the ocular surface. In stage 1b, ACCG was harvested via a retroauricular approach. An optical polymethyl-methacrylate cylinder was embedded into a double-layered fragment of cartilage and secured by cyanoacrylate glue...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430332/relationship-between-corneal-biomechanical-properties-and-optic-nerve-head-changes-after-deep-sclerectomy
#16
Laura Díez-Álvarez, Francisco J Muñoz-Negrete, Pilar Casas-Llera, Noelia Oblanca, Victoria de Juan, Gema Rebolleda
PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal biomechanical properties and optic nerve head (ONH) changes following deep sclerectomy (DS) and the relation to each other. METHODS: Forty-nine eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma that underwent DS were studied. Corneal biomechanical properties were assessed using the Ocular Response Analyzer and the ONH was evaluated by Spectralis optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging technology before surgery and 3 months postoperatively...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430327/postoperative-esotropia-initial-overcorrection-or-consecutive-esotropia
#17
Hyeshin Jeon, Heeyoung Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate the length of time required for diagnosing consecutive esotropia rather than initial overcorrection and examine risk factors for persistent postoperative esotropia after intermittent exotropia surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series in a tertiary medical center. Fifty consecutive patients with postoperative esotropia ≥6 prism diopters at 1 week following exotropia surgery, managed with nonsurgical management and followed up for more than 6 months from 2014 to 2015, were included...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430326/in-vivo-intraocular-pressure-monitoring-during-microincision-vitrectomy-with-and-without-active-control-of-infusion-pressure
#18
Hyun S Yang, Young I Yun, Jong H Park, Sangkyung Choi, Je M Woo
PURPOSE: To evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation during vitrectomy, we directly monitored IOP in vivo using 2 vitrectomy machines with or without constant infusion pressure monitoring and control. METHODS: Among 61 eyes of 61 consecutive patients, 32 were assigned to the Accurus system (group 1) and 29 were assigned to the Constellation system (group 2) in this prospective case series. The IOP fluctuations were evaluated during routine vitrectomy procedures...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362053/to-what-extent-may-botox-injections-be-an-alternative-choice-to-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia
#19
Claude Speeg-Schatz, Paul Burgun, Sylvaine Gottenkiene
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of a single injection of botulinum toxin in infantile esotropia as an alternative choice to surgery in a retrospective cases serie. METHODS: Patients (65 consecutive children aged 9 to 26 months with infantile strabismus) underwent botulinum toxin injection in both medial recti Botulinum toxin injection. Clinical datas including measurement of angle of deviation before and after injection. visual acuity, stereoscopy and side effects were observed in a 24 months period of follow-up...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362051/deep-capillary-macular-perfusion-indices-obtained-with-oct-angiography-correlate-with-degree-of-nonproliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#20
Kumar Sambhav, Khaled K Abu-Amero, Kakarla V Chalam
PURPOSE: To evaluate the integrity of macular and temporomacular vasculature in nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) with noninvasive optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and correlate perfusion indices with degree of NPDR. METHODS: In this prospective observational cross-sectional study, 102 eyes with newly diagnosed NPDR (mild NPDR, 36; moderate NPDR, 21; severe NPDR, 13; NPDR with diabetic macular edema [DME], 32) underwent OCTA. Sixty eyes of normal subjects served as control...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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