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Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094178/-efficacy-and-safety-of-fibrinogen-concentrate-in-surgical-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
LETTER
C Mengoli, M Franchini, G Marano, S Vaglio, S Pupella, G M Liumbruno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087235/hemodynamic-consequence-of-hand-ventilation-versus-machine-ventilation-during-transport-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
E Orestes O'Brien, Beverly J Newhouse, Brett Cronin, Kimberly Robbins, Albert P Nguyen, Swapnil Khoche, Ulrich Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: The hemodynamic consequences of ventilation of intubated patients during transport either by hand or using a transport ventilator have not been reported in patients after cardiac surgery. The authors hypothesized that bag-mask ventilation would alter end-tidal CO2 during transport and hemodynamic parameters in patients post-cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: A university-affiliated tertiary care hospital...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094173/a-rare-complication-of-metastatic-osteosarcoma
#3
Paul S Pagel, Ryan M Davidovich, Dominik T Steck, Julie K Freed, Brent T Boettcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082029/chikungunya-and-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#4
LETTER
Ajmer Singh, Yatin Mehta, Naresh Trehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094176/atrial-septal-defect-in-a-patient-with-a-mechanical-mitral-valve-prosthesis-undergoing-implantation-of-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-to-repair-or-not-to-repair
#5
Michael Essandoh, Bryan Whitson, Luke Dong, Ashley Yager, Ashley Gabrielsen, Ahmet Kilic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094175/septic-shock-in-low-cardiac-output-patients-with-heart-and-lung-transplantation-diagnosis-and-management-dilemma
#6
Ajay Kumar Jha, Shrinivas Krisna Hittalmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094174/con-atrial-fibrillation-prophylaxis-is-not-necessary-in-patients-undergoing-major-thoracic-surgery
#7
Rian Hasson Charles, Muhammad Shabsigh, Fabrizzio Sacchet-Cardozo, Luke Dong, Manoj Iyer, Michael Essandoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094172/interval-changes-in-myocardial-performance-index-predict-outcome-in-severe-sepsis
#8
Junaid Nizamuddin, Feroze Mahmood, Avery Tung, Ariel Mueller, Samuel M Brown, Shahzad Shaefi, Michael O'Connor, Daniel Talmor, Sajid Shahul
OBJECTIVES: Septic cardiomyopathy is a well-described consequence of septic shock and is associated with increased sepsis-related mortality. The myocardial performance index (MPI), a parameter derived from echocardiographic tissue Doppler measurements, allows for a more sensitive assessment of global cardiac function than do traditional metrics for cardiac function. The authors hypothesized that changes in left ventricular MPI in patients with severe sepsis would be associated with a higher 90-day mortality...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089599/impact-of-oral-chlorhexidine-on-bloodstream-infection-in-critically-ill-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Luciano Silvestri, William I Weir, Dario Gregori, Nia Taylor, Durk F Zandstra, Joris J M van Saene, Hendrick K F van Saene
OBJECTIVES: Oropharyngeal overgrowth of microorganisms in the critically ill is a risk factor for lower respiratory tract infection and subsequent invasion of the bloodstream. Oral chlorhexidine has been used to prevent pneumonia, but its effect on bloodstream infection never has been assessed in meta-analyses. The authors explored the effect of oral chlorhexidine on the incidence of bloodstream infection, the causative microorganism, and on all-cause mortality in critically ill patients...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089598/impact-of-focused-intraoperative-transthoracic-echocardiography-by-anesthesiologists-on-management-in-hemodynamically-unstable-high-risk-noncardiac-surgery-patients
#10
Thomas Kratz, Thorsten Steinfeldt, Maik Exner, Marco Campo Dell Orto, Nina Timmesfeld, Caroline Kratz, Martin Skrodzki, Hinnerk Wulf, Martin Zoremba
OBJECTIVES: Focused transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is used perioperatively for surgical patients. Intraoperative application of TTE is feasible, but its benefits remain unclear. The intention of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative TTE on the management of high-risk noncardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study. SETTING: Single-center university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty consecutive hemodynamically unstable high-risk patients anesthetized for noncardiac surgery...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089142/bedside-monitoring-of-cerebral-energy-state-during-cardiac-surgery-a-novel-approach-utilizing-intravenous-microdialysis
#11
Simon Mölström, Troels H Nielsen, Claus Andersen, Carl H Nordström, Palle Toft
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether the lactate-to-pyruvate (LP) ratio obtained by microdialysis (MD) of the cerebral venous outflow reflected a derangement of global cerebral energy state during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Interventional, prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Single-center, university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 10 patients undergoing primary, elective coronary artery bypass grafting...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041808/three-dimensional-examination-of-the-mitral-valve-in-patients-with-arrhythmias-and-motion-artifacts
#12
REVIEW
Arash Khamooshian, Yannis Amador, Jelliffe Jeganathan, Andrew Maslow, Feroze Mahmood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769765/vocal-cord-paralysis-after-cardiac-surgery-and-interventions-a-review-of-possible-etiologies
#13
REVIEW
Monish S Raut, Arun Maheshwari, Reena Joshi, Raja Joshi, Sumir Dubey, Ganesh Shivnani, Sujay Shad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751763/con-the-hepcon-hms-should-not-be-used-instead-of-traditional-activated-clotting-time-to-dose-heparin-and-protamine-for-cardiac-surgery-requiring-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#14
George Gilly, Jay Trusheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751762/short-term-angiotensin-subtype-1-receptor-blockade-does-not-alter-the-circulatory-responses-to-sympathetic-nervous-system-modulation-in-healthy-volunteers-before-and-during-sevoflurane-anesthesia-results-of-a-pilot-study
#15
Shahbaz R Arain, Julie K Freed, Jutta Novalija, Paul S Pagel, Thomas J Ebert
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism of perioperative hypotension in patients taking an angiotensin-receptor blocker up to the time of surgery remains unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that short-term angiotensin-receptor blocker treatment attenuated the sympathetic and vascular responses to autonomic stimuli in volunteers undergoing anesthesia. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, blinded, pilot design. SETTING: Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751761/cardiac-and-critical-care-anesthesiologists-may-be-ideal-members-of-the-mobile-ecmo-team
#16
EDITORIAL
Jacob T Gutsche, William J Vernick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727083/problems-and-pitfalls-of-qualification-for-extracorporeal-rewarming-in-severe-accidental-hypothermia
#17
REVIEW
Anna Jarosz, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Tomasz Darocha, Peter Paal, Robert Gałązkowski, Hubert Hymczak, Rafał Drwiła
OBJECTIVES: When establishing the Severe Hypothermia Treatment Centre, certain problems and pitfalls regarding the qualification for extracorporeal rewarming were encountered. The authors shared their experience and opened a discussion with other centers that deal with severe, accidental hypothermia. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical records of all patients examined by the hypothermia coordinator. SETTING: Patients consulted and treated by the Severe Hypothermia Treatment Centre...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720291/impact-of-milrinone-administration-in-adult-cardiac-surgery-patients-updated-meta-analysis
#18
Masahiro Ushio, Moritoki Egi, Junji Wakabayashi, Taichi Nishimura, Yuji Miyatake, Norihiko Obata, Satoshi Mizobuchi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of milrinone on short-term mortality in cardiac surgery patients with focus on the presence or absence of heterogeneity of the effect. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred thirty-seven adult cardiac surgery patients from 12 RCTs. INTERVENTIONS: Milrinone administration. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors conducted a systematic Medline and Pubmed search to assess the effect of milrinone on short-term mortality in adult cardiac surgery patients...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720290/prognosis-of-prolonged-intensive-care-unit-stay-after-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-in-octogenarians
#19
Pascal Augustin, Sebastien Tanaka, Vibol Chhor, Sophie Provenchère, Darko Arnaudovski, Hassan Ibrahim, Marie-Pierre Dilly, Nicolas Allou, Philippe Montravers, Ivan Philip
OBJECTIVES: Octogenarians considered for cardiac surgery encounter more complications than other patients. Postoperative complications raise the question of continuation of high-cost care for patients with limited life expectancy. Duration of hospitalization in intensive care after cardiac surgery may differ between octogenarians and other patients. The objectives were evaluating the mortality rate of octogenarians experiencing prolonged hospitalization in intensive care and defining the best cut-off for prolonged intensive care unit length of stay...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692704/sevoflurane-and-isoflurane-pharmacokinetics-hemodynamic-stability-and-cardioprotective-effects-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#20
David Freiermuth, Berend Mets, Daniel Bolliger, Oliver Reuthebuch, Thomas Doebele, Markus Scholz, Michael Gregor, Matthias Haschke, Manfred Daniel Seeberger, Jens Fassl
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of sevoflurane and isoflurane during use of minimized extracorporeal circulation to perform coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Furthermore, cardiovascular stability during bypass and the postoperative release of troponins were evaluated. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 31 adult patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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