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Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458241/management-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-piedmont-italy
#1
Davide G Ribaldone, Dario Mazzucco, Sharmila Fagoonee, Lucia Crocellà, Alessandro Lavagna, Mario Fracchia, Gian P Caviglia, Daniele Simondi, Rodolfo Rocca, Marco Astegiano
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative bacterium, usually acquired during childhood, whose natural habitat is the gastric lumen. H. pylori is accepted as the most important cause of gastritis and peptic ulcer in humans. Nevertheless, its important role in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer as well as in several extra-gastroduodenal diseases has been confirmed. The aim of this work is to discuss, for the first time in a single article, all publications concerning H. pylori infection arising from Piedmont region, Italy, where in 1893 Giulio Bizzozero was the first who observed and described spiral organisms in the stomach of animal models...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458240/benign-and-malignant-gastroduodenal-diseases-associated-with-helicobacter-pylori-a-narrative-review-and-personal-remarks-in-2018
#2
György M Buzás
The subject of Helicobacter pylori continues to elicit worldwide interest in many research fields. Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of the infection is decreasing in Western/developed countries and even in some developing regions, but this is masked by the high prevalence in the most populous regions. Chronic gastritis, caused invariably by the bacterium, was again classified in Kyoto and Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis was included as a distinct entity. The prevalence of peptic ulcers is decreasing, but bleeding ulcers are a challenging problem, with stable mortality levels even in the endoscopic era...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458239/transmission-of-helicobacter-pylori
#3
Irena Mladenova, Marilena Durazzo
The exact modes and routes of transmission of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection remain unproven. Studies showed that H. pylori bacteria can spread directly from one person to the other, or indirectly from an infected person to the environment. Presently, interpersonal pathways are more probable than environmental exposure routes. Person to person transmission can be mainly fecal-oral or oral-oral. In the last 30 years many authors have investigated the main potential sources of H. pylori infections, vectors and risk factors for both fecal-oral and oral-oral routes of transmission, eating of contaminated food, drinking of contaminated water, and exposure to animals...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442489/helicobacter-pylori-what-are-the-challenges-of-today-and-in-the-years-to-come
#4
Rinaldo Pellicano, Carlo A Fallone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442488/biological-properties-and-pathogenicity-factors-of-helicobacter-pylori
#5
Guzel S Isaeva, Sharmila Fagoonee
The unexpected discovery of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has revolutionised the history of microbiology as well as of gastroenterology in the last 30 years, with an invaluable benefit for millions of persons worldwide. The confirmation that this Gram-negative spiral bacterium could live in the stomach has rendered out-of-date the concept of inhospitality of micro-organisms in the gastric environment, after a long history of unheard reports on the presence of spiral bacteria in the stomach. The pathogenicity of H...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442487/successful-endoscopic-closure-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-using-a-padlock-cliptm
#6
Paolo Solidoro, Ludovica Venezia, Filippo Patrucco, Claudio DE Angelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431335/open-label-study-of-ademetionine-for-the-treatment-of-intrahepatic-cholestasis-associated-with-alcoholic-liver-disease
#7
Vladimir T Ivashkin, Marina V Maevskaya, Zhanna D Kobalava, Yuriy P Uspenskiy, Julia A Fominih, Alexander V Rozanov, Veronica V Tolkacheva, Tatiana I Sotnikova, Bagdadi A Alikhanov, Irina A Gorbacheva, Olga B Ershova, Antonina A Znakhyrenko, Kirill A Sokolov, Suntje Sander-Struckmeier
BACKGROUND: The effect of oral and/or parenteral ademetionine (500 mg intravenous [IV] and tablet formulation) on clinical symptoms and biochemical markers of intrahepatic cholestasis (IHC) was investigated in subjects with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and compensated liver function. METHODS: Prospective, multicentre, open-label study consisting of a screening period and an 8-week treatment period and performed in subjects (18-75 years) with compensated ALD and confirmed IHC...
February 8, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327822/efficacy-and-safety-of-long-term-entecavir-therapy-in-a-european-population
#8
Alessandro Collo, Paola Belci, Sharmila Fagoonee, Lucia Loreti, Valeria Gariglio, Ramona Parise, Paola Magistroni, Marilena Durazzo
BACKGROUND: Therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients aims at improving their survival by preventing disease progression to cirrhosis and its complications. Entecavir (ETV) is currently a first line therapeutic agent recommended for the treatment of CHB. Our aim was to evaluate the long term outcome of a cohort of CHB patients treated with ETV. METHODS: Thirty-four patients treated with ETV for at least 6 months were included in this study. The virologic response was determined by the dosage of serum HBV-DNA, HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBe antibodies...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327821/chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#9
Omer Shahab, Pegah Golabi, Zobair M Younossi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects many organs in the body, including the liver, kidneys, skin, joints and others. Although the hepatic manifestation of HCV has been widely studied, the extrahepatic manifestaions of HCV have not been fully appreciated. Studies have shown that patients with HCV have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as well as poorer outcomes after kidney transplantation. Given these findings, it is important to screen HCV patients for presence of renal impairement in a timely manner...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327820/gastroenterology-today-between-certainties-and-news-a-meeting-held-in-turin-on-may-27-2017
#10
Rinaldo Pellicano, Davide G Ribaldone, Marco Astegiano, Luca Dughera, Edda Battaglia, Anna Morgando, Arrigo Arrigoni, Mauro Spandre, Mario Grassini, Giorgio M Saracco, Francis Mégraud
This special article reports on two crucial issues discussed during a meeting. The first was the updated management of Helicobacter pylori infection. This was approached taking into account the recent European Guidelines, with a focus on novelties in treatment. In particular, considering the increasing H. pylori antibiotic resistance to clarithromycin, in countries with a high clarithromycin resistance rate the bismuth-containing quadruple therapies should be preferred. The new formulation, with bismuth, metronidazole, and tetracycline contained in a single capsule (three-in-one), has shown exciting results both in naive and in non-responder patients...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327819/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-africa-2018-literature-update
#11
Stella I Smith, Abiodun Seriki, Roland Ndip, Rinaldo Pellicano
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) relationship with humans is believed to have originated in Africa and three African H. pylori populations have been identified: hpAfrica1, hpAfrica2 and hpNEAfrica. Actually, H. pylori infection is a ubiquitous infection in developing countries, particularly Africa. In this continent, the prevalence of H. pylori is higher and the bacterium is acquired at an early age compared to developed countries. In fact, while it affects over 50% of humans in developed countries its prevalence reaches 80% or more among adults in Africa...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327818/cyclosporine-for-severe-steroid-refractory-ulcerative-colitis-commenting-the-comment
#12
Giovanni C Actis, Rinaldo Pellicano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268596/the-use-of-fully-covered-self-expanding-metal-stents-for-benign-biliary-etiologies-are-we-getting-it-right
#13
Carmelo Luigiano, Giuseppe Iabichino, Maria A Palamara, Leonardo H Eusebi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249127/liver-transplantation-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Giacomo Germani, Chiara Becchetti
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome (MS) [1], and it is defined by the presence of steatosis in >5% of hepatocytes, according to histological analysis or detected by specific proton density fat fraction obtained MRI. The term NAFLD covers two pathologically distinct conditions: non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can have similar clinical presentation, but with different prognosis. Both conditions can lastly lead to the development of cirrhosis...
December 15, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243894/indications-for-and-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-in-patients-with-alcohol-associated-liver-disease-aud
#15
Paulina K Phillips, Matthew W Caldis, Alexander D Hristov, Alexander S Lee, Michael R Lucey
The manufacture and consumption of alcohol are ubiquitous and as old as time. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is defined as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment. The physical injuries that result from excessive alcohol consumption are varied including end-organ damage to liver (alcohol-associated liver disease or ALD), pancreas, brain and heart, and systemic consequences including several forms of cancer. Liver transplantation (LT) remains the treatment of last resort for life-threatening liver disease...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307150/comment-on-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-using-metronidazole
#16
Ramy Younes, Anna Morgando
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307149/capsule-endoscopic-appearance-of-a-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-an-adult
#17
Thanh-Truc LE, Mohammad Bilal, Eric W Gou, Sreeram Parupudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307148/panparietal-cholesterolosis-xantho-granulomatous-cholecystitis-precursor
#18
Adriana Handra-Luca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307147/internist-anesthesiologist-and-surgeon-use-of-ketogenic-diet
#19
Lorenzo Cenci, Antonio Paoli, Hesham R Omar, Prachiti Dalvi, Enrico M Camporesi, Devanand Mangar, Silvia Quartesan, Alberto Fiorito, Gerardo Bosco
Ketogenic diet is being increasingly utilized in recent decades because of its success as an effective tool for short and intermediate-term weight loss. Promoting physiological ketosis from a drastically low carbohydrate diet is the fundamental basis for this diet regime. Though debated, these diets have been demonstrated to be effective, at least in the short- to medium terms, to manage excess weight, hyperlipidemia, and other cardiovascular risk factors. We reviewed the cardiovascular, metabolic, anesthetic, and postsurgical profiles in the literature and summarized technical issues of anesthesia and surgery along with long-term changes from published papers...
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307146/prevalent-use-of-combined-prophylaxis-of-hepatitis-b-after-liver-transplantation-in-italy-results-of-a-national-survey-in-a-large-cohort
#20
Alfredo Marzano, Pietro Andreone, Patrizia Boccagni, Patrizia Burra, Francesco Caneschi, Pasquale F Conoscitore, Carmine Coppola, Luciano DE Carlis, Stefano Fagiuoli, Paolo Forte, Giovanni B Gaeta, Rosa M Iemmolo, Anna Lotti Suffredini, Michele Mazzola, Manuela Merli, Gianpaolo Parrilli, Guido Piai, Maria R Piras, Mauro Salizzoni, Mariarosa Tamè, Giuseppe Tisone, Pierluigi Toniutto, Giovanni Vennarecci, Riccardo Volpes, Fausto Zamboni, Lucio Caccamo
BACKGROUND: Prophylaxis of hepatitis B after liver transplantation with antiviral(s) and immunoglobulins efficiently protect the majority of recipients; however recent experiences suggest a decline of HBsAg-positive candidates and the use of hepatitis B Immunoglobulin-free schedules. METHODS: This national survey evaluated the epidemiology and clinical results of hepatitis B prophylaxis among 10,365 liver transplants performed in 25 years in 13 Italian centers. RESULTS: With a percentage of 22, 2260 procedures were performed in HBsAg-positive recipients and 714 out of 1080 anti-HBc-positive grafts were used in HBsAg-negative recipients; a total of 2974 patients (29%) were considered at risk of hepatitis B after liver transplantation...
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
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