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Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777546/evaluating-links-among-shyness-peer-relations-and-internalizing-problems-in-chinese-young-adolescents
#1
Junsheng Liu, Julie C Bowker, Robert J Coplan, Panpan Yang, Dan Li, Xinyin Chen
This study evaluates a model linking shyness, aspects of peer relations, and internalizing problems among young adolescents in the People's Republic of China. Participants were 547 young adolescents from Shanghai, China (46% boys; Mage  = 10.35 years, SD = 0.77 years) who completed peer nominations of shyness, rejection, and victimization, and self-report measures of loneliness, depression, and friendship support. Analyses demonstrated that peer difficulties (rejection, victimization) mediated the associations between shyness and internalizing problems...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770516/personal-network-characteristics-as-predictors-of-change-in-obesity-risk-behaviors-in-early-adolescence
#2
Jennifer Marks, Kayla de la Haye, Lisa M Barnett, Steven Allender
The potential for peers to influence obesity risk behavior increases in adolescence, yet there are knowledge gaps of how behaviors are modified in response to peers over time. This study examined how personal friendship network characteristics were associated with obesity-related behaviors from late childhood to early adolescence. Two waves of friendship, physical activity, screen time, and dietary recall data were collected from 11- to 13-year-old students (99% retention) in Australia (n = 308) over a five- to eight-month period...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741802/deviant-peer-behavior-and-adolescent-delinquency-protective-effects-of-inhibitory-control-planning-or-decision-making
#3
J Benjamin Hinnant, Alissa B Forman-Alberti
We examined relations between adolescent perceptions of deviant peer behavior and delinquency as moderated by inhibitory control, planning, and decision making in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development at age 15 (N = 991). Adolescents reported perceptions of deviant peer behavior. Inhibitory control, planning, and decision making were assessed behaviorally. Delinquency was evaluated with a latent variable comprised of parent-guardian perceptions of adolescent delinquency and adolescent self-reports...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708624/latent-profiles-of-discrimination-and-socialization-predicting-ethnic-identity-and-well-being-among-asian-american-adolescents
#4
Lisa Kiang, Andrew J Supple, Gabriela L Stein
Ethnic identity is rooted in sociocultural processes, but little is known about how social interactions predict its longitudinal changes. Using data from 154 Asian American adolescents, latent profile analysis derived four typologies based on unfair treatment (i.e., discrimination, model minority stereotyping) and ethnic socialization (i.e., cultural socialization, preparation for bias, promotion of mistrust): Low Cultural Salience, High Cultural Salience with Marginalization, Culturally Prepared with Low Mistrust, and High Mistrust/Discrimination...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700908/turning-a-blind-eye-punishment-of-friends-and-unfamiliar-peers-after-observed-exclusion-in-adolescence
#5
Jochem Pieter Spaans, Geert-Jan Will, Jorien van Hoorn, Berna Güroğlu
In order to decrease the occurrence of social exclusion in adolescence, we need to better understand how adolescents perceive and behave toward peers involved in exclusion. We examined the role of friendships in treatment of perpetrators and victims of social exclusion. Eighty-nine participants (aged 9-16) observed exclusion of an unfamiliar peer (victim) by their best friend and another unfamiliar peer. Subsequently, participants could give up valuable coins to altruistically punish or help peers. Results showed that participants altruistically compensated victims and punished unfamiliar excluders, but refrained from punishing their friends...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693299/how-does-juvenile-offending-relate-to-mothers-aspirations-and-expectations-for-their-sons
#6
Caitlin Cavanagh, Alissa Mahler, Elizabeth Cauffman
Mothers of 317 first-time juvenile offenders (M = 15.35 years old) were interviewed over 2.5 years about their expectations and aspirations for their sons' futures. Mothers' expectations were lower than their aspirations, reflecting a discrepancy between what mothers felt was important for their child's future and what they considered likely to happen. As their children continued to engage in delinquent acts, mothers' expectations for their sons' future success diminished. Youth age moderated the association between delinquency and maternal expectations, such that when perceived delinquency was high, expectations were lower for mothers of young sons compared to mothers of older sons...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683238/age-specific-associations-between-violence-exposure-and-past-30-day-marijuana-and-alcohol-use
#7
Jason E Goldstick, Justin E Heinze, Sarah A Stoddard, Rebecca M Cunningham, Marc A Zimmerman
Using data from a cohort study of students at risk for high school dropout, we examined associations between violence exposure and past 30-day alcohol and marijuana use. We used varying-coefficient regression with person-level fixed effects to estimate how those associations changed within-person across ages approximately 14-23. Generally, violence perpetration was most strongly associated with substance use, within-person. Substance use became increasingly associated with both observed violence and violence perpetration during early/middle adolescence; this increase continued longer into development (age 18+) for alcohol use...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658169/love-and-dating-patterns-for-same-and-both-gender-attracted-adolescents-across-europe
#8
András Költő, Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Nathalie Moreau, Alina Cosma, Josefine Magnusson, Béat Windlin, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Emmanuelle Godeau, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon, which includes identity, behavior, and attraction. The attraction component, however, is less studied than the other two. In this article, we present the development of a two-item measure to identify adolescents who prefer same- and both-gender partners for love and dating. The questions were administered to nationally representative samples of 15-year-old adolescents in eight European countries and regions participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-national study...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637660/ethnic-group-differences-in-bullying-perpetration-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Irene Vitoroulis, Tracy Vaillancourt
We examined ethnic differences in bullying perpetration in order to assess whether ethnic group membership was associated with higher involvement among (1) nonimmigrant and immigrant youth; and (2) White and visible minority youth (i.e., Black, Hispanic, Asian, Indigenous, and Biracial). Fifty-three studies (N = 740,176; 6-18-year-olds) were included in the meta-analysis. Results yielded very small and nonsignificant effect size differences across all group comparisons. Methodological moderator analyses indicated several differences across groups...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570904/toward-a-new-understanding-of-ethnic-racial-settings-for-ethnic-racial-identity-development
#10
REVIEW
Moin Syed, Linda P Juang, Ylva Svensson
The purpose of this conceptual article is to advance theory and research on one critical aspect of the context of ethnic-racial identity (ERI) development: ethnic-racial settings, or the objective and subjective nature of group representation within an individual's context. We present a new conceptual framework that consists of four dimensions: (1) perspective (that settings can be understood in both objective and subjective terms); (2) differentiation (how groups are defined in a setting); (3) heterogeneity (the range of groups in a setting); and (4) proximity (the distance between the individual and the setting)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570899/out-of-school-time-and-behaviors-during-adolescence
#11
Kenneth T H Lee, Ryan W Lewis, Sabrina Kataoka, Katerina Schenke, Deborah L Vandell
Although adolescents experience an array of out-of-school time (OST) settings, research has primarily focused on these settings in isolation. This study examined time in four OST settings (unsupervised time with peers, paid employment, sports, and nonsports organized activities) in relation to adolescent functioning at age 15 and the end of high school. Individual fixed effects analyses provided a more rigorous control of selection into OST activities by controlling for time-invariant observable and unobservable characteristics...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570896/friendless-adolescents-do-perceptions-of-social-threat-account-for-their-internalizing-difficulties-and-continued-friendlessness
#12
Leah M Lessard, Jaana Juvonen
Adolescents who lack friends at school are at risk of internalizing difficulties. This study examined a social-cognitive mechanism underlying friendlessness and internalizing difficulties (i.e., depressive symptoms, social anxiety, low self-esteem). We tested whether perceived social threat (i.e., peer victimization, sense of unsafety, and peer misconduct) mediates the association between friendlessness and increased internalizing difficulties across middle school. Latent variable structural equation modeling was used to test the model among an ethnically diverse sample of 5,991 (52% female) adolescents...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570890/threats-and-supports-to-female-students-math-beliefs-and-achievement
#13
Sarah E McKellar, Aixa D Marchand, Matthew A Diemer, Oksana Malanchuk, Jacquelynne S Eccles
This study examines how student perceptions of teacher practices contribute to female high school students' math beliefs and achievement. Guided by the expectancy-value framework, we hypothesized that students' motivation beliefs and achievement outcomes in mathematics are fostered by teachers' emphasis on the relevance of mathematics and constrained by gender-based differential treatment. To examine these questions, structural equation modeling was applied to a longitudinal panel of 518 female students from the Maryland Adolescent Development in Context Study...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537722/patterns-of-sensitivity-to-parenting-and-peer-environments-early-temperament-and-adolescent-externalizing-behavior
#14
Irene Tung, Amanda N Noroña, Julia E Morgan, Barbara Caplan, Steve S Lee, Bruce L Baker
Although parenting behavior and friendship quality predict adolescent externalizing behaviors (EBs), individual differences in temperament may differentially affect susceptibility to these factors over time. In a multi-method and multi-informant study of 141 children followed prospectively from toddlerhood to adolescence, we tested the independent and interactive associations of age 3 reactive temperament (e.g., negative emotionality) and age 13 observed parenting (i.e., positive and negative behavior) and friendship (i...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532971/the-effects-of-middle-school-weight-climate-on-youth-with-higher-body-weight
#15
Jaana Juvonen, Leah M Lessard, Hannah L Schacter, Craig Enders
This study examines whether social-emotional difficulties associated with higher body weight vary across schools as a function of the school's weight climate. Weight climate, characterized by weight-policing, was assessed indirectly by examining how strongly self-reported weight predicts victim reputation within 26 ethnically diverse middle schools. Social-emotional indicators included self-reported loneliness, school belonging, and self-esteem. In schools with stronger weight-policing at seventh grade, loneliness was intensified by eighth grade among both girls (n = 2,101) and boys (n = 1,985) with higher weight...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504688/the-importance-of-racial-socialization-school-based-racial-discrimination-and-racial-identity-among-african-american-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#16
Sheretta T Butler-Barnes, Bridget L Richardson, Tabbye M Chavous, Jiaxi Zhu
This study examined various parental racial socialization messages as mediators between school-based racial discrimination and racial identity formation over 4 years for African American boys (N = 639) and African American girls (N = 711). Findings indicated that school-based racial discrimination was associated with racial identity beliefs. For African American boys, behavioral racial socialization messages mediated the relation between school-based racial discrimination and racial centrality over time...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460364/longitudinal-transmission-of-conflict-management-styles-across-inter-parental-and-adolescent-relationships
#17
Soundry Staats, Inge E van der Valk, Wim H J Meeus, Susan J T Branje
This study longitudinally investigated transmission of conflict management styles across inter-parental, adolescent-parent, adolescent-friend, and adolescent-partner relationships. During four waves, 799 middle-to-late adolescents (Mage-t1  = 15.80; 54% boys) and their parents completed the Conflict Resolution Style Inventory. Cross-lagged path analyses indicated transmission of adolescent conflict management styles in relationships with parents to relationships with friends and romantic partners: Positive problem solving and conflict engagement utilized by adolescents in conflicts with parents were significantly, positively related to, respectively, adolescent positive problem solving and conflict engagement in relationships with friends 1 year later and relationships with partners 2 years later...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460363/neural-substrates-of-counterfactual-emotions-after-risky-decisions-in-late-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
María José Rodrigo, Iván Padrón, Manuel de Vega, Evelyn Ferstl
Adolescents' neural substrates of emotional reactions to the consequences of risky decisions are poorly understood. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, 30 late adolescents and 30 young adults made risky and neutral decisions in social scenarios and received valenced outcomes. Negative outcomes in risky decisions eliciting regret, as compared with negative outcomes in neutral decisions eliciting disappointment, activated executive control (orbitofrontal cortex) and self-relevance regions (middle temporal gyrus [MTG], posterior cingulate cortex, and precuneus) for both age groups...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460362/prefrontal-cortical-response-to-negative-social-words-links-social-risk-to-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence
#19
Kyung Hwa Lee, Caroline W Oppenheimer, Greg J Siegle, Cecile D Ladouceur, Grace E Lee, Jennifer S Silk, Ronald E Dahl
Research suggests that altered emotion processing may be one important pathway linking social risk factors and depressive symptoms. We examined the extent to which neural response to negatively valenced social information might help to account for the relationship between social risk and depressive symptoms in youth. Forty-nine youth were scanned while identifying the emotional valence of words that connoted social status. They also completed questionnaires assessing self-reported social risk factors and depressive symptoms...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460361/attentional-bias-for-academic-stressors-and-classroom-climate-predict-adolescents-grades-and-socioemotional-functioning
#20
Sara Scrimin, Ughetta Moscardino, Gianmarco Altoè, Lucia Mason
Using a dot-probe detection task, this longitudinal study investigated whether adolescents show an attentional bias for academic stressors at the beginning of the school year (T1), and if such allocation of attention interacts with classroom climate (CC) to predict grades and socioemotional functioning at the end of the term (T2). Among 133 eighth-graders, the majority showed a perceptual bias toward academic threats. Regression analyses indicated that a greater bias at T1 predicted lower grades and more socioemotional problems at T2, and that CC moderated these relationships...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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