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Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30396783/my-approach-to-cybersecurity-for-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#1
Adrian Baranchuk, Bryce Alexander, Sohaib Haseeb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401603/mechanism-of-harm-from-left-bundle-branch-block
#2
REVIEW
Otto A Smiseth, John M Aalen
The impact of left bundle branch block (LBBB) on cardiac mechanical function ranges from minimal effect in some patients to marked reduction in left ventricular (LV) systolic function in others. It appears that this variability in part reflects differences in anatomical location of the bundle block. In most patients with LBBB and congestive heart failure, however, there is associated cardiac disease such as cardiomyopathies or coronary artery disease which contributes to LV dysfunction. The mechanism of harmful effect of LBBB on cardiac function is in-coordinated ventricular contractions which result in LV contractile inefficiency...
October 25, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30385009/editorial-commentary-what-drives-trends-in-inequalities-of-cardiovascular-disease
#3
EDITORIAL
Øyvind Næss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30385010/the-therapeutic-and-diagnostic-role-of-exosomes-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Parvin Zamani, Narges Fereydouni, Alexandra E Butler, Jamshid Gholizadeh Navashenaq, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Exosomes are nano-sized membranous vesicles that are secreted by cells. They have an important role in transferring proteins, mRNA, miRNA and other bioactive molecules between cells and regulate gene expression in recipient cells. Therefore, exosomes are a mechanism by which communication between cells is achieved and they are involved in a wide range of physiological processes, especially those requiring cell-cell communication. In the cardiovascular system, exosomes are associated with endothelial cells, cardiac myocytes, vascular cells, stem and progenitor cells, and play an essential role in development, injury and disease of the cardiovascular system...
October 24, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389278/cardiovascular-and-non-cardiovascular-concerns-with-proton-pump-inhibitors-are-they-safe
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Corsonello, Fabrizia Lattanzio
The introduction of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been a cornerstone in the treatment of acid-related disorders, such as gastroesophageal reflux and peptic ulcer, and their use has increased rapidly during the last decades. Being highly lipophilic drugs, they may potentially affect several pathophysiological pathways involved in cardiovascular and kidney morbidity, immune response and infections, absorption of selected nutrients, bone metabolism and cognitive function. Clinical epidemiology evidence coming from well-designed analyses of observational data consistently reported that long-term use of PPIs may increase the risk of cardiovascular events among patients treated with thienopyridines, tubular-interstitial nephritis and chronic kidney disease, hypomagnesemia, and fractures...
October 21, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344079/updates-on-his-bundle-pacing-the-road-more-traveled-lately
#6
REVIEW
Fatima M Ezzeddine, Gopi Dandamudi
His bundle pacing (HBP) has continued to evolve over the past decade and has started to become a global phenomenon. Evidence is mounting of its clinical benefits as compared to both right ventricular and left ventricular pacing. In this paper, we review recent data in support of His bundle pacing and some of the challenges facing us as we advocate its increasing role in clinical practice.
October 9, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314933/editorial-commentary-lessons-from-the-long-saga-of-trans-fats
#7
EDITORIAL
Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Sulagna Mookherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301595/cardiovascular-effects-of-caffeinated-beverages
#8
REVIEW
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Youlin Koh, Peter M Kistler
Caffeine is the world's most popular 'drug', with tea and coffee a ubiquitous part of daily life. As a psychoactive stimulant, there are potential concerns regarding adverse cardiovascular squeal. Cardiovascular conditions, encompassing hypertension, coronary artery disease, rhythm disorders and heart failure affect billions of patients worldwide. We aim to provide a patient-centered comprehensive review of the cardiovascular effects of caffeinated beverages as they pertain to various common cardiovascular conditions...
October 4, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292470/atherosclerosis-and-immunity-a-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Fereshte Abdolmaleki, Seyed Mohammad Gheibi Hayat, Vanessa Bianconi, Thomas P Johnston, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory and multifaceted disorder resulting from the accumulation of lipid droplets and several types of immune cells, including macrophages, T and B lymphocytes in the arterial walls. A wide variety of macrophage subtypes with different functions is implicated in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. The prevalence of specific macrophage subtypes, which is influenced by cytokines, mediators, and substances composing atherosclerotic lesions, has been suggested to be an appropriate indicator of transition from a stable to an unstable plaque phenotype...
September 28, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292468/metabolic-effects-of-cardiovascular-medication-does-it-matter
#10
EDITORIAL
Ping-Hsun Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268648/treatment-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-what-s-new
#11
REVIEW
Timothy M Markman, Saman Nazarian
Ventricular arrhythmias can present as asymptomatic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) or non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), symptomatic presentation of the former arrhythmias, or sustained VT with minimal symptoms to full hemodynamic collapse. The most important and feared consequence of VT is sudden cardiac death (SCD). Independent of SCD risk, frequent ventricular arrhythmias can cause substantial symptoms. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are the foundation of managing patients at high risk for SCD due to their ability to automatically identify and defibrillate malignant ventricular arrhythmias...
September 22, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309693/amiodarone-and-the-thyroid-physiology-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Richard G Trohman, Parikshit S Sharma, Elizabeth A McAninch, Antonio C Bianco
Although amiodarone is considered the most effective antiarrhythmic agent, its use is limited by a wide variety of potential toxicities. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive "bench to bedside" overview of the ways amiodarone influences thyroid function. We performed a systematic search of MEDLINE to identify peer-reviewed clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and other clinically relevant studies. The search was limited to English-language reports published between 1950 and 2017...
September 20, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279041/editorial-commentary-noninvasive-imaging-for-vascular-inflammation-a-journey-to-the-deep
#13
EDITORIAL
Dinesh K Kalra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279040/editorial-commentary-pulmonary-hypertension-in-left-heart-disease-definitions-data-sources-and-the-road-ahead
#14
EDITORIAL
Richa Gupta, Evan L Brittain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282588/luminal-esophageal-temperature-monitoring-to-reduce-esophageal-thermal-injury-during-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Anis John Kadado, Joseph G Akar, James P Hummel
Over the past decade, catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation has emerged as an important rhythm control strategy. One of the most dreaded complications of this procedure is atrio-esophageal (AE) fistula formation, which is relatively rare but usually fatal. Esophageal tissue injury during ablation appears to be a precursor to the formation of AE fistulae. Luminal esophageal temperature (LET) monitoring is one of the most commonly utilized strategies to mitigate this risk, despite little evidence that it reduces esophageal injury...
September 19, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268649/epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-g-protein-coupled-receptors-a-novel-possibility-for-cardiac-regeneration
#16
EDITORIAL
Ankush Borlepawar, Norbert Frey, Derk Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262192/evolving-technologies-for-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#17
EDITORIAL
Apostolos Tzikas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270096/epidemiology-of-heart-disease-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-position
#18
REVIEW
Edward P Havranek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257792/prior-silent-unrecognized-myocardial-infarction-and-heart-failure-size-extent-matters
#19
EDITORIAL
Antonis S Manolis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224236/silent-myocardial-infarction-and-risk-of-heart-failure-current-evidence-and-gaps-in-knowledge
#20
REVIEW
Elsayed Z Soliman
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common underlying risk factor for heart failure (HF); up to one-third of the patients who are hospitalized for HF each year in the United States have a history of myocardial infarction (MI). Although silent MI (SMI) could account for up to one-half of all MIs, only a few studies examined the relationship between SMI and risk of HF. These few studies agreed on their conclusions that SMI is associated with increased risk of HF. However, there was less agreement on the magnitude of risk and the sex differences in the association between SMI and HF, which is probably due to the heterogeneity in how these studies defined SMI...
September 8, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
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