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Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642643/effect-of-statins-on-atherosclerotic-plaque
#1
REVIEW
Shone O Almeida, Matthew Budoff
Lipid lowering therapy has been the mainstay of cardiovascular risk reduction and prevention. Statin drugs have been shown to reduce serum cholesterol along with significant reduction in morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. Whether these benefits are purely through lipid lowering or pleiotropic (cholesterol independent) effects has yet to be fully understood. Advances in cardiac imaging, from intravascular ultrasound to multi-detector coronary computed tomography angiography, have furthered our understanding of statin's effect on atherosclerotic plaque...
January 7, 2019: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30611605/imaging-aortic-wall-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Maaz B J Syed, Alexander J Fletcher, Marc R Dweck, Rachael Forsythe, David E Newby
Inflammation affects the aortic wall through complex pathways that alter its biomechanical structure and cellular composition. Inflammatory processes that predominantly affect the intima cause occlusive disease whereas medial inflammation and degeneration cause aneurysm formation. Aortic inflammatory pathways share common metabolic features that can be localized by smart contrast agents and radiolabelled positron emission tomography (PET) tracers. 18 F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) is a non-specific marker of metabolism and has been widely used to study aortic inflammation in various diseased aortic states...
December 27, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30559047/nuclear-receptors-and-a-network-biology-approach-to-understanding-and-treating-heart-disease
#3
Jeffrey E Saffitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30559048/cardiovascular-complications-of-cannabis-use
#4
Emilie Jouanjus, Hemant Goyal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553705/the-checklist-manifesto-cardiogenic-shock-edition
#5
EDITORIAL
Rajan A G Patel, Daniel P Morin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30573276/mechanical-circulatory-support-for-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock
#6
REVIEW
Tanveer Rab, William O'Neill
Mortality from cardiogenic shock primarily in the setting of acute myocardial infarction is unchanged at approximately 50%, despite the availability of advanced ventricular assist devices. A description of currently available mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices is provided with a suggested algorithm for therapy with different MCS devices in cardiogenic shock. In order to increase survival placement of these devices in cardiogenic shock prior to percutaneous coronary intervention of the infarct related artery is strongly recommended...
December 5, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554951/coffee-tea-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality
#7
Carl J Lavie, James J DiNicolantonio, James H O'Keefe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553703/nr4a-nuclear-receptors-in-cardiac-remodeling-and-neurohormonal-regulation
#8
REVIEW
Lejla Medzikovic, Carlie J M de Vries, Vivian de Waard
Heart failure is characterized by the constant interplay between the underlying cardiac insult, degree of myocardial dysfunction and the activity of compensatory neurohormonal mechanisms. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) become activated to maintain cardiac output; however, their chronic hyperactivity will eventually become deleterious. Several nuclear hormone receptors, including the mineralocorticoid receptor and estrogen receptor, are well-known to modulate cardiac disease...
December 4, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545753/pulmonary-vein-isolation-in-the-age-of-single-shot-devices
#9
EDITORIAL
Bruno Reissmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553704/the-challenge-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-patients-with-structural-heart-disease-still-a-long-way-to-go
#10
EDITORIAL
Veronica Dusi, Gaetano M De Ferrari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509502/editorial-commentary-the-cha-2-ds-2-vasc-score-and-its-black-and-white-items
#11
EDITORIAL
Laurent Fauchier, Alexandre Bodin, Arnaud Bisson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482482/are-implanted-electronic-devices-hackable
#12
REVIEW
Bryce Alexander, Sohaib Haseeb, Adrian Baranchuk
Medical devices have become increasingly connected in recent years. While this added interconnectivity has provided capabilities for wireless communication and remote monitoring, it has also introduced possible risks for cybersecurity vulnerabilities. Lately, there has been an increased awareness of the potential for cybersecurity breaches in implanted cardiac devices (pacemakers and defibrillators) among patients, healthcare providers, and the media. In this article, we review the current perspective on cybersecurity in implanted medical devices, including a recent high-profile case example of a cybersecurity threat...
November 22, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30482483/a-contemporary-look-at-pericardiocentesis
#13
REVIEW
P R Sinnaeve, T Adriaenssens
Percutaneous drainage is the default strategy for evacuating a pericardial effusion. A pericardiocentesis can be necessary or required in a wide variety of clinical settings ranging from urgent tamponade to relieve in iatrogenic hemorrhagic effusions in the electrophysiology or catheterization room, to planned diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected or known malignancy or infections. With the help of several procedural improvements over the past decades, echocardiography and fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous pericardiocentesis has become the standard intervention for evacuating pericardial effusions, as well as an essential tool in the diagnostic work-up of an unexplained pericardial effusion...
November 20, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552043/towards-a-tailored-cryo-pulmonary-vein-isolation-lessons-learned-from-second-generation-cryoballoon-ablation
#14
REVIEW
Giuseppe Ciconte, Nicolas Coulombe, Pedro Brugada, Carlo de Asmundis, Gian-Battista Chierchia
Second-generation cryoballoon ablation has emerged as an effective and practical approach for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It gained the overall interest of the electrophysiology community due to its excellent success rates, and reproducible clinical outcomes comparable to the point-by-point radiofrequency technique. This technology offers several advantages including a fast learning curve and shorter procedure times making this device widely adopted in many EP-laboratories as an alternative strategy to conventional point-by-point radiofrequency ablation...
November 16, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471986/editorial-commentary-ecology-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases-low-income-countries-also-matter
#15
EDITORIAL
Ikenna C Eze, Nicole Probst-Hensch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471984/editorial-commentary-on-atherosclerosis-and-immunity-a-perspective
#16
EDITORIAL
Matteo Pirro, Massimo R Mannarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471985/editorial-commentary-extracellular-vesicles-in-cardiovascular-diagnosis-and-therapy
#17
EDITORIAL
TingTing Hong, Robin M Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30467009/editorial-commentary-pathophysiological-effects-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-cardiac-patients-time-for-a-critical-reappraisal
#18
EDITORIAL
Gabriele Fragasso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447899/cardiovascular-effects-of-marijuana
#19
REVIEW
Shereif Rezkalla, Robert A Kloner
More than four decades ago, the United States Surgeon General issued a warning regarding the medical problems of marijuana smoking, including cardiac toxicity. Since then, many reports have described atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, acute coronary syndromes, and cardiac arrest temporally related to marijuana use. The subjects were quite young, with no significant cardiovascular risk factors, with the only obvious trigger being marijuana use. Despite these strong signals, the drug is now legalized for recreational use in many states...
November 10, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30449537/update-on-prevention-and-treatment-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest
#20
REVIEW
Yuliya Krokhaleva, Marmar Vaseghi
Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality, posing a substantial public health burden. The incidence and epidemiology of sudden death are a function of age, with primary arrhythmia syndromes and inherited cardiomyopathies representing the predominant causes in younger patients, while coronary artery disease being the leading etiology in those who are 35 years of age and older. Internal cardioverter defibrillators remain the mainstay of primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac arrest...
November 6, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
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