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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205613/survival-of-extensive-restorations-in-primary-molars-15-year-practice-based-study
#1
Battsetseg Tseveenjav, Jussi Furuholm, Aida Mulic, Håkon Valen, Tuomo Maisala, Seppo Turunen, Sinikka Varsio, Merja Auero, Leo Tjäderhane
BACKGROUND: Caries decline in the western world is accompanied by strong polarization among children; 8% of Finnish 5-year-olds having 76% of untreated caries. This high caries risk group needs preventive and restorative strategies. AIM: To explore survival of extensive restorations in primary molars. DESIGN: This study was based on health records from 2002 to 2016 of children under 18 years. RESULTS: Of severely affected primary molars (n = 1061), 41% were restored with preformed metal crowns (PMCs), 38% with glass-ionomer cement (GIC)/polyacid-modified resin composite (PAMRC)/resin-modified GIC (RMGIC), and 21% with resin composites (RC)...
December 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193427/the-electrical-activity-of-the-masticatory-muscles-in-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#2
Liliana Szyszka-Sommerfeld, Krzysztof Woźniak, Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Beata Kawala, Marcin Mikulewicz, Monika Machoy
BACKGROUND: Information regarding masticatory muscle function in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) is limited. As a consequence, research on masticatory muscle activity in cleft subjects is needed. AIM: To assess masticatory muscle activity in children surgically treated for CLP as well as identify the possible factors associated with this activity. DESIGN: The sample comprised 82 children with mixed dentition and Class I occlusions (25 children with unilateral CLP and 57 subjects with no cleft abnormalities)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172020/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-different-post-materials-and-adhesive-systems-on-the-bonding-strength-of-short-post-technique-for-primary-teeth
#3
Nihal Beldüz Kara, Tunahan Kanyilmaz, Soner Çankaya, Cankat Kara
BACKGROUND: The most important process in treating grossly decayed teeth, including decay in the pulp, is the ability to hold a retainer in for a short time. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the bond strengths of different adhesive systems and post materials on primary teeth. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty extracted maxillar primary central incisor teeth were randomly divided into two main groups (total-etch and self-etch adhesive systems) and five subgroups (1: control-nanohybrid composite resin, 2: pre-impregnated glass fiber, 3: unsaturated glass fiber, 4: polyethylene fiber, 5: short-fiber reinforced composite resin)...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073339/autism-and-primary-care-dentistry-parents-experiences-of-taking-children-with-autism-or-working-diagnosis-of-autism-for-dental-examinations
#4
Nicole Thomas, Sharon Blake, Christopher Morris, David R Moles
BACKGROUND: Accessing and receiving preventative dental treatment can be difficult for children with autism due to sensory processing disorders and/or challenging behaviours coupled with a reported reluctance by dentists to treat these children. AIM: To gather dental experiences of UK parents of children with autism or working diagnosis of autism and explore how they feel primary care dental services can be improved. DESIGN: A total of 17 parents of children with a diagnosis or working diagnosis of autism took part in semi-structured interviews...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057527/exploring-the-genomic-basis-of-early-childhood-caries-a-pilot-study
#5
Jami L Ballantine, Jenna C Carlson, Andrea G Ferreira Zandoná, Cary Agler, Leslie P Zeldin, Richard Gary Rozier, Michael W Roberts, Patricia V Basta, Jason Luo, Mikafui E Antonio-Obese, Daniel W McNeil, Robert J Weyant, Richard J Crout, Rebecca L Slayton, Steven M Levy, John R Shaffer, Mary L Marazita, Kari E North, Kimon Divaris
OBJECTIVE: A genetic component in early childhood caries (ECC) is theorized, but no genome-wide investigations of ECC have been conducted. This pilot study is part of a long-term research program aimed to: (1) determine the proportion of ECC variance attributable to the human genome and (2) identify ECC-associated genetic loci. METHODS: The study's community-based sample comprised 212 children (mean age=39 months; range = 30-52 months; males = 55%; Hispanic/Latino = 35%, African-American = 32%; American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry definition of ECC prevalence = 38%)...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940755/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-supervised-toothbrushing-on-caries-incidence-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Branca Heloisa de Oliveira, Paulo Nadanovsky
BACKGROUND: The anticaries effect of supervised toothbrushing, irrespective of the effect of fluoride toothpaste, has not been clearly determined yet. AIM: To assess the effects of supervised toothbrushing on caries incidence in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A systematic review of controlled trials was performed (CRD42014013879). Electronic and hand searches retrieved 2046 records, 112 of which were read in full and independently assessed by two reviewers, who collected data regarding characteristics of participants, interventions, outcomes, length of follow-up and risk of bias...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992362/the-editor-recommends-this-issue-s-article-to-the-reader-long-term-treatment-outcomes-in-immature-permanent-teeth-by-revascularisation-using-mta-and-gic-as-canal-sealing-materials-a-retrospective-study
#7
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992361/editorial-thank-you
#8
EDITORIAL
Chris Deery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833655/validity-and-reliability-of-the-cohip-sf-in-australian-children-with-orofacial-cleft
#9
Caitlin Mary Agnew, Lyndie Foster Page, Sally Hibbert
AIM: To measure the validity and reliability of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form (COHIP-SF) in Australian children with orofacial cleft (OFC) and to evaluate the need for a proxy report. DESIGN: Children with OFC and their proxy completed a COHIP-SF questionnaire. Items were divided into oral health, functional and socio-emotional subscales, and scores on all subscales were compared between and within groups. RESULTS: A total of 222 children (average age 11...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635076/supernumeraries-in-nicolaides-baraitser-syndrome
#10
Bouthayna Al-Tamimi, Stefan Abela, Huw G Jeremiah, Robert D Evans
BACKGROUND: Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome(NCBRS) is an extremely rare condition which has been reported in only a few cases. NCBRS is a distinct clinical condition with typical clinical features of pre- and post-natal global developmental delay, impaired speech, and seizures. Microcephaly, sparse hair, anteverted alae nasi, undefined philtrum, prominence of distal phalanges and interphalangeal joints, and short metacarpals are also typical of NCBRS. CASE REPORT: There are no reported cases in the literature of patients with NCBRS presenting with multiple dental impactions, and to the authors' knowledge, this is the 28th fully documented case of NCBRS and only 75 cases identified as potentially having NCBRS...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494116/randomised-clinical-study-of-plaque-removal-efficacy-of-a-power-toothbrush-in-a-paediatric-population
#11
Esti Davidovich, Renzo Alberto Ccahuana-Vasquez, Hans Timm, Julie Grender, Pam Cunningham, Avi Zini
BACKGROUND: Clinical investigations of plaque removal efficacy of power toothbrushes in children are limited. AIM: To compare plaque removal of a power versus manual toothbrush in a paediatric population. DESIGN: This was a randomised, replicate-use, single-brushing, examiner-blinded, two-treatment, four-period crossover clinical trial in children 8-11 years of age. Subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment sequence involving an oscillating-rotating power toothbrush and a manual toothbrush control...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387468/sella-turcica-bridging-and-dental-anomalies-is-there-an-association
#12
Andrea Scribante, Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Marco Cassani, Danilo Fraticelli, Sergio Beccari, Paola Gandini
BACKGROUND: Sella turcica bridging (STB), or calcification of the interclinoid ligament of sella turcica, has been reported to be associated with some dental anomalies (palatal canine impaction and transposition). HYPOTHESIS OR AIM: The aim of the study was to find any association between canine impaction, hyperdontia or hypodontia and sellar dimensions or bridging. DESIGN: Lateral cephalometric radiographs from 78 patients with impacted canines, 68 with dental agenesis and 17 with hyperdontia were collected...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260237/interim-therapeutic-restoration-approach-versus-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-approach
#13
Songping Nicholas Lim, Leroy Kiang, Ranjan Manohara, Huei Jinn Tong, Rahul Nair, Catherine Hong, Shijia Hu
BACKGROUND: Although dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) remains the long-established approach for treating anxious children, treatment under GA presents with increased risks, costs and parental acceptability issues. Interim therapeutic restoration (ITR) has been proposed as an alternative approach. AIM: To compare the incidence and types of failures between children managed with the ITR approach and those managed under GA within 12 months of treatment completion...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247450/influence-of-salivary-parameters-in-the-caries-development-in-orthodontic-patients-an-observational-clinical-study
#14
Andréia A Cardoso, Lenita M Lopes, Lívia P Rodrigues, Jéssica J Teixeira, Carolina Steiner-Oliveira, Marinês Nobre-Dos-Santos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown during the orthodontic treatment, the prevalence of active caries lesions (ACL) in 30 to 70% of patients. AIM: To evaluate the effect of orthodontic treatment on salivary properties considering caries development. DESIGN: Twenty two individuals (11-22 years) were assessed regarding caries, oral hygiene, sugar exposure, salivary flow rate (SFR), buffering capacity, pH, carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) and amylase activity, at baseline, 1, 3 and 6 months after the orthodontic appliances placement...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#15
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188664/an-in-vitro-investigation-of-pre-treatment-effects-before-fissure-sealing
#16
Mahshid Bagheri, Peter Pilecki, Salvatore Sauro, Martyn Sherriff, Timothy F Watson, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealants prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars. Enamel preparation methods are used before fissure sealing. AIMS: To investigate effects of bioglass air-abrasion pre-treatment with and without an adhesive, on fissure enamel of permanent teeth, with respect to etchability, microleakage and microtensile bond strength. DESIGN: Half of the occlusal surfaces of 50 extracted premolars underwent bioglass air-abrasion. Dye was applied to the entire occlusal surface...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176383/an-application-of-the-health-action-process-approach-model-to-oral-hygiene-behaviour-and-dental-plaque-in-adolescents-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#17
Janneke F M Scheerman, Pepijn van Empelen, Cor van Loveren, Amir H Pakpour, Berno van Meijel, Maryam Gholami, Zaher Mierzaie, Matheus C T van den Braak, Gijsbert H W Verrips
BACKGROUND: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model addresses health behaviours, but it has never been applied to model adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour during fixed orthodontic treatment. AIM: This study aimed to apply the HAPA model to explain adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour and dental plaque during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 116 adolescents with fixed appliances from an orthodontic clinic situated in Almere (the Netherlands) completed a questionnaire assessing oral health behaviours and the psychosocial factors of the HAPA model...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155241/effects-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-signs-and-socio-economic-status-on-sleep-bruxism-and-tooth-wear-among-schoolchildren-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#18
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134464/stability-of-chemically-available-fluoride-in-chilean-toothpastes
#19
Constanza E Fernández, Carola A Carrera, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Jaime A Cury, Rodrigo A Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Storage time may reduce the amount of soluble fluoride (F) in toothpastes. Although we previously studied the type and concentration of F in fresh samples of commercial Chilean toothpastes, their stability was not determined. AIM: To evaluate the stability of soluble F in Chilean toothpastes after 1 year of storage. DESIGN: All the toothpastes (n = 30) previously used were re-analyzed after 1 year of storage time at room temperature (±22°C)...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130962/a-longitudinal-study-of-changes-and-associations-in-dental-fear-in-parent-adolescent-dyads
#20
Anni Luoto, Mimmi Tolvanen, Vesa Pohjola, Kari Rantavuori, Linnea Karlsson, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear seems to fluctuate, but concordance of changes in dental fears between parent/adolescent dyads has not been reported. AIM: To study longitudinally the associations between adolescent and parental dental fears and their changes. DESIGN: Adolescents and parents reported their dental fear independently of each other when adolescents were between 11-12 and 15-16-year-olds. Eight hundred and seventeen eligible parent/adolescent dyads were included in the analyses...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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