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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Branca Heloisa de Oliveira, Paulo Nadanovsky
BACKGROUND: The anticaries effect of supervised toothbrushing, irrespective of the effect of fluoride toothpaste, has not been clearly determined yet. AIM: To assess the effects of supervised toothbrushing on caries incidence in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A systematic review of controlled trials was performed (CRD42014013879). Electronic and hand searches retrieved 2046 records, 112 of which were read in full and independently assessed by two reviewers, who collected data regarding characteristics of participants, interventions, outcomes, length of follow-up and risk of bias...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nora Makansi, Franco A Carnevale, Mary Ellen Macdonald
BACKGROUND: In recent year, conceptions of childhood have been evolving towards an increased recognition of children as active agents, capable of participating in the determination of their wellbeing. In pediatric dentistry, the extent to which these conceptions are being discursively endorsed is not well known. AIM: The aim of this investigation was to examine the discursive construction of childhood in seminal North American pedagogical dentistry materials. DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative discourse analysis of a sample of prominent texts using a sociological discourse analysis approach...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Rafael José Pio Barbosa Teixeira, Natália Silva Andrade, Lisanca Carvalho Cavalcante Queiroz, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Marcoeli Silva Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura, Marina Deus Moura Lima
BACKGROUND: The etiology of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) remains unknown. Studies indicate that it is multifactorial, and that genetic and environmental factors are involved. Research with twins provides important subsidy to investigate the Influence of genetics and environmental factors that act during pregnancy on the etiology of alterations. AIM: This cross-sectional study evaluated the agreement of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and the association with environmental factors...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Renata S Guedes, Thiago M Ardenghi, Bruno Emmanuelli, Chaiana Piovesan, Fausto M Mendes
AIM: This two-year cohort study evaluated whether the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is responsive to detect changes related to dental caries. DESIGN: Preschool children were examined in 2010 regarding dental caries, and their parents responded to the ECOHIS. After 2 years, 352 children (response rate = 73.6%) were re-examined and a new ECOHIS was responded. Children were categorized according to caries increment (no new caries, 1-3 surfaces with new lesions, and four or more decayed surfaces)...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Dorothy H Boyd, Lyndie Foster Page, W Murray Thomson
BACKGROUND: New Zealand children's oral health care is mostly provided in primary care oral health clinics. Little is known about treatment outcomes. HYPOTHESIS/AIM: To investigate different treatment outcomes of primary molar carious lesions in a sample of children in primary care. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study of 180 5- to 8-year-old children. Each child had one carious primary molar treated by a dental therapist with a plastic restorative material (PRM) or a pre-formed stainless steel crown placed with the Hall Technique (HT)...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Chris Deery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Caitlin Mary Agnew, Lyndie Foster Page, Sally Hibbert
AIM: To measure the validity and reliability of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form (COHIP-SF) in Australian children with orofacial cleft (OFC) and to evaluate the need for a proxy report. DESIGN: Children with OFC and their proxy completed a COHIP-SF questionnaire. Items were divided into oral health, functional and socio-emotional subscales, and scores on all subscales were compared between and within groups. RESULTS: A total of 222 children (average age 11...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Bouthayna Al-Tamimi, Stefan Abela, Huw G Jeremiah, Robert D Evans
BACKGROUND: Nicolaides-Baraitser Syndrome(NCBRS) is an extremely rare condition which has been reported in only a few cases. NCBRS is a distinct clinical condition with typical clinical features of pre- and post-natal global developmental delay, impaired speech, and seizures. Microcephaly, sparse hair, anteverted alae nasi, undefined philtrum, prominence of distal phalanges and interphalangeal joints, and short metacarpals are also typical of NCBRS. CASE REPORT: There are no reported cases in the literature of patients with NCBRS presenting with multiple dental impactions, and to the authors' knowledge, this is the 28th fully documented case of NCBRS and only 75 cases identified as potentially having NCBRS...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Esti Davidovich, Renzo Alberto Ccahuana-Vasquez, Hans Timm, Julie Grender, Pam Cunningham, Avi Zini
BACKGROUND: Clinical investigations of plaque removal efficacy of power toothbrushes in children are limited. AIM: To compare plaque removal of a power versus manual toothbrush in a paediatric population. DESIGN: This was a randomised, replicate-use, single-brushing, examiner-blinded, two-treatment, four-period crossover clinical trial in children 8-11 years of age. Subjects were randomly assigned to a treatment sequence involving an oscillating-rotating power toothbrush and a manual toothbrush control...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Andrea Scribante, Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Marco Cassani, Danilo Fraticelli, Sergio Beccari, Paola Gandini
BACKGROUND: Sella turcica bridging (STB), or calcification of the interclinoid ligament of sella turcica, has been reported to be associated with some dental anomalies (palatal canine impaction and transposition). HYPOTHESIS OR AIM: The aim of the study was to find any association between canine impaction, hyperdontia or hypodontia and sellar dimensions or bridging. DESIGN: Lateral cephalometric radiographs from 78 patients with impacted canines, 68 with dental agenesis and 17 with hyperdontia were collected...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Songping Nicholas Lim, Leroy Kiang, Ranjan Manohara, Huei Jinn Tong, Rahul Nair, Catherine Hong, Shijia Hu
BACKGROUND: Although dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) remains the long-established approach for treating anxious children, treatment under GA presents with increased risks, costs and parental acceptability issues. Interim therapeutic restoration (ITR) has been proposed as an alternative approach. AIM: To compare the incidence and types of failures between children managed with the ITR approach and those managed under GA within 12 months of treatment completion...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Andréia A Cardoso, Lenita M Lopes, Lívia P Rodrigues, Jéssica J Teixeira, Carolina Steiner-Oliveira, Marinês Nobre-Dos-Santos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown during the orthodontic treatment, the prevalence of active caries lesions (ACL) in 30 to 70% of patients. AIM: To evaluate the effect of orthodontic treatment on salivary properties considering caries development. DESIGN: Twenty two individuals (11-22 years) were assessed regarding caries, oral hygiene, sugar exposure, salivary flow rate (SFR), buffering capacity, pH, carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) and amylase activity, at baseline, 1, 3 and 6 months after the orthodontic appliances placement...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Mahshid Bagheri, Peter Pilecki, Salvatore Sauro, Martyn Sherriff, Timothy F Watson, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealants prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars. Enamel preparation methods are used before fissure sealing. AIMS: To investigate effects of bioglass air-abrasion pre-treatment with and without an adhesive, on fissure enamel of permanent teeth, with respect to etchability, microleakage and microtensile bond strength. DESIGN: Half of the occlusal surfaces of 50 extracted premolars underwent bioglass air-abrasion. Dye was applied to the entire occlusal surface...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Janneke F M Scheerman, Pepijn van Empelen, Cor van Loveren, Amir H Pakpour, Berno van Meijel, Maryam Gholami, Zaher Mierzaie, Matheus C T van den Braak, Gijsbert H W Verrips
BACKGROUND: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model addresses health behaviours, but it has never been applied to model adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour during fixed orthodontic treatment. AIM: This study aimed to apply the HAPA model to explain adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour and dental plaque during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 116 adolescents with fixed appliances from an orthodontic clinic situated in Almere (the Netherlands) completed a questionnaire assessing oral health behaviours and the psychosocial factors of the HAPA model...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Constanza E Fernández, Carola A Carrera, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Jaime A Cury, Rodrigo A Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Storage time may reduce the amount of soluble fluoride (F) in toothpastes. Although we previously studied the type and concentration of F in fresh samples of commercial Chilean toothpastes, their stability was not determined. AIM: To evaluate the stability of soluble F in Chilean toothpastes after 1 year of storage. DESIGN: All the toothpastes (n = 30) previously used were re-analyzed after 1 year of storage time at room temperature (±22°C)...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Anni Luoto, Mimmi Tolvanen, Vesa Pohjola, Kari Rantavuori, Linnea Karlsson, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear seems to fluctuate, but concordance of changes in dental fears between parent/adolescent dyads has not been reported. AIM: To study longitudinally the associations between adolescent and parental dental fears and their changes. DESIGN: Adolescents and parents reported their dental fear independently of each other when adolescents were between 11-12 and 15-16-year-olds. Eight hundred and seventeen eligible parent/adolescent dyads were included in the analyses...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
November 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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