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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Frida Lockner, Svante Twetman, Christina Stecksén-Blicks
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of combined use of topical fluoride products are essential issues that must be monitored. AIM: To assess urinary excretion of fluoride after application of two different dental varnishes containing 2.26% fluoride in 3- to 4-year-old children and to compare the levels with and without parallel use of fluoride toothpaste. DESIGN: Fifteen healthy children were enrolled to a randomized crossover trial that was performed in two parts: Part I with twice-daily tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste and Part II with twice-daily brushing with a non-fluoride toothpaste...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yair Schwimmer, Rephael Zeltser, Moti Moskovitz
CASE REPORT: This report describes a rare case of a 19-month-old girl with pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption in the lower left first primary molar which had erupted a few weeks earlier and had deep caries. The treatment is described. CONCLUSION: Dentists who treat children must take into consideration the possibility of pre-eruptive lesions in the primary dentition that may cause involvement of the pulp, either before or shortly post-eruption.
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ahmad Aljafari, Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Chufang Peng, Yuan Yang, Yuming Zhao, He Liu, Zheng Xu, Dianhong Zhao, Man Qin
BACKGROUND: Pulp revascularisation with MTA sealing has been accepted as an alternative treatment for non-vital immature permanent teeth. Successful revascularisation cases with GIC sealing were also reported, but lack of long-term researches. AIM: To evaluate long-term outcomes of revascularisation using MTA and GIC as canal-sealing materials in non-vital immature permanent teeth. DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data of 60 non-vital immature permanent teeth treated with revascularisation (36...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Manasi Khare, Baranya Shrikrishna Suprabha, Ramya Shenoy, Arathi Rao
BACKGROUND: Application of adhesive after acid etching may increase the retention of pit-and-fissure sealants and improve clinical effectiveness. AIMS: To clinically evaluate the retention, marginal discoloration and caries incidence of pit-and-fissure sealants applied using four bonding protocols: conventional acid etching, etch-and-rinse adhesive, multimode universal adhesive and self-etch adhesive used after acid etching. DESIGN: In this split-mouth design study, the four adhesive protocols were randomly assigned to the four erupted, non-carious first permanent molars and involved 52 patients between 6 and 10 years of age...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Vinícius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Darcy Fernandes, Cláudia Maria Navarro, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro, Luciana Yamamoto de Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León, Andreia Bufalino
BACKGROUND: Localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) is a distinct subtype of inflammatory gingival hyperplasia that shows lack of response to traditional periodontal treatment, and after surgical excision, recurrence rate of 6-16% has been reported. CASE REPORT: Two girls (11- and 9-year-old) with multifocal red patches along the maxillary and mandibular labial gingiva showed no regression of the lesions after basic periodontal treatment. Surgical excision of focal lesion in each case was performed, which showed typical features of LJSGH...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Selcuk Savas, Fevzi Kavrik, Bilal Yasa, Ebru Kucukyilmaz
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have reported the color distribution of maxillary central incisors and the effects of age and gender, a reliable database of the color of newly erupted teeth with open apices and the effect of the root development stage on tooth color shades do not currently exist. AIM: The purpose of this in vivo study was to perform a spectrophotometric color analysis of maxillary permanent central incisors based on apical developmental stage, age, and gender groups...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Rawan ElKarmi, Yazan Hassona, Dina Taimeh, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Patients can and do search the Internet for information on various health-related topics. YouTube™ is one popular website they may consult. AIM: To examine the quality of information offered by YouTube™ for patients seeking information on early childhood caries (ECC). DESIGN: YouTube™ was searched for videos on ECC. The usefulness of selected videos in providing adequate information about ECC was evaluated using a 13-point usefulness score...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Harleen Kumar, Joseph Emilio Aurelio Palamara, Michael Francis Burrow, David John Manton
BACKGROUND: Resin infiltration may alter the mechanical properties of enamel hypomineralised lesions (HL); however, variable surface layer (SL) thickness may affect resin penetration. AIMS: To determine the thickness of the SL of HL and to investigate the effect of resin infiltration on the mechanical properties of HL. DESIGN: The thickness of the SL over HL was determined using polarised light microscopy. Etching time using 15% HCl gel to remove the SL of 52 samples was determined...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Silvana Nunes da Silva, Thais Gimenez, Rafael Celestino Souza, Anna Carolina Volpi Mello-Moura, Daniela Prócida Raggio, Susana Morimoto, Juan Sebastian Lara, Giovana Correia Soares, Tamara Kerber Tedesco
BACKGROUND: Individuals with special needs are often affected by oral disorders such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Current data regarding prevalence of these conditions in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are controversial. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to verify the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease in individuals with ASD, especially children and young adults. DESIGN: Searches were conducted through MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases in December 2015...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Michele Baffi Diniz, Renata Oliveira Guaré, Maria Cristina Duarte Ferreira, Gabriela Mancia Gutierrez, Renata Gorjão
AIM: To evaluate the relation among gingival inflammation, salivary osmolality, levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and s-IgA concentrations in children with spastic CP with or without cervical motor control in a cross-sectional study. DESIGN: Unstimulated whole saliva and the gingival index were collected in 37 and 34 CP children with and without cervical motor control, respectively. The data were dichotomized as follows: (=0) absence of gingival inflammation and (≥0...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Chris Deery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Gabriela Caldeira Andrade Americano, Pernille Endrup Jacobsen, Vera Mendes Soviero, Dorte Haubek
BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a defect of enamel. The lower strength of the enamel can lead to fractures that predispose for plaque accumulation and caries. AIM: This systematic review aimed to assess the association between MIH and caries. DESIGN: Studies involving children of all ages, which reported results on MIH and caries in the permanent dentition, were considered eligible. A search was performed in PubMed and was limited to the period from January 2003 to November 2015, and to studies written in English...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Therese Kvist, Madeleine Cocozza, Eva-Maria Annerbäck, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Dental professionals are required to report suspicions of child maltreatment to the social services. As yet, no studies assess the prevalence of these mandated reports from dental care services or their content. AIM: This study investigates the prevalence and characteristics of mandated reports from dental professionals to the social services. Furthermore, it analyses associations between dental professionals reporting suspicions of maltreatment with such reports from other sources...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Andréa Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Kimberly Marie Jones, Maria Paula Maciel Rando Meirelles
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life may be influenced by a series of characteristics. Considering the multidimensional character of quality of life, these impacts should be evaluated in the context of the physical, psychological, and social domains. AIM: To evaluate the impact of clinical and perceived oral health problems on oral health-related quality of life in its different domains. DESIGN: Clinical exams were conducted on a representative cross-sectional sample of 12-year-old children in Brazil...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Kwan Hee Yun, Hyo-Seol Lee, Ok Hyung Nam, Chan Yang Moon, Jae-Hyung Lee, Sung Chul Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the endodontic microbiome in primary teeth with dental caries using high-throughput pyrosequencing and to establish data on the oral microbiome of primary teeth with endodontic infection. METHODS: Ten primary teeth with dental caries and endodontic infection were included. Samples were collected from root canals using sterilized paper points and analyzed by pyrosequencing, based on the V1-V3 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Anna-Lena Östberg, Marit S Skeie, Anne B Skaare, Ivar Espelid
AIM: To explore parental sociodemography, oral health habits, and attitudes in relation to dental caries increment in their children. DESIGN: A longitudinal questionnaire and clinical study. The children were followed annually from age 3 years (n = 271) to 6 years (n = 243). Carious lesions of different depth were registered (initial and manifest) by four calibrated dentists. The parents filled out a questionnaire. Statistics included factor analyses, Cronbach's alpha together with bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Michelle C de Souza, Mike Harrison, Zoe Marshman
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental reports of changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of young children in the UK with early childhood caries (ECC) following dental treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA). To compare the impact of oral rehabilitation (OR) and extraction-only (Exo) treatment approaches on this. METHODS: Data were collected using the proxy reported components of the Child Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (COHRQoL(®) ) questionnaire: the Parent-Caregivers Perceptions questionnaire (P-CPQ) and Family Impact Scale (FIS), from a convenience sample of parents of children receiving DGA at a UK Paediatric Dental Department...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Lina Džiaugytė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Vilma Brukienė, Vytaute Pečiulienė
AIM: The cluster randomized trial tested the efficacy of professional dental education for improving oral self-care skills (OSC-S) and oral self-care practice (OSC-P) in adolescents. DESIGN: All 15- to 16-year-old adolescents from four public schools were invited and 206 agreed to participate. Schools were randomly allocated to the intervention group and to the control group. Five sessions were given for the intervention group and one for the control group. The OSC-S and OSC-P outcomes were measured as % Oral Cleanliness Scores at the baseline, 6-month, and 12-month observations...
January 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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