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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105885/association-among-chronotype-dietary-behaviours-and-caries-experience-in-brazilian-adolescents-is-there-a-behavioural-pattern
#1
Karen Simon Rezende da Silveira, Ivana Meyer Prado, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra, Sheyla Márcia Auad
BACKGROUND: Dental caries (DC) remains a public health issue. Chronotype, diet, and oral hygiene may influence its development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of chronotype, diet, oral hygiene, and DC among 12-year-olds. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 245 adolescents was conducted in public and private schools in southeast Brazil. Sociodemographics, dietary and oral hygiene habits were collected through a self-reported questionnaire...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105883/prevalence-of-early-loss-of-primary-molar-and-its-impact-in-schoolchildren-s-quality-of-life
#2
Aline S Monte-Santo, Silvânia V C Viana, Kelly Maria S Moreira, José Carlos P Imparato, Fausto M Mendes, Gabriela A V C Bonini
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the impact of premature loss of primary molars on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is lacking. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of premature loss of primary molars in schoolchildren and its impact on OHRQoL. DESIGN: We randomly selected 667 children aged 8-9 years enrolled in public and private schools from Aracaju (Brazil). The presence of untreated dental caries and early loss of primary molars were recorded, and its impacts on OHRQoL evaluated using Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 )...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091192/association-of-breastfeeding-and-malocclusion-in-5-year-old-children-multilevel-approach
#3
Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding plays an important role in child health, including the development of normal dental occlusion, but large epidemiological findings on the association breastfeeding-malocclusion are lacking. AIM: To investigate the association between the proportion of breastfed children in the city level and the prevalence of malocclusion in the primary dentition at age 5. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis used data from national population surveys on oral health and on breastfeeding practices...
August 8, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070003/critical-appraisal-of-methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis-in-paediatric-dentistry-journals
#4
REVIEW
Jayakumar Jayaraman, Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu, Shaju Jacob Pulikkotil, Nicola P Innes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the methodological quality of Systematic Reviews (SRs) and Meta-Analyses (MA) published in Paediatric Dentistry journals and to analyse the relationship between the authors, journals, country, review topic, and the year of publication to the methodological quality of SRs and MA. DESIGN: Paediatric Dentistry journals ranked in the top five of the h5 index of Google Scholar Metrics were selected. SRs with MA were searched independently by two reviewers using PubMed and Scopus databases until December 2017...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066455/use-of-stainless-steel-crowns-to-restore-primary-molars-in-germany-questionnaire-based-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Ruth Madeleyne Santamaría, Laura Pawlowitz, Julian Schmoeckel, Mohammad Alkilzy, Christian Heinz Splieth
BACKGROUND: Stainless steel crowns (SSCs) have shown substantial clinical success and are the restoration of choice to treat multisurface carious primary molars. AIM: To evaluate the use of and views on SSCs for treating primary molars in Germany. METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, which assessed the views of dentists and dental schools on the use of SSCs (conventional and the Hall Technique [HT]) in Germany. Dentists were randomly selected (n = 267) and contacted by telephone, and a self-administered questionnaire was sent to all German dental schools (n = 27)...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051634/control-of-bacterial-biofilms-formed-on-pacifiers-by-antimicrobial-solutions-in-spray
#6
Juliana de F Pedroso, Jorgiana Sangalli, Fernanda L Brighenti, Marcia H Tanaka, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the use of vinegar, hydrogen peroxide and sodium bicarbonate solutions for the disinfection of pacifiers. DESIGN: Different types and concentrations of the substances were screened in planktonic and biofilm for antimicrobial activity on Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Also, the effect of the most effective substance was tested against polymicrobial biofilms aiming to mimic the multispecies colonization found in a pacifier...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019508/factors-associated-with-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-in-schoolchildren-aged-8-10-years-a-case-control-study
#7
Neusa Barros Dantas-Neta, Mariana Soares Figueiredo, Cacilda Castelo Branco Lima, Cristiane Baccin Bendo, Éllen Maria Matos de Andrade, Marina de Deus Moura Lima, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Saul Martins Paiva
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is multifactorial and may involve genetic and environmental factors. AIM: To verify the factors associated with MIH in schoolchildren from 8 to 10 years of age. DESIGN: This is a case-control study with a sample consisting of children aged 8 to 10 years, paired by gender and school type, in a ratio of 1:3. The case group included 186 children with MIH and the control included 558 children without MIH...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014521/school-dental-service-in-sri-lanka-geo-spatial-analysis-of-access-to-oral-health-care
#8
Nirosha Ranasinghe, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
BACKGROUND: The School Dental Service contributes to the reduction of social inequalities in oral health among school children. AIM: To investigate the distribution of School Dental Clinics staffed by School Dental Therapists in Sri Lanka in relation to the distribution of the child population and socioeconomic status. DESIGN: School Dental Clinics were mapped using geographic information system (GIS) software and overlayed with population data of 3-13-year-old children (including poverty status)...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992696/diagnostic-ability-of-a-smart-phone-app-injured-tooth-in-diagnosing-traumatic-injuries-to-the-teeth-a-multicentre-analysis
#9
Anusha Mohan, Tanvi Agarwal, Theresa Sam Cherian, Murugan Satta Muthu, Suganya Balasubramanian, Natesh Subbalekshmi, Ankita Saikia, Mridula Goswami, Akhilesh Sharma, Priya Subramanian, Smriti Johar, Negar Bazaz
BACKGROUND: Dental trauma is not uncommon. The initial management provided at the time of injury is critical in predicting prognosis. However, initial management depends on correct diagnosis. Recently an App named 'Injured Tooth' was made available to diagnose traumatic injuries to the teeth and supporting structures. AIM: To test the diagnostic ability of the Injured Tooth App compared with the conventional method of diagnosing traumatic injuries to the teeth. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted at three different centres with 176 patients aged 0-15 years, having 201 injured teeth...
July 11, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984557/performance-of-resin-composite-restorations-in-the-primary-dentition-a-retrospective-university-based-study
#10
Jéssica Fogliato Ribeiro, Tamires Vercelino Forgerini, Djessica Pedrotti, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi
BACKGROUND: Limited data is available on variables influencing the survival of composite restorations in primary teeth. AIM: This retrospective university-based study assessed the survival and risk factors associated with failures of resin composite restorations performed in primary teeth. DESIGN: The sample was composed of 961 restorations from records of 337 patients (178 girls and 159 boys) attended in a university dental clinic. The restorations' longevity up to 48 months of follow-up was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier survival test...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984460/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-anxious-paediatric-dental-patients-a-systematic-review
#11
Heloisa Sousa Gomes, Karolline Alves Viana, Aline Carvalho Batista, Luciane Rezende Costa, Marie Therese Hosey, Tim Newton
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence about cognitive behaviour therapy in the management of dentally anxious children. AIM: To systematically review evidence of the effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for children with dental anxiety or dental phobia. DESIGN: Clinical trial registries, grey literature, and electronic databases, including The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS/BBO, and PsycINFO, were searched (April 2018)...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984431/is-parental-oral-health-literacy-a-predictor-of-children-s-oral-health-outcomes-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Ramon Targino Firmino, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Carolina Castro Martins, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Saul Martins Paiva
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence regarding the association between parental oral health literacy (OHL) and children's oral health is unclear. AIM: To evaluate the scientific evidence concerning the association between parental OHL and children's oral health outcomes. DESIGN: Eight databases were searched. Studies that evaluated oral health outcomes among children and measured parental OHL through a validated tool were included. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data and analysed the risk of bias...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974548/salivary-ph-and-colonization-by-oral-candida-in-children-and-adolescents-submitted-to-haemodialysis
#13
Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, José Alexandre da Rocha Curvelo, Daniel Clemente de Moraes, Maristela Portela, Antonio Ferreira-Pereira, Rosangela Maria de Araújo Soares, Laura Guimarães Primo
BACKGROUND: Fungal infections are a serious problem among haemodialysis patients. AIM: The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency of oral Candida species among children and adolescents undergoing haemodialysis (HD), to identify the isolated species, and to study the relationship between haemodialysis duration, amounts of colony-forming units, and salivary pH. DESIGN: A matched sample of 52 patients undergoing HD and 52 healthy individuals were selected...
July 4, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974546/evaluation-of-the-staining-potential-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-vitro
#14
Jilen Patel, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King
BACKGROUND: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is a cariostatic agent used to adjunctively manage dental caries in high-risk groups. However, black staining is a frequently reported side effect following SDF application and influences the acceptability of this treatment. AIM: To evaluate the staining potential of SDF and the influence of the potassium Iodide (KI) application on the degree of black staining over time. DESIGN: Extracted carious primary molars were collected and sorted into pairs matched by tooth type, size and location of the carious lesion (n = 35)...
July 4, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968396/alterations-in-the-primary-teeth-of-children-with-microcephaly-in-northeast-brazil-a-comparative-study
#15
Rafaella Máximo Pereira Siqueira, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Glória Maria Pimenta Cabral
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of microcephaly between 2015 and 2017 in Brazil created an international public health emergency. AIM: This study sought to evaluate the chronology, sequence of eruption, and the presence of anomalies amongst children with microcephaly compared with normoreactive children. DESIGN: A comparative study of 108 children aged 0-2 years attending public services was conducted. The microcephaly group (MG; n = 54) and the nonmicrocephaly group (NMG; n = 54) were matched by age, gender, and family income at a 1 : 1 ratio...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968339/accuracy-of-pen-type-laser-fluorescence-device-and-radiographic-methods-in-detecting-approximal-carious-lesions-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Luana Alves de Souza, Viviane Cancio, Mônica Almeida Tostes
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of approximal lesions is limited due to the difficulty of direct examination of these areas. AIM: To determine the accuracy of pen-type laser fluorescence (LFpen) device, compared to digital bitewing (BW) radiography, in diagnosing approximal carious lesions in posterior primary teeth at cavitation and non-cavitation thresholds. DESIGN: A total of 46 children (aged 3-9 years) were assessed and 195 approximal surfaces of 184 primary molars were examined by digital BW and LFpen...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952117/importance-of-contextual-variables-related-to-cavitated-lesions-in-5-year-old-children
#17
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Saul Martins Paiva, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries have a high prevalence in children and need to evaluate their individual and contextual determinants. AIM: To evaluate the importance of individual and contextual determinants on the occurrence of cavitated lesions in 5-year-old children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschoolers in a city in northeastern Brazil. Parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing psychological aspects, socio-demographic characteristics and the child's oral health...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926997/malocclusion-and-maxillofacial-characteristics-of-young-girls-having-precocious-puberty
#18
Delcides Ferreira de Paula Júnior, Elismauro Francisco Mendonça, Paulo Sérgio Sucasas da Costa, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the dentofacial characteristics and need for orthodontic treatment in young girls having precocious puberty (PP). DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional study that included 39 girls, age ranging from 6 to 11 years old, with confirmed diagnosis of PP. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were used to assess malocclusion and the need for orthodontic treatment, and cephalometric analysis was used for the diagnosis of facial growth abnormalities...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926978/protective-psychosocial-factors-and-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Andréa Neiva da Silva, Solimar Tavares Alvares de Lima, Mario Vianna Vettore
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial protective factors include dispositional and family attributes that may reduce the occurrence of dental caries. AIM: This review analysed the evidence on the relationship between protective psychosocial factors and dental caries in children and adolescents. DESIGN: Primary studies involving children and adolescents were searched in the following electronic databases: Medline, SCOPUS, LILACS, SciELO, and Web of Science...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896816/infant-sleep-and-the-influence-of-a-pacifier
#20
Raquel Balaban, Andréa Cruz Câmara, Edmir Barros Ribeiro Dias Filho, Mayara de Andrade Pereira, Carlos Menezes Aguiar
BACKGROUND: Divergent opinions are found in the literature regarding the use of a pacifier. During the longitudinal follow-up of children, health professionals must take a position on this issue and offer clear information regarding the pros and cons of pacifier use so that parents/caregivers can feel comfortable enough to make their own decision. AIM: Evaluate the beneficial effects of pacifier use on the sleep quality of infants. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted at public day care centres in the city of Recife, Brazil...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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