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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Mahshid Bagheri, Peter Pilecki, Salvatore Sauro, Martyn Sherriff, Timothy F Watson, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealants prevent occlusal caries in permanent molars. Enamel preparation methods are used before fissure sealing. AIMS: To investigate effects of bioglass air-abrasion pre-treatment with and without an adhesive, on fissure enamel of permanent teeth, with respect to etchability, microleakage and microtensile bond strength. DESIGN: Half of the occlusal surfaces of 50 extracted premolars underwent bioglass air-abrasion. Dye was applied to the entire occlusal surface...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Janneke F M Scheerman, Pepijn van Empelen, Cor van Loveren, Amir H Pakpour, Berno van Meijel, Maryam Gholami, Zaher Mierzaie, Matheus C T van den Braak, Gijsbert H W Verrips
BACKGROUND: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model addresses health behaviours, but it has never been applied to model adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour during fixed orthodontic treatment. AIM: This study aimed to apply the HAPA model to explain adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour and dental plaque during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 116 adolescents with fixed appliances from an orthodontic clinic situated in Almere (the Netherlands) completed a questionnaire assessing oral health behaviours and the psychosocial factors of the HAPA model...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Constanza E Fernández, Carola A Carrera, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Jaime A Cury, Rodrigo A Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Storage time may reduce the amount of soluble fluoride (F) in toothpastes. Although we previously studied the type and concentration of F in fresh samples of commercial Chilean toothpastes, their stability was not determined. AIM: To evaluate the stability of soluble F in Chilean toothpastes after 1 year of storage. DESIGN: All the toothpastes (n = 30) previously used were re-analyzed after 1 year of storage time at room temperature (±22°C)...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Anni Luoto, Mimmi Tolvanen, Vesa Pohjola, Kari Rantavuori, Linnea Karlsson, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear seems to fluctuate, but concordance of changes in dental fears between parent/adolescent dyads has not been reported. AIM: To study longitudinally the associations between adolescent and parental dental fears and their changes. DESIGN: Adolescents and parents reported their dental fear independently of each other when adolescents were between 11-12 and 15-16-year-olds. Eight hundred and seventeen eligible parent/adolescent dyads were included in the analyses...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Frida Lockner, Svante Twetman, Christina Stecksén-Blicks
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of combined use of topical fluoride products are essential issues that must be monitored. AIM: To assess urinary excretion of fluoride after application of two different dental varnishes containing 2.26% fluoride in 3- to 4-year-old children and to compare the levels with and without parallel use of fluoride toothpaste. DESIGN: Fifteen healthy children were enrolled to a randomized crossover trial that was performed in two parts: Part I with twice-daily tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste and Part II with twice-daily brushing with a non-fluoride toothpaste...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yair Schwimmer, Rephael Zeltser, Moti Moskovitz
CASE REPORT: This report describes a rare case of a 19-month-old girl with pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption in the lower left first primary molar which had erupted a few weeks earlier and had deep caries. The treatment is described. CONCLUSION: Dentists who treat children must take into consideration the possibility of pre-eruptive lesions in the primary dentition that may cause involvement of the pulp, either before or shortly post-eruption.
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ahmad Aljafari, Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Chufang Peng, Yuan Yang, Yuming Zhao, He Liu, Zheng Xu, Dianhong Zhao, Man Qin
BACKGROUND: Pulp revascularisation with MTA sealing has been accepted as an alternative treatment for non-vital immature permanent teeth. Successful revascularisation cases with GIC sealing were also reported, but lack of long-term researches. AIM: To evaluate long-term outcomes of revascularisation using MTA and GIC as canal-sealing materials in non-vital immature permanent teeth. DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data of 60 non-vital immature permanent teeth treated with revascularisation (36...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Manasi Khare, Baranya Shrikrishna Suprabha, Ramya Shenoy, Arathi Rao
BACKGROUND: Application of adhesive after acid etching may increase the retention of pit-and-fissure sealants and improve clinical effectiveness. AIMS: To clinically evaluate the retention, marginal discoloration and caries incidence of pit-and-fissure sealants applied using four bonding protocols: conventional acid etching, etch-and-rinse adhesive, multimode universal adhesive and self-etch adhesive used after acid etching. DESIGN: In this split-mouth design study, the four adhesive protocols were randomly assigned to the four erupted, non-carious first permanent molars and involved 52 patients between 6 and 10 years of age...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Vinícius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Darcy Fernandes, Cláudia Maria Navarro, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro, Luciana Yamamoto de Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León, Andreia Bufalino
BACKGROUND: Localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) is a distinct subtype of inflammatory gingival hyperplasia that shows lack of response to traditional periodontal treatment, and after surgical excision, recurrence rate of 6-16% has been reported. CASE REPORT: Two girls (11- and 9-year-old) with multifocal red patches along the maxillary and mandibular labial gingiva showed no regression of the lesions after basic periodontal treatment. Surgical excision of focal lesion in each case was performed, which showed typical features of LJSGH...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Annie G Morgan, Helen D Rodd, Jenny M Porritt, Sarah R Baker, Cathy Creswell, Tim Newton, Chris Williams, Zoe Marshman
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is common among children. Although there is a wealth of research investigating childhood dental anxiety, little consideration has been given to the child's perspective. AIM: This qualitative study sought to explore with children their own experiences of dental anxiety using a cognitive behavioural therapy assessment model. DESIGN: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with dentally anxious children aged 11-16 years...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Susan Wong, Robert P Anthonappa, Manikandan Ekambaram, Colman McGrath, Nigel M King, John C Winters
OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 221 preschool children who presented to the emergency department with the consequences of untreated dental caries requiring dental extractions under general anaesthesia (DEGA). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-one healthy preschool children, who required emergency DEGA, were recruited over a period of 12 months. The same parent or caregiver completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire; both, prior to the DEGA and at the 2-week post-treatment visit...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Karin G Berge, Margrethe Vika, Maren Lillehaug Agdal, Stein Atle Lie, Marit Slåttelid Skeie
BACKGROUND: A proper assessment tool is needed to gain more knowledge about fear of intraoral injections in children. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the novel Intra-Oral Injection Fear scale (IOIF-s) and to establish a cutoff score for a high level of such fear. METHODS: Data were obtained from two samples of 10- to 16-year-olds in Hordaland, Norway. Sample I, 1460 pupils attending elementary and high schools, provided questionnaire-based data...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Maria Katsouda, Efthymia Provatenou, Konstantinos Arapostathis, Trilby Coolidge, Nikolaos Kotsanos
BACKGROUND: No studies assessing the association between gagging and dental fear are available in pediatric samples. AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Gagging Assessment Scale (GAS), to explore the prevalence of gagging, and to evaluate the relationship between gagging and dental fear in a pediatric sample. DESIGN: A total of 849 8- and 14-year-old children filled out a questionnaire consisting of demographic items, the Greek version of the GAS, and the Greek Children's Fear Survey Schedule Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS); the older children also completed the Greek version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS)...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Suhel Dabawala, Baranya S Suprabha, Ramya Shenoy, Arathi Rao, Nachiket Shah
BACKGROUND: There is a need to carry out controlled investigations regarding risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC). AIM: To study the type of parenting style and oral health practices as risk factors among children with ECC in an Indian preschool population. METHODS: Two hundred and eleven children with ECC and equal number of controls participated in this case-control study. A questionnaire was answered by parents regarding oral health practices such as oral hygiene methods, feeding habits, daily sugar intake, and dental attendance pattern along with socioeconomic and demographic status...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Juliana S Kimura, Janaina M Aldrigui, Patrícia de Carvalho, Marcia T Wanderley
BACKGROUND: Osseo-gingival pathology (OGP) may be observed in traumatized primary teeth, and its knowledge is essential for treatment decision. AIM: To describe the occurrence and treatment of OGP in traumatized primary upper incisors. DESIGN: One examiner collected data from patients' charts of the Clinic of Trauma in Primary Teeth of the University of Sao Paulo. OGP was divided into apical fenestration (AF), total gingival recession (TGR), and partial gingival recession (PGR)...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Mariana Gonzalez Cademartori, Denise Paiva Da Rosa, Luísa Jardim Correa Oliveira, Marcos Britto Corrêa, Marília Leão Goettems
BACKGROUND: Venham's Behavior Rating Scale (VBRS) is a measure of uncooperative behavior developed to assess children's responses to dental stress. AIM: To evaluate the validity of the Brazilian version of the VBRS. DESIGN: Children aged 7-13 years were invited to participate in this study. Child behavior was concurrently assessed with both the VBRS and the Frankl Scale. A receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was plotted to determine the cut-off points of the Brazilian version of the VBRS...
March 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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