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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Ghadah S Aldossari, Alanoud A Aldosari, Amirah A Alasmari, Rwan M Aldakheel, Reem R AlNatsha, Mohammed S Aldossary
BACKGROUND: Dental treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA) is deemed to contribute to children's dental fear and anxiety (DFA), both in the short and long term OBJECTIVE: To compare DFA between children who had previous DGA and those who did not. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included 5-12 years old children who had undergone DGA (n=43) and a control group who had not (n=55). Questionnaires were completed by parents regarding sociodemographic and dental profiles...
December 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yan Wang, Ron Hays, Marvin Marcus, Carl Maida, Jie Shen, Di Xiong, Steve Lee, Spolsky Vladimir, Ian Coulter, James Crall, Honghu Liu
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in their children's oral health behaviors, provide oral health access, initiate prevention, and coping strategies for health care. AIM: This paper develops a short form (SF) to assist parents to evaluate their children's oral health status using Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) framework that conceptualized health as physical, mental, and social components. DESIGN: Surveys of parents were conducted at dental clinics in Los Angeles County, together with an onsite clinical exam by dentists to determine clinical outcomes, Children's Oral Health Status Index (COHSI) and referral recommendations (RRs)...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Joon Soo Park, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King, Colman P McGrath
BACKGROUND: The health and well-being of children are intimately linked to their parents' physical, emotional and social health, and social circumstances. AIM: To conduct a meta-analysis of studies that has used the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and Child Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (COHRQoL) instruments, to evaluate the family impact scale (FIS) changes following their children's dental treatment under general anaesthesia (DGA). METHODOLOGY: A systematic search was undertaken using the PRISMA guidelines...
November 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Anelise Daher, Luciane Rezende Costa, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Letícia Candine de Brito, Marcelo José Strazzeri Bönecker, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
Evidence of time trends in early childhood caries in low and middle-income countries in the second decade of the years 2000 is scarce AIM: To assess trends in early childhood caries prevalence and severity in 2- to 5 year-old children over a 22 years period (1993-2015) in Goiânia, Midwest Brazil. Additionally, we aimed to investigate changes regarding affected dental arches and teeth DESIGN: A time-lag analysis of trends in caries was carried out using data from three cross-sectional studies based on the World Health Organization diagnostic criteria, in 1993 (N=1362), 2001 (N=1620) and 2015 (N=548) RESULTS: Caries prevalence declined from 45...
November 18, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Patricia A Reynolds, Ana N Donaldson, Christina Liossi, Jonathon T Newton, Nicholas K Donaldson, Ramiro Arias, Preemal Haria, Corinne Huntington, Reham Alharatani, Marie Therese Hosey
OBJECTIVE: To explore family and clinical factors for usage of an online serious game designed to prepare children with ECC for dental treatment under general anaesthesia. DESIGN: Observational study. Secondary data of 60 children, aged 5-to-7, randomised to the intervention group in a phase-III randomised controlled trial [NIHR Portfolio 10006, ISRCTN: 18265148] testing the efficacy of the serious game (available online). Usage was captured automatically, with each click, in real time...
November 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Cristiane Meira Assunção, Nadine Schlueter, Jonas de Almeida Rodrigues, Thiago Saads Carvalho, Adrian Lussi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about fluoride toothpastes effect on deciduous teeth submitted to erosive tooth wear OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preventive effect of different toothpastes on surface loss (SL) after severe erosion/abrasion model and to compare this effect between permanent (PT) and deciduous teeth (dt). DESIGN: Enamel samples were randomly divided according toothpastes groups (n=17). G1: placebo; G2: NaF; G3: AmF-NaF-SnCl2 anti-erosion; G4: SnF2 ; and G5: NaF anti-erosion for children...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Andrea Cortes, Kim Rud Ekstrand, Stefania Martignon
AIM: To describe the two-year clinical and combined with radiographic caries progression pattern in three cohorts of 2-(a), 4-(b), and 6-yr-old children (c). DESIGN: Baseline sample comprised 600 children (each-cohort: n=200). Children's dental surfaces were clinically assessed at schools without air-drying (epi) in terms of: Clinical (C) caries lesions (d/D) with ICDASepi-merged system (C-ICDASepi-d/D:Sound/Initial-epi/Moderate/Extensive); fillings (f/F), and missing teeth (m/M)...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Rita Rodrigues, Maria Helena Fernandes, António Bessa Monteiro, Rowney Furfuro, Cátia Carvalho Silva, Joaquim Mendes, Maria Conceição Manso
BACKGROUND: The anatomical and morphological alterations associated with cleft lip and palate (CLP) favor the buildup of dental plaque. AIM: To assess the efficacy of a new add-on to regular toothbrush - the Cleft toothbrush, in removing the dental plaque of CLP patients, compared to a regular Toothbrush. DESIGN: Forty-five children with CLP were randomly organized into two groups: A (n=26, 2-6 years old) and B (n=19, 7-12 years old). They were evaluated at days 0, 15, 30 and 60...
November 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Bradley Christian, Rebecca Armstrong, Hanny Calache, Lauren Carpenter, Lisa Gibbs, Mark Gussy
BACKGROUND: At present, there are numerous caries risk assessment tools (CRATs) being promoted for disease management. However, the evidence to inform CRAT selection is unclear. AIM: This review aimed to assess the strength of evidence to inform the selection of CRATs for children ages 6 years and less. DESIGN: MEDLINE was the principal search database for this review. Other key databases, the reference lists of included articles, known cariology literature and experts were also consulted...
November 9, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Maria Katsouda, Christina Tollili, Trilby Coolidge, Gregoris Simos, Nikolaos Kotsanos, Konstantinos N Arapostathis
AIM: The aims were to determine the prevalence of gagging in children in the dental setting, detect any association between gagging and dental fear in that setting, and determine if the association varied by type of setting. DESIGN: A total of 734 children (4-12 years old), seeking dental care either at a University paediatric dental clinic (UC) or at a private paediatric practice (PP), filled out the Greek version of the Gagging Assessment Scale (GAS, subjective assessment) and the Greek version of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS)...
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Sneha Vaswani, Divya S Sharma, Shikha Mishra, Sanjay Sharma
AIM: This in vitro study aimed to histologically validate and compare the methods for detection of smooth surface early carious lesions (ECLs) that is, International caries detection and assessment system for the smooth surface (ICDAS-II-SSC), Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), and radiography. METHODOLOGY: PS-OCT images for scores 0-3 of ICDAS-II-SSC were standardized according to ECLs' depth. Preliminary PS-OCT images for ICDAS-II-SSC score-2 of pigmented ECLs showed reduced lesion depth and therefore were dichotomized into scores 2 and 2p for white and pigmented lesions (ICDAS-II-SSCm)...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Mariana G Cademartori, Marcos B Corrêa, Ricardo A Silva, Marília L Goettems
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are among the main causes of global disability in children, with negative impacts on their quality of life. It is possible that mental disorders could be associated with how children react in the dental setting. AIM: To test the association between children's psychological attributes and behaviour presented during dental care. DESIGN: A questionnaire was given to mothers of children attending a paediatric dental clinic...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Clarissa Lopes Drumond, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Saul Martins Paiva, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
AIM: To determine the prevalence of probable sleep bruxism (PSB) and associated factors among schoolchildren. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was carried out with a representative sample of 440 schoolchildren. The children were submitted to a clinical oral examination for the evaluation of tooth wear and/or muscle discomfort. Parents/caregivers filled out a questionnaire with information related to characteristic sounds of sleep bruxism, sociodemographic factors, and the presence of harmful oral habits of children...
October 30, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo, Janete Maria Rebelo Vieira, Juliana Vianna Pereira, Larissa Neves Quadros, Mario Vianna Vettore
AIM: To examine the evidence on the influence of oral health status on school performance and school attendance in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA included epidemiological studies that assessed concomitantly oral health measures, participants' school performance and/or school attendance. Electronic search was conducted on MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and LILACS. Studies published up to May 2018 in any language were eligible...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Alexandre R Vieira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Lucy Brown, Kate Kenny, Elizabeth O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, assessments for dental general anaesthetics (DGA), completed by a Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry, are purported to be the gold standard. AIM: To evaluate the outcome of dental assessments completed by a Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry after a referral for an exodontia DGA by the patients' General Dental Practitioner (GDP). DESIGN: Six hundred and forty-two sets of notes were reviewed from patients referred for exodontia DGA at a community dental service in the United Kingdom...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yunkun Liu, Zhiyu Gu, Yan Wang, Qi Wu, Vivian Chen, Xin Xu, Xuedong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Audiovisual distraction, a non-pharmacological intervention, has been used to manage dental anxiety in prior clinical trials. AIM: Synthesize the available evidences to evaluate the efficacy of audiovisual distraction techniques on the management of dental anxiety in children. DESIGN: Electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Embase) were searched. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and methodological quality of included trials was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's criteria...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marcela Baraúna Magno, Lucas Alves Jural, Ayla do Valle Nogueira, Michele Machado Lenzi, Matheus Melo Pithon, Lucianne Cople Maia
BACKGROUND: Enamel-dentin fracture causes impact on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children. AIM: To evaluate the impact of treatment of crown fracture involving enamel and dentin (CFED) in the permanent dentition on the OHRQoL of children and adolescents (C/As) and their families. DESIGN: This prospective clinical study included C/As between 8 and 14 years who presented anterior CFED treated thought direct composite resin restoration...
October 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Rafael José Pio Barbosa Teixeira, Natália Silva Andrade, Lisanca Carvalho Cavalcante Queiroz, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Marcoeli Silva de Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus Moura, Marina de Deus Moura de Lima
We would like to thank to Dr Vieira for his interest in our study. He has provided pertinent and insightful comments regarding our work. We apreciated the heritability evaluation performed which comproved the multifactorial etiology of molar incisor hypomineralization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marja-Leena Mattila, Päivi Rautava, Maiju Saarinen, Mimmi Tolvanen, Ansa Ojanlatva, Sirkka Jaakkola, Minna Aromaa, Matti Sillanpää
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies about how adolescents experience the interaction during dental visits. The experienced interaction during dental visits will influence how adolescents take care of their oro-dental health, and how they attend at the dentist's office. AIM: To explore the interaction experiences during dental visits of 18-year-olds with or without a history of caries. DESIGN: The dental health status at age 15 years was used as a predictor of subsequent interaction experiences with the dental staff...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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