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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914098/cryotherapy-for-localized-juvenile-spongiotic-gingival-hyperplasia-preliminary-findings-on-two-cases
#1
Vinícius Krieger Costa Nogueira, Darcy Fernandes, Cláudia Maria Navarro, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro, Luciana Yamamoto de Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León, Andreia Bufalino
BACKGROUND: Localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) is a distinct subtype of inflammatory gingival hyperplasia that shows lack of response to traditional periodontal treatment, and after surgical excision, recurrence rate of 6-16% has been reported. CASE REPORT: Two girls (11- and 9-year-old) with multifocal red patches along the maxillary and mandibular labial gingiva showed no regression of the lesions after basic periodontal treatment. Surgical excision of focal lesion in each case was performed, which showed typical features of LJSGH...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882626/spectrophotometric-color-analysis-of-maxillary-permanent-central-incisors-in-a-pediatric-population-a-preliminary-study
#2
Selcuk Savas, Fevzi Kavrik, Bilal Yasa, Ebru Kucukyilmaz
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have reported the color distribution of maxillary central incisors and the effects of age and gender, a reliable database of the color of newly erupted teeth with open apices and the effect of the root development stage on tooth color shades do not currently exist. AIM: The purpose of this in vivo study was to perform a spectrophotometric color analysis of maxillary permanent central incisors based on apical developmental stage, age, and gender groups...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882621/youtube-as-a-source-for-parents-education-on-early-childhood-caries
#3
Rawan ElKarmi, Yazan Hassona, Dina Taimeh, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Patients can and do search the Internet for information on various health-related topics. YouTube™ is one popular website they may consult. AIM: To examine the quality of information offered by YouTube™ for patients seeking information on early childhood caries (ECC). DESIGN: YouTube™ was searched for videos on ECC. The usefulness of selected videos in providing adequate information about ECC was evaluated using a 13-point usefulness score...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813257/an-investigation-into-the-effect-of-a-resin-infiltrant-on-the-micromechanical-properties-of-hypomineralised-enamel
#4
Harleen Kumar, Joseph Emilio Aurelio Palamara, Michael Francis Burrow, David John Manton
BACKGROUND: Resin infiltration may alter the mechanical properties of enamel hypomineralised lesions (HL); however, variable surface layer (SL) thickness may affect resin penetration. AIMS: To determine the thickness of the SL of HL and to investigate the effect of resin infiltration on the mechanical properties of HL. DESIGN: The thickness of the SL over HL was determined using polarised light microscopy. Etching time using 15% HCl gel to remove the SL of 52 samples was determined...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796062/oral-health-status-of-children-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Silvana Nunes da Silva, Thais Gimenez, Rafael Celestino Souza, Anna Carolina Volpi Mello-Moura, Daniela Prócida Raggio, Susana Morimoto, Juan Sebastian Lara, Giovana Correia Soares, Tamara Kerber Tedesco
BACKGROUND: Individuals with special needs are often affected by oral disorders such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Current data regarding prevalence of these conditions in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are controversial. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to verify the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease in individuals with ASD, especially children and young adults. DESIGN: Searches were conducted through MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases in December 2015...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785840/inflammatory-markers-in-saliva-as-indicators-of-gingival-inflammation-in-cerebral-palsy-children-with-and-without-cervical-motor-control
#6
Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Michele Baffi Diniz, Renata Oliveira Guaré, Maria Cristina Duarte Ferreira, Gabriela Mancia Gutierrez, Renata Gorjão
AIM: To evaluate the relation among gingival inflammation, salivary osmolality, levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and s-IgA concentrations in children with spastic CP with or without cervical motor control in a cross-sectional study. DESIGN: Unstimulated whole saliva and the gingival index were collected in 37 and 34 CP children with and without cervical motor control, respectively. The data were dichotomized as follows: (=0) absence of gingival inflammation and (≥0...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766712/effect-of-the-addition-of-chlorhexidine-and-miswak-extract-on-the-clinical-performance-and-antibacterial-properties-of-conventional-glass-ionomer-an-in-vivo-study
#7
Noha Samir Kabil, Amira Saad Badran, Mariem Osama Wassel
BACKGROUND: Antibacterial restorations can increase the success rate of minimum invasive dentistry especially in young permanent molars with deep carious lesions as an attempt to preserve maximum dental structure and avoid pulp exposure. Further research is warranted to evaluate different antibacterial agents. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of adding chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) or aqueous miswak (Salvadora persica) extract on the clinical performance and in vivo antibacterial activity of conventional anhydrous glass ionomer cement (GIC)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748991/do-parents-and-children-perceive-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-as-an-oral-health-problem
#8
Soraya C Leal, Tereza Raquel Mourão Oliveira, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about how patients perceive molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH). AIM: The aim of this study was to identify whether parents and children perceive opacities associated with MIH as an oral health problem. DESIGN: A case-control study was designed in which 131 children diagnosed with MIH were matched by age, sex, and school to 131 children without MIH. The Child and Parent Questionnaire about Tooth Appearance was used to assess reports from parents, who were interviewed by telephone, and children, who were interviewed on school premises...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684707/development-of-a-decision-aid-for-children-faced-with-the-decision-to-undergo-dental-treatment-with-sedation-or-general-anaesthesia
#9
Joe Hulin, Sarah R Baker, Zoe Marshman, Sondos Albadri, Helen D Rodd
BACKGROUND: Decision aids are tools used to help individuals faced with difficult healthcare decisions. They help patients further understand the treatment options available and encourage the sharing of information between patients and clinicians. AIM: To develop a decision aid for young patients faced with the decision to undergo dental treatment with inhalation sedation, intravenous sedation, or general anaesthesia (GA). DESIGN: Qualitative interviews with dental patients (aged 10-16 years), and their parents/guardians were used to inform the content of a draft decision aid...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659165/remineralizing-potential-of-a-60-s-in-vitro-application-of-tooth-mousse-plus
#10
Vaishnavi L Gopalakrishnan, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King, Anut Itthagarun
BACKGROUND: No published studies exist on the remineralizing potential of Tooth Mousse Plus(®) (TMP) when applied for less than 3 min. AIM: To evaluate (i) the remineralizing potential of TMP on artificial carious lesions, when applied thrice daily for 60 s, and (ii) the benefit of using a fluoridated dentifrice prior to TMP application. DESIGN: Carious lesions, 120-200 μm deep, were produced by placing molars in demineralizing solution for 96 h, and sections 100-150 μm thick were then randomly assigned to four groups...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704676/the-editor-recommends-this-issue-s-article-to-the-reader-hypophosphatasia-diagnosis-and-clinical-signs-a-dental-surgeon-perspective
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258615/lollipop-induced-oral-lichenoid-reaction-in-a-child
#12
Daniela B Bastos, Ingrid S Santos, Vitor B Valente, Antônio Carlos O Biel, Renata C Felipini, Eder R Biasoli, Glauco I Miyahara, Daniel G Bernabé
BACKGROUND: Oral lichenoid reactions (OLRs) have been rarely reported in pediatric patients. CASE REPORT: This article reports an unusual case of a 15-year-old girl who had white plaques in tongue and buccal mucosa oral which initially were diagnosed as oral lichen planus (OLP). At first, the patient and her family denied systemic or local medication use. Biopsy was performed, and histopathological aspects were suggestive of OLP. Despite the attempt of treatment with topical corticoid, the lesions did not recede...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030892/hypophosphatasia-diagnosis-and-clinical-signs-a-dental-surgeon-perspective
#13
Agnès Bloch-Zupan
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inherited metabolic disease in which mutations in the ALPL gene (encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase) result in varying degrees of enzyme deficiency. HPP manifests in a spectrum of symptoms, including early primary tooth loss (root intact) and alveolar bone mineralisation defects. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of HPP for dental professionals to help recognise and differentially diagnose patients for appropriate referral to a specialist team...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667051/mode-of-drinking-fluoridated-milk-effect-on-intraoral-fluoride-concentrations
#14
Gary M Whitford, Danielle V Riley, Tara E Schafer, Stephen W Looney
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the mode of drinking fluoridated milk on salivary and plaque fluoride concentrations. METHODS: Fluoridated milk was ingested by 32 children in three ways: (a) directly from the container (1.0 and 5.0 mg F/litre), (b) through a straw with the tip between the lips (5.0 mg F/litre), and (c) with the tip deep in the oral cavity (5.0 mg F/litre). Saliva was collected at baseline and 2, 15, and 40 min and plaque at baseline and 20 min after drinking...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590954/are-self-etch-adhesive-systems-effective-in-the-retention-of-occlusal-sealants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Graziela Botton, Caroline Sonego Morgental, Maitê Munhoz Scherer, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Anelise Fernandes Montagner, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
BACKGROUND: Occlusal sealants are an effective method for caries prevention, although the effectiveness of different application strategies has not been established yet. AIM: This systematic review compared the retention rate of sealants placed on occlusal surfaces following the use of self-etch adhesive systems and traditional acid etching, with or without the application of adhesive system. DESIGN: Literature searching was carried out until June 2015 in PubMed/MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials databases selecting randomized clinical trials that evaluated self-etch adhesive systems associated with pit and fissure sealants in primary or permanent molars comprising retention as outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590509/use-of-a-fluorescence-based-camera-for-monitoring-occlusal-surfaces-of-primary-and-permanent-teeth
#16
Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Gabriel Vill
BACKGROUND: Sound teeth and incipient lesions require regular monitoring to detect possible progression of caries early on. AIM: To evaluate the ability of the VistaProof (VP) fluorescence-based camera for monitoring occlusal surfaces. DESIGN: A total of 419 posterior teeth (205 primary molars, 145 permanent molars, and 69 premolars) of 35 patients were examined (average age: 9.1 years). The occlusal surfaces were classified visually according to the criteria of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538378/evaluation-of-low-fluoride-toothpaste-using-primary-enamel-and-a-validated-ph-cycling-model
#17
Marilia Mattar de Amoêdo Campos Velo, Cínthia Pereira Machado Tabchoury, Dayse Andrade Romão, Jaime Aparecido Cury
AIM: To develop and validate pH-cycling model for primary enamel, which was then used to evaluate the anti-caries potential of fluoride toothpastes. DESIGN: Human primary enamel slabs were subjected to pH-cycling model for 10 days and maintained for 6 h in demineralizing solution and 18 h in remineralizing solution daily. Twice/day, the slabs were treated. To validate it, the treatments were water or solutions containing 62.5, 125, 250, and 375 μg F/mL. Commercial toothpastes containing no fluoride, 500, 1100, and 1450 μg F/g were evaluated...
November 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612328/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-use-of-parental-reported-sleep-bruxism-in-a-polysomnographic-study-in-children
#18
Claudia Restrepo, Daniele Manfredini, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson, Adriana Santamaria, Claudia Alvarez, Ruben Manrique, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for sleep bruxism (SB) diagnosis. PSG/SB children's criteria are not available; thus, parental-report SB is widely used. AIM: Assessing the diagnostic accuracy of parental report of sleep tooth grinding (STG) with a PSG/SB diagnosis in children, adopting adult criteria. DESIGN: Thirty-seven children from clinics of Universidad CES were included. Parents filled the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) assessing the single-observation report - CSHQ - of STG with a No/Yes answer and five ordinal answers...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610600/oral-literacy-demand-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic-a-pilot-study
#19
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598691/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-sense-of-coherence-regarding-the-use-of-dental-services-by-preschool-children
#20
Matheus França Perazzo, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Neves, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies on the biopsychosocial factors that influence the use of dental services by preschoolers. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the perceptions of parents/caretakers and children regarding oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) as well as the sense of coherence (SOC) of parents/caretakers on the use of dental services among Brazilian preschoolers. DESIGN: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 768 preschoolers...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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