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Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters

David S Huang, Henry L Wong, Gunda I Georg
Pironetin is an α-tubulin-binding natural product with potent antiproliferative activity against several cancer cell lines that inhibits cell division by forming a covalent adduct with α-tubulin via a Michael addition into the natural product's α,β-unsaturated lactone. We designed and prepared analogs carrying electron-withdrawing groups at the α-position (C2) of the α,β-unsaturated lactone with the goal to generate potent and selective binding analogs. We prepared derivatives containing halogens, a phenyl, and a methyl group at the C2 position to evaluate the structure-activity relationship at this position...
November 11, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Kamala K Vasu, Chander Singh Digwal, Amit N Pandya, Dhaivat H Pandya, Jayesh A Sharma, Sneha Patel, Milee Agarwal
A series of new imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine linked with thiazole/thiophene motif through a keto spacer were synthesized and tested for their cytotoxic potential against three human cancer cell lines including A549, HeLa and U87-MG using MTT assay. Compounds A2, A3, A4, C1 and C2 showed cytotoxicity against all the three cell lines. The selectivity index for compound A4 for A549 and HeLa cells was comparable to that of doxorubicin. Among the synthesized compounds, B5 showed the maximum inhibition of NF-κB activity as ascertained by NF-κB reporter assay (IC50 = 6...
November 11, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Xiao Hu, Yanhua He, Liping Wu, Yujun Hao, Zhenghe Wang, Weiping Zheng
To follow up on our recent discovery of the 18-amino acid all-hydrocarbon [i, i + 4]-stapled p110α[E545K] peptide 1 that was shown to potently block the intracellular p110α[E545K]-IRS1 interaction (a protein-protein interaction uniquely present in cancer cells expressing p110α[E545K]) and the growth of the xenograft tumors formed by cancers harboring this mutation, in the current study we prepared and examined six derivatives of 1, i.e. stapled peptides 2-A, 2-B, 3-A, 3-B, 4-A, 4-B. We found that 2-A, 2-B, 4-A, and 4-B had higher % α-helicity than 1; moreover, the enhanced % α-helicity also led to an enhanced proteolytic stability...
November 11, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Shun-Ichi Wada, Anna Takesada, Yurie Nagamura, Eri Sogabe, Rieko Ohki, Junsuke Hayashi, Hidehito Urata
The conjugation of Aib-containing amphipathic helical peptide with cyclo(-Arg-Gly-Asp-d-Phe-Cys-) (cRGDfC) at the C-terminus of the helix peptide (PI) has been reported to be useful for constructing a carrier for targeted siRNA delivery into cells. In order to explore structure-activity relationships for the development of potential carriers for siRNA delivery, we synthesized conjugates of Aib-containing amphipathic helical peptide with cRGDfC at the N-terminus (PII) and both the N- and C-termini (PIII) of the helical peptide...
November 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Lin You, Hong Zhu, Chun Wang, Fang Wang, Yongjun Li, Yan Li, Yonglin Wang, Bin He
Scutellarin, one of natural flavonoids, is widely and clinically used for treating many diseases in China. Recently, scutellarin has demonstrated a broad spectrum of anti-proliferative activities against multiple cancer cell lines. However, the molecular mechanism of action remains to be investigated. We herein report the design and synthesis of biotinylated scutellareins as probes, which can be applied to discover scutellarein interacting proteins. Finally, we show that scutellarin directly targets pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) and inhibits its cytosolic activity to decrease glycolytic metabolism; on the other hand, scutellarin may also participate in regulating cell cycle and apoptotic proteins by activating MEK/ERK/PIN1 signaling pathway to promote the nuclear translocation of PKM2...
November 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Subhendu Sekhar Bag, Afsana Yashmeen
We report herein the uracil-di-aza-amino acid (U(r)AA) as a new family of molecular scaffold to induce β-hairpin structure with H-bonded β-sheet conformation in a short peptide. This has been demonstrated in two conceptual fluorescent pentapeptides wherein triazolylpyrenyl alanine and/or triazolylmethoxynapthyl alanine ((TPy)AlaDo and/or (TMNap)AlaDo) are embedded into two arms of the uracil-amino acid via an intervening leucine. Conformational analysis by CD, IR, variable temperature and 2D NMR spectroscopy reveals the β-hairpin structures for both the peptides...
November 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Nicholas A Meanwell
Metal ions play important roles in protein and RNA structure and function and the construction of ligands frequently focuses on the exploitation of functionality designed to engage a metal. However, there are circumstances where functionality can be incorporated into a ligand to emulate the metal ion, allowing target engagement by displacing or replacing the metal and directly interacting with the metal-binding elements in the target. In this Digest, we illustrate protein and RNA modulators that exploit this design principle, with all of the examples based on the displacement or replacement of a magnesium ion, and which can confer a potency advantage...
November 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Bao-Lei Wang, Li-Yuan Zhang, Xing-Hai Liu, Yi Ma, Yan Zhang, Zheng-Ming Li, Xiao Zhang
A series of new 3-substitutedphenyl-4-substitutedbenzylideneamino-1,2,4-triazole Mannich bases and bis-Mannich bases were synthesized through Mannich reaction with high yields. Their structures were confirmed by means of IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and elemental analysis. The preliminary bioassay indicated that compounds 7g, 7h and 7l exhibited potent in vitro inhibitory activities against ketol-acid reductoisomerase (KARI) with Ki value of (0.38 ± 0.25), (6.59 ± 2.75) and (8.46 ± 3.99) μmol/L, respectively, and were comparable with IpOHA...
November 10, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Anne Brethon, Laurent Chantalat, Olivier Christin, Laurence Clary, Jean-François Fournier, Marcus Gastreich, Craig S Harris, Tatiana Isabet, Jonathan Pascau, Etienne Thoreau, Didier Roche, Vincent Rodeschini
Virtual fragmentation of a library of 12,000 compounds inspired by natural products led to a dataset of 153,000 fragments that was used as a source to identify effective P2-P3 scaffold replacement solutions for peptidic Caspase-1 inhibitors. Our strategy led to the identification of an original 2-azabicyclo-octane scaffold (2-ABO) that was further elaborated into the potent Caspase-1 inhibitor CD10847 (IC50 = 17 nM). The crystal structure of Caspase-1 in complex with CD10847 was obtained, and its binding mode was shown to be similar to the one predicted by docking and in good agreement with other known inhibitors...
November 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Wei Hou, Guanjun Zhang, Zhi Luo, Di Li, Haoqiang Ruan, Benfang Helen Ruan, Lin Su, Hongtao Xu
A diverse natural product-like (NPL) synthetic abietane diterpenoid library containing 86 compounds were obtained and the SARs were studied based on their antibacterial potential. Further in vitro cytotoxic and in silico drug-like properties evaluation showed that the potent antibacterial compound 84 had good drug-like properties and displayed low cytotoxicity toward noncancerous mammalian cells, indicating the study of AA and DHAA might be a good starting point for the search of novel antimicrobial molecules...
November 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Rajni Sharma, Linda Gatchie, Ibidapo S Williams, Shreyans K Jain, Ram A Vishwakarma, Bhabatosh Chaudhuri, Sandip B Bharate
The development of multi-drug resistance to existing anticancer drugs is one of the major challenges in cancer treatment. The over-expression of cytochrome P450 1B1 enzyme has been reported to cause resistance to cisplatin. With an objective to discover cisplatin-resistance reversal agents, herein, we report the evaluation of Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) extracts and its twelve chemical constituents for inhibition of CYP1B1 (and CYP1A1) enzyme in Sacchrosomes and live human cells. The hydroalcoholic extract showed potent inhibition of CYP1B1 in both Sacchrosomes as well as in live cells with IC50 values of 21 and 16 µg/mL, respectively...
November 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Allan M Prior, Xufen Yu, Eun-Jung Park, Tamara P Kondratyuk, Yan Lin, John M Pezzuto, Dianqing Sun
In our ongoing effort of discovering anticancer and chemopreventive agents, a series of 2-arylindole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated toward aromatase and quinone reductase 1 (QR1). Biological evaluation revealed that several compounds (e.g., 2d, IC50 = 1.61 μM; 21, IC50 = 3.05 μM; and 27, IC50 = 3.34 μM) showed aromatase inhibitory activity with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values in the low micromolar concentrations. With regard to the QR1 induction activity, 11 exhibited the highest QR1 induction ratio (IR) with a low concentration to double activity (CD) value (IR = 8...
November 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Alexander Flohr, Roman Hutter, Barbara Mueller, Claudia Bohnert, Mélanie Pellisson, Hervé Schaffhauser
Positive modulation of the muscarinic M1-receptor has for a long time attracted scientists and drug developers for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease or Schizophrenia. The precognitive potential of M1 activation has however not been clinically demonstrated as a result of side effects associated both with agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAM's) of the M1-receptor. To avoid excessive activation of the M1-receptor we have designed a new screening format and developed the first low-shift positive allosteric modulators for the M1 receptor...
November 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Zheng-Song Gu, Ying Xiao, Qing-Wei Zhang, Jian-Qi Li
A series of arylalkanol and aralkyl piperazine derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for 5-HT reuptake inhibitory abilities and binding affinities at the 5-HT1A/5-HT7 receptors. Antidepressant activities of the compounds in vivo were screened using the forced swimming test (FST). The results indicated that the compound 8j exhibited high affinities for the 5-HT1A/5-HT7 receptors (5-HT1A, ki = 0.84 nM; 5-HT7, ki = 12 nM) coupling with moderate 5-HT reuptake inhibitory activity (RUI, IC50 = 100 nM) and showed a marked antidepressant-like activity in the FST model...
November 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Neill J Horley, Kenneth J M Beresford, Supriya Kaduskar, Prashant Joshi, Glen J P McCann, Ketan C Ruparelia, Ibidapo S Williams, Linda Gatchie, Vinay R Sonawane, Sandip B Bharate, Bhabatosh Chaudhuri
The overexpression of CYP1 family of enzymes is reported to be associated with development of human carcinomas. It has been well reported that CYP1A1 specific inhibitors prevents carcinogenesis. Herein, thirteen pyridine-4-yl series of chalcones were synthesized and screened for inhibition of CYP1 isoforms 1A1, 1B1 and 1A2 in Sacchrosomes™ and live human HEK293 cells. The structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that chalcones bearing tri-alkoxy groups (8a and 8k) on non-heterocyclic ring displayed selective inhibition of CYP1A1 enzyme, with IC50 values of 58 and 65 nM, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Xu-Dong Zhou, Chen Zhang, Shan He, Bin Zheng, Ke-Wu Zeng, Ming-Bo Zhao, Yong Jiang, Peng-Fei Tu
One new highly oxygenated nortriterpene, named sieverlactone (1), one new sesquiterpene, 1β,10β-epoxy-8α-acetoxyachillin (2), one new natural product, 5-propinyl-thiophene-2-carboxylic acid (3), and one new thiophene, 3-hydroxy-5-propinyl-2-acetyl-thiophene (4), together with 10 other known compounds (5-14), were isolated from the dried aerial parts of Artemisia sieversiana. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 1D, 2D NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data...
November 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Zhen Wang, Li Ping Cheng, Xing Hua Zhang, Wan Pang, Liang Li, Jin Long Zhao
Neuraminidase (NA) is one of the particular potential targets for novel antiviral therapy. In this work, a series of neuraminidase inhibitors with the cyclohexene scaffold were studied based upon the combination of 3D-QSAR, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics techniques. The results indicate that the built 3D-QSAR models yield reliable statistical information: the correlation coefficient (r(2)) and cross-validation coefficient (q(2)) of CoMFA (comparative molecular field analysis) are 0.992 and 0.819; the r(2) and q(2) of CoMSIA (comparative molecular similarity analysis) are 0...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yan Li, Robert Scott, Annie R Hooper, Geoffrey A Bartholomeusz, Alexander Kornienko, Gerald F Bills
This report details a search for alternative strains that produce the diterpenoid sphaeropsidin A (SphA) among A. candidus strains from the USDA Northern Regional Research Laboratories Culture Collection. We identified two strains that produced SphA using a limited set of test media. An initial scaled-up fermentation of NRRL 313 and isolation effort led to the procurement of sufficient quantities of SphA to prepare five semi-synthetic analogues (1-5) and evaluate their anticancer effects against glioblastoma cells D423 and Gli56 grown in 2D and 3D cultures...
November 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Chandrasekhar Reddy Gade, Nagendra K Sharma
This report describes the synthesis of C-rich sequence, cytosine pentamer, of aep-PNA and its biophysical studies for the formation of hybrid DNA:aep-PNAi-motif structure with DNA cytosine pentamer (dC5) under acidic pH conditions. Herein, the CD/UV/NMR/ESI-Mass studies strongly support the formation of stable hybrid DNA i-motif structure with aep-PNA even near acidic conditions. Hence aep-PNA C-rich sequence cytosine could be considered as potential DNA i-motif stabilizing agents in vivo conditions.
November 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Ji Hoon Song, Ki Sung Kang, You-Kyung Choi
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and is involved in oxidative stress during neurodegeneration. In the present study, casuarinin prevented glutamate-induced HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cell death by inhibiting intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Moreover, casuarinin reduced chromatin condensation and annexin-V-positive cell production induced by glutamate. We also confirmed the underlying protective mechanism of casuarinin against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity...
November 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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