Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Addictive Diseases

Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Alex T Ramsey, Ana Baumann, David Patterson, Yan Yan, Ben Cooper, Enola Proctor
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical supervision is necessary for high-quality care in community-based substance use disorder treatment settings, yet little is known about current supervision practices. Some evidence suggests that supervisors and counselors differ in their experiences of clinical supervision; however, the impact of this misalignment on supervision quality is unclear. Clinical information monitoring systems may support supervision in substance use disorder treatment, but the potential use of these tools must first be explored...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Azizi Seixas, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Undine E Lang, Dorothy Castille, Stefan Larkin, Bruce G Link
BACKGROUND: People who suffer from severe mental illness often present with histories of abuse during childhood. Alcohol use disorders is a common co-morbidity of survivors of childhood abuse and neglect. AIMS: This study analyzes the effects of stressful childhood experiences, a proxy for trauma, on the frequency of alcohol consumption and the utilization of health care services in a population of people with severe mental illness. METHODS: 111 men (mean age: 35 years) and 72 women (mean age: 40...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ayman Fareed, Jungjin Kim, Bethany Ketchen, Woo Jin Kwak, Danzhao Wang, Hilaire Shongo-Hiango, Karen Drexler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study we focus on reviewing imaging studies that used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for individuals with a history of heroin use. This review study compiled existing research addressing the effect of heroin use on decision making by reviewing available functional neuroimaging data.. METHODS: Systematic review of the literatures using the PRISMA checklist. Eligible articles were retrieved through a computer-based MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1960 to December 2015 using the major medical subject headings 'heroin, fMRI' (all fields)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Carmen Barral, Constanza Daigre, Diana Bachiller, Natalia Calvo, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Beatriz Gancedo, Lara Grau-López, Marc Ferrer, Miguel Casas, Carlos Roncero
The comorbidity between substance-use disorders and borderline personality disorder (SUD-BPD) with other psychiatric disorders has been little studied. A total of 937 drug-dependent patients were evaluated using semistructured interviews and 13.7% were SUD-BPD patients. After multivariate analysis, gender, Affective Disorder (OR 2.59), Anxiety Disorder (OR 1.90), Eating Disorders (OR 4.29), Cocaine (OR 2.16), benzodiazepine dependence (OR 1.90), early age of onset of drug consumption (OR 0.94), and dependent (OR 4...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in pregnant substance users but receives low priority in substance use disorder treatment. This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of a randomized, multisite trial with 200 pregnant substance users, 145 (72.5%) of whom smoked at baseline. As predicted: (1) smokers had significantly greater substance use; (2) approximately half of smokers wanted to quit; and (3) smokers with a quit goal had significantly greater self-efficacy and lower perceived difficulty of quitting...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. This article adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Bradley D Stein, Joshua Mendelsohn, Adam J Gordon, Andrew W Dick, Rachel M Burns, Mark Sorbero, Regina A Shih, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Opioid analgesic and benzodiazepine use in individuals with opioid use disorders can increase the risk for medical consequences and relapse. Little is known about rates of use of these medications or prescribing patterns among communities of prescribers. The goal of this study was to examine rates of prescribing to Medicaid-enrollees in the calendar year after an opioid use disorder diagnosis, and to examine individual, county, and provider community factors associated with such prescribing. 2008 Medicaid claims data were used from 12 states to identify enrollees diagnosed with opioid use disorders, and 2009 claims data were used to identify rates of prescribing of each drug...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
Metaphors, and the frames they evoke, potently influence how people understand issues. These concepts of discourse, metaphor, and framing have been productively used in a range of studies including in the field of addiction. In public health and clinical discourse on people who use drugs, use of terms such as "targeting," "surveilling," and "capturing," along with "war on drugs" frames and referring to drug treatment as "substitution" may reinforce negative perceptions of people who use drugs. Avoiding military metaphors and explicitly leveraging metaphors that emphasize humanity, social cohesion, and agency have the potential to improve public health for people who use drugs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (±standard deviation) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (±standard deviation) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (±standard deviation) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William R Morrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Pierre Philippot, Fabien D'Hondt, Yasmine Briane, Faustine Devynck, Céline Douilliez, Joël Billieux, Alexandre Heeren, Pierre Maurage
Emotional and interpersonal deficits play a crucial role in alcohol-related disorders as they predict alcohol consumption and relapse. Recent models of emotion regulation in psychopathology postulate that these deficits are centrally related to increased abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, combined with reduced concrete/experiential repetitive thinking. As this assumption has not been tested in addictions, this study aimed at investigating repetitive thinking modes in a large sample of alcohol-dependent individuals...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Lynn Webster, Peter Hjelmström, Michael Sumner, Erik W Gunderson
This prospective, randomized, active-controlled, non-inferiority study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablet (Zubsolv(®); buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablet) versus generic buprenorphine for induction of opioid maintenance among dependent adults. The study, conducted at 13 sites from June 2013 to January 2014, included a 2-day blinded induction phase and a 27-day open-label stabilization/maintenance phase. During the blinded induction, patients received fixed doses of buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablets or generic buprenorphine...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between compulsive buying and substance dependence/abuse, major depressive episodes, and generalized anxiety disorder at the mean age of 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 New York counties in 1975 (N = 548). The participants were followed from adolescence to early midlife. The mean age of participants at the most recent interview was 43.0 (standard deviation = 2.8). Of the participants, 55% were females. Over 90% of the participants were Caucasian...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Diane M Herbeck, Kira E Jeter, Sarah J Cousins, Reham Abdelmaksoud, Desirée Crèvecoeur-MacPhail
Further research is needed to investigate real-world acceptability of extended-release naltrexone for alcohol and opioid use disorders, and potential gender differences. This study examines treatment and clinical characteristics among men and women receiving extended-release naltrexone in a large, publicly funded substance use disorder treatment system (N = 465; 52% female). Patient demographics, treatment characteristics, and the number of extended-release naltrexone doses received were collected from administrative data and treatment program staff...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Jennifer M Reingle-Gonzalez
The intersection of addiction and crime is pervasive. Not only is there a high prevalence of substance use and substance use disorders among criminal justice populations that is substantially higher than in the general population, but also offenders with substance use disorders are more likely to be rearrested. The authors believe there are several broad points that addiction researchers and criminologists have come to understand that are important to bring together. In this commentary, the asymmetrical nature of crime (i...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Carol J Boyd, James A Cranford, Sean Esteban McCabe
The non-medical use of prescription medications has been identified as a major public health problem among youth, although few longitudinal studies have examined non-medical use of prescription medications in the context of other drug use. Previous cross-sectional studies have shown gender and race differences in non-medical use of prescription medications. It was hypothesized that (1) non-medical use of prescription medications increases with age, and (2) these increases will be stronger in magnitude among female and Caucasian adolescents...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Marie Grall-Bronnec, Julie Caillon, Elise Humeau, Bastien Perrot, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Bruno Rocher, Anne Sauvaget, Gaelle Bouju
In Europe, the prevalence of gambling disorders in the general population ranges from 0.15 to 6.6%. Professional athletes are known for having risk factors for addictive behaviors, such as young age or sensation seeking, though no study has yet tried to evaluate the prevalence of gambling and gambling disorders among this specific population. The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence of gambling, problematic or not, among European professional athletes and to explore the factors that are associated with gambling practice and gambling problems in professional athletes...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Keith A Miller, Mario J Hitschfeld, Timothy W Lineberry, Brian A Palmer
Despite their high prevalence, little is known about the effects of substance use disorders and active substance use on the suicide risk or length-of-stay of psychiatric inpatients. This study examines the relationship between active substance use at the time of psychiatric hospitalization and changes in suicide risk measures and length-of-stay. Admission and discharge ratings on the Suicide Status Form-II-R, diagnoses, and toxicology data from 2,333 unique psychiatric inpatients were examined. Data for patients using alcohol, tetrahydrocannabinol, methamphetamines, cocaine, benzodiazepines, opiates, barbiturates, phencyclidine, and multiple substances on admission were compared with data from 1,426 admissions without substance use...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"