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Journal of Addictive Diseases

Carmen Barral, Constanza Daigre, Diana Bachiller, Natalia Calvo, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Beatriz Gancedo, Lara Grau-López, Marc Ferrer, Miguel Casas, Carlos Roncero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
Metaphors, and the frames they evoke, potently influence how people understand issues. These concepts of discourse, metaphor, and framing have been productively used in a range of studies including in the field of addiction. In public health and clinical discourse on people who use drugs, use of terms such as "targeting," "surveilling," and "capturing," along with "war on drugs" frames and referring to drug treatment as "substitution" may reinforce negative perceptions of people who use drugs. Avoiding military metaphors and explicitly leveraging metaphors that emphasize humanity, social cohesion, and agency have the potential to improve public health for people who use drugs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in pregnant substance users but receives low priority in substance use disorder treatment. This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of a randomized, multisite trial with 200 pregnant substance users, 145 (72.5%) of whom smoked at baseline. As predicted: (1) smokers had significantly greater substance use; (2) approximately half of smokers wanted to quit; and (3) smokers with a quit goal had significantly greater self-efficacy and lower perceived difficulty of quitting...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND, AIMS: The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire (SAEQ) is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the SAEQ to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (± SD) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (± SD) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (± SD) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9.2 years) completed the SAEQ and a series of rating scales measuring nicotine dependence, alcohol use, anxiety and depressive symptoms at baseline and after 3 months (retest)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. This article adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William R Morrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Pierre Philippot, Fabien D'Hondt, Yasmine Briane, Faustine Devynck, Céline Douilliez, Joël Billieux, Alexandre Heeren, Pierre Maurage
Emotional and interpersonal deficits play a crucial role in alcohol-related disorders as they predict alcohol consumption and relapse. Recent models of emotion regulation in psychopathology postulate that these deficits are centrally related to increased abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, combined with reduced concrete/experiential repetitive thinking. As this assumption has not been tested in addictions, this study aimed at investigating repetitive thinking modes in a large sample of alcohol-dependent individuals...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Lynn Webster, Peter Hjelmström, Michael Sumner, Erik W Gunderson
This prospective, randomized, active-controlled, non-inferiority study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablet (Zubsolv(®); buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablet) versus generic buprenorphine for induction of opioid maintenance among dependent adults. The study, conducted at 13 sites from June 2013 to January 2014, included a 2-day blinded induction phase and a 27-day open-label stabilization/maintenance phase. During the blinded induction, patients received fixed doses of buprenorphine/naloxone rapidly dissolving tablets or generic buprenorphine...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between compulsive buying and substance dependence/abuse, major depressive episodes, and generalized anxiety disorder at the mean age of 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 New York counties in 1975 (N = 548). The participants were followed from adolescence to early midlife. The mean age of participants at the most recent interview was 43.0 (standard deviation = 2.8). Of the participants, 55% were females. Over 90% of the participants were Caucasian...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Diane M Herbeck, Kira E Jeter, Sarah J Cousins, Reham Abdelmaksoud, Desirée Crèvecoeur-MacPhail
Further research is needed to investigate real-world acceptability of extended-release naltrexone for alcohol and opioid use disorders, and potential gender differences. This study examines treatment and clinical characteristics among men and women receiving extended-release naltrexone in a large, publicly funded substance use disorder treatment system (N = 465; 52% female). Patient demographics, treatment characteristics, and the number of extended-release naltrexone doses received were collected from administrative data and treatment program staff...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Jennifer M Reingle-Gonzalez
The intersection of addiction and crime is pervasive. Not only is there a high prevalence of substance use and substance use disorders among criminal justice populations that is substantially higher than in the general population, but also offenders with substance use disorders are more likely to be rearrested. The authors believe there are several broad points that addiction researchers and criminologists have come to understand that are important to bring together. In this commentary, the asymmetrical nature of crime (i...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Carol J Boyd, James A Cranford, Sean Esteban McCabe
The non-medical use of prescription medications has been identified as a major public health problem among youth, although few longitudinal studies have examined non-medical use of prescription medications in the context of other drug use. Previous cross-sectional studies have shown gender and race differences in non-medical use of prescription medications. It was hypothesized that (1) non-medical use of prescription medications increases with age, and (2) these increases will be stronger in magnitude among female and Caucasian adolescents...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Marie Grall-Bronnec, Julie Caillon, Elise Humeau, Bastien Perrot, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Bruno Rocher, Anne Sauvaget, Gaelle Bouju
In Europe, the prevalence of gambling disorders in the general population ranges from 0.15 to 6.6%. Professional athletes are known for having risk factors for addictive behaviors, such as young age or sensation seeking, though no study has yet tried to evaluate the prevalence of gambling and gambling disorders among this specific population. The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence of gambling, problematic or not, among European professional athletes and to explore the factors that are associated with gambling practice and gambling problems in professional athletes...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Keith A Miller, Mario J Hitschfeld, Timothy W Lineberry, Brian A Palmer
Despite their high prevalence, little is known about the effects of substance use disorders and active substance use on the suicide risk or length-of-stay of psychiatric inpatients. This study examines the relationship between active substance use at the time of psychiatric hospitalization and changes in suicide risk measures and length-of-stay. Admission and discharge ratings on the Suicide Status Form-II-R, diagnoses, and toxicology data from 2,333 unique psychiatric inpatients were examined. Data for patients using alcohol, tetrahydrocannabinol, methamphetamines, cocaine, benzodiazepines, opiates, barbiturates, phencyclidine, and multiple substances on admission were compared with data from 1,426 admissions without substance use...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Caroline B R Evans, Katie L Cotter, Roderick A Rose, Paul R Smokowski
Middle- and high-school substance use is a pressing public health problem in the United States. Despite similar or, in some cases, elevated rates of substance use among rural youth, much of the extant research on adolescent substance use has focused on urban areas. The current study aims to uncover forms of social capital (e.g., ethnic identity), social capital deprivation (e.g., parent-child conflict), and anti-social capital (e.g., delinquent friends) that impact the use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana in a sample of middle- and high-school students from the rural south...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eleanor T Lewis, Andrea L Jamison, Sharfun Ghaus, Eva M Durazo, Susan M Frayne, Katherine J Hoggatt, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Christine Timko, Michael A Cucciare
Previous research indicates women Veterans have a potentially large, unmet need for alcohol-related care but are under-represented in treatment settings. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with women Veterans' receptivity to a recommendation for alcohol-related care when they present to Veterans Affairs (VA) primary care with alcohol misuse. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from 2012-2013 with 30 women Veterans at two VA facilities who screened positive for alcohol misuse during a primary care visit and discussed their alcohol use with their primary-care provider...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Mircea Puscas, Mohammed Hasoon, Carlos Eechevarria, Tracy Cooper, Leslie Tamura, Ahmad Chebbo, Richard W Carlson
This single site retrospective observational study assessed the evolution of sedation therapy for severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the intensive care unit. Patient records for 2 intervals were reviewed: Interval 1, which included 87 intensive care unit patients admitted January 2005 through September 2007, for whom benzodiazedpine monotherapy was utilized; and Interval 2, January 2010 through December 2010, for whom 54 of 84 (64.3%) intensive care unit patients, including all those intubated, received adjunctive agents, including dexmedetomidine or propofol...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Michael D Campbell, George Kolodner, Robert A Spencer, Robert L DuPont
The study examined the relationship between continued non-medical drug use and treatment retention for patients receiving buprenorphine maintenance treatment in a comprehensive addiction treatment program. The participants were 106 newly admitted patients and 103 continuing patients in treatment for an average of 9.4 months at the start of the study. Retrospective chart reviews were used to determine for each group whether the use of illicit, non-prescribed drugs during a 3-month baseline period was associated with lowered rates of treatment retention over the following 14 months...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Lia Shidlansik, Miriam Adelson, Einat Peles
BACKGROUND: Stigma attached to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is very common. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigma and its relation to the extent of knowledge about MMT Methods: We conducted a survey among MMT and non-MMT addiction therapists from different treatment centers in Israel, including MMT clinics (Ministry of Health) and non MMT addiction facilities (Ministry of Social Services), using an anonymous questionnaire about MMT stigma and knowledge...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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