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Journal of Addictive Diseases

Wen Li, Eric L Garland, Matthew O Howard
BACKGROUND: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by signs and symptoms similar to substance use and gambling disorders, and associated with psychosocial impairments. Research suggests that maladaptive gaming-related cognitions and coping may be implicated in IGD; therefore, interventions for IGD need to target these underlying mechanisms. Mindfulness-based treatment is effective in changing maladaptive cognitive processes and increasing adaptive coping among people with addictions...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ella Pattison-Sharp, Robin Dawson Estrada, Alice Elio, Melissa Prendergast, Delesha M Carpenter
Few studies have examined the use of prescription opioids in schools. The current study aimed to: (1) describe the context within which school nurses encounter student opioid prescriptions; (2) assess school nurses' preferences for training and student education; and (3) explore urban-rural differences in school nurses' experiences and training preferences. A convenience sample of school nurses (n = 633) from North Carolina and South Carolina participated in a brief, anonymous, online survey. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically and statistical tests (t-tests and Chi-square tests) were performed to investigate urban-rural differences...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T Lanza, John J Dziak, Bethany C Bray
The aim of the current article is to identify subgroups of adult drinkers characterized by typical drinking patterns. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III were used to classify drinkers based on several indicators of drinking. Past-year drinkers aged 18-64 were included (n = 22,776). Latent class analysis revealed a 5-class model: Occasional, Light Drinkers (28%), Frequent Drinkers (25%), Infrequent Drinkers with Occasional Binging (5%), Frequent Drinkers with Occasional Binging (22%), and High-Intensity Drinkers (20%)...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Grace Chang, Michelle Davids, Alan Kershaw
Patients with opioid use disorder are at a high risk of overdose. To minimize that risk, a program offering intranasal naloxone rescue kits was piloted at a Veterans Administration Hospital. The purpose of this study was to characterize veterans who accepted these potentially lifesaving kits. Retrospective medical chart review of 158 veterans with opioid use disorder receiving treatment on either the inpatient psychiatry detoxification units or outpatient methadone maintenance setting who were offered overdose education and naloxone rescue kits...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Joseph Westermeyer, Gihyun Yoon, Paul Thuras, Tegan Batres-Y-Carr, Scott McNairy, Heather Swanson
The current study describes the psychometric properties of a scale (entitled "Substance Use Disorder Outcome Scale-10 items" or 10-Item Substance Use Disorder Outcome Scale) designed for longitudinal studies. Sixteen male veterans attending a substance use disorder recovery clinic were studied over a 2-year period. The attending nurse and physician conducted four, 10-Item Substance Use Disorder Outcome Scale scale ratings, each encompassing a 6-month period, for each participant. Analyses involved scale descriptive results, Cronbach alpha scores, effects of deleting the item on Cronbach alpha scores for the remaining items, and item-to-scale correlations across the four periods, plus three exploratory studies...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Traci H Abraham, Patricia Wright, Penny White, Brenda M Booth, Michael A Cucciare
BACKGROUND: Although rates of unhealthy drinking are high among women Veterans with mental health comorbidities, most women Veterans with mental comorbidities who present to primary care with unhealthy drinking do not receive alcohol-related care. Barriers to alcohol-related treatment could be reduced through patient-centered approaches to care, such as shared decision-making. AIMS: We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a telephone-delivered shared decision-making intervention for promoting alcohol behavior change in women Veterans with unhealthy drinking and co-morbid depression and/or probable post-traumatic stress disorder...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Rachel A Hoopsick, Jennifer Fillo, Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
Maladjustment after leaving the military may contribute to poor health outcomes, including increased risk for substance use and dependence. The authors examined differences in substance use and dependence on the basis of military involvement in a large nationally representative sample. Data are from a subset of the 2010-2014 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (n = 5,608). The sample included men (81.9%) and women (18.1%) aged 20-49 years who had either separated/retired from the military (n = 4,862) or were a current reserve service member (n = 746)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ali Albonaim, Hedyeh Fazel, Alireza Sharafshah, Vahid Omarmeli, Sajjad Rezaei, Farzam Ajamian, Parvaneh Keshavarz
Previous studies have shown significant associations between OPRK1 and susceptibility to opioid dependence and the relationships between libido dysfunction and insomnia among opium addicts who underwent methadone maintenance treatment. The authors investigated the single locus and haplotype association of rs997917, rs6985606, and rs6473797 with susceptibility to opioid addiction. Samples were selected among 202 healthy individuals and 202 opium addicts undergoing methadone maintenance treatment. Genomic DNA was extracted from the whole blood samples of all subjects through a salting out procedure...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eric J Hawkins, Aline M K Lott, Carol A Malte, Anissa N Frank, Brittney Hamilton, George G Sayre, Janelle M Painter, John S Baer
Although care management approaches have potential to improve clinical outcomes and reduce high health care costs of patients with complex substance use disorders, characterized by high psychosocial, psychological, and/or medical needs and high acute health care utilization, little is known about patients' perspectives or experiences with these interventions. The objectives of this study were to identify barriers and facilitators to patient engagement in care management services for complex substance use disorders from patients' perspectives...
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Raj K Kalapatapu, Tatiana P Dannenbaum, John D Harbison, Beth E Cohen
It is not clear from prior studies whether trauma exposure predicts substance use problems independent of psychiatric comorbidities. Most prior studies were cross-sectional in nature, and none focused on prescription drug problems. To address this gap in the literature, the current article is a secondary analysis of veterans from the Mind Your Heart prospective cohort study. The primary research question is whether trauma exposure predicts prescription drug problems even after controlling for major psychiatric symptoms, such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression...
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ryan C Shorey, Michael J Gawrysiak, Joanna Elmquist, Meagan Brem, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use cravings are a known predictor of relapse to substance use following treatment for a substance use disorder. Thus, research on factors that may be correlated with cravings, and could then be targeted in substance use treatment, is needed. Both distress tolerance and experiential avoidance, similar but distinct constructs, are independently associated with substance use cravings. However, no known research has examined these constructs as simultaneous predictors of substance use cravings, which may have important implications for treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Stephen J Finch, Mario De La Rosa, David W Brook
The current study examines longitudinal patterns of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms as predictors of generalized anxiety disorder using data from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. There were 674 African American (53%) and Puerto Rican (47%) participants. Among the 674 participants, 60% were females. In the logistic regression analyses, the indicators of membership in each of the joint trajectories of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms from the mid-20s to the mid-30s were used as the independent variables, and the diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder in the mid-30s was used as the dependent variable...
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Daniel J Paulus, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
Although there is an interconnection between history of major depressive disorder and smoking, there has been relatively limited scientific attention oriented on the interplay between history of major depressive disorder and smoking maintenance processes. The current study sought to address whether history of major depressive disorder and post-cessation craving interact in the prediction of relapse among treatment-seeking smokers. Separate models were evaluated as a function of sex. Participants (n = 319, Mage = 41...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ronaldo Lopes-Rosa, Félix P Kessler, Thiago G Pianca, Luciano Guimarães, Pedro Ferronato, Esequiel Pagnussat, Helena Moura, Flavio Pechansky, Lisia von Diemen
Relapse is associated with a poor prognosis among drug users. Crack cocaine users are more prone to severe dependence because of the intensity of use. Additionally, initiating drug use during adolescence worsens users' prognosis due to the increased rates of impulsivity and other risk behaviors. This study aimed to identify the predictors of early relapse among adolescent crack users discharged from inpatient treatment. A cohort study was conducted with 89 psychiatric inpatients aged 12-17 years from two different hospitals in southern Brazil who met the criteria for crack abuse or dependence...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
The Drinking Motives Questionnaire measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened-form of the revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire, map main drinking motives, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems, and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Alex T Ramsey, Ana Baumann, David Patterson Silver Wolf, Yan Yan, Ben Cooper, Enola Proctor
Effective clinical supervision is necessary for high-quality care in community-based substance use disorder treatment settings, yet little is known about current supervision practices. Some evidence suggests that supervisors and counselors differ in their experiences of clinical supervision; however, the impact of this misalignment on supervision quality is unclear. Clinical information monitoring systems may support supervision in substance use disorder treatment, but the potential use of these tools must first be explored...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Azizi Seixas, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Undine E Lang, Dorothy Castille, Stefan Larkin, Bruce G Link
People who suffer from severe mental illness often present with histories of abuse during childhood. Alcohol use disorders is a common co-morbidity of survivors of childhood abuse and neglect. This study analyzes the effects of stressful childhood experiences, a proxy for trauma, on the frequency of alcohol consumption and the utilization of health care services in a population of people with severe mental illness. There were 111 men (mean age: 35 years) and 72 women (mean age: 40.0 years) with severe mental illness that were recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinics in New York City...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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