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Journal of Addictive Diseases

Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Stephen J Finch, Mario De La Rosa, David W Brook
The current study examines the longitudinal patterns of both cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms as predictors of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) using data from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. There were 674 African American (53%) and Puerto Rican (47%) participants. Among the 674 participants, 60% were females. In the logistic regression analyses, the indicator variables of membership in each of the joint trajectories of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms from the mid 20s to the mid 30s were used as the independent variables, and the diagnosis of GAD in the mid 30s was used as the dependent variable...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Katrin Stange, Mathias Krüger, Eva Janke, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Stefan Bleich, Thomas Hillemacher, Annemarie Heberlein
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies report that substance addictions are associated with sociocognitive impairments. Regarding opiate addicted patients, the few existing studies point to deficits regarding empathic abilities. Previous research suggests that testosterone might be a relevant biomarker of these impairments. AIMS: We aimed to investigate whether opiate addicted patients show specific impairments in emotional (empathic concern, personal distress) and cognitive empathy compared to healthy controls...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ronaldo Lopes-Rosa, Félix P Kessler, Thiago G Pianca, Luciano Guimarães, Pedro Ferronato, Esequiel Pagnussat, Helena Moura, Flavio Pechansky, Lisia von Diemen
Relapse is associated with a poor prognosis among drug users. Crack cocaine users are more prone to severe dependence because of the intensity of use. Additionally, initiating drug use during adolescence worsens users' prognosis due to the increased rates of impulsivity and other risk behaviors. This study aimed to identify the predictors of early relapse among adolescent crack users discharged from inpatient treatment. A cohort study was conducted with 89 psychiatric inpatients aged 12-17 years from two different hospitals in southern Brazil who met the criteria for crack abuse or dependence...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Alex T Ramsey, Ana Baumann, David Patterson, Yan Yan, Ben Cooper, Enola Proctor
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical supervision is necessary for high-quality care in community-based substance use disorder treatment settings, yet little is known about current supervision practices. Some evidence suggests that supervisors and counselors differ in their experiences of clinical supervision; however, the impact of this misalignment on supervision quality is unclear. Clinical information monitoring systems may support supervision in substance use disorder treatment, but the potential use of these tools must first be explored...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Azizi Seixas, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Undine E Lang, Dorothy Castille, Stefan Larkin, Bruce G Link
BACKGROUND: People who suffer from severe mental illness often present with histories of abuse during childhood. Alcohol use disorders is a common co-morbidity of survivors of childhood abuse and neglect. AIMS: This study analyzes the effects of stressful childhood experiences, a proxy for trauma, on the frequency of alcohol consumption and the utilization of health care services in a population of people with severe mental illness. METHODS: 111 men (mean age: 35 years) and 72 women (mean age: 40...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ayman Fareed, Jungjin Kim, Bethany Ketchen, Woo Jin Kwak, Danzhao Wang, Hilaire Shongo-Hiango, Karen Drexler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study we focus on reviewing imaging studies that used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for individuals with a history of heroin use. This review study compiled existing research addressing the effect of heroin use on decision making by reviewing available functional neuroimaging data.. METHODS: Systematic review of the literatures using the PRISMA checklist. Eligible articles were retrieved through a computer-based MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1960 to December 2015 using the major medical subject headings 'heroin, fMRI' (all fields)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
Metaphors, and the frames they evoke, potently influence how people understand issues. These concepts of discourse, metaphor, and framing have been productively used in a range of studies including in the field of addiction. In public health and clinical discourse on people who use drugs, use of terms such as "targeting," "surveilling," and "capturing," along with "war on drugs" frames and referring to drug treatment as "substitution" may reinforce negative perceptions of people who use drugs. Avoiding military metaphors and explicitly leveraging metaphors that emphasize humanity, social cohesion, and agency have the potential to improve public health for people who use drugs...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in pregnant substance users but receives low priority in substance use disorder treatment. This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of a randomized, multisite trial with 200 pregnant substance users, 145 (72.5%) of whom smoked at baseline. As predicted: (1) smokers had significantly greater substance use; (2) approximately half of smokers wanted to quit; and (3) smokers with a quit goal had significantly greater self-efficacy and lower perceived difficulty of quitting...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (±standard deviation) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (±standard deviation) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (±standard deviation) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. This article adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eric L Garland, Michael R Riquino, Sarah E Priddy, Craig J Bryan
Given that chronic pain patients experience significant rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, access to prescription opioids compounds the risk of death by suicide. These patients may experience heightened opioid craving and exhibit increased cue-reactivity to stimuli associated with past opioid use when suicidal ideation produces negative affective states. Because both opioids and suicidal behavior are used to alleviate emotional and physical pain through a process of negative reinforcement, elucidating factors that mediate this association may yield insight into suicide risk among chronic pain patients...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Lia Shidlansik, Miriam Adelson, Einat Peles
Stigma attached to methadone maintenance treatment is very common. The objective of the current article is to evaluate the presence of stigma and its relation to the extent of knowledge about methadone maintenance treatment. The authors conducted a survey among methadone maintenance treatment and non-methadone maintenance treatment addiction therapists from different treatment centers in Israel, including methadone maintenance treatment clinics (Ministry of Health) and non-methadone maintenance treatment addiction facilities (Ministry of Social Services), using an anonymous questionnaire about methadone maintenance treatment stigma and knowledge...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Bradley D Stein, Joshua Mendelsohn, Adam J Gordon, Andrew W Dick, Rachel M Burns, Mark Sorbero, Regina A Shih, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Opioid analgesic and benzodiazepine use in individuals with opioid use disorders can increase the risk for medical consequences and relapse. Little is known about rates of use of these medications or prescribing patterns among communities of prescribers. The goal of this study was to examine rates of prescribing to Medicaid-enrollees in the calendar year after an opioid use disorder diagnosis, and to examine individual, county, and provider community factors associated with such prescribing. 2008 Medicaid claims data were used from 12 states to identify enrollees diagnosed with opioid use disorders, and 2009 claims data were used to identify rates of prescribing of each drug...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Rama M Kamal, Boukje A G Dijkstra, Gerdien H de Weert-van Oene, Josja A M van Duren, Cornelis A J de Jong
Understanding the psychiatric state and psychological distress level of patients with gamma-hydroxybutyrate dependence is important to develop effective detoxification and relapse management methods. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence among gamma-hydroxybutyrate-dependent individuals of psychiatric comorbidity and psychological distress levels and their association with the individuals' pattern of misuse and quality of life. There were 98 patients tested with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-plus, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Depression Anxiety Stress scale, and the EuroQoL-5D as a part of the Dutch gamma-hydroxybutyrate detoxification monitor in 7 addiction treatment centers...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Brendan J Collins, Kevin Cuddy, Antony P Martin
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the UK Drug Interventions Program which directs adult drug-misusing offenders out of crime and into treatment programs was established. Quality-adjusted life year estimates from the UK Drug Treatment Outcomes Research Study were collected and a cost-utility assessment of the Drug Interventions Program was conducted. Cost-utility assessment confirmed that the Drug Interventions Program is both effective and cost-effective with an average net cost saving of £668 (£6,207 including one case of homicide)...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Adeline Nyamathi, Benissa E Salem, David Farabee, Elizabeth Hall, Sheldon Zhang, Mark Faucette, Doug Bond, Kartik Yadav
A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 600 paroled men, homeless prior to incarceration, to assess varying levels of peer-coach and nurse-partnered interventions on re-arrest at 6 and 12 months. Findings revealed that positive predictors of re-arrest at 12 months included having received social support from drug users and non-drug users, as well as having used marijuana at least once a week prior to their most recent incarceration. In terms of protective factors, those who participated in a substance abuse program contract within a residential drug treatment program or spent 90 days or greater in a residential drug treatment program were less likely to have been re-arrested within 12 months...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Pradip Paul, Ajit Dahale, Brij Kishore, Prabhat Chand, Vivek Benegal, Sanjeev Jain, Pratima Murthy, Meera Purushottam
The associations of GRIN2B polymorphism (rs1806201) with alcohol withdrawal and related clinical parameters in alcohol dependent subjects were investigated. Cases were assessed using a semi-structured clinical pro forma for alcohol abuse and a questionnaire for family history of alcohol dependence and psychiatric disorders after obtaining informed consent. The study included alcohol dependent male cases (n = 220, age at onset of alcohol withdrawal symptoms = 32.4 ± 8.8 y) recruited at the Center for Addiction Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Hoda Jradi
Smoking cessation counseling and therapy provided by physicians play an important role in helping smokers quit. Awareness and practices of the clinical practice guidelines for tobacco dependence (in particular the 5A's: Ask, Assist, Assess, Advise, and Arrange) among physicians and perceived barriers for their implementation is needed to improve care for individuals who smoke/use tobacco products in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted among 124 general and family practitioners in primary health care clinics belonging to 2 major medical centers in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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