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Journal of Addictive Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548574/overdose-education-and-naloxone-distribution-for-veterans-with-opioid-use-disorder-results-from-a-pilot-initiative
#1
Grace Chang, Michelle Davids, Alan Kershaw
Background Patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) are at high risk of overdose. To minimize that risk, a program offering intranasal naloxone rescue kits was piloted at a Veterans Administration Hospital. The purpose of this study was to characterize the veterans who accepted these potentially lifesaving kits. Methods Retrospective medical chart review of 158 veterans with OUD receiving treatment on either the inpatient psychiatry detoxification units or outpatient methadone maintenance setting who were offered overdose education and naloxone rescue (OEND) kits...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481174/the-10-item-sud-outcome-scale-sos-10-psychometric-evaluation
#2
Joseph Westermeyer, Gihyun Yoon, Paul Thuras, Tegan Batres-Y-Carr, Scott McNairy, Heather Swanson
AIMS: This study describes the psychometric properties of a scale (entitled "Substance-Use-Disorder [SUD] Outcome Scale - 10 items" or SOS-10) designed for longitudinal studies. METHODS: Sixteen male veterans attending a SUD-recovery clinic were studied over a 2-year period. The attending nurse and physician conducted four SOS-10 scale ratings, each encompassing a 6-month period, for each participant. Analyses involved scale descriptive results, Cronbach alpha scores, effect of deleting the item on Cronbach alpha scores for the remaining items, and item-to-scale correlations across the four periods, plus three exploratory studies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481144/patients-perspectives-on-care-management-services-for-complex-substance-use-disorders
#3
Eric Hawkins, Aline Lott, Carol Malte, Anissa Frank, Brittney Hamilton, George Sayre, Janelle Painter, John Baer
BACKGROUND: Although care management approaches have potential to improve clinical outcomes and reduce high health care costs of patients with complex substance use disorders, characterized by high psychosocial, psychological and/or medical needs and high acute healthcare utilization, little is known about patients' perspectives or experiences with these interventions. AIMS: To identify barriers and facilitators to patient engagement in care management services for complex substance use disorders from patients' perspectives...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388283/does-trauma-exposure-predict-prescription-drug-problems-beyond-the-contribution-of-ptsd-depression-an-analysis-of-the-mind-your-heart-cohort-study
#4
Raj K Kalapatapu, Tatiana P Dannenbaum, John D Harbison, Beth E Cohen
BACKGROUND: It is not clear from prior studies whether trauma exposure predicts substance use problems independent of psychiatric comorbidities. Most prior studies were cross-sectional in nature, and none focused on prescription drug problems. AIMS: To address this gap in the literature, this paper is a secondary analysis of veterans from the Mind Your Heart prospective cohort study. The primary research question is whether trauma exposure predicts prescription drug problems even after controlling for major psychiatric symptoms, such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388278/the-interplay-of-history-of-depression-and-craving-in-terms-of-smoking-relapse-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#5
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Daniel J Paulus, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Although there is an interconnection between history of major depressive disorder (HMDD) and smoking, there has been relatively limited scientific attention oriented on the interplay between HMDD and smoking maintenance processes. AIM: The current study sought to address whether HMDD and post-cessation craving interact in the prediction of relapse among treatment-seeking smokers. Separate models were evaluated as a function of sex. METHODS: Participants (N = 319, Mage = 41...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281938/joint-trajectories-of-cigarette-smoking-and-depressive-symptoms-from-the-mid-20s-to-the-mid-30s-predicting-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#6
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Stephen J Finch, Mario De La Rosa, David W Brook
The current study examines longitudinal patterns of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms as predictors of generalized anxiety disorder using data from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. There were 674 African American (53%) and Puerto Rican (47%) participants. Among the 674 participants, 60% were females. In the logistic regression analyses, the indicators of membership in each of the joint trajectories of cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms from the mid-20s to the mid-30s were used as the independent variables, and the diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder in the mid-30s was used as the dependent variable...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281909/positive-association-of-personal-distress-with-testosterone-in-opiate-addicted-patients
#7
Katrin Stange, Mathias Krüger, Eva Janke, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Stefan Bleich, Thomas Hillemacher, Annemarie Heberlein
Clinical studies report that substance addictions are associated with sociocognitive impairments. Regarding opiate-addicted patients, the few existing studies point to deficits in empathic abilities. Previous research suggests that testosterone might be a relevant biomarker of these impairments. The authors aimed to investigate whether opiate-addicted patients show specific impairments in emotional (empathic concern, personal distress) and cognitive empathy compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, the authors aimed to assess possible associations of testosterone levels with impaired empathic abilities in the patients' group...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358236/experiential-avoidance-distress-tolerance-and-substance-use-cravings-among-adults-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#8
Ryan C Shorey, Michael J Gawrysiak, Joanna Elmquist, Meagan Brem, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use cravings are a known predictor of relapse to substance use following treatment for a substance use disorder. Thus, research on factors that may be correlated with cravings, and could then be targeted in substance use treatment, is needed. Both distress tolerance and experiential avoidance, similar but distinct constructs, are independently associated with substance use cravings. However, no known research has examined these constructs as simultaneous predictors of substance use cravings, which may have important implications for treatment...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323547/the-extent-that-health-professionals-suspect-and-address-addiction-to-medicines-in-primary-care-findings-from-a-survey-in-northwest-england
#9
Geoff Bates, Madeleine Cochrane, Adam John Mackridge
Addiction to medicines available over the counter or via prescription is of growing international concern. The authors of the current article ran an online survey of health professionals in general medical practice and community pharmacy settings in Northwest England to explore the frequency of suspecting and responding to addiction to medicines. Health professionals reported frequently identifying addiction to medicines among patients including those with long-term pain, mental health problems, sleep disorders, and other substance use disorders, but that these addictions often go unchallenged...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409738/president-s-message-the-beast
#10
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166480/the-need-for-data-informed-clinical-supervision-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment
#11
Alex T Ramsey, Ana Baumann, David Patterson Silver Wolf, Yan Yan, Ben Cooper, Enola Proctor
Effective clinical supervision is necessary for high-quality care in community-based substance use disorder treatment settings, yet little is known about current supervision practices. Some evidence suggests that supervisors and counselors differ in their experiences of clinical supervision; however, the impact of this misalignment on supervision quality is unclear. Clinical information monitoring systems may support supervision in substance use disorder treatment, but the potential use of these tools must first be explored...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095255/effect-of-heroin-use-on-changes-of-brain-functions-as-measured-by-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-systematic-review
#12
Ayman Fareed, Jungjin Kim, Bethany Ketchen, Woo Jin Kwak, Danzhao Wang, Hilaire Shongo-Hiango, Karen Drexler
In this study the authors focus on reviewing imaging studies that used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging for individuals with a history of heroin use. This review study compiled existing research addressing the effect of heroin use on decision making by reviewing available functional neuroimaging data. Systematic review of the literatures using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist. Eligible articles were retrieved through a computer-based MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1960 to December 2015 using the major medical subject headings "heroin, fMRI" (all fields)...
April 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296627/predictors-of-early-relapse-among-adolescent-crack-users
#13
Ronaldo Lopes-Rosa, Félix P Kessler, Thiago G Pianca, Luciano Guimarães, Pedro Ferronato, Esequiel Pagnussat, Helena Moura, Flavio Pechansky, Lisia von Diemen
Relapse is associated with a poor prognosis among drug users. Crack cocaine users are more prone to severe dependence because of the intensity of use. Additionally, initiating drug use during adolescence worsens users' prognosis due to the increased rates of impulsivity and other risk behaviors. This study aimed to identify the predictors of early relapse among adolescent crack users discharged from inpatient treatment. A cohort study was conducted with 89 psychiatric inpatients aged 12-17 years from two different hospitals in southern Brazil who met the criteria for crack abuse or dependence...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166486/drinking-motives-of-adult-patients-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-alcohol-use
#14
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103157/alcohol-consumption-and-the-use-of-health-care-services-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-and-stressful-childhood-experiences
#15
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Azizi Seixas, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Undine E Lang, Dorothy Castille, Stefan Larkin, Bruce G Link
BACKGROUND: People who suffer from severe mental illness often present with histories of abuse during childhood. Alcohol use disorders is a common co-morbidity of survivors of childhood abuse and neglect. AIMS: This study analyzes the effects of stressful childhood experiences, a proxy for trauma, on the frequency of alcohol consumption and the utilization of health care services in a population of people with severe mental illness. METHODS: 111 men (mean age: 35 years) and 72 women (mean age: 40...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094688/president-s-message
#16
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827568/to-neither-target-capture-surveille-nor-wage-war-on-going-need-for-attention-to-metaphor-theory-in-care-and-prevention-for-people-who-use-drugs
#17
David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
Metaphors, and the frames they evoke, potently influence how people understand issues. These concepts of discourse, metaphor, and framing have been productively used in a range of studies including in the field of addiction. In public health and clinical discourse on people who use drugs, use of terms such as "targeting," "surveilling," and "capturing," along with "war on drugs" frames and referring to drug treatment as "substitution" may reinforce negative perceptions of people who use drugs. Avoiding military metaphors and explicitly leveraging metaphors that emphasize humanity, social cohesion, and agency have the potential to improve public health for people who use drugs...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802114/cigarette-smoking-in-pregnant-substance-users-association-with-substance-use-and-desire-to-quit
#18
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in pregnant substance users but receives low priority in substance use disorder treatment. This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of a randomized, multisite trial with 200 pregnant substance users, 145 (72.5%) of whom smoked at baseline. As predicted: (1) smokers had significantly greater substance use; (2) approximately half of smokers wanted to quit; and (3) smokers with a quit goal had significantly greater self-efficacy and lower perceived difficulty of quitting...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782790/the-smoking-abstinence-expectancies-questionnaire-italian-version-analysis-of-psychometric-properties
#19
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (±standard deviation) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (±standard deviation) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (±standard deviation) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719514/lifetime-alcohol-use-and-cognitive-performance-in-older-adults
#20
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. This article adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
January 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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