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Journal of Addictive Diseases

David C Perlman, Ashly E Jordan
Metaphors, and the frames they evoke, potently influence how people understand issues. These concepts of discourse, metaphor, and framing have been productively used in a range of studies including in the field of addiction. In public health and clinical discourse on people who use drugs, use of terms such as "targeting," "surveilling," and "capturing," along with "war on drugs" frames and referring to drug treatment as "substitution" may reinforce negative perceptions of people who use drugs. Avoiding military metaphors and explicitly leveraging metaphors that emphasize humanity, social cohesion, and agency have the potential to improve public health for people who use drugs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel Lewis
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in pregnant substance users but receives low priority in substance use disorder treatment. This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of a randomized, multisite trial with 200 pregnant substance users, 145 (72.5%) of whom smoked at baseline. As predicted: (1) smokers had significantly greater substance use; (2) approximately half of smokers wanted to quit; and (3) smokers with a quit goal had significantly greater self-efficacy and lower perceived difficulty of quitting...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND, AIMS: The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire (SAEQ) is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the SAEQ to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (± SD) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (± SD) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (± SD) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9.2 years) completed the SAEQ and a series of rating scales measuring nicotine dependence, alcohol use, anxiety and depressive symptoms at baseline and after 3 months (retest)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. This article adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Lia Shidlansik, Miriam Adelson, Einat Peles
BACKGROUND: Stigma attached to methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is very common. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of stigma and its relation to the extent of knowledge about MMT Methods: We conducted a survey among MMT and non-MMT addiction therapists from different treatment centers in Israel, including MMT clinics (Ministry of Health) and non MMT addiction facilities (Ministry of Social Services), using an anonymous questionnaire about MMT stigma and knowledge...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William R Morrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between compulsive buying and substance dependence/abuse, major depressive episodes, and generalized anxiety disorder at the mean age of 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 New York counties in 1975 (N = 548). The participants were followed from adolescence to early midlife. The mean age of participants at the most recent interview was 43.0 (standard deviation = 2.8). Of the participants, 55% were females. Over 90% of the participants were Caucasian...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Carol J Boyd, James A Cranford, Sean Esteban McCabe
The non-medical use of prescription medications has been identified as a major public health problem among youth, although few longitudinal studies have examined non-medical use of prescription medications in the context of other drug use. Previous cross-sectional studies have shown gender and race differences in non-medical use of prescription medications. It was hypothesized that (1) non-medical use of prescription medications increases with age, and (2) these increases will be stronger in magnitude among female and Caucasian adolescents...
October 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eric L Garland, Michael R Riquino, Sarah E Priddy, Craig J Bryan
Given that chronic pain patients experience significant rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, access to prescription opioids compounds the risk of death by suicide. These patients may experience heightened opioid craving and exhibit increased cue-reactivity to stimuli associated with past opioid use when suicidal ideation produces negative affective states. Because both opioids and suicidal behavior are used to alleviate emotional and physical pain through a process of negative reinforcement, elucidating factors that mediate this association may yield insight into suicide risk among chronic pain patients...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Bradley D Stein, Joshua Mendelsohn, Adam J Gordon, Andrew W Dick, Rachel M Burns, Mark Sorbero, Regina A Shih, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
BACKGROUND: Opioid analgesic and benzodiazepine use in individuals with opioid use disorders (OUDs) can increase the risk for medical consequences and relapse. Little is known about rates of use of these medications or prescribing patterns among communities of prescribers. AIMS: To examine rates of prescribing to Medicaid-enrollees in the calendar year after an OUD diagnosis, and to examine individual, county, and provider community factors associated with such prescribing...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Rama M Kamal, Boukje A G Dijkstra, Gerdien H de Weert-van Oene, Josja A M van Duren, Cornelis A J De Jong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Understanding the psychiatric state and psychological distress level of patients with GHB dependence is important to develop effective detoxification and relapse management methods. Our aim is to assess the prevalence among GHB-dependent individuals of psychiatric comorbidity and psychological distress levels and their association with the individuals' pattern of misuse and quality of life. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients were tested with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-plus (MINI-plus), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Depression Anxiety Stress scale (DASS) and EuroQol-5D as a part of the Dutch GHB detoxification monitor in seven addiction treatment centers...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Pierre Philippot, Fabien D'Hondt, Yasmine Briane, Faustine Devynck, Céline Douilliez, Joël Billieux, Alexandre Heeren, Pierre Maurage
BACKGROUND: Emotional and interpersonal deficits play a crucial role in alcohol-related disorders as they predict alcohol consumption and relapse. Recent models of emotion regulation in psychopathology postulate that these deficits are centrally related to increased abstract/analytic repetitive thinking, combined with reduced concrete/experiential repetitive thinking. OBJECTIVE: As this assumption has not been tested in addictions, this study aimed at investigating repetitive thinking modes in a large sample of alcohol-dependent subjects...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Julia McBeth, Casey R Guillot, Matthew D Stone, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Michael J Zvolensky, Julia D Buckner, Adam M Leventhal
BACKGROUND: Numerous anxiety syndromes co-occur with substance use problems in adolescents, though the mechanisms underlying these comorbidities are not well understood. Three transdiagnostic processes-anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety-related sensations), distress tolerance (capacity to withstand emotional distress), and negative urgency (propensity to respond impulsively to negative emotion)-have been implicated in various anxiety and substance use problems. AIMS: To examine whether anxiety sensitivity, distress tolerance, and negative urgency statistically mediated relations between symptoms of three different anxiety disorders (social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and panic disorders) and alcohol and cannabis use problems...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Xiulu Ruan, Alan David Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Itai Danovitch
Post-traumatic stress disorder is highly prevalent among individuals who suffer from opioid use disorder. Compared to individuals with opioid use disorder alone, those with post-traumatic stress disorder have a worse course of illness, occupational functioning, and physical health. The neurobiological pathways underlying each disorder overlap substantially, and there are multiple pathways through which these disorders may interact. This narrative review explores evidence underpinning 3 explanatory perspectives on comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid use disorder: The opioid susceptibility model (a...
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Cory A Crane, Robert C Schlauch, Susan Devine, Caroline J Easton
While previous studies find mixed evidence of an association between opioid use and intimate partner violence perpetration among community samples, initial evidence has detected increased rates of partner violence among individuals receiving pharmacological intervention for opioid dependence. The current study evaluated the role of current comorbid substance use diagnoses, a robust risk factor for violent behavior, on the likelihood of perpetrating partner violence among a high risk sample of offenders receiving pharmacological intervention for opioid dependence...
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Alicia K Klanecky, Dennis E McChargue, Antover P Tuliao
The relationship between early sexual abuse and college problem drinking was examined using an integration of the self-medication and vulnerability-stress models. Baseline survey data from parti-cipants (N = 213; 135 men and 78 college women) completing a mandated, brief alcohol intervention were utilized. Representative of the self-medication model, post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms mediated the early sexual abuse/problem drinking relationship. Two psychological vulnerability factors-emotion dysregulation and dissociative tendencies-were incorporated into self-medication findings via more advanced mediational models...
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eva Herzog, Michael Odenwald, Margit Proescholdt, Anja Haubold, Isabelle Bohnacker, Marlene Flögel, Andreas Linde, Sandra Müller, Gerhard Wiesbeck, Undine Lang, Marc Walter, Marc Vogel
It is unclear whether post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and reports of traumatic childhood experiences decline during substance withdrawal. A convenience sample of 34 inpatients of the Psychiatric University Clinics in Basel was recruited and general psychopathological and trauma-related symptoms were assessed with the Brief Symptom Checklist, Post-Traumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire in the 1st and 3rd week of substance use treatment. The average age of the sample was 41...
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa, Anna Giannoni-Pastor, Sara Guila Fidel-Kinori, José María Argüello
The authors aimed to test whether the three classical hypotheses of the interaction between post-traumatic symptomatology and substance use (high risk of trauma exposure, susceptibility for post-traumatic symptomatology, and self-medication of symptoms), may be useful in the understanding of substance use among burn patients. Substance use data (nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, and tranquilizers) and psychopathology measures among burn patients admitted to a burn unit and enrolled in a longitudinal observational study were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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