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Obesity Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417273/bariatric-surgery-did-not-increase-the-risk-of-gallstone-disease-in-obese-patients-a-comprehensive-cohort-study
#1
Jian-Han Chen, Ming-Shian Tsai, Chung-Yen Chen, Hui-Ming Lee, Chi-Fu Cheng, Yu-Ting Chiu, Wen-Yao Yin, Cheng-Hung Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of bariatric surgery on gallstone disease in obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This large cohort retrospective study was conducted based on the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. All patients 18-55 years of age with a diagnosis code for obesity (ICD-9-CM codes 278.00-278.02 or 278.1) between 2003 and 2010 were included. Patients with a history of gallstone disease and hepatic malignancies were excluded...
November 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417272/letter-to-the-editor-circulating-adult-stem-and-progenitor-cells-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-myotonic-dystrophy
#2
LETTER
Julia M Kröpfl, Britta Wilms, Barbara Ernst, Bernd Schultes, Christina M Spengler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415354/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-the-pharmacokinetics-parameters-of-amoxicillin
#3
Marina Becker Sales Rocha, Gilberto De Nucci, Francisco Ney Lemos, Rodrigo Feitosa de Albuquerque Lima Babadopulos, Andrea Vieira Pontes Rohleder, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine, Natalícia J Antunes, Gustavo D Mendes, Demetrius Fernandes do Nascimento, Manoel Odorico de Moraes, Maria Elisabete Amaral de Moraes
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to several anatomo-physiological modifications that may affect pharmacokinetic parameters and consequently alter the therapeutic effect of drugs, such as antibiotics. The pharmacokinetics of oral amoxicillin after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on the pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin. METHODS: This study was performed as a randomized, open-label, single-dose clinical trial, with two periods of treatment, in which obese subjects (n = 8) received an amoxicillin 500 mg capsule orally before and 2 months after the RYGB surgery...
November 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413932/a-higher-preoperative-glycemic-profile-is-associated-with-rapid-gastric-emptying-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-obese-subjects
#4
Po-Jen Yang, Mei-Fang Cheng, Wei-Shiung Yang, Ming-Shian Tsai, Po-Chu Lee, Chiung-Nien Chen, Ming-Tsan Lin, Ping-Huei Tseng
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have shown that sleeve gastrectomy (SG) accelerates gastric emptying (GE), but the etiology remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting GE before and after SG. METHODS: We enrolled 35 normal weight healthy subjects and 23 obese patients receiving SG. The normal individuals and obese patients before and 3 months after SG received oatmeal-based scintigraphy to measure GE. Gastrointestinal symptoms and circulating levels of peptide YY (PYY) were also measured...
November 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411226/improvement-in-nocturnal-hypoxemia-in-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-bariatric-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#5
Yuxiang Zhang, Wenyue Wang, Chengcan Yang, Jiahui Shen, Meilong Shi, Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis examining the effects of bariatric surgery on nocturnal hypoxemia in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched (the last search date was June 10, 2018) to identify relevant clinical studies. The mean arterial oxygen saturation (MeanSaO2 ), nadir oxygen saturation (NadirSaO2 ), apnea hypopnea index (AHI), and body mass index (BMI) data during the perioperative period were extracted and analyzed using a random effects model...
November 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411225/letter-to-editor-on-taste-changes-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review
#6
LETTER
Saeed Shoar, Fatemeh Alavi Naini, Naseem Athari, Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411224/safety-and-feasibility-of-a-lower-cost-stapler-in-bariatric-surgery
#7
Kurt E Roberts, L Renee Hilton, Danielle T Friedman, Joel S Frieder, Xuchen Zhang, Andrew J Duffy
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic staplers are integral to bariatric surgery. Their pricing significantly impacts the overall cost of procedures. An independent device company has designed a stapler handle and single-use reloads for cross-compatibility and equivalency with existing manufacturers, at a lower cost. OBJECTIVES: We aim to demonstrate non-inferior function and cross-compatibility of a newly introduced stapler handle and reloads compared to our institution's current stapling system in a large animal survival study...
November 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406301/pancreatic-tail-bleeding-and-leakage-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-a-patient-with-high-body-mass-index-a-case-report
#8
LETTER
Masood Amini, Reza Dehghani, Afshin Zare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406300/web-based-educational-seminars-compare-favorably-with-in-house-seminars-for-bariatric-surgery-patients
#9
Sara Monfared, Anna Martin, Kamna Gupta, Dimitrios Stefanidis, Don Selzer, Jennifer Choi, Annabelle Butler, Ambar Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive preparative patient education is a key element in bariatric patient success. The primary objective of this study was to compare attrition rates, demographics, and surgery outcomes between patients who participated in the online vs in-house preparative seminars. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed involving patients who chose to participate in online vs in-house educational seminar between July of 2014 and December of 2016...
November 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402805/gastric-emptying-and-food-tolerance-following-banded-and-non-banded-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#10
Galzuinda Maria Figueiredo Reis, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Paulo Roberto Savassi-Rocha, Omar Lopes Cançado Júnior, Fábio Rodrigues Thuler, Mauro Lima Faria, Vicente Guerra Filho
INTRODUCTION: Gastric emptying (GE) and food tolerance (FT) can be altered after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been performed, especially when it involved the use of a restrictive mechanism (such as a silastic ring). AIM: To assess GE and FT in patients who underwent banded (BRYGB) or non-banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Forty-seven BRYGB patients and 47 RYGB patients underwent gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) and FT assessment (by means of a questionnaire) between 6 months and 2 years postoperatively...
November 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402804/outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-versus-medical-management-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Zhamak Khorgami, Saeed Shoar, Alan A Saber, C Anthony Howard, Goodarz Danaei, Guido M Sclabas
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery improves type 2 diabetes (T2D) in obese patients. The sustainability of these effects and the long-term results have been under question. OBJECTIVE: To compare bariatric surgery versus medical management (MM) for T2D based on a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 2 years of follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven RCTs with at least 2-year follow-up were identified. The primary endpoint was remission of T2D (full or partial)...
November 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402803/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-an-underestimated-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-esophageal-cancer-a-nationwide-survey
#12
Philipp Gehwolf, Katrin Kienzl-Wagner, Fergül Cakar-Beck, Aline Schäfer, Heinz Wykypiel
BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% of Austria's 8.5 million inhabitants have a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2 . The laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was introduced in Austria in 1994, where about 10.300 patients have received it so far. One of our LAGB patients developed an adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus 13 years after implantation. OBJECTIVES: In order to calculate whether after LAGB patients are at higher risk for carcinoma of the esophagus, we performed a nationwide survey...
November 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397878/the-changes-of-serum-metabolites-in-diabetic-gk-rats-after-ileal-transposition-surgery
#13
Kemin Yan, Weijie Chen, Huijuan Zhu, Guole Lin, Wei Sun, Xiaoyan Liu, Hui Pan, Linjie Wang, Hongbo Yang, Meijuan Liu, Fengying Gong
BACKGROUND: Ileal transposition (IT) surgery could improve metabolism. Metabolomics has been applied comprehensively in analyzing the global dynamic alterations of metabolites. In the present study, we aimed to investigate serum metabolite alterations in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats after IT surgery. METHODS: Male GK rats were subjected to IT and Sham-IT surgery. Six weeks later, body weight, food intake, fat mass, and serum biochemical parameters were measured...
November 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397877/patients-with-schizophrenia-do-not-demonstrate-worse-outcome-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-short-term-cohort-study
#14
Rami Archid, Nicole Archid, Tobias Meile, Jonas Hoffmann, Julia Hilbert, Daniel Wulff, Martin Teufel, Michaela Muthig, Markus Quante, Alfred Königsrainer, Jessica Lange
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare surgical and psychiatric outcome and weight loss in schizophrenia patients with mentally healthy patients after sleeve gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study design was selected, comprising patients with schizophrenia with mentally healthy patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and were adherent to a follow-up at least 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: Seven schizophrenia (5 male, 2 female) and 59 (12 male, 47 female) mentally healthy patients were included in this study...
November 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397876/outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#15
Inka Miñambres, Miguel Angel Rubio, Ana de Hollanda, Irene Breton, Nuria Vilarrasa, Silvia Pellitero, Marta Bueno, Albert Lecube, Clara Marcuello, Albert Goday, Maria D Ballesteros, German Soriano, Assumpta Caixàs
CONTEXT: Information concerning the risk-benefit profile of bariatric surgery in subjects with liver cirrhosis is scarce. Our aim was to describe the long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery in a cohort of patients with liver cirrhosis submitted to bariatric surgery. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective observational study performed by the Obesity Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (GOSEEN), with a review of patients with cirrhosis who had undergone bariatric surgery during the period from April 2004 to March 2017 in ten public reference hospitals in Spain...
November 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397875/reproductive-function-abnormalities-and-bariatric-surgery-is-a-matter-of-time
#16
LETTER
Angelo Di Vincenzo, Marco Rossato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397874/author-s-reply-to-liver-dysfunction-with-both-roux-en-y-and-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-is-almost-exclusively-seen-with-longer-than-standard-limb-lengths-by-kamal-k-mahawar
#17
LETTER
Katharina Staufer, Magdalena Eilenberg, Gerhard Prager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392103/weight-change-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-physical-activity-and-eating-style-is-there-a-relationship
#18
Valerie M Monpellier, Ignace M C Janssen, Evangelia E Antoniou, Anita T M Jansen
BACKGROUND: Insufficient weight loss and weight regain is seen in 20-30% of the post-bariatric population. More knowledge about the effect of physical activity and eating style on weight change after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is essential since behaviour can be modified and thereby results improved. The goal of this study is to determine the relationship between weight change, self-reported physical activity and eating style. METHODS: Weight, physical activity (PA) and eating style (ES) were assessed before surgery and 15, 24, 36 and 48 months after surgery...
November 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392102/in-reply-to-the-invitation-from-the-editor-to-the-letter-what-is-the-current-evidence-to-define-the-length-of-the-alimentary-limb-in-the-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-technique
#19
LETTER
Yingjin Wang, Chen Xie, Xiaodong Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392101/what-is-the-current-evidence-to-define-the-length-of-the-alimentary-limb-in-the-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-technique
#20
LETTER
Jesús Morales-Maza, Oscar Santes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
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