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Obesity Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781044/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-morbidly-obese-hiv-patients-focus-on-anti-retroviral-treatment-absorption-after-surgery
#1
Chloé Amouyal, Marion Buyse, Lea Lucas-Martini, Déborah Hirt, Laurent Genser, Adriana Torcivia, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jean-Michel Oppert, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky
CONTEXT: Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) dramatically reduced AIDS development, thus enabling patients to live as long as the general population. New challenges have emerged particularly cardiometabolic diseases and weight gain, with some HIV patients seeking bariatric surgery (BS). However, BS outcomes during HIV remain poorly described, with scarce data on ART pharmacokinetic post-BS. OBJECTIVE: Describing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) results in HIV patients in terms of ART pharmacokinetic, HIV control, weight loss, and metabolic outcomes...
May 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774453/predictors-for-adherence-to-multidisciplinary-follow-up-care-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#2
Ariela Goldenshluger, R Elazary, M J Cohen, M Goldenshluger, T Ben-Porat, J Nowotni, H Geraisi, M Amun, A J Pikarsky, L Keinan-Boker
INTRODUCTION: A considerable proportion of patients who undergo bariatric surgeries (BS) do not attend routine postoperative follow-up despite recommendations for such. Data are sparse regarding the various aspects of patient adherence to consultations following sleeve gastrectomy (SG). OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of adherence to SG follow-up, reasons for attrition from follow-up, and the relationship between adherence to follow-up and weight loss results...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770925/esophageal-magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-as-a-novel-approach-to-post-bariatric-surgery-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#3
John P Kuckelman, Cody J Phillips, Michael J Derickson, Byron J Faler, Matthew J Martin
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) in patients with GERD after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Pre- and post-operative GERD quality of life (G-QOL) surveys were conducted. Standard indications (SI) group or the post-bariatric group (PB) created. Outcomes were compared between groups. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients analyzed with no losses to follow-up. All patients had preoperative testing confirming normal motility and presence of GERD...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770924/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-induced-weight-loss-and-metabolic-improvements-are-similar-in-tgr5-deficient-and-wildtype-mice
#4
Zheng Hao, R Leigh Townsend, Michael B Mumphrey, Thomas W Gettys, Sangho Yu, Heike Münzberg, Christopher D Morrison, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) remains one of the most effective treatments for obesity and type 2 diabetes. Despite this, the mechanisms through which it acts are still not well understood. Bile acid signaling through the transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor TGR5 has been shown to have significant effects on metabolism and has recently been reported to be necessary for the full effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), a bariatric surgery with similar effects to RYGB...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766353/how-ethical-is-our-current-delivery-of-care-to-patients-with-severe-and-complicated-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Hilary Craig, Carel le Roux, Fiona Keogh, Francis M Finucane
Despite overwhelming evidence that bariatric interventions reduce morbidity and mortality and are cost-effective, access for affected patients is limited. We sought to describe the extent to which health policy makers and publically funded health services have an ethical obligation to provide bariatric care. We conducted a narrative review of the literature pertaining to the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgical interventions, in the context of the core principles of medical ethics...
May 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766352/correction-to-establishing-a-reproducible-murine-animal-model-of-single-anastomosis-duodenoileal-bypass-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-sadl-s
#6
Laura Montana, Mylene Lamon, Christophe Barrat, Boris Hansel, Christophe Magnan, Konstantinos Arapis
The first and last names of the authors were inverted in the original article. They are displayed correctly here.
May 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761262/correction-to-comparison-of-early-morbidity-and-mortality-between-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-gastric-bypass-in-high-risk-patients-for-liver-disease-analysis-of-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#7
Mohamad A Minhem, Sali F Sarkis, Bassem Y Safadi, Souha A Fares, Ramzi S Alami
The authors regret that some of the article text, which was in the original manuscript and was intended for and addressed to the reviewers during the review process of this article, was mistakenly overlooked during the proofs stage and remains in the published article.
May 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761261/editorial-single-anastomosis-procedures-ifso-position-statement
#8
Kelvin Higa, Wendy Brown, Jacques Himpens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754386/nutritional-deficiencies-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-and-predictors
#9
Bingsheng Guan, Jingge Yang, Yanya Chen, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies have been reported in bariatric surgery patients with inconsistent results. However, scarce data exist for Chinese patients. We aimed to assess nutritional deficiencies in Chinese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and to identify predictors of postoperative nutritional status. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted in the patients undergoing RYGB and SG in our hospital between June 2013 and January 2017...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754385/four-year-evolution-of-a-thrombophylaxis-protocol-in-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-program-recent-results-in-485-patients
#10
Marie-Cécile Blanchet, Vincent Frering, Benoît Gignoux, Yann Matussière, Philippe Oudar, Romain Noël, Alban Mirabaud
"Enhanced recovery after surgery" (ERAS) protocols may reduce morbidity, length of hospital stay (LOS), and costs. During the 4-year evolution of a bariatric ERAS protocol, we found that administration of thrombophylaxis selectively to high-risk morbidly obese patients (assessed postoperatively by Caprini score ≥ 3) undergoing omega loop gastric bypass ("mini" gastric bypass) or sleeve gastrectomy resulted in safe outcomes. Both procedures proved equally effective with this protocol...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754384/magnesium-sulfate-reduced-opioid-consumption-in-obese-patients-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Nurcan Kizilcik, Ozge Koner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate on pain management for pain after sleeve gastrectomy operation. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Visual analog scale for the evaluation of pain, sedation score, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and total analgesic consumption was recorded...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754383/alteration-of-bone-mineral-density-differs-between-genders-in-obese-subjects-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-may-count
#12
Xingchun Wang, Liang Li, Cuiling Zhu, Jingyang Gao, Shen Qu
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has proven to be successful in weight reduction but with potential loss of bone mass. Previous studies indicated that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) plays an important role in both bone formation and glucose-lipid metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the changes in bone mineral density (BMD), bone metabolic parameters, and serum BMP4 levels in obese Chinese subjects after LSG. METHODS: Seventy-one obese patients (34 males, age 31...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752665/microcirculatory-improvement-induced-by-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-related-to-insulin-sensitivity-retrieval
#13
Stefano Ministrini, Chiara Fattori, Maria Anastasia Ricci, Vanessa Bianconi, Rita Paltriccia, Marcello Boni, Maria Teresa Paganelli, Gaetano Vaudo, Graziana Lupattelli, Leonella Pasqualini
AIMS: Microvascular dysfunction is a potential factor explaining the association of obesity, insulin resistance, and vascular damage in morbidly obese subjects. The purpose of the study was to evaluate possible determinants of microcirculatory improvement 1 year after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) intervention. METHODS: Thirty-seven morbidly obese subjects eligible for bariatric surgery were included in the study. Post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) of the forearm skin was measured as area of hyperemia (AH) by laser-Doppler flowmetry before LSG and after a 1-year follow-up...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752664/patient-related-factors-predicting-workspace-conditions-during-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#14
Paola Aceto, Cristina Modesti, Teresa Sacco, Roberto De Cicco, Valter Perilli, Marco Raffaelli, Carlo Lai, Liliana Sollazzi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused on the role of deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in improving surgical conditions during laparoscopic bariatric surgery. However, a wide inter-individual variability has been noted. The aim of this study was to identify patient-related factors affecting surgeon satisfaction with the surgical space and surgery duration in laparoscopic bariatric surgery under deep NMB. METHODS: One hundred eighty-five patients scheduled for laparoscopic gastric bypass were enrolled...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748735/revisional-gastric-bypass-is-inferior-to-primary-gastric-bypass-in-terms-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Małczak, Mateusz Wierdak, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, W Konrad Karcz, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: Although Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the main primary bariatric procedure, it has also been utilized as revisional bariatric surgery. Our aim is to compare revisionary gastric bypass with primary gastric bypass through systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: Available literature was searched for eligible studies up to December 2017. Inclusion criteria were reports on morbidity, %EWL, or diabetes remission. Secondary outcomes involved mortality, anastomotic leakage, operative time, and length of hospital stay...
May 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748734/selection-of-bypass-vs-sleeve-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-severely-obese-could-ethnicity-play-a-role
#16
Aparna Govil Bhasker, John B Dixon, Muffazal Lakdawala
PURPOSE: Prospective data was evaluated to see whether bariatric procedure type made any difference to diabetes remission. METHODS: One hundred eighty-six consecutive patients of Indian ethnicity (M:F 89:97) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and HbA1c > 6.5 were assessed before and at 1 year following surgery. Age, BMI, C-peptide and duration of diabetes (ABCD - described by WJ Lee), insulin use, baseline HbA1c, and % weight loss were tested as modifiers...
May 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744716/response-to-a-letter-to-the-editor-re-detecting-bile-reflux-the-enigma-of-bariatric-surgery
#17
LETTER
Thomas A Eldredge, Jennifer C Myers, George K Kiroff, Jonathan Shenfine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744714/picard-marceau-md-phd-frcs-c-facs
#18
Philippe Topart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744713/fabp2-lepr223-lep656-and-fto-polymorphisms-effect-on-weight-loss-2-years-after-bariatric-surgery
#19
Natália Luiza Kops, Manoela A Vivan, Jaqueline D C Horvath, Mariana L D de Castro, Rogério Friedman
PURPOSE: Differences in weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery may be related to individual preoperative characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of fatty acid binding protein-2 (rs1799883), leptin receptor (LEP223, rs1137101 and LEP656, rs1805094), and fat mass and obesity-related (rs9939609) genotypes on weight loss 2 years after bariatric surgery in Brazilian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study involving 105 patients (lost to follow-up, 25...
May 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730777/closed-incision-negative-pressure-therapy-cinpt-reduces-minor-local-complications-in-post-bariatric-abdominoplasty-body-contouring-a-retrospective-case-control-series
#20
Silvio Abatangelo, Elisabetta Saporiti, Giorgio Giatsidis
BACKGROUND: Over 30% of the US population is obese and nearly 300,000 patients undergo bariatric surgery every year. Patients seeking body-contouring procedures face a staggering rate of surgical complications caused by obesity-associated systemic and local factors impairing wound healing. Closed incision negative-pressure therapy (ciNPT) systems could improve surgical outcomes in these patients. Here, we tested this hypothesis in a retrospective case-control series of post-bariatric patients undergoing an abdominoplasty...
May 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
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