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Obesity Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151242/a-qualitative-examination-of-increased-alcohol-use-after-bariatric-surgery-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-adults
#1
Christine E Spadola, Eric F Wagner, Leah M Varga, Jennifer L Syvertsen, Nestor F De La Cruz Munoz, Sarah E Messiah
INTRODUCTION: Mounting evidence suggests that bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery (WLS), patients might be vulnerable to developing post-operative alcohol use problems. While the majority of published research offers information concerning the prevalence of problematic alcohol use post-WLS, the literature lacks comprehensive, qualitative explorations examining why alcohol misuse might emerge after WLS. Such data-driven hypotheses are needed to effectively target this emerging concern...
November 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151241/liver-dysfunction-with-both-roux-en-y-and-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-is-almost-exclusively-seen-with-longer-than-standard-limb-lengths
#2
LETTER
Kamal K Mahawar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151240/rare-entities-of-histopathological-findings-in-755-sleeve-gastrectomy-cases-a-synopsis-of-preoperative-endoscopy-findings-and-histological-evaluation-of-the-specimen
#3
Erkan Yardimci, Suleyman Bozkurt, Lutfullah Baskoy, Huseyin Kazim Bektasoglu, Melin Ozgun Gecer, Samet Yigman, Huseyin Akbulut, Halil Coskun
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most preferred technique in morbidly obese patients for weight loss. There is a controversy about the routine preoperative evaluation of the stomach and the routine microscopic examination of all LSG specimens. Our aim is to analyze the results of both preoperative upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and endoscopic biopsies and also the results of histopathological examination of LSG specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of patients who underwent LSG from January 2011 to November 2016 were analyzed retrospectively from a prospectively collected database...
November 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150741/prevalence-of-micronutrient-deficiency-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-before-bariatric-surgery-what-about-celiac-disease
#4
LETTER
Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Rinaldo Pellicano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147939/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-bariatric-surgery-and-endoluminal-procedures-ifso-worldwide-survey-2014
#5
LETTER
L Angrisani, A Santonicola, A Vitiello, P Iovino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143291/professor-martin-fried-md-phd
#6
Martin Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143290/increased-free-testosterone-levels-in-men-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-five-years-after-randomization-to-bariatric-surgery
#7
Nathan H Pham, James Bena, Deepak L Bhatt, Laurence Kennedy, Philip R Schauer, Sangeeta R Kashyap
Hypogonadism frequently occurs in male patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and is linked to insulin resistance and inflammation. Testosterone levels rise acutely in obese patients following bariatric surgery, though long-term changes have not been investigated in a randomized controlled trial. This study evaluated obese men with T2DM randomized to either bariatric surgery or medical therapy. Testosterone, gonadotropins, body composition, insulin sensitivity, and inflammatory markers were evaluated in 32 patients at baseline and at 5 years...
November 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139029/asge-endovators-summit-defining-the-role-and-value-of-endoscopic-therapies-in-obesity-management
#8
Marvin Ryou, Kenneth R McQuaid, Christopher C Thompson, Steven Edmundowicz, Klaus Mergener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134499/correction-to-trend-of-changes-in-serum-albumin-and-its-relation-with-sex-age-and-bmi-following-laparoscopic-mini-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-morbid-obese-cases
#9
Mehrdad Karimi, Ali Kabir, Masoumeh Nejatifar, Abdolreza Pazouki
Due to a production error the bottom portion of Fig. 3 was missing in the version of this article originally published online.
November 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127578/comparative-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
Gautam Sharma, Andrew T Strong, Mena Boules, Chao Tu, Samuel Szomstein, Raul Rosenthal, John Rodriguez, Alan J Taege, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Paradoxically, advances in anti-retroviral therapy that has increased survival for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have resulted in greater numbers of HIV+ patients developing other chronic diseases, including obesity. Little comparative literature exists detailing perioperative or metabolic outcomes of bariatric surgery in the HIV+ population compared to HIV negative (HIV-) controls. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with both HIV+ (case) and HIV- control patients...
November 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127577/predictors-of-success-in-bariatric-surgery-the-role-of-bmi-and-pre-operative-comorbidities
#11
Magda Rosa Ramos da Cruz, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Marília Rizzon Zaparolli, Nathalia Farinha Wagner, José Simão de Paula Pinto, Antônio Carlos Ligocki Campos, Cesar Augusto Taconeli
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of 204 patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The impact of weight regain (WR), pre-operative comorbidities and BMI values on the recurrence of comorbidities was evaluated, and an equation was elaborated to estimate BMI at 5 years of bariatric surgery. METHODS: Pre-operative data, after 1 year and after 5 years, was collected from the medical records. Descriptive analyses and bivariate hypothesis tests were performed first, and then, a generalised linear regression model with Tweedie distribution was adjusted...
November 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119336/bariatric-surgery-as-an-efficient-treatment-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-prospective-study-with-1-year-follow-up-bariscan-study
#12
Felix Nickel, Christian Tapking, Laura Benner, Janina Sollors, Adrian T Billeter, Hannes G Kenngott, Loay Bokhary, Mathias Schmid, Moritz von Frankenberg, Lars Fischer, Sebastian Mueller, Beat P Müller-Stich
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery gains attention as a potential treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The present study aimed to evaluate improvement of NAFLD after the two most common bariatric procedures with validated non-invasive instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: N = 100 patients scheduled for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) were included. NAFLD was evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with liver stiffness measurement by transient elastography and laboratory-based fibrosis scores...
November 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116560/preoperative-and-postoperative-assessments-of-biochemical-parameters-in-patients-with-severe-obesity-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells, Kendra K Lester, William K Midodzi, Mette Rode Pedersen, David Pace, Chris Smith, Darrell Boone, Edward W Randell, Christopher S Kovacs
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to determine the prevalence of abnormal serum biochemistries associated with micronutrient deficiencies before and after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: Two hundred and one patients had LSG surgery between May 2011 and May 2014. Using a prospective cohort study design, data were collected on ferritin, hemoglobin (Hgb), mean cell volume (MCV), calcium, albumin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D), PTH, and vitamin B12 with follow-up of 75...
November 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116559/perioperative-antiemetic-therapy-for-fast-track-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#14
Olumuyiwa A Bamgbade, Oluwafemi Oluwole, Rong R Khaw
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is problematic in bariatric surgery patients and has negative impacts on perioperative outcome. Antiemetic prophylaxis may reduce PONV. Perioperative antiemetic prophylaxis or therapy is crucial and may enhance fast-track bariatric surgery. This study examined the impact of intraoperative multimodal antiemetic prophylaxis on fast-track bariatric surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational clinical study explored the perioperative data of 400 consecutive laparoscopic bariatric surgery patients, over a 6-year period...
November 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110245/quality-assessment-of-information-on-bariatric-surgery-websites
#15
Diana Vetter, Hendrik Ruhwinkel, Dimitri A Raptis, Marco Bueter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of patient information on bariatric surgery in the internet using the modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP) tool. METHODS: Systematic review of information on bariatric surgery in the internet by entering common search terms into five search engines. The top 100 websites of every search term and search engine were assessed using the validated EQIP tool (maximum score, 36), which entails points for content, structure, and identification data of a given website...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110244/the-effect-of-6-and-12%C3%A2-months-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner-treatment-on-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-crossover-cohort-study
#16
Selwyn van Rijn, Bark Betzel, Charlotte de Jonge, David P J van Dijk, Ignace M Janssen, Frits J Berends, Nicole D Bouvy, Jan Willem M Greve
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to study the duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) treatment for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients after dietary treatment in a cross-over design. BACKGROUND: DJBL treatment has been proven effective for treatment of obesity and T2DM. However, data on safety and efficacy of a 12-month DJBL treatment is limited. METHODS: In 2014, our research group reported on a multicenter randomized clinical trial...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110243/problematic-alcohol-use-and-associated-characteristics-following-bariatric-surgery
#17
Kathryn E Smith, Scott G Engel, Kristine J Steffen, Luis Garcia, Karen Grothe, Afton Koball, James E Mitchell
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that a significant minority of individuals who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience problematic alcohol and substance use following surgery. However, little research has examined characteristics, drinking patterns, and possible risk factors within this population. To provide descriptive information of a sample of adults with self-identified alcohol use problems following bariatric surgery, this study examined (1) alcohol and substance use symptoms using standardized assessments, (2) current and past psychiatric comorbidity, (3) subjective changes in alcohol sensitivity following surgery, and (4) specific patterns of alcohol use prior to and following bariatric surgery...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110242/perioperative-mortality-following-bariatric-surgery-in-australia
#18
Sean Davis, Wendy Babidge, Andreas Kiermeier, Robert Aitken, Guy Maddern
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method of sustainable weight loss for the treatment of morbid obesity. Low mortality associated with these procedures has been reported internationally; however, Australian outcomes are yet to be published. Despite its efficacy, limited access to bariatric surgery exists in Australian public hospitals. This retrospective data analysis was conducted for two reasons. Firstly, to determine the perioperative mortality rate (POMR) associated with bariatric procedures in Australia, and secondly, to compare public and private hospital bariatric surgery admission demographics and outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103072/upper-gastrointestinal-function-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents-before-and-6%C3%A2-months-after-gastric-banding
#19
M Singendonk, S Kritas, T Omari, C Feinle-Bisset, A J Page, C L Frisby, S J Kentish, L Ferris, L McCall, L Kow, J Chisholm, S Khurana
BACKGROUND: The effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) placement on upper gastrointestinal tract function in obese adolescents are unknown. Therefore, our aim was to determine the short-term effects of LAGB on esophageal motility, gastroesophageal reflux, gastric emptying, appetite-regulatory hormones, and perceptions of post-prandial hunger and fullness. METHODS: This study was part of a prospective cohort study (March 2009-December 2015) in one tertiary referral hospital...
November 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103071/medium-to-long-term-outcomes-of-gastric-banding-in-adolescents-a-single-center-study-of-97-consecutive-patients
#20
Paul-Noël Dumont, Marie-Cécile Blanchet, Benoît Gignoux, Yann Matussière, Vincent Frering
Morbid obesity in adolescents has been treated effectively with laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). We prospectively studied 97 consecutive obese adolescents undergoing LAGB over the course of 10 years. The average patient age at surgery was 17.2 ± 0.7 years; mean body mass index, 44.9 ± 6.1 kg/m(2). Excluding those lost to follow-up (n = 21), respective mean total weight loss and excess weight loss were 20.0 ± 16.6 and 46.6 ± 39.5% (n = 76, 78.4%). An ascending trend line showed a significant positive correlation between excess weight loss and follow-up duration (mean 56...
November 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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