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Obesity Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429171/sleeve-gastrectomy-alters-intestinal-permeability-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#1
Claire Blanchard, François Moreau, Julien Chevalier, Audrey Ayer, Damien Garcon, Lucie Arnaud, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Thomas Gautier, Michel Neunlist, Bertrand Cariou, Cédric Le May
BACKGROUND: Increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation due to altered intestinal permeability has been suggested as a mechanism for obesity-associated insulin resistance. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on intestinal barrier permeability in diet-induced obese mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four weeks after surgery, the effects of SG on intestinal permeabilities were assessed ex vivo and in vivo in male C57Bl/6J mice fed a high-fat diet...
April 20, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417274/dr-rafael-f-capella-md
#2
Aniceto Baltasar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411313/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-does-not-affect-food-preferences-when-assessed-by-an-ad-libitum-buffet-meal
#3
Mette S Nielsen, Bodil J Christensen, Christian Ritz, Simone Rasmussen, Thea T Hansen, Wender L P Bredie, Carel W le Roux, Anders Sjödin, Julie B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) lead to a reduction in energy intake. It is uncertain whether this reduction is simply due to eating smaller portions or if surgery changes food preferences towards less energy-dense food. Previous results rely on verbal reports, which may be prone to recall bias and underestimation of especially unhealthy foods. METHODS: Using an ad libitum buffet meal targeting direct behavior, we investigated if RYGB and SG surgery leads to changes in food preferences...
April 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411312/2014-the-year-of-the-sleeve-supremacy
#4
LETTER
Luigi Angrisani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405878/bariatric-surgery-and-endoluminal-procedures-ifso-worldwide-survey-2014
#5
L Angrisani, A Santonicola, P Iovino, A Vitiello, N Zundel, H Buchwald, N Scopinaro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several bariatric surgery worldwide surveys have been previously published to illustrate the evolution of bariatric surgery in the last decades. The aim of this survey is to report an updated overview of all bariatric procedures performed in 2014.For the first time, a special section on endoluminal techniques was added. METHODS: The 2014 International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) survey form evaluating the number and the type of surgical and endoluminal bariatric procedures was emailed to all IFSO societies...
April 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405877/revision-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-biliopancreatic-long-limb-gastric-bypass-for-inadequate-weight-response-case-series-and-analysis
#6
Henry Buchwald, Danette M Oien
BACKGROUND: The long-limb Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LLRYGB) was introduced in 1987 as a salvage operation for inadequate weight loss after a standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: We report on 53 consecutive patients (44 females) with conversion of a failed RYGB to a LLRYGB performed by a single surgeon between 2002 and 2014. No patient had an ascertainable anatomic abnormality to explain his/her weight regain. LLRYGB revision consisted of a 75-cm to 100-cm alimentary Roux limb and a 75-cm to 100-cm common channel; after 2011, in suitable patients, the Roux limb was lengthened to greater than 250 cm...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405876/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-kidney-transplant-candidates-a-case-series
#7
Sergio Carandina, Laurent Genser, Manuela Bossi, Laura Montana, Alexandre Cortes, Marie Seman, Marc Danan, Christophe Barrat
BACKGROUND: Patients with a body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m(2) who need kidney transplant present with increased postoperative mortality and reduced kidney graft survival compared to patients with a lower BMI. For this reason, obese patients are often excluded from the transplantation waiting list. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for obese patients awaiting a kidney transplant. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure (DDRF) operated on at two first-level bariatric centers in Paris (France)...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401383/gallstone-disease-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-an-asian-population-what-proportion-of-gallstones-actually-becomes-symptomatic
#8
Muhammed Yaser Hasan, Davide Lomanto, Lee Leng Loh, Jimmy Bok Yan So, Asim Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence on gallstone disease after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), there is an existing lack of consensus on practice guidelines, i.e., surveillance and stone-lowering prophylaxis. Available evidence also has a racial bias as western reports predominate current data. Considering the growing popularity of LSG in Asia and the unique Asian anthropometrics, we have attempted to provide a regional perspective by reviewing our LSG database to investigate the epidemiology of this complication...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397104/omeprazole-absorption-and-fasting-gastrinemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#9
Renata V A Collares-Pelizaro, José S Santos, Carla B Nonino, Cristiane M Gaitani, Wilson Salgado
PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is one of the bariatric surgeries most frequently performed worldwide. Since this operation may predispose to the formation of peptic ulcer of the gastrojejunal anastomosis, the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) is recommended during the first postoperative year. However, so far, there is no detailed knowledge about the absorption of this medication during the immediate postoperative period and consequently about its effectiveness in blocking acid secretion...
April 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391439/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-first-407-patients-in-1%C3%A2-year
#10
Yonatan Lessing, Niv Pencovich, Marian Khatib, Shai Meron-Eldar, Joseph Koriansky, Subhi Abu-Abeid
BACKGROUND: One-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is a promising laparoscopic procedure with various benefits including shorter operating times and less operative complications. That said, it is yet to gain widespread acceptance. Here, we describe our first-year experience with OAGB in our department, in particular the safety and efficacy of this procedure. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent OAGB between March 2015 and March 2016 by our bariatric surgery unit...
April 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389846/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-blocks-via-laparoscopically-placed-catheters-for-bariatric-surgery
#11
Alfred M Said, Hany A Balamoun
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study is to evaluate postoperative analgesic outcome of the continuous bilateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block using bupivacaine infusion through an epidural catheter inserted through laparoscopic ports. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients assigned for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were divided into two equal groups according to postoperative analgesia: Control group received IV morphine, and TAP group received bupivacaine 0...
April 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389845/rare-cause-of-small-bowel-ischemia-during-pregnancy-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#12
LETTER
Niccolo Petrucciani, Tarek Debs, Domenico Ciampi, Damian Massalou, Radwan Kassir, Imed Ben Amor, Jean Gugenheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386756/effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-pulmonary-function-in-obese-women-after-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#13
Tatiana Onofre, Renata Carlos, Nicole Oliver, Amanda Felismino, Davi Fialho, Renata Corte, Eliane Pereira da Silva, Eudes Godoy, Selma Bruno
BACKGROUND: In severely obese individuals, reducing body weight induced by bariatric surgery is able to promote a reduction in comorbidities and improve respiratory symptoms. However, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) reflected by peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) may not improve in individuals who remain sedentary post-surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a physical training program on CRF and pulmonary function in obese women after bariatric surgery, and to compare them to a control group...
April 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386755/rygb-produces-more-sustained-body-weight-loss-and-improvement-of-glycemic-control-compared-with-vsg-in-the-diet-induced-obese-mouse-model
#14
Zheng Hao, R Leigh Townsend, Michael B Mumphrey, Christopher D Morrison, Heike Münzberg, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
BACKGROUND: Weight regain and type-2 diabetes relapse has been reported in a significant proportion of vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) patients in some studies, but definitive conclusions regarding the long-term comparative effectiveness of VSG and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery are lacking both in humans and rodent models. This study's objective was to compare the effects of murine models of VSG and RYGB surgery on body weight, body composition, food intake, energy expenditure, and glycemic control...
April 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386754/appendiceal-carcinoid-in-an-obese-child-a-coincidence-or-alarming-bells
#15
LETTER
Nese Akcan, Emil Mammadov, Hanife Ozkayalar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386753/reply-to-key-features-of-an-ideal-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-pouch
#16
LETTER
Tuure Saarinen, Anne Juuti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382506/mortality-following-bariatric-surgery-compared-to-other-common-operations-in-finland-during-a-5-year-period-2009-2013-a-nationwide-registry-study
#17
Camilla Böckelman, Tilda Hahl, Mikael Victorzon
PURPOSE: A concern regarding the safety of bariatric surgery may explain the fact that only a minor fraction of morbidly obese patients has access to it. This is a population-based, nationwide study reporting 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year mortality rates following bariatric surgery in comparison with mortality rates after other common operations in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery between January 2009 and December 2013 were included. Data on surgical procedures were obtained from the national hospital discharge registry, and cause of death was obtained from Statistics Finland...
April 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378209/bariatric-surgery-reduces-serum-anti-mullerian-hormone-levels-in-obese-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#18
Francesco Chiofalo, Cristina Ciuoli, Caterina Formichi, Federico Selmi, Raffaella Forleo, Ornella Neri, Giuseppe Vuolo, Patrizia Paffetti, Furio Pacini
PURPOSE: Obesity in fertile women has negative effect on fertility. Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) represents a good index of fertility, and it is considered a marker of ovarian reserve and of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) gravity. Previous studies evaluated the relationship between obesity and AMH with contradictory results. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and AMH and the changes of AMH in obese women in reproductive age submitted to bariatric surgery...
April 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378208/endpoint-of-bariatric-surgery-is-not-only-preservation-of-free-fat-mass-but-restoration-of-normal-body-composition
#19
LETTER
Luigi Angrisani, Antonio Vitiello, Ariola Hasani, Antonella Santonicola, Patrizia Colicchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378207/laparoscopic-silastic-ring-mini-gastric-bypass-sr-mgbp-up-to-11-year-results-from-a-single-centre
#20
Laila Sheikh, Lyn A Pearless, Michael Wc Booth
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is well established as an effective method for treating obesity and its related comorbidities. The laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass (MGBP) represents a simpler alternative to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). The placement of a silastic ring (SR) may enhance excess weight loss and minimize weight regain. This study reports long-term results from a cohort of patients undergoing a SR-MGBP in a single centre. METHODS: Long-term outcomes (up to 11 years) in a cohort of 156 patients undergoing surgery between August 2005 and January 2008 were analysed...
April 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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