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International Journal of Environmental Health Research

Kavitha Anbarasu, Vinod Kumar Verma, Syed Sultan Beevi, Velagala Satti Reddy
This study intends to assess the impact of environmental factors on the onset of hypertension-induced end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and to compare the level of oxidative stress with nonhypertensive diabetic ESRD. ESRD patients were evaluated along with healthy controls through questionnaire for demographic, nutritional and lifestyle variables. Oxidants were measured along with antioxidants. Multiple linear regression (MLR) models were applied to analyze association of studied variables with oxidants and antioxidants...
July 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Sanjoy Maji, Santu Ghosh, Sirajuddin Ahmed
The present study reports short-term impact of poor air quality on cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity rate in Delhi. The data on monthly count of patients visiting Out Patient Department (OPD) and hospital admission due to respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses from hospitals along with daily air quality data from air quality monitoring stations of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Government of India, across Delhi were collected for the period 2008 to 2012. A semi-parametric Quasi-Poisson regression model was used to examine the association of high pollution episodes with relative risk of hospital OPD visit and hospital admission due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Dorota Kiewra, Mariusz Szymanowski, Grażyna Zalewska, Beata Dobracka, Witold Dobracki, Jacek Klakočar, Aleksandra Czułowska, Kinga Plewa-Tutaj
To estimate the Lyme borreliosis (LB) risk for forest workers, totally 646 blood samples were tested for IgG and IgM anti-Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. (anti-B.b.) antibody occurrence using ELISA tests confirmed with western blot. To clarify the varied LB risk, additionally, the data from the Forest Data Bank determining the detailed forest habitat type in particular forest inspectorates were used. The occurrence of the anti-B.b. antibody was confirmed in 22% (8.7% IgM, 17.8% IgG) of forest workers. Analysis of the influence of the habitat type (forest types) indicated the significant positive impact of the occurrence of the deciduous and mixed-deciduous forests on the seroprevalence of anti-B...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
David Imo, Stefanie Muff, Rudolf Schierl, Katarzyna Byber, Christine Hitzke, Matthias Bopp, Marion Maggi, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Leonhard Held, Holger Dressel
In this study, we assessed intracorporal mercury concentrations in subjects living on partially mercury-contaminated soils in a defined area in Switzerland. We assessed 64 mothers and 107 children who resided in a defined area for at least 3 months. Mercury in biological samples (urine and hair) was measured, a detailed questionnaire was administered for each individual, and individual mercury soil values were obtained. Human biomonitoring results were compared with health-related and reference values. Mothers and children in our study had geometric means (GMs) of 0...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Nnamdi C Nnoli, Stephen H Linder, Mary A Smith, Gretchen L Gemeinhardt, Kai Zhang
This study represents an analysis of the effect of exposure to ambient ozone and toxic air releases on hospitalization for asthma among children in Harris County, Texas. Our study identified temporal and spatial variations in asthma hospitalization across the study region and explored the combined effect of exposure to ambient ozone and air toxics on asthma hospitalization. Asthma hospitalization hot spots and clusters were mostly not located on zip codes with reported high quantities of total air releases of chemical pollutants...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Djaber Tazdaït, Rym Salah, Hocine Grib, Nadia Abdi, Nabil Mameri
This article is concerned with the study of biodegradation of an organophosphorus herbicide (glyphosate) using unacclimated activated sludge. Glyphosate at different concentrations (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 g/L) was tested for cellular growth. On the other hand, the effect of glyphosate on its own biodegradation was studied by evaluating the fittings of different kinetic models (Andrews, Aiba et al., Han and Levenspiel, Luong, Tessier, Webb, Tseng and Wayman, Yano and Koga). According to the obtained results, the activated sludge was able to use glyphosate as the sole carbon source; however, 2 and 5 g/L glyphosate seemed to inhibit cellular growth...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Lucy S Casley, Tom Godec, James G Logan, James C Pearce, Hugh M P Smith, Sophie A Stewart, Sarah Y Dewhirst
Household dust contains an array of constituents, including house dust mites (HDM) and the HDM allergen, Der p 1, which can cause sensitivities such as asthma and eczema. Vacuuming can help alleviate symptoms, yet little is understood about cleaning behaviour in different households. This pilot study investigated the contents of dust from four household types (students; over 65 s; and families with and without pets). This was then related to cleaning behaviours and perceptions of cleanliness. Our investigation found that HDMs and Der p 1 were present in all households and sampling locations, including participants' cars...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Subir Kumar Nag, Soma Das Sarkar, Sanjib Kumar Manna
Triclosan (TCS), the antibacterial agent commonly used in personal care products is highly toxic to aquatic lives particularly algae, zooplankton and fish. It is bio-accumulative and has endocrine disruptive properties. In this present study, we monitored the occurrence of TCS in water, sediment and fish samples collected from stretch of about 450 km of River Gomti, a major tributary of River Ganga, in India. An isocratic reversed-phase HPLC method was standardized for determination of TCS in samples. In water, TCS was detected in the range of 1...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Peter Kapalo, Florin Domnita, Ciprian Bacotiu, Martin Podolak
From 2014 to 2017, through the cold season, 37 experimental measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) concentration were done inside a selected university classroom, during the same type of activity, namely written examination. Based on the data obtained from the experimental measurements, the article sought to primarily establish a correlation between the body mass of the students and the intensity of carbon dioxide releases inside the experimental classroom. This relationship was determined by using statistical analysis (general least-square estimation of the regression line)...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Veerendra Sahu, Suresh Pandian Elumalai, Sneha Gautam, Nitin Kumar Singh, Pradyumn Singh
Present study reports the characterization results of settled dust particles in different indoor micro-environments of an academic institution in India. Field emission scanning electron microscope analysis of indoor dust revealed the presence of mineral particles, fly ash, and soot particles of different morphologies. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis of indoor dust indicated that crystal particles are comprised of elements such as C, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl, K, Ca, Fe, and Ti. These elements accounted for more than 99% of the samples...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Sabaridasan Arumugam, Soranam Ramaiah
Recently, momentous consideration has being given to our natural ecosystems due to toxic metals, insidious to our environment execute as pollutants to the freshwater ecosystems. The accumulations of metals were encompassed with lead, cadmium and chromium in organs of Devario aequipinnatus. Although, the microscopic scrutinization from the gill and liver of the fish species were explored, the crucial conditions of the ecosystem. The histological study plays a key role in determining the effects of pollution...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Merica Carev, Marija Tonkić, Nataša Boban
Data from population-based laboratory surveillance were used to examine the epidemiological pattern of campylobacteriosis in a sentinel site, Split-Dalmatia County (SDC),Croatia, from 2007 to 2012, and to evaluate the association between disease incidence and demographic, geographical, climatic, agricultural, and microbiological factors. A total of 2658 laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter infections were recorded. Overall mean incidence was 96/100,000, ranging from 61/100,000 in rural to 131/100,000 in urban areas; rates were highest in the age group 0-4 years...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Samuel Olaiya Afolaranmi, Borja Ramis Ferrer, Jose Luis Martinez Lastra
The monitoring of ambient conditions in indoor spaces is very essential owing to the amount of time spent indoors. Specifically, the monitoring of air quality is significant because contaminated air affects the health, comfort and productivity of occupants. This research work presents a technology review of prototyping platforms for monitoring ambient conditions in indoor spaces. It involves the research on sensors (for CO2 , air quality and ambient conditions), IoT platforms, and novel and commercial prototyping platforms...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Svjetlana Dekić, Göran Klobučar, Tomislav Ivanković, Davor Zanella, Matej Vucić, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud, Jasna Hrenović
Bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging human pathogen whose presence in the aquatic environment raises the issue of public health risk. Fish colonization represents the potential route of pathogen transmission to humans. The aim was to examine the colonization of A. baumannii to freshwater fish Poecilia reticulata. An extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii was tested at three concentrations in natural spring water. Additionally, 70 fish from the Sava River (Croatia) were screened for the presence of A...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Xi Yang, Xiaoqian Xi, Wanqi Lin, Shan Guo, Xiangzhao Feng, Elisabeth Gilmore
This article evaluates the effect of energy conservation policies and carbon mitigation efforts on reducing health damage in China's building sector, which has been long ignored. The study bases on both national and provincial levels. To evaluate the health damage effect, we use domestic data by region to ensure the reliability of the evaluation. Results show that in the co-control scenario, the GDP loss saved from health benefit in 2020, 2030, and 2050 is 0.13 %, 0.16 %, and 0.23 %, respectively, compared to reference scenario...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Rok Fink, Stefan Kulaš, Martina Oder
The aim of this study was to determine and compare the efficacy of a standard cleaning agent, sodium dodecyl sulphate, and natural extracts from pomegranate peel grape skin and bay laurel leaf against E. coli biofilm. The biofilm was exposed for 10 minutes to three different concentrations of each tested compound. The results show that bay laurel leaf extract is the most efficient with 43% biofilm biomass reduction, followed by pomegranate peel extract (35%); sodium dodecyl sulphate and grape skin extract each have 30% efficacy...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Frans E Greven, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Frans Duijm, Danielle Timmermans
Large fires involving hazardous materials are often characterized by failing crisis communication. In this study, we compared opinions of experts regarding the risks of major fires to lay beliefs using a mental models approach. Amongst lay people this revealed relevant knowledge gaps and beliefs in opposition to those held by experts. While, experts considered the chance of getting cancer from inhaling smoke from a chemical fire extremely small, most lay people thought that even at a great distance, the chance of getting cancer to be large...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Lee E Voth-Gaeddert, Matthew Stoker, Olga Torres, Daniel B Oerther
Aflatoxin exposure has been proposed to affect child height-for-age. The following hypothesized associations were tested in Guatemala: (1) aflatoxin (B1 , B2 , G1 , G2 ) exposure and environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) and child height-for-age z-score; and (2) aflatoxin exposures and subsequent symptoms of aflatoxins. Maize consumption data, health data, and samples of maize from households were collected from mothers and their children - under five - in October 2016 (n = 320) and February 2017 (n = 120)...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Chris Moeller, Nigel King, Viv Burr, Graham R Gibbs, Tim Gomersall
The objective of this review was to scope the literature on nature-based interventions that could be conducted in institutional settings where people reside full-time for care or rehabilitation purposes. Systematic searches were conducted across CINAHL, Medline, Criminal Justice Abstracts, PsycINFO, Scopus, Social Care Online and Cochrane CENTRAL. A total of 85 studies (reported in 86 articles) were included. Four intervention modalities were identified: Gardening/therapeutic horticulture; animal-assisted therapies; care farming and virtual reality-based simulations of natural environments...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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