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International Journal of Environmental Health Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260884/engagement-of-stakeholders-in-the-development-of-a-theory-of-change-for-handwashing-and-sanitation-behaviour-change
#1
Emmy De Buck, Karin Hannes, Margaret Cargo, Hans Van Remoortel, Axel Vande Veegaete, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Thashlin Govender, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Taryn Young
A Theory of Change (ToC) is an approach to map programmes aimed at inducing change in a specific context, with the goal of increasing their impact. We applied this approach to the specific case of handwashing and sanitation practices in low- and middle-income countries and developed a ToC as part of a systematic review exercise. Different existing sources of information were used to inform the initial draft of the ToC. In addition, stakeholder involvement occurred and peer review took place. Our stakeholders included methodological (ToC/quantitative and qualitative research) and content experts (WASH (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene)/behaviour change), as well as end-users/practitioners, policy-makers and donors...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249164/effect-of-river-water-exposition-on-adhesion-and-invasion-abilities-of-salmonella-oranienburg-and-saintpaul
#2
Mitzi Dayanira Estrada-Acosta, Karina Ramirez, José Andrés Medrano-Félix, Nohelia Castro-Del Campo, Hector S López-Moreno, Maribel Jimenez Edeza, Jaime Martínez-Urtaza, Cristóbal Chaidez
This study was performed to evaluate in vitro the adherence and invasiveness capacity of Salmonella Oranienburg and Saintpaul (isolated from river water) exposed to laboratory and river water growth conditions and inoculated into epithelial HEp-2 cell. Results showed that Salmonella Oranienburg and Salmonella Saintpaul showed lower ability to adhere and invade epithelial HEp-2 cells under both growth conditions as compared to Salmonella Typhimurium reference strain. S. Oranienburg adhesion capacity was not affected by the growth conditions, while S...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241344/sustainability-of-rare-earth-elements-chain-from-production-to-food-a-review
#3
Christian Turra
Rare earth elements (REE) are a group of chemical elements that include lanthanoids (lanthanum to lutetium), scandium and yttrium. In the last decades, the REE demand in the industry and other areas has increased significantly. In general, REE have shown low concentrations in soils, plants, water and atmosphere, but they may accumulate in such environments due to anthropogenic inputs. In areas where there is REE contamination, the slow accumulation of these elements in the environment could become problematic...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232963/integrative-study-of-cell-damage-and-cancer-risk-in-gas-station-attendants
#4
Antônio P R Filho, Maruhen A D Silveira, Camila B do Nascimento, Luciana P G d'Arce
Gas station attendants are potentially exposed to carcinogenic substances. This study aimed to evaluate chronic occupational exposed gas station attendant's according to genetic parameters and its relationship with cancer predisposition. Forty gas station attendants were recruited and paired with 40 control subjects. Thousand cells from each subject were analyzed counting the number of pyknotic (PYC), karyolitic (KYL), karyorrhetic (KHC), condensed chromatin (CC), binucleated (BN), basal cells (BC), Nuclear buds (Nbud), and differentiated cells (DIFF)...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232959/escherichia-coli-biofilm-formation-and-dispersion-under-hydrodynamic-conditions-on-metal-surfaces
#5
Martina Oder, Mateja Arlič, Klemen Bohinc, Rok Fink
The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of hydrodynamic forces on the multiplication of E. coli, and biofilm formation and dispersion. The experiments were provided in a flow chamber simulating a cleaning-in-place system. Biofilm biomass was measured using a crystal violet dye method. The results show that hydrodynamic forces affect not only biofilm formation and dispersion but the multiplication of E. coli in the first place. We found more biofilm biomass on the rough surface than on the smooth one...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172666/association-of-2-4-dichlorophenol-urinary-concentrations-and-olfactory-dysfunction-in-a-national-sample-of-middle-aged-and-older-u-s-adults
#6
Ghalib Bello, Gerard Dumancas
Olfaction is a key sensory mechanism in humans. Deficits in this chemosensory function have wide-ranging impacts on overall health and quality of life. This study examines the role of environmental phenols as risk factors for olfactory dysfunction among a random sample of 839 middle-aged and older U.S. adults. Olfactory function assessment was carried out using a short 8-item test, scores on which were used to classify subjects into normal or impaired olfactory function groups. Logistic regression models were used to test for associations between olfactory impairment and creatinine-adjusted urinary levels of 8 common environmental phenols, adjusting for potentially confounding covariates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149802/associations-of-short-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollutants-with-emergency-ambulance-calls-for-the-exacerbation-of-essential-arterial-hypertension
#7
Jone Vencloviene, Agne Braziene, Audrius Dedele, Kristina Lopatiene, Paulius Dobozinskas
We investigated the association between daily emergency ambulance calls (EAC) for elevated blood pressure that occurred during the time intervals of 8:00-13:59, 14:00-21:59, and 22:00-7:59, and exposure to CO, PM10, and ozone. We used Poisson regression to explore the association between the risk of EAC and short-term variation of pollutants, adjusting for seasonality and weather variables. Before noon, the risk was associated with an interquartile range (IQR) (7.9 μg/m(3)) increase in PM10 at lag 2-4 days below the median (RR = 1...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022359/health-risks-in-rural-populations-due-to-heavy-metals-found-in-agricultural-soils-irrigated-with-wastewater-in-the-alto-balsas-sub-basin-in-tlaxcala-and-puebla-mexico
#8
Numa Pompilio Castro-González, Francisco Calderón-Sánchez, Rafael Moreno-Rojas, Alicia Moreno-Ortega, José Víctor Tamariz-Flores
The aim of this study was to determine the hazard ratio (HQ), the risk index (HI), and the cancer risk index (CRI) for populations of adults and children exposed to ingestion, dermal contact and inhalation of heavy metals in agricultural soil. For these, the contents of Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, Co, Cr, Zn, and the metalloid As were determined in soils of four zones of the sub-basin of Alto Balsas, during two different periods of the year. The average content of metals in the soil was 1.24, 14.77, 14.80, 13.06, 5.50, 17...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994318/tungsten-w-bioavailability-in-paddy-rice-soils-and-its-accumulation-in-rice-oryza-sativa
#9
Blessing James, Weili Zhang, Pei Sun, Mingyan Wu, Hong Hong Li, Muhammad Athar Khaliq, Pathmamali Jayasuriya, Swithin James, Guo Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the accumulation characteristics of tungsten (W) by different indica rice cultivars from the soil and to assess the potential risks to human health via dietary intake of W in rice consumption. A total of 153 rice (ear) samples of 15 cultivars and the corresponding surface soil samples were collected from 7 cities in Fujian Province of southeastern China. The available soil W were extracted using H2C2O4·2H2O-(NH4)2C2O4·H2O at pH 3.3). Results showed that the total soil W ranged from 2...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969426/spatial-variability-in-threshold-temperatures-of-heat-wave-mortality-impact-assessment-on-prevention-plans
#10
R Carmona, C Linares, C Ortiz, I J Mirón, M Y Luna, J Díaz
Spain's current heat wave prevention plans are activated according to administrative areas. This study analyses the determination of threshold temperatures for triggering prevention-plan activation by reference to isoclimatic areas, and describes the public health benefits. We subdivided the study area - the Madrid Autonomous Region (MAR) - into three, distinct, isoclimatic areas: 'North', 'Central' and 'South', and grouped daily natural-cause mortality (ICD-10: A00-R99) in towns of over 10,000 inhabitants (2000-2009 period) accordingly...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891673/correlation-between-serum-lead-and-thyroid-diseases-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-nodular-goiter-and-thyroid-adenoma
#11
Hui Li, Xiang Li, Jie Liu, Langping Jin, Fan Yang, Junbo Wang, Ouchen Wang, Ying Gao
Studies have showed that lead was associated with human health. However, the effects of lead on thyroid functions are inconsistent, and studies based on Chinese population are fragmentary. To evaluate the correlation between lead and thyroid functions of Chinese with different thyroid diseases, we conducted a hospital-based study. Ninety-six papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), 10 nodular goiter (NG), and 7 thyroid adenoma (TA) patients were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China...
October 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929790/the-variability-of-pm10-and-pm2-5-concentrations-in-selected-polish-agglomerations-the-role-of-meteorological-conditions-2006-2016
#12
Joanna Jędruszkiewicz, Bartosz Czernecki, Michał Marosz
The research focuses on the analysis of PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations variability at 11 stations in selected urbanized areas of Poland (Tricity, Poznań, Łódź, Kraków). Methods comprised: the analysis of basic statistical characteristics in yearly/monthly/daily/hourly scale and threshold exceedance frequencies. Also, correlations between PM10 and meteorological variables were investigated. GEV distribution analysis allowed the estimation of the return levels of monthly maxima of PM10 and PM2.5. Results show that in Tricity there are fewer than 5 % of days with PM10 and PM2...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891310/the-adverse-effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-nonylphenol-on-carbohydrate-metabolism-in-male-offspring-rats
#13
J Yang, J Yu, P Wang, Y Luo, X F Yang, X S Yang, W M Li, J Xu
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the adverse effects of perinatal exposure to nonylphenol (NP) on carbohydrate metabolism of male offspring rats. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, control normal diet group (C), NP normal diet group (NPN), control high-energy diet group (CH), and NP high-energy diet group (NPH). Both of the control groups were received a gavage of corn oil and the NP-groups were received NP (200 mg/kg/day) from gestational days 6 to post-natal day (PND) 21...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877591/positive-correlation-between-pesticide-sales-and-central-nervous-system-and-cardiovascular-congenital-abnormalities-in-brazil
#14
Carmen I R Froes Asmus, Volney M Camara, Ronir Raggio, Philip J Landrigan, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between pesticide exposure in Brazil (2005-2013) with rates of central nervous system (CNS) and cardiovascular system (CVS) congenital abnormalities in 2014. METHOD: An exposure variable was established from data on production and sales of pesticides (kg) per crop area (ha) for 2012 and 2013 years. The Brazilian states were divided into three categories: high, medium, and low pesticide use and rate ratios were estimated for each group of states (CI: 95 %)...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877590/improved-latrine-cleanliness-through-behaviour-change-and-changes-in-quality-of-latrine-construction-a-longitudinal-intervention-study-in-rural-burundi
#15
Hans-Joachim Mosler, Ina Lucia Sonego
Latrine cleanliness increased in the intervention group compared to the control group (increase from 21 to 31 % of latrines classified as clean in intervention [N = 198] and decrease from 37 to 27 % in control [N = 91]). Improved habitual latrine cleaning lead to latrines being 3.5 times more likely to improve in observed latrine cleanliness (χ(2) = 16.36, p < .001) and so did improvements in quality of latrine construction, eg households that had installed a lid were 7.39 times more likely to have a cleaner latrine (χ(2) = 4...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868901/assessment-and-biomonitoring-indoor-environment-of-buildings
#16
Jozef Švajlenka, Mária Kozlovská, Terézia Pošiváková
Ensuring hygiene and health protection is one of the basic construction requirements. Such requirements are examined when commissioning new constructions and examining defects in constructions already in use. One substantial defect is biocorrosion which represents a synergistic process with a complex variety of factors. It is caused by biochemical manifestations of various micro-organisms (micromycetes). Micromycetes producing mycotoxins therefore play an important role regarding the so-called 'Sick Building Syndrome' that has become a global problem nowadays...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786293/importance-of-risk-factors-associated-with-malaria-for-sub-saharan-african-children
#17
Elvire Mfueni Bikundi, Yves Coppieters
To assess the importance of malaria risk factors for children in sub-Saharan African countries. 61,292 children of 16 countries from DHS and MIS surveys were included in analysis. A regression model with analyse of variance and plots of mean decrease accuracy and mean decrease Gini indices were performed. The most important risk factor was the country and it contributed 52.33 % to the variance of the model. Wealth status of the child's family was the first socio-economic factor which contributed more to the difference of malaria risk among African children...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661191/assessment-of-an-irritant-gas-plume-model-for-epidemiologic-study
#18
Dev D Jani, Mark Wilson, Jeffrey K Wickliffe, Jeffrey Shaffer, Tracy Middleton, Roy Rando, Erik R Svendsen
Previously, we reported the development of a Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability plume dispersion model of the 2005 Graniteville, South Carolina, USA accidental release of chlorine. Here, we assess this model by spatial and statistical comparison with post-incident observed environmental indicators of exposure and other types of observations. Spatial agreement was found when the model was compared to phytotoxic bleaching and corrosion events observed in 2 km radius around the release site. When spatially compared to locations of injured or killed animals, model predictions of the plume footprint were in relatively good agreement...
August 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649872/indoor-swimming-pool-environments-and-self-reported-irritative-and-respiratory-symptoms-among-lifeguards
#19
Gabrielle Bureau, Benoît Lévesque, Marjolaine Dubé, Denis Gauvin, François Lépine, Denis Laliberté
A web survey was conducted among 870 lifeguards (current and former) to assess the relationship between exposure to indoor swimming pool environments and respiratory health. Associations between respiratory symptoms and asthma with varying lengths of occupational exposure were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Lifeguards exposed more than 500 hours in the previous 12 months experienced more cough (adjustedOR = 2.54, IC95 % = 1.51-4.25), throat (aOR = 2.47, IC95 % = 1.44-4.24) and eye irritation (aOR = 4...
August 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631499/the-microbial-contamination-and-the-presence-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-gram-negative-bacteria-in-the-water-and-on-the-surfaces-of-public-recreation-water-facilities
#20
Karmen Godič Torkar, Mirjana Dražetić
The microbiological quality of bathing water and the surfaces of the surrounding pool platforms of two pools was estimated. ESBL- and MBL-producing Gram-negative bacteria isolated from water and surface samples were also studied. The water samples were satisfactory in 31 (86.1 %) out of 36 cases. Pseudomonas aeruginosa as well as Escherichia coli were identified in only 2 (5.5 %) cases. There were no correlations between the HPC and number of enterobacteria in the pool water and those found in the surface samples...
August 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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