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International Journal of Environmental Health Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737193/technology-review-prototyping-platforms-for-monitoring-ambient-conditions
#1
Samuel Olaiya Afolaranmi, Borja Ramis Ferrer, Jose Luis Martinez Lastra
The monitoring of ambient conditions in indoor spaces is very essential owing to the amount of time spent indoors. Specifically, the monitoring of air quality is significant because contaminated air affects the health, comfort and productivity of occupants. This research work presents a technology review of prototyping platforms for monitoring ambient conditions in indoor spaces. It involves the research on sensors (for CO2 , air quality and ambient conditions), IoT platforms, and novel and commercial prototyping platforms...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737189/emerging-human-pathogen-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-the-natural-aquatic-environment-a-public-health-risk
#2
Svjetlana Dekić, Göran Klobučar, Tomislav Ivanković, Davor Zanella, Matej Vucić, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud, Jasna Hrenović
Bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging human pathogen whose presence in the aquatic environment raises the issue of public health risk. Fish colonization represents the potential route of pathogen transmission to humans. The aim was to examine the colonization of A. baumannii to freshwater fish Poecilia reticulata. An extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii was tested at three concentrations in natural spring water. Additionally, 70 fish from the Sava River (Croatia) were screened for the presence of A...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726273/evaluation-of-environmental-health-benefits-of-china-s-building-energy-conservation-policies-an-integrated-assessment-on-national-and-provincial-levels
#3
Xi Yang, Xiaoqian Xi, Wanqi Lin, Shan Guo, Xiangzhao Feng, Elisabeth Gilmore
This article evaluates the effect of energy conservation policies and carbon mitigation efforts on reducing health damage in China's building sector, which has been long ignored. The study bases on both national and provincial levels. To evaluate the health damage effect, we use domestic data by region to ensure the reliability of the evaluation. Results show that in the co-control scenario, the GDP loss saved from health benefit in 2020, 2030, and 2050 is 0.13 %, 0.16 %, and 0.23 %, respectively, compared to reference scenario...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719973/efficacy-of-sodium-dodecyl-sulphate-and-natural-extracts-against-e-coli-biofilm
#4
Rok Fink, Stefan Kulaš, Martina Oder
The aim of this study was to determine and compare the efficacy of a standard cleaning agent, sodium dodecyl sulphate, and natural extracts from pomegranate peel grape skin and bay laurel leaf against E. coli biofilm. The biofilm was exposed for 10 minutes to three different concentrations of each tested compound. The results show that bay laurel leaf extract is the most efficient with 43% biofilm biomass reduction, followed by pomegranate peel extract (35%); sodium dodecyl sulphate and grape skin extract each have 30% efficacy...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707967/where-there-s-smoke-there-s-fire-focal-points-for-risk-communication
#5
Frans E Greven, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Frans Duijm, Danielle Timmermans
Large fires involving hazardous materials are often characterized by failing crisis communication. In this study, we compared opinions of experts regarding the risks of major fires to lay beliefs using a mental models approach. Amongst lay people this revealed relevant knowledge gaps and beliefs in opposition to those held by experts. While, experts considered the chance of getting cancer from inhaling smoke from a chemical fire extremely small, most lay people thought that even at a great distance, the chance of getting cancer to be large...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706087/association-of-aflatoxin-exposure-and-height-for-age-among-young-children-in-guatemala
#6
Lee E Voth-Gaeddert, Matthew Stoker, Olga Torres, Daniel B Oerther
Aflatoxin exposure has been proposed to affect child height-for-age. The following hypothesized associations were tested in Guatemala: (1) aflatoxin (B1 , B2 , G1 , G2 ) exposure and environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) and child height-for-age z-score; and (2) aflatoxin exposures and subsequent symptoms of aflatoxins. Maize consumption data, health data, and samples of maize from households were collected from mothers and their children - under five - in October 2016 (n = 320) and February 2017 (n = 120)...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699406/nature-based-interventions-in-institutional-and-organisational-settings-a-scoping-review
#7
Chris Moeller, Nigel King, Viv Burr, Graham R Gibbs, Tim Gomersall
The objective of this review was to scope the literature on nature-based interventions that could be conducted in institutional settings where people reside full-time for care or rehabilitation purposes. Systematic searches were conducted across CINAHL, Medline, Criminal Justice Abstracts, PsycINFO, Scopus, Social Care Online and Cochrane CENTRAL. A total of 85 studies (reported in 86 articles) were included. Four intervention modalities were identified: Gardening/therapeutic horticulture; animal-assisted therapies; care farming and virtual reality-based simulations of natural environments...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678125/corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577752/fungal-burden-exposure-assessment-in-podiatry-clinics-from-ireland
#9
Carla Viegas, Ann Marie Coggins, Tiago Faria, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Anita Quintal Gomes, Raquel Sabino, Cristina Verissimo, Nigel Roberts, David Watterson, Claire MacGilchrist, Gerard T A Fleming
Fungi are amongst the bioaerosols of most importance, as indicated by the growing interest in this field of research. The aim was to characterize the exposure to fungal burden in podiatry clinics using culture-based and molecular methods. METHODS: Airborne fungi were collected using an impaction air sampler and surface samples were also performed. Fourteen air samples were collected for direct detection of fungal DNA from filamentous fungi and dermatophytes. Overall, 63.6 % of the evening samples and 46 % of the morning samples surpassed the threshold values (150 CFU/m3 )...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575938/factors-associated-with-post-treatment-e-coli-contamination-in-households-practising-water-treatment-a-study-of-rural-cambodia
#10
Aaron Benwic, Erin Kim, Cinn Khema, Chet Phanna, Phan Sophary, Raymond E Cantwell
The purpose of this study was to assess factors associated with Escherichia coli (E. coli) contamination in rural households in Cambodia that have adopted household water treatment. The following factors were significantly associated (α < 0.05) with apparent E. coli contamination: cleaning the drinking vessel with untreated water, not drying the cup (with a cloth), accessing treated water by the use of a scoop (ref: using a tap), having more than one untreated water storage container, having an untreated water storage container that appeared dirty on the outside, and cows living within 10 m of the household...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564927/asbestiform-minerals-in-ophiolitic-rocks-of-calabria-southern-italy
#11
Antonella Campopiano, Angelo Olori, Alessandra Spadafora, Maria Rosaria Bruno, Federica Angelosanto, Antonino Iannò, Stefano Casciardi, Renato Giardino, Maurizio Conte, Teresa Oranges, Sergio Iavicoli
Ophiolitic rocks cropping on Calabria territory, southern Italy, can hold asbestiform minerals potentially harmful for human health. The aim of this work was to detect the fibrous phases of ophiolites along the Coastal Chain of northern Calabria and southern part of the Sila massif. Above 220 massive samples were collected in the study areas and analyzed using optical and electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and Fourier transform infra-red spectrometry. The main fibrous constituent belonged to tremolite-actinolite series followed by fibrous antigorite that becomes more abundant in the samples collected in Reventino Mount surroundings...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564918/environmental-health-risks-perception-attitude-and-avoidance-behaviour-toward-municipal-solid-waste-incinerator
#12
Ping-Yi Lin, Shu-Ping Lai, Min-Chao Wang, Jeng-Jong Liang, Chow-Feng Chiang, Hsien-Wen Kuo
This study aims to assess the relationship between risk perception, attitude, and avoidance among residents toward an urban incinerator in Taichung, Taiwan. A cross-sectional study was conducted and three schools were enrolled. The case group was composed of 514 residents who live near an incinerator. The control group was composed of 264 people nearly the same age and who have lived in that area basically the same period of time. All participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results of this study showed that there was no significant difference between the exposure group and the control group in risk perception and attitude regarding the incinerator...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564909/concentration-response-curve-and-cumulative-effects-between-ozone-and-daily-mortality-an-analysis-in-wallonia-belgium
#13
Philippe Collart, Michèle Dramaix, Alain Levêque, Gwenaëlle Mercier, Yves Coppieters
Many studies have shown an association between ozone and mortality. However, little data is available on the cumulative effects of ozone on health. A time-series analysis using a Poisson regression was used to measure the impact of ozone on non-traumatic mortality in Wallonia over the period 2000-2012. Initially, a single-lag model was tested. Then a distributed-lag non-linear model was used in order to verify the cumulative effects of ozone on mortality. Our study confirms the existence of an association between ozone and mortality...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562755/the-temperature-mortality-relationship-an-analysis-from-31-chinese-provincial-capital-cities
#14
Guijie Luan, Peng Yin, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou
We aim to explore the Minimum Mortality Temperature (MMT) of different cities and regions, and that provides evidence for developing reasonable heat wave definition in China. The death data of 31 Chinese provincial capital cities from seven geographical regions during 2008-2013 was included in this study. In the first stage, a DLNM (Distributed Lag Non-linear Model) was used to estimate the association between mean temperature and mortality in a single city, then we pooled them with a multivariate meta-analysis to estimate the region-specific effects...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560730/assessment-of-aflatoxin-m1-and-m2-exposure-risk-through-oaxaca-cheese-consumption-in-southeastern-mexico
#15
Alejandra Ramírez-Martínez, Estela Camarillo-Hernández, Magda Carvajal-Moreno, Manuel Vargas-Ortíz, Nathalie Wesolek, Guadalupe Del Carmen Rodriguez Jimenes, Miguel Ángel Garcia Alvarado, Alain-Claude Roudot, Marco Antonio Salgado Cervantes, Victor J Robles-Olvera
The present study evaluated the exposure of Southeast Mexican population to Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and M2 (AFM2) through the consumption of Oaxaca cheese. The intake of Oaxaca cheese was assessed via a food 7-day dairy questionnaire (N = 1100, 2014 and 2015). Thirty Oaxaca cheeses were randomly sampled, and the origin of the samples was also investigated. AFM1 and AFM2 were quantified by HPLC-FD. The exposure was assessed through the combination of the Probabilistic Density Functions (probabilistic approach)...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380629/cholinergic-alterations-by-exposure-to-pesticides-used-in-control-vector-guppies-fish-poecilia-reticulta-as-biological-model
#16
G A Toledo-Ibarra, E J Rodríguez-Sánchez, H G Ventura-Ramón, K J G Díaz-Resendiz, M I Girón-Pérez
Spinosad and temephos are two of the most used pesticides in Mexico for the control of vector causing disease such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. The aim of this study was to compare the neurotoxic effects of these two pesticides using guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata) as a model organism. Guppies were exposed for 7 and 21 days to technical grade temephos and spinosad at 1.0 and 0.07 g/L, respectively, (10 and 0.5 mg/L of active substance; concentrations recommended by the Ministery of Health of the State (Secretaría de Salud de Nayarit (SSN) Mexico))...
February 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380623/improved-cookstoves-and-their-effect-on-carbon-monoxide-levels-in-san-lucas-tolim%C3%A3-n-guatemala
#17
Katherine Lucarelli, Kevin Wyne, James E Svenson
INTRODUCTION: Installation of ventilated cookstoves has been shown to improve 24-h carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate exposure in the Guatemalan highlands. However, a survey of villagers around San Lucas Tolimán found much higher than expected CO levels. Our purpose is to evaluate the effects of improved cookstoves on CO levels in these villagers. METHODS: This is cross sectional observational study in six rural communities. Blood carboxyhemoglobin (SpCO) was measured at three different times during the day...
February 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376401/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-levels-in-blood-samples-from-children-living-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-guadalajara-jalisco-mexico
#18
Sandra T Orta-García, Ángeles C Ochoa-Martínez, José A Varela-Silva, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
The aim of this study was to perform a polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure assessment using blood samples collected from children living in the metropolitan area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico (GDL). Five congeners of PBDEs were analyzed using a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry technique. The blood concentrations of total PBDEs ranged from 5.50 to 169 ng/g lipid (42.0 ± 18.0 ng/g lipid; mean ± standard deviation). Regarding BDE congeners, the main congener (highest blood levels) was BDE99 (14...
February 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360389/the-real-and-subjective-indoor-environmental-quality-in-schools
#19
Ľudmila Mečiarová, Silvia Vilčeková, Eva Krídlová Burdová, Peter Kapalo, Nikola Mihaľová
Investigation of IEQ and subjective evaluation of IEQ by pupils is the main objective of this research work. For the monitoring two classrooms in primary school and two classrooms in art school were chosen. Very high CO2 levels were determined in both investigated schools. In three of four classrooms the statistically significant differences (p < 0.01) were reported between TVOC levels in autumn and spring. The recommended value for TVOC levels was exceeded in the range from 52 % to 53 % in autumn and from 52 % to 70 % in spring...
February 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360388/personality-correlates-of-pro-environmental-attitudes
#20
Mariela Pavalache-Ilie, Ana-Maria Cazan
There is considerable scientific interest in the psychological correlates of pro-environmental attitudes and concerns. While much research has focused on demographic and social-psychological characteristics of individuals with pro-environmental attitudes, our study explores the relations between personality traits and pro-environmental behaviours. The study found that Honesty, Agreeableness, Openness, Proactive personality and Pro-environmental attitude predict environmental behaviour. The main implication of the study is the fact that responsible environmental behaviour could be enhanced through programmes focused on the increase of the environmental awareness and the development of a more pro-ecological view...
February 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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