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International Journal of Environmental Health Research

Hui Li, Xiang Li, Jie Liu, Langping Jin, Fan Yang, Junbo Wang, Ouchen Wang, Ying Gao
Studies have showed that lead was associated with human health. However, the effects of lead on thyroid functions are inconsistent, and studies based on Chinese population are fragmentary. To evaluate the correlation between lead and thyroid functions of Chinese with different thyroid diseases, we conducted a hospital-based study. Ninety-six papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), 10 nodular goiter (NG), and 7 thyroid adenoma (TA) patients were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
J Yang, J Yu, P Wang, Y Luo, X F Yang, X S Yang, W M Li, J Xu
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the adverse effects of perinatal exposure to nonylphenol (NP) on carbohydrate metabolism of male offspring rats. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, control normal diet group (C), NP normal diet group (NPN), control high-energy diet group (CH), and NP high-energy diet group (NPH). Both of the control groups were received a gavage of corn oil and the NP-groups were received NP (200 mg/kg/day) from gestational days 6 to post-natal day (PND) 21...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Carmen I R Froes Asmus, Volney M Camara, Ronir Raggio, Philip J Landrigan, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between pesticide exposure in Brazil (2005-2013) with rates of central nervous system (CNS) and cardiovascular system (CVS) congenital abnormalities in 2014. METHOD: An exposure variable was established from data on production and sales of pesticides (kg) per crop area (ha) for 2012 and 2013 years. The Brazilian states were divided into three categories: high, medium, and low pesticide use and rate ratios were estimated for each group of states (CI: 95 %)...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Hans-Joachim Mosler, Ina Lucia Sonego
Latrine cleanliness increased in the intervention group compared to the control group (increase from 21 to 31 % of latrines classified as clean in intervention [N = 198] and decrease from 37 to 27 % in control [N = 91]). Improved habitual latrine cleaning lead to latrines being 3.5 times more likely to improve in observed latrine cleanliness (χ(2) = 16.36, p < .001) and so did improvements in quality of latrine construction, eg households that had installed a lid were 7.39 times more likely to have a cleaner latrine (χ(2) = 4...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Jozef Švajlenka, Mária Kozlovská, Terézia Pošiváková
Ensuring hygiene and health protection is one of the basic construction requirements. Such requirements are examined when commissioning new constructions and examining defects in constructions already in use. One substantial defect is biocorrosion which represents a synergistic process with a complex variety of factors. It is caused by biochemical manifestations of various micro-organisms (micromycetes). Micromycetes producing mycotoxins therefore play an important role regarding the so-called 'Sick Building Syndrome' that has become a global problem nowadays...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Elvire Mfueni Bikundi, Yves Coppieters
To assess the importance of malaria risk factors for children in sub-Saharan African countries. 61,292 children of 16 countries from DHS and MIS surveys were included in analysis. A regression model with analyse of variance and plots of mean decrease accuracy and mean decrease Gini indices were performed. The most important risk factor was the country and it contributed 52.33 % to the variance of the model. Wealth status of the child's family was the first socio-economic factor which contributed more to the difference of malaria risk among African children...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Sheillah Simiyu, Mark Swilling, Sandy Cairncross
Unlike most quantitative studies that investigate decision-making on investing in sanitation, this study adopted a qualitative approach to investigate decision-making on shared sanitation in the informal settlements of Kisumu city, in Kenya. Using a grounded theory approach, landlords and tenants were interviewed to identify sanitation decisions, individuals involved in decision-making and factors influencing decision-making. The results indicate that the main sanitation decisions are on investment, emptying, repair and cleaning...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Dev D Jani, Mark Wilson, Jeffrey K Wickliffe, Jeffrey Shaffer, Tracy Middleton, Roy Rando, Erik R Svendsen
Previously, we reported the development of a Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability plume dispersion model of the 2005 Graniteville, South Carolina, USA accidental release of chlorine. Here, we assess this model by spatial and statistical comparison with post-incident observed environmental indicators of exposure and other types of observations. Spatial agreement was found when the model was compared to phytotoxic bleaching and corrosion events observed in 2 km radius around the release site. When spatially compared to locations of injured or killed animals, model predictions of the plume footprint were in relatively good agreement...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Gabrielle Bureau, Benoît Lévesque, Marjolaine Dubé, Denis Gauvin, François Lépine, Denis Laliberté
A web survey was conducted among 870 lifeguards (current and former) to assess the relationship between exposure to indoor swimming pool environments and respiratory health. Associations between respiratory symptoms and asthma with varying lengths of occupational exposure were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Lifeguards exposed more than 500 hours in the previous 12 months experienced more cough (adjustedOR = 2.54, IC95 % = 1.51-4.25), throat (aOR = 2.47, IC95 % = 1.44-4.24) and eye irritation (aOR = 4...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Ching-Hui Tseng, Li-Chin Lu, Shao-Hwan Lan, Yen-Ping Hsieh, Shou-Jen Lan
This study applied a vector error correction model to investigate the effects of ambient temperature (AT) and air quality index values on emergency care utilization (ECU). The Pollution Standards Index (PSI) and total suspended particulates (TSP) were used for analysis. Data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications and Ministry Environmental of Protection Administration of Taiwan. Data from January of 1998 to December of 2012 (180 months) were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Karmen Godič Torkar, Mirjana Dražetić
The microbiological quality of bathing water and the surfaces of the surrounding pool platforms of two pools was estimated. ESBL- and MBL-producing Gram-negative bacteria isolated from water and surface samples were also studied. The water samples were satisfactory in 31 (86.1 %) out of 36 cases. Pseudomonas aeruginosa as well as Escherichia coli were identified in only 2 (5.5 %) cases. There were no correlations between the HPC and number of enterobacteria in the pool water and those found in the surface samples...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Katalin Szendi, László Hornyák, Csaba Varga
We aimed to develop a relevant multi-endpoint biomonitoring system by studying different genotoxicity biomarkers in complex carcinogenic exposures under occupational situations. Altogether 109 workers were followed in five different workplaces. The combined carcinogenic exposures were monitored in the urine and peripheral blood samples using Ames mutagenicity test and cytogenetic analyzes. The different genotoxicity endpoints studied showed different results in the same carcinogenic exposure situations. The urinary mutagenicity tests provided more information and proved to be more sensitive compared to the cytogenetic tests in the majority of cases...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Joanna Jurewicz, Michał Radwan, Bartosz Wielgomas, Anna Klimowska, Paweł Kałużny, Paweł Radwan, Lucjusz Jakubowski, Wojciech Hanke
Parabens are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage processing due to their board spectrum of activity, inertness, and low cost. The study population consisted of 156 men under 45 years of age who attended the infertility clinic for diagnostic purposes with normal semen concentration of 15-300 mln/ml. Participants were interviewed and provided a semen sample. The parabens concentrations: ethyl paraben (EP), butyl paraben (BP), methyl paraben (MP), and iso-butyl paraben (iBuP) were analyzed in the urine using a validated gas chromatography ion-tap mass spectrometry method...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Madhumanti Halder, Subham Mookerjee, Prasenjit Batabyal, Anup Palit
Diarrhoea still remains an unsolved enigma in developing countries, a major concern for the health planners. We targeted the abundance and toxicity of Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 (NOVC) in Gangetic riverine-estuarine ecosystem. A total of 74 V. cholerae were isolated from 120 water samples (68 NOVC, 6 V. cholerae O1) from two sampling sites off river Ganges. V. cholerae showed distinct seasonality, with steady increase from summer to monsoon, steep ascent in post-monsoon and an abrupt decline in winter...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Paul Terry, Craig V Towers, Liang-Ying Liu, Angela A Peverly, Jiangang Chen, Amina Salamova
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are commonly used flame retardants in foams, building material, electronics, and textiles. These chemicals leach into the environment, where they persist, and are found today in virtually every population worldwide. Several studies in recent years have detected the presence of PBDEs in maternal and infant samples. However, few of these studies were conducted in the U.S., and few examined paired or matched mother blood-cord blood samples. We analyzed serum from 10 mother-infant pairs for the presence of PBDEs in a patient population in the Southeastern U...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Yu Jie, Zhou Jie, Luo Ya, Yang Xuesong, Yang Jing, Yang Yu, Yang Jiaqi, Xu Jie
OBJECTIVE: Nonylphenol (NP) has provoked much environmental concern because of their weak estrogenic activities; however, few data are available on the environmental levels of the chemical in China. METHOD: Environmental or river samples were assayed for NP by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. RESULTS: The concentration for NP measured in Xiangjiang River, ranging from 0.174 to 3.411 μg/L with a mean value of 1.73 μg/L, was lower than the Water Quality Criteria for NP of the US (6...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Karoliina Kettunen, Janne Lundén, Tiina Läikkö-Roto, Mari Nevas
We surveyed the opinions of Finnish food business operators (FBOs) about the uniformity of local official food control and its importance for dairy, fishery and meat plants. A total of 136 FBOs responded to the questionnaire. Most FBOs considered official food control to be important for food safety and were generally satisfied with its quality. However, they often did not perceive official food control as being uniform, and 23% even considered it arbitrary. Small-sized FBOs were particularly critical of the relevance of control actions...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Audrius Dedele, Regina Grazuleviciene, Aukse Miskinyte
Several epidemiological studies have found some evidence suggesting that exposure to air pollutants during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes. In this cohort study, we assessed individual maternal exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during pregnancy and examined the association between the exposure and pregnancy outcomes, such as low birth weight (LBW), term low birth weight (TLBW), small for gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PB). 3292 women living in Kaunas city, Lithuania, data and their singleton newborns were included in the study...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
Relationship between cooking fuel and under-five mortality has not been adequately established in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We therefore investigated the association between cooking fuel and risk of under-five mortality in SSA, and further investigated its interaction with smoking. Using the most recent Demographic Health Survey data of 23 SSA countries (n = 783,691), Cox proportional hazard was employed to determine the association between cooking fuel and risk of under-five deaths. The adjusted hazard ratios were 1...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Mehmet Gultekin, Kerem Ural, Nuran Aysul, Adnan Ayan, Canberk Balikci, Gurkan Akyildiz
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and molecular characterization of Giardia duodenalis among dogs in Aydin, Turkey. A total of 473 faecal samples from dogs were collected. The overall prevalence of G. duodenalis was 18.8%. Higher infection rates were observed in dogs younger than three months old, from shelters, and with diarrhoea. Faecal samples of 89 dogs, diagnosed Giardia-positive by microscopy, were found positive by nested PCR. The β-giardin nested PCR assay revealed assemblage B in all samples (100%), whereas 38 of the samples were mixed with assemblage A (42%)...
June 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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