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International Journal of Environmental Health Research

Mehmet Gultekin, Kerem Ural, Nuran Aysul, Adnan Ayan, Canberk Balikci, Gurkan Akyildiz
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and molecular characterization of Giardia duodenalis among dogs in Aydin, Turkey. A total of 473 faecal samples from dogs were collected. The overall prevalence of G. duodenalis was 18.8%. Higher infection rates were observed in dogs younger than three months old, from shelters, and with diarrhoea. Faecal samples of 89 dogs, diagnosed Giardia-positive by microscopy, were found positive by nested PCR. The β-giardin nested PCR assay revealed assemblage B in all samples (100%), whereas 38 of the samples were mixed with assemblage A (42%)...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Rok Fink, Denis Okanovič, Goran Dražič, Anže Abram, Martina Oder, Mojca Jevšnik, Klemen Bohinc
The aim of this study was to analyse the adhesion of E. coli, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus on food contact materials, such as polyethylene terephthalate, silicone, aluminium, Teflon and glass. Surface roughness, streaming potential and contact angle were measured. Bacterial properties by contact angle and specific charge density were characterised. The bacterial adhesion analysis using staining method and scanning electron microscopy showed the lowest adhesion on smooth aluminium and hydrophobic Teflon for most of the bacteria...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Yanhui Hao, Guanghui Zhang, Bin Han, Xiaowen Xu, Nannan Feng, Yong Li, Wei Wang, Haidong Kan, Zhipeng Bai, Yiliang Zhu, William Au, Zhao-Lin Xia
We aimed to investigate if short-term exposure to reduced particulate matter (PM) air pollution would affect respiratory function in healthy adults. We followed a cohort of 42 healthy participants from a community afflicted with severe PM air pollution to a substantially less polluted area for nine days. We measured daily airborne PM [with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and 10 μm (PM10)] and PM2.5 carbon component concentrations. Five repeated respiratory function measurements and fractional exhaled nitric oxide test were made for each participant...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Inmaculada Menéndez, Edward Derbyshire, Teresa Carrillo, Elena Caballero, Johann P Engelbrecht, Lidia E Romero, Pablo L Mayer, Felipe Rodríguez de Castro, José Mangas
Gran Canaria Island is frequently impacted by Saharan dust, a health hazard of particular concern to the island population and health agencies. Airborne mineral dust has the severest impact on the higher age groups of the population, and those with respiratory conditions; despite that, on average, the ambient particulate matter (PM) concentrations fall within international PM guidelines. During 2010 and 2011, an epidemiological survey, in parallel with an air quality study, was conducted at the Dr Negrín hospital in Gran Canaria...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Erin Emanuele, Jaymie Meliker
We examined the association between seafood consumption, mercury concentration, polyunsaturated fatty acids, selenium, and Vitamin D in relation to C-reactive protein using the cross-sectional US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006. We hypothesized that seafood consumption and fatty acids will be negatively associated, and mercury will be positively associated with C-reactive protein, and that statistical adjustment for these factors will alleviate confounding thereby making these associations more apparent...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Soledad Burgos, Marcela Tenorio, Pamela Zapata, Dante D Cáceres, José Klarian, Nancy Alvarez, Renato Oviedo, Rosario Toro-Campos, Luz Claudio, Verónica Iglesias
Between 1984 and 1998, people living in Arica were involuntarily exposed to metal-containing waste stored in the urban area. The study aims to determine whether children who lived near the waste disposal site during early childhood experienced negative effects on their cognitive development. The cognitive performance was assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The exposure variable was defined by the year of birth in three categories: (1) Pre-remediation (born before 1999); (2) During-remediation (born between 1999 and 2003); and (3) Post-remediation (born after 2003)...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Toby Louis Turner, Clare Stevinson
Outdoor exercise settings promote greater psychological well-being than synthetic equivalents, although the influence of the exercise context has not been investigated at high exercise intensities. This study compared the psychological effects of high-intensity exercise in outdoor green and indoor gym settings in 22 adult runners using a randomized repeated measures design. Affect and perceived exertion were assessed before, during, and after a 6000-m run with the second half completed at maximum effort. Perceived exertion and activation increased in a progressive manner from baseline to 6000 m, and decreased during the 10-min recovery post-run...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Su-Lun Hwang, Yu-Ching Lin, Su-Er Guo, Chiang-Ting Chou, Chieh-Mo Lin, Miao-Ching Chi
This study explored the effects of PM2.5 on hospital admissions (HAs) for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in southwestern Taiwan. Data on HAs for AECOPD, pollutants, and meteorological variables were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and Environmental Protection Administration. The relative risks (RRs) of HAs for AECOPD was estimated using the Quasi-Poisson generalized additive model. A total of 38,715 HAs for AECOPD were recorded. The average daily HAs for AECOPD and mean 24-h average level of PM2...
April 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Francesca Pirini, Lynn R Goldman, Ethan Soudry, Rolf U Halden, Frank Witter, David Sidransky, Rafael Guerrero-Preston
We investigated if prenatal exposures to tobacco smoke lead to changes in mitochondrial DNA content (mtDNA) in cord serum and adversely affect newborns' health. Umbilical cord serum cotinine levels were used to determine in utero exposure to smoking. Cord serum mtDNA was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of the genes coding for cytochrome c oxidase1 (MT-CO1) and cytochrome c oxidase2 (MT-CO2). Log transformed levels of mtDNA coding for MT-CO1 and MT-CO2 were significantly higher among infants of active smokers with higher serum level of cotinine (p < 0...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
María Teresa Muñoz-Quezada, Boris Lucero, Verónica Iglesias, Karen Levy, María Pía Muñoz, Eduardo Achú, Claudia Cornejo, Carlos Concha, Ana María Brito, Marcos Villalobos
The objective was to evaluate the characteristics of exposure to OP pesticides and health status in Chilean farm workers from the Maule Region. An occupational health questionnaire was administered in 207 agricultural and non-agricultural workers. For the group of agricultural workers, we asked about specific occupational exposure history and symptoms of OP pesticide poisoning. The main health problem of the exposed group was previous OP pesticide poisoning (p < 0.001). Fifty-six percent of agricultural workers reported symptoms consistent with acute OP pesticide poisoning...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Philippe Collart, Michele Dramaix, Alain Levêque, Yves Coppieters
The aim of the present study is to analyse the age effect on the lag patterns of relative risk of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction and NO2, PM10 and O3. Daily hospitalizations for AMI during the period 2008-2011 were extracted from administrative data. Analyses were performed using the quasi-Poisson regression model adjusted for seasonality, long-term trend, day of the week and temperature. We observed very different patterns depending on age. For NO2 and PM10, the younger group (25-54 years) shows a more delayed effect in comparison with the two older age groups (55-64 and ≥ 65 years)...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Shima Shamkhali Chenar, Zhiqiang Deng
Norovirus is the most common cause of outbreaks of non-bacterial gastroenteritis in human. While the winter seasonality of norovirus outbreaks has been widely reported, the association between norovirus outbreak epidemics and environmental factors remains not fully understood. This literature review is intended to improve understanding of environmental factors governing norovirus outbreaks and how the factors affect norovirus transmission. To that end, a large number of studies (67) from countries around the world were critically reviewed and discussed...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Ilias G Kavouras, Marie-Cecile G Chalbot
In this study, we present the associations of fine particle nitrate, sulfate, and four organic carbon fractions with ambient temperature in urban and background monitoring sites in the United States for the 2011-2012 period. Nitrate concentrations increased for decreasing temperatures, while sulfate levels increased for temperatures higher than 14 °C. The profiles of organic carbon fractions for different temperatures were comparable to that observed for elemental carbon, a thermally stable and non-reactive component emitted from combustion-related sources...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Nataša Milošević, Vladimir Jakšić, Jan Sudji, Bojan Vuković, Tijana Ičin, Nataša Milić, Milica Medić Stojanoska
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant which is often associated with various health issues. In this study 103 healthy female volunteers in reproductive age from Serbian north province Vojvodina were enrolled and examined for the BPA exposure in the urine samples after 12 h of fasting. BPA was found in 35.92 % (37/103) of subjects. Statistically significant increment in waist circumference (p = 0.045) and waist-to-height ratio (p = 0.037) was observed among the BPA positive women in comparison with the women who had the same energetic balance and had not been exposed to BPA...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Steffi Rocchi, Maxime Tisserant, Benoit Valot, Audrey Laboissière, Victor Frossard, Gabriel Reboux
Since 2010, the Loue River (Franche-Comté, East of France) has been suffering from massive fish kills infested by Saprolegnia parasitica. The river supplies inhabitants of the city of Besançon in drinking water, raising the question of a potential risk through both water consumption and use. We developed a real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) to quantify S. parasitica in the Loue River as well as in the drinking water. A weak spatial trend is suggested with greater quantities of S. parasitica observed at the sampling station close to the main pumping station...
February 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Itai Kloog
BACKGROUND: Current evidence, on the association of PM2.5 and peripheral artery disease (PAD) is very sparse. METHODS: We use novel PM2.5 prediction models to investigate associations between chronic and acute PM2.5 exposures and hospital PAD admissions across the northeast USA. Poisson regression analysis was preformed where daily admission counts in each zip code are regressed against both chronic and acute PM2.5 exposure, temperature, socio-economic characteristics and time to control for seasonal patterns...
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Ina L Sonego, Hans-Joachim Mosler
A variety of hygiene behaviors are fundamental to the prevention of diarrhea. We used spot-checks in a survey of 761 households in Burundi to examine whether something we could call general hygiene practice is responsible for more specific hygiene behaviors, ranging from handwashing to sweeping the floor. Using structural equation modeling, we showed that clusters of hygiene behavior, such as primary caregivers' cleanliness and household cleanliness, explained the spot-check findings well. Within our model, general hygiene practice as overall concept explained the more specific clusters of hygiene behavior well...
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Fiona Zakaria, Bertin Harelimana, Josip Ćurko, Jack van de Vossenberg, Hector A Garcia, Christine Maria Hooijmans, Damir Brdjanovic
Ultraviolet germicidal (short wavelength UV-C) light was studied as surface disinfectant in an Emergency Sanitation Operation System(®) smart toilet to aid to the work of manual cleaning. The UV-C light was installed and regulated as a self-cleaning feature of the toilet, which automatically irradiate after each toilet use. Two experimental phases were conducted i.e. preparatory phase consists of tests under laboratory conditions and field testing phase. The laboratory UV test indicated that irradiation for 10 min with medium-low intensity of 0...
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Iris Corbasson, Susan E Hankinson, Edward J Stanek, Katherine W Reeves
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenol-A (BPA) and phthalates is highly prevalent. Prior studies have not assessed associations between urinary levels of BPA and phthalate metabolites and body composition. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 1999 to 2006 on adults aged ≥20 were analyzed by linear regression for associations between urinary BPA, monoethyl phthalate, monobutyl phthalate (MBP), monoethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP), and monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP) and lean mass, fat mass, and percent body fat...
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
C Scott Findlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
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