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Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987669/horner-syndrome-in-ipsilateral-lenticulostriate-stroke-a-novel-localization-for-a-classic-stroke-syndrome
#1
Stefania Nannoni, Philippe Maeder, François Vingerhoets, Patrik Michel
Horner's syndrome has important localizing and etiological value in acute ischemic stroke. In a prospective series of consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients, we identified three patients with Horner's syndrome and contralateral hemiparesis due to ipsilateral small deep infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory (lenticulostriate arteries). Lacunar stroke was the most likely stroke mechanism in all three patients. This observation might suggest the existence of an uncrossed cortico-hypothalamic sympathetic pathway passing through the basal ganglia and modulating oculosympathetic function...
July 10, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974290/neurogenic-hypertension-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Samuel J Mann
Discussions about the cause and treatment of essential hypertension usually focus on mechanisms such as sodium/volume and the renin-angiotensin system. Less often discussed is hypertension driven by the sympathetic nervous system, i.e., neurogenic hypertension. In this review I discuss the pathophysiology of neurogenic hypertension, the controversy of renal versus central origin, the clinical clues that suggest neurogenic hypertension, and the interventions best suited in its treatment. Neurogenic hypertension is most likely to occur in patients with labile or paroxysmal hypertension, but evidence of increased sympathetic tone also suggests a neurogenic component in hypertension in patients with severe or resistant hypertension, chronic renal disease, comorbidities associated with increased sympathetic tone, and ingestion of drugs that stimulate sympathetic tone...
July 4, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956008/sudomotor-function-testing-by-electrochemical-skin-conductance-does-it-really-measure-sudomotor-function
#3
REVIEW
Sharika Rajan, Marta Campagnolo, Brian Callaghan, Christopher H Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: Electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) is a non-invasive test of sweat function developed as a potential marker of small fiber neuropathy. Here we systematically review the evolution of this device and the data obtained from studies of ESC across different diseases. METHODS: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE, and Google Scholar were searched through to February 2018. The search strategy included the following terms: "electrochemical skin conductance," "EZSCAN," and "Sudoscan...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934668/abstracts-of-the-18th-meeting-of-the-european-federation-of-autonomic-societies-efas-in-conjunction-with-the-15th-international-congress-on-neuromuscular-diseases
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923035/toenail-changes-in-autonomic-neuropathy
#5
LETTER
Glen A Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876885/maintaining-cerebral-oxygen-homeostasis-a-serious-business
#6
EDITORIAL
Andreas Koch, Wataru Kähler, Sebastian Klapa, Johann P Kuhtz-Buschbeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869732/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-cardiac-metaiodobenzylguanidine-scintigraphy-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Sebastian J Brandl, Stefan Braune
PURPOSE: Metaiodobenylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy has been shown to enhance the probability of correct diagnosis in patients with parkinsonian syndromes (PS). Thus far, studies of the clinical usefulness of MIBG have been confined to cross-sectional assessments, which are inevitably associated with diagnostic uncertainty during the early stages of these syndromes. In this study, the initial clinical diagnosis was reevaluated longitudinally to assess the sensitivity and specificity of clinical and MIBG parameters in the early diagnosis of PS...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860564/correction-to-risk-reduction-of-long-term-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-after-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-in-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#8
Chun-An Cheng, Chun-Gu Cheng, Hsin Chu, Hung-Che Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Hung-Wen Chiu, Wu-Chien Chien
There is a typographical error in the International Classification of Disease Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic code used for palmar hyperhidrosis. The published manuscript wrongly reports that the ICD-9-CM code used for palmar hyperhidrosis was 708.8 (which indicates a diagnosis of "Other specified urticaria"), when, in actuality, the correct code 780.8 ("Hyperhidrosis") was applied. The authors regret this typographical error.
June 2, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766367/extraterrestrial-autonomic-function
#9
EDITORIAL
Thomas G Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766366/consensus-statement-on-the-definition-of-neurogenic-supine-hypertension-in-cardiovascular-autonomic-failure-by-the-american-autonomic-society-aas-and-the-european-federation-of-autonomic-societies-efas-endorsed-by-the-european-academy-of-neurology-ean-and-the
#10
REVIEW
Alessandra Fanciulli, Jens Jordan, Italo Biaggioni, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, William P Cheshire, Pietro Cortelli, Sabine Eschlboeck, Guido Grassi, Max J Hilz, Horacio Kaufmann, Heinz Lahrmann, Giuseppe Mancia, Gert Mayer, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Satish R Raj, David Robertson, Isabel Rocha, Walter Struhal, Roland Thijs, Konstantinos P Tsioufis, J Gert van Dijk, Gregor K Wenning
PURPOSE: Patients suffering from cardiovascular autonomic failure often develop neurogenic supine hypertension (nSH), i.e., high blood pressure (BP) in the supine position, which falls in the upright position owing to impaired autonomic regulation. A committee was formed to reach consensus among experts on the definition and diagnosis of nSH in the context of cardiovascular autonomic failure. METHODS: As a first and preparatory step, a systematic search of PubMed-indexed literature on nSH up to January 2017 was performed...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737432/assessment-of-sudomotor-function
#11
REVIEW
Sylvia J Buchmann, Ana Isabel Penzlin, Marie Luise Kubasch, Ben Min-Woo Illigens, Timo Siepmann
PURPOSE: To review the currently available literature on clinical autonomic tests of sudomotor function. METHODS: We searched PubMED/MEDLINE for articles on technical principles and clinical applications of sudomotor tests with a focus on their drawbacks and perspectives in order to provide a narrative review. RESULTS: The quantitative sudomotor axon reflex sweat test (QSART) is the most widely used test of sudomotor function. The technique captures pathology with low intra- and inter-subject variability but is limited by technical demands...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687400/the-neurobiology-of-human-crying
#12
REVIEW
Lauren M Bylsma, Asmir Gračanin, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
The production of emotional tears appears to be uniquely present in Homo sapiens. Despite the ubiquity of this human behavior, research is only just beginning to uncover the neurobiologic underpinnings of human emotional crying. In this article, we review the current state of the literature investigating the neurobiologic aspects of this uniquely human behavior, including the neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and psychophysiologic findings. To set the context for this review, we first provide a brief overview of the evolutionary background and functions of tearful crying...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846822/in-memoriam-sir-roger-bannister-1929-2018
#13
LETTER
Walter Struhal, Roland D Thijs, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Gregor Wenning, Jean Michel Senard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796777/catechol-neurochemistry-in-the-autonomic-clinic-helpful-but-not-absolutely-required
#14
EDITORIAL
Jeremy K Cutsforth-Gregory
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779066/orthostatic-hypotension-does-the-heart-rate-matter-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705971/roles-of-catechol-neurochemistry-in-autonomic-function-testing
#16
REVIEW
David S Goldstein, William P Cheshire
Catechols are a class of compounds that contain adjacent hydroxyl groups on a benzene ring. Endogenous catechols in human plasma include the catecholamines norepinephrine, epinephrine (adrenaline), and dopamine; the catecholamine precursor DOPA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol (DHPG), which is the main neuronal metabolite of norepinephrine; and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), which is the main neuronal metabolite of dopamine. In the diagnostic evaluation of patients with known or suspected dysautonomias, measurement of plasma catechols is rarely diagnostic but often is informative...
June 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700646/modeling-human-orthostatic-responses-on-the-moon-and-on-mars
#17
Paula Beck, Jens Tank, Peter Gauger, Luis E J Beck, Hubert Zirngibl, Jens Jordan, Ulrich Limper
PURPOSE: Since manned missions to the Moon and Mars are planned, we conducted active standing tests with lunar, Martian, terrestrial, and 1.8 loads of inertial resistance (+Gz ) modeled through defined parabolic flight maneuvers. We hypothesized that the cardiovascular response to active standing is proportional to the +Gz load. METHODS: During partial-+Gz parabolic flights, 14 healthy test subjects performed active stand-up maneuvers under 1 +Gz , lunar (0.16 +Gz ), Martian (0...
June 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654380/heart-rate-variability-and-baroreflex-sensitivity-abnormalities-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#18
Cheng-Yin Tan, Nortina Shahrizaila, Kee-Ying Yeoh, Khean-Jin Goh, Maw-Pin Tan
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate autonomic dysfunction in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) patients and describe the results of computational heart rate variability (HRV)/baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and autonomic challenge tests. METHODS: GBS patients were consecutively recruited and the results were compared to age- and gender-matched healthy controls. A series of autonomic function tests including computation-dependent tests (power spectrum analysis of HRV and BRS at rest) and challenge maneuvers (deep breathing, eyeball compression, active standing, the Valsalva maneuver, sustained handgrip, and the cold pressor test) were performed...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616375/increased-cardiac-sympathetic-activity-cause-or-compensation-in-vasovagal-syncope
#19
EDITORIAL
Robert A Larson, Mark W Chapleau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541877/is-your-autonomic-function-good-enough-to-be-an-olympian-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#20
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
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