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Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138997/syncopedia-training-a-new-generation-of-syncope-specialists
#1
EDITORIAL
Jelle S Y de Jong, Frederik J de Lange, Nynke van Dijk, Roland D Thijs, Wouter Wieling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124503/urological-dysfunction-in-synucleinopathies-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Ryuji Sakakibara, Fuyuki Tateno, Tatsuya Yamamoto, Tomoyuki Uchiyama, Tomonori Yamanishi
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) are major neurogenerative diseases characterized pathologically by abnormal alpha-synuclein aggregation. PD and MSA are clinically characterized by motor disorder and bladder dysfunction (mainly urinary urgency and frequency, also called overactive bladder). However, few literatures are available concerning bladder dysfunction in PD or MSA. METHOD: A systematic review. RESULTS: The bladder dysfunction in MSA is more severe than that in PD for large post-void residual or urinary retention...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110279/metoprolol-propranolol-carvedilol-or-labetalol-for-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome
#3
LETTER
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103139/the-sacral-parasympathetic-ontogeny-and-anatomy-of-a-myth
#4
REVIEW
Isabel Espinosa-Medina, Orthis Saha, Franck Boismoreau, Jean-François Brunet
We recently defined genetic traits that distinguish sympathetic from parasympathetic neurons, both preganglionic and ganglionic (Espinosa-Medina et al., Science 354:893-897, 2016). By this set of criteria, we found that the sacral autonomic outflow is sympathetic, not parasympathetic as has been thought for more than a century. Proposing such a belated shift in perspective begs the question why the new criterion (cell types defined by their genetic make-up and dependencies) should be favored over the anatomical, physiological and pharmacological considerations of long ago that inspired the "parasympathetic" classification...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080922/treatment-of-supine-hypertension-in-autonomic-failure-a-case-series
#5
LETTER
Cristina Di Stefano, Simona Maule
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071466/cardiovascular-autonomic-effects-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation
#6
REVIEW
Iñigo Garamendi-Ruiz, Juan Carlos Gómez-Esteban
The vagus nerve is responsible for the parasympathetic innervation of the major thoracic and abdominal organs. It also carries sensory afferent fibres from these viscera and reaches different brain structures. These connections have proven useful in the treatment of different diseases. Afferent stimulation of the left vagus nerve is used to treat epilepsy and major depression, and stimulation of the right vagus nerve is being tried for the treatment of heart failure. The device used for the therapy delivers intermittent stimuli...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019051/the-link-between-narcolepsy-and-autonomic-cardiovascular-dysfunction-a-translational-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Chiara Berteotti, Alessandro Silvani
Narcolepsy is a rare disease that entails excessive daytime sleepiness, often associated with sudden episodes of muscle weakness known as cataplexy. Narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) is due to the loss of hypothalamic neurons that release the neuropeptides orexin A and B. Orexin neuron projections prominently target brain structures involved in wake-sleep state switching and the central autonomic network. This review provides an updated summary of the links between NC and autonomic cardiovascular dysfunction from a translational perspective...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019018/long-term-anabolic-steroids-in-male-bodybuilders-induce-cardiovascular-structural-and-autonomic-abnormalities
#8
Octávio Barbosa Neto, Gustavo Ribeiro da Mota, Carla Cristina De Sordi, Elisabete Aparecida M R Resende, Luiz Antônio P R Resende, Marco Antônio Vieira da Silva, Moacir Marocolo, Rafael Silva Côrtes, Lucas Felipe de Oliveira, Valdo José Dias da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the hypothesis that users of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) would have cardiac autonomic disorders and that there is a correlation between sympathetic modulation, high blood pressure (BP) and alterations to cardiac dimensions. METHODS: Forty-five male subjects were enrolled in the study. They were categorized into three groups comprising bodybuilders actively using AAS (AAS users; n = 15), bodybuilders who had never used AAS (nonusers; n = 15) and age-paired healthy sedentary controls (n = 15)...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951985/electrochemical-skin-conductance-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Peter Novak
PURPOSE: Currently available techniques for the evaluation of small fiber neuropathy and related sudomotor function remain suboptimal. Electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) has recently been introduced as a simple noninvasive and fast method for the detection of sudomotor dysfunction. The purpose of this review is to synthesize and appraise research using ESC measurements for sudomotor evaluation in adults. METHODS: Electronic databases including MEDLINE and Google Scholar were searched (up to March 13, 2017)...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942483/the-pathophysiology-of-the-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias-with-clinical-implications
#10
REVIEW
Mads C J Barloese
The hallmark of primary headaches belonging to the group known as the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias is unilateral headache accompanied by cranial autonomic symptoms. Being relatively rare and poorly understood, they represent a clinical challenge, leading to underdiagnosis and undertreatment. While the headache is the most obvious and disabling symptom, it is only part of a complex symptomatology which hints at the involved pathophysiological mechanisms. Activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex results in the aforementioned cranial autonomic symptoms, which are well understood; however, it is obvious that this brainstem reflex is regulated by higher centers that seemingly play a pivotal role in the attacks and the wide range of other symptoms indicating a homeostatic disturbance...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917022/epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management-of-takotsubo-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Shams Y-Hassan, Per Tornvall
Takotsubo syndrome is a recently recognized acute cardiac disease entity with a clinical presentation resembling that of an acute coronary syndrome. The typical takotsubo syndrome patient has a unique circumferential left (bi-) ventricular contraction abnormality profile that extends beyond a coronary artery supply territory and appears to follow the anatomical cardiac sympathetic innervation. The syndrome predominantly affects postmenopausal women and is often preceded by emotional or physical stress. Patients with predisposing factors such as malignancy and other chronic comorbidities are more prone to suffer from takotsubo syndrome...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889359/erratum-to-titrating-droxidopa-to-maximize-symptomatic-benefit-in-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease-and-neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension
#12
Fiona Gupta, Beverly Karabin, Ali Mehdirad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889358/erratum-to-managing-neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension-in-a-patient-presenting-with-pure-autonomic-failure-who-later-developed-parkinson-disease
#13
Fiona Gupta, Daniel Kremens, Steven Vernino, Beverly Karabin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871332/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-autonomic-dysfunction-and-synuclein-related-neurodegeneration-where-do-we-stand
#14
REVIEW
Giacomo Chiaro, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Annagrazia Cecere, Francesco Mignani, Luisa Sambati, Giuseppe Loddo, Pietro Cortelli, Federica Provini
INTRODUCTION: From newfound parasomnia to a marker of future synucleinopathy, since its first description in 1986, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) has been systematically tackled from virtually many viewpoints in basic, translational, and clinical studies. The time delay between RBD and synucleinopathy onset offers an exceptional window for observation and design of neuroprotective trials. In the last few years, research has focused on characterizing possible differences within RBD patients in order to draw potential profiles more or less susceptible to further neurodegeneration...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856462/acute-onset-autonomic-dysfunction-and-orthostatic-syncope-as-an-early-manifestation-of-hiv-infection
#15
LETTER
Ritsuko Kohno, Ryan Koene, Paul Sarcia, David G Benditt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052078/carotid-artery-reactivity-during-sympathetic-activation-following-acute-resistance-exercise
#16
Kevin S Heffernan, Wesley K Lefferts, Eun Sun Yoon, Soo Hyun Park, Yong Hee Lee, Sae Young Jae
OBJECTIVE: Acute resistance exercise has been shown to reduce brachial endothelial function. Whether there are concomitant reductions in carotid endothelial function remains unexplored. METHODS: Cold pressor test-mediated vasodilation of the carotid artery was used to assess carotid endothelial function in 15 young and healthy participants (age 26 ± 1 years, body mass index 24 ± 1 kg/m(2)) after acute resistance exercise or an inactive time control condition...
December 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052077/beat-to-beat-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-responses-to-the-valsalva-maneuver
#17
REVIEW
David S Goldstein, William P Cheshire
Measurement of beat-to-beat blood pressure and heart rate responses to the Valsalva maneuver is the basis for a highly informative autonomic function test. Whereas in the past this measurement required intra-arterial cannulation, the development of finger cuff devices that acquire arterial pressure waveforms indistinguishable from those recorded intra-arterially has made it possible to obtain accurate measurements noninvasively. In a patient with orthostatic hypotension, the pattern of blood pressure responses during and after the release of the maneuver can identify a neurogenic basis: sympathetic neurocirculatory failure...
December 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038919/initial-orthostatic-and-non-orthostatic-hypotension-in-wrestler-s-syncope
#18
LETTER
Ramesh K Khurana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983689/is-the-answer-just-beneath-the-surface-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#19
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975507/in-memoriam-caroline-klein-m-d-ph-d-1960-2017
#20
LETTER
William P Cheshire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
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