journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216545/potential-of-electrolyzed-water-for-disinfection-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus
#1
Vuong N Bui, Khong V Nguyen, Nga T Pham, Anh N Bui, Tung D Dao, Thanh T Nguyen, Hoa T Nguyen, Dai Q Trinh, Kenjiro Inui, Hiroshi Uchiumi, Haruko Ogawa, Kunitoshi Imai
Acidic electrolyzed water (EW) (pH 2.6-5.8) and alkaline EW (pH 11.2-12.1) were examined as potential disinfectants against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Using acidic EW with pH 2.6 and alkaline EW with pH>11.7, the viral titer decreased in vitro by >4.0 log values, 2 min after the virus was mixed with EW at a 1:10 dilution. The strong virucidal effect of acidic EW (pH 2.6), but not that of alkaline EW (>11.7), seemed to depend on the chlorine level in the solution. Genetic analysis revealed that viral RNA was substantially reduced, especially by alkaline EW...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216544/surgery-and-electrochemotherapy-treatment-of-incompletely-excised-mammary-carcinoma-in-two-male-pet-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#2
Andrea Lanza, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi, Enrico P Spugnini
Two male rats (Rattus norvegicus; 18 and 24 months old), were referred for treatment of large masses located in the axillary area. Following total body radiography and hematological and serum biochemical analysis, the rats were anesthetized, and the masses were surgically removed. Both lesions were diagnosed as mammary carcinoma based on histopathological diagnosis. The tumor beds were treated with two sessions of electrochemotherapy (ECT), two weeks apart. ECT involved cisplatin administration in the tumor bed, followed by a series of eight biphasic electric pulses...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216548/hyperglycemia-aggravates-decreases-of-pea-15-and-its-two-phosphorylated-forms-in-cerebral-ischemia
#3
Jin-Hee Sung, Phil-Ok Koh
Diabetes is a metabolic health disorder and an important risk factor for stroke. Phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes 15 (PEA-15) is a multifunctional protein modulating cell proliferation, survival, apoptosis and glucose metabolism. This study investigated whether diabetes modulates the expression of PEA-15 and two phosphorylated forms (Ser 104 and Ser 116) in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced brain injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administrated with streptozotocin (40 mg/kg) and were underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) 4 weeks after streptozotocin injection...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202879/two-strains-of-roof-rats-as-effective-models-for-assessing-new-object-reaction
#4
Yasushi Kiyokawa, Kazuyuki D Tanaka, Akiko Ishii, Kaori Mikami, Masatoshi Katayama, Ryoko Koizumi, Syota Minami, Tsutomu Tanikawa, Yukari Takeuchi
Wild animals generally avoid even small and harmless novel objects and/or familiar objects moved to a novel position, which is termed "new-object reaction." Although new-object reaction appears to be a biologically important characteristic for animals, little progress has been made in understanding the neural mechanisms underlying new-object reaction. One reason might be the lack of effective experimental animals. Two strains of roof rats (Sj and Og strains) were established from wild roof rats caught in Shinjuku, Tokyo, and one of the Ogasawara Islands, respectively, by a Japanese pest control company...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202878/campylobacter-upsaliensis-isolated-from-dog-produces-high-titer-of-cytolethal-distending-toxin
#5
Srinuan Somroop, Noritoshi Hatanaka, Sharda Prasad Awasthi, Kentaro Okuno, Masahiro Asakura, Atsushi Hinenoya, Shinji Yamasaki
Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) consisting of CdtA, CdtB and CdtC has been reported to be a possible virulence factor of campylobacters including C. upsaliensis. In our previous study, the cdtB gene-based PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) assay for detection and differentiation of 7 Campylobacter species yielded 3 different RFLP patterns (Cu-I to Cu-III). In this study, entire cdt (Cucdt) genes of each pattern were sequenced to see whether there are any differences in cdt genes, its amino acid sequences and biological activity of CuCDT...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190827/use-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-for-a-delayed-consolidation-of-a-tibial-fracture-in-a-young-donkey
#6
Vanessa Faillace, Adolfo Maria Tambella, Margherita Fratini, Emanuele Paggi, Fabrizio Dini, Fulvio Laus
A 9-month-old filly donkey was referred for a comminuted diaphyseal fracture of the right tibia. Surgical osteosynthesis, with multiple lag screws and a neutralization plate, was performed for anatomical reconstruction. Despite a good gait condition, delayed bone consolidation and a bone gap were evident on follow up radiographic evaluations. Due to delayed healing, autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was injected on the surface of the tibia. Increased bone consolidation was evident on radiographs one month after the PRP injection...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190824/morphometric-changes-in-the-aortic-arch-with-advancing-age-in-fetal-to-mature-thoroughbred-horses
#7
Chihiro Endoh, Kazuya Matsuda, Minoru Okamoto, Nobuo Tsunoda, Hiroyuki Taniyama
Aortic rupture is a well recognized cause of sudden death in thoroughbred horses. Some microscopic lesions, such as those caused by cystic medial necrosis and medionecrosis, can lead to aortic rupture. However, these microscopic lesions are also observed in normal horses. On the other hand, a previous study of aortic rupture suggested that underlying elastin and collagen deposition disorders might be associated with aortic rupture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the structural components of the tunica media of the aortic arch, which is composed of elastin, collagen, smooth muscle cells and mucopolysaccharides (MPS), in fetal to mature thoroughbred horses...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190823/probable-secondary-transmission-of-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-between-people-living-with-and-without-pets
#8
Yeon Soo Chung, Young Kyung Park, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
Companion animals are considered as one of the reservoirs of antimicrobial-resistant (AR) bacteria that can be cross-transmitted to humans. However, limited information is available on the possibility of AR bacteria originating from companion animals being transmitted secondarily from owners to non-owners sharing the same space. To address this issue, the present study investigated clonal relatedness among AR E. coli isolated from dog owners and non-owners in the same college classroom or household. Anal samples (n=48) were obtained from 14 owners and 34 non-owners; 31 E...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190822/phloridzin-inhibits-high-k-induced-contraction-via-the-inhibition-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-1-in-rat-ileum
#9
Hidenori Kanda, Takeharu Kaneda, Akira Kawaguchi, Noriyasu Sasaki, Tsuyoshi Tajima, Norimoto Urakawa, Kazumasa Shimizu, Hiroetsu Suzuki
Recent studies have shown that phloridzin, an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT), strongly decreases high K(+)-induced contraction in phasic muscle, such as tenia coli, but slightly affects tonic muscle, such as trachea . In this study, we examined the inhibitory mechanism of phloridzin on high K(+)-induced muscle contraction in rat ileum, a phasic muscle. Phloridzin inhibited the high K(+)-induced contraction in the ileum and the aorta, and the relaxing effect of phloridzin at 1 mM in the ileum was approximately five-fold more potent than that in the aorta...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190821/outbreak-of-pasteurellosis-in-captive-bolivian-squirrel-monkeys-saimiri-boliviensis
#10
Mizuki Yoshino, Jun Sasaki, Konomi Kuramochi, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Natsuko Mukaizawa, Masanobu Goryo
In September 2012, five Bolivian squirrel monkeys housed in a zoological park died within sequential several days without obvious clinical signs. In a necrospy, one monkey presented swelling of the kidney with multifocal white nodules in the parenchyma, and other two had pulmonary congestion. Histopathologically, multifocal bacterial colonies of gram-negative coccobacillus were found in the sinusoid of the liver in all monkeys examined (Nos.1-4). Additionally, purulent pyelonephritis, pneumonia and disseminated small bacterial colonies in blood vessels were observed...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190820/pulmonary-neuroendocrine-tumor-in-a-female-wolf-canis-lupus-lupus
#11
Ayako Shiraki, Toshinori Yoshida, Masahi Kawashima, Hirotada Murayama, Rei Nagahara, Nanao Ito, Makoto Shibutani
A 17-year-old female wolf (Canis lupus lupus) had a right lung mass that was adhered to the thoracic cavity. Histopathological examination revealed that the mass consisted of sheets, cord or ribbon-like structures of monotonous, small, cuboidal cells with round, oval or short-spindle nuclei and scant clear cytoplasm, demarcated by a fine fibrovascular stroma. Focal necrosis, congestion and thrombi were observed. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells diffusely expressed cytokeratin AE1/AE3, and some expressed chromogranin A, neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56) and thyroid transcription factor-1...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190819/cholecystectomy-in-a-heifer
#12
Takeshi Tsuka, Hinako Tanaka, Shinji Kono, Takehito Morita, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 10-month-old female Japanese black heifer presenting with sudden loss of appetite was diagnosed with extreme extension of the gallbladder. Laparotomy reaching from the right part of the 10th rib to the right flank showed an extended gallbladder greater than 50 cm in diameter. Cholecystectomy was performed as follows: 1) complete removal of the gallbladder distally from the base; 2) flushing via a catheter inserted into the common bile duct; and 3) covering of the hole opened in the common bile duct with a double-suturing method using the mucous membrane and muscular layers of the remaining gallbladder structures...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190818/effects-of-vernonia-cinerea-on-reproductive-performance-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#13
Atchariya Pomjunya, Jasada Ratthanophart, Wirasak Fungfuang
The present study investigated the effects of Vernonia cinerea (VC) on the reproductive function in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: group 1, normal control rats; group 2, diabetic untreated rats; group 3, diabetic rats treated with VC (10 mg/kg); and group 4, diabetic rats treated with VC (40 mg/kg). Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (60 mg/kg). All animals were treated for 30 consecutive days...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190817/lc-ms-ms-measurement-of-ampicillin-residue-in-chicken-tissues-at-2-days-after-in-feed-administration
#14
Kouko Hamamoto, Yasuharu Mizuno
We assessed ampicillin (ABPC) concentrations of liver, kidney and skin at a 2-day withdrawal period in ten male and ten female White Leghorn chickens fed the diet containing ABPC (ABPC medicated feed 40 mg/kg body weight/day) for a week. The ABPC residues were measured with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and the mean recoveries and quantitation limits ranged from 93.0% to 102.7% and from 0.1 to 1.4 ng/g, respectively. The residual ABPC concentrations were ≤7.82 ng/g for the skin and ≤0.64 ng/g for the kidney, suggesting below the Japanese provisional maximum residue limits...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163277/cloning-localization-and-focus-formation-at-dna-damage-sites-of-canine-ku70
#15
Manabu Koike, Yasutomo Yutoku, Aki Koike
Understanding the molecular mechanisms of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair machinery, specifically non-homologous DNA-end joining (NHEJ), is crucial for developing next-generation radiotherapies and common chemotherapeutics for human and animal cancers. The localization, protein-protein interactions and post-translational modifications of core NHEJ factors, might play vital roles for regulation of NHEJ activity. The human Ku heterodimer (Ku70/Ku80) is a core NHEJ factor in the NHEJ pathway and is involved in sensing of DSBs...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163276/update-of-inactivated-equine-influenza-vaccine-strain-in-japan
#16
Koichiro Gamoh, Shigeyuki Nakamura
Japan established a vaccine selection system, in which a committee evaluates veterinary influenza vaccines to determine if the vaccine should be updated. In 2013, it was concluded that the present equine influenza vaccine strains did not have to be updated, but clade 2 (Fc2) viruses of the Florida sublineage should be included. We collected three Fc2 viruses as candidates and conducted comparative tests. Results indicated that A/equine/Carlow/2011 (H3N8) is not suitable because of its unstable antigenic characteristics...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163275/blindness-associated-with-nasal-paranasal-lymphoma-in-a-stallion
#17
Yuto Sano, Minoru Okamoto, Youhei Ootsuka, Kazuya Matsuda, Shigeki Yusa, Hiroyuki Taniyama
A 29-year-old stallion presented with bilateral blindness following the chronic purulent nasal drainage. The mass occupied the right caudal nasal cavity and right paranasal sinuses including maxillary, palatine and sphenoidal sinuses, and the right-side turbinal and paranasal septal bones, and cribriform plate of ethmoid bone were destructively replaced by the mass growth. The right optic nerve was invaded and involved by the mass, and the left optic nerve and optic chiasm were compressed by the mass which was extended and invaded the skull base...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163274/high-resolution-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-bronchial-wall-thickness-in-healthy-and-clinically-asthmatic-cats
#18
Sungjun Won, Sookyung Yun, Jeosoon Lee, Mikyung Lee, Mincheol Choi, Junghee Yoon
The objective of study is to determine the thickness of bronchial walls of clinically diagnosed asthmatic cats using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) compared to that of healthy cats. The bronchial walls and pulmonary arteries were measured in healthy 16 cats and clinically asthmatic 4 cats. The bronchial walls and pulmonary arteries were measured under general anesthesia with positive pressure inspiration using HRCT. In healthy and asthmatic cats, bronchial lumen to the artery ratio (BA ratio), the ratio of bronchial wall thickness to bronchial diameter (TD ratio) and ratio of bronchial wall thickness to pulmonary artery (TA ratio) were measured...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163273/factors-affecting-the-incidence-and-outcome-of-trueperella-pyogenes-mastitis-in-cows
#19
Dai Ishiyama, Tomoko Mizomoto, Chise Ueda, Nobuyuki Takagi, Noriko Shimizu, Yu Matsuura, Yuto Makuuchi, Aiko Watanabe, Yasunori Shinozuka, Kazuhiro Kawai
The main factors affecting the outcome of Trueperella pyogenes (T. pyogenes ) mastitis were examined through a survey of diagnostic data and interviews relating to the occurrence of T. pyogenes mastitis in 83 quarters from 82 Holstein cows between August 2012 and April 2014. Ultimately, one cow was sold during the examination, and 82 quarters from 81 cows were used for analysis on prognosis. T. pyogenes mastitis occurred year round in both lactating and dry cows. The incidence of T. pyogenes mastitis did not significantly differ by month or show seasonality in either lactating or dry cows...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163271/intestinal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-a-cat
#20
Akihisa Suwa, Tetsuya Shimoda
A 12-year-old, 3.6-kg, spayed female domestic shorthaired cat had a 2-month history of anorexia and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an exophytic mass originating from the jejunum with very poor central and poor peripheral contrast enhancement. On day 14, surgical resection of the jejunum and mass with 5-cm margins and an end-to-end anastomosis were performed. Histopathological examination revealed the mass was a transmural, invasive cancer showing exophytic growth and originating from the small intestinal muscle layer...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
journal
journal
30705
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"