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European Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183146/prenatal-and-postnatal-management-of-gastroschisis-in-german-speaking-countries-is-there-a-standardized-management
#1
Katharina Schib, Marc Schumacher, Martin Meuli, Sasha Tharakan, Ulrike Subotic
Introduction Evidence-based guidelines or protocols regarding the perinatal management of babies born with gastroschisis are lacking. The aim of this work is to evaluate the different current treatment modalities for newborns with gastroschisis during the perinatal period in the German-speaking countries Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. These data could serve as a starting point for the development of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Materials and Methods A questionnaire was developed with 30 questions divided into five sections: (1) prenatal diagnosis, (2) fetal therapy, (3) mode and timing of delivery, (4) operative management, and (5) postoperative management...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166589/gastrointestinal-basidiobolomycosis-an-emerging-and-a-confusing-disease-in-children-a-multicenter-experience
#2
Khalid Shreef, Mervat Saleem, Mayssa Adballah Saeedd, Mohamed Eissa
Introduction Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is an emerging fungal infection in children that leads to diagnostic confusion. Aim Our study aim was twofold: a systematic review of published literature and an update of some Saudi Arabia hospital series to analyze their as well as our own experience in diagnosis and management of GIB. Material and Methods This clinical study included 18 children whose final diagnosis was GIB. The patients, who ranged in age from 5 to 10 years, were admitted between November 2009 and November 2015 with vague abdominal pains with or without abdominal masses for further investigation...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114704/early-commencement-of-enteral-feeds-in-gastroschisis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#3
Madhuri Dama, Uday Rao, Ian Gollow, Max Bulsara, Shripada Rao
Introduction There are no evidence-based strategies to improve feed tolerance in gastroschisis. Early commencement of enteral feeds (CEF) is known to improve feed tolerance in preterm infants. It is possible that infants with gastroschisis may also benefit from early CEF. Objectives To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the relationship between time of CEF, and time to reach full enteral feeds (FEF), duration of parenteral nutrition (PN), and duration of hospital stay (HS). Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and relevant conference abstracts were searched in December 2015...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099974/temporary-vacuum-assisted-closure-of-the-open-abdomen-in-neonates
#4
Kengo Hattori, Alp Numanoglu, Sharon Cox
Introduction The need for open abdomen in the treatment of severely ill neonates will increase in time as more complex abdominal procedures are undertaken. However, the experience of temporary closure of an open abdomen using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system is still relatively limited in premature and term neonates. The aim of this study is to describe and review our experience in the use of temporary VAC of the open abdomen for neonates with varying pathological processes. Materials and Methods A retrospective folder review of all neonates treated with VAC for open abdomen over the study period of 2010 to 2014 at our institution was performed...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081579/predicting-full-enteral-feeding-in-the-postoperative-period-in-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#5
Carlos Zozaya, Miryam Triana, Rosario Madero, Steven Abrams, Leopoldo Martinez, Maria Virginia Amesty, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón
Introduction The objective of the study is to examine the factors associated with time to achieve full enteral feeding after repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Materials and Methods Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data were retrospectively assessed, and uni- and multivariate Cox regression were performed to examine factors predictive of achieving full enteral feeding that was defined as time to achieve120 mL/kg/d after surgical repair. Results Of 78 infants, 66 underwent intervention before hospital discharge...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081578/birth-prevalence-of-anorectal-malformations-for-the-western-cape-province-south-africa-2005-to-2012
#6
Andre Theron, Alp Numanoglu
Introduction Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are a major birth anomaly worldwide. South Africa has ethnically and geologically diverse populations. A recent publication indicated an increased birth prevalence of ARMs in the Witwatersrand referral area between 2005 and 2010. The purpose of this study was to determine the birth prevalence of ARM and its various subtypes in the Western Cape referral district over an 8-year period. Methods For an 8-year period from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2012; retrospective data were collected from the Pediatric Surgical Departments of Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Tygerberg Children's Hospital, as well as the private sector health registries...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061521/quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-for-esophageal-atresia-long-term-outcome-of-154-patients
#7
Alice Catherine Hölscher, Michael Laschat, Vera Choinitzki, Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Oliver Münsterer, Ralf Kurz, Marcus Pauly, Ulrike Brokmeier, Andreas Leutner, Benno Ure, Martin Lacher, Johannes Schumacher, Heiko Reutter, Thomas Michael Boemers
Background The short- and long-term surgical results in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have been described in depth from a physician's perspective. Contrarily, the perception and coping strategies of affected patients and their parents have rarely been reported. The aim of this study was to generate data on this matter. Patients and Methods A total of 154 patients who had operative reconstruction for EA between 1971 and 2012 were evaluated for demographic data, surgical technique, affection of daily life, and coping strategies...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061520/esophageal-atresia-with-or-without-tracheoesophageal-fistula-ea-tef-association-of-different-ea-tef-subtypes-with-specific-co-occurring-congenital-anomalies-and-implications-for-diagnostic-workup
#8
Thomas Bogs, Nadine Zwink, Vera Chonitzki, Alice Hölscher, Thomas M Boemers, Oliver Münsterer, Ralf Kurz, Andreas Heydweiller, Marcus Pauly, Andreas Leutner, Benno M Ure, Martin Lacher, Oliver Johannes Deffaa, Holger Thiele, Soyhan Bagci, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Johannes Schumacher, Heiko Reutter
Background Esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) represents the most common developmental malformation of the upper digestive tract. It is classified into six subtypes according to the classification of Vogt, depending on anatomical variation of this malformation. Around 50% of the patients with EA/TEF present additional anomalies, which often influence, next to the EA/TEF subtype, the overall prognosis of EA/TEF newborns. Here, we investigated the association of the different EA/TEF subtypes with co-occurring congenital anomalies in EA/TEF patients and demonstrate their implications for postnatal diagnostic workup...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936484/gartland-type-ii-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-their-operative-treatment-and-lateral-pinning-are-increasing-a-population-based-epidemiologic-study-of-extension-type-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-in-children
#9
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Tytti Pokka, Minna Sirviö, Willy Serlo
Background Supracondylar humerus fractures are usual in children but their recent trends are unclear. Material and Methods A population-based study was performed to determine the epidemiology of childhood supracondylar humerus fractures during the decade, 2000 to 2009, in a geographic area of Oulu, Finland. Altogether, 565 extension-type supracondylar humerus fractures were included. The fractures and their treatment were analyzed according to the Gartland classification. Results Fracture incidence increased by 28%, from 50...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931048/neurodevelopment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-infants-born-with-gastroschisis-a-6-year-retrospective-french-study
#10
Barthelemy Tosello, Meriem Zahed, Floriane Guimond, Karine Baumstarck, Alice Faure, Fabrice Michel, Olivier Claris, Jerome Massardier, Catherine Gire, Thierry Merrot
Introduction Quantify quality of life (QoL) outcomes in gastroschisis children is little assessed. The primary objective was to describe the long-term outcome of newborns with gastroschisis treated in three tertiary care hospitals of France in terms of neurodevelopment and QoL. Materials and Methods The study reported was a cross-sectional, descriptive multicentric retrospective study assessing the outcome of newborns with gastroschisis, born between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014, treated at two large and French level III neonatal intensive care units...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903011/transition-risk-assessment-score-to-stratify-health-care-needs-and-interventions-in-adolescents-with-anorectal-malformations-a-pilot-study
#11
Martin J Connor, Laurie Rigueros Springford, Stefano Giuliani
Introduction Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are a complex collection of congenital disorders of the anus, rectum, and genitourinary system with possible active morbidities beyond adolescence. Aims To create the first evidence-based inclusive transition risk assessment score (TRAS) to stratify health care needs and interventions in teenagers with ARM transitioning to adult health care. Method MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched electronically for original articles containing published scoring systems evaluating children with ARM from January 1, 1990 to December 31, 2013...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122389/european-paediatric-surgeons-association-eupsa-2016
#12
Tomas Wester, Benno Ure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052307/ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-outcome-in-children-treated-in-a-multidisciplinary-intestinal-rehabilitation-unit
#13
Mariela Dore, Paloma Triana Junco, Ane Andres Moreno, Vanesa Nuñez Cerezo, Martha Romo Muñoz, Alba Sánchez Galán, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Gerardo Prieto, Esther Ramos, Francisco Hernandez, Leopoldo Martínez Martínez, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
Aim Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of intestinal failure (IF) in the pediatric population. Our aim was to review long-term outcome of ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) in an Intestinal Rehabilitation Unit (IRU). Patients and Methods Retrospective study of patients with USBS (defined as < 10 cm of remnant small bowel) treated between 2000 and 2015. Demographic data, clinical, and treatment variables including parenteral nutrition (PN), surgical techniques, and intestinal transplantation (IT) were analyzed...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992943/hyperechogenic-bowel-etiologies-management-and-outcome-according-to-gestational-age-at-diagnosis-in-279-consecutive-cases-in-a-single-center
#14
Vincenzo Davide Catania, Alessandra Taddei, Marcella Pellegrino, Erika Adalgisa De Marco, Laura Merli, Carlo Manzoni, Lorenzo Nanni, Lucia Masini
Introduction The aim of the study was to investigate perinatal outcome of fetuses with hyperechogenic bowel (HB) in relation to gestational age at diagnosis. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective observational study of fetal HB cases from 2002 to 2012. Patients were divided into three groups according to trimester at diagnosis. For each group, data from fetal ultrasound examination, fetal medicine investigations, intrapartum cares, and neonatal outcome were obtained. Results A diagnosis of HB was made in 279 fetuses among them 17 (6%) during the first trimester, 186 (67%) during the second trimester, and 75 (27%) during the third trimester...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898990/european-paediatric-surgeons-association-survey-on-the-management-of-hirschsprung-disease
#15
Augusto Zani, Simon Eaton, Francesco Morini, Prem Puri, Risto Rintala, Ernest van Heurn, Marija Lukac, Pietro Bagolan, Joachim F Kuebler, Florian Friedmacher, Rene Wijnen, Juan A Tovar, Michael E Hoellwarth, Agostino Pierro
: Aim This study aims to define patterns of Hirschsprung disease (HD) management. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to all European Paediatric Surgeons' Association (EUPSA) members. Results A total of 294 members (61 countries) answered (response rate: 61%). DIAGNOSIS: All respondents perform rectal biopsies (61% rectal suction [RSBs], 39% open full-thickness), 96% contrast enema, and 31% anorectal manometry. At RSB, 17% take the most distal biopsy 1 cm above the dentate line, 34% take 2 cm, 30% take 3 cm, and 19% take > 3 cm...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894129/isolated-fetal-ascites-neonatal-outcome-in-51-cases-observed-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#16
Vincenzo Davide Catania, Alessia Muru, Marcella Pellegrino, Erika Adalgisa De Marco, Filomena Valentina Paradiso, Carlo Manzoni, Lorenzo Nanni, Lucia Masini
Introduction Prenatal detection of isolated ascites is a rare finding on ultrasound, usually suggestive of an underlying pathology that may negatively impact on the pregnancy and neonatal outcome. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of primary isolated ascites in relation to gestational age (GA) at diagnosis. Materials and Methods Data were prospectively collected for fetuses with ascites that have been followed in our center of prenatal diagnosis and therapy from 2004 to 2014. Patients have been divided in group I when ascites was detected before the 24th week of GA and group II if it was noticed later...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846664/laparoscopic-splenectomy-in-children-a-modified-technique-with-joint-sealing-of-segmental-splenic-arteries-and-veins-favorably-compared-with-the-classic-technique
#17
Sara Silvaroli, Marianne De Montalembert, Frédérique Sauvat, Valentine Brousse, Sabine Sarnacki, Sabine Irtan
Introduction Splenectomy in children is nowadays widely performed by laparoscopy, the major risk being operative hemorrhage. We hereby compare the results of two different techniques of vascular control. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing a laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for hematologic disease at a single institution from 2004 to 2013. LS was performed by a lateral approach. The 10-mm optic port was placed in the umbilicus and two 5-mm working ports were placed in the left lower quadrant and in the right upper quadrant near the midline...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769086/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-strictures-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-prophylactic-proton-pump-inhibitors-do-not-reduce-the-incidence-of-strictures
#18
Felipe Donoso, Helene Engstrand Lilja
Background Since 2005, infants with esophageal atresia (EA) in our unit are given prophylactic proton pump inhibitors (PPI) after repair until 1 year of age. The aims of this study were to identify risk factors for anastomotic strictures (AS) and to assess the efficacy of postoperative PPI prophylaxis in reducing the incidence of AS compared with symptomatic PPI. Methods Patients who underwent EA repair from 1994 to 2013 in our unit were included in this retrospective observational study approved by the local ethics review board...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769085/role-of-intraluminal-esophageal-impedance-baseline-in-the-diagnosis-of-esophagitis-in-children
#19
Miguel Couselo, Vicente Ibáñez, Javier Lluna, Juan José Vila
Introduction Low values of esophageal impedance baseline (EIB) have been related to esophagitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of EIB for erosive esophagitis (ErE) and histological esophagitis (HiE) in children studied for gastroesophageal reflux. Material and Methods Children who underwent esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) and upper-endoscopy with esophageal biopsies were studied retrospectively. EIB values were obtained by MII-pH. ErE was assessed by endoscopy following the Hetzel-Dent classification; HiE was defined by basal zone hyperplasia, papillary lengthening, or inflammatory infiltration...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723922/hepatocellular-carcinoma-referral-to-a-transplantation-unit
#20
Paloma Triana, Mariela Dore, Martha Muñoz Romo, Javier Jimenez Gomez, Alba Sánchez Galán, Francisco Hernandez, Ane M Andres Moreno, Jose Luis Encinas, Leopoldo Martinez, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
Aim Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although being infrequent, is the second-most common primary hepatic malignancy in children, after hepatoblastoma (HB). The prognosis is very poor. We present our series of children with HCC referred to our transplant unit to be assessed as candidates for liver transplantation (LT). Methods A retrospective review of HCCs referred to our transplant unit in the past 20 years (1994-2015) was performed. Age at diagnosis, disease-free survival, location of recurrence, initial treatment, secondary treatment, and mortality were noted...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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