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European Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304519/effect-of-n-acetylserotonin-on-tlr-4-and-myd88-expression-during-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-in-a-rat-model
#1
Igor Sukhotnik, Yoav Ben Shahar, Salim Halabi, Nir Bitterman, Tatiana Dorfman, Yulia Pollak, Arnold Coran, Arie Bitterman
BACKGROUND:  Accumulating evidence indicates that changes in intestinal toll-like receptors (TLRs) precede histological injury in a rodent model of necrotizing enterocolitis. N-acetylserotonin (NAS) is a naturally occurring chemical intermediate in the biosynthesis of melatonin. A recent study has shown that treatment with NAS prevents gut mucosal damage and inhibits programmed cell death following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of NAS on TLR-4, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (Myd88), and TNF-α receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) expression in intestinal mucosa following intestinal IR in a rat...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304518/image-processing-and-analysis-of-mucosal-calretinin-staining-to-define-the-transition-zone-in-hirschsprung-disease-a-pilot-study
#2
Saleh Najjar, Sangtae Ahn, Israel Kasago, Chunlai Zuo, Kavita Umrau, Sanaz Ainechi, Christine Whyte, Christine E Sheehan, Suzanne M Homan, Hwajeong Lee
PURPOSE:  Quantification of calretinin-stained mucosal nerve fibers by image processing and analysis (IPA) may objectively define the transition zone (TZ) of Hirschsprung disease (HD). We tested the utility of IPA as an adjunctive tool in HD. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Calretinin immunostain was performed on 15 HD pull-through specimens, and multiple images were captured from the proximal aganglionic zone, TZ, and probable normal zone (NZ). Pixel count (PC), defined as the percentage of brown-stained pixels in the mucosa, was quantified and plotted against distance from the rectal distal end...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294507/does-intravenous-acetaminophen-improve-postoperative-pain-control-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-perforated-appendicitis-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#3
Richard Sola, Amita A Desai, Katherine W Gonzalez, Nichole M Doyle, Katrina L Weaver, Ashwini S Poola, Jason D Fraser, Shawn D St Peter, Daniel L Millspaugh
INTRODUCTION:  The recent increased awareness of the dangers of opioids in the United States has highlighted the need to minimize narcotics and identify nonopioid options for pain control after surgery. With evidence suggesting that intravenous acetaminophen (IVA) can be an opioid sparing option, we conducted a prospective, randomized trial that evaluated the effect of IVA on the postoperative pain course of children with perforated appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  After IRB approval, children with perforated appendicitis were randomized to receive postoperative IVA with the standard patient/nurse-controlled analgesia (PCA) or to receive the PCA alone...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294506/using-tissue-expanders-as-a-choice-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-facial-nevus-in-the-young-child
#4
Martha Isabel Romo Muñoz, Alba Sánchez Galán, Miriam Miguel, Vanesa Nuñez Cerezo, Bryant Noriega Rebolledo, Mariela Dore, Paloma Triana Junco, Saturnino Barrena, Mercedes Diaz, Juan Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE:  One of the principal objectives in treatment of facial nevus is to minimize psychological damage and encourage the child's schooling by the best possible cosmetic result. There are several therapeutic techniques: grafts, flaps, dermal regenerator, and tissue expanders. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  We reviewed 10 patients with facial nevus higher than 10 cm treated in the past 8 years. Our treatment protocol includes serial expander implant to remove everything that does not involve the eyelid and nasal pyramid...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270948/topical-mitomycin-c-application-in-pediatric-patients-with-recurrent-esophageal-strictures-report-on-unfavorable-results
#5
Omid Madadi-Sanjani, Julia Zimmer, Jan-Hendrik Gosemann, Benno M Ure, Martin Lacher, Roland Boehm
OBJECTIVE:  Recurrent esophageal strictures (ESs) following esophageal atresia repair or caustic ingestion represent a common clinical problem. Recently, Mitomycin C was reported to improve the outcome of patients by reducing the number of endoscopic dilatations. However, other groups failed to exhibit a beneficial effect. We report on our experience with topic Mitomycin C application following endoscopic dilatation for recurrent ES. METHODS:  Retrospective chart review of patients with ES treated at the Hannover Medical School (Location A) and the University of Leipzig (Location B) between 2009 and 2015...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270947/effects-of-neonatal-thoracoscopic-surgery-on-tissue-oxygenation-a-pilot-study-on-neuro-monitoring-and-outcomes
#6
Sophie Costerus, John Vlot, Joost van Rosmalen, René Wijnen, Frank Weber
INTRODUCTION:  Multiple reports have questioned the feasibility of neonatal thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and esophageal atresia (EA). The aim of this study is to examine the effects of CO2 pneumothorax on cerebral and renal rSO2 and to assess the potential predictive value of these data on neurodevelopmental outcome after neonatal thoracoscopic surgery for CDH or EA. METHODS:  A prospective observational pilot study. Cerebral and renal regional tissue oxyhemoglobine saturation (rSO2) rSO2 were assessed using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during thoracoscopic surgery in neonates with CDH and with EA, in addition to routine anesthesia monitoring...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258149/choledochal-cyst-and-malignancy-a-plea-for-lifelong-follow-up
#7
Omid Madadi-Sanjani, Thomas C Wirth, Joachim F Kuebler, Claus Petersen, Benno M Ure
Previous research has confirmed that patients with choledochal cyst have an elevated risk of cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma. Current data suggest a risk of malignancy of 6 to 30% in adults with choledochal cyst. Malignancy has also occasionally been identified in children and adolescents. Multiple factors, including the age of the patient, cyst type, histological findings, and localization, have an impact on the prognosis. Information on long-term outcomes after cyst excision is limited. However, recent data suggest a lifelong elevated risk of up to 4% of cancer development following operation...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258148/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-fundoplications-in-pediatric-surgery-experience-review
#8
Aurélien Binet, Laurent Fourcade, Sarah Amar, Khalid Alzahrani, Ann-Rose Cook, Karim Braïk, Jérôme Cros, Bernard Longis, Thierry Villemagne, Hubert Lardy, Quentin Ballouhey
INTRODUCTION:  Laparoscopic fundoplicature for gastroesophageal reflux disease has become the gold standard because of the improvement of postoperative rehabilitation compared with the open procedure. The robot-assisted surgery has brought new advantages for the patient and the surgeon compared with laparoscopy. We studied this new approach and the learning curve. METHODS:  Sixty robot-assisted fundoplicatures were performed in two university pediatric surgery centers...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232722/primary-or-redo-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-without-a-stoma-to-feed-or-not-to-feed
#9
Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Clare Skerrit, Alexander Dingemans, Victoria A Lane, Alejandra Vilanova Sanchez, Laura Weaver, Andrea Wagner, Nicole Jenkins, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220851/puestow-procedure-for-the-management-of-pediatric-chronic-pancreatitis
#10
Erica Hodgman, Steve Megison, Joseph Thomas Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212093/chewing-function-in-children-with-repaired-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#11
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman, Feridun Cahit Tanyel, Tutku Soyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166677/severe-trampoline-injuries-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Linda Korhonen, Niina Salokorpi, Maria Suo-Palosaari, Juha Pesälä, Willy Serlo, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141260/timing-and-management-of-inguinal-hernia-in-the-premature-baby
#13
Alessio Pini Prato, Germana Casaccia, Rossella Arnoldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076118/laparoscopic-treatment-of-hydrocele-of-the-canal-of-nuck-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Sung Ryul Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069668/surgical-experience-and-learning-points-in-the-management-of-foregut-duplication-cysts
#15
Alberto Attilio Scarpa, Ashok Daya Ram, Giampiero Soccorso, Michael Singh, Dakshesh Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059696/social-morbidity-in-relation-to-bowel-functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-anorectal-malformations-and-hirschsprung-s-disease
#16
Kristiina Kyrklund, Malla I Neuvonen, Mikko P Pakarinen, Risto J Rintala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166678/laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-infants-and-children-state-of-the-art-technique
#17
Ivy Hau-Yee Chan, Paul Kwong-Hang Tam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141259/femoral-direct-and-rare-inguinal-hernias-in-children-an-update
#18
Jan Gödeke, Oliver J Muensterer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121686/a-review-of-the-incidence-manifestation-predisposing-factors-and-management-of-recurrent-pediatric-inguinal-hernia
#19
Antti I Koivusalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114704/early-commencement-of-enteral-feeds-in-gastroschisis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#20
Madhuri Dama, Uday Rao, Ian Gollow, Max Bulsara, Shripada Rao
Introduction There are no evidence-based strategies to improve feed tolerance in gastroschisis. Early commencement of enteral feeds (CEF) is known to improve feed tolerance in preterm infants. It is possible that infants with gastroschisis may also benefit from early CEF. Objective To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the relationship between time of CEF, and time to reach full enteral feeds (FEF), duration of parenteral nutrition (PN), and duration of hospital stay (HS). Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and relevant conference abstracts were searched in December 2015...
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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